How to open a digital safe without a key

A sturdy safe will protect your most prized possessions against all sorts of threats. But if you lose the combination then your safe becomes inaccessible. Thankfully, all is not lost in such a situation. It’s possible to open a safe even when you have lost its combination. All you need to do is follow the steps outlined in this article.

  • Types of Safes
  • Opening a Safe Without the Combination
    • For a Dial Safe
    • For a Digital Safe
    • The Brute Force Option
  • Taking Your Safe to a Locksmith

Types of Safes

There are many different types of safes on the market right now. Gun safes, fireproof safes, de-mountable safes, and luxury safes are all available. But most safes can be placed into one of two categories: dial safes and digital safes.

Dial Safes

How to open a digital safe without a key

A dial safe is the traditional option and they have been in use for hundreds of years. The typical dial safe features a dial on its exterior which unlocks the door when turned in a specific pattern. Many people prefer dial safes to digital safes because they don’t rely on power cords or batteries. Therefore they won’t be affected by power outages. Dial safes also tend to be more resilient and they usually last longer than digital alternatives. A quality dial safe can last you a lifetime and it won’t be rendered obsolete by modern technology.

Digital Safes

How to open a digital safe without a key

Digital safes are more widely available, and businesses generally prefer digital safes to dial safes. A digital safe is particularly useful in a work environment because its combination can be easily changed when an employee leaves. Digital safes are also popular for personal use.

Most digital safes penalize multiple incorrect password entries by disabling their keypad for a period of time. This has its pros and its cons. A security lockout feature enhances the overall dependability of a safe. However, it also means that inadvertently hitting one wrong key three times in a row can leave you locked out of your safe. This may seem unlikely at first, but it becomes a legitimate possibility when trying to open your safe in a hurry.

Opening a Safe Without the Combination

The internet is filled with supposed methods of cracking open a safe. However the vast majority of them involve damaging the safe, which should be a last resort. Below we’ll review the best ways to open both a dial and digital safe.

For a Dial Safe

Here the steps for a dial safe:

  1. First you must find the safe’s emergency key. You almost definitely received an emergency key when you purchased your safe. Let’s hope you can remember where you put it, because you’re going to need it to properly open the safe without the combination. Otherwise you would need to crack the safe by force.
  2. Remove the panel that covers your safe’s dial. Removing the dial panel is usually fairly easy and can be done using your bare hands. Attempting to pry the panel from the dial using a fork or similar tool is ill-advised and will likely damage the exterior of your safe.
  3. Once you have removed the dial panel, take a look beneath the dial itself. There you should find a small round notch. This is the emergency keyhole. The emergency keyhole is usually designed to blend in with the safe, so you may not spot it right away. It’s worth noting that not all manufacturers place the emergency keyhole beneath the dial. You might find your safe’s emergency keyhole to the side of the dial.
  4. Insert the emergency key into the emergency keyhole and turn it until the safe opens. Be sure to return the key to its original position before removing it. Neglecting to do so may result in the safe failing to lock or the emergency key failing to work the next time you need it.

For a Digital Safe

Here are the steps for a digital safe:

  1. Some digital safes have emergency keys. But if your safe doesn’t then you need to press the reset button. To do this you must first locate the safe’s bolt openings. These bolt openings can usually be found on the back of the safe. Some smaller digital safes may have their bolt openings on the base.
  2. Once you have located your safe’s bolt openings, take a flashlight and shine it through each opening. Move from bolt opening to bolt opening until you find one that allows you to clearly see the safe’s interior keypad.
  3. Once you have located your safe’s interior keypad, find a rod that is long and thin enough to fit through the corresponding bolt opening. An uncoiled wire hanger is a good option, but you can use whatever you want as long as it gets the job done. Push the rod into the safe and hit the “reset” button on the interior keypad. It may be necessary to hold the button down for ten seconds or so.
  4. Enter your new combination on the safe’s interior keypad and hit the “set” button. Most digital safes will emit a beeping noise when a new combination has been set. If you don’t hear one right away, hold the “set” button down. If ten seconds pass without a sound, then assume your code has been set.
  5. Remove the rod from your safe. Enter your new combination on your safe’s exterior keypad to ensure it was set correctly. If your safe fails to open, then you’ll have to take your rod and repeat the process.

The Brute Force Option

How to open a digital safe without a key

There are a number of brute force techniques that are used to crack open a safe. Drilling is perhaps the most common of these techniques. As you likely guessed, this involves drilling a small hole in the safe and picking the lock from the inside. Drilling is usually only effective in older safes. Most modern safe manufacturers design their locks to be impervious to picking from all angles.

When trying to unlock a newer safe, you may be forced to use a saw or blowtorch. While effective, there is a lot of effort involved. It should be treated as a last resort and avoided until all other methods of opening your safe have been exhausted.

Taking Your Safe to a Locksmith

If you have forgotten the combination to your safe then you always have the option of taking it to a locksmith.

Taking your safe to a locksmith has its pros and cons. Its major advantage is that it’s far less time-consuming than the DIY methods outlined above. If you are short on time or if the task is difficult, then hiring a locksmith is a good option.

It’s important to remember that locksmiths are expensive to hire. Therefore you should be prepared to pay a lot of money to get your safe open. Also, the vast majority of techniques employed by locksmiths result in lasting damage to the safes.

We suggest that you try to open the safe yourself when possible. While it requires more time and effort, it’s far more cost-effective than taking your safe to a locksmith.

Conclusion

Opening a safe without the necessary combination can be a challenge. However it’s far from impossible. The methods outlined above are tried and tested. As a last resort you could also take your safe to a locksmith.

Safetyhub is supported in part by its readers. If you buy something through our posts, we may receive a commission at no extra charge to you. Inventory and prices are accurate as of time of publication.

How to open a digital safe without a key

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Forgetting the code of your digital safe is one thing that happens, even to the best of us. But despite this fact, not being able to remember the code to your safe is not just annoying; it is frustrating as well.

People claim that electronic safes are the best safety and protection that you can use to safeguard your valuables. This is because they are a lot more difficult to crack as compared to traditional safes. Because of this, you may think that it was already the end of the world when you forgot the combination of your electronic safe.

What you have to understand is the fact that this kind of safes have a weak spot which can allow you to open them with just a bit of work. With that in mind, here are two ways on how to open a digital safe without a combination.

Table of Contents

Related Buyer’s Guide:

2 Way on how to open a digital safe without a combination

Technique #1: The Reset Technique

This technique takes advantage of the weak spot that digital safes have and will allow you to crack the safe without having to tear apart the safe manually.

What You Will Need:

How to open a digital safe without a keyYou will use this to locate the bolt openings at the back of the safe.

  • Long, slim stick

This is needed for pressing the reset button of the safe.

You will use this to replace your old safe code. Just make sure that this new code is easy to remember but hard to crack.

Step 1: Look for the bolt openings at the back of your safe.

How to open a digital safe without a key

Most electronic safes, most especially the smaller safes , have a small hole either at their back or bottom portion.

These holes are where bolts are fed through. You can use these to rest the code of the safe. Using your flashlight, look for these bolt openings or holes.

Step 2: Peer through the hole.

Hold your flashlight to the hole then peek through it. If your safe has a two-hole style, you can peek through the opposite hole.

Inside the safe, look for the back panel where the electronic part of the safe is placed. It is easy to spot as it contains keypad and a few other control buttons.

Step 3: Press the reset button.

Look for a long, slim stick. You can use a straightened coat hanger for this purpose. But if the hokes are a bit smaller than a coat hanger, you can buy any stiff roll of wire in a nearby hardware store.

Slide the wire through the hole and use it to press the red button in the keypad of your safe. After resetting the code, enter in your new password combination in the inner keypad.

Afterward, use the wire to press the set button which you would usually find just beside the reset button. You will hear a beep that will signal that you are successful in replacing the safe combination.

Step 4: Enter the new code at the safe’s exterior keypad.

How to open a digital safe without a keyNow, you should enter the new code in the keypad located outside the door of your safe. It should easily pop open after entering the code.

If the safe still fails to open, you may have entered the wrong combination on the inner keypad of the safe.

You need to repeat the steps and this time, make sure that you will be entering the correct code.

Technique #2: The Dial Technique

If your digital safe has a dial, this is the best technique that you can use.

What You Will Need:

This will be used to hit the safe.

Step #1: Turn the dial of the safe the wrong way.

How should the dial of the safe be turned? The dial of most digital safes is turned clockwise. Whatever way your dial is turned, turn the dial the opposite way.

If it is clockwise, turn the dial counterclockwise and vice versa.

This simple move is made to ensure that the pin which is responsible for locking the sliding bolt will become free to move.

Step #2: Hit the safe.

This may sound funny or absurd, but this is part of the process. Using either your hand or a rubber mallet, hit the safe firmly.

This is done to move the pin which is hindering the sliding bolt. Keep in mind that this effect will last for just a few seconds.

Step #3: Turn the dial of the safe the correct way.

Within a split second after hitting the safe, turn the dial the right way. If the pin is down at the time you were able to turn the dial, you will be able to turn the dial all the way around and open the safe.

Keep in mind that it may take a few attempts for you to succeed using this technique. The key here is proper timing.

The pin must still be down by the time you turn the dial the right way for this to work.

To know more about this technique, watch this video:

Read more:

Final Words

Cracking a safe may prove to be difficult, but it is not impossible. There are plenty of ways on how to open a digital safe without a combination.

This fact is true even if you are dealing with the most advanced safes.

Related Video: How to break into most digital safe’s

A sturdy safe will protect your most prized possessions against all sorts of threats. But if you lose the combination then your safe becomes inaccessible. Thankfully, all is not lost in such a situation. It’s possible to open a safe even when you have lost its combination. All you need to do is follow the steps outlined in this article.

  • Types of Safes
  • Opening a Safe Without the Combination
    • For a Dial Safe
    • For a Digital Safe
    • The Brute Force Option
  • Taking Your Safe to a Locksmith

Types of Safes

There are many different types of safes on the market right now. Gun safes, fireproof safes, de-mountable safes, and luxury safes are all available. But most safes can be placed into one of two categories: dial safes and digital safes.

Dial Safes

How to open a digital safe without a key

A dial safe is the traditional option and they have been in use for hundreds of years. The typical dial safe features a dial on its exterior which unlocks the door when turned in a specific pattern. Many people prefer dial safes to digital safes because they don’t rely on power cords or batteries. Therefore they won’t be affected by power outages. Dial safes also tend to be more resilient and they usually last longer than digital alternatives. A quality dial safe can last you a lifetime and it won’t be rendered obsolete by modern technology.

Digital Safes

How to open a digital safe without a key

Digital safes are more widely available, and businesses generally prefer digital safes to dial safes. A digital safe is particularly useful in a work environment because its combination can be easily changed when an employee leaves. Digital safes are also popular for personal use.

Most digital safes penalize multiple incorrect password entries by disabling their keypad for a period of time. This has its pros and its cons. A security lockout feature enhances the overall dependability of a safe. However, it also means that inadvertently hitting one wrong key three times in a row can leave you locked out of your safe. This may seem unlikely at first, but it becomes a legitimate possibility when trying to open your safe in a hurry.

Opening a Safe Without the Combination

The internet is filled with supposed methods of cracking open a safe. However the vast majority of them involve damaging the safe, which should be a last resort. Below we’ll review the best ways to open both a dial and digital safe.

For a Dial Safe

Here the steps for a dial safe:

  1. First you must find the safe’s emergency key. You almost definitely received an emergency key when you purchased your safe. Let’s hope you can remember where you put it, because you’re going to need it to properly open the safe without the combination. Otherwise you would need to crack the safe by force.
  2. Remove the panel that covers your safe’s dial. Removing the dial panel is usually fairly easy and can be done using your bare hands. Attempting to pry the panel from the dial using a fork or similar tool is ill-advised and will likely damage the exterior of your safe.
  3. Once you have removed the dial panel, take a look beneath the dial itself. There you should find a small round notch. This is the emergency keyhole. The emergency keyhole is usually designed to blend in with the safe, so you may not spot it right away. It’s worth noting that not all manufacturers place the emergency keyhole beneath the dial. You might find your safe’s emergency keyhole to the side of the dial.
  4. Insert the emergency key into the emergency keyhole and turn it until the safe opens. Be sure to return the key to its original position before removing it. Neglecting to do so may result in the safe failing to lock or the emergency key failing to work the next time you need it.

For a Digital Safe

Here are the steps for a digital safe:

  1. Some digital safes have emergency keys. But if your safe doesn’t then you need to press the reset button. To do this you must first locate the safe’s bolt openings. These bolt openings can usually be found on the back of the safe. Some smaller digital safes may have their bolt openings on the base.
  2. Once you have located your safe’s bolt openings, take a flashlight and shine it through each opening. Move from bolt opening to bolt opening until you find one that allows you to clearly see the safe’s interior keypad.
  3. Once you have located your safe’s interior keypad, find a rod that is long and thin enough to fit through the corresponding bolt opening. An uncoiled wire hanger is a good option, but you can use whatever you want as long as it gets the job done. Push the rod into the safe and hit the “reset” button on the interior keypad. It may be necessary to hold the button down for ten seconds or so.
  4. Enter your new combination on the safe’s interior keypad and hit the “set” button. Most digital safes will emit a beeping noise when a new combination has been set. If you don’t hear one right away, hold the “set” button down. If ten seconds pass without a sound, then assume your code has been set.
  5. Remove the rod from your safe. Enter your new combination on your safe’s exterior keypad to ensure it was set correctly. If your safe fails to open, then you’ll have to take your rod and repeat the process.

The Brute Force Option

How to open a digital safe without a key

There are a number of brute force techniques that are used to crack open a safe. Drilling is perhaps the most common of these techniques. As you likely guessed, this involves drilling a small hole in the safe and picking the lock from the inside. Drilling is usually only effective in older safes. Most modern safe manufacturers design their locks to be impervious to picking from all angles.

When trying to unlock a newer safe, you may be forced to use a saw or blowtorch. While effective, there is a lot of effort involved. It should be treated as a last resort and avoided until all other methods of opening your safe have been exhausted.

Taking Your Safe to a Locksmith

If you have forgotten the combination to your safe then you always have the option of taking it to a locksmith.

Taking your safe to a locksmith has its pros and cons. Its major advantage is that it’s far less time-consuming than the DIY methods outlined above. If you are short on time or if the task is difficult, then hiring a locksmith is a good option.

It’s important to remember that locksmiths are expensive to hire. Therefore you should be prepared to pay a lot of money to get your safe open. Also, the vast majority of techniques employed by locksmiths result in lasting damage to the safes.

We suggest that you try to open the safe yourself when possible. While it requires more time and effort, it’s far more cost-effective than taking your safe to a locksmith.

Conclusion

Opening a safe without the necessary combination can be a challenge. However it’s far from impossible. The methods outlined above are tried and tested. As a last resort you could also take your safe to a locksmith.

How to open a digital safe without a key

Are you an owner of a safe? No wonder you are here. Just joking! It is a very common problem to lose a key or forgetting the combination.

If you have done any of this then you have to go for the locksmith who will break your safe and damage it forever and moreover you will have to spend money to open the safe. And as for combination sometimes it is total gets forgotten or hard to crack. Here I will talk about how to unlock a safe without a key. It is really easy and interesting one. Do read it.

You will hear some safe are fire safe. It means it will stay intact in the fire but it will not be easy to open without a key. So here are some tips to help you on how to open safe without key or code. It is very important for every safe owner.

Read More:

How to open a safe without a key and combination

Safe is the thing where your savings, valuable possessions and guns can be kept safely. If the key is lost than it is a matter of stress. Yes, all you will say you are irresponsible or forgetful but the fact is to err is human. Everyone forgets things.

So don’t take extra pressure or stress for forgetting things. When you have no key to open the safe, don’t worry there are so many ways to open it. You don’t have to break or drill the safe to open it. Let’s think in the way that burglars do. The ways are:

Opening the safe with a knife

  • The simplest way to open a key safe is using a knife. Surprised? Yes, it is as simple as that. How?
  1. Let’s take a knife.
  2. Use the knife’s pointed tip and insert into the keyhole.
  3. Just shake. Your lock will be open in no time. It just takes seconds to work.

Using tools like hammer to open the safe

If you own a digital safe than a knife will not help you. You have to use the right tool to open a digital safe. You will need a hammer and a chisel to open a digital safe. If your chisel is flattened and has an extended tip than it is a bonus. In a digital safe there is a key section where the code is given. This is a place where you have to try to open the digital safe.

  • Take the chisel and place it in the corner. Then use the hammer on the chisel.
  • You will need just two minutes to dislodge the part.
  • When the part is removed then you will see the knobs and screws are revealed. You will also see a silver knob.
  • You have to remove the silver knob and you have to use hammer and chisel.
  • After removing the knob, there will be a hole in the safe. Insert your finger, you will find a button on the lower side. Press down the button and wollah your safe is open. Easy right?

Read More:

Using a screwdriver to open the safe

You can also use a screwdriver to open the safe.

  • First, take the safe and place it on a flat surface.
  • Then insert the screwdriver tip into the keyhole.
  • Rotate the screwdriver counterclockwise and do it until the lock opens.

Using the simple paper clip

You can also use a paper clip to open the safe. Amazing right? The process is also easy:

  • Make the paperclip straight.
  • Then insert the end in the up part of the locker.
  • Take a tweezer and hold the paperclip. Insert it into the internal chamber. Make sure it goes deep into the lock.
  • Turn both tweezers and paper clip counterclockwise. Turn it until the lock opens.

Read More:

Using magnet

You can also use a magnet to open the safe. This trick is old but very effective:

  • You will need a neodymium magnet large in size, gym sock.
  • Take the sock and put the magnet in the sock.
  • Now it is time to look for the solenoid. The solenoid comes with nickel and it activates the locking device. As there are not many places in the safe, so the solenoid will be in the front door. You have to use the sock with a magnet around the door. This will help to open the safe safely. It looks simple but it needs a quiet environment to open the safe with the magnet.
  • You may think why to use a gym sock. As magnet are strong and powerful so the sock makes the movement easy and quick. You can remove the sock instantly after work. There will be no sign of damage during this opening process. But you have to be careful about the magnet, as neodymium magnets are dangerous, they can harm you when you will be careless. So be careful while using the magnet.

Drill your way to the safe

If you have no option then you can go for drilling. Drilling is the easiest technique when you don’t know how to open a safe without a key and combination. With a drill , you can make a small hole in the safe in the place where you can see the lock inside. After drilling, you can insert your finger and unlock the lock.

But the bad thing about the drilling is you cannot keep the safe free from damage. It is also not easy to drill the safe easily as nowadays many safe are made with different materials that make the drill tough. For this, the safe may get totally damaged after drilling. So think twice before drilling the safe.

Scoping the safe

There is an option for drilling which is scoping. It is same as drilling as it needs to make a hole. But in this process, you will need a bore-scope that helps to give an idea to unlock the safe. It leaves little mess in the safe. It is far better than drilling.

How to unlock a safe without a key is given in details for the people who are in great danger now after losing the key or forgetting the combination. Just don’t panic and be calm. You will unlock your safe easily.

Introduction: How to Break Into Digital Safes

How to break into digital safes
This tutorial shows you how to break into a digital safe. The technique uses a design floor in the safes often found in hotels or homes. This works on many digital safes however it will not work on all safes.

Step 1 Turn the Dial the Wrong Way
The first step is to find out which way the dial should be turned. It is usually clockwise. Then turn the dial the incorrect way. This is to make sure the “pin” locking the sliding bolt is free to move.

Step 2 Hit the Safe
I admit this may sound silly, but you should hit the safe firmly with either your hand, a rubber mallet, or other object. This will move the “pin” that obstructs the sliding bolt for a split second.

Step 3 Turn the Dial the Correct Way
A split second later, turn the dial the correct way. If the “pin” is down, the sliding bolt will move ad the dial will turn all the way around, opening the safe.

Step 4 If the Safe Does Not Open, Repeat
It may take a few attempts to open because the timing is very particular. If you cannot open the safe by using your hand, try using a mallet.

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Ah, the Sentry Gun Safe. What a useful product to have to help secure your firearms and other items you considered to be valuable. However, all of that innovation and technology becomes useless if you have lost your keys or don’t know the key combination to get into your safe. How to open a Sentrysafe without a key or combination?

Because of their high quality design and materials they use to develop these safes, they have become a dependable option for those who are looking to keep their items secure. Now you have nothing more than a giant puzzle box, keeping you from being able to get at the items you consider to be most valuable to you. Talk about a nightmare.

The Chances Are It Can Happen to You

Before you start shaking your head, chastising those who would be stupid enough to lose their keys or to forget their keycode, keep in mind that there are a number of people who are reading this article who are in need of a means to get into their safe. Maybe you are one of them.

The reality is that people lose stuff. It happens. You may have had your safe key on the keychain that had your car and house keys, and they may have been stolen. Maybe you lost them in some kind of catastrophe, or your house was broken into. There are a number of reasons why somebody may have lost their keys.

In addition, it is quite common for people to forget what keycodes they have programmed. This is especially true if they have recently changed the Keiko. You may have become so accustomed using a certain code, that the new one has slipped your mind. So before you start wagging your finger (metaphorically) at those who are reading this article right now and are in need of trying to find a way to get another safe, understand that this could very easily happen to you.

What to Do If You Can’t Get Into Your Sentrysafe?

Now that we have dispensed with the finger-pointing, it is time to address how you can get into your safe. Outside of calling a professional or taking measures that may result in permanent damage to your safe, there are a few options you should try first.

#1 Contact the Manufacturer

Where you always want to begin in a situation like this is by placing a call to the manufacturer. What you may find is that you can acquire a brand-new key by being able to provide your serial and model numbers.

They may also have a failsafe code you can enter to reprogram in a new code to gain access to your safe. Sometimes there is a reset code that is available, that it may be that you have to have the current code to use the reset code. That may be of no help to you at all. However, there may be a code they can give you that will give you access right away. It doesn’t hurt to try that first.

#2 The Magnet

If that fails, then your next option is to try a rare earth magnet. It should have at least 125 pounds of pull force, something that should cost you somewhere between $20 and $50. It should be disc-shaped, much like a hockey puck looks. This will help you to ensure that you are getting the right amount of force.

Put the magnet inside the sock. This makes it a little easier to slide across the surface of the safe. Now, hold the magnet in the top left corner of the safe. What you are looking for is something called the solenoid, which is usually in the top left corner. When activated, this brings the lock mechanism. By holding your magnet there, it will trigger the solenoid.

Slowly began to slide the magnet across the top corner as you pull the handle. What you are likely to find is that the magnet will activate the solenoid. If you are pulling on the door handle when it is activated, the door should open for you.

#3 Use a Nail File

Another option would be to use a nail file. You can also use a flat head screwdriver if a nail file is not available to you. Slide the nail file into the keylock, and begin to wiggle it until you are able to release the pin inside the lock. As that occurs, begin to try to turn the nail file until you hear a click. This means that the pins have been released and you are able to open the safe.

#4 Use a Paper Clip

You may feel that it is a Hollywood idea that you can open the lock with a paperclip, but the truth is that you can. You want to begin by straightening the paperclip but leaving one part of it bent at the top. Pitch that top portion closed so that the top part is about 0.25 inches in length. Using pair of pliers to help pinch it. Now, using that end that you pinched, slide it into the keylock.

The pinched and should be at a 45° angle to the rest of the paperclip, giving it an L shape. Now, jiggle the paperclip inside the lock. Once you begin to hear the pins release, begin to turn the paperclip until you are able to release the lock. It will often be that you need to get for pins to release to enter the safe.

What If That Doesn’t Work?

If you find that you are still unable to open the Sentrysafe by using one of these two measures, then you are really left with two options. The first is to hire a locksmith to do the job for you. If you have a small safe that you can transport to the locksmith, then take it into their shop. They are likely to be able to open the safe for you, and you don’t have to worry about them knowing where you have your safe located in your home.

If it is a large safe that is difficult to move, then you may have to hire a locksmith to come to your house. While you may not like the option of someone knowing your safe is that. It is a lot better than not being able to gain access into your safe.

If this is not an option for you, then you may have to consider some form of brute force to gain access. You can use a drill to bore a hole into the safe where you can release the locking mechanism. Understand that not all safes may afford you this opportunity. Many are made to be drill proof, meaning that your attempt to circumvent the security may not work.

If it is a smaller size safe, you may be able to just break it open. Either by using a crowbar or dropping it off the roof of your home, you are likely to break open the safe. It may be of no good to you after that, but at least you are inside your safe.

Sentrysafe is a great idea to protect your firearms and other valuables. However, it can be frustrating when you can’t get in. This should help you to be able to get past that barrier.

How to open a digital safe without a key

Levis Herrmann

Levis has been a blogger for many years, and has a considerable amount of experience as an internet marketing executive. The idea behind the site was actually his brainchild. He spent years using his skills as a marketing executive to help market and promote products & services and wanted to do something that really had an impact on consumers. He built a small team to help him get the site off the ground and to help develop the strategy behind what DefenseHacks is all about.

Padlocks, locks, safes and security systems

How to open a digital safe without a key

Electronic safes are technologically advanced products and, therefore, complex. It is therefore only natural that doubts can arise about what could happen in the case of an unexpected event. One of the most common fears is that of no longer being able to open the safe once the batteries are flat.

Also in this case, the difference depends on the quality of the product. A good quality safe warns well in advance when the batteries are running out, so that they can be replaced well before they are completely flat.

But the differences between a good quality electronic safe and an unreliable one do not stop there. One of the features of well designed and manufactured electronic safes is that the battery consumption is constant and gradual, thereby avoiding the unpleasant situation in which until the day before the warning the batteries seemed to be charged and then just a few days later the safe will no longer open.

Nevertheless, especially if the safe is rarely used, the batteries can run out without the user having had time to replace them. In this case, there can be two alternatives.

Safes with emergency key

There are electronic safes with emergency keys which allows them to be opened even when the batteries are flat.

However, as we have seen, this solution poses the problem of where to keep the key, because if a thief manages to find it the safe can be opened. The harsh truth is that there are no truly safe places in which to keep the key of a safe. Also, if there were such a place we were confident that the thief would not discover, then we could use it directly to store the items of value. An effective solution may be that of keeping the key in a place other than that where the safe is installed, for example in the home of a relative who lives nearby.

Safes with external contacts

In an attempt to minimise the risk it is therefore possible to choose an electronic safe without an emergency key. In this case, the safe must be equipped with external contacts on the keypad or a socket to which an external backup battery can be connected if the internal battery stops working. In this way, it is always possible to enter the code and open the safe.

Biometric safes

Of course, the external backup battery is only a solution when the problem is that the batteries are flat. It is, unfortunately, useless if you are unable to open the safe because you forgot the code. If you can’t rely on a good memory, a solution might be to choose a safe with a biometric lock, such as the Viro Ram-Touch II, which, in addition to the codes, can also be opened by means of fingerprints. These are unique characteristic of every person which do not change over time and there is no risk of them being forgotten.

How to open a digital safe without a key

If the safe is well designed and manufactured it is not a problem if the batteries run out. They can usually be replaced in time and even if they do run out the safe can be opened by using an emergency key or an external backup battery. This one more reason to choose a good quality safe.

7 thoughts on “ What happens when the batteries of an electronic safe run out? ”

There’s so much to learn from this article, Thanks for sharing useful article. I have founded great stuff here.

It’s an amazing paragraph in support of all the online viewers; they
will take benefit from it I am sure.

nice safes
high quality

The battery of my safe is dead and it doesn’t have any of these feature it just uses keypad please what do I do

what brand is your safe? You should send its photo and model number to the assistance of the safe’s company, in order to have relevant suggestions.

Kind regards,
Viro Marketing Staff.

Hi, my electronic safe has electric power. The password does not work anymore. I’m guessing the wrong password was being used to try and open the safe. The safety features of the safe has locked any attempts to open it, or the password was changed by the last user by mistake and they didn’t know it. Now I can’t get in it.
It’s an Elsafe floor model six digit code safe. The type is Elsafe KNIO 5. There is no screw to aid in removing the key pad. Also not able to add a photo to this comment.

Dear Tony,
we suggest you contact the company of the safe. since each company has its own rules.
Probably you have a code written down in the installation note of the safe that allow them giving yoi another code to unlock the safe.
Kind regards,
Viro Marketing Staff.

If you have a digital safe with a passcode entry, a few things could go wrong. You could forget the code, the electronic mechanism could fail, or someone could change the code without you knowing. In the event you need to break into your own electronic safe, here’s how to do it.

The technique you use to crack an electronic safe is called safe bouncing (which is an accurate name once you see how it’s done). It’s apparently easy enough for a kid to do , but looks like it could take a bit of practice. As you can see in the video above, you literally drop part of the safe against the table (or whatever surface it’s resting upon) while turning the locking knob. If your timing is right, you’ll have turned the knob when the safe’s lock bounces open for a brief moment. This works because many cheaper safes have locks that lift. Better safes have counterweight mechanisms so the lock is held in place even when the safe is moving. You won’t be able to bounce those open, but you’ll have no problem with the lower-end options. If you’re successful, the deadbolts will recede into the safe’s door and you’ll be able to open it up.

While good for those times when you lose your passcode, it’s not so great for those times when someone tries to rob you. If you’re concerned about the safety of a given safe, you might want to try this bouncing technique before your purchase.

This post is part of Spy Week , a series at Lifehacker where we look at ways to improvise solutions to every day problems Bond-style. Want more? Check out our spy week tag page .

How to stop backpack straps from slipping

Backpacks are a great way to be stylish and comfortable. They allow you to carry everything you need with you conveniently. Many people come across a problem revolving around both or just one of the straps slipping off the shoulders. This could be solved by clinching them more snugly, rolling the webbing ends, tying together the straps either in the back or front, etc. You can also always use Velcro pads for the shoulders or buckles to prevent the slipping from happening.

All of those methods have been tested, and they work. However, it is crucial to understand why the straps slip in the first place. Continue reading to learn more.

How to Stop Backpack Straps From Slipping?

This indeed makes the backpack uncomfortable and might even annoy you. As already mentioned, it is crucial to figure out the reason why the straps slip.

Here are some of the most widespread reasons why it might be happening, as well as some quick solutions:

New backpack

This might not happen with all brand new backpacks, but some need their webbing to be broken in by creating a memory. Place some objects in the bag, put both straps on your shoulders and after that, push the triangles down. You can notice on some older backpacks a small indentation, which means that the straps have memory. When those kinks form, they will help the straps stay in one place and not slip off.

Straps are too loose

If this is the problem, you need to pull the straps tighter. They should fit on your shoulders and the backpack, be lifted and rest on the top of your hips.

Straps are dangling

The problem might be coming from the excess straps that continuously pass through the buckle. To fix this, wrap the webbing and tuck it in the buckle to no longer dangling. You could also tie the strap into a knot. Finally, if all else fails, you could bring the two straps together using a chest or a sternum strap. Tighten it so that it stays around an inch under your collarbones. In case the backpack you have doesn’t have such a strap, you can purchase a separate one or tape and fix the problem.

Other items that might help you are fastening tape and Velcro.

There are multiple options for sizing and length. You can use those to fix any excess that is dangling or connecting the two straps.

Another solution is getting shoulder pads.

They make the backpack more comfortable, add grip and prevent slipping. Search for anti-slip ones to get the best possible results.

Bear in mind that the buckles on the bag might be too old or of low quality. As time passes, they tend to become less effective and cannot hold the straps in place. In case they have lost their grip, you should get new ones and replace them.

You should always consider the size. If the backpack is too big for you, then this might be the reason why the straps slip.

A great thing to remember is that the straps should be around 2 inches below the upper part of your shoulder blades, and there shouldn’t be too much space between them. Once you have the correct length and positioning, they will not fall off anymore.

Frequently Asked Questions

How to tie the straps of the backpack so that they stop falling off the shoulders?

The easiest way is to use the excess of the strap and tie this part in a knot. You could also get some electrical tape and circle the dangling strap and the part looped to secure it in place.

How to tighten the straps to avoid slipping?

If your backpack’s sizing is appropriate and the buckles are in good condition, then you might need to tighten it a bit to solve the problem. Firstly, you should put the backpack on and pull the ends of the straps to get tighter. If yours has padded, then they should be resting on your shoulders and feel comfortable.

As you start walking, the bag should remain parallel to the back without sagging or staying too high. After that, you have to make sure that the weight is even. To check, you can put both straps side by side and make sure they are the same length. If they are uneven, they can slip but also cause you discomfort.

In case you have a lot of excesses, you should roll it and tuck it in the buckle. You can also just cut it and melt the ends with a lighter. Finally, you should tuck the rest of the straps in the buckle and add some additional bands or tape to ensure they will stay secure.

Backpacks are a comfortable, convenient, and stylish way to carry your belongings around. However, many people tend to experience one or both straps slipping off their shoulder and wonder how this can be solved.

Backpack straps can be prevented from slipping off shoulders by creating memory on its webbing, cinching them up snugly, rolling the webbing ends up, or tying the straps together in front or in the back. Inexpensive tools such as Velcro tape, buckles, and shoulder pads can also help.

How to stop backpack straps from slipping

These are tried and tested methods for preventing backpack straps from slipping off, but it also helps to understand why it happens in the first place. Read on to find out everything you need to know about preventing it.

What Can I Do to Keep Backpack Straps From Slipping Off My Shoulders?

When backpack straps slip off your shoulders, it’s uncomfortable and can get annoying. But if you want to prevent this from happening, it helps to understand why it happens.

Here are the most common reasons why backpack straps slide off, and easy do-it-yourself solutions for each of them:

A new pack: Though not all new backpack straps slide off, those that do need some breaking in by creating memory on its webbing. To do this, put some weight inside your back, wear it with both straps in place, then gently push down on the triangles. In older backpacks, you can tell when the straps have memory in them when there is a slight kink or indentation in them.

The presence of kinks or indentations on the straps prevent it from sliding up and down, and thus solving the problem of backpacks falling off.

Loose straps: Another common reason why straps slip off is simply because it’s too loose. To correct this, pull the straps tightly by holding on to its loose ends, and then firmly pull it up. Make sure that the straps hug your shoulders and the pack is lifted higher in your back and on rests on top of your hips.

Dangling straps: In some cases, backpack straps still continue to slide off shoulders because excess straps continue passing through the D hole or buckle, which is meant to make strap length adjustment easy while also holding it in place. If this happens, you can wrap the webbing up and tuck it into the D hole/buckle to keep it secure and prevent it from loosening up again. Alternatively, you can tie the excess strap into a knot after it has been adjusted to your desired length.

If these steps don’t work, just connect the straps in front or in the back. A sternum or chest strap on the front of the pack does this job perfectly. Tighten the sternum strap in such a way that it’s around an inch under your collarbones comfortably. Your arms should be able to move freely.

But if your backpack is not equipped with a chest strap, you can purchase detachable chest straps, and even use some rope or tape to do the job front or back.

There are also other useful tools that you can purchase at an inexpensive price to keep backpack straps from slipping off your shoulders:

You may also want to think about the size of your pack. If your backpack is too large for your frame, this can cause the straps to slip off. Be sure that next time, you purchase a backpack that is well suited for your size to reduce the chances of the straps falling off.

Last but not least, remember that the correct length of your shoulder straps is 2 inches lower than the top of your shoulder blades. A properly-fitted pair of shoulder straps will not fall if they are at the correct length; there shouldn’t be too much space between the straps and your shoulders either.

Frequently Asked Questions

What’s the best way to tie a backpack strap to prevent it from slipping off shoulders?

The simplest method of tying backpack straps to prevent it from slipping through the buckle is by using the dangling part of the strap, and creating a simple knot, very much like how you’d tie your shoelaces up. You could also use a tough tape such as electrical or duct tape, looped around both the dangling and looped parts of the strap several times.

What’s the best way to tighten a backpack strap to prevent it from slipping off shoulders?

When done correctly, assuming your backpack and its buckles are of good quality and size, tightening a backpack strap is all you need to do to prevent it from slipping.

The first step is to wear the backpack, and then pull the dangling end of the straps to tighten it. If your strap has shoulder pads, the cushion should be resting comfortably on the top of the shoulders. When you walk, the backpack should be parallel to your back; it shouldn’t sag or shouldn’t be too high.

Next, ensure that there is equal distribution of weight by holding each strap next to one another and measuring them. They should be the same length since uneven straps will not just slip off the shoulder, they will also cause strain in the neck and shoulders. If you end up with a long dangling strap, fold it once or twice and tuck it inside the buckle. Some people find that cutting the remaining material, save for a 4-inch allowance, is helpful if this excess strap won’t be used in the future. The ends of the cut strap can be melted off with a lighter.

Last but not least, tuck the remaining strap into the buckle. You can add reinforcements in the form of rubber bands or tape to make sure that it stays in place.

Home › Forums › Gear Forums › Make Your Own Gear › Material to make a backpack hip belt more comfortable?

I’m searching for a way to make my backpack hip belt more comfortable.

I have a Granite Gear Nimbus Meridian backpack. The hipbelt is pretty comfortable but I’m thin so the hip belt needs to be cinched down tight.

To give it extra padding, I have been experimenting with using a rectangle of CCF foam that feeds through the backpanel so it stays in place. ½ inch foam was too thick. I have 3/8 inch foam in there now. Works pretty good, but I’m worried that it’ll make me too hot and buy canadian pharmacy online viagra it’s a bit too rigid for my liking. It’s decent, but not great.

Does anyone have any suggestions for making it more comfortable by adding material?

I’m currently using Expanded Polypropylene (EPP) foam sheets that are around 10mm thick. Density is 1.3 pounds per cubic foot. It’s typically used for model aircraft but I find that it wraps pretty nicely around the hip.

Hope it helps!
QX

Thanks! Any idea where I can purchase a small quantity? I seem to only find major suppliers online.

I’ll assume you’re from South California from your username 🙂

You can find them from aircraft hobby shops online, I think.

They have EPP in 1.9 density as well. Let me know if it works!

Yes, near San Diego. Thanks for the additional information. I have some experimenting to do!

Locale: Rogue Panda Designs

I was in the same situation once, and I used a bit of a cut-up ridgerest. Because it has the grooves, it’s less stiff than other CCF foam. I had it left over from downsizing my ridgerest, so it was free.

Are you still using it? How did it work out? How long did it last?

I guess it’ll come down to finding the right piece of foam. I like your idea and will try to find a similar item. I would hate to have to buy a sleeping pad just to cut it up for such a small segment.

You can buy the Z-lite sit pads also… the egg crate style.
I’ve been debating that lately over the CCF 3/8″ I typically use. The egg crate would crush out- but it would crush to your body.

Also-
Experimenting with the Darice 2mil foam from Jo-Ann- comes under the “Foamies” label for crafts. Also available in 3mil. The nice thing is it’s easy to work and layer as needed. Considering it in combination with some 3-D mesh and adding a layer of foam at the shoulders, two at the hips- and then capping it with some pack body fabric.

Thanks to everyone who replied to this for me. I truly appreciate the time you took to do so.

I used a 3/8″ CCF pad, about 6″ wide x 20″ long on a recent 3 day, 2 night trip. It helped quite a bit, but I still ended up with some sore hips. I think a softer padding material would work better and I’ll keep experimenting.

Yesterday, I tried using water wings, those inflatable “floaties” that kids put on their arms when they go swimming. To my surprise, they worked really well. They are lashed to the hipbelt with some string. After a bit of fiddling, I was able to position the hipbelt up high and the water wing down low which allows me to tighten the belt quite a bit. The inflatable bladder kept my hips nice and cushioned. Now, I only walked about 2 miles total with a partially filled pack, but it was very comfortable. I’ll keep tinkering with this to see if it gets me anywhere.

Locale: the mountains

For someone who has no hips, like me, part of the problem is that the pack slides past those ‘phantom’ hips. So to try to prevent that I have to tighten the waist belt to the point that my hips hurt.

But if you reduce the slip you can reduce the need to tighten the hip belt to the point of pain.

To that end, I got some shelf liner called Supreme Grip EasyLiner… http://www.duckbrand.com bought at Lowe’s (item 47550). It has a waffle pattern alternating foam with holes and order generic kamagra it is reinforced so it is difficult to tear (unlike most shelf liners). It is almost 1/8″ thick. I cut some of this to the shape of my waist belt and glued it on with one of McNett/Gear Aid’s urethane products: Freesole, AquaSeal, or maybe Seam Grip… careful to use it sparingly so it doesn’t bleed through the holes in the EasyLiner… and careful to get all the edges so they lay flat… in some places had to clamp or put weights on the edges to hold down until glue dries.

I have used this pack now on one short trip but I saw no problems with the alteration and it helped a lot for the hips.

The EaslyLiner does offer some extra cushion, but I think the biggest benefit is more friction to keep the pack from sliding down and thus reduce the need for a super tight hip belt. I suppose if you wanted more cushion you could double the layers.

“But if you reduce the slip you can reduce the need to tighten the hip belt to the point of pain.”

This is an excellent point. Funny you should mention the grip liner; I have experimented a bit with it. Doubling it over does provide some padding. I may have to revisit this material and maybe combine it with some other padding.

Locale: Oregon and Washington

3D foam, e.g. from thruhiker.com

so, you’de have your CCF, then nylon fabric, then 3D foam

doesn’t help with grip or anything, but it is a comfortable material. A lot of commercial products use it for hip belt or shoulder straps

3D foam has a mesh backing, then thin foam, then fishnet front

Locale: the mountains

I believe it is thru-hiker.com; not thruhiker.com

and I think you meant 3D Mesh; not 3D Foam?

We use custom-designed quick adjuster hardware (we call it a “friction doubler”) on many of our bags and straps. Here’s what it looks like:

How to stop backpack straps from slipping

Left: adjuster on Everyday Messenger. Right: adjuster on SlideLITE.

First off, it might be a little confusing, but the “snap” of the handle does not lock the adjuster in place. There is no actual locking function on the adjuster. The snap in place is there in order to keep the pull handle from swinging outwards when not in use.

Secondly, the full answer to this question requires a deeper explanation of how this adjuster is designed and what makes it unique.

Quick adjustability is one of the most important features of our bags and straps. Hence, the adjusting mechanism (friction doubler) is designed to allow relatively easy adjustment. To achieve this, we added a handle. When you pull the handle, you’re not just pulling the friction doubler sideways along the length of the strap, you’re actually pulling it outwards a bit too. This perpendicular force is necessary to move the friction doubler. Try moving the doubler without grabbing the handle. it’s much harder. Furthermore, try moving the friction doubler by holding one end of your strap and asking a friend to pull the other end. It won’t budge (if it does, it’s a warranty issue. please take a video and fill out our warranty form).

So, why is your strap slipping? Most likely your body or something in your environment is accidentally exerting force on the friction doubler. It could be your arm hitting the adjuster, or an object that you momentarily came into contact with, or something else along those lines. If this happens to you occasionally, practice using the quick adjust mechanism and try to train yourself to adjust your strap into place throughout the day. The adjuster handle, when pulled in-line with the strap, allows for super-fast on the fly adjustment.

If you’re using the Everyday Messenger, remember that the adjuster is designed to be cinched every time you put the bag on. Cinch it tight when you’re wearing the bag, and loosen it when you’re accessing the bag or taking it off. If you’re still having trouble with the strap slipping, then perhaps try reconfiguring the tension hook adjuster to one of the other loops (there are 3 of them). If you don’t know what we’re talking about, watch this video:

Still got issues with slippage?

To make sure your friction doubler is working well, do the pull test we mentioned above. Hold one end of your strap and ask a friend to pull the other end. Try to get the friction doubler to move on its own. It shouldn’t budge, and we’ve never seen one that does in this case. If it does move, then take a video of the issue and send it to us through our warranty replacement form.

My ne is George, and I a Gearaholic . I know I have a problem, but I cannot control myself. Although I have eight packs, ranging from a Gregory Denali Pro to a Mountainsmith Ghost, I have the se dilemma with all of them. Though of average build, my hips are non-existent, causing my hipbelts to slide down my waist. This problem can be very bad in winter when lugging a heavy pack and wearing slippery Gore-Tex clothes. Are there any gripping solutions that can be applied, or is there another pack that can cure my problem? George Rochester, New York

A: Welcome, George. We’re here to help. Everyone, please say hello to George. Like you, he has come to us today humbly, realizing his own inadequacies, looking for guidance.

OK, now it’s time to come clean, George! You’re probably on first-name terms with every REI or Eastern Mountain Sports clerk within a 100-mile radius. They have a checkout line just for you and personal greet-and-guide shoppers to meet you at the door. Somewhere, some ex-pack salesperson is bobbing on a 75-foot yacht bought with the commissions earned from your purchases.

And, I hate to say it, but I’m not sure there is any gear that will help. We share a similar build and, like you, I have basically no hips. I, too, also find that heavy packs tend to slide down, particularly when wearing Gore-Tex bibs or similar clothing. The solution? None that I am aware of. Aside from just toughing it out, about the best you can do is shorten the pack torso a little, so the hipbelt rides slightly higher than might normally be comfortable. That will give it a bit more purchase.

A real fix, of course, would entail some sort of fabric applied to the clothing that adheres to the material lining the hipbelt. Gregory packs, among others, try to address their half of the equation with a high-friction fabric called “Gription.” I suppose you could have an outdoor gear-repair company laminate something to the bibs, offering a little extra friction. Cordura, a very heavy fabric, has a lot of inherent stickiness, and is available by the yard so might be a good candidate for that. Be our guinea pig—give it a try and tell us what happens.

We use custom-designed quick adjuster hardware (we call it a “friction doubler”) on many of our bags and straps. Here’s what it looks like:

How to stop backpack straps from slipping

Left: adjuster on Everyday Messenger. Right: adjuster on SlideLITE.

First off, it might be a little confusing, but the “snap” of the handle does not lock the adjuster in place. There is no actual locking function on the adjuster. The snap in place is there in order to keep the pull handle from swinging outwards when not in use.

Secondly, the full answer to this question requires a deeper explanation of how this adjuster is designed and what makes it unique.

Quick adjustability is one of the most important features of our bags and straps. Hence, the adjusting mechanism (friction doubler) is designed to allow relatively easy adjustment. To achieve this, we added a handle. When you pull the handle, you’re not just pulling the friction doubler sideways along the length of the strap, you’re actually pulling it outwards a bit too. This perpendicular force is necessary to move the friction doubler. Try moving the doubler without grabbing the handle. it’s much harder. Furthermore, try moving the friction doubler by holding one end of your strap and asking a friend to pull the other end. It won’t budge (if it does, it’s a warranty issue. please take a video and fill out our warranty form).

So, why is your strap slipping? Most likely your body or something in your environment is accidentally exerting force on the friction doubler. It could be your arm hitting the adjuster, or an object that you momentarily came into contact with, or something else along those lines. If this happens to you occasionally, practice using the quick adjust mechanism and try to train yourself to adjust your strap into place throughout the day. The adjuster handle, when pulled in-line with the strap, allows for super-fast on the fly adjustment.

If you’re using the Everyday Messenger, remember that the adjuster is designed to be cinched every time you put the bag on. Cinch it tight when you’re wearing the bag, and loosen it when you’re accessing the bag or taking it off. If you’re still having trouble with the strap slipping, then perhaps try reconfiguring the tension hook adjuster to one of the other loops (there are 3 of them). If you don’t know what we’re talking about, watch this video:

Still got issues with slippage?

To make sure your friction doubler is working well, do the pull test we mentioned above. Hold one end of your strap and ask a friend to pull the other end. Try to get the friction doubler to move on its own. It shouldn’t budge, and we’ve never seen one that does in this case. If it does move, then take a video of the issue and send it to us through our warranty replacement form.

Home › Forums › Gear Forums › Make Your Own Gear › Material to make a backpack hip belt more comfortable?

I’m searching for a way to make my backpack hip belt more comfortable.

I have a Granite Gear Nimbus Meridian backpack. The hipbelt is pretty comfortable but I’m thin so the hip belt needs to be cinched down tight.

To give it extra padding, I have been experimenting with using a rectangle of CCF foam that feeds through the backpanel so it stays in place. ½ inch foam was too thick. I have 3/8 inch foam in there now. Works pretty good, but I’m worried that it’ll make me too hot and buy canadian pharmacy online viagra it’s a bit too rigid for my liking. It’s decent, but not great.

Does anyone have any suggestions for making it more comfortable by adding material?

I’m currently using Expanded Polypropylene (EPP) foam sheets that are around 10mm thick. Density is 1.3 pounds per cubic foot. It’s typically used for model aircraft but I find that it wraps pretty nicely around the hip.

Hope it helps!
QX

Thanks! Any idea where I can purchase a small quantity? I seem to only find major suppliers online.

I’ll assume you’re from South California from your username 🙂

You can find them from aircraft hobby shops online, I think.

They have EPP in 1.9 density as well. Let me know if it works!

Yes, near San Diego. Thanks for the additional information. I have some experimenting to do!

Locale: Rogue Panda Designs

I was in the same situation once, and I used a bit of a cut-up ridgerest. Because it has the grooves, it’s less stiff than other CCF foam. I had it left over from downsizing my ridgerest, so it was free.

Are you still using it? How did it work out? How long did it last?

I guess it’ll come down to finding the right piece of foam. I like your idea and will try to find a similar item. I would hate to have to buy a sleeping pad just to cut it up for such a small segment.

You can buy the Z-lite sit pads also… the egg crate style.
I’ve been debating that lately over the CCF 3/8″ I typically use. The egg crate would crush out- but it would crush to your body.

Also-
Experimenting with the Darice 2mil foam from Jo-Ann- comes under the “Foamies” label for crafts. Also available in 3mil. The nice thing is it’s easy to work and layer as needed. Considering it in combination with some 3-D mesh and adding a layer of foam at the shoulders, two at the hips- and then capping it with some pack body fabric.

Thanks to everyone who replied to this for me. I truly appreciate the time you took to do so.

I used a 3/8″ CCF pad, about 6″ wide x 20″ long on a recent 3 day, 2 night trip. It helped quite a bit, but I still ended up with some sore hips. I think a softer padding material would work better and I’ll keep experimenting.

Yesterday, I tried using water wings, those inflatable “floaties” that kids put on their arms when they go swimming. To my surprise, they worked really well. They are lashed to the hipbelt with some string. After a bit of fiddling, I was able to position the hipbelt up high and the water wing down low which allows me to tighten the belt quite a bit. The inflatable bladder kept my hips nice and cushioned. Now, I only walked about 2 miles total with a partially filled pack, but it was very comfortable. I’ll keep tinkering with this to see if it gets me anywhere.

Locale: the mountains

For someone who has no hips, like me, part of the problem is that the pack slides past those ‘phantom’ hips. So to try to prevent that I have to tighten the waist belt to the point that my hips hurt.

But if you reduce the slip you can reduce the need to tighten the hip belt to the point of pain.

To that end, I got some shelf liner called Supreme Grip EasyLiner… http://www.duckbrand.com bought at Lowe’s (item 47550). It has a waffle pattern alternating foam with holes and order generic kamagra it is reinforced so it is difficult to tear (unlike most shelf liners). It is almost 1/8″ thick. I cut some of this to the shape of my waist belt and glued it on with one of McNett/Gear Aid’s urethane products: Freesole, AquaSeal, or maybe Seam Grip… careful to use it sparingly so it doesn’t bleed through the holes in the EasyLiner… and careful to get all the edges so they lay flat… in some places had to clamp or put weights on the edges to hold down until glue dries.

I have used this pack now on one short trip but I saw no problems with the alteration and it helped a lot for the hips.

The EaslyLiner does offer some extra cushion, but I think the biggest benefit is more friction to keep the pack from sliding down and thus reduce the need for a super tight hip belt. I suppose if you wanted more cushion you could double the layers.

“But if you reduce the slip you can reduce the need to tighten the hip belt to the point of pain.”

This is an excellent point. Funny you should mention the grip liner; I have experimented a bit with it. Doubling it over does provide some padding. I may have to revisit this material and maybe combine it with some other padding.

Locale: Oregon and Washington

3D foam, e.g. from thruhiker.com

so, you’de have your CCF, then nylon fabric, then 3D foam

doesn’t help with grip or anything, but it is a comfortable material. A lot of commercial products use it for hip belt or shoulder straps

3D foam has a mesh backing, then thin foam, then fishnet front

Locale: the mountains

I believe it is thru-hiker.com; not thruhiker.com

and I think you meant 3D Mesh; not 3D Foam?

Modified on November 2, 2009 at 7:13 PM

Sharing is caring!

Ever been annoyed by the straps on your handbag slipping right off your shoulder?

How many times have you been carrying too much to handle only to have your bag or your purse strap slip off your shoulder and down to the crook of your elbow? Or those days when you are wearing a bulky sweater or a coat and the strap on your handbag just don’t stay put and you have to keep slinging your purse back up on your shoulder over and over again.

I have a few handbags that just stay put on my shoulder and I’ve been very tempted to get out the double sided tape and that non-slip mat stuff (I call it rubber grippy stuff) and modify my purse straps myself.

When Christine, a mom to four kids, and the founder of StrapDiva emailed me about her nifty invention, my first thought was why didn’t I hear about something like this before now! It’s perfect!

StrapDiva is a no-slip purse strap cover that snaps on to a single purse strap or two handles together. It is made of super soft and luxurious leather with a suede lining. On the outside, there is a special material to prevent slippage and help keep your straps where they belong.

They sent me a complimentary sample of StrapDiva in exchange for an honest opinion and review. I was eager to try the strap out on my Linea Pelle Dylan Patchwork tote with dual leather handles. It fit perfect over both handles and snapped on easily. The next day, I grabbed my purse on the way out the door and was pleasantly surprised with the product. Because it kept both handles together, I was able to throw the bag right on my shoulder, no problem. And once it was there, it stayed put.

It might seem like a minor inconvenience to have to deal with the straps on your handbag constantly sliding off, but you’ll be surprised how much of a difference it makes in the functionality of your bag. I’ve thrown purses into the back of my closet because I couldn’t keep the darn thing on my shoulder. Now I have an easy solution!

I know some of you fashionistas are thinking that you don’t want some funky strap cover snapped on to your $1,400 haircalf handbag. But here’s the thing… if you don’t use the bag because the straps always slide off your shoulder, than the bag is useless. StrapDiva is the most fashionable solution to this common problem.

They come in 2 sizes (small or large), 6 colors (black, medium brown, dark brown, gold/beige, red, blue), and your choice of Lambskin or Full Grain leather.

How to stop backpack straps from slippingKeep Purse Straps From Sliding Off

I would like to see them have more color options in the future. I think two more shades of brown and white would be good to add to their collection. When in doubt though, use black or gold. The black will blend in well with most handbags and the gold would look good on any color handbag that has gold hardware.

How to stop backpack straps from slipping How to stop backpack straps from slipping

StrapDiva straps are handmade in the USA. Everything from the leather suppliers, packaging, web designers, etc all in the USA! They have a strong commitment to support local businesses and social responsibilities. Plus, from Oct – Dec 31st, StrapDiva is donating $4 from every purchase to FeedingAmerica.org so you can feel good about your purchase making a difference in someone’s life.

Whether you need to keep your purse, designer handbag, diaper bag, tote bag, messenger or computer bag on your shoulders, StrapDiva has you covered! My mom pointed out that this is a great way to slow someone down from stealing your purse in a store! They’ll have to take you with it cause the straps really stay put.

You can get 10% off if you buy two or more StrapDivas. Just enter coupon code “10percent” at check out to receive discount. Plus, USA and Canada gets FREE shipping! Rest easy with secure online shopping, guaranteed delivery, and 30-day hassle free returns. You can’t afford not to try StrapDiva.

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About The Fashionable Housewife

Sarah-Jean Ballard is the Editor in Chief of The Fashionable Housewife blog and Founder of Fashionable Media. Married to a sexy Molecular Biologist, housewife, mom to 5, homeschooler, Certified Personal Nutritionist and entrepreneur who’s mission is to help moms just like you look and feel GREAT! Other interests include dancing, yoga, positive intactivism, natural birth and breastfeeding support, babywearing, paleo & gluten-free cooking, and promoting an overall healthy lifestyle to all.

How to get a job if you are under 16 usa

How to get a job if you are under 16 usa

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For kids younger than 16, job opportunities are largely determined by where you live. Each state has different rules for minors, some more lenient and some stricter than others. Most states have at least a few job possibilities for the under-16 set, but if you can’t find any options, there is always good old-fashioned teen entrepreneurship in the form of babysitting and lawn mowing.

Federal Work Requirements

The Fair Labor Standards Act sets the wages, hours worked and safety requirements for individuals under age 18. The FLSA designates age 14 as the minimum for employment in general and limits the number of hours worked by minors under the age of 16, but the rules vary depending on the age of the minor and the particular job involved.

The FLSA also prohibits the employment of a minor in work declared hazardous by the Secretary of Labor. This includes work involving excavation, driving and the operation of power-driven equipment. Some requirements apply only to particular types of jobs such as agricultural work. There are some exceptions to the general rules, such as those that apply to minors who work for their parents. Each state also has its own employment laws. If there is an overlap or confusion between state law and the FLSA, the law that is more protective of the minor applies.

State Laws

Here’s a look at the laws of a few states.

Maryland: All minors under 18 must secure a work permit, and they are not issued to anyone under the age of 14. If you find a job and you are 14 or 15, a couple of restrictions apply.

  • You can’t work more than four hours a day or more than 23 hours a week when school is in session.
  • When school is out, you cannot work more than eight hours a day or more than 40 hours a week.
  • You aren’t allowed to work before 7 a.m. or after 8 p.m. except for summer when minors can work until 9 p.m.

Once you reach the age of 16, the rules are a bit less strict, but there are still requirements that must be followed.

  • You can’t spend more than 12 hours in a combination of school hours and work hours each day.
  • Every 24-hour period, you must be allowed at least eight consecutive hours without work.
  • You may not work more than five hours in a row without a 30-minute break.

Georgia: You can work in Georgia at the age of 14, but restrictions similar to Maryland’s restrictions apply. A work permit must be obtained. You won’t be allowed to work during school hours and can only work three hours on a school day and eight on a non-school day.

Minors who are 16 and older, however, have no work restrictions in the state of Georgia, making it more lenient than Maryland.

California: In California, all minors under the age of 18 must secure a work permit. Surprisingly, California has fewer work restrictions than Maryland or Georgia. Kids as young as 12 and 13 can work. However, they can’t work at all on school days. Kids 14 and 15 can work three hours on a school day, and eight on a non-school day. Sixteen and 17-year-olds can work four hours on a school day and eight when school is out.

North Dakota: You can work in this state if you’re 14 or older. However, if you are 14 or 15, you must file an “Employment and Age Certificate” with the Department of Labor and Human Rights every time you get a new job. Similar work restrictions apply as they do in the other states mentioned, but from age 16 on up, there are no work restrictions.

Possible Jobs for Teens Under 16

Just because you are legally allowed to be hired under the age of 16, many places won’t want to hire you because of the hourly restrictions. Here are some ideas where young teens can seek employment.

Food service: Many restaurants hire teens for busing or hostess positions. Fast food restaurants are also a good place to try.

Camp jobs: Summer camps, particularly day camps, often hire counselors as young as 15. Because these jobs are seasonal, the hourly restrictions enforced during the school year don’t affect these jobs.

Amusement parks: If you live near an amusement or water park, apply for jobs for the summer when parks beef up the number of workers to meet increased attendance.

Outdoor Jobs: During the summer, when fewer restrictions apply to the hours of teenagers, you might be able to score a job at a farm, park or local nursery.

Grocery stores: Many grocery stores hire baggers under the age of 16.

Most companies set their own age requirements, so not every camp or grocery store, for example, will hire you if you’re under the age of 16. It’s worth calling places locally and requesting information about the company’s age requirements.

To get a regular job, you will need

  • a work permit from your school, and
  • an immigration work permit (called an Employment Authorization Document) from the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) for some jobs.

But you do not need a permit for informal, temporary jobs like babysitting, errands, or yard work.

If you are undocumented, you cannot legally work in the U.S..

To make sure you can legally work, your employer must look at your ID and immigration documents when you start a job. You will have to fill out a form saying you are a citizen, permanent resident, or have a DHS work permit.

If you are a Green Card holder or permanent resident and are 18 years old, you can legally work if you have papers that prove your identity and your ability to work in the United States. You will need a Green Card, or a work authorization from USCIS. If you are a DACA individual, you will already have a work permit.

  • If you are 16 or 17, you can only work in jobs that are not considered to be hazardous or dangerous.
  • If you are 14 or 15, you can only work in jobs that are not considered to be hazardous or dangerous and only for a limited amount of hours during the school day.

You can ask for a DHS work permit if you qualify to apply to become a permanent resident, or if you qualify to apply for some other immigration status.

Warning! These rules can be hard to understand. Ask an adult to help you.

Don’t rely on someone who promises to legalize your status. Only rely on a lawyer or community organization with a good reputation.

Warning! Do not apply for a DHS work permit if you are not eligible. You could be deported.

Find your fit in the Federal Government

  • Start using USAJOBS Create a USAJOBS Profile

Start using USAJOBS Create a USAJOBS Profile

Save your favorite jobs and searches

Receive email updates from jobs you’re interested in.

Upload your resumes and documents

Save and manage resumes and documents for your application.

Make your resume searchable

Your resume will be visible to recruiters searching our database.

Apply for jobs in the Federal Government

You can only apply online with a complete USAJOBS profile.

Learn about the Federal Application Process

Below is an overview of the federal hiring process. This process is in place to make sure all applicants receive fair and equal opportunity.

USAJOBS

Create a USAJOBS profile

First, create and complete your profile to apply for any job on USAJOBS.

With a USAJOBS profile, you can save jobs, automate job searches, and manage everything you need to complete your application, including resumes and required documents.

Search for jobs

Once you create your profile, you can search for jobs.

It’s best to sign into your profile before searching. Why? We can use your information to improve your job search results.

You can also use filters such as location, salary, work schedule or agency to narrow your results.

Review job announcement

If you find a job you’re interested in, read the entire announcement to determine if you’re eligible and meet the qualifications. It’s important to read the announcement because there are required qualifications you must meet and include in your application.

Prepare your application in USAJOBS

Read the How to Apply section of the job announcement before starting your application. Click Apply, and we’ll walk you through a five-step process where you’ll attach a resume and any required documents.

During the application process, you can review, edit and delete your information. We’ll automatically save your progress as you go so that you won’t lose any changes.

Submit application to the agency

When your application is ready, you’ll be directed from USAJOBS to the hiring agency’s system to submit your application. Before you submit, you may need to complete other agency-required steps such as a questionnaire or uploading additional documents.

The time it takes to submit depends on the job you are applying for and the hiring agency’s requirements.

You can check your application using the Track This Application link in your USAJOBS profile or contact the hiring agency listed on the job announcement.

Transition to Agency

Agency

Agency reviews application

The hiring agency begins reviewing applications when the job announcement closes. The hiring agency will review your application to make sure you’re eligible and meet the qualifications for the position.

The hiring agency will place applicants into quality categories. Those placed in the highest category are sent to the hiring official.

Interview

The hiring official will review the highest qualified applications and select applicants to interview based on agency policy. The hiring agency will contact applicants directly to schedule interviews.

You may be interviewed by a panel, in-person, video or phone interview, and there may be more than one interview round. For example, an applicant may have a phone interview and then an in-person interview.

Scheduling an interview may take some time, depending on the number of applicants to interview.

Agency selects candidates

After all interviews are completed, the agency will select a candidate(s) and contact them to start the job offer process.

For those not selected, the hiring agency will update the job’s status to Hiring Complete.

Explore the most urgent hiring needs

The government is looking to fill positions that are in high demand. Find your opportunity to shape America’s future.

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The Federal Government is looking to fill various positions to help respond to and fight COVID-19. View open positions

How to get a job if you are under 16 usa

You want to hire children of friends to work in your business. Before you hire minors (under legal maturity age) there are some laws and tax issues you need to know about. This article also addresses legal and tax issues in hiring your own children to work in your business.

Child Labor Laws

The U.S. Department of Labor has a number of laws relating to businesses having children as employees. The primary law is the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA), which includes a number of hours and pay regulations. These laws are designed to protect the children from overly harsh work conditions (no more “sweatshops”).

FLSA provisions don’t:

  • Require minors to have a work permit or working papers (many states do)
  • Restrict the number of hours or times of day that workers 16 and over may work (many states do)
  • Apply if there is no FLSA employment relationship (if the child is not an employee)
  • Require breaks, meal periods, or fringe benefits (some states do)
  • Regulate discrimination, harassment, verbal or physical abuse, or morality (other federal and state laws do)  

Federal labor laws spell out certain restrictions on hiring children, and each state has specific laws relating to child labor. Check out your state’s child labor laws, which may differ from federal laws. Whichever is the stricter law (most protective) in a specific situation rules.

Age Certification and Work Permits

Before hiring a young worker, determine the child’s age. Ask for an ID (driver’s license, birth certificate, or other). Don’t rely on the child to give you the correct age. You will need to know the exact age of the child to know what restrictions are applicable and to prove in case of an inspection or audit.

Employment Restrictions for Children

The FLSA sets 14 years of age as the minimum age for employment and limits the number of hours worked by minors under the age of 16.

The FLSA also prohibits minors from working in hazardous jobs, such as driving and operating power equipment and it includes requirements that apply to specific types of jobs, like agricultural work or jobs requiring the operation of motor vehicles. Some exceptions may apply, including children working for parents (see below).  

Job, Hours, and Work Condition Restrictions

  • Minors age 16 and 17 may perform any job not declared a hazardous job or occupation and are not subject to restrictions on hours.
  • Minors age 14 and 15 may work outside school hours in various non-manufacturing, non-mining, nonhazardous jobs. This work has restrictions on days and hours: No more than three hours on a school day, 18 hours in a school week, eight hours on a non-school day, or 40 hours in a non-school week.
  • In addition, minors under age 16 may not begin work before 7 a.m. or work after 7 p.m., except from June 1 through Labor Day, when evening hours are extended until 9 p.m.
  • Minors age 14 and 15 may work only in a limited number of occupations: retail, food service, and gasoline service establishments specifically listed in the regulations.  

Youth Minimum Wage

You may pay employees under age 20 a minimum wage of not less than $4.25 an hour during their first 90 days (consecutive). You can’t take any action to replace employees over age 20 or cut their hours, wages, or benefits to hire a youth and pay them the youth minimum.  

Defining the Status of Child Workers

Before you hire any children as employees (including your own children), clearly define the status of these workers. Making them part-time or classifying them as “summer workers” can avoid misunderstandings about benefits and pay. Include information about the status of minor workers in your employee handbook or policies/procedures manual.

New Hire Forms for Children

In general, new hire paperwork for children hired as employees in your business must be the same as for all other hires. Especially, newly hired minors must complete Form W-4 before they receive their first paycheck, to indicate federal income tax withholding, and you must withhold federal income tax from paychecks of minors unless the individual claims exemption from withholding.

Pay and Benefits for Children

  • After the minor has been employed for 90 days, you must pay the same minimum wage as other employees. If your state’s minimum wage is higher than the federal minimum wage, you must pay employees the higher state minimum wage.
  • You must withhold federal (and state) income taxes and FICA taxes (Social Security/Medicare) from minors and pay your employer share of these taxes, the same as for other employees.
  • You must pay overtime after 40 hours of work in a week, with the same regulations as for other employees.  
  • If the minor employee qualifies for any benefits, you must provide and pay for these benefits in the same manner as other employees.
  • FLSA regulations do not require you to pay for vacations or holidays for summer help, but some states might.  

In general, it’s a good practice to provide minor workers and summer employees the same benefits as other employees. If the minor employees are part-time and your business has other part-timers who receive different benefits from full-time employees, you can consider the minor workers part-time for benefit purposes.

Hiring Your Children as Employees

If you hire your own children to work in your business, some of the FLSA regulations don’t apply. These exemptions do not apply if your business is a corporation. The work your children are doing must be both necessary and essential to your business.

  • Minimum age rates do not apply, but you should pay your children a reasonable wage.
  • Minimum age restrictions do not apply, except in mining, manufacturing, and other occupations where children under 18 are not permitted to work.
  • Your children do not have to pay federal income taxes if they are below the minimum amount of compensation.  

It’s a good idea to get help from an employment attorney before hiring minors, to make sure you don’t miss an important state or federal regulation.

How to Apply for Authorization to Work in the United States

How to get a job if you are under 16 usa

© The Balance, 2018

All United States employers are required to confirm that employees are legally able to work in the U.S. If an individual is not a citizen or a permanent resident of the United States, then they will need a permit to work, as well as the appropriate work visa. This permit is officially known as an Employment Authorization Document (EAD), which enables a non-citizen to work in the U.S.

It is the responsibility of both employers and employees to confirm proof of legal employment status.

Employees are required to prove that they are authorized to work in the U.S., and employers are required to verify the identity and eligibility of all new employees.

Foreign Nationals Permitted to Work in the U.S.

There are several categories of foreign workers permitted to work in the United States, such as permanent immigrant workers, temporary (non-immigrant) workers, and student/exchange workers.

The categories of workers permitted to work in the U.S. include:

  • United States citizens
  • Non-citizen nationals of the United States
  • Lawful permanent residents
  • Non-citizen, non-residents duly authorized to work

Non-citizen, non-resident workers that may be authorized to work in the U.S. include (per the language from U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services):

Temporary (non-immigrant) Workers: A temporary worker is an individual seeking to enter the United States temporarily for a specific purpose. Non-immigrants enter the United States for a temporary period of time, and once in the United States, are restricted to the activity or reason for which their non-immigrant visa was issued.

Permanent (Immigrant) Workers: A permanent worker is an individual who is authorized to live and work permanently in the United States.

Students and Exchange Visitors: Students may, under certain circumstances, be allowed to work in the United States. However, they must obtain permission from an authorized official at their school. The authorized official is known as a Designed School Official (DSO) for students and the Responsible Officer (RO) for exchange visitors. Exchange visitors may be eligible to work temporarily in the U.S. via the exchange visitor visa program.

How to Get a Permit to Work in the U.S.

An Employment Authorization Document (EAD), also known as an EAD card, work permit, or working permit, is an authorization granted by United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) that proves that the holder is authorized to work in the United States. An EAD is a plastic card that is usually valid for one year and is renewable and replaceable.

Applicants for an EAD can request:

  • Permission to accept employment
  • Replacement (of a lost EAD)
  • Renewal of permission to accept employment

Eligibility for an Employment Authorization Document (EAD)

U.S. citizens and permanent residents do not need an Employment Authorization Document or any other working permit to work in the United States, other than their Green Card if they are a permanent resident.

All employees, including U.S. citizens and permanent residents, do need to prove eligibility to work in the U.S.

The Employment Authorization Document is proof to your employer that you are legally allowed to work in the United States.

The following categories of foreign workers are eligible to apply for an Employment Authorization Document:

  • Asylees and asylum seekers
  • Refugees
  • Students seeking particular types of employment
  • Foreign nationals in the United States pursuing the final stage of permanent residence
  • Nationals of certain countries given Temporary Protected Status (TPS) due to conditions in their home countries
  • Fiancés and spouses of U.S. citizens
  • Dependents of foreign government officials
  • J-2 spouses or minor children of exchange visitors
  • Other workers depending on circumstances.

Additionally, many beneficiaries and their dependents are eligible to work in the United States. Typically, the government grants this eligibility to a certain employer as a result of the beneficiaries or dependents non-immigrant status.

How to Apply for an Employment Authorization Document (EAD)

Information on eligibility and forms to apply for an EAD are available on the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services website.

Renewing Employment Authorization Documents (EADs)

If you have legally worked in the United States and your EAD has expired or is going to expire, you may file for a renewed EAD with the Form I-765, Application for Employment Authorization. An employee can file for a renewal EAD before the original expires, so long as the application is not processed more than 6 months prior to the expiration date.

Replacing an EAD

EAD card are replaced for many different reasons. If a card is lost, stolen, or contains incorrect information, it may be necessary to file a new Form I-765 and pay a filing fee. If the USCIS processing center made a mistake when creating the card, the Form and filing fees are not required. In some cases, a fee waiver can be requested for all fees.

Employer Verification of Authorization to Work in the U.S.

When hired for a new job, employees must prove that they are legally entitled to work in the United States. Employers are required to verify the individual’s eligibility to work, along with their identity. Additionally, the employer must keep an Employment Eligibility Verification form (I-9 form) on file.

Individuals, such as those who have been admitted as permanent residents, granted asylum or refugee status, or admitted in work-related nonimmigrant classifications, may have employment authorization as a direct result of their immigration status. Other foreigners may need to apply individually for employment authorization, including for eligibility to work at a temporary position within the U.S.

Proof of Eligibility to Work

Employees must present original documents (not photocopies) to their employer as part of the hiring process. The only exception occurs when an employee presents a certified copy of a birth certificate. Employers must verify the employment eligibility and identity documents presented by employees and record the document information on an I-9 form for every employee.

The information contained in this article is not legal advice and is not a substitute for such advice. State and federal laws change frequently, and the information in this article may not reflect your own state’s laws or the most recent changes to the law.

Contact for How to get a work permit

Attorney General’s Fair Labor Division

Phone

Monday-Friday, 10 a.m.-4 p.m.

Monday-Friday, 10 a.m.-4 p.m.

Online

The Details of How to get a work permit

How to apply How to get a work permit

In person

  1. Download a work permit application below, or call the Department of Labor Standards at (617) 626-6975.

You, your employer, your parents, and possibly a doctor will each need to fill out parts of the application.

Bring the completed application to the appropriate school district in order to get your work permit.

  • If you live in Massachusetts, go to the school superintendent for the town where you live or go to school. Your superintendent may have designated someone in your school to issue work permits.
  • If you do not live in Massachusetts, go to the superintendent of schools for the town where you will be working.

Next steps for How to get a work permit

Bring the work permit to your employer

Your employer must keep the original work permit at your workplace as long as you work there or until you turn 18.

More info for How to get a work permit

When your job ends, your employer must return the work permit to the superintendent’s office within 2 days of the termination. Most schools keep the permits on file until the worker turns 18.

Permits do not transfer. If you get a new job or a new job location, you must get a new permit. If you work at more than one location, the employer must have a permit on file at each location. If you keep the same job the next school year, you may still use the same permit.

Important! Even if you are no longer in school, you are still covered by child labor laws in the same way that students the same age are covered.

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How to File Taxes as a Full-Time High School Student

Getting your first job is a right of passage. However, you may own income tax if you’re under 18, even if your parents or someone else claims you as a dependent on their taxes. It all comes down to how much money you make. You’ll have to prepare a return if you earn more than $12,000 at a job during the 2018 tax year. However, if you earn less, you still should file a return if your employer paid federal taxes on your behalf, as you may qualify for a refund.

If you are under 18 and employed, you will be required by the federal government to file a tax return when your income exceeds $12,000. Fortunately, individuals being claimed as dependents by their parents can file a tax return in much the same fashion as anyone else using the standard IRS Form 1040.

Am I Considered a Dependent?

The Internal Revenue Service allows parents and guardians to receive a break on their taxes for teens and the costs associated with providing financial support for dependents. You may qualify as a dependent if you live with a parent or guardian for more than half of the year and they provide more than half of your financial support. Your dependency status continues until you turn 19 – or 24 if you go to school full-time.

What Is Earned Income?

It really doesn’t matter how adults earn money, the IRS treats earned and unearned income – investment income – the same. When you’re a teen, jobs don’t matter as much as either, but how much you earn does. However, as a minor, income from a job is treated differently than income generated by accounts that produce interest and dividends. If you get paid an hourly wage or salary, you’ve earned income in the eyes of the IRS and will pay taxes – no matter your age – if you reach $6,350 in earnings for 2017 and $12,000 for tax year 2018. This substantial increase from 2017 figures is due to new tax reforms, also known as the Tax Cuts and Jobs Act that largely went into affect for tax year 2018.

Unearned Income and Investments

Some bank accounts and other investments, like bonds, pay you a percentage of your account balance in the form of interest. On the other hand, some companies pay dividends – a piece of their earnings based on the number of shares of stock you own. If you own these types of accounts or stock, and you receive more than $1,050 in interest or dividends, you’ll have to file a return.

Filling Your Taxes and Form 1040

When you start working, you might have wondered at what age do you have to pay taxes. The IRS is clear on filing income tax under 18 – if you earn income, you can be taxed on it. If you determine you need to file taxes, complete Form 1040 or Form 1040EZ, a quicker, simpler version of the 1040 for taxpayers without dependents. Not everyone chooses to file the 1040EZ and both come with an instruction booklet that gives you step-by-step instructions for filling out the forms. IRS.gov also provides printable forms and e-filing options. You’ll also use the W-2, sent to you by your employer. If necessary, reference any 1099-INTs and 1099-DIVs for your unearned income.

  • IRS: Earned Income Only
  • IRS: Personal Exemptions and Dependents
  • NOLO: When Does Your Child Have to File a Tax Return?

Chris Brantley began writing professionally for a financial analysis firm in 1997. From 2000 to 2004, he worked as a financial advisor, specializing in retirement planning and earned his Series 7, Series 66 and insurance licenses. Brantley started his full-time writing career in 2012 and has written for a variety of financial websites, including insurance, real estate, loan and investment sites. He holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of Georgia.

Minimum legal age of employment in Canada : Distinct regulations across provinces

Saskatchewan has just implemented a legal minimum age of employment, i.e. 16 years of age. Such a provision does not exist everywhere in Canada, as applicable policies differ substantially from one province or territory to another. Here’s an overview.

It is now necessary to be at least 16 years of age to work in Saskatchewan. Before May 2009, only five sectors had a minimum age for hiring young people: hotel, restaurants, schools, hospitals and nursing homes. The new legislation aims to promote schooling, while allowing young people to get a bit of work experience. Under certain conditions, though, 14-year-olds can work: by obtaining the consent of their parents or guardians, taking occupational health and safety training, not working any later than 10 p.m. if they have school the next day, before school starts on a school day, and more than 16 hours during a school week. Moreover, the new law will continue to restrict employment of young people in casinos, in the sale, handling or serving of alcohol, and in certain high-risk occupations.

In Canada, various laws contain restrictions concerning the employment of young people. They aim to guarantee the primacy of education and to keep young people in school during the years when basic knowledge is acquired. Their objective is also to protect the development of young people (their growth, as well as the development of their characters), and their health and safety. Federally, the Canada Labour Code allows young people under 17 years of age to work only if they are not required to go to school as per their usual province of residence, if the work to be done is not in a prohibited category (e.g. underground mine), and if it does not endanger their health and safety. It is also forbidden to have them work between 11 p.m. and 6 a.m. Other provisions regulate particular sectors, such as the merchant marine or explosives plants, for example.

Minimum legal age of employment across Canada

– In Alberta, teenagers can work as of the age of 12, but only under certain conditions: outside of normal class hours, with the written consent of a parent or guardian, and with the approval of the Director of Labour Standards. Between 12 and 14 years of age, they are only allowed to work at certain jobs such as clerk or delivery person of small wares for a retail store, clerk or messenger in an office, delivery person for the distribution of newspapers, flyers or handbills. For any other type of work, they need the approval of the Director of Labour Standards. They are allowed to work on school days, but no more than two hours.

– In British Columbia, children can work before the age of 12, with the permission of the Director of Labour Standards, who will determine the conditions of employment. Between 12 and 14, the parents’ consent is sufficient provided the employer observes certain restrictions (no work during school hours, for instance). The province allows working on school days, but no longer than four hours.

– On Prince Edward Island, it is possible to work before 16 years of age. The Youth Employment Act specifies, though, that an adolescent under 16 cannot hold a job that could harm his or her health, safety, moral or physical development. It is also forbidden to work more than three hours on a school day, to work in construction, between 11 p.m. and 7 a.m., and during normal school hours (children are required to go to school until 16 years of age). The Labour Standards Inspector may excuse adolescents from these restrictions as long as their school attendance does not suffer, with the consent of a parent or guardian.

– In Manitoba, youth under 16 years of age may also work, subject to certain conditions: obtain a permit from the Director of Labour Standards manager, not work for a company in which his or her safety, health or welfare could be jeopardized, in the Director’s opinion, and not work in a job where a large part of the cleaning, modification, repair or maintenance is done using machinery.

– In New Brunswick, youth under 14 years of age cannot work at jobs that are likely to be unwholesome or harmful to their health, welfare, moral or physical development. These restrictions also apply to young people under 16. Adolescents under the age of 14 are not allowed to work in any industrial undertaking, in the forestry industry, in the construction industry, in a garage or service station, in a hotel or restaurant, in a theatre, dance hall or shooting gallery, or as an elevator operator, unless a permit has been issued by the Director of Employment Standards. On school days, work is limited to three hours at most.

– In Nova Scotia, the restrictions imposed on adolescents of less than 14 years of age are comparable with those in effect in New Brunswick, i.e. work for an industrial undertaking, forestry industry, etc., and also apply to youth under 16 years of age.

– In Ontario, youth under 14 years of age cannot work in an industrial establishment. Under the age of 15, they cannot work in a factory, and under the age of 16, they cannot work in on a construction site, in the forestry industry, or an open-pit mine. They are also not allowed to work during school hours.

– In Quebec, youth under 14 years of age are not allowed to work without the written consent of the parent or guardian. If they are under 16 years of age, they cannot work in an open-pit mine, a milling facility or a workshop, or apprentice in a trade or profession regulated by law.

How to delete a group on facebook messenger

How to delete a group on facebook messenger

When a group chat has served its purpose, then it may be time to delete it. Once a group chat is deleted, all conversations, files, links, and anything shared on it are deleted and are non-recoverable. If you want to learn how to delete group chat on Facebook Messenger, then this article can help you.

The Facebook Messenger app offers everybody to create a group chat. Group chats are designed to reach and communicate with more of your friends easily. They work as a common chat room where members are able to see every member’s message. It’s quite easy to create a group chat but it takes an effort to delete one.

The creator of the group chat is the only person responsible to delete it. If you are one of the creators, this article is for you. If you are one of the members, you may share this with the creator.

Delete Group Chat on Facebook Messenger

If you are the creator or an admin of a Messenger group chat, you can delete the group chat by following these steps:

1. Launch the Facebook Messenger app.
2. Under the Search box, tap the Groups tab. It’s in line with the Message, Active, and Calls tab.How to delete a group on facebook messenger
3. Select the Group you want to delete. Remember, you must be the admin or creator of the group chat.How to delete a group on facebook messenger
4. Tap the Group Name to open its menu.How to delete a group on facebook messenger
5. The screen will display the different settings and options regarding your group chat. Scroll down and look for all the members. Do not be confused by the Ignore Group and Leave Group option. From this part, it needs your patience and efforts as you have to manually remove all the members one by one. If you only have few friends in the group, then the task should be a breeze. The next steps will show you how to remove members.How to delete a group on facebook messenger
6. Tap the member’s name to make the other options available.How to delete a group on facebook messenger
7. Under the member’s name and facebook link, there are four options. These are the Message, Audio Call, Video Chat, and View Facebook Profile. While on the bottom part you will only see the Remove from Group and the Block option. Tap the Remove from Group.How to delete a group on facebook messenger
8. . Confirm your action by tapping the Remove button. Do the Step 6 up to Step 8 for all the members. Do these until it remains only the creator. Then follow the next step.How to delete a group on facebook messenger
9. Now it’s the time for you, the creator, to leave the group. There are two ways to access the Leave Group option. Tap your name from the list.How to delete a group on facebook messenger
10. From the member list, scroll down a little bit. You will find the Leave Group tab after the Ignore Group.How to delete a group on facebook messenger
● Alternatively, on the bottom part of the screen, you will see the Leave Group button. This option is only available on the creator’s page.
11. Tap the Leave button to confirm. After the confirmation, your screen will be back on the Group page.How to delete a group on facebook messenger

Tip: Anyone who is a member of the group chat can also remove a co-member.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: Can I just leave the group without deleting the members? What will happen with the group chat?
A: You may choose to. But if you are the creator leaving the group chat in that way will not automatically delete the whole group. It will continue to be active without your presence.

Q: I tried the Delete Conversation. In effect, the group chat disappeared. Does it mean that the group is deleted?
A: When you long press the group chat name under the Groups tab, it will give you an option that can be accessed quickly. One of these is the Delete Conversation tab. But it will only erase the conversation within your Messenger app alone. It means that the group chat is still alive. You will see it again once a message arrived for that group chat. Also, other members can still access and view those messages you deleted. Because those messages can still be found on their own Facebook Messenger app.

Q: What will happen on the messages inside the deleted group chat?
A: All messages from the group chat will be found on your archived. You can access them using messenger web.

As stated in the introduction part, deleting a group chat is irreversible. All the information shared through the deleted group chat is removed from all the members and can no longer be recovered. Make sure that you have made up your mind and that important data from the group chat are saved and backed up before deleting it.

You just learned how to delete a group chat on Facebook Messenger. If you have questions about any of the steps above, let us know in the comments.

Facebook is the most popular social media. You can create a group on both Facebook and Messenger . But, often you need to delete a group you created on Facebook for various purposes. If you want to delete a Facebook or Messenger group, then this article is for you.

Summary of Deleting a Facebook/Messenger Group

  • The group owner/ creator has to remove every member of a group.
  • After that, he has to leave the group if he wishes to delete the Facebook or Messenger group.

How to Delete a Facebook Group on Android

With the following steps you can easily delete a Facebook group on android (If you are the creator/ owner of the group) using web browser:-

  • After Log Into your Facebook account, tap on Menuor Navigation Optionwhich is on the top bar.
  • Then, scroll down & click on Groups.
  • Find & Select the group you want to delete.
  • Tap on More,click on View Group Info(you can also tap on the group name to View Group Info) and click on Members.
  • Click the “More” button next to each member’s name and then select “Remove from Group” and Hit “Confirm”
  • Remove every single member from the group in this process.
  • After removing all the members from the group, select the More button next to your name. Select Leave Group and then Leave and Delete.

Done. You just successfully deleted the group.

How to Delete a Facebook Group on PC/Laptop

With the following steps you can easily delete a Facebook group on PC/Laptop (If you are the creator/ owner of the group) using web browser:-

  • After log in to your Facebook Account, click on Down Arrow (which is on topbar) and select Manage Groups.
  • Select the group you want to delete from Group You Managesection which is on the left sidebar of that page.
  • Tap on Members on the left sidebar of the page.
  • Tap on “More” button next to each member’s name and then select “Remove from Group” and Hit “Confirm”
  • Remove every single member from the group in this process.
  • After removing all the members from the group, select the More button next to your name. Select Leave Group and then Leave and Delete.

Done. You just successfully deleted the group.

How to Delete a Facebook Group on Facebook/ Lite App

If you are a creator/owner, then you can easily delete a Facebook group with the following steps:-

  • Go to Navigation Option.
  • Then, scroll down & click on Groups.
  • Searchthe group that you want to delete. You can also find the group by click on See More.
  • Click on Admin Tools
  • Tap on Members.
  • Remove every single member from the group (If you tap on a member, then you will find an option to remove that person from group)
  • After you remove all the members from the group, then leave the group. (If you tap on group name, then you will find a Leave Groupoption)

Done. You just successfully deleted the group.

How to Delete a Messenger Group chat on Messenger/ Messenger Lite

If you are a creator/owner, then you can easily delete a Messenger group with the following steps:-

  • Click on Infobutton of the messenger group that you want to delete.
  • Tap on See GroupMembers.
  • Click the “More” button next to each member’s name and then select “Remove from Group” and Hit “Confirm”
  • Remove every single member from the group in this process.
  • After you remove all the members from the group, then leave the group. (If you tap on Infobutton, then you will find a Leave Chatoption)

Done. You just successfully deleted the group.

Who Can Delete A Facebook Group

One more thing, only the group owner/creator is able to delete Facebook or Messenger groups. Group admins can’t delete a group rather they can archive a Facebook group unless the owner leaves.

Messenger service is a popular chat service, which connects billion of users on Facebook. It provides the group function on Messenger that you can easily connect with many users in one time. When you create the group, you can delete it also. Leaving a group or deleting a group are separate parts. Here, we know that how we can delete a group on Messenger.

Steps to delete a group on Messenger

Facebook Messenger is available on both Android and IOS devices. It’s also available on desktop with Facebook. You can delete the group, which means you need to remove all the group members from it.

When you leave the group, other members can chat in this group but when you delete the group, it deletes permanently from the Messenger. Its compulsory that you have created this group or you are the admin of the group.

How to delete a group on Messenger on Android

You can delete a group conversation in Messenger app on Android.

  1. Open the App: Open Messenger App.
    How to delete a group on facebook messenger
  2. Log In: Complete your login with your Messenger ID.
    How to delete a group on facebook messenger
  3. Select the group: Select group, you want to delete. Find it through the search tab or group section.
    How to delete a group on facebook messenger
  4. Open the conversation: Open the group conversation.
    How to delete a group on facebook messenger
  5. Tap on info icon: Tap on “i” info icon at the top.
    How to delete a group on facebook messenger
  6. Tap on three bar: Tap on three bars option next to the user.
    How to delete a group on facebook messenger
  7. Tap ‘remove from group’: Tap on ‘remove from group’ option. Do it same with other users and remove all the users from this group.
    How to delete a group on facebook messenger
  8. Tap ‘leave group’: After deleting all users. Back on previous page and tap on ‘leave group’ option. Confirm it by choosing leave option.
    How to delete a group on facebook messenger

This is how you can delete a group on Messenger through Android app.

How to delete a group on Messenger on iPhone

Facebook Messenger is available on iPhone devices. Just see quick steps to delete a group on Messenger.

  1. Open the app: Open Facebook Messenger app.
  2. Complete the login: Complete your login process with Messenger.
  3. Find the group: Enter group’s name in the search box, you want to delete.
  4. Open the group: Tap on the group and open it.
  5. Tap on group’s name: Tap on group’s name at the top.
  6. Tap on ‘see all group members’: Scroll down and tap on ‘see all group members’ option.
  7. Tap on the group member: Tap on the group member’s name.
  8. Tap on ‘remove from group’: Tap on ‘remove from group’ option at the end.
  9. Remove all users: Remove all users with same remove from group option. Only you will be left in this group.
  10. Tap on leave Chat: After deleting all users, Back again and scroll down. Tap on ‘leave chat’ option.
  11. Tap ‘leave’: Tap on ‘leave’ option to confirm that.

Now your group has deleted from Messenger. This is how you can delete a group conversation on Messenger in iPhone.

How to delete a group on Messenger on desktop

You can delete the group on Messenger through the desktop browser. Just see quick steps to understand this:

  1. Open the browser: Open your preferred browser.
    How to delete a group on facebook messenger
  2. Open Facebook: Open facebook.com in the browser.
    How to delete a group on facebook messenger
  3. Log in: Log in with Facebook account.
    How to delete a group on facebook messenger
  4. Choose Messenger icon: Choose Messenger icon at the top right corner.
    How to delete a group on facebook messenger
  5. Search the group: Search group, you want to delete. Find it.
    How to delete a group on facebook messenger
  6. Open the group: Open your group conversation to complete the process.
    How to delete a group on facebook messenger
  7. Click on ‘settings’: Click on settings icon at the top right corner on your group’s name.
    How to delete a group on facebook messenger
  8. Click on three bars: Click on three dots option next to user’s name at the right side.
    How to delete a group on facebook messenger
  9. Click on ‘remove from group’: Click on ‘remove from group’ option.
    How to delete a group on facebook messenger
  10. Remove all the users: Remove all the users by doing the same process one by one.
    How to delete a group on facebook messenger
  11. Select ‘leave group’: Select the ‘leave group’ option. Click on ‘leave’ option next to confirm.
    How to delete a group on facebook messenger

This is the confirmation that you are deleting the group. This is how you can delete a group on Messenger.

Facebook is the most popular social media. You can create a group on both Facebook and Messenger . But, often you need to delete a group you created on Facebook for various purposes. If you want to delete a Facebook or Messenger group, then this article is for you.

Summary of Deleting a Facebook/Messenger Group

  • The group owner/ creator has to remove every member of a group.
  • After that, he has to leave the group if he wishes to delete the Facebook or Messenger group.

How to Delete a Facebook Group on Android

With the following steps you can easily delete a Facebook group on android (If you are the creator/ owner of the group) using web browser:-

  • After Log Into your Facebook account, tap on Menuor Navigation Optionwhich is on the top bar.
  • Then, scroll down & click on Groups.
  • Find & Select the group you want to delete.
  • Tap on More,click on View Group Info(you can also tap on the group name to View Group Info) and click on Members.
  • Click the “More” button next to each member’s name and then select “Remove from Group” and Hit “Confirm”
  • Remove every single member from the group in this process.
  • After removing all the members from the group, select the More button next to your name. Select Leave Group and then Leave and Delete.

Done. You just successfully deleted the group.

How to Delete a Facebook Group on PC/Laptop

With the following steps you can easily delete a Facebook group on PC/Laptop (If you are the creator/ owner of the group) using web browser:-

  • After log in to your Facebook Account, click on Down Arrow (which is on topbar) and select Manage Groups.
  • Select the group you want to delete from Group You Managesection which is on the left sidebar of that page.
  • Tap on Members on the left sidebar of the page.
  • Tap on “More” button next to each member’s name and then select “Remove from Group” and Hit “Confirm”
  • Remove every single member from the group in this process.
  • After removing all the members from the group, select the More button next to your name. Select Leave Group and then Leave and Delete.

Done. You just successfully deleted the group.

How to Delete a Facebook Group on Facebook/ Lite App

If you are a creator/owner, then you can easily delete a Facebook group with the following steps:-

  • Go to Navigation Option.
  • Then, scroll down & click on Groups.
  • Searchthe group that you want to delete. You can also find the group by click on See More.
  • Click on Admin Tools
  • Tap on Members.
  • Remove every single member from the group (If you tap on a member, then you will find an option to remove that person from group)
  • After you remove all the members from the group, then leave the group. (If you tap on group name, then you will find a Leave Groupoption)

Done. You just successfully deleted the group.

How to Delete a Messenger Group chat on Messenger/ Messenger Lite

If you are a creator/owner, then you can easily delete a Messenger group with the following steps:-

  • Click on Infobutton of the messenger group that you want to delete.
  • Tap on See GroupMembers.
  • Click the “More” button next to each member’s name and then select “Remove from Group” and Hit “Confirm”
  • Remove every single member from the group in this process.
  • After you remove all the members from the group, then leave the group. (If you tap on Infobutton, then you will find a Leave Chatoption)

Done. You just successfully deleted the group.

Who Can Delete A Facebook Group

One more thing, only the group owner/creator is able to delete Facebook or Messenger groups. Group admins can’t delete a group rather they can archive a Facebook group unless the owner leaves.

How to delete a group on facebook messenger

Messenger is an all-embracing communication app from Facebook which makes it simple to stay close to your preferred people and enjoyable to hang out with the loved ones. Messenger can without difficulty sync shared photos on messenger and facebook chat to your mobile device to help you connect with anyone, anywhere. This social networking platform offers unlimited text, voice, video calling and group video chat featuresthat allow users to share various kinds of content in different formats.

However at times arise the situations when the users have to delete the pictures, videos and other content which they have shared previously on their messenger. This article will enlighten the readers with the steps on how to delete shared photos on Facebook Messenger alongside some other related points.

How to delete a group on facebook messengerSource : Tenor

Table of Contents

How To Delete Photos From Messenger App

At any point of time after making a post or sharing a picture during a chat, one can delete sent photos on Facebook Messenger app at ease. The simplest way to remove shared photos in Messenger is to long-press the picture in chat thread & gets it deleted.

Here are the steps, which you can use to delete the shared photo through a messenger app.

Step 1: Open messenger, go to the specific conversation.

Step 2: Now look for the picture, which you want to delete.

Step 3: Tap the photo and hold it, at bottom of the screen you will see remove option.

How to delete a group on facebook messenger

Step 4: Tap remove and then select remove for you to delete the picture.

How to delete a group on facebook messenger

Deleting Photos From Facebook/Messenger Desktop Version

Step 1: Open the conversation.

Step 2: Find the picture you are willing to delete.

Step 3: Hover your mouse pointer to three vertical dots and click on it.

How to delete a group on facebook messenger

Step 4: A small pop up will appear asking you for remove or reply. As soon as you select Remove, a poup window will appear where you can click remove for you and click remove button to delete it.

How to delete a group on facebook messenger

While the steps help you to get rid of photos shared earlier on the chat with a specific user it has its own limitations. Technically, this method will only delete pictures in messenger at your end while the user on the other side of the conversation continue to keep viewing it and you will also be able to view them in the ‘View Shared Photos’ on Messenger section. Thus, one needs to go an alternative way to delete the shared pictures on both side of the respective chat. Let’s get into finding out that way.

How To Permanently Delete Shared Photos In Messenger On Both Sides

Messenger users often face problems related to the deletion of media files, may it be shared photos on messenger or other content over the chat. Even after being removed from the conversation, the same media appears in the shared pictures section. Hence, this resulted as one of the major talked about topics.

As this might hold good for deleting the pictures at your end, however to get the photos deleted back at receiver’s end you have to go through the steps suggested in section underneath.

Unsend/Delete Permanently Shared Photos on Facebook Messenger App

The steps are as similar as the one mentioned above. However kindly ensure to follow given steps to get the desired job done.

Step 1: Open messenger, go to the specific conversation.

Step 2: Now look for the picture, which you want to delete.

Step 3: Tap the photo and hold it, at bottom of the screen you will see remove option.

How to delete a group on facebook messenger

Step 4: Tap remove and then select Unsend to permanently delete the photo from both side.

How to delete a group on facebook messenger

Unsend/Delete Permanently Shared Photos on Facebook Desktop Version

Step 1: Open the conversation.

Step 2: Find the picture you are willing to delete.

Step 3: Hover your mouse pointer to three vertical dots and click on it.

How to delete a group on facebook messenger

Step 4: A small pop up will appear asking you for remove or reply. As soon as you select Remove, a poup window will appear where you can click Unsend for Everyone and then press remove to delete the shared stuff permanently.

How to delete a group on facebook messenger

Note: When you unsend/permanently delete something, the person on the other side of conversation will see a message saying “your name unsent a message”.

Hope the blog post has put an end to your worries. Stay tuned with TheTechMirror for more technical updates and tips.

This easy guide will teach you how to remove someone from messenger, not just unfriending them, but also unfollowing and totally blocking the user from your Facebook Messenger Friend list.

Facebook Messenger allows people to message you even without having you as a friend or you following them, so this is why there is a need to learn how to prevent people you don’t know from disturbing your inbox with irrelevant messages or spamming.

You might remove a contact, but to remove someone from a messenger is a big deal, but we got you covered. This option is very useful for people in so many groups where there are different varieties of people having different opinions, rude or kind ones.

  • 1 How To Remove Someone From Messenger?
    • 1.1 Method 1
    • 1.2 Method 2
  • 2 How To Remove Someone From Messenger Android App?

How To Remove Someone From Messenger?

This is an easy procedure to follow, it might have been difficult if you never knew this tutorial, so follow the instructions if you intend to get rid of a user on your Messenger chat list.

Method 1

  1. Login to Facebook via Mobile App, Microsoft Windows App or Web Version.
  2. Open the Profile of the user who messaged you and not on your friend’s list.
  3. After locating the Profile, Tap the friend and unfriend or unfollow, just in case you were friends, if not…
  4. Tap on the three-dotted option button and block the user from seeing your Facebook profile which means you are free from messages from the user.

This is one way to do that, there are many other ways as well, read on to see how to remove someone from messenger and be free from annoying chats of strangers.

Method 2

  1. Using Facebook Messenger, open the software, Android, Windows or iPhone.
  2. Click on the People contact which shows all active friends on your list.
  3. Now you can locate the person you want to remove from the messenger.
  4. Near the Profile’s call button, click Info >Remove Contact.
  5. Option to either Accept or Decline will be shown, accept to remove the user. from your list.

This is for method two which strictly uses Messenger rather than the Facebook App since this is why you are here. After implementing this method 2, when a non friend sends you a message, instead of it appearing on your Messenger chats, it can be seen on Message request, this means only approved chats will be distributed to you.

In addition to that, when you decline the chat, the person will not be able to converse with you, see your profile pic or online status. They will not see the message “you cannot reply to this chat” when you decline their chat like when you blocked someone on Messenger, rather when you view their message on the request section, he/she will not know it has been read till you accept and reply, also if you decline it, they will not be notified also, but Facebook will not deliver any of their messages to you.

The options and settings are different on all platform, I will focus on Android version procedure to get rid of someone on Messenger Android App.

How To Remove Someone From Messenger Android App?

  1. Open the latest version of the Messenger app for Android Device.
  2. Tap a user Profile Picture on the App.
  3. Next to the Call and Video icon at the top of the chat, click the Info Icon.
  4. Scroll down, Under Privacy click Ignore Messages.
  5. You’ll get a warning message with the bolded text “Ignore this conversation?”
  6. Click Ignore

Now you will not be notified when the contact or user messages you directly, and the conversation will move to Message Requests. Facebook Messenger won’t tell the user the messages have been ignored. If you want to block the user, you will see the option just right under the “Ignore Messages” text. Conversations from the person can also be muted, no sound will be made when their message has been received, but this does not work like ignore chats.

Many of us have taken to heart the Marie Kondo philosophy: if it doesn’t spark joy, discard.

However, in our zeal to make things go away, we may sweep aside messages that we otherwise should have clung to.

And while you’re largely out of luck when it comes to throwing away your belongings, Facebook is much more forgiving. You have the option to “Archive” a Facebook message before you send it to the digital landfill.

So because those messages aren’t yet lost, you can simply archive them, and unarchive them in Facebook Messenger if you wish.

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How to archive messages on Facebook

1. Open Facebook Messenger in your preferred desktop browser on your PC or Mac computer.

2. Navigate to the thread you want to archive.

3. Tap the ellipsis symbol, which will appear when you highlight a message, and select “Archive.”

How to unarchive messages on Facebook

1. Click the gear icon in the Facebook Messenger window.

2. Select “Archived Chats.”

3. Go to the chat, and respond or react to the thread, instantly undoing the archive action and moving the messages back to your primary inbox.

Kent is a content creator who enjoys sharing her knowledge about consumer tech. She enjoys playing Black Desert Mobile.

How to delete a group on facebook messenger

Delete Group Chat in Facebook Messenger

Deleting a group chat in Facebook Messenger is not that difficult. You just need to be mindful and follow the steps carefully because if you make a mistake throughout the process, you could end up being unable to access that group chat yourself!

Our goal here is to permanently delete a group chat and have it completely inaccessible to everyone in that group including you. By permanently deleting a group chat, you will no longer be able to view it as well as the conversations in it. The same goes for everyone else who used to be included in that group. If you search for it, it should no longer show up regardless of whether you are using the app or the web versions of Messenger and Facebook.

So how do you exactly do it? Here’s how!

The first thing that you need to keep in mind is that you must be an admin of that particular chat group that you wish to delete. If you are not an admin, make sure to set yourself as admin or else, you won’t be able to make this work.

So how do you check if you are an admin of a group? Just open that particular chat group, click the group title or the group icon then on the menu, go to “See Group Members”. It should have two tabs. One is a list of all the members while the “Admins” tab lists all of the admins in that group. Your name should be listed in the Admins tab. If you don’t see your name, click “Add” and simply add yourself as admin. If you do not have the rights to do this, have an existing admin of that group to add you as admin.

How to delete a group on facebook messenger

Once you are an admin, it is time to do the fun part! That is to remove all of the existing members of that group including co-admins. The only member that should be left in the group should be you and no one else. To remove a member, just tap on its name on the members list (See Group Members > All) then select “Remove From Group”. Repeat this step until all members have been removed except you. At this point, you should still be able to see any existing conversation or messages in the group.

So what’s next? Go back to the group chat’s main menu and select “Ignore Messages”. Remember you must select this option first and do not leave the group. Once that group chat has been ignored, it will be automatically transferred to your spam messages.

For the succeeding steps, you should go to your Messenger’s main menu. Click your profile icon at the top-left corner of Messenger then go to “Message Requests”. Under that option, there should be two tabs. One is for “You May Know” and the other is for “Spam”. As you may have already guessed it, go to the “Spam” tab. Find the group chat that you want to delete and open it. There should be an option at the bottom that will ask you to delete or to leave. Make sure that you choose “Delete”. If you are asked to confirm your action, just choose “Delete” again. That’s it!

How to delete a group on facebook messenger

Once you have successfully deleted that group chat, it shall no longer be accessible to you or to anyone in Messenger.

So why delete the group chat this way instead of simply leaving the group? Well, one of the main reasons why you should consider doing so is because of privacy concerns. If you simply leave the group chat, your chat logs will still be visible to anyone who has been a member of that particular group. So if that particular group chat contains sensitive information or any information that you no longer want to keep on Messenger, the best option would be to have it permanently deleted.

This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional.

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

Unlike other animals, female and male rabbits aren’t too different physically. This can make it hard for many pet companions to know the sex of their rabbit, especially a newborn. So they will often need to go for a professional to know the gender of their rabbit.

In this AnimalWised article, we will help you tell the sex of your rabbit. Keep reading to find out how to know if your rabbit is male or female.

  1. How old does a rabbit have to be to tell the sex?
  2. How to know if your rabbit is male
  3. How to know if your rabbit is female
  4. Difference between male and female rabbits
  5. Fun facts about rabbits

How old does a rabbit have to be to tell the sex?

Many pet companions want to know the gender of their bunnies as soon as they’re born, unfortunately this is nearly impossible even for professionals. So, how old does a rabbit have to be to tell their sex?

Depending on the size of your bunny, you should be able to identify their sex by the time they are around 6 weeks old. However, if you’re still not sure, wait until they are around 9 weeks old to check again. Once they are 3 months old, it will be much easier to tell if your rabbit is male or female. This is because their genitalia will be more developed and therefore easier to identify.

There’s a strange belief that rabbits can change genders. However, this is simply incorrect. Rabbits do not fall into the category of animals that can change genders. If you believe your rabbit has changed genders, that simply means they were mis-sexed by the breeder or veterinarian. It’s understandable as it’s very difficult to tell rabbit gender apart when they are newborn bunnies.

How to know if your rabbit is male

To know if your rabbit is male, follow the simple steps below. Remember to handle your bunny with care as they are easily scared and it will not be a normal position for them to be in.

  1. Place them on your lap or a table, belly facing up. You will see their abdomen and then their tail hiding their genitalia.
  2. Hold them firmly but with care, we don’t want to scare them.
  3. Observe their genitalia area. Their anus will be very close to their tail. In males, their penis and anus are more far apart than females’ vagina and anus.
  4. Their penis is a cylinder shape that slightly sticks out.
  5. Optional: you can also gently press around their penis to make sure it is indeed a penis. If it is, their penis will come out and you will see the full size of it.

Once your rabbit is 3 or 4 months old it will be much easier to tell if they are male as you will most likely be able to see their testicles. However, in some cases their testicles may lower down and you will only be able to see their penis. If you’re still having trouble recognising their genitalia, it’s best you ask your veterinarian to have a look.

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

How to know if your rabbit is female

The beginning of this process is the same as for males. To know if your rabbit is female, follow the simple steps below. Remember to handle your bunny with care as they are easily scared and it will not be a normal position for them to be in.

  1. Place them on your lap or a table, belly facing up. You will see their abdomen and then their tail hiding their genitalia.
  2. Hold them firmly but with care, we don’t want to scare them.
  3. Observe their genitalia area. The anus will be close to her tail, and then you will see her vulva. The shape is more oval than circular (as in males).
  4. By gently pressing around the area, you will see her puffy vulva and a slit in the middle. If this is what you observe, then she is a female bunny.

If your bunny is already 3 months old and you are having trouble knowing her sex, visit your veterinarian so that they can observe your bunny.

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

Difference between male and female rabbits

Other than their genitals, male and female rabbits are different in character. Here are some of the main differences in the character of male and female rabbits:

  • Female rabbits are less territorial than male rabbits: However they do tend to be territorial with people and their community rabbits. Unspayed female rabbits will dig to create breeding dens and will protect those holes by kicking, biting and scratching.
  • Male rabbits urinate to mark their territory: They will not only urinate on areas to mark their territory but also on the female they’re mating with when having sexual intercourse.
  • High sex drive: although both sexes of rabbits have a high sex drive, unspayed male rabbits are likely to hump toys, sweaters or cushions.
  • Males defecate more: unspayed male rabbits also defecate more than females.
  • Males are more affectionate: contrary to popular belief, male rabbits tend to be more affectionate than female rabbits.
  • Males are calmer than females: male rabbits are known to be more calm than female rabbits, however this can vary as each rabbit has their own personality.
  • Females are larger than males: male and female rabbits are quite similar in physical appearance, making it difficult to differentiate them by a simple glance. However, a small clue that can help us is the fact that females are comparatively larger than a male rabbit of the same age and breed.
  • Faces: another female physical trait is their face. Female rabbits have a rounder face than male rabbits that look more rectangular.
  • Dewlaps: old females have dewlaps but males do not.

With all of this being said, both genders are great, there is not one better than the other. They have their own character due to their sex and personality. However, it would be wise to spay or neuter your rabbits to stop unwanted pregnancies. Be mindful that it will take a few months for the hormones to settle down. To learn more about spraying your rabbit, consult with your veterinarian.

Fun facts about rabbits

  • Male rabbits are called a “buck
  • Female rabbits are called a “doe
  • A baby rabbit is called a “bunny”
  • There are nearly 50 breeds of domestic rabbits in the world

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

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If you want to read similar articles to How to Tell the Sex of a Rabbit, we recommend you visit our What you need to know category.

Knowing how to decide the sex of a rabbit is one of the essential steps in rabbit farming. Sexing Rabbits helps you to avoid unwanted pregnancy if you keep groups of rabbits together. If you follow the below mentioned few steps, you can find the sex of your rabbit easily.

Know the Rabbit’s age

Young rabbits can start breeding at the age of 12 weeks. It means that it’s essential to separate the rabbits into same-sex groups before three months of age.

You can attempt to find the sex of a rabbit that is a few days old. But to see the sex of your rabbits, wait until they are at least four weeks old.

Start with the older rabbits

If you are not aware of sexing rabbits, it’s best to start with an adult. If you have the parents of a litter of rabbits, you can look at the anatomy of the mother and father rabbit. It will help you see what a fully developed rabbit looks.

Get the rabbit into place

Pick a rabbit to start. Like most mammals, the rabbit’s genitals are between their back legs. To see this area, the rabbit needs to lie on back.

Here are few videos which might help you to get the rabbit into place.

Look for testicles

Male rabbits have testicles, which are visible on the outside of their bodies. These are in-between the back legs. Rabbit testicles are long and narrow. Look for two torpedo-shaped bulges, one on either side below the skin. They are usually slightly furred and purple color.

Testicles can usually recognize from 10 weeks of age. Before this age, they are tiny and hard to spot reliably. However, no matter the rabbit’s age, it’s easy to check before you look for the penis. In a well-developed adult male rabbit, the answer will be evident because you can spot his testicles right away.

Check the genital openings

You now need to look to see if your rabbit has a vulva or a penis. To find these, gently part the fur between the back legs until you can find a small mound. This area is the vent and has the opening to the anus and the reproductive tract. To see it more clearly, apply gentle pressure on either side, which opens the area and makes things clearer to understand.

The genital opening is the one farthest from the tail. Apply gentle pressure with a finger and thumb on either side. If the rabbit is female, you will see a slit-like structure, commonly described as a letter I. If the rabbit is male, you will see a kind of round structure, which defines as an O.

I have seen this question on many forums and over heard breeders discussing the fact that their rabbit changed gender. In fact rabbits that have won awards at ARBA conventions as a doe, have been shown later only to find out it was actually a buck. Does this mean that a rabbit has changed sex?

Amazingly in nature there are some instances where an animal can change its gender. Take for example a clown fish. Clown fish live in schools. Within that school is a leadership structure led be a female clown fish. When that clown fish dies, the highest male in leadership takes over for the female and changes gender including reproductive functions. This is however a rarity for this type of biological change to take place. In fact there are even more rare cases of humans that have changed gender as a result of either 5-alpha-reductase deficiency (5alpha-RD-2) or 17-beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase deficiency (17beta-HSD-3).

Rabbits do not fall into that strange and rare category of animals that change gender. A rabbit born a buck, will be a buck at 6 months, will be a buck at a year. A rabbit born as a doe will be a doe and 6 months, will be a doe at a year.

At young ages it can occasionally be difficult for experienced breeders, and even more difficult for inexperienced breeders to sex a rabbit. The majority of “sex changed” rabbits are actually the result of rabbits mis-sexed by the breeder. We have rarely made this mistake. You can usually trust a breeder who has been breeding for several years.

There are other factors that can contribute to a mis-sexed rabbit. A buck with a split penis will often be sexed as a doe. Using unreliable techniques to determine the gender of a rabbit will often result in mistakes. We will soon have an article on how to properly sex a rabbit.

The bottom line is that it is genetically impossible for a rabbit to change gender. Next time you hear that, remember, its a rabbit that was not properly sexed.

Sexing Rabbits and sexing baby bunnies. How to tell male rabbits from female rabbits. It is easy, with our photos of 6 week old kits and adult rabbits and complete guidelines and tips.

It’s almost a joke – you go to the pet store or rabbit breeder, buy two of the cutest bunnies you ever did see, and the sales clerk assures you they’re both does. He even checks them for you on the spot. Yep, girls.

A couple months later, one of the rabbits is pregnant.

Sexing rabbits can be subject to operator error. The likely cause of the misidentification of a rabbit’s gender is simply not knowing exactly how to sex a rabbit.

It is not hard to tell male from female, but it is easy to make a mistake if you don’t examine the bunnies carefully. This is because in little bucklings,

  • –Their equipment hasn’t descended, and
  • –Without sufficient pressure, the penile sheath does not protrude enough for you to tell the difference between buck and doe.

If you don’t apply enough pressure on the vent area for fear of hurting the bunny, nothing will protrude at all. That is where sexing rabbits can get tricky, but keep reading – we’ll show you exactly how to determine the gender of a rabbit, whether a bunny or an adult rabbit. And we have included some great pictures to help you ‘see’ what to do.

How to Tell the Gender of a Rabbit

Place the kit in your lap bottom side up. We place the head against our tummy and the tail towards our knees (see picture #7 below for the big view).

This is what you’ll see.

A six-week-old buck is pictured in #1.

A six-week-old doe is pictured in #2.

There’s not much difference in these pictures!

This is because the anus and the privates are normally scrunched together, like two doorways facing each other in a short hallway.

With the kits simply flipped over, you don’t see much of anything.

In these views, the vertical slit on the tail side is part of the anus, and the opening for the privates is tucked into the crevice and barely visible.

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

So here’s what you do. Pinch the tail between the first two fingers, and place the thumb on the fur in the vent area.

Pull on the tail gently but firmly, and press downward on the vent with the thumb.

This will open up the works so you can tell what is what.

In picture #3, you can see that a tubular structure is clearly protruding, and it has a circle opening.

Yep, this is a little buck. Circle openings that protrude a lot equal bucks.

Picture #4 shows a little doe. With a bit of firm pressure on the vent, you can see an opening that stretches to a slit without hardly protruding at all, even if you push a little harder with your thumb.

Linear openings that don’t protrude hardly at all equal does.

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

Here is the key to getting it right:

Push with enough pressure that little boy protrusions do not stay hidden.

Do not be afraid to apply firm pressure, without pushing clear to the backbone, of course.

Here are a couple close-up pictures:

The protruding circle
is the boy bunny
(picture #5).

The flatter slit
is the girl bunny
(picture #6).

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

How to determine the sex of a rabbit


Here’s how we hold them
– bottoms-up in our lap, head against our stomach and hind end towards the knees:

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

Two creative, XL-sized indoor rabbit cages. Recommended!

Sexing Rabbits when Adults

The gender of adult rabbits is much easier to identify.

A castor rex buck is pictured in #8. A chinchilla rex doe is pictured in #9.

Again, at first glance, their hind ends don’t look all that different, because the openings are still facing each other.

But on the adult buck, you can now see two long grayish areas on either side of the vent. These are thinly furred scrotal sacs – a dead giveaway to his buckhood.

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

Applying the same techniques as we did to the bunnies, grasp the tail between your first two fingers and apply gentle but firm pressure to the vent with the thumb.

Here’s what you’ll see:


Picture #10 is a buck.

If you happened to miss the scrotal sacs, a buck will offer an obvious protrusion from the vent.

It doesn’t take much pressure at all to reveal the privates.

How to determine the sex of a rabbit


Picture #11 is a doe.

With the doe, nothing actually protrudes. As you apply firm pressure, you’ll discover the same slit you found on the bunny, and it will be easier to reveal it.

If it looks like there’s a bit of a protrusion, it is only because you are pressing downward on the vent.

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

This Bunny Food is Currently the Best I Have Found:

Sexing Rabbits and sexing baby bunnies. How to tell male rabbits from female rabbits. It is easy, with our photos of 6 week old kits and adult rabbits and complete guidelines and tips.

It’s almost a joke – you go to the pet store or rabbit breeder, buy two of the cutest bunnies you ever did see, and the sales clerk assures you they’re both does. He even checks them for you on the spot. Yep, girls.

A couple months later, one of the rabbits is pregnant.

Sexing rabbits can be subject to operator error. The likely cause of the misidentification of a rabbit’s gender is simply not knowing exactly how to sex a rabbit.

It is not hard to tell male from female, but it is easy to make a mistake if you don’t examine the bunnies carefully. This is because in little bucklings,

  • –Their equipment hasn’t descended, and
  • –Without sufficient pressure, the penile sheath does not protrude enough for you to tell the difference between buck and doe.

If you don’t apply enough pressure on the vent area for fear of hurting the bunny, nothing will protrude at all. That is where sexing rabbits can get tricky, but keep reading – we’ll show you exactly how to determine the gender of a rabbit, whether a bunny or an adult rabbit. And we have included some great pictures to help you ‘see’ what to do.

How to Tell the Gender of a Rabbit

Place the kit in your lap bottom side up. We place the head against our tummy and the tail towards our knees (see picture #7 below for the big view).

This is what you’ll see.

A six-week-old buck is pictured in #1.

A six-week-old doe is pictured in #2.

There’s not much difference in these pictures!

This is because the anus and the privates are normally scrunched together, like two doorways facing each other in a short hallway.

With the kits simply flipped over, you don’t see much of anything.

In these views, the vertical slit on the tail side is part of the anus, and the opening for the privates is tucked into the crevice and barely visible.

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

So here’s what you do. Pinch the tail between the first two fingers, and place the thumb on the fur in the vent area.

Pull on the tail gently but firmly, and press downward on the vent with the thumb.

This will open up the works so you can tell what is what.

In picture #3, you can see that a tubular structure is clearly protruding, and it has a circle opening.

Yep, this is a little buck. Circle openings that protrude a lot equal bucks.

Picture #4 shows a little doe. With a bit of firm pressure on the vent, you can see an opening that stretches to a slit without hardly protruding at all, even if you push a little harder with your thumb.

Linear openings that don’t protrude hardly at all equal does.

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

Here is the key to getting it right:

Push with enough pressure that little boy protrusions do not stay hidden.

Do not be afraid to apply firm pressure, without pushing clear to the backbone, of course.

Here are a couple close-up pictures:

The protruding circle
is the boy bunny
(picture #5).

The flatter slit
is the girl bunny
(picture #6).

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

How to determine the sex of a rabbit


Here’s how we hold them
– bottoms-up in our lap, head against our stomach and hind end towards the knees:

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

Two creative, XL-sized indoor rabbit cages. Recommended!

Sexing Rabbits when Adults

The gender of adult rabbits is much easier to identify.

A castor rex buck is pictured in #8. A chinchilla rex doe is pictured in #9.

Again, at first glance, their hind ends don’t look all that different, because the openings are still facing each other.

But on the adult buck, you can now see two long grayish areas on either side of the vent. These are thinly furred scrotal sacs – a dead giveaway to his buckhood.

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

Applying the same techniques as we did to the bunnies, grasp the tail between your first two fingers and apply gentle but firm pressure to the vent with the thumb.

Here’s what you’ll see:


Picture #10 is a buck.

If you happened to miss the scrotal sacs, a buck will offer an obvious protrusion from the vent.

It doesn’t take much pressure at all to reveal the privates.

How to determine the sex of a rabbit


Picture #11 is a doe.

With the doe, nothing actually protrudes. As you apply firm pressure, you’ll discover the same slit you found on the bunny, and it will be easier to reveal it.

If it looks like there’s a bit of a protrusion, it is only because you are pressing downward on the vent.

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

This Bunny Food is Currently the Best I Have Found:

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

In the case of rabbits, as happens with other pets like cats or turtles, it can be difficult to distinguish males from females, especially when they are young. It is quite important to know the sex of your pets if you have a pair of rabbits, specifically because rabbits are animals with a high reproductive rate that, if not controlled, could lead to a lot of bunnies in a short amount of time.

The most effective way to tell a rabbit’s sex is to assess the ano-genital distance, that is, the distance between the anus and genitals. It is shorter in females than in males, but there are other details you need to take into account. In this oneHOWTO article we’ll explain how to tell if your rabbit is male or female. Keep reading to find out everything you need to know about sexing rabbits.

The first step when you want to determine the sex of your rabbit is is to place it belly-up to inspect the genital area comfortably. Do this gently, rabbits are quite nervous and prone to stress, therefore, when sexing rabbits, care needs to be taken.

It’s better if you have someone to help you hold the rabbit during this rabbit gender process. Do not pick them up, but rather lay them on a cushion or low table to prevent accidents if it jumps or tries to escape. If the rabbit refuses to lay down, you can examine it while it is sitting on its tail. It is very important to prevent them from kicking and avoid holding them by their ears.

If the bunny is very young, examine them with gloves on to avoid passing on diseases or your smell, which could lead the mother to reject it. Once the examination is done, let them go: lying exposed is a serious cause of distress in rabbits.

Once your rabbit is upside down, to find out the rabbit gender, locate the opening of the anus and the genitals. In female rabbits, you will see the anus will be very close to the tail. Following it very closely, nearer the abdomen, you will see an oval hole, as in the picture below. That is the rabbit’s vulva, what lets you know that your rabbit is female.

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

If we look at male rabbit anatomy, in male rabbits you can also see the anus, approximately in the same location as in females. However, unlike in female rabbits, the next opening – where the penis is situated – is farther from the anus: there is a clear separation. Furthermore, the orifice is more circular than in females, as you can see in the image.

Some experts sex their male rabbits by externalizing the penis. This is done by applying gentle pressure on the edges of the hole and extracting it: however, it is not at all recommendable for inexperienced owners, as you could seriously hurt your rabbit.

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

Another easy way to know if a rabbit is male or female is to check if you can notice the testicles. Unlike most other animals, male rabbits have a scrotal sac for each testicle, and they are not behind the penis but at each side, and slightly forwards, nearer the belly.

A male rabbit’s testicles are easy to notice, because they are usually hairless and of a purple shade. However, they may be retracted in situations of stress. If you can’t find the testicles, that is not a completely sure sign that a rabbit is female.

Checking the genitals is the obvious way to tell male and female rabbits apart, but they often show behavioral or appearance differences.

Female rabbits tend to be more aggressive. They show nesting behaviors, and you will often find them digging or protecting their territory. On the other hand, males are more affectionate and curious, although both sexes are likely to spray.

Male rabbits are usually smaller, while females are the only ones who have nipples or, in some large breeds, a dewlap – a fold of skin under the chin.

How to determine the sex of a rabbit

If despite the above you still have doubts regarding your rabbit’s sex, we recommend that you take it to a vet who will be able tell you for sure if it is male or female. Bunnies reach sexual maturity at only three months old, so if you have more than one you should sex them as soon as possible to neuter or separate them if necessary. If you don’t want your female rabbit giving birth, be careful with male and female rabbits living together.

It is important that you have a basic understanding of how to take care of a rabbit so that your pet has a healthy, happy life. When you adopt a rabbit, contact a vet to establish your rabbit’s medical records and vaccinations.

Caring for a rabbit: what you need to consider

  • You will need to provide objects for your rabbit to gnaw on in order to file its teeth, such as driftwood or special toys for rabbits.
  • Let your rabbit exercise outside the cage daily.
  • Offer your rabbit a healthy diet for rabbits which must include vegetables, hay and dry feed.
  • You should never bathe your rabbit, as can cause stress in rabbits and illness. Rather brush it frequently, which will prevent trichobezoars or hairballs in the stomach.

For more, read our article where we discuss everything you need to know about how to care for a pet rabbit.

If you want to read similar articles to How to Tell if my Rabbit is Male or Female, we recommend you visit our Pets category.

Transcript

So, people are always interested in how old a rabbit is especially if they’re trying to adopt a rabbit from a shelter. Unfortunately, rabbits who come into shelters don’t come with tags on them telling us how old they are and it is very hard to tell the age of a rabbit. There really is no reliable way. Some people look at their teeth, but in fact you can have a young rabbit that has pretty lousy teeth and you can have an older rabbit that has beautiful teeth just as you can with dogs.

With small breeds of dogs, you can find a young dog with lots of tartar and you can find an older dog with brilliant gleaming white teeth that look like toothpaste ads. Similar with rabbits, their teeth are not a reliable way to tell the age of a rabbit unless the rabbit is extremely young, but other than that when a rabbit comes into a shelter, how do we tell the age? Well, there’s two ways that I do.

One is when they’re being spayed or neutered, the toughness of their tissue will often give you a really big clue as to how old they are especially with males. When you’re neutering a male, the influence of testosterone over a long period of time like many years will make the tissues very tough and hard to manipulate. Even when I’m injecting the rabbit pre-surgery with his medications, it’s hard to get a needle through very tough skin. The skin become almost like a football. That’s an older rabbit.

A younger rabbit will have much softer skin and softer tissues for the veterinarian to manipulate during surgery, so that gives you a little bit of a clue. Another thing that I’ve learned through the years is that there is a relationship between the condition of the rabbits hocks or heels and his age. It’s just a personal observation, so take it for what it’s worth. I have read this in a book or a text book, anything like that, but I’ve notice it by caring for many hundreds of rabbits over a very long period of time.

When a rabbit is really young, his heels are healthy, pink, beautiful, nice skin, no problem. The heel on a rabbit is like our elbow. The bone is right up against the skin. As a rabbit gets older, the constant pressure on his heel, on his hock, by that bone against the skin starts to change the condition of the hock. So, if you’re getting a really young rabbit, you’re going to have a fully furred foot with no callous on it.

As rabbits start to get older, that one spot develops a callous on it. If the rabbit doesn’t get enough exercise and is left to sit for long periods of time, this can be either in a wire bottom cage where the wire is cutting into the foot, but it can also be in a flat bottom cage where the rabbit’s weight is just constantly on that one spot then you start to get a callous that turns a different color. It starts to get and irritated. Sometimes the flesh actually breaks and the bone starts to come through. That’s really dangerous and that opens a path for a serious infection.

So, I’m going to show you with this little guy, what his hocks look like. We know from his adopter that this rabbit is around seven years old, something like that. He’s in great shape and his heels, I think you can get a close up here. See that callous. That is a callous of an older rabbit. It is not inflammed [SP], but it is a dark pink. There’s no break in the skin. Nothing looks like it’s going to come through, but that’s a way that you can check the age of the rabbit as he gets older. When you pick up a rabbit and see that condition, you know that that weights been resting on that spot for a long time.

So, those are my best tips for aging a rabbit. If you know the rabbits age at the outset, that’s great, but don’t let that stop you. Don’t let your lack of knowledge stop you from adopting a rabbit that you really like because older rabbits need loving families too.

Sexing rabbits is not really hard to do. You can usually do a good job identifying a buck from a doe, at least from the age of 3 weeks and on. An older buck is easy to identify. The head and body is generally more blocky than the doe. Does of the medium and large breeds often develop a fold of skin under their chins. This fold is called a dewlap. Older does are usually larger than bucks of the same breed. A buck’s testicles can be seen on a hot day. The testicles must be kept at a certain temperature in order for sperm to be produced. The testicles descend further on hot days and are brought back toward the body on cool days. In this way their temperature is regulated.

Determining the sex of an older rabbit from a distance is usually easy to do, keeping the above differences in mind. Before discussing close up sexual identification, let’s go over some definitions.

Anus The round opening at the rearmost area of the rabbit, on the belly side, next to the tail. Its purpose is to eliminate solid waste from the body. In other words, it’s where the poop comes out. It is an unsanitary hole. It can carry many types of germs. Buck The male Rabbit. Doe The female Rabbit. Penis The male’s sexual organ. It is located next to the anus, a little further away from the tail. It is cylindrical in shape coming to a rounded point at the end. It has a dual purpose. It eliminates liquid waste from the body. In other words, it’s where the pee (urine) comes out. The urine is normally sanitary, without germs. The penis has another purpose. That purpose is to release sperm into the doe’s vagina so that the doe can produce baby bunnies. Testicles A male’s sperm and hormone producing organs. These are elongated pink sacks on either side of the penis that descend from within the buck as he gets older. Normally the testicles are not visible until about 2 or more months of age. Their first appearance may vary, depending on the sexual maturity of the buck and the temperature. Vagina The female’s sexual organ. It is somewhat like a slit and looks similar to the penis when you push down to identify it, but it can be easily distinguished from the penis because a penis does not normally have a slit (except in rare circumstances). The vagina also normally has visible blood vessels running down each side of the inside of the slit. The purpose of the vagina is to receive the sperm from the buck so that she can have bunnies. The vagina acts as the birth canal from which the babies are born and houses her urinary tract opening toward the front of the slit which allows her to urinate (pee). Vent Area The general area that includes the sex organs and anus.

To identify the sex of a rabbit at a closer range, you must hold the rabbit upside down. If done correctly, this hypnotizes the rabbit and makes it easier to examine. I always recommend wearing a long sleeve thick cloth jacket to avoid getting scratched by the rabbit.

With larger rabbits, you need to cradle them in one of your arms while you inspect their vent area.
With small rabbits, you can cradle them in one hand.

To determine the sex of the rabbit, use your forefinger and middle finger to press down the vent area just in front of the anus. In both the doe and buck, the area will protrude. The doe will display a slit or central line running up and down. Each side of the slit will be banded in pink.

The buck, on the other hand, will display, if less than 5 weeks old, a blunt white tube without a central line. It will not have pink traversing either side of a center line. Older bucks will present a pink tube with a pointed end that resembles a bullet.

With younger rabbits, you must look very closely to see the difference.

How to dog‐sit when you have a cat

In this Article

In this Article

In this Article

  • Causes of a Fever in Cats
  • Signs of a Fever in Cats
  • Tips for Taking a Cat’s Temperature
  • Cat Fever Care

How can you tell if your cat has a fever? In humans, a kiss of a warm forehead may give you a clue. But you can’t tell if your cat has a fever by feeling for a warm, dry nose, as many people believe. The only way to know for sure — with either a human or a cat — is to take its temperature.

A normal temperature in cats ranges from 100.4º to 102.5º Fahrenheit. A fever in cats occurs when temperatures rise above 102.5º F. Although fevers may be helpful in fighting disease, a fever higher than 106º F can damage organs. Contact the vet right away if your cat has a high fever.

Learn about the causes, signs, and symptoms of fevers in cats and what you need to know about taking your cat’s temperature and caring for a cat with a fever.

Causes of a Fever in Cats

An increase in body temperature above normal is called hyperthermia. Abnormal or unregulated hyperthermia in cats may result from being in a very warm environment or having increased muscle activity, for example. However, a fever is a specific, regulated type of hyperthermia. It develops when the set point is increased in the hypothalamus, a part of the brain that acts as the body’s thermostat. A fever usually results when the immune system is activated by conditions such as:

  • A bacterial, viral, or fungal infection
  • A tumor
  • Injury from trauma
  • Certain medications
  • Diseases such as lupus

A fever for more than two weeks with no apparent reason is called a fever of unknown origin (FUO).

Signs of a Fever in Cats

Diseases that cause a fever in cats can also cause certain telltale behaviors. These behaviors, which evolved in wild animals to help them survive illness, allow cats to conserve the necessary energy to produce a fever. Fevers fight disease by stimulating the immune system and slowing growth of bacteria and viruses.

Watch for these signs of a fever:

  • Loss of appetite
  • Depression
  • Lack of energy or activity
  • Decreased drinking
  • Decreased grooming
  • Shivering or rapid breathing

Your cat may also display other specific signs of illness, such as sneezing, vomiting, or diarrhea.

Continued

Tips for Taking a Cat’s Temperature

The only way you can know for certain that your cat has a fever is to take their temperature.

A pediatric rectal thermometer is the most accurate method for taking a cat’s temperature. A digital thermometer is safer than a glass thermometer. It won’t shatter if you drop it, and it gives a signal when it’s time to check the reading. You can buy one from your vet or at the drug store.

1. Before you begin, get out all the supplies you’ll need:

  • The thermometer
  • A lubricant for the thermometer, such as petroleum jelly
  • Alcohol and paper towel to clean the thermometer
  • A cat treat

2. Shake a glass thermometer so the mercury is below the 96º line. To check, hold it up to the light and rotate it. To use a digital thermometer, turn it on.

3. Coat the tip of the thermometer with a lubricant.

4. Have a helper restrain your cat with the hind end facing you. Or if you are alone, cradle your cat’s body firmly against you with one arm.

5. Gently lift the tail and slowly insert the thermometer into the anus. Gently twist the thermometer from side to side to get the muscles to relax. Once this occurs, insert the thermometer about one inch into the rectum, but do not force it.

6. Remove a digital thermometer when you hear the beep. Leave a glass thermometer in place for about two minutes.

7. Remove and clean the thermometer with alcohol. Read the temperature, holding a glass thermometer to the light and rotating it.

8. Give your cat a treat if your cat has not been vomiting.

Cat Fever Care

Cats exhibiting signs of a fever for more than 24 hours or a fever above 106º F at any point need to see their veterinarian. The veterinarian may conduct tests to determine the source of the fever and take steps to treat the underlying problem. If a bacterial infection is the source, for example, antibiotics may be needed. Moderate or severe dehydration is treated with the administration of intravenous or subcutaneous fluids.

Never give your cat medication without the advice of your veterinarian. Some medications for fever, such as acetaminophen, are toxic to cats.

Sources

Cornell University College of Veterinary Medicine: “Taking Your Cat’s Temperature”.

WSAVA Congress: “Diagnosis and Management of Fever in Cats”.

The Merck Veterinary Manual: “Fever of Unknown Origin”.

Hart, B. CCAH Update. “Behavior of Sick Dogs and Cats”.

How to dog‐sit when you have a cat

By Nicole Pajer

Sometimes our pets behave in a way that suggests they are jealous. When we bend down to pet another dog, our pup may shove his way in front of us, knocking our hand away from his canine companion. A cat may excessively meow when you’re not paying attention to him, or a dog may annoyingly whine when another pet in the house gets a treat and he doesn’t. But are these actually jealous behaviors? Experts disagree.

“Pets don’t experience jealousy in the true sense of the word,” says Katenna Jones, associate applied animal behaviorist and owner of Jones Animal Behavior in Warwick, Rhode Island. “What you are most likely seeing your pet exhibit is assertive, pushy, or rude behavior—e.g., the pet that bulldozes other pets out of the way—or social hierarchy, where a higher-ranking pet displaces another pet.”

On the other hand, a recent study found that dogs “exhibited significantly more jealous behaviors (e.g., snapping, getting between the owner and object, pushing/touching the object/owner) when their owners displayed affectionate behaviors towards what appeared to be another dog [an animatronic toy that moved and vocalized] as compared to nonsocial objects [a children’s book and a plastic jack-o’-lantern].”

Suzanne Hetts, applied animal behaviorist and co-owner of Animal Behavior Associates in Littleton, Colorado, concludes the jury is out on whether a pet feels the same type of jealous feelings that humans do. When a pet is determined to get your attention or his favorite dog toys back, “We have no idea whether a pet’s emotional state is equivalent to what people label as jealousy,” she explains. “In most cases, this is better described as a competitive situation where the pet is competing with another individual—human, dog, cat, or otherwise—for something it wants.”

Jealous-Like Behaviors in Pets

Regardless of what you call it, this type of behavior is often unwanted or unhealthy. Here are some jealous-like behaviors that pet parents should be on the lookout for:

Aggression. “This can often be in the form of biting or nibbling of the animal or person getting attention over them,” says Dr. Scarlett Magda, founding president of New York City-based Veterinarians International.

Going to the bathroom indoors. “Our pets can’t express their thoughts and feelings in words, so instead, they sometimes express their feelings in actions,” says Dr. Geoffrey Broderick, a veterinarian in Huntington, New York. “If you see them peeing or pooping in places where they shouldn’t, they may be trying to tell you something.”

Paying extra attention to their owner. According to Broderick, this can come across as a pet cuddling up extra close to you and suddenly licking your hand or face. “This is a sign of affection and they are trying to get your attention,” he says.

Pushy behavior. Magda notes that this often comes in the form of a pet “inhibiting another person or animal from moving freely on a regular basis or pushing their way into a situation demanding the attention of their owner.”

Growling, hissing, or getting into a fight with another pet. This may especially be an issue in a multi-pet household where pets are competing for their owner’s attention and resources, Broderick points out.

Trying to scare off strangers. “Pets may aggressively bark, hiss, or growl when owners are greeted or visitors arrive,” Magda says.

Doing a trick. According to Broderick, this is a surefire sign that your pet is trying to get your attention.

Crowding your space. “Cats sometimes will lie down on your work table or sit on your computer keyboard to get attention or even start knocking things off the table,” Broderick says. “A dog may sit up and beg to try and get your attention or sit up on their hind legs.”

Leaving the room. Sometimes when our pets get mad, they may have a tendency to withdraw, Broderick says.

What Causes Jealous-Like Behaviors in Pets?

According to experts, jealous-like behaviors in pets typically suggest boredom or a ploy for attention from their owners. “Sometimes, just like people, they can feel insecure,” Broderick explains. “They need individual attention, lots of cuddling, and activities to keep them busy and to keep them from being bored. Sometimes, our pets just want us and they don’t want to share us with another pet or person.”

In circumstances like this, here’s what could be going through your pet’s head: “I see you doing something. You look happy. I want that,” Jones says. A lack of resources (only one toy for multiple pets), social conflict, too small of a space, stress, lack of exercise, and genetic disposition can cause jealous-like behavior, she adds.

Magda advises pet owners to pay close attention if one pet or family member is receiving more attention than another, a new pet or family member has arrived in the household, or there is inequality in the amount of food or treats between pets.

How to Stop Jealous Behavior in Pets

Here are some of Magda’s tips for nipping this type of behavior in the bud, before it gets out of control:

  • Keep a diary to record circumstances that cause signs of jealousy/aggression to occur, so you know what to look for. This can also be helpful for behaviors that you cannot manage on your own, as you can share the list with your vet or a professional animal behaviorist.
  • Avoid giving too much attention to one pet versus another.
  • Train dogs to feel safe in their crate so they can feel relaxed during their “time out” period. Give cats a space to call their own as well.
  • Feed pets separately to avoid conflict during mealtimes.
  • Ignore your pets when you arrive home so they don’t feel like one is getting more attention than the other. The level of emotional excitement will diminish, preventing signs of aggression from occurring.
  • Put a dog leash on both dogs when walking two at a time and consider a gentle leader for better control.
  • Don’t pet one animal at the expense of the other.
  • Have at least two of all toys and beds but remove food-based toys unless supervised.
  • Catch your pets being good. Give them attention and praise when they are acting the way you want them too.

Managing unwanted behaviors and keeping our pets mentally healthy are keys to avoiding unpleasant situations down the line, Broderick says. “As pet parents, we need to attend to their physical and emotional needs, just like we do for our human children,” he says. “Our pets just want to feel loved.”

Socialization Between Cats & Dogs

Kittens are cute and fun to play with, but whether your dog agrees remains to be seen. To encourage positive inter-species interactions between your new kitten and your pooch, introductions needs to be taken slowly. Fortunately, young kittens are very open to socializing with many types of animals, including dogs.

Kittens vs. Adults

If you are considering getting a feline companion for your pup, your best option is choosing a kitten. While an adult cat can be socialized to a dog, kittens are more open to forming friendships with animals usually considered to be predators, like pooches. During her first 3 to 4 months, your kitten doesn’t have a fear of dogs and can develop a relationship with him more quickly than an older kitty, according to Vetstreet. Of course, this also depends on how open your pup is to befriending your new arrival.

Pup Preparation

While some dogs adjust to the presence of a kitten easily, especially younger pups, others may not. Prior to adopting any new pets, watch your furry buddy’s reactions to cats outdoors when you walk him or even when he’s out in your yard. Does he growl, bark at or chase neighborhood kitties? If so, he may not adapt well to the presence of a delicate young kitten in his home. Generally, dogs that were raised around kitties as youngsters tend to make better companions for them later in life. Many shelters and breeders test pups prior to adoption to see if they are accepting of cats. When you adopt your pup, ask the shelter personnel if he is listed as cat-safe, especially if you later plan to adopt a kitten as his companion.

Bringing Home Baby

When she arrives in your home, your kitten will likely be overwhelmed by her new surroundings. Give her a room of her own with food and water dishes, a comfy bed, toys to play with and a litter box. Once she settles in, tempt your pup over to the door to her room with some tasty doggie treats. Put a few treats on your kitten’s side of the door and let the two sniff at each other for a few days under the door. If nobody is lunging, barking or growling at each other, crack the door open just a bit so that they can see each other face-to-face. Continue treating each pet for good, calm, non-aggressive behavior.

Delicate Introductions

If your pooch hasn’t shown any signs of aggression toward your kitty, it’s time for her to start roaming around your home. Keep your pup on a leash and don’t foist the pets on each other. Instead, simply sit calmly with your leashed pooch and let your kitten start exploring her environment. If the kitten approaches you and your canine companion, start giving tasty treats to both her and the dog. Pay equal amounts of attention to both pets, so that your dog doesn’t feel jealous of your feline addition to the family. Continue to leash and supervise your pup around your kitten until she’s at least 4 months old. Give your kitty plenty of places to escape to, such as kitty shelves, and spots to snuggle, so she won’t encroach on your pup’s favorite spots, like his bed.

Considerations

Teach your pup some basic obedience commands prior to adopting a kitten. These commands allow you to control him in his interactions with the little furry baby. Young kittens are very delicate, so discourage any type of rough play between your kitty and your pup. Your pooch may not mean to harm your little one, but easily can because of her small size. While older dogs can get along with kittens, if your pup is ill and somewhat sedentary, a rambunctious little kitten may not be the best companion for him in his golden years.

If, during the initial introductions, you notice that your dog is reacting in a highly aggressive way toward your kitty, the match may not be appropriate. To avoid a potential tragedy, contact an animal behaviorist to work with your dog or consider finding a new home for your kitty.

Whether you already have a dog and are considering getting a cat, or vice versa, it is very important to think about their first introduction. By letting a loose cat and an off-leash dog meet each other in an open room for the first time, you are probably setting up both animals to fail. Instead, plan ahead and take your time.

Matching Cats and Dogs

  • If you’re thinking of getting a cat for your dog or a dog for your cat, it’s important to consider both animals’ personalities. It may be helpful to look for a companion that has already been exposed to the other species in the past.
  • If a dog attempts to aggressively chase, pin, pick up or otherwise “manhandle” any cat, it is best to not even consider getting a cat — or at least to proceed with caution. Additionally, a dog who growls, lunges at or obsessively barks at a cat would probably do best in a cat-free environment. Likewise, a cat who growls, swats at, runs from or hides from dogs would probably prefer to not live with a dog.
  • If a dog loves chasing things, then a fearful, shy cat who runs away probably wouldn’t be the best choice, as it could trigger the dog to chase. Similarly, an energetic cat who runs and pounces would fall into this same category. A better match here would be a calm, confident cat who will not run (in fear or play).
  • If a dog plays roughly, it is best to avoid kittens or elderly cats who can easily be hurt. Instead, stick to playful adults who are interested in play, but are also confident enough to take care of themselves. If a cat is rambunctious or playful, a dog that is playful, but gentle, could be a great option.
  • If a dog or cat is elderly, laid back, quiet or anxious, then a calm counterpart would be best. Avoid rambunctious companions who may annoy, frighten or otherwise bother the other pet.

The Introduction Process

Regardless of whether you are getting a new cat or a new dog, the first introduction between your current pet and your new pet is a very important part of the process. Here are four steps that can help you ensure a successful meeting:

Step 1: Choose the proper location for the first meeting

  • Resident cat to new dog: If you are adopting a dog, you should not take your cat to meet him at a shelter, or other establishment which houses a number of animals for health and safety reasons. Instead, the introduction should take place at home.
  • Resident dog to new cat: If you are adopting a cat, do not take your dog into a shelter and expose him to the cats, as this can be highly stressful or traumatic for all of the cats. Also, it is not necessarily a good indicator of how the dog will react at home. Instead, ask the shelter’s adoption counselors whether they have any dog-savvy, confident cats they will allow to meet your dog under controlled conditions. If this is not possible, an alternative would be to have your dog meet a dog-savvy cat who belongs to a friend or relative. As a last resort, you can bring your new kitty home and do an introduction at home.

Step 2: Separate the animals

  • Across a few days, rotate which animal has freedom and which is confined to allow each animal plenty of time to investigate the other one’s scent.
  • Sometimes the dog should be confined to a crate or another room (or taken to another location if he can’t be left alone) to allow the cat time to roam free and investigate the smell of the dog.
  • If the dog obsessively digs at the separation barrier or barks at the cat for more than a day or two, the interaction likely won’t work without proper training. You may need the help of a professional.
  • When no one is home, the dog or cat must always be securely confined so unsupervised interactions are not possible.
  • Once the dog is calm (or at least not obsessed with the cat) and the cat is calm, eating and using the litter box normally, you can proceed to the next step.

Step 3: Make leashed introductions

  • Allow both animals to be in the same room at the same time, but keep the dog securely leashed.
  • Continue with this type of introduction until the dog is calm and ignores the cat, and the cat is calm, eating and using the litter box normally.
  • If there is any fear or aggression displayed on either animal’s part, stay at step 2 longer.
  • Continue indefinitely until both the dog and cat seem happy and relaxed around each other.
  • When no one is home, the dog or cat should be securely confined to separate areas so unsupervised interactions are not possible.

Step 4: Allow unsupervised interactions

  • Unsupervised time together can occur after the cat and dog have been supervised around each other for a significant period of time (a month or so) and you are positive they will not hurt each other.

Training Tip:

If the dog stares at the cat or the door separating the cat, try to distract him and get him to look away with treats, a happy voice or by gently guiding the dog away on a leash. Once the dog is away from the cat, try offering a treat. If he takes it, repeat this process until he is no longer focused on the cat or door.

How to dog‐sit when you have a cat

The Spruce / Kevin Norris

Teaching the “sit” command to your dog is usually quite simple, as dogs tend to sit naturally. “Sit” is an important basic dog training command that every dog should know. It is a way to help your dog settle a little bit in one place and focus on you. The training can also help lay the groundwork for “stay” and other more complicated commands. The key is for your dog to associate the word with the action.

Before you begin, make sure you have training treats to offer your dog. These treats should be soft, small, and highly appealing to your dog. If you use clicker training with your dog, have your clicker in hand. Chose a training location that is private and free of distractions, such as your backyard or a quiet park.

Watch Now: How to Train Your Dog to Sit

Know the Proper Sit Position

When your dog is in the correct sitting position, its hocks and bottom are firmly planted on the ground. Some dogs will cheat and “hover” above the ground a little, so be sure not to reward until its rear end is on the ground. Ideally, your dog will remain sitting until you release it (some trainers use the word “OK” as a release cue), but sometimes this behavior doesn’t come until the dog has learned “stay.” Plan to set aside 5 to 10 minutes a few times a week to work on this training.

Show the Treat

Get your dog’s attention and show your dog that you have a treat in your hand. Hold the treat just above your dog’s nose (not too high or your dog might jump). Move the treat back toward your dog’s ears, keeping it close to the head. Your dog’s nose might turn up to follow the treat at first, but most dogs will sit when the treat gets to a certain point. As soon as your dog’s rear lands on the ground, say “yes!” or “good dog” in an upbeat tone (or, click your clicker). Immediately give your dog the treat followed by petting and praising.

Repeat With Cue Word

Repeat these steps until your dog sits at the sight of the treat above its nose. Next, add the cue word: Say your dog’s name followed by the word “sit,” spoken clearly while holding the treat in the position as before. Repeat several times, using the word “sit” each time and gradually phasing out the hand motion (keep using the treat, just phase out the motion).

Continue to Practice

Hold short training sessions throughout the day in various locations, both indoors and outdoors. This will naturally increase the distractions, but you want your dog to sit with any distractions present. End training session on a positive note (with a success). Be patient and consistent.

Problems and Proofing Behavior

If your dog does not sit on its own after a few tries, avoid pushing it into a sitting position. Dogs don’t tend to learn well that way. Also, avoid yelling or punishment. Dogs rarely respond to negative reinforcement with anything but confusion. Instead, consider trying more valuable treats, like fresh meat, hot dog pieces, string cheese, or liverwurst.

If you are still having trouble getting your dog to sit with valuable treats, consider marking the behavior. Spend some time watching your dog. Anytime your dog naturally sits, praise and reward it, saying the word “sit.” Try this every time you see your dog sitting. You’ll want to carry treats with you at all times to make this work well. In addition, it’s fairly easy to capture behaviors with a clicker. Once your dog knows how to sit on cue, work on training the sit command in various locations with varying levels of distractions. This is called proofing the behavior and ensures that your dog will be able to obey this command wherever and whenever it’s given.

How to dog‐sit when you have a cat

By Carol McCarthy

The word quarantine might conjure images of plague, with warnings to “keep away” hastily slapped on the homes of the infected. But there are times when your pet needs to be quarantined — that is, kept confined and secluded — for his health and the health of the animals and people around him. Quarantine orders are not common, but when they are given, they should be taken seriously.

Learn more about when, and how to quarantine your pet, below.

What diseases or conditions require a pet to be quarantined?

Suspected exposure to rabies, a fatal virus, is the most common reason that your pet will be ordered under quarantine, says Dr. Mary Labato, an internist at Tufts University’s Foster Hospital for Small Animals in Massachusetts. Quarantine is a legal requirement, ordered by an animal control officer under the direction of your state, she says.

Other illnesses that can warrant quarantine recommendations from your veterinarian, rather than orders from your local government, include canine or avian influenza, bordetella — commonly known as kennel cough — parvovirus and giardia, Labato, said. These infectious diseases are easily transmitted from animal to animal, which is why it is important to sequester your sick pet. Signs of influenza are similar to those in people: coughing, sneezing, fever, nasal discharge and lethargy. Dogs with bordetella will have a persistent hacking cough; while pets with giardia and parvovirus will have diarrhea and vomiting (although not all pets with giardia show clinical signs and can appear completely healthy while being infected).

How does a rabies quarantine work?

If you discover a bite or suspicious wound on your pet, even if he has been vaccinated against rabies, your veterinarian will inform animal control, and your pet will be quarantined, Labato says.

“If a dog or cat has a wound of unknown origin, veterinarians consider the possibility that another animal infected with rabies could have made the wound and transmitted rabies to the pet,” said Dr. Neil Marrinan of the Old Lyme Veterinary Hospital in Connecticut.

While most of us think of dogs getting rabies, cats can also get it and must be vaccinated by law. If your pet has been vaccinated, he typically will be given a booster shot, and you can expect to be ordered to keep him quarantined at home (typically 45 days) Labato said. Be sure your pet stays current with his rabies booster shots (every three years for dogs and, occasionally, every year for cats) so he remains protected regardless of his risk of exposure.

Depending on the case, you might be ordered to simply keep your dog indoors and on a leash in your own yard and secluded from all other animals in your home. In other cases, your pet might be ordered to be quarantined off-premises at a state-approved animal control facility that includes a run with a remote controlled door and swivel dish for food and water, Marrinan said.

In all cases, you would be prohibited from taking your animal to doggie daycare, parks, other public areas, and possibly even the waiting room at your vets, the doctors say.

The length of time your dog will need to be quarantined can vary from state to state, Labato notes. “It used to be a six-month quarantine (for unvaccinated pets). It can take that long for rabies to manifest if (your pet) is bitten by a rabid animal.”

For example, Hawaii requires a quarantine of all pets that are entering the state, even if they have no known exposure to rabies, Marrinan said. There, dogs and cats must be micro-chipped for identification, vaccinated for rabies at least twice and have a blood test after 120 days at a federally accredited lab to confirm they are rabies free, he said.

How do you quarantine your pet from people and other animals inside your home?

“By the time a disease is recognized in a household with multiple animals, everyone probably has been exposed to it,” Labato said. “It’s like if you have one child with the flu or chicken pox, you expect the others are going to get some variant of it.”

For example, by the time a pet shows signs of the flu, the most infectious period (the first four to eight days) is over, she says. Nonetheless, if your pet has an infectious disease, you should limit him to certain parts of the household, to limit the chance of your other pets becoming infected. She says there should be no sharing of water bowls, food bowls, toys or bedding, or joint activities, such as playing and going for walks.

With the flu, it is particularly important to keep younger animals and those with respiratory problems or other underlying illnesses away from sick pets so they don’t become infected. Some strains of canine flu and avian flu, which can affect cats, may develop into streptococcus infections or pneumonia in susceptible animals, Labato said.

How do you quarantine your pet from people and animals outside your home?

Keep your pet restricted to an area in your home and property and away from visitors — including both people and animals. With many infectious diseases that affect pets, it is unclear if people can be infected, Labato said, so limit everyone’s exposure to the pet until your veterinarian has given the all-clear. Use common sense when caring for your sick pet by washing your hands immediately after cleaning up his waste or handling toys, dishes, etc. that might have saliva on them. Wearing gloves when cleaning up poop in the yard or litter boxes adds another layer of safety.

Why is it important to follow your veterinarian’s advice?

With rabies, it is a matter of life and death. This fatal virus with no cure can be transmitted to people through a pet’s saliva, says Marrinan. “State law compels veterinarians to follow very specific guidelines. Owners are required by law to get their cats and dogs vaccinated, and to comply with the law to protect the public. Failure to do so can result in a revoked license and end a career for the veterinarian,” he said.

With other infectious diseases, closely following your veterinarian’s advice is the best way to protect your other animals and family. In the case of rabies, only the state or responsible municipality can end a quarantine, the doctors say. With other diseases, follow your veterinarian’s orders.

Cats are known for their grooming habits. With their tongues, teeth, and paws, they’re usually able to keep themselves fresh and clean without any outside intervention. Sometimes, though, your cat might need help staying clean. If your feline friend is covered in something dangerous, smelly, or sticky, or if they have picked up some parasites, it might be a good idea to give them a bath. Here’s how to bathe a cat with a minimal amount of stress for both of you.

1. Trim the Toenails: Your cat’s claws are one of their main forms of defense. An upset cat may claw anyone nearby, including you, during the course of bath time. Cat scratches can easily become infected, so it’s in your own best interest to trim your cat’s nails before attempting a bath.

2. Brush Before: Cats shed frequently, all year long. That extra fur won’t be good for your plumbing, and it will make it more difficult to get your cat really clean. If you can, brush your cat thoroughly to remove any loose fur and mats before you begin the bathing process. You can also put cotton balls gently in their ears to keep water out.

3. Time It Right: Cats generally don’t like to be in water. A cat that’s full of energy is going to object more strongly to a bath. Schedule the bath for a time when your cat is tired and mellow, such as after a long play session with a cat dancer or some catnip. If you can schedule your cat’s bath so someone else is around to help you out, even better.

4. Get Traction: Your cat appreciates traction just as much as you do in the shower. Give your cat a folded towel in the bottom of the tub or a rubber bath mat to stand on so they don’t panic when they can’t stand easily. Once the mat is in the tub, add three to four inches of comfortably warm water to the tub, then have your helper put the cat in the tub. You may need your helper to hold onto the cat for the whole bath to avoid scratches.

Continued

Note: Cats don’t sweat like humans do. The steamy hot water you might prefer for a shower or bath can overheat your pet. Instead, aim for a few degrees above lukewarm.

5. Try a Pour-Over Method: Your cat probably won’t willingly go under water. Instead, use a handheld sprayer, a pitcher, or a plastic cup to gently pour water over their body until they’re thoroughly wet.

6. Use a Cat Shampoo: Don’t use human shampoo on your cat. They’re not safe if your cat licks it, and they may hurt your cat’s delicate skin. Instead, use a shampoo that’s designed for cats. Start at your cat’s neck and gently massage the shampoo toward the tail. Avoid their face, eyes, and ears.

7. Rinse Well: Once you’ve fully lathered up your cat, you can begin rinsing them off with clean, lukewarm water. Take the time to make sure all of the soap is gone; anything that’s left will be ingested by your cat when they clean themselves again later. It can also irritate their skin and attract dirt.

8. Clean the Face: If your pet’s face also needs cleaning, don’t pour water over it or use shampoo. Instead, use a warm, damp washcloth to carefully wipe it off. Be extra cautious around your cat’s eyes and ears, which are sensitive and can be easily damaged. If you do need to use something more than plain water, you can use just a drop or two of cat shampoo on the washcloth to remove anything sticky or dangerous.

9. Dry Thoroughly:

The most important part of bathing your cat is drying them off afterward. Dry them off as quickly as possibly with a large towel, and keep them in a warm room until they’ve completely dried. If your cat lets you, you can also use a hairdryer on its lowest warmth setting to speed up the process. If your cat has long fur, take the time to comb it out with a wide-toothed comb to avoid mats later.

10. Treat Time: Once bath time is over, make sure to reward your cat for behaving. Treats, praise, and playtime afterward may help your cat come around on the idea of bath time so it’s not as much of a struggle next time.

Sources

Central California SPCA: “Is Bathing a Cat Really Necessary (or Just a Myth in Caring for Pets)?”

Danbury Animal Welfare Society: “Help Keep Kitty Clean.”

Humane Society: “Declawing Cats: Far Worse than a Manicure.”

Michelson Found Animals: “Cat Grooming 101,” “How to Give a Stress-Free Cat Bath.”

How to dog‐sit when you have a cat

If you’re going on vacation, deciding whether you’ll spend the day by the pool or the beach should be your hardest decision. Vacations are about relaxing and being carefree, but for most pet parents, they can also be stressful. Unless Fido’s coming, pet parents need to figure-out what they are going to do with dogs and cats. Deciding what to do is a huge decision and can be very tough. After all, it’s impossible to have a relaxing vacation if you’re worried about your pets back home. Here’s a breakdown of the options pet parents can choose from:

1. Boarding kennels
Most people are familiar with boarding kennels. These are businesses that primarily exist to provide boarding for pets. In recent years, the number of pet boarding facilities has grown in the United States. In order to distinguish themselves from the competition, many have redefined what we can expect from boarding kennels. Some promote resort-style accommodations with luxury suites complete with plush doggie beds and high definition TV’s showing pet-specific programs. Cats often have luxury kitty condos with multiple levels so your cat has plenty of room to spread out. Others offer cage-free boarding for their canine guests to run amok. Most have pet cams that allow you to check on your pet while you’re drinking a Mai Tai in Hawaii. The best way to decide whether one of these facilities is right for you and your pet is to check it out in person, tour the facility, and see what they have to offer.

2. Veterinary hospitals
Not everyone realizes that many veterinary hospitals also provide boarding. Veterinary hospitals that provide boarding usually have a separate area to house boarders. While they might not offer resort-style luxury-suites or cage-free accommodations, medical staff has the advantage of knowing how to care for animals with medical problems. If your pet has a medical problem, experienced medical staff can insure she gets all medications and is carefully monitored while you’re away. Even if your pet is healthy, if she gets sick while you’re on vacation, medical staff will know what to do, and your pet doesn’t have to travel far to get veterinary care. Ask your veterinarian to find out if they offer boarding. Remember, most have limited space compared to boarding kennels, and some can’t accommodate large dogs.

3. Pet sitters
Pet sitters come to your house at scheduled times to care for your pet while you’re away. This is a great option for cats or animals that don’t adapt easily to new environments. Since cats are fairly self-sufficient, a pet sitter can come once a day to refill food and water and give them attention. Dogs need more frequent visits, and to be let out. You can find local pet sitters on Yelp or via word of mouth. I also suggest checking with your veterinarian to find-out who they recommend. Be sure to ask if any of the veterinary staff pet sit, since many do to earn extra money. Veterinary assistants and technicians make great pet sitters, not only because they are experienced with caring for animals, but also because they may already know your pets.

4. Home boarding
There are companies that provide in-home boarding for pets. Instead of taking your pet to a boarding facility, you bring her to the pet sitter’s home. While it’s still a new environment and may not be the best choice for anxious animals, it’s less intimidating than a large boarding facility. For social animals, it’s almost like a vacation for your pets. They get to stay in a supervised, pet-friendly home and may even make new pet friends. Some people prefer this to having someone in their home, and it is often cheaper than boarding kennels.

Leaving your pet while you are vacation is always stressful. At least having these options helps you make a choice you’ll be comfortable with. Bon voyage!

If you have any questions or concerns, you should always visit or call your veterinarian — they are your best resource to ensure the health and well-being of your pets.

How to choose flowers for a new baby

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  3. The Meaning of a Flower Girl in a Wedding Ceremony in the US
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  5. Funeral Etiquette & Who Buys Casket Flowers?

How to choose flowers for a new baby

The loss of a baby is a difficult circumstance to handle, regardless of whether the child was yours or belonged to a loved one. It is customary to send a small sympathy gift to the parents who have just lost a child, and flowers are a popular choice. If you are arranging the funeral, it is necessary to organize the floral arrangements that will be displayed at the ceremony and viewing. Choosing the right flowers for a baby’s funeral is a sensitive task as different flower types and colors have different meanings.

Step 1

Choose the type of arrangement. Consider first the location where you are going to send the flowers. Send wreaths and casket sprays to the funeral home after checking with the funeral arranger. Send smaller bouquets and baskets to the home of the loved ones.

Step 2

Choose the size of arrangement you would like to order. Prices for each flower arrangement will vary with size; the most expensive arrangements will be the largest. Floral arrangements for infant and child funerals are usually smaller.

Step 3

Consider the various meanings of different flower species. Choose a species that acknowledges the traits possessed by a young child, such as purity, simplicity and gentleness. Examples include: white roses, which represent innocence; pink roses, gentility; calla lilies, beauty; pink lilacs, youthfulness; and white chrysanthemums, which represent truth. Forget-me-nots are also popular choices for funerals.

Step 4

Choose a color or arrangement of colors that represents the way in which the attendees of the funeral would like to remember the child. Traditionally, light pink and pale blue fit well for baby girls and boys, respectively. Pink flowers also represent joy, youth and innocence while blue conveys peace and serenity. White flowers embody purity and innocence. Bouquets of pastel or brightly colored flowers are also popular choices for infants.

Choose lavender when the loss is a young girl. Other colors and meanings are: white for purity and innocence; pink for youthful happiness; and blue for serenity.

How to choose flowers for a new baby

If you are sending flowers to commemorate the birth of a new baby, sending vibrant and cheerful flower arrangements is the best way to go. If you know someone who has recently delivered a newborn, sending the couple, or the mother a beautiful flower arrangement is an excellent way to express your congratulations and show genuine care for them and that of their baby.

Why should you send new baby flowers and gifts to mothers?

The recovery time of women after delivery varies on a case-to-case basis. While some mothers return to their normal routine in a few days, there are those, such as first-time mothers who may take a while before they fully recover. The presence of flowers in both cases helps in creating a relaxing and healing environment for mothers.

Colourful flower arrangements brighten a rather dull hospital room and uplift the mood of a mother recovering from a long and arduous labour. New baby flower delivery also celebrates the new roles that a couple assume as parents to their baby.

What flowers should I send for the successful delivery of a baby girl?

In the case of new baby flower delivery, florists will recommend choosing colours based on gender. For new baby girl flower delivery, choose blooms featuring feminine hues such as pink, purple, and yellow to name a few.

Examples of pink flowers are sweet Akito rose, stargazer lilies, cymbidium orchids, and lisianthus.

What flowers should I send for new baby boy delivery?

If we follow the gender-based colour scheme, flowers with masculine tones or notes are perfect for couples who just welcomed a new baby boy. Blue-coloured flowers such as freesia, thistles, hyacinth, and flox are blooms that you can send out the happy couple.

What other gifts should I send besides flowers?

Make sure to include a short but sweet message of congratulations to the couple or the mother. Other items that will surely be a delight to the recipients are balloons, chocolates, and sweets. These are great accompaniments to flowers and will surely be appreciated by their recipients.
If you wish to enquire about the new baby born flower arrangements available with us, call our direct line on 02 9871 1666 today.

How to choose flowers for a new baby

There are few occasions as emotional and joyful as welcoming a new baby to the family. When choosing a gift to celebrate the occasion you want to make sure it’s just as touching and meaningful.

Flowers are the perfect way to welcome a new baby into the world and congratulate the parents. They’re a beautiful representation of the new life that is blossoming.

However, choosing the right flowers to send to welcome the little one may be difficult. This guide will help you pick the best flowers for a new baby to send to make your gift stand out and be that bit more special and meaningful.

The Most Thoughtful Flowers to Welcome a Baby Girl

How to choose flowers for a new baby

Typically pink, white and purple flowers are chosen to welcome the baby girl, but you don’t have to feel restricted by these options! The most popular flowers for the parents of a baby girl are lilies, roses and carnations.

When choosing your flowers it is important to consider flowers that are easily displayed in a hospital room. So choose arrangements that are compact yet vibrant. When sending flowers to the hospital room, we recommend a blossoming arrangement of soft pink and purple lilies, orchids, roses and carnations or a stunning, vibrant vase of pink and purple roses and gerberas. These flowers will brighten up the room and make it feel more homely.

The Best Flowers to Send for a Baby Boy

How to choose flowers for a new baby

Sending flowers after the arrival of a beautiful baby boy is just as appropriate as sending flowers for a baby girl. However, when it comes to choosing flowers for a boy, blue, white and yellow flowers are traditionally chosen. Carnations, roses and blue irises are common flowers to send for a baby boy.

When looking to send flowers to the hospital for a baby boy, florists recommend a posy with a bright mix of blue flowers like irises and other favourites like roses, miniature gerberas and feathery carnations.

Choosing Flowers to Welcome a Baby Home from Hospital

How to choose flowers for a new baby

If you missed sending flowers to the hospital to welcome a baby, you can also do so once the mother and baby have come home from hospital. As the new parents settle in with their bundle of joy, this is also a perfect time to send them a touching floral gift.

When looking to send baby flowers to someone’s home, we recommend choosing flowers that come in a vase. Flowers in a vase require less care – that’s one less hassle for the family, who have enough to worry about caring for their newborn!

These flowers can be easily placed somewhere special in their home and will be a constant reminder of your kind thoughts. Choosing flowers with vibrant colours, such as sunflowers, can also instantly brighten up the home.

When looking to do something extra special, why not surprise the mum by having a luxurious arrangement of flowers waiting for her on her dining table when she comes home from the hospital. A breathtaking arrangement would be perfect to leave the mum speechless and feel cared for when she returns home.

Pair Cute Gifts with Flowers for a New Baby

To make the flowers that extra bit special and meaningful, adding a gift to go along with the flowers is the ideal way. When it comes to the arrival of a new baby our top recommendations are adding a soft toy or balloon.

A soft toy is the perfect personal touch as it will be with them as they grow up, long after the flowers are gone. It will be a reminder as being the gift you got them when they were born.

Pairing a foil balloon with the flowers is also a great idea to add that extra finesse to your gift. Foil balloons last anywhere between a couple of days and a week, depending on weather conditions while latex balloons filled with helium last up to 10 hours. Either way, they add that celebratory touch you want with your new baby flowers!

These are the Best Flowers for a Baby’s First Birthday

Before you know it, the baby’s first birthday is fast approaching. Not only are flowers the perfect gift for the parents of a new born baby, they are also a great accompaniment with your gift for their first birthday.

When choosing flowers for a first birthday celebration, we recommend fun and vibrant flowers. Something that both the baby and mum will love. Pairing bright gerberas, chrysanthemums, statice and roses in a fun pink bucket is a good idea, or choose vivid, iris, pale roses, crisp white miniature gerberas and feathery white sim carnations which is paired with a teddy bear for the baby.

Flowers are the perfect accent for birthday decor, be it inside the house, in the backyard or even out in the park! You’ll have something special for both the baby and the mum and will be sure to leave a memorable impression.

Mark New Beginnings with a Bunch of Fresh Flowers

Now that you have an understanding of the best flowers to give newborns and for a baby’s first birthday, make sure you personalise the choice and choose the best ones to make your gift more memorable and special.

You want to set this beautiful plant up for success.

The exotic, flamboyant flowers of orchids nodding gracefully on slender stems always steal the show; naturally their pots always play second fiddle. As it turns out, the containers orchids grow in really do matter if you want your star to survive and thrive. Whether you’re repotting an older orchid that has outgrown its home or you’re looking to upgrade the container, there are important things to know about the different pot types available to you. To help us sort out the details, we asked Susie Turner, orchid expert and owner of Green Door Design in Mill Valley, California, for some tips on choosing the best orchid pot.

Don’t Toss the Plastic Container

Guess what? An orchid should ideally live and grow in a plastic or terra-cotta grow pot. “Pots for growing orchids must have drainage holes or slits in the container to ensure your plant doesn’t get soggy, wet feet,” says Turner. “The pot must also be clean and sterilized to prevent fungus, viruses, or bug invasions, and be properly sized for your plant.”

Pick the Right Size Pot

If you’re repotting, the new pot should be just slightly larger than the previous grow pot, otherwise, there will be too much growing medium, and the possibility that water will collect in the root zone. When selecting a new pot, go up just one inch in size.

What to Buy

Surprisingly, Turner’s top choice for grow pots are clear plastic pots with drainage holes. The benefits of clear pots are you can inspect your potting medium and observe as it dries out. You can also keep a close eye on the roots and check for pests, rotting, or overcrowding. Plastic pots are easy to plop into different decorative containers for when you want to switch things up, and they allow orchid roots to take in sunlight, just as they would in their natural habitat. Another popular choice is porous terra-cotta grow pots because they allow air and water to pass through (this is the choice of traditional orchid enthusiasts.) As for specialty pots, the most important feature to look for is if the pot has multiple drainage holes, slats, or cut-outs on the sides as well at the bottom to allow for drainage and airflow.

Design Tips

When grouping multiple orchids in one decorative pot, keep each orchid in its plastic grow pot. “When multiple orchids are placed together, the individual plants should have a little space [in between] and not be squeezed too tightly together,” says Turner. “Next, place small pebbles underneath them to catch excess water and decorative moss or rock on top to create a seamless design.” And forget spending a lot of money on a big decorative container. Turner encourages her clients to look in their own home for a beautiful old ceramic or wooden bowl, an urn, or some other large vessel that will nicely hold a group of orchids to create a beautiful display.

When Using a Decorative Container

Just remember that if your decorative container is a cachepot and doesn’t have drain holes, you’ll need to remove the orchid from its pot, water it over a sink, and then return it to its home once all the water has drained.

How to choose flowers for a new baby

If you are sending flowers to commemorate the birth of a new baby, sending vibrant and cheerful flower arrangements is the best way to go. If you know someone who has recently delivered a newborn, sending the couple, or the mother a beautiful flower arrangement is an excellent way to express your congratulations and show genuine care for them and that of their baby.

Why should you send new baby flowers and gifts to mothers?

The recovery time of women after delivery varies on a case-to-case basis. While some mothers return to their normal routine in a few days, there are those, such as first-time mothers who may take a while before they fully recover. The presence of flowers in both cases helps in creating a relaxing and healing environment for mothers.

Colourful flower arrangements brighten a rather dull hospital room and uplift the mood of a mother recovering from a long and arduous labour. New baby flower delivery also celebrates the new roles that a couple assume as parents to their baby.

What flowers should I send for the successful delivery of a baby girl?

In the case of new baby flower delivery, florists will recommend choosing colours based on gender. For new baby girl flower delivery, choose blooms featuring feminine hues such as pink, purple, and yellow to name a few.

Examples of pink flowers are sweet Akito rose, stargazer lilies, cymbidium orchids, and lisianthus.

What flowers should I send for new baby boy delivery?

If we follow the gender-based colour scheme, flowers with masculine tones or notes are perfect for couples who just welcomed a new baby boy. Blue-coloured flowers such as freesia, thistles, hyacinth, and flox are blooms that you can send out the happy couple.

What other gifts should I send besides flowers?

Make sure to include a short but sweet message of congratulations to the couple or the mother. Other items that will surely be a delight to the recipients are balloons, chocolates, and sweets. These are great accompaniments to flowers and will surely be appreciated by their recipients.
If you wish to enquire about the new baby born flower arrangements available with us, call our direct line on 02 9871 1666 today.

You want to set this beautiful plant up for success.

The exotic, flamboyant flowers of orchids nodding gracefully on slender stems always steal the show; naturally their pots always play second fiddle. As it turns out, the containers orchids grow in really do matter if you want your star to survive and thrive. Whether you’re repotting an older orchid that has outgrown its home or you’re looking to upgrade the container, there are important things to know about the different pot types available to you. To help us sort out the details, we asked Susie Turner, orchid expert and owner of Green Door Design in Mill Valley, California, for some tips on choosing the best orchid pot.

Don’t Toss the Plastic Container

Guess what? An orchid should ideally live and grow in a plastic or terra-cotta grow pot. “Pots for growing orchids must have drainage holes or slits in the container to ensure your plant doesn’t get soggy, wet feet,” says Turner. “The pot must also be clean and sterilized to prevent fungus, viruses, or bug invasions, and be properly sized for your plant.”

Pick the Right Size Pot

If you’re repotting, the new pot should be just slightly larger than the previous grow pot, otherwise, there will be too much growing medium, and the possibility that water will collect in the root zone. When selecting a new pot, go up just one inch in size.

What to Buy

Surprisingly, Turner’s top choice for grow pots are clear plastic pots with drainage holes. The benefits of clear pots are you can inspect your potting medium and observe as it dries out. You can also keep a close eye on the roots and check for pests, rotting, or overcrowding. Plastic pots are easy to plop into different decorative containers for when you want to switch things up, and they allow orchid roots to take in sunlight, just as they would in their natural habitat. Another popular choice is porous terra-cotta grow pots because they allow air and water to pass through (this is the choice of traditional orchid enthusiasts.) As for specialty pots, the most important feature to look for is if the pot has multiple drainage holes, slats, or cut-outs on the sides as well at the bottom to allow for drainage and airflow.

Design Tips

When grouping multiple orchids in one decorative pot, keep each orchid in its plastic grow pot. “When multiple orchids are placed together, the individual plants should have a little space [in between] and not be squeezed too tightly together,” says Turner. “Next, place small pebbles underneath them to catch excess water and decorative moss or rock on top to create a seamless design.” And forget spending a lot of money on a big decorative container. Turner encourages her clients to look in their own home for a beautiful old ceramic or wooden bowl, an urn, or some other large vessel that will nicely hold a group of orchids to create a beautiful display.

When Using a Decorative Container

Just remember that if your decorative container is a cachepot and doesn’t have drain holes, you’ll need to remove the orchid from its pot, water it over a sink, and then return it to its home once all the water has drained.

Plus, understand when it’s time to move up to a bigger vessel.

Whether you’re growing them inside or out, potted plants add a great deal of visual appeal to your space. In order to keep them looking as beautiful as they did on the day you brought them home, you need to make sure you’re meeting all of their needs. This includes understanding which size planter they need to thrive—as well knowing when they need to be repotted into something larger. Here, Tonya Barnett of FRESHCUTKY Cut Flower & Vegetable Garden, shares how to determine a plant’s ideal pot size—plus, how to know when it’s time to size up.

Consider the Roots

The reason why many varieties need larger pots has more to do with what’s going on under the dirt, as opposed to above it. “Though different types of plants will have varying preferences in terms of pot size and needed space for the development of new roots, most grow well when pots are at least two inches larger in diameter than the plant,” explains Barnett. “This allows ample room for growth to continue as the plant matures and becomes more established.”

Measuring

To ensure you’ve sized your pot correctly, you first need to know how to measure it; planters come in different shapes, and, therefore, are measured in different ways. “Round planters are most commonly sold by diameter, which refers to the distance measured across the top of the pot,” Barnett says. “Though pots may have the same diameter, this does not necessarily mean that they are the same size.” Pots which are measured in trade gallons, for example, will refer to the volume of soil which can be held.

Overpotting

Though sizing up is more common, you may find yourself looking for a smaller container if you have “overpotted” the plant, or transplanted it into a vessel that is too large. “Size selection of planting pots correlates directly to aeration and moisture within the planter,” explains Barnett. Some of the risks you run into with overpotting is that larger containers can stay excessively wet for longer durations of time, causing root rot, yellow leaves, and even plant death. “To combat this issue, consider carefully downsizing into a smaller, more appropriately sized planter,” she explains.

Sizing Up

Almost all plants will need to be repotted at some point in their life cycle, so you’ll want to familiarize yourself with the signs. “Growers may begin to notice that plants need to be watered much more frequently,” she says. Also, if you check the drainage holes of your existing pot and notice roots are growing out of them, it’s time to up-size. “How frequently plants need to be repotted will depend on the plant type, growth rate, and size,” notes Barnett, adding that, in general, most plants will need to be transplanted into a new container once every two years.

Repotting

For the best results, repot your plants in the springtime and move them into a container that is roughly two inches larger than their current one. “Make certain the container has ample drainage, and fill it with a high-quality potting soil,” says Barnett. “Remove the plant from the old pot and gently loosen its roots before placing it into the new container.” Once your plant is situated, she recommends covering the root ball with soil and watering it well.

Plus, understand when it’s time to move up to a bigger vessel.

Whether you’re growing them inside or out, potted plants add a great deal of visual appeal to your space. In order to keep them looking as beautiful as they did on the day you brought them home, you need to make sure you’re meeting all of their needs. This includes understanding which size planter they need to thrive—as well knowing when they need to be repotted into something larger. Here, Tonya Barnett of FRESHCUTKY Cut Flower & Vegetable Garden, shares how to determine a plant’s ideal pot size—plus, how to know when it’s time to size up.

Consider the Roots

The reason why many varieties need larger pots has more to do with what’s going on under the dirt, as opposed to above it. “Though different types of plants will have varying preferences in terms of pot size and needed space for the development of new roots, most grow well when pots are at least two inches larger in diameter than the plant,” explains Barnett. “This allows ample room for growth to continue as the plant matures and becomes more established.”

Measuring

To ensure you’ve sized your pot correctly, you first need to know how to measure it; planters come in different shapes, and, therefore, are measured in different ways. “Round planters are most commonly sold by diameter, which refers to the distance measured across the top of the pot,” Barnett says. “Though pots may have the same diameter, this does not necessarily mean that they are the same size.” Pots which are measured in trade gallons, for example, will refer to the volume of soil which can be held.

Overpotting

Though sizing up is more common, you may find yourself looking for a smaller container if you have “overpotted” the plant, or transplanted it into a vessel that is too large. “Size selection of planting pots correlates directly to aeration and moisture within the planter,” explains Barnett. Some of the risks you run into with overpotting is that larger containers can stay excessively wet for longer durations of time, causing root rot, yellow leaves, and even plant death. “To combat this issue, consider carefully downsizing into a smaller, more appropriately sized planter,” she explains.

Sizing Up

Almost all plants will need to be repotted at some point in their life cycle, so you’ll want to familiarize yourself with the signs. “Growers may begin to notice that plants need to be watered much more frequently,” she says. Also, if you check the drainage holes of your existing pot and notice roots are growing out of them, it’s time to up-size. “How frequently plants need to be repotted will depend on the plant type, growth rate, and size,” notes Barnett, adding that, in general, most plants will need to be transplanted into a new container once every two years.

Repotting

For the best results, repot your plants in the springtime and move them into a container that is roughly two inches larger than their current one. “Make certain the container has ample drainage, and fill it with a high-quality potting soil,” says Barnett. “Remove the plant from the old pot and gently loosen its roots before placing it into the new container.” Once your plant is situated, she recommends covering the root ball with soil and watering it well.

How to clean a marble top table

Related Articles

Marble tops offer a sophisticated, durable alternative to formica, laminate and wood. Many antique pieces, such as old wash basins, have marble tops, as do coffee tables, mantels and other furnishings. Whether you’ve chosen marble tops, rented an apartment that has one or you have inherited a marble top, cleaning it properly will help it last a lifetime — or longer. To make a marble top shiny, polish it after cleaning. If it’s especially dirty or stained, you might need to apply a poultice or sand it. Sealing a marble top after cleaning or sanding helps give it a shine.

Cleaning

Wipe the marble top with a soft, dry cloth to remove any surface dirt and debris.

Wet a non-abrasive sponge with warm water, wring it out and wipe the marble top again.

Spray the marble surface with commercial stone cleaner and wipe it off with a clean, soft rag. As an alternative, add a drop or two of mild dishwashing liquid to the damp sponge, wipe the marble top and rinse well with plain water, or use a solution of one part hydrogen peroxide to two parts water.

Dry the marble top with a chamois cloth. Buff it to a shine by rubbing the entire surface with the cloth in small circles.

Cover the surface with commercial stone polish or marble-polishing paste if you want more shine after buffing with a chamois. If using a spray-on stone polish, wipe with a soft rag. If using marble-polishing paste, follow the package directions for drying and buffing.

Poultices

Mix 2 tablespoons of ammonia and 1 cup of hydrogen peroxide in a bowl.

Pour enough hydrogen peroxide into the powder to make a thick paste, stirring as you go.

Spread the paste over the stain on the marble top with a spatula or putty knife.

Cover the paste with plastic wrap and tape all the way around the edges with masking tape or painter’s tape.

Allow the poultice to dry for 24 hours and scrape it up with a razor blade. Wash the marble top with water to remove any remaining powder.

Sanding

Spray the marble top with water both before sanding and during the sanding process to keep the surface wet.

Place a piece of 120-grit sandpaper on the pad of a palm sander. As an alternative, use sheets of sandpaper or a sanding block and sand the marble top by hand.

Sand the marble top in a circular motion. After going over the entire surface with 120-grit sandpaper, repeat with 300-grit sandpaper, then 600-grit.

Wipe the marble with a damp sponge to remove sanding dust.

Seal the marble, if desired, with a commercial sealing product. The Marble Institute of America states that there are a number of different types of sealers, so choose an oil-repellent sealer with at least a 10-year life expectancy. Use the sealer according to the package directions.

Things You Will Need

Stone cleaner or mild detergent

Marble-polishing paste or stone polish (optional)

Erin Huffstetler is a writer with experience writing about easy ways to save money at home.

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How to clean a marble top table

The Spruce / Ana Cadena

You treasure your gorgeous marble countertops in your kitchen or bathroom. But cleaning them requires more care than other surfaces. If your budget allows it, buying a commercial, neutral pH marble cleaner probably is an excellent investment to ensure the safest cleaning method for your beautiful countertops, not to mention one that doesn’t risk scratching or etching from a homemade cleaner.

Marble is vulnerable to acids, alkalis, and abrasive cleaners. You have a lot invested in your marble surfaces, so a guaranteed-safe commercial product is worth the small extra expense. For most small clean-up jobs, though, you can use plain water and a sponge or soft cloth. Hot water works best. Since water is virtually free, this is the least expensive and least risky homemade marble cleaner you can use frequently.

Baking soda is sometimes suggested as a good homemade cleaner for marble countertops. You can use it, but you need to follow the right procedure to do so safely.

Baking Soda as a Homemade Marble Cleaner

Marble is a soft stone made of calcium carbonate. It is easily stained, dulled, and scratched. You need to take care not to scratch it, and avoid exposing it to acid (such as vinegar) or strong alkaline agents like ammonia and detergents. Baking soda is alkaline so you should only use it with caution. It is also a mild abrasive, so you need to use it gently rather than applying elbow grease.

Because of these factors, a baking soda cleanser should not be used on marble every day. Frequent use could dull your marble countertop. Never leave baking soda or a baking soda solution in contact with your marble for more than a few seconds.

What You Need

  • Baking Soda
  • Water
  • Soft Cloth

Warning: Never use a scrubber or scrub brush on marble.

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The Spruce / Ana Cadena

How to Clean With Baking Soda

Sprinkle a little baking soda onto the surface of the marble. Gently rub the baking soda into the marble with a soft, damp cloth. You do not want to scrub because that can damage the surface.

Then rinse with water and dry with a soft towel. You want to be sure to rinse with water to neutralize the pH and to dry thoroughly, so the solution is not in contact with the marble surface for any longer than necessary.

Baking soda is a light abrasive and a natural disinfectant. However, you need to take care to use it gently on marble surfaces. Light abrasives can still damage soft surfaces. Be sure to wipe away all traces of baking soda, so it isn’t left in contact with your marble surfaces.

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Certain cleaners can damage marble countertops. Here’s how to safely remove dirt, stains and etching from this elegant stone.

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How to clean a marble top table

Modern Kitchen With Elegant Globe Chandeliers and Tray Ceiling

This light and bright kitchen features two eye-catching globe chandeliers positioned over the kitchen island, which boasts a gray and white marble countertop like the rest of the kitchen. White glass front cabinets are paired with a white herringbone backsplash, while a light gray tray ceiling offers a finishing touch.

Photo by: Shutterbug

Marble is a beloved material for counters in kitchens and baths. What’s not loved is the difficulty in cleaning and caring for this elegant, veined stone. Marble is porous and can be damaged by spilling an acidic substance on it. By acidic substance we mean common household substances like milk, wine, tomato juice or lemon juice. One splash can etch the marble, leaving a permanent, dull scar. Prevention is key with marble countertops. Mop up spills as soon as they happen so they don’t have time to etch the surface. You can keep your marble scar-free and lovely if you care for it properly. Here’s how to clean marble countertops.

Don’t use vinegar, Windex or bleach on marble. A single use of these acidic substances will eat into a marble countertop’s surface and dull the stone. Don’t use abrasive cleaner or pads, either, because marble can be scratched. A secret in knowing how to clean marble countertops: You don’t need specialty cleaners for marble. Mild soap and hot water will do just fine. Wipe sudsy water on the counter with a soft cloth or sponge. This will remove dirt but won’t heal any etching or stains.

You can give your marble a little protection from stains and etching by using spray sealant at least once a month. You’re still going to have to wipe up spills immediately to avoid damage, but the sealant will give you a little more time to mop before the staining starts.

So what do you do when you spill something on your marble countertop and it stains? You can rub on hydrogen peroxide mixed with a few drops of ammonia. Do not put more than a few drops of ammonia because it’s a weak acid and can damage you counter. You want just want enough to dissolve the stain. If it’s a paint stain, use a dull razor to carefully scrape it off. If you cannot remove a stain, you can hire a professional to remove the surface sealant and the stain. This will leave your counter with a honed finish, which is more matte than the glossy surface on most counters.

To remove etching, use a marble polishing powder. Wet the counter surface, sprinkle on the powder and rub with a soft, damp cloth, or use a buffer pad on a low-speed drill. Buff until the etch goes away and the shine returns.

How to clean a marble top table

Photo: Martina Maffini

The marble kitchen counter of your dreams (and Pinterest boards) is finally installed—but wait, there’s a catch: how to clean marble? Keeping marble countertops and tile clean is actually simpler than you’d think, but, as with maintaining any surface and most things in life, you need to know what you’re dealing with. Now there’s day-to-day marble cleaning and then there’s the kind of tactics you’ll need to employ if Uncle Pat puts the punch bowl on his head at dinner and spills Cabernet across the length of your beautiful, white marble island. You got this—here’s how to clean marble and make it stay that way.

Supplies You’ll Want to Keep on Hand

  • a sealant of your choice (food-safe, if for use on a marble counter)
  • soap and water (for counters)
  • a dust mop (for floors)
  • hydrogen peroxide
  • ammonia
  • liquid cleaner
  • #0000 steel wool

How to Maintain and Clean a Marble Surface

Know your marble. Think like the marble. Be the marble. Marble is more porous than other common countertop materials like engineered stone (sold often as simply “quartz”) or soapstone, so it can be prone to staining and etching (a.k.a light scratching or physical changes to the stone itself). You’ll want to clean and seal yours regularly (more on that below—and easy enough to do before you’ve had coffee, promise).

Prevention is key. Whatever marble you have in your home, sealing it every few months is a good idea. According to the Marble Institute, sealants don’t make the stone stain-proof but they do make it more stain resistant—giving you a bit more time to get to big spills. Check with whoever supplied your marble for their recommendations on the right products to use (and remember to make sure it’s food safe if you’re using it in the kitchen). For marble floors, coffee tables, and other high-traffic surfaces, invest in some furniture pads and some coasters—better safe than sorry.

Daily cleaning. For routine maintenance and spills you catch quickly, warm, soapy water is the best for the job—just make sure to rinse well, sop up any standing water, and thoroughly dry the surface. Also note that for marble, acid is kryptonite—so do your best to keep things like wine and lemon juice (or even cleaners that contain vinegar) away from the surface. And if they do spill, tend to them as quickly as possible. For marble floors, start with a dust mop; you want to avoid anything abrasive on the surface, and dirt and sand being dragged around by a vacuum could do more damage than you intend.

Getting out pesky stains. If you don’t catch a spill quickly (hello, red wine spilled at a lasts-until-2am dinner party), there’s hope. For most organic food stains, the Marble Institute recommends cleaning with a solution of 12% hydrogen peroxide and a few drops of ammonia; if you spilled anything oil-based, like a vinaigrette, and the stain has set, attack it (gently) with a liquid cleanser that contains “household detergent, mineral spirits, or acetone.”

Correcting etching. For water spots, light scratches, and nicks, try buffing your marble with dry #0000 steel wool. Anything deeper than surface level scratches will require a professional’s help, so if you left a lemon out on the counter and now it’s both etched and left a stain, go ahead and use the above recommendations for food stains to take care of the latter. Sadly, the etching will likely need to be polished by a professional—so be careful where you leave your cut lemons!

How to clean a marble top table

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Marble is a densely crystallized form of limestone. Impurities introduced into the limestone by millions of years of heat and pressure give marble the stunning veining that collectors love. However, because marble is prone to etching, staining and even splitting along those veins, your antique marble table needs special care to preserve it for future generations.

Take a Closer Look

The Victoria and Albert Museum recommends that you ensure your tabletop is marble before you clean it. Marble-safe cleaning methods may not be safe for other substances. The museum also suggests looking for remnants of original gilding, paint or other coatings. Work around such finishes if they exist as they may enhance your table’s value.

Identify the Finish

Polished marble is glossy and smooth; honed marble has a satin finish that reflects less light, according to Bane-Clene. Marble tabletops may have either finish. Be particularly careful to avoid exposing polished marble to acidic substances such as vinegar, bleach or bathroom cleaners. Although acid can etch any marble surface, the etching is particularly noticeable on polished finishes because it dulls the shine.

Cleaning the Tabletop

Clean your marble tabletop with warm water, as needed. Dry it with a clean cloth. The Michigan State University Extension notes you can clean soiled marble with warm water mixed with dishwashing liquid. The Victoria and Albert Museum recommends distilled water for washing and rinsing. You can also purchase commercial cleaning products made specifically for marble surfaces.

Everyday Care

Protect against staining and etching by using coasters under drinking glasses and mugs. Avoid placing sharp- or rough-bottomed items directly on the table to avoid scratching. Finally, apply a commercial marble sealer to prevent stains and make the marble easy to clean.

  • Victoria and Albert Museum: Cleaning Marble
  • Michigan State University Extension: Marble Furniture — Care and Cleaning

Daria Kelly Uhlig began writing professionally for websites in 2008. She is a licensed real-estate agent who specializes in resort real estate rentals in Ocean City, Md. Her real estate, business and finance articles have appeared on a number of sites, including Motley Fool, The Nest and more. Uhlig holds an associate degree in communications from Centenary College.

Certain cleaners can damage marble countertops. Here’s how to safely remove dirt, stains and etching from this elegant stone.

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How to clean a marble top table

Modern Kitchen With Elegant Globe Chandeliers and Tray Ceiling

This light and bright kitchen features two eye-catching globe chandeliers positioned over the kitchen island, which boasts a gray and white marble countertop like the rest of the kitchen. White glass front cabinets are paired with a white herringbone backsplash, while a light gray tray ceiling offers a finishing touch.

Photo by: Shutterbug

Marble is a beloved material for counters in kitchens and baths. What’s not loved is the difficulty in cleaning and caring for this elegant, veined stone. Marble is porous and can be damaged by spilling an acidic substance on it. By acidic substance we mean common household substances like milk, wine, tomato juice or lemon juice. One splash can etch the marble, leaving a permanent, dull scar. Prevention is key with marble countertops. Mop up spills as soon as they happen so they don’t have time to etch the surface. You can keep your marble scar-free and lovely if you care for it properly. Here’s how to clean marble countertops.

Don’t use vinegar, Windex or bleach on marble. A single use of these acidic substances will eat into a marble countertop’s surface and dull the stone. Don’t use abrasive cleaner or pads, either, because marble can be scratched. A secret in knowing how to clean marble countertops: You don’t need specialty cleaners for marble. Mild soap and hot water will do just fine. Wipe sudsy water on the counter with a soft cloth or sponge. This will remove dirt but won’t heal any etching or stains.

You can give your marble a little protection from stains and etching by using spray sealant at least once a month. You’re still going to have to wipe up spills immediately to avoid damage, but the sealant will give you a little more time to mop before the staining starts.

So what do you do when you spill something on your marble countertop and it stains? You can rub on hydrogen peroxide mixed with a few drops of ammonia. Do not put more than a few drops of ammonia because it’s a weak acid and can damage you counter. You want just want enough to dissolve the stain. If it’s a paint stain, use a dull razor to carefully scrape it off. If you cannot remove a stain, you can hire a professional to remove the surface sealant and the stain. This will leave your counter with a honed finish, which is more matte than the glossy surface on most counters.

To remove etching, use a marble polishing powder. Wet the counter surface, sprinkle on the powder and rub with a soft, damp cloth, or use a buffer pad on a low-speed drill. Buff until the etch goes away and the shine returns.

A faux marble finish is a much cheaper alternative to real marble. When you buy real marble you will receive a very beautiful piece of stone that is heavy and expensive. A faux marble finish will give you the same look and appeal of real marble with the weight or the cost. You can have a faux marble finish in the form of Formica over wood but these are noticeable as being fake marble. Another kind of faux marble finish is found on a product called cultured marble. Cultured marble is a stone that has the same characteristics as marble without the cost or intensive maintenance. Over time the faux marble finish can become scuffed up or stained and this article will show you how to properly clean the faux marble finish.

Step 1 – Preventative Care

Cleaning a faux marble finish should not be rocket science. It is not a difficult job to and even less of a chore if you take care of the faux marble finish quickly. Many faux marble finish counters are in bathrooms and kitchens. It is a fact that sometime the counter is going to get wet. To avoid unsightly water spots from forming you should squeegee the water off of the faux marble finish. Using a cloth towel or paper towel will not be sufficient enough as they usually leave water and moisture behind on the counter top. The longer you wait gives the water more time to dry and leave water spots behind so clean it quickly.

Step 2 – Cleaning Surface Stains

A surface stain is anything that is left on the faux marble finish long enough that it dries but is not completely set. This can include hard water stains, coffee, milk or food dribbles. Use a paper towel to first wipe up the initial spill. The edges of the spill will dry before the inside because the edges are characteristically thinner. Spray some of the cleaner onto the counter and allow it to set for a few seconds and then wipe off with a lint-free cloth. Wipe the counter again with a moist paper towel to remove any residue from either the food stain or the cleaner.

Step 3 – Caked on and Dried Stains

It’s important that you should never use an abrasive cleaner on a faux marble finish. You also should not use an abrasive scrub brush. To clean up a tough stain or caked on food matter you will first spray the all-purpose on the stain. Allow the cleaner to soak into the material. Use a soft-bristled brush to gently scrub the stain in a clockwise or counterclockwise movement. Wipe away the mess with a paper towel. Certain foods can leave behind an oily residue which can break down the faux marble finish. Put the ammonia into the spray bottle and apply a very small amount to the area. Wipe the area with a paper towel and then again with plain water.

Having a dining table with a marble top can instantly uplift your interiors into exuding an elegant and luxurious appeal. However, to keep your furniture looking at its best, you need to ensure that it is clean and properly maintained. In line with this, below are some tips on how you will be able to clean your special dining table to keep it in its top condition.

How to clean a marble top table

Daily Cleaning

For daily cleaning, you can use a dust mop to remove dust and any debris on top of your dining table. This step is essential before you attempt to use any liquid cleaning solution. Nevertheless, even if you are not planning to use any kind of liquid cleaner for your marble top dining table, you still need to dust it because accumulated dirt can be abrasive and damaging in the long run. In terms of a liquid cleaning solution, you can go for a mild dish soap that is mixed with warm water. A mild soap is better than any other soap that contains acids, alkali, or any harmful chemical that can damage the marble.

Avoid using too much liquid cleaner when wiping off the top of your table because this can likewise damage the marble. After this, wipe the table with a hot wet cloth, which will rinse it from the soapy solution that you have applied. As much as possible, use a microfiber cloth because this is proven to be more non-abrasive. Remove any excess liquid from the top of your table with an absorbent dry towel made of cotton material.

Removing Stains and Spots

Make sure to conduct a regular visual inspection of your table to immediately see any stain or spot on your table. The sooner that you see these spots, the easier it will be for you to remove them. Nonetheless, there are still ways on how you can remove spots and stains that have been on top of your table for quite some time. In this case, try a mixture of hydrogen peroxide and a few drops of ammonia. Spray this solution on the stain and use a microfiber towel to rub it off.

Proper Maintenance

Aside from daily cleaning, a dining table made with a marble top also needs proper maintenance. In this case, avoid using any bleach, vinegar, or acidic liquids to clean your marble. Also, avoid using abrasive cloths or materials to wipe it. Rather, make it a habit to use coasters and other protective materials when you place things on the table. Better yet, apply a sealer to the entire tabletop because this will protect it from future spots or stains.

To wrap things up, you need to exert the extra effort in cleaning a dining table with a marble top to ensure that it will always look its best. In line with this, make sure to remove the spots and stains that it accumulates over constant usage as necessary. Regular visual inspection and proper maintenance will greatly help in this case. This will ensure that you get to enjoy both the aesthetic appeal and functionality of your dining table for a longer time.

How to save money on vacation

How to save money on vacation

One of the great traditions many of us enjoy is the summer vacation. With school done for the year, it’s time to start thinking about what you want to do this summer.

Unfortunately, a summer vacation can get expensive if you aren’t careful. If you want to make sure that you don’t break your budget with your vacation, you need to have a good plan for saving money. As you look ahead to your summer fun, here are 10 ways to save money on your vacation.

1. Save for Your Vacation

Like anything else, saving in advance instead of relying credit will save you money by earning interest instead of paying interest. Look ahead and estimate how much your vacation will cost. Divide that cost by how much time you have (in weeks or months) and set aside money in a high-yield account. This strategy doesn’t mean that you can’t use credit cards, though. A savvy way to save is to set money aside, and then use your credit card (earn those points). When you get back from vacation, use the money you saved up to pay off the entire credit card balance. You’ll have earned interest, and cash back.

2. Find the Best Deals Online

Check out websites such as Expedia and CheapOair for deals on hotels, attractions and cruises. In many cases, you can do even better if you bundle your vacation services. These sites aggregate the best deals, and you can even find discounts on entertainment and attractions when you use these sites to book a vacation bundle.

3. Check the Direct Offers

Before committing to any offers on the sites above, compare to what you can get direct from the airlines and hotels to confirm it’s a better price. As with any purchase, you want to shop around. Find out what you can get buying direct, and what you can do bundling through a third party. Then make your reservations in the way that costs you the least.

4. Reviews, Photos, and Tips

Use Trip Advisor to compare hotels. This site has many reviews for each hotel and you can find out which is the best for your spending budget. Sometimes, it’s worth it to pay a little extra for a better experience. You want to make sure that your hotel is truly a good deal for the money, since sometimes you get what you pay for.

5. Save on Your Vacation with Coupons

Look for coupons on the websites of attractions or restaurants you plan to visit. Almost every zoo, museum or amusement park has discount coupons on it’s web site, but you can likely get a better deal by picking up a CityPASS for the city you’re visiting. You can also buy a book full of local coupons on Entertainment.com. If you plan to stay in one place for awhile, bring grocery coupons to save on food when you shop at local stores.

6. Auto Club Discounts

Are you a member of the CAA or AAA? These memberships can get your further discounts on hotels and rental cars. Stop in your local branch before you go and get free maps and travel brochures. They also offer travel agents, but in my couple attempts to use them, they weren’t able to get me a better package, and would then charge a fee on top of it.

7. Pack Efficiently

Don’t bring more clothes than you really need and roll your clothes so they fit into fewer bags. With many airlines charging for extra bags, this can be an easy way to save money. At the same time though, don’t over stuff a large bag as it will put you over the airline’s weight limits and they’ll charge extra for that as well. Efficient packing can also save you money on gas when you go on a road trip vacation.

8. Stop Pulling Out Your Wallet

If going to a beach destination, have a look at all inclusive resorts. With food, drinks and the many activities included, this will save you from constantly pulling out your wallet throughout your vacation. It’s a good way to find peace of mind. Cruises can also be all-inclusive and cost-efficient. You can visit multiple destinations without re-packing every time you move on.

9. Bring Your Own Snacks and Drinks

Going to an amusement park? You might want to bring some snacks and bottled drinks in a backpack or purse. The prices at the parks are amazingly expensive. Bringing your own is a good way to save money for buying souvenirs.

10. Travel in the Off Season

Not only can travelling in off-peak times save you money on airfare and hotels, but the crowds will be smaller at most places you visit. It might mean going during a fall break, and having staycations during the summer, but it can be just as fun, and much better on your budget.

Tom Drake is the owner and head writer of the award-winning MapleMoney. With a career as a Financial Analyst and over a decade writing about personal finance, Tom has the knowledge to help you get control of your money and make it work for you.

How to save money on vacation

We all need to get away from our everyday routines occasionally while also keeping our budget in mind. How do you save money on vacation and when planning for one? Travel expert Donna L. Hull, author of “My Itchy Travel Feet, The Baby Boomer’s Guide to Travel,” has some ideas about how travelers of any age can stretch a vacation dollar.

Pick a trip to fit your wallet

Any category of travel can range from budget to luxury, depending on accommodations, activity and transportation choices, time of year and destination, says Hull. “Some destinations are far more expensive than others, and if U.S. travelers are considering an international trip, the strength of the dollar against the local currency comes into play.”

That said, Hull notes that (very generally), these types of vacations will range from least expensive to most expensive:

  • Camping
  • Weekend getaway
  • Road trips
  • National park trips
  • Independent travel
  • Cruises
  • Organized tours
  • All-inclusive resorts (Some all-inclusives can actually save you money, though you will need to do some comparisons.)

Tips for saving money on vacations

With the exception of remote or exotic destinations, most vacations can be made into affordable travel destinations by making budget-friendly choices, says Hull.

“Staying in hotels and resorts is expensive, especially after adding up the cost of restaurants for all meals,” she notes. “Booking a vacation rental not only saves on lodging but it also allows for cooking some meals rather than dining out morning, noon and night.

Traveling during a destination’s “shoulder season” (between peak and off-peak seasons, especially spring and fall, when fares tend to be relatively low) is a great way to save money. If you’re longing for a trip to the Caribbean this winter, for example, wait until after spring break when prices are greatly reduced.

Transportation costs, especially airfare, make up the biggest portion of vacation budgets, says Hull. “If you have the flexibility, time-wise, take advantage of airfare sales. Carriers usually offer them as incentive to fly during a destination’s offseason,” she adds. “I often see great deals on flights to London for travel during early March. Of course, it will probably be rainy.”

Or pick a destination closer to home. There are plenty of beautiful beaches, scenic wonders and cultural experiences right here in the U.S. Want to save even more on transportation costs? Check visitors-bureau websites in nearby cities and check out the calendar for local festivals, music events and more.

How to save for a vacation

The best way to determine how to save for a vacation is to create a realistic goal, Hull says. Want to plan a trip for a year from now? Estimate the cost of your vacation on this handy vacation cost finder. Then divide by 12 and set your monthly savings goal.

“Make it official by starting a savings account that’s expressly for travel,” Hull suggests. Then choose a couple of areas in your daily life where you can cut back. Pick any habit, estimate what it costs you, then cut back or totally eliminate the habit. Put the money that you’ve saved into the travel savings account.

“The savings from substituting black coffee with flavored creamer instead of a latte, downsizing food items, bringing your lunch to work or quitting smoking all add up,” she says. You may also want to hold a family garage sale with proceeds going to the travel fund.

If you are able to handle credit carefully, use a credit card that offers a cash-back program and then deposit the payout in your travel fund. “But don’t go into debt,” Hull says. “If you can’t pay off the credit card balance each month, this is not the way to save money for a vacation.”

Stay loyal and get social

Sign up for email alerts from your favorite travel companies: hotels, cruise lines, airlines, etc. You’ll be the first to know about discounts or specials. “Follow them on social media. Participate in loyalty programs, especially if you travel regularly for work,” Hull advises. “Those hotel points and air miles add up.”

Protect your vacation

Talk with your insurance agent about travel insurance, which protects your vacation investment in case of canceled flights, illness or injury – even stolen bags. It’s a small investment that, should problems arise, you’ll be glad you made.

How to save money on vacation

Who doesn’t like to save money when possible? Traveling can be expensive, but with the right strategy you can bring down the cost. Try these 15 tips on your next vacation and your wallet will thank you.

1. Look for free activities. If you do a little research, you’ll see there are often lots of free activities in the area. Look at community calendars to see what is going on in town while you are there. Do a self-guided walking tour to familiarize yourself with your destination. Museums often have a ‘pay what you can’ day once a week and sometimes have discounted admission after a certain time of day.

2. Book a room with a refrigerator/microwave or kitchen area. Although some people might not like to cook while on vacation, I don’t mind making breakfast in my room. I love having a cup of coffee on my deck, but room service can be very pricy. I’d rather eat-in for breakfast and lunch and then splurge on a fancy dinner. A microwave and fridge will also be helpful for reheating leftovers.

3. Shop at farmer’s markets and local stores. Farmer’s markets often lower the price of their food towards the end of the day. Also, shopping at local stores allows you to taste the local cuisine without having to pay the price of a restaurant. Buy some local fish and cook it up at your condo.

4. Before you book, be aware of the location of where you’re staying. Transportation can add up quickly, so you may want to stay in a central location. Ideally, somewhere you can walk everywhere would work best. If you’re staying in a city, will you be near a subway or bus stop?

5. Carry snacks/water during outings. Kids will need snacks while you are exploring, and it drives me crazy to spend money on silly snacks. Throw some granola bars in your bag and pull them out when the kids need fuel. Don’t even get me started on how much I hate spending money on bottled water when I can buy an entire case for the same amount. Always carry your own water. However, splurge when it comes to treats that you can only find in that location.

6. Use points or miles. Chain hotels, like Hilton and Marriott, have a reward system that give you points for staying there and they are great to use for free overnight stays. When traveling, try to exclusively stay at those hotels and fly the same airlines to build your points.

7. Look for city tourism cards. Depending on the card, you can gain free entry to top visitor attractions, discounts at restaurants and shops, skip-the-line options at busy attractions, free public transportation, and even free guidebooks. Depending on your itinerary, it might be worth the money.

8. Don’t get the best room. How much time are you actually going to use your room? Will you just be sleeping there? Do you need a room with a good view or so much extra space? Will you use the amenities, such as a pool or a fitness room?

9. Be flexible when flying. If you are not on a tight schedule, can you be flexible with the time of day you fly, the number of stops, or your seat selection? Do you mind having a long layover? If possible, check the dates of your trip and see if the price would go down if you tweaked the dates a bit.

10. Stay outside a city. You often pay for location, and it’s sometimes cheaper to stay away from areas with big tourist attractions. You can always go to the attractions and then head back to your hotel to sleep.

11. Rent an apartment instead of having to get two rooms. My friends with three or more kids are often complaining how expensive it is to stay in a hotel because they need to get adjoining rooms. An apartment or condo is often much cheaper. I love to use VRBO, HomeAway, and have even used TripAdvisor.

12. Go off season. You can usually find cheaper plane tickets and hotel rooms by going off season, and there may be more availability. You will not have to deal with large crowds and attractions could also be cheaper at that time. Just make sure places are open.

13. Have a big lunch. Restaurants often offer lunch specials with less expensive prices. You could also buy extra food at lunch and save it for dinner later.

14. Don’t eat in areas that are close to tourist destinations. In some cities, walking just a few blocks can slash prices at restaurants. I try to never eat at attractions because they tend to raise the price to their captive audience.

15. Create a budget and stick to it! Know when to save and when to splurge. We always eat at a nice restaurant on our last night of vacation. Look for ways to save money but also treat yourself during the trip. Having a budget is a wonderful way to keep yourself on track.

What are your tips for saving money while traveling?

Ready to book that bucket-list trip, only to find your pockets don’t run as deep as you had hoped? Don’t despair – there are countless ways to save money, from discount air fares to traveling with credit card points.

Here’s our guide to making your travel money go further, so you have more to spend when you get there.

How to save money on vacation

Tip 1: Drive!

The easiest way for anyone, especially families, to save money when they travel is to avoid the price of plane tickets and making your travel money go further, so you have more to spend when you get there drive to your destination instead. Driving allows you to see more of the country, have more bonding time, and prevents you from having to pay for rental cars or rideshare when you get to your destination. Remember to make sure your car is road trip ready before you leave, and make sure your insurance is up to date. Looking to save even more? GEICO could save you 15 percent or more on car insurance.

Tip 2: Use Skyscanner Alerts

If your destination is too far away for a road trip, we recommend using Skyscanner alerts to make sure you get the best price on airline tickets. Skyscanner lets you enter your departure and arrival destination and will email you alerts when the price drops. It will also let you explore the prices by date and by month so you can make sure you’re going when the flight is the cheapest.

How to save money on vacation

Tip 3: Take advantage of “shoulder season”

The time between a particular destination’s peak season and off-season is known as “shoulder season.” Shoulder season allows you to experience some of the destination’s best offerings without the crowds, and for cheaper rates. To determine when shoulder season is for the destination you have in mind, Google to find out when the peak season is, then start researching the months that bookend the peak. For prime family destinations, such as DC or Florida beaches, save money by booking during times when schools are typically not on break. Shoulder season is a great time to have a more laid-back travel experience, and to save money.

Tip 4: Buy travel insurance

The advice to buy travel insurance can sound counterproductive on this list of money saving tips, since insurance will raise the cost of your trip. But consider how much extra expense could be added to your budget if something goes wrong. Even something as simple as locking the keys in your rental car can cost more than $200 to fix. Travel insurance will cover the costs of any unintended emergencies and give you the peace of mind to enjoy your trip without any nagging worries about expenses.

How to save money on vacation

Tip 5: Book with points

Travel credit cards allow you to earn points for your everyday purchases that you can use toward booking travel. Look for credit cards specific to travel. We really like the Chase Sapphire card and the Southwest Airlines card. You’ll even get extra points if you’re able to recommend them to a friend. Like all credit cards, make sure you have a plan to pay them off at the end of each month.

Want to cut costs on the road? Pack peanut butter, and follow these other tips

by Samantha Brown and Rick Steves, AARP Bulletin, July/August 2016 | Comments: 0

How to save money on vacation

1. Choose a destination based on its “restaurant week”

En español | Samantha Brown, AARP Travel Expert. These are held during a city’s slack season for tourism. You’ll eat at top restaurants at a fraction of the regular cost. Be sure to reserve!

How to save money on vacation

2. Be a house sitter

The website TrustedHousesitters.com matches travelers with homeowners needing their pets and homes looked after while away.

How to save money on vacation

3. Last-minute deals

The mobile app HotelTonight finds big discounts on hotels without having to book ahead of time.

How to save money on vacation

4. Update your documents

Be sure your passport is valid for at least six months beyond your overseas travel dates. Otherwise you may be turned back by countries strictly enforcing entry requirements—which could add to the cost of a trip.

How to save money on vacation

5. Don’t pay for pricey massages on the road

I travel with pinky balls (sold in toy stores for about $4). Stand on a ball to work out your arches, or use one for a back massage.

How to save money on vacation

6. Travel with peanut butter

It’s cheaper than buying airport or airline food, plus you can pair it with lots of foods, like pretzels or bananas. Just remember, it will count as a carry-on liquid.

How to save money on vacation

7. Buy second-class train seats

Rick Steves, Travel Show Host. Throughout Europe, first-class tickets cost about 50 percent more than second-class ones. The difference in comfort is usually minimal.

How to save money on vacation

8. Get cash overseas at ATMs

On average, you pay 8 percent for foreign cash at an ATM. At currency exchange booths, you tend to lose around 15 percent.

How to save money on vacation

9. Check for last-minute deals at business hotels

Hotels in commerce centers like Brussels or Oslo offer deep discounts when traffic is slow. During summer and weekends you can get a fancy $300 double room for $100.

How to save money on vacation

10. Get your rental car in town

You might pay up to 25 percent more to pick up a car at the airport or train station instead of in the town center.

How to save money on vacation

11. Use local cash

You might be drawn to a store advertising “we accept dollars.” But your purchase costs about 20 percent more when paid that way.

How to save money on vacation

12. Go carless in urban centers

Why pay rental and parking fees while touring a city on foot? Pick up your rental car after the first big city and drop it off before the final big city of your trip.

How to save money on vacation

View More Ways to Save

Samantha Brown is AARP’s travel expert. Rick Steves is a European guidebook author and TV travel show host.

AARP’s Travel Expert Samantha Brown reveals a little-known website for finding inexpensive travel accommodations.

How to save money on vacation

One of the great traditions many of us enjoy is the summer vacation. With school done for the year, it’s time to start thinking about what you want to do this summer.

Unfortunately, a summer vacation can get expensive if you aren’t careful. If you want to make sure that you don’t break your budget with your vacation, you need to have a good plan for saving money. As you look ahead to your summer fun, here are 10 ways to save money on your vacation.

1. Save for Your Vacation

Like anything else, saving in advance instead of relying credit will save you money by earning interest instead of paying interest. Look ahead and estimate how much your vacation will cost. Divide that cost by how much time you have (in weeks or months) and set aside money in a high-yield account. This strategy doesn’t mean that you can’t use credit cards, though. A savvy way to save is to set money aside, and then use your credit card (earn those points). When you get back from vacation, use the money you saved up to pay off the entire credit card balance. You’ll have earned interest, and cash back.

2. Find the Best Deals Online

Check out websites such as Expedia and CheapOair for deals on hotels, attractions and cruises. In many cases, you can do even better if you bundle your vacation services. These sites aggregate the best deals, and you can even find discounts on entertainment and attractions when you use these sites to book a vacation bundle.

3. Check the Direct Offers

Before committing to any offers on the sites above, compare to what you can get direct from the airlines and hotels to confirm it’s a better price. As with any purchase, you want to shop around. Find out what you can get buying direct, and what you can do bundling through a third party. Then make your reservations in the way that costs you the least.

4. Reviews, Photos, and Tips

Use Trip Advisor to compare hotels. This site has many reviews for each hotel and you can find out which is the best for your spending budget. Sometimes, it’s worth it to pay a little extra for a better experience. You want to make sure that your hotel is truly a good deal for the money, since sometimes you get what you pay for.

5. Save on Your Vacation with Coupons

Look for coupons on the websites of attractions or restaurants you plan to visit. Almost every zoo, museum or amusement park has discount coupons on it’s web site, but you can likely get a better deal by picking up a CityPASS for the city you’re visiting. You can also buy a book full of local coupons on Entertainment.com. If you plan to stay in one place for awhile, bring grocery coupons to save on food when you shop at local stores.

6. Auto Club Discounts

Are you a member of the CAA or AAA? These memberships can get your further discounts on hotels and rental cars. Stop in your local branch before you go and get free maps and travel brochures. They also offer travel agents, but in my couple attempts to use them, they weren’t able to get me a better package, and would then charge a fee on top of it.

7. Pack Efficiently

Don’t bring more clothes than you really need and roll your clothes so they fit into fewer bags. With many airlines charging for extra bags, this can be an easy way to save money. At the same time though, don’t over stuff a large bag as it will put you over the airline’s weight limits and they’ll charge extra for that as well. Efficient packing can also save you money on gas when you go on a road trip vacation.

8. Stop Pulling Out Your Wallet

If going to a beach destination, have a look at all inclusive resorts. With food, drinks and the many activities included, this will save you from constantly pulling out your wallet throughout your vacation. It’s a good way to find peace of mind. Cruises can also be all-inclusive and cost-efficient. You can visit multiple destinations without re-packing every time you move on.

9. Bring Your Own Snacks and Drinks

Going to an amusement park? You might want to bring some snacks and bottled drinks in a backpack or purse. The prices at the parks are amazingly expensive. Bringing your own is a good way to save money for buying souvenirs.

10. Travel in the Off Season

Not only can travelling in off-peak times save you money on airfare and hotels, but the crowds will be smaller at most places you visit. It might mean going during a fall break, and having staycations during the summer, but it can be just as fun, and much better on your budget.

Tom Drake is the owner and head writer of the award-winning MapleMoney. With a career as a Financial Analyst and over a decade writing about personal finance, Tom has the knowledge to help you get control of your money and make it work for you.

Ready to book that bucket-list trip, only to find your pockets don’t run as deep as you had hoped? Don’t despair – there are countless ways to save money, from discount air fares to traveling with credit card points.

Here’s our guide to making your travel money go further, so you have more to spend when you get there.

How to save money on vacation

Tip 1: Drive!

The easiest way for anyone, especially families, to save money when they travel is to avoid the price of plane tickets and making your travel money go further, so you have more to spend when you get there drive to your destination instead. Driving allows you to see more of the country, have more bonding time, and prevents you from having to pay for rental cars or rideshare when you get to your destination. Remember to make sure your car is road trip ready before you leave, and make sure your insurance is up to date. Looking to save even more? GEICO could save you 15 percent or more on car insurance.

Tip 2: Use Skyscanner Alerts

If your destination is too far away for a road trip, we recommend using Skyscanner alerts to make sure you get the best price on airline tickets. Skyscanner lets you enter your departure and arrival destination and will email you alerts when the price drops. It will also let you explore the prices by date and by month so you can make sure you’re going when the flight is the cheapest.

How to save money on vacation

Tip 3: Take advantage of “shoulder season”

The time between a particular destination’s peak season and off-season is known as “shoulder season.” Shoulder season allows you to experience some of the destination’s best offerings without the crowds, and for cheaper rates. To determine when shoulder season is for the destination you have in mind, Google to find out when the peak season is, then start researching the months that bookend the peak. For prime family destinations, such as DC or Florida beaches, save money by booking during times when schools are typically not on break. Shoulder season is a great time to have a more laid-back travel experience, and to save money.

Tip 4: Buy travel insurance

The advice to buy travel insurance can sound counterproductive on this list of money saving tips, since insurance will raise the cost of your trip. But consider how much extra expense could be added to your budget if something goes wrong. Even something as simple as locking the keys in your rental car can cost more than $200 to fix. Travel insurance will cover the costs of any unintended emergencies and give you the peace of mind to enjoy your trip without any nagging worries about expenses.

How to save money on vacation

Tip 5: Book with points

Travel credit cards allow you to earn points for your everyday purchases that you can use toward booking travel. Look for credit cards specific to travel. We really like the Chase Sapphire card and the Southwest Airlines card. You’ll even get extra points if you’re able to recommend them to a friend. Like all credit cards, make sure you have a plan to pay them off at the end of each month.

Setting aside money in your personal budget is great, but sometimes it takes a little more strategy. Here are three smart ways to help make traveling more affordable.

  • By Maurie Backman from The Motley Fool
  • – 09/04/2019
  • 792

I’ve always enjoyed escaping the daily grind, getting away, and seeing new parts of the country—or the world. And while I definitely set aside money for travel in my personal budget, sometimes it takes a little finagling to pull off the various trips I plan. Here are three tricks I use to make traveling more affordable.

1. Drive instead of fly

When you only have a limited amount of time off from work, driving all over the country may not be feasible. But when you’re self-employed like I am, you don’t get vacation days at all, which means that while I don’t get paid to not work, I can take as many days to travel as I wish. As such, when I’m traveling within the U.S., I’ll often pack my family up in the car and drive to our destination rather than fly. Doing so has saved us a ton of money in the past, and we’ve also gotten to explore parts of the country we otherwise would’ve glossed over.

Last year, for example, my family of five drove down to Florida at a time when the cheapest flights cost $400. Rather than spend $2,000 (not including the cost of getting to the airport, checking bags, and so forth), we spent about $300 in fuel and tolls, and another $250 in lodging to break up the 16-hour drive each way.

Now if you’re traveling solo, driving won’t always make sense or save you that much money. But in a group scenario, it pays to see how much you can shave off the cost of your trip by hopping in the car and taking turns at the wheel.

2. Be savvy with credit cards

As a general rule, I try not to open too many credit cards, since doing so can actually ding your score. But if I know I have a big trip coming up, I’ll often apply for a new card with a generous sign-up bonus. What I’ll then do is charge expenses like flights and hotels on that card, snag my bonus, and use that money to cover the remaining part of the trip.

For example, I recently applied for a card with a $500 sign-on bonus for spending $3,000 within three months. I expect to fork over $3,000 in the course of paying for my summer vacation, so once I do, I’ll collect my $500 bonus and use it to pay for restaurants and activities while away.

If you’re going to sign up for a credit card with a generous bonus, make sure you’ll actually use it enough to snag that perk. For example, if it weren’t for this upcoming vacation, I don’t know that I’d be able to spend $3,000 on that new card, but because the timing works out, I should be able to grab my bonus.

3. Travel off-peak

Traveling at less popular times not only lets you avoid crowds, but often helps you save some serious money. That’s why I try to make a point of traveling during random times—times that don’t overlap with holiday weekends or school breaks. In fact, I’ve been known to pull my kids out of school to travel at times when flights are inexpensive and hotels are practically begging for guests. I may not win any parenting awards for doing that, but I’ve saved my share of money.

Now to be fair, not everyone has the flexibility to travel completely off-peak. But if you’re looking to get away on a holiday weekend, for example, you might try leaving town on a Friday and returning on a Tuesday rather than on a Monday. Doing so could easily shave $100 or more off the cost of a domestic flight, and you’d only be talking about missing a single school or work day.

The more money you’re able to save on travel, the more you’ll have left over for your next trip. Be strategic when planning vacations, because a little effort could save you a bundle. At the same time, consider getting a travel rewards credit card if you don’t have one already. That way, you’ll snag additional perks that make traveling more affordable.

How to pick a horse hoof

How to pick a horse hoof

A hoof pick is one of the must-haves in your horse grooming kit and picking of the hoof an integral part of your hoof care regimen.

You may be asking why… let’s try and answer that first:

  • Hooves can have small stones and pebbles stuck in along with mud and dirt. These hurt your horse when you are riding.
  • Not cleaning your horse’s hooves regularly can leave the dirt, grime and moisture in and lead to issues like thrush which can cause the hoof to stink!

Besides, cleanliness is always imperative for keeping your horse healthy. So, now, let’s take a look at…

How to pick a horse hoof

Here are a few tips to give you a fair idea of how you should pick your horse’s hoof.

  1. Firstly, picking the hooves should be a daily task, and one your horse is carefully prepared for. This will ensure he isn’t very jittery – which can make picking hooves next to impossible. Calm your horse before you start. And also it is a good idea to train him to raise his hooves when you touch it and give him an order of ‘Hoof’.
  2. Always do it one side at a time. Take the trouble to get him acquainted to you, and make him feel secure so that he knows you won’t hurt him. Also stay very close to him, and keep touching him with your hand.
  3. Ideally, start with the front hoof on either side, then the rear hoof on the same side, next the rear hoof on the other side, and finally the front hoof on that side.
  4. At each hoof, run your hand down his leg and then tap the back of his leg – this prepares him to raise his foot by making him shift his weight to the other three legs.
  5. Slowly touch the front of the hoof and give him the order to lift up his hoof – at the beginning, you may give him the order and squeeze the place above the fetlock – this will teach him to follow the order.
  6. Once you’ve raised the foot, pick the hoof carefully. Make sure you do not use the scraper on the soft triangular frog and cleft – as the horse is sensitive in these areas and you will hurt him.
  7. Here’s how you should pick the hoof:

The above video gives you a fair idea of how you should take care of your horse’s hooves – but picking it properly is impossible without the right picks at your disposal. And so, here are the best on the market, brought to you right here:

First up, there’s the Normal Pick with brush: Hoof PickWith Brush Assorted Colors

How to pick a horse hoofThese brushes are a good fit in your hand so they can be used conveniently. Also they’re pretty durable and will last you a while.

Also one great thing about these picks is that they’re not very highly priced and if you lose one you don’t feel too bad – and besides you could always order more than one and keep the other one on standby!

These picks are definitely what you need to have handy for your horse.

Next up, we have the Special curved pick for stubborn stones or a particularly stubborn patch: Oster Equine Care Series Hoof Pick, Pink

How to pick a horse hoofThese picks are ergonomically made so you can easily hold and use them. In addition, these are just the right size to fit in your pocket.

Also, the curvature ensures that you can reach all that mud caked around the shoe.

The handles are slightly padded, decreasing chances of hand fatigue. These picks are also very durable and the metal is unlikely to break off with repeated use.

How to pick a horse hoofAnd finally, as the video showed you, after picking the hoof you should always follow it up with a coating of hoof oil – this protects and moisturizes the horse hoof. A product you may like to give a shot is the Fiebing’s Hoof Dressing. It has been in use for years now, and those who’ve used it once, haven’t ever tried out any other hoof oil!

The Fiebing’s oil also comes with the right brush which makes applying it a breeze!

The importance of a hoof pick should be impressed on all horse-owners, because it not only keeps your horse’s hooves healthy and hygienic, it also ensures that every ride is comfortable for your horse! So get the right picks and oil and get started today.

Q I purchased an aged gelding a few months ago, and I’m having a hard time picking up his feet. I’m sure he was trained to do it at some point, but he makes it a real chore for me every time I try to clean his hooves, not to mention for the farrier. How can I overcome this resistance for more willingness when it comes to handling his feet?

How to pick a horse hoof

Rub your horse’s leg while it’s on the ground, to indicate that he can relax and stand still with all four feet.

Janet Farrow, New Hampshire

A The average horse weighs 1,200 pounds; that’s 300 pounds per foot. Instead of trying to pick up 300 pounds, teach your horse to pick up his feet for you by using your horse’s natural tendency to seek relief. Repeat the steps I’ll outline here a few times a day, and your horse will begin to lift his feet for you, rather than you trying to wrestle with his resistance. Be sure to vary your routine by changing which feet you start and end with every time.

The Front Feet
Begin with a positive interaction. With the lead in your left hand (or with your horse tied safely), quietly approach your horse’s shoulder. Bend down to rub his forearm and lower leg to indicate that he should relax and just stand there, with all four feet on the ground. Slightly hesitate that enjoyable massage so he notices that you’ve stopped.

Then move to the “raise your foot” cue (the “stimulus”). To do so, squeeze or twist your horse’s chestnut (the hoof-like growth on the inside of his forearm). It’ll make him just uncomfortable enough to cause him to lift his foot. The precise moment he does, go back to rubbing on his leg as a reward.

How to pick a horse hoof

LEFT: Hesitate just a moment, so that your horse notices that you’ve stopped rubbing. RIGHT: Pinch or twist your horse’s chestnut just enough to make him notice and lift his foot in response. Once he does pick up his foot, immediately release the pressure and begin rubbing his leg again, so he relaxes and puts his foot on the ground.

Repeat that process over and over again: Rub, hesitate, stimulate, and then go back to rubbing as soon as your horse lifts a foot.

Pretty soon, your horse will start to get what you’re after. “If I lift my foot when she hesitates, she doesn’t bug me by twisting my chestnut. I just have to unweight my foot when she stops rubbing.”

Repeat the same process on the right front leg.

The Hind Feet
You’ll follow a similar process when you work on your horse’s hind feet. Use a quiet approach, and then bend down and rub your horse’s leg. Slightly hesitate before moving on to the stimulus.

How to pick a horse hoof

LEFT: For the hind leg, begin again by rubbing his leg, and then place pressure on the bursa at the point of his hock, as I’m doing here. RIGHT: As soon as he lifts his foot, remove the pressure and begin rubbing until he puts his foot on the ground.

On the hind leg, you’ll squeeze his bursa at the cap of his hock. If you have trouble finding it, straighten your own arm, and find that little sack at the point of your elbow; it feels the same on his hock. When you put pressure on that area, your horse should lift his foot, at which point you’ll cease the pressure and go back to rubbing. You can also use his coronary band as the stimulus on the hind foot.

The key here is that pressure motivates and release teaches. After a few repetitions with correctly timed releases, your horse will put together that to avoid the pressure, he should unweight his foot when you hesitate after rubbing.

One Caution: Horses That Kick
Horses kick out of fear or dominance. The best way to solve that problem is to teach him that having his legs handled isn’t a big deal. Massage your horse’s legs, hose them off after a hard riding session, wrap them with care, etc. You might have to teach your horse to tolerate it at first, with lots of repetition, but he’ll learn to enjoy it. n

How to pick a horse hoof

Cleaning out your horse’s hooves is a task that should be done daily. Cleaning out the hooves can alert you of any problems in your horse’s hooves and can also help to prevent common hoof problems such as bruises, corns or abscesses.

A hoof pick is used to pick debris out of the horse’s hooves.

To pick up the front foot, stand side by side with the horse facing the rear; place the near hand on horse’s shoulder; slide the outside hand down the horses leg, near the fetlock; slide the other hand down the rear cannon and lift the foot up.

Once the foot is lifted, cup it with the inside hand; Grasp the hoof pick and clean the hoof out, working from heel to toe.

Be sure to remove all debris and check for things such as rocks lodged within the foot. If a horse refuses to pick up his foot, the rear of the cannon area can be pinched to encourage lifting of the foot.

When cleaning is finished, gently set the foot down onto the ground.

To lift the hind foot; again; stand next to the horse facing the rear, place one hand on the hip; slide the other hand down the rear of the cannon, pull the foot forward and cup the foot with the inside hand.

Use of hoof pick on the hind foot is done exactly as was done with the front foot; working from heel to toe cleaning out all debris and checking for rocks or things that could have gotten caught within the horse’s foot.

Once finished, gently set the horse’s foot down onto the ground.

How to pick a horse hoof

For more information about horse care, check out the Horse Owner Survival Learning Lesson.

Betsy Greene, Equine Extension Specialist, University of Vermont

The WHY’s of picking your horse’s hooves are many – mainly it’s a task to prevent problems.

  • You can keep your barn aisle cleaner if you pick feet in the stall before you come out. A hoof pick on a baling twine loop hangs nicely from a stall door.
  • You have a chance to feel all of your horse’s legs and tendons, checking for heat and swelling, before he goes for exercise or turnout. If you find an injury, swelling, or something weird, you are not walking him or letting him loose on a hurt leg.

How to pick a horse hoof

Hooves packed in gross like this get the thrush trapped in, and can act like glue for stones and pebbles to lodge themselves into!

  • You can make sure there is no thrush developing.Thrush is fairly easy to detect. You will smell it, and see black goo in the frog and grooves. In bad cases, it can migrate to the sole, also. Nip it in the bud.
  • Check for tweaked or loose shoes and missing or loose nails before you go anywhere. Here’s how to pull a shoe in case you need to do so.
  • Check for stones and twigs and mulch and stuff that likes to get stuck in there. If you find a nail, screw, or another sharp object in your horse’s hoof, it’s time to PANIC. This is life threateningdue to the intense infection and hard to treat area, and you need to call your Veterinarian ASAP. This article details what happens and what you can do to increase the chances of survival.

How to pick a horse hoof

Hang a hoof pick on your horse’s halter hook for easy access before you take your horse out.

And here are the HOW’s of picking hooves.

  • I like a really good hoof pick with a long triangular pick. This shape is easier to get into the bulb/groove/shoe crevice where lots of things like to hide. I prefer a pick that also has a brush, this is great for sweeping out all the crud and dust and stuff. This also allows you to pick, sweep, and pick again if need be.
  • Work in good lighting. This is a MUST. I once pulled a piece of bark from a groove that I couldn’t see when picking in the stall but found minutes later when in better light. Some hoof picks have lights on them. Handy.
  • Be diligent. Pick hooves first thing, in the middle of things, and last thing. Do it again before and after riding and before and after turnout. You can never do it too much. The bonus to doing it all the time is that your horse will become quite good at it, so when you are somewhere new with your horse you are not needing to train this behavior.

How to pick a horse hoof

Some other thoughts on hoof picking.

  • It may be handy to hang a hoof pick on the halter hook.
  • When in doubt, pick again. When in real doubt, call your Farrier or Veterinarian.
  • Don’t wait too long after a ride to pick. If you have no time and you must toss your horse away until later, pick the feet before you do so. It only takes a minute and can be the difference between lame for weeks, because of bruising or a stone, and healthy.
  • Pick just as often for barefoot horses as you would for a shod horse. Yes, the grooves are likely not as deep as a shod horse, but they can still get stuff stuck in there.

How to pick a horse hoof

Did you know you can get hoof picks with magnets? They stick to your metal barn or posts! I love the ones with brushes – great to get out every bit of goo.

The idea of picking up a horse’s hooves can intimidate some owners since a well-placed horse kick would really hurt! Such caution is good, but in reality if you pick up a horse’s hoof properly you provide him with no leverage or ability to kick you. This is a situation where a person’s worst fears can cause him to imagine an incident that is highly unlikely to occur with careful handling.

Here’s how to safely pick up a horse’s hoof:

Starting with the front hoof, approach your horse diagonally from his front so that he clearly knows you are there – you don’t want to surprise him. Place yourself even with his shoulder and make sure to face his rear; you will both be facing opposite directions during the hoof picking process.

Making sure that your feet aren’t too close to the horse’s hoof, start running the hand parallel to him down his shoulder and along the length of his leg, finally stopping just above his ankle. Gently grasp the ankle portion and click (or otherwise verbally cue him) to ask him to raise his leg. If he’s well trained, that small cue will be more than enough and he’ll do just what you requested. You’re now free to begin picking his hoof.

If your horse is being a bit stubborn or hasn’t learned how to pick up his legs yet try leaning into his shoulder as you run your hand down the back of his cannon bone. You can also gently squeeze/pinch the tendons to further cue him to what you would like. As you perform these physical cues make sure you provide a verbal one also (I make a clicking sound) so the horse later associates your sound with the requested response. Increase the weight you push against his shoulder until he finally lifts his leg as requested.

When picking a horse’s hoof you want to remove all debris from the hoof clefts as well as the rim and frog. Be careful around the frog because it can sometimes be a bit sensitive, particularly if the horse has thrush.

Once you have finished cleaning the front hoof carefully guide it back to the floor; you don’t want to allow the horse to slam it, potentially hitting your foot in the process. Praise your horse and pat him on the front shoulder a bit so he understands that you are pleased with his cooperation, then run your hand along his back to his rear leg. Place yourself in the same position as you did with his front leg and do the process over again.

There is a slight difference between lifting a rear foot and front foot, even though your basic positioning and actions are nearly identical. When you lift your horse’s rear foot he will probably give a little jerk that you might misinterpret as a kick. This is a common reflex reaction among horses and nothing for you to worry about.

Secondly, when you raise your horse’s rear leg you’ll want to step into him a bit so that your hip is underneath his leg. Rest his leg on your thigh, grab his hoof and gently flex it upwards. By doing this you lend him some support and more importantly the position of his leg and his flexed hoof will prevent him from being able to kick you.

Clean the hoof, lower it cautiously as you did the first and praise him. Congratulations – you’re halfway done! The opposite side will be done exactly the same way, but try to return to his front and start the opposite side rather than move around his rear. It’s bad practice to approach or circle all but the most trusted horses via the rear in such close quarters since a horse would be within range to strike.

When lifting any hoof try to make sure your horse is properly squared (balanced evenly on all four legs) so that when you lift one hoof he can easily balance on his remaining three. At no time should the horse actually lean his weight on you! Even when you rest his rear leg on your thigh you’re not allowing him to use you as a crutch.

Once you have picked your horse’s hooves a few times it will probably become very simple and take less than 5 minutes to clear all hooves. Most trained horses will raise their hoof for you the moment they feel your leg run down their leg.

It is a very good idea to control your horse’s head while you are picking his hooves. This can be done by attaching his halter to crossties or asking a partner hold your horse’s head. By controlling his head you ensure your horse can’t move away from you while you’re trying to pick his hooves, or worse… turn around and take a bite at your rear!

How to pick a horse hoof

A hoof pick is one of the must-haves in your horse grooming kit and picking of the hoof an integral part of your hoof care regimen.

You may be asking why… let’s try and answer that first:

  • Hooves can have small stones and pebbles stuck in along with mud and dirt. These hurt your horse when you are riding.
  • Not cleaning your horse’s hooves regularly can leave the dirt, grime and moisture in and lead to issues like thrush which can cause the hoof to stink!

Besides, cleanliness is always imperative for keeping your horse healthy. So, now, let’s take a look at…

How to pick a horse hoof

Here are a few tips to give you a fair idea of how you should pick your horse’s hoof.

  1. Firstly, picking the hooves should be a daily task, and one your horse is carefully prepared for. This will ensure he isn’t very jittery – which can make picking hooves next to impossible. Calm your horse before you start. And also it is a good idea to train him to raise his hooves when you touch it and give him an order of ‘Hoof’.
  2. Always do it one side at a time. Take the trouble to get him acquainted to you, and make him feel secure so that he knows you won’t hurt him. Also stay very close to him, and keep touching him with your hand.
  3. Ideally, start with the front hoof on either side, then the rear hoof on the same side, next the rear hoof on the other side, and finally the front hoof on that side.
  4. At each hoof, run your hand down his leg and then tap the back of his leg – this prepares him to raise his foot by making him shift his weight to the other three legs.
  5. Slowly touch the front of the hoof and give him the order to lift up his hoof – at the beginning, you may give him the order and squeeze the place above the fetlock – this will teach him to follow the order.
  6. Once you’ve raised the foot, pick the hoof carefully. Make sure you do not use the scraper on the soft triangular frog and cleft – as the horse is sensitive in these areas and you will hurt him.
  7. Here’s how you should pick the hoof:

The above video gives you a fair idea of how you should take care of your horse’s hooves – but picking it properly is impossible without the right picks at your disposal. And so, here are the best on the market, brought to you right here:

First up, there’s the Normal Pick with brush: Hoof PickWith Brush Assorted Colors

How to pick a horse hoofThese brushes are a good fit in your hand so they can be used conveniently. Also they’re pretty durable and will last you a while.

Also one great thing about these picks is that they’re not very highly priced and if you lose one you don’t feel too bad – and besides you could always order more than one and keep the other one on standby!

These picks are definitely what you need to have handy for your horse.

Next up, we have the Special curved pick for stubborn stones or a particularly stubborn patch: Oster Equine Care Series Hoof Pick, Pink

How to pick a horse hoofThese picks are ergonomically made so you can easily hold and use them. In addition, these are just the right size to fit in your pocket.

Also, the curvature ensures that you can reach all that mud caked around the shoe.

The handles are slightly padded, decreasing chances of hand fatigue. These picks are also very durable and the metal is unlikely to break off with repeated use.

How to pick a horse hoofAnd finally, as the video showed you, after picking the hoof you should always follow it up with a coating of hoof oil – this protects and moisturizes the horse hoof. A product you may like to give a shot is the Fiebing’s Hoof Dressing. It has been in use for years now, and those who’ve used it once, haven’t ever tried out any other hoof oil!

The Fiebing’s oil also comes with the right brush which makes applying it a breeze!

The importance of a hoof pick should be impressed on all horse-owners, because it not only keeps your horse’s hooves healthy and hygienic, it also ensures that every ride is comfortable for your horse! So get the right picks and oil and get started today.

The WHY’s of picking your horse’s hooves are many – mainly it’s a task to prevent problems.

  • You can keep your barn aisle cleaner if you pick feet in the stall before you come out. A hoof pick on a baling twine loop hangs nicely from a stall door.
  • You have a chance to feel all of your horse’s legs and tendons, checking for heat and swelling, before he goes for exercise or turnout. If you find an injury, swelling, or something weird, you are not walking him or letting him loose on a hurt leg.

How to pick a horse hoof

Hooves packed in gross like this get the thrush trapped in, and can act like glue for stones and pebbles to lodge themselves into!

  • You can make sure there is no thrush developing.Thrush is fairly easy to detect. You will smell it, and see black goo in the frog and grooves. In bad cases, it can migrate to the sole, also. Nip it in the bud.
  • Check for tweaked or loose shoes and missing or loose nails before you go anywhere. Here’s how to pull a shoe in case you need to do so.
  • Check for stones and twigs and mulch and stuff that likes to get stuck in there. If you find a nail, screw, or another sharp object in your horse’s hoof, it’s time to PANIC. This is life threateningdue to the intense infection and hard to treat area, and you need to call your Veterinarian ASAP. This article details what happens and what you can do to increase the chances of survival.

How to pick a horse hoof

Hang a hoof pick on your horse’s halter hook for easy access before you take your horse out.

And here are the HOW’s of picking hooves.

  • I like a really good hoof pick with a long triangular pick. This shape is easier to get into the bulb/groove/shoe crevice where lots of things like to hide. I prefer a pick that also has a brush, this is great for sweeping out all the crud and dust and stuff. This also allows you to pick, sweep, and pick again if need be.
  • Work in good lighting. This is a MUST. I once pulled a piece of bark from a groove that I couldn’t see when picking in the stall but found minutes later when in better light. Some hoof picks have lights on them. Handy.
  • Be diligent. Pick hooves first thing, in the middle of things, and last thing. Do it again before and after riding and before and after turnout. You can never do it too much. The bonus to doing it all the time is that your horse will become quite good at it, so when you are somewhere new with your horse you are not needing to train this behavior.

How to pick a horse hoof

Some other thoughts on hoof picking.

  • It may be handy to hang a hoof pick on the halter hook.
  • When in doubt, pick again. When in real doubt, call your Farrier or Veterinarian.
  • Don’t wait too long after a ride to pick. If you have no time and you must toss your horse away until later, pick the feet before you do so. It only takes a minute and can be the difference between lame for weeks, because of bruising or a stone, and healthy.
  • Pick just as often for barefoot horses as you would for a shod horse. Yes, the grooves are likely not as deep as a shod horse, but they can still get stuff stuck in there.

How to pick a horse hoof

Did you know you can get hoof picks with magnets? They stick to your metal barn or posts! I love the ones with brushes – great to get out every bit of goo.

I was called to do a lameness exam. “My mare’s just not right,” my client told me. “One day she’ll seem fine, and the next she’s downright lame. Sometimes it seems like the right front, other days it’s the left. Most of the time she just comes out stiff and gets better after I warm her up. It’s been going on for months. What could be wrong?”

How to pick a horse hoof

One look at the poor horse standing in the barn aisle, and I already had a pretty good handle on the problem. “Her toes are really long,” I commented, “and see how her heels are drawn forward under the back of her shoe? When was she last shod?” I wasn’t surprised to learn that it had been 10 weeks since she last saw the farrier.

Purchase a hoof pick to have an extra on hand. Our favorite is the Itrepid International vinyl coated pick.

By the end of my exam, we’d confirmed that the mare was extremely sore in both front feet, and didn’t have any significant problems on radiographs other than terrible hoof balance. In fact, her 10-week interval between farrier appointments may have been the primary underlying cause of her frustrating, intermittent lameness.

So how did I know that her feet were the problem before I ever saw her take a step? Simple observation of those long toes and crushed heels was all it took to tell me that her feet were likely to be killing her. And sure enough, with some careful adjustments and a shortened interval between farrier visits, that chronic lameness problem became a distant memory.

How to pick a horse hoof

This radiograph shows an obvious broken-back hoof/pastern axis, yet it may not have been so obvious when looking at the foot. It also allows for an accurate evaluation of such other factors as sole depth and the health of the actual coffin bone—issues that can’t be seen with a view from the outside.

While it’s fairly easy to see obvious hoof problems, such as distortion, cracks, or rings, balance problems can be much more subtle. Here, I’m going to give you the tools you need to read between the lines when looking at your horse’s feet. I’ll explain what a “perfect foot” should look like, and will outline a five-point foot check you can use to evaluate basic foot balance. With this information in hand, you’ll be able to tell if your horse’s feet are happy, or when trouble might be brewing.

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The Balanced Foot: Art, Not Science Your horse’s entire bodyweight is suspended over his four relatively small hooves. And on those hooves he runs, jumps, and makes his way along the trail. For your horse to stay sound, his feet must function properly to provide cushioning, traction, and easy movement.

“Foot balance” is a common term. But what does it really mean? Unfortunately, the answer isn’t quite as simple as it seems. Does it mean the foot is perfectly symmetrical? That it’s shaped with ideal angles measured by a farrier’s tool? Or that it has a specific landing pattern when it hits the ground? It depends. While all these concepts enter into the equation, a balanced foot will vary with each individual horse—and that’s what’s most important.

Hoof balance really means that the hoof is trimmed and/or shod for an equal distribution of the horse’s weight over the entire foot, and for minimum stress to joints and soft-tissue structures when the horse takes a step. A skilled farrier will “balance” the foot based on the horse’s conformation, natural hoof shape, and pattern of movement.

5-Point Foot Check
When you see your horse standing in the barn aisle, you can evaluate hoof balance by looking at the five following points, all easily visible.

Point 1: Hoof- pastern axis
What it is:
When viewing your horse from the side with his cannon bone perpendicular to the ground, you should be able to draw a straight line through the middle of the pastern and the hoof.

How to pick a horse hoof

LEFT: This photo illustrates a broken-back hoof-pastern axis, with a long toe and an underslung heel. This balance problem puts excessive stress on structures in the heel, including the navicular bone, navicular bursa, and deep digital flexor tendon. RIGHT: With proper trimming and shoeing, the hoof-pastern axis is realigned, relieving stress and helping to preserve soundness. The horse benefited from corrected angles.

Why it matters: When your horse’s hoof-pastern axis is well aligned, the foot is oriented to most efficiently absorb and distribute stress. If the hoof-pastern axis is “broken forward” (the foot is upright compared to the pastern), the tip of your horse’s coffin bone will be stressed at landing, and his coffin joint is likely to get sore. If the hoof-pastern axis is “broken back” (the foot is low compared with the pastern), the structures in your horse’s heels will be stressed, including the all-important navicular bone, navicular bursa, and the attachment of the deep digital flexor tendon.

Point 2: Center of articulation
What it is:
The “center of articulation” refers to the midpoint of the coffin joint—the joint between the hoof-shaped coffin bone encased within the hoof and the short pastern bone above it. This is the pivot point that the coffin joint should flex and extend around. In an ideal foot, a line drawn down through the center of the pastern to the coronary band should land so that a line drawn perpendicular from that point to the ground is at the center of the hoof. This places the bulk of your horse’s weight over the center of his coffin joint.

How to pick a horse hoof

LEFT: In this photo, the estimated center of articulation of the coffin joint is well behind the center of the hoof. This puts excessive stress on the structures in the heel, increases tension on the deep digital flexor tendon, and makes breakover difficult. RIGHT: With proper trimming, improvement is significant. With a short interval between farrier appointments and proper rebalancing each time, this horse’s foot structure is likely to continue to improve. However, if left too long or not corrected, it will get worse and worse.

Why it matters: For your horse’s foot to work most efficiently, his weight should be centered over his legs and feet. If your line lands behind the foot, shock-absorbing structures and flexor tendons will be excessively stressed, and breakover (the effort required to lift the foot off the ground after it lands) will be more difficult. If the line lands toward the front of the foot, your horse’s toe will experience more concussion on landing, his coffin joint will be stressed, and his foot won’t function properly.