How to catch shiners

How to catch shiners

How to catch shiners

How to catch shiners? it’s for Every fisherman needs to learn because it’s a part of essential knowledge, it helps you more for fish catching. Which fish-catching plan for you can be used as bait for larger fish species. Today in this article I’ll share with you how to catch shiners?

If you have previous knowledge about fishing, maybe you already know about old fish-catching practice using other fish. This type of technique it’s nothing out of the ordinary to be successful. Actually, some reason that many types of fish like bass, and other fish, it’s much smaller in their diet.

Shiner Traps Fishing

How to catch shiners? if you want an expert about it. this way you can be smart about shiners catching. One method you can apply for shiners catching it does not give you any headaches, and it provides you success.

This type of shiners catching traps will bring you plenty of shiners, Which you can then use to give a sufficient amount of bait to other fish.

They place the trap in shallow waters you need to do first. This is where the filters have their normal abode and if you concentrate on this particular area, you will have luck.

It is also a well-known thing among the anglers that the Shiners prefer to live in close proximity to trees and other species of trees, Which provides enough shade that it likes something that ensures protection.

When you set up a trap for shiners catching, it’s not good because you can’t do it, it just places it somewhere in the waters, Where the Shiners are ordinary residents.

Once your nets are full It is very important that you do no harm to the Shiners. The best way to do this is to keep your trap underwater while you handle the transfer.

They need to be kept healthy to function as live bait And this is its action. Next time you can use them as bait for other fish.

How To Catch Shiners With A Seine Net

The seine net breath until completely elaborate. In case of lead weight or floating and you need to make sure the lead weight moves along the lower part and the floats go along the top.

And need to stay one person close to the coast-line. But you need to make sure at the same time the seine net is perfectly elaborate. And this person always needs to stay here.

First of all, you need to go deeper end of the water until the seine net is perfectly extended. and you need to drag it the net through the water and to perfectly half of the circle around the permanent person.

And that person as moving, you need to make sure the seine net the lower part along the lower part of the body of water.

This technique if you follow I hope this way you’ll trap the shiner within the shore and the seine net. Bring the ends of the net as close to each other as possible.

How To Catch Shiners With A Cast Net

If not Modus operandi type of your shiner traps set, but you have another method that you can appoint. Shiner traps the man to use one cast net and catching many shiners.

One of the best suggestions if you are interested in Shiners catching, You have to take enough live bait for a long time fishing trip, I hope this method you can try.

If you follow this method, you can face some downsides for this method and you need to consider it, Differently, it’s perfectly efficient, it’s like and love many anglers.

Shiners catching the challenging part is cast net and expert fishermen need to take more live bait for a long fishing trip. Speaking of wise men, more practice you make perfect if you do not do practice no day will ever be perfect.

Rod And Line Technique

Rod and line , this is more complicated, I absolutely don’t recommend this one. Because one at a time you need to catch every shiner. If you ask me about the time, this time is very swallowing and straight-up frustrating.

But sometimes you need to improve especially if you run out of shiners in the middle of a fishing session. This type of method if you try fish will be very tired and you can catch fish very easily.

If you interested in How to catch shiners? First of all, you need to find out a good fishing spot. You will find a lot of shiners in shaded shallow water. Always avoid the dense bushes if you don’t want to miss the lineup.

And you need to load your hook with bait, Always you need use a small treble hook if you don’t want your shiner to get injured. Use the small balls of bread as baits.

Don’t reel at the moment you feel the tug in the line. Wait for a moment to shake over the shiner bread while to make sure it’s hooked in perfectly.

Then slowly, spread the line finely as it narrows. Do not shake the stick as it may damage the shiner Worst of all, the fish splashes with bait.

Floor the shiner, hold it firmly enough to prevent any escape when you unhook the shiner. However, do not press too hard. It can cause serious injuries. Now leave it for later use in your holding bucket or your boat fish water cabinet.

Shiners Storage

Storage is very important for shiner catching, always you need proper holding storage, If not shiners are as good as dead. always you need to save your bait. and the shiners you need to keep comfort place.

And you need more oxygen for the storage water. you should for the shiner be as stress-free as possible so that they can work naturally when used as bait.

And a suitable water temperature is very important. If you have a plan to store the shiner for a day, then you need to maintain the water temperature within 60°F.

You need to use a thermometer for monitoring the shiner. On a hot day, you need to do add some ice to the cooler.

And if you think for long term storage, then you need to invest in a refrigerated insulated tank or water circulation system. If you For the long term shiners storage, you need with carefully the storage tank clean.

Bottom Line

We try to discuss details about how to catch shiners? And always you need to follow the bait because healthy bait all time yields the best catch. One thing that always remembers Cold weather takes oysters away from shallow and deep water.

#1 Betta132

(Yes, I know shiners aren’t minnows, but I figure the minnow people know how to catch lightning bolts.)

How should I go about catching blacktail shiners without hurting them? I don’t want to try fishing for them, they’re little and fragile. Plus, I’ve seen them die from people accidentally foul-hooking them in the gill when the shiners attack their bait. I really don’t want to do that.

I have a long-handled dipnet, buuut these are shiners. They move FAST. Would it help if I brought fish food to throw out in their direction?

Would one of these work? http://www.banggood. p-p-933417.htmlIt looks like it’s a really wide, shallow net, and you lift it when the bait lures fish over it. From what I’ve seen of them, shiners are greedy idiots, and I’m betting I can just put the net wall a couple of inches below the surface and they’ll go in. I know these guys love table shrimp (they go nutso if you try to fish with it), so that would probably make good bait.

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#2 Michael Wolfe

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#3 Betta132

They are? Huh. My bad.

How small of a hook would I need to catch shiners? I’m guessing teeny. All I know about fly fishing sizes is that there’s a size 32 hook that you could catch a half-grown neon tetra on. That seems a tad small for my purposes. Apparently it’s for a thing they do in Japan, where the goal is to catch the smallest fish possible. As in, fish 3/4″ long are trophies.

The shiners I’m after seem to average a bit over 2″ long, and their mouths aren’t terribly large. I really don’t want to be hooking these guys through the head. I’ve been researching sunnies, and in a lot of the pictures of them caught on hooks, the hooks aren’t just in the rim of the mouth, they’re through the roof of the mouth in an area I’m pretty certain has bone in it.

I might try the net first, though it could be difficult to find a spot to dangle it over a river in order to haul it straight up.

Actually. would a bottle trap be considered a minnow trap, legally? You cut the top quarter off a soda bottle, shove it back in backwards, drill it full of holes, and put smelly food in. Usually used in aquariums to catch small, minnow-sized fish, but works in rivers. Works like a charm for greedy idiot fish and even many smart ones. Also attracts big fish to the captured minnows, but that’s not the goal here. Most minnow traps I see for sale are net, and the site I’m looking at just states size regulations for one, nothing about if it has to be net or no. It just says “minnow trap”.

AJ’s Orlando Bass Fishing Guide service can be contacted at: (407)-288-9670 or [email protected]

How to catch shiners

Captain Jamie Jackson has been a shiner fishing guide on Lake Toho for over 35 years. Called the “Shiner fishing phenom” by the great people over at In-Fisherman, Jackson has perfected the art of bass fishing with shiners. In this article, we will go over all of his bass fishing tips and secrets. In the previous article we talked about how effective shiners are and how they can help you become a better artificial angler, if you have not read it I’ll provide a link to it here.

To begin with we’ll start with his tackle. While shiner fishing can be utilized on nearly any rod and reel, Captain Jackson prefers to use the heaviest tackle he can get away with. He uses a 7’6″ heavy

How to catch shiners Jackson’s shiner fishing rod

action, Avid Inshore, St. Croix. Paired with a Shimano Calcutta with 50 pound Power Pro Max Cuatro braid. This set-up could hoist big Tarpon in the ocean but Jackson uses it to hoist in giant Florida bass out of the heavy vegetation. With the no stretch braid and heavy action rod the hook is driven perfectly into the fish on every hook-set. He ties a palomar knot to a 4/0 Mustad O’shaughnessy hook with a white bottom and red top foam bobber. He says he’s used all the different bobbers from cork to plastic but he finds the white and red foam ones to be the least visible to the fish. With this set up he says “Anyone can pull these giant shiner slob bass to the boat”.

Where to fish shiners? Well that just depends on where you want to fish. Shiners can be fished nearly anywhere from deep holes and ledges, to shallow flats and grass beds. Jackson changes up where he fishes based on the seasonal patterns. The basic explanation is in summer and winter fish deeper and in spring and fall fish shallower. When the fish are deeper and you need to get the shiners down, peg a slip sinker up your line to the desired depth that you’d like your shiner to be, much like a Carolina rig. The same can be done with a drop shot rig but Jackson prefers the Carolina set up because it gives the shiner more freedom to move. When fishing heavy grass Jackson places a bobber about 3 to 4 feet up his line depending on the depth he is trying to reach. The bobber helps keep the shiner from digging down into the grass and keeps him swimming around and “advertising” himself to the bass Jackson says. Bass also like to feed up so always try to keep your shiner positioned above where you believe the bass are staging. When fishing sparser vegetation and open water that isn’t deep he’ll simply just free line the shiner with nothing on the line but a hook.

When Jackson is picking his shiners he says he always goes for the wild caught ones as apposed to domestic breed ones. Wild shiners know to fear bass and will try to escape which drive the bass to attack, while domestic ones will just swim along unaware of the bass stalking them. Domestic shiners still catch bass but not nearly as many as wild ones. When hooking the shiners Jackson always prefers to go through the bottom of the lip and through the top of the nose. He says the hook up percentage is almost always better that way, but if the bass are mouthing the shiners (grabbing the shiner and holding it in there lips instead of in there mouths) then he’ll switch and hook them through the back. He’ll also hook them in the back when he wants the shiner to swim up more near the top, when the bass are feeding more on top. Hooking them in the lips causes the shiner to stay down and hooking them in the back cause them to swim up. Another quick tip Jackson says is to keep your shiners moving, if your shiner quits moving for a couple of minutes give it a small twitch of your rod to get it on the move again. Always keep your shiners “Advertising” and when a bass grabs a shiner give him a few seconds to run with it and get it positioned in his mouth then reel up the line and set the hook!

How to catch shiners Lindy Worm Blower

Now here’s the big secret that Captain Jamie Jackson has kept. When the bass are being finicky in shallower water. Jackson will take a Lindy Worm Blower that is typically used to add air to worms and make them float, and he’ll stick it in a shiner and add air to it. This basically turns the shiner into a top water live-bait. The shiner will float and flutter around the surface and this can drive bass crazy! Fish that wouldn’t bite before will suddenly start nailing your baits, and sometimes it can save your day on the water.

Captain Jamie Jackson is perhaps the greatest shiner fisherman ever, he has caught countless big fish, and I hope that the techniques that he’s learned over the years help you catch more big ones too.

AJ Jackson from Freelancer Bass Guide Service

Terry Lacoss

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What hook you choose, and where you place it, can make a big difference.

How to catch shiners

Upper-lip hook is common method for drifting baits.

There are many ways to hook a live shiner, and a multitude of hook styles to choose from. The best choice depends on several factors, including size of the bait and the water conditions.

Famed Florida bass angler Roland Martin customizes his shiner hooks by rigging a light bendable, single strand wire from the eye of the shiner hook to the barb. This way Roland can choose his own style of bass hook when rigging it weedless. Only a few styles of hooks are sold with weedguards.

During a trip to Florida’s Rodman Reservoir, Roland barbed his custom weedless hook into a large wild shin- er and cast it close to an old cypress stump. A monster of a bass took the shiner deep into the roots and eventually broke Roland’s fishing line. The next day a close friend of Roland called him and reported catching a 15.3-pound bass that had Roland’s custom weedless shiner hook and broken line in its mouth. “It was the largest bass that I never caught!” Roland said.

How to catch shiners

A weedless hook may be used to steer fish into heavy cover.

One of the most popular ways in hooking a wild shiner is barbing the shiner right through the top of the mouth. Avoid hooking the shiner from the bottom lip through the top of the mouth, which limits the bait’s ability to draw water and oxygen across the gills. The lip-hooked shiner is either allowed to swim free, or a small float is attached a few feet above the hook keeping the shiner close to cover and the surface. Here, best hook has been a kahle hook, which is actually a semi circle hook. The size of the kahle hook can range from a size 2/0 to a size 4/0, which is determined by the size of the shiner. In many cases, a 2/0 kahle style hook works best for a variety of wild shiner sizes.

When bass fishing in heavy cover, a weedless kahle hook often works best. Here, a light wire is rigged from the eye of the hook to the barb of the hook keeping the shiner and hook from tangling vegetation and similar watery obstructions.

How to catch shiners

Roland Martin with a good fish on Northeast Florida’s Rodman Reservoir.

A tried-and-true wild shiner bass fishing tactic is to cast close to cover and actually allow the shiner to swim into or under the heavy cover where bass are holding. Here the weedless hook is barbed under the shiner and just behind the anal fin. The shiner is cast close to the cover and allowed to swim far back under the cover. With the weed- less hook barbed under the shiner, the weed- less shiner hook is less apt to become entangled in the thick cover, allowing the shiner to swim free.

Using a 2/0 to 5/0 circle hook which is also barbed under the shiner and just ahead of the anal fin allows shiners to swim free with limited tangles in the vegetation. The smaller gap in the circle hook is less likely to tangle as well, but also affords for a good hookset.

How to catch shiners

When bass fishing in heavy cover, a weedless kahle hook often works best.

Another popular bass fishing tactic includes trolling live shiners in open water. During a recent trip on Lake Santa Fe, Jacksonville’s Danny Patrick and I enjoyed excellent results while slow trolling live shiners in the open waters of the popular bass lake.

“I prefer a light wire, kahle style shiner hook when slow trolling wild shiners,” Patrick said. “The light wire hook when hooked through the top lip allows the shiner to swim freely attracting more strikes and staying pretty frisky for a longer period of time.”

Minutes later, Danny had a giant lake Santa Fe bass take his wild shiner. The bass weighed just over 10 pounds.

How to catch shiners

Having a variety of shiner hooks on hand and hooking your shiner properly is key.

Gamakatsu’s straight eye kahle hook is the perfect light wire bass hook when slow trolling wild shiners in open water.

Eagle Claw’s kahle hook comes in the color red and is the shiner hook color of choice when bass are actively feeding.

TroKar’s kahle hook is a super strong hook when shiner fishing in close to and in heavy cover.

Having a variety of shiner hooks on hand and hooking your shiner properly is key when targeting Florida’s trophy-class largemouth bass. FS

Published Florida Sportsman Magazine December/January 2021

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There is more to catching Bass with Wild Shiners than watching a strike indicator. Catching Bass with wild shiners is perceived by most to be sitting, watching a strike indicator. When done professionally a multitude of factors are involved with the end process of setting the hook and catching bass. Where to fish; how to hook the bait; the bait; how a bass eats a wild shiner; and the technique to fish the wild shiner are all professional considerations. There is action and thrill involved! There is more than one way, one place, more than one set of equipment, involved in catching bass with wild shiners.. Some may think it’s like sitting on a stump- it shouldn’t be. In this article subjects covered are: 1. Where to fish. 2. Hooking the wild shiner. 3. The techniques of trolling, anchor fishing, free line fishing, Carolina rig fishing, dead shiner fishing and how to hook the shiner in each method. 4. How bass eat a wild shiner. 5. Other fish that will bite your wild shiner. 6. The Vital Hook Set. 7. Equipment. 8. Handling the bass. 9. Photographing the bass. 10. The wild shiner itself including how to make it better than when you got it. 11. Locating shiner fishing places. The information comes from years of guiding clients to MONSTER BASS with wild shiners; lots of study; and brain picking other wild shiner fishing experts.

“Catching bass with Wild Shiners is more than watching a strike indicator!”

Where to Fish Wild Shiners

There are three main areas bass concentrate. Grass Mats are excellent places to fish wild shiners. Grass Mats are topped out vegetation or vegetation that has grown and is floating. Areas with scattered grass clumps are excellent areas to fish wild shiners. And trees or wood are excellent places to fish wild shiners.

Fishing a grass mat involves anchoring around the mat and placing the bait near the mat, or letting the bait swim under the mat. Scattered grass areas may be fished effectively by anchoring or trolling. Wood and trees can be fished by trolling or anchoring. Spawning grounds are excellent areas to shiner fish. These areas can be trolled, drifted, anchored or fished with wild shiners in an artificial lure fishing method.

“Grass Mats are excellent places to fish Wild Shiners.”

There is nothing like the thrill of the catch. To achieve more thrills of more catches it takes patience, skill, knowledge, and applying all.

Hooking the Wild Shiner

There are four ways to hook a wild shiner. Each way has advantages and disadvantages. Each way has a reason. The four locations for hooking the wild shiner are through the lips, below the dorsal fin, above the anal fin and in the tail.

The most common and most widely used hooking procedure is to hook the wild shiner through the lips. Done correctly the point of the hook goes through the lower lip and comes out one of the two air holes in the top of the head of the wild shiner. The placement of the hook through the air hole gives more substance for the hook to hold. The hook stays in place better. Bass eat shiners head first. Lip hooking increases hook set ratio. Fishing line has tension or pull. With the hook in the lips the wild shiner tends to swim back to the boat. (The line tension causes the wild shiner to face the angler. The shiner swims the way he faces.) Lip hooking reduces swimming action of the bait and the bait tends to stay in one place. Sometimes you want the shiner to stay put and sometimes you want him to move. How you hook him makes a difference.

A sub category of lip hooking the wild shiner in the lips is hooking the wild shiner in the head. Basically, the hook is placed through the meaty part of the bait just behind the two air holes. You get the advantages of lip hooking, a more solid positioning of the hook, and a little more action out of the bait.

“Hook the Wild Shiner through the lower lip and then bring the point of the hook through one of the air holes in the top of the head.”

To hook the wild shiner under the dorsal fin run the hook through the meat in the back of wild shiner just below the dorsal fin. The exact placement of the hook is only important in that the angler should be able to rip the hook through the shiner when he sets the hook. A shiner will face away from the angler when hooked this way. The shiner will tend to swim more. When tension is placed on the line the shiner will come to the top and make splashes. Sometimes the splashing is enough to get a curious bass to strike. The splashing also draws attention. When splashing, the wild shiner looks like a bait trying to escape a bass. An angler can cause a wild shiner to swim UNDER cover when hooked this way. Bass eat wild shiners head first. Hook set to hook up ratio is reduced. The wild shiner tends to come up to the surface when hooked this way. Sometimes the difference in getting a bass to strike or not is based on whether the shiner swims or not.

“The hook is placed through the shiner below the dorsal fin.”

Hooking the wild shiner above the anal fin is used when you need the shiner to swim under a mat to produce a bite. The idea is that with the hook on the bottom of the shiner the hook is less likely to get stuck in the mat. Basically, this is the same as hooking the wild shiner under the dorsal fin. The major difference is that the hook can easily be pulled out of the shiner when it is placed above the anal fin. By pulling the rod tip down while the shiner is under the mat the shiner is pulled out of the bottom of the mat and when the rod tip is given to the shiner the shiner will swim further under the mat. Lifting the rod tip up or to the side will cause the shiner to dig deeper into the bottom of the mat. Many, many times the difference in getting a bite or getting that MONSTER bite is based on the location of the shiner. On the edge of the mat or swimming under it can be a vital difference.

Tail hooking has the distinct advantage of getting the shiner to swim. And it has the distinct disadvantage of greatly reduced hook up success.

When to use each hook placement method is based on what the bass are doing, how the angler is trying to catch them, the quality of the bait, and what other fish in the area are doing. For example, if needle fish or gar are in the area the shiners should not be near the surface as the needle fish and gar will wound and kill the bait.

Is there a best way to hook a shiner?

It is true that there are simply so many means and ways for you to hook a shiner, and it is a matter of choosing the best means.

Furthermore, there are far too many hook styles out there that you can choose from. This is why in the end, it all boils down on the water condition, size of bait, and a few other factors to help you come up with a smart choice.

With all these things in mind, let us look into the ways to hook a shiner. Discover the best way to do so, which could offer promising results in your next fishing trip.

How to catch shiners

What Is The Best Way to Hook a Shiner?

According to experts, the best way to hook a shiner – a live one – is by barbing your shiner through the top part of the mouth.

However, you must do your best to avoid passing the shiner from the bottom through the top portion of the lip. When you do this, it reduces the bait’s capability of drawing oxygen and water across its gills.

On the other hand, having a shiner hooked on the lip enables freedom of movement when swimming. It also lets it float while ensuring the shiner stays close to the surface.

When choosing the right hook, we recommend a Kahle one. What this means is that a semi-circle hook actually works. You can also decide on the Kahle size such as 2/0 up to about 4/0. The choice depends on how big the shiner is.

If you prefer a more versatile hook, then you may opt for the 2/0 size. This is so versatile and useful for wild shiner sizes.

When it comes to bass fishing in a thick and heavy cover, you may want to try using a Kahle hook. It works quite well, as you need to rig a light wire from the hook’s eye and onto the barb. This prevents the hook and shiner from tangling up in the vegetation underwater.

Another thing you can do is to cast your line as close as possible to the cover. This also lets the shiner swim under or into the heavy cover. It is the typical place where bass may be hiding.

When you perform this technique, you basically barb the weedless hook under the shiner. Then, you place it behind the section called the anal fin. Afterward, you cast the shiner as close to the cover as you could. Then, this enables it to swim as far back underneath the cover.

It is also called a weedless hook that is barbed underneath the shiner. This prevents the hook from getting all tangled up in the dense cover. Hence, the shiner can swim freely.

In this case, you use a circle hook from 2/0 to size 5/0. You also barb it below the shiner. There is a tiny gap right in the circle hook. But it is unlikely to get tangled up while serving as a reasonable hookset.

Hooking Tips with a Live Shiner

If you are looking to explore more on live bait fishing, then you should definitely take a stab at working with either a shiner or a shad. What’s great about shiners is that they can live longer. This is, of course, when you hook them properly.

You may also try to hood through the bottom portion of the lip and then onto the nostril. But you also must be careful when working through the nostrils. It is where the brain is, and you should not attempt to break the neck.

When it comes to sliding the hooks through the fish nostrils, there should be quite minimal resistance happening. Furthermore, the shiner ends up swimming in a downward position.

But if you want to try something else, there is always the so-called “dorsal fin hooking.” In this case, you can hook either in the back or the front. When you perform this type, your bait can swim upward and farther from the line of the bobber.

Overall, each method comes with precision, control, and sophistication when minding the bait.

When bass fishing, experts often troll live shiners in the water. They use a light wire, along with a shiner hook bearing the Kahle style. These come in quite handy when slow-trolling some wild shiners. With the light wire hooked right through the top mouth, the shiner can swim freely and entice as many strikes while maintaining its frisky movements.

For the most part, you need to prepare different types of shiner hooks to create the result you want. Additionally, it is all about hooking the shiner in the correct manner.

Some types of Kahle hook offer various results depending on the type of fish and water condition. There are hooks for slow trolling a wild shiner in the wide-open water. On the other hand, there is a shiner hook with a vibrant color that works for actively feeding bass.

Then again, a strong hook is best for shiner fishing in dense cover. It is also great for being able to overcome the density of vegetation in the water.

Bottom Line

There are simply many ways to hook a shiner. Each of these methods offers control and precision over your bait while allowing you to steer the shiner properly for the best results. This is most important when you are navigating your shiner around and under covers and vegetation.

And most importantly, you need to have different types of shiner hooks. You can apply the right technique of hooking them, and it is all about testing it all out and discovering what yields the greatest results.

So there you have the best way to hook a shiner and practical tips you need to consider when trying to up your game and catching more fish. Then, you can be on your way to becoming an expert angler with all the right techniques and tools you need!

How to catch shiners

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The golden shiner is among the most abundant species of fish in North America. It has become a food source for large freshwater game fish and for commercial farms. Due to its easily identified vibrant scales, this minnow is used by anglers to lure large fish into striking their lines. Golden shiners can be raised with little effort as they thrive in less-than-normal water conditions, require little food and reproduce naturally.

Items you will need

Pond, preferably 1-acre

5,000 golden shiners

Gravel and various large rocks

Plastic trash can

Nylon net, 6-foot

Find a pond. A 1-acre pond would support up to 5,000 golden shiners and allow for spawning. Remove predator game fish such as bass, crappie, catfish or other aggressive fish.

Place a bubble aerator in the pond to help supply oxygen. Keep the pond at a constant 70 to 80 degrees to maximize egg laying.

Add clean gravel to the pond. Create future spawning beds for the shiners by walking several feet into the pond and scattering clean gravel into the water. Use gravel no more than 1-inch in diameter. Smooth the gravel to create an even base on the bottom of the pond.

Scatter larger rocks and natural cover throughout the pond to enable shiners to hide from predators. Natural cover can be driftwood, large rocks and aquatic plants that occur in the natural habitat of the golden shiner. Add a man-made obstruction by cutting the end off a trash can and weighing it down with cement blocks, leaving an open passage for shiners to swim and congregate.

Purchase your golden shiners. Visit a hatchery and check the quality of the shiners.

Introduce your shiners to the pond and allow them to rest for a full day before feeding them.

Keep a record of the amount of commercial food you feed the shiners. Feed your golden shiners a commercial fish food that contains small worms such as fly larvae or mealworms.

Leave your shiners undisturbed and allow them to spawn.

Keep a record of the size of shiners every 2 months. Scoop up shiners with 6-foot nylon net. Measure the length of the shiner from head to tail. Once your shiners reach 2 to 3 inches, they will be ready to harvest as bait.

Warnings

  • Large game fish in the pond can significantly reduce the numbers of golden shiners.
  • Do not collect golden shiners from a local stream or pond. The shiners could carry diseases and transport the disease to your pond.
  • Golden shiners are a resilient species of fish but are easily susceptible to diseases and parasites. Invest in chemicals to fight disease and monitor your shiners for illness.
  • A bubble aerator will circulate water in a pond and keep entire sections cool. Water that is too warm can make shiners susceptible to illness.
  • Make sure to place plenty of plants in your pond. Golden shiners will hide and spawn among the thick vegetation and grassy areas.
  • A commercial fish food mimics the natural diet of the golden shiners and will allow your shiners to grow fast and thrive in their new habitat.
  • Golden shiners are not caretakers of their offspring and within a few days after hatching, the fry start competing for food with adults.
  • Golden shiners are a resilient species of fish but are easily susceptible to diseases and parasites. Invest in chemicals to fight disease and monitor your shiners for illness.
  • A bubble aerator will circulate water in a pond and keep entire sections cool. Water that is too warm can make shiners susceptible to illness.
  • Make sure to place plenty of plants in your pond. Golden shiners will hide and spawn among the thick vegetation and grassy areas.
  • A commercial fish food mimics the natural diet of the golden shiners and will allow your shiners to grow fast and thrive in their new habitat.
  • Golden shiners are not caretakers of their offspring and within a few days after hatching, the fry start competing for food with adults.
  • Large game fish in the pond can significantly reduce the numbers of golden shiners.
  • Do not collect golden shiners from a local stream or pond. The shiners could carry diseases and transport the disease to your pond.

Thomas Ganio began writing in 2006 for the “Northern Virginia Daily,” a community newspaper in Richmond, Va. As a freelance writer, he has also contributed to “The Maryland Springs Gazette” and the Parks and Recreation Department of Richmond County, Md. Ganio holds a Bachelor of Arts in social science and English from James Madison University.

How to catch shiners

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Minnows are as effective as ice fishing bait as they are for summertime fishing. Minnows catch a wide variety of fish from pike and walleye to crappie and trout. And if your local bait shop has closed down for the season, or if you just want to save some money, catching your own minnows is always an option. Unfortunately, minnows can be hard to find in winter, but once you locate them they can be caught in the same minnow trap you used over the summer months.

Items you will need

Locate an area that you believe will hold minnows. Minnows can be hard to find in winter, especially if lakes and ponds or frozen over, but may still be found in some shallow areas near deep water and in places where green vegetation survives through the winter.

Break a hole in the ice with an auger or drill. Make sure the hole is big enough to lower your minnow trap through. An ice pick or other tool can be used to widen the hole once it is drilled.

Bait your minnow trap with oatmeal or small pieces of bread and lower it into the hole. You may have to experiment with depth to find minnows; near bottom is usually best.

Tie a line from the trap to shore and attach it securely to a stationary object. Make sure you tie it somewhere you will be able to find it again. Another option is to mark the hole with a buoy tied to the trap.

Check the trap in a half hour to see if you have caught any minnows. If you have caught enough, you can pull up the trap and go fishing. If you have caught only a few, leave the trap overnight to catch more. If there are no minnows in the trap, it is best to try another spot.