How to change

No matter your reasons for wanting to change your name, find out how to do so here.

by Michelle Kaminsky, Esq.
updated September 10, 2018 · 4 min read

Whether you simply don’t like your birth name or want to revise it after marriage, divorce, or gender change, the process of legally changing your name is usually pretty straightforward. The process you must follow, however, differs depending on your state’s laws and why you want the change. It’s important to be aware of any restrictions your state imposes on the type of name change you seek, to retain proof of your former name, and to ensure that your financial and other records are correct after the change.

What follows are some basic considerations regarding how to change your name in each of the most likely categories:

How to change

Change Name Because of Personal Preference

If you want to change your name for reasons other than those related to marriage or divorce, the legal name change process usually involves first filing a petition with the court. You may also have to attend a hearing and show cause for your name change request. If your petition is granted, the court will enter a decree with your new name.

Know, however, that there may be some restrictions on what you can change your name to, including but not limited to the following:

Changing your name with fraudulent intent, such as to avoid creditors or arrest

Changing to a famous person’s name with the intent to mislead

Changing your name to a confusing one as defined by state law, which may include names with numbers, for example

Changing your name to include a racial slur or “fighting words” (threatening, obscene and/or inciting violence, as defined by state law).

If you have gotten married and would like to change your last name, the process is a bit different than if you simply want a new name.

First, you do not generally need to file a petition with the court. Instead, you must submit a certified copy of your marriage certificate (in long form if available) to the Social Security Administration (SSA) along with Form SS-5, available on the SSA’s website, and other proof of your identity and citizenship or lawful immigration status (such as passport or driver’s license).

You may then proceed to change your name on other documents such as your driver’s license with the Department of Motor Vehicles and your passport with the U.S. Department of State.

Note that some states have different provisions for anyone other than a woman taking her husband’s surname after marriage (including hyphenating), and in those cases, individuals often have to follow the procedure outlined above for name change because of personal preference.

Change Name After Divorce

If you would like to reclaim your maiden name after divorce, in most states you can request this during divorce proceedings; the judge can then enter an order restoring your former name. You may need a copy of the order as proof of the change to then revert to your former name elsewhere such as on your social security card and driver’s license.

If your divorce is already final and didn’t include such an order, it may be possible to have the original order amended to reflect your desire to change your name back, though this varies by state. In this case, you would simply file a petition with the court to modify your divorce decree.

If the order can’t be changed or if you don’t want to go through that process, you may be required to file a petition for name change, but keep in mind that many states allow you to simply begin using your former name again so long as you do so consistently. You may then be able to request that it be changed on all your identification and personal records.

You should always keep proof of your original name (such as a birth certificate) in case you run into any difficulties with using it again.

Change Name After Gender Change

Most states currently do not have special provisions for those wishing to change names after a gender change, so this situation would usually fall under the first scenario above.

Online Name Changes

Note that it is often possible to download your state’s name change forms online, though you usually have to print them out and file them in person at the local courthouse.

Final Steps in Changing Your Name

Once you have changed your name legally, remember that you should also change your name on bank and other financial accounts, credit cards, utility bills, and other personal records as well.

Changing your name for personal reasons? Create county-specific legal name change documents online to file at your local courthouse.

How to change

Usually, Windows 10 sets a program to open one type of file. However, a file can always be opened by more than one program. You may want to use another program to open a file. Do you know how to change what program opens a file on Windows 10 (that is how to change file associations on Windows 10)? This post from MiniTool Software will show you a guide.

What Are Windows 10 File Associations?

File association is a computing term. It always associates a file with an application capable of opening that file. Usually, a file association associates a class of files, which are usually determined by their filename extension like .txt, with a corresponding application like a text editor.

That is, a file will be opened using the default or your specified program and it is determined by the file’s extension. For example, if a .jpg file is set to be opened with Paint, all .jpg files will associate with Paint. If you want to open the file using another program, you need to change Windows 10 file associations on Windows 10.

Here comes the main point of this post: how to change what program opens a file Windows 10? It is not a difficult job. We will tell you how to associate files on Windows 10 in the following contents.

How to Change What Program Opens a File on Windows 10?

Change One File Type

How to change file associations on Windows 10 for only one file type? You can follow this simple guide:

1. Right-click on a file of the type you want to change its file association and then go to Open with > Choose another app > More apps.

How to change

2. Select the app you want to associate with the file type.

3. Click OK to save the change.

Next time, when you open that type of file, it will be opened with the newly specified app.

How to change

Do you know what File Association Helper is? Is it a virus? And if it is a virus, how to remove it? If you don’t know the answers, you can read this post.

Change All or Any Types

If you want to change all or any types of file associations on Windows 10, you need to make some changes in Settings like this:

1. Click Start.

2. Go to Settings > Apps > Default apps.

3. Scroll down and click Choose default applications by file type.

How to change

4. Find the file extension that you want to change its default application and then click Choose a default. If there is a default application, you can just click the app to continue.

5. Select the application you want to use from the pop-out interface. If you find your needed application, you can click Look for an app in the Microsoft Store to get your needed one.

How to change

Next time, Windows will use your specified applications to open different types of files.

How to change

Have you got the error “this file does not have a program associated with it for performing this action” in Windows 10? Get the solutions from this post.

How to Change File Associations on Windows 8.1/8/7?

Some of you are still using Windows 8.1/8/7, the way to change file associations is different:

  1. Open Control Panel. If you are using Windows 8/8.1, you can press Win+X to directly open it. If you are using Windows 7, you can access it through the Start
  2. Go to Programs > Default Programs > Associate a file type or protocol with a program.
  3. After entering the Set Associations tool, you can scroll down and select the file extension you want to change the default program for.
  4. Click Change program that is on the top right side of the table.
  5. Select the program you want to use to open that type of file. Here, you can click Other Programs to see more options.
  6. Click OK to save the change.

Bottom Line

How to change what program opens a file on Windows 10? After reading this post, you can get what you want to know. Should you have any related issues, you can let us know in the comment.

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Position: Columnist

Stella has been working in MiniTool Software as an English Editor for more than 4 years. Her articles mainly cover the fields of data recovery including storage media data recovery and phone data recovery, YouTube videos download, partition management, and video conversions.

Your will should be revised as changes happen to your family and circumstances. Find out how to revise your will and whether you need a codicil.

by Brette Sember, J.D.
updated September 27, 2021 · 4 min read

When you make your last will and testament, you do so based on your current situation. Situations can change though with marriage, divorce, new children and grandchildren. When big changes happen to your family, it’s time to think about updating a will.

Marital Changes

Changes to your marital situation are one of the most common reasons for changing a will. If you get married, you will likely want to create a new will including your spouse. Most states automatically give a portion of your estate to your spouse whether you include him or her in your will or not, but you will likely want to decide for yourself what you want to leave your spouse. If you live in a common law marriage state (Alabama, Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Montana, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Texas, Utah and Washington, D.C.) and you meet the requirements, your partner may be eligible for an automatic inheritance when you die. You may want to write a will choosing what to give your common law spouse yourself. Note that most states prevent you from completely disinheriting a spouse in your will.

If you divorce, you will also want to change your will. Most states revoke provisions for divorced spouses in wills, but it is best to redo your will. Lastly, if your spouse passes away, you should create a new will choosing other beneficiaries for your estate.

New Additions

Many states have provisions for what are called “after born children,” children or grandchildren born after a will has been executed, taking the share that pre-born children get and dividing it equally among all children in existence when the will is probated. Despite this, it is better to create a new will if you have a new child or grandchild you would like to leave something to. If you have a new baby, you will want a new will so that you can name a guardian for that child, should you die while your child is a minor. Stepchildren do not automatically inherit from a stepparent, so if you become a stepparent and would like to leave something to a stepchild you’ll need to revise your will.

Other Changes

There are other situations that should prompt you to revise a will. Should any of your beneficiaries pass away, the will should be revised. If your executor dies, you should also update your will. If there is a change in your financial situation it is a good idea to review your will. For example, your will might leave your home to your daughter, but if you have sold that home and now live in rental unit, your daughter stands to inherit nothing unless you update it. If you obtain unique or valuable new assets (such as meaningful jewelry or a valuable painting) you may wish to update your will to leave the item to a specific person.

Revoking a Will

If you are wondering how to change a will, the safest and most thorough way to make changes to a will is to make a new one. You must also revoke the old will. To revoke a will, you include a written statement in your new will that you revoke all previous wills and codicils previously made by you. Copies of the old will should be destroyed once the new will is in effect so that they can never be mistaken for a current will. Your new will must be executed and signed according to state law and then becomes the only valid will.

Altering a Will

If you need to make a small change to an existing will, such as changing your executor, you can execute a codicil to will.

What is a codicil? The definition of a codicil is simple, it is an amendment to your old will. The old will remains valid and in effect. You can alter a provision in your will with a codicil, or you can add a provision, such leaving your newly acquired boat to your grandson.

A codicil has to be executed and signed exactly as you would a will, but there is no standard codicil form. The danger with a codicil is that it could get separated from the will and lost. Codicils also have been known to create will challenges, so they should be created with caution. It is almost always better to create a new will than to attach a codicil to an existing will. Note that you cannot alter a will by making changes on the original will itself. Striking out clauses or writing in changes is not a valid way to alter your will. You have to write an entirely new document.

Your will should change with your life. Making changes to your will allows you to keep it current and ensure all of your wishes are carried out. It is important to know how to update a will in a way that is legal and carefully planned.

If you need to create a new will or replace an existing one, LegalZoom can help. Making a will through LegalZoom is fast and affordable. Get started by answering a few questions. LegalZoom will prepare your will package and send it to you.

It is a good way to customize your own Windows OS and improve the using experience by changing the icons on Windows 10. If you are bored with the default icons on your Windows 10 computer, you can use the following ways to change icons on Windows 10 easily.

1. Change Desktop Icons on Windows 10

Step 1: Click Start > select Settings > choose Personalization click Themes.

Step 2: Slide the left pane and locate to Related Settings. Then choose Desktop icon settings.

Step 3: In the Desktop Icon Settings window, select the desktop icon you want to change and click Change Icon.

Step 4: Choose a new icon from the list or click Browse to input an icon and tap OK.

Tip: The icon type can be exe, dll, or ico.

Step 5: Click OK to confirm the change.

2. Change Folder Icons on Windows 10

Step 1: Right-click the folder and select Properties in the context menu.

Step 2: Choose Customize and click Change Icon in the Properties window.

Step 3: You can replace the folder icon with a basic/personalized one. Then click OK to save the change.

Step 4: Hit OK to finish changing the folder icon.

3. Change a Type of File’s Icon on Windows 10

Different from personalizing desktop icons or folder icons, changing the icon of a type of file needs the help of the third-party tool like File Types Manager and here it will be used as the utility.

Step 1: Get File Types Manager on your Windows 10 PC.

Step 2: Find the file type that you want to change its icon. Then close the Find box.

Step 3: Right-click the file and choose Edit Selected File Type.

Step 4: Click the 3-dots button in the pop-out window.

Step 5: Pick one of the existing icons. You can also input your own icon by clicking Browse > click OK.

Step 6: At last, don’t forget to click OK to execute the operation.

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Many programmers underestimate the role of the commit message, while it is very important for managing the work. It helps other developers working on your project to understand the changes that you have made. So it must be as concrete, well-structured and clear as possible.

In this snippet, we will show you how to change your most recent commit message, as well as how to change any number of commit messages in the history.

Read on to see the options.

Changing the Most Recent Commit Message¶

You can use –amend flag with the git commit command to commit again for changing the latest commit:

Running this will overwrite not only your recent commit message but, also, the hash of the commit. Note, that it won’t change the date of the commit.

It will also allow you to add other changes that you forget to make using the git add command:

The -m option allows writing the new message without opening the Editor.

Check out Force Pushing Local Changes to Remote for more details on how to force push your changes.

Changing Multiple Commit Messages¶

In this section, we will show you the steps to follow if you want to change multiple commit messages in the history.

Let’s assume that we want to take the 10 latest commit messages, starting from the HEAD .

Run Git Rebase in Interactive Mode¶

Firstly, you should run the git rebase in the interactive mode:

Type “Reword”¶

After the first step, the editor window will show up the 10 most recent commits. It will offer you to input the command for each commit. All you need to do is typing “reword” at the beginning of each commit you want to change and save the file. After saving, a window will open for each selected commit for changing the commit message.

Enter a New Commit Message¶

After the second step, an editor will open for each commit. Type a new commit message and save the file.

Check out Force Pushing Local Changes to Remote for more details on how to force push your changes.

Force Pushing Local Changes to Remote¶

It is not recommended to change a commit that is already pushed because it may cause problems for people who worked on that repository.

If you change the message of the pushed commit, you should force push it using the git push command with –force flag (suppose, the name of remote is origin, which is by default):

Here is an alternative and safer way to amend the last commit:

The git add and git commit Commands¶

The git add command is used for adding changes in the working directory to the staging area. It instructs Git to add updates to a certain file in the next commit. But for recording changes the git commit command should also be run. The git add and git commit commands are the basis of Git workflow and used for recording project versions into the history of the repository. In combination with these two commands, the git status command is also needed to check the state of the working directory and the staging area.

The git push Command¶

The git push command is used to upload the content of the local repository to the remote repository. After making changes in the local repository, you can push to share the modification with other members of the team.

Git refuses your push request if the history of the central repository does not match the local one. In this scenario, you should pull the remote branch and merge it into the local repository then push again. The –force flag matches the remote repository’s branch and the local one cleaning the upstream changes from the very last pull. Use force push when the shared commits are not right and are fixed with git commit –amend or an interactive rebase. The interactive rebase is also a safe way to clean up the commits before sharing. The git commit –amend option updates the previous commit.

W e know that throughout our lives we will come across opportunities disguised as challenges, and often these are opportunities to change ourselves.

Today, I am going to show you the exact process I use to make better decisions which is what you must do if you want to learn how to change yourself.

These four questions have profoundly impacted my life and those of my clients when faced with a major crossroads.

You may be standing at a deciding point in your life as well – and I know this guidance will help you make the most out of the precious moments of your life.

The First Question: Do You Want To?

More important than anything else is considering what you actually want in your life – and comparing it to the expected end result of a particular project.

If this is not something you desire, then why are you doing it?

For this reason, before I spend my time on anything, I ask myself:

“Do you want to make this change?”

Some of the things to consider when I am asking myself this question are:

  • Is this the direction I want my life to go?
  • Are the activities involved the way I want to spend my time?
  • Are the end results consequences I desire?

Without these, you will have a lot of trouble deciding how to change yourself.

The Second Question: Can You?

Before embarking on a serious life change, it has to be something I truly believe I can do – or I’m already set up for failure.

So once I’ve decided I want something, the next question to yourself must be:

“Can you make this change?”

Here I am asking myself:

  • Do I have the ability to make this change?
  • Do I have the necessary tools to make this change?
  • Do I have the time available to make this change?
  • Do I have the support I need to make this change?

I must be able to completely, unconditionally answer this question with a “Yes.” If I say “no”, then I dig deeper:

  • Why don’t I believe I can do this?
  • Is there something about the situation I can change so I can accomplish this?
  • Who can help me?
  • What sacrifices can I make, and what commitments can I break to make this goal feasible?

Regardless of whether other people think I can accomplish something or not, it’s important for me to believe I can. If the answer to this question (“Can I?”) is yes, I then need to consider:

The Third Question: Will You?

Will you make this change?”

This question sounds similar to the first, but I think of it as a question of my personal determination:

  • Am I willing to make the sacrifices needed to make this change?
  • Am I willing to work without encouragement or glory to make this change?
  • Am I willing to endure long enough to see results from this change?

If I have the personal determination to accomplish my goal and make the change, then there is only one thing left for me to consider:

The Fourth, and Final, Question: When?

The final question is:

“When will you make this change?

If I can answer the first three questions truthfully with a resounding yes, then there is only one logical answer to this final question:


If this change is something I want, something I can do, and something I will do – then there is no point in delaying it. There is no point in putting it off until tomorrow – I must take steps today towards it.

How to change

It’s not too complicated to create your own keyboard shortcuts in Windows 10. Just right-click the executable for whatever it is you want to create a shortcut to, click Properties, then enter your command into a box. (More on creating custom shortcuts here.)

But what if you want to change the default keyboard shortcuts that Windows 10 has foisted on you, such as a much more convenient shortcut instead of Ctrl + Shift + Esc to access the task manager or for Ctrl + S to use an alternative search tool? For this, we need a tool called AutoHotKey.

Here we show you how to change the keyboard shortcuts in Windows 10 using this great tool.

Also read: 15 Useful Windows Registry Hacks to Optimize Your Experience

Meet AutoHotKey

So let’s start with the bad news, which is that there is no native way to change the default keyboard shortcuts in Windows. After all these years, Microsoft still isn’t willing to offer that simple bit of flexibility, presumably for fear that you’ll want to use its shortcuts to access non-Microsoft apps … which is probably the case.

Instead, you’re going to have to create scripts for every shortcut key that you want to replace. Don’t worry, this process is actually made pretty easy thanks to a great tool called AutoHotkey. This is a script creator tool that can be used for all kinds of creative purposes, but today we are looking specifically at how you can use it to change the default Windows shortcuts.

How to change

Next, we familiarize you with the basics of the Auto Hotkey syntax you need to know to change Windows shortcuts. Most Windows shortcuts use some combination of the below buttons, so this should be enough to get you started.

AutoHotkey syntax Representation
^ Ctrl key
! Alt key
+ Shift key
# Win key
Up, Down, Left, Right Arrow Keys/Directions
run, Makes your hotkey open a file, folder or program on your PC
send, Redirects the hotkey to your chosen keystrokes

If you want to type a letter, you just literally type that letter, while buttons like Esc , Del and others can also be directly typed into your script. You can find a convenient list of the main Auto Hotkey syntax at this site.

Change Default Windows Shortcut

Once you’ve done that, on the Windows desktop, right-click an empty space, then select “New -> Auto Hotkey script,” and call it something recognizable. We’re going to create a better shortcut for getting to the task manager ( Ctrl + Shift + Esc by default), so we are calling our shortcut “Task Manager.”

Next, right-click the script you just created and click “Edit Script.” Based on the syntax we showed above, the shortcut you should enter here is as follows:

First enter the shortcut you want to use and follow this with ::Send , then a space and the shortcut you want your custom shortcut to replace. Because the Esc key is a command rather than a standard key, we put it in the special brackets.

With all your keyboard shortcut replacements, we recommend adding a second line to the script with the text #NoTrayIcon . This will block the Auto Hotkey tray icon from popping up, ensuring that the whole process stays in the background.

Once your script is ready, close it and save it, then double-click the script to run it and test your keyboard shortcut to see if it does what it should.

Change Program Shortcut

Next, let’s try redirecting the default Windows Search shortcut Win + S to an alternative search tool we like called Search Everything. Type in the following command:

How to change

The :: is what separates the hotkey from the action you want it to perform. The bit before this is the hotkey we are entering ( Win + S in this case), and the bit after run is the command to open the Search Everything app.

Also read: How to Customize Keyboard Shortcuts in Gmail

Run Shortcuts at Windows Startup

Your shortcuts work as soon as you boot Windows and move the .ahk script to your system startup folder in File Explorer – C:ProgramDataMicrosoftWindowsStart MenuProgramsStartUp . Do the same for all your keyboard shortcut replacements. That way they’ll all be working as soon as you boot your PC.

How to change

It’s a little bit of effort, but it certainly works to change the default keyboard shortcuts in Windows. As a bonus, you’ve also learned the absolute basics of AutoHotKey – an extremely handy tool capable of running scripts much more complex than the ones we mention here.

If you want to stay knee-deep in Windows, see our list of the best sandbox applications for Windows 10, and how to convert legacy BIOS to UEFI in the OS.

Content Manager at Make Tech Easier. Enjoys Android, Windows, and tinkering with retro console emulation to breaking point.

While creating a Microsoft account, the sign-up page asks you to add an alternative email address and a phone number as security information to your Microsoft account. The alternative email address and phone number will be used when you want to change or reset forgotten Microsoft account password or to alert you if Microsoft finds suspicious activity on your account.

It’s a good idea to keep the phone number and alternative email address associated with your Microsoft account to up-to-date. Therefore, when you change your phone number or alternative email address, be sure to change the phone number or alternative email address linked to your Microsoft account as well.

In this guide, we will explain how to change the phone number associated with your Microsoft account.

Complete the given below instructions to change or remove your Microsoft account phone number.

Changing phone number associated with your Microsoft account

Step 1: First of all, head over to this page of Microsoft in a web browser. As always, sign in to your Microsoft account.

How to change

Step 2: Once you sign-in, you will see the following page with various details about your Microsoft account. Click the Security tab.

How to change

Step 3: On this page, you should see options to change your password, update security information, and review recent activity. Click Update info button.

How to change

Step 4: Clicking the Update info button will take you to the following page where you need to verify your identity by either selecting your current contact number or secondary email address.

Choose one of the options, enter last four digits of your phone number currently associated with your Microsoft account or type the secondary email address, and then click Send code button to receive the verification code to your phone number or secondary email address.

How to change

Step 5: Type in the verification code. Click the Submit button to verify your identity.

How to change

Step 6: Upon successfully verifying your identity, you will see this page with security information. To change your Microsoft account phone number, click the Remove link next to your contact number. If you don’t have a contact number for your account, skip to the next step to add one.

How to change

When you see the confirmation dialog, click Remove button to remove the phone number from your account.

How to change

Step 7: Now, on the same page, click Add security info link.

How to change

Step 8: Select A phone number from the first drop-down box, select your country, enter your phone number which you want to associate with your Microsoft account, and select a method to verify the contact number (text or call).

How to change

Click Next button.

Step 9: If you have chosen text method to verify your number, you will receive a code to your phone. Finally, enter the code received on the phone in the field and then click Next button. And if you opted for a call, you will receive a call from Microsoft to verity the contact number. That’s it! You have successfully changed or added your phone number to your Microsoft account.

How to change

If you want to receive alerts (when Microsoft finds unusual activity on your account), click Change alert options link on the same page, and simply check the box next to your phone number.

How to change

Hope you find this guide helpful!

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Typical M$ rubbish. Irrelevant instructions and screenshots. Does NOT work. Instead of linking to the update, there is a link to a page that does NOT match the description and images.

It works great. Thanks.

Over a time period of a year or so, I created 3 Outlook accounts; one for me to take advantage of email aliases, one for a not so tech savvy friend to exchange pics of my Road Trip, and one for my father so he could migrate from Gmail. I tested each one by sending a single email. Within several days, all 3 were “Temporarily Suspended”! Microsoft claim was that these accounts had been used in a manner that they violated their terms of use. And of course, Microsoft would not show any proof that they were in violation. When creating these accounts I used the “alternate email” option. To gain access to the accounts they demanded a text-able phone number, an access code would be sent and I had 10 minutes to use the access code. My opinion; the option to use the “alternate email” option is to have accounts created by people who do not want to fork over their personal contact info only to extort that info later by holding the accounts hostage. I also believe Microsoft wants to use these phone numbers later for spamming purposes later, especially if they ever get back into providing window based phones. One other thing, for the Outlook account I have, over 90% of the rules I have created are to block the barrage of spam from Microsoft. The notifications were driving me nuts! And when you create these rules, it is not straight forward to create a rule for a specific domain. Microsoft uses a wide variety of email addresses to push their spam,