The moment you find out you’re pregnant is filled with every single emotion. You are excited, nervous, anxious, and then your brain is filled with so many questions. One of the very first questions that you might ask yourself is, “what is the gender of my new baby?”
Most parents want to figure out the gender of their new baby as soon as possible. Can you find out gender at 12 weeks?
How to Figure Out Baby’s Gender?
At around 18-20 weeks your OBGYN or Midwife will order an anatomy ultrasound.
During the anatomy ultrasound you will lay there will ultrasound goop on your belly for about an hour while the ultrasound technician inspects different aspects of your uterus, placenta, your body and your baby.
The ultrasound tech will measure your babies body, skull, check their heartbeat and even look at the health of the umbilical cord and placenta.
The tech will then check the baby’s gender. Even if you are not interested in knowing the gender of the baby, the ultrasound is very important to make sure that your baby is growing healthy and strong.
To determine the baby’s gender the tech will obviously inspect the baby’s anatomy. Boy’s are very simple to spot (as long as they aren’t shy).
If the baby has a little thing protruding from the middle of their legs then it is determined that you are having a little baby boy.
If you are going to be having a little baby girl then the ultrasound will be looking for three little dots. Obviously girls will not have anything on their exterior, because most of their anatomy is internal.
If the baby is equipped with these three dots then it is assumed that your baby is a little lady.
I understand how excited you are about figuring out the gender of your baby. I have three children and even though I didn’t really care about gender I still wanted to know.
I wanted to place a gender to my baby. I wanted to stop calling it an it and start saying “her” or “him.” Right when I knew the gender it became more real.
Most anatomy ultrasounds are performed anytime during 18-20 weeks. Doctors will wait midway through pregnancy to check the anatomy because not only will the gender be obvious by this point but if there are any health issues with the baby they will typically present themselves.
If ultrasounds are done before 18 weeks there is a high possibility that the ultrasound will not show the anatomy.
How Early Can an Ultrasound Determine Gender?
In the beginning both the male and female fetuses look the same. Privates do not begin to differentiate until about 10 weeks. Up until around 14 weeks the male’s gender organs will be located internally.
Around 10 weeks if your baby is male their male organs will begin to ascend outside of their body.
If you were to check an ultrasound before 18 weeks there is a chance that your baby will not have developed enough to determine the gender. The ultrasound tech has a high chance of being wrong the earlier the ultrasound is conducted.
If you were to go into an ultrasound at 12 weeks, the tech will most likely not even check the anatomy of your little one because genitals are not formed enough.
They won’t even want to take a guess in case they might be wrong. The tech will just encourage you to hold on for another month or so.
Can You Figure Out Gender Before 12 Weeks?
Although an ultrasound cannot determine the gender until around 18 weeks, there is a way that you can find out the gender before your anatomy ultrasound. You can figure out the gender by simply doing a blood test.
At about 9 weeks, male babies will begin developing their sex organs and their DNA will depict having the Y chromosome. As we all know men have XY chromosomes and women have XX chromosomes.
The blood test will determine whether or not you have the presence of a Y chromosome in your body.
Obviously since you are a woman you have XX chromosomes. If a Y chromosome is found in your body then it would be assumed that you would be pregnant with a little baby boy who is equipped with XY chromosomes.
Cons of Blood Test to Determine Gender
It is important to not do the blood test before 10 weeks. If you were to try to do the test before your baby is 10 weeks then you will not have accurate results.
Male babies do not have their Y chromosome until they’re about 10 weeks. If a blood test were to be performed before 10 weeks then no Y chromosome would be detected.
Even if the blood test does not say that your baby has a Y chromosome you could still be pregnant with a little boy. Your boy might just not have developed yet.
Other Ways to Determine Gender
There are many ways for mother’s to figure out the gender of their baby before their anatomy ultrasound (even if they might just be for fun).
If you are interested figuring out the gender you could try the Baking Soda Gender Test, String Test or the Ramzi Theory.
You can not determine the gender of your unborn baby before 12 weeks by looking at an ultrasound. Your baby’s gender is not obvious until about 16 weeks and so most doctors will have you wait until you are at least 18 weeks to determine the gender.
However, you can do a blood test as early as 10 weeks. The blood test will test your blood and look for Y chromosomes.
If Y chromosome is detected then you are pregnant with a little boy. Even the blood test has a possibility of being inaccurate if you test too early.
The best thing for you to do is wait until your 18 week anatomy ultrasound, so that you can physically see the anatomy of your beautiful new baby.
In the past few months there have been an increasing number of attacks on the legitimacy of transgender and gender non-conforming people coming from both the left and the right. Most of these attacks stem from either a flawed understanding of gender, misrepresentation of evidence, or deliberate obtuseness. The responses to these attacks have generally failed to address these underlying problems.
Gender and gender expression are complicated, but not nearly so much as critics would like to claim. They are also not inherently contradictory, nor anti-feminist. Indeed, they can be liberating for everyone. Here are the things you need to know about gender and gender identity in this blizzard of misinformation.
1. Just because you don’t understand something doesn’t invalidate it
Many of the most recent attacks by right wing outlets can be summarized as, “This gender theory stuff doesn’t fit my worldview; I totally can’t wrap my head around it, so it must be wrong.” However, an inability to understand something doesn’t make it wrong.
I can’t explain the physics of black holes. Our family dog will never understand the internal combustion engine either. Unlike members of the right wing media though, I’m not out there picking fights with Stephen Hawking, and my dog still likes to go for a ride in the car. The fact that transgender people seem to exist throughout human history is enough to demonstrate that gender, and transgender people, are a reality.
This brings me to my second point.
2. It is not a fad: Gender non-conforming people have been around for millennia
There is extensive archaeological evidence that transgender and gender non-conforming people have existed for millennia. In Eastern Europe, 5,000 year old graves were found with female skeletons buried with male warrior accoutrements. There are records of Norse women going Viking (raiding). Joan of Arc was burned for wearing men’s clothing. The Kama Sutra describes a third sex, and the Bible talks of “self-made eunuchs.” The kathoey of Thailand have a place within Buddhist writings. Other cultures have long traditions of gender non-conforming individuals, such as the hijra of Hinduism and India, the fa’a’fa’fine of the Pacific Islands, and two-spirits in Native American culture.
The reason we see more of it now is a combination of greater cultural awareness of such people, and because of changing cultural norms which allow transgender people to be more visible. For a reducto ad absurdum example, there are a lot more out gay people in California than there are in Iran or Saudi Arabia, because the difference in how they are treated. Similarly, people are much more likely to identify as LGBT in socially tolerant US states than in conservative ones.
The most cutting edge of cultural change right now is coming in the form of gender fluid and non-binary people. This is the part that conservatives have the hardest time with, but is actually just an extension of something a lot of people already do subconsciously already.
3. Gender fluid expression is something a lot of straight cisgender people do (to a degree) already
Women in American society can (and do) express their gender in ways that that can change from day to day, if not hour to hour. They can put on a business suit to feel commanding and strong at work or an interview, both of which are stereotyped as masculine traits. Or mix a jacket with a dress to keep it at a business level, but more feminine. Other times they can dress in ways that make them feel attractive, which often means much more stereotypically feminine attire.
Alternately, there are times when gender expression is completely irrelevant or gender neutral. Most every mom I know has had days when everyone in the house has the flu, and their gender expression is, “screw it I’m wearing tennis shoes, sweat pants, and a sweat shirt to the drug store for more Pedialyte.”
Women in our culture have much greater room to express their gender than men do, but this bolsters the underlying point. Given the option, straight cisgender people will change their gender expression to fit how they want to feel about themselves in that moment, whether it is sexy, strong, or comfortable. While these feelings may be tied to stereotypes of masculinity and femininity, they are deeply ingrained into how we see ourselves.
Gender-fluid people simply take this day-to-day and moment-to-moment variance in expression we see in cisgender people, and expand upon it. Thus, this is not something new, but an evolution due to increased cultural space for such expression.
So, is how we see ourselves based on nature or nurture? Conservative pundits like to ask this as a black or white, yes or no, one or the other question. The truth is more complicated, but not by much.
4. Gender has components of both nature and nurture
Demonstrating that gender has components that are social constructs is relatively easy. The colors pink and blue are not intrinsically gendered; they are merely frequencies of light. Dresses and skirts are not either; they are simply bits of fabric any human being can drape over themselves. (The fact that some people are willing to defend the morality of hurting or killing someone for wearing the “wrong” bit of fabric says a lot more about us than it does the fabric.)
At the same time, people seem to have an innate gender identity, whether female, male, or somewhere in between. Anecdotally, we can see this in Dr. John Money’s failed experiment with David Remer, who was raised as a girl but never identified as such. The guevodoces of the Caribbean similarly appear female until puberty and are raised as such as a result of 5-alpha-reductase deficiency. However, at puberty their genitals descend, and are treated as male thereafter. While usually infertile, guevodoces almost universally identify as male, despite their upbringing.
A recent meta-study at Boston University looked at the peer reviewed evidence, and concluded that gender identity has biological origins, though the exact biological mechanisms remain unknown. This conclusion is not uncommon; it is effectively the same conclusion we have reached about sexual orientation and autism; namely that these have biological origins which are not fully understood.
These examples effectively contradict the notion that gender, and gender identity, are purely social construct as well. However, neither is it purely biological; there are components that are cultural. Both are significant, and observing transgender children helps square this circle. Transgender children often assert from a very early age what their gender is, and choose cultural artifacts (e.g. using a towel to make a dress) to express how they see themselves.
Thus, gender has interacting biological and social components.
5. Cultural gender norms change over time naturally
Remember the whole pink and blue thing for boys and girls? That wasn’t always the case. It used to be that pink was the color for baby boys. This can be seen in Disney’s Lady and the Tramp, where the baby that Lady protects is clearly sated to be a boy, and yet is dressed in pink, as was traditional at the time.
Finally, here is a real gender identity test that allows you to find out your true gender. Answer 20 questions to see if your biological and mental gender match.
The Most Respectful Gender Identity Test
The problem with most online gender-questioning quizzes is that they want to dictate your sex—to you! However, we created a respectful test that keeps you in charge of the results. That is because we acknowledge the fact that gender identity is related to your individual experiences.
Keep reading if you are curious to know how we did that.
A Brief Clarification of What Gender Identity Is
Before taking the test, it is good to review what it is about. According to scientific explanations, gender identity is how a person experiences their sex. It is possible that an individual’s gender identity does not match their biological anatomy.
What a gender identity test does is allowing you to explore your sex regardless of biological labels. The questionary includes items that ask you about how you “feel” about your sex.
How Does The Quiz Work?
Our team tried hard to create a free, neutral, and respectful quiz to acknowledge all gender identities. You will not face any gender-assuming pronouns, labeling attempts, or misgendering. The whole process is based on how you feel, experience, and express your gender.
Governments are in charge of labeling kids’ sex at birth. And that is why we are living in a cisgender-dominant world. During legal procedures, there is no place for how you feel about yourself. However, during gender identity, you are in charge of choosing who you are. Most test questions aim to allow you to reveal your emotions and beliefs without thinking about your biological sex.
· Your Experiences
Things you go through in your life shape who you are. So, it is essential to include them in the identification quiz. Of course, you do not have to provide us with any private information. The questions are common sense by any means.
· Your Desires
Who do you want to be? How to like to be called? What is your pronoun? And how do you like to dress? These are some sorts of simple questions to explore your desires—rather than focusing on your current appearance and behavior. Many non-cisgender people are forced by society to fit in one side of the gender spectrum. So, it is best to ask how do you “like” to do things instead of how you are doing things.
Why Do People Take a Gender Identity Test? (Facts)
Based on our database, most people who take the gender identity quiz are heterosexual cisgenders. And their main motive is mostly curiosity or fun. By default, humans do not need to take a quiz to discover their gender. Even non-cisgender individuals know their true identity. However, in most cases, external elements force people to question their gender and look for an answer. Below you see some of the examples of the said elements.
Being Influenced by Social Pressures and Conflicts
It is said that social conflicts are the number one reason for persons to look for a gender identity checker. When someone does not fall into a category of male or female, other society members react negatively—at least most of the time. Society resists accepting a non-cisgender attitude or nonconforming appearance leads some to worry about their identity. Which then makes them look for quizzes or tests.
Growing Up in a Strict Environment
If you grow up in a strict environment, the chances of recognizing and understanding the gender spectrum are thin. That is why many participants actually take the gender identity test to explore the possibilities. Unfortunately, growing up in such an environment is specifically more difficult for persons who cannot fit into a masculine or feminine character. The rate of confusion and worry is usually among the said group—as they assume something is wrong with them, not their society.
Feeding Their Curiosity or Having Fun
Honestly, most gender identity test participants take it out of curiosity or fun. Of course, there is nothing wrong with such an approach. However, we just want you to know that this is a serious questionary that values all different identifications, classifications, and expressions of gender.
How Accurate Could a Mental Gender Test be?
No online test is 100% accurate. Our team used a self-explanatory system to increase the chance of returning precise results. But you have to remember that no one should dictate your sex to you. The most accurate result is the one you feel like to believe in—because it is your body, your life, and your choice.
You Do Not Need a Gender Identity Test If…
QuizExpo does not necessarily encourage anyone to participate in this questionary. That is because we believe in freedom of choice and expression. So, you know your gender the moment you decide on it. Of course, we did our best to generate a practical and useful quiz to answer “what gender am I?” But you can skip it if you fall into one of the following categories.
You Have Made Your Choice
If you already know who you want to be, you already have the answer. Taking the gender identity test, in this case, would only help you confirm your choice one more time.
Someone Else Is Pushing You to Do So
If you are here because someone else told you to be, leave the page immediately. Others get to say nothing about your gender. We created this quiz only for you to figure out how you would like to express yourself. It is not meant to prove any point to others.
Some Non-Cisgender Results You Might Face in the Gender Identity Quiz
It is challenging to create a quiz that includes all sorts of identities. That is because the spectrum is vast. But our team tried to have and acknowledge as many as possible. Here are some of the non-cisgender identifications you might face in our questionary results.
Welcome to "Ask a Sex Educator," a weekly series where renowned sex educator Lena Solow will be answering all of your questions about the tough stuff — sexuality, gender, bodies, STDs, pregnancy, consent, pleasure, and more.
I’m so confused about my gender. Some days, I feel like a girl, and other days I feel like I’m more masculine and maybe like more of a guy. I was assigned female at birth. I’ve always been a tomboy (whatever that means). Is this normal? How do I figure out my gender?
It’s absolutely normal to have your feelings about your gender or ways of expressing your gender change. We’re given such a simplistic way of look at gender — on one side is man/masculine/penis-owner/loud/bowtie-wearer and on the other is woman/feminine/vagina-owner/demure/wears dresses! So how can we get inspiration for more vibrant and creative explorations of gender? A small first step is learning the meaning of different words related to gender. Here’s the thing about labels — you get to decide how helpful they are to you. Knowing the meaning of words doesn’t mean you have to fit perfectly within one category, but it can help you find some spaces and community to explore. Maybe you want to explore some of these words — butch, agender, genderqueer, gendernonconforming, transmasculine, transgender. Or maybe cisgender is something that you identify with — being a woman doesn't have to mean being conventionally feminine. And even though masculinity is feeling really resonant for you right now, you might also find some inspiration in exploring different expressions of femininity or femme identities.
In answering this question, I spoke to friends with gender identities similar and different to mine (I identify as a cis femme queer woman) to get a sense of what helped them in their gender journeys. Many people expressed the importance of finding role models — not necessarily people whose gender mirrors yours exactly, but who can inspire you to find pieces of yourself to explore and celebrate. Check out Teen Vogue’s list of 13 queers to follow on twitter; read Tyler Ford’s interview on being agender or Gabby Rivera’s meditations on being a butch in leggings; follow @pinkmantaray, @thehandsomefeminist, @quingtux, and more on Instagram. And remember all those words from before? Once you find a word that interests you, check out that hashtag on Twitter, Tumblr, Instagram, etc for more inspiration! Don’t let anyone tell you you have to pick a label and stick with it, and also don’t let anyone tell you that the words you use for yourself aren’t valid.
Finally, try to let yourself have fun exploring your gender, and be gentle with yourself as you explore. You’re allowed to change as much or as little as you want day to day — something like wearing nail polish and/or a bow tie could make a big difference in how you feel! Maybe some looks feel better to just wear around your house at first or maybe you wake up one day and want to have a totally different haircut and wardrobe — that’s all fine! You could ask a few friends to refer to you with different gender pronouns or a different name to try that out. You’re totally allowed to try out different names and pronouns and then change your mind. Or just talk to different people about your gender feelings — if someone doesn’t respond in a way that you like, talk to someone else!
Everyone I talked to reiterated the importance of being gentle with yourself and understanding that your gender and your relationship to your gender will continue to change. Figure out what makes you feel strong, vibrant, and alive in your gender today, nurture that, and find communities of people who want to nurture that too.
There’s a lot more to being male, female, or any gender than the sex assigned at birth. Your biological or assigned sex does not always tell your complete story.
What are the differences between sex, gender, and gender identity?
It’s common for people to confuse sex, gender, and gender identity. But they’re actually all different things.
Sex is a label — male or female — that you’re assigned by a doctor at birth based on the genitals you’re born with and the chromosomes you have. It goes on your birth certificate.
Gender is much more complex: It’s a social and legal status, and set of expectations from society, about behaviors, characteristics, and thoughts. Each culture has standards about the way that people should behave based on their gender. This is also generally male or female. But instead of being about body parts, it’s more about how you’re expected to act, because of your sex.
Gender identity is how you feel inside and how you express your gender through clothing, behavior, and personal appearance. It’s a feeling that begins very early in life.
What’s assigned sex (aka “biological sex”)?
Assigned sex is a label that you’re given at birth based on medical factors, including your hormones, chromosomes, and genitals. Most people are assigned male or female, and this is what’s put on their birth certificates.
When someone’s sexual and reproductive anatomy doesn’t seem to fit the typical definitions of female or male, they may be described as intersex.
Some people call the sex we’re assigned at birth “biological sex.” But this term doesn’t fully capture the complex biological, anatomical, and chromosomal variations that can occur. Having only two options (biological male or biological female) might not describe what’s going on inside a person’s body.
Instead of saying “biological sex,” some people use the phrase “assigned male at birth” or “assigned female at birth.” This acknowledges that someone (often a doctor) is making a decision for someone else. The assignment of a biological sex may or may not align with what’s going on with a person’s body, how they feel, or how they identify.
The factors that determine our assigned sex begin as early as fertilization .
Each sperm has either an X or a Y chromosome in it. All eggs have an X chromosome.
When sperm fertilizes an egg, its X or Y chromosome combines with the X chromosome of the egg.
A person with XX chromosomes usually has female sex and reproductive organs, and is therefore usually assigned biologically female.
A person with XY chromosomes usually has male sex and reproductive organs, and is therefore usually assigned biologically male.
Other arrangements of chromosomes, hormones, and body parts can happen, which results in someone being intersex.
Gender is much bigger and more complicated than assigned sex. Gender includes gender roles, which are expectations society and people have about behaviors, thoughts, and characteristics that go along with a person’s assigned sex.
For example, ideas about how men and women are expected to behave, dress, and communicate all contribute to gender. Gender is also a social and legal status as girls and boys, men, and women.
It’s easy to confuse sex and gender. Just remember that biological or assigned sex is about biology, anatomy, and chromosomes. Gender is society’s set of expectations, standards, and characteristics about how men and women are supposed to act.
What’s gender identity?
Your gender identity is how you feel inside and how you express those feelings. Clothing, appearance, and behaviors can all be ways to express your gender identity.
Most people feel that they’re either male or female. Some people feel like a masculine female, or a feminine male. Some people feel neither male nor female. These people may choose labels such as “genderqueer,” “gender variant,” or “gender fluid.” Your feelings about your gender identity begin as early as age 2 or 3.
Forget about the clubs. If you are looking for sex and don’t want to have to waste time go online. You can cut right to the chase. This will save you time and let you get to the bedroom a lot quicker.
The problem with going online is that there are so many websites. Social sites like Myspace are not good for meeting people that you want to hook up with for sex. Most people are on their just to meet friends. There is nothing wrong with that., but if you are looking for sex, it will waste your time.
There are two sites that I have found to be really good if you are looking for sex.
The first one is Passion. It is on the racy side, but not porno. You should be able to find someone here that you can really hook up with. I always like to try before I buy. The interface is good and it is easy to get in contact with people. It is also reasonably priced.
The one thing that I am not too crazy about it that it can take a few minutes to set up. However once you get your page set up, the offers start rolling in for you.
The next one is Onlinebootycall. It is as good as it sounds. No pretending. No lying. It is like Burger King. You can have it your way. The interface is easy to use. The IM loads very quickly. You will get a lot of attention on this site. The whole idea is that these women are looking for sex. You can just pick and choose. This one is priced even lower than Passion so that makes it really attractive.
The main thing I don’t like about this site is that it is hard to tell the age of some of the people. However with the number of hits that you will be receiving you will be able to sort through them pretty easily.
Laura Wronski 5 min read
People often shy away from asking about sexuality and gender in surveys. What if you say the wrong thing or use the wrong term? What if you offend someone? These are understandable concerns.
As survey experts, our SurveyMonkey research team wants to encourage people to ask questions—but we want them to do it in an optimal way. So what’s the best way to ask about sexuality orientation and gender identity?
During the most recent meeting of the American Association of Public Opinion Researchers (AAPOR), we heard from some of the top experts on the subject about the best practices they use.
We’ll use this blog post to lay out everything we learned and help you feel confident about asking about sexuality in gender in your next survey.
Don’t be afraid to ask
If you’re nervous about asking questions about sexual orientation and gender identity (survey researchers call them SOGI questions), we’ve got data to calm some of your fears.
Researchers at the Census Bureau conducted an experiment to see whether respondents were more likely to skip SOGI questions than typical demographic questions. They didn’t find evidence for that at all; in fact, significantly more people skipped the question about income than the question on sexual identity.
When the same researchers explicitly asked respondents how they felt responding to the question on sexual identity, the vast majority of respondents had no problem with it. Nearly all said they were “comfortable” (90%) or “neither comfortable nor uncomfortable” (8%) with being asked about their sexual identity.
This research indicates that people are willing to answer personal SOGI questions—so let’s talk about how best to ask them.
How to ask SOGI questions
People have no problem answering SOGI questions if they consider them to be standard demographic questions. In fact, the Census Bureau has recently been criticized for excluding SOGI questions from some of its landmark surveys, including the 2020 Decennial Census. Researchers and advocates have argued that the data collected from these questions are just as important as the standard demographic data on race, age, and geography.
Just about every survey asks standard demographic questions, like whether respondents are male or female. Here are two questions from SurveyMonkey’s Question Bank that ask the exact same thing—with different response options.
The second question is more inclusive; it allows people to provide a response even if they don’t identify as either male or female, and it allows them to self-describe if that is their preference. That’s a good first step for writing LGBTQ-friendly survey questions.
If you decide to ask more specific SOGI questions, make sure you know how and why you’re going to use the data, because that will inform the way you ask each question. For example, for many years the Gallup tracking survey has asked the yes or no question, “Do you personally identify as lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgender?” Research has indicated that this is a good way to get a crude estimate of LGBTQ individuals, but that it systematically underestimates the percent of individuals who identify as both straight and transgender. Therefore, it's better to separate out the second question on transgender identity, as below.
Reasons why not to ask
There’s another benefit to the multi-step approach, too. Researchers at UCLA conducted an experiment asking separate questions on gender and transgender identities versus asking one combined gender and transgender question. They found that even though the two-step question series is twice as many questions as the combined version, it takes less time to complete than the single combined question.
Even if you’ve written a good question on sexual orientation or gender identity and you know respondents will be comfortable answering it, there might still be a valid reason for not asking it in your next survey.
First of all, these questions are very personal. If you aren’t planning on actually using the data, you can’t really justify asking the question. This is true of every question that you include in a survey, but it’s particularly important for sensitive demographic items, as they might cause a high number of people to drop out of your survey. The Human Rights Campaign has more advice on when and how you should use LGBTQ-friendly demographics questions, along with some examples.
Second of all, even if you want to use the data, make sure you are able to do so. Oftentimes you’ll be restricted by sample size issues or logistics. For example, we weight all of our SurveyMonkey polls to demographic characteristics from the U.S. Census Bureau so that our results are representative of the national population. The Census Bureau’s respondents have to identify as either male or female, which means that we have to do the same when we ask for respondents’ gender.
SurveyMonkey always recommends asking some standard demographic questions in your surveys. Whether you’re an HR professional surveying your company’s workers or a college student doing a research project, knowing a little bit about who your respondents are—their age, sex/gender, and race/ethnicity—helps you better understand the responses they provide.
Questions on sexual orientation and gender identity can give you really valuable information about your respondents. Don’t be shy about asking them.
PARENTS are allowed to find out if a child sex-offender is living in their area after the abduction and murder of eight-year-old Sarah Payne.
But what is the sex offenders register – and exactly how do you find out if someone has a record?
What is the sex offenders register?
All convicted sex offenders must register with the police, in person, within three days of their conviction, or release from prison. They must continue this registration on an annual basis.
They must give their name, date of birth, home address and national insurance number.
Anyone getting a jail term of 30 months to life is subject to an indefinite term of registration.
A sentence of six months to 30 months sees the offender get 10 years on the register and a sentence of under six months requires registration of up to seven years.
It is not limited only to offences against children.
Does it only apply to offences since 1997?
It applies to all persons convicted of sexual offences after 1997 and, in limited circumstances, to individuals who were convicted prior to the Act coming into force.
How many people are on it in the UK?
There were 49,466 registered sex offenders in the UK as of 31 March 2015, the BBC reported.
This number increased to approximately 60,000 as at March of 2018, according to unlock.org.uk.
There were 88,106 police recorded sexual offences in the year ending March 2015, an increase of 37 per cent compared with the previous year, according to the Office for National Statistics (ONS).
Within the overall increase, the number of offences of rape increased by 41 per cent to 29,234 offences, and the number of other sexual offences increased by 35 per cent to 58,872 offences, the ONS said.
A report from the Ministry of Justice showed that in 2016-2017 the number of people on the register had risen 82 per cent from 30,416 in 2006-2007 to 55,236.
According to a Good Morning Britain investigation, in the last six years (up to 2018) 1,230 sex offenders, put on the sex offenders’ register indefinitely, have succeeded in getting themselves removed from the register.
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How do I find out if someone is a sex offender?
The child sex offender disclosure scheme – known as Sarah’s Law – allows parents, carers and guardians to formally ask the police to tell them if someone has a record for child sexual offences.
Started in 2008, the child sex offender disclosure scheme was developed in consultation with Sara Payne, Sarah's mother, along with the police, and children’s charities.
The scheme is available across all 43 police forces in England and Wales.
Scotland run a similar nationwide scheme called Keeping children safe which allows parents, carers and guardians of children under 18 years old to ask the police if someone who has contact with their child has a record for sexual offences against children, or other offences that could put that child at risk.
No such scheme is formally available in Northern Ireland.
However, information on sex offenders can be, and is, shared in a controlled way by the police where necessary for the purposes of child protection or risk management.
If someone on the sex offenders register wants to start a new relationship, they may find that they have certain conditions they need to meet.
This could involve telling your supervising officer if you start a new relationship – or if your new partner shares a house with someone under the age of 18.
Many people who have been convicted of a sexual offence will have no option but to disclose this to a new partner – or risk them finding out some other way.
While the offender is not obliged to tell their new partner, if their new partner has kids there is every likelihood that children’s services will become involved.
Is the register only for sexual offences against children?
The Sex Offenders Register is commonly thought of as a list of convicted paedophiles – but this isn't the case.
It isn't a notification system limited only to offences against children, but also in respect of sexual offences against adults.
Can a sex offender change their name?
More than 900 sex offenders have disappeared off the police radar with many thought to have disguised their identities by changing their names and not telling officers, Sky News discovered last year.
The simple deed poll process takes 15 minutes online and over 1,300 sex offenders have already done it since committing their offences and have informed authorities.
Campaigners are warning that while it is an offence for people on the sex offenders register to change their names without telling officials, that's not incentive enough for them not to do it – as it's easy to do and common practice.
Identifying as transgender (or trans) means knowing that your gender identity is different than the sex assigned to you at birth. For example, it could mean that you were assigned male at birth but you know that your gender identity is female. It could also mean that you were assigned male or female at birth, but understand that your gender identity is neither one or the other. In that case, your gender identity might be best described as non binary.
Many people know that they’re trans from a very young age — even as young as age 3. For others, it may not be something they fully understand about themselves until later in life. It’s OK not to know, or to be questioning your gender identity. No matter what, your gender identity is valid.
Here are some things that may help you better understand your gender identity, and if you might be transgender.
Write about how you feel on a regular basis in a journal.
Talk about it with a close friend or family member who you trust.
Learn about other trans people’s experiences as much as possible, either by reading stuff they’ve written or meeting them in person. Schools and universities often have LGBTQ student groups, which can be a welcoming and safe environment to get to know people who may have gone through what you’re going through. Community LGBTQ centers also have support groups and other helpful resources.
Talk with a counselor or therapist who is familiar with and trusted by the trans community.
Remember to make your personal safety a priority, and only do what feels safe to you. And most importantly: you’re not the first person to ask these questions about your gender identity, and you’re not alone.