How to find ip information

We’ve encountered a wide range of questions and assumptions about what information you can find regarding an IP address. We decided to go ahead and create a detailed guide on the IP address information overview.

IP Address basics

At its core, an IP address is quite similar to a physical street address. It allows other devices to identify and connect to the device at the IP address. Perhaps without you realizing it, your web browser has connected to multiple IP addresses in order for you to read this post and you are using multiple IP addresses yourself.

Types of IP Addresses

IPv4 vs IPv6 Addresses

When most of us starting connecting to this amazing thing we call the Internet, we were all using IPv4 addresses. An IPv4 address looks something like 216.239.32.21 and there are 4,294,967,296 (2^32) addresses in total. When originally deployed in 1983, it was assumed that 4.2 billion IP addresses would be more than sufficient for us to use. Turn the clock to 2020 and we’ve exhausted all 4.2 billion IPv4 addresses.

Starting in the late 1990s, the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) began addressing the impending IPv4 address exhaustion and created IPv6. While your typical IPv4 address looks like 216.239.32.21 , an IPv6 address looks like 2001:0db8:0000:0000:0000:ff00:0042:8329 . The biggest and most important difference is that IPv6 allows us to go from 4.2 billion addresses to 340,300. 000 (2^128) addresses. In case you were wondering, that’s called 340 Undecillion.

While IPv6 should allow for every single internet-connected device its own IP address for the foreseeable future, IPv6 and IPv4 are not compatible so the adoption has been slower than IETF and others had hoped for. We could do an entire post on that alone.

Dynamic vs Static IP Addresses

Because the transition to IPv6 has been slow, most of us are using dynamic IP addresses. This means that your phone, router, etc may have its IP address changed periodically. When this happens you don’t even notice. Unless you’re hosting a server this doesn’t impact you. If you stumbled upon this because you are hosting a server and your dynamic IP address makes it hard for people to connect to you, check out a Dynamic DNS service such as noip.com

Some people (and typically businesses) have what’s called a static IP address. While a dynamic IP address may change, a static IP address does not. The pros and cons of a dynamic vs static IP address are another topic we could make an entire post on.

Public vs Private IP Addresses

While most IP addresses are public, meaning that people from all over the world can connect to it (just like you connected to a number of IP addresses to read this post), there are some ranges that have been set aside for private use. The best example is if you have a router you connect your phone or computer to. The private IP ranges for IPv4 are:

If you have a router, you can have 192.168.1.1 and I can have the same address.

Full IP address information

The reason that our amazing customers use IPinfo is because of the incredible information you can learn about a single IP address. Using our basic service, I looked up my IP address as I was writing this at Starbucks (Trenta water with either a Grande Americano or Grande Caramel Machiatto in case you’re wondering) and this is what our services at IPinfo provided:

How to find ip information

The Basics – Geolocation

Most of this information is straight forward, I want to make note that if you look up the latitude/longitude listed, you won’t find a Starbucks on the map. Why is that? IP address geolocation is aimed at city or postal code level, not at the exact physical location.

ASN API

With an ASN you can learn when it was allocated ownership of the IP, how many IPs they own, their main domain, business name, and what type of entity they are.

Hosting Data

More information about who is hosting/providing this IP address

Company Data

Exactly what you think it is

Privacy API

This service allows you to learn whether or not the IP address in question is likely coming from a provider that is providing privacy services to the actual end user. IP address: 43.241.71.120

Abuse Contact API

Common Questions on IP Information

The most common questions we see around learning about an IP address are:

Q: How do I look up information on a specific IP address?
A: That’s exactly what IPinfo is all about. Once you create an account, you can use our web-based tool in your account at https://ipinfo.io/account. Simply type in the IP address and we’ll take care of the rest.

Q: How someone can use IP address information? What can someone do with your IP address?
A: We have amazing customers doing some incredible things with this information, from providing geo-specific content to security research to learning more about their customers and habits based on location.

Q: Can I track the physical location of my phone or an individual person based on their IP address?
A: In short, no, not really. You can get a general idea of where your phone is, but to track it down to the table it is sitting on is not really feasible. For those of you like myself who value privacy, this should come as a relief.

If you have more questions regarding IP address information, we’d love to hear there. We are constantly learning and developing incredible tools to help our customers makes the most of the Internet and the data out there. We’d love to see what ideas you have.

Namrata Gogoi

05 Nov 2018

When it comes to setting up network devices on Windows 10 PCs, many reasons require you to know some basic networking terms. MAC, IP, and DNS addresses are some of the most commonly used terms. Knowing their details would help you when you are setting up a new router or troubleshooting network issues.

How to find ip information

In this post today, we will be exploring a few nifty ways to find the MAC, IP and DNS Addresses on Windows 10 systems.

1. IP Address

What Is an IP Address

An Internet Protocol address (IP address) is a unique identifier in the form of a numerical label for your system when it connects to a computer network. It’s a string of numbers and separated by periods.

Every device connected to a network has one such address assigned. These addresses bear the location details of both the sender and receiver on a network, just like parcels. Every computer gets a different IP address whenever connecting to the internet or locally on your LAN or Wi-Fi network.

So, if you do notice something fishy you can seek the help of IP lookup tools to check for the origin and other related details.

How to find ip information

There’s more to IP addresses such as different types of addresses (Static, Dynamic, Private) and different versions (IPv4 and IPv6). Thankfully, finding out the IP address of your computer isn’t rocket science. You can find it either through Command Prompt or the Settings.

How to Find IP Address Through Command Prompt

Hit the Windows Key+R keys to open the Run window and type cmd to open the Command Prompt. Type the following command as shown in the screenshot below.

You’ll see one or two blocks depending on the network your computer is connected (Ethernet and Wi-Fi). You’ll see a single block if the computer connects to either Wi-Fi or Ethernet.

How to find ip information

The address displayed next to the IPv4 address is your IP address.

How to Find IP Address Through Settings

Head over to Settings (Windows key + I) and click on Network & Internet. Once in, select Wi-Fi from the left menu (or Ethernet if you are connected via LAN).

How to find ip information

Now, click on Hardware Properties. Your system’s IP address will appear next to IPv4 label.

By Michael King

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Billions of computers are linked through the Internet. And with so many devices communicating and exchanging information, each one needs to have a unique identifier so that the right information reaches the right destination.

Much as the Postal Service uses your home address to deliver the correct mail to your mailbox, computers use Internet Protocol (IP) and Media Access Control (MAC) addresses to distinguish between different devices on your network. Finding this information about your computer is simple–and it can be very useful when your machine is on a network. Here’s how to do it.

Using Windows 7

1. Click Start, All Programs, Accessories, Command Prompt. Find your IP address using the ipconfig command.

2. In the prompt that appears, type ipconfig /all and click Return.

3. The prompt will return network information for each network adapter in your computer. Find the section for the adapter that’s connected to your network. For example, you can find the network information for your wireless adapter by looking under the ‘Ethernet Adapter Wireless Network Connection’ section.

4. To find your computer’s IP address, look for the ‘IPv4 Address’ or ‘IP Address’ entry. This line will display the IP address for your system; typically it looks like a string of numbers separated by periods, such as 192.168.1.1.

5. To find your computer’s MAC address, look for the ‘Physical Address’ entry. This line will display your adapter’s MAC address, which typically looks like a string of letters and numbers separated by dashes.

Using Mac OS X

1. Click the Apple menu on the upper left part of the screen.

2. Click System Preferences. In the resulting System Preferences menu, select Network.

3. In the Network window, select the network adapter you’re interested in. Your IP address will appear in the right-hand pane of the window.

Your MAC address is listed at the bottom of the Wi-Fi menu. 4. To find your MAC address for the adapter, click the Advanced. button. Your MAC address should appear at the bottom of the window.

Что такое IP-адрес?

IP-адрес (IP = Internet Protocol) – это уникальное число, которое устройства используют для обмена данными и идентификации друг друга через Интернет. Этот адрес аналогичен почтовому адресу. Данные и информация передаются от одного устройства другому после определения IP-адресов отправителя и получателя. Ваш IP-адрес виден из общедоступных сегментов сети, что позволяет другим пользователям просматривать информацию о вашем местоположении и местоположении вашего устройства, а также другие данные, проходящие через этот адрес.

Факторы риска при НЕИСПОЛЬЗОВАНИИ Private Internet Access

The recent string of security breaches on major corporations by malicious hackers and scammers is a huge cause for concern. However, security breaches can happen to individuals who use the internet because your IP address can be seen by the public. Your data can be logged, monitored, and analyzed by your ISP, which can be used by marketers to aggressively target your computer.

Those who are often on public Wifi are vulnerable to hackers and snoopers who try to obtain your private information as the data are being passed between your computer and its destination. By using PIA’s VPN service, your IP address can be hidden so that onlookers cannot obtain your information.

  • Ваш IP-адрес виден из общедоступных сегментов сети
  • Ваши данные может анализировать интернет-провайдер
  • Ваши данные могут регистрироваться
  • Продавцы передают на ваш компьютер агрессивную рекламу

Преимущества пользования Private Internet Access

Private Internet Access provides the best service for hiding and redirecting your IP address. The service redirects your IP address to one of our own servers through a private network tunnel over a public network. In addition to hiding your IP address, PIA encrypts your data at a packet level which provides you with another layer of security.

To PIA, your online security as well as privacy is greatly important, thus we do not keep logs of any of your data making you virtually untraceable. You will be able to surf the web anonymously without having to look behind your back constantly. You will also gain unrestricted access to the internet to its fullest. The service will allow you to bypass censorship and firewalls placed by your country.

There may come a time when you need to know the IP address of your router, as assigned by your ISP. These numbers are easy to find, when you know where and how to look.

How to find ip information

Networks, and the internet, don’t identify computers (of any size, even your smartphone) by the name you give them. Computers prefer numbers, and the numbers they use as identifiers are called IP addresses.

The “IP” stands for “internet protocol,” which is part of Transmission Control Protocol/internet Protocol (TPC/IP). It’s all called IP for short, and TCP/IP is the language used for communication by most networks.

When it comes to your computer(s), there are actually several IP addresses involved. One is how the computer talks to the internet at large, which is the IP address of your router. That IP address is generally assigned to the router by your internet service provider (ISP); the router, in turn, handles all the traffic from your computer out to the internet. So even though a website only sees a request come in from the IP address on the router, the router knows how to route the information to/from the computer. (That’s why it’s called a router.)

Computers on the internal networks, be it Wi-Fi or Ethernet, at home or in the office, have their own IP addresses assigned to them (usually by the router). That way, all the nodes on the internal network can also communicate. The protocol used by the router to assign IP addresses is called Dynamic Host Control Protocol (DHCP).

If you have an IP address assigned, it’s typically considered a “dynamic IP” because it could be temporary; the router might give the node in question a different IP address at a later time (same with the IP address your ISP gives your router). However, you can set up “static IP addresses” on computers so they never change—this can be important for some kinds of network communications, especially if it’s crucial to be able to find that same node over and over. You could also get a static IP for your router—which is handy if you run a web server, for example, but expect your ISP to charge extra.

IP addresses are typically in the same format as a 32-bit number, shown as four decimal numbers each with a range of 0 to 255, separated by dots—each set of three numbers is called an octet. This format is used by IP version 4 (or IPv4). With it, you could—in theory—have 0.0.0.0 to 255.255.255.255 out there. However, this limited the world to a possible 4+ billion IP addresses, which isn’t enough.

So now, there’s IPv6, which is 128-bit, with eight groups of four hexadecimal digits (numbers and lower-case letters mixed), all separated by a colon (for example: 2001:0db8:85a3:0000:0000:8a2e:0370:7334). That offers a lot more than 4 billion addresses. The actual number is a 34 with 37 zeros after it (or 2 to the 128th power), which is technically 340,282,366,920,938,463,463,374,607,431,768,211,455. That’s a lot of addresses.

That’s all good to know, but how do you find your IP address?

Find Your Internet/Public IP Address

There may come a time when you need to know the IP address of your router, as assigned by your ISP. This can be particularly handy for things like VoIP calls or remote control software.

What you’ll also find is that there’s lots of information about you attached to that IP address, specifically your ISP’s name and your general location (called a GeoIP). That’s because ISPs dole out a range of IP addresses. Figuring out your provider and general location based on IP address is as simple as consulting a public list.

The simplest way to check your router’s public IP address is to search “what is my IP?” on a search engine.

With Google, that’s all you see. There are plenty of sites out there that will show you the exact same thing. They see it simply because by visiting the site, your router has made a request, and thus revealed the IP address. Sites like WhatIsMyIP.com and IPLocation all go farther, showing off the names of your ISP, your city, and even maps.

The GeoIP info is far from foolproof. Generally, you’re going to get an approximation of location—where the provider is, not the actual computer. In visiting those sites, I was told I was in Ithaca, New York. and Syracuse, New York. One gave a latitude/longitude that put me in North Carolina (which could be where my ISP has a data center, for all I know). Be sure to log out of your VPN service, too. Getting a real address for the public IP address usually requires a search warrant taken to the ISP.

Find Your Internal IP Address

Every device that connects to your internal network, be it at home or the office, has an IP address (your PC, your smartphone, your smart TV, your network printer, etc.) It doesn’t matter if it’s using Wi-Fi or Ethernet. They’ve all got an IP address if they’re talking to the internet, or each other, through your router.

In the most basic network, your router is going to have an IP address like 192.168.0.1, and that will be called the “gateway.” You’ll see it pop up a lot as you look for the IP addresses of other devices. That typically means your router will use DHCP to assign addresses to devices, where only the last octet changes. So 192.168.0.101, or 192.168.0.102, for example. It depends on the range defined by your router.

In Windows, we use the command-line program ipconfig to find out our IP address. How do you find it in Ubuntu?

We will show you two locations easily accessible through the GUI and, of course, a terminal command that will get your IP address in no time.

The first location, and the easiest in most cases, is found by right clicking the network icon in the notification area and clicking Connection Information.

How to find ip information

This brings up a window which has a bunch of information, including your IP address.

How to find ip information

The second location, which shows you more detail than this first method, is at System > Administration > Network Tools.

How to find ip information

Select the right network device, and you’ve got a ton of information at your fingertips.

How to find ip information

Finally, if you can’t tear yourself away from a terminal window, the command to type in is:

Yes, it’s only one character different than ipconfig. Who would have guessed?

How to find ip information

As it turns out, you’re always a few clicks or keystrokes away from finding your IP address in Ubuntu. Isn’t choice great?

In Windows, we use the command-line program ipconfig to find out our IP address. How do you find it in Ubuntu?

We will show you two locations easily accessible through the GUI and, of course, a terminal command that will get your IP address in no time.

The first location, and the easiest in most cases, is found by right clicking the network icon in the notification area and clicking Connection Information.

How to find ip information

This brings up a window which has a bunch of information, including your IP address.

How to find ip information

The second location, which shows you more detail than this first method, is at System > Administration > Network Tools.

How to find ip information

Select the right network device, and you’ve got a ton of information at your fingertips.

How to find ip information

Finally, if you can’t tear yourself away from a terminal window, the command to type in is:

Yes, it’s only one character different than ipconfig. Who would have guessed?

How to find ip information

As it turns out, you’re always a few clicks or keystrokes away from finding your IP address in Ubuntu. Isn’t choice great?

An Internet Protocol (IP) address is a unique number that can identify each host (computers, routers, switches, etc.) on a network. When a host sends information to the IP address of a second receiving host it includes IP of origination, IP of destination and other information. Knowing the IP address of key network components such as routers, firewalls and servers, can be useful when troubleshooting network problems. Use of utilities like Ping or Trace Route can help isolate problem areas.

A knowledge of relevant network topology and settings including DNS, gateway and subnet mask can also be useful when exploring network issues.

Domain Name Service (DNS) numbers are IP addresses that a workstation or server uses to refer to specific servers that resolve domain names to IP addresses.

A gateway IP refers to a device on a network which sends local network traffic to other networks.

The subnet mask number helps to define the relationship between the host (computers, routers, switches, etc.) and the rest of the network.

System Requirements

IP addresses are a part of the Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) suite of protocols and will be present on every system that is connected to the Internet. The IP protocol is installed by default on most operating systems.

Windows 95/98

Select Start > Programs > DOS Prompt

In the resulting command line window, type winipcfg.

A new window will open up displaying IP network information for that host.

In the first selection box, click on the down arrow and select the proper network interface. There will be a network connection listed for a dial-up, and one listed for each network card installed in the computer.

Click on the More Info button to see additional IP information.

To view additional DNS information click on the box next to the first DNS number marked “. “.

Windows NT/Me/2000/XP

  1. Select Start > Run. Type command into the dialog box, then click OK.
  2. In the resulting command line window, type ipconfig /all.

C:\>ipconfig /all

Windows 2000 IP Configuration Host Name . . . . . . . . . . . . : tss-avery-babel Primary

DNS Suffix . . . . . . . : dns1.someschool.edu
Node Type . . . . . . . . . . . . : Hybrid
IP Routing Enabled. . . . . . . . : No
WINS Proxy Enabled. . . . . . . . : No
DNS Suffix Search List. . . . . . : dns1.someschool.edu
someschool.edu

Ethernet adapter Local Area Connection:

Connection-specific DNS Suffix . :
Description . . . . . . . . . . . : 3Com EtherLink 10/100 PCI For Complete PC Management NIC (3C905C-TX)
Physical Address. . . . . . . . . : 00-01-03-AB-0E-6P
DHCP Enabled. . . . . . . . . . . : Yes
Autoconfiguration Enabled . . . . : Yes
IP Address. . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.10
Subnet Mask . . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
Default Gateway . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.254
DHCP Server . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.35
DNS Servers . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.12 192.168.0.13 Primary
WINS Server . . . . . . . : 192.168.0.37
Secondary WINS Server . . . . . . : 192.168.0.38
Lease Obtained. . . . . . . . . . : Wednesday, January 1, 2003 11:17:41 AM
Lease Expires . . . . . . . . . . : Friday, January 3, 2003 11:17:41 AM

The IP address will be listed in the current command line window. Other information such as the gateway address and DNS numbers will also be displayed.

Mac OS 8-9.x

Click on the Apple Menu (in the upper left corner of the display) > Control Panel > TCP/IP.

A new window will open, the TCP/IP Control Panel. This window will contain information such as IP address, subnet mask, router address (gateway), name server address (DNS) and other IP information.

Mac OS 10.x

Click on the Apple Menu > System Preferences.

Click on Network.

If the network settings are grayed out select the click the lock to make changes button. Then enter in the admin account name and password to proceed with viewing the network settings.

Choose the ethernet port by clicking the double arrows next to Show Fields and select Built in Ethernet.

Click on the TCP/IP tab.

The IP address, subnet mask, router (gateway) and domain name servers (DNS) will be displayed in the active window.

Novell 4.11-6

At the System Console screen, type config.

The last two lines of the information displayed on the screen will be the IP address and the subnet. To find the DNS numbers and gateway, follow these steps:

At the System Console screen, type load inetcfg.nlm. The Internetworking Configuration tool will launch.

Select Protocols > TCP/IP. Press Enter and the TCP/IP Protocol Configuration window will display.

Press the down arrow to LAN Static Routing Table. Press Enter.

The default route listed will be the gateway address.

Press Esc until the TCP/IP Protocol Configuration window is again visible.

Press the down arrow to DNS Resolver Configuration. Press Enter.
The three DNS numbers, along with the name of the server, will be listed here. Press Esc four times and press Enter to exit out of inetcfg back to the main console screen.

Linux

Note: Root access may be required to run these commands. These commands will all be launched from the command line.

  1. Launch a command line interface. (This will vary depending on operating system distribution.)
  2. In the resulting command line window or screen, type ifconfig.
  3. Press Enter.

Typing ifconfig at the command line:

[[email protected] /home]# ifconfig

Will result in something similar to the following:

eth0 Link encap:Ethernet HWaddr 00:10:5A:1A:DC:65
inet addr:198.209.253.169 Bcast:208.141.109.255 Mask:255.255.255.0
UP BROADCAST RUNNING MULTICAST MTU:1500 Metric:1
RX packets:18940 errors:1 dropped:0 overruns:0 frame:2
TX packets:11554 errors:0 dropped:0 overruns:0 carrier:0
collisions:2 txqueuelen:100
RX bytes:4087250 (3.8 Mb) TX bytes:2499423 (2.3 Mb)
Interrupt:11 Base address:0xd000

In the example above, the IP address is labeled inet addr:198.209.253.169.

The subnet mask is listed as Mask:255.255.255.0.

The location of the gateway address can be found by typing netstat -rn at the command line. The output will look similar to: