How to Protect Yourself and Others
COVID-19 vaccines are effective at protecting you from getting sick. Based on what we know about COVID-19 vaccines, people who have been fully vaccinated can start to do some things that they had stopped doing because of the pandemic.
We’re still learning how vaccines will affect the spread of COVID-19. After you’ve been fully vaccinated against COVID-19, you should keep taking precautions – like wearing a mask, staying 6 feet apart from others, and avoiding crowds and poorly ventilated spaces – in public places until we know more.
These recommendations can help you make decisions about daily activities after you are fully vaccinated. They are not intended for healthcare settings.
People are considered fully vaccinated:
- 2 weeks after their second dose in a 2-dose series, such as the Pfizer or Moderna vaccines, or
- 2 weeks after a single-dose vaccine, such as Johnson & Johnson’s Janssen vaccine
If you don’t meet these requirements, you are NOT fully vaccinated. Keep taking all precautions until you are fully vaccinated.
What You Can Start to Do
If you’ve been fully vaccinated:
- You can gather indoors with fully vaccinated people without wearing a mask or staying 6 feet apart.
- You can gather indoors with unvaccinated people of any age from one other household (for example, visiting with relatives who all live together) without masks or staying 6 feet apart, unless any of those people or anyone they live with has an increased risk for severe illness from COVID-19.
- If you travel in the United States, you do not need to get tested before or after travel or self-quarantine after travel.
- You need to pay close attention to the situation at your international destination before traveling outside the United States.
- You do NOT need to get tested before leaving the United States unless your destination requires it.
- You still need to show a negative test result or documentation of recovery from COVID-19 before boarding a flight to the United States.
- You should still get tested 3-5 days after international travel.
- You do NOT need to self-quarantine after arriving in the United States.
- If you’ve been around someone who has COVID-19, you do not need to stay away from others or get tested unless you have symptoms.
- However, if you live in a group setting (like a correctional or detention facility or group home) and are around someone who has COVID-19, you should still stay away from others for 14 days and get tested, even if you don’t have symptoms.
What You Should Keep Doing
For now, if you’ve been fully vaccinated:
- You should still take steps to protect yourself and others in many situations, like wearing a mask, staying at least 6 feet apart from others, and avoiding crowds and poorly ventilated spaces. Take these precautions whenever you are:
- In public
- Gathering with unvaccinated people from more than one other household
- Visiting with an unvaccinated person who is at increased risk of severe illness or death from COVID-19 or who lives with a person at increased risk
- You should still avoid medium or large-sized gatherings.
- If you travel, you should still take steps to protect yourself and others. You will still be required to wear a mask on planes, buses, trains, and other forms of public transportation traveling into, within, or out of the United States, and in U.S. transportation hubs such as airports and stations. Fully vaccinated international travelers arriving in the United States are still required to get tested within 3 days of their flight (or show documentation of recovery from COVID-19 in the past 3 months) and should still get tested 3-5 days after their trip.
- You should still watch out for symptoms of COVID-19, especially if you’ve been around someone who is sick. If you have symptoms of COVID-19, you should get tested and stay home and away from others.
- You will still need to follow guidance at your workplace.
What We Know and What We’re Still Learning
- We know that COVID-19 vaccines are effective at preventing COVID-19 disease, especially severe illness and death.
- We’re still learning how effective the vaccines are against variants of the virus that causes COVID-19. Early data show the vaccines may work against some variants but could be less effective against others.
- We know that other prevention steps help stop the spread of COVID-19, and that these steps are still important, even as vaccines are being distributed.
- We’re still learning how well COVID-19 vaccines keep people from spreading the disease.
- Early data show that the vaccines may help keep people from spreading COVID-19, but we are learning more as more people get vaccinated.
- We’re still learning how long COVID-19 vaccines can protect people.
- As we know more, CDC will continue to update our recommendations for both vaccinated and unvaccinated people.
Until we know more about those questions, everyone — even people who’ve had their vaccines — should continue taking steps to protect themselves and others when recommended.
Covid-19 has returned and cases are up. Here are some basic tips that you can follow to prevent catching and spreading the virus.
The second wave of the coronavirus pandemic is here. Now, if you are thinking what is a second wave? You can think of it just like sea waves. The number of Covid- 19 infections go up and then comes back down again – each cycle is considered as one wave of coronavirus.
According to the Union Health Ministry data updated on Monday, India saw 46,951 fresh cases of Covid-19 in the past 24 hours, which is once again the highest daily rise of 2021. It is the 12th consecutive day when cases of fresh coronavirus infection rose at a faster rate than recoveries. The current load of active Covid-19 cases in the country is over 3.34 lakh.
“Total #COVID19 Cases in India (as on March 22, 2021)
- 95.75% Cured/Discharged/Migrated (1,11,51,468)
- 2.87% Active cases (3,34,646)
- 1.37% Deaths (1,59,967),” tweeted the official website, have a look.
Total #COVID19 Cases in India (as on March 22, 2021)
95.75% Cured/Discharged/Migrated (1,11,51,468)
2.87% Active cases (3,34,646)
1.37% Deaths (1,59,967)
Total COVID-19 confirmed cases = Cured/Discharged/Migrated+Active cases+Deaths#StaySafe pic.twitter.com/QtdiAg9TWh
As per the recent reports, Maharashtra and Delhi are among the eight states that are witnessing a sharp rise in coronavirus cases over the past week. Maharashtra, Punjab, Karnataka, Gujarat and Madhya Pradesh account for 80% of the new coronavirus cases. However, till now, a total of over 4.5 crore people have been vaccinated so far.
Amid an ongoing vaccination drive and the fears of the fresh surge in Covid-19 cases, how can you protect yourself? Here are some basic tips that you can follow to prevent catching and spreading the virus.
How to protect yourself and others
Ways you can follow to prevent catching and spreading the virus.
1. Get Covid- 19 vaccine
Covid 19 can have serious, life-threatening complications, and there are no ways through which you cloud know how it will affect you. So better, take the authorized Covid-19 vaccine, it can help protect you from the Covid-19.
2. Wear a mask
Masks act as filters and capture the droplets and particles we expel. So, when you wear a mask, you protect others as well as yourself.
As per the government guidelines, “Everyone 2 years and older should wear masks in public. Masks should be worn in addition to staying at least 6 feet apart, especially around people who don’t live with you.”
- Before putting on your mask wash your hands or use a hand sanitizer.
- While wearing a mask keep in mind that your mask should cover your nose and mouth and secure it under your chin. However, just make sure you can breathe easily.
- And when you take off your mask, handle it only by the ear loops or ties and store it safely to keep it clean between uses. If someone you live with is sick with covid symptoms or has tested positive for Covid-19 then wear a mask inside your home also.
3. Main distance: Stay 6 feet away
If some are sick in your home, then you should avoid close contact. If possible, maintain 6 feet between the person who is sick and other household members. If you are outside your home, then maintain 6 feet (2 arm lengths) of distance, between yourself and other people because some people without symptoms may be able to spread the virus.
4. Stay safe: Avoid crowds
Stop going to crowded places like restaurants, bars, fitness centres, or movie theatres etc. Going to such places can put you at higher risk for Covid-19. In the case of indoor places, you should avoid poorly ventilated spaces as much as possible.
5. Keep your hands clean
Remember, your hands are gross. You touch hundreds of surfaces a single day and all of them contain their own little worlds of germs. Therefore to prevent the spread of infections, keep your hands clean.
Keep in mind that a virus can spread from other people or surfaces:
- So don’t touch your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands
- Don’t prepare or eat food and drinks with unwashed hands
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose, and mouth with unwashed hands.
When is it important to wash hands?
It’s especially important to wash:
- Before and after eating food
- Before preparing food
- Before touching your face
- After using the restroom
- After removing your mask
- After touching animals or pets
Apart from all these don’t forget to clean and disinfect frequently touched surfaces regularly, like tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, and sinks.
Upgrading your mask and staying vigilant are more important than ever.
By Abraar Karan
Dr. Karan is an internal medicine physician at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School who worked on the Massachusetts government response to Covid-19 last year.
The hospital where I work is now treating fewer people with Covid-19, after enduring a deadly resurgence of the coronavirus this year. In the United States, the number of people hospitalized with Covid-19 has dropped 29 percent in the past two weeks, most likely thanks to rising immunity resulting from vaccinations and prior infections, as well as the success of government-imposed restrictions. It feels as if we can begin to exhale.
But the situation remains delicate. The number of new Covid-19 cases reported each day has declined substantially since the peak in early January, but more recently the rate has stabilized as new variants of the virus threaten to reverse our modest progress. Some of these new variants are more transmissible and may be more virulent. They may also be less susceptible to some vaccines than the previously dominant lineages of the coronavirus. A variant discovered in Brazil infected people who already had some immunity to Covid-19 because of previous infections.
People should get vaccinated as soon as they’re able, and in the meantime, the best way to prevent infection with a new coronavirus variant is to stick to the fundamentals that we know work.
Keep wearing a mask — preferably a better one
Masks are the single most important tool for controlling the spread of the coronavirus, aside from vaccines. Any mask is better than no mask. But since some of the new variants are more contagious, upgrading your mask is even more important now. Choose one that effectively filters airborne particles — like an N95, KN95 or KF94 — or get a surgical mask and adjust it to fit your face properly. These can better protect you from droplets and airborne particles, and they can prevent you from infecting others if you have the coronavirus.
If you cannot find a mask specifically designed to filter aerosols, a cloth mask worn over a surgical mask provides significantly better protection than a single cloth mask. It’s especially important to use the right mask (or masks) in crowded indoor settings where ventilation is poor. Since scientists are still studying to what degree vaccinated people can still transmit the virus, immunized people should still wear masks around those who haven’t gotten a vaccine.
Because Covid-19 primarily spreads through the air in the form of droplets and aerosols, proper ventilation of indoor spaces is crucial for controlling viral spread. It’s most important to maximize ventilation when people can’t avoid being around one another, such as in schools, workplaces and grocery stores, or when traveling in a taxi, in a ride-share or on public transit. To improve airflow indoors, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention recommends opening doors and windows, using fans to increase air circulation and installing high-efficiency particulate air filtration systems, among other measures. The government should provide financial support to small businesses that cannot afford such measures.
- India records over 100,000 new cases in one day for the first time.
- Biotech company says changes are coming after vaccine mix-up at its Baltimore plant.
- The once-battered Navajo Nation has gained control of the virus, for now.
After nearly a year of isolation, our need for socialization is acute. The C.D.C. will soon release guidance for people who have been vaccinated to make clear which activities are and are not safe. But Dr. Anthony S. Fauci, President Biden’s chief medical adviser for Covid-19, has said that people who have been vaccinated can safely gather in private with others who’ve had the vaccine.
While vaccinated people might still transmit the virus to one another, vaccine trial data suggests that this would most likely result in only mild illness, if symptoms emerged at all. But people who are not vaccinated should continue to avoid activities that are considered high risk, like spending time indoors with people outside their family or small social group, gathering in crowds and skipping masks.
Get a vaccine — any vaccine
All three of the vaccines that have been approved for emergency use for the coronavirus are excellent at stopping severe disease. When it comes to getting a shot, the question should not be which vaccine to get, but when you can get it. If you have been vaccinated, do what you can in your community to communicate the safety and efficacy of the vaccines to those who may be reluctant to get a shot.
It takes only one person to start an outbreak, and everyone can take steps to stop one. After all, the emerging variants still spread in the same way. That means the same interventions still work, as long as we use them consistently.
Abraar Karan (@AbraarKaran) is an internal medicine physician at the Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School.
How To Protect Yourself During the Pandemic
COVID-19 has claimed millions of lives around the world. But we learn more about this disease every day. Scientists are developing tools that promise to slow and eventually help us overcome the pandemic.
COVID-19 is caused by a new coronavirus called SARS-CoV-2. There are many types of coronaviruses. Some cause the common cold. Others have led to fatal disease outbreaks. These include severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) in 2003, Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS) in 2012, and now COVID-19.
Coronaviruses are named for the crown-like spikes on their surface. (Corona means crown.) The viruses use the spikes to help get inside your body’s cells. Once inside, they replicate, or make copies of themselves.
Scientists have learned how to turn these spikes against the virus through vaccines and treatments. They’ve also learned what you can do to protect yourself from the virus.
You’re most likely to get COVID-19 through close contact with someone who’s infected. Coughing, sneezing, talking, and breathing produce small droplets of liquid. These are called respiratory droplets. They travel through the air and can be inhaled by someone else.
“COVID-19 is spread mainly through exposure to respiratory droplets that tend to drop within six feet,” says Dr. Anthony Fauci, director of NIH’s National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases. That’s why it’s important to stay at least six feet (about two arm lengths) away from people who don’t live with you.
“Surfaces can be contaminated. But it is likely that this is a less common cause of infection rather than person-to-person directly,” Fauci says.
You can protect yourself and others by wearing a mask. Choose one that has at least two layers of fabric. Make sure that the mask covers your mouth and nose and doesn’t leak air around the edges.
“There’s very little transmission in places where masks are worn,” says Dr. Ben Cowling at the University of Hong Kong who studies how viruses spread. Cowling found that infections were most often spread in settings where masks aren’t worn.
“Masks work. But even with mandatory masking, you still need social distancing as well,” he says. You can lower your risk by avoiding crowds. Crowds increase the risk of coming in contact with someone who has COVID-19.
What to Look For
Common symptoms of COVID-19 include fever, cough, headaches, fatigue, and muscle or body aches. People with COVID-19 may also lose their sense of smell or taste. Symptoms usually appear two to 14 days after being exposed to the virus.
But even people who don’t seem sick can still infect others. The CDC estimates that 50% of infections are spread by people with no symptoms. While some with this virus develop life-threatening illness, others have mild symptoms, and some never develop any.
Catching the virus is more dangerous for some groups of people. This includes older adults and people with certain medical conditions. These medical conditions include obesity, diabetes, heart and lung disease, and asthma. About 40% of Americans have at least one of these risk factors.
Better COVID-19 treatments mean that fewer people now get severely sick if they catch the virus. Scientists have been working to test available drugs against the virus. They’ve found at least two that can help people who are hospitalized with the virus.
A drug called remdesivir can reduce the time a patient spends in the hospital. A steroid called dexamethasone helps stop the immune system The system that protects your body from invading viruses, bacteria, and other microscopic threats. from reacting too strongly to the virus. That can damage body tissues and organs.
Antibody treatments are also available. Antibodies are proteins that your body makes to fight germs. Scientists have learned how to make them in the lab. Antibody treatments can block SARS-CoV-2 to prevent the illness from getting worse. They seem to have the most benefit when given early in the disease.
“Antibody treatments really do have the potential to help people, especially for treating individuals who are not yet hospitalized,” says Dr. Mark Heise, who studies the genetics of viruses at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Heise is working to develop mouse models to test treatments and vaccines.
Studies are now testing combinations of treatments. “Combining drugs that target both the virus and the person’s immune response may help treat COVID-19,” says Heise. Scientists are also looking for new drugs that better target the virus.
A Shot of Hope: Vaccines
It used to take a decade or more to develop a new vaccine. In this pandemic, scientists created COVID-19 vaccines in less than a year.
The first two vaccines approved for emergency use are from Moderna and Pfizer/BioNTech. Moderna’s vaccine was co-developed with NIH scientists. Both are a new type of vaccine called mRNA vaccines. mRNA carries the genetic information for your body to make proteins.
The vaccines direct the body’s cells to make a piece of the virus called the spike protein. These proteins can’t cause illness by themselves. But they teach your immune system to make antibodies against the protein. If you encounter the virus later, the antibodies provide protection against it.
The mRNA vaccines now available were shown to be more than 90% effective in large clinical trials. They can cause side effects—such as fatigue, muscle aches, joint pain, and headache. But both vaccines were found to be safe in the clinical trials.
“Get vaccinated. The vaccines are safe. They’re incredibly effective,” says Dr. Jason McLellan, an expert on coronaviruses at the University of Texas at Austin. McLellan’s research was critical in developing these vaccines. His team, along with NIH scientists, figured out how to lock the shape of the spike protein to make the most effective antibodies.
As the pandemic has gone on, new versions of the virus, or variants, have appeared. “We’re all very confident that vaccines will continue to work well against these variants,” McLellan says. “Vaccination also helps stop the development of new variants, because it provides fewer opportunities for the virus to change as it replicates.”
Many people will need to be vaccinated for the pandemic to end. Fauci estimates that 70% to 85% of the U.S. population will need to be vaccinated to get “herd immunity.” That’s the point where enough people are immune to the virus to prevent its spread. That’s important because it protects vulnerable people who can’t get vaccinated.
“It is my hope that all Americans will protect themselves by getting vaccinated when the vaccine becomes available to them,” Fauci says. “That is how our country will begin to heal and move forward.”
Each Breath Blog
by Editorial Staff | March 5, 2021
Current research suggests that people who are pregnant are at increased risk of severe symptoms, including illness that could result in hospitalization and death if they get COVID-19. Now, with the rollout of COVID-19 vaccines, pregnant people might be wondering if they should protect themselves through vaccination or take their chances against the COVID-19 virus. We spoke with Dr. Nathaniel G. DeNicola, a board certificated OB-GYN with Johns Hopkins Medicine about what pregnant people need to know to keep themself and developing baby well during this time.
COVID-19 and Pregnancy
“We have seen that pregnant women do seem to be more susceptible to severe cases of COVID-19 than non-pregnant women. This is common for many other respiratory infections as well,” Dr. DeNicola explained. “The reason for this is that mom’s immune system is relatively weakened during pregnancy because there’s so many physical and psychological demands.”
This is why it is especially important for pregnant women to take every protective measure they can to prevent illness. Maintaining social distance and good hand hygiene are important steps toward this goal. Dr. DeNicola also recommends that, since there are varying degrees of protection given depending on how a face mask is worn, pregnant people may want to talk to their healthcare provider about further protective options, such as a KN-95 mask, double masking, and avoiding a single layer, loose-fitting cloth face covering.
It is also crucial that pregnant women continue to attend all scheduled doctor appointments. “The COVID-19 emergency response has revealed an advantage to telehealth that was simmering for a while but was accelerated by the pandemic. There are now protocols where pregnant women can have their prenatal schedule revised so they can maintain the same number of visits with their healthcare provider, but they can limit the number of in-person visits if need be. Virtual visits can’t entirely replace in-person care of course, but they can be a helpful tool to keep pregnant women as safe as possible during this time,” Dr. DeNicola advised.
If a pregnant woman does get COVID-19, in the majority of cases, supportive care and observation will be all that’s required. Taking acetaminophen (Tylenol) is a safe way for pregnant women to ease symptoms like fever or muscle pain. For women who also struggle from other common respiratory conditions, like asthma, additional medication, like inhalers, may be prescribed. But, according to Dr. DeNicola, soon-to-be mothers can breathe easy when it comes to worrying about infecting their unborn child, “overall, it doesn’t appear that COVID-19 crosses the placenta, so it does not appear to effect the fetus,” he said.
Vaccine Safety for Pregnant Women
The release of the COVID-19 vaccine offers an increased protective opportunity, especially for those who are pregnant and other groups at high risk for severe illness. The mRNA vaccine trials, such as Pfizer and Moderna, deliberately excluded pregnant or breastfeeding individuals, so our current knowledge is limited. However, 18 people who participated in the vaccine trails later became pregnant. Pfizer and Moderna have begun Phase 2 and 3 clinical trials into the topic. These studies will monitor 4,000+ healthy women between 24 and 34 weeks of gestation as they receive two doses of the vaccine. It will assess the safety and effectiveness for not only the mothers but the infants as well.
Until these findings are available, we must rely on the current COVID-19 vaccine findings which have led most doctors to recommend that every individual, pregnant or not, receive the vaccine when it is available to them.
“Pregnant women do have the option to get the vaccine which is a way of saying there we are not concerned about the risks,” Dr. DeNicola explained. “There are many things that we do not recommend for pregnant women, such as alcohol, tobacco or even sushi. Currently the COVID-19 vaccine is not on this list.” This is because mRNA vaccines do not contain the live virus that causes COVID-19 so they cannot give someone COVID-19. We also know that mRNA vaccines do not interact with a person’s DNA because the mRNA does not enter the cell’s nucleus. So, based on how mRNA vaccines work, experts believe they are unlikely to pose a specific risk for pregnant women, especially when comparing to the risk of becoming severely ill from COVID-19.
What to Consider Before Getting the COVID-19 Vaccine
The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG), and the Society for Maternal-Fetal Medicine all agree that the new mRNA COVID-19 vaccines should be offered to all eligible pregnant and breastfeeding women. But before doing anything, you should discuss possible risks with your healthcare provider. “Currently we understand that it’s a thousand-fold better to get the vaccine than to get the virus in terms of risk. Particularly for pregnant women who work in healthcare, getting the vaccine should be strongly considered,” said Dr. DeNicola.
Vaccination side-effects have been well documented and can occur after receiving any of the available COVID-19 vaccines, but these side-effects are not any different for pregnant people and non-pregnant people. Once again, it is recommended that pregnant individuals monitor their symptoms and take acetaminophen for fever or pain if needed, which is safe for both them and the fetus, to combat any side-effects.
Dr. DeNicola is a strong supporter of the vaccine and believes there are real advantages for pregnant women to consider.
“Along with the choices to either get the vaccine or get the virus, some people think there is a third option which is ‘I’m going to be careful and just not get either’,” he said. “Though you may be able to sustain that for a little while, if we see more surges or spikes like we have at various times during this pandemic, then the threshold to get the vaccine should really lower among people who have regular activity that involves any interaction with the public. This is because, in certain areas, if the infection rate becomes very dense, no matter how careful you are you may not be able to avoid it. That is just one more reason that I would suggest that anyone who is able should get the vaccine.”
To learn more about the COVID-19 vaccine, visit our Vaccine Tracker.
JOHNSTON, Iowa (KTIV) – Starting next week, Iowa residents, who are 16 and older, will be able to sign up to receive their first dose of the COVID-19 vaccine.
That group would be receiving the Pfizer vaccine. Meanwhile, people who are 18 and older will be able to sign up for either the Moderna vaccine or the Johnson & Johnson vaccine.
During a news conference Wednesday, Reynolds said 40% of residents in the state who are 18 and older have received their first dose of the vaccine. Meanwhile, more than 603,000 residents — or one-quarter of the state’s population — have been fully vaccinated.
“Vaccination is the best way to protect yourself from COVID-19, and it is what will allow us to fully return to living our lives ways that we value the most,” said Reynolds. “It’s why Kevin and I were vaccinated and its why I am asking Iowans to do the same. And there is no time like the present.
Reynolds said vaccines will be provided to Dordt University in Sioux Center, and Northwestern College in Orange City, next week.
Officials at Northwestern say they are receiving 500 doses of Johnson & Johnson.
Kelly Garcia, Director of Iowa Human Services, says it’s vital college students get vaccinated.
“While you may be healthy and less likely to have a really bad outcome yourself if you get the virus, think about your older loved ones in your life, think aboutthose you work with, think about the young people in your life and the people you come into contact causually in your daily whereabouts,” said Garcia. “You don’t want to be the person that spreads this virus into those in your community.”
Garcia said getting vaccinated is a community action, and they need everyone to participate.
Last updated: 29/03 – 16:50
Malawi has registered 23 new COVID -19 cases, 26 new recoveries and one new death. Of the new cases, 21 are locally transmitted: 11 from Blantyre, nine from Lilongwe, and one from Kasungu District while two of the new cases are imported and were identified at Mwanza border during routine screening: one each from Blantyre and Zomba Districts. One new death was registered from Kasungu District. To the families that have lost their loved during this pandemic, may you find peace, hope and love during this difficult time. May the souls of the departed rest in peace.
Cumulatively, Malawi has recorded 33,481 cases including 1,114 deaths (Case Fatality Rate is at 3.33%). Of these cases, 2,114 are imported infections and 31,367 are locally transmitted. Cumulatively, 29,611 cases have now recovered (recovery rate of 88.4%) and 134 were lost to follow-up. This brings the total number of active cases to 2,622. Two cases were hospitalised while two were discharged. A total of 32 active cases are hospitalised: 10 in Blantyre, seven in Lilongwe, three each in Mchinji and Salima, two each in Thyolo and Zomba, and one each in Mzimba North, Mangochi, Dedza, Rumphi, and Ntchisi Districts. On testing, 510 COVID -19 tests were conducted. Of these, 275 tests were through SARS -CoV-2 Antigen Rapid Diagnostic test while the rest were through RT- PCR . The positive cases out of the total, translates to a positivity rate of 4.5%.
Cumulatively, 216,858 tests have been conducted in the country so far. On COVID -19 vaccination, cumulatively 111,592 people have been vaccinated in the country with 2,066 being vaccinated.
As we are still experiencing community transmission of COVID -19, I would like remind the public on the COVID -19 symptoms to facilitate the early care seeking when we experience the symptoms. It has to be noted that COVID -19 affects people in different ways. Most infected people will develop mild to moderate illness and recover without hospitalization. The most common symptoms include fever, dry cough, and tiredness, while in some patients it presents with aches and pains, sore throat, diarrhoea, conjunctivitis, headache, loss of taste or smell, a rash on skin, or discolouration of fingers or toes. When one has these symptoms, there is need to have a COVID -19 test. If one experiences the following serious symptoms ofdifficulty breathing or shortness of breath, chest pain or pressure, loss of speech or movement, immediate medical attention is needed. It is important to note that early care seeking lead to positive treatment outcomes.
Lastly, on COVID -19 Vaccination, let me emphasize that the AstraZeneca vaccine which we are using is safe as it has less or fewer side effects. Most of them are minor and self-limiting and these include pain or soreness on the injection site, fever, headache, muscle or joint pain, fatigue or nausea. These will usually go away without any need of hospital treatment.People receiving the vaccine are informed on the possible side effects of the vaccine including those that may require to be immediately reported to the health authorities or facilities. Those that have or will be receiving the vaccine are encouraged to report to nearest health facility any adverse effects following immunization or call toll free number 929. It is important to note that reporting adverse reactions of COVID -19 vaccine supports continuous monitoring of the safe and effective use of the vaccine in our country.
No one is safe until everyone else is safe. Protect yourself. Protect your loved ones. Protect everyone. Call toll free 929.
Hon. Khumbize Kandodo Chiponda, MP
MINISTER OF HEALTH
CO- CHAIRPERSON – PRESIDENTIAL TASKFORCE
Distributed by APO Group on behalf of Ministry of Health and Population, Republic of Malawi.
Coronavirus – Malawi: COVID -19 update (28 March 2021)
TIMESOFINDIA.COM | Last updated on – Feb 5, 2021, 15:04 IST
01 /8 How to protect yourself from COVID-19 and its variants
Over a year has gone by since the news of the novel coronavirus broke out into the world. While many succumbed to the impact of the deadly virus, millions of people have also managed to survive the pandemic. However, the dangers of COVID-19 have not yet settled in and with new variants looming over our heads, experts and medical professionals suggest extra caution and care. Surely we’re all aware of the COVID rules and the precautionary measures we must take to contain the spread of the virus, but nevertheless here’s a fresh reminder to how you can protect yourself from COVID-19 and its new variants.
02 /8 Maintain social distancing and avoid public gatherings
One of the easiest ways to contract the virus is through physical contact and/or aerosol transmission. Being in the company of more than one person only increases your chance of catching the virus and spreading it to other people. That said, it becomes extremely important that you avoid public gatherings and maintain social distancing at crowded places.
03 /8 Mask-up
While many myths surrounding the use of masks continue to circulate amidst the public, it is still one of the most effective ways to protect yourself from COVID-19. A well-fitting mask acts as a barrier between you and a person infected with the deadly virus. It prevents you from inhaling other people’s respiratory droplets and prevents you from transmitting your aerosol droplets to others, hence containing the spread of the virus.
04 /8 Wash and sanitize your hands regularly
SARs-COV-2 can spread through touch. Whether you visit a grocery store or go for a stroll in the park, the invisible virus may be everywhere and while you cannot see it, you must be vigilant and careful about the same. Therefore, it is important that you wash your hands regularly and sanitize them whenever you’re out in the open.
05 /8 Disinfect frequently touched surfaces
Besides washing your hands, you must also steer clear of frequently touched surfaces that can be contaminated. That said, you can disinfect and sanitise areas that are common for public use or atleast clean the areas that are the most touched.
06 /8 Good ventilation is essential
A clean air and surrounding is crucial when it comes to protecting yourself from COVID-19. Considering the novel coronavirus can also spread via airborne transmission, it is likely that the aerosol particles may linger in the air for a long period of time, making people likely to contract the virus. By resorting to good ventilation, you not only secure your space but reduce the chances for both droplet and airborne transmission to take place.
07 /8 In case you develop symptoms, get yourself tested
Many times, we waver off cold symptoms for being just another winter chill. But experts and doctors suggest that we get yourself tested as and when we develop symptoms that are similar to COVID-19 symptoms. By doing so, we not only increase our chances of survival but also limit the spread of the virus.
08 /8 Safe vaccination
Considering a vaccine is our only way to combat the novel coronavirus, it is crucial that you get the jab. While many side effects have surfaced following it’s roll out, one must go through the fact sheet provided by the authorities and then decide whether to call the shots or not.
Progressive Fat-Burning Workout!
Dumbbell shoulder workout
[New!] Level 4 – 30 minute tempo fat-burning!
Guided Level 4 killer fat-burning cardio!
How to do a proper deadlift
20 minute hardcore dumbbell shred & shape
[Gym] Leg Training (voice-over with tips)
Building Guns (voice-over with tips)
Horseshoe triceps finisher
Gym abs training
Basic shoulder training
Chest training at the gym
Getting ripped series: Day 5 – The Triple 3 Circuit
Getting ripped series: Day 4 – Arms Training
Getting ripped series: Day 2 – Chest Training