How to do research for a speech



Successfully summarizing a speech is an essential skill, especially for students, journalists or government employees. A summary can help clarify the essential elements of a speech in the quickest way possible and also help extrapolate its main points and essential arguments. A well-crafted summary can act as the baseline for an important news article, be used in an analytical report or even act as a study guide for students studying history, literature or rhetoric.

Read your assigned speech carefully. Do not annotate your copy of the speech yet. Instead, read the work thoroughly and focus on the speech’s tone, mood and diction. Give special focus to the speech’s theme – the argument it is making or the issue it is covering – and also pay particular attention to how the different portions of the work fit together.

Take your pen and reread the work. This time, begin to annotate the speech and underline any portions that you should include in your summary. Highlight the speech’s thesis statement and underline any evidence you find that bolsters the speaker’s argument. Mark any words or phrases that illustrate the speaker’s particular style.

Write an outline of the speech’s main ideas. Using Roman Numerals or bullet points, piece together the main ideas and supporting arguments from each portion. Read the speech again if you need to refresh your ideas. Phrase the speaker’s ideas in your own words in your outline; this will help clarify your ideas about the overall point of the speech.

Compose a first draft of your summary. Use your outline as your skeleton and begin to consolidate the speaker’s ideas into your own prose. Write your summary as a shorter speech of your own, being sure to rephrase the speaker’s points into a more easily readable format. Do not simply include a string of quotations from the original speech.

Compare and contrast your own rough draft with the original speech. Take care to ensure that you mention all the speaker’s main points and include their eventual conclusion. If you need to, add any ideas that you missed in your draft. Check your grammar, polish your formatting and include your citations before printing and turning in your summary.

5 Research Topics in Speech Language Pathology

  • Traumatic Injury and Language Function
  • Development Of Reading Skills In Youth
  • Speech Processing In Elderly Patients
  • Language and Its Relation to Hearing Loss
  • Speech Related Diseases And Their Treatments

Working toward a Master’s in Speech Language Pathology can be very interesting. There are a number of different demographics you learn about whether it be the very young or the very old. If you are studying towards your master’s degree then you will have to complete some additional research that usually is presented in the form of a research paper, or thesis. This project usually includes a lot of parameters that you have to follow and if you don’t pick a topic that is interesting to you, or well studied, this project can drag on and on. A simple topic won’t allow you to get specific enough but something too specific won’t bring you enough information. Let’s take a look at five different areas of study for a speech language pathology student.

1. Traumatic Injury and Language Function

When a person is involved in a traumatic injury that affects their brain, this can have a negative effect on their ability to speak properly. These issues can be caused by damage to the brain, swelling, etc. Over time some speech functions may come back on their own but there is often some form of rehabilitation that is needed. This is an excellent topic when it comes to picking a specific area of study for a student in this field.

2. Development of Reading Skills In Youth

Speech language issues can cause students to need additional help with reading skills and language development. Different techniques are used for diagnosing these learning issues and different treatment options are available as well. When it comes to information on this topic, you can focus on the diagnosis of reading issues, the ways you can work with a student to assist them with their learning, and the potential outcomes.

3. Speech Processing In Elderly Patients

As a person ages they may begin to have speech and language concerns that they didn’t have when they were younger. This can be affected by a number of issues whether it be an illness, hearing loss, dementia, Parkinson’s disease and so on. The severity of the speech language issues vary and treatment needs to be tailored to each patient based on their concerns and what their outcome may be.

4. Language and Its Relation to Hearing Loss

When a person experiences hearing loss, this can greatly affect their own speech in addition to understanding others. Some people are born deaf or with significant hearing loss. Others develop hearing loss over time or experience it because of an accident. Research can be done on language and speech and why they are affected so greatly by hearing loss. Also consider looking at how therapy and other techniques can help improve a person’s speech.

5. Speech Related Diseases And Their Treatments

There are a number of diseases and conditions that affect a person’s speech and language. This can be anything from autism and dyslexia to something that affects older people like bell’s palsy or Parkinson’s disease. Information is always being discovered for many of these conditions and it is important to look at everything whether it be how the disease affects the brain and speech or how these conditions can be treated to a positive outcome.

According to Forbes, the demand for speech pathologists is great. Completing research during a Master’s in Speech Language Pathology program provides students a chance to focus on a topic that could potentially be used in a future job. While it not only enhances an education, it provides an opportunity to stand out with prospective employers.

ASHA’s Evidence Maps

Evidence maps are intended to provide clinicians, researchers, clients, and caregivers with tools and guidance to engage in evidence-based decision making.

National Outcomes Measurement System (NOMS)

NOMS is a voluntary data collection system developed to illustrate the value of speech-language pathology services provided to adults and children with communication and swallowing disorders.

Evidence-Based Practice

Tools and information for incorporating the principles of evidence-based practice into clinical decision making are provided to support high quality clinical care.

ASHA Survey Reports

  • Audiology Survey
  • Clinical Personnel Supply & Demand
  • COVID-19 Tracker Survey
  • CSD Education Survey, National and State Aggregate Reports
  • Interprofessional Practice Survey
  • Membership Survey
  • Salary Data
  • Schools Survey
  • Speech-Language Pathology Health Care Survey
  • Surveying ASHA Members for Research Purposes

Awards & Programs

ASHA Academic Affairs and Research Education offers several research education, mentoring, and awards programs that aim to facilitate pursuing, launching, and advancing academic and research careers.

Programs at the ASHA Convention

The Research Symposium is a full-day event of presentations on a single research theme. Supported in part by NIDCD, the event is captured in recordings and publications. Roundtables and other sessions offer additional learning opportunities on contemporary research topics.

Grants & Funding

Funding for research in communication sciences and disorders is available through ASHFoundation and other resources. ASHA also provides resources and support for preparing grants.

Libraries and Librarians Are Our Friends

How to do research for a speech

Leo Hidalgo – Research – CC BY-NC 2.0.

If you hear the word “research” and get a little queasy inside, you’re hardly alone. Many people dread the idea of having to research something, whether for a speech or a paper. However, there are amazing people who are like wizards of information called librarians, and they live in a mystical place of knowledge called the library. OK, so maybe they’re not wizards and libraries aren’t mystical, but librarians and libraries are definitely a good speaker’s best friend. Whether you are dealing with a librarian at a public library or an academic library, librarians have many tricks and shortcuts up their sleeves to make hunting for information easier and faster (George, 2008). You may find it odd that we decided to start a chapter on research discussing librarians, but we strongly believe that interacting with librarians and using libraries effectively is the first step to good research.

To help make your interactions with research librarians more fulfilling, we sent out an e-mail to research librarians who belong to the American Library Association asking them for tips on working with a research librarian. Thankfully, the research librarians were very willing to help us help you. Listed below are some of the top tips we received from research librarians (in no particular order)Author Note: We wish to thank the numerous reference librarians who went out of their way to help us develop our top eighteen tips to working with reference librarians. We opted to keep their comments anonymous, but we want to thank them here.

  • Debra Rollins, Louisiana State University-Alexandria
  • William Badke, Trinity Western University
  • Ingrid Hendrix, University of New Mexico
  • Ward Price, Ivy Tech Community College, Northeast
  • Tracy L. Stout, Missouri State University
  • Sandra J. Ley, Pima Community College
  • Annie Smith, Utah Valley University Library
  • Sharlee Jeser-Skaggs, Richland College Library
  • Leslie N. Todd, University of the Incarnate Word
  • Susan G Ryberg, Mount Olive College
  • Kathleen A. Hana, Indiana University-Purdue University Indianapolis University Library
  • Red Wassenich, Austin Community College
  • Elizabeth Kettell, University of Rochester Medical Center
  1. Your librarian is just as knowledgeable about information resources and the research process as your professor is about his or her discipline. Collaborate with your librarian so that you can benefit from his or her knowledge.
  2. Try to learn from the librarian so that you can increase your research skills. You’ll need these skills as you advance in your academic coursework, and you’ll rely on these skills when you’re in the workplace.
  3. When we are in our offices, we aren’t on reference desk duty. Whether an office door is open or closed, please knock first and wait to be invited in. With that said, if we are at the reference desk, we are there to help you. Please ask! You aren’t interrupting. Helping students does not bother us. It is our job and profession, and we like doing it.
  4. I’m here to teach you, not go to bat for you. Please don’t expect me to write a note to your instructor because the materials (reference, reserve, or whatever) weren’t available.
  5. Please, please, please don’t interrupt me when I am working with another student. This happens regularly and we work on a first-come, first-serve basis. Wait your turn.
  6. If we help you find sources, please take a look at them, so we will be more likely to want to help you in the future.
  7. Research is a process, not an event. If you haven’t allocated enough time for your project, the librarian can’t bail you out at the very last minute
  8. Don’t expect the librarian to do the work that you should be doing. It is your project and your grade. The librarian can lead you to the resources, but you have to select the best sources for your particular project. This takes time and effort on your part.
  9. Reference librarians are professional searchers who went to graduate school to learn how to do research. Reference librarians are here to help no matter how stupid a student thinks her or his question is.
  10. Good research takes time and, while there are shortcuts, students should still expect to spend some time with a librarian and to trawl through the sources they find.
  11. Students should also know that we ask questions like, “Where have you looked so far?” and “Have you had a library workshop before?” for a reason. It may sound like we’re deferring the question, but what we’re trying to do is gauge how much experience the student has with research and to avoid going over the same ground twice.
  12. Students should approach a librarian sooner rather than later. If a student isn’t finding what they need within fifteen minutes or so, they need to come find a librarian. Getting help early will save the student a lot of time and energy.
  13. If you don’t have a well-defined topic to research, or if you don’t know what information resources you’re hoping to find, come to the reference desk with a copy of your class assignment. The librarian will be glad to help you to select a topic that’s suitable for your assignment and to help you access the resources you need. Having at least a general topic in mind and knowing what the assignment entails (peer-reviewed only, three different types of sources, etc.) helps immensely.
  14. Most academic librarians are willing to schedule in-depth research consultations with students. If you feel you’ll need more time and attention than you might normally receive at the reference desk or if you’re shy about discussing your research interest in a public area, ask the librarian for an appointment.
  15. Students, if they know their topic, should be as specific as possible in what they ask for. Students who are struggling with identifying a narrow topic should seek help from either their professors or librarians. We can’t help you find sources if your topic isn’t really very clear.
  16. Students need to learn that many questions do not have ready-made or one-stop answers. Students need to understand that an interface with a reference librarian is a dialog and part of a recursive, repetitive process. They need to make time for this process and assume an active role in the exchange.
  17. Students should understand that information can come in a variety of formats. If a student asks for a “book about” something without providing any other details about the information needed, that student could come away empty handed. Instead, students should get in the habit of asking for “information about” something first.
  18. “Gee thanks!” every now and then will win every librarian’s heart!


George, M. W. (2008). The elements of library research: What every student needs to know. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press.

How to do research for a speech

Writing a speech isn’t all that different than writing for other mediums. You need to know your audience, the required length, and the purpose or topic. This is true whether your speech is for a business conference, a wedding, a school project, or any other scenario.

But there’s something about speech writing that’s especially nerve-wracking.

If you write and deliver a speech that doesn’t go over well, you’ll get feedback in real time. The people sitting in front of you could lose interest, start talking, doze off, or even wander out of the room. (Don’t worry, only audiences in movies throw tomatoes).

Of course, a poor speech is not the end of the world. You can give plenty of crummy speeches and live to tell the tale.

But we also know that a great speech is capable of changing the world. Or at least sparking an audience’s imagination, catapulting your business into success, earning an A+ on your assignment, or ensuring that the bride and groom are still friends with you after the wedding.

So if you’re feeling stressed over your impending speech writing duties, fret no more! Today we’re breaking down for you the step-by-step process of exactly how to write a great speech.

1 Tips to Write (and Live) By

Let’s start with the 30,000 foot, big-picture view. These are the tenants that will guide you in your speech writing process (and pretty much anything else you want to write).

  • Know The Purpose: What are you trying to accomplish with your speech? Educate, inspire, entertain, argue a point? Your goals will dictate the tone and structure, and result in dramatically different speeches.
  • Know Your Audience: Your speech should be tailored for your audience, both in terms of ideas and language. If you’re speaking at a sound healer convention, you won’t need to explain the concept of energetic blocks. And if you’re speaking to an octogenarians-only quilting circle, you probably shouldn’t drop as many F-bombs as you would with your local biker gang.
  • Know The Length: You don’t want to underwhelm or overwhelm your audience.Ten minutes may be too short for your keynote address, but it’s probably too long for your best man speech. Don’t leave things up to chance. Your writing process will be much easier if you keep your eye on your target length.
  • Write, Revise, Practice, Revise, Practice…: MLK’s “I Have a Dream” speech wasn’t written in a day. Give yourself the time you need to practice your material and work through multiple drafts. Don’t expect to nail everything on the first try.

2 The Step-by-Step Process

Still feeling stressed over how to get started? Here’s how to write your speech from concept to completion.

Step 1: Outline your speech’s structure. What are the main ideas for each section?

Step 2: Flesh out the main ideas in your outline. Don’t worry about finding the perfect words. Just let your creativity flow and get it all out!

Step 3: Edit and polish what you’ve written until you have a cohesive first draft of your speech

Step 4: Practice, practice, practice. The more you practice your speech the more you’ll discover which sections need reworked, which transitions should be improved, and which sentences are hard to say. You’ll also find out how you’re doing on length.

Step 5: Update, practice, and revise your speech until it has a great flow and you feel it’s ready to accomplish its purpose.

3 The Universal Structure

Getting hung up on Step 1? Here’s a structure you can follow for any type of speech.


Who are you, why are are you giving this speech, what is your main thesis?

The “who” and “why” can be longer or shorter depending on the context. For example, if you’re speaking at a wedding, you’ll want to explain your relationship to the bride and groom and why they mean so much to you. But if you’re presenting to your class at school, you may be able to head straight into your thesis.

If you’re presenting in a business or motivational setting, this is a crucial time to hook your audience’s attention and pique their curiosity. Typically someone else will have already introduced you and your accolades, so use this to your advantage and dive straight in.

“Hi everyone, it’s great to be here! As Kevin just said, I’ve been an urban beet farmer for 30 years, and a couple years back I got this absolutely crazy idea. What if…”

Main Message

Idea 1, Idea 2, Idea 3…

The majority of your speech should be spent presenting your thesis and supporting material in a simple, organized way.

Whether you’re giving an inspirational talk or a business presentation, rambling is a sure-fire way to lose your audience’s attention. Don’t try to share absolutely everything you know on your topic, instead pick a few (two to five) key points to present to your audience.

Stick to one point at a time and finish the thought before you move on to the next. Build in clear, logical transitions from idea to idea.

Want to make your speech memorable? Studies have shown our brains are great at remember stories! As much as is appropriate, make your speech personal and include your own anecdotes and thoughts.

We’re also better at remembering big ideas if they’re condensed into a few memorable words, so do your best to sum up your thesis.

“I have a dream.” “Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country.” “Make good art.”


What do you want your audience to walk out of the room remembering?

Wrap everything up and drive home your main idea, whether that’s through providing a few (one to three) key takeaways, or telling one last story that perfectly illustrates your point.

Here are some examples of how your outline might look

As a researcher presenting your findings…

Introduction: Explain the key problem or question of your research.

Main Message: Describe the research process, then describe your three key findings.

Takeaway: Present your conclusions and their implications, then your next steps for moving forward.

As the maid of honor giving a speech at your best friend’s wedding…

Introduction: Explain who you are and how you met the bride.

Main Message: Recount three funny and heartwarming stories about your decades-long friendship with her, plus your first impressions of the groom.

Takeaway: Wrap things up by expounding on how amazing the bride and groom’s love for each other is, how they’re meant to be together, and how you know their love will last a lifetime. …L’chaim!

Quick Navigation

Many young students need to have their first public discussion so they try to find information on debate preparation online. It is not difficult to prepare yourself, but you should spend much time on it, especially if you don’t have much experience.

A debate is a process when one group of students provides their arguments for a specific statement and another group provides arguments against it. Both sides have different goals and try to prove that they are right in their statements.

To win and have better arguments than your opponents, you should prepare well for such a discussion. Here you will find out a few tips on how to get ready for it, what you need to do before starting, and how to get help with it.

If you are going to understand how to prepare for a debate, you should start with choosing a team leader. Then, you should analyze the topic from different sides and discuss the speech with your team to get the best results.

To make it more interesting, teams are able to use exciting topics that bring a lot of fun. You should choose the best debate topics to make your discussion more debatable. It helps you to involve more members and make them express their thoughts.

List Of Hints Of How To Prepare For A Debate

  1. Work Together . When playing in the teams, it is always recommended to cooperate and speak as much as needed. If the members of your team have common goals, each of you should be able to make their investment into the result. If you don’t know how to prepare for a class debate, here you will learn about it. Your team should also get the necessary information and start working on your topic, finding arguments, and gathering evidence.
  2. Write Individual Speeches. Before discussing anything together, each speaker should have time to brainstorm. They will write their own list of arguments and evidence. It helps everyone to concentrate and find as many arguments you can find when speaking with others. Then, you have to discuss all the speeches collectively and consider which arguments are the most appropriate for your discussion. Each member of the team should have an opportunity to state their position.
  3. Analyze The Evidence. You have to write a speech based on facts, and if your arguments are not supported by evidence, you should not use them. That is why it is necessary to read your evidence before using it to prove your position. To know how to prepare for a debate competition, you should learn to find evidence. Access online databases, necessary books, and other resources that may contain information on your topic.
  4. Arguments For Both Sides. If you are going to present arguments against a specific statement, it doesn’t mean that you shouldn’t find arguments in support of this statement. You have to be ready for the arguments from your opponent so try to foresee what they could tell you. By doing it, you become prepared for comments from your opponents. If you don’t know how to do it well and how to find evidence for both sides, get debate help from people with experience.
  5. Prepare Your Speeches . If you haven’t taken part in such discussions before, it would be difficult for you to start, that is why, if you prepare them well, your presentation will help you win. If everyone from your team creates their own speech and then you compile them, it will be a good start. You will probably have a small amount of time for writing arguments and discussing them in your team. That is why you should master the time management for college students and learn how to do complex tasks in several minutes.

What conclusion to make?

We hope these debate tips will help you in studying. If you remember them and use them before the presentation with your team, your speech will be more effective and you will be able to win the match.

It is not bad to be a newbie debater. Everyone started with small discussions and then moved to much bigger events, that is why you should start now and try to reach the best results with your team.

Skills of discussing are necessary for different fields. They are very useful when you need to convince people, show them they’re wrong, develop critical thinking, and help others understand your point of view.

You shouldn’t just learn debate tips for students from school, you should follow them. If there are any other specific requirements for your speech, you should also know them before writing it. Check that you understand your idea and objectives before you start working on the speech.

If you are going to write my speech for me for it, you need to check that you will have time for it, and don’t make it too big if you will have only a few minutes for discussing. Also, you shouldn’t write about things that you haven’t studied well.

Here’s a list of 100 “how to” speech topics on which you can base your demonstration speech. If you’re new to writing this type of speech, then I have some great tips here to help you get started.

How to do research for a speech

10 Web-Related Topics

How To:

How to do research for a speech

  • build mobile websites
  • rank in Google’s search engine
  • design a WordPress blog
  • unzip a .zip file
  • take a “.xml” file and make it a feed
  • optimize website graphics
  • use an FTP program to upload files to the web
  • open a Facebook account
  • get set up on Twitter
  • sell stuff on eBay

10 How To Speech Topics on Technology

How To:

  • download from iTunes
  • send text messages
  • program a GPS tracker
  • install more memory into a laptop
  • properly clean a computer screen and accessories
  • transfer music from an iPhone to a PC
  • burn a DVD
  • choose the best computer
  • program a TV remote controller
  • unlock your Wii console

10 Topics on Health

How To:

  • lose weight safely
  • increase your metabolism
  • lift weights properly
  • keep your heart healthy
  • get rid of lice
  • get rid of acne
  • keep your teeth healthy
  • quit smoking
  • improve your eyesight
  • exercise your brain

10 How To Speech Topics on Pets

How To:

  • teach your parrot to talk
  • teach your dog to play dead
  • saddle a horse
  • set up an aquarium
  • breed animals to sell
  • bathe a cat without getting scratched
  • introduce new pets to older pets in your household
  • choose the right pet for you
  • control the pets on Sims 2
  • get rid of fleas and ticks

10 Topics on Fashion

How To:

  • make your eyes look bigger with makeup
  • tie a hair bow
  • get rid of static cling in hair and clothes
  • shop for clothes on a budget
  • curl hair with a curling iron
  • apply false eyelashes
  • pick clothes that make you look 10 pounds lighter
  • care for dry, brittle hair or nails
  • remove stains from fabric
  • clean a suede or leather jacket

10 How To Speech Topics on Gardening

How To:

  • design a desert garden
  • create a raised bed garden
  • grow bigger tomatoes
  • compost when you live in an apartment
  • attract butterflies to a garden
  • attract hummingbirds to a garden
  • grow an indoor herb garden
  • repel and kill garden pests
  • develop humane animal traps
  • control mole damage

10 Topics on Jobs

How To:

  • never work again
  • get a job after being fired
  • write a resume
  • write a cover letter
  • ask for a raise
  • make money on the internet
  • work as a virtual assistant
  • deal with office politics
  • search for a job online
  • add my resume to online job sites

10 How To Speech Topics on Education

How To:

develop a photographic memory
ace your PSAT, LSAT, MCAT, etc.
become valedictorian
apply for college financing
get an online degree
avoid problems with homeschooling
get a GED
write a speech
deal with bullying
decorate school books

10 Topics on Holidays

How To:

  • put on makeup to look like a zombie for Halloween
  • make fake vampire teeth
  • carve a scary pumpkin
  • create a Christmas tree out of wire hangers
  • make a pop-up Christmas card
  • build a gingerbread house
  • make a Thanksgiving turkey out of lunch bags
  • make firework fuses
  • decorate a cake like a flag
  • decorate Easter eggs

10 How To Speech Topics on Sports/Recreation

How To:

  • do a 360 flip on a skateboard
  • improve your golf swing
  • knot a climbing rope
  • tighten wheels on rollerblades
  • put together a wakeboard
  • repair a bicycle shifter
  • arm wrestle someone more muscular than you
  • play ping-pong like a pro
  • choose the best paintball gun
  • put a spin on a baseball

Phew! There you go, 100 how to speech topics for you to choose. Hopefully, they’ll give you some ideas so you can come up with a hundred more!

You might like these

Process Speech Topics – How To Choose Them

Choosing process speech topics doesn’t have to be difficult. Here are some tips on how to choose and use them for your next presentation.

Visual Aid Speech Topics

Visual aid speech topics involves the use of props in presentations to convey your message clearly.

Demonstration Speech Topics – How to Pick the Perfect Idea

Demonstration speech topics -how to find good ideas for your demonstrative speech presentation.

How to do research for a speech

When figuring out how to write a speech, the essay form can offer a good foundation for the process. Just like essays, all speeches have three main sections: the introduction, the body, and the conclusion.

However, unlike essays, speeches must be written to be heard as opposed to being read. You need to write a speech in a way that keeps the attention of an audience and helps paint a mental image at the same time. This means that your speech should contain some color, drama, or humor. It should have “flair.” Make your speech memorable by using attention-grabbing anecdotes and examples.

Determine the Type of Speech You’re Writing

Since there are different types of speeches, your attention-grabbing techniques should fit the speech type.

Informative and instructional speeches inform your audience about a topic, event, or area of knowledge. This can be a how-to on podcasting for teens or a historical report on the Underground Railroad. It also can relate to health and beauty, such as “How to Shape Perfect Eyebrows,” or hobby-related, such as “Make a Great Bag Out of Old Clothing.”​

Persuasive speeches attempt to convince or persuade the audience to join one side of an argument. You might write a speech about a life choice, such as, “Abstinence Can Save Your Life,” or getting involved in the community, such as “The Benefits of Volunteering.”

Entertaining speeches entertain your audience, and topics may not practical. Your speech topic could be something like, “Life Is Like a Dirty Dorm,” or “Can Potato Peels Predict the Future?”

Special occasion speeches entertain or inform your audience, like graduation speeches and toasts at celebrations.

Explore the different types of speeches and decide what speech type fits your assignment.

Craft a Creative Speech Introduction

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The introduction of the informative speech should contain an attention-grabber, followed by a statement about your topic. It should end with a strong transition into your body section.

As an example, consider a template for an informative speech called “African-American Heroines.” The length of your speech will depend on the amount of time you have been allotted to speak.

The red section of the speech in the graphic provides the attention-grabber. It makes audience members think about what life would be like without civil rights. The last sentence states directly the purpose of the speech and leads into the speech body, which provides more details.

Determine the Flow of the Body of the Speech

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The body of your speech can be organized in a number of ways, depending on your topic. Suggested organization patterns include:

  • Chronological: Provides the order of events in time;
  • Spatial: Gives an overview of physical arrangement or design;
  • Topical: Presents information one subject at a time;
  • Causal: Shows cause-and-effect pattern.

The speech pattern illustrated in the image in this slide is topical. The body is divided into sections that address different people (different topics). Speeches typically include three sections (topics) in the body. This speech would continue with a third section about Susie King Taylor.

Writing a Memorable Speech Conclusion

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The conclusion of your speech should restate the main points you covered in your speech and end with a memorable statement. In the sample in this graphic, the red section restates the overall message you wanted to convey: that the three women you’ve mentioned had strength and courage, despite the odds they faced.

The quote is an attention-grabber since it is written in colorful language. The blue section ties the entire speech together with a small twist.

Address These Key Objectives

Whatever type of speech you decide to write, find ways to make your words memorable. Those elements include:

  • Clever quotes
  • Amusing stories with a purpose
  • Meaningful transitions
  • A good ending

The structure of how to write your speech is just the start. You’ll also need to finesse the speech a bit. Start by paying attention to your audience and their interests. Write the words you’ll speak with passion and enthusiasm, but you also want your listeners to share that enthusiasm. When writing your attention-grabbing statements, make sure you are writing what will get their attention, not just yours.

Study Famous Speeches

Gain inspiration from others’ speeches. Read famous speeches and look at the way they are constructed. Find things that stand out and figure out what makes it interesting. Oftentimes, speechwriters use rhetorical devices to make certain points easy to remember and to emphasize them.

Get to the Point Quickly

Remember to begin and end your speech with something that will gain and hold the attention of your audience. If you spend too much time getting into your speech, people will zone out or start checking their phones. If you get them interested immediately, they will be more likely to stick with you until the end.

Keep It Conversational

How you deliver the speech is also important. When you give the speech, think about the tone you should use, and be sure to write the speech in the same flow that you’d use in conversations. A great way to check this flow is to practice reading it out loud. If you stumble while reading or it feels monotone, look for ways to jazz up the words and improve the flow.

“Be a voice not an echo.” – Albert Einstein

How to do research for a speechDo you know the most powerful ways to move an audience? Here’s how to practice a speech for the best results.

Did you know that when it comes to an important speech or presentation, you already have content coming out of your ears? That’s a metaphor I use often when helping people understand how they can be an effective — and perhaps even memorable — speaker.

It’s usually necessary to take this approach because of the way most people prepare to speak. Paradoxically, they do so by spending all their time writing.

Speaking vs. Writing: That’s what I’m really talking about when I discuss how they should prepare and rehearse an upcoming talk.

In other words, I’m sharing with them how to practice a speech for the best results.

For your message to resonate with listeners, your speech needs some essential elements. Find out what they are in my free downloadable presenter’s guide, “7 Key Components of Successful Presentations.”

As you’ve probably guessed by know, the formula for great speaking doesn’t reside wholly in your material, i.e., the content. To direct all of your focus there is, truly, to misapprehend how you should be spending your time and efforts in the run-up to your appearance. So let’s get on the right wavelength to understand how best to proceed when it comes to connecting with and moving audiences.

How to do research for a speech

How You Can Have the Most Impact On Stage

To make something extraordinary happen in the room (or auditorium) where you’re speaking, begin at the right place: with your audience and the speaking situation. And I mean literally that you should start with speaking rather than writing.

Think about how most of us usually prepare to speak. Doesn’t it involve taking notes, then editing and polishing that written material —whether it’s handwriting on yellow legal pads or bulleted items in PowerPoint? In other words, we swim happily in the ocean of literary efforts that we’re so comfortable with because we’ve been educated and trained that way. But then, of course, we have to emerge onto the dry land, if you will, where we’ll be giving our presentation. (If you’re thinking that I’m using these allusions to show how we need to evolve in our thinking, you’re getting my point.)

At that point, we’re in the oral arena of public speaking — the most powerful venue for influencing listeners . But all we have at our side is, basically, a literary document: the polished notes or manuscript we’ve worked on so hard to help us speak with eloquence.

How to do research for a speech

Start Speaking (and Listening) as Early as Possible

The problem at this point —and it’s a fundamental mistake we’ve led ourselves to —is that we probably don’t sound the way we want to come across. That’s because writing and speaking are two distinctly different forms of communication. They differ in their rhythms, use of language, length of utterance, necessary tone, and of particular importance, what can be absorbed in real time by the reader versus the auditor.

To boil all of this down: you can’t judge how anything will sound until you hear it yourself. Try this simple experiment to hear what I mean: Choose a passage from today’s newspaper, novel, or nonfiction: the form doesn’t matter. Read the selection silently, “listening” in your head to the words you emphasize. Now read the same passage out loud. You should be slightly surprised at how different words need to be emphasized for the meaning to come across when you’re speaking versus reading.

The implication is clear and profound concerning how to get a speech up and running: Once you know you’ll be performing this material in public, you should start with speaking rather than writing. Marshall your ideas the same way you normally would, and use one of the four classic formats for organizing a speech if that’s helpful. Then start trying different ways of speaking your ideas concerning phrasing, metaphors, imagery, length of sentences, etc., always keeping in mind how best to reach this audience.

When something sounds the way you want it to concerning your audience’s probable response (intellectually and emotionally), then write it down. By the time you finish this process, you’ll have a speech that will almost without any doubt succeed in the oral arena. And you’ll save yourself rewriting time you’d otherwise need to make a literary document into an oral presentation.

How to do research for a speechAre You Warming Up for the Big Game?

Now it’s time to rehearse. Don’t make the enormous mistake of spending all your available time throwing together content and not getting up on your feet. This is part of the mindset that tells you that the information you’ll deliver is all-important, and your platform skills and comfort up there don’t matter.

The reality is, those factors are at least as important as your content. This is the oral arena, remember? The audience isn’t here to absorb information in the absence of a speaker. A speaker is the reason they’re here. So your ability to be comfortable, make eye contact, establish rapport, and most of all, to give a physical dimension to what you’re saying through body language, is actually the essence of the public speaking situation. It’s about you much more than you think.

And here with clients I use a sports metaphor: If you were a pole vaulter or a soccer player, would you only think about the upcoming event? Or would you stretch, do your breathing and focus exercises, and otherwise get ready to perform? Likewise, getting up on your feet to move and to embody your speech should be your approach to your own big game.