How to Give a Strong Recommendation to Adult Patients Who Require Vaccination External
Module including video presentation of 3 case examples of evidence-based strategies and tips on strengthening vaccine recommendations with information that can help patients make informed decisions.
The Power to Protect: Vaccination Guidelines for Adults with Chronic Diseases External
Dr. Ray Strikas provides information to help healthcare providers navigate vaccination guidelines and shares key insights for adult patients, specifically those with chronic diseases.
Every year tens of thousands of adults needlessly suffer, are hospitalized, and even die as a result of diseases that could be prevented by vaccines.
While adults believe immunization is important, a recent national survey showed that most adults are not aware that they need vaccines throughout their lives to protect against diseases like shingles, pertussis, and hepatitis.
Patients trust you to give them the best advice on how to protect their health. Use the resources below to educate your patients on recommended vaccines and help them make informed decisions about vaccinations.
Download free resources for the following groups of adults :
Find resources from CDC and other organizations that can be used to educate your patients on these specific vaccine-preventable diseases.
Review factsheets with information on how to help address common questions about adult vaccines.
India is suffering so bad from the most recent wave that only one solution is there, get yourself vaccinated. It is not only for your own good but fof the entire community that you are living in.
What method to educate others on the importance of immunization?
There are so many ways that you can help without even spreading the virus by going outside.
1. Explain to the vulnerable why immunization should be done
Making your grandmother realize that it is fine if she takes vaccine can be a task, so explain it to her. Our grandparents are our favorite people in the world. They might not listen to your parents but they will always listen to what you say. So, let’s sit down for a “garma chai ki pyali” with Grandma and educate others on the importance of immunization.
2. Use your social media charm
We know how amazing of a “social bee” you are. Having so many likes on your latest fashion video can be put to better use. Make very informative videos and send them across. Research well, so that you are able to educate others on the importance of immunization. You might just help those front liners and actually be an “influencer”
3. Help the unknown poor people
You must spread awareness regarding this issue to those who understand little less about what and how the vaccines can be taken. What to do? Help them get registered on Cowin app by the government. If there is a walk-in where you can tell them to go, make sure they know the address. It’s a war that we can only win if everyone gets the facilities.
Do all infections need immunization?
To educate others on the importance of immunization, you must know if that infection needs immunization or not.
Polio, COViD and infection like Chicken Pox, they need vaccination! Though COViD is just one of the worst in the history which needs the most urgent vaccination.
We are sure my you must have had the famous actor Amitabh Bachchan say “Do boond Zindagi ke liye”. This one was for Polio which affected those with vitamin deficiency and needed to be taken care with proper vaccination.
How long it takes to educate others on the importance of immunization?
Depends on who you are educating. If it’s your 3-year-old daughter who can hardly speak, then you are not serious While it might take a few more hrs to explain your house-help, maybe your mother or aunt will know it in much lesser time.
Here is why education on vaccines is important
When you educate others on the importance of immunization, you help them know the vaccination process by which they can save their lives and in the case of COVID, even their loved ones.
The CDC says, ” Informed patients, working together with their healthcare providers, are the key players in keeping themselves and their children healthy and protecting the health of the public.”
Let’s fight this Covid and every infection together. You must as a responsible citizen educate others on the importance of immunization.
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Vaccines can help control the spread of disease. However, a movement against vaccinations has caused a resurgence in some illnesses such as measles. Because nurses are in direct contact with patients, they are in a position to explain the dangers of not vaccinating. They can also help educate the public on preventing the transmission of infection.
What Is a Vaccine?
A vaccine contains an inert or weakened form of a disease-causing virus or bacteria, or it may consist of a diluted toxin. It works by stimulating the body’s immune system to help prevent sickness. All vaccines in the United States are tested and approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) before they become available to the public.
What Are the Types of Vaccines?
Vaccines are developed for a particular virus or bacteria, based on the immune system response to the infection. The different types of vaccines are:
How Does a Vaccine Work?
When a vaccine is administered to a patient, it produces antibodies that provide protection from specific diseases such as:
- Chicken pox
- Hepatitis A and B
- Human papillomavirus
- Meningococcal meningitis
- Whooping cough
Are There Side Effects?
Once a vaccine is given to a patient, the immune system builds antibodies that may trigger a mild reaction. The most common side effects associated with vaccination include:
- Soreness or swelling at the injection area
- Low-grade fever
- Temporary headache, fatigue, or loss of appetite
Who Should Get Vaccinated?
The U.S. Department of Health and Human Services lists vaccines for infants, young children, adolescents, and adults. The organization also emphasizes that additional vaccines may be required for the following people:
- Nurses and other healthcare workers
- Members of the military
Why Is There Controversy Over Vaccines?
Misconceptions about vaccines began to take hold when studies linking the measles, mumps, and rubella (MMR) vaccine to autism were published. However, the following recent studies provide evidence to the contrary.
- Measles, Mumps, Rubella Vaccination and Autism: A Nationwide Cohort Study
- Early exposure to the combined measles-mumps-rubella vaccine and thimerosal-containing vaccines and risk of autism spectrum disorder
- Vaccines are not associated with autism: an evidence-based meta-analysis of case-control and cohort studies
What Can Nurses Do to Educate Patients About Vaccines?
Typically, nurses are the first to inform parents about vaccination schedules for their children. Nurses are obligated to provide written information to parents about the benefits and risks of each vaccine.
They should be attuned to the fears of parents and use evidence from research to alleviate any concerns. Additionally, nurses need to understand and identify why a parent may be resistant to vaccinations. The factors may include:
- Past experiences of family members or friends
- Belief that vaccines are harmful
- Social or peer pressure
- Religious or moral reasons
What Is the Protocol for Vaccine Administration?
Nurses are prepared to administer vaccinations and conduct a protocol established by their healthcare organization. In some cases, patients should not be vaccinated. This group may include patients who have a known allergy to the components of a vaccine, are moderate to severely ill, pregnant, or have a history of adverse effects. So, it is crucial that nurses screen and assess patients based on their vaccination history.
Vaccines help people live healthier and longer lives. Not vaccinating could lead to debilitating diseases that result in disabilities or death, and vaccines provide a cost-effective preventive measure. It is more expensive to treat a serious illness than provide a vaccine that prevents the illness. Nurses have a responsibility to educate patients about vaccines. This enables patients to not only safeguard their health, but also stop contagions from affecting others.
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“Anti-vaxxer” is a slang term for people who oppose vaccinations. It can be upsetting to encounter an anti-vaxxer, especially if you are afraid they are putting other people at risk. Getting angry or starting an intellectual debate is unlikely to work, even if you are right. Here is how to handle an anti-vaxxer.
- For example, you could say “I know that there’s a lot of conflicting information, including some really scary stuff. That can make it hard to know what’s real, and how to keep your children safe.”
- If they do want to learn, help them find reliable sources, such as peer-reviewed journals. Give them time to read and reflect. If they do read peer-reviewed research, they might like to talk about it with you.
- Some anti-vaxxers are less open-minded than others. If they shut down when told anything that contradicts what they already believe, assume that constructive conversation is impossible.
- Purity: Discuss how vaccines harness a child’s natural immune system (making vaccines sound more “pure”). Show how disgusting and awful vaccine-preventable diseases can be. Vaccines help children naturally avoid this fate.
- Freedom: Talk about how vaccines can help children be free to live their lives, without fear of deadly disease or limitations (like needing to be homeschooled or being unable to travel) imposed by lack of vaccination. Vaccinated children are able to explore the world around them and experience childhood without lack of vaccination holding them back.
You can try a logical argument, although it’s unlikely to work.  X Research source Only try using logic if someone seems actually interested in a debate.
Like many health concerns, people have questions about things they hear or read online about vaccines. As the most trusted profession, nurses can be critical in helping to improve confidence in vaccines and to help people feel good about their decision to be vaccinated or to have their children or loved ones vaccinated.
Nurses should understand the concept of risk communication, as it is a vital tool in helping to discuss immunizations with patients, colleagues, family, and communities. Being able to communicate about risk is very important, especially now that many vaccine-preventable diseases like polio and diphtheria are practically extinct in the U.S. Nurses need to help people understand the risk of the diseases is still very real, and the sagging confidence in vaccines and the subsequent drops in immunization coverage have caused the re-emergence of diseases, and in some cases, death.
Be sure to have the facts—learn about how immunizations work in the human body, how vaccine safety is monitored, and how to effectively communicate about the risk of disease versus the risk of a vaccine side effect. Think critically about what you hear or read about the risks of vaccinating. Remember, you don’t always have approach the conversation in terms of risk—help people understand the benefits of vaccines, both to individuals and the community at large.
Use these resources to help educate and advise patients and their families to help them make the best possible decisions using all available information.
Looking for some fliers for your clinic or office? Need a poster for your break room? Going to a health fair and need some hand-outs on immunization? Look no further!
Here there are links to lots of great information and educational materials addressing nurses and other health care workers, adults and adolescents, parents, and more!
Please see the materials below under Related Resources.
Vaccine Info Statements
Giving a vaccine? Then you need to give a VIS!
Vaccine information statements, or VIS, are fact sheets about an immunization, including a clinical description of the diseases it prevents, common side effects and treatment, how to report a vaccine adverse event, and more. It is federal law that anyone receiving a vaccine be given the corresponding VIS to ensure they are making an informed choice about being vaccinated.
Nurses, as primary patient educators and advocates, should ensure that every time a vaccine is given, the patient or parent receives a VIS – even for booster doses and annual seasonal influenza vaccines. VISs are available in many languages, even Arabic, Chinese, Russian, and Thai.
National Immunization Awareness Month runs through the month of August and serves as a time to highlight the importance of vaccines and tackle any misconceptions people may have about available vaccinations. In a time where conflicting and potentially harmful information is only a short Google search away, it’s necessary that people have access to reliable and accurate sources of information, particularly when it pertains to making a medical decision. It’s a promising sign that more and more people are signing up for their dose of the COVID-19 vaccination, but there is still a significant portion of the population who are hesitant to receive their vaccine. If you’re in need of resources or tips to address vaccine hesitancy and misconceptions, then the following list will offer some guidance on navigating these difficult conversations.
Whether you’re having these conversations with a close friend, a family member or a patient, what’s most important is that you use empathy and understanding when addressing their concerns or fears. People’s concerns are legitimate and the conversation will be more productive if you avoid talking down to the person or ignore their feelings over the COVID-19 vaccine. Do your own research and gently, but firmly counter any myths or inaccuracies that may arise during the conversation. Begin from a place of empathy and understanding; ask open-ended questions to get a feel for the person’s hesitancy; do your own research and gently push back against any myths or inaccuracies.
Be sure to offer legitimate sources of information. The Center for Disease Control and Prevention has an entire section of their website dedicated to COVID-19 that features new information on the virus, current safety guidelines and resources to help people find their closest vaccination site. If you want a simple breakdown of the COVID-19 vaccine and its safety, use the ‘Benefits of Getting a COVID-19 Vaccine’ guide to address basic concerns. Or check the ‘Myths and Facts about COVID-19 Vaccine’ to familiarize yourself with some of the common misconceptions about the purpose of the vaccine so you are prepared with facts that can help counter the myths during your discussion.
If you’re a healthcare provider and are searching for ways to talk about the vaccine with your patients, consider watching the CDC’s video series, ‘#HowIRecommend’ for tips and techniques you can use when making a vaccine recommendation to your patient. The short video series primarily focuses on vaccine recommendations aimed at children and their guardians, but the advice offered can be used no matter what area of medicine you currently work in. Watch Dr. Tolu Adebanjo’s video on how physicians can improve their vaccine recommendations:
Once you’ve addressed any vaccine concerns, there are still steps you can take to help them. Consider helping them locate a vaccination site or assist them in scheduling an appointment. Offer to drive them to their appointment or watch their kids or pets while they’re away. Continue to support them in any way that you’re able to.
Vaccines are safe and are necessary in slowing the spread of infectious diseases, such as COVID-19. We must all do our part to keep ourselves, our friends and family and our larger communities safe. Vaccine misconceptions spread easily on the internet and it’s important to educate ourselves and those around us who may experience vaccine hesitancy or anxiety. This post should provide plenty of tools to help you navigate these conversations so you can successfully dispel the myths many people have about our current vaccines. For more information or resources to help you fight the current vaccine misinformation, be sure to visit the CDC’s website or visit your local health department’s website for resources!
There are many reasons parents give for delaying a vaccination, from “My baby cries when she gets the shot,” to “My child is too young to get so many vaccines.” More important than all of these excuses is one simple fact: A child’s immune system is more vulnerable without vaccinations. And if it weren’t for vaccinations, many children could become seriously ill or even die from diseases such as measles, mumps and whooping cough. See “The Diseases Vaccines Prevent and How” for more information.
We live in an increasingly global world, with increased risks around every corner. Travelers entering into New York create an even greater risk of exposure. On a regular basis there is a new report regarding a disease outbreak somewhere in the world – including in the United States and New York State. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reports outbreaks around the world and provides health information for travel to more than 200 international destinations. (cdc.gov) From mumps, to pertussis to the measles, diseases once thought to be eradicated are coming back because people are not being vaccinated as they once were. If you think tears from a needle are hard to watch, imagine the suffering your child will experience if he or she contracts a serious disease that could have been prevented.
While misinformation in the media has led many parents to delay vaccinations as a result of either Dr. Andrew Wakefield’s false claims about autism or Dr. Bob’s Alternative Schedule (aap.org), many diseases have begun to reemerge among children around the world. Don’t let your child become a statistic — make sure they get all the recommended vaccinations. And if you’re worried about autism, visit “The Truth About Autism.”
Medical Implications of Not Getting Vaccinated
The threat of death by disease isn’t the only medical consequence of skipping vaccinations. An unvaccinated child faces lifelong differences that could potentially put him or her at risk. Every time you call 911, ride in an ambulance, go to the doctor or visit the hospital emergency room, you must alert medical personnel of your child’s vaccination status so he or she receives distinctive treatment. Because unvaccinated children can require treatment that is out of the ordinary, medical staff may be less familiar, and less experienced, with the procedures required to appropriately treat your child.
Women who are pregnant but not vaccinated can be vulnerable to diseases that may complicate their pregnancy. A pregnant woman who contracts rubella in the first trimester may have a baby with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS), which can cause heart defects, developmental delays and deafness.
People who choose not to vaccinate their children also put others at risk if their child isn’t vaccinated and becomes ill. Special groups of people cannot be vaccinated, including those with compromised immune systems (e.g. those with leukemia or other cancers). These people rely on the general public being vaccinated so their risk of exposure is reduced.
Social Implications of Not Getting Vaccinated
There are also social implications of not vaccinating your child — from exclusion to quarantine. If sick or exposed to disease, your child may need to be isolated from others, including family. If there is an outbreak in your community, you may be asked to take your child out of school and other organized activities, causing your child to miss school and special events. Your child’s illness or inability to go about their daily activities also may impact your work and household income. For more information on vaccination requirements for schools in the state of New York, see New York State Immunization Requirements for School Entrance/Attendance (PDF, 71KB, 2pg.).
Worried over public apathy towards COVID-19 vaccines, the United Nation’s Children Fund (UNICEF) and media executives have charged journalists to educate members of the public to see vaccines as lifesaver.
They made the call at a one-day media executive meeting in partnership with the Broadcasting Corporation of Abia State (BCAS) on Child Rights Influenced Reporting on COVID-19 pandemic in Enugu State.
UNICEF Health Specialist and Officer in charge of Enugu Field Office, Dr. Olusoji Akinleye, said UNICEF recognised the role of the media in the fight against COVID-19 since its outbreak.
He noted that although the Federal Government, UNICEF and other development agencies had made considerable progress in ensuring that the pandemic was contained through vaccination, members of the public still largely resisted the vaccines.
Akinleye, who lamented that so many children have died from coronavirus, disclosed that in the next few months, Nigeria will start administering the vaccines on children under 12-years.
He said the vaccines were not available because a lot of processes were involved before any drug could be administered on children, urging parents to ensure that their children were safe and protected by observing all safety protocols.
Also speaking, Director-General of BCAS, Umuahia, Anyaso Anyaso, commended UNICEF for championing the cause of women and children in society, adding that the meeting was aimed at harnessing the roles of media and UNICEF in championing the welfare of women and children, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.
A resource person from Community Medicine Department of the Enugu State University of Science and Technology (ESUT), Dr. Obasi Chikezie, who presented a paper on COVID-19: Vaccination As A Lifesaver, stressed the role of the mass media in accurately reporting child rights influenced information to contain the spread of the pandemic.
He expressed concern over the low coverage of vaccines in the country, saying that about 80 per cent of people died from ignorance that they contracted COVID-19, while 20 per cent that survived had severe cases.
Chikezie said the role of the media in COVID-19 vaccination was to remind everyone of the benefits through research and investigation of information against the use of the vaccine.
On her part, UNICEF Communication Officer, Dr. Ijeoma Ogwe, also urged media practitioners to debunk ramours about coronavirus, but rather use their medium to engage members of the public positively on the vaccines.