How to house train a puppy

The first thing on any new puppy owner’s mind is housebreaking. I recommend you switch the word ‘breaking’ for the word ‘training’. I will, however, sometimes use it in my writing because that is what people are accustomed to saying. Doesn’t ‘breaking’ lead you to think of doing something to your puppy to teach her? The word ‘training’ reminds you that this is a learning process for you and your puppy. There are five key concepts to teach your puppy:

  1. Teach her where you want her to go potty
  2. Teach her where you do not want her to go potty
  3. Teach her to ‘hold it’ when she does not have access to the potty area
  4. Teach her how to tell you when she needs to go potty
  5. Teach her a phrase or word to go potty when you need for her to​

Housetraining your puppy is similar to potty training your child. If you would not do something with a child then please do not do it with your puppy! This process is easy unless you do things that make it difficult. Punishment has no place in housetraining and will make this process both more difficult and take longer.

For ease of communication, I will assume you are outdoor training your puppy. For indoor training simply substitute ‘outside’ for ‘potty area’. I also use the female gender in my writing. This is for ease in writing and not meant to be a slight on male puppies!


Start by gathering the correct equipment. Think for a moment about your field of expertise. Does using the proper equipment make things easier?

  • Good quality puppy food
  • Buckle collar or harness
  • 3-4 foot non-retractable lightweight leash
  • 15-foot non-retractable cotton web long line
  • A place to confine your dog = this is the largest area your puppy will keep clean and not chew up- typically a crate or exercise pen
  • A place to walk your dog for outdoor training
  • For indoor training either 2 dog litter boxes or 2 frames that hold wee-wee pads and a good supply of wee-wee pads
  • Small easy to swallow treats
  • Carpet cleaner
  • A good amount of patience
  • A sense of humor

Think about these things before you start:

  1. Feed your puppy on a schedule. What goes in comes out! The puppy that eats all day will need to go at unpredictable times. Feeding on a schedule allows you to predict when your puppy needs to eliminate.
  2. The best place for your puppy to sleep is in a small wire crate next to your bed. It is a good idea to have a larger crate in the area of your house where you spend the most time. Consider using an indoor exercise pen if you need to leave your puppy for longer then four hours.
  3. Choose a keying phrase that the entire family agrees with. I use ‘be quick’ with my dogs. You might also say ‘business’, ‘go potty’, ‘or ‘ water the grass’. The only rule is that you are comfortable saying the phrase in public!

The Five Concepts of Housetraining Your Puppy

Let’s review the 5 concepts of housetraining your puppy. It is important to teach all five concepts to your puppy! There is no specific order to teaching these:

  1. The first is how to teach your puppy where to go potty. Decide where her potty area is and consistently take her there. Remember to say the word ‘Outside’ as you go outside or ‘Inside’ as you go to her indoor potty area. Give your treat five seconds after she has finished going.
  2. The second concept teaching your puppy where not to go potty. Avoid frightening and/or punishing your puppy. Redirection without fear is the fastest way to results
  3. The third concept is how to teach your puppy to hold it. Use confinement to teach this when you cannot watch your puppy. Use your leash (safely) indoors when you can watch her.
  4. The fourth concept is to teach your puppy how to tell you she needs to go potty. I suggest teaching her to ring a bell instead of barking, whining, or scratching the door.
  5. The fifth concept is how to condition a keying phrase to get your puppy to feel the internal urge to go potty when you need for her to go.

You will find that all five concepts weave together as to patiently teach your puppy what you expect from her. I do not believe that there is such a thing a partially housetrained dog. Your puppy is either housetrained or she is not. You can use these five concepts to teach a puppy or teach an older dog, as long as the dog is of sound mind and body. It is, however, much faster and easier to teach these concepts in puppyhood!

There’s nothing quite like that buzz of excitement, love, and anticipation that accompanies the patter of tiny paws and bringing home a new fur-family member.

But wait…then comes the slow dawning realization that puppies poop and pee…and aren’t fussy about where!

How to house train a puppy quickly becomes an important question to address. The problem is that ‘little wee-wee messages’ left around the home, quickly become markers of a toilet area. Puppy picks up the scent of a previous misdemeanour and is drawn back to reoffend…

My Puppy Isn’t Toilet Trained

If your puppy seems slow to catch on, it can be a worry.

Take a moment to step back and reappraise your training methods. There may be a simple explanation as to why things aren’t going so well. And this applies to adult dogs and older dogs as well. The rules for how to house train a dog are similar to their younger counterparts.

Avoid tripping on these seven common housetraining mistakes, with our puppy training tips.

#1: Too Much Too Young

That adorable bundle of trouble is just that…he shows not the slightest inclination of toileting outside. To him, the carpet, bed, and sofa all seem fair game. Oh no! My puppy won’t toilet train.

How old is the puppy?

Under the age of 8 weeks, puppies have small bladders and little control. If you’ve only had the youngster a short time and things aren’t going well, it’s possible he might be younger than you think.

Likewise, just as children develop at different rates, so do puppies. But know it’s fair game for an 8 – 12-week old puppy to struggle with housetraining and don’t expect too much too young.

#2: Lick and Flick Rather than a Deep Clean

The infuriating thing is the puppy deliberately goes to the wrong spot. Instead of going to the potty spot outside, he’s picked a place by the TV and regularly squats there.

What’s happening here is there’s a lingering odour that draws the dog back. There are scent markers in urine and faeces that we can’t smell but the sensitive nose of a dog can. Unless you properly deep clean after each accident, there’s a risk the puppy will sniff out previous misdemeanours and return to them.

Wall to wall carpets? Consider investing in a good carpet steam-cleaner. Otherwise, restrict puppy to a room with a washable floor and used non-bleach based cleaning agents to thoroughly deodorize.

How to house train a puppy

#3: Too Much Freedom

The puppy is such a live-wire that he runs from room to room and is impossible to keep track of. Unfortunately, when you thought toilet training was going swimmingly, you discover a secret stash of poop under the dining room table…

One of the golden rules of puppy toilet training is supervision at all times. Then, when you spot puppy about to squat, you whisk them up and outside onto the toilet spot.

If puppy has the range of the house, this supervision is almost impossible. So change the rules. Restrict the puppy to one or two rooms, but always the room you are in. If necessary, have pup on a collar and lead attached to your wrist. That way a tug on the arm will alert you if he starts to get up to mischief.

And for those times when you can’t physically be present, crate training is ideal. The puppy’s instinct not to soil his den kicks in, so he crosses his legs until he’s let out to play…which provides the ideal opportunity to put him onto the toilet spot.

#4: Delayed Reaction

Sometimes puppy pees in the right place, sometimes he doesn’t. What you’d really like is to focus the pup’s mind on is when the right time and place is to go.

A make or break aspect of how to house train a puppy is timing. When you praise puppy this makes him want to repeat the action. This means actively praising him whilst he’s in the act of toileting.

Praise him a few minutes later and he won’t have a clue what it is that’s being rewarded. A top dog training tip is to mark the exact moment with an enthusiastic “Yes!” or “Good boy”, then add your cue word. For toilet training a dog a good cue word is short and sweet such as “Toilet” or “Potty”. Then give your dog a treat to make the lesson stick.

How to house train a puppy

#5: Missing Golden Opportunities

You take the pup outside, but nothing happens. This is frustrating as you take him inside, and he defaces in the wrong place.

Increase the ‘hit rate’ by offering plenty of opportunities when puppy most needs to defecate or urinate. Golden opportunities to visit the correct place are:

  • Immediately on waking
  • 10 – 15 minutes after eating
  • After playtime

In addition, set a timer on your phone, and take the puppy outside every 30 minutes. Also, give the puppy positive reinforcement in the form of lots of praise when the happy event happens.

#6: Play Rather than Pee

You put the puppy outside, but all he does is play. Then when he comes indoors, the first thing he does is squat down. Help! My puppy won’t potty train.

Sadly, puppies rarely potty train themselves. You need to be there to praise the right thing. Simply putting puppy outdoors and leaving him isn’t going to work. He’s easily distracted by falling leaves or earthworms. He’ll forget all about that full bladder…until he comes back indoors.

Stay with the puppy, but don’t distract him. Then be lavish with the praise when he does go.

#7: Teaching the Wrong Lesson

The pup went to the toilet right there, you shouted and he stopped. But since then he keeps disappearing and you suspect he’s peeing in secret places.

Punish a puppy in the act of peeing, and he learns the wrong lesson. In the pup’s mind, he links the punishment to you, rather than the place. Thus that puppyish mind decides that you have an irrational dislike of his bodily function. This makes him shy about performing in your presence and hinders rather than helps toilet training.

If you do catch the pup in the act, simply clap your hands to interrupt him, then scoop him up to take outside.

The Final Word goes to Medical Matters

They are rare, but some puppies do have anatomical quirks or medical problems that make toilet training difficult.

If your puppy seems unaware they are peeing (such as they wet their bed in their sleep) or is constantly squatting, this needs checking out by your vet. Where possible, collect a urine specimen for the vet to analyze. Then get your four-legger checked by a vet.

Training a puppy to “go” outside requires a consistent routine, lots of praise, and some patience

By Phoebe Assenza

Whether you call it housebreaking, house-training, or potty-training, there are some simple and basic rules to follow while teaching your puppy to “go” outside. We’ve outlined some of the house-training basics below:

Carry puppy to the outdoor place you intend to use as his “toilet area.” Ideally, this would be a spot close to the door that you’ll use whenever you take him out. Have some puppy treats on hand or in your pocket (some of his regular kibble will do), and put him down in that spot. When he squats to pee, give him some kibble and praise him.

Puppies under the age of 10 weeks have no control of their bladder or bowels. This means they should be taken out every hour that they are awake. (Luckily, puppies sleep a lot, too.) It helps to have each family member take a regular “shift” for house-training the puppy, so the responsibility doesn’t turn into a burden for one person.

If the puppy has an “accident” in the house (and he will), do not react either negatively or positively. Simply remove the pup from the area and immediately clean it with Nature’s Miracle or another enzyme cleanser that will erase any lingering scents.

As the pup gets older, he can spend longer periods of time in his crate before being taken out. A general, almost-universally accepted rule is that a puppy can control his bladder one hour for each month of his age, so a three-month-old puppy is usually able to control his bladder for three hours before he has to go.

Even if you’re taking the puppy on frequent trips outside, there will be other times he has to go. Watch for puppy behaviors like suddenly replacing playing with sniffing around; it usually means he’s looking for a place to pee, so it’s better to be safe and take him outside immediately. Also, about 20 minutes after a puppy eats or drinks — and almost as soon as he wakes up from a nap — are ideal times to take him outside.

How to house train a puppy

How do you potty train a 4 month old puppy with bad habits and a stubborn streak a mile long?

The exact same way as you’d potty train any other new puppy!

It’s time to ignore the past, and get stuck into the present.

Taking on an Older Puppy

Most puppies arrive home at between eight and twelve weeks old.

Eight weeks is ideal, but anything up to that 3 month mark and you still have a very new puppy on your hands.

But once you start to wander towards the 4 month territory some of those tiny puppy traits have already worn off.

And some bad habits have often begun too.

When you take on a 4 month old puppy you might struggle a little more than someone who brings home an 8 week old puppy.

But don’t panic, because any puppy can be successfully toilet trained if you go right back to the beginning.

Even if they are a little older than the average potty training pup.

Watching and Waiting

Every puppy you potty train will be different.

Even if they are the same age, the same breed and had the same background.

Because every dog is a little different.

Because potty training always relies on the very same principles:

  • Observation
  • Routine

Back to Basics

When you are potty training an older puppy, it’s important to go back to the start.

Don’t try to pick up where someone else might have left off.

Or to fix past mistakes.

Just pretend that the puppy in front of you knows absolutely nothing at all about where to pee and poop.

Because in reality, they probably have no idea.

How do you Potty Train a 4 Month Old Puppy

New puppies have tiny bladders, but by four months you puppy should be physically capable of waiting for at least half an hour between pees.

But that doesn’t mean that they are going to, if they don’t realise that inside the house isn’t the right place to do it.

It’s therefore important to keep a constant watch over them when they are out and about in the house, to make sure that you see any signs of an imminent pee or poop before it emerges!

Signs that your dog needs the bathroom include:

  • Walking slowly in circles
  • Sniffing the ground
  • Squatting

As soon as you see one of these signs, no matter how recently they peed or pooped, scoop the puppy up and take her straight outdoors to her pee place.

Watching your Puppy

A big part of potty training a 4 month old puppy is vigilance.

Your puppy might be growing up fast, but they are still very young and accident prone.

If your puppy is loose in the room with you, you need to have one eye on them at all times.

When your concentration needs to be divided, either pop them into their cosy crate or a puppy playpen lined with pads.

They are highly unlikely to mess in their bed, unless they’ve been in a situation that has forced them to do so in the past.

And puppy pads are a good backup in the playpen, so that if an accident happens it’s not the end of the world.

Creating a Routine

The best way to potty train any puppy is by using a good routine.

Assume you will need to wake up early for the next few weeks to ensure that no accidents happen overnight.

Your puppy might be dry at night at four months, but if they aren’t then set an alarm for around 2am to give them the opportunity to pee then.

If your puppy is brand new to your house for the first few days you’ll want to take them outside to pee every half hour and after each meal or big drink.

This is to make sure they have the most opportunity to empty their bladder, and the least chance of having an accident indoors.

Then aim for a daily routine along the lines of a pee break every hour, and after every meal.

If that goes well and there are no mistakes or near misses, over the next few days up it to 1.5 hours, then every two hours.

A four month old dog can hold their bladder for up to three hours at a time, but you don’t want to push it with a puppy that hasn’t yet learned where you want them to do their business!

How To Potty Train a 4 Month Old Puppy

Potty training a puppy at any age is all about setting them up to win.

Show them where to pee or poop, give them plenty of opportunities to use the right spot, and watch them any time they aren’t napping, crated or in a playpen lined with pads in between.

If you are still struggling to potty train your puppy you might find our online Puppy Parenting course helpful.

This guide for new puppy parents tackles all those common problem areas.

And even comes with access to a supportive private forum, where you can talk to fellow new puppy parents about your progress.

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How to house train a puppy

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How to house train a puppy

A new puppy is wonderful in pretty much every way, at least until they start having accidents around your apartment or house. But do not fear, Expert Pet Trainer Kathy Santo has all the answers. Watch as she takes you through the basics on everything from establishing a routine to rewarding your puppy when they eliminate outdoors.

House training your puppy requires more than a stack of old newspapers. It calls for patience, commitment, and above all, consistency. Hi, I’m Kathy Santo with IAMS, and today we’re going to talk about how to house train your puppy. A trusting and consistent relationship is fundamental to successful house trading. The more consistent you are, the faster your puppy will learn. House training a puppy can take several weeks, and sometimes longer with smaller breeds. The first step to house training your puppy is to establish a routine. Puppies do best on a regular schedule, because it teaches them that there are times to eat, times to play, and times to potty. As a general rule, a puppy can control his bladder about an hour for every month of age. So if your puppy is only three months old, he can probably only hold it for about three hours, if not less. Make sure to take him right out after he wakes up, during and after play time, and after eating or drinking, because these are times he’d most likely to have to go. If you work, and are unable to take your puppy outside as often as needed, you could hire a dog walker to give your puppy his necessary breaks. I recommend picking a specific bathroom spot outside, and always taking him there first when he’s on a leash. While your puppy is going, say something like, “go potty,” so that you can eventually use that phrase to remind him what to do. You should take him out for a walk or play time after he’s gone potty, or he might just learn to hold it to keep you outside. Reward your puppy every time he goes potty outdoors with praise or a treat, but make sure to do so immediately, before he goes back into the house. Rewarding correct behavior is the best way to teach your puppy. Be careful not to reward your puppy until he’s completely finished, or he may forget to finish up outside, and then have an accident inside. And remember, what goes into a puppy on a schedule comes out of a puppy on a schedule. So always take your puppy out after feeding. Try picking up your puppy’s water dish about two and a half hours before bedtime, so he won’t have as much water to try and hold overnight. If you keep a consistent schedule, your puppy could be house trained by the time he’s five to six months old. But don’t be discouraged if it takes your puppy longer, or has an occasional accident. Many factors, including breed of dog, consistency, and temperament can contribute to a longer training period. If you feel that there’s little to no progress, consult with your veterinarian to be sure that a medical issue, such as a bladder infection, isn’t the culprit. Supervision in the beginning is critical. Exercise pens are extremely helpful while house training. Keeping your puppy in a small space within eyesight will allow you to notice and react when they start showing the signs of needing to eliminate. Those signs can be barking, scratching at the door, squatting, sniffing, or circling. If you’re unable to monitor your puppy, you can confine him to an area small enough so that he won’t want to eliminate there. A space just large enough for him to lay down with a couple extra inches is just fine. Many people choose to combine with a crate, which can be very helpful for house training your young dog. For more information on crate training, watch “How To Crate Train Your Puppy.” I’m Kathy Santo with IAMS, and I hope that you found this helpful as you welcome your new addition to your family.

The principles underlying housetraining are very simple. You want to teach your puppy to eliminate on a specific surface or in a specific location, while at the same time preventing him from developing a habit of eliminating on any unacceptable surfaces or areas. Following are some tips for successful housetraining. Ask your veterinarian about paper training if it is not practical to take your puppy outdoors to eliminate.

Keep Your Puppy within Eyesight
Prevent your puppy from starting any bad habits in the home by keeping him within eyesight of a family member 100 percent of the time. When this can’t be done, your puppy should be confined to a relatively small, safe area. Your puppy should be under supervision or confined until he has gone at least four consecutive weeks without soiling in the home.

Create a Schedule
Teach your puppy where to eliminate by frequently taking him to the desired area and allowing him to sniff around. Your puppy should go out shortly after he eats, plays, wakes up from a nap, before confinement and whenever he sniffs around like he has to eliminate. Feed your puppy two to three times daily on a regular schedule. Avoid feeding your puppy for an hour before confinement and before bedtime.

Reward Good Behavior
As your puppy eliminates, quietly praise him, and when he finishes, give a Science Diet® Puppy Treat or Science Diet® Puppy kibble as a reward. Reward him immediately, not after he returns indoors.

Accidents Happen
Puppies are not perfect and messes will occur. When this happens, do not make the mistake of punishing your puppy. This will damage y,our relationship and may actually slow down house training. If you catch your puppy in the act of eliminating in an unacceptable area, make a sharp noise (clap your hands, stomp the floor) without saying anything. You just want to interrupt the behavior, not do anything that will frighten your puppy. Then, immediately take your puppy outdoors to finish. Be sure to clean up any odor from floors and carpeting to help prevent resoiling. Wash bedding regularly and take your puppy out during the night if necessary, as sleeping on soiled bedding could slow down your puppy’s housetraining.

About Dr. Wayne Hunthausen, DVM
The Puppy Training section was contributed by Wayne Hunthausen, DVM. Dr. Hunthausen is a veterinarian and pet behavior consultant who has worked with pet owners and veterinarians throughout North America since 1982 to solve companion animal behavior problems. He has also served as the president and executive board member of the American Veterinary Society of Animal Behavior.

Dr. Hunthausen has written for numerous pet publications, co-authored pet behavior books and helped develop an award-winning safety video for children and pets. In his spare time, he is an avid photographer and enjoys skiing, cycling, movies, traveling with his wife, Jan, and hiking with their dogs Ralphie, Beau and Peugeot.

If you have recently adopted an older dog there may be challenges you didn’t realize at first.

One big issue could be that your adult dog is not house trained. The reasons for this may be that they were never trained, or never lived indoors. They may have spent a long time having to go on concrete, in their pen, or even in their crate. Luckily, adult dogs learn potty training quicker than puppies.

Rule out Medical Problems First

There are various medical problems that could cause your dog to have accidents in the house. This becomes a common problem as your dog ages. If your adult dog was previously house trained but has started relieving themselves inside, they may benefit from a trip to the vet.

Brain diseases in dogs can cause your dog to have accidents in no particular pattern. If your dog is passing stool in the home, they may have elimination problems. In these cases, pay attention to your dog’s stool consistency and the frequency or infrequency of their defecating.

If your dog suddenly starts having accidents in the house, this may be a sign of a bigger medical condition. You’ll want to see the vet if these problems persist. Diagnosing conditions early can save you and your dog stress and embarrassment.

Behavioral Reasons for House Soiling

If medical reasons have been ruled out and your dog is still having accidents in the house, there may be a behavioral reason. Different behavioral reasons may include:

  • Lack of House Training
  • Incomplete House Training
  • Breakdown in House Training
  • A Surface Preference
  • Anxiety
  • Fear of Going Outside
  • Dislike of Cold or Rainy Conditions
  • Urine Marking
  • Separation Anxiety
  • Submissive/Excitement Urination

What to Do About the Problem

Treatment for lack of house training. Your dog may not have been completely trained to go outside. They may lose their house training as they age. Establish a routine for them to know when to go out. If your dog is used to going on certain surfaces, try to take those surfaces outside.

Treat the medical or behavioral reason for the cause of house soiling. Understanding the underlying cause will help you train with compassion. Make sure your dog has plenty of time to exercise and spend outdoors. This can help them get comfortable if you have recently moved to new surroundings.


Useful Tips. Be patient with your dog. They may need time to adjust to new surfaces. Pay attention to the signals that indicate your dog needs to potty. Give your dog plenty of time outside. They use potty breaks to sniff and explore their surroundings. They may need more time to choose where to go to the bathroom. Take them out frequently so that they have many opportunities to go.

Paper Training

Paper training your dog is not recommended unless there is a specific reason to do so. The reasons may include that your new adult dog is only used to going to the bathroom on paper. This should only be a temporary fix while you housetrain your dog.

Types of House Soiling

There could be multiple reasons for your adult dog peeing inside. The types of house soiling may include:

  • They’re used to specific surfaces like concrete or paper instead of grass.
  • They’re afraid to go outside.
  • Bad weather makes them fearful of going out.
  • They have severe anxiety that triggers their accidents indoors.

What Not to Do

Do not punish your dog or use harsh treatment if you find an accident in the house. Rubbing their nose in the accident or yelling at them will only make your dog afraid of you. There is nothing productive about hitting your dog or scolding them once the accident is over. Negative punishment will do far more psychological harm than any good.

Your adult dog may already have negative associations with people or surroundings. They may also have behavioral issues that cause the accidents. It’s important to be patient and to train your dog using only positive reinforcement.


AKC: “How to Housetrain an Adult Dog.”

ASPCA: “Behavior Problems in Older Dogs.”

BLUE CROSS FOR PETS: “How to house and toilet train puppies and adult dogs.”

THE HUMANE SOCIETY OF THE UNITED STATES: “How to housetrain your dog or puppy.”

Jack Russell terriers were bred to hunt small rodents and other creatures in rugged terrain, and the terrain of your home presents a challenge, too.

Potty training takes patience, but Jack Russells can be house-trained if you start early and use an approach that fits with their natural instincts.

Table of Contents

How to Potty Train your Jack Russel

Of all dogs, the Jack Russell is a breed known to be difficult to house train. However, it doesn’t have to be that way. It does require patience and consistency from you as your dog learns what is expected of her.

House training a Jack Russell puppy successfully takes time and patience but with consistent puppy house training, you can do it!

Here are some tips for how to potty train your Jack Russell terrier.

1. Feed him meals at the same time each day

Try to feed your dog at the same time every day to help your dog learn to predict when it’s toilet time. The time when you feed your pet will vary depending on the size of the dog and the type of food you’re feeding, but it’s a good general rule.

By starting with meals at certain times, you create familiarity for your Jack Russell that can help him associate eating with toilet time.

2. Set a Routine

When you first start house training your dog, you may want to set aside a few minutes of every day and just show the dog where the toilet is. If you like, you can train your dog to respond to cues from you.

For example, if you hold up your index finger and say “potty” in a high-pitched tone, then your Jack Russell will know what’s expected of him when he gets to the toilet.

3. Encourage and Praise

It’s important to take your dog outside to the toilet area and then quickly bring him back inside. While there, encourage him to use the toilet by clapping your hands or calling his name.

If he uses the bathroom, praise him lavishly and give him a treat as an incentive for good behavior.

If he eliminates outside, praise and reward immediately. This kind of response from you is very important for how to house train your Jack Russell terrier.

4. Take your dog out frequently in short intervals throughout the day

Your dog might need to go to the toilet every 30 minutes or so at first. Be aware that mistakes are going to happen, so be prepared for accidents and clean them up quickly and thoroughly.

Some people recommend using a squirt bottle trained on the dog’s behind as a way to discourage inappropriate behavior.

5. Introduce your dog to the leash slowly

Jack Russells are notorious for their stubbornness and unwillingness to accept training at first, so you may have trouble when you first try to put a leash on your dog when taking him outside.

To house-train a Jack Russell terrier successfully, you’ll need to introduce the idea of a leash gradually so he can get used to it. Hold it in your hand and give him treats while he chews on it or investigate it.

6. Make it a habit

Once your dog gets used to the idea of a leash, you can start taking him on short walks. Be consistent and gradual, training your dog at first when he’s still in the house.

When you go for a walk, make sure to take him out to do his business before returning home (or at least within ten minutes of returning home).

7. Stay calm

Your Jack Russell will pick up on your emotions, and if you’re stressed out or anxious about the house training process, he’ll just learn to be stressed out and anxious, too.

Stay calm and try to remain relaxed as you take him outside; this is a good way to house train a Jack Russell terrier.

8. Praise your dog when he does it right

Don’t forget, your Jack Russell needs praise every time he does it right. Praising and rewarding him for proper behavior will reinforce good behavior in the future.

With a little bit of luck, this positive reinforcement will soon become a habit that your Jack Russell terrier will learn to associate with potty time.

How long does it take to house train a Jack Russell puppy?

There is no standard time frame for how long it takes to house-train a pup. The only thing you can do at first is stick with your routine and be consistent.

Make sure that he never goes longer than four hours without doing his business; otherwise, he’ll learn that he doesn’t have to go after four hours.

If you have scheduled walks, then take him out according to those times; this way, he’ll know what’s expected of him when it comes to house training.

Are Jack Russells easy to potty train?

Like most dogs, Jack Russell Terriers are easy to train if you start young and use the right training methods. If you stop using behavior that doesn’t work or change your dog’s environment, he might not be as eager to learn.

In most cases, it does not take much time to teach them how to eliminate in the right places.


Many novice Jack Russell owners allow their pups to make a mess in the house and then punish them. This approach is not only ineffective but also counterproductive since it teaches your pups that the house may be hostile ground.

It’s best if you can train your Jack Russell to obey basic commands such as “sit” or “lie down” so he doesn’t romp around until he has an accident.

However, with proper training, you can train your pup to use the bathroom only when outside by rewarding good potty habits with treats or affection and keeping up a consistent schedule.

How to house train a puppy

Hey, I’m Joe. I’m a web developer, photographer, and most importantly, a fan of Jack Russell Terriers. I own 3 of these amazing, energetic, and loving furry creatures. Join me as I explore the wonderful world of our favorite furry friends.

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All information is for educational purposes only. For specific medical advice, diagnoses, and treatment, consult a vet.