How to prevent thrush

How to prevent thrush

Oral thrush is an infection which is caused by excessive growth of the fungus Candida, which often affects the tongue first with large white spots or patches, then spreads to the insides of the cheeks, gums and roof of the mouth. To cure this infection, you will need a antifungal treatment prescribed by your doctor in order to fight this yeast infection and fully recover. In the following OneHowTo article you’ll find some simple steps and health recommendations that can be taken so you can learn how to prevent oral thrush.

Firstly, we need to tell you that there is no method that can prevent oral thrush 100%, but it is possible to adopt certain measures that may reduce the risk of catching it. This type of infection caused by micro-organisms often affects:

  • Babies and elderly people.
  • People with weakened immune systems, as is the case with those living with HIV, diabetes or cancer.
  • People with poor diets.
  • People who are taking antibiotics.
  • People who are experiencing hormone changes, such as pregnant women, women on their periods or going through menopause.
  • People who suffer from dry mouth or who wear dentures.

As mentioned earlier, those with a weakened immune system are more vulnerable to developing oral thrush, so it is important that they maintain a healthy diet everyday, which needs to be especially high in vitamins A, C, and E, and minerals such as calcium, zinc and iron, the latter being essential to prevent diseases affecting your body’s defenses such as anemia. In addition to these nutrients, it is also important to have a balanced diet, not missing a particular food group. And, of course, together with a good diet, you must ensure that you get enough sleep, physical exercise and do relaxing activities to help combat stress, because this is one of the emotional conditions that weaken the immune system.

For further information, read our article: how to boost your immune system.

How to prevent thrush

Taking antibiotics also increases the risk of developing oral thrush, because this kind of drugs can destroy the healthy bacteria in the body which keeps the spread of the Candida yeast under control. That is why you should only take antibiotic treatments prescribed by your doctor, and if you are prone to developing oral thrush, you should ask your doctor to recommend anti-fungal medication.

Take good care of your daily oral hygiene , as this will be essential in order to maintain the normal balance of Candida and other bacteria in your mouth. In order to prevent an imbalance, it is recommended not to use too much mouth sprays and rinses, and follow these steps below:

  • Brush your teeth frequently, ideally after every meal.
  • Use dental floss.
  • Rinse with a little salt water.
  • If you wear dentures, take them out every night and always keep them clean.

How to prevent thrush

High sugar levels in the blood also increases the chances of developing this fungal infection. For this reason, to prevent oral thrush, it is important that diabetics take care to control their sugar levels, strictly following their doctor’s advice, and making the necessary changes to their diet and lifestyle habits. We advise reading the following articles, if you want to learn how you can control this condition:

At the beginning of this article, we pointed out that the babies are among the groups most likely to develop oral thrush and, as a method of prevention, it will be essential to thoroughly clean and sterilize both their dummies bottle teats after each use. If our baby is breastfeeding and suffering from oral thrush, it is important that you tell your doctor to find out how you can prevent future reinfection.

This article is merely informative, oneHOWTO does not have the authority to prescribe any medical treatments or create a diagnosis. We invite you to visit your doctor if you have any type of condition or pain.

If you want to read similar articles to How to Prevent Oral Thrush, we recommend you visit our Diseases & secondary effects category.

By John Bottrell, RRT

No, thrush is not the name of a band. It’s not the name of a WWE championship wrestler. In actuality, it’s a slang term for a fungal infection.

I did not plan on writing about this subject today. The reason I decided to write on this subject is that I ate a tomato with salt and it made my tongue sting. Then I realized that my mouth felt dry and cottony. I looked in the mirror, stuck out my tongue, and it had white patches on it. These are all classic symptoms and signs of thrush. 1

Oral thrush is not going to kill you. It’s not going to get you out of school or work. Rather, it’s more of an irritant than anything. 1 If you had thrush around your vocal cord and lost your voice (dysphonia), then maybe you could get out of work. Lacking that, you just learn to deal with it.

What is oral thrush?

It’s caused by a fungus called Candida albicans. It’s a fungus that normally lives in your mouth and throat, although it’s kept in check by bacteria that normally live in your mouth. 1 When you use inhaled corticosteroids every day, some of the medicine deposits in your mouth, on your tongue, and the back of your throat. 1

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Inhaled corticosteroids are meant to reduce the immune response in your airways to reduce airway inflammation. This is very helpful for controlling asthma. However, it may also reduce the inflammatory response in your mouth, wipe out normal bacteria, allowing candida albicans to spread. This is called an infection often referred to as thrush. The scientific name is oral candidiasis. 2

Getting thrush from an asthma inhaler

It is one of the most common side effects of taking inhaled corticosteroids every day to control your asthma. 3 I have had it many times. In fact, I usually get it at least once a year. So, I am pretty well-acclimated to it. I usually don’t like to self-diagnose myself, but I’m pretty good at knowing when I have thrush.

Okay, you might be thinking, “How did a person who has had asthma for 47 years, is a respiratory therapist, an asthma writer, and has been taking inhaled corticosteroids for over 30 years get thrush? How could someone well acclimated to thrush let himself get it?”

The reason is that I’m a normal person. Like most people, I’m prone to forgetting. Plus, there are times when I take the higher doses of inhaled corticosteroids, and studies show that higher doses increase your risk for developing thrush. 2

I take 250/50 dose of Advair. That’s 250 mcg of the corticosteroid fluticasone. Sometimes I take the 500/50 dose. When I take that higher dose, I’m most likely to get thrush. I usually don’t get thrush using the lower dose unless I don’t rinse and spit after each use, which brings me to how to prevent it.

Preventing oral thrush

Many studies have been conducted regarding inhaled corticosteroids and thrush. Based on these studies, most experts agree that, when you use a dry powder inhaler like I do, you should rinse and spit after each use. This removes most of the medicine that deposits in your mouth. To be more precise, you may want to rinse, gargle, swish, and spit. This should make your risk of getting thrush negligible. 2 3

If you use an inhaler, like Symbicort or Flovent, the best way to prevent side effects is to use a spacer with your inhaler. The spacer collects the large particles, the ones that are most likely to impact in your mouth, making it so only the smallest particles to be inhaled. These smaller particles then have a direct path to your lungs. 2

Some researchers say that you do not need to rinse and spit if you use a spacer. However, some researchers say that you should always rinse and spit after each use regardless of what inhaled corticosteroid you use. 2,4

Treating thrush without losing the inhaler

If you get thrush, it doesn’t mean you have to quit taking inhaled corticosteroids. It does not mean you have to switch to a different product. 2 However, these are all options you can discuss with your doctor. I do know of some people who keep getting thrush from one type of asthma inhaler, and so they switch to another and they’re fine.

If you want to take that route, that’s fine. But Advair works so great for me, I’d hate to stop taking it due to a little thrush. So, what I do is call my doctor. I’ve had thrush enough that I know when I have it. So, it’s possible he will just call me in a prescription for Diflucan. It’s a pill taken once a day for 3-4 days. It also comes as a swish. Some people prefer that. There’s also a swish called Nistatin. Which medicinal option you use is up to you and your doctor.

Now, there’s one other option I’d like to mention. This is the one I opt for most of the time. I basically mix a teaspoon or two of Nistatin in a cup of water and rinse my mouth out with that. You can also use baking soda. The idea here is that the fungus hates salty environments. I usually do this 2-3 times a day for 3-4 days. It usually does the trick, avoiding a need to call my doctor.

What to make of this?

Thrush is an annoyance more than anything. Plus, it’s relatively easy to treat. Still, by using a spacer if you have an inhaler, and by rinsing your mouth after using a dry powder inhaler, it can just as easily be prevented.

Have you experienced oral thrush from an asthma inhaler?

How to prevent thrush

Table of Contents

Thrush is considered a common yeast infection that affects the mucus membranes that line the tongue as well as the mouth. Candida is the fungus responsible for thrush symptoms, but is present on the surface of the skin, under normal conditions.

How to prevent thrush

It remains dormant as long as the immune system is strong. However, this condition can be treated effectively by medications. In addition to medications, natural remedies are also effective in treating thrush symptoms. Given below is a list of natural cures for thrush.

Natural Cures For Thrush

Tea Tree Oil

Tea Tree Oil is considered an effective herbal treatment for thrush, due to the fact that it exhibits strong anti-fungal properties. You can prepare an oral mouthwash using tea tree oil by adding few drops of this oil to a cup of water. You can gargle using this mouthwash several times a day.

This herbal remedy is safe to use; however, it is recommended that you do not swallow this oil undiluted, as it may cause serious side effects such as rash, coma and confusion.

How to prevent thrush

Diet

Diet is known to play a very important role in suppressing thrush symptoms. It is advisable that you abstain from refined sugar, as this is often the cause of thrush symptoms. This is because candida feeds on refined sugar. However, there are several foods that are safe to eat if you suffer from thrush, and they include fruits, vegetables, meat, fish, eggs, legumes and milk.

It is imperative that you avoid consuming processed foods as they often contain yeast, which might worsen thrush symptoms.

Probiotics are considered extremely beneficial for individuals suffering from thrush, due to the fact that they possess good bacteria, which help in balancing the amounts of bad bacteria present in the body, thereby preventing thrush symptoms. Yogurt is considered one of the best foods that possess probiotics.

How to prevent thrush

Apple Cider Vinegar

Apple Cider Vinegar is considered an effective home remedy for treating thrush symptoms. This is due to the fact that this home remedy exhibits strong anti-fungal properties. You can treat oral thrush by using apple cider vinegar in the form of a mouthwash.

However, it is advisable that you dilute apple cider vinegar prior to using it. To prepare this mouthwash, add one teaspoon of apple cider vinegar to 200 ml water. You can gargle using this remedy several times a day.

How to prevent thrush

Also Read

Garlic

Garlic is an effective home remedy that is used extensively for oral thrush, as it exhibits strong anti-fungal properties. You can chew a few cloves of garlic along with your food, to treat the symptoms of thrush.

However, it is advisable that you rinse your mouth using peppermint tea, which helps in decreasing bad breath and exhibits anti-fungal properties. You could also gargle using a peppermint rinse, prepared by adding a few drops of peppermint oil to a glass of water.

How to prevent thrush

Goldenseal

Goldenseal is an effective herbal remedy for thrush symptoms. This is due to the fact that this herb possesses an active ingredient named berberine, which exhibits strong anti-fungal activity against candida. You can prepare a rinse using goldenseal by adding 20 drops of tincture to a glass of water.

How to prevent thrush

Nobody likes being uncomfortable, and especially not when it’s because of a medical issue. Thrush is a common infection that affects both men and women, and it will typically cause uncomfortable itching and discharge. Thankfully there are a range of different ways in which you can treat the condition, ease the symptoms and hopefully prevent the infection from coming back.

Medication

The most common treatment for thrush is of course medication; this is usually in the form of a tablet, pessary or cream. These can help to deal with the cause of the infection and reduce any irritation which might occur as a result.

Medications usually contain an antifungal agent to help clear up the infection. Treatment is normally quick, often requiring a single dose, or a week of using a cream for example. However, if symptoms persist or frequently reoccur it is a good idea to consult your GP or seek the advice of a pharmacist.

Your GP will be able to prescribe or recommend a suitable treatment. You can also pick up a range of over the counter thrush treatments from pharmacists such as Chemist 4 U.

While treatment is often simple and relatively quick there are additional steps you can take to ease the effect of symptoms and help to prevent the infection from returning.

Cleaning

The NHS suggest a number of ways that you can tweak your cleaning regimen to reduce irritation and help to prevent thrush returning.

Try to avoid long baths, instead switch to showers while undergoing treatment or until symptoms have cleared up. This can help to drastically reduce irritation.

You should also try to avoid using shower gels and soaps until symptoms have cleared. As an alternative, the NHS suggests using water and an emollient cream such as E45 for washing the affected area.

Finally, after your shower you need to make sure you get dried properly, be careful not to dry to vigorously and irritate the area further, but make sure you aren’t still damp after a shower.

Clothing

Wearing more comfortable clothing can also help, this helps to encourage better air circulation which can help avoid the conditions that allow for the infection to grow and spread.

Opting for more breathable fabrics, such as cotton underwear, and not wearing tight and restrictive clothes such as leggings, jeans or tights for a few days can also help to alleviate symptoms.

Focussing on loose fitting clothing such as skirts and avoiding restrictive fabrics like Lycra is important to help avoid causing further irritation.

You should also pay attention to your diet. Thrush can commonly occur in people with a weakened immune system. So, if you’re diabetic but with poor blood sugar control, or you’ve recently been ill or on a course of antibiotics for example.

Diet and lifestyle play a huge part in your overall health, with many suggesting that a diet that’s lower in sugar can help to avoid the conditions that lead to thrush.

Limiting your intake of processed sugar and increasing your intake of fruits and vegetables that are high in vitamins and minerals such as citrus fruits and garlic can help.

Home Remedies

There are also a number of home remedies, which people claim won’t necessarily treat the infection but can certainly help to alleviate the symptoms.

  • Baths that contain salt or vinegar – there is a belief that diluting a small amount into a shallow bath can help deal with the pH on the skin and reduce irritation
  • Applying natural yogurt, honey or cider vinegar to the affected area for a few hours before washing

As we’ve mentioned, it is important to get conditions properly diagnosed, so if you suspect you might have thrush it is better to go and see your GP first.

If the symptoms persist, don’t respond to treatment or come back quickly then you should seek additional medical advice.

Most treatments help to potentially alleviate the discomfort that comes from the infection, however getting the proper medical treatment is important for treating the symptoms and the infection effectively.

By Theresa Cannizzaro

February 2, 2018

We all know that our inhaled corticosteroid inhalers come with their fair share of potential side effects. While not everyone gets the side effects, some seem to be plagued with them more often than not. One of the most unpleasant side effects of inhaled corticosteroid maintenance inhalers is thrush.

What is oral thrush?

Essentially, it’s a yeast/fungus that develops on the mucous membranes in the mouth & throat. It can happen to anyone, but is more commonly found in the elderly, babies and those who are immunocompromised. Certain medications can cause an overgrowth of the candida fungus, thus causing a thrush infection.

Symptoms of thrush include a thick white film covering the tongue and possibly throat and on occasion the gums. You might have a sore throat as well. If the infection is pretty bad, and the white spots on the tongue are scraped, they might bleed. In minor cases, the tongue might not be very white at all, and just sore and red.

How is oral thrush prevented?

There are several steps you can take to help prevent thrush from happening. First, be sure to rinse your mouth out (and spit it out!) every time you take your steroid inhalers. Really be diligent about doing this. Make it a habit. You can even take it a step further and brush your teeth afterward to be extra cautious especially if you find that you are prone to thrush infections as some are more than others.

More on this topic

How to prevent thrush

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Another simple tip is to use a spacer with your metered-dose inhalers. (Spacers aren’t meant to be used with the dry powder inhalers or the Respimat versions of inhalers.) A spacer prevents the medication from hitting the back of your throat and holds it in the chamber long enough for you to inhale it down into your lungs. This makes a huge difference not only in thrush prevention but also in your lungs getting more of the medication and you getting the maximum benefit. Spacers are inexpensive and some times your doctor’s office might be able to give you one or a prescription for one to pick up at your local pharmacy or you can purchase one online.

What is the treatment for oral thrush?

Give your doctor a call. He or she will prescribe an antifungal medication (generally it’s a prescription mouthwash) that you will use for a period of time that they will decide on depending on the severity of your case. Rinsing your mouth with saltwater may feel soothing especially if it’s really sore. You will also want to make sure to clean your mouthpieces of your inhalers really well while recovering from thrush to prevent any reinfections from occurring. Also be sure to replace your toothbrush.

While thrush can be unpleasant, there are steps you can take to prevent it and also steps you can take to get rid of it generally pretty easily with a trip to the doctor.

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By Theresa Cannizzaro

February 2, 2018

We all know that our inhaled corticosteroid inhalers come with their fair share of potential side effects. While not everyone gets the side effects, some seem to be plagued with them more often than not. One of the most unpleasant side effects of inhaled corticosteroid maintenance inhalers is thrush.

What is oral thrush?

Essentially, it’s a yeast/fungus that develops on the mucous membranes in the mouth & throat. It can happen to anyone, but is more commonly found in the elderly, babies and those who are immunocompromised. Certain medications can cause an overgrowth of the candida fungus, thus causing a thrush infection.

Symptoms of thrush include a thick white film covering the tongue and possibly throat and on occasion the gums. You might have a sore throat as well. If the infection is pretty bad, and the white spots on the tongue are scraped, they might bleed. In minor cases, the tongue might not be very white at all, and just sore and red.

How is oral thrush prevented?

There are several steps you can take to help prevent thrush from happening. First, be sure to rinse your mouth out (and spit it out!) every time you take your steroid inhalers. Really be diligent about doing this. Make it a habit. You can even take it a step further and brush your teeth afterward to be extra cautious especially if you find that you are prone to thrush infections as some are more than others.

More on this topic

How to prevent thrush

Article

COPD and the Weather

How to prevent thrush

Article

Being Envious of the Healthy

Another simple tip is to use a spacer with your metered-dose inhalers. (Spacers aren’t meant to be used with the dry powder inhalers or the Respimat versions of inhalers.) A spacer prevents the medication from hitting the back of your throat and holds it in the chamber long enough for you to inhale it down into your lungs. This makes a huge difference not only in thrush prevention but also in your lungs getting more of the medication and you getting the maximum benefit. Spacers are inexpensive and some times your doctor’s office might be able to give you one or a prescription for one to pick up at your local pharmacy or you can purchase one online.

What is the treatment for oral thrush?

Give your doctor a call. He or she will prescribe an antifungal medication (generally it’s a prescription mouthwash) that you will use for a period of time that they will decide on depending on the severity of your case. Rinsing your mouth with saltwater may feel soothing especially if it’s really sore. You will also want to make sure to clean your mouthpieces of your inhalers really well while recovering from thrush to prevent any reinfections from occurring. Also be sure to replace your toothbrush.

While thrush can be unpleasant, there are steps you can take to prevent it and also steps you can take to get rid of it generally pretty easily with a trip to the doctor.

  • React with Like
  • React with Support
  • React with Sad
  • React with Wow
  • React with Same

Join the conversation

Do you follow any COPD-related accounts on Instagram?

How to prevent thrush

Nobody likes being uncomfortable, and especially not when it’s because of a medical issue. Thrush is a common infection that affects both men and women, and it will typically cause uncomfortable itching and discharge. Thankfully there are a range of different ways in which you can treat the condition, ease the symptoms and hopefully prevent the infection from coming back.

Medication

The most common treatment for thrush is of course medication; this is usually in the form of a tablet, pessary or cream. These can help to deal with the cause of the infection and reduce any irritation which might occur as a result.

Medications usually contain an antifungal agent to help clear up the infection. Treatment is normally quick, often requiring a single dose, or a week of using a cream for example. However, if symptoms persist or frequently reoccur it is a good idea to consult your GP or seek the advice of a pharmacist.

Your GP will be able to prescribe or recommend a suitable treatment. You can also pick up a range of over the counter thrush treatments from pharmacists such as Chemist 4 U.

While treatment is often simple and relatively quick there are additional steps you can take to ease the effect of symptoms and help to prevent the infection from returning.

Cleaning

The NHS suggest a number of ways that you can tweak your cleaning regimen to reduce irritation and help to prevent thrush returning.

Try to avoid long baths, instead switch to showers while undergoing treatment or until symptoms have cleared up. This can help to drastically reduce irritation.

You should also try to avoid using shower gels and soaps until symptoms have cleared. As an alternative, the NHS suggests using water and an emollient cream such as E45 for washing the affected area.

Finally, after your shower you need to make sure you get dried properly, be careful not to dry to vigorously and irritate the area further, but make sure you aren’t still damp after a shower.

Clothing

Wearing more comfortable clothing can also help, this helps to encourage better air circulation which can help avoid the conditions that allow for the infection to grow and spread.

Opting for more breathable fabrics, such as cotton underwear, and not wearing tight and restrictive clothes such as leggings, jeans or tights for a few days can also help to alleviate symptoms.

Focussing on loose fitting clothing such as skirts and avoiding restrictive fabrics like Lycra is important to help avoid causing further irritation.

You should also pay attention to your diet. Thrush can commonly occur in people with a weakened immune system. So, if you’re diabetic but with poor blood sugar control, or you’ve recently been ill or on a course of antibiotics for example.

Diet and lifestyle play a huge part in your overall health, with many suggesting that a diet that’s lower in sugar can help to avoid the conditions that lead to thrush.

Limiting your intake of processed sugar and increasing your intake of fruits and vegetables that are high in vitamins and minerals such as citrus fruits and garlic can help.

Home Remedies

There are also a number of home remedies, which people claim won’t necessarily treat the infection but can certainly help to alleviate the symptoms.

  • Baths that contain salt or vinegar – there is a belief that diluting a small amount into a shallow bath can help deal with the pH on the skin and reduce irritation
  • Applying natural yogurt, honey or cider vinegar to the affected area for a few hours before washing

As we’ve mentioned, it is important to get conditions properly diagnosed, so if you suspect you might have thrush it is better to go and see your GP first.

If the symptoms persist, don’t respond to treatment or come back quickly then you should seek additional medical advice.

Most treatments help to potentially alleviate the discomfort that comes from the infection, however getting the proper medical treatment is important for treating the symptoms and the infection effectively.

In this Article

  • What Causes Thrush?
  • Oral Thrush Symptoms
  • Oral Thrush Diagnosis
  • Oral Thrush Treatments and Home Remedies
  • Oral Thrush Prevention
  • Oral Thrush Outlook

If you notice a strange white rash inside your mouth, you may have a condition called thrush. It’s also called oral candidiasis. It’s an infection caused by the candida fungus, which is yeast. You can get it in your mouth and other parts of the body. It can cause diaper rash in infants or vaginal yeast infections in women.

Anyone can get thrush, but it happens most often to babies and toddlers, older adults, and people with weakened immune systems.

What Causes Thrush?

Small amounts of the candida fungus are in your mouth, digestive tract, and skin. It’s supposed to be there, and it’s usually kept under control by the other bacteria in your body. But sometimes, certain illnesses or medications — like corticosteroids or antibiotics — can disturb the balance. This can cause the fungus to grow out of control. That’s when you get thrush.

Stress can cause it. So can a number of medical conditions, like:

If you smoke or wear dentures that don’t fit right might, you’re also more likely to get thrush. And babies can pass the infection to their mothers while breastfeeding.

Oral Thrush Symptoms

If you have thrush, you may notice these signs in your mouth:

White, slightly raised areas, often on the tongue, inner cheeks, roof of mouth, gums, tonsils, or back of throat

Raised spots that look like cottage cheese

Cracking and redness at the corners of your mouth (angular cheilitis)

A cottony feeling

Sometimes thrush may also cause:

Redness, irritation, and pain under dentures (denture stomatitis)

A large red, painless mark in the center of the tongue (median rhomboid glossitis)

A band of gum irritation or inflammation (linear gingival erythema)

В In very bad cases, thrush can spread into your esophagus and cause:

Pain when you swallow or difficulty swallowing

A feeling that food is stuck in your throat or in the middle of your chest

Fever, if the infection spreads beyond the esophagus

When breastfeeding infants have thrush, they can pass it to their mother’s breast and cause:

Red, sensitive, cracked, or itchy nipples

Shiny or flaky skin on the areola, the area around the nipple

Painful nursing or painful nipples between feedings

Stabbing pains deeper in the breast

Continued

The fungus that causes thrush can spread to other parts of the body, like the lungs, liver, and skin. This happens more often in people with cancer, HIV, or other conditions that weaken the immune system.

Thrush may be grouped into three types:

Pseudomembranous — the mouth surfaces look white and creamy

Erythematous — the mouth looks red and raw

Hyperplastic — you’ll have white plaque-like lesions or speckled red spots

Oral Thrush Diagnosis

Your dentist or doctor can probably tell by taking a look inside your mouth. Your doctor might also send a tiny sample of the spot to a lab just to make sure.

If the fungus that causes thrush spreads into your esophagus, you may have to have other tests, like:

A throat culture (a swab of the back of your throat)

An endoscopy of your esophagus, stomach, and small intestine

X-rays of your esophagus

Oral Thrush Treatments and Home Remedies

Thrush is easy to treat in healthy children and adults. But the symptoms may be worse and harder to treat in people with weak immune systems.

Continued

Your doctor will probably prescribe antifungal medications that you’ll have to take for 10-14 days. These come in tablets, lozenges, or liquids, and are generally easy to take.

Since the infection can be a symptom of other medical problems, your doctor may also want to run other tests to rule these out.

In addition to medical treatment, there are some things you can try at home that may help ease thrush or its symptoms:

Keep your mouth clean with regular brushing and flossing.

Rinse with about ВЅ teaspoon of salt in a cup of warm water.

Try rinsing with water mixed with apple cider vinegar, hydrogen peroxide, lemon juice, or baking soda.

Probiotics, such as yogurt or over-the-counter pills may help.

If you are breastfeeding, use nursing pads and keep bras and any bottles or breast pump parts clean.

If you wear dentures, be sure to disinfect them as recommended by your dentist.

Oral Thrush Prevention

Practice good oral hygiene. Brush your teeth at least twice a day and floss at least once a day.

Continued

Get regular dental checkups. Especially if you have diabetes or wear dentures. Even if you’re healthy and don’t have dental issues, you should get your teeth cleaned by your dentist every 6 months.

Treat chronic health issues . A condition such as HIV or diabetes can disturb the balance of bacteria in your body and lead to thrush. If you’re taking medications for an ongoing health condition, take them regularly, as directed.

Continued

Don’t overuse mouthwashes or sprays. Rinse with an antibacterial mouthwash once or twice a day to help keep your teeth and gums healthy. Using any more than that may upset the normal balance of bacteria in your mouth.

Clean inhalers after using them . If you have a condition like asthma or chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), clean your inhalers after each use to kill germs.

Limit foods that contain sugar and yeast. Bread, beer, and wine will cause extra yeast growth.

If you smoke, quit. Ask your doctor or dentist about ways to help you kick the habit.

Oral Thrush Outlook

With treatment, oral thrush usually goes away after a couple of weeks. If you are prone to it or don’t get better, you may need to see an ear, nose, and throat specialist. Sometimes thrush goes away and comes back. This often happens because the underlying cause hasn’t gone away.В

In some people, thrush can turn into a more serious systemic infection. This happens most often in people with another health condition such as:

Other critical health conditions requiring treatment in an intensive care unit

In this case, doctors will treat the infection with oral or IV antifungal medicines.

Sources

Mayo Clinic: “Oral Thrush.”

The Oral Cancer Foundation: “Candida Infection.”

European Journal of Dentistry : “Median Rhomboid Glossitis: A Clinical and Microbiological Study.”

Journal of Periodontology : “The Relationship of Candidiasis to Linear Gingival Erythema in HIV‐Infected Homosexual Men and Parenteral Drug Users.”

Frontiers in Microbiology : “Clinical Appearance of Oral Candida Infection and Therapeutic Strategies.”

Dentaly.org: “What is Oral Thrush? Candida Home Remedies, Causes and Prevention.”

Nutrients : “Effect of Probiotics on Oral Candidiasis: A Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.”

Cleveland Clinic: “Thrush — the White Stuff Growing in Your Mouth (and How to Get Rid of it).”

National Center for Advancing Translational Sciences: “Systemic candidiasis.”