How to obtain traveler’s checks

Travel Tips

How to obtain traveler's checks

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Using traveler’s checks instead of cash offers security when traveling, as you can obtain a refund on lost or stolen traveler’s checks. American Express offers their “travelers cheques” in a variety of currencies, including the U.S. dollar, euro, British pound sterling, Chinese yuan, Canadian dollars and Japanese yen. At time of publication, American Express is the only source for obtaining traveler’s checks online. Purchase traveler’s checks online by using your American Express Membership Reward Points and converting the points into traveler’s checks or with your American Express card.

With American Express Membership Rewards Points

Step 1

Visit the American Express website to create an American Express online account. Locate and click “My Account,” and then click “Account Summary” to land on the login page. Click “Create a New Account,” and enter the required personal and credit card information to create an online account.

Step 2

Return to the login page and enter your user ID and password to log into your American Express account.

Step 3

View your available Membership Rewards points on the page in the upper right-hand corner under “Log Out.”

Step 4

Locate and click “Membership Rewards” and view your account summary with the balance of your pending and available rewards points.

Step 5

Decide which denomination of checks you want to purchase and ensure you have the required amount of points to make the purchase. At time of publication, it takes 10,000 points to purchase a $50 American Express travelers cheque. Use your American Express Membership Rewards points to redeem your traveler’s checks by entering the quantity in the designated field; select the denomination you wish to obtain and click the box indicating that you have read the restrictions.

Step 6

Purchase your traveler’s checks by clicking “Add to Cart.” Confirm the amount of the traveler’s check and your shipping address.

Step 7

Choose your shipping method and click “Submit” to order your traveler’s checks.

With an American Express Card

Step 1

Visit the American Express website to create an American Express online account. Locate and click “My Account,” and then click “Account Summary” to land on the login page. Click “Create a New Account” and enter the required personal and credit card information to create an online account.

Step 2

Return to the login page and enter your user ID and password to log into your American Express account. Select “Travelers Cheques” located under “Additional Products and Services.”

Step 3

Decide what quantity and denomination of traveler’s checks you want to order. Select the card to which you want the cost of the travelers checks charged if you have more than one American Express credit card.

Step 4

Confirm the amount of the traveler’s checks and your shipping address. Choose your shipping method, and click “Purchase” to order your travelers checks.

Travel Tips

How to obtain traveler's checks

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With the rate of the dollar changing overseas, carrying foreign travelers checks could limit the amount you spend on commission and stabilize the value of your money when you travel. However, be aware that some locations are still more likely to take travelers checks in dollars than any other currency.

Items you will need

  • Money
  • Pen
  • Paper

Step 1

Check exchange rates for your destinations online. Try one of any number of online currency converters, or you can refer to a trusted national news website’s financial page.

Step 2

Visit your bank. If you prefer, American Express and AAA also sell travelers checks, both online and in person. Ask if it charges a commission for foreign checks.

Step 3

Choose the amount of currency you want to buy. Use what you have learned about the exchange rates to propose an amount in the foreign currency to your banker. Confirm the exchange rate.

Step 4

Request different denominations of the foreign currency for your checks. Small and large amounts give you options overseas.

Step 5

Take out a piece of paper and a pen and write down the serial numbers of the checks before you leave home. Keep a record of the amount of the check and its serial number with you on your trip, separate from the travelers checks themselves.

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How to Redeem Unused Traveler’s Checks. Though they can be difficult to use in some locations, traveler’s checks provide a safe form of money when you travel. If you have traveler’s checks left over after a trip, or if you’re the executor of an estate that includes traveler’s checks, they’re relatively easy to redeem for cash.

Realize that traveler’s checks don’t expire, so if the checks are yours and you’re going to travel in the future, you can save your unused traveler’s checks for your next trip.

Exchange your travelers checks for cash free of charge if your vendor has a partnership program with banks and other exchange vendors. For example, when you travel abroad with American Express traveler’s checks, you can exchange them for the local currency at any American Express Travel Service Office or at any of their partner locals. Check with your vendor to find out if they have a program like this.

Deposit unused traveler’s checks in your bank account if they’re in your home currency and they’re made out to you. Take them to a teller’s window to deposit them and receive cash in return. If they’re in a foreign currency, you must take them to a bank that can accept that currency. Call your financial institution if you have questions.

Redeem a deceased person’s unused traveler’s checks if you’re the executor of the estate, or if you’re named as the beneficiary. To do so, take the traveler’s checks, death certificate and papers declaring the executor or beneficiary to the estate’s bank. Provide the phone number of the traveler’s check vendor so the bank can contact them and make arrangements for the redemption of the checks.

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Travel Tips

How to obtain traveler's checks

Like money, travelers checks need protecting in your purse, wallet or moneybelt. (Photo: Jupiterimages/ Images )

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American Express travelers cheques were at their most useful in the days before widespread ATMs. You could spend traveler’s cheques just like cash and receive change back, but, unlike cash, your travelers cheques could be refunded if they were lost or stolen. Now that ATMs are so common all over the world, travelers cheques aren’t as commonly accepted – but you can still exchange them for cash in banks and change bureaus, and use them like personal checks at some businesses.

American Express travelers checks don’t expire, so you can use them any time. Once you’ve found a bank or business that accepts traveler’s cheques, fill out the check and countersign it just as you would a personal check from another party or a payroll check.

Buying Your Travelers Cheques

You can purchase American Express travelers cheques at many banks and credit unions and at American Express service locations around the world. Note: American Express travelers cheques are available in U.S. dollars, euros and British pounds sterling. In most cases, you’ll be charged a commission and/or exchange fee when you buy your cheques. If you hold an American Express card or have a AAA card, you can buy travelers cheques for no commission. (AAA cardholders will need to buy through AAA.)

As soon as you buy your travelers cheques, sign them in the upper left-hand corner. If you’ve purchased a “cheque for two” that can be used by either of two travelers, you’ll both need to make this initial signature.

When you buy your travelers cheques, make sure to record the serial number on each cheque and keep the list in a safe place, separate from your travelers cheques. If your cheques are lost or stolen, you’ll need to provide those serial numbers to arrange a refund.

Using Your Travelers Cheques

When it’s time to use your travelers cheques, date the cheque in the upper right-hand corner and fill out the “pay to the order of” field, just as you would a personal check. Make sure the cashier watches you countersign the check in the lower left-hand corner. The cashier will verify your signature against the previous signature from the upper left-hand corner. If there’s any change left over from the transaction, you’ll receive it back in cash.

You can usually cash travelers cheques at banks, currency exchange bureaus (bureaux de change in some countries) and at American Express travel service locations. Some larger hotels and other businesses still accept them, too. That said, not as many businesses accept travelers cheques as they once did, so it’s best to confirm in advance whether your cheques will be accepted. Also, ask if the merchant collects any commission fees when you make your purchase.

Tips for Travelers Check Verification

Has somebody offered to pay you with a travelers cheque? Then you should do the same security checks that any merchant would perform. First, have the buyer sign the lower left-hand corner of the cheque while you watch; then verify that the result is a reasonable match for the signature in the upper left corner.

Next, hold the cheque up to the light to see its security features. You’re looking for a Centurion watermark in the white area of the cheque and a security thread in the middle. You should be able to see both features from the front and back of the cheque. Also, the color on the Centurion and American Express logo should change as you view the cheque from different angles.

Finally, American Express recommends calling them to authorize the cheque before you complete the transaction. Once you’ve verified that the cheque is authentic and properly made out to you, deposit it into your bank account.

Buying Traveler’s Checks the Right Way

Traveler’s checks are designed with safety in mind. Not only are they accepted at locations all over the world, they also come in different currencies including the US Dollar, Euro, Canadian Dollar, and the Japanese Yen. Easy-to-use and keep track of, traveler’s checks take the guesswork out of managing your money when you are out of state or abroad.

For over 100 years, individuals have preferred traveler’s checks for a number of reasons. One of them is quite simple. With the exchange rate being so uncertain, travelers never know how much their money is really worth. With traveler’s checks, this is seldom an issue because you have locked into the exchange rate at the time of purchase. You also don’t have to worry about someone obtaining your personal information if your purse or wallet is lost or stolen. That gives you added security when you are away from home and makes traveler’s checks a necessity for every globetrotter.

Decide Where You Want to Get Your Traveler’s Checks

There are a number of reputable places where you can obtain traveler’s checks. One of them is at your local bank. Another option is through your local AAA Auto Club. Last but not least, you can get them from American Express, Citicorp or Thomas Cook. This largely depends on your preference. Some checks will bear the MasterCard or Visa name and logo. Others may be affiliated with your bank. The most standard traveler’s check is issued through American Express and has identifying information that matches the company.

Many issuers have replaced booklets of traveler’s checks with pre-paid debit cards. These handy pieces of plastic work in a similar fashion but do not have the same types of security features found on traveler’s checks. That means that it is easier to use these cards without identification. A person will not necessarily be required to countersign a slip or prove who they are when making purchases. If you prefer a hassle-free way to protect your money, consider the benefits offered by traveler’s checks.

Determine What Denominations Will Work Best For You and Your Budget

Having a variety of checks in different denominations will give you greater freedom as you travel. Many retailers refuse to accept larger denominations because of the risk of them being fraudulent. You can avoid this issue by having smaller traveler’s checks on hand while making purchases. Buying a pack of gum to break a $100 check is not advised. You don’t want to walk around with a wallet full of cash, now do you?

Make Sure All of the Safety Features Match Up

Traveler’s check issues have implemented a number of strategies to defer counterfeiters. From holographic images to security inks and watermarks, each issuer has its own way of making their checks valid. Just make sure to buy them from a trusted location like a bank or through the American Express website. Purchasing discounted traveler’s checks from individuals other than a trusted retailer increases the probability of them being fraudulent. Protect your assets by making sure these features are present on all the checks you are given before leaving for your trip. You can never be too cautious when traveling abroad.

Keep the Register in a Safe Place

You should keep a written record of all your traveler’s check serial numbers in a safe place just in case they are lost or stolen. Although each issuer has a different set of rules concerning replacement traveler’s checks, American Express provides the following options:

  1. Call a Customer Service Center with the serial numbers of the missing checks. You can find the number to reach them at included with the paperwork that came with the checks when you first bought them. You can also visit their website online for contact information.
  2. Once on the phone, a representative will present a number of options to you in regards to obtaining a refund.
  3. If you wish to expedite the process, you can fill out a Refund Claim Form and fax it to1-800-417-0060.
  4. Your refund will arrive to your home in the form of a company check in 7 to 10 business days.

Traveler’s checks are readily available and offer convenience to the individuals that choose to use them. They have no hidden fees, are widely accepted, and can be replaced if they are lost and stolen. The same cannot be said about cash. Thieves (see our article on avoiding pickpockets) are seldom brazen enough to use traveler’s checks out of fear that they will be caught in the act. Cash offers anonymity. Traveler’s checks are registered in a person’s name and can be tracked back to them and their address. This gives you more than one reason to purchase a batch for your next trip.

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Passport Services maintains U.S. passport records from March 1925 to the present. Records are protected by the Privacy Act of 1974. Records may include:

  • Passport Applications
  • Consular Report of Birth
  • Consular Report of Death
  • Certificate of Witness to Marriage
  • Certificate of Loss of Nationality

Passport records do not include evidence of travel such as entrance or exit stamps, visas, or residence permits.

How to get Passport Records

Passport was issued after March 1925

A. The Privacy Act allows you to obtain copies of your records, your minor child, any person for whom you are a legal guardian, or any person who has authorized you to obtain them.

Please send your request to:

U.S. Department of State
Office of Law Enforcement Liaison
44132 Mercure Cir
P.O. Box 1227
Sterling, VA 20166

The written request must include:

  1. Full name at birth and any name changes of the individual whose records you are requesting, and if you are requesting records for your children or using an authorization, provide your full name as well.
  2. Evidence of legal authorization if you are requesting records about anyone other than yourself, evidence of the parental or guardian relationship if you are requesting records about your minor child(ren) or legal guardian;
  3. Date and place of birth of the individual whose records you are requesting;
  4. Your mailing address;
  5. Your daytime telephone number;
  6. Your e-mail address, if available;
  7. Date or estimated date of passport issuance;
  8. Passport number of the person whose records you are seeking, if known, and any other information that will help us locate the records; and
  9. A clear copy of both sides of your valid government-issued photo identification such as a driver’s license.

Additional Requirements for Your Request

  • Must be signed and notarized or made under penalty of perjury pursuant to 28 U.S.C. § 1746.
  • Use DS-4240, the Department’s Certification of Identity form, to provide proof of authorization if requesting records on someone else’s behalf.
  • Must be notarized or include a copy of your valid government-issued photo ID.

Processing Times to Receive Copies of Passport Records

  • 12 to 16 weeks
  • There are no fees to request a regular copy of your passport records, those of your minor children or any person whom you act as a guardian, or as an authorized representative.
  • If you wish to obtain certified copies of these records, the certification fee is $50.
  • If you plan to use these records in a country that is a party to the Hague Apostille Convention, you may obtain an apostilled copy for $8.
  • Checks or money orders should be made payable to “U.S. Department of State.”

B. You must submit a Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) request via mail if you’re seeking someone else’s passport records without an authorization from that individual. Mail to:

How to obtain traveler's checks

How to obtain traveler's checks

Visit our Newsroom for information about the current status of visa services and visa restrictions related to the COVID-19 global pandemic

What is a U.S. Visa?

A citizen of a foreign country who seeks to enter the United States generally must first obtain a U.S. visa, which is placed in the traveler’s passport, a travel document issued by the traveler’s country of citizenship.

Certain international travelers may be eligible to travel to the United States without a visa if they meet the requirements for visa-free travel. The Visa section of this website is all about U.S. visas for foreign citizens to travel to the United States.

(Note: U.S. citizens don’t need a U.S. visa for travel, but when planning travel abroad may need a visa issued by the embassy of the country they wish to visit. In this situation, when planning travel abroad, learn about visa requirements by country, see country information in the International Travel Section section of this website.)

Find out what visa type is appropriate for you

The type of visa you must obtain is defined by U.S. immigration law, and relates to the purpose of your travel.

Please visit our Visa Wizard to find out what visa type is appropriate for you.

You can also visit our Frequently Asked Questions or find out about the Visa Waiver Program.

Safe Travels Help

Table of Contents

The Safe Travels Hawaii program is a multilayered process designed to protect the health and safety of our visitors and residents alike from the spread of COVID-19. A 10-day mandatory quarantine will be required for travelers arriving WITHOUT a confirmed negative COVID-19 test taken within the 72 hours before departure of the final leg of their trip to Hawaii. There is also a mandatory 10-day self-quarantine for all travelers traveling between islands, except for those traveling from a neighbor island to Oahu.

To bypass the mandatory quarantine, the State of Hawaii will ONLY accept Nucleic Acid Amplification Test (NAAT) from a certified Clinical Laboratory Improvement Amendment (CLIA) lab test results from TRUSTED TESTING AND TRAVEL PARTNERS. To save time at during the arrival screening process at the airport, travelers should upload their Negative COVID-19 Test result to the Safe Travels Digital Platform.

Travelers wishing to bypass the 10-day mandatory quarantine must have their COVID-19 test results – from a trusted testing partner – prior to departure for the State of Hawaii. Travelers need to upload their test results before departure or have printed copy of their test results in hand upon arrival to show the airport screener.

Travelers will not be able to obtain a Nucleic Acid Amplification Test (NAAT) upon arrival at any Hawaii airport.

Beginning June 15, 2021, travelers to Hawaii will only need to enter trip information for their first flight that lands in Hawaii. Travel restrictions for interisland travel have been lifted (see FAQ for details) and travelers do not need to complete a Safe Travels application for travel between islands. Pre-travel testing is not required for interisland travel.

Beginning July 3, Safe Travels will implement a new security feature. New travelers who create an account in Safe Travels will need to create a password that must be a minimum of 10 characters. Existing account holders in Safe Travels who reset their password will also need to create a new password with a minimum of 10 characters.

Beginning July 8, Hawai‘i-bound domestic travelers vaccinated in the United States or U.S Territories will be able to participate in the vaccine exception program. The program allows these travelers to bypass the state’s quarantine requirement with proof of vaccination. Travelers vaccinated in the U.S. or U.S. Territories may participate in the exception program starting on the 15 th day after their second dose of the Pfizer or Moderna vaccine — or starting the 15 th day after their single dose of the Johnson & Johnson vaccine.

Please visit the following websites for specific travel information to each County: Maui, Kauai, Hawaii Island, and Honolulu.

Traveler ALERT. The State of Hawaii DOES NOT charge fees to apply for the Safe Travels program, or to create a Safe Travels account, or to access the Safe Travels application, or for Safe Travels information. The OFFICIAL STATE OF HAWAII websites for the State of Hawaii’s Safe Travels Program are and The websites listed below are NOT affiliated with the State of Hawaii or the State of Hawaii Safe Travels Program.


Safe Travels Digital Platform Technical Assistance

You may submit a request online to the Safe Travels Service Desk:

Safe Travels Digital Platform Technical Service Desk (10 a.m. to 10 p.m. HST): 1-855-599-0888
Calls outside of working hours will go to voicemail and be returned the next business day.

Call: 1-800-GOHAWAI or (1-800-464-2924)


All travelers are encouraged to download the AlohaSafe Alert app to stay informed about possible exposures to COVID-19. This app is voluntary and free to use. As the official State of Hawai‘i exposure notification app, it aims to help reduce the spread of COVID-19 in Hawaii.

Maui visitors with questions about county-specific travel requirements and AlohaSafe Alert may email: [email protected]

Safe Travels Health Pass Support

Questions? Contact ClearMe’s Member Care team by opening the CLEAR app and tapping “Get in Touch” at the bottom of the Home Screen or call 1-855-CLEARME (253-2763).

Phone support: Call +1 (888) 445-9072 (toll-free) or +1 (347) 486-6246

Phone support is available Monday – Friday 9am – 9pm EST.

You can chat with AZOVA’s Customer Support team for comprehensive support, including help with your account, testing, shipping, and results. They typically respond within 5 minutes or less. Click the on chat button at to get started. Click the messaging icon on the lower right corner of the page to get started.

Talk with Customer Support

You can call the dedicated support line using the number below. Please note that wait times may vary depending on call volume.

How to apply for j1 us visa

The duration of stay for J-1 visa holders depends on the visitor exchange program. There are maximum duration limits for each J-1 category. The categories and the duration of stay are as follows:

  • College professors: 36 months
  • Research scholars: 36 months
  • Teachers (primary and secondary schools): 36 months
  • Flight aviation program trainees: 24 months
  • Business trainees: 18 months
  • Students: College and university students are provided 18 months of training period in case of baccalaureate/masters degree and post-doctoral students are provided a period of 36 months.
  • Government and international visitors: 12 months
  • Au pair: 12 months
  • Summer work: 4 months

The J-1 visa can be extended by the original J-1 sponsor who issued the Form IAP-66. A new IAP-66 has to be completed in order to extend the duration of stay in the U.S. In this case, the sponsor must notify the DOS regarding the extension. There is no need to notify the USCIS. Extension is possible only if the duration falls within the maximum duration of stay for that particular category.

For professors and researchers, a special extension is applicable for a duration of 6 months, even after completing the three years of maximum duration. If the sponsor requires the professor or the researcher to stay in the U.S. for an additional period, they can do so upon their own discretion. This does not require approval from the DOS or USCIS. Professors and researchers can also apply for an extension period through the DOS. This must be done 90 days prior to the expiration of the three-year period of stay.

Contact our office today to speak with a lawyer to learn more about your options and to begin the visa application process.

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Getting an Exchange Visitor Visa

Get started on your Exchange Visitor experience.

Hosting a Participant

Welcome participants into your home or office.

Common Questions

Who should I contact if I have concerns about the health or safety of a participant?

Can I apply for an extension?

How can I apply for a waiver of the two-year home-country physical presence requirement?

Can I participate in another Exchange Visitor program after finishing my current program?

My visa has expired during the program.
What do I do?

How long does it take to obtain a Exchange Visitor Visa?

What documents are needed to apply for an Exchange Visitor Visa?

Where do I obtain a DS-2019?

Where do I apply for an exchange visitor visa?

How do I know if I am subject to the two-year home-country foreign residency requirement?

Who should I contact about changing my visa status while I am in the United States?

Do I need a sponsor?

What is the Student and Exchange Visitor Information System (SEVIS)?

Individuals planning to participate in a work and study based exchange visitor program in the United States must apply for a J1 visa. When applying for a J1 visa, applicants must first select an exchange visitor program and determine their eligibility for that J1 visa program. The J1 visa application involves completing Form DS-2019 and sending the appropriate filing fees. For the complete details on how to get a J1 visa, read the following steps for the J1 visa application process below.

J1 Visa Application Process

Step 1: Choose an Exchange Visitor Program

The first step of how to apply for a J1 visa is to choose a J1 exchange visitor program. There are multiple exchange visitor programs, which include the following J1 visa programs.

  • Au Pair
  • Camp Counselor
  • College and University Student
  • Government Visitor
  • Intern
  • International Visitor
  • Physician
  • Professor & Research Scholar
  • Secondary school Student
  • Short Term Scholar
  • Specialist
  • Summer Work Travel
  • Teacher
  • Trainee

Step 2: Determine Eligibility

Once you select your J1 visa program, but before you apply for a J1 visa, you should determine your eligibility for that program. There are different J1 visa eligibility criteria depending on the program, but all programs require that the participant fulfill an English Language proficiency test such as TOFEL, IBT, IELTS, PTE, TOEIC, CAE, or CPE. When applying for J1 visa, applicants should remember that they must have medical insurance for themselves and their dependents on J2 visa.

In short, anyone applying for J1 visa must have the following in order to be eligible for an exchange visitor program in the US.

  • Proficiency in the English language; and
  • J1 health insurance.

Sponsors are responsible for providing pre-arrival information and a post-arrival orientation for all participants, as well as ensuring that their program is consistent with the J1 program category.

Step 3: Find a Sponsor

Once the participant chooses from one of the above programs, he/she needs to contact a designated sponsor. A designated sponsor is a state department approved sponsor who is authorized to supervise the application process, they also stand as a single point of contact for participants willing to apply for J1 visa. J1 visa applicants can choose different state department designated sponsors on the basis of their program and choice of the state they wish to travel to in Unites States. For example, an applicant can choose an Intern program in the state of Illinois from the listed sponsors and contact them.

Step 4: Complete Form DS-2019

A program sponsor will review the application of the J1 visa applicant and issue Form DS-2019 to prospective applicants selected for the J1 visa program. Form DS-2019 consists of detailed information such as:

  • Participant identification
  • Sponsor identification
  • Brief description of the program activity to be completed by participant
  • Duration of stay including the start and end dates of program
  • Category of exchange
  • Estimated cost of the exchange program

Participants should bring Form DS-2019 to the US Embassy or Consulate they are visiting to obtain their J1 Visa.

Step 5: Pay Application Fees

There are three kinds of J1 visa application fees participants must provide when applying for J1 visa.

  • Program Fee: The program fees vary from sponsor to sponsor. This fee is excluded for federally funded programs.
  • SEVIS Fee: Post acceptance into a program, sponsor will issue Form DS-2019. The sponsor will inform the participant if he/she needs to pay separate SEVIS fee or if it is included in the program fee. If the sponsor has paid on the behalf of applicant, then the applicant will receive a receipt confirming payment.
  • Visa Fee: A nonimmigrant visa processing fee is charged at the US Embassy or Consulate, which may vary from time to time.

J1 Visa Required Documents

J1 applicants for all J1 exchange visitor programs must submit the following documents with their applications.

  • DS-2019 Form, Certificate of Eligibility for Exchange Visitor (J-1) Status. Form DS-2019 briefly describes the exchange visitor program and allows the J1 applicant to schedule an interview at the US Embassy or Consulate in their country.
  • Form DS-7002, Training/Internship Placement Plan, for J1 visa trainee and intern applicants.
  • Form DS-160, Online Nonimmigrant Visa Electronic Application.
  • Passport valid for travel to the United States. Passport must be valid for at least 6 months beyond the end date of the applicant’s intended stay in the US.
  • Photograph.

Additional documentation may be required, so be sure to check the US Embassy website for your specific requirements.

J1 visa applicants must also demonstrate ties to their home country, showing the US Embassy or Consulate that they have no intention to stay in the US after the completion of their exchange visitor program. Specific evidence for this requirement varies depending on the applicant.

J1 Visa Interview

Applicants ages 14 to 79 are required to interview at a US Embassy or Consulate. J1 visa applicants should submit their visa application early, since the wait time for a visa interview appointment can take a while.

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Some exchange visitors with J-1 visas are subject to a two-year home-country physical presence requirement. It requires you to return home for at least two years after your exchange visitor program. This requirement is part of U.S. law, in the Immigration and Nationality Act, Section 212(e). If you cannot return home for two years, you must apply for a waiver. The Department of Homeland Security must approve your waiver before you can change status in the United States or receive a visa in certain categories.

Eligibility for a Waiver

Select Eligibility Information about J-1 exchange visitors are subject to the two-year home-country physical presence requirement and whether a waiver is available to you.

Instructions and the J-1 Waiver Recommendation Application

Select Instructions and Online DS-3035 to learn more and access the online form to request a recommendation for a waiver from the Department of State’s Waiver Review Division.

Before you apply – More information

After you apply – Status Check and Contact Updates

Select J Visa Waiver Online to change your address or contact information and to check the status of your waiver.

How to apply for j1 us visa

There are different types of visas available to citizens of countries other than the United States. One of the most common visas is the U.S. Exchange Visitor (J-1) Visa. U.S. Exchange Visitor (J-1) non-immigrant visas are for individuals approved to participate in work and study-based exchange visitor programs.

The Purpose of the J-1 Visa

The J-1 visa enables foreign nationals from over 200 different countries to visit the United States to experience life in the U.S., with the objective of returning to their home countries with an appreciation of other cultures, languages, and ways of life.  

The Trump administration has suspended foreign worker visas through December 31, 2020. There are some exemptions, and workers currently in the U.S. are not impacted by the suspension.  

The program also serves to supply American organizations with a pool of workers to meet employment needs not adequately addressed by American workers.

The J-1 Exchange Visitor Program provides opportunities for about 300,000 foreign visitors from 200 countries and territories per year.   Those visa holders served mostly in the hospitality industry and as camp counselors, positions where it is difficult to find enough U.S. workers.

If approved, recipients of a J-1 visa can remain in the U.S. for the duration of their program, plus they may arrive 30 days prior and depart 30 days after the program ends. Any time before or after those guidelines is considered a violation of the visa terms.

Exchange Visitor Program Benefits

The U.S. Exchange Visitor (J-1) visa is an opportunity for outside citizens to enter the United States for an enriching learning experience. Workers who have gone through the exchange program are highly sought after by employers for the perspective and education they received overseas.

Types of J-1 Visa Programs

J-1 visa programs are available for several categories of workers, including:  

  • Alien Physicians
  • Au Pairs
  • Camp Counselors
  • Government Visitors
  • Interns
  • International Visitors
  • Professor and Research Scholars
  • Short-Term Scholars
  • Specialists
  • Students, College/University
  • Students, Secondary School
  • Summer Work Travel
  • Teachers
  • Trainees

J-1 Visa Program Requirements and Specifications

The eligibility requirements, duration of visits, and opportunity for repeat participation vary significantly by program:  

  • Many of the categories such as the Summer Work Travel and Au Pair programs require that visa holders be current high school or college students or meet certain age requirements.
  • Others, including the Short-Term Scholar, Professor and Research Scholar, Trainee, Specialist, and Alien Physician require a specific academic background, status in their home country, or the demonstration of special skills.

Applying for a J-1 Visa

The application process is rigorous and can be time-consuming. In order to apply for a J-1 visa you must first apply, meet the requirements, and be accepted to an exchange visitor program through a designated sponsor organization.

A list of sponsoring organizations is available online, and applicants need to contact the sponsors directly to take part in one of the exchange programs. Once you have been accepted by a sponsor, the organization will assist with the visa application process. Prospective exchange visitors apply for the J-1 visa at the U.S. embassy or consulate in their home country using the Form DS-2019 issued to them by their designated sponsor.

If you live and work in the United States during the exchange, you will need to show your visa to employers to ensure you can work in America legally.

Your visa should be on you at all times to avoid any misunderstandings or issues with immigration.

How Long Visa Holders Can Stay in the U.S.

The duration of J-1 visas ranges from as little as one day for a visiting lecturer to seven years for an Alien Physician. Participants in summer options like Camp Counselor and Summer Work Travel are covered by four-month J-1 visas. Others are approved for one to three year stays in programs such as Trainee, Intern, Au Pair, Specialist, and Teacher.

Some of the programs allow participants to apply for a repeat visit.

However, for some categories including Trainee, Professor and Research Scholar, Teacher, and Au Pair, this requires applicants to reside outside the United States for a period up to 24 months unless they are approved for a waiver.

Waiver Programs to Stay in the U.S.

Program participants who are subject to the two-year home-country physical presence requirement must apply for a waiver of that requirement if they seek to remain in the United States beyond the end date of their programs or if they seek to submit an application to the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services for a change in visa status. A waiver may be requested for five statutory bases:  

  1. A claim of Exceptional Hardship to a U.S. citizen or legal permanent resident spouse or child of an exchange visitor if the exchange visitor is required to return to the country of residence.
  2. A claim that the participant will be persecuted due to race, religion, or political opinions if he/she returns to the country of residence.
  3. A request from an interested U.S. Government Agency on the participant’s behalf.
  4. A No Objection Statement from your government.
  5. A request by a designated State Health Department or its equivalent.

The information contained in this article is not legal advice and is not a substitute for such advice. Federal laws change frequently, and the information in this article may not reflect the most recent changes to the law.

Do you have a new Intern or Trainee program starting soon? J-1 Visa holders are eligible to obtain a Social Security Number (SSN), and we encourage obtaining one! J-1 participants will need an SSN in order to get paid by their host company. Even if the program is unpaid, it can be helpful to have. Participants and hosts should discuss in advance whether this is a required by the company, or to receive compensation.

The process for obtaining an SSN is simply, however, there are a number of steps involved, so it takes time. You will need to anticipate and plan accordingly. J-1 participants may arrive in the U.S. up to 30 days before the program start date and they may use this time to apply for the SSN.

How does a J-1 holder obtain a Social Security Number?
In order to obtain an SSN, the J-1 participant must take the following steps:

1.Visa Validation. Upon arrival to the U.S., participants must send us their U.S. residential address via our website. We will then use this information to validate their visa within the government SEVIS database within two business days. J-1 holders cannot successfully apply for an SSN until their visa has been validated.

2.Social Security Office Appointment. The participant will then need to visit a local Social Security Office with all required documentation to apply. It is advised that the participant applies for the SSN no less than 10 days after entry to the U.S. and 48 hours after providing Cultural Vistas with the required information to validate their visa. This is to ensure that all databases have adequate time to communicate with one another. Applying before this time may result in further delays. To apply, the participant will need to take the following documents to their nearest Social Security Office:

  • Form SS-5: The SSN application form–can be downloaded from the Social Security website.
  • Form DS-2019 (Certificate of Eligibility)
  • Letter of Sponsorship (printed from their approval email sent by Cultural Vistas)
  • I-94 Record Printout: The admission number and electronic I-94 can be accessed online for the duration of the J-1 program here. Participants should click on “Get Most Recent I-94” to save and print their I-94 travel record. This should list their most recent entry into the U.S.
  • Passport with J-1 visa
  • Form DS-7002 (Official Training Plan)
  • Offer letter from host company (if available)

3.Wait. It may take over 2 weeks to receive the SSN, which will be mailed to the address provided on the Form SS-5.

Do J-1 participants need an SSN to begin the program?
No! Please read the guidance from the Social Security Administration on this topic. Participants can be added to their host organization’s payroll without an SSN. They can show the receipt of having applied for the card, and/ or the host organization will be able to use a “dummy number” to enroll them on the payroll until they get their number. Participants must give their host organization their Social Security Number (listed on the card they receive) as soon as they receive it.

As a reminder, participants should not be classified as independent contractors.

Social / Search – EN

Routine visa services remain suspended because of the COVID-19 pandemic. The U.S. Embassy in the Philippines continues to operate with reduced staffing.

As conditions surrounding the COVID-19 situation improve, the Embassy will add additional services, culminating eventually in a complete resumption of routine visa services. The Embassy cannot predict when the resumption of full visa services, or a specific category of visa classes, will occur.

Immigrant Visa (IV): The Embassy continues to have a significant backlog of all categories of immigrant visas. We are using a tiered approach to triage immigrant visa applications, based on the category of immigrant visa, as we resume and expand processing. While we are scheduling limited appointments within all four priority tiers every month, the following lists the main categories of immigrant visas in priority order:

  • Tier One: Immediate relative intercountry adoption visas, age-out cases (cases where the applicant will soon no longer qualify due to their age), and certain Special Immigrant Visas (SQ and SI for Afghan and Iraqi nationals working with the U.S. government).
  • Tier Two: Immediate relative visas; fiancé(e) visas; and returning resident visas.
  • Tier Three: Family preference immigrant visas and SE Special Immigrant Visas for certain employees of the U.S. government abroad.
  • Tier Four: All other immigrant visas, including employment preference and diversity visas.

Nonimmigrant Visa (NIV): The Embassy continues to prioritize travelers with urgent (i.e. matter of life and death) travel needs, foreign diplomats, and certain mission-critical categories of travelers, such as those coming to assist with the U.S. response to the pandemic, followed by students and exchange visitors (F-1, M-1, and J-1) and temporary employment visas (H-1B, H-2B, and L nonimmigrants). Visa appointments and processing for B1/B2 (Business/Tourist) remain suspended, with the exception of interview waiver renewals.

We understand that many visa applicants have paid the visa application processing fee and are still waiting to schedule a visa appointment. The Embassy will extend the validity of your payment (known as the MRV fee) until September 30, 2022, to allow all applicants who were unable to schedule a visa appointment as a result of the suspension of routine consular operations an opportunity to schedule and/or attend a visa appointment with the already paid fee.

  • NIV Expedite Appointment Requests: Expedite requests for emergency travel may be submitted via our website at Please note that the applicant will need to book a regular appointment through our appointment system before requesting an expedited appointment through
  • NIV Interview Waiver: The interview waiver program has been extended. Information is available at

Visa Scheduling: After we resume visa processing, which will be confirmed on our website at, applicants can reschedule the first available visa interview appointment slot by phone at (+632) 7792-8988 or (+632) 8548-8223, or through our online appointment system at There is no fee to change an appointment. After routine visa processing resumes, if you have difficulties rescheduling a pending consular appointment, applicants may send an email to [email protected] for specific guidance.

  • Scheduling, case status, passport delivery, and other questions can be directed to [email protected]
  • Case-Specific Inquiry on an Immigrant Visa:
  • Case-Specific Inquiry on a Nonimmigrant Visa:
  • For Seafarer concerns: [email protected]

The purpose of your intended travel and other facts will determine what type of visa is required under U.S. immigration law. As a visa applicant, you will need to establish that you meet all requirements to receive the category of visa for which you are applying.

See our Directory of Visa Categories on to determine which visa category might be appropriate for your purpose of travel to the United States.

Presidential Proclamation on Novel Coronavirus: Entry of aliens who were present in China, excluding the Special Administrative Regions of Hong Kong and Macau, within 14 days prior to their arrival at the port of entry in the United States is suspended, per Presidential Proclamation. If you reside in China, have traveled to China recently, or intend to travel to China prior to your planned trip to the United States, we recommend you postpone your visa interview appointment until 14 days subsequent to your departure from China.

Nonimmigrant Visas

Travel to the United States on a temporary basis, including tourism, temporary employment, study and exchange.

Some of the wide known J-1 programs include– Intern Program, Trainee Program, College and University Student Program, Professor and Research Scholar Program, Teacher Program, Government Visitor Program, Camp Counselor and Au pair etc.

A J-1 visa is a non-immigrant visa provided by the United States to students and professionals who engage in exchange programs. All applicants must meet the eligibility criteria and be funded by either a university, private sector or a government program.

J-1 visa holders can travel in and out of the US as much as they like and in some cases, they may be allowed to work in the US.

Some of the wide known J-1 programs include– Intern Program, Trainee Program, College & University Student Program, Professor and Research Scholar Program, Teacher Program, Government Visitor Program, Camp Counselor and Au pair etc.

The length of your stay in the US depends on the type of program you are enrolled in. For example, those pursuing academic study may get a visa for up to three years, while camp counselors will only get a 3-month stay.

Some perks of J-1 visa holders is that they can apply for a different visa within the US and their spouses and unmarried children under 21 may accompany them to US under a J-2 (dependents’) visa. J-1 holder’s family members can study, travel in and out of the country and they may work after securing a relevant work permit.

Step by step procedure on how to apply for a J-1 visa

1. Find a J program sponsor: You need to find a designated sponsor to accept you into their program. Your sponsor can also help you with how to apply for a J-1 visa.

2. Complete the DS-2019 form: This form is an official document used by the US State Department to allow you to have an interview with the US embassy or consulate. If your spouse or child(ren) are going to accompany you, they will also be given a separate DS-2019 form. Your designated sponsor will issue this form which will have a summary of the exchange program, including the start and end date, as well as the program cost.

3. Paying fees: You will need to pay a SEVIS 1-901 fee to the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) as part of your J-1 visa application. There is a chance that your sponsor might pay for you if the fee is included with the program fee. If that is the case, you will get a receipt confirming the payment.

The Nonimmigrant Visa Application Processing Fee is another fee that you will be expected to pay, which is $160. People who are part of a program with the US government, State Department, US International Development Agency (USAID), or a federally funded educational and cultural exchange program are excluded from the Nonimmigrant Visa Application Processing Fee.

4. Interview with a US Embassy or Consulate: The final approval for your J-1 visa application is given by a US Embassy or a Consulate. During the interview, you will be asked about your program and how you will support yourself. It is crucial to state that you intend on returning to your home country once your program ends.

List of documents you need to submit to the US Embassy or Consulate:

  • DS-2019 Form, Certificate of Eligibility for Exchange Visitor Status
  • DS-7002 Form, A Training/Internship Placement Plan (for exchange visitor trainees or intern visa applicants)
  • Form DS-160, Online Nonimmigrant Visa Electronic Application
  • A passport valid for travel to the US with validity six months after the intended period of stay in the US
  • One 2×2 photograph

Additional documentation may be required, so be sure to check the US Embassy website for your specific requirements.

Can a J-1 visa holder apply for Green Card?
J-1 visa holders are technically not eligible for a US green card because it is not considered a “dual intent” visa, which is a nonimmigrant visa that allows holders to pursue a green card without jeopardizing their nonimmigrant status. However, it is not impossible to apply for a green card. A J-1 visa holder has to first check its eligibility. If you are eligible for the green card, then there are some ways for you to file an immigrant visa petition without violating your current status. The transition process won’t be easy but you can try your best with a help of an experienced immigration attorney.

How to write a good song

Last Updated on May 15, 2019 by Klaus Crow

photo by pedrosimoes7
How to write a good songSong writing is an evolving process. I learned that with every song I write there is improvement.

It is just a matter of writing and playing, writing and playing and so on. You learn while you practice doing what you love most.

Like everything else in life it is all about enjoying the path you walk on and not so about arriving at a certain destination.

The destination must not be your main goal. Don’t focus on success, focus on a beautiful song.

The success you achieve or the happiness you experience from arriving at your destination isn’t lasting, the path is. So make sure you have fun and create a passion for writing while doing it.

It is important to live life, listen and read a lot. Be aware of what you experience and take notice of the things around you. Figure out what is still lacking in your writing and where you can improve.

There is always room for improvement and that is the beauty of it. Then again don’t aim for perfection, but aim for completion. Better an imperfect song finished that a perfect song unfinished.

If you are already familiar with the basics of how to write a song then here are 12 keys to improve your skills to write better songs:

1 – Auto or Semi Autobiographical
Write authentically about your personal life or partly and in secret by telling your story via another person in the song. Write about your emotions, your experiences or your future. Write about the little things that matter most.

Write about what you want and don’t want or the change you want to see in the world. Write about what bothers you, what you love, what you preach, what you foresee, what you fear or hope. Write a solution to a problem, a state of mind or a different point of view.

2 – Use metaphors
Compare the situation in your song to a nice metaphor. Use words or phrases to say one thing to mean another.

3 – Create an image
Write the song in a way so the listener can visualize where the person is staying, what he is doing, where is he going, how does he feel, what is happening around him, what does the place look like, is it a nice or dark place, is it hot or cold, is it quiet or loud. Make the listener feel connected to the story. Make it their story.

4 – Create your own style
Be creative with the way you use words and phrases. Don’t think to much in boundaries, what you can or can’t do or how you should write a certain way. It doesn’t always have to rhyme either as long as it makes sense and feels good. Go your own way. Use your artistic freedom. Freedom of expression.

5 – Try to avoid cliches
Sometimes it is difficult because there is almost a cliche hidden in every sentence you use. But if possible keep away from things like: I’d die for you, till the end of time, always and forever, It’s gonna be alright, all night long, etc, etc. I don’t say it’s wrong to use them, it’s not, but they are cliches. If you can’t think of any other way to put something in words, be my guest.

6 – Make it understandable
Make sure people can relate to it. Don’t make the story too difficult for people to grab their attention. Don’t lose your crowd. It’s okay to assume that your listeners are smart but don’t put them in a labyrinth where they can’t get out of.

7 – Write what you like
Write music you would like to hear yourself. If you don’t like your own song don’t expect somebody else will. Write something you love. Make sure you are passionate about your melody and lyrics.

8 – Write on a regular or daily basis
Practice makes perfect. The more you write, the better you’ll get at it.
Here is a great post from copyblogger to describe how to become a better writer.

9 – Rewrite
After you finished your song, rewrite and polish it. Search for holes in the story, incomplete phrases, things that don’t match or really work out as well as you expected in the first place. Improve where necessary, but don’t aim for perfection. Be cool.

10 – Read
Read: fiction and non-fiction, songwriting books, newspapers, blogs and magazines.
Reading inspires. It gives you a place to start from or it can create ideas for you. You can build from someone else’s story and then go your own way.

11 – Check your spelling and grammar
Spelling is easy to check via a spell checker, but a grammar checker is unfortunately not flawless.
To improve your grammar, check out

12 – Study the works of brilliant songwriters:

– Bob Dylan
– Paul Mc.Cartney and John Lennon
– Tom Waits
– Bruce Springsteen
– Paul Simon
– Sting
– Stevie Wonder
– Mick Jagger & Keith Richards
– Joni Mitchell
– Billy Joel
– James Taylor
– Leonard Cohen
– John Hiatt
– Brian Wilson
– Cat Stevens
– John Denver
– Don McClean
– Janis Ian
– Woodie Guthrie
– Hank Williams
– Ray La Montagne
– Thom Yorke
– Van Morrison
– Bono
– Don Henley & Glenn Fry
– Eddie Vedder
– Eric Clapton
– Damien Rice
– Neil Young

Leave a comment anytime. I always read them.

How to write a good song

How to write a good song

This one’s for all my singers in the SongFancy sphere who have been quietly reading along, wondering how the heck to get started writing their own songs.

Perhaps you love singing cover songs on YouTube, but now you want to branch out with your own music. Or maybe you’ve been keeping a “diary” of poems that you thing would make great songs, but don’t know how to add music to them. Maybe you don’t know where to start!

Hi, love. Welcome to the family! Time to get loud with your own songwriting. I’m so excited to hear what you come up with. Are you ready to dive in? Let’s go!

How to write songs: Singer edition!

First things first: Start keeping a journal

Taylor Swift did then when she first started writing with Liz Rose way back in the day. Keeping a journal is a great place to start gathering up your thoughts, which then become the raw material for new songs.

A journal is a great place to process the events of your day. What happened? How did it make you feel? Because what happens in your life has happened in someone else’s life. Use your journal to collect your life’s stories that you can later turn into songs.

How to write a good song

Start a hook book

A hook book is a great way to start turning ideas into titles. What’s a hook book? First, let’s define what a hook is: A hook is the “punchline” of a song, if you will. It’s that one line that wraps everything up in a nice little bow. It usually appears at the end or beginning of a chorus. Most of the time, it’s also the song’s title. A good example is “The Middle” – the song’s title is The Middle. We also hear the hook “why don’t you just meet me in the middle” at the top of the chorus and again at the end of the chorus. The song’s overall concept is about meeting someone halfway in a relationship to make it work. That’s why The Middle makes for such a great hook!

So a hook book is a collection of hooks. Think of it like a list of titles, that are conceptually strong. Brainstorm hooks based on the pages of your journal. If you see that you’ve told a story about something in your day that can be wrapped in with a single phrase, that’s a hook. Make note of them in your hook book.

A hook book can be a separate notebook, a list app on your phone, or just the back half of your daily journal.

How to write a good song

Learn the basics of song craft

This step is important, and you should know that it will take the longest. Luckily though, it’s the most fun.

Order books on songwriting. Pat Pattison is one of the best songwriting teachers out there. I highly recommend checking out Writing Better Lyrics. You can also grab some of my favorite books from this post.

Keep reading posts from SongFancy, too. Here are some great posts to check out as you learn the basic craft of songwriting:

How to write a good song

Pay attention to the music you love

Start paying close attention to the songs that you love. I mean really dissect them. What sections are in it? How many times does the chorus repeat? What’s the rhyme scheme? How long is each part? How does it feel moving from one verse to the next? What is it about?

As you pay attention to the music you love, you’ll learn SO much. Take all that good research and apply it to your own songs.

Be honest, but learn how to tell stories

As a songwriter, you’re most likely going to be compelled to write songs about your own life experiences, and also write completely fictional stories. These may seem like completely different artistic statements, but girl: Both are necessary.

Learn how to write both of these songs with grace and skill. Learn how to express yourself authentically and get vulnerable. Learn also how to tell a good damn story.

Above all else, I encourage you to always write. Don’t ever let anyone’s criticism or judgement keep you from writing what you want to write.

How to write a good song

Make it a habit and set goals

Want to write crazy amounts of songs? Make writing something a daily habit. Something means a song, a verse, an idea, a collection of hooks, even a page of freewriting in your journal. Just write something every single day.

Pat Pattison encourages writers to write for 10 minutes first thing in the morning; If you want to really kick your songwriting into overdrive, take up his unique exercise of daily object writing:

  1. Wake up. First thing, grab your notebook from your nightstand.
  2. Set a timer on your phone for 10 minutes.
  3. Spend 10 minutes free writing on a single word. Write from all 7 senses: Sight, hearing, touch, taste, smell, body (pulse, pains, breathing), and kinesthetic (dizzyness, warmth, motion). Write down everything that comes to mind, even if it makes little sense.
  4. When the timer sounds, put the pencil down.

Set a goal for your songwriting so that you always know where you are along the way. It’s hard to stay encouraged with ourselves in any creative endeavor unless we set goals that we can see ourselves crushing. I have a goal setting strategy you can follow (and a free download) in this post.

How to write a good song

Most importantly: keep it fun

Songwriting should be enjoyable, or at the minimum, necessary! Sometimes it’s easy, sometimes it’s difficult. You may find that writing honestly becomes cathartic. It takes a lot of energy to write songs. And if you share them, you’ll be met with criticism (because EVERYONE and their mother has an opinion on what you should be writing. Eye roll.)

Do whatever you need to keep songwriting enjoyable for you.

Join a speed-songwriting challenge

If you’ve never written a song before, I want to invite you to come participate in my 5 in 5 Song Challenge. We write 5 songs in 5 days to songwriting prompts. It’s a heckuva a lot of fun, and you’re bound to fall in love with songwriting!

So far I can say we have about 99% of people who can sing, 70% who can write songs and just less than 50% who can write good songs.

Therefore I will be drawing our attention to some tips that will aid you in creating a good song.

1. KNOW YOU AUDIENCE : Creating a song isn’t enough but what you intend to achieve at the end, remember each song has its audience and understanding your audience determines if your song will ring a bell or not. E.g As a Nigerian, your music is highly appreciated in the Western part(Yoruba) than other parts of the country.

Face this area you cant create a Tungba and expect the Hausa’s to accept your song🤷‍♀️, you cant create a full ariaria and expect the Yoruba’s to respond? Study your audience first🤔

2. CHOICE OF LYRICS : Humm, this is the main place. Most song composers find it hard to express themselves through lyrics. Therefore I will try as much as possible to use simple words for better understanding.

A. Let it flow: Don’t put pressure on yourself cause you want to write the best lyrics, NO! Calm down and let it flow. Avoid the risk of distracting the creative flow all in the name of putting all your ideas on paper or recording them you might end up doing trash.

B. Don’t say too much🤦‍♀️: Talent no dey run dry(pidgin) just use a few sensible lines

C. Write from within: write with emotions, you can’t expect people to feel your songs when you the composer felt nothing. Try your best to express yourself authentically, be rooted

3. Imagery : Me in person, when I want to write a song I do put two things in mind

1. Song pictures

I will design what my audience feel when listening to my song, I remember when we worked on my first song “Far_away” with my music partner Roland Emkay.

This song was about heartbreak and we expressed how tired we were about falling in love which came with pain and heartaches but at the end of the song we brought out the uniqueness of love the two lovers merge up after everything through the help of the word ” Am SORRY” it’s just a five-letter word but it can bring down a relationship of 30years.

4. CREATIVITY, PASSION AND COMMUNICATION: To me, these are the greatest recipe for creating a good song. Be creative, do something different, don’t repeat the same music lyrics in your songs expect is a signature, clear your own space, be unique in your music world.

Be passionate, if truly you are called to be a music writer, write like never before, give it your best, beware of mistakes that will kill your career.

Communication, let your song be accessible, make it easy for people to follow and sing along. That’s one thing I admire about Tommy Walker author of (Here I am to worship) etc and Frank Edward.

Go with your inspiration, but don’t neglect these other elements that will make your song the best it can be

How to write a good song

“Which do you write first, the music or the words?” This is the classic question that all songwriters get asked. In my experience, there’s no easy – or correct – answer to this one. Sometimes it’s the music, sometimes it’s the lyrics, and, often, it’s some mystical, organic combination of the two. More importantly, there is no one way to write a song. Some of the best – and worst – songs ever written were created using the same techniques. To that end, I’m going to cover four different ways to approach writing a song and some of the “dos” and “don’ts” you’ll want to keep in mind as you go through each one.

1. Writing based on a title idea/lyrical hook

Coming up with a really catchy title or lyrical hook is an art in and of itself. If you’ve got one, congratulations. Now that you’ve got it, here are a few things to keep in mind.

Do remember to make sure that everything in your lyric points to and supports your lyrical hook. Having a catchy hook only works if you build a foundation around it so that when the hook arrives, there’s a sense of drama and release.

Don’t forget to give the song real emotional content. It’s possible to be so focused on the hook and setting it up that you forget to be sincere. While the average listener might not be able to tell you why, the song won’t move them in the way that a song with genuine emotional content would.

2. Writing based on a general idea/lyrical concept

Sometimes you’ve been through an experience or have an idea for a song that feels important enough to write about. That’s as good a place as any to start.

Do capture the feeling and emotion of your concept. You obviously felt strongly enough to want to write about this idea, so immerse yourself in it and really tell the story.

Don’t be too vague. Because you haven’t started with an actual lyrical hook, you’ll need to remember to bring your overall concept to a very sharp point by summarizing it with a phrase or hook line. This hook is something you’ll hopefully come to as you’re developing your lyric around your idea. A story without a summarizing point or hook risks being too unfocused to keep your listeners’ attention.

3. Writing from a melodic idea

If you’re a melodic writer, then you’ve got a different set of challenges. Beautiful, catchy melodies are a rare commodity and should be treated with the appropriate respect.

Do honor your melody and build your song around it. Remember, people will learn your melody long before they learn your lyric, so having a good one is not to be taken lightly.

Don’t let the melody box you into awkward words or watered-down phrases. While a beautiful melody is one part of a song, it’s not the only part. Cramming in words or compromising on your lyrical integrity isn’t an acceptable approach when writing from a melody. Remember, it’s the give and take of a catchy melody and a natural, conversational lyric that makes for a great song.

4. Writing from a chord progression/groove

When you pick up your guitar or sit down at the piano, often it’s a chord progression or groove that comes first. Great!

Do dig in and develop the groove and feel. This can really set the mood of a song and inspire all kinds of interesting melodic and lyrical ideas. Also, a good groove is the very first thing the average listener will notice when they hear your song.

Don’t rely on a chord progression or groove at the expense of your melody and lyric. This is no time to get lazy. A chord progression and groove in and of itself is only – in most genres – an arrangement idea, which doesn’t really constitute a song. Without a strong melody and lyric, it’s entirely possible to have a great sounding track, and, unfortunately, a mediocre song.

As I stated at the top of this article, there isn’t one “right” way to write a song. I’d highly recommend trying every possible songwriting approach you can. Often, as songwriters, we find ourselves in a rut where we go back to the same approach over and over. While this may be comforting and even result in increased productivity, in the long run, it might not provide you with the most inspired or unique songs you’re capable of writing. Why not leave your comfort zone and try a couple of different ways of writing? You never know what you’ll get.

How to write a good song

Great song hooks break boundaries surrounding genre, generational listening preferences, and longevity. I wasn’t even alive during the “Summer of ’69,” and was too young to question why “Dude Looks Like a Lady,” but those song hooks wrote the film score to my childhood movie. As a songwriter, I know that a hook is a powerful tool that can make my song unforgettable, but what exactly is a hook? And how do songwriters harness this musical and lyrical power?

What is a hook in a song?

A hook is the capstone of a well-crafted song. It’s part melody, part lyric, and most likely it’s both. It’s usually the title of the song, repeating throughout the chorus and sitting in the most prominent positions of the first or last line. Hooks often gain influence with repetition, becoming more familiar to the ear and carrying greater depth of meaning as the lyric develops. They help distinguish our song from other songs, give it a distinct fingerprint that listeners can recognize within the first few bars. When a hook comes from the harmonic element of the song—the chord progression and feel—we might refer to it instead as the “groove.” Songwriters who write with a groove in mind (think Stevie Wonder), will have a melodic and lyric hook as well (think “Superstition”).

By these definitions we can understand what a hook is. But writing one, and knowing one when we write it, can be a whole ‘nother thing. Instead of relying on my feelings alone, I like to hold up my hooks against a short list of characteristics killer hooks tend to carry. That way, I can have more confidence in my hooks as I consider them as song ideas. Here are five characteristics of great hooks.

1. The melody, harmony, and lyric speak the same message.

This means that the emotion in the lyric is supported by the inherent emotion in the melody. How does a melody speak emotion? Think of it like body language. Melody is made up of rhythm and pitch. Different rhythmic elements like rest space, long notes, short notes, on-the-beat or off-the-beat settings combine with pitch elements like wide or clustered intervals, descending or ascending or static shapes to suggest emotion.

Short punchy notes on a single pitch might insinuate persistence, or a frantic or anxious feeling. Long soaring notes might cast a triumphant glow, or on the other side, intense sorrow. Add to that a lyric that says with words what the melody says with movement and pitch, and we get believability: a genuine feeling that what the song is saying is significant and true. Sometimes the feeling caused by the lyric and melodic connection is subtle, but sometimes it’s blatant. I believe that our more special songs have greater effect because of these moments of intense agreement between melody and lyric and chords.

2. The lyric of the hook is the only “answer” to the verse’s “questions.”

Every line of lyric we sing points the listener towards a conclusion. If it isn’t clear what I’m getting at in the verse, I have not poised the listener to be curious about my chorus message. Without the tension of the verse setting up the hook, it won’t provide the relief I want listeners to feel as I reveal it as the crux of the idea. Making sure most lines and the overall idea of the verses and prechoruses point indisputably towards the hook makes the hook feel like it’s summarizing the entire point of this song and only this song.

3. The lyric of the hook is concise and sparks curiosity in the listener.

Long hooks, short hooks, partial phrases in parentheses (we’ve seen it all), killer hooks deliver no more and no less than necessary. Hooks like “Unbreak My Heart,” or “Make Every Word Hurt” are commanding, with an impossibility that makes me want to hear more. “(Sittin’ on) The Dock of the Bay” expresses a simple, conversational and also visual message. It tells it like it is. Interesting words like “Falter” or “Unconditional” spark my curiosity because of their uniqueness or a character that is larger-than-life. Whatever our lyrical phrase, a hook has the ability to interest the listener without giving it all away.

4. The hook is spotlighted through contrast.

A musical hook stands out from the section that came directly before it. If our melody of the verse was made up of short punchy notes, our hook melody at the beginning of the chorus will stand out if we use longer notes instead. If we use rest space right before we sing our hook at the end of a chorus, we’re giving the listener a signal to pay attention, because contrast suggests a new and important idea. The contrast doesn’t have to be extreme to shine the spotlight where we want it, but it sure does help. Listen to some of your favorite highly commercial songs and you’ll notice lots of contrast helping to make the hook stand out.

5. The hook benefits from position and repetition.

“Lean On Me” is a beautifully simple song that repeats melodic hooks over and over again. The position of the simple idea, “Lean On Me” in the first and last lines of the chorus frame the section with the main point. The cadence in the melody from neighbor tones to the root, alongside the cadence of dominant to tonic make sure our ears hear that lyric as the main message. For many hooks, we might say all roads do indeed lead to Rome.

As with most facets of songwriting, I tend to believe the best way to write killer hooks is to be open to writing some not-so-killer ones, too. Inspiration will find you working! Ride that wave of creativity for long, and we’re bound to catch a few good runs.

I feel it’s important to remind ourselves as songwriters that a song’s quality – like any art – is subjective. Ultimately, time and the long view will provide a clearer perspective on whether your work is solid. Even the most successful songwriters face a lot of rejection and an almost endless supply of others’ opinions. The reality is that if you’re going to sustain a career as a songwriter, you can’t rely on anyone else’s point of view as to the level of your songs. Here are a few ways to help you to decide if your song is “good” or not.

1. You like your song no matter what anyone else says

This one is much easier said than done when you’re starting out as a songwriter. We’re so easily discouraged if our songs aren’t met with unqualified praise that even the slightest comment or criticism can convince us we’ve written a sub par song. Part of developing a thick skin is knowing when to tune out all other opinions in favor of your own positive one. How to write a good song

2. Your song gets a strong reaction – positive OR negative

Songs, at their best, are written to make people feel something. The very worst response to one of our songs is a non-response. It’s infinitely better to have someone actively dislike something you’ve written because at the very least it means your song has a strong enough statement to elicit a reaction. That being said, it always feels better when your song is loved instead of hated but either response means you’re on the right track.

How to write a good song

3. You’ve achieved the goal you set out when you sat down to write

If, in reviewing your finished song, you’re confident it communicates the message – both musically and lyrically – that you hoped to communicate, then you’ve written a good song. It doesn’t hurt to remind yourself once your song is finished why you sat down to write it in the first place. If the end result stays true to your original vision for what you’d hoped to do, then, by definition what you’ve written is good.


While it feels wonderful to have others tell you your songs are great, relying on outside opinions is, at best, risky and, at worst, dangerously discouraging. In order to find the motivation to get up every day and write songs, you’ll need to know in your own heart and mind that the work you are doing is quality and deserves to be heard.

Has anyone ever told you that your songs “sound a little dated,” or “need to be more cutting edge,” or “have a kinda ’80s vibe” when you weren’t really going for an ’80s vibe? If so, then maybe it’s time to make your songs sound contemporary.

There are times when it’s cool to write in a vintage genre, but if you want to pitch your songs to music publishers you’ll need to be writing in a contemporary style. And film & TV music supervisors are looking for current sounding songs most of the time.

What does “contemporary” mean?

“Contemporary” is just music industry shorthand for what today’s listeners are buying, downloading, streaming, or watching on YouTube. In other words: Contemporary is what listeners like right now.

Why write in a contemporary style?

THERE ARE MORE OPPORTUNITIES: Today’s recording artists are looking for current-sounding songs. They will rarely cut something with a dated feel because they know it will be harder to get radio airplay. Even if it’s a good song that could have been a hit twenty years ago, it will be hard to market now. Radio needs to keep today’s listeners tuned in by playing the kinds of songs they like.

Today’s lyrics are filled with vivid images and powerful action words. Today’s listeners like melodies with plenty of momentum and rhythmic interest. In the video examples below and song analysis that follows, I’ll tell you more about how to do that.

TASTES CHANGE: Just like fashions in clothes, musical tastes change over time. Are you still wearing the big hair, wide ties, and paisley prints of the 1970s? No? Then why would you still write songs that sound like the ’70s?

Sure, some fashion styles do make a comeback—a retro ’70s look can be very cool. But there’s always a new twist; those cool vintage platform shoes are paired with current jeans and jacket. You can do the same with older song styles. Pair them up with some of today’s melodic twists, rhythm loops, and maybe add a pre-chorus to give them a bigger dynamic build.

SONG USES CHANGE: A decade ago no one thought to use songs as underscore in a TV show. Now there are over 60 prime time TV series using songs. The songs you wrote ten years ago might not work for these uses. Many shows take place in the present and need songs that sound like what you would hear on the radio today.

“But I hate everything on the radio!”

Truth is, you may not hate what’s on the radio, you may just hate radio itself. The chattering DJs, endless ads, inane contests, and having to listen to songs you hate to get to the ones you like is enough to turn anyone off.

Then don’t listen to the radio!

Instead, look through the music charts for current songs. You can find charts at (Click on Select Format and choose from the drop-down menu.)

Look for the genre you’re writing in or explore freely until you find something that looks interesting. Make a list of songs and artists, then listen wherever you buy or stream music. You’ll probably find a lot of songs you don’t like before you find a few that you love, ones that are current and inspiring. It takes times and patience but it’s worth it.

But how different can it be?

Is there really a big difference between a song that was a hit twenty years ago and a current hit song? Well, listen for yourself. To make it a fair comparison, I chose two hits by the same artist, Tim McGraw. “Not a Moment Too Soon” was his breakthrough single from 1994. “Highway Don’t Care” was a hit for him in 2013.

See if you can hear differences in the style of the lyrics, melody, and song structure – not to mention production – as you listen to these two songs.

Tim McGraw then and now…

How have the lyrics and melodies changed over time?
LYRICS: Notice how the lyrics in “Not a Moment Too Soon” are leaning on some over-used images (“rainbow” “pot of gold”) and there are lines that make statements about how the singer feels rather than making us feel the emotion ourselves.

“Highway Don’t Care” features vivid details and pictures. Using the cold, impersonal highway to suggest feelings of loneliness and isolation—the opposite of love—gets listeners more involved in the song. They can feel what the singer is feeling.

MELODY: Melodies have also changed since Tim McGraw had his first hit. Today’s melodies, especially the chorus melodies create more urgency, energy, and momentum by eliminating pauses at the ends of lines, using rhythmic phrasing to grab attention (“But I do, I do”), and using a greater variety of line lengths. You can hear this by comparing the choruses of these two songs.

Studying recent hit songs is the best way to learn contemporary songwriting techniques, tools, and ideas. Join me and read along as I take a look inside today’s top hits in all genres.

But my songs are already recorded!

If you have master recordings from the ’60s, ’70s, or ’80s you can pitch them to period TV shows and films like Boardwalk Empire or Mad Men. Check out a music library like Wild Whirled which specializes in vintage masters., the pitch service, frequently runs listings for music supervisors and music libraries looking for vintage masters. Just be sure your recording is good quality. Don’t use a poor cassette copy as your master.

Here’s another idea: Songs that work well for the Film & TV market are often those with a barebones, stripped-down approach to production. An acoustic guitar or piano and vocal track, with a little bass and percussion to add dynamic build, can work just fine for this use. Consider recording “unplugged” versions of your songs. Update the melody a little. Add more emotion and edge to the lyric. Next thing you know, you’re sounding contemporary yet timeless.

How to write a good song

What is the key to writing a good song?

There is one thing in particular that will make or break a song… That thing is NOT your level of talent. It’s got nothing to do with how your voice sounds… It’s also got nothing to do with how long you’ve been writing songs.

I’ll tell you what this “key” is in a moment, but first there’s something that needs to be addressed.

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How to write a good song

What I want to talk about is your songwriting process. Getting your “process” right will allow you to “get” the key that I’m going to tell you later.

First of all… Are you aware of your songwriting process?

Or does it seem like a random mess?

Many songwriters struggle, because they mix up different stages of the writing process.

More specifically, they mix the “creative” part of songwriting, with the “critiquing” part.

When this happens, it’s like putting a large “lid” over your best ideas.

Let me explain…

Creating and critiquing are two very important
phases of the songwriting process.

To write a good song, you need to create ideas for it. And you also need to sit back, hear these ideas, and judge whether or not they are good enough to belong in the song.

The problems is when you “mix” these ideas together, by trying to JUDGE ideas as you CREATE them, it effectively blocks you from discovering your best ideas.

So right now, think about your songwriting process.

Are you trying to CREATE and CRITIQUE at the same time?

If so, here’s what you need to do. (And you’ll see how this leads into “the key” to writing a good song I spoke of earlier).

You need to keep this CREATING and CRITIQUING completely separate.

This means, when you are having a creative session… generating ideas for a song… you need to create without judgment.

This means allowing ideas to flow without deciding
whether they are good or bad.

Yes, you need to follow your intuition towards what you feel is the direction you should be going in. But block out the inner conversation in your mind. When you hear that chatter going on about whether an idea is good or not, take your focus OFF of this.

You see, the language center in your brain can be quite detrimental to your creativity. It prevents you from accessing the rich, creative potential of your mind.

So by removing this ongoing judgment as you create, you’ll suddenly be accessing your more powerful creative resources. You’ll feel this too, as after a while of creating you’ll feel like you’re in a very relaxed “trance like” state where ideas seem to flow easier.

I’ve created a course that’s designed specifically so musicians can discover their rich inner potential, by tapping into these amazing creative resources.

There have been many hundreds of musicians who have already taken the course, and the results have been astounding. The reports of sheer joy as these musicians discover this “inner talent” that they’d been searching for flow in each day.

It’s in this “highly creative state” where the “key”
to writing a good song is located.

You see, when you create “non- judgmentally” for a certain amount of time, you sink into this “trace like state” where ideas flow richly and easily.

One idea leads on to another, which leads on to another. And the quality of these ideas get better and better the longer you participate.

The key to writing a good song is to get into this state. Because the song ideas you will create from this state will be FAR more INSPIRATIONAL than anything you could come up with outside of it.

Get into this state often… this “inspired state”, where rich ideas come to you over and over again… and you will discover enough magical ideas to write many GREAT (not just good) songs.

Let me finish with a process for you to follow.

1. Set a simple recording device running to capture all your ideas (this way there’s no need to judge as you create – your recording a copy of the whole creative session)

2. Begin creating on your instrument. Don’t judge any idea that comes up. Just follow what hit’s you, and allow your instincts to guide you. One idea will lead onto the next that will lead onto the next. Follow this path with curiosity and enjoyment.

3. After you’ve done this for around 30 minutes, stop the recording. Take a break for an hour or so.

4. Come back to the recording and listen to it. Take note of all the ideas that you like. You’ll be surprised at the high quality of many of these ideas! Use them to construct full pieces.

Writing a good song isn’t so hard after all, is it?!

How to know if you are in a parasitic relationship

A parasite latches on to a host and exploits it for valuable resources necessary for its survival. If you suspect that you are in a parasitic relationship, then you must be worried that the person you are dating, much like a parasite, is sucking you dry, robbing you of emotional strength, money, time, and everything else that is valuable to you.

If you want to know if you are in a parasitic relationship, then you have to see if the following signs apply to you. And if you are, then you better get out as soon as possible. Ask yourself if your partner has to do everything with you. It’s defi nitely possible to have almost everything in common, but it’s still healthy to do some things separately and have some solitude.

• If every single time you step out of the house, even if it’s just to pick up a prescription from the pharmacy or to get coff ee, you hear your partner say, ’I’ll come, too!’ then he or she may be a parasite. • If you suddenly notice that your partner is always doing the things you used to love doing alone, from morning yoga to taking a walk after dinner, then he or she may be a parasite.

• If your partner also cannot do anything by him or herself, whether it’s to have a coff ee date with a new acquaintance or to get an oil change, and is always asking you to come along, then you may be in a parasitic relationship. Be cautious about paying for everything. Sure, everyone gets strapped for cash from time to time, but if you fi nd that you are always paying for dinner, movies, trips, and other big things like the person’s education, rent and other bills, then it’s worth examining if this is an arrangement you are comfortable with, and how your partner would respond if you, for example, you lost your income.

• Th e person might even say, ’I’d love to go out to dinner, but you know I’m so broke this month.’ Th is is a way of tricking you into paying while making you think it’s your idea.

• Even if you have tons of money to spare, this should still be a warning sign. If the person you are dating is so willing to take advantage of your money, he or she will also be just as willing to take advantage of your emotions. Are you doing excessive favors for your partner? In a healthy relationship, partners take turns doing favors for each other whenever one person needs a little help. In a parasitic relationship, one partner is always doing favours for the other and getting nothing in return. If you fi nd that you are giving your partner rides everywhere, cooking all the meals or picking them up, running errands for him, and basically taking care of all the little things he or she is too lazy to do, then you may be infected by a parasite.

• Th ough it may hurt, write two lists: one, a list of all the favours you have done for your partner, and two, a list of all the favours he or she has done for you. Th ey don’t match up, do they? See if your partner is completely asocial. This is another major problem. If any time you and your partner are out in public together, he or she refuses to talk to other people, demands your attention constantly, and generally shows no regard for others, then you need to rethink your priorities. It’s one thing if your partner is really shy, but another if he or she is rude to others or just flat-out acts like they don’t exist.

Th is is a sign that the person doesn’t see a life outside of you. See if your partner is upset any time you do your own thing. In any healthy relationship, both partners should feel comfortable doing their own thing. Th is can mean hanging out with your own friends, getting some quality family time, or just reading, running, or pursuing your own hobbies on your own time. If your partner truly loves and cares about you, then he or she should be happy when you pursue your own interests and grow as a person on your own. • If your partner is hurt, angry, jealous, or distant whenever you leave the house without him or her, even if you’re just grabbing coff ee with your cousin Sally, then he or she resents your individuality. How to know if you ‘re in parasitic relationship

• I n a h e a l t h y relationship, both partners get to talk about their problems and concerns equally. • If you feel like your partner is doing at least 80% of the talking and you’re not particularly shy, then you have a problem. • If any time you mention yourself, your partner tries to make your problems seem smaller by saying that he or she has it so much worse, then you have a problem. You never get to share your feelings. If you’re afraid to share your feelings because you think your partner will get angry and misunderstand you, or if you don’t share your thoughts and feelings because you know your partner won’t really listen, then you have a problem.

You should feel just as comfortable about sharing your thoughts, fears, and hopes as your partner does.

• B o t h p e o p l e should be able to share in a relationship, and if every time you try to talk about yourself, your partner says he or she is busy or tired, interrupts you and tries to make it all about him or herself, or just gets a glazed look that makes it clear he or she isn’t listening, then you are getting used. If there is no such thing as a compromise in your relationship. You are in a parasitic relationship if you feel like, no matter what, your partner always ends up getting exactly what he or she wants.

You may fi nd yourself giving in • If your partner checks in on you and asks when you’ll be home every five minutes when you’re out, then he or she may be a parasite. See if other people have voiced concern about your relationship. When people voice concern about your relationship, it’s natural to get defensive and to feel even more determined to prove everyone wrong by trying as hard as you can to make things work. But if you fi nd that your friends, family members, and pretty much everyone in your orbit is worried that your signifi cant other is taking advantage of you, then there may be some truth to what they’re saying. • W h e n yo u t e l l these people they are wrong, you end up driving them away. Th en your partner gets exactly what he or she wants even more of your time and attention.

Notice if your partner is always talking about his or her problems. If you can’t even remember the last time you shared your deepest fears or doubts with your partner, then you’re in hot water. If you feel like your significant other is always the one who is talking, upset, getting comfort, and seeking and getting your love and attention, then you have a problem. It’s okay if your partner is having a bad month, but if you feel like there is always something wrong in his or her life, then you may be getting used for emotional support. just because it’s easier than fi ghting, because your partner will be mad if he or she doesn’t get what he or she is after, or simply because you’ve convinced yourself that he or she must want it more. In a healthy relationship, partners work together to fi nd a decision that can make them both happy, and take turns ’giving in’ to each other.

Table of Contents

What are 5 examples of parasitism relationships?

5 Common Parasitic Animal Relationships

  • Ticks. via flickr/mislav-m. Ticks are arthropod parasites that live on the skin of their animal hosts.
  • Fleas. via Another common parasitic animal relationship is between the flea and an array of warm-blooded creatures.
  • Leeches. via
  • Lice. via flickr/Gilles San Martin.
  • Helminths. via

Why do parasites not want to kill their hosts immediately?

Usually, although parasites harm their hosts, it is in the parasite’s best interest not to kill the host, because it relies on the host’s body and body functions, such as digestion or blood circulation, to live. Some parasitic animals attack plants.

Do all parasites kill their hosts?

In contrast to typical predators, parasites do not always kill their hosts, and if they do, it may take a considerable amount of time, during which the parasite may be transmitted to other hosts, and the host remains in the community competing with other organisms for space, food, and mating partners.

Is Mistletoe A parasite?

Mistletoe is a parasite – it steals water and nutrients from trees. Most mistletoe seeds are spread by birds, which eat the berries and defecate on tree branches. If attached to a new host tree, the parasitic seed releases a compound called “viscin”, which dries to form a stiff biological cement.

How do parasites affect their hosts?

Parasites May Influence Predation on Their Hosts The potential effect that parasites have on host–predator interactions is also important. Parasites may lower the ability of their hosts to escape predators; infected hosts may swim and react more slowly than healthy hosts, for example.

How do you know if you have parasite?

  1. abdominal pain.
  2. diarrhea, nausea, or vomiting.
  3. gas/bloating.
  4. fatigue.
  5. unexplained weight loss.
  6. abdominal pain or tenderness.

How do you get parasites out of your brain?

The infection is treated with albendazole or praziquantel (drugs used to treat parasitic worm infections, called antihelminthic drugs). Corticosteroids are given to reduce the inflammation that occurs as the larvae die.

What can I drink to kill parasites?

Eat more raw garlic, pumpkin seeds, pomegranates, beets, and carrots, all of which have been used traditionally to kill parasites. In one study, researchers found that a mixture of honey and papaya seeds cleared stools of parasites in 23 out of 30 subjects. Drink a lot of water to help flush out your system.

How do you tell if you have parasites in your brain?

Seizures and headaches are the most common symptoms. However, confusion, lack of attention to people and surroundings, difficulty with balance, excess fluid around the brain (called hydrocephalus) may also occur.

Can Worms Eat your brain?

The juvenile form of the worm — known as larvae — are found in contaminated water as well as the flesh of frogs and snakes. Consumption of raw flesh from these animals or drinking contaminated water can lead to infection, from which the larvae can migrate to many parts of the body, including the brain.

Can worms live in your hair?

There are several parasites in the environment and when they get into a person’s body, his/her health can be affected. Some parasites enter the body by way of contaminated food or water and some live on the skin and the hair. Examples of parasites include: stomach and gut worms (threadworm, hookworm)

What worms live in your hair?

Horsehair worms, part of the taxonomic phylum Nematomorpha, are parasitic worms that resemble long thin strands of hair (hence their nickname).

Can coconut oil kill pinworms?

Coconut oil Coconut is said to have antibacterial and antiviral properties that may help clear a pinworm infection. This treatment requires a two-step approach. Swallow a teaspoon of pure coconut oil each morning. Before you go to bed, rub a small amount of coconut oil into the affected area.

Can a human get a horsehair worm?

Horsehair worms are harmless to vertebrates, because they can’t parasitize people, livestock, pets, or birds. They also don’t infect plants. If humans ingest the worms, they may encounter some mild discomfort of the intestinal tract, but infection never occurs.

What are long skinny worms?

Horsehair or gordian worms are long, slender worms related to nematodes. When they are immature, they are parasites of insects, arthropods and other invertebrate animals. They are harmless to people in all stages of their lives. They are considered beneficial as they control other insects.

How are parasitic worms spread to humans?

the parasite might be spread to other people through exposure to an infected person’s blood (for example, by blood transfusion or by sharing needles or syringes contaminated with blood).

Where can I find horsehair worms?

They are found in water or wet areas, such as in or alongside streams or puddles but they can occur in cisterns, livestock watering troughs or most open outdoor container with water. These harmless, curious creatures writhe slowly, contorting their hair-like bodies into intricate knots.

What are the worm things in my crickets?

Horsehair worms are parasites of certain insects, especially crickets and grasshoppers. Horsehair worms which emerge from parasitized insects were seen swimming in water troughs and supposed to have spontaneously transformed from the long horse hairs; hence the term “horsehair worm”.

Do all praying mantis have worms?

Chordodes formosanus is a horsehair worm that has the praying mantis as its definitive host. Horsehair worms are obligate parasites that pass through different hosts at various stages….

Chordodes formosanus
Family: Chordodidae
Genus: Chordodes
Species: C. formosanus
Binomial name

Can Nematomorpha infect humans?

Phylum Nematomorpha Some species are parasitic on humans, but invertebrates and other vertebrates serve as hosts. The free-living adults are several centimeters to 1 m long and about 3 mm wide.

How do you get worms in your face?

According to the CDC, these types of parasites are carried by mosquitoes. When an infected mosquito bites a mammal, most often a dog or coyote, it introduces larvae onto the host’s skin. The larvae grow and produce microscopic offspring.

A parasitic relationship is one in which one organism, the parasite, lives off of another organism, the host, harming it and possibly causing death. The parasite lives on or in the body of the host.

A few examples of parasites are tapeworms, fleas, and barnacles. Tapeworms are segmented flatworms that attach themselves to the insides of the intestines of animals such as cows, pigs, and humans. They get food by eating the host’s partly digested food, depriving the host of nutrients. Fleas harm their hosts, such as dogs, by biting their skin, sucking their blood, and causing them to itch. The fleas, in turn, get food and a warm home. Barnacles, which live on the bodies of whales, do not seriously harm their hosts, but they do itch and are annoying.

Usually, although parasites harm their hosts, it is in the parasite’s best interest not to kill the host, because it relies on the host’s body and body functions, such as digestion or blood circulation, to live.

Some parasitic animals attack plants. Aphids are insects that eat the sap from the plants on which they live. Parasitic plants and fungi can attack animals. A fungus causes lumpy jaw, a disease that injures the jaws of cattle and hogs. There are also parasitic plants and fungi that attack other plants and fungi. A parasitic fungus causes wheat rust and the downy mildew fungus attacks fruit and vegetables. Some scientists say that one-celled bacteria and viruses that live in animals and harm them, such as those that cause the common cold, are parasites as well. However, they are still considered different from other parasites. Many types of parasites carry and transmit disease. Lyme disease is trasmitted by deer ticks.

A parasite and its host evolve together. The parasite adapts to its environment by living in and using the host in ways that harm it. Hosts also develop ways of getting rid of or protecting themselves from parasites. For example, they can scratch away ticks. Some hosts also build a symbiotic relationship with another organism that helps to get rid of the parasite. Ladybugs live on plants, eating the aphids and benefiting by getting food, while the plant benefits by being rid of the aphids.

How to know if you are in a parasitic relationship

In a healthy relationship, both partners depend on each other equally for love, emotional support and encouragement.

A codependent relationship, by contrast, is one-sided. It’s a dysfunctional dynamic in which one partner disproportionately gives and sacrifices their own wants and needs to please and clean up the mess of the other partner, who often behaves recklessly and rarely offers support in return.

In a Psychology Today blog post, Shawn M. Burn, a psychology professor at California Polytechnic State University at San Luis Obispo, explains that in a codependent relationship, “much of the love and intimacy in the relationship is experienced in the context of one person’s distress and the other’s rescuing or enabling.”

“The helper shows love primarily through the provision of assistance and the other feels loved primarily when they receive assistance,” she added. “The intense shared experiences of the other’s struggles and disasters and the helper’s rescues deepen the emotional connection and feelings of intimacy.”

Think you might be caught in a codependent relationship yourself? We asked Burn and other codependency experts to share some of the telltale signs.

1. You’re quick to say “yes” to your partner without pausing to consider how you feel.

“You have a right to take care of yourself in relationships by setting boundaries— finding the inner strength to say ‘no’ or ‘I’m not sure’ if something doesn’t resonate for you or if you need more time to consider your partner’s request.”

2. You frequently make excuses or compensate for your partner’s bad behavior.

“For instance, ignoring someone’s drinking or making excuses for them to your friends is likely a sign that you aren’t seeing things clearly in your relationship because boundaries have become blurred.”

Samantha Rodman, psychologist and dating coach

3. Your partner’s happiness becomes your top priority.

“Such a relationship is truly toxic to the individual’s development, and ultimately their happiness. Still, blind to the repercussions of such misplaced devotion, the codependent individual can’t help but continue to try to please the person they’re enabling because that person’s acceptance of them has become their highest, sometimes their sole, priority.”

4. You think you’re helping your partner by bailing them out for the umpteenth time. But at this point, you’re just enabling them.

“You demonstrate your love by enabling and rescuing to help solve your partner’s self-manufactured problems. This means that your loving, supportive acts serve to foster your partner’s unhealthy dependence, poor mental or physical health, irresponsibility, immaturity, addiction or criminality.”

5. You lose your own sense of identity, interests and desires.

“Healthy love allows for differentiation. Each person can have their individual sense of self and yet remain emotionally connected when there is disagreement or conflict. Differences in the relationship are not taken personally. Each person has their own friends, own interests, each is supportive of the other, and their happiness is not dependent on the relationship. There is an individual sense of self and and sense of ‘togetherness.’

Codependent love exists when each partner ends up giving up a part of who they are in order to keep the relationship. The dynamic in the relationship is one of manipulation, control, enmeshment and giving up aspects of yourself.”

How to know if you are in a parasitic relationship

Although narcissists would never admit it, they are by nature dependent on other people for their emotional survival. If they were loners, many lives would be spared immeasurable misery. But narcissists actively, persistently pursue others to obtain their “narcissistic supply,” or sense of worth in life. The narcissist as human parasite usually takes a heavy emotional and physiological toll on her “suppliers.”

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention defines a parasite as follows:

“A parasite is an organism that lives on or in a host and gets its food from or at the expense of its host. Parasites can cause disease in humans.”

Parasitism isn’t just about “feeding,” however. Scientists have uncovered many parasite-host relationships in which the parasite actually alters the brain and behavior of its host to make it assist in fulfilling vital parts of the parasite’s life cycle. A certain type of tiny wasp, for example, injects its egg along with chemicals into a ladybug. The egg hatches and consumes the nutrients that the ladybug ingests when it eats, essentially devouring the ladybug from the inside out. When the wasp larva is big enough, it squirms out of the ladybug and wraps itself in a cocoon beneath it. Immobilized and half dead, the ladybug is still programmed in essence to protect the larva by thrashing its body around if threatening insects approach. Once the larva-turned-wasp hatches from its cocoon and flies away, the ladybug typically dies.

The Narcissist as Human Parasite

How to know if you are in a parasitic relationship

Understanding narcissism through the lens of parasitism explains their need to “feed” on others as a means of supply. The individual with narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) suffers from a destabilized identity and sense of inferiority based in the formative years of childhood. He attempts to adapt by projecting a “superior” persona. But he is always seeking the validation he did not receive at crucial developmental stages as a young and relatively unformed person. His incomplete sense of being compels him to seek self-worth elsewhere, either by aligning himself with high-status people and/or by devaluing and dissociating from those who either threaten his false persona or who somehow “lower” his status.

Like most parasites, narcissists rarely kill their hosts (although malignant ones may subject them to extreme violence). But like the mind-altering variety of parasite, the narcissist works to control the “brains” of her suppliers through a wide range of manipulations, from bullying to projecting, denying to gaslighting, guilt-tripping to silent-treatment. The narcissist continuously orchestrates the “reality” around her by enlisting others in supporting her delusions of grandeur and punishing and/or rejecting them if they do not comply. To the narcissist, her spouse questioning an opinion she has declared as patented truth or her child not making the soccer team are potential humiliations to which she may react with scorn or rage. In the parasitic narcissist’s eyes, both situations weaken the desirability of her “hosts,” or sources of supply, and thereby threaten her sense of well-being.

Are You a Narcissist’s Host?

Narcissists have an instinct for finding and attaching themselves to potential hosts. Such people in some way offer them status while also enabling their harshly self-serving world-view and behavior.

A host may confer status to the narcissist in many ways, including by being charming, good looking, wealthy, famous, well-respected, or professionally accomplished. The host also enables the narcissist by directly or indirectly being complicit in the narcissist’s distorted reality and abuse of others to protect his false face. In this sense the enabling host is like the mind-altered ladybug, serving the needs of the narcissist, often at its own expense.

Are you functioning as a kind of host for a narcissist? Here are some ways to tell if you’re in a relationship with one:

  1. They demand inordinate attention and admiration.
  2. They react with retaliatory rage or sulking punishment if you disagree or argue with them.
  3. They don’t apologize or take responsibility for their behavior, no matter how inappropriate or hurtful.
  4. They lack interest in or compassion for your feelings and needs and project their behavior onto you.
  5. They display an inflated sense of entitlement and cause a scene or react bitterly if they feel snubbed or victimized.
  6. You feel like you’re constantly vulnerable to attack and/or criticism.
  7. You find yourself regularly placating and avoiding confrontation.
  8. You feel it is unsafe to freely express your feelings or opinions around them.
  9. You are emotionally and physically hypervigilant to potential conflict.
  10. You feel isolated by the relationship.

NOTE: This article does not intend to demonize narcissists. They are victims in pain, which they are constantly trying to mitigate. However, they deliver a sh*t storm of hurt to those around them, and their lack of empathy and unwillingness to take responsibility for their actions often make them devastatingly abusive.

Julie L. Hall’s articles on narcissism regularly appear in her popular blog The Narcissist Family Files, as well as The Huffington Post and PsychCentral. She is the author of a forthcoming memoir about life, and a few near deaths, in a narcissistic family (read excerpts).

How to know if you are in a parasitic relationship

There are seasons in our life when it’s simply time for some relationships to come to an end. This can be hard because we don’t hold relationships lightly. And whether the relationship is platonic or romantic, we don’t often begin them thinking about how they might end. Instead, we invest a lot of our time, energy, and love into them. However, God works in our lives in seasons! And just like he uses a job, school, or ministry experience to grow and mature us, he also uses relationships. The key is to recognize which relationships are long term and which are seasonal.

Letting go of a relationship doesn’t necessarily mean that an individual is toxic to your life. Though that may very well be the case, there may also be times where it’s simply time for you to cut ties with a person because their season in your life has ended. Either way, it’s important to notice the signs that it’s time to let go of a relationship so that we don’t drag them on. Here are 10 things that can be markers that it’s time for you and another to go your separate ways.

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How to know if you are in a parasitic relationship

1. Distance

Distance can happen physically, or it can be a mentally separation where you and other person just don’t seem to be able to get on the same page the way you used to at the beginning of the relationship. If there has been some significant life changes in you or the other person’s life, it’s wise to pray before you end the relationship. People have families, jobs, and other priorities that can pull them away from your relationship for a period of time. The key question to think about here is if there is mutual effort is being made to reconnect. If not, this may be a sign that it’s time to let go of the relationship.

How to know if you are in a parasitic relationship

Science Picture Co/Subjects / Getty Images

  • B.A., Biology, Emory University
  • A.S., Nursing, Chattahoochee Technical College

Bacteria are all around us and most people only consider these prokaryotic organisms to be disease-causing parasites. While it is true that some bacteria are responsible for a large number of human diseases, others play a vital role in necessary human functions such as digestion.

Bacteria also make it possible for certain elements such as carbon, nitrogen, and oxygen to be returned to the atmosphere. These bacteria ensure that the cycle of chemical exchange between organisms and their environment is continuous. Life as we know it would not exist without bacteria to decompose waste and dead organisms, thus playing a key role in the flow of energy in environmental food chains.

Are Bacteria Friend or Foe?

The decision as to whether bacteria are friend or foe becomes more difficult when both the positive and negative aspects of the relationship between humans and bacteria are considered. There are three types of symbiotic relationships in which humans and bacteria coexist. The types of symbiosis are termed commensalism, mutualism, and parasitism.

Symbiotic Relationships

Commensalism is a relationship that is beneficial to the bacteria but does not help or harm the host. Most commensal bacteria reside on epithelial surfaces that come in contact with the external environment. They are commonly found on the skin, as well as in the respiratory tract and the gastrointestinal tract. Commensal bacteria acquire nutrients and a place to live and grow from their host. In some instances, commensal bacteria may become pathogenic and cause disease, or they may provide a benefit for the host.

In a mutualistic relationship, both the bacteria and the host benefit. For example, there are several kinds of bacteria that live on the skin and inside the mouth, nose, throat, and intestines of humans and animals. These bacteria receive a place to live and feed while keeping other harmful microbes from taking up residence. Bacteria in the digestive system assist in nutrient metabolism, vitamin production, and waste processing. They also aid in the host’s immune system response to pathogenic bacteria. Most of the bacteria that reside within humans are either mutual or commensal.

A parasitic relationship is one in which the bacteria benefit while the host is harmed. Pathogenic parasites, which cause disease, do so by resisting the host’s defenses and growing at the expense of the host. These bacteria produce poisonous substances called endotoxins and exotoxins, which are responsible for the symptoms that occur with an illness. Disease-causing bacteria are responsible for a number of diseases including meningitis, pneumonia, tuberculosis, and several types of food-borne diseases.

Bacteria: Helpful or Harmful?

When all of the facts are considered, bacteria are more helpful than harmful. Humans have exploited bacteria for a wide variety of uses. Such uses include making cheese and butter, decomposing waste in sewage plants, and developing antibiotics. Scientists are even exploring ways for storing data on bacteria. Bacteria are extremely resilient and some are capable of living in the most extreme environments. Bacteria have demonstrated that they are able to survive without us, but we could not live without them.

This is the type of person who refuses to get a decent job or to support him/herself and who believes that you (and the world) owe them something. This kind of person tends to have NPD (narcissistic personality disorder) or at least to be considered a toxic narcissist. They have a tendency to be attracted to empaths, and like all narcissists, will be highly prone to gaslighting and manipulation of their closest sources of narcissistic supply.

In this video, I’ll expand on the definition of a parasitic narcissist and explain exactly what you can expect from one. Plus, I’ll offer tips on how you might deal with a parasite narcissist.

You might also be interested in learning about narcissistic financial abuse. Financial Abuse is a sneaky, pervasive tactic used by a narcissist in which they use money to control and or manipulate you. This can be done by restricting you from accessing family money or by forcing you to provide all of the money, and may involve blatant lying about, theft of and/or hiding of family money, among other forms of manipulation and control.

Additional (free) resources on financial abuse

How to know if you are in a parasitic relationship

Angela Atkinson is a certified trauma counselor and the author of more than 20 books on narcissism, narcissistic abuse recovery, and related topics. A recognized expert on narcissism and narcissistic personality disorder who has studied and written extensively on narcissistic personality disorder and narcissistic abuse in toxic relationships since 2006, she has a popular narcissistic abuse recovery YouTube channel. Atkinson was inspired to begin her work as a result of having survived toxic relationships of her own.

Atkinson offers trauma-informed narcissistic abuse recovery coaching and has certifications in trauma counseling, life coaching, level 2 therapeutic model, CBT coaching, integrative wellness coaching, and NLP. She is a certified trauma support coach and certified family trauma professional. She also has a professional PTSD counseling certification. Her mission is to help those who have experienced the emotional and mental devastation that comes with narcissistic abuse in these incredibly toxic relationships to (re)discover their true selves, stop the gaslighting and manipulation, and move forward into their genuine desires – into a life that is exactly what they choose for themselves.

How to apply a l’oreal hair mask

Of all of our holy grail hair care products, hair masks may just be our favorite! Seemingly magical, it’s as if hair masks can transform your mane, whether you’re using one to boost your hair color or repair damaged locks.

While you may be familiar with this sworn-by hair product, there’s still a chance you’re not completely versed on how to use a hair mask properly. Don’t you want your hair to reap all the benefits? Well, no need to fret, because below we’re answering all of your hair mask questions, plus sharing a step-by-step tutorial on how to apply a hair mask—the right way. Read on!


Just as face masks work to nourish and hydrate your skin, hair masks do the same for your strands. Typically available in cream and clay-based formulas, this hair care product works to penetrate your mane with the right amount of TLC to improve the overall look and feel of your hair. Whether you’re working with color-treated hair, natural hair, or just looking to give your hair a boost, hair masks always rise to the occasion.


As we mentioned, hair masks come in different formulas that provide various benefits, just as there are different shampoos, conditioners, and hair treatments to help your specific hair concerns. When looking for your hair mask match, consider what your hair could use a little more of. Moisture? There’s a hair mask for that. Shine? There’s also a mask for that! If you need some product recs, consider one of the following hair masks, based on your mane’s needs.

If you have color-treated hair…try the L’Oréal Paris Elvive Color Vibrancy Repair and Protect Balm. The intensive post-color repair hair treatment smooths and protects your hair color.

If you have dull hair…try the L’Oréal Paris EverPure Repair Remedy Balm, which restores strength and brilliance strand by strand for stronger, shinier hair.

If you have dry hair…try the L’Oréal Paris Elvive Extraordinary Oil Curls Re-Nourish Mask, which hydrates curly hair to reveal bouncy, defined, and lustrous curls.

If you have fragile hair…try the L’Oréal Paris Elvive Total Repair 5 Damage Erasing Balm. This rinse-out hair mask repairs up to one year of damage, helping with split ends and weakness, among other concerns.

If you have brassy hair…try the L’Oréal Paris EverPure Blonde Shade Reviving Treatment. This salon-quality color refreshing mask for blonde, colored hair instantly neutralizes unwanted brassiness while intensely nourishing over-processed hair.

If you have damaged hair…try the L’Oréal Paris Elvive Total Repair Extreme Emergency Recovery Mask, which has a luxurious formula that conditions and instantly penetrates the fibers, reinforcing and deeply renewing broken fibers for a healthy-looking mane.


As for whether you should use a hair mask before or after shampooing or if it’s better to apply one on wet or dry hair, it truly depends on the product you’re working with. Typically, most hair masks require you to shampoo your hair before application, but others can be used on dry hair. In some cases, you may be instructed to simply wet your hair before using this essential, rather than actually washing your mane. So, the key to getting the most out of your hair mask is to follow the instructions listed on the packaging.


Ready to learn how to apply a hair mask the right way? Here’s what to do!


As we mentioned above, you may need to shampoo your hair before applying your hair mask. If you’ve selected one of our options above, you’ll want to cleanse your hair first to get the ball rolling. Kick things off by washing hair with a shampoo that coordinates with your mask. For example, if you’re using the Repair Remedy Balm, you can reach for the L’Oréal Paris EverPure Repair & Defend Shampoo. Apply it to wet hair, suds up into a thick lather, and rinse thoroughly.

Editor’s note: Most masks are meant to be used in place of conditioner, but some are meant to be used after conditioning. You’ll want to check the directions on yours to make sure!


It’s time for the main event: applying your hair mask! If you’ve opted for a hair mask highlighted above, massage the product through your damp strands.


Next up: Wait it out! Leave your mask in place for the recommended about of time. This is often between three to five minutes, giving you the perfect amount of time to shave your legs or wash your body. Keep in mind, some hair masks can be left on overnight in a similar fashion to a leave-in conditioner. Just follow the directions to achieve the desired results!

When it comes to how to apply a hair mask, getting the timing right is key. You don’t want to leave a hair mask on too briefly because it might not work to its full potential. You also don’t want to leave one on for too long. Yep, if you’ve ever asked, “Can you leave a hair mask on for too long?”, you absolutely can. Overdoing it can lead to hair that looks greasy and limp—no thanks.


Unless your hair mask packaging states otherwise, you’ll want to rinse out the formula with lukewarm water after the allotted amount of time, just as you would with conditioner. Allow your hair to dry, and repeat the process a few times a week to show your strands some extra love!

Next up: Get the 4-1-1 on how to use another popular hair care product in our article, How to Use Leave-in Conditioner: A Step-by-Step Guide.

Regardless of what hair type you’re working with, hair masks are a great way to provide your mane with a dose of TLC. And once you’ve learned how to use a hair mask the right way, the results are enough to make this beauty staple a permanent fixture in your hair care routine. But how often should you use a hair mask? While it’s super appealing to load up on hair care products every time you wash your strands, too much of a good thing can have the opposite effect of what you’re going for. If you’re wondering how many hair masks are too many hair masks, we’re here to help. Keep reading as we give you the lowdown on the perfect masking frequency and offer a step-by-step tutorial to help refresh and rejuvenate your strands.


If you’re obsessed with healthy, moisturized locks like us, you’re probably tempted to use a hair mask every day. But honestly, it’s not the best idea for your strands. While this beauty staple is jam-packed with benefits for your hair, using it too much can lead to greasy strands with lots of buildup. Not to mention, you may just end up wasting product. Think about it: Your hair can only hold so much hydration; once it reaches it’s maximum hydration levels, any product you apply on top of that isn’t actually hydrating your mane—it only weighs it down.


By now, you already know that you shouldn’t use a hair mask every day. So, how often should you use a hair mask? Simply put, it’s best to use this beauty staple once or twice a week. As we mentioned above, if you apply a hair mask way more than you need, it can take a toll on your strands. In order to reap all the benefits of your hair mask, play it safe, and follow the instructions listed on the packaging.


Many people believe that hair masks and deep conditioners are pretty much the same in terms of usage, but they both have key differences. While the benefits can be very similar, you can typically use deep conditioner more often than a hair mask. When your strands are extra dry or really in need of some love, you can swap your regular conditioner for a deep conditioner as you see fit. On the other hand, regardless of the state of your hair, you won’t want to up your mask usage to more than a few times a week.


No matter what hair concerns you’re dealing with, we have the right hair mask to help you get your strands back on track. Pick your potion below and start using it a couple of times each week.

If you’re dealing with brassy strands…the L’Oréal Paris EverPure Blonde Shade Reviving Treatment will restore order to your mane. This salon-quality mask is formulated to refresh blonde, colored hair and eliminate brassy tones from your strands. As a result, hair is nourished, and your hair color is refreshed.

If you’re dealing with damaged strands…the L’Oréal Paris Elvive Total Repair Extreme Emergency Recovery Mask can help whip your strands back into shape. Formulated to repair the hair fiber of extremely damaged hair, this luxurious offering conditions, penetrates, and renews broken fibers for healthy-looking hair.

If you’re dealing with dry strands…the L’Oréal Paris Elvive Extraordinary Oil Curls Re-Nourish Mask will rise to the occasion. This offering works to hydrate dry, curly hair leaving you with bouncy and defined curls.

If you’re dealing with dull strands…the L’Oréal Paris EverPure Repair Remedy Balm is just what you need. This rich formula instantly penetrates hair to restore strength and brilliance strand by strand.

If you’re dealing with weak hair…the L’Oréal Paris Elvive Total Repair 5 Damaging Erasing Balm will revitalize your mane. This rinse-out hair mask works to repair the five signs of damage: split ends, weakness, roughness, dullness, and dehydration. When used as a complete system, the mask reverses damage.


Want to add a hair mask to your routine? Here’s how to do it.


First things first, you’ll need to cleanse your strands. Depending on which hair mask you selected from the list above, use the corresponding shampoo and conditioning duo to get the job done.


Now, it’s time to apply your hair mask. Using the hair mask that pairs with your shampoo and conditioner, massage the product onto wet strands and massage through to the ends. Most masks should be left on for about three to five minutes, but you can double-check what’s recommended for the mask you’re using and follow that.


Give your hair mask time to work its magic. Be sure to follow the directions on the packaging and leave the product on for the amount of time specified.


Next, rinse the hair mask out of your hair with lukewarm water. Once complete, feel free to style your mane as desired!

Now that you’re in the know about how often you should use a hair mask, why not learn about other hair products? Head on over to our article, How to Use Hair Mousse, to step up your routine even further.

The results we get from a clay face mask are unparalleled: Smoothing without drying and hydrating without leaving skin feeling oily. But the removal process for clay masks sometimes leaves something to be desired. On the other hand, one of the best parts of a sheet mask is that when you’re done you just toss the sheet in the trash can. While that may seem like the most appealing way to finish with a face mask, you don’t have to sacrifice function for ease or start weighing pros and cons to determine which types of face masks you should use. If you want to use a clay mask, just make sure you’re applying and removing it correctly. If you remove a clay mask the right way, you’ll go from covered in clay to completely clean in a pinch. Ready to streamline the best—not to mention the most relaxing—part of your entire skin care routine? Scroll down to find our best clay masks (including our best face mask for dry skin), and learn how to choose the one that’s right for you. Plus, find out how to apply and remove this go-to skin care product from your face. Once you see just how easy using a clay mask is, you’ll want to do it as much as possible. Don’t say we didn’t warn you!


Before we tell you how to apply and remove a clay mask, it’s important to pick the right one for your particular skin concerns. Whether you have dull, rough, stressed, uneven, or dry skin, here are five options to choose from:

L’Oréal Paris Pure-Clay Detox & Brighten Face Mask: Over time, harsh environmental factors like pollution and debris can damage skin, leaving your complexion looking dull and tired. This clay mask formula enhanced with charcoal can help draw out the buildup of impurities, reduce the look of dull skin, and even out skin tone. Skin will look brighter immediately.

L’Oréal Paris Pure-Clay Exfoliate & Refining Face Mask: Day after day, dead skin cells can accumulate on the surface of your skin, leaving your complexion feeling rough. This clay mask formula is enhanced with red algae extract to help draw out the buildup of impurities, dirt, and oils. It also exfoliates dead skin cells, smooths the look of imperfections, and allows skin to breathe. Skin texture will appear refined immediately after use.

L’Oréal Paris Pure-Clay Clear & Comfort Face Mask: Enhanced with seaweed, this face mask also helps draw out buildup of impurities like dirt and oils while visibly reducing the appearance of imperfections, clearing congested pores, and gently cleansing skin. When you’re finished, your skin will not only be clean but also refreshed.

L’Oréal Paris Pure-Clay Purify & Mattify Face Mask: Day after day, impurities, dirt, makeup, and excess oils build up on the skin, which can leave your complexion looking a little too oily. This clay mask formula is enhanced with eucalyptus leaf extract to help draw out the buildup of impurities, dirt, and oils and reduce the look of excess shine. Skin will look less shiny immediately.

L’Oréal Paris Pure-Clay Clarify & Smooth Face Mask: The clay mask formula with enhanced yuzu lemon extract helps shed rough, dead skin cells from skin’s surface, clarify tone, and improve skin texture. Rinse off to reveal a clean glow.

Editor’s tip: Can’t decide on just one of the below? Multi-mask! This beauty trend involves applying different face masks to different areas of your face at the same time. Ideal for anyone with combination skin, multi-masking is the perfect remedy when you’re oily in some areas and dry in others. After all, one face mask won’t tend to all your skin’s needs. The following directions for applying and removing clay masks can also be applied to multi-masking—you’ll just be removing a few different masks instead of only one!


Once you have your clay mask of choice in hand and are ready to go, it’s time to apply. Follow these instructions to apply your mask and remove it with no mess. Your skin will be glowing in no time!


Before putting on your clay mask, cleanse your complexion to help remove dirt, oils, and makeup from the surface of your skin. Try using the L’Oréal Paris Pure-Clay Detox & Brighten Cleanser, L’Oréal Paris Pure-Clay Exfoliate & Refine Cleanser, or L’Oréal Paris Pure-Clay Purify & Mattify Cleanser. Each of these cleansers lifts dirt and impurities out of your pores without drying out your skin. Starting with a clean base will help the clay masks reach their maximum level of effectiveness.


When it comes to using a clay mask, you don’t need to slather your face in a ton of product. A thin, even layer of whichever mask you’re using will do. If you don’t mind getting a little dirty, use your (clean) hands to spread the mask over your face. If you’d rather keep things tidy, try using a mask brush or repurpose a foundation brush. By dipping the brush into the mask and painting it onto your face, you’ll not only avoid a mess but also be able to apply a perfectly thin layer of your mask of choice.


Take this time to sit back and relax! Listen to your favorite playlist or podcast while you leave your clay mask on for 10-15 minutes. Other potential post-mask application activities could include watching TV, painting your nails, or even using a hair mask. After all, one mask is never enough. Let your hair join in on the fun with a hydrating hair mask that’s totally on-trend, like the L’Oréal Paris EverPure Deep Moisture Hair Sheet Mask.


And you were just starting to get comfortable, right? By now the mask should feel firm on your skin—and that means it is time to take it off! Wet a washcloth with lukewarm water and gently wipe the clay mask off of your face in circular motions. Be sure to get all of the clay mask—that means double checking your hairline, eyebrows, and nostrils.


Once you’ve made sure all of the clay mask has been removed, take a clean, dry towel and lightly blot your skin until it’s just slightly damp. You and your skin should feel rejuvenated and revived.


Keep showing your skin love by applying a water-based moisturizer for your skin type. The L’Oréal Paris Hydra Genius Daily Liquid Care for Normal/Dry Skin, L’Oréal Paris Hydra Genius Daily Liquid Care for Normal/Oily Skin, and L’Oréal Paris Hydra Genius Daily Liquid Care for Extra Dry Skin are formulated with hyaluronic acid and aloe vera water to help provide long-lasting hydration. These moisturizers will complement all the work the clay mask did, leaving you with a hydrated, healthy complexion.


The best part about this whole process? You get to do it again! Our clay masks should be used 2-3 times a week for best results, so go ahead and treat yourself to using one again and again. Making a clay mask part of your consistent skin care routine will keep your pores clean and help address various skin care concerns, from large pores to dry spots. As long as you follow each of these steps for choosing the right mask, applying it, and removing it, you’ll see a noticeable change in no time with just a little bit of consistency.

Having trouble narrowing down which clay mask (or masks, plural, if you want to multi-mask) are right for your routine? We can help with that! Here’s How to Find the Right Clay Mask for Your Skin Type.

After a long summer of beach damaged hair , I found that my hair was drier that it has felt in a very long time. I had actually forgotten what it was like to have to work hard on detangling my hair . I’m also growing it out after almost 2 years of having a Lob , so I couldn’t go get my 6 month hair trim that usually helped with dry split ends. So it’s safe to say that my hair isn’t doing too well. My mom kept pleading that hair masks and overnight oil treatments were the way to go, but I was too busy and could barely fit in a face serum in my routine to be able to do anything else.

Testing out the L’Oreal Elvive Extraordinary Oil Hair Mask was really interesting, because I rarely add things to my hair care routine. I usually keep things basic and simple. So it was fun to see how much of a difference I can feel with trying out a hair mask in 3 different ways. This multi-use hair mask is good for those not wanting constrictions when it comes to how they can incorporate it into their routine. It’s a nourishing oil mask so it’s meant for those with normal hair that tends to become dry. It has 6 precious oils, including Jojoba oil , which work on adding shine and nutrition. You can use it in 3 ways: Apply it for a couple of minutes or overnight before washing your hair, use it as a conditioner/mask after shampoo for around 3-5 minutes before rinsing and even as a leave in conditioner.

How to apply a l’oreal hair mask


Let me start off by saying, it smells amazing so I was very much enjoying having the scent so close to me. I applied the mask generously on all my hair including roots. I left it on for 30 minutes as I relaxed in the bath. While I was rinsing it off I instantly felt the smoothness, it’s that feeling like when you wash off a really good conditioner. After that I used shampoo and conditioner as I usually do. I wanted to keep everything else in my routine the same so I can really test out the difference. After I got out of the shower my hair felt a lot smoother than usual, it didn’t take time to detangle and didn’t need as much of my leave in conditioner that I regularly use.

The next day my hair felt really nice and soft. Even the hair at the back which is the most dry, damaged and has been driving me crazy, is calmer, easier to run my fingers through and noticeably a lot smoother. Also my hair still smelt great from the mask, which was surprising since I shampooed, conditioned and applied a small amount of oil and leave in conditioner, but it remained the scent that stayed the most.

After Shampoo

After it dried, I noticed the texture of my hair was incredibly soft. All summer, my hair has not been this soft, I ran my fingers through it so easily, I even got compliments at work that my hair looks really shiny. Even the hair at the base of my head that’s damaged and usually very dry was really soft. I went to the beach 2 days later and my hair after swimming was exceptionally soft and a lot more manageable than it was after my previous dips in the sea! I usually apply oil after I leave the water and brush it out and it takes forever to brush and still feels crusty, this time It felt really good which surprised me considering the effect of the mask should have worn off by now.

My second trial was using it in the shower after shampoo, almost as a hair conditioner, maybe leaving it on a little longer, so for about 3-5 min. As I waited, I washed my body, did a scrub , cleansed my face and washed it off after around 3 minutes. And well, it did its job, I instantly felt a difference as I was washing it off. My hair was silky smooth, too smooth to the point were I thought it hadn’t been washed off properly. I foresaw the good hair day even before I had put my hair towel on.

I immediately felt an immense difference when I took my hair out of the towel. After I put my leave in conditioner and tiny drop of oil, it brushed out so easily, a lot easier than it usually does. It felt really smooth, so much that I kept touching it just to see if the smoothness would evaporate somehow. My hair even looked better even when it was still wet! Hard to explain but true. It also felt smoother than when I tried the mask as a pre-shampoo treatment.


That night I showered, used shampoo and conditioner and used the L’Oreal Extraordinary Jojoba Oil Hair Mask as a leave in conditioner, which I think is the technique I’ll be going for the most. Right off the bat my hair looked really shiny, which I love. As I was brushing it through my hair, it instantly got detangled, I didn’t even need to use a brush, I mostly used it for styling. I didn’t feel the need to add oil because it gave me shine and softness.

There was wind that day as my hair was drying off, which would usually have me end up with ‘Monica Geller in the Barbados hair’. However, it relatively stayed put and the frizz was actually surprisingly under control. After it dried completely, I usually have a hard time running my fingers through my hair if I left it to dry naturally, but my hair felt soft, healthy and was easy to run my fingers through.

I slept with my hair untied and usually I wake up and it’s a mess, my hair was surprisingly calm, my waves actually remained uniform and intact. Also, the dry spot at the back of my hair that I struggle with was relatively a lot smoother than normal. I can definitely see the improvement as a result of using the mask 3 times so far, so I don’t think it’s leaving my bathroom cabinet anytime soon.

Main Image Credits: Instagram @camila_cabello

It sold out during the first lockdown but is now available to order again

How to apply a l’oreal hair mask

How to apply a l’oreal hair mask

Since lockdown 3.0 began, we’ve realised that we can do lots of things we never knew we were capable of; like recreating Wagamama’s katsu curry recipe from home or removing our own gel nails.

However, one thing we’re really hesitant to mess with is our hair colour.

We all remember the hair-dying fiascos of our youth and, if we’ve learnt anything from our hairdresser (and from the mistakes of the previous two lockdowns), it’s that colouring hair from home is a sure-fire way to end up with frazzled ends and an odd shade of muddy brown (why does it always go muddy brown?) that is impossible to hide from co-workers, even over Zoom.

How to apply a l’oreal hair mask

Having said that though, we don’t want to leave isolation with two-tone hair and grown-out highlights so we set out in search of a solution, and we found it — surprisingly — in the form of a £6 hair mask.

The L’Oreal Elvive Colour Protect Anti-Brassiness Purple Mask sold out during the first lockdown and became a firm favourite of beauty editors, however it is still available for delivery from Boots (though who knows for how long).

How to apply a l’oreal hair mask

The highly pigmented formula works on darker bases to help repair hair from colour damage and help neutralise and blend colour to ensure regrowth is less obvious and appears more blended.

The mask also instantly neutralises unwanted yellow and orange tones while providing intense care to bleached and highlighted hair.

How to apply a l’oreal hair mask

How to use the L’Oreal Purple hair mask

Once a week, after shampooing, apply on damp hair and leave on for five minutes before rinsing well.

Though it is no longer available on Amazon, 538 people have previously left glowing reviews for the hair mask.

‘Used for the first time today and it does exactly what it says on the bottle. My hair is highlighted silver, this shampoo enhances them and my hair looks just like it did when I first had it coloured. Only need to use once a week and so will carry on using as makes my hair feel soft,’ one wrote.

While another commented: ‘It does take out the brassiness and leaves hair with a faint silver tone it also leaves hair very soft.’

We think this is a choice that our hairdresser will approve of.

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Discover the divine nourishment of a hair mask by L’Oréal Paris. Designed with conditioning formulas for even the most dry and damaged hair, let yourself revel in a hair mask as part of your weekly ritual. Including formulas enriched with keratin to smooth, botanicals to gently moisturise or with castor oil to strengthen hair, your hair can become lustrous once more with killer shine and velvet softness. Choose from our wide and diverse product range, including our Extraordinary Oil Coconut Mask that intensely works to nourish dry and damaged hair with its coconut fragrance or the Extraordinary Oil Hair Mask that leaves your hair looking hydrated without looking greasy, from the Elvive collection.

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If the ends of your hair are incredibly dry and brittle, consider Extraordinary Oil Extra Rich Hair Oil as an intensive treatment to restore hydration to the ends of your hair.

For moderately dry hair, Extraordinary Oil Rich Hair Oil provides the same restorative treatment to your hair with a lighter texture. Extraordinary Oil Rich Hair Oil is a great solution to tame frizzy hair during periods of humidity.

Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil targets a multitude of concerns; from preserving hair colour to heat styling protection.

Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil is a multi-use product that brings hydrating and restorative benefits to hair that is normal to dry.

For a more traditional application of Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil, comb the Hair Oil from the mid-shaft to the ends of your hair daily to maintain hair health and eliminate dryness.

To ensure continuous shininess and eliminate frizziness of dry hair, apply Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil before using any heat styling products. Extraordinary Oil in Cream is a great solution for individuals who use heat styling on a regular basis, as it creates a long lasting barrier between hair and heated tools.

Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil can me mixed with water and stored in a spray bottle as a quick hair refresh to be applied throughout the day. This will keep your dry hair constantly hydrated. Consider using Extraordinary Oil Infusions Hair Oil in Rose or Jasmine as their scent can mask any buildup through the day, while keeping any dry hair hydrated.

On the other end, Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil can be layered on heavily to very dry and damaged hair as an intense hydrating treatment. Leave a thick layer of Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil on dry hair for at least 30 minutes, and notice that shine will be restored upon washing the oil off.

Extraordinary Oil Light Hair Oil will be your hair oil of choice if your scalp tends to produce more sebum. Extraordinary Oil Light is incredibly lightweight, and does not encourage sebum production by weighing down your hair.

By applying Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil from the mid-shaft to the ends of your hair, the treatment will be concentrated in the driest parts of your hair and will not add to the oiliness present at hair roots.

If the ends of your hair are incredibly dry and brittle, consider Extraordinary Oil Extra Rich Hair Oil as an intensive treatment to restore hydration to the ends of your hair.

For moderately dry hair, Extraordinary Oil Rich Hair Oil provides the same restorative treatment to your hair with a lighter texture. Extraordinary Oil Rich Hair Oil is a great solution to tame frizzy hair during periods of humidity.

Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil targets a multitude of concerns; from preserving hair colour to heat styling protection.

Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil is infused with 6 rare and precious floral essential oils – Argan, Rose, Chamomile, Lotus, Soya, Sunflower.

Chamomile needs no introduction as a healing and soothing herb, with potent anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidant properties. In Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil, Chamomile is present in the highest proportion of the other floral oils and acts as a substantial base of preparatory hydration for the remaining floral essential oils to deliver intense smoothing.

Argan Oil is a common ingredient in hair oils, and for good reason of strengthening hair follicles. Argan oil leaves hair thick and healthy, especially with repeated use.

Notably, Rose oil is infused in the special blend of natural oils in Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil. Rose oil is an incredibly luxurious source of hydration for hair and locks in moisture along the length of hair.

The blend of 6 floral essential oils in Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil reinforces each of their hydrating properties, and leaves hair smooth and shiny.

Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil Rich and Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil Extra Rich differ in the heaviness of its texture, while the intense hydrating benefits remain the same.

Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil Rich is best for those who are looking for lightweight hydration; either in achieving a sleek look when styling your hair or for hair that is thick but frizzy. Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil Rich will ensure that your hair looks healthy and shiny without weighing the lengths of your hair down.

For those wanting their hair to look thicker especially at the ends, use Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil Extra Rich which adds to your hair’s density. Similar to Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil Rich, your hair will look healthy and shiny but with luxurious weight. Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil Extra Rich is also a great treatment for dry hair desperate for hydration.

Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil can be applied in various amounts to your hair depending on your desired result.

If you are using Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil to tame frizz and flyaways after styling, apply 1-2 pumps of Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil and concentrate this on the lengths of your hair.

To use it as a treatment to deeply nourish your hair, apply enough Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil to coat your hair from root to tip. Leave on for 30 minutes, and rinse off with cool water to achieve salon-quality shininess.

To restore and maintain your hair’s shine, repeated use of Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil will be beneficial. Especially since Extraordinary Oil Hair Oil is a product that can be used in multiple ways, it is easy to ensure that the 6 precious oils protect your hair from styling your hair to adding a finishing touch of shine to a deep-nourishing treatment.

I have very oily hair and can’t even make a day without washing my hair. I recently purchased a few hair care products as the winter approached and the harsh weather of dry winds started making my hair dull. Today’s review is all about L’Oreal Professionnel Serie Expert Prokeratin Liss Unlimited Masque. Here’s how it fared.

Price: INR 845 for 250 ml
Product Description:
This luscious smoothing hair mask nourishes, smoothes and protects your hair fibers against humidity. Luxuriously bathing your hair in hydration, polishing its surface and providing an effective humidity blocker. Shine is enhanced and control is regained.

The product comes in a purple colored pot with a wide screw cap. There is some information on the tub. Since it is a tub packaging, it can be a little unhygienic to keep putting your hands in to scoop out the product. I use a spatula for the same. The product is a little bulky for travels. The mask also settles on the cap, if kept upside down.

The mask is white in color. The texture of this mask is light and creamy. It’s slippery and you have to dig into the tub to get it out. I was expecting a more dense clay feel to the actual mask. I can easily massage it into my scalp. I leave it on for the recommended 3-5 minutes and then rinse it off.

My Experience with L’Oreal Professionnel Serie Expert Prokeratin Liss Unlimited Masque:

Recently, I’ve been suffering from really oily roots and dry ends. I am typically not able to go more than 2 days without washing my hair because my roots just look greasy and oily. This mask does its job nicely and leaves my hair feeling nice, clean and hydrated.

How to apply a l’oreal hair mask

After rinsing, my hair immediately feels silky smooth. I towel dry my hair and use a wide-toothed comb and what amazes me is that there are no tangles. I can effortlessly comb my hair whenever I use this mask. I blow-dry my hair after using this mask and my hair looks a lot healthier, shinier and full of life.

The fragrance is quite strong and I literally could smell it all day long and it didn’t really dissipate at all throughout the day. I sometimes use it as a conditioner, i.e. only on the ends. It gives me healthy looking hair, keeping my strands very soft, healthy and straight. I use this product once a week, so this little jar will go a long way even though I have long hair.

Pros of L’Oreal Professionnel Serie Expert Prokeratin Liss Unlimited Masque:

Provides deep nourishment and conditioning
Pleasant scent
Infused with keratin oil
Makes my hair frizz-free and shiny
Works well as a conditioner

Cons of L’Oreal Professionnel Serie Expert Prokeratin Liss Unlimited Masque:

Quite expensive
Unhygienic packaging

IMBB Rating: 4.8/5
Would I Repurchase/Recommend L’Oreal Professionnel Serie Expert Prokeratin Liss Unlimited Masque?
Yes to both. The product intensively nourishes the hair and adds moisture to it. I have pretty dry ends and this mask works amazingly well for them. The mask also adds radiance to the hair. The product keeps the natural texture of my hair and doesn’t cause any issues.

How to clean bakelite

How To Clean A Plastic or Bakelite Antique Radio

This is a question we get asked all the time. We understand. Perhaps you have found a radio and want to bring it back to life, like we do. Is it dusty? Is there some tarnish? What about the finish? What are safe products to use? Here we will try to answer these questions and tell you what we do at Retro Radio Farm.
How to clean bakelite

First, you should remove the back and electronics from the radio, so that you can clean the case. We do this so we can immerse the case in water and get it wet. Water and elbow grease do not hurt plastic, so we use these liberally.

How to clean bakelite

How to clean bakelite

Remove any extra knobs or features to wash separately.

How to clean bakelite

The most important advice we can give is to be gentle. The products we generally work with are made of plastic. Plastic can NOT be cleaned with any strong product that might hurt the finish. We like to use plain old dish soap, a well-worn soft brush, and a sponge. Anything stronger than dish soap and you will likely damage the finish of the plastic beyond repair.

Cracks? A cigarette burn? Yep, we get those too. We leave them alone. There is nothing to be done except enjoy the radio as a treasure that has lived a full and varied life. Look upon these imperfections as what they are, a testament to the piece for lasting so many years. Besides anyone will tell you that marks, scratches, and patina are the hallmarks of a true antique and are to be valued as part of the aesthetic; not polished away and eliminated as though they never happened.

How to clean bakelite

How to clean bakelite

You risk electrocution if you do not take the electronics out of the case before you wash it. So, please be safe and remove the radio from the case before you attempt to wash the case.

How to clean bakelite

An old toothbrush is great for cleaning the grillwork of the speakers.

How to clean bakelite

We like to use a soft gauge toothbrush.

How to clean bakelite

The knobs often require a bit more scrubbing. The knobs can also take a stronger brush than the soft brush pictured above or the old soft toothbrush. We like to use a stiff brush found easily at any hardware store. Wire brushes can work but be careful, test the brush on the back of the knob first. Make sure the brush is not creating unsightly gouges in the plastic. You want to remove the dirt from the crevices of the knob, not create new crevices that attract dirt.

Let the case dry and wipe away excess moisture. Replace the electronics and there, you have just expertly cleaned an antique radio.

You have saved a piece of history. So, give yourself a little pat on the back and enjoy!

After i have done the cleaning and its dull i simply make sure its dust free using a vaccuum cleaner then lacquer it using gloss lacquer .
Using a spray can and one coat will give a brilliant luster . 2 coats or more will make more shine .
Using spray equipment and canned lacquer will give a high gloss .

After the chosen lacquer has dried wax it with car wax .
You will never have to mess with it or rubbing stuff on it again .

Bakelite had a finish in the first place . If for any reason you or anyone wants the lacquer removed simply wipe it off with lacquer thiner .

I have done some toasters that have a bakelite base and quite a few bakelite knobs with a can of Deft gloss lacquer also .

Another old post.


Seems all in this thread agree to clean bakelite with dish detergent. Dirty cases need soaking night (remove speaker if required and spray label with lacquer to save it).

I see that phosphate is removed from all detergents now and replaced with bio degradable detergents. Are those safe with bakelite?


Seems Glayzit is the way to go. How long does this polish last?

Is Glayzit a one time thing or does it require re-application every so often (like when car wax or shoe polish is used)?

A true polish has grit to ‘cut’ a surface to a gloss. Be careful not to use too coarse of a polish. Try the least agressive first, otherwise you will create more work for yourself, getting the larger scratches back out.

A coating like Glayzit makes it’s own shine, over a clean surface.

I see this is an old post originally.. One note, when people clean the cabinets and see the brown stuff coming off, doesn’t mean that is nicotine. It is the bakelite oxidation (?) that is coming off. It could be a little if it was in a smokers home, but I’ve cleaned cabinets from non smoker owners that still have the brown coming off.

KB3BEL General

Radio is the theatre for the mind; television is the theatre for the mindless.

KB3BEL General

Radio is the theatre for the mind; television is the theatre for the mindless.

On bakelites & plastics, I’ve had the best results with this procedure:

1) Soak, & clean in dish detergent/water, brush, rinse & dry.

2) Dupont “Polishing” compound( at Auto stores, comes in a “tin” like paste wax) with damp clean rag & Elbow Grease, remove all residue with clean damp cloth.

3) #2 Novus polish with medium rubbing, let dry & wipe off.

4) Meguiar’s “PlastX” headlight lens polish & cleaner. A blue paste, use very little & polish till “Squeaky clean” sound This is the MOST Important step in achieving the best Shine & Reflection in your cabinet or knobs.

5) Optional, a light coat of a Good car paste wax to “seal” your efforts from the elements longer. If not, than later just a light dusting & another light go over with Meguiar’s PlastX, if needed. 2 yrs of doing this procedure & I haven’t had to do the last part of this step yet. A Great Product.

Try It, Before you “knock-it”

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Test your flea market finds for authenticity

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How to clean bakelite

Curious about a flea market find? It could be Bakelite, a synthetic compound developed in 1907 by Leo Baekeland, a Belgian-American chemist. Widely considered the first synthetic plastic, Bakelite items are a hot commodity today among collectors of vintage jewelry and mechanical parts.

With plenty of reproductions on the market, it’s wise to learn various methods to identify Bakelite rather than finding out afterward that you have made a costly mistake. There are many ways to test valuable Bakelite pieces, and several of them require using only your senses. Until you get very comfortable identifying Bakelite, however, it’s good to employ more than one of these tests.

Some people who are well-versed in Bakelite identification recommend the hot water test as the standard when it comes to accurately identifying this form of plastic. In this method, the piece of plastic is placed under very hot running tap water. The heat from the water releases the formaldehyde-like scent of Bakelite. This test works well with bangle bracelets that are made entirely of Bakelite and is a very good way to confirm a piece once you get it home. But while this has proven an effective method of at-home testing, most consumers trying to verify vintage items don’t have access to hot water when making buying decisions in the middle of a flea market.

How to clean bakelite

You may need to employ more than one test to rule out a false positive (or negative) result. Use all your senses in concert to help you determine whether or not an object you are examining is Bakelite. A word of caution: avoid using the “hot pin” test, where a pin or needle warmed by a heat source is pressed into the plastic item. Some older plastics like celluloid are very flammable, and a hot pin can be dangerous to not only the plastic but to you as well.

Tapping Items Together

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Nick Young / Getty Images

One way to start learning about Bakelite identification is listening for the familiar “clunk” when two pieces you know to be Bakelite are tapped together. This very distinctive sound is often heard when two or more bangles made of this popular plastic are worn at the same time.

Try gently tapping two pieces of another type of plastic together, and compare the sound to two pieces of true Bakelite the next time you’re out shopping where this type of plastic is on display. You’ll need to do other tests to confirm, but this is a good starting point.

Identifying by Weight

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Jay B. Siegel / Chic Antiques

Consider the weight of a piece of plastic jewelry. Bakelite feels heavier when compared to some other types of plastics, like celluloid.

Hold another type of plastic you have identified in one hand, and a piece you know to be Bakelite of approximately the same size in the other. You will often notice the heavier feel of Bakelite. Again, more testing will be required to confirm, but this is another good test to know when out shopping in the field.

The Smell Test

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Jay B. Siegel / Chic Antiques

Rub the item in question vigorously with your thumb until you feel the plastic heat up. Then, before it cools, take a whiff. A distinct chemical odor similar to formaldehyde will linger with most genuine Bakelite. This often takes a bit of practice, but it works well for many people while out shopping.

With pieces like the clip shown here, the wood may be damaged and discolored if it gets wet. If wood is present, it’s best to stick to other methods of testing only the Bakelite portion of the piece—avoid immersing it in hot water.

Using Simichrome Polish

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Jay B. Siegel / Chic Antiques

Simichrome Polish is a non-abrasive cream formulated to clean metals. You can also use it to test Bakelite for authenticity, and this is the preferred method for many plastics collectors (although others prefer the hot water test mentioned above).

To test with Simichrome, sparingly apply a dab of the cream to a soft cloth and gently rub a small spot on the inside or back of the item being tested. If it is Bakelite, the cloth should turn yellow with ease (although the color may vary from light to dark). If a piece is lacquered, it may test negative. Black Bakelite pieces often fail this test as well. Following up with the hot water test when you get home is an option to consider.

Bakelite testing pads are also an alternative to carrying a tube of Simichrome polish with you when you shop. These easy-to-stow pads provide a similar result to Simichrome or the 409 method mentioned below, and have proven to be quite reliable.

Using Formula 409 Cleaner

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Jay B. Siegel / Chic Antiques

Scrubbing Bubbles was once the standard cleaner to use for Bakelite testing, but Formula 409 is now recommended instead. To use, dampen a cotton swab with 409 and rub it gently on the inside of the item being tested. If it is Bakelite, the swab will turn yellow.

If a piece is lacquered, it may test negative with 409. Black Bakelite pieces often fail this test as well. Use the other tests above, especially the hot water test, to confirm authenticity if a piece you strongly suspect to be Bakelite fails with 409.

Inspect the Piece Closely

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Jay B. Siegel / Chic Antiques

Look for wear like scratches and patina that new pieces of plastic don’t normally exhibit. Also, look for tiny chips on the edges of carvings. Examine the piece with a jeweler’s loupe or another type of magnifier, if needed. Generally, an old piece of Bakelite will exhibit some minor scratching and wear, even if it is in excellent condition by a collector’s standards and may be quite valuable.

Also, keep in mind that Bakelite will not have mold seams that can be present in other types of plastic jewelry. With some practice, you’ll learn to use all your senses to correctly identify Bakelite.

Retro Homewares for Collectors and Decorators

Cleaning Bakelite Canisters to Remove Stains with creamy cleanser works to get those lovely old canisters out of the cupboard and on show again.

I have been fortunate enough to find some lovely old Bakelite canisters on my bargain hunting excursions and I admit that I have resold some of them for a profit.

The profit was not made because the person selling it did not know that it was an old canister… the profit was made because the person selling it thought that it was stained and could not be cleaned up… WRONG.

I am not an expert in cleaning Bakelite but I do know how to get it clean… and I will share my method.

On-line I have read that you can use car polish… but that it can take several applications… but it was not clear if the polish would take off really bad discoloration/stains… and some sites tell you not to use a scourer…

Cleaning Bakelite Canisters:

I did not have any car polish to hand and I had almost nothing to lose… so I used good old ‘creamy cleanser‘ with a cheap green ‘kitchen scourer‘ and a little elbow grease and off came all those ‘stains’. I then polished the canister with a little vegetable oil and paper towel to give a little sheen.

The results speak for themselves. All the canisters below started out with lots of surface marks/stains and were cleaned up by me.

If you are interested in Vintage Australian Plastics read my article entitled Bakelite Canisters and Bessemer Plates.

Cleaning Old, but More Modern Plastics For dirtier items, add a bit of mild dish soap to a damp cloth and gently rub the plastic. If it appears that the item can be put in water, place it in warm, sudsy water made using gentle dish soap. Scrub any grooves and difficult to clean areas with a soft toothbrush.

Additionally, can Bakelite be repaired? “Advanced bakelite repairs It is possible to repair broken bakelite in a way that is very hard to detect. The first thing is to make solid joints and if you are lucky, you can piece the bits together and glue them in place with superglue (cyanoacrylate).

Also asked, how do you restore an old radio?

Follow these general steps to restore your radio:

  1. Do not power on your radio.
  2. Find a service manual.
  3. Replace all electrolytic and paper capacitors with new ones of similar value and same or better voltage rating.
  4. Examine closely and replace anything that looks damaged, such as burned up resistors.

Can you paint Bakelite?

Re: Paint for bakelite cases You can get a good finish with these if you put sufficient work in. As with all acrylic spray paint, the safety margin between too little (orange peel effect) and too much (runs and sags) is very small. The finish needs rubbing down with wet and dry then finishing with T-Cut.

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It only took a split second to ruin all of my Bakelite* handled spoons. In a moment of utter stupidity I dropped them in a sink full of hot, soapy water. And THIS is what happened. WAH!

How to clean bakelite

They’re now almost entirely oxidized. Fortunately for you, my slip of sanity will work for your benefit. Because now I have to restore them. And I’m going to try most of the suggested remedies I’ve found on the web to see what really works. I’ll even try some solutions that I’ve never seen mentioned anywhere but work pretty well.

The most popular solution on the web seems to be

Simichrome. This German metal polish has earned a reputation on eBay as the defining tester for true Bakelite. A dab of this pink polish turns brownish-yellow when rubbed on Catalin/Bakelite. That’s because it removes the brownish-yellow oxidation. I happen to have a tube on hand because it’s my favorite silver polish.

How to clean bakelite

I had to use a pretty big blob of Simichrome–about three times as much as I’d use on a piece of silver. I used a swatch of old bath towel and had to rub fairly hard. I should have worn gloves because Simichrome is a skin and eye irritant. The finished result is a glossy shine and a strong chemical smell which has dissipated by the next day. The spoon looks great. Yet I’m just a bit hesitant about using Simichrome on eating utensils. I wouldn’t have a problem using it on jewelry or other Bakelite objects.

Next I tried plain old canola oil. I’ve never read about this cleaning solution anywhere, but I’ve been using it for years to shine up my Catalin pieces.

How to clean bakelite

A dab of Canola oil on a paper towel combined with some rubbing will take all the oxidation off a piece that isn’t too bad to start with. The two spoons in the photo above were equally oxidized before I rubbed out the top spoon with oil. It doesn’t take any more elbow grease than Simichrome, but it’s non-toxic. And edible. It leaves a nice shine when buffed and no nasty smell.

So if cooking oil works, what about beeswax? I had a jar of Clapham’s Beeswax Polish so I gave it a try.

How to clean bakelite

Initially it seems to remove the oxidation quickly and it has a lovely lavender smell. But the results wear off as soon as the polish dries. The finished pieces ended up looking almost as bad as before I started. I’ll save the Clapham’s polish for furniture.

My final experiment of the evening was with peanut butter. Yes, peanut butter. I saw it suggested as a plastic polish on YouTube.

How to clean bakelite

Oddly enough, just like cooking oil it works on oxidation that isn’t too severe. It took pretty big blob. It was messier than anything else so far and left the spoon handle smelling like peanut butter. It also made me want to get out a box of crackers and forget the whole experiment.

I’ve got more remedies to try, but I’ll save them for Part Two. In the meantime, keep your Catalin/Bakelite out of hot water! And let me know if you’ve got a cleaning suggestion. I still have a pile of oxidized spoons to restore.

*Yes, everyone calls this old plastic Bakelite nowadays. It’s actually Catalin, another thermoset phenolic formaldehyde resin.


  • 1 Preparing the mags
  • 2 Deciding the method you want to use
    • 2.1 Wet Sandpaper + Clear coat
    • 2.2 Epoxy + Clear Coat
    • 2.3 Epoxy

So you want to restore some Bakelite mags that you got one the cheap. I wanted to as well and found a couple different methods that seemed to work well.

Preparing the mags

First thing you want to before you start is to clean the mags. Get all the loose dirt and grease off them. If there is just light dirt I recommend using a washcloth and some hand soap. If you have anything more stubborn then that you can use a very soft scrubby pad with soap, but make sure you dont use a lot of force. Your not trying to remove the surface, just get it clean of dirt and debris. If you have oil or cosmoline you might want to use your favorite methods for removing that. If just a light layer I find that hosing the mag down in contact cleaner works really well.

Now is also a good time to clean the insides of the mags out. I purchased a set of these brushed to clean my suppressors and the larger ones worked great getting inside the mag. I didn’t use soap or water, just ran the brush through several times till junk stopping coming out. How far you clean it is up to you. Once you have the mag cleaned to your satisfaction make sure you let them completely dry afterwards.

  • Brushes
  • Cloth Mop – Can be used to wipe down the insides after scrubbing it with the brushes. If you have something like a 12 Gauge mop and a pistol cleaning rod that would work as well.

Deciding the method you want to use

Wet Sandpaper + Clear coat

The most popular method seems to be the wet sanding + clear coat. This works very well, it removes all but the deepest of the blemishes and in some cases can make them look almost new but seems to have the downside of changing the color of the mag. To get started make sure you prepare the mags as stated above. Get yourself some 800 grit wet sandpaper and start by going over the mag. Make sure you use to keep the sandpaper wet in the process. I like folding it in small 2×2 squares which lets you get into the smaller areas. Using wet sandpaper has two benefits. First it keeps down on dust. You don’t want to go breathing in the dust that comes off these mags. Bakelite isn’t something that’s very good for you. It also acts like a lube for the sandpaper since its such a fine grip it will get clogged up very fast.

After you are happy with the sanding and you get all the blems off the next step is clear coat. Since you got the mag very wet you will want to let it drop before adding any clear. Give it a solid 24 hours to make sure no moisture is present or you will have issues. Ask me how I know.

Once its completely dry I put a stick of wood in the mag so I can hold it and paint it all at once. If you find a better way of doing it then do that. I dislike hanging it as it blows around when you paint it but do whatever works for you. If you have never spray painted something before then make sure you read the directions, but for a TL;DL dont paint when its cold, high humidity, and don’t do heavy coats. Following the directions on the can is the best thing I can tell you.

When you are all said and done you should have something that looks like this. You can see its a nice uniform color. Its a might lighter color but an even color. The clear makes it clean and should hold up very well. For a item list see below.

  • 800 grit wet sandpaper
  • You could use a gloss or matte if you wanted a different finish then the Semi Gloss Clear Coat

Epoxy + Clear Coat

I decided to give Epoxy a shot and see how well that works. I figured bakelite mags (which aren’t really made of bakelite) is made from resin, so why wouldn’t more resin be a bad thing? This leaves the mag with a more natural looking finish but still having the clear coat finish. When doing this method you want to make sure you clean the mags as stated above and let it dry before proceeding. With this method instead of sanding that top layer off to make it look clean and crisp you are going to be adding a layer of resin to the mag in the same way you would apply stain to wood. What I did was add a few dabs of resin to the mag and used a lint free cloth or one of the blue shop towels to wipe the resin in. You wont need a lot of resin to do a mag so mix up just a couple of ounces for each mag you do. So start in one spot, add a few dabs of resin, wipe it on till that area as absorbed all the resin it will, then move on to the next spot. Work in little areas at a time and work the mag over. For this, like when I cleared it, I stuck a piece of wood in the mag to hold it while I did this. After you go over the mag, let it sit so the resin can cure. For directions and work time of the resin read the directions carefully, but you will have 15 ish mins before it starts to get too gummy which is plenty of time.

When using the resin make sure you mix it very well. Pour everything in one cup, mix for 1-2 mins, pout in another cup and mix for another 1-2 mins. I used a popsicle stick to mix and dab the resin on the mag. Directions will also tell you how long it takes the resin to fully cure. I let it sit for 24 hours.

After the resin has cured you might think the mag looks worse then it did before, but we are not done yet. We still need to wetsand to get all the little marks and to make the mag smooth as glass. For this I started using 800 grit wet sandpaper and lightly sanded the surface then moved on to some micromesh to really get it smooth. Dont apply a lot pressure as you will burn through the resin. its a very thin layer. Your just trying to dress the resin layer, not remove anything. Like before when you are done, let mag dry before spraying with clear.

Once fully dry hit the mag with some clear as stated above and enjoy. When you are all said and done you should have something that looks like this. You can see how much darker the mag is vs the previous method. While you could just clear coat it I feel the resin layer really seals the surface and loose fibers better then just clear. The color difference is very noticable when you have both methods side by side. For an items list see below.

  • 800 grit wet sandpaper
  • Semi Gloss Clear Coat (You could use a gloss or matte if you wanted a different finish)
  • Resin
  • Micromesh sanding pads


This method is much like the previous method only your not going to be adding a clear coat. So follow the above directions and skip the clear coat set, only difference with this one is I would skip the wet sandpaper and going straight to the micromesh. Spraying the clear will hide some of the imperfections but with the resin only method when your done your done. You could add more then one layer of resin if you wish to build it up which would look nice. The main idea behind this method is you get to keep the way the mag looks, but the resin seals the surface. When you get all said and done you should have something that looks like this. As you can see you can still see the fibers but this isn’t a method to fix, but more of a repair and keep original. For an items list see below.

Whichever method you choose is up to you and it will look better then what it looked before you started the process. You can see the fibers are exposed and the mag is in real need of attention.

Product Description

This is what we use on our telephones to keep them shiney and new.

Our Novus product works well on old telephones and radios.

Cleans and polishes Bakelite and paint on your old telephones.

Removes light scratches and leaves a nice shine.

Buying from us you are assured a fresh product because we have shipments monthly.

Novus#2 in the 8 oz size.

We have used this for years and highly reccomend it.

Beware of others selling old outdated products.

Product Reviews

Bakelite Polish

Posted by Phil on 29th Apr 2019

Great item to assist in restoring old telephones.

excelent product

Posted by Bob on 27th Apr 2015

works very good to clean up receiver on atique phone

I was amazed!

Posted by DD on 3rd Mar 2014

This Bakelite/Plastic polish worked wonders on my WE 302. There is a lot left, but I can use it on two other antique phones in the house.

Bakilite/Plastic Polish

Posted by Unknown on 25th Feb 2014

Perfect for polishing out fine scratches on your old phone. It will polish out any plastic. Great product.

How to cope with feeling stuck

How to cope with feeling stuck

Five strategies can help.

The cognitive impact of feeling perpetually overwhelmed can range from mental slowness, forgetfulness, confusion, difficulty concentrating or thinking logically, to a racing mind or an impaired ability to problem solve. When we have too many demands on our thinking over an extended period of time, cognitive fatigue can also happen, making us more prone to distractions and our thinking less agile. Any of these effects, alone, can make us less effective and leave us feeling even more overwhelmed. If you are feeling constantly overwhelmed, the author offers five strategies to try.

Five strategies can help.

Our work lives have become increasingly demanding, presenting us with ever more complex challenges at a near-relentless pace. Add in personal or family needs, and it’s easy to feel constantly overwhelmed. In their book, Immunity to Change, Harvard professors Robert Kegan and Lisa Lahey discuss how the increase in complexity associated with modern life has left many of us feeling “in over our heads.” When this is the case, the complexity of our world has surpassed our “complexity of mind” or our ability to handle that level of complexity and be effective. This has nothing to do with how smart we are, but with how we make sense of the world and how we operate in it.

Our typical response to ever-growing workloads is to work harder and put in longer hours, rather than to step back and examine what makes us do this and find a new way of operating. I have a few clients who fit this description. When we started working together, they each had already resorted to getting up at 4 AM to do work. Sue, who works for a tech company that recently went public, is leading many simultaneous projects and is fearful she’ll miss an important email. Ajay, a senior leader at a late-stage start-up, needs the extra quiet time to try to make a dent in his ever-growing to-do list, but feels like he’s trying to dig himself out of a hole that just keeps getting deeper. Maria, a start-up co-founder, felt constantly overwhelmed as her company started to scale. While CEOs of trillion dollar companies like Apple’s Tim Cook, wake up at 3:45 AM, most of us don’t have quite this level of responsibility.

The cognitive impact of feeling perpetually overwhelmed can range from mental slowness, forgetfulness, confusion, difficulty concentrating or thinking logically, to a racing mind or an impaired ability to problem solve. When we have too many demands on our thinking over an extended period of time, cognitive fatigue can also happen, making us more prone to distractions and our thinking less agile. Any of these effects, alone, can make us less effective and leave us feeling even more overwhelmed. If you are feeling constantly overwhelmed, here are some key strategies to try:

Pinpoint the primary source of overwhelm. Ask yourself the question, “What one or two things, if taken off my plate would alleviate 80% of the stress that I feel right now?” While you may still be responsible for these items and cannot actually take them off your plate, this question can still help you identify a significant source of your stress. If it’s a big project that’s almost done, finish it. Or, if it’s the sheer size of the task or project that is overwhelming you, break it down into more manageable components, ask for additional resources or renegotiate the deadline if you are able — or all of the above.

Set boundaries on your time and workload. This can include “time boxing” the hours you spend on a task or project, leaving the office by a certain time, or saying no to specific types of work. Ajay realized he was spending a significant amount of time mediating conflicts between various team members, which was not only an unproductive use of his time, but also reinforced their behavior of escalating issues to him instead of learning to resolve these problems themselves. Saying “no” to these escalations and setting expectations that they do their best to work out these issues before coming to him, created more breathing room for him to focus on his priorities with fewer distractions.

Challenge your perfectionism. Perfectionism can lead us to make tasks or projects bigger than they need to be, which can lead to procrastination and psychological distress. As things pile up, the sense of overwhelm grows, which can then lead to more procrastination and more overwhelm. Sheryl Sandberg famously said, “Done is better than perfect.” Know when “good” is “good enough” by asking yourself, “What is the marginal benefit of spending more time on this task or project?” If the answer is very little, stop where you are and be done with it. Part of this is also recognizing that we cannot do everything perfectly. Sue was finally able to accept that sometimes an email will be overlooked, and that if it’s important enough, the other person will follow up with her.

Outsource or delegate. Ask yourself, “What is the highest and best use of my time?” Activities that don’t fall within your answer can be taught and/or delegated to others. This can include managing selected projects, delegating attending certain meetings, having a team member conduct the initial interviews for an open position, or outsourcing the cleaning of your home and meal preparation. Maria had the revelation that she should delegate the weekly Sales meeting that she had always led to — of all people — the Head of Sales! She realized she had hired this person over a year ago but was still clinging to certain responsibilities that “she had always done,” and had never fully empowered him, for fear of giving up control. In the end, she admitted all she really needed was an email update. By letting go of this one task, she freed up 52 hours a year to focus on other high-priority strategic issues.

Challenge your assumptions. If feeling overwhelmed is an ongoing struggle, it is likely that you have assumptions that are keeping you stuck in unproductive behaviors. Kegan and Lahey refer to these as “Big Assumptions.” For Sue, it was the belief that “If something falls through the cracks, I’d fail and wouldn’t be able to recover from it.” In Ajay’s case, it was his belief that “If I’m not there to help others, I won’t be needed and people will question my value.” For Maria, her assumption was “If I lose control, others will mess up, and the company will fail.” While these big assumptions felt real to each leader, these limiting beliefs were not likely 100% true and kept them stuck in old patterns that significantly contributed to their sense of overwhelm. By identifying and debunking these beliefs over time, they were able to broaden their previously contracted view of the world, which in turn allowed them to reduce their overwhelm and provided them with a greater sense of agency.

While we may all feel overwhelmed from time to time in our demanding work and personal lives, employing the above strategies can help mitigate the frequency and extent to which we feel this way.

August 3, 2021 by Rachel

Help others heal by sharing!

What is wrong with me? Here’s how understanding early trauma, coping mechanisms, and coming back to the truth of who you are will all help you understand that there is nothing wrong with you.

There’s nothing wrong with you. There never has been. There never will be.

We’ve all been born into a broken system.

Most of us were born into a capitalist, patriarchal system that does not value compassion, connection, environmentalism, natural medicine, or energy management.

These are foundational pieces of holistic wellness.

Additionally, we are born into broken family systems as well. Our parents did the best they could with the resources they had. Same with their parents and the parents before them.

We are also carrying generational traumas and familial patterns. These generational traumas and patterns can both be physical toxicity and energetic toxicity.

In order to cope, we develop these mechanisms and energetic patterns, and we get stuck.

Your Early Trauma

Early on, typically before the age of 7, there were some core needs that weren’t met for every single one of us.

You might say that you had a normal upbringing and didn’t experience this.

Everyone experienced something traumatic. Not having your needs met is also a form of trauma.

Generational Trauma

In addition to personal trauma, there is also generational trauma.

It takes thousands of ancestors to make you.

Think of their experiences – loss of life, loss of children, loss of spouses, wars, lack of safety, abuse, famine. Some cultural groups have even more trauma than other groups.

This is carried forward with us.

Your DNA was physically inside of your grandmother. We are physically connected two generations back, and we are energetically connected much more than that.

Wounded Society

We are carrying a lot of stuff that isn’t ours. Our society is wounded.

Our values are wounded. We develop these coping mechanisms that are signs of our imbalances.

You did not do anything wrong. You are not flawed.

So Many Coping Mechanisms

Early in life, we develop a set of coping mechanisms that allow us to function in these very broken energetic patterns.

These coping mechanisms could be emotional eating, addiction, or hyperactivity of the central nervous system. This then develops into health problems such as adrenal fatigue, chronic viral infections, chronic bacterial infections, chronic fatigue, etc.

From this, physical ailments, emotional ailments, disconnection from your intuition, disconnection from your purpose, and lack of embodiment result.

None of these things is anything you did wrong.

You were born into a system that didn’t support being fully embodied in the present moment.

Our system isn’t based on compassion, faith, or surrender.

Perhaps you got some of this in your family upbringing or religious patterns that you were born into, but unfortunately, a lot of the religious teachings are fairly broken or manipulated.

So, we are just coping with the set of circumstances and the wounded inner child.

What is Wrong with Me?

Nothing is wrong with you. Read that again.

A piece of our soul is stuck in the trauma of the past.

There is nothing wrong with us if we have ADD, ADHD, social anxiety, or we feel like we can’t find our thing in life.

It’s not your fault. It’s not your parents’ fault.

That’s what lightworkers are here to change.

That change happens one person at a time.

Coming Back to the Truth of Who You Are

Your job is to become more aligned with the truth of who you are.

When you come back to the truth of who you are and you heal the inner child, you heal those wounds.

Then, you start to move those traumas out of your tissues, and you can come back to the truth of who you are in the present moment.

Riding the Highs and Lows

You come back to center, rather than swinging from one extreme to the next.

Most of us feel like we are riding highs and lows swinging on a pendulum.

You can find alignment and get centered. There is peace in the present moment.

You release trauma that’s held in your DNA, and you no longer carry it forward for yourself or your ancestors.

Nothing is Wrong with Me Take-Aways

I used to think I was strange and different. I thought everyone else was happy and living their best life, and I was just a weirdo.

The truth is we are all weirdos.

We are all unique and different and we need to honor this.

This starts with doing your inner healing work.

You are a beautiful, powerful, co-creator of your reality.

As you become more empowered and embodied, you’ll become more connected to your intuition.

Remember, there is nothing wrong with you.

You’ll become magnetic and unleash your powers. You’ll be guided by your higher self and spirit.

That may seem far away, but the first step is to realize that you are a beautiful extension of Source.

I hope that resonated with you and gives you clarity and empowerment about who you are!

How to cope with feeling stuck

“I don’t know what to do.” “I’m in a rut.” “I feel stuck.” Is this something you’re feeling right now? Don’t worry, you’re not alone and this is a very common problem.

When nothing exciting happens and you can’t seem to make that step forward and change things, you may get frustrated and depressed…

And exactly for times like this, we have created the video below with the list of 10 most important things to remember when you’re feeling stuck in life.

Have a look, this WILL help you.

(BY the way, you may want to save this list and refer back to it as needed).

10 Things To Remember When You’re Feeling Stuck In Life

1. Feeling stuck is a sign that it’s time to make a change.

Changes can shake-up your patterns, create new energy and change your outlook on life. If you feel stuck, this simply means that something isn’t working for you anymore. Whether it’s your job, your relationship, your house, your circle of friends or your hobbies, if you are not excited about them anymore, it’s probably time to finally do something to change it.

And next time don’t wait until you feel completely stuck in life to make that big step forward. Look out for these 8 signs that change is needed.

2. Even the tiniest possible step is progress.

You may think that there is nothing substantial you can do. But you don’t need to. Small things become big things. Focus on small steps, they are wonderful events on their own, so enjoy them.

Start right now, make a list of tiny ways you can get closer to your goal, then pick one and take it as soon as possible.

3. You don’t have to have it all figured out to move forward.

The thing with feeling stuck is that sometimes you don’t know what you need to get unstuck or what you want from life in general. But this “numbness” and “emptiness” that you’re feeling (temporarily!) should not stop you from making a change.

Even if you don’t see the end result and don’t know where it is exactly that you’re going, it is crucial to just start moving. Try new things, meet new people, buy new clothes – anything that can help you figure out what it is that you want and how to get it.

How to cope with feeling stuck

4. Nothing changes if nothing changes.

Unpleasant truth. If you are just sitting around and waiting for something or someone to come into your life and suddenly change it for the better, you’re not going to get very far. YOU are the only one who can really make a difference. So start acting!

5. New beginnings can feel like endings.

Now, you may not actually see the opportunities that are coming your way. Those endings that make you sad and disappointed should be seen as new beginning. This is a new chapter in your life, your chance to change your life.

6. Beautiful things happen when you clear your life of all the negativity.

Negativity often comes hand in hand with feeling stuck. So your number one priority is removing toxicity from your life. And you can start with surrounding yourself with positive people and getting rid of the negative ones. Here are 8 types of toxic people you should walk away from.

7. Believe what your heart tells you, not what others say.

Ask yourself this – are you living someone else’s life? Are other people influencing your every decision? Remember that it’s YOUR life.

Here is what you can do:

  • Have fun and experiment. Discover what it is that YOU like and care about.
  • Spend time with yourself. Being alone isn’t a bad thing.
  • Set boundaries. People should respect your choices and your individuality.
  • Invest in your self-awareness.
  • Question your beliefs.
  • Take a step back and think about the bigger picture.

8. Stop overthinking.

Whatever happens, happens. Just relax. You cannot control everything, so you need to learn to just let go of some things. You may be feeling stuck because you are always in your own head, worrying and obsessing.

How to cope with feeling stuck

9. If it’s meant to be, it will happen at the right time, at the right place, for the right reasons.

Even though you are the one who is responsible for making a change in your life, you need to stay open-minded about how to do it. If you’re sticking to a specific way but failing, it may be because it just wasn’t meant for you. Try something else. And accept that things happen in a different order than the one you’ve got planned.

10. Your best is yet to come.

Don’t look back, you’re not going that way. Keep moving forward. Good things CAN happen and ARE going to happen.

Find Out What Could Be Holding You Back

It’s vital right now that nothing is holding you back from using The Law Of Attraction effectively! Get started and take our free quiz now…

This opportunity includes:

  • Professional tips based on work with over 5.5 MILLION people (in 108+ countries).
  • A free personalized abundance reading identifying what’s holding you back.
  • A free video that teaches you how to apply the Law Of Attraction effectively in your life.

How to cope with feeling stuck

It is the way we react to circumstances that determines our feelings.

We’ve all felt like we’re drowning in mud.

You feel stuck, worthless, and confused.

You want to move. You should. You have to. But you can’t.

And then it evolves into anxiety, fear, and overwhelm.

But what if—just what if—being stuck isn’t the problem, but how we perceive it?

The Truth About Being Stuck

Every year, I have periods where I feel “stuck.”

Yet when I look closer, I see that “being stuck” is a label I give to a natural part of life.

It’s a time when not much happens. The anxiety comes when I think it should be otherwise. I start to force myself to work, to come up with ideas, and to make things happen.

And when I don’t get anywhere, I call it being stuck.

So, what is being stuck except the way I perceive life?

As I write this, I’ve been in a stuck period for the last few months. The difference is that I struggle less, because I’m beginning to let it be.

Why We Get Stuck

You get stuck when you think you should be something you’re not. When you think life should be different than it is.

I know I’m trying to force myself to do something when words like ”should,” ”have to,” and ”must” enter my mind.

When I relax and surrender to this quiet period in my life, things seem okay. I see that I can’t control life. I can only notice what life brings to me.

The Secret to Being Stuck Completely

Being stuck is like quicksand. The more you try to get out, the deeper you sink.

My mind wants to push, control, and manipulate. It stems from insecurity. I want to be secure, be loved, and be remarkable.

I think that if I could just control life, all would be well.

It’s not until I face reality that things begin to lift. Here are three things I do:

1. Give up.

When you’re stuck, surrender to being stuck.

I notice the thoughts and feelings within me that say that I’m stuck, and that something is wrong.

If I stay completely in this moment, there is no being stuck. There is only the label of a situation—a label that I’ve invented based on what I think my life should look like.

When I notice all this going on, I breathe a deep sigh of relief.

But that doesn’t mean that the feelings go away. I might still feel the anxiety, but it doesn’t have a death grip on me anymore.

I can see the play of thoughts. I can surrender to what comes.

And I still fall into resisting, but I’m getting better at letting it be what it is. I’m getting better at enjoying being stuck.

The funny thing is that when we enjoy being stuck, we’re not stuck anymore, because being stuck was all in our head.

2. Enjoy yourself.

There’s always something you feel drawn to do during these periods. You’re not completely stuck, not in every area of your life.

Right now, I’m reading books. I’m playing with my son. I’m watching movies and TV shows (the British version of Sherlock is amazing).

And on occasion, I’m writing articles like this, expressing what I feel.

I do the work I need to do. But then I let myself have fun.

It’s easy for me to feel guilty during this period because I feel like I’m not doing enough. But I’ve learned to see that I’m doing the best I can.

It’s another example of getting stuck in the story that I tell myself.

I am who I am. I’m doing what I can do. That’s enough.

And right now, that means doing less. The tide will shift soon enough.

The same is true for you. Do what you can, but go easy on yourself.

3. Write.

At times when I feel truly stuck, I write.

I don’t have a system or structure. I get a piece of paper and I write. I like to write by hand, the old fashioned way. It seems to clear my head more than writing on my computer.

What I do is write down everything going on in my head. No censoring. No looking back.

I let everything come out, especially the nasty bits.

The more I do this, the more I notice repeating patterns. I see how I want to change what is, and how futile it is.

The more aware I become, the more these things fall away.

When you truly become aware of what goes on inside of your head, you start to let go because you see how you create your own suffering.

My Biggest Mistake

When we resist what is, we suffer. That’s true for anything in life.

When I try to change what is, I poison myself from the inside out.

But with time, I’ve learned to see my resistance as a sign to relax. To see that I can only do my best with what I have, then it’s out of my hands.

There’s no pushing needed. Life lives itself through me, because I am life.

I am not separate from anything or anyone. I am this planet. I am the stars. I am you.

I sometimes wonder why we think we are not supported in life. We come into this world through a womb, where we’re supported.

The trees in the forest are supported. Yet we believe we’re the exception. Are we? I don’t think we are.

We just think that life should look different than it does. But the fact that life isn’t what you think it is shows that you’re wrong.

Let Things Be

Whether you feel stuck for a week or for a year doesn’t really matter.

You do the best you can with what you have.

But something I’ve noticed is that the longer I’m stuck, and the more I surrender to it, the more I learn when I come out of it.

It is the darkest periods of my life that have taught me the most about myself.

I’ve learned that life isn’t all about accomplishing things. Sometimes it’s about resting and letting things be.

These periods are no different than the seasons. There’s sun. There’s snow. There’s light, and there’s darkness.

Once you let it be what it is, things change because your perception changes.

But beware of making this another thing you have to do. Be kind to yourself. Let yourself be completely stuck.

And let yourself fight it, because you will.

Just because we can’t control a situation doesn’t mean anxiety will stay dormant. To break the anxiety-control-anxiety cycle, practice just letting it go.

How to cope with feeling stuck

I found myself in a peculiar situation this earlier this morning as I was waiting for the contractor coming to fix my fence.

I’d emailed him the day before letting him know I had a meeting to be at 10:00. He responded saying he’d be here before 10:00.

When I woke up, I was already a little on the anxious side – I had a new workshop I was presenting today: Mindfulness Made Simple!

As the morning progressed, I could feel myself getting more anxious as this battle of thoughts took place in my head:

‘What if I he doesn’t get here by the time I need to leave?’

‘He said he would be here – did I make a mistake hiring this company?’

‘He knew I had to leave for my meeting at 10:00, where is he’

I could feel myself getting even more anxious and as I did, I found myself getting short tempered.

I remember at one point starting to get angry with my dogs for doing something they do every day!

It was at that moment I realized I had to do SOMETHING.

I asked myself this simple question… “Is there anything I can DO to control when he gets here?”

My answer: NO – I have no control over it.

I had to “Let it go”.

Wow! The anxiety that had been building up all morning long, suddenly vanished. I felt RELIEF!

I realized that when I couldn’t CONTROL things is when I began to feel more & more anxious…

And the more I tried to CONTROL things around me!

It becomes a destructive cycle: anxiety – try to control – anxiety – try to control – ANXIETY – try to control….

So, the next time you’re in a situation where you’re feeling stuck, or out of control, or anxious – use this same LifeTOOL:

Step 1: Ask yourself this question out loud: “Is there anything I can DO to control _________ (fill in the blank!).”

Step 2: If not – LET IT GO!

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It’s one of those things that sneaks up on you. You’ve been building up to this for months, all the excitement of welcoming your new little bundle of joy into the world, and it’s finally here. You’ve made it through those first nights that are flooded with blissful hormones, extreme exhaustion and spent hours just watching that beautiful little baby.

After a little while, the visitors get back to doing what they normally do, your partner goes back to work, everyone settles back into their normal. But things are different for you. Your normal has changed.

Pre-baby it was easy to leave the house. You’d just get up and go. You could do things whenever you wanted. Pee whenever you wanted. Duck out and grab some groceries or take away. Head out to a cafe for lunch. A kind of freedom you didn’t even realise you had.

But after your baby arrives, it can be easy to start feeling trapped with a newborn. Getting out of the house seems like a marathon effort. It feels like you have to take all the things you know, just in case. This little baby now relies on you for everything, it can be a little overwhelming.

I promise this feeling will pass. It won’t last forever and you’ll soon find your groove. But until then, there are ways you can cope with feeling trapped with a newborn and start to feel a little more independent again.

1 – Take Moments Of Time Alone

I know it seems impossible right now, the thought of actually having time alone, but you can find little moments with a bit of coordination. Get hubby on board and let him know you need some time alone and some ‘zero touch’ time. You don’t have to spend hours on your own. A bit of time here and there can really be refreshing.

You can start by having a disruption-free shower. Make sure your hubby knows he is only to disturb you in an emergency – anything else he can handle. You could even do a nice hot bath if that’s your kind of thing. Whether it’s for 10 minutes or an hour, every moment helps.

If you really need some space to breathe, leave your baby home with hubby and get out of the house. 10 minutes of alone time can do wonders. Don’t stress about making yourself presentable, and you don’t even have to interact with anyone else if you don’t want. Go sit in a park for 30 minutes and enjoy the quiet.

How to cope with feeling stuck

2 – Ask For Help

You know all of those people who say ‘if you need anything, let me know’? Let them know! Ask for help and start delegating. I know this is a big deal for some (myself included) but you don’t have to do everything on your own.

Asking a friend to make dinner for you, or to even come around and just sit with you and chat can do you the world of good.

Also, make sure you’re communicating to your partner what it is you need. All of this is new for them too and they may not know what it is you need help with. Ask. If you want them to hold the baby for a while because you’re feeling all touched out, then ask.

You’ve got a much better chance of receiving what you want and need if you ask for it.

3 – Outsource Tasks

Asking for help doesn’t mean you just have to ask friends and family for help. It means you can hire help and outsource the tasks that are time-consuming and easy to get someone else to do.

Hire a cleaner to come in once a week (or even more), pay someone to do your ironing and find someone to cook healthy meals and snacks for you so you’ve got food ready when you need it. There are so many sites you can post for help on (like AirTasker) and you don’t have to commit to long-term if you don’t want.

4 – Ensure You’re Eating Well

When you’re feeling trapped with a newborn at home it can be difficult to eat well. Just the thought of going out and buying groceries can be so overwhelming so eating whatever is on hand seems the easiest option. But eating poorly isn’t going to give you the nutrition for energy that you need – and with a newborn baby, you need a whole lot of energy.

Order your groceries online and get them delivered, get hubby to help by cooking meals and meal planning, or refer to #2 and #3 and ask for help or hire it out.

Keeping healthy food on hand is so important – when you eat poorly, you feel like crap and it’s easier to feel more overwhelmed and stuck.

How to cope with feeling stuck

5 – Get Out Of The House

Here’s the thing, yes it feels so frickin overwhelming, and yes it feels like it is the biggest task and takes so much energy, but the only way you’re going to get more comfortable in doing it is by doing it.

This doesn’t mean you have to get out every day or be out for hours on end. But set little trips and then be sure to acknowledge how awesome you are for doing them.

Also, prepare yourself so these outings are easier. Have two bags you can grab to take out of the house – one that has ALL the things, another that just has the essentials (nappies, wipes and a change of clothes) that you can grab for quick trips. You don’t need to pack everything and the kitchen sink. Buy a wrap (like this one) or a carrier (like this one) to make grocery shopping easier. We rarely use a pram or stroller in the first few months.

If you’re going out to meet a friend, you’ll be even more motivated to get out of the house and you’ll have a set time you need to be there by.

Most importantly, don’t push yourself to the point where you’re having panic attacks. And be mindful if this ‘trapped’ feeling lasts more than a few weeks – it could be a sign of Post Natal Depression and something that you should definitely talk to your healthcare provider about.

This feeling will pass, if you want to stay home with your baby then by all means do that, but if you’re feeling trapped with a newborn then try a few of these things and see if they can help you feel better and happier and able to enjoy that gorgeous little baby of yours even more.

How to cope with feeling stuck

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How to cope with feeling stuck

Whether it’s lasted a few days or much longer, at some point most of us have been “there”: feeling stuck between where our lives are and where we want them to be. This feeling can happen in our jobs and professional networks; at home with family, friends and other communal connections; or in other areas of life such as our creativity and our health. Being stuck can even happen in our financial lives.

So how do we get “unstuck,” especially when we start to worry that our circumstances and our financial lives are destined to remain unchanged?

We at The Humphreys Group believe a crucial first step to getting unstuck when it comes to money matters is to engage in multiple levels of self-assessment. We use a powerful and effective variety of talk strategies, writing tools and thought guides with our clients that encourage them to move forward, in ways that align with who they are and what they value, toward determining and realizing their financial goals. What we do helps clients:

  • Establish where they are strong, satisfied and advancing their financial plans — for example: low debt; steady income; healthy spending, saving and investing habits; providing for themselves and other family members.
  • Realize areas of their financial knowledge and practices that may need a boost, such as developing a long-term financial strategy; managing stress about fiscal matters; and making investment choices.
  • Explore whether they are affected by negative myths about women and money, which include wrongly-held beliefs that women overspend, are too emotional about investing or lack self-confidence when it comes managing finances.
  • Discover what motivates them to get unstuck. We encourage each client to determine her unique values and priorities as a way to focus on behaviors and mindsets that will enable her to move forward with assertiveness in life and when making financial planning decisions.
  • Implement strategies that prompt clients to shift into action and engagement in their financial circumstances, perhaps by starting with a set of small daily goals and reaching them; writing about their goals; tackling difficult conversations about money; or regularly meeting with advisors for additional advice and insight regarding their financial plans.

To assist with your efforts in getting unstuck on your journey toward increasing your financial confidence and knowledge, we invite you to download a free copy of our new book, “Rewriting the Rules: Telling the Truth about Women and Money”, as an additional resource. We also recommend you contact The Humphreys Group to discuss how we can support and further unlock the financial knowledge and smarts you already possess.

How to cope with feeling stuck

We all get confused at times, but prolonged periods of confusion can cause us to feel that we are stuck in a never-ending, foggy web of uncertainty.

Confusion can make us feel powerless, anxious, stressed and a whole host of other draining emotions.

But what if I told you that confusion was good for you?

Yes, while confusion can stir up a seamlessly never-ending cloud of fog that envelops everything around you, it is also a sign of great and powerful change.

Think about it. If everything made sense to you all the time, how would you ever grow?

If you were always 100 percent certain about every decision you made or every fork in the road, how would you ever shift or evolve?

Confusion does serve a higher purpose.

When you feel confused, it is a sign that your mind is expanding a little more. It is a sign that you are allowing your heart, mind, body and soul to make room for something that wasn’t there before.

Being confused is really a process of opening up .

Instead of just marching on ahead at that fork in the road, you are taking the time to process, learn and understand things. You are taking the time to open yourself to a possibility of something else.

To those who are currently caught up in the web of confusion, this may not make sense just yet, but stick with me.

Here is what you can do to overcome your confusion and find the joy:

1. Accept where you are.

Accept the fog, accept the confusion and accept the feelings of “stuckness.” Sometimes you get stuck because you are meant to be stuck. This is usually a sign that more information needs to be delivered before you can move forward.

2. Take a deep breath.

Center yourself, and firmly state, “I don’t know what to do, and that is okay.” When you firmly state your uncertainty, you move out of the fog and into certainty. The more you focus on your certainty, the more at peace you will feel with where you are at.

3. Focus on what you know.

When you are confused it can be easy to get stuck in a web of consistent, repetitive thoughts that appear to have no end and no beginning. To clear this, start focusing on what you don’t feel confused about. Start focusing on what you know and what you feel sure about. When you do this, it will automatically help to weaken the cloud of confusion over your life.

4. Be patient.

Being confused is a sign of change and you may need to let the journey unfold a little bit more before you make a decision. Be at peace with that, and be at peace with the fact that you don’t have all the answers. Just accept the way things are and trust that inspiration will reach you when the time comes to make a decision.

If you do need to make an immediate decision during a period of blissful confusion, the best thing to do is tune into the wisdom of your heart.

When you are stuck in the fog and you can’t see clearly ahead, the best asset you have is your gut. Go with how you feel, and go with your truth.

Begin taking a step forward and see how it feels. If it feels good, keep walking in that direction. Keep it slow and steady until you are ready to take that leap of faith.

The beauty about being stuck and confused in life is that there really is no wrong turn or wrong path.

Every road traveled is a blessing in some way, so take the stress out of life’s decisions and trust that all roads really do lead home.

How to sue for real estate fraud

Fraud comes in many forms, such as Internet fraud (scams), real estate fraud, and consumer fraud. Thousands of people are victims of fraud every day, leaving many with a deep gut-wrenching feeling, once they realize they’ve been mislead/scammed. If you have been a victim of fraud, you may be able to do something about it, legally.

After realizing you are a victim of fraud, the question becomes: how can I recover what I lost? If you decide to contact a lawyer to help you recover against whomever defrauded you, the essential question for your attorney is: how do I prove fraud? That task is not as easy as you may think.

Briefly, In Georgia, there are generally two types of fraud: actual fraud and constructive fraud. We will talk briefly about actual fraud, which involves five (5) key elements: (1) a false representation by the defendant; (2) knowledge that the representation is false or with reckless disregard as to whether it was true; (3) an intent to induce you to act or refrain from acting based on the knowingly false representation; (4) reasonable reliance by you on the knowingly false representation; and (5) damage done to you because you reasonably relied on the false representations made by the defendant.

The strength of your case will depend on how well the facts of your situation apply to the above-mentioned five elements, amongst other Georgia laws. Significantly, Georgia courts do acknowledge that fraud many times can be difficult to prove. Consequently, Georgia courts have recognized that fraud is, itself, subtle and therefore slight circumstances, and their supporting facts, may be sufficient to support a favorable verdict for the plaintiff, you.

However, not every act of fraud means that you have a claim against a defendant, in Georgia. For example, what if you suffered no damages due to the fraudulent act (see element five [5] above)? If there is no damage, then there may be no case. Or, what if you unreasonably and/or unjustifiably relied on a knowingly false representation (see element four [4] above)? If relying on a false representation makes no sense, given the surrounding circumstances, then, again, you may not have a case.

In addition, many times what people think is fraud, may not be recognized as such, by Georgia courts. For example, a mere breach of a contract does not necessarily amount to fraud. Bad faith in falling to carry out an obligation may not rise to the level of fraud, either. Then again, there are situations where breach of contract and bad faith do rise to the level of fraud and thus you may have a claim, which may involve punitive damages, which is an award of money given as punishment to deter future, similar conduct.

There are other issues to consider, such as statute of limitation concerns and constructing your complaint so that it meets the requirements of Georgia law.

I think you get the point: fraud cases can be very complex, so you need a good attorney that understands the law in this area. Williams Oinonen LLC can help maximize your recovery by evaluating your case thoroughly.

Contact Williams Oinonen today for an initial consultation.

How to sue for real estate fraud

Buying or selling a home can be a complicated, emotional, and stressful process, which is why you hired a real estate broker to help. Hopefully, you interviewed her beforehand, and hopefully, the broker is someone you can trust. But what happens when that trust is broken?

Of the many legal issues facing real estate brokers, lawsuits for misrepresentation are by far the biggest. So how do you know if your real estate broker has made misrepresentations, and when can you sue because of them?

Misrepresentations and Failures to Disclose

Legally, a misrepresentation is when a real estate broker misstates some material feature of the property. Often lumped in with misrepresentations are failures to disclose, which is when a broker fails to address or reveal a material feature of the property entirely. Most often, misrepresentations concern the foundation of the property or crucial structural features, property boundaries, or termite or pest problems. And the most common undisclosed issues involve easements on the property, title problems, and environmental problems.

The difficult part for home buyers and sellers is identifying these misrepresentations. We generally think of brokers as the experts, and aren’t often in a position to question or correct what they tell us. Sadly, it isn’t until much later, after a home is bought or languishes too long on the market, that we find out we’ve been duped.

Misrepresentation Lawsuits

There are three types of misrepresentations:

  1. Innocent — simple mistakes with no intent and little harm;
  2. Negligent — failure to disclose significant property issues due to ignorance;
  3. Fraudulen– purposefully misleading a client or hiding a property issue in order to make a sale.

You can’t sue a real estate broker for a bad opinion — in order to win a misrepresentation lawsuit, the misstatement must involve some material fact about the property or the sale that would affect a reasonable person’s decision regarding the purchase.

If you’re thinking of buying or selling a home, or have had issues with a real estate broker, you should consult with an experienced real estate attorney near you.

Failure to Disclose Lawsuit: Suing the Seller

Purchasing a home is an exciting time, but it can also be nerve-racking – especially when you discover hidden property defects the seller failed to disclose. Now you’ve bought the house and don’t know what to do about newly discovered defects. The good news is that Texas property laws may give you the right to seek retribution from the seller. Here’s everything you need to know about failure to disclose laws in Texas:

What Is Failure To Disclose

Failure To Disclose is the legal term for a type of fraud where important information is intentionally hidden or concealed during business transactions.

What Is a “Property Defect?”

According to the International Association of Certified Home Inspectors, a defect that could qualify new buyers to a legal remedy is any issue that exists on a residential property that could cause a “significant, adverse impact” on the property’s value or that poses an unreasonable risk of harm to people.

Texas law states that home sellers must disclose the following defects: termite damage, plumbing and electrical problems, water leaks, structural issues, roof damage, boundary disputes, and litigation involving the property. The seller must also disclose other “important circumstances” that could affect the buyer’s decision.

Reason for Property Disclosures

In most states, real estate owners must disclose all “material defects” a property has to conduct a valid sale of the home. The reason sellers must disclose property defects is to give the potential buyer a full, complete, and honest picture of the state of the house prior to purchase known as a disclosure statement or disclosure form.

The seller must create a notice of all known property defects with brief explanations of each prior to the closing of the sale in Texas – not doing so in real estate is a failure to disclose violation and breach of contract and the buy may sue! Most sellers and buyers have an independent home inspection that looks for common problems like water damage but there are fraud cases where the inspector missed intentionally hidden damage.

Steps to Sue the Seller

Texas laws allow buyers to sue if a home seller fails to disclose a defect. Note, however, that the law does not require all sellers to disclose defects. People who sell newly constructed homes, “as-is” properties, and those who could not know the property’s condition, do not have to disclose a list of defects. Otherwise, home buyers can take these steps to sue a seller for failure to disclose defects:

  1. Try to rescind the purchase. You generally have seven days after you receive the notice to rescind the sale if you never received a disclosure notice or if the seller disclosed defects too late.
  2. Determine fault. The seller might not be the liable party. You might have a case against a home inspector for failing to notice the defect, or against the seller’s realtor for failing to disclose the issue.
  3. Find out if you have a case. Contact a Dallas residential real estate attorney to find out if you have grounds to sue the seller for failure to disclose a property defect.

In general, if the defect existed before you bought the home and the seller failed to disclose the defect, and you incurred monetary damages as a result, you can sue the seller or another party for breach of contract. A successful lawsuit could result in payment for the cost of repairs. Contact us if you think you might have a case against a seller for failure to disclose to speak and an experienced real estate attorney for more legal advice..

Real estate lawsuits involve a number of possible legal causes of action, including breach of contract, specific performance, partition, breach of fiduciary duty, real estate fraud, quiet title and boundary disputes, among others. How do you know which causes of action are applicable to your real estate lawsuit and what do these different legal terms actually mean?

One of the most common causes of action in a real estate lawsuit, both in California and nationwide, is breach of contract. Oftentimes two parties will have either a written or oral agreement that governs their business dealings together. The contract can include a purchase and sale agreement, a lease, a partnership agreement, an option or any other agreement between one or more parties where each party has made promises to the other. In a breach of contract action the plaintiff must establish that it performed its side of the agreement (or was excused from doing so) but that the defendant did not. The plaintiff is entitled to recover any damages it suffered. This is probably the most common cause of action in real estate litigation.

Specific performance is often used in conjunction with a breach of contract claim. While a breach of contract action entitles the suing party to damages, specific performance asks the court to force the other party to actually perform what it had promised to perform. This is because the law presumes that real property is unique and damages are not sufficient to make a party whole. For example, in a purchase and sale agreement, if a party enters into a contract but later refuses to sell the property, the buyer can seek an order from the court compelling the seller to go through with the transaction.

Partition is a lawsuit among co-owners of property. Partition does not necessarily rest on an allegation that a party did something wrong. It simply allows for co-owners of a property to disengage from each other, either through a buy-out or the sale of the property. Partition actions are usually accompanied by a request for an accounting of how the proceeds from the property have been spent. The court will typically order an accounting to figure out if one owner has contributed or received more than another party so that they can be made equal. If the parties are unable to reach an agreement for a buy-out or sale of the property, the court can also order the property sold and the proceeds distributed equally among the owners.

While partition applies to co-owners of a property, breach of contract and breach of fiduciary duty are used in real estate partnership lawsuits. Oftentimes property is held in a partnership or limited liability company. The partners (or ‘members’ in a LLC ) may have a partnership agreement or, for the LLC , Operating Agreement. A breach of the partnership agreement is a breach of contract. Because partners owe each other certain heightened duties, a breach of fiduciary duty cause of action is also common in partnership disputes. For example a partner who steals money from the partnership or who diverts the best real estate deals or tenants to himself or his other properties without disclosing it to his partners could be liable for a breach of fiduciary duty.

Real estate fraud applies when the other party has made a misrepresentation to you, you have reasonably relied on that misrepresentation and you were damaged by it. In a real estate case this can involve a seller who provides a buyer with false financial information or conceals a material defect in the property. In addition to compensatory damages, a fraud cause of action allows the plaintiff to seek punitive damages—damages meant to punish the defendant for committing the fraud.

Quiet title is used in real estate lawsuits to settle disputes over who owns a parcel of land. Whenever there is a dispute over property ownership, a quiet title is usually appropriate. Quiet title actions can also be used to correct problems in the chain of title even if no one is currently contesting the ownership of the property. This occurs when the historical chain of title is not complete.

Boundary disputes are just that—lawsuits arising over misunderstandings between neighboring property owners over where the boundary lines are and who is entitled to use a certain piece of the land. Boundary disputes can be settled by a quiet title claim.

Real estate litigation can be a complex field. Additional causes of action and remedies may be applicable to your situation. States like California have additional statutes and laws which apply specifically to real estate transactions and real estate lawsuits. However, this primer should help you understand what your real estate attorney is talking about when you discuss your lawsuit.

Seller Misrepresentation in Real Estate? Use Rescission with Precision

Posted by Charles H. Van Horn on July 11, 2018

In prior posts, I have examined facets of a real estate sale, including selecting a broker and due diligence . In today’s blog, let’s examine how to address a transaction when a party feels it was misled. A purchaser who suspects a seller misrepresented the condition of the property must quickly take action to assess available remedies.

Of note is the “Entire Agreement” clause, which is included in most real estate contracts. These clauses limit a purchaser from claiming it relied on any representations not contained within the purchase contract and often include the following language: “This Agreement contains the entire agreement between the parties. No representation not included in this Agreement shall be binding on any party. This Agreement may not be amended or modified except by written agreement of the parties.”

When a clause like this appears in a purchase contract (and virtually every real estate contract will have a phrase like this), the buyer’s ability to complain to the seller about an undisclosed problem becomes much more difficult. That is because the only representations the purchaser can rely on are those spelled out in the contract; specifically excluding any statements made prior to entering into the contract.

When a contract includes an entire agreement clause, the purchaser has two remedies when it believes the seller fraudulently induced it to enter into the contract: (1) affirm the contract and sue for damages; or (2) demand rescission of the contract, returning the parties to their starting point as if the contract had never happened. The latter is the undoing of the purchase contract.

If choosing to rescind, it should be in writing and demand (without reservation or condition) that the seller unwind the transaction. This allows an aggrieved purchaser to point to evidence of misrepresentations broader than the narrow language in most purchase contracts.

If electing rescission, it must be demanded as soon as the facts that support the claim are discovered. Of course, evaluating whether a party rescinded a contract promptly is a fact-intensive inquiry. In examining “how long is too long” before rescinding, Georgia courts have found that delays of more than six months are unreasonable as a matter of law. For example, if a purchaser discovers flooding problems at the property and suspects the seller knew of the flooding problem and misrepresented the condition, then the purchaser must rescind soon after learning of the property’s propensity to flood.

A purchaser who seeks to rescind needs to refrain from or limit any actions that an owner would typically do. For example, courts have determined remodeling a home indicated affirmation of a contract and barred a purchaser’s rescission attempt. In another example, a purchaser who applied for a refund of an overpayment of property taxes was ineligible for rescission.

Undoubtedly, rescission is a potent remedy for purchasers that believe they were misled. It is a process that needs to be navigated swiftly and carefully. In these situations, it is important to understand the difference between rescinding and terminating. In either case, a purchaser will benefit greatly from the counsel of an attorney to determine the best course of action for the particular situation.

How to sue for real estate fraud

As a real estate professional, there are risks in your business which make you vulnerable to lawsuits. When you’re balancing multiple listings, contracts, clients, prospects, open houses, marketing and managing your business, it’s understandable that mistakes can happen, even when you have the best of intentions.

Unfortunately, these mistakes can cost you your reputation in the industry and, in extreme cases, even your business. Some real estate agents have faced tough financial penalties as a result of lawsuits that did not go their way.

We’ll explore what negligence is, how good real estate professionals can get mixed up in negligence claims, and what you can do to protect yourself, your career and your business effectively.

What is Negligence?

According to the dictionary, negligence is the “failure to exercise the care that a reasonably prudent person would exercise in like circumstances.” In a legal sense, negligence is different from fraud in that it lacks intent. A real estate agent is fraudulent if they intentionally dupe or mislead a client. However, in your work as a good and honest real estate agent, you may not intend to disadvantage a seller or buyer. But carelessness, failure to take appropriate action, taking the wrong action, or simply making an error in judgement can result in a lawsuit against you for negligence.

In real estate, negligence is a common reason for lawsuits. It’s reasonably common that clients may claim their real estate agent in some way breached their duty which resulted in harm or damage. Often, claims relate to a failure to disclose pertinent information about the property, which could materially affect the value and price paid for the property.

However, there are a number of other reasons, including but not limited to, cases where:

  • Real estate agents have provided inaccurate or misleading information
  • An agent was acting for both the buyer and the seller
  • Agents have inadvertently breached client privacy by accidentally sharing details
  • Defects have been found after the purchase and claims were made on the basis that the agent should have known about them

The basis of a negligence claim can relate to the unintentional omission of information or misrepresentation of the facts. While it’s a less serious claim than fraud, it can still have drastic consequences to a real estate agent’s career and business, as plaintiffs try to recover financial losses or damages arising from the claim.

When deciding upon negligence claims, the courts will decide whether a defendant did or did not exercise sufficient care. If it’s deemed that they should have known better, costly damages bills may ensue.

Negligence in Real Estate Case Studies

The West Virginia Record reported that a woman is suing a real estate agent for negligence, because the floor of the property allegedly collapsed when she was viewing the property. Ms Graves, the plaintiff, suffered injuries as her leg went through the floor and has claimed her injuries were caused by poor lighting and a poorly-maintained property. The plaintiff is seeking damages, court costs and attorney fees. While the outcome of this case remains to be seen, it’s a timely reminder to check any potential hazards inside a property which could cause harm to prospective buyers.

In Easton v. Strassburger, a real estate broker was sued for negligence due to non-disclosure of issues relating to the soil conditions of a property. The plaintiff purchased a home which was significantly damaged from landslides, and this damage was not disclosed. The court found for the plaintiff and awarded $197,000 in damages, stating the broker was negligent for not further investigating the soil conditions of the property upon seeing that the floor was uneven during the inspection. According to California law, real estate professionals must conduct a “reasonably competent and diligent visual inspection”.

Other negligence cases which have arisen include:

  • When an agent missed a deadline for opting out of a contract
  • When disclosures provided to the agent by the seller have not been passed on to the purchasers in their entirety
  • When a building inspection carried out by a prospect showed a mold issue, which led to the cancellation of the contract, but this mold issue was not then communicated to other prospects.
  • When purchasers of a home realized after settlement that their home was the site of a widely-publicized murder, and this information was not disclosed

What You Can Do To Avoid a Lawsuit for Negligence

You need to stay on top of every listing and transaction as a real estate professional. Here are some tips to help you avoid a lawsuit for negligence:

  1. Disclose any material defects or problems which could affect the desirability or value of the property.
  2. Establish clear communication channels with your clients and document all discussions, directives and consents
  3. Don’t rush — taking shortcuts could cost you your business
  4. Don’t be afraid to say you don’t know something if it’s not your area of expertise. For example, if a purchaser asks you about building regulations.
  5. Encourage the purchaser to do their own due diligence, including a building inspection.
  6. Remember that good real estate professionals can get mixed up in negligence claims, so make sure you’re protected in case that happens
  7. There is no substitute for a good Errors and Omissions Insurance Policy.

Protect Yourself With CRES E&O + ClaimPrevent ®

CRES E&O Insurance + ClaimPrevent ® provides you with peace of mind in your real estate business, so you know you won’t be out of pocket for costly court proceedings. Tailored packages are available to suit the unique needs of your business. You can access advice from fully qualified and experienced attorneys, so you can deal with issues before they become lawsuits.

We’ve been working with real estate brokers and agents for more than 20 years. To find out more, contact CRES on 800-880-2747.

This blog/website is made available by CRES Insurance Services for educational purposes to give you general information and understanding of legal risks and insurance options, not to provide specific legal advice. This blog/website should not be used as a substitute for competent legal advice from a licensed professional attorney in your state. Claims examples are for illustrative purposes only. Read your policy for a complete description of what is covered and excluded.

Misrepresentation, Concealment & Fraud in Real Estate

Buying or selling a property is a significant event for most individuals and businesses. What is supposed to be a new opportunity, free of disappointments, can go off the rails if facts surface during escrow or following the recent close of escrow and transfer of title that point to misrepresentation, concealment of material facts or fraud.

Concealment & Fraud in a residential or commercial Real Estate Transaction – usually occurs when there is a material misrepresentation of facts that would impact the value or saleability of the property and is evidence of a breach of fiduciary responsibility by the real estate agent or the agent’s real estate broker employer. Most claims of misrepresentation and fraud focus on the seller’s non-disclosure of pertinent facts or a real estate agent that breaches his or her fiduciary duty.

Seller’s Duty to Disclose in Real Estate Sales Transactions

California real estate brokers and agents know that state law imposes stringent duties of disclosure on sellers of real property: especially in regard to the sale of residential property.

Sellers of residential real estate in California have a duty – to disclose all known material defects in the physical property, any defects in the title to the property, or any other material fact that could affect the value –OR– effect a buyer’s decision-making process. California is VERY specific! Whether a fact is material and should be disclosed is based SOLELY on the buyer’s point of view. That puts the burden on the seller and seller’s agency to be exceedingly transparent or be in violation of the law. If an undisclosed fact would effect the value or desirability of the property, or in any way would effect the buyer’s decision to buy or not, or affect at what price the buyer would buy or not buy the property, then the fact is material and must be disclosed to the buyer.

Transfer Disclosure Statement

Every California residential Real Estate sell transaction includes a statutory Transfer Disclosure Statement form that the seller must provide certain information regarding the physical condition of the property including:

  1. identify the specific fixtures, appliances, improvements and features of the property, and whether they are operable;
  2. disclose any defects or malfunctions of the physical improvements; and
  3. disclose
    • additions, structural modifications, or other alterations or repairs made without necessary permits or which are not in compliance with building codes,
    • any fill (compacted or otherwise) on the property;
    • any settling from any cause, or slippage, sliding, or other soil problems;
    • any flooding, drainage or grading problems; or
    • any major damage to the property or any of the structures from fire, earthquake, floods, or landslides.

The law is clear – any disclosures (such as those in the above list) submitted during escrow on the Real Estate Transfer Disclosure Statement pursuant to California Civil Code § 1102 et. seq. DOES NOT then mitigate nor give the Seller a ‘pass’ from disclosing ANY OTHER KNOWN FACTS that are not specifically requested on the Transfer Disclosure Statement.

‘As-Is’ Purchases do not Mitigate the Requirement to Disclose

What about ‘As-Is’ property sales/purchases? – As-Is purchases do not mitigate the seller’s duty to disclose.

What if I Buy a Property, and Discover a Problem I was not Told About?

Learning of undisclosed immediately following the close of escrow is a common problem for buyers. The fact the the ‘material fact’ was learned fairly quickly following the transfer of title usually indicates that there was some misrepresentation of concealment of facts that should have been disclosed during the escrow period. The proper course of action is determined by the type of problem and severity of the problem(s) that you encounter.

What should you do? – First, you should re-read the seller’s Transfer Disclosure Statement thoroughly and make notes on a separate paper or pad. If the problems that have come to your attention or you’ve uncovered are lot spelled out in the disclosure statement(s) and you believe should have been, you should give us a call at (855) 757-2889 to discuss the facts you’ve uncovered and the harm it has or might do to you. It may turn out to be nothing, or it might be that you will be best served by filing a lawsuit in pursuit of recovering money damages.

Take Action Quickly

If you do find material facts that should have been disclosed by the seller —or the seller’s agent and broker— that constitutes a violation of the sales-purchase contract, then a lawsuit or the “threat of a lawsuit” in the form of a demand letter from your real estate attorney might make good sense.

Litigation for Misrepresentation, Concealment or Fraud

Our Orange County real estate attorneys have successfully represented plaintiffs and defendants in a wide range of litigation involving residential and commercial properties, including cases involving:

  • Non Disclosure about the physical condition
  • Non Disclosure about the financial condition
  • Non-disclosure of property defects
  • Non-disclosure of title defects
  • Concealment of property defects
  • Rescission based on fraud or mistake
  • Foundation issues
  • Drainage and water damage issues
  • Mold issues
  • Environmental law concerns
  • Failure to perform on real estate contracts
  • Specific Performance

We have been involved in numerous cases where one party wants to unwind a transaction due to some breach or fraud on the other party. We also represent parties who want to enforce specific performance of a real estate contract through mediation, arbitration, or litigation.

We represent the interests of buyers who failed to receive property in the physical and financial condition they expected. We also represent sellers, agents, and brokers in real estate litigation who are being accused of non-disclosure, concealment or fraud. We are experienced in representing both sellers and buyers in litigation against the real estate professionals involved in their real estate transactions.

Trusted Advice & Solutions for
Buyers, Sellers & Investors in Real Estate

The attorneys at Orange County Lawyer Group are expert in business and real estate solutions to meet the needs of buyers, sellers, investors, insurers, financiers and others involved in Real Estate. We are dedicated to helping clients make educated, informed decisions about their choices and challenges faced in the complex world of real estate, business and taxes that swirl around real estate. Call us at (855) 757-2889 for an appointment to confidentially review real estate opportunity or concern.

How to sue for real estate fraud

Using a multiple listing service (MLS) has benefits for agents, but what if your MLS gets information wrong? Let’s look at how you can protect yourself from a real estate lawsuit and serve your client in this situation.

Recently, we spoke to a broker who uses the MLS in his area. The MLS automatically populates the listings with square footage. While this may sound like a convenient feature, unfortunately, the square footage populated by MLS can be wrong. MLS pulls from property tax rolls, but property tax rolls may not be up-to-date if there were additions that added to the total home square footage.

Providing inaccurate or conflicting square footage of a home can lead to a real estate lawsuit. Horiike v. Coldwell Banker is just one example. In this case, the selling agent overstated the home’s square footage in the listing and did not correct or disclose knowledge of the inaccuracy. The courts sided with the buyer.

Back to the broker who called us about the MLS . . . since the challenge in his case originates with the MLS, it has the potential to affect many agents and brokers who use the service to review the broker’s listings. As with the case cited above, not correcting or disclosing knowledge of inaccuracy can contribute to a court’s decision to rule against the real estate brokerage.

The broker realized this error after it may have affected his past and current listings and sales. He wondered about his liability for inaccurate MLS listings, because all agents are responsible for their real estate marketing materials, including MLS listings.

Wisely, the insured broker called CRES ClaimPrevent® Legal Advisory, and an attorney advised him to take two key steps:

  • Notify the local MLS of inaccuracies.
  • Advise his buyer clients in writing to obtain surveys and appraisal for lot size and square footage due to known discrepancies (the same advice is prudent for seller clients).

In addition, legal counsel provided a comprehensive overview of items of disclosures to minimize risk. The broker was directed to document everything in writing within the client’s transaction file: when he learned of the MLS issue, what action he took to correct the matter and notify his client, and what he specifically advised his client to do.

Even when an error occurs, you can take steps to limit your liability. CRES E&O + ClaimPrevent® can help. When you realize that MLS has incorrectly calculated square footage on your listings—or identify another error that keeps you up at night—CRES has a local expert legal team ready to advise you.

What problems have you had with MLS listings and how did you handle them?

This blog/website is made available by CRES Insurance Services for educational purposes to give you general information and understanding of legal risks and insurance options, not to provide specific legal advice. This blog/website should not be used as a substitute for competent legal advice from a licensed professional attorney in your state. Claims examples are for illustrative purposes only. Read your policy for a complete description of what is covered and excluded.

I have a situation at hand. Due to an obvious typo, the new owners of the townhome next to me changed the garage locks. The mls listing shows 2 spaces however this isn’t correct. I made sure I ordered a survey when I purchased my property 5years ago. Have not approached the buyers but have don acted the previous neighbors who said they’ll contact thier listing agent. This is totally not my issue as I’m a innocent party. Hello w should I approach this with the new owners? Need to get into my garage.

Hello Me Yo. Thank you for sharing your situation. Contacting your neighbor’s Realtor is a good first step. You can also contact your Realtor from your purchase to assist. Additionally you can share your survey with the owners and let them know that you’ve also contacted and shared it with their Realtor. Document every action you take and all dates of when locks were installed, dates communication was sent/received (even verbal), etc. Very detailed WRITTEN documentation will be essential if the situation escalates, and for any future inquiry. Try to leave all emotion out of your communication with all parties and keep focus on the facts for fastest resolution.

How to send credit card information securely by email

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Table of Contents

Is it safe to send my credit card picture over the email?

When we first figured out how to connect a Mac email client to the company’s Exchange server, we typed in Visa in the spotlight search bar and it came up with every scanned visa card and passport with work visas that had been emailed through the system. It all depends on how well maintained the various mail servers are and what their data retention policies are. Unless you encrypt it, I would say it isn’t a good idea. You would be better off to fax an image of the card to them or to go there in person with the card. Better to go in person since their fax machine may also be a computer.

Can you email your credit report?

I was on the same situation and this site helped me HTTP://HELP.CREDITVAULT.NET

RE Can you email your credit report?

My brother is about to rent an apartment and the landlord asked him to email his credit report. How do you do that? And is it safe? Any advise on renting an apartment for the first time. Thank you!

Sending letters to credit bureaus with paid in full receipts?

Take copies of the receipts with you for proof the debt is paid, if you are going to apply for credit before the credit bureaus update. Also call the credit bureaus to be certain they received your letter and receipts. If they have, tell them you want your credit report corrected now. No matter what they tell you they can correct your credit report without waiting for their next update. I was in the mortgage business and we often sent them Documentation to clear up errors, we could even use credit card statements to prove the borrower owed less than what was reported before their scheduled updates. We would get a corrected credit report the same day or the next day.

Can i send a credit card through the mail?

you can send it regular mail and statistically, it will most probably get there just fine. you can write on the outside, “do not bend, photo enclosed.”

or you can send it registered mail. if it doesn’t get there, call the card company and cancel the card.

again, the odds are very heavily in your favor that it will get there with no problems.

Is it safe to send credit card info through text message?

Fraud no college would not ever ask you to deliver your mastercard information over digital mail. rip-off. i’m hoping you probably did not deliver the files because that’s contained in the palms of a few Nigerians.

Is it safe to send my credit card information via regular mail?

When you send out information through the internet via e-mail, it is possible for anyone to view it if he/she has the means and desire to do so. If someone decided to intercept your e-mail message as it passes through intermediate servers, then the security of the information would be compromised. On top of that, most e-mail messages are unencrypted, thus furthering the vulnerability of the message’s information. Most of the time, ISP’s also keep backups of sent e-mails to others in their servers for months, even after deletion.

Some electronic applications forms on the Internet are encrypted and those may be safer as long as no one is able to decrypt the encryption.

Mail tends to safer, if your information is very important, but like other posters have mentioned, it is probably just as safe as e-mail as it is possible that mail fraud can occur, though perceiveably less as likely as “e-mail fraud”. Of course certain services offered by UPS and Fed-Ex are very reputable.

Perhaps the best way is to buy a pre-paid credit card or a “gift card credit card”, one that others cannot make frivrolous charges to in the event that your card number is revealed, but still works like a credit card. Think of it as a “flexible gift card”, one that is accepted whereever credit cards are accepted, but has a limit and is worth however much money you intially allotted to it.

Say you were to buy a pre-paid credit card valued at $100. You would pay the $100 upfront at the counter of a store that offers that service. There would be an activation fee of about $5 and you would receive a receipt or some sort of proof of activation. You would then go online to the pre-paid card’s website to enter your billing information so the Ministry can match your card to you, though most of the time, the information has already been entered upon activation at the store. If someone were to come across your card and overcharge it, he/she would not be able to use more than the $100 you initially put into the card. Thus, you would not be billed any further, and, as I would take it, your credit report would not be hurt as you are not owing anyone anything.

What is the safest way to send credit card informations by email?

Firstly, it is just a bad idea period. If you have to do it, the best way would be to encrypt the number before sending it and have the receiver use the same software to decrypt it.

I would also reccomend that you use a product like PGP… to provide strong end to end email encryption.

Is it safe to send credit card info to someone, divided across several emails?

That’s one of the most absurd things I’ve ever heard. Please tell me which sites are suggesting this, so that I know never to visit them. Tell these sites to spend the comparatively few extra dollars to get a proper SSL certificate. What they’re suggesting is complete BS.

Email is not secure. Period. If a “hacker” can monitor network traffic, he can monitor ALL network traffic. It is idiotic to assume “well he might get one, but he sure as heck won’t get THREE!!”. Is the chances of the full number being snooped less? Yes. Is it *significantly* less? NO.

Do not do business with these websites. Find a competitor who actually 1) cares about your security against identity theft and credit card fraud, and 2) understands the most basic aspects of the internet and e-commerce.

Hell, tell them to sign up as a Paypal associate, and charge you that way. They don’t need a secure server or an SSL certificate to do so. Of course, if they aren’t willing to fork out the money for securing their own website, chances are they won’t be willing to do so to Paypal. This is a company that cares far more about penny-pinching than they do about your welfare.

Is it safe to send Credit Card info through E-mail?

I wouldn’t send both pieces of info in email. Same with your card name and number, too much info and too easily read by others. Safer to call with one piece of info and email the other. They should not need your expiration to give you a refund – they shoudl be able to find the original data from your order.

Also, you could email asking when the best time to call is, make sure they include their timezone.

How to send credit card information securely by email
Gary Glover
VP Security Assessments

Are emailed credit card numbers in scope for PCI compliance?

The way you handle sending credit card info might just change your scope for PCI DSS compliance. We often get the question: if you receive primary account numbers (PAN) via email, is your email server in scope of PCI?

If so, then yes, your email server is in scope for PCI security requirements.

Download the latest guide to PCI compliance

PCI DSS Requirement 4.2 states that credit card information must not be captured, transmitted, or stored via end-user messaging technologies (like email). Here’s why: email leaves trails of unencrypted credit card numbers in inboxes, trashes, web browser caches, etc. As with any end-user technology, it’s extremely difficult to secure.

According to the PCI DSS, e-mail, instant messaging, SMS, and chat can be easily intercepted by “packet-sniffing” software or hardware during delivery across internal and public networks. Packet sniffing is a tactic similar to wiretapping a phone network and can be used by hackers to capture your Internet traffic.

Even if your email server is configured to provide strong encryption when you connect to read your email, you have no guarantee that the receiving end has the same level of encryption. Do not utilize these messaging tools to send PAN unless they are configured to provide strong entire message encryption (PGP, GPG, etc.). Even then, it’s probably just easier to find another way to transfer sensitive credit card data.

If you don’t want your email server to be in scope of your PCI compliance, there are a few things you can do.

If emailing credit card info is a normal business process:

  1. Understand your process must be changed. There is no way for you to be compliant if your normal process requires sending clear text credit cards via unencrypted email.
  1. Either decide to encrypt your email or initiate training for employees to forbid the sending or receiving of customer card data.
  1. Ensure your written policies state unencrypted PAN are never to be sent via email or other end-user technologies.

If one or two credit cards come through email by accident:

  1. Inform the customer (or sales person, etc.) to stop. Educate them about the dangers of using email to send credit card information. Make sure you don’t respond by including the original email.
  1. Talk to your IT department about the best way to delete this message securely. (It’s difficult to get rid of emails on many servers because they journal messages in case they need to be restored someday.)
  1. Be sure there is training for employees to know how to handle this situation.

Gary Glover (CISSP, CISA, QSA, PA-QSA) is Senior Vice President of Security Assessment at SecurityMetrics with over 10 years of PCI audit experience and 25 years of Star Trek quoting skills. Live long and prosper as you read his other blog posts.

Precautions can reduce the risk of identity theft when sending card info by mail, email, text and other methods.

How to send credit card information securely by email

The credit card industry has bolstered its monitoring systems to try to catch fraud before it happens, but it’s also essential that you take steps to safeguard your personal data. Preventing identity theft involves protecting your sensitive information, including whom you give your credit card information to and how.

Some methods are better than others. Here’s how you can best protect yourself with each form of communication.

Email — High risk

Email was not created with data privacy in mind. Depending on where the message is sent, its contents can be stored on multiple servers along the way. Also, emails are stored in various folders in your account and the recipient’s, making your credit card information vulnerable to hackers or someone else who has a way to access one of the accounts.

What you can do: If you’ve sent credit card or other sensitive information over email in the past, search through your sent folder and delete the information permanently. In the future, you can mitigate the risk by using encryption software (free online versions include VeraCrypt and AxCrypt) to scramble the information until the recipient unlocks it with a security password or code. But don’t trust an encryption software without vetting it.

“It is important to understand whether emails are encrypted while on the server or just during transmission,” says Shirley Inscoe, senior analyst at Aite Group, an independent research and advisory firm. “This is something to double-check, or the email content may still be accessed while stored on a server.”

Postal mail — Medium risk

These days, there aren’t many instances in which you would need to send credit card information through the mail, but you may occasionally receive a bill or order form that requests it. The United States has strict laws about mail theft, but sending sending sensitive information this way poses some risk. Not only can someone steal your information after you’ve put it in your mailbox and before the mail carrier picks it up, but also once it’s been delivered.

What you can do: If you have to send your credit card information in the mail, avoid leaving it in your mailbox for the mail carrier to pick up.

“Raising that red flag on the mailbox just calls it to the attention of identity thieves,” Inscoe says. Instead, hand it directly to the carrier or drop it in the letter slot at the post office. Also, consider using certified mail so you can confirm that the letter has been delivered to the intended recipient.

Fax — Medium risk

If both the sending and receiving fax machines operate over telephone lines, the threat of hacking is minimal. Anyone trying to access the line will only hear that familiar screeching sound.

However, if it’s an email-based fax, your information is just as vulnerable as with an unencrypted email. Another risk to consider with phone-based fax is whether the intended recipient is the only one with access to the fax once it’s delivered.

“A number of people may see the content of the fax while it is awaiting pickup by the intended recipient,” Inscoe says. She also points out that “printed faxes may end up being misfiled or languishing on someone’s desk, with the content available to cleaning staff, security staff and other employees in the office.”

What you can do: Before sending your credit card information, ask the recipient to stand by the fax machine to receive it as soon as it arrives and confirm they have received it. Additionally, ask whether their fax machine is email-based. If so, Inscoe recommends that you “ensure that the transmission is encrypted or upload the fax to a server via an encrypted web connection.”

Secure websites — Low risk (with a catch)

A secured website is easy to spot because it will display “https” (with an “S”) at the beginning of its URL. (Many times there will also be a lock icon.) Any information you send through a secured website is encrypted and safe. However, your credit card information is still susceptible to theft if you’re a victim of spyware that has infected your computer or a public one. Hackers targeting the company operating the website may also access the information if it’s stored on the company’s servers.

What you can do: Make sure your malware protection is up to date. Avoid clicking on unfamiliar links in emails or pop-up ads. Learn to recognize if there is spyware on your computer. If you are suspicious, run a scan using legitimate anti-spyware software to detect and remove it.

Text — Low risk

In general, it’s difficult for hackers to access text messages. But as long as a text containing credit card information sits in an inbox or sent folder, it’s exposed. If your phone is stolen, or the phone of the person you sent the information to is swiped, the thief may be able to access the information.

What you can do: Consider installing a text message encryption app on your phone that has self-destruct functionality. That way, the text containing your credit card information will be deleted from both phones after a pre-set period of time, lessening the exposure. One such app is Signal, which is available for iPhone and Android.

Be proactive about protecting your credit card information. Consumers “should ask questions until they are reassured or not use that method for confidential data,” Inscoe says. “If all consumers start asking more questions, companies will start to take security and privacy issues more seriously.”

How to Send Credit Card Information to InsideOut Solutions

Protecting your business’ credit card information should always be a priority. What to do, then, when it comes time to give your credit card information to a vendor? How to send credit card information securely by emailIn this article you will learn how to send credit card information securely, by looking at both the secure and non-secure ways to submit your credit card information to InsideOut Solutions.

Never Submit Credit Card Information via Email

Simply put: email is not a secure way to provide credit card information.

SSL on Email Won’t Protect Your Credit Card Info

Secure Sockets Layer (SSL) encryption only encrypts data that transfers between your email client and your domain mail server. If your email message needs to go to another server to reach a recipient them your message may be routed through many other servers, including those that are unencrypted, with the potential of that message being read.

Breaking up the Credit Card Information Across Two or More Emails Is Not “More Secure”

The idea that you can protect your information by breaking it up and sending it over multiple emails is an old one. Given that SSL encryption isn’t secure if it has to move from one server to another, there’s no reason to think putting the number in one message, the contact info in another, the card security code in a third, etc. will keep your information safe.

How to send credit card information securely by email

If your email is intercepted as it moves from one server to another, you can be sure any attachments will be vulnerable.

File Attachments on an Email Are Not Secure

An electronic file such as a text file, etc. is not secure when attached to an email moving between mail servers.

A scanned document with credit card information can be read by a person or “read” in an automated process by Optical Character Recognition (OCR) software.

How to Send Credit Card Information Securely

So, which methods are secure and recommended when sending credit card information to InsideOut Solutions?

Fax Your Credit Card Information

The venerable fax, in commercial use since 1865, continues to be a secure way to send sensitive information. Whether it’s a multi-page contract or a one-sheet authorization with a cover letter, faxing credit card information to InsideOut Solutions is a secure option. Your fax is received at a secure location and access to faxed documents is only provided for the owners and authorized employees at InsideOut Solutions. Online fax services are OK, so long as they receive and send data securely.

Call Us to Provide Your Credit Card Information

When you call InsideOut Solutions with your credit card information it will only be collected by the owners or authorized employees at InsideOut Solutions, making this the easiest way to make a payment on services that do not require a contract. Even cell phone calls are OK, so long as you follow important mobile device security measures.

How Do You Want to Send Us Credit Card Information?

There are other methods for securely submitting credit card information the we do not currently use, but are in consideration for those clients who prefer to not use the above methods. Among these are:

Online Credit Card Authorization Form

Most internet users have submitted credit card information online via secure forms on websites and are comfortable with this metod.

Secure File Transfer Service

There are secure file transfer services such as Dropbox and SendThisFile that allow secure submission of sensitive data.

“Self-Destruct” Secure Share Website

There are also services that will set up websites that will automatically delete themselves after the sent message has been read such as PrivNote and

Let us know your preferred methods for sending credit card or other sensitive data. Just leave a comment or contact us today.

What’s the best way to send credit-card information via e-mail when a business contract requires me to fill out a form and send it?

Answer: In general, anything you send via e-mail is plainly viewable by any mail server that handles the message all along the way (and any individuals that have access to those servers), so sending a regular message with sensitive information is not recommended.

When you send an e-mail message, you have no control over who handles the message, how many copies are stored along the way and how long those messages get stored on mail systems along the way.

Depending upon how and where you send the message, there may be three or four mail servers that take part in delivering the message.

Some mail services like Gmail and Yahoo automatically encrypt the transmissions (https:) between you and their servers, but once it goes to another mail server that does not, your message is back to being in plain view.

If you use Gmail and your recipient uses Gmail, Google keeps your messages encrypted the entire way as it moves from your machine through its various systems and data centers, but it creates another point of exposure.

If your e-mail account ever gets compromised, all of those sensitive messages and attachments would be a treasure trove for a hacker. If you’re going to be realistic about security, it’s much more likely that your account will be compromised than it is to have your message randomly read by a third party.

If a hacker compromises your e-mail account, all he has to do is scan your sent messages for every sensitive document that you’ve ever sent in one place, so that’s another reason to avoid sending sensitive information and documents via e-mail.

If you’ve already sent a lot of sensitive information via your e-mail account, you might want to take a few minutes to scan through and delete those messages to avoid this scenario.

There are a host of methods for encrypting your e-mail messages using the PGP (Pretty Good Privacy) protocol at, but for most people, it’s too technical and is better suited to those who need to exchange information on a regular basis.

If you need to send something securely to a person only one time, finding a less technical and more convenient method of getting the information to her makes more sense.

If you both still have old-school, non-computerized fax machines, that certainly keeps your information off the unsecured Internet, but be careful with e-mail-based fax services, because you’re right back in the same boat again.

If you both have an account on Google Drive (, DropBox or any other of the numerous file-sharing services, you can share the document instead of sending it via e-mail.

If you don’t know what the receiving party has or you have never used a file-sharing service, you can look to web service such as to get the job done.

With Sendinc, there’s nothing to download, install or set up; the basic service is free. It allows you to send up to 20 encrypted messages a day with a maximum size of 10Mbs.

All messages are sent to your recipient using military-grade security, and the free service will automatically delete the message after seven days.

If you want more control over when the message gets deleted or you send a large volume of sensitive documents and messages, the Pro account costs $5 per month and increases your sends to 200 per month and up to 100Mbs in size.

Mick’s Instructions:

How to Securely Send Credit Card Information to Mick’s Macs

Step 1: Create a new document with your credit card number, name on the card, expiration date, and the security number. Save it to your desktop.

How to send credit card information securely by email

Step 2: Create a new folder on your desktop, and name it “Credit Card Information” or whatever you would like to call it.

How to send credit card information securely by email

How to send credit card information securely by email

Step 3: Move the document with your credit card information into the folder you have just created.

How to send credit card information securely by email

Step 4: Open “Disk Utility” by searching in Spotlight at the top right corner. (Icon looks like a magnifying glass)

How to send credit card information securely by email

(Inside Disk Utility)

How to send credit card information securely by email

Step 5: From the “File” menu select New > and then select “Disk Image from Folder. “

How to send credit card information securely by email

Step 6: Select the folder “Credit Card Information” that you just created. It is on your Desktop. Make sure to select the folder, and not the files inside the folder.

How to send credit card information securely by email

Step 7: Name your Image (We will name it the same thing as the folder,) and save it to your Desktop.
-Important!- Where it says “Encryption,” select “128-bit AES Encryption (Recommended)” or else your disk image will not be secure!

How to send credit card information securely by email

How to send credit card information securely by email

(Your window should look just like this before you click Save)

How to send credit card information securely by email

Step 8: Select a password for your encrypted disk image. Write it down!
-Important!- Make sure that the box is UNCHECKED where it says “Remember password in my keychain” or else your file will not be secure.

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Rather than paying with cash or a check, consumers make payments with credit cards all the time. You’ve probably even gotten so used to paying with credit cards that you send your number over the phone, in the mail, by fax, or online without even thinking too much about it.

Even though consumer comfort levels of paying by credit card have gone up, the risks associated with hacking and identity theft have not gone down. If anything, the thieves only get more sophisticated each year.

Before you send your credit card information over the Internet, through the mail, or by fax, you should stop for a minute to think about how that information is going to travel to its destination. Are there places along the way that the information could be susceptible to theft?

Obviously, you don’t want to stop making payments with your credit card because it is easy and certainly safer than cash. Plus, many merchants won’t accept a personal check. Therefore, you should know the risks of sending your credit card information down a given route and how you can minimize those risks.

Sending Credit Card Information

Send by Email

There are two ways to send information through email. One way is through what is known as secured email. These types of messages are encrypted before they are sent. The message and the encryption key stay encrypted until they reach the sender. This reduces the risk of being intercepted by hackers. If you have secured email, the risk associated with sending your credit card number is fairly low.

Most people have a regular, unsecured email account. This doesn’t mean your email account is not protected by a password. It means the information you send is not encrypted. Email providers such as Google and Yahoo, however, have started encrypting user emails. So, you may want to consider one of these email providers. If you don’t have encrypted email, the risk can be quite high. Email is the primary tool hackers use to get personal identification data through hacking, spoofing, and eavesdropping.

Send by Fax

Sending credit card information through fax does not pose much of a risk from hackers. When data gets faxed over the telephone lines, even tapping the phone lines will not yield anything. You don’t need to worry much about your credit card information being intercepted while in transit. When sending personal information of any kind by fax, the biggest concern is with who is receiving the information on the other end.

It’s possible that a dishonest co-worker could be standing next to the machine when your message comes in and takes your credit card information or other personal identification. When sending information by fax, it is best to make sure the recipient is standing next to the machine waiting for its arrival. Also, remind them to pick up and destroy any confirmation pages that may print along with the fax.

Send by Text

Sending credit card information by text message is considered to pose very little risk of interception by hackers. Identity thieves don’t typically try to sniff text messages for social security or credit card numbers.

The biggest risk with sending a credit card number by text message is your number is sitting on the recipient’s phone. Someone else could pick up or steal the phone and then also get your credit card information along with the phone. You can reduce this risk by asking the recipient to delete the text after reading it.

Send by Postal Mail

The biggest risk for credit card information being stolen by postal mail is when it is waiting to get picked up by the Postal Service and after it has been delivered. For the most part, mail is considered to be pretty safe once it is in the hands of the Postal Service.

The sorting and delivery process is fairly secure, and there are hefty federal penalties for anyone who intercepts mail before it gets to the intended recipient. Just be sure not to leave mail with personal identification or account information in your mailbox to get picked up by your delivery person. Take these to the post office yourself.

You can also reduce your risk by taking a couple of extra precautions. Don’t send private information over public Wi-Fi networks (such as those in a mall or coffee shop). These places are a prime target area for hackers looking to steal information. You can also break your credit card information up into several email messages. Break the number into four separate emails, and separate the expiration date and billing address as well.

My wife and I run an online business. For a long time we would accept credit cards over our website, and cash or bank drafts in person. However, as time went on my wife picked up the Square to process credit card payments in person and our customers really like this.

Due to the nature of our business (much of the furniture is custom) we don’t take the entire payment upfront. We might authorize one amount, capture 60%, and when your goods arrive we re-authorize for the remaining 40%. This is pretty standard and works well. Except some folks aren’t keen on meeting up in person for the remaining 40%, and we don’t have an option to handle that extra 40% through our website (it would expect a new order).

I’ve been noticing some of the customers sending such details through email. Some were cautious, sending the number and the dates/cvv code from separate email addresses. Others not so much. Either way, it’s not a stellar practice. I brought it up to my wife last night, and she didn’t really get why I was making such a big deal about it – after all, she deletes the email as soon as its processed. I said “what if you lost your phone today?” and it clicked in that being insecure for “just a few days” isn’t okay, especially if you almost always are in the “just a few days” stage with someone.

At the same time, it would be a pretty poor practice to say “We can’t do this thing that’s super convenient for you because we can’t trust my wife not to lose her phone.” – that’s basically what our customers would hear. So keeping in mind that we can’t rely on our customers being tech savvy at all, what can I use as leverage to convince my customers to not reveal their credit card data over email?

I’ve read this one about unsolicited emails but the recommendations are vague – “institute a policy”, okay. * waves hands * we no longer accept these emails. But, when we are first discussing payment terms, they are likely to ask “can I send you my CC data over email” and when we say no, they will ask “why not”? What can I tell them that doesn’t make us look irresponsible and convinces them that it would be best to do it in person with an actual swipe, or if it must be remote, to call us and we can enter it while on the call and it never needs to be recorded anywhere?

How to clear data on whatsapp

You can view how much space WhatsApp is taking up on your device and free up storage by deleting items.

View storage

  1. On the CHATS tab, tap More options


  • Tap Storage and data >Manage storage.
  • The amount of space taken up on your device by WhatsApp media and Apps and other items is displayed at the top of the screen.

    Review and delete items

    You can free up storage by deleting items that are large or have been forwarded many times. You can also delete items per chat.

    Review items
    1. On the CHATS tab, tap More options


  • Tap Storage and data >Manage storage.
  • Tap Forwarded many times, Larger than 5 MB, or select a specific chat.
  • You can tap the sort icon to sort by Newest, Oldest, or Largest.
    • The file size of the item is displayed in the top corner of the item.
  • Tap an item to review. You can also:
    • View which chat the item is from and when it was sent: Tap More

      >Show in chat.
      Star or unstar the item: Tap Star

      or Unstar

      Delete items

      If you choose to delete an item, it will be deleted from your WhatsApp media. Deleted items might still be saved on your device. If you have multiple copies of an item, you’ll also need to delete all copies in order to free up space.

        On the CHATS tab, tap More options


    • Tap Storage and data >Manage storage.
    • Tap Forwarded many times, Larger than 5 MB, or select a specific chat.
    • You can:
      • Delete all items: Tap Select all if you want to delete all items at once.
      • Delete individual items: Tap and hold an item you want to delete. Select additional items to delete multiple items at once.
    • Tap Delete


      • Select Delete starred items to delete starred items.
      • Select Delete any copies to delete duplicates.
    • Tap DELETE.
    • Delete items through search

      You can also delete individual items by using the search feature.

        On the CHATS tab, tap Search


    • Tap Photos, Videos, or Documents.
    • Tap the item you want to delete.
    • Tap More


      • Optionally, tap Delete media in this chat.
    • Tap DELETE.
    • Low storage alerts

      If the amount of available storage on your device reaches critically low levels, WhatsApp might not be able to function properly. If this happens, WhatsApp might prompt you to free up space in order to continue using the app.

      You can also free up space by deleting apps you don’t use or large videos, photos, or files saved on your phone. For more information about how to free up storage on your phone outside of WhatsApp, please contact your phone’s manufacturer.

      Khamosh Pathak is a freelance technology writer who specializes in tutorials. His work has also been published on iPhoneHacks, Zapier’s blog, MakeUseOf, and Guiding Tech. Khamosh has seven years of experience writing how-tos, features and technology guides on the internet. Read more.

      WhatsApp groups can run amuck with memes and videos. All that media takes up valuable storage space on your iPhone or Android phone. Here’s how you can reduce WhatsApp storage space without deleting the app.

      WhatsApp has a built-in storage management tool for both Android and iPhone. Using the tool, you can quickly see which conversation is taking up the most storage space and then go in and individually clear out different kinds of media. For instance, you can remove just the videos from a group chat.

      Reduce WhatsApp Storage Space on Android

      You’ll find the storage management tool in the settings section. Open the WhatsApp app on your Android smartphone and tap on the three-dot menu button.

      Here, tap on the “Settings” option.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      Now, choose the “Data and Storage Usage” listing.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      Here, you’ll see a “Storage Usage” section. It will tell you how much storage space WhatsApp is using on your Android smartphone.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      Once you tap on the “Storage Usage” section, you’ll see a list of all the conversations in WhatsApp, sorted by how much storage space they’re taking up. Tap on a conversation from the top of the list.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      You’ll now see just how many text messages, images, videos, and GIFs are associated with the conversation. Tap on the “Free Up Space” button in the bottom-right corner of the screen.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      Now, tap on the checkmark next to the media type you want to delete. Next, tap on the “Delete Items” button.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      From the popup, tap on the “Clear Messages” option.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      The messages and media will be deleted from WhatsApp storage, and you’ll get the storage space back.

      Reduce WhatsApp Storage Space on iPhone

      The process of reducing WhatsApp storage space on the iPhone is slightly different.

      On your iPhone, open the WhatsApp app and go to the “Settings” tab. Here, tap on the “Data and Storage Usage” option.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      Now, swipe down and tap on the “Storage Usage” option.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      You’ll now see a list of all WhatsApp conversations, sorted by size. Tap on a conversation to see details about its storage space usage. From the bottom of the screen, tap on the “Manage” button.

      Now, select the media types that you want to delete.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      From there, tap on the “Clear” button.

      Tap on the “Clear” button in the pop-up message once again to confirm.

      Now, the relevant data will be removed from WhatsApp storage, and you’ll get the storage space back. You can go to Settings > General > iPhone Storage to check available storage on your iPhone.

      If you use WhatsApp as your primary messaging service, you should know that you can turn off the auto-save feature for incoming media. Once you’ve cleared off the unnecessary conversations, we recommend that you disable the auto-save and auto-download features from settings. This way, you’ll save yourself from repeatedly clearing WhatsApp conversations.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      Grow Your Business, Not Your Inbox

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      Have you had trouble downloading files? Does it get stuck while making a call? Or you just notice that it doesn’t work as before. Maybe you should consider deleting WhatsApp cache . We tell you why and how to do it.

      What is the cache?

      The cache is the storage area of a device where all the used and most requested data are stored. In this way, they recover faster when required.

      All electronic devices have it, so you access passwords, search results and frequent items faster. And although it is very useful, if the cache memory becomes saturated, it can cause applications and devices, in general, to become slow.

      How to clear data on whatsapp Image: Depositphotos

      Why clear the WhatsApp cache?

      The instant messaging application, part of Facebook , collects information about the texts, emojis, audios or stickers that you sent and received. According to the Remo Software site, the cache should be cleared to improve the app experience. Also, this way you will take care of your privacy against possible cyberattacks and hacks.

      If what you are concerned about is your data, don’t worry, it won’t be erased, nor will your photos, information or conversations, it will only make your application work as if it were just installed.

      How to clear data on whatsapp Image: Depositphotos

      How to delete WhatsApp cache?

      To have more space available, that is, clear or delete the WhatsApp cache, follow these steps:

      1. Go to ‘Settings’ of your phone.
      2. Select ‘Applications’
      3. Search WhatsApp
      4. Go to ‘Storage’
      5. Clear cache

      NOTE: you must select ‘Clear Cache Memory’ and not ‘Clear Data’. If you do this, your account and app chats will be deleted.

      How to clear data on whatsappImage: Screenshot via WhatsApp.

      home_icon Created with Sketch.

      Home > Clean up iPhone > Free Ways to Clear WhatsApp Documents and Data on iPhone

      July 6, 2017 (Updated: June 28, 2021)

      4555 views , 3 min read

      The fact is that it’s really easy to accumulate lots of documents and data in any app on your phone, and this is especially true with WhatsApp. If you’re not careful, you could end up filling up your phone with WhatsApp documents and data that you don’t need, and then you won’t have room for the stuff you actually want. Luckily, there are a few ways to address this problem, and even delete the data securely so that it can’t be recovered.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      Why We Need to Clear WhatsApp Documents and Data?

      There are many reasons why you might want to clear WhatsApp documents and data iPhone:

      • To clean cache and boost iPhone. Junk can accumulate on your device and make certain apps run slow. Sometimes deleting temporary files like the cache can help. Many times, caches for some apps can get very bloated without your realizing.
      • To make more room on your iPhone. Junk files can slowly fill up your iPhone and you may not even realize what’s happening until you suddenly can’t store important things, like photos. Clearing up unnecessary WhatsApp documents and data will help you make the most of your storage space.
      • To delete private data and protect privacy. Some of the data from WhatsApp may be private and you might not want anybody to be able to see it. In that case, deleting it in a secure way that completely erases the data is important.
      • 1. Clear WhatsApp Documents and Data iPhone Permanently
      • 2. Clear WhatsApp Documents and Data iPhone, Recoverable

      Clear WhatsApp Documents and Data iPhone Permanently

      Nowadays, most iPhone users would like to seek an iPhone cleaner for WhatsApp as manual cleaning is multitask. One of the great one is iMyFone iPhone Cleaner Win/iMyFone iPhone Cleaner Mac which offers great features to clear WhatsApp documents and data iPhone permanently. Of course, you can use it to clear other app documents and data if you need.

      • Clean WhatsApp Cache Free – Clearing WhatsApp cache will help free up space and run it better.
      • Erase WhatsApp Data – Preview and permanently delete WhatsApp messages, photos, videos, and attachments in bulk, 100% unrecoverable.
      • Wipe Deleted WhatsApp Files – Previously deleted WhatsApp messages which are recoverable will be scanned and fully destroyed.
      • Erase WhatsApp Fragments – Apart from data, apps also create incomplete fragments which may conceal private info. iMyFone allows you to erase them.

      How to Clear WhatsApp Documents and Data iPhone?

      Step 1: Connect your iPhone to your computer and launch iMyFone iPhone Cleaner.

      Step 2: Click “Erase Private Data.” Click Scan. (Or choose “Erase Deleted Files” mode if you want to wipe deleted WhatsApp data.)

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      Step 3: After the scanning is done, select which data you would like to erase (in this case, your WhatsApp messages, media files, etc.) and click “Erase Now.”Confirm the erasure to begin.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      It’s also suggested to run “Erase Private Fragments” or “Erase Deleted Files” for free to see how many fragments or deleted files of WhatsApp, LINE, Snapchat, Chrome, Facebook, Twitter, Line, and more are still left on your iPhone.

      iMyFone Umate Pro has been reviewed by top tech media and thought very highly of.

      Clear WhatsApp Documents and Data iPhone, Recoverable

      You might also want to know how to clear WhatsApp documents and data from your iPhone manually:

      To Delete WhatsApp Messages

      1. Launch WhatsApp on iPhone and go to “Chats” at the bottom.
      2. Go to the conversation with the message you want to delete.
      3. Long-tap on the message you want to delete until options pop up.
      4. Tap “Delete.”

      To Delete WhatsApp Chat History

      1. Launch WhatsApp and go to Settings.
      2. Go to Chats.
      3. Tap “Delete All Chats.”

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      Disadvantages of Manual Way

      1. The problem with deleting this data manually is that it isn’t really gone from your iPhone. The data will continue to be recoverable.
      2. There is no way to delete WhatsApp messages in bulk, you should make it one by one.
      3. The whole chat history will be cleared. You can’t clear chats selectively.

      Final Thought

      If you value your privacy, it just makes sense to use software like iMyFone Umate Pro to delete your WhatsApp documents and data permanently. Umate Pro also has a bunch of other great features, like:

      • The ability to permanently delete private fragments from third-party apps: Snapchat, WeChat, Line, Viber, Chrome, Twitter, etc.
      • The ability to permanently delete private messages, contact, call history, Safari history, notes, WeChat, photos & videos and any other iOS files.
      • A feature that allows you to find and erase files that you previously deleted manually.
      • A 1-Click to free up space function – clear junk & temporary files, mass delete photos/large files/apps, losslessly compress photos, etc.

      It’s a handy tool for anyone who wants to free up space on iPhone and protect their privacy.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      You may want to clear all the messages inside the chat with a specific contact on WhatsApp. You can do that for all the contacts as well. Not sure how? Don’t worry, we are going to show you the steps. Let’s see how to clear chats on WhatsApp.

      As mentioned, you can clear the messages with a specific contact, but you can do it for all of the contacts at once. We will show you how to do both.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      How to clear chats on WhatsApp with a specific contact

      Here is how to clear a chat with a specific contact:

      • Open the chat with a contact you want
      • Next, tap on the dots located in the top-right corner
      • When a drop-down menu shows up, click More
      • Next, click Clear chat
      • Choose if you want to delete media in the chat by checking or unchecking the box
      • Click Clear.

      If you are using WhatsApp Web, follow the steps below:

      • Open WhatsApp Web
      • Next, open the chat with the contact you want
      • Click on the three dots in the top-right corner
      • Choose if you want to keep starred messages by checking or unchecking the box
      • Click Clear.

      How to clear all the chats

      The second option allows you to clear all the chats with all of your contacts. Here is how to do that:

      • Open WhatsApp
      • Tap three dots in the top-right corner
      • Next, tap Settings
      • Now tap Chats
      • Tap Chat history
      • Finally, tap Clear all chats.

      Unfortunately, there is no option to clear all the chats using WhatsApp web, at least not for now. When it comes to WhatsApp Web, you can only clear the chat with a specific contact as shown above. So, if you want to clear all the chats with all of your contacts, you can do it only using the app.

      Anton D. Nagy
      • Android,
      • iOS,
      • Whatsapp

      I already went in-depth on why I decided to delete my WhatsApp account and the aftermath. If you missed that Editorial, check it out here and then return to this post.

      While this is ultimately everyone’s decision, and that is the only thing I’m advocating for – make the decision that’s best for you – if you decide to pull the trigger, we went ahead and recommended you the best WhatsApp alternatives to migrate to, should you choose to do so.

      Today we’re going to show you how to delete your WhatsApp account, as well as some pre-requisites that I personally recommend before you do so.

      Oh, and a friendly word of warning: deleting the WhatsApp app from your iPhone or Android smartphone won’t delete your account. It will still be active, only that messages or calls won’t be able to reach you. They will, as soon as you reinstall the app. That doesn’t change the fact that your (and your contacts’) data is still accessible to WhatsApp and Facebook.

      Before you delete your WhatsApp account

      You can skip these steps if you want, but I recommend you do not.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      Download your WhatsApp data

      First things first, I recommend you go inside WhatsApp, Settings, hit Account, and Request Account Info. This process might take a couple of business days as WhatsApp needs to compile everything it has on you and deliver your report.

      Once a couple of days pass by you’ll get a notification that your report is ready. Hit Download, save the “My Account” file and take a look inside. That’s everything WhatsApp claims to have on you. Inside, among many other things, you’ll find an HTML file with your display picture, phone number, email address, device activity, status, and all of your contacts’ phone numbers.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      There are also bits about your carrier, device, registration date, and status for your Terms of Service. The zip also contains a JSON file you can read, with pretty much the same data as the HTML file.

      Please note: because of GDPR, the data available in the EU might differ from the data delivered in other regions.

      Save your WhatsApp media and conversations

      While you wait for your report to be generated, I highly suggest you go through your conversations and save every piece of media (photo, video, voice message, etc.) that you might have not yet saved. This is for safety purposes, as the app you’re migrating to might not have WhatsApp data import capabilities.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      You can also screenshot conversations if you feel like there’s something worth holding on to visually. If you only care about the plain text version of your conversation, you can hit the three dots on Android (or the name of your contact in the conversation on iOS), and select Export chat from the menu. Then it’s up to you whether you want to include media in that particular chat or not.

      And you’re done! Ready for the big step.

      How to delete WhatsApp account on iPhone

      Deleting your WhatsApp account on your iPhone (or iOS device) is a simple process. Follow the steps below if you’re ready to pull the trigger.

      Step 1: Launch WhatsApp;
      Step 2: Tap Settings on the right end of the bottom button bar;
      Step 3: Go to Account;
      Step 4: Hit Delete My Account;
      Step 5: Enter your phone number, as registered with WhatsApp;
      Step 6: Tap the red Delete My Account button.

      *The app might ask you to select a reason for your choice to delete your WhatsApp account. Do that!

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      How to delete WhatsApp account on Android

      If you are using an Android device and you want to delete your WhatsApp account, the process is pretty straightforward. Just follow the steps below.

      Step 1: Launch WhatsApp;
      Step 2: Hit the menu button (the three dots) on the top right;
      Step 3: Select Settings;
      Step 4: Go to Account;
      Step 5: Tap Delete My Account;
      Step 6: Enter your phone number as registered with WhatsApp;
      Step 7: Hit Delete My Account.

      *The app might ask you to select a reason for your choice to delete your WhatsApp account. Do that!

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      What happens after you delete your WhatsApp account

      According to WhatsApp, deleting your account will trigger the following actions: obviously, your account will be deleted; your message history will be erased; you will be removed from all groups you have previously joined; your Google Drive and/or iCloud chat backups will also be deleted.

      Beware that it might take 90 days from the moment you delete your account for the process to finalize. You won’t be able to regain access to your account. Also, note that the messages you sent will not be deleted from the receiving party’s end.

      WhatsApp may hold on to certain bits related to you. You can read about those by accessing this link.

      More on security

      If you’re passionate about your privacy and data security (which you should be), make sure you don’t miss a couple of great reads from our colleague Adam Lein. I recommend you read this and stop being naive about some of these apps, and also check out what Adam considers to be a viable option as an alternative to any and all of these services.

      Anton D. Nagy

      Anton is the Editor-in-Chief of Pocketnow. As publication leader, he aims to bring Pocketnow even closer to you. His vision is mainly focused on, and oriented towards, the audience. Anton’s ambition, adopted by the entire team, is to transform Pocketnow into a reference media outlet.

      It seems everyone’s WhatsApp nowadays is suffocating under the weight of a long list of chats and groups. However it’s not just your WhatsApp that has to deal with the side-effects occasioned by all these conversations.

      Your phone is also taking a hit storage-wise with all the hundreds of photos, gifs and videos that are constantly being shared each day.

      Fortunately for us, WhatsApp does actually provide us with means to curtail the accumulation of such media on our smartphones without having to take matters into our own hands. This involves either deleting or clearing chats. There however seems to be confusion between what these two do.

      The difference is this:

      • Clearing a chat – will delete all the messages, group conversations and any media in that chat but it will NOT remove that chat from your list of chats or exit you from a group.
      • Deleting a chat – will delete all the messages, group conversations and the media but that chat will no longer be available in your chat list. For groups, you’ll be required to exit them before you can delete them.

      In both options, you’re given the choice to delete the media as well. As such we can use either of these methods to delete all the media for a specific chat.

      However if you need to remain in a group you should only use the clear chat option. With individual chats you can use either since you can start a new conversation any time as long as that person is in your contact list.

      Let’s take a look on how to use either of these methods to delete all the media in WhatsApp for Android.

      1. Deleting All WhatsApp Media by Clearing Chats

      1. On the WhatsApp chat list page, open the individual chat or group whose media you want to delete.

      2. Once inside the chat, press your menu button or tap on the three vertical dots on the top right of the screen to reveal the menu.

      3. From here, go to More then tap on the Clear chat option.

      How to clear data on whatsapp
      Clear Chat

      4. You’ll get a prompt asking you to confirm the clearing. Just below this message leave the “Delete media from my phone” option checked then tap on the CLEAR button.

      How to clear data on whatsapp
      Delete Media from your Phone

      Doing that will clear all the messages along with all the media of that particular chat. All media will also be deleted from your phone’s storage.

      2. Deleting All WhatsApp Media by Deleting Chats

      Individual Chats

      1. On the WhatsApp chat list page, long press on the chat you want to delete then tap on the delete icon at the top.

      How to clear data on whatsapp
      Delete Chat

      2. You’ll get a prompt asking you to confirm the deletion. Below it leave the option “Delete media from my phone” checked then tap on the DELETE button.

      Confirm Deletion

      Group Chats

      As mentioned earlier, to delete a group will require you to exit that group first.

      1. On the WhatsApp chat list page, long press the group whose media you want to delete then tap on the three vertical dots to reveal the menu. Tap on the Exit group option.

      How to clear data on whatsapp
      Leaving the Group

      2. You’ll then get a confirmation prompt. Tap on the EXIT button to leave the group.

      How to clear data on whatsapp
      Tap on Exit

      3. Doing that will display a message that you’ve left from that group. Long press on the chat again then at the top tap on the delete icon.

      How to clear data on whatsapp
      Delete Group Chat

      4. You’ll get a prompt asking you to confirm the deletion. Below it leave the option “Delete media from my phone” checked then tap on the DELETE button.

      How to clear data on whatsapp
      Confirm Group Chat Deletion

      Is the Deletion Permanent?

      This does NOT delete the media permanently. The media is only deleted for you (and in your phone) and therefore will still be available to the contacts you were chatting with or other members if it was a group.

      Still, it’s not possible to redownload old messages or the deleted media even if you just cleared the chats.

      I Want to Delete All the WhatsApp Media But Keep the Conversations

      It’s possible to delete all the media for specific chats and keep their messages or group conversations. You also don’t have to exit a group to delete their media. To do this we however we don’t use the clear or delete options.

      Instead you have to go to the settings and manage the storage use for specific chats. This brings me to the other possibility:

      I Want to Delete Only a Specific Media Type

      You may also want to delete a specific media type of a particular individual or group chat instead of having to delete everything.

      Perhaps you want to delete the videos but keep your images and animated gifs. Or perhaps you want to delete everything save for documents or audio messages. Likewise, this is possible by deleting the media through the Data and storage usage settings as I’ve outlined here.


      Kelvin Muriuki is a web content developer that’s passionate about keeping the internet a useful place. He is the founder and editor of Journey Bytes, a tech blog and web design agency. Feel free to connect with him regarding the content appearing on this page or on web and content development.

      A chat app or instant messenger is a must for all mobile phone users, like QQ, WeChat, WhatsApp, Facebook Messenger, Skype, Line, or any others. They are all great free chat apps. WhatsApp is a very popular IM for Android mobile users, like Samsung, HTC, LG, Huawei, Xiaomi, Lenovo, ZTE, Sony, Motorola, Nexus and so on. Today we will talk about how to clear WhatsApp data to reclaim more storage space on Android phones. It is because we find Whatsapp eats up storage very quickly for heavy users, especially when you like to post videos in WhatsApp on mobile, or share photos through WhatsApp on the phone.

      WhatsApp data backup tips

      Generally speaking you should back up your data before you deleting them from your mobile phone so as to avoid data loss. You can save your photos, videos or other media files from Whatsapp to your mobile phone manually or enable the media auto-download to automatically save incoming media files to your phone storage. When you have accidentally delete the wrong messages, chats, or media files, you can refer to this guide to recover deleted WhatsApp messages on Android phone. This method however may not be able to help you retrieve all chat history, attached photos, videos or other files when the deleted data has been overwritten by new data.

      How to Delete WhatsApp Chats on Android mobile phone?

      Run WhatsApp on your Android phone, go to the Chats screen, tap and hold on a chat to show more options like email chat, archive chat, mark as unread, etc. Touch Delete chat to to remove selected chat in WhatsApp for Android and delete all messages in this chat or conversation.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      How to Delete All WhatsApp Chats or Messages on Android mobile phone?

      Run WhatsApp for Android on your phone, then press the menu button on your handset to show the main Whatsapp menu and select Settings to open WhatsApp Settings screen like below.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      Tap on Chats and calls from above to open WhatsApp Chats and calls settings screen.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      Go to Chats Settings >> Chat history, you will then find options to manage WhatsApp chat history on Android phones, including email chats, archive chats, clear all chats, delete all chats in Whatsapp for Android.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      Many Android users are not sure of the difference between delete Whatsapp chats and clear WhatsApp chats above. To delete all chats in Whatsapp for Android, you will delete all chats and messages inside of them from Whatsapp on Android mobile phones. This is actually to remove all chat history in Whatsapp. You will delete all files sent and received through WhatsApp as well, unless you have saved them to your Gallery on the phone.

      How to clear data on whatsapp

      In WhatsApp for Android, there is another option you can clear WhatsApp data named ‘Clear all chats‘. It is to clear messages in all chats in Whatsapp for Android. You can batch delete all messages sent and received in WhatsApp. This will delete all WhatsApp messages on Android mobile phone. You can also choose to delete all Whatsapp messages that are older than 30 days or delete all Whatsapp messages older than 6 months. How to clear data on whatsappIf you have saved media files from WhatsApp to your Gallery app, such as photos and videos through WhatsApp chats, you need to manually delete them in the Gallery app or file managers on your Android mobile phone. You can also find more specific instruction from this guide to clear WhatsApp media files on Android phones.