How to make a prize wheel

Instructions for an Amish Knitting Board

If you’re putting on a backyard carnival, or even something a little more formal and large-scale, one of the essential games is a prize wheel, where you spin a large wheel and whatever the wheel’s marker lands on is the resulting prize. A homemade prize wheel can be made cheaply and easily if you have the right tools and equipment. One of the essential tools is a diagram of the prize wheel set up to help you with assembly.

Building the Wheel

Print out and study the diagram of the prize wheel that can be found in the resources section. Use this to base your project on.

Tie a 16-inch piece of string to a pencil. On the opposite side of the string, tie the end to a tack or nail. Press the nail into the exact center of your piece of plywood. Use the ruler or yardstick (which might work better) to find the center. Once in place, pull the string taut and draw a perfect circle on the top of your wood. Once it’s drawn, remove the string and nail.

Use whatever saw you feel most comfortable with to cut out your circular template. Sand the edges of your wheel to ensure that there are no splinters.

Divide the wheel up into 12 equal pie shapes. Using the ruler or yardstick, draw 6 straight lines from one edge of the wheel to the other, spreading each of the lines out evenly. They should all intersect in the center of the wheel.

Do something to individualize the different wedges. Paint each a different color, for example.

Cut your dowel rod(s) into 12 equal parts, each measuring approximately 6 inches. Use your wood glue to glue each of the rods onto the edge of the wheel — on the line between two adjacent sections of board. If you feel the need to secure them more firmly, drill a screw through the bottom of the board up into the dowel rod.

In the center of the wheel, where your 6 lines intersect, and where you placed the nail to use your string/pencil, drill a hole through the wood. The hole should be wider than the body of the lag bolt you are going to use, but still small enough that the head of the bolt won’t fall through.

Building the Stand

Set the 1-by-2-by-24 pieces and the 1-by-1.5-by-32 piece of wood on a table. They should be in parallel lines, and their edges should be about 4.5 inches from the next board. The longer board should be in the middle. Make sure their top edges (the 2-inch and 1.5-inch long edge are lined up together so they are in a straight line — this will mean that the longer board sticks out 8 inches more than the other two.

Apply wood glue generously to the top of the three strips of wood, and place the 2-by-10-by-15 piece of wood on top of all three of them. Make sure that you place the board as shown in the diagram, with the 15-inch side spanning all three strips of wood, and then the 10-inch side 7 inches from the top and 7 inches from the bottom of the edge pieces. When flipped over, the wood will resemble a ribcage. Allow the glue ample time to dry.

Use your nail gun or hammer and nails to nail the base board onto the wooden strips. Do this for added support. Try to put about three nails into every wooden strip.

Drill a small pilot hole into the middle of your baseboard (the 2-by-10-by-15 piece). Use a measuring tape, ruler or yardstick to make sure you have the center. This will help position the wheel on when you assemble it, and also allow the lag bolt to make a clean, straight entry when screwed in.

Screw your small piece of wood (0.75-by-1.5-by-4.5) onto the longer end of your middle wood strip. Position it so that it points upward (4.5 inches up), and 0.75 inches wide. (Have the 0.75-inch side touch the 1.5-inch end of the center strip.)

Screw or nail your piece of rubber onto the wood from last step. Have it so that it is pointing inward, toward the center of the baseboard. It needs to be long enough so that when the wheel spins, it flaps against the dowel rods and is still able to slow the wheel down.

Put two washers over the pilot hole in your base board. Put the assembled wheel on top, making sure that the rubber piece doesn’t bend under the wheel. Put two more washers on top of the hole in the center of the wheel, and then screw in your lag bolt through the hole. Make sure that the bolt isn’t too tight or the wheel won’t spin, and make sure that it’s not too loose that it wobbles continuously. Fine-tune your tightening, and give it a spin.

Introduction: Game Show/Prize Wheel

How to make a prize wheel

How to make a prize wheel

How to make a prize wheel

Most of my projects have been fairly small or of a medium size. My sisters work was putting on a youth event and the theme was The Price is Right. So they asked me to make some of the price is right games included the big wheel. This is the biggest and probably the coolest thing I have ever made.

Step 1: Tools & Materials

1. Ryobi Nail Gun

3. Random Orbit Sander

4. Dewalt Table Saw

7. Rust-Oleum Spring

a. Rust-Oleum Apple Red

b. Rust-Oleum Black

8. Ryobi HOT GLUE GUN

10. DEWALT DW618 Router

11. Rockler Circle Cutting Jig

Step 2: Cutting the Two Circles

I got a half sheet of plywood and found the center. Then i tapped a little hole in the center for the jig to guide on.

This wood was 1/2 thick so I took a couple passes to cut it all the way through.

Step 3: Outside of Circle

I got thin plywood for the outside of the wheel. Its about a 1/8″ thick. Make sure to cut it in long strips so it will bend easily. The width of the strips I cut were 12″

Step 4: Making the Wheel

I cut down a few pieces of 2×4’s to 11″ for the inside of the wheel. This would attach the two halfs so I could wrap the plywood around the edge.

I then used a 1 1/4″ forstner bit to cut a hole in the middle for the 1″ pipe to go through. This is what will make the wheel spin. I then pre drilled a bunch of holes for screws to attach the thin plywood to the circle. I then came back with a nail gun to add more strength to the bond.

Step 5: Finishing and Sanding the Wheel

I used wood filler to cover up the nail holes and as many of the screw holes as I could. Once it was dry I sanded it down and used black spray paint to cover the whole thing.

Step 6: Building the Base

I used 2×4’s for this step. The two long pieces that would be on either side of the wheel had a hole cut in it for the pole so that it could spin freely. It was roughly 4 foot tall pieces.

I then cut some 18″ inch piece to put between the two halfs. I used pocket holes to attach these. Then I cut some angled pieces to add extra support to the base. I used 2 1/4 inch screws here to keep everything together. I didnt use any glue so I could take this apart.

Step 7: Spinning Issues

Once I had squared up the base the wheel was having a lot of trouble spinning so I used a jig saw to a cut a opening in the side pieces so that the wheel would just drop in and sit on top. This helped a lot with movement and I used some silicone spray to make it spin faster.

Step 8: Section Seperaters

I cut some 1 inch strips of the thin plywood to act as dividers for the wheel. I painted them a metallic silver. I measures out 11.5 inches and attached a strip.

Step 9: The Marker

I needed a way to determine what prize the contestants would win when they spun the wheel. So I used a 25″ long piece of wood and a small piece of acrylic. The wood attached to one side of the base and the acrylic triangle was glued on the end.

Step 10: Prize Options

We laminated a bunch of different prize cards and used hot glue to attach them to the wheel. This was so they could be changed in the future.

Step 11: Enjoy Your New Spinning Wheel

Overall I am very happy with this build. It came out great and was a lot of fun. Let me know in the comments below if you have any questions.

Be the First to Share

Did you make this project? Share it with us!

Introduction: Game Show/Prize Wheel

How to make a prize wheel

How to make a prize wheel

How to make a prize wheel

Most of my projects have been fairly small or of a medium size. My sisters work was putting on a youth event and the theme was The Price is Right. So they asked me to make some of the price is right games included the big wheel. This is the biggest and probably the coolest thing I have ever made.

Step 1: Tools & Materials

1. Ryobi Nail Gun

3. Random Orbit Sander

4. Dewalt Table Saw

7. Rust-Oleum Spring

a. Rust-Oleum Apple Red

b. Rust-Oleum Black

8. Ryobi HOT GLUE GUN

10. DEWALT DW618 Router

11. Rockler Circle Cutting Jig

Step 2: Cutting the Two Circles

I got a half sheet of plywood and found the center. Then i tapped a little hole in the center for the jig to guide on.

This wood was 1/2 thick so I took a couple passes to cut it all the way through.

Step 3: Outside of Circle

I got thin plywood for the outside of the wheel. Its about a 1/8″ thick. Make sure to cut it in long strips so it will bend easily. The width of the strips I cut were 12″

Step 4: Making the Wheel

I cut down a few pieces of 2×4’s to 11″ for the inside of the wheel. This would attach the two halfs so I could wrap the plywood around the edge.

I then used a 1 1/4″ forstner bit to cut a hole in the middle for the 1″ pipe to go through. This is what will make the wheel spin. I then pre drilled a bunch of holes for screws to attach the thin plywood to the circle. I then came back with a nail gun to add more strength to the bond.

Step 5: Finishing and Sanding the Wheel

I used wood filler to cover up the nail holes and as many of the screw holes as I could. Once it was dry I sanded it down and used black spray paint to cover the whole thing.

Step 6: Building the Base

I used 2×4’s for this step. The two long pieces that would be on either side of the wheel had a hole cut in it for the pole so that it could spin freely. It was roughly 4 foot tall pieces.

I then cut some 18″ inch piece to put between the two halfs. I used pocket holes to attach these. Then I cut some angled pieces to add extra support to the base. I used 2 1/4 inch screws here to keep everything together. I didnt use any glue so I could take this apart.

Step 7: Spinning Issues

Once I had squared up the base the wheel was having a lot of trouble spinning so I used a jig saw to a cut a opening in the side pieces so that the wheel would just drop in and sit on top. This helped a lot with movement and I used some silicone spray to make it spin faster.

Step 8: Section Seperaters

I cut some 1 inch strips of the thin plywood to act as dividers for the wheel. I painted them a metallic silver. I measures out 11.5 inches and attached a strip.

Step 9: The Marker

I needed a way to determine what prize the contestants would win when they spun the wheel. So I used a 25″ long piece of wood and a small piece of acrylic. The wood attached to one side of the base and the acrylic triangle was glued on the end.

Step 10: Prize Options

We laminated a bunch of different prize cards and used hot glue to attach them to the wheel. This was so they could be changed in the future.

Step 11: Enjoy Your New Spinning Wheel

Overall I am very happy with this build. It came out great and was a lot of fun. Let me know in the comments below if you have any questions.

Be the First to Share

Did you make this project? Share it with us!

How to make a prize wheel

Note: This is the latest post in our series of audience engagement posts.

One of the challenges of corporate events is to break out of the cycle of sameness. A series of speeches, presentations, panel discussions and an uninspired trade show can have a hypnotic effect on attendees.

So why not shake things up a little and create some fun, energetic activity with a Virtual Prize Wheel? Here are 5 ways to use a Virtual Prize Wheel for audience engagement at corporate events:

1. Create a Name Wheel for Your Prize Drawing

Instead of drawing a name out of a hat and announcing the winner on stage, use a Spin to Win Virtual Prize wheel to take things to a howl new level. Instead of putting prizes on the prize wheel, put drawing entrants on it. Then, as the wheel spins the crowd excitedly watches to see whose name pops up – is it their name, or one of their friends? Finally, as the wheel gets close to stopping it slows down increasing the tension and excitement.

One of our clents told us that the Name wheel really woke the crowd up first thing in the morning after a late night.

It’s a simple audience engagement ideas that can be easily implemented in any event.

2. Golden Ticket: Find Your Ticket to Spin the Wheel

How to make a prize wheel

Remember the exciting anticipation of seeing who would win the Golden Tickets in Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory? You can do the same thing in your event. Tape a few Golden Tickets under the seats in your general session. Then, ask people to check to see if they have the Golden Ticket, and the crowd will go wild. Next, bring the winner or winners onstage to spin the Virtual Prize Wheel for a chance to win a few select prizes.

It’s a short audience engagement activity that will really create a sense of excitement and energize the audience.

3. Drive Traffic to the Show Floor

Trade show booths are too often a dull affair. Bring more excitement – and booth traffic – with a “Spin To Win” prize drawing. Our Virtual Prize Wheel can be activated by attendees smashing a big button – a satisfying motion that will have attendees lining up to play.

You can use this as a stand alone drawing or in conjunction with a more advanced audience engagement game such as a trade show passport game. (FYI – this could easily be sponsored item!)

4. Recognition: Pick a Prize after Achieving a Milestone

You have employees or members you need to recognize for having reached an important organizational milestone (years as an employee or member, sales achieved, certification, achieving a career goal a monumental number of times). Rather than give them all the same prize, why not bring them on stage to spin the Virtual Prize Wheel? You can make them all worthwhile prizes, with one exceptional prize – more about picking prizes here. This adds more drama and excitement to a required yet sometimes less interesting part of your event.

5. Prize Entry and Drawing

You can use a Virtual Prize Wheel to do more than offer a prize. It can be used to capture lead data. The chance to win a prize will encourage attendees to self-enter their contact data, get agreement to your lawyer’s lengthy terms and conditions, plus answer a few survey questions that help you determine their potential lead value. Use multiple Virtual Prize Wheel kiosks to simultaneously capture lead data from hundreds of people over the course of your event.

Some events offer lower level prizes at the kiosks and have a regular drawing for some larger prizes throughout the event.

Final Thoughts

The virtual prize wheel is a simple interactive that can help you create fun, audience engagement in sales meetings and customer events. Hopefully, these ideas gave you some inspiration that will help you break out of the cycle of sameness.

How to make a prize wheel

SocialPoint recently introduced 3-dimensional layered graphics to our popular Virtual Prize Wheel game.

We thought this would be a great time to share that product enhancement, plus share many other recent Virtual Prize Wheel examples. Our goal is to inspire you as you consider how to graphically portray your brand with our interactive games.

Our Virtual Prize Wheel is fully customizable to your brand. There are three main areas for customization:

  • The prize wheel slices, which can have up to 5 colors and your choice of fonts
  • The center circle where clients often put their logo
  • The background image

How to make a prize wheel

Most of the examples we will show you here focuses on the background image , as that is where you have the most opportunity for creativity and design. First, let’s start with the new 3-D looks:

New 3-Dimensional, layered look Virtual Prize Wheel templates

The new templates add a 3-D semi-circle that wraps around or even overshadows the prize wheel. The Virtual Prize Wheel examples shown feature either a metallic or wood look. Also, there is a pointer layered over the rotating wheel that better mimics a physical prize wheel. The center of the wheel can also be customized with a graphic object that can layer above the wheel slices.

Below you can see two client examples and two templates, including one huge prize wheel drawing held on stage at a sales meeting for the contest finalists.

How to make a prize wheel

How to make a prize wheel

How to make a prize wheel

How to make a prize wheel

While these new 3-D templates expand the visual potential of how you can represent your brand on our Virtual Prize Wheel game, here are many other design choices to inspire you:

Full-frame photos on Virtual Prize Wheel

These three examples are some of the most dramatic designs. They feature a full-frame lifestyle photo background that showcases the exhibitors’ offerings. If you go this bold route, consider having exhibit graphics that promote your game.

How to make a prize wheel

How to make a prize wheel

How to make a prize wheel

“Spin To Win” text on Virtual Prize Wheel

Some exhibitors put “Spin To Win” in big bold letters on their prize wheel, to make it perfectly clear to passing attendees what’s going on in their booth. Here are three representative Virtual Prize Wheel examples. Some exhibitors will put the “Spin To Win” or “Play To Win” on their exhibit graphics instead – check out the last example in the Vertical Virtual Prize Wheels below.

How to make a prize wheel

How to make a prize wheel

Graphic texture background on Virtual Prize Wheel

Some exhibitors keep their Virtual Prize Wheel nice and simple, for flexibility in using it at multiple events throughout the year, or because they are relying more on their booth graphics.

How to make a prize wheel

How to make a prize wheel

Combined design elements on Virtual Prize Wheel

These exhibitors combined multiple design elements, such as full-frame background photos, headline text, product or other photos, plus company or event logos.

How to make a prize wheel

How to make a prize wheel

How to make a prize wheel

How to make a prize wheel

Vertical Virtual Prize Wheel examples

Depending on how you design your exhibit structure, a vertically-oriented TV monitor may work better, as for these 5 examples. Many of these examples combine multiple design elements, including photo backgrounds, headlines, logos, and even social media hashtags.

How to make a prize wheel

How to make a prize wheel

Kiosk-mode Virtual Prize Wheel for iPads and other tablet computers

All the previous examples were for Virtual Prize Wheels on big, flat screen TV monitors. Our Virtual Prize Wheel can also be put on one or more iPads in your booth. This is especially true for exhibitors who want to capture lead data with their game players, or know who won what prizes. These two examples show the splash screen promoting the game, before attendees self-enter their data and then spin the wheel.

How to make a prize wheel

Our Virtual Prize Wheel game gives you an enticing digital activity to get more people into your booth. You can customize it in many ways to match and promote your brand. I hope you’ve been inspired to start designing yours.

If you’d like to see more about how you can drive more booth traffic, keep attendees engaged longer, and capture leads with our fun interactive trade show games, feel free to contact us with questions or to discuss your event with one of SocialPoint’s Digital Strategists. We’ll help you generate a serious increase in excitement, crowds, and leads.

Today’s DIY project is fairly simple, but it sure does bring a lot of fun games, endless laughs and makes some pretty awesome memories for all your family. It’s DIY Wheel Of Fortune from cardboard.

How to make a prize wheel

Wheel of Fortune From Cardboard

  • Cardboard
  • Paint, brushes and black marker
  • 2 plastic bottle caps
  • Hot glue
  • Scotch tape
  • Scissors
  • Hammer and nails

1. One of the most important steps is cut out your cardboard circle. You may need two of them depending on the thickness of your cardboard. (We had to cut 2 circles and glue them together). Then divide the circle in triangles to have as many slots as you want. We made some thick slots and some slimmer ones.

How to make a prize wheel

2. Color the slots. This is a fun job for the kids. Map out the colors and design your wheel of fortune.

How to make a prize wheel

3. After the paint dries, write the activities (in our case) on each slot using marker (for example these 25 dare ideas).

How to make a prize wheel

4. Find the center of the circle. This is really important for the balance. Once you find the very center – pock the hole through your cardboard circle wheel with the nail. Then, poke a hole through the plastic bottle cap. Hammer the nail (with the cardboard wheel and bottle cap on it) to the wall. You can glue on another bottle cap on top of the nail for the looks.

How to make a prize wheel

Now it’s time for fun! Take a look at what we did with it with it. It’s hilarious!

How to Play the Life of Luxury Slot Game Online

A prize wheel is a game of chance with many winners. When participants spin the wheel, the section they land on dictates their winnings. Everyone loves a prize, and a prize wheel is a great way to elicit participation and excitement from your party guests, potential clients or customers. And the game is as easy to run as it is to play. Simply keep the rules clear and the prizes coming, and it’s sure to be a hit at your next event.

Determine the price that you will charge participants to spin the prize wheel. This cost can be determined by the profits you are looking for, the cost of prizes, the cost of the wheel (or rental) and projected participation. Or, for promotional events, you might only charge a nominal fee or allow participants to play for free or in exchange for contact or other information.

Advertise the prize wheel at least one month before you run the game. Let potential participants know how much it will cost to spin the wheel (if anything) and the types of prizes available.

Limit the number of tickets that you give away/sell to the number of prizes that you have available. If participants can play for free, announce any limits on the amount of times a single participant can play.

Describe the available prizes to the participants and audience members.

Allow each participant to spin the wheel. Consider asking them their name, where they are from or what brought them to the event (or any other banter) to make the contest more entertaining.

Announce the participant’s prize to the participant and the spectators.

Distribute the prize.

If, for any reason, you run out of a certain prize, remove it from the prize wheel. If participants land on this empty space, allow them to spin again.

The spinning prize wheel is one of the best games and it is very fun and entertainment. The wheel consists of the different pie- pieces sectioned off. Now, the rest of stood vertically for carnivals and you make sure about woodworking skills with the right materials. It at any point the contestant in control picked a letter that was not in the puzzle, picked a letter that was already called, picked a vowel instead of a consonant after spinning, solved the puzzle incorrectly or if he or she hit to lose a turn. you want to search the best creators in spinning wheel professionals at https://pickerwheel.com/ here. , the player in control loses all his or her money and turns and gives up prizes.

Creating The Wheel:

First of all, you need to complete the projects is supplies. You make sure about the squad sheet of plywood is 5- foot- long wooden 2X4, lag bolt, 2-6 washers. You can fit over the lag bot, dowel roads, scrap pieces of rubber tubing, sand and paint. In these tools, you need to measuring tape, pencil, paintbrush, drill and white glue. This project starts with a cut square piece of plywood that 2-4 feet wide/ long. Then, the width depending upon the spinning wheel you would like to make. There is possible to make 2- foot diameter that plywood due to use 2 feet wide. Now, the purchased your board, set the tablet or floor on trace on 2 or 4 circle surface. Moreover, use pencil tied to string with free from end board’s center for best results

Make Wheel:

Use the cut circle and sand edges after done to eliminate any splinters or sharp edges. you can find out the center of your circle as well as drill a hole through the center. typically, the wheel spins after finished the basic wheel manufacturing and you can add some details. However, the section up board into 12 equal shaped pieces due to any number of pieces that correlate to the prizes or games that use the wheel. Then, the wheel is divided into each piece of the different colors as it flourishes you would pieces.

Creating The Stand:

The paint on the wheel to dry cut 12, 6 inches long pieces and one 3- inches piece off dowel rod and the paint of any color. You will perfect measure on your2x4 flat onto your table or workbench about down 4 inches from the top. Next, you make your marketing wheel is dry lace the round bored on top of 2×4. Most importantly, you make drilled the hole for lag bol and resting directly with over the board. It is the right option for this project and centered wit mark on 2x 4 and a hole in the center of the wheel. It also assumed that drill hole than your lag bolt-on 2×4 piece of wood. There are screws the lag bolt through the some gives that wheel still able to spin is comfortable.

How to diagnose farmer’s lung

In this Article

  • Symptoms
  • Causes
  • Diagnosis
  • Treatment

Farmer’s lung is a disease caused by an allergy to the mold in certain crops. Farmers are most likely to get it because it’s usually caused by breathing in dust from hay, corn, grass for animal feed, grain, tobacco, or some pesticides.

Not everyone gets farmer’s lung after breathing in these things. It only happens if you have an allergic reaction.

Your doctor may use another name for your condition. It’s also called extrinsic allergic alveolitis, hypersensitivity alveolitis, or hypersensitivity pneumonitis. The “-itis” at the end of these names means it causes inflammation. With farmer’s lung, the inflammation, or swelling, is in your lungs.

Symptoms

Farmer’s lung can cause three kinds of allergic reactions.

An acute attack is an intense reaction that happens 4 to 8 hours after you breathe in mold. Symptoms include:

  • Dry irritating cough
  • Fever and chills
  • Rapid breathing
  • Rapid heart rate
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sudden feeling that you’re sick

A sub-acute attack is less intense and comes on more slowly than an acute attack. Symptoms include:

  • Achy muscles and joints
  • Coughing
  • Mild fever with some chills
  • No appetite
  • Shortness of breath

Continued

You may mistake acute or sub-acute farmer’s lung for the flu, because many of the symptoms are the same.

Chronic farmer’s lung happens after you’ve had many acute attacks and are around large amounts of moldy dust often. When you reach this point, your lungs may have permanent damage. Symptoms include:

  • Cough that won’t go away
  • Depression
  • General aches and pains
  • Night sweats
  • No appetite and gradual weight loss
  • Occasional fever
  • Shortness of breath that gets worse over time
  • Weakness and loss of energy
  • Weight loss

Most people with acute or subacute farmer’s lungВ get better; only a small percentage of peopleВ develop chronic farmer’s lung. Chronic farmer’s lung symptoms can be controlled/improved, but it can’t be cured.

Farmers may notice that their symptoms get worse in the winter. Storing animal feed like hay, grass, or grain inside makes mold more likely to grow. Plus, there’s no breeze or wind to clear it out of the air.

Causes

It’s common for farmers to get this disease from moldy hay and other crops. But you also can get it from dust in things like:

  • Animal dander
  • Bacteria
  • Bark
  • Bird droppings
  • Dried rat urine
  • Feathers
  • Fungi
  • Husks
  • Insects
  • Wood

These allergens have to be very small — around 5 millionths of a meter (5 microns) — to affect you. Because the particles are so tiny, the normal defenses in your nose and throat miss them, and they go straight to your lungs. Your lungs then try to get rid of the dust, and your symptoms start when your immune system reacts to that.

Diagnosis

The most important questions your doctor will ask you will be about your environment. If you’re not a farmer, it may be harder to figure out that farmer’s lung is causing your symptoms.

It can also be hard to know what’s going on if you’re not having an acute attack. Your doctor can give you a blood test to look for certain things that trigger your immune system (called antigens) or order a chest X-ray to look for signs that you’ve had acute attacks.

Other things your doctor can do to find out if you have farmer’s lung include:

  • Pulmonary function test: This measures how much air you inhale and exhale.
  • Bronchoscopy: Your doctor uses a device called a bronchoscope to look at your airways and lungs and collect a sample of fluid for testing. You’ll be given medicine to make you sleep through this.
  • Lung biopsy: If your doctor thinks you might have farmer’s lung but can’t be sure, theyВ may want to take a sample of your lung tissue and send it to a lab for tests. You’ll probably be given medicine to sleep through this as well.

Treatment

There’s no cure for farmer’s lung, but you can control it by staying away from the allergen that causes your symptoms. You might:

  • Work outside as much as possible
  • Avoid dusty work
  • Wear a mask or other protective equipment
  • Use fans, filters, or exhaust blowers wherever you can

Steroid drugs like prednisone (Deltasone, Orasone, Meticorten) can help with your symptoms because they can slow down your immune system and help with inflammation. Your doctor may only prescribe these if you have a chronic case, though.

If steroids don’t work, your doctor may want to prescribe and immune suppressantВ such as a drug calledВ azathrioprine (Azasan).

In addition to recommending that you avoid your triggers, your doctor may also recommend bed rest or oxygen therapy, which involves getting extra oxygen through tubes in your nose or a mask, to help you feel better.

Sources

Canadian Centre for Occupational Health & Safety: “Farmer’s Lung,” “Hypersensitivity Pneumonitis (Extrinsic Allergic Alveolitis).”

Farm Safety Association: “Farmer’s Lung: It Takes Your Breath Away!”

Canadian Lung Association: “Farmer’s Lung.”

Medscape: “Farmer’s Lung.”

Virginia Tech Virginia Cooperative Extension: “Farmer’s Lung: Causes and Symptoms of Mold and Dust Induced Respiratory Illness.”

Farmer’s lung is a type of allergic reaction that occurs as a response to mold from crops and grains. For this reason, it commonly affects those who work on farms.

There are different categories of farmer’s lung (FL), depending on the level of exposure to the mold.

This article discusses how FL affects the body and the different types that can occur.

It will also explore the treatment options available and the main methods of prevention.

How to diagnose farmer's lung

Share on Pinterest Monty Rakusen/Getty Images

According to the American Lung Association (ALA), FL is a type of hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis occurs when a person breathes in a substance, or the allergen, and has an allergic reaction to it.

FL occurs as a result of breathing in mold from hay, grain, and straw.

While it commonly affects farmers and cattle workers, FL can affect any person who experiences exposure to the mold.

Healthcare professionals also refer to FL as:

  • extrinsic allergic alveolitis
  • hypersensitivity alveolitis
  • hypersensitivity pneumonitis

FL occurs as a result of breathing in moldy dust, which contains microorganisms. Specifically, these are spores of bacteria that are able to tolerate heat.

The bacteria that most commonly cause FL are Micropolyspora faeni and Thermoactinomyces vulgaris.

A 2020 article notes that Aspergillus, which is a type of fungi, can also cause FL.

According to the Canadian Center for Occupational Health and Safety (CCOHS), in areas where people harvest crops in wet and rainy weather, the crops are likely to get damp and undergo “self-heating.” This allows for the heat-tolerant bacteria to grow and spoil the crops.

When they are moldy, the crops start to crumble, become dusty, and release spores. People then breathe in these spores.

The spores can trigger an allergic reaction, but not everyone will develop an allergic reaction to the spores.

The spores contain substances known as antigens, which the body’s immune system recognizes. The immune system identifies the mold spores as being foreign and produces substances known as antibodies, which fight the bacteria and fungus.

This occurs in the lungs. However, certain immune cells, such as white blood cells, will release poisons and chemicals that will damage lung tissue.

This results in the breathing and respiratory issues associated with FL. But the severity of these effects will depend on a person’s sensitivity to the mold.

The symptoms will vary depending on the person. Some people may have an abrupt, acute reaction to the substance.

Ultimately, this depends on the person’s sensitivity to the spores and how much enters the lungs.

There are three distinct types of FL: acute, sub-acute, and chronic.

Acute

According to the CCOHS, acute FL occurs in 1 in 3 cases.

It typically occurs after a person has experienced exposure to high concentrations of dust from the mold.

Symptoms of acute FL can be nonspecific and include:

  • shortness of breath
  • a low-grade fever
  • a fast heart rate
  • quick breathing
  • suddenly feeling sick
  • a dry cough

The ALA note that acute FL occurs 4–6 hours after the person breathes in the spores.

The CCOHS state that signs and symptoms usually decline after 12 hours if the person avoids repeated exposure to the moldy dust. But symptoms can last for up to 2 weeks.

Sub-acute

Sub-acute FL occurs after a person has continuously inhaled moldy dust, but not a high concentration of it.

It can be more difficult to identify, as symptoms develop more subtly. Symptoms include:

  • coughing
  • shortness of breath
  • generally feeling unwell
  • muscle and joint pain and aches
  • loss of appetite
  • weight loss over several weeks
  • low-grade fever
  • occasional chills

Chronic

Chronic FL occurs after long periods of exposure to the moldy dust. The inhaled concentration of moldy dust does not have to be high. The illness can occur over many months.

  • increasing shortness of breath
  • an occasional mild fever
  • significant weight loss
  • lack of energy

The 2020 article notes that the most important step to take is avoiding exposure to the spores.

If a person receives a diagnosis early, avoidance of the exposure may be enough to entirely reverse the damage. After a short time, a person’s lungs will return to normal.

For more severe cases, treatment can include corticosteroids and immunosuppressants. A person may need to take this medication for 3 months.

Research has shown that steroids are effective in acute FL. But there is no evidence to suggest that they are effective at preventing disease progression in the long term.

Additionally, people may require bronchodilators to make breathing easier, and oxygen therapy to raise the amount of oxygen in a person’s blood.

The CCOHS recommend not using medications long term, as doing so can hide symptoms of FL.

In cases where there is progressive disease with respiratory failure, a person may require lung transplantation.

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Diagnostic Considerations

Differential diagnosis of farmer’s lung depends on the amount, intensity, duration, and frequency of exposure and on the stage of disease at clinical presentation. Diagnostic considerations include the following:

Acute hypersensitivity pneumonitis due to farmer’s lung

Bronchoalveolar cell carcinoma

Organic dust toxic syndrome

Chronic farmer’s lung

Congestive heart failure

Desquamative interstitial pneumonitis

Respiratory bronchiolitis – Interstitial lung diseases

Toxic fume bronchiolitis (eg, caused by sulfur dioxide, nitrogen dioxide, ammonia, chlorine, phosgene, ozone)

Differential Diagnoses

References

Zergham AS, Heller D. Farmers Lung. StatPearls [Internet]. 2020 Jan. [Medline]. [Full Text].

[Guideline] Raghu G, Remy-Jardin M, Ryerson CJ, et al. Diagnosis of hypersensitivity pneumonitis in adults. An official ATS/JRS/ALAT clinical practice guideline. Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 2020 Aug 1. 202(3):e36-e69. [Medline]. [Full Text].

Lehrer SB, Turer E, Weill H, Salvaggio JE. Elimination of bagassosis in Louisiana paper manufacturing plant workers. Clin Allergy. 1978 Jan. 8(1):15-20. [Medline].

Liu S, Chen D, Fu S, et al. Prevalence and risk factors for farmer’s lung in greenhouse farmers: an epidemiological study of 5,880 farmers from Northeast China. Cell Biochem Biophys. 2015 Mar. 71(2):1051-7. [Medline].

Barrera C, Millon L, Rognon B, et al. Immunoreactive proteins of Saccharopolyspora rectivirgula for farmer’s lung serodiagnosis. Proteomics Clin Appl. 2014 Dec. 8(11-12):971-81. [Medline].

Ashitani J, Kyoraku Y, Yanagi S, Matsumoto N, Nakazato M. Elevated levels of beta-D-glucan in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid in patients with farmer’s lung in Miyazaki, Japan. Respiration. 2008. 75(2):182-8. [Medline].

Deschenes D, Provencher S, Cormier Y. Farmer’s lung-induced hypersensitivity pneumonitis complicated by shock. Respir Care. 2012 Mar. 57(3):464-6. [Medline].

Bellanger AP, Reboux G, Botterel F, et al. New evidence of the involvement of Lichtheimia corymbifera in farmer’s lung disease. Med Mycol. 2010 Nov. 48(7):981-7. [Medline].

Barrera C, Valot B, Rognon B, Zaugg C, Monod M, Millon L. Draft genome sequence of the principal etiological agent of farmer’s lung disease, Saccharopolyspora rectivirgula. Genome Announc. 2014 Dec 18. 2(6):[Medline]. [Full Text].

[Guideline] Dobashi K, Akiyama K, Usami A, et al, for the Committee for Japanese Guideline for Diagnosis and Management of Occupational Allergic Disease, The Japanese Society of Allergology. Japanese guidelines for occupational allergic diseases 2017. Allergol Int. 2017 Apr. 66(2):265-80. [Medline]. [Full Text].

Cardoso J, Carvalho I. The value of family history in the diagnosis of hypersensitivity pneumonitis in children. J Bras Pneumol. 2014 Mar-Apr. 40(2):183-7. [Medline]. [Full Text].

Hanak V, Golbin JM, Ryu JH. Causes and presenting features in 85 consecutive patients with hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Mayo Clin Proc. 2007 Jul. 82(7):812-6. [Medline].

Barber CM, Wiggans RE, Carder M, Agius R. Epidemiology of occupational hypersensitivity pneumonitis; reports from the SWORD scheme in the UK from 1996 to 2015. Occup Environ Med. 2017 Jul. 74(7):528-30. [Medline]. [Full Text].

Liu S, Chen D, Fu S, et al. Prevalence and risk factors for farmer’s lung in greenhouse farmers: an epidemiological study of 5,880 farmers from Northeast China. Cell Biochem Biophys. 2015 Mar. 71(2):1051-7. [Medline].

Barbee RA, Callies Q, Dickie HA, Rankin J. The long-term prognosis in farmer’s lung. Am Rev Respir Dis. 1968 Feb. 97(2):223-31. [Medline].

Ohtsuka Y, Munakata M, Tanimura K, et al. Smoking promotes insidious and chronic farmer’s lung disease, and deteriorates the clinical outcome. Intern Med. 1995 Oct. 34(10):966-71. [Medline].

Soumagne T, Chardon ML, Dournes G, et al. Emphysema in active farmer’s lung disease. PLoS One. 2017. 12(6):e0178263. [Medline]. [Full Text].

Roussel S, Reboux G, Dalphin JC, Laplante JJ, Piarroux R. Evaluation of salting as a hay preservative against farmer’s lung disease agents. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2005. 12(2):217-21. [Medline].

Cormier Y, Belanger J. The fluctuant nature of precipitating antibodies in dairy farmers. Thorax. 1989 Jun. 44(6):469-73. [Medline].

Kern RM, Singer JP, Koth L, et ak. Lung transplantation for hypersensitivity pneumonitis. Chest. 2015 Jun. 147(6):1558-65. [Medline]. [Full Text].

How to diagnose farmer's lung

Extrinsic allergic alveolitis; Farmer’s lung; Mushroom picker’s disease; Humidifier or air-conditioner lung; Bird breeder’s or bird fancier’s lung

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis is inflammation of the lungs due to breathing in a foreign substance, usually certain types of dust, fungus, or molds.


Causes

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis usually occurs in people who work in places where there are high levels of organic dusts, fungus, or molds.

Long-term exposure can lead to lung inflammation and acute lung disease. Over time, the acute condition turns into long-lasting (chronic) lung disease.

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis may also be caused by fungi or bacteria in humidifiers, heating systems, and air conditioners found in homes and offices. Exposure to certain chemicals, such as isocyanates or acid anhydrides, can also lead to hypersensitivity pneumonitis.

Examples of hypersensitivity pneumonitis include:

Bird fancier’s lung: This is the most common type of hypersensitivity pneumonitis. It is caused by repeated or intense exposure to proteins found in the feathers or droppings of many species of birds.

Farmer’s lung: This type of hypersensitivity pneumonitis is caused by exposure to dust from moldy hay, straw, and grain.


Symptoms

Symptoms of acute hypersensitivity pneumonitis often occur 4 to 6 hours after you have left the area where the offending substance is found. This makes it difficult to find a connection between your activity and the disease. Symptoms might resolve before you go back to the area where you encountered the substance. In the chronic phase of the condition, the symptoms are more constant and are less affected by exposure to the substance.

Symptoms may include:

  • Chills
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Malaise (feeling ill)
  • Shortness of breath

Symptoms of chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis may include:

  • Breathlessness, especially with activity
  • Cough, often dry
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unintentional weight loss


Exams and Tests

The health care provider will perform a physical examination and ask about your symptoms.

Your provider may hear abnormal lung sounds called crackles (rales) when listening to your chest with a stethoscope.

Lung changes due to chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis may be seen on a chest x-ray. Other tests may include:

  • Aspergillosis precipitin blood test to check if you’ve been exposed to the aspergillus fungus
  • Bronchoscopy with washings, biopsy, and bronchoalveolar lavage
  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • CT scan of the chest
  • Hypersensitivity pneumonitis antibody blood test
  • Krebs von den Lungen-6 assay (KL-6) blood test
  • Pulmonary function tests
  • Surgical lung biopsy

Related Tags

  • Antibody
  • Aspergillosis precipitin
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Bronchoscopy
  • CBC blood test
  • Chest CT
  • Chest x-ray
  • Fatigue
  • Interstitial lung disease
  • Lung disease
  • Open lung biopsy
  • Pulmonary function tests


Treatment

First, the offending substance must be identified. Treatment involves avoiding this substance in the future. Some people may need to change jobs if they cannot avoid the substance at work.

If you have a chronic form of this disease, your doctor may recommend that you take glucocorticoids (anti-inflammatory medicines). Sometimes, treatments used for asthma can help people with hypersensitivity pneumonitis.


Outlook (Prognosis)

Most symptoms go away when you avoid or limit your exposure to the material that caused the problem. If prevention is made in the acute stage, the outlook is good. When it reaches the chronic stage, the disease might continue to progress, even if the offending substance is avoided.


Possible Complications

The chronic form of this disease may lead to pulmonary fibrosis. This is a scarring of the lung tissue that often is not reversible. Eventually, end-stage lung disease and respiratory failure can occur.


When to Contact a Medical Professional

Call your provider if you develop symptoms of hypersensitivity pneumonitis.


Prevention

The chronic form can be prevented by avoiding the material that causes the lung inflammation.

Patterson KC, Rose CS. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis. In: Broaddus VC, Mason RJ, Ernst JD, et al, eds. Murray and Nadel’s Textbook of Respiratory Medicine. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 64.

Tarlo SM. Occupational lung disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 87.

How to diagnose farmer's lung

Extrinsic allergic alveolitis; Farmer’s lung; Mushroom picker’s disease; Humidifier or air-conditioner lung; Bird breeder’s or bird fancier’s lung

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis is inflammation of the lungs due to breathing in a foreign substance, usually certain types of dust, fungus, or molds.


Causes

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis usually occurs in people who work in places where there are high levels of organic dusts, fungus, or molds.

Long-term exposure can lead to lung inflammation and acute lung disease. Over time, the acute condition turns into long-lasting (chronic) lung disease.

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis may also be caused by fungi or bacteria in humidifiers, heating systems, and air conditioners found in homes and offices. Exposure to certain chemicals, such as isocyanates or acid anhydrides, can also lead to hypersensitivity pneumonitis.

Examples of hypersensitivity pneumonitis include:

Bird fancier’s lung: This is the most common type of hypersensitivity pneumonitis. It is caused by repeated or intense exposure to proteins found in the feathers or droppings of many species of birds.

Farmer’s lung: This type of hypersensitivity pneumonitis is caused by exposure to dust from moldy hay, straw, and grain.


Symptoms

Symptoms of acute hypersensitivity pneumonitis often occur 4 to 6 hours after you have left the area where the offending substance is found. This makes it difficult to find a connection between your activity and the disease. Symptoms might resolve before you go back to the area where you encountered the substance. In the chronic phase of the condition, the symptoms are more constant and are less affected by exposure to the substance.

Symptoms may include:

  • Chills
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Malaise (feeling ill)
  • Shortness of breath

Symptoms of chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis may include:

  • Breathlessness, especially with activity
  • Cough, often dry
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unintentional weight loss


Exams and Tests

The health care provider will perform a physical examination and ask about your symptoms.

Your provider may hear abnormal lung sounds called crackles (rales) when listening to your chest with a stethoscope.

Lung changes due to chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis may be seen on a chest x-ray. Other tests may include:

  • Aspergillosis precipitin blood test to check if you’ve been exposed to the aspergillus fungus
  • Bronchoscopy with washings, biopsy, and bronchoalveolar lavage
  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • CT scan of the chest
  • Hypersensitivity pneumonitis antibody blood test
  • Krebs von den Lungen-6 assay (KL-6) blood test
  • Pulmonary function tests
  • Surgical lung biopsy

Related Tags

  • Antibody
  • Aspergillosis precipitin
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Bronchoscopy
  • CBC blood test
  • Chest CT
  • Chest x-ray
  • Fatigue
  • Interstitial lung disease
  • Lung disease
  • Open lung biopsy
  • Pulmonary function tests


Treatment

First, the offending substance must be identified. Treatment involves avoiding this substance in the future. Some people may need to change jobs if they cannot avoid the substance at work.

If you have a chronic form of this disease, your doctor may recommend that you take glucocorticoids (anti-inflammatory medicines). Sometimes, treatments used for asthma can help people with hypersensitivity pneumonitis.


Outlook (Prognosis)

Most symptoms go away when you avoid or limit your exposure to the material that caused the problem. If prevention is made in the acute stage, the outlook is good. When it reaches the chronic stage, the disease might continue to progress, even if the offending substance is avoided.


Possible Complications

The chronic form of this disease may lead to pulmonary fibrosis. This is a scarring of the lung tissue that often is not reversible. Eventually, end-stage lung disease and respiratory failure can occur.


When to Contact a Medical Professional

Call your provider if you develop symptoms of hypersensitivity pneumonitis.


Prevention

The chronic form can be prevented by avoiding the material that causes the lung inflammation.

Patterson KC, Rose CS. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis. In: Broaddus VC, Mason RJ, Ernst JD, et al, eds. Murray and Nadel’s Textbook of Respiratory Medicine. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 64.

Tarlo SM. Occupational lung disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 87.

Affiliations

  • 1 Grupo Gallego Multidisciplinar de Enfermedades Pulmonares Intersticiales Difusas (GAMEPID), Sociedad Gallega de Patología Respiratoria (SOGAPAR), España. Electronic address: [email protected]
  • 2 Grupo Gallego Multidisciplinar de Enfermedades Pulmonares Intersticiales Difusas (GAMEPID), Sociedad Gallega de Patología Respiratoria (SOGAPAR), España.
  • PMID: 26874898
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.arbres.2015.12.001
  • Search in PubMed
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  • Add to Search

Authors

Affiliations

  • 1 Grupo Gallego Multidisciplinar de Enfermedades Pulmonares Intersticiales Difusas (GAMEPID), Sociedad Gallega de Patología Respiratoria (SOGAPAR), España. Electronic address: [email protected]
  • 2 Grupo Gallego Multidisciplinar de Enfermedades Pulmonares Intersticiales Difusas (GAMEPID), Sociedad Gallega de Patología Respiratoria (SOGAPAR), España.
  • PMID: 26874898
  • DOI: 10.1016/j.arbres.2015.12.001

Abstract

Farmer’s lung disease (FLD) is a form of hypersensitivity pneumonitis (HP) caused by inhaling microorganisms from hay or grain stored in conditions of high humidity in the agricultural workplace. It is probably underdiagnosed, especially in northern Spain, where climatic conditions favor the development of this disease. According to previous studies, the most common antigens are usually thermophilic actinomycetes and fungi. The epidemiology of the disease is not well known, and is based on studies conducted by Central European and Asian groups. The clinical presentation may vary, differentiating the chronic (exposure to lower concentrations of the antigen over a longer period time) and the acute forms (after exposure to high concentrations of the antigen). In patients with respiratory symptoms and agricultural occupational exposure, radiological, lung function and/or anatomical pathology findings must be compatible with FLD, bronchoalveolar lavage must show lymphocytosis, and tests must find sensitivity to the antigen. The main treatment is avoidance of the antigen, so it is essential to educate patients on preventive measures. To date, no controlled studies have assessed the role of immunosuppressive therapy in this disease. Corticosteroid treatment has only been shown to accelerate resolution of the acute forms, but there is no evidence that it is effective in preventing disease progression in the long-term or reducing mortality.

Keywords: Diffuse interstitial lung disease; Enfermedad del pulmón de granjero; Enfermedad pulmonar intersticial difusa; Farmer’s lung disease; Hypersensitivity pneumonitis; Neumonitis por hipersensibilidad.

How to diagnose farmer's lung

Use the following format to cite this article:

Respiratory illnesses associated with agriculture. (2012) Farm and Ranch eXtension in Safety and Health (FReSH) Community of Practice. Retrieved from http://www.extension.org/pages/63439/respiratory-illnesses-associated-with-agriculture.

A farmer’s or rancher’s life is not always associated with the great outdoors and fresh air. In production agriculture, farmers and ranchers can be exposed to toxic gases and contaminated particulate matter that can cause short- and long-term health problems. The three main respiratory illnesses associated with production agriculture are:

  • farmer’s lung,
  • silo filler’s disease, and
  • organic dust toxicity syndrome.

Farmer’s Lung

Farmer’s lung, or farmer’s hypersensitivity pneumonitis (FHP), is a noninfectious allergic disease that affects normal lung function. It results from the inhalation of mold spores from moldy hay, straw, or grain. The mold spores that cause farmer’s lung are microorganisms that grow in baled hay, stored grain, or silage with high moisture content (30%). Exposure to mold spores is greater in late winter and early spring.

Mold spores, which are not always visible, are so tiny that 250,000 spores can fit on the head of a pin. Because the spores are so small, it is easy for a farmer or rancher to breathe in millions of spores in a few minutes. Due to their size, the mold spores easily move into and settle in the lower part of the lungs.

Symptoms usually begin four to six hours after exposure to mold spores and can include increased coughing, coughs that bring up mucus, fever, chills, shortness of breath, discomfort in the lungs, and a tightness and/or pain in the chest. Symptoms may become most severe from 12 to 48 hours after exposure.

Allergic reaction to mold spores can be acute or chronic. An acute attack typically resembles the flu or pneumonia. Chronic reactions can resemble a nagging chest cold. A producer who has been diagnosed with farmer’s lung should avoid additional exposure to mold spores; otherwise, the producer’s condition could worsen and render him or her inactive. In some cases, farmer’s lung can be fatal.

If you think that you may have farmer’s lung, contact your physician and explain your symptoms and occupation. If your physician is not familiar with farmer’s lung, you may need to request a referral to a specialist for testing, diagnosis, and treatment.

To reduce the risk of contracting farmer’s lung, take the following steps:

  • Identify and minimize contaminants in your work environment.
  • Avoid exposure to contaminants and mold spores.
  • Limit the growth of mold spores by using mold inhibitors.
  • Harvest, bale, store, and ensile grains at the recommended moisture level to reduce mold growth.
  • Convert from a manual to a mechanical or automated feeding or feed-handling system to reduce the release of airborne mold spores.
  • Move work outside and avoid dusty work in confined areas whenever possible.
  • Mechanically remove air contaminants through ventilation with fans, exhaust blowers, and so on.
  • Wear appropriate respirators, dust masks, or other personal protective equipment (PPE). Click here to learn more about respiratory PPE.

Silo Filler’s Disease

Silo filler’s disease results from inhaling nitrogen dioxide, a silo gas produced during the silage fermentation process. Although a producer who has been exposed to silo gases may not experience symptoms, damage to the lungs may still have occurred. Fluid can build up in a person’s lungs 12 hours after exposure to nitrogen dioxide. Cough, hemoptysis (coughing up blood from the respiratory tract), dyspnea (shortness of breath), and chest pain can occur after an exposure to 20 ppm, a moderate level of nitrogen dioxide. This concentration has been designated by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) as immediately dangerous to life and health (IDLH). Exposure to higher concentrations (greater than 100 ppm) can result in pulmonary edema (fluid accumulation in the lungs) and in swelling in the lungs, leading to long-term respiratory problems or death. Lower concentrations of 15 to 20 ppm are considered dangerous and can cause respiratory impairment.

If you have been exposed to silo gases, even a small amount, seek immediate medical attention.

To reduce exposure to nitrogen dioxide in silo gases, refrain from entering a silo for ten days to three weeks after filling is complete. If entry is necessary after the three-week period, run the silo blower for a minimum of 30 minutes prior to and during entry, and use a portable gas monitor to continually monitor the gas and oxygen levels in the silo. Click here to learn more about silo gases and how to reduce the risk of exposure.

Organic Dust Toxicity Syndrome

Organic Dust Toxicity Syndrome (ODTS), also called grain fever, toxic alveolitis, or pulmonary mycotoxicosis, is caused by exposure to very large amounts of organic dust. Certain agricultural areas may have large amounts of organic dust: grain storage, hog barns, poultry barns, and cotton-processing areas.

The onset of ODTS can occur four to six hours after exposure, and symptoms can be similar to those of acute farmer’s lung and may include cough, fever, chills, fatigue, muscle pain, and loss of appetite. People who have experienced ODTS and who experience additional exposures to organic dust have an increased risk for respiratory problems and the potential for developing chronic bronchitis. Producers can become very sick from ODTS, but most people completely recover. Occurrences of ODTS are underreported because symptoms often resemble the flu or other mild illnesses.

You can reduce your risk of contracting ODTS by using a respirator to decrease exposure to organic dust. Click here to learn about the different types of respirators used in production agriculture. Implement best management practices to maintain good air quality in confinement buildings for swine and poultry.

How to diagnose farmer's lung

Extrinsic allergic alveolitis; Farmer’s lung; Mushroom picker’s disease; Humidifier or air-conditioner lung; Bird breeder’s or bird fancier’s lung

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis is inflammation of the lungs due to breathing in a foreign substance, usually certain types of dust, fungus, or molds.


Causes

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis usually occurs in people who work in places where there are high levels of organic dusts, fungus, or molds.

Long-term exposure can lead to lung inflammation and acute lung disease. Over time, the acute condition turns into long-lasting (chronic) lung disease.

Hypersensitivity pneumonitis may also be caused by fungi or bacteria in humidifiers, heating systems, and air conditioners found in homes and offices. Exposure to certain chemicals, such as isocyanates or acid anhydrides, can also lead to hypersensitivity pneumonitis.

Examples of hypersensitivity pneumonitis include:

Bird fancier’s lung: This is the most common type of hypersensitivity pneumonitis. It is caused by repeated or intense exposure to proteins found in the feathers or droppings of many species of birds.

Farmer’s lung: This type of hypersensitivity pneumonitis is caused by exposure to dust from moldy hay, straw, and grain.


Symptoms

Symptoms of acute hypersensitivity pneumonitis often occur 4 to 6 hours after you have left the area where the offending substance is found. This makes it difficult to find a connection between your activity and the disease. Symptoms might resolve before you go back to the area where you encountered the substance. In the chronic phase of the condition, the symptoms are more constant and are less affected by exposure to the substance.

Symptoms may include:

  • Chills
  • Cough
  • Fever
  • Malaise (feeling ill)
  • Shortness of breath

Symptoms of chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis may include:

  • Breathlessness, especially with activity
  • Cough, often dry
  • Loss of appetite
  • Unintentional weight loss


Exams and Tests

The health care provider will perform a physical examination and ask about your symptoms.

Your provider may hear abnormal lung sounds called crackles (rales) when listening to your chest with a stethoscope.

Lung changes due to chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis may be seen on a chest x-ray. Other tests may include:

  • Aspergillosis precipitin blood test to check if you’ve been exposed to the aspergillus fungus
  • Bronchoscopy with washings, biopsy, and bronchoalveolar lavage
  • Complete blood count (CBC)
  • CT scan of the chest
  • Hypersensitivity pneumonitis antibody blood test
  • Krebs von den Lungen-6 assay (KL-6) blood test
  • Pulmonary function tests
  • Surgical lung biopsy

Related Tags

  • Antibody
  • Aspergillosis precipitin
  • Breathing difficulty
  • Bronchoscopy
  • CBC blood test
  • Chest CT
  • Chest x-ray
  • Fatigue
  • Interstitial lung disease
  • Lung disease
  • Open lung biopsy
  • Pulmonary function tests


Treatment

First, the offending substance must be identified. Treatment involves avoiding this substance in the future. Some people may need to change jobs if they cannot avoid the substance at work.

If you have a chronic form of this disease, your doctor may recommend that you take glucocorticoids (anti-inflammatory medicines). Sometimes, treatments used for asthma can help people with hypersensitivity pneumonitis.


Outlook (Prognosis)

Most symptoms go away when you avoid or limit your exposure to the material that caused the problem. If prevention is made in the acute stage, the outlook is good. When it reaches the chronic stage, the disease might continue to progress, even if the offending substance is avoided.


Possible Complications

The chronic form of this disease may lead to pulmonary fibrosis. This is a scarring of the lung tissue that often is not reversible. Eventually, end-stage lung disease and respiratory failure can occur.


When to Contact a Medical Professional

Call your provider if you develop symptoms of hypersensitivity pneumonitis.


Prevention

The chronic form can be prevented by avoiding the material that causes the lung inflammation.

Patterson KC, Rose CS. Hypersensitivity pneumonitis. In: Broaddus VC, Mason RJ, Ernst JD, et al, eds. Murray and Nadel’s Textbook of Respiratory Medicine. 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2016:chap 64.

Tarlo SM. Occupational lung disease. In: Goldman L, Schafer AI, eds. Goldman-Cecil Medicine. 26th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier; 2020:chap 87.

How to do what you love

How to do what you love

How to do what you love

“ Life is short. If there was ever a moment to follow your passion and do something that matters to you, that moment is now.”

Figuring out what you’re passionate about is a popular topic that finds its way in conversations with friends, at work, and in blog posts: like this one.

And it’s a clear reminder that many of us will reach a point in our lives, if you haven’t already, where the desire to leave behind the mundane to live a life you love is too strong to ignore.

But trying to figure out exactly what you love to do can be challenging.

We feel this intense urge to just “figure it out”. But when we look around, that passion is nowhere to be found, and we aren’t where we truly want to be.

It frustrates us.

It keeps us up at night.

It makes us anxious as we notice more and more time is slipping away while we sit around feeling confused.

We see others who have seemingly identified their ‘thing’, their passion, their calling, and we hope one day that we will get there too.

While I don’t feel like I’m remotely qualified to tell others how to live their lives by a long shot, I am the most qualified person to speak on my own life and share the things that I’ve found helpful in pushing me along my journey to figuring out what I’m most passionate about.

With that said, here are 7 ways to find your passion:

I really can’t stress the importance of this one enough. Having lots of interests may feel overwhelming, but it’s actually a great problem to have despite how much you feel you’re “all over the place.”

When you’re on the journey to figuring out what you love most, this is one of the most crucial steps and it’s actually quite simple.

Do a lot of things.

It’s better to have lots of options and interests than none at all. So, kudos to you for not being boring!

Make a list of all the things you’re interested in, pick two to focus on first and then get busy. Find some classes to see if these things are something you really want to pursue further.

If you realize it’s not what you thought it would be, scratch it off of your list and move on.

If you end up loving it and find yourself consistently wanting to do more of it, well then you’re on to something.

2. Always stay true to yourself.

Just because your degree says you have fulfilled the requirements to go out and get a job in a certain industry doesn’t mean you’ll always love doing that.

You’re entitled to change your mind whenever you want, and you can and should always follow the path where your heart leads.

Where does that path lead?

I believe it leads to true joy.

We often try to place limits on ourselves after we’ve invested so much money in school and move into the working world: feeling stuck at jobs with horrible bosses, low pay and in cities that just aren’t what we expected.

The secret to getting unstuck isn’t hard at all. Stop doing what you hate and begin taking the steps to doing what you love.

You don’t have to feel confined to a box and you shouldn’t worry about being defined by one thing.

As much as I love traveling, writing and inspiring others through my own journey, I am also passionate about my yoga practice, healthy living. And I love sharing my wellness journey with others just as much as my travel plans.

I embrace having multiple interests even if I’m not quite sure how I can combine them all into one perfect identity — and right now, I don’t feel the need to.

However you go about finding your passion, you definitely won’t find it by watching and comparing where you are in life to others.

If it seems as if your friends are further along in their career or like they have it all figured out, nine times out of ten I can assure you they don’t have it all figured out: no matter how many filters they use on those pictures.

But, maybe they did take a big leap of faith, move across the country, or sacrifice relationships to get to where they are.

Whatever it is, you can’t compare your journey to theirs.

4. Let go of fear.

Fear is the ultimate buzz kill.

It can convince you to pass up some of the most amazing opportunities all because you can’t see past taking that first step.

I don’t know about you but I don’t like walking around in the dark. You don’t know if you’ve got a clear path or if you’re going to bang your knee on the coffee table.

But in order to get to the other side of the room so you can turn on the light, you just have to get through the hard part and the uncertainty.

In order to find your passion, big leaps of faith are mandatory.

As counterproductive as this one seems, we tend to get so confused at times with all of the thoughts, ideas and emotions swarming through our minds that we get frustrated because we just can’t seem to figure it out.

Time is passing by fast and according to our checklist, we were supposed to be knee deep in our passion by age 25.

The reality is, for some of us, this takes a bit longer than our expectations want to accept.

Sometimes giving ourselves a moment of stillness to simply do nothing is just what we need to realize that what we are passionate about has been right in front of us the entire time.

6. Forget about the money.

A dollar amount should never be the determining factor of what you do in life and if it is, more than likely you will always end up in positions doing things you’re not passionate about just to make a coin.

When you are truly passionate about something, you do it because you genuinely love doing it first, and then you figure out how to make a living from it.

7. Know that everyone won’t “get” you.

If I’ve learned one thing throughout the past few years of my twenties, it’s to limit the amount of advice I solicit from people who are not qualified to offer their counsel on what I’m doing with my life.

Some people will never “get” you or your visions and that’s okay.

It’s not for them to understand anyway.

Spend less time explaining or rationalizing your goals and dreams, and surround yourself with people who can propel you further while you’re busy working toward discovering your passion.

What do you find works best for you when figuring out your passion?

How to do what you love

Grow Your Business, Not Your Inbox

How to do what you love

When I decided to leave my own corporate job years ago to pursue the culinary arts, I couldn’t think much further than doing what I love on a daily basis: cooking. But it soon became clear to me that leaving the safety of one career to take up another is not quite that simple.

Doing something you love will make you work harder at it, but that alone doesn’t mean you have a good business. Hard work, ultimately, has to meet with the right opportunities, and that’s where entrepreneurial spirit can come in, allowing passion to meet real business sense.

My own journey in the kitchen has taught me innumerable lessons that extend far beyond time and temperature. If you are looking to change yours, here are some tried and tested lessons I can share:

1. Treat goals like recipes. Remember to take it one step at a time.
It’s easy to get mired in the day-to-day, and though you may be doing something you love broadly speaking, that doesn’t mean you will love it all the time. Segmenting my goals and having a clear vision has allowed me to stay calm and focused on the process. Keep your ultimate objectives in mind, but try to appreciate and not look past where you are today. I often remind myself that I’m always learning and getting a little closer to my dream.

2. Get to know the people who came before you.
When I changed careers, I studied star chefs like Jean-Georges and Thomas Keller as well as people with successful food and lifestyle brands like Martha Stewart and Giada de Laurentiis. I wanted to better understand the landscape as well as the successes and mistakes these guys had made. I never expected to take their exact path, but I did gain an understanding of what went into their level of achievement.

3. Always have something to offer.
I do a fair bit of traveling, learning from chefs and home cooks around the world. When I visit a new location, I like to shadow cooks in professional or home kitchens to learn their techniques and dishes. This has been a huge challenge as both a foreigner and a female. I usually start small, asking if I can watch service for the day. In exchange, I offer to prep and make something, whether that be the staff’s family meal or a recipe the chef may not know. Taking a little more time to build trust and having something to offer helps open people up more.

4. Seek help from those who do it better than you can.
Use your network and resources thoughtfully. If you don’t have a skill, you likely know someone who does. For example, I wanted to photograph the recipes from my book myself but I wasn’t a pro food photographer. I bought a great camera, reached out to a talented photographer and friend who was willing to teach me and prepared myself for trial and error.

5. Prepare to be uncomfortable, both physically and mentally.
Some of the greatest lessons and most gratifying experiences have come from times when I wasn’t entirely comfortable with what I was doing. I’m not just talking about having to lift 80 pound vats of stock in some of the kitchens where I worked. When I signed on to write my first cookbook, I was pregnant and already working full-time. I had to write, cook, test and photograph the entire book. This idea terrified me. There were days when I was so exhausted it was hard to get off the couch. But the book is done and will be out this year.

It just goes to show: When you’re pushed, you push back. Rise to the occasion because success might be waiting around the corner for you.

How to do what you love

Passion and purpose–in short, doing what you love–can be difficult to find. Some people search forever. Some gain remarkable skills and talents only to think, I’m great at this. So why don’t I feel successful? Others, even after building successful businesses, suddenly think, Hold on. This is just not me.

Though we would all like to be happier at work, at times it’s easy to miss the work-we-love forest for the irritation trees. So I asked Dharmesh Shah, co-founder of HubSpot (No, 666 on the Inc. 5000 in 2013) and a guy who has spent a tremendous amount of time thinking about doing what he loves and creating a company his employees love, how he knows he loves his work.

See what you think. Though some of the following may not be true all of the time, when you love what you do, many should be the case much of the time. There’s a results chart at the end, so keep track of how many apply to you:

1. You don’t struggle to stay disciplined; you struggle to prioritize. Your problem definitely isn’t staying busy and on task. Getting going isn’t an issue. Your problem is you have so many things you want to do, you struggle to decide what to do first.

2. You think, I hope I get to. instead of, I hope I don’t have to. When you love your work, it’s like peeling an onion. There are always more layers to discover and explore. When you hate your work it’s also like peeling an onion–but all you find are more tears.

3. You don’t talk about other people; you talk about the cool things other people are doing. “I hear Chad just invested in a startup. What are they working on?” “I can’t believe Angie won their business back; I’d love to know how she did it.” “Cecilia developed a new sales channel. Let’s ask her how we can best leverage that.”

When you love your work, you don’t gossip about the personal failings of others. You talk about their successes, because you’re happy for them (which is also also a sign you’re happy with yourself.)

4. You think about what you will say, not how you will say it. You don’t have to worry about agendas or politics or subtle machinations. You trust your team members–and they trust you.

5. You see your internal and external customers not as people to satisfy but simply as people. You don’t see customers as numbers. They’re real people who have real needs. And you gain a real sense of fulfillment and purpose from taking care of those needs.

6. You enjoy your time at work. You don’t have to put in time at work and then escape to “life” to be happy. You enjoy life and enjoy work. You feel alive and joyful not just at home but also at work. When you love your work, it’s a part of your life.

7. You enjoy attending meetings. No, seriously, you enjoy meetings. Why? Because you like being at the center of thoughtful, challenging discussions that lead to decisions, initiatives, and changes–changes you help make happen.

8. You don’t think about surviving. You think about winning. You don’t worry much about your business failing. You’re more worried about your business not achieving its potential. And you worry about whether you’re making as big an impact as you can. Those are good worries.

9. You’re excited about what you’re doing, but you’re more excited about the people you’re doing it with. Why? They’re smart. Passionate. Confident. Funny. Dedicated. Giving. Inspiring.

10. You hardly ever look at the clock. You’re too busy making things happen. And when you do look at the clock, you often find that the time has flown.

11. You view success in terms of fulfillment and gratification, not just money. Everyone wants to build something bigger. Everyone wants to benefit financially. Yet somewhere along the way, your work has come to mean a lot more to you than just a living. And if you left your business, even if for something that paid more, you would miss it. A lot.

12. You leave work with items on your to-do list you’re excited about tackling tomorrow. Many people cross the fun tasks off their to-do lists within the first hour or two. You often have cool stuff–new initiatives, side projects, hunches you want to confirm with data, people you want to talk to–left over when it’s time to go home.

13. You help without thinking. You like seeing your employees succeed, so it’s second nature to help them out. You pitch in automatically. And they do the same for you.

14. You don’t think about retirement, because retirement sounds boring…and a lot less fulfilling.

15. Your business is a business you would want your children to run. There may be aspects of your business you wouldn’t wish on your worst enemy, much less your kids: insufferable customers, unbearable employees, difficult working conditions, uncertain long-term prospects.

If you would say to your child, “No, I would never want you to have to deal with that,” why do allow yourself to continue to deal with that?

Naturally, you want your kids to be happy. You also deserve to be happy. List the problems and then fix the problems.

How many of the above statements apply to you and your business?

If you said:

0-4: You need to find a line of work. Life is too short.

5-8: You don’t hate your work but don’t love it either. What can you do differently?

9-12: You really enjoy your work and the people you work with.

13-15: You are deeply, madly in love with your work! (And your friends are jealous!)

Having a hobby that you enjoy—whether that’s crocheting a sweater for your bestie’s new baby, hitting the slopes to enjoy some fresh powder, or practicing pirouettes in ballet class—has all sorts of well-documented benefits, from lower levels of stress to an increased sense of belonging and purpose.

Clearly, hobbies can make a serious impact on your quality of life. But they can also improve your work performance. According to licensed professional counselor Rebecca Weiler, when you’re engaged and fulfilled in your life outside of work (like you are when you’re pursuing meaningful hobbies), that happiness spills over. It can make you more focused and enthusiastic when you’re on the job.

And depending on the hobby, the skills you gain as a result of your leisurely pursuits can also make you better at your job (and make you a more appealing candidate for potential employers). “For example, someone who performs in an improvisational group as a hobby could be attractive to an employer because they can think quickly on their feet and may also be more comfortable presenting in front of a group of people,” Weiler says.

So, having a hobby that you love can do good things for your life and your job. But what if you don’t actually have a hobby you enjoy? You’re not alone. According to Weiler, trying to find meaningful hobbies is one of the primary reasons her clients—especially young people—seek counseling.

Clearly, there are plenty of people out there who don’t have, or don’t know how to find, a hobby. But that doesn’t mean they can’t find one. It doesn’t matter if you’re 25 or 85 years old—it’s not too late to hop on board the hobby train! Here are a few strategies you can use to find a hobby you truly love.

1. Transform What You Already Enjoy Into a Hobby

Even if you don’t have something that you consider a hobby, there’s definitely some activity that you enjoy—and chances are, there’s a way to transform it into a full-fledged hobby. “I always ask people what it is they like to do for fun,” says Weiler. “It’s a good thing to explore—because things like ‘eating’ and ‘watching sports’ could easily be turned into hobbies such as ‘taking cooking classes’ or ‘joining a softball team.’”

Look at the ways you already enjoy spending your time and figure out how they can become hobbies. Have you watched every stand-up special on Netflix. twice? Try taking an improv class. Is your favorite part of the day playing with your dog? Try volunteering with a rescue organization. Love reading about random pop culture facts on the internet? Try joining a trivia team.

The point is, you’re already doing things you love. The easiest way to find hobbies that you truly enjoy—and that will make you a better, more well-rounded person and employee—is to figure out how to build off those things.

2. Reclaim Your Childhood Interests

Think about the hobbies you used to enjoy before work, life, and #adulting got in the way.

When you were a kid, what did you like to do? Did you spend hours finger-painting masterpieces to hang on the fridge? If so, you might want to explore taking an art class. Were you constantly getting dressed in costume and putting on shows for your friends? Then maybe you can check out a local acting troupe. Or maybe you spent the entire year looking forward to Field Day at school—in which case, you could explore joining an adult kickball or flag football league.

When you were a kid, you probably had hobbies you loved—so revisiting them as an adult can be a great way to get back into the groove.

3. Take an Assessment

The most fun hobby in the world for one person can be downright torturous for another—and vice versa. People tend to enjoy hobbies that appeal to their own unique strengths, interests, and personality characteristics.

According to Weiler, there are a number of personality assessments that can help you figure out which hobbies might be the right fit. Two of the most effective? The Strong Interest Inventory, which can help you identify key interests, and the Myers Briggs Type Indicator, which can give you deeper insight into your personality type. These assessments can help you figure out which hobbies are most aligned with who you are and offer insight into what you might enjoy.

So, for example, you might take the Myers-Briggs assessment and find out you’re an ENFJ. ENFJs tend to be social, passionate, and altruistic—so doing volunteer work for a charitable organization might feel like a meaningful hobby to pursue. Or maybe you’re an INTP, in which case you value logic above all else—so learning how to program and spending your free time writing computer software or games could be a great fit.

4. Start Trying Things (and See What Sticks)

The truth is, no matter how you approach finding a new hobby, it can be hit or miss. For example, you might think crafting is the perfect creative outlet—only to find it feels boring and monotonous. That’s OK! If you really want to find a hobby you love, you need to be willing to put yourself out there—and be just as willing to accept that not everything you try is going to be a slam dunk.

Think of anything you might find interesting—whether that’s kite surfing, macramé, or karate—and take a class. If you like it, great! Keep pursuing it. If not, cross it off the list and move on to the next potentially interesting thing.

“Join organizations, clubs, or groups where you can try things out. Websites such as Meetup.com are a great way to explore different interests which can then lead to hobbies and also allows people to test the waters at no or a low cost,” says Weiler. “Connecting with similarly minded people can also be important as it can teach us more about ourselves and what we like/dislike or want to make a commitment to.”

It might take a few attempts to find a hobby that you love, but the key is to not give up. Keep putting yourself out there, connecting with people, and exploring new things that feel exciting to you. Eventually, you’ll find a hobby that feels like the right fit—and you’ll learn a bunch of new things and meet cool people in the process!

How to do what you love

How to do what you love

“ Life is short. If there was ever a moment to follow your passion and do something that matters to you, that moment is now.”

Figuring out what you’re passionate about is a popular topic that finds its way in conversations with friends, at work, and in blog posts: like this one.

And it’s a clear reminder that many of us will reach a point in our lives, if you haven’t already, where the desire to leave behind the mundane to live a life you love is too strong to ignore.

But trying to figure out exactly what you love to do can be challenging.

We feel this intense urge to just “figure it out”. But when we look around, that passion is nowhere to be found, and we aren’t where we truly want to be.

It frustrates us.

It keeps us up at night.

It makes us anxious as we notice more and more time is slipping away while we sit around feeling confused.

We see others who have seemingly identified their ‘thing’, their passion, their calling, and we hope one day that we will get there too.

While I don’t feel like I’m remotely qualified to tell others how to live their lives by a long shot, I am the most qualified person to speak on my own life and share the things that I’ve found helpful in pushing me along my journey to figuring out what I’m most passionate about.

With that said, here are 7 ways to find your passion:

I really can’t stress the importance of this one enough. Having lots of interests may feel overwhelming, but it’s actually a great problem to have despite how much you feel you’re “all over the place.”

When you’re on the journey to figuring out what you love most, this is one of the most crucial steps and it’s actually quite simple.

Do a lot of things.

It’s better to have lots of options and interests than none at all. So, kudos to you for not being boring!

Make a list of all the things you’re interested in, pick two to focus on first and then get busy. Find some classes to see if these things are something you really want to pursue further.

If you realize it’s not what you thought it would be, scratch it off of your list and move on.

If you end up loving it and find yourself consistently wanting to do more of it, well then you’re on to something.

2. Always stay true to yourself.

Just because your degree says you have fulfilled the requirements to go out and get a job in a certain industry doesn’t mean you’ll always love doing that.

You’re entitled to change your mind whenever you want, and you can and should always follow the path where your heart leads.

Where does that path lead?

I believe it leads to true joy.

We often try to place limits on ourselves after we’ve invested so much money in school and move into the working world: feeling stuck at jobs with horrible bosses, low pay and in cities that just aren’t what we expected.

The secret to getting unstuck isn’t hard at all. Stop doing what you hate and begin taking the steps to doing what you love.

You don’t have to feel confined to a box and you shouldn’t worry about being defined by one thing.

As much as I love traveling, writing and inspiring others through my own journey, I am also passionate about my yoga practice, healthy living. And I love sharing my wellness journey with others just as much as my travel plans.

I embrace having multiple interests even if I’m not quite sure how I can combine them all into one perfect identity — and right now, I don’t feel the need to.

However you go about finding your passion, you definitely won’t find it by watching and comparing where you are in life to others.

If it seems as if your friends are further along in their career or like they have it all figured out, nine times out of ten I can assure you they don’t have it all figured out: no matter how many filters they use on those pictures.

But, maybe they did take a big leap of faith, move across the country, or sacrifice relationships to get to where they are.

Whatever it is, you can’t compare your journey to theirs.

4. Let go of fear.

Fear is the ultimate buzz kill.

It can convince you to pass up some of the most amazing opportunities all because you can’t see past taking that first step.

I don’t know about you but I don’t like walking around in the dark. You don’t know if you’ve got a clear path or if you’re going to bang your knee on the coffee table.

But in order to get to the other side of the room so you can turn on the light, you just have to get through the hard part and the uncertainty.

In order to find your passion, big leaps of faith are mandatory.

As counterproductive as this one seems, we tend to get so confused at times with all of the thoughts, ideas and emotions swarming through our minds that we get frustrated because we just can’t seem to figure it out.

Time is passing by fast and according to our checklist, we were supposed to be knee deep in our passion by age 25.

The reality is, for some of us, this takes a bit longer than our expectations want to accept.

Sometimes giving ourselves a moment of stillness to simply do nothing is just what we need to realize that what we are passionate about has been right in front of us the entire time.

6. Forget about the money.

A dollar amount should never be the determining factor of what you do in life and if it is, more than likely you will always end up in positions doing things you’re not passionate about just to make a coin.

When you are truly passionate about something, you do it because you genuinely love doing it first, and then you figure out how to make a living from it.

7. Know that everyone won’t “get” you.

If I’ve learned one thing throughout the past few years of my twenties, it’s to limit the amount of advice I solicit from people who are not qualified to offer their counsel on what I’m doing with my life.

Some people will never “get” you or your visions and that’s okay.

It’s not for them to understand anyway.

Spend less time explaining or rationalizing your goals and dreams, and surround yourself with people who can propel you further while you’re busy working toward discovering your passion.

What do you find works best for you when figuring out your passion?

The new book from bestselling author and
founder of The Ideas Lab, John Williams

AS FEATURED IN

How to do what you love

JOIN THE PLAY REVOLUTION!

Stuck in a job that’s boring you to tears?
Slogging away at a business that’s never quite taken off?
Still can’t decide what you’d rather do?
It’s time to say ‘enough’.

The world has changed. It’s now possible for anyone to make a living from doing the things they love. The only problem is that no one has shown you how. Until now.

Based on life-changing ideas and tools proven with tens of thousands of people over the last decade, F**k Work Let’s Play is your blueprint to create a work life full of fun, freedom and creativity; something more like play than work.

Packed full of stories from people who turned a passion into a living – or even a multi-million-pound business – you’ll discover 10 secrets to transform your working life, starting today.

Learn life-changing concepts and practical strategies including:

  • A simple exercise to find out what you really enjoy doing
  • How to win your first playcheque – without quitting your current job
  • How to beat the doubts and internal blocks that hold you back
  • How you can play and get rich – even in uncertain economic times

There’s no need to suffer unfulfilling work a moment longer. Whether you want to start a business, create your ideal job, or change the world, F**k Work, Let’s Play is your guide to doing what you love and getting paid for it.

How to do what you love

FREE Resources

Download editable worksheets to find the right business idea for you, a video class on how to stand out & raise your prices, and supporting resources for the book

How to do what you love

ABOUT JOHN

John Williams is founder of The Ideas Lab, the company that has helped thousands of people to find something they love, get it started, and make a living out of it.

John started his career in creative technology as a developer on pioneering special effects software (including on-site work at Disney Feature Animation, LA) and became Digital Media CTO at a startup before moving to head up a media technology consultancy team at Deloitte. John quit, declaring he never wanted another job for the rest of his life.

John consulted independently to the BBC and other broadcasters around the world before finally founding The Ideas Lab, running a popular London event called Scanners Night, and writing his first bestselling book Screw Work, Let’s Play, now translated into 10 languages (and which led to this new revised and updated book). John is also the author of Screw Work Break Free: How to launch your own money-making idea in 30 days, published by Vermilion.

How to do what you love

Imagine you’ve agreed to give advice to a group of business students but you can’t think of a theme. Here’s a guaranteed winner: Go with “Follow your passions. and do what you love!”

That’s advice everyone loves to hear. You’ll kill.

You’ll also be wrong.

“Telling someone to follow their passion–from an entrepreneur’s point of view–is disastrous,” says Cal Newport, Georgetown University professor and author of So Good They Can’t Ignore You: Why Skills Trump Passion in the Search For Work You Love. “That advice has probably resulted in more failed businesses than all the recessions combined. because that’s not how the vast majority of people end up owning successful businesses.

“Passion is not something you follow,” he adds. “Passion is something that will follow you as you put in the hard work to become valuable to the world.”

Career Passions Are Rare

It’s easy to confuse a hobby or interest for a profound passion that will result in career and business fulfillment. The reality is, that type of preexisting passion is rarely valuable.

Don’t believe me? Think about something you’re passionate about. Or were passionate about when you were in high school. Write it down.

Then apply this test: Will people pay you for it? Will they pay you a lot for it?

“Money matters, at least in a relative sense,” Newport says. “Money is a neutral indicator of value. Potential customers don’t care about your passion. Potential customers care about giving up money.”

A passion people won’t pay you for is hardly the basis for a career. It’s a hobby. You can still love your hobbies–just love them in your spare time.

The key as an entrepreneur is to identify a relevant passion.

Passion Takes Time

The “hobby” passion is much different from the kind of passion you hope to find in your business career.

“Producing something important, gaining respect for it, feeling a sense of control over your life, feeling a connection to other people–that gives people a real sense of passion,” Newport says.

Roughly speaking, work can be broken down into a job, a career, or a calling. A job pays the bills; a career is a path towards increasingly better work; a calling is work that is an important part of your life and a vital part of your identity. (Clearly most people want their work to be a calling.)

According to research, what is the strongest predictor of a person seeing her work as a calling?

The number of years spent on the job. The more experience you have the more likely you are to love your work.

Why? The more experience you have the better your skills and the greater your satisfaction in having those skills. The more experience you have the more you can see how your work has benefited others. And you’ve had more time to develop strong professional and even personal relationships with some of your employees, vendors, and customers.

Where business success is concerned, passion is almost always the result of time and effort. It’s not a prerequisite.

Passion Is a Side Effect of Mastery

The myth of the virtuoso is also a problem,” Newport says. “In the majority of cases, people didn’t think of someone who became a virtuoso as having unusual talent when they were very young.”

Instead, most highly skilled people were exposed to something in a way that made it interesting. Take music: Something (a song, an instrument, a teacher, etc.) initially inspired them. They started learning and then benefited from what Newport describes as a feedback effect.

“If you practice hard, soon you might find you’re the best in your group of students,” he says. “That’s great feedback and it motivates you to keep practicing. Then you’re one of the best in a larger group and that’s motivating too. Practice and achievement is a gradual, self-reinforcing process.”

If the work is interesting and you think there’s a market–meaning people will pay you for that work–that’s enough to get started. Then the work itself will give you the feedback you need. Creating a viable product will motivate you to develop your skills so you can refine that product or create more products. Landing one customer will motivate you to develop more skills so you can land more customers.

The satisfaction of achieving one level of success spurs you on to gain the skills to reach the next level, and the next, and the next.

And one day you wake up feeling incredibly fulfilled.

“The satisfaction of improving is deeply satisfying, as eons of craftspeople will attest,” Newport says. “The process of becoming really good at something valuable is a fulfilling and satisfying process in itself. and is the foundation for a great entrepreneurial career.”

Working Right Trumps Finding the Right Work

Want to love what you do? Pick something interesting. Pick something financially viable–something people will pay you to do or provide.

Then work hard. Improve your skills, whether at managing, selling, creating, implementing–whatever skills your business requires. Use the satisfaction and fulfillment of small victories as motivation to keep working hard.

And as you build your company, stay focused on creating a business that will eventually provide you with a sense of respect, autonomy, and impact.

“Don’t focus on the value your work offers you,” Newport says. “That’s the passion mindset. Instead focus on the value you produce through your work: how your actions are important, how you’re good at what you do, and how you’re connected to other people.”

When you do, the passion will follow–and if you work hard enough, someday you’ll be so good they can’t ignore you.

Quick note: So Good They Can’t Ignore You is the best book I read this year. If, after reading it, you aren’t motivated and excited about working hard to become incredibly good at something. hey, there’s no hope for you.

For some people, love can be used to describe almost anything. OMG, I love this iced latte! This sweater is amazing, I love it. But, what about romantic relationships? For couples in long-term relationships, love means loyalty and commitment but for college students in the center of their first real relationship, love may feel messy and complicated.

It doesn’t matter where you fall on the spectrum, whether your love life is blissful or nonexistent, it’s clear that everyone has an opinion on love and what it means in a healthy relationship.

In the hopes of coming to a more collective understanding of love, we asked 10 people in different stages of their relationship to explain what love means to them. Here’s what they had to say (their answers may surprise you).

For People That Are Not in a Relationship, Love is:

How to do what you love

Love is Security

“For me, love is the most secure feeling. Love is having a companion, best friend, lover, partner, sounding board, cheerleader, advisor, and cuddle buddy through every avenue in the journey of life.”

Love is Indescribable

“Love is a sentiment not able to be characterized by words.”

Love is About Give-and-Take

“Completely opening up and sharing your feelings and life with them daily, that’s what constitutes a healthy relationship . But, it must be mutual. If a particular area is lacking on either side of the relationship, it makes it unideal and unhealthy.”

Love is Respect

“To me, a healthy relationship is built on respect for one another. Each person understands the commitment they are making to the other person.”

Love is Being In-Sync

“A healthy relationship could describe a plethora of different types of relationships, but the most important aspect of being in a relationship is being in-sync . Whether you both talk through every hour of your waking day, or whether you agree that you’re both busy and you’ll just talk on the phone at the end of every day, as long as you both are in agreement, that is what’s important.”

Love is Commitment

“The key to success in a healthy relationship with someone is actually the terrifying but necessary effort of commitment. Being there for someone is what a real relationship needs. When we neglect to put in the effort is when things don’t work out with someone that could have been perfect for us. If you put in that extra effort for someone that can reciprocate it, love can be the greatest feeling one can ever feel.”

For Couples That Have Been Together For One Year or More, Love is:

How to do what you love

Love is Vulnerability

“Because love is scary, it’s basically giving someone a map of all your flaws and imperfections and putting faith in them to not abuse that power. And that can be so beautiful; it makes you do the hardest thing a human could ever do, be vulnerable.”

Love is “Growing Together”

“Things won’t always be great. Your partner may do things that will make you angry, but if you are willing to not look at it as obstacles, but rather as opportunities for growth, then you are truly in love .”

Love is Knowing Your S.O.’s Love Language

“ Loving better comes from knowing what makes the other person happy. For him its back scratches and hugs. For me, it’s a verbal “I appreciate you” or “You look pretty.” No matter what it is, we’ve learned to love each other better because we know what makes each other happy, and we make the effort to find new ways to make each other happy.”

Love is Healthy Communication

“When I say communicate, I don’t mean text. I mean calling and Facetiming. From experience, text creates so many opportunities for misunderstanding, and ultimately, unnecessary conflicts and trust issues. So, if I have anything to say about healthy relationships , it is to trust and communicate.”

Love is Equality

“A healthy relationship, in my eyes, is when two people are equal in a relationship. We equally love, we equally respect, and we equally care.”

For Couples in Long-Term Relationships, Love is:

How to do what you love

Love is Accepting their Flaws

We’re human beings, we’re never going to be the same, but being patient and accepting each other’s flaws is something that never stops us from growing with one another.”

Love is Patience

We aren’t always going to agree. Testing each other’s patience and still coming home to love, kindness, and respect is a feeling I never want to disappear.”

How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes

This page contains a list of cheats, codes, Easter eggs, tips, and other secrets for Sonic Riders for GameCube. If you’ve discovered a cheat you’d like to add to the page, or have a correction, please click EDIT and add it.

Jet’s Messions

Achieve a Gold Emblem (50 points) in both the Hero and Babalyon races in Normal Mode to unlock Jet’s Missions.

SEGA Courses

To unlock the two SEGA courses in the game — Carnival and Illusion — you must get gold emblems on the grand prix.

Random Rider

To get a random rider on the character select screen, hold down and release the R button.

Unlock Guardian

Unverified. Finish first on Night Chase, Red Canyon, Ice Factory, White Cave, Dark Desert and Sky Road to unlock Babylon Story Digital Dimension. Clear Babylon to unlock the Guardian.

Unlock E100000R

Play the game for 50 hours.

Unlock Hidden Characters

Get all gold medals in Storm’s, Wave’s, and Jet’s missions and you will unlock the Chaos Emerald board. You can select Sonic and the Chaos Emerald board and you can be Super Sonic.

To get Aiai, Ulala, and Nights, you must complete all of Storm’s, Wave’s, and Jet’s missions. You don’t have to get gold, just complete them all.

Unlock E-10000G

Log 15 hours of game time. (Unverified)

Characters

  • Cream The Rabbit: Finish the Hero Story
  • Dr. Eggman: Finish the Babylon Story
  • Rouge The Bat: Finish the Hero Story
  • Shadow The Hedgehog: Finish the Hero Story

Unlock Gear

Darkness Gear . Clear the Hero Story mode.
Tempatation Gear . Clear the Hero Story mode.
Smile Gear . Clear the Hero Story mode.
E-Rider Gear . Clear the Babylon Story mode.
Magic Carpet Gear . Clear the Babylon Story mode.

Home » Guides » Sonic Mania: How to Unlock and Turn Into Super Sonic

How to Unlock and Turn Into Super Sonic

Sonic Mania is a true follow up to the classic Genesis games. Like any Sonic game worth its salt, Sonic Mania features the Chaos Emeralds and allows the blue blur to turn into Super Sonic, provided he can collect all seven. In order to unlock and turn into Super Sonic, you’ll need to first collect all seven of these Chaos Emeralds.

To do that, you’ll need to search for the big rings on each act, which when you enter them, will transport you to a special stage. You don’t need to start with Green Hill Zone and work from there, but you can only use a big ring once, and you’ll have to find another somewhere else in order to re-enter the special stage.

You’ll need to follow a course that is littered with blue spheres, rings, and traps. There is a UFO that is carrying the Chaos Emerald and you need to catch it. In order to do that, you need to build up enough speed by gathering as many Blue Spheres as you can. Once you reach the fastest mach speed indicated on the top center meter on your screen, you’re fast enough to catch the UFO. Try to not careen off of the path, look for short cuts, and catch the UFO and get the Chaos Emerald. Once you have all seven, you can then turn into Super Sonic in-game.

In order to turn into him, you need to collect at least 50 rings. After that, just jump and hit the jump button again while in the air to morph into him. You’ll now be completely invincible, aside from falling into bottomless pits and being crushed. You’ll also run much faster and will be able to blaze through acts like never before.

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Sonic Heroes Cheats :

Cheats – Code and Unlockables

Team metal sonic:
Unlock this by getting all 141 emblems then play VS mode 50 times using metal characters (hold A+Y together while choosing level) and team metal sonic will be yours

Metal Sheen
Hold A and Y after selecting a 2-player level to have a “metallic” skin covering over your team.

Super Hard Difficulty
Beat the game with 141 Emblems and all A ratings.

Last Story
Collect all 7 Chaos Emeralds and finish all stories

Two player Team Battle mode:
Collect 20 emblems in single player story or challenge mode.

Two player Special Stage mode:
Collect 40 emblems in single player story or challenge mode.

Two player Ring Race mode:
Collect 60 emblems in single player story or challenge mode.

Two player Bobsled Race mode:
Collect 80 emblems in single player story or challenge mode.

Two player Quick Race mode:
Collect 100 emblems in single player story or challenge mode.

Two player Expert Race mode:
Collect 120 emblems in single player story or challenge mode.

Metallic characters in single player mode:
Collect 141 emblems in single player story or challenge mode.

Follow Me song:
Successfully complete story mode as Team Rose.

Team Chaotix song:
Successfully complete story mode as Team Chaotix.

This Machine song:
Successfully complete story mode as Team Dark.

We Can song:
Successfully complete story mode as Team Sonic.

Team Chaotix FMV sequence:
Successfully complete story mode as Team Chaotix to unlock their FMV sequence in the CG Theater.

Team Dark FMV sequence:
Successfully complete story mode as Team Dark to unlock their FMV sequence in the CG Theater.

Team Rose FMV sequence:
Successfully complete story mode as Team Rose to unlock their FMV sequence in the CG Theater.

Team Sonic FMV sequence:
Successfully complete story mode as Team Sonic to unlock their FMV sequence in the CG Theater.

Super Hard difficulty setting:
Successfully complete the game with all “A” ranks and 141 emblems.

Hint: Defeat Metalmadness:
As Team Rose, break one of the boxes to get Team Blast. Get close to him in Power or Fly formation on the edge. Use it, then change to Fly formation attack until you are not invincible. Do the same thing again with the other box, then keep attacking in Fly formation close to him. If you get hit, get back on the stage and avoid the rest of his attacks. Get the rings and try again. Eventually he will lose his 100 HP on that side. Then as Team Chaotix, the color of his weak point changes, and it will not be harmed by that formation (blue impervious to speed, red impervious to power, etc.). First, change to Fly formation and get the balloons above you without getting hit. Get in Power formation, get in the canon on the edge, and fire at the weak point. Note: You will not get hurt in the canon. Do this again until it is red and switch to fly. Do the same thing as Team Rose until it turns yellow. Repeat Power formation and Fly formation until he is defeated. You are now in front of Metal Sonic as Team Dark. First, get the level-ups for all three characters. Rouge’s is in the air and the rest are in the boxes. Attack him in this order, according to color of weak point: red fly, blue power, and yellow power. Power formation does the most damage. It is recommended that you first get a few extra lives for each team including Sonic’s for the next Boss if you have a problem getting balloons.

The Metal Madness part of the Boss is easy, but is the longest. Every time he shoots three rounds of a crystal attack counter with Homing Attack. If he uses missiles, use Thunder Shoot. If he goes down below the clouds, he will throw a ship at you. To counter, punch the ship. His last attack is Chaos Control. This attack is unavoidable and does not do any damage. The only attack that hurts him is Team Blast. To use it, counter the attacks and most of all check your rings; it still decreases like the other Sonic games while in super mode.

Hint: Playing final stage in story mode:
When you complete one of the story modes, go to the challenge screen. Notice that one of the stages is not there. To play this stage you must get all seven Chaos Emeralds. You can get the Chaos Emeralds by playing the stages before you face the Boss. Get the key for that stage and go to the bonus stage. Then, catch the Chaos Emerald before you get to the end of the bonus stage. Once you get the all seven Chaos Emeralds, you can play the final stage. There is only one Chaos Emerald for each set of levels.

Hint: No-faced Cheese:
Enable the metallic characters for Team Rose. Notice that Cheese has no face.

Glitch: Dr. Robotnik dialogue:
When playing as Team Rose, after you complete Egg Carnival, Dr. Robotnik will say “Those were just the easy ones boys”, instead of “boys and girls”.
Unlockable: Super Hard Difficulty
Beat the game with 141 Emblems and all A ratings.

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Table of contents

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Sonic Heroes Cheats :

Secret – Defeating Metal Sonic

The best way I found to do it;

Ps. The colors on his chest mean;
Blue – Speed Attacks will not work on him (Amy, Espio, Shadow)
Red – Power Attacks will not work on him (Big, Vector, Omega)
Yellow – Flying Attacks will not work on him (Cream, Charmy, Rouge)

1. When you’re Team Rose, use the first Team Blast right off to get invincibilaty, then switch to Big, and attack Metal Sonic. Right before you beat him, get the other Team Blast. DON’T USE IT. Finish him off. Now, on to Team Chaotix
2. Used that saved Team Blast from Team Rose, right off. Then, swap to Espio, and turn invisable. Then, just throw kunai at him till his color changes to Yellow. Swap to Vector, and pound him till his color changes again. Swap to Espio again, and repeat. Make sure you get Team Blast!
3. As Team Dark, get all the Power Cores, then used the saved Team Blast. His colors change even more now. When his colors are Red and Blue, use Rouge. When his color is yellow, use Shadow. GET TEAM BLAST.
4. Team Super Sonic’s is very hard. Used the saved Team Blast right off. Then, keep collecting rings. Metal Sonic will attack in 3 different ways;
1. Frontal Crystals- Use Sonic’s Speed Dash on them
2. Geodome Spears- Use Tails to shoot SS & Knuckles
2. Throwing Eggman’s fleet- Use Knuckles Super Punch
Just Keep using Team Blast! It takes 10 Team Blasts to beat him!

Easter Egg – Chaos Emeralds

You know that Questionmark Key? Get that key in each stage. Don’t get damaged, and complete the stage with it. Then you’ll enter a Bonus Round. Half of the time it will be Sphere Collecting and the Chao Ballon, but, the other half, you’ll chase a Chaos Emerald. My reccomended teams for catching each Emerald

For the first three, use Team Rose.
For the middle two, use Team Sonic.
For the last two, use Team Dark.

Ok, here’s the way to go. Stay as speed the ENTIRE TIME. (If you run through gates, change back to speed) Collect tons of Power Orbs. Fill the gauge to level 3. Then use power dash. To help avoid those evil bombs, stay on the ceiling. When your gauge runs low, repeat. Each stage gets more and more difficult. Good Luck.

  • How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes
  • How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes
  • How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes
  • How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes
  • How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes
  • How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes

The game will start after the video

  • How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes
  • How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes
  • How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes
  • How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes
  • How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes
  • How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes

Sonic Dash: Wings Rush

Sonic Advance 3

Sonic Chaos Quest

Sonic: The Hedgehog Sega

Sonic 3 & Knuckles: The Challenges

How to play Sonic Classic Heroes?

  • MOVE
  • x GIRAR
  • START

Sonic Classic Heroes video walkthrough

Click Play to see the videoguide for Sonic Classic Heroes

Gameplays

How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes

Sonic Classic Heroes #1 – El comienzo de Sonic 1 – Green Hill & Marble Zone

How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes

la mejor tonteria del mundo sonic classic heroes

How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes

Sonic Classic Heroes #2 – Spring Yard & Labyrinth Zone

How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes

Sonic Classic Heroes #3 – Final de Sonic 1- Starlight Zone & Scrap Brain Zone

Latest Classic Games

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Top cheats |

Top guides |

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Sonic Heroes Cheats :

Cheats – Code and Unlockables

Team metal sonic:
Unlock this by getting all 141 emblems then play VS mode 50 times using metal characters (hold A+Y together while choosing level) and team metal sonic will be yours

Metal Sheen
Hold A and Y after selecting a 2-player level to have a “metallic” skin covering over your team.

Super Hard Difficulty
Beat the game with 141 Emblems and all A ratings.

Last Story
Collect all 7 Chaos Emeralds and finish all stories

Two player Team Battle mode:
Collect 20 emblems in single player story or challenge mode.

Two player Special Stage mode:
Collect 40 emblems in single player story or challenge mode.

Two player Ring Race mode:
Collect 60 emblems in single player story or challenge mode.

Two player Bobsled Race mode:
Collect 80 emblems in single player story or challenge mode.

Two player Quick Race mode:
Collect 100 emblems in single player story or challenge mode.

Two player Expert Race mode:
Collect 120 emblems in single player story or challenge mode.

Metallic characters in single player mode:
Collect 141 emblems in single player story or challenge mode.

Follow Me song:
Successfully complete story mode as Team Rose.

Team Chaotix song:
Successfully complete story mode as Team Chaotix.

This Machine song:
Successfully complete story mode as Team Dark.

We Can song:
Successfully complete story mode as Team Sonic.

Team Chaotix FMV sequence:
Successfully complete story mode as Team Chaotix to unlock their FMV sequence in the CG Theater.

Team Dark FMV sequence:
Successfully complete story mode as Team Dark to unlock their FMV sequence in the CG Theater.

Team Rose FMV sequence:
Successfully complete story mode as Team Rose to unlock their FMV sequence in the CG Theater.

Team Sonic FMV sequence:
Successfully complete story mode as Team Sonic to unlock their FMV sequence in the CG Theater.

Super Hard difficulty setting:
Successfully complete the game with all “A” ranks and 141 emblems.

Hint: Defeat Metalmadness:
As Team Rose, break one of the boxes to get Team Blast. Get close to him in Power or Fly formation on the edge. Use it, then change to Fly formation attack until you are not invincible. Do the same thing again with the other box, then keep attacking in Fly formation close to him. If you get hit, get back on the stage and avoid the rest of his attacks. Get the rings and try again. Eventually he will lose his 100 HP on that side. Then as Team Chaotix, the color of his weak point changes, and it will not be harmed by that formation (blue impervious to speed, red impervious to power, etc.). First, change to Fly formation and get the balloons above you without getting hit. Get in Power formation, get in the canon on the edge, and fire at the weak point. Note: You will not get hurt in the canon. Do this again until it is red and switch to fly. Do the same thing as Team Rose until it turns yellow. Repeat Power formation and Fly formation until he is defeated. You are now in front of Metal Sonic as Team Dark. First, get the level-ups for all three characters. Rouge’s is in the air and the rest are in the boxes. Attack him in this order, according to color of weak point: red fly, blue power, and yellow power. Power formation does the most damage. It is recommended that you first get a few extra lives for each team including Sonic’s for the next Boss if you have a problem getting balloons.

The Metal Madness part of the Boss is easy, but is the longest. Every time he shoots three rounds of a crystal attack counter with Homing Attack. If he uses missiles, use Thunder Shoot. If he goes down below the clouds, he will throw a ship at you. To counter, punch the ship. His last attack is Chaos Control. This attack is unavoidable and does not do any damage. The only attack that hurts him is Team Blast. To use it, counter the attacks and most of all check your rings; it still decreases like the other Sonic games while in super mode.

Hint: Playing final stage in story mode:
When you complete one of the story modes, go to the challenge screen. Notice that one of the stages is not there. To play this stage you must get all seven Chaos Emeralds. You can get the Chaos Emeralds by playing the stages before you face the Boss. Get the key for that stage and go to the bonus stage. Then, catch the Chaos Emerald before you get to the end of the bonus stage. Once you get the all seven Chaos Emeralds, you can play the final stage. There is only one Chaos Emerald for each set of levels.

Hint: No-faced Cheese:
Enable the metallic characters for Team Rose. Notice that Cheese has no face.

Glitch: Dr. Robotnik dialogue:
When playing as Team Rose, after you complete Egg Carnival, Dr. Robotnik will say “Those were just the easy ones boys”, instead of “boys and girls”.
Unlockable: Super Hard Difficulty
Beat the game with 141 Emblems and all A ratings.

Contents

  • 1 Notes
  • 2 General Changes
  • 3 Origin
  • 4 Acknowledgments

Notes

  • This appears to be a near final build.
  • This build is more recent than the October 8, 2003 prototype but older than the November 18, 2003 prototype.

General Changes

  • Basic debug mode (L+R in-game) is still enabled.
  • The text on the Blue Window doesn’t have the drop shadow added.
  • The main menu background (RW Maestro) often does not successfully render after returning from gameplay until switching to another menu.
  • This build can crash on Seaside Hill (maybe other stages too?) due to an unknown memory issue. First symptom is usually the ADX Decoder (Music) looping.
  • The story mode progression counter has been implemented but is broken. Displays -03 after completion of any map.
  • Omochao somewhat works (unlike Oct 8, Prototype) but only has speech (no text), locks controls and disappears quickly.
  • Super Hard Mode cannot be enabled without hacking. Layout data for Super Hard not present on ROM.
  • Unlike Oct 8, Prototype, most menus can be navigated in any order (left-right-up-down) instead of just a fixed order.
  • Egg Emperor has a more recent model; complete with the Eggman texture for the cockpit (Oct 8, Prototype just has a spinny circle); but is not quite the final (music still missing). His gameplay resembles the final build (unlike Oct 8, Prototype).
  • Some early stages for Team Rose have been shortened down since the Oct 8, Prototype (e.g. Ocean Palace), while others remain longer (e.g. Power Plant).
  • Characters in the selection screen have slightly different positioning.
  • Rouge’s eyelids (a separate model) are not rendered in the menu screens.
  • The sound test and CG theater are still fully unlocked.
  • The player starts off with 119 emblems.

Origin

How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes

Acknowledgments

Thanks to emu_kidid for the modified version of Swiss required to unlock and dump the cart.

How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes

Metal Sonic is a recurring villain in the Sonic the Hedgehog series, acting as a foil and robotic doppelganger to Sonic the Hedgehog. As one of Dr. Eggman’s greatest inventions, he assists the mad scientist in his efforts by challenging Sonic and company to a race in Black Core Zone Act 1 and eventually as the penultimate boss in Black Core Zone Act 2.

After completing the game, Metal Sonic is unlocked as a playable character with the ability to hover in mid-air given he has enough speed, as at lower speeds he will slowly descend. He also has access to Boost Mode, an ability that allows him to shred through enemies and spikes when he’s at high speeds. This makes Metal Sonic most beneficial to advanced players who can maintain a fast speed and find creative routes with the use of Metal’s hover.

Contents

  • 1 Boss
  • 2 Abilities and techniques
    • 2.1 Super Metal Sonic
  • 3 Gallery
  • 4 Technical information

The player will face Metal Sonic in a race at Black Core Act 1. Metal Sonic has the advantage of being able to shred through spikes, making certain platforming sentences trivial to him. However it does leave openings if the player finds themselves falling behind.

For the proceeding zone, the player fights Metal Sonic head on in a fight. Unlike other bosses, when Metal Sonic is hit he flees leaving a purple holographic trail behind him, and is vulnerable to properly attack. The period in which he’s vulnerable slowly decreases as he takes more hits. Metal Sonic will slowly hover around the player, and if given the chance will charge up an attack. His attacks are a variety of energy ball attacks, getting progressively harder to dodge as Metal Sonic sustains more damage. After taking five hits, he’ll enter a more berserk mode where he charges at the player and bounces across the arena, before being once again vulnerable to hit. After being defeated, Metal Sonic slowly rises away and disappears for the rest of the game.

If the player chooses to play as Metal Sonic, the opposing Metal Sonic will appear as a greyscale version as reference to Sonic the Fighters.

Abilities and techniques

How to unlock super sonic in sonic heroes

Metal Sonic’s double jump ability is Hover, which allows him to float in the air at running speed while holding down the Jump button. He’s able to hover again after dropping from a hover. However, Metal Sonic will slowly descend if he isn’t moving during his hover. This allows Metal Sonic to fly through stages and find new routes that are inaccessible to vertically adverse characters, but requires still to stay at a constant latitude.

Metal Sonic is unique among playable characters in that he has an ability initiated by running at top speed for long enough, called Boost Mode. In Boost Mode, Metal Sonic will flash red and run much faster than usual. In this state, he can take out enemies, monitors, breakable walls, and spikes; run on water; and even take a hit on bosses. However, if speed is lost for even a second, like when taking a sharp turn or hitting a wall, Metal will leave Boost Mode and reenter it the next time he maintains steady speed. Boost Mode won’t initiate while Metal Sonic is hovering, but Metal Sonic can start a hover while in Boost Mode.

Just like his doppelganger, Metal Sonic can spindash; holding down the spindash for long enough is another way to initiate Boost Mode. His abilities make him a versatile character fit for expert players, and a viable option for running through stages at breakneck speeds. The best way to use Metal Sonic’s abilities for speedrunning is to combine the hover and Boost Mode: keep Boost Mode while on the ground whenever possible, so that you can hover over obstacles and hazards without compromising speed.

Since he is a robot, Metal Sonic is slightly more vulnerable to water than the other playable characters. Instead of drowning after 30 seconds without air, Metal Sonic’s circuits break after 25 seconds without air. He is also vulnerable to space hazards, just like the other characters.

Super Metal Sonic

If all 7 Chaos Emeralds are obtained, pressing Spin in the air with a minimum of 50 rings will have Metal transform into his super form. He, Sonic, and Knuckles are the only characters to have this ability. In this state, his speed and jump height are increased, and he becomes invincible to all hazards except for drowning, death pits, and getting crushed. His rings will drop down by one each second, which means that running out of rings reverts Metal back to his normal state.

When using god as Super Metal Sonic, his colors will change to resemble Hyper Sonic’s colors from Sonic 3 & Knuckles.

How to ask for permission to use tampons

You are here

Level: beginner

Asking for permission

We use can to ask for permission to do something:

Can I ask a question, please?
Can we go home now?

could is more formal and polite than can:

Could I ask a question, please?
Could we go home now?

may is another more formal and polite way of asking for permission:

May I ask a question, please?
May we go home now?

Asking for permission 2

Giving permission

We use can to give permission:

You can go home now.
You can borrow my pen if you like.

may is a more formal and polite way of giving permission:

We use can to say that someone has permission to do something:

We can go out whenever we want.
Students can travel for free.

may is a more formal and polite way of saying that someone has permission:

Students may travel for free.

Refusing permission

We use can’t and may not to refuse permission or say that someone does not have permission:

You can’t go home yet.
Students may not travel for free.

How to ask for permission to use tampons

Asking for permission to do something takes many different forms. Perhaps you need to get permission to do something at work, or perhaps you need to ask a friend for permission to use one of her possessions, or maybe you need to ask the teacher if you can leave room for a moment or two. Remember to use polite forms when asking for permission to do something or use an object as you are ​​​asking a favor of that person.​

How to Ask for Permission in English

Can I + verb (very informal)

  • Can I go out tonight?
  • Can he have dinner with us?

NOTE: The use of “Can I do something?” is very informal, and considered incorrect by many. However, it is used in everyday informal speech and for that reason has been included.

May I + verb

  • May I have another piece of pie?
  • May we go out with our friends tonight?

NOTE: Traditionally, the use of “May I do something?” has been used for asking permission. In modern society, this form has become a little more formal and is often replaced with other forms such as “Can I. ” and “Could I . ” Many argue that “Can I . ” is incorrect because it refers to ability. However, this form is quite common in everyday, spoken situations.

Could I please + verb

  • Could I please go with Tom to the movie?
  • Could we please go on trip this weekend?

Do you think I could + verb

  • Do you think I could use your cell phone?
  • Do you think I could borrow your car?

Would it be possible for me + infinitive

  • Would it be possible for me to use your computer for a few minutes?
  • Would it be possible for to study in this room?

Would you mind if I + verb in past

  • Would you mind if I stayed a few more minutes?
  • Would you mind if I took a five minute break?

Would you mind my + verb + ing + your + object

  • Would you mind my using your cellphone?
  • Would you mind my playing your piano?

How to Grant Permission in English

If you would like to say “yes” to someone who asks permission, you can give permission using these phrases. The first three are more informal, while the fourth is formal.

  • Sure.
  • No problem.
  • Go right ahead.
  • Please feel free + infinitive

How to Politely Refuse a Favor/Deny Permission

Saying ‘no’, is never fun, but sometimes it’s necessary. See the conversations below for some examples.

  • I’m afraid I’d prefer if you didn’t / don’t.
  • Sorry, but I’d rather you not do that.
  • Unfortunately, I need to say no.
  • I’m afraid that’s not possible.

When denying permission, people will sometimes instead offer to help in other ways, using the words “how about” and “instead” to offer alternatives.

  • I’m afraid I can’t let you borrow my car, but I could drive you instead.
  • I can’t babysit your daughter. How about I call my sitter for you instead?
  • I wish I could help out; maybe another time.

Sample Dialogues for Practice: Asking for Permission Which Is Given

  • Jack: Hi Sam, do you think I could use your cell phone for a moment?
  • Sam: Sure, no problem. Here you are.
  • Jack: Thanks buddy. It will only be a minute or two.
  • Sam: Take your time. No rush.
  • Jack: Thanks!
  • Student: Would it be possible for me to have a few more minutes to review before the quiz?
  • Teacher: Please feel free to study for a few more minutes.
  • Student: Thank you very much.
  • Teacher: No problem. Do you have any questions in particular?
  • Student: Uh, no. I just need to review things quickly.
  • Teacher: OK. We’ll begin in five minutes.
  • Student: Thank you.

Example Situations: Asking for Permission Which Is Denied

In this example, an employee is asking for time away from work.

  • Employee: Would you mind if I came in late to work tomorrow?
  • Boss: I’m afraid I’d prefer if you didn’t.
  • Employee: Hmmm. What if I work overtime tonight?
  • Boss: Well, I really need you for the meeting tomorrow. Is there any way you can do whatever it is you need to do later.
  • Employee: If you put it that way, I’m sure I can figure something out.
  • Boss: Thanks, I appreciate it.

This example shows a father telling his son that he can’t go out because of his recent academic performance.

  • Son: Dad, can I go out tonight?
  • Father: It’s a school night! I’m afraid that’s not possible.
  • Son: Dad, all my friends are going to the game!
  • Father: I’m sorry, son. Your grades haven’t been the best recently. I’m going to have to say no.
  • Son: Ah, Dad, come on! Let me go!
  • Father: Sorry son, no is no.

Practice Situations

Find a partner and use these suggestions to practice asking for permission, as well as giving and denying permission as shown in the examples. Make sure to vary the language you use when practicing rather than using the same phrase over and over again.

Periods. Where do they come from? And w hat do they want?

Nobody knows for sure, b ut we have reason to believe that some of the people who took this year’s bar exam might have been planning to have their periods during the test as a way of cheating somehow perhaps.

Thankfully, a bunch of states have stepped in to prevent the would-be cheating scandal, instituting rules banning men strual products from exam roo ms and requiring aspiring lawyers to ask permission to change their tampons and pads.

Here are a couple of precautionary measures that some of those states are taking , according to the American Civil Liberties Union :

  • West Virginia has explicitly prohibited “feminine hygiene products.” If you need a tampon or pad during the exam (suspicious) , you have to ask one of the proctors for one.
  • Montana does not include menstrual products on its list of permitted test room items. It also does not say whether you can ask a pr octor for a menstw ual pad , pwease.
  • One Nebraska law school grad who took the bar exam earlier this year said she had to ask permission in order to change her tampon more frequently than every two hours. Thank god for these rules!!

Some states also have great necessary rules around b reast milk, another mysterious body fluid with no known traceable origin (ghosts??) that nonetheless helps people cheat on their lawyer exams I feel .

Administrators in Oklahoma, for example, refused to give one test taker an extra few minutes to finish pumping her breast milk following her 15-minute break.

Great job, everyone! This is good.

Freelance journalist (GQ, W, Esquire, elsewhere), here on weekends

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DISCUSSION

Bar exams are ableist as fuck (also racist and classist) and should just be permanently canceled. What it really tests is your ability to pay a bar prep company thousands of dollars , take two months off to study full-time, memorize books worth of outdated and unnecessary law, and then sit still for 2-3 days, 8 hours a day, in a room of 1000 people with limited or no access to food, water, and yes necessary hygiene supplies.

Even in the middle of a pandemic, state bar associations are still showing themselves to be comically out of touch and ill-equipped to adapt. For example, here’s Tennesee’s fantastically stupid – and ADA-violating – rules for their online bar exam:

“Don’t look up, down, or the side for more than a few seconds as it could look like you are cheating”

“Don’t fidget, touch your face, or twirl your hair”

“Do not be out of the frame of the camera at any time”

More from Bleed Eco

I was 12 years old when I got my first period. As is the norm in India, I was handed a sanitary pad by my mother and instructions to use it. Five years later, I came across a video by Buzzfeed India comparing reusable pads and menstrual cups.

Finding About Menstrual Cup, A Miraculous Invention Of Humankind

This was a landmark video in my life because that was the first time I came to know that there were options to take care of period blood other than pads and tampons, and excited with the news, I ran to my mother telling her about these menstrual cups and asking for her permission to shift to these miraculous inventions of humankind. I was sure that she would be enthusiastic as well and say yes. However, my mother was strictly against it.

Why, mamma!?” I whined just about being told to shut up with a glare. I never brought that topic up again but never stopped thinking about it either. It kept on bugging me. Pads, on the one hand, are usually handed to girls in India when they have their first period, and most of them continue using them for their lifetime.

How to ask for permission to use tamponsRepresentational Image. I ran to my mother telling her about these menstrual cups and asking for her permission to shift to these miraculous inventions of humankind..

Traditionally, pads are an absorbent item worn externally to absorb period blood. They are made from various materials depending on style, type, and country of origin. At the moment, there are mainly two types of sanitary napkins- Disposable and Reusable.

As is evident from the name, disposable pads are meant to be thrown away after use. The main materials that make a disposable pad include bleached rayon (cellulose made from wood pulp), cotton, and plastics. In some cases, fragrance and antibacterial agents are also added.

Disposable pads can be panty liners, ultra-thin, regular, super, overnight, and maternity. Each type has its unique quality and use. These pads, however, have to be thrown away after just one use and are said to be ecologically harmful.

Period Poverty Is Still Very Much Prevalent In India

Moreover, the garbage collectors at the dump have to take it off by hand, and that challenges their health as well. India is a country where period poverty is very much present, and not many menstruators have the purchasing capital to buy sanitary napkins every few months.

Therefore, they often wear ragged clothes instead of pads. While this is a prototype for reusable pads, it is very unhygienic and a cause for a lot of health problems. Reusable pads, as the name suggests, are pads that can be used again. They are made using a cloth and are meant to be washed and used again.

The wings are mostly wound around the underwear with buttons or velcro or, in the case of wingless ones, are just held in place between the body and underwear. While it is safe for the environment, friendly to the pockets (comparatively), they are not very effective in absorbing a menstruator’s period blood.

According to Aishwarya from Buzzfeed India, they were the cause of a very stressful period. Her complaints included them being not absorbent enough, constantly turning around, and the stains not going away despite washing them five to six times. Overall the reviews have been similar, pointing towards an ineffective product of absorbing menstrual blood.

Why Menstrual Cup Is Gaining More Popularity Among Menstruators

The next most popular period product is tampons. Unlike a sanitary pad, tampons have to be inserted inside the vagina. If it is correctly inserted, it will absorb blood and start expanding.

However, alongside period blood, it will also absorb your natural vaginal lubricant, thereby changing the pH levels, increasing the chance of Toxic Shock Syndrome or TSS that is a life-threatening disease Lack of proper disposal options is another problem that endangers the environment.

Now, moving on to menstrual cups, which are gaining popularity among menstruators gradually. It is a bell-shaped cup that collects the menstrual blood and the stem that is used to handle the cup easily.

Unlike pads and tampons, a menstrual cup does not absorb period blood but collects it and has to be emptied after every 4-12 hours, after which it should be cleaned and inserted again.

Menstrual Cups Are Safer Than Pads And Tampons

Menstrual cups seem comparatively better than pads and tampons. While a menstrual cup costs a bit higher than pads and tampons when first bought, given the fact that one cup lasts for about 10 years, in the long term, menstrual cups make a smaller hole in our pocket.

It is also safer than pads and tampons, and unlike tampons, that like menstrual cups need to be inserted into the vagina, cases of toxic shock syndrome are very rare with menstrual cups. It is also environmentally safe, especially with the new biodegradable cups.

Comparing these three obviously declare menstrual cups as the winner. However, every menstruator also needs to consider various factors such as access to water, hygiene, and the course of the flow. However, it is advisable that every menstruator studies up on different period products and also teaches the same to the next generation.

Each of these products has advantages and disadvantages, and hence every menstruator needs to make an educated choice. So, let’s hope for a future where a menstruator is not merely handed a sanitary pad forever and for my mother’s permission allowing me to shift to menstrual cups.

How to ask for permission to use tampons

Brooke Pelczynski / The Balance

When you’re starting a job search, it’s important to line up people who can attest to your abilities and qualifications. Many companies will ask you to include a list of references with your job application or provide them during the interview process.  

If you have references ready in advance, it will help speed up the hiring process and avoid scrambling to find people who can attest to your qualifications at the last minute.

Types of References You Can Use

References are people who can speak highly of you and your character (a personal reference) and/or about your work experience, job qualifications, and skills (an employment reference). Hiring managers often contact your references by phone or via email to get a sense of you as a job candidate.  

Always ask permission before using someone as a reference during your job search. That way, they can expect to be contacted and will be prepared to discuss your qualifications for a job.

You can ask someone to serve as a reference with a formal letter sent by mail or an email message. Get detailed tips on how to write a letter requesting permission to use someone as a reference.

How to Choose the Best References

It’s important to choose whom to ask wisely. Typically, you need to provide potential employers with three references. Make sure to select people who will give you a glowing reference. Think about people who can speak to your skills and qualifications for the position.

However, this does not mean they all have to be former employers. You can also use business acquaintances, professors, clients, or vendors as references. If you have limited work contacts, you might also ask someone for a personal reference. In some circumstances, you may be able to ask a friend to give you a reference.  

How to Ask for a Reference

Phrase your request carefully. Try to phrase your request in a way that does not make the person feel put on the spot. Rather than simply saying, “Will you be a reference for me?” ask them whether they feel qualified or comfortable providing you with a reference. This gives them an opportunity to say no if they do not feel like they could provide you with a strong, positive reference.

Include all the details. Be sure to include all information that the person needs in order to give you a proper reference. It’s a good idea to include a copy of your resume with your request, so your reference giver will have your most current employment history. You should also tell the person what jobs you are applying for, so they can begin to think of how they might answer certain questions.

Use postal mail or email. You can send your request via regular mail (if you can wait a couple of days before sending your list of references), or by email. If you’re using email, put your name and request in the subject line, so your message gets opened:

Subject: Your Name – Reference Permission

Edit your correspondence carefully. Because you are asking this person to speak to your professional qualifications, be sure you come across as professional in your letter. Read through the letter for any spelling or grammar errors. If you send a letter by mail, make sure you use business letter format.

Say thank you. After the person agrees to be a reference for you, be sure to send a note to thank them for their help. Read here for sample thank-you notes. Also, take the time to let the person know if you get the position they recommended you for.

Letter Sample Requesting Permission to Use a Reference

This is a reference request letter example. Download the reference request letter template (compatible with Google Docs and Word Online) or see below for more examples.

How to ask for permission to use tampons

Letter Requesting Permission to Use a Reference (Text Version)

Carol Smith
123 Main Street
Anytown, CA 12345
555-555-5555
[email protected]

John Lee
Manager
Acme Accounting
123 Business Rd.
Business City, NY 54321

I hope you are well. I would appreciate your assistance with my job search. I am in the process of relocating to New York City, and I am searching for a position in online media.

With your permission, I would like to use you as a reference who can speak to my qualifications, skills, and abilities. Of course, I would advise you when I have given out your name and contact information, so you will know when to expect a call. Please let me know if you would be comfortable providing a reference for me.

Advice and suggestions on the best way to conduct my job search would also be appreciated. If you are aware of any job openings that I might be qualified for, I would be grateful if you shared this information with me.

I have attached my most recent resume for your review. Please let me know if you need any other information from me.

How to ask for permission to use tampons

An individual might need to write a permission request letter at some point in life and therefore, it is important to know how to write this letter. For some people it would be quite tough; however, using the Permission Request Letter guide can make things quite easy for the user.

Here are letter format and samples to help you.

Permission Request Letter Format

Date (Mention the date of writing the letter)

Subject: Permission Request Letter

I, (insert name of person writing the letter), working as a (insert designation or title) am writing this letter to you (name of person who is addressed) to kindly grant me permission for a leave of 5 days as my sister is getting married and I have to move out of town for the wedding. I assure you that my absence will not affect the ongoing project.

I am hoping to receive a positive reply from your side.

Letter of Permission Request Form

A letter of permission request form as the name suggests would be in the format of a form with blank spaces against certain titles like name, address, course name and number, institution address, and so much more. It would show student ID number and student reference number as well. When preparing a letter of permission request form, a sample would be of great help.

How to ask for permission to use tamponsfhd.athabascau.ca

Request for Letter of Permission

Copyright Permission Request Letter

How to ask for permission to use tamponscdn.mc.cake.syntya.com

Permission Request Letter (PDF)

A landowner permission request letter as the name suggests would be addressed to a landowner asking him or her for the permission of using the land. The purpose could be a survey or anything important and writing a letter would assist in getting permission.

How to ask for permission to use tamponsptes.org

Sample Permission Request Letter

Request for Recommendation for Transcript

A request for the recommendation for transcript would be written by a parent asking for the letter of recommendation and transcript for their ward. It would highlight what documents are important and thus, using a sample for this kind of letter would be helpful.

How to ask for permission to use tamponsths.ac.in

Permission to Access Records Request Letter

Collage Library Permission Request Letter

Publisher Permission Request Letter

As the name suggests, a publisher permission request letter would be for a publisher and seeking his/her, permission would be important for a certain cause or using the certain material. Following the sample guide can be of great help.

How to ask for permission to use tamponswww.iuniverse.com/

Posted on November 7, 2014 by Jan Wilberg

How to ask for permission to use tampons

Women who are homeless suffer a lot of indignities. One of them is being without tampons and pads when their periods occur. Put yourself in their place. How would you feel?

Homeless shelters do a tremendous job of providing a safe place to sleep and a warm meal but they often have to rely on what is donated to them. Funding sources don’t generally include a tampon and pad line item. And frankly, it just doesn’t occur to most people to donate menstrual supplies. Who wants to drive up to a shelter with a bag full of tampons when winter coats and mittens seem so much more essential?

If you’re somebody who thinks it’s important to help homeless women keep their dignity by having access to clean, safe menstrual supplies, then you should think about doing a tampon and pad donation drive in your town. Here’s my quick guidebook:

1. Talk to your local women’s shelter first. Connect with the executive director or volunteer coordinator and tell them what you want to do. This is important because when you solicit donations, you will want to say where the donations will be going. So having a shelter on board, basically saying that you can use their name in your asks, is essential. This gave donors confidence that their contribution would end up in the right place.

3. Fire up the social media engine. Before you do anything, you need to have a decent number of Facebook friends or other social media followers. If you’re a little weak on that front, partner with one or two other people who have a lot of followers. Then in terms of social media strategy: first, I messaged every female Facebook friend who I thought would possibly donate or organize a donation drive at her office. Second, I posted Facebook updates about the drive, not just asking people for donations but posting pictures of anyone who donated and tagging them to make sure the photo had the widest possible circulation.

4. Encourage group giving. One inspired person can inspire others if she thinks of it, like, ‘hey, wait, instead of just buying a couple of boxes of pads, I could get everybody in the office to buy a couple and then we’d have a big bag to donate!’ Talk to your friends and colleagues about hosting a drive at their place of work, church, or club. I bring them a box and flyers to help in their outreach. Promising to come back and pick up the box is key, though, so be prepared for some heavy lifting!

5. Make it easy to donate. I offered to drive anywhere to pick up a donation. I also had a box on my front porch labeled Time of the Month Club where people could leave donations night or day. Some people wanted to take their donations directly to the shelter. That’s fine but I encouraged people to bring them to me so I could keep a count, bag up donations in consistent amounts, and drop them off gradually so as not to swamp the shelter.

6. Thank donors A LOT. I thanked donors and am still trying to come up with ways to thank them. I’m not done yet on that front. I thanked them in person, via email, and on Facebook. Facebook was huge because it had the effect of reminding people of the donation drive but with a new face. Every time someone handed me a bag or a box, I’d ask to take their picture and ask if it was okay for me to post it. Most people said yes when I told them that other people would be inspired by seeing that they had donated.

7. Keep track. Time of the Month Club collects close to 50,000 tampons and pads over the course of a year. That’s a lot of misery and embarrassment avoided. In addition to keeping count, write down who donated, especially those who organized mini drives at their offices, book clubs or among their friends. This will be useful information if you decide to do a second drive.

Time of the Month Club is really about sisterhood. Maybe we haven’t all shared the experience of homelessness, but we have shared this: We are women. We menstruate. It needs to be dealt with in a way that allows us to carry on with life. If our homeless sisters don’t have what they need, those of us who are housed can ante up. It’s that simple really.

If you decide to do a drive, let me know. If you have questions, ask me. You can reach me via email at [email protected]

Go forth. Collect. Have fun.

Most homeless shelters don’t provide sanitary products, and students in New York City’s public school system who get their periods have to go to the nurse to get a tampon or pad. Now city lawmakers want to change that.

On Tuesday, City Council Member Julissa Ferreras-Copeland and Speaker Melissa Mark-Viverito introduced a package of legislation that would ensure that shelters and schools provide free sanitary products. It would also help ensure that they are adequately available to women in the correctional system.

Homeless shelters rarely get donations of tampons and pads, and shelters will only be able to use funds from the Federal Emergency Management Agency to buy products starting April after Rep. Grace Meng (D-NY) persuaded officials to change the rules. Meanwhile, government programs like food stamps or WIC won’t cover them, so homeless people often struggle to afford the basic necessity. One piece of the new legislative package would require the city Department of Health and Mental Hygiene to provide sanitary products to all women in temporary homeless shelters.

Another bill in the package would ensure that all city schools have enough sanitary products to give them to all students for free, covering 270,570 girls. The city is already experimenting with offering free tampons and pads in 25 high schools in mostly low-income neighborhoods. A previous and much smaller pilot program in one city high school increased girls’ attendance and fewer requests to be excused during the day, according to city lawmakers.

The third bill in the package would require the Department of Correction to give all female inmates pads or tampons when they request them and offer name-brand products through the commissary. Currently, the department only gives jails and prisons 144 generic pads per week per 50 inmates, or about 12 pads per woman per cycle, no matter what the actual needs of the inmates may be. Ferreras-Copeland told the New York Times that the current formula is “ridiculous,” adding, “You don’t ration toilet paper or ask for permission for more toilet paper… You shouldn’t have to for these products.”

“These items are as essential as toilet paper, helping us prevent health risks and fulfill our daily activities uninterrupted,” Ferreras-Copeland said in a statement about the legislation. “No student, homeless individual or inmate should have to jump through hoops, face illness or feel humiliated because they cannot access pads or tampons.”

The whole legislative package is estimated to cost $5 million a year, and most of that budget would go toward the school system.

Ferreras-Copeland also said she could foresee introducing bills in the future to make free sanitary products available at city public hospitals, parks, and community programs. “This has been so taboo for so long, that no one even thought about it,” she said.

Ferreras-Copeland, Mark-Viverito, and Councilman Ydanis Rodriguez also introduced a resolution calling on the New York State legislature to stop taxing sanitary products, similar to the lack of taxes on other necessities like groceries, prescription drugs, shampoo, and even condoms. The state is being sued by a group of women who has claimed that the so-called tampon tax is “a vestige of another era” and “serves no purpose other than to discriminate.” The state Assembly has unanimously passed a bill that would eliminate the tax, although it hasn’t yet passed the Senate. Only ten states exempt sanitary products from sales tax.

How to find the publisher of a book

How to find the publisher of a book

The following post was first published in 2011 and is regularly updated to include new resources.

If you have a book idea or a manuscript, one of your first questions is probably:

How do I find a publisher?

Or, if you’re more advanced in your knowledge of book publishing, you may ask:

How do I find a literary agent?

The good news: there’s no shortage of resources for researching publishers and agents. The bad news: you can easily spend hours going down the rabbit hole of available information.

For years (since 1920), the most comprehensive resource in the United States was the annual Writer’s Market directory. It used to be accessible and searchable online via paid subscription, but no more. And unfortunately, the future of the print edition is unclear. The 2020 guide may be the last, and it’s now at least one year out of date.

Going forward, writers will have to rely on other guides, primarily those online. Some of the sites I mention below offer useful features such as submission trackers, community message boards, and stats generated by users—which can be just as useful as the listings themselves.

Here’s a summary of the most well-known and popular places to find publishers and agents. If I’m missing an important resource, contact me.

Where to Find Publishers

Be aware that most New York book publishers do not accept unagented submissions, so sometimes “searching for a publisher” really means finding an agent (see next list).

  • Jeff Herman’s guide. This is a well-established print-only competitor to Writer’s Market, assembled by a literary agent and updated every couple years.
  • Duotrope ($). You’ll find thousands of listings in this online database, with an emphasis on literary journals, magazines, and online publications, many of which don’t pay. (E.g., they have more than 2,000 listings for markets that accept flash fiction, but fewer markets for full-length novels.) But they do include a sizable number of agents, publishers, contests, and anthologies.
  • QueryTracker. Free to start, with premium ($) levels—but more agent listings than publisher listings.
  • The Association of University Presses publishes an annual subject grid of university presses and the subjects they publish. This is an essential resource for finding an academic publisher. Thanks to John Warren for the tip.
  • Manuscript Wish List. Editors and agents often post on social media what kind of books they’re actively seeking. This site aggregates those mentions. (However, this site is not endorsed by the agent who started Manuscript Wish List; the official site is here.)
  • Submission Grindr. Free, focused on science fiction & fantasy.
  • Ralan. Free, focused on science fiction & fantasy.
  • Poets & Writers. Free database of small presses that are best for literary novelists, poets, short story writers, and so on. Use with caution; many of the listings are out of date.
  • New Pages. This is a curated list of markets popular with creative writing programs and instructors; it’s a good place to go if you’re publishing short stories, poems, and essays.

Where to Find Agents

Many of the same resources that offer publisher listings also list agents. But there are a couple of resources that are unique and irreplaceable when conducting an agent search.

  • PublishersMarketplace. Pricey ($25/month), but if you search the deals database at this website, you can study what books agents have sold going back to 2001, by category and keyword.
  • AAR Online. This is the official membership organization for literary agents. Not all agents are members of AAR, but it’s not a bad place to check if you want some reassurance on the professionalism of your agent.
  • Duotrope ($). See above.
  • Manuscript Wish List. See above.
  • Jeff Herman’s guide. See above.
  • QueryTracker. See above.

Sometimes multiple publishers and locations are listed in sequence. For example:

Published by the Penguin Group

Penguin Books Ltd, 80 Strand, London WC2R 0RL, England

Penguin Group (USA) Inc., 375 Hudson Street, New York, New York 10014, USA

Penguin Group (Canada), 90 Eglinton Avenue East, Suite 700, Toronto, Ontario, Canada M4P 2Y3 (a division of Pearson Penguin Canada Inc.)

Penguin Books Ltd, Registered Offices: 80 Strand, London WC2R 0RL, England

First published in Great Britain by William Heinemann Ltd 1968

Published in Penguin Classics 2011

Is it correct to assume that the first listed is the correct publisher of the current book, in this case, “Penguin Books Ltd”?

Or is it more appropriate to attribute it to “Penguin Group” or even “Penguin Classics”?

1 Answer 1

Unfortunately you don’t explain what you need to identify the publisher for.

If you want to quote a source in a text that you write, the first place to look for information about the publisher is the title page, the top of which lists the author and book title, and the bottom of which usually lists the publisher and place, sometimes the year, of publication.

Here is the title page (1) of the Penguin Classics paperback edition of Rieu’s translation of Homer’s Odyssey which names “Penguin Books” as publisher:

How to find the publisher of a book

As you can see from the book cover (2), this edition of Homer’s Odyssey was published in Penguin Classics. So why is the publisher not given as “Penguin Classics”? As the hardcover edition of the same book states (3), “Penguin Classics is an imprint of Penguin Books”. Penguin Books is the publisher of that imprint, and consequently of that imprint’s books.

First published in Great Britain by William Heinemann Ltd 1968

Published in Penguin Classics 2011

How to find the publisher of a book

As we know, Penguin Books was an independent publisher, but later became an imprint of first Penguin Group and currently Penguin Random House. Maybe the change of the status of Penguin Books from a publisher to an imprint has something to do with different publishers being associated with different publications in the Penguin Classics imprint? I don’t know.

What I do, in cases like this, is I let expert librarians answer your question for me: I use the British National Bibliography. Searching for this book by ISBN turns up the following information:

How to find the publisher of a book

As you can see, the British National Bibliography gives “Penguin” as the publisher of this book. And if that is what the British Library does, then this is good enough for me. In a bibliography in a paper of mine, I would list this book in the following way (in APA style):

Homer. (2003). The Odyssey (trans. E. V. Rieu). London: Penguin.

Other countries have their own national libraries, and if in doubt, I would always consult their records.

For older books not listed in the national bibliography, and for books whose country of origin you are unsure of, consult a bibliography of the relevant scholarly discipline (i.e. a database listing publications in the field of history, medicine, or whatever the book is about).

  1. look at the title page, if information is incomplete:
  2. look at the copyright page, if that is confusing:
  3. look in a relevant database or bibliography

What I never do is trust the “Cite” feature of Google Scholar. The information given there is very often incomplete or formatted falsely. But Google Scholar can help you identify other publication quoting your book, and you can get a first idea of how it might be correctly quoted, or what discipline it belongs to, so that you can identify a relevant database.

How to find the publisher of a book

  • Elements of a Reference List Entry
  • References

How to find the publisher of a book

In my good ol’ teaching days, students would frequently ask me: “I am citing this book, but it has six cities—some in the United States and some abroad—associated with its publisher location, so which one do I cite, or do I cite them all?”

Of course, I never had all day, or even a minute, to think about how to address this conundrum (people want a microwave answer to their queries: quick). So, I would always tell my students to pick the first city listed. My rationale was that the most prominent location/número uno/“where it all started” would be ordered first, and as long as that one was listed in the reference, then everything was fine.

Then again, now that I think about it, maybe some of those cities were listed in alphabetical order…

Oh, well. It’s too late for regrets now.

Thankfully, the new guidelines in the seventh edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association have absolved confused APA Style users such as myself of this geography sin.

Seventh edition style for book and book chapter references

That’s right, you heard (read) it here first (at least I hope you did): Publisher locations are no longer included in APA Style references for books and book chapters.

Yes, while the tenure of publisher locations lasted, it was great for us to learn that “AK” is the abbreviation for Alaska and that “Vienna” is more than a sausage. But it was a real headache to open a book and see New York, NY; Boston, MA; Los Angeles, CA; Madrid, Spain; Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; and Mississauga, Ontario, Canada as the publisher location options.

Multiple publisher locations in a book made it really difficult for writers to determine which, or all, locations should be included in a book or book chapter reference. And don’t get me started on the problematic referencing of a book with more than one publisher in various locations.

Authored Book

Fincher-Kiefer, R. (2019). How the body shapes knowledge: Empirical support for embodied cognition. American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000136-000

Chapter in an Edited Book

Hendrick, S. S., & Hendrick, C. (2019). Measuring love. In M. W. Gallagher & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Positive psychological assessment: A handbook of models and measures (pp. 219–232). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000138-014

  • Parenthetical citations: (Fincher-Kiefer, 2019; Hendrick & Hendrick, 2019)
  • Narrative citations: Fincher-Kiefer (2019) and Hendrick and Hendrick (2019)

If there is no DOI or URL, omit the DOI or URL from the reference, as in the following examples:

Authored Book

Almarode, J., & Vandas, K. (2019). Clarity for learning: Five essential practices that empower students and teachers. Corwin.

Chapter in an Edited Book

Billman, A. K., Hilden, K., & Halladay, J. L. (2009). When the “right texts” are difficult for struggling readers. In E. H. Hiebert & M. Sailors (Eds.), Finding the right texts: What works for beginning and struggling readers (pp. 203–226). Guilford Press.

  • Parenthetical citations: (Almarode & Vandas, 2019; Billman et al., 2009)
  • Narrative citations: Almarode and Vandas (2019) and Billman et al. (2009)

American Psychological Association; De Gruyter Mouton; Basic Books.

Not such an onerous change, right? Just a more streamlined approach. Because the more accessible APA Style is, the better it is for users and readers of their work.

This change applies to all types of books (e.g., authored and edited books as well as reference books such as dictionaries and encyclopedias). Please note some works associated with a specific location (e.g., conference presentations) require a location in their references (see Section 9.31 in the Publication Manual).

For more information on these works and on formatting book and book chapter references, please see Chapters 9 and 10 of the seventh edition of the Publication Manual and the reference examples on the APA Style website.

Related

Book publishers do much more than just print and sell books. They oversee the entire process of bringing books to market: author selection and development, manuscript editing, promotion, distribution and financial management.

Understanding how book publishers practice their profession can help you decide which role in the book publishing industry might interest you and determine how to prepare for a career in this field.

Author Identification, Selection and Development

The first job of a publisher is to find authors who can create books that sell. One part of a book publisher’s role, therefore, is author identification. Large book publishers work primarily with authors’ agents, also known as literary agents, who screen the work of writers and help prepare their manuscripts for submission to a publishing house.

When a book publisher decides to work with an author, it assigns one or more editors to work with the writer to clean up the manuscript and create a book that sells. This might include an editor asking an author to drop or add characters, change the plot, and add or drop chapters.

This is the difference between a copy editor who focuses on grammar, spelling and fact-checking and an editor who shapes a title for optimum sales.

Depending on the size of a book publisher, the company might employ editors in the following roles: evaluation and acquisition, author development, project management, copyediting, proofreading and line editing, explains Scribe Media.

Book Title Development

Just because a publisher likes an author’s submission doesn’t mean the publishing company will publish the book as is. Publishers direct books using formulas that sell. For example, a publishing house typically assigns its editors a genre. This starts with fiction or non-fiction and can progress to specific genres such as romance, children’s horror, young adult, adventure, politics, self-help, how-to or mystery, according to The Oprah Magazine.

Different publishing house staff members specialize in each of these areas and guide writers to rewrite parts of their books to better fit the expectations of consumers who purchase titles in these categories. For example, depending on the genre, the writer might need to tone down or spice up any sex scenes in the book.

Author and Book Promotion

It doesn’t matter how well the author writes if no one knows about the book. Publishers promote authors and books in a variety of ways, such as scheduling media interviews and setting up book signings. They send press releases and advance copies to members of the media. They promote the book to book-of-the-month clubs, bookstores, online sellers and other book distributors.

Booksellers also submit books for awards and promote an author or title that wins an award. Publishers keep track of sales to see if the author makes any best-seller lists or wins awards. Then, they blast this news out on their social media channels and to their media contacts and print the information on subsequent editions of the book.

A publisher trains authors to make public appearances and give media interviews. Not only do they help pick the right clothes to wear, they might also conduct mock interviews using a list of questions the writer can expect from those who typically interview book writers.

Production and Distribution

Book publishers help with the printing, illustration and distribution of books, including getting them into brick-and-mortar and online stores. Depending on how well they think the book might sell, publishers might start selling the book in hardcover format to cash in on early adopters and then quickly add softcover versions.

Booksellers also distribute e-book versions of titles and work on formatting and selling digital versions of books. Publishers know how to work with these sellers and format digital titles for e-readers, tablets and other apps.

The Rise of Self-Publishing

Self-publishing technology has made it possible for authors to create, produce and sell their own books. Amazon, for example, provides services to help writers layout a book, turn it into digital or print versions, sell on Amazon, set a price and collect the money.

While self-publishing allows writers to keep all of the profits, it doesn’t provide the experience and massive support in all areas of the book publishing process that publishers have. In addition to being an author, writers have to become a part-time book promoter or hire someone who can do this for them.

The Role of Agents

Many large publishers only work with author agents to avoid being swamped by countless amateur writers who aren’t ready to make the jump to publication. When an established book agent contacts a publisher with a manuscript, the publisher knows that the title is ready – or close to ready – for publication.

This is because agents make sure a book has commercial potential before submitting it, based on their knowledge of what publishers want. Book agents have editor contacts who can help authors with potentially commercially viable books clean up their manuscripts.

Agents also help authors make character and plot changes to books to make them more likely to be picked up by a publisher. Agents can determine whether an author should try self-publishing and can help with that. Agents can also promote a book if the writer goes the self-publishing route.

The last thing professional literary agents want to do is damage their reputation with publishing houses by bringing them poor titles that are a mess to read or don’t have good sales potential. For this reason, if an agent agrees to represent an author, he or she works diligently to give the book the best chance to make a good impression on a publisher.

Finally, agents help negotiate the best contracts and compensation with publishers. They can do this because they know what publishers pay and don’t make inappropriate requests, which a new author might make. This prevents rejections.

While literary agents aren’t attorneys, they have seen enough standard contracts that they can advise an author and the author’s attorney in reviewing, accepting or rejecting contracts the writer is offered, according to literary website Writer’s Relief.

Don’t want to cite by hand?

Search and cite automatically with EasyBib!

How to Format Publishers in MLA 8

The publisher is the name of the organization or company responsible for making the work available, and you’ll want to be sure to correctly cite this information. To cite publishers using MLA 8:

  • Include only the name of publishers and omit business words. The business words are usually found directly after the name of the publisher. This includes words such as company, corporation, limited, and others. (Example: Use Dream Books NOT Dream Books Company, LLC.)
  • Use UP for University Press (Example: Use Cambridge UP NOT Cambridge University Press)

How to Cite a Book in MLA 8:

Silverstein, Shel. The Giving Tree , Harper & Row, 1964.

Sometimes there will be numerous organizations listed as being responsible for publishing the source. In this case, just include the company that is most responsible for the source’s publication.

If two or more organizations are equally responsible, separate the names with a forward slash.

Bilodeau, Brent L. “Understanding Genderism.” The Art of Effective

Facilitation: Reflections from Social Justice Educators , edited by Lisa

M. Landreman, ACPA-College Student/Stylus, 2013, pp. 67-80.

It is not always necessary to include the name of the publisher. For the following sources, omit this information:

  • Any periodicals including journals, magazines, or newspapers
  • A website when the name of it is the same as the publisher

How to find the publisher of a book

  • Elements of a Reference List Entry
  • References

How to find the publisher of a book

In my good ol’ teaching days, students would frequently ask me: “I am citing this book, but it has six cities—some in the United States and some abroad—associated with its publisher location, so which one do I cite, or do I cite them all?”

Of course, I never had all day, or even a minute, to think about how to address this conundrum (people want a microwave answer to their queries: quick). So, I would always tell my students to pick the first city listed. My rationale was that the most prominent location/número uno/“where it all started” would be ordered first, and as long as that one was listed in the reference, then everything was fine.

Then again, now that I think about it, maybe some of those cities were listed in alphabetical order…

Oh, well. It’s too late for regrets now.

Thankfully, the new guidelines in the seventh edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association have absolved confused APA Style users such as myself of this geography sin.

Seventh edition style for book and book chapter references

That’s right, you heard (read) it here first (at least I hope you did): Publisher locations are no longer included in APA Style references for books and book chapters.

Yes, while the tenure of publisher locations lasted, it was great for us to learn that “AK” is the abbreviation for Alaska and that “Vienna” is more than a sausage. But it was a real headache to open a book and see New York, NY; Boston, MA; Los Angeles, CA; Madrid, Spain; Sydney, New South Wales, Australia; and Mississauga, Ontario, Canada as the publisher location options.

Multiple publisher locations in a book made it really difficult for writers to determine which, or all, locations should be included in a book or book chapter reference. And don’t get me started on the problematic referencing of a book with more than one publisher in various locations.

Authored Book

Fincher-Kiefer, R. (2019). How the body shapes knowledge: Empirical support for embodied cognition. American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000136-000

Chapter in an Edited Book

Hendrick, S. S., & Hendrick, C. (2019). Measuring love. In M. W. Gallagher & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Positive psychological assessment: A handbook of models and measures (pp. 219–232). American Psychological Association. https://doi.org/10.1037/0000138-014

  • Parenthetical citations: (Fincher-Kiefer, 2019; Hendrick & Hendrick, 2019)
  • Narrative citations: Fincher-Kiefer (2019) and Hendrick and Hendrick (2019)

If there is no DOI or URL, omit the DOI or URL from the reference, as in the following examples:

Authored Book

Almarode, J., & Vandas, K. (2019). Clarity for learning: Five essential practices that empower students and teachers. Corwin.

Chapter in an Edited Book

Billman, A. K., Hilden, K., & Halladay, J. L. (2009). When the “right texts” are difficult for struggling readers. In E. H. Hiebert & M. Sailors (Eds.), Finding the right texts: What works for beginning and struggling readers (pp. 203–226). Guilford Press.

  • Parenthetical citations: (Almarode & Vandas, 2019; Billman et al., 2009)
  • Narrative citations: Almarode and Vandas (2019) and Billman et al. (2009)

American Psychological Association; De Gruyter Mouton; Basic Books.

Not such an onerous change, right? Just a more streamlined approach. Because the more accessible APA Style is, the better it is for users and readers of their work.

This change applies to all types of books (e.g., authored and edited books as well as reference books such as dictionaries and encyclopedias). Please note some works associated with a specific location (e.g., conference presentations) require a location in their references (see Section 9.31 in the Publication Manual).

For more information on these works and on formatting book and book chapter references, please see Chapters 9 and 10 of the seventh edition of the Publication Manual and the reference examples on the APA Style website.

Author Guest Posts & Interviews, Industry Tips & Tricks

by Barnes & Noble Press /

June 8, 2018 at 9:15 AM

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How to find the publisher of a book

Looking for an editor? Barnes & Noble Press is excited to announce our partnership with Reedsy, a curated community of the best editorial, design, and marketing talent in the industry. Fine-tuning your manuscript can be challenging, but Reedsy hosts the top professional editors that will help prepare your book for the world of readers. To find out more, check out our partnership page and read on for Reedsy’s tips on how to find the right editor for your book.

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A Guest Post by Reedsy

“I need an editor” is probably the sentence we read or hear the most at Reedsy. It suggests that self-publishing has now entered a new stage of maturity in that almost every indie author serious about their craft knows the importance of having their books edited.

That said, there still is a lot of uncertainty and confusion as to what editors actually do, and how important it is to not just find a good editor, but the right one .

For this post, I turned to some of our most popular Reedsy editors and asked them a simple question: “what would be your #1 piece of advice for authors looking for an editor?” You’ll find their answers below, which will set you on the path to finding your dream editor!

1. Understand what type of editing you’re looking for

Most of the confusion we see around editing comes from the fact that there is more than one kind of editing. You can read our standard editing definitions here , but in my experience the best way to think about editing is in three stages:

  • The first one ( developmental editing ) is all about the structural and narrative elements of your book. In fiction, a developmental editor will analyze and critique your narrative arc, plot, characterization, dialogue, pacing and voice.
  • The second ( copy editing ) is all about the mechanics of your prose: your grammar, punctuation, consistency in style, etc.
  • The third one ( proofreading ) is a last check on the manuscript to remove any typos or errors that weren’t caught, or were introduced, in the previous editing rounds.

Not every manuscript needs to go through all these steps, and not every author has the budget to hire three separate editors. But it’s important to understand the different types of editing and know which kind you’re after. In the words of one of one Reedsy editor:

“Communicate clearly to your prospective editor in your own words (don’t worry about publishing lingo) what work has been done on the book thus far and what you think it needs now. What concerns do you want to address? Do you just want general feedback, or are you expecting hands-on editing of the text? Your editor can help you nail down the service that will fit your needs.” — Aja Pollock, Developmental & Copy Editor

2. Look for qualified professionals with a track record

The next step is to start looking for editors. The trick is knowing how to evaluate the different profiles you will come across.

It goes without saying that you’re looking for someone with a lot of experience, ideally at one or several of the established traditional publishers because that’s where editors make their bones. Some of that experience should overlap with the genre of your book. And the editor should have a proven track record in the form of books in the market and reviews from other authors they’ve worked with. — Jim Thomas, Developmental & Copy Editor

At Reedsy, we use very specific criteria to determine which editors we accept on our marketplace:

  • Traditional publishing experience, whether in-house or through freelance contracts;
  • 5+ years of editing experience in a specific genre and type of editing;
  • 10+ published books (with positive reviews) in their portfolio.

Whether you look for editors on Reedsy or elsewhere, I would urge you to apply these same criteria to separate real professionals from wannabe editors.

3. Contact several editors and get their thoughts on your manuscript

A common mistake authors make is they often hire the first good editor they come across. Remember: You don’t just want a good one. You want the right one .

So make sure you find several prospects and get in touch with all of them. Share a strong synopsis (to get them interested in working with you), and a sample of your manuscript (usually your first chapter). If you’re using Reedsy, we’ve incorporated all this into the “brief” you fill in to contact the editors you selected.

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Then, just sit back and wait to hear from them. They’ll usually come back with thoughts on your synopsis or sample. Read those carefully, as they will give you some crucial insights on each editor’s style.

“The number one piece of advice I would give to a writer is to work with an editor who is enthusiastic about your project and who understands what you want to accomplish with the story. An editor is there to help you hone your voice, not to take over the book. At the end of the day it is your book and you want it to sing with your voice and vision.” — Laurie Chittenden, Developmental Editor

“Always look for a real connection with a prospective editor. Qualifications are, of course, a primary consideration, but always look for a professional who shares your passion for the genre and subject matter. The relationship between writer and editor at its best is one of trust and collaboration.” — Michael Rowley, Developmental Editor

If the chemistry is right, you’ll actually learn more about writing craft — and grow as a writer — than you would by taking a thousand writing courses. And chances are, it’ll be the start of a professional friendship that could last your entire career.

How to find the publisher of a bookIf you have an idea for a new textbook a great way to start looking for a publisher is by attending your discipline’s annual meeting — which typically hosts book vendors — where you may be able to make some good contacts with publishing companies, said Dr. Laura Taalman, a mathematics professor at James Madison University.

“It is worth stopping by the exhibit booths of the publishers you are interested in; the editor you seek might be right there,” she said. “Sales reps can sometimes give you an idea if your book fits in with their company’s list. They also will often have contact information for the appropriate editors.”

When Taalman was looking for a publisher for her textbook, Integrated Calculus: Calculus With Precalculus and Algebra, (which was published in 2004 by Houghton Mifflin) she shopped the idea around to sales reps at her university and at yearly math meetings. “The sales reps communicated with the math editors and someone turned out to be interested,” she said.

After she learned of their interest, Taalman sent a formal proposal using the Author Guideline on the Houghton Mifflin website (available here). Most publishers provide Author Guidelines for submitting proposals on their website. “I didn’t have to figure out what to send them because they spelled it out very clearly, and I just followed their outline,” she said.

Based only on discussions and a sample Table of Contents and chapter, they offered her a contract with a small sum of money, said Taalman: “I had to submit the formal proposal not for the editor, but for his superiors and to follow the proper procedure, so by the time I sent in the proposal I basically had a verbal contract, and we were just going through the negotiations and formalities.”

Kathleen Domenig, founder and publisher of Strata Publishing, said that along with attending annual conferences and meeting with sales reps at your university, you can compile a list of publishers that might be interested in your textbook idea by visiting bookstores to look at which publishers are putting out books in your field.

“You can also look at the books on your own bookshelves to identify the publishers that publish books in your field,” said Domenig. “You should also find out who the editor is for the books in your field. That information might be on the publisher’s website, but it may be necessary to ask the sales reps or call the publisher. At a large house, a query letter or proposal that is not addressed to a specific person could bounce around for months.”

Many publishers, particularly smaller organizations, specialize in different areas. To make sure your textbook query fits a particular publisher’s focus, be sure to look for information on their website about which areas they specialize in. Strata Publishing, for example, specializes in the fields of communication and journalism, and publishes books for mid-level and advanced courses.

After you’ve made the proper connections, it’s time to write your query. “A query letter should explain what your textbook will offer that other available textbooks for the course do not,” Domenig said. She recommends that you answer the following questions in your proposal: “Why would professors drop the textbook that they are already using to use your textbook?” Domenig said. “How would your proposed book meet people’s teaching needs?”

Other key elements of a query letter (see sample on Strata Publishing, Inc. website) include:

  • The working title of the book
  • The usual titles of the course for which the book is intended
  • A brief description of your general approach in the book
  • The major competitors and/or the major books that people currently use in the course(s) for which your book is intended
  • A list of the major features and characteristics that would distinguish your book from those books
  • A table of contents and a copy of your curriculum vita

When you’re writing a query letter, think about what an early draft of advertising for the textbook would look like, with particular features of the textbook highlighted; and write your query in the positive, rather than in the negative, said Domenig: “Focus on what your book does, rather than on what it does not do or on what the competing books don’t do.”

Remember that you are addressing a publisher, not an academic, said Taalman: “You need to argue that you are filling a need in the market, not in academics or the discipline. If there are other books somewhat like yours that are successful, then a publisher can see there is a market. On the other hand, you need to point out where your book will differ and why that would be attractive to the market.”

You should also know the potentially competing – or supporting – books that comprise the particular publisher’s current list, she said: “When you are trying to get picked up by a publisher, you have to be convincing to them in their terms. If the editor is interested in your book, then they will have to make a business-model type of argument to the higher-ups in the company. Your book proposal will look more attractive to editors if you can provide some of these arguments.”

How long should your query letter be? “I’m fairly flexible, but one or two pages is long enough,” said Domenig. “If I’m interested in the query, I will ask the author to send a proposal.”

She usually responds to a query letter within two weeks.

How to start a sports blog

How to start a sports blog

Pro football is America’s favorite sport. From baby boomers to Gen Xers, every American demographic is obsessed with the gridiron. Why not turn that obsession into a profit by starting a football betting blog?

Everybody is blogging these days. In fact, there are more than 173 million active bloggers. With personal stories and storytelling on the rise, blogs will continue to be a major force in the New Media.

WordPress is a popular blogging platform, perfect for bloggers just starting out. Currently, WordPress is powering 28% of the Internet, making it a great place for those choosing a blog platform for the first time.

Continue reading, to find out how to start a football betting blog on WordPress.

How to Start a Football Betting Blog on WordPress

Before we get started, let’s talk a bit about what WordPress is and does.

WordPress is the most popular Content Management Software (CMS) on the Internet. CMS solutions allow a user to update a website without knowing how to program or code.

With WordPress, users can:

  • Publish and edit posts
  • Categorize articles
  • Search content
  • Manage users’ access
  • Customize themes and layouts

Step 1: Download and Install WordPress

Start by downloading the newest version of WordPress. Unzip the compressed file.

Step 2: Decide on a Hosting Solution

With WordPress, it’s possible to publish on the native WordPress.com site. You won’t be able to customize your domain name, however.

How to start a sports blog

WordPress.com users are stuck with the “yourdomainname.wordpress.com” web address. This may make it more difficult for search engines to find you.

Step 3: Upload WordPress Files to Your Server

For those hosting WordPress on their own site, you’ll need to settle on a server. Bluehost.com and GoDaddy.com are popular choices. When your domain name is registered, upload the WordPress files to the server using an FTP client.

Step 4: Create a MySQL Database

Sign up with MySQL.com. Create a MySQL database and assign a user to it, with full access. Write down the database name, username, and password.

Step 5: Install WordPress

Navigate to “http://yourdomain.com” and follow the installation instructions. Or do the same for “http://yourdomainname.wordpress.com.”

Step 6: Decide on a Niche

Decide what angle will be used to hook readers. Sites that feature personal stories make for a very different football betting blogs than one like UltimateCapper, which posts free NFL picks weekly.

Step 7: Start Writing

Now that a niche has been decided on, it’s time to start creating content.

Remember, blogging is hard work but it pays off in dividends. Don’t worry about it being perfect, either. One of the great things about blogging is it’s possible to learn along the way.

Step 8: Post Consistently

Create interesting, unique content regularly. Decide on a schedule and stick to it. Readers will begin to look forward to the blog posts. They’ll even spread the word, so the marketing takes care of itself.

Step 9: Have Fun and Make Money

Whether making money from betting, or getting paid to promote products, blogging can be a fun, inspiring way to make money from home.

A football betting blog can be a lot of work, but writing it is also super fun and rewarding. It’s great to see personal thoughts, perspectives, and opinions go out into the world. It’s also great to help others make a buck doing what they love, while you do the same.

Ready to Take the Plunge and Start Your Blog?

Ready to start making money doing what you love? Read our overview of the best blogging platforms or how to make a website. Happy betting!

I am frequently asked about this blogging thing that I’ve managed to turn into a full-time job. How did you do it? What do you focus on? How much time does it take?

Because of the necessarily wide range of incarnations a blog can take – not only in what you cover, but how frequently, in what style, with what focus, etc. – there isn’t a whole lot I can offer in a page like this to tell you how to run a successful blog. Given the amount of good luck that went into me turning BN into a full-time job, I’m also not sure I’m the right guy to offer that kind of advice. The short version of what I’d tell you on that end is simply: do what works for you, based on your definition of “success.” Maybe someday I’ll tackle that side of the equation – probably with an entirely separate blog, since it is such a voluminous subject – but, for now, my focus is something much more foundational.

Namely: getting started.

For many folks who have blogging aspirations, the functional side of getting started with a blog – actually setting up a site and creating content for it – can be a daunting challenge. Maybe so much so that you never even try. Although I can’t guarantee my suggestions will be the perfect fit for you, I can at least tell you how I did it. And it worked for me.

So, here go: the basics on starting a blog. How to do it, functionally.

The good news is, setting up your own site like Bleacher Nation is not as difficult as you might think. To get started, you really only need three things: (1) A Host, (2) a domain name, and (3) WordPress.

1.) A web host is essentially a company that owns a whole bunch of huge computers that specializes in creating the home where your website lives. For example, Bleacher Nation lives on a server out in California. There are a bunch of hosts out there, but Bleacher Nation uses DreamHost. I’ve been using it since day one of the site (and before on some other sites), and outside of the occasional blip you’re going to have with any computer enterprise, I’ve been very happy. Reliable, good customer service, good speed, and really inexpensive plans for folks just starting out. Mostly I’ve appreciated that when I have had issues – including stuff that wasn’t actually their responsibility – they help me promptly. Just responding quickly goes a long way to keep folks happy, I’ve found.

The truth is, there isn’t a huge difference between hosts, because it’s such a saturated market (meaning, they all pretty much have to keep up with each other). Search around, see what you like, but my recommendation is DreamHost. And, bonus for me: if you sign up with DreamHost, I get some credit back toward my own hosting costs. Schwing. And if you sign up via this link, they’ll even knock $25 off of the price.

2.) The domain name is essentially the name in the address where you want your blog to live (i.e., bleachernation.com is the domain name for Bleacher Nation). Getting one is really easy, as any host you sign up with can get you your domain name at the same time you sign up (I did all of this through DreamHost). Think long and hard before you choose your site name, because if your site is successful, you’ll be stuck with it for a long time. Be creative, because obviously a lot of the simplest names have long been taken. Generally speaking, shorter is better. More memorable is better. If you have to spell the name when telling a friend about it, that could be an issue.

3.) WordPress is basically blogging software, which is available from WordPress.org (not to be confused with WordPress.com, which is slightly different, and discussed below). It’s the program that use to create your web page and your posts. It’s free, open source, reliable, used by everyone everywhere, and it’s easy for beginners. If you can create an email, you can create a blog post using WordPress. To get it working, you install it on your host server, get a database set up, flip a couple switches, and you’re good to go.

And if even that sounds a touch complicated, good news: DreamHost (other hosts may do it, too, but I’ve only ever used DreamHost) will set it all up for you. In my early days of webbing around, I had no idea how to do any of this stuff, so it was pretty convenient to be able to sign up for hosting, literally click a button, and boom, I had WordPress completely set up on my site.

From there, you select a “theme” for the site (the basic way it looks), and you’re on your way. If you’re into learning a little HTML, you can tweak the site (Google is your friend), but it isn’t strictly necessary.

If that all sounds like too much, there are free options for blogging – WordPress.com and Blogspot.com are the big ones – which will handle everything above for you, and will do it for free. For a beginner, the free route might be a good option, as long as you understand that they limit your creative options slightly. Further, if you aspire for your site to be something more serious, having your own domain (i.e., YourSite.com as opposed to YourSite.blogspot.com) has become increasingly important.

That’s it. Follow those three easy steps, and you can have your site up and running. From there, it’s eminently customizable in both look and content, and I can’t tell you want to do in that regard. Just write what you know, and what you’re passionate about.

Want to write for SB Nation? Here are the places where we’re looking for extra help.

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Do you want to write for SB Nation? Excellent. We want to hear from you! Here’s how you can find our list of opportunities at team blogs, along with answers to some questions you might have.

Except where otherwise noted, all of our positions are part-time, contract roles compensated with a monthly stipend. All of the current openings at SB Nation’s team blogs can be found under the SB Nation Freelance header on Vox Media’s careers page.

What do contributors do?

Typically, site contributors write at least twice a week on topics of their choosing, although alternative arrangements can be worked out with their site manager. Contributors may also potentially help with social media promotion, copy editing, or other site duties.

What do managers do?

In addition to writing regularly, site managers also recruit other writers, edit and schedule other pieces, and manage social media for the sites. Site managers decide what gets published on the team sites, and will work with SB Nation management for training. More specific detailed duties can be found in their specific job description. This is a larger time commitment than site contributors.

Why should I write for SB Nation?

There are lots of reasons! If you love sports and love writing, SB Nation provides the best platform to engage with other fans and promote your work. It has the best publishing platform, a strong brand, excellent training, and an amazing team.

SB Nation alumni have gone on to work for SBNation.com, Rivals, Scout, 247Sports, SI.com, Grantland, and numerous other outlets. Others have used their experience with SB Nation to give themselves additional professional opportunities in marketing, social media, advertising, and more. If you’re looking to start a media-focused career, or are just a passionate sports fan looking to advance the conversation, there isn’t a better place to start than with SB Nation.

But don’t just take our word for it!

Derek Smith, Bring On The Cats:

“It didn’t take long after I joined the staff at Bring On The Cats for me to see the opportunity that writing for SB Nation provides. A year after joining the staff, I had the idea to write a longform piece on K-State’s 2003 Big 12 Championship. Through my affiliation with SB Nation, I was able to secure interviews with a number of former players as well as fulfilling a lifelong dream of interviewing legendary head coach Bill Snyder. The three month process of researching and writing the piece was one of the greatest experiences of my life so far. For anyone who dreams of being a serious writer but never had the chance, SB Nation is a great place to start.”

Stephanie Haynes, Bloodyelbow.com:

I’ve been a member of combat sports media for more than a decade, but it wasn’t until I started writing for SB Nation that I was recognized as a “respected contributor” to the sports community. Now, four- plus-years into my tenure with them, I’ve interviewed and written long form features on the likes of such heavy hitters as celebrity chef, Anthony Bourdain, UFC lead commentator/stand-up comedian, Joe Rogan and wingsuit flyer/adventurer, Jeb Corliss. I don’t believe that would’ve happened without the help of the team I work with at SBN.

In addition to the experience and wealth of journalistic tips and guidance I’ve received, working alongside a group of people with a similar passion for sports fostered the sense of having a second family, and I’ve developed some wonderful friendships with my SBN team. If you have a passion to be involved with the sports community, but are unable to compete professionally, this could be a golden opportunity for you contribute in another way that is just as fulfilling and with lasting impact.

Martin Rickman, Uproxx:

“I can safely say without hyperbole that I wouldn’t be where I am if it wasn’t for SB Nation. No, really. And it’s almost not a stretch to say I wouldn’t be who I am without the network either. The contacts I’ve made, the skills I’ve gained, the endless repetition and practice, the freestyling, the endless amount of people I can turn to if I have a question about anything, they’ve all shaped me and molded me and helped guide me on this crazy winding path I’m on.

Being comfortable with myself and my abilities must have been good for me as SI approached me in 2013 to possibly replace Holly Anderson (a fellow SBN alum) at Campus Union. There isn’t a day that goes by now where I’m not talking with at least one, if not half a dozen people from SBN. They’re my contemporaries, my colleagues, but most importantly, my friends. It’s a special place because it’s filled with special people.”

Are these positions paid?

Yes. Neither are full time, but both site manager and contributor positions are paid a monthly stipend.

I want to write somewhere that doesn’t have any openings posted. What should I do?

Your best bet is to contact the site manager of that particular blog (you can find their contact info under the masthead), or start writing FanPosts/being a participating member of that community.

This article is a guest submission from writer Zoe Anderson.

How to start a sports blog

Developing the right network can help you find the right sports opportunities

Competition is especially high for jobs in the sports industry. Whether you want to market, promote, coach, commentate, or become an athlete yourself, you’re going to have to fly past a long line of people to make your way to the top.

Networking can increase your chances of success. Sometimes, it’s not what you know – it’s who you know.

Building a reliable, strong network in the industry can open the door to the career of your dreams; and in order to make this happen you need to approach the matter in the correct way!

Here are five tips to help you build your professional network.

[bctt tweet=”How to Build Your Professional Network in the Sports Industry #sportsbiz” username=”workinsports”]

Take College Courses

Taking college courses related to athletics, such as sports management, can help you find other individuals with goals that are similar to yours. You aren’t the only one who needs to network, and you’d be surprised to find how often college ties will become meaningful opportunities.

As classmates eventually graduate and enter the workforce in various parts of the country and industry, you now have a built-in network of friends and peers.How to start a sports blog

Attend Industry Events and Expos

You’ll probably enjoy yourself at industry events and expos, so nobody will need to pull your leg to get you to come out and socialize.

While you’re having fun, you’ll be able to meet a decent number of professionals who have already established themselves in the industry. You never know who is hiring, and it doesn’t hurt to ask. Just don’t push yourself onto people – take a casual approach to these social interactions, allowing your knowledge and expertise to shine.

Many sports specific career conferences will allow you to rub elbows with important people in the industry, while also being surrounded by like-minded individuals who you can learn from and share information with.

Start a Sports Blog

There’s a blog for everything. Starting one is easy, and maintaining one only takes a small amount of time out of your day.

It’s especially easy to write on subjects you’re passionate about, and you might find that you enjoy being a sports writer.

Regularly updating a useful sports blog can create a multitude of opportunities for you. You may find yourself in a position to meet and interview individuals who are more successful than you are. You can also exchange guest posts with other sports bloggers to grow your audience and provide you with the opportunity to make more connections.

Become a Guest Author For Sports Sites

With this article, I’m officially a guest author for WorkinSports.com now, and from doing this I’ll expand my network to include all the people that read this article. If you have a sports blog, as we suggest above, guest writing is a great way to reach a bigger audience than you currently have.

Most sites love to get guest authors because new material provides a different point of view. Plus, you’ll often get a link back to your twitter profile and/or sports blog which helps build your brand in the industry you choose.

Complete an Internship

Internships and volunteering won’t pay the bills, but they will give you meaningful experience that looks good on a resume.

Being able to work for a company you admire can help you perfect your skills. You may even find that there are certain aspects of the industry that speak better to your personal talents, causing you to deviate from your original goal. Use these opportunities to explore your strengths. If you do a good enough job, the people who matter will notice.

You never know when a paying job is going to pop up, so it helps to be in the right place at the right time.

Good things come to those who wait, and in order to secure a thriving career in the sports industry, you’re going to have to exercise a great deal of patience. If you’re dedicated enough and consistent in your approach, you’ll see that your hard work pays off in the end.

It may feel discouraging at times, but don’t give up. After all, quitters never win!

Guest author Zoe Anderson is an employee at StudySelect. She’s keen on learning about new branding strategies and digital marketing tools. She’s also interested in the eLearning trends.

News writing style is just as important for sports reporting as it is for general news, business stories or any other journalistic work.

The advantage of sports writing is that you are allowed a little it more leeway in your choice of words. In crime or business writing, you are restricted in your use of adjectives and adverbs and are encouraged to focus more on nouns and verbs. Sports writing, however, allows you to go to town in describing plays, the atmosphere, fans and other colorful aspects of a sporting event.

Using quotes in Sports Reports

Ideally, any sports story would have quotes from the winners and losers. Indeed, many sports articles are written around what athletes say rather than what they have achieved on the field of play.

However, you also have sports articles written without quotes. When rookies learn how to write like a journalist, especially in sport, they are likely to come across the structure that we will show you here.

We will adapt the NBA game between Boston Celtics and Cleveland Cavaliers on April 1 as our example article.

1. Intro

The most important news aspect of a sports game is the score. Who won? How did they win and what effect did the victory have? Also important is whether we are writing from a Boston perspective or Cleveland. In this case, we will go with Cleveland.

“Cleveland Cavaliers lost 98-96 to the Boston Celtics after Delonte West’s sank two free throws in the final seconds, dropping three and a half games behind the Pistons for the best record in the Eastern Conference.”

2. More info

The above is enough for those who have a passing interest in the sport. However, NBA fans would want more information and you could give it to them in one or two paragraphs.

“The Cavaliers were without star player LeBron James, suffering from a knee injury, while the Celtics were minus Paul Pierce. Gerald Green led the way for Celtics with 25 points while Kendrick Perkins had 12 points and nine rebounds.

The Cavaliers, for whom Larry Hughes scored 24 with Sasha Pavlovic scoring 17, have already qualified for the play-offs while Boston are out of the running.”

3. Quote

This is where you can provide a quote from the coach or a key player from both teams. You can precede each saying with a lead-in paragraph or go straight into the quote.

“Celtic forward Al Jefferson, said: ‘They were missing their best player and we were missing our best play. We just stuck in there.’

Cavs coach Mike Brown said James’ absence was a key factor in their loss.

‘We miss LeBron. We miss LeBron every time he doesn’t play. He’s our guy,’ said Brown.”

4. The rest

Once you got the main information and key quotes out of the way, you can go on to describe the game. Even better would be to describe just one or two plays and include more quotes.

The thinking behind sports articles is that people would have watched the game on TV anyway and would not want boring game description. Therefore, quotes from the people who matter, such as athletes and coaches, would offer better reading value.

There are many types of sports news writing that is offered around the world everyday. We have merely showed you its simplest form. Certainly, it is a rewarding form of news writing for journalists who love their sport. And the structure they use allow them to adapt their skills to any type of journalism writing.

This article is a guest submission from writer Zoe Anderson.

How to start a sports blog

Developing the right network can help you find the right sports opportunities

Competition is especially high for jobs in the sports industry. Whether you want to market, promote, coach, commentate, or become an athlete yourself, you’re going to have to fly past a long line of people to make your way to the top.

Networking can increase your chances of success. Sometimes, it’s not what you know – it’s who you know.

Building a reliable, strong network in the industry can open the door to the career of your dreams; and in order to make this happen you need to approach the matter in the correct way!

Here are five tips to help you build your professional network.

[bctt tweet=”How to Build Your Professional Network in the Sports Industry #sportsbiz” username=”workinsports”]

Take College Courses

Taking college courses related to athletics, such as sports management, can help you find other individuals with goals that are similar to yours. You aren’t the only one who needs to network, and you’d be surprised to find how often college ties will become meaningful opportunities.

As classmates eventually graduate and enter the workforce in various parts of the country and industry, you now have a built-in network of friends and peers.How to start a sports blog

Attend Industry Events and Expos

You’ll probably enjoy yourself at industry events and expos, so nobody will need to pull your leg to get you to come out and socialize.

While you’re having fun, you’ll be able to meet a decent number of professionals who have already established themselves in the industry. You never know who is hiring, and it doesn’t hurt to ask. Just don’t push yourself onto people – take a casual approach to these social interactions, allowing your knowledge and expertise to shine.

Many sports specific career conferences will allow you to rub elbows with important people in the industry, while also being surrounded by like-minded individuals who you can learn from and share information with.

Start a Sports Blog

There’s a blog for everything. Starting one is easy, and maintaining one only takes a small amount of time out of your day.

It’s especially easy to write on subjects you’re passionate about, and you might find that you enjoy being a sports writer.

Regularly updating a useful sports blog can create a multitude of opportunities for you. You may find yourself in a position to meet and interview individuals who are more successful than you are. You can also exchange guest posts with other sports bloggers to grow your audience and provide you with the opportunity to make more connections.

Become a Guest Author For Sports Sites

With this article, I’m officially a guest author for WorkinSports.com now, and from doing this I’ll expand my network to include all the people that read this article. If you have a sports blog, as we suggest above, guest writing is a great way to reach a bigger audience than you currently have.

Most sites love to get guest authors because new material provides a different point of view. Plus, you’ll often get a link back to your twitter profile and/or sports blog which helps build your brand in the industry you choose.

Complete an Internship

Internships and volunteering won’t pay the bills, but they will give you meaningful experience that looks good on a resume.

Being able to work for a company you admire can help you perfect your skills. You may even find that there are certain aspects of the industry that speak better to your personal talents, causing you to deviate from your original goal. Use these opportunities to explore your strengths. If you do a good enough job, the people who matter will notice.

You never know when a paying job is going to pop up, so it helps to be in the right place at the right time.

Good things come to those who wait, and in order to secure a thriving career in the sports industry, you’re going to have to exercise a great deal of patience. If you’re dedicated enough and consistent in your approach, you’ll see that your hard work pays off in the end.

It may feel discouraging at times, but don’t give up. After all, quitters never win!

Guest author Zoe Anderson is an employee at StudySelect. She’s keen on learning about new branding strategies and digital marketing tools. She’s also interested in the eLearning trends.

Office sports leagues can improve morale, reduce stress and increase communication. Here are tips to start your own.

Before we dive into the nitty-gritty of how to plan, manage, and promote your office sports league, let’s look at some of the reasons why you would want to start one in the first place. Creating or joining an office sports league has many benefits as a group and individually.

How to start a sports blog

Benefits of Office Sports Leagues

Reduce Stress

It’s no secret that physical activity reduces physical and mental stress. Exercise is basically a trial run for your body. When you voluntarily put yourself in a stressful situation, like playing basketball, your body has the opportunity to practice the interactions needed to respond to that stress. The more we practice handling stressful situations well, the easier those situations are to handle.

Build Morale

Giving co-workers a common goal outside of work will help to build morale. Feeling victory and failure together deepen trust and loyalty between co-workers. People tend to feel loyalty to peers rather than a company or title. This connection can lead to higher productivity and efficiency.

Open Communication

Building strong relationships on the field will improve workplace relationships. Allowing co-workers, supervisors, and managers to work in a new context will increase trust which carries into the office and can improve communication. A positive relationship on the field lends itself to a positive relationship in the office.

How someone plays a game and how someone solves a problem are very similar. Having the chance to see co-workers on the field can bring insight to how they work and how communication can shift to their problem-solving style.

Now that you’ve decided a sports league will benefit your office it’s time to get started on creating your league.

How to start a sports blog

Creating Your Office League

Choose a Sport

This sounds like a simple task but deciding on what game to organize will make a big difference on how you plan your league.

Consider the general activity level of your potential players

  • If you have a very sports inclined office a more aggressive sport may be appropriate. Soccer, basketball, and flag football are great options for this case.
  • On the other end of the spectrum, if you’re planning a lunch league or know your team doesn’t want to necessarily get sweaty, games like ping pong, badminton, and pickleball will be more appropriate.
  • Most offices will have a mixture of die-hard athletes and recreational players. If you have a large office, splitting your league into competitive and noncompetitive can be a great way for everyone to feel challenged.

Consider the supplies needed when choosing a sport

  • While crochet sounds like a fun game, it may end up being a large hassle to buy and move all of the supplies needed. A game like soccer requires very little.

Consider expenses

  • Some sports are more or less expensive than others. If you have a company budget for your league, keep that in mind when choosing your sport. If you are going to ask players or teams to contribute you want to keep costs low, to reduce any barriers to play.
  • If you require players or teams to play you’ll also want consider a way to collect payments. Whether it’s cash or using online registration(that’s us!), have a system in place.

Choose a Location

Make it easy for your employees and co-workers to attend your games by choosing a field or gym near your office. Even better if you’re able to host your game in the office.

Make Teams

If you’re choosing a sport that involves teams eliminate the potential for drama by creating teams rather than having players choose their own. Try to mix departments to give employees who don’t usually spend time together a chance to connect!

Make a Schedule

Again you want to make it easy for people to join your league. After work games can be tricky when many people have families and other commitments, plus not everyone will be thrilled about staying late. Weekends are even harder depending on where your players live.

The ideal times are lunch and weekday afternoons. When given the option to take a long lunch or end the work day early for a game, most people will be excited to join!

Will your league be competitive or recreational?

  • Recreational leagues are organized in a round robin fashion, where each team plays every team at least once.
  • Competitive games can be organized in a bracket with single or double elimination. If you choose a bracket but still want to keep people playing even after they are eliminated, a round robin group can be created.

Get Players Excited

The most important part of the equation is to get your co-workers and employees to join your league! Here are some ideas on how to build up excitement for your office league.

  • Promote your league as much as you can! Create flyers, post reminders on group messaging platforms, and tell people in person.
  • Offer prizes to winners. Even if it’s something small, prizes and the idea of winning creates excitement.
  • Create team names and shirts. Better yet have teams create and design their own!

How to start a sports blog

(Photo by Steve Jennings/Getty Images for TechCrunch)

What are some tips for running a successful blog? originally appeared on Quora – the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world.

Answer by Rand Fishkin, f ounder of Moz, a uthor, blogger, speaker , on Quora:

A few that have worked well for me:

    Leverage your unique strengths. Maybe you’re a great photographer, or an illustrator. Maybe you have access to data that no one else does. Maybe you write short, insightful commentary on trends better than anyone else. Maybe you’re an artistic writer, whose language and style create delight. Whatever the case, you should use it! Don’t blog in a certain style because you’ve heard it’s effective. Blog in a way that makes your strength the center of the value people can earn from your posts.

  • Create expectations and fulfill them. This means consistency in what you publish, when you publish, how you write, what you share, etc. In my experience, audiences share and have attraction to blogs that consistently deliver what they want.
  • Before you hit publish, do at least a little bit of keyword research, a bit of planning for outreach, and a little promotion after you publish, too. I wrote this piece for Problogger that goes into more depth: Publish your Blog Post without SEO and 1000s of Visits Will be Forever Lost .
  • In the early days, anytime someone comments, reply quickly and engage them. Go tweet to them, go check out their site and leave a comment on one of their posts (if they have them). By reciprocating the behavior you hope to see from your audience (high engagement and respectful, positive interactions), you’re setting the tone and building a relationship that can mean additional loyalty and amplification for years to come.
  • Choose topics people care about. That sounds way easier than it is. I do this by staying very close to what my industry’s talking about — on Twitter, on Q+A sites, in the forums, in blog comments, at events, etc. There are a number of processes you can build to have deep empathy for your audience, but few things will serve you as well as being able to identify topics that are hot or in desperate need of an answer, a discussion, or some cathartic sharing.
  • Lots more tactics, data, and insight here:Blogging Tips on Moz .
  • This question originally appeared on Quora. -the place to gain and share knowledge, empowering people to learn from others and better understand the world. You can follow Quora on Twitter, Facebook, and Google+.

    How to repair peeling plaster walls

    There are literally three layers of plaster utilized to lath to make the entire job. The primary two are a mortar like stuff that generally contained animal hair and is the origin of the time period horse hair plaster. The primary coat is known as the scratch coat and was utilized with agency stress to drive the mortar via the gaps within the lath and create the fingers that assist to maintain it in place.

    The second coat was know because the intermediate coat and was the identical combination because the scratch coat. This intermediate coat constructed up and leveled the floor. Collectively these first two coats are grouped as one and referred to as the brown coat by most individuals. They’re grouped as a result of there isn’t a approach you’ll separate these two layers as soon as which have cured. We’re going to name the brown coats substrate in these articles. If the substrate has failed you’ll need to go all the best way to the lath to have an effect on the repair. We’ll cope with that matter in one other article.

    One of many plaster failures that generally happens is the place the onerous coat, additionally know as the highest coat, the white layer pops unfastened from the in any other case sound layer of the substrate, the mortar like coat. That is most typical on exterior walls, bogs and kitchens although I’ve seen it in different places the place one wouldn’t suspect moisture being current.

    In a typical set up the onerous coat or prime coat is generally not more than 1/8″ thick and generally it’s much less. Repairing even a big part of it’s no large deal if the substrate is firmly connected and sound. The scale of the issue space will decide the strategies required.

    Merchandise made for ending drywall are all I ever use and so they work nice! Utilizing actual plaster is an artwork type I’ve by no means come shut to mastering.

    That is one among two conditions the place I desire to use Durabond. The producer states and primarily based on my private expertise I agree that the Durabond product has a superior seize and maintain compared to different drywall compounds when it’s utilized over the plaster substrate. Since Durabond shouldn’t be a sanding kind product one wants completely positive to preserve all stuffed areas properly beneath the ultimate wall end stage.

    A number of coats could also be utilized after every prior coat is ready. Earlier than the ultimate coat or coats of a sanding kind setting compound and even common previous premix is utilized the Durabond want to be fully dry. Dry often takes 24 hours from the final software and shouldn’t be confused with set which might happen in a bit of as 5 minutes.

    The precise technique you’ll pursue will probably be primarily based on the general dimension of your faulted space. Earlier than we start I strongly counsel that you just choose on the edges of your fault to ensure all the unfastened prime coat has been eliminated. As soon as you’re happy that nothing else is about to pop off within the close to future you may have to plan an assault for repairing the broken space.

    Most of those prime coat pops that I’ve encountered that I thought of price repairing by skim coating have been lower than Eight sq. toes so I’ll clarify the methodology for doing a 2×4 foot space and one two to 3 times that dimension. For both one step one is strictly the identical. Cowl all the substrate with the smoothest, thinnest coat of Durabond you can apply. The substrate is all the time a semi-soft friable materials and each time you pull a drywall knife filled with compound throughout it you’ll dislodge some small crumbs or sand combine; these crumbs or sand will foul your compound and make the last word end tougher. The earlier you seal that floor and stop that from occurring the smoother the remainder of the repair will go.

    In both of the 2 following situations your final aim is to by no means put any non sanding combine on the wall above the completed grade.

    For a small Eight sq. foot or much less space I counsel you skim the perimeter on two completely different periods doing opposing sides first. Do the left and proper after which the highest and backside after the primary is ready. Hold shifting in direction of the middle in each instructions. As soon as you’re shut to completed grade, change over to a sanding kind product and repeat the method. Some sanding is inevitable with this course of. Your last aim is a wall that appears and feels easy. Take into account that I mentioned seems to be and feels. That’s not the identical factor as is.

    For a a lot bigger space I might apply a number of skinny stripes alongside the shorter dimension the place it’s simpler to preserve a skinny even coat and fill the voids, all the time feathering to create the flattest doable floor. That is the very same technique used to skim coat a complete wall. Change over to a sanding product once you get to the purpose the place you may want to sand to obtain the proper easy wall. As we mentioned earlier than in one other article, it all the time simpler to do one other skinny coat than it’s to sand off a rapidly utilized glob.

    How to repair peeling plaster walls

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    • Room Portray Strategies for an Italian Lavatory
    • How to Imitate Tile
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    • How to Repair Horrible Textured Walls in a Lavatory
    • How to Get Plaster to Look Like Concrete

    Plaster can add an attention-grabbing, textured look to any wall. Nevertheless, in a humid surroundings like a toilet, it is not unusual for plaster to start to peel over time. The method for repairing peeling sections of plaster in a toilet is similar as it’s for any room in your house — however you should put together the wall a bit of in a different way to make sure that you are not trapping mould beneath the brand new plaster.

    Clear Wall

    The excessive humidity and moist situations in a toilet make its walls a major breeding floor for mildew. When the plaster peels or cracks, mildew can truly develop beneath the highest layer the place it is not essentially seen. Earlier than making an attempt any repairs, clear the broken plaster to make sure that it is freed from mould and micro organism. You may deal with the areas with a mildew-killing tile cleaner or create a do-it-yourself answer of 1 half bleach to 6 elements water. Apply the cleaner to the peeling spot and permit it to sit for at the least 10 minutes, so it has time to totally penetrate. Wipe down the wall with extra of your cleaner and rinse completely to make sure that there isn’t a residue to intervene with the repair and portray course of.

    Scrape and Prime

    Subsequent, you should take away the peeling and broken sections of plaster out of your lavatory wall. Use a drywall knife or different scraping device to gently scrape away any peeling or mushy sections of plaster till all that’s left is easy, stable wall. Whenever you’ve eliminated all of the peeling areas, apply a plaster bonder to the wall. Because the bonder dries, it hardens, offering a stable floor to plaster over.

    Refinish

    To refinish the world of the wall that has peeled, you should apply a brand new layer of plaster so it blends with the remainder of the wall. End plaster is often used for repair work. It comes dry, so combine it with water in accordance to the producer’s directions earlier than software. When making use of the plaster to the peeling part of the wall, it is best to create a number of very skinny layers so you possibly can reduce the sanding obligatory to assist the repaired space mix with the encompassing wall. Use a drywall knife or trowel to apply the plaster for a easy, even end. Enable the plaster to remedy for a number of hours or as directed within the producer’s directions.

    Paint

    As soon as the brand new plaster has cured, you possibly can paint it to match the remainder of the wall. Begin by overlaying the part with a coat of latex primer to make sure that the paint adheres to the plaster correctly. If you should buy the identical paint shade that you just used on the wall initially, merely paint it to match the encompassing wall. Nevertheless, if you do not have leftover paint and are unable to discover the precise shade that you just used initially, it’s possible you’ll want to repaint all the wall to mix the repaired part in with the remainder of the wall. In case your peeling plaster occurred close to a tiled part of the toilet, you additionally want to apply a brand new bead of caulk alongside the tile edge. Select a mildew-resistant caulk and make it possible for it’s paintable so you possibly can end it to match the remainder of the wall.

    How to repair peeling plaster walls

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    No matter whether or not your ceiling is peeling due to a leak, publicity to excessive humidity, or just age, the repair course of is similar. You need to completely take away the previous paint, seal the floor, then reapply a brand new coat of paint. Earlier than you get began, take away your entire furnishings from the room and drape a mud sheet on the ground.

    Making ready the Floor

    Earlier than you begin portray, you should put together the floor so the brand new paint has one thing to which to bind. Stand on a ladder and take away all the paint. Use a 4-inch spackling knife to pry off paint that’s firmly adhered to the floor. Maintain a curler pan beneath the knife to catch the falling paint. Frivolously sand the floor with 80-grit sandpaper to take away the imperfections, then go over it with 120-grit sandpaper to make it easy. Shine a flashlight over the floor of the ceiling. Imperfections could be troublesome to see, even in daylight. The flashlight brings them to your consideration so you possibly can sand them down.

    Making use of an Undercoat

    The undercoat prevents moisture harm from occurring, which considerably will increase the longevity of your new paint. Combine collectively Three elements matte paint and 1 half water in a bucket. Use a stir stick to combine it. This thins down the paint to be used as an undercoat. Apply the thinned paint to the ceiling utilizing a paint curler and nylon paintbrush, making certain you fully cowl the perimeters. Go away it to dry for at the least six hours.

    Making use of the Paint

    If you’re planning on portray your walls afterward, apply the primary coat of ceiling paint at the least 2 cm down onto the wall. It’s a lot simpler to reduce in to the ceiling line once you paint a wall. Apply a layer of matte paint utilizing a curler and nylon paintbrush. Matte paint is your best option for portray over previous ceilings and peeled paint as a result of it defuses imperfections on the floor. Go away it to dry in a single day, then apply a second coat.

    Security

    Security is paramount. Earlier than you start, ensure you take correct precautions. Completely ventilate the world. Use a stepladder and if doable, get any individual to maintain it for you if you end up working. Put on a mud masks if you end up sanding the ceiling to forestall inhaling the fantastic items of paint or previous plaster. If you find yourself making use of the paint, put on security goggles. The paint could drip, particularly the undercoat, and getting it into your eyes may trigger critical long-term harm.

    • Dulux: Walls and Ceilings
    • PainterJack: Paint Peeling Off Plaster

    Primarily based in Bristol, Ryan Malone has been working within the building business since 1977. He has earned numerous residence associated {qualifications}, together with diplomas in plumbing and heating, portray and adorning, and superior building.

    How do you repair peeling plaster?

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    How to repair Peeling Paint on Plaster – YouTube

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    Why are my plaster walls peeling?

    1. Your painted floor is uncovered to numerous water. Water is the first reason for flaking paint on lavatory walls and ceilings, in addition to on exterior walls. When water penetrates via the coats of paint, it causes the layers to separate and detach from the floor.Eight Apr 2019

    How do you repair crumbling plaster walls?

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    Repairing a crumbling plaster wall – YouTube

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    How do you retain plaster from peeling when portray?

    In case you have some PVA glue put some in a bucket and dilute with water at a ratio of 50 elements water:1 of PVA. Brush onto the contemporary plaster and permit to dry. Then put a coat of paint diluted 1:1 with water. That hopefully ought to remedy your drawback.12 Apr 2012

    Are you able to plaster over peeling paint?

    Sure, you possibly can plaster over paint, nevertheless, there are elements which needs to be thought of first. Paint that’s in ‘good situation’ received’t have damages or cracks and received’t be peeling both. It is usually finest if the walls themselves are clear of filth, and dirt.

    Why are my plaster walls effervescent?

    Moisture in concrete, wooden, drywall or plaster could trigger a effervescent paint drawback. Failure to sand shiny, slick surfaces or failure to prime them could also be to blame. When doing new wall repairs, failure to take away all joint compound mud could trigger blisters and bubbles to develop.

    Do plaster walls want primer?

    Portray plaster walls is rather like portray every other drywall. The primer that you just use is the important thing. You want to us one of the best primer for plaster walls to seal the wall as a result of paints received’t take to it evenly with no good primer.

    How do you take away emulsion paint from plaster walls?

    Scraping. The simplest approach to take away previous paint, whether it is already loosened, peeling or chipped, is with a putty knife, plastic scraper or an oscillating device with inflexible scraper blade. Merely work the flat fringe of the device throughout the floor of the wall to take away loosened items of paint.14 Dec 2018

    How do you repair plaster walls earlier than portray?

    Repair Cracks

    • Step 1: Put together the Room. Earlier than beginning, cowl the ground with plastic drop cloths and fasten the cloths in place utilizing painter’s tape.
    • Step 2: Easy and Patch. Easy and take away unfastened plaster items and any jagged edges on the floor across the crack with a putty knife.
    • Step 3: Sand, Prime and Paint.

    Is crumbling plaster harmful?

    Asbestos plaster is most harmful when it’s broken. Broken asbestos plaster is called “friable asbestos”, which suggests the fabric can simply break and crumble, releasing asbestos fibers into the ambiance.

    Ought to I fear about cracks in plaster?

    Vertical and horizontal cracks in drywall or plaster walls usually point out drying and shrinkage, which is regular after building. Jagged cracks, stair-step cracks and 45-degree angle cracks typically signify structural motion or settling points which are sometimes critical however often innocent.23 Aug 2018

    How do you resurface plaster walls?

    Urged clip 119 seconds

    How to Easy Out Uneven Plaster With a Skim Coat – YouTube

    How to repair peeling plaster wallsAfter a century or so, plaster walls and ceilings can develop quite a lot of issues from neglect or abuse. Your plaster can let you know a ton about points which may be growing round your home if you know the way to hear to what it’s saying.

    On this put up, I’ll present you the way to diagnose the commonest plaster issues and what they imply. Plaster is commonly just like the canary within the coal mine. If there’s a drawback brewing, it’ll probably present up first within the plaster. So, realizing how to diagnose plaster issues will allow you to remedy little issues earlier than they change into large ones.

    Cracked Plaster

    That is in all probability the commonest drawback folks discover with their previous plaster walls. The excellent news is that cracks in your plaster don’t essentially imply bother. Typically they’re a warning signal, however different occasions they’re identical to wrinkles on our faces that seem with age. How are you aware the distinction?

    How to repair peeling plaster walls Hairline Cracks

    1. Hairline Cracks – These cracks are sufficiently small you can barely match a fingernail in them. It doesn’t matter which approach they’re operating both, vertical, horizontal, or diagonal, these are essentially the most benign of all of the cracks, and except they’re rising otherwise you actually can’t stand the sight of them, there isn’t a cause to mess with them.
    2. How to repair peeling plaster walls Delaminating Cracks

    Delaminating Cracks – These cracks are an indication of plaster pulling away from the lath behind it. These present up on each ceilings and walls, however could be essentially the most harmful on ceilings. When plaster begins to draw back from the lath, there’s a likelihood it could fall away from the wall or ceiling and are available crashing down. The cracks typically run parallel to the lath (horizontally on walls and lengthwise on ceilings). You might even see a number of cracks or bulges operating parallel on the ceiling like within the image, which is a positive signal of plaster pulling away from the lath. You need to use the video tutorial to learn the way to reattach the plaster and stop additional harm.

    How to repair peeling plaster walls Settlement Cracks
    Photograph Credit score: //www.warreninspect.com

    Settlement Cracks – If part of the home is sagging, it’s possible you’ll discover converging cracks operating throughout your plaster walls. Sure, you’ll need to patch and fill these cracks, however handle the larger situation of basis issues first. A gaggle of cracks converging in a single path are sometimes indicators of settling. In the event you see this type of crack, name knowledgeable, particularly if they’re new and rising.

    Discolored Plaster

    That is the early indicators of water harm to plaster. Brown water stains will start to present up quickly after a leak begins. The simple approach to remedy them is with a stain blocking primer, however that received’t do something to resolve the water situation. You want to discover the leak and seal it up earlier than issues worsen. Don’t delay.

    Effervescent Plaster

    As soon as the water harm turns into extreme, then the plaster will start effervescent and bulging. You could attain this stage with none noticeable water stains, however when this occurs, a portion of the plaster can have to be eliminated and patched. Use the steps in my put up How To: Patch Plaster to repair the broken sections.

    If not repaired quickly, the harm will simply proceed and also you run the chance of growing mould within the affected space. Water and plaster are usually not a great mixture, so discover the supply of the leak first and do every part you possibly can to cease the water.

    Bulging Plaster

    Plaster is a reasonably unimaginable materials. I’ve seen a plaster wall come fully unfastened of the lath and bulge out about Four inches from the wall with out falling and even cracking! It’s not simply cracks that imply plaster has come unfastened of its lath. Similar to delaminating cracks, bulging plaster seems to be precisely the identical, besides this time there aren’t cracks within the floor.

    In the event you see bulges in your wall or ceiling and the plaster could be pushed again up towards the wall, then it’s time to reattach that part of plaster. Use the steps in my put up How To: Repair Plaster Walls to get issues stabilized once more.

    Keep in mind, plaster is the canary within the coal mine and these are simply among the most typical plaster issues. It’ll begin displaying you leaks and settling earlier than anything, so search for the indicators and repair the problems earlier than they demand your consideration in a costlier approach.

    In case you have any plaster points not talked about right here, depart a remark beneath and I’ll strive to reply as many as I can about how to resolve the difficulty. Good luck and watch that plaster!

    How to repair peeling plaster walls

    Founder & Senior Editor

    I really like previous homes, working with my fingers, and instructing others the excitment of doing it your self! Every thing is teachable if you happen to solely give it the possibility.

    How to repair peeling plaster walls

      24-48 hours

    Chipping plaster walls could make a room look very run down, however could be restored to their as soon as pristine situation in a number of simple steps, dramatically enhancing their look. Right here is how to repair chipping plaster walls.

    Step One – Put together the Wall

    The plaster wall should be ready completely to ensure that the repair to look seamless and to guarantee its permanence. All traces of unfastened plaster needs to be eliminated with a mushy brush and the wall needs to be fully dry to the contact.

    Step Two – Put together the Filler

    By far, the best approach to repair plaster walls is to buy a ready-mixed plaster filler, which could be obtained from any respected residence enchancment retailer. These fillers assure that they won’t shrink, crack or lose adhesion to the repair. Comply with the producer tips earlier than commencing in your repair.

    Step Three – Apply the Filler

    Use a filling knife or a trowel (relying on the dimensions of the wall to be repaired) to apply the filler into the repair, making certain an excellent stress is maintained and the motion is a easy upward movement. When the filler is flush with the encompassing wall, end off the floor by wetting your float and gliding it over the floor of the filler. If a couple of glide of the float is required, keep in mind to clear and moist the float earlier than repeating. It will make sure that the floor will probably be easy and silky.

    Step 4 – Ending the Filler

    When the ready-mixed plaster feels agency to the contact however shouldn’t be but fully onerous, repeat the moist float course of once more to end your wall repair to a excessive customary. It’s price mentioning at this level that in case you are struggling to obtain a superbly easy end, you should buy a ending skim product. Because the identify suggests, it’ll skim the floor of your walls up to Three mm in depth and can stage any tough or uneven plaster. This product is often utilized with a paint brush and a particular skimming device is used to polish it to a fantastic end.

    Step 5 – Let the Wall Dry

    It is suggested to let your plaster wall repair dry for a interval of roughly twenty 4 hours, to guarantee it won’t be broken within the adorning stage. In the event you determined to use an additional skimming coat of filler, it will require an additional twenty 4 hours of drying time additionally.

    Step Six – Take care of Your Instruments

    Plaster will dry onerous in your filling knife and float if not cleaned completely, so using heat water and detergent will make sure that your instruments are prepared to use the following time your plaster wants repairing.

    Talent Stage

    Begin to End

    Instruments

    • plaster trowel
    • sandpaper
    • sandpaper block
    • ball pein hammer
    • 10″ drywall knife
    • chilly chisel
    • utility knife

    Supplies

    • mesh drywall tape
    • plaster combine
    • joint compound
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    Step 1

    How to repair peeling plaster walls

    use chilly chisel and ball peen hammer to scrape

    Easy Broken Areas With a Scraper

    Step one is to prep the world by eradicating any unfastened or flaking plaster. Use a chilly chisel and and ball pein hammer to chip away the broken plaster and us a scraper to scrape away extra particles. Take care not to hit too onerous with the hammer because it may harm the wooden lath behind the plaster.

    This course of may make the outlet bigger, however will provide you with a clear space through which to apply the brand new plaster.

    Step 2

    Combine New Plaster

    As soon as the floor preparation is full, combine up solely the quantity of plaster wanted for the repair. Comply with the directions on the packaging to guarantee the correct combination. Combine it to the consistency of cake frosting.

    Step 3

    How to repair peeling plaster walls

    DTTR206_CU-Making use of-Plaster-wallboard-knife_s4x3

    Apply the Plaster Combine to the Broken Space

    Apply the combination with the 10″ wallboard knife and unfold a 1/4″-inch layer over the outlet. Cross-scratch the primary coat because it begins to set to enable the second coat to adhere properly.

    If wanted, apply drywall/plaster tape to the wall to fill in bigger, bumpy areas. First, apply a skinny layer of plaster or joint compound after which apply the tape. Apply extra plaster or joint compound combination over the tape and use the drywall knife to easy the floor till it is even with the wall, urgent to take away pockets of air and plaster/drywall mud from beneath the tape.

    As soon as the primary layer has dried, apply a second layer. Apply one other 3/8″- to 1/4″-inch layer and cross-scratch as you probably did the primary time. Enable it to dry completely earlier than you proceed.

    Step 4

    Apply Joint Compound

    After the second layer has dried, combine joint compound in accordance to the producer’s directions and apply it very thinly utilizing the 10″ wallboard knife. Mix the layer into the wall and permit it to dry.

    How to repair peeling plaster wallsOne of many best errors to make when renovating a historic house is to tear down the previous plaster walls and change them with trendy drywall and joint compound. This not solely destroys the historic structure and options that make a historic residence nice, but it surely additionally provides to the general prices of the mission exponentially. Regardless of the rumors you possibly can repair previous plaster your self.

    Lime plaster has been in use for 1000’s of years from Japan to Egypt and has been employed in lots of historic constructions across the globe. Lime plaster is a far superior product than at present’s trendy wall coverings. With its crystalline construction, it repels moisture properly whereas permitting for the contraction and enlargement that usually happens in older houses throughout altering climate situations. Actually, because the plaster’s construction calcifies (ages), it will increase in sturdiness and power!

    A Little Historical past First

    Conventional lime plaster was used for wall coverings till WWII. It was utilized in a Three coat course of over skinny wooden furring strips referred to as lath that have been product of cedar, cypress or another rot resistant non-staining wooden and connected to the studs. The lath was soaked in water prior to putting in the plaster to forestall it from sucking an excessive amount of water out of the the plaster too shortly and spaced comparable to the above image with room between each bit for plaster to be pushed through when utilized. This spacing allowed the plaster to “key” within the lath and gave it extraordinary holding energy when executed correctly.

    The plaster was then utilized in successive coats, usually 2, and a easy end coat was utilized on prime. Plaster took weeks to dry correctly and totally remedy earlier than the walls may very well be painted. The entire course of was sluggish and required a talented plasterer which value extra money. After WWII, the constructing business wanted a quicker approach to cowl walls and the comparatively new product, drywall (getting its identify from the truth that it didn’t go up moist like plaster), slowly crept into on a regular basis use.

    The Repair

    1. Assessing –There are lots of causes for lime plaster to fall into disrepair. Figuring out the reason for the harm is essential to making use of the proper answer to the issue. From water harm to vibrations from close by visitors to peeling paint, historic plaster harm could be attributable to many issues. Is the plaster peeling from the lathe? Is the plaster soggy or crumbly? Are new coats of paint peeling from the walls? In the event you answered sure to any of those questions; don’t panic. Whereas every situation is exclusive to every state of affairs, lime plaster could be repaired simply, economically and successfully. A typical prevalence in older plaster, cracks are generally attributable to enlargement and contraction of an exterior wall. Within the case of heavy cracking, it’s doable to that the home it settling improperly. This needs to be inspected by a Constructing contractor or structural engineer instantly! Repairing small cracks is the main focus of this text although.
    2. Dealing With Cracks –This repair could be executed by drilling a number of small pilot holes within the supplies at numerous intervals. By measuring the depth of the penetration, you possibly can decide if the lathe is indifferent. Many occasions a number of well-placed screws can draw the lathe and plaster again collectively. In excessive instances of indifferent lathe, extra holes are drilled into the affected space and an elastomeric adhesive is injected between the separations. Clamping washers are then utilized to the floor of the plaster to press the unfastened plaster again tightly towards the lathe and allowed to dry. As soon as the plaster is secured, the holes and cracks could be stuffed flush with a combination of lime and gypsum, allowed to dry after which painted. Take a look at my video on fixing cracked plaster to learn the way to do it your self!
    3. Peeling Paint –One other frequent dilemma when coping with older houses is peeling paint, and it may be repaired with only a few easy methods. Most of the time, peeling paint happens when many layers of paint have been utilized to the plaster over time. Calcimine is the frequent wrongdoer of many peeling paint plaster issues. Calcimine is a water soluble paint materials that was usually utilized in older paint merchandise. The calcium within the paint reacts with the moisture content material of the calcium within the lime plaster and creates a bond between the water molecules. This bond simply permits water to slip out and in of the paint’s floor, so even if you happen to apply new paint, it peels over time. To treatment this drawback, the previous paint should be eliminated. A wallpaper steamer is the proper device for eradicating previous paint from lime plaster. Gently use the steamer and a plaster knife to take away the paint with out gouging the plaster. When you’ve eliminated all the previous paint, wash the plaster with a rag and room temperature water. Don’t get the walls too moist; a light-weight wipe down will suffice. Enable the plaster to dry 24 hours earlier than repainting.
    4. Patching –Patching plaster in something greater than small quantities is one thing finest left for the professionals, however in case you are a courageous DIYer then you possibly can strive to deal with the duty by yourself. Outdated plaster is produced from a lot completely different supplies than present drywall joint compound. For respectable sized holes one of the best factor to use for repairs is known as Large Wally’s Patching Plaster. You merely combine with water and apply. As soon as your plaster is combined apply it with a putty knife and press it firmly into the supporting lathe. Ensure the plaster isn’t sagging within the gap. In that case, your combine is just too watery and you must add extra plaster till it’s agency sufficient to maintain beneath its personal weight. As soon as the plaster has dried, give it a light-weight sanding to easy out the floor and wipe it down with a humid rag earlier than portray.

    Whereas some damages could be simply repaired, it’s simple to shortly get in over your head when it comes to plaster repairs in a historic construction. Plaster work is an artwork type and plenty of delicate cornices, crown molding and ceiling medallions have been sculpted by hand by expert craftsmen. So, earlier than you rip that previous plaster down to insulate and canopy with drywall suppose twice. You may need a unknown murals on the walls or ceiling of your property that deserves restoring.

    How to repair peeling plaster walls

    Founder & Senior Editor

    I really like previous homes, working with my fingers, and instructing others the excitment of doing it your self! Every thing is teachable if you happen to solely give it the possibility.

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    1. 90th Birthday Party Concepts for Dad at Dwelling
    2. Enjoyable 4-Yr-Previous Lady Birthday Events Concepts
    3. What Is an ABC Party Theme?
    4. How to Assist Mother and father Celebrate 50 Years of Marriage
    5. Household Reunion Church Applications

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    Paul Burns/Mix Pictures/Getty Pictures

    Celebrating a 90th birthday party is a actually joyful event for a father. Residing virtually a century of life is an achievement and a landmark worthy of observe. Whereas each celebration doesn’t have to be a shock party, it is best to do all you may to make it a stress-free day for the birthday honoree. Do all you may to make sure the celebrant has to do nothing however present up and revel in his big day. If you’re 90 years previous, any bodily or psychological stress may be an disagreeable expertise.

    Begin your planning early for a 90th birthday celebration. An individual acquires a lot of mates over 90 years, and the honoree’s youngsters many might have to take day off work and make journey preparations to attend. Advise touring company of accommodations or make different lodging preparations for them should you can.

    Schedule your party at one of the best time of day for all company. The Particular Speeches web site means that it is best to contemplate older mates or relations who is not going to take pleasure in staying up late at evening. They’ll probably be extra snug touring to and from the party location within the daylight, particularly if they’re driving.

    Embellish the party location with images of the kids, and nice reminiscences for the birthday honoree. The My Party Planner web site explains that together with previous images and memorabilia, a {photograph} birthday cake or an inflatable 90th birthday Mylar are good methods to enhance the party location.

    Undertake a theme for the 90th birthday party to add some originality and aptitude to the occasion. The Themed Party Concepts web site suggests the 40s period or a household reunion as potential 90th birthday themes. Make the decorations, meals and even costume code all acceptable to actually seize the temper and theme of the occasion. Many company will take pleasure in sporting old school garments and consuming their favourite meals from one other time.

    Take the climate under consideration, as many aged company will likely be in attendance who will not be as resilient as some folks when it comes to warmth or rain. Present followers and cooling within the warmth, or shelter if you’re anticipating rain.

    Arrange leisure that aged company will take pleasure in at a 90th birthday party. The Themed Party Concepts web site suggests board video games similar to Uno, dominoes, Scrabble and checkers nearly as good types of 90th birthday party leisure.

    Create a memento visitor e-book for the birthday boy to bear in mind a big day. Ask the company to signal the e-book, and get in touch with them beforehand to carry any images they could have of the birthday honoree to embrace within the e-book. Have the kids hand it over as a birthday present to their father on the finish of the evening.

    1. Birthday Items for a Sister-in-Legislation
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    3. Christmas Current Concepts for Your Boyfriend’s Mom
    4. What Are Enjoyable Issues You Can Do With Your Grandma?
    5. What Sort of Current Can You Give Your Lengthy-Distance Relationship Girlfriend?

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    A 90th birthday celebration is a tremendous milestone to mark with a modest tribute or a wild blow-out. Gifting the birthday lady can pose a dilemma — 90-year-olds seldom want a complete lot, however they have an inclination to be very appreciative. So put some thought into the proper current for the nonagenarian in your life. She may be fortunately knitting in her wheelchair, or out working marathons, Skyping like mad with the grandchildren or great-grandchildren, or watching the fowl feeder outdoors her window. Her pursuits and skills ought to encourage your present.

    Aspect-Splitting Stardom

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    Laughter is sweet for no matter ails you, so escape the humor, tailoring your enjoyable to the well-being and persona of the nonagenarian. A T-shirt, espresso mug or canvas buying bag with a customized design is straightforward to organize. Strive: 32, 871 days/788,923 hours/47,304,000 minutes. and counting!; 1925, An Wonderful Classic; Not Everybody Appears This Fabulous at Ninety!; Aged to Perfection; I am the Boss!; I am Older Than You! Photograph-shop her face onto a film poster from a favourite traditional flick — a Fred Astaire or Gene Kelly film, Casablanca, Gone With the Wind, or It is a Fantastic Life. Document all of the descendants, particularly the smallest ones, saying one thing they like about her. Edit it into a video; submit the video on YouTube and play it at her party.

    The Little Issues

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    Age is best than the choice, however it does include its petty irritants and diminished skills. Give her luxurious however helpful issues that do not add to litter however present loads of pleasure. Scented physique cream is soothing for dry pores and skin. A fantastic tin of fancy cookies will final for a lot of afternoon teas. A mani-pedi and lunch with you is a pampered time out — a journey to the hairdresser and an al fresco supper are good, too. Audio books give drained eyes a relaxation. A calendar with giant, daring numbers and fonts makes it straightforward to maintain monitor of days. Anybody over the age of 60 can discover a use for a magnifying glass set. A fantastic heat scarf will get numerous use. And a grocery retailer present card may be actually welcome, if she nonetheless will get to store.

    Give a Little bit of Inexperienced

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    An orchid plant blooms for weeks and requires virtually no care. Plant a tree in a close by park in honor of the birthday lady — a present to celebrate her life and style the neighborhood for the subsequent 90 years. Throw an old school picnic out-of-doors. Use the yard if journey is just too exhausting. Rent a string quartet or make a playlist of iconic music from her teenage and younger grownup years. Serve all of her favourite bite-sized treats and show a tiered dessert stand of delicate tea desserts as a substitute of a sheet cake. Embellish a snug wicker chair for her with pillows, garlands and throws match for a queen. Panorama her backyard or assist her plant a raised-bed vegetable patch. A brand new straw hat and a pair of gardening gloves will maintain an intrepid lively senior gardener out mucking about amongst her favourite vegetation.

    Bodacious Bucket Record

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    The 90-year-old will not be chomping on the bit to attempt a zipline within the rain forest — do look into that if she is. However taking good care of a little bit of unfinished enterprise may be hilarious, risque, memorable or mind-altering, and put the icing on the cake of a 90th-birthday celebration. E book a women’ evening — or afternoon — out at a male revue membership — a birthday fairly than a bachelorette party. Pool prolonged household sources to ship the birthday lady to a dreamed-of vacation spot with a favourite grandchild — the Eiffel Tower, a Broadway musical, a flight over the Grand Canyon, a day on Malibu Seashore or Rodeo Drive, a whale-watching cruise. Pay for a weekly class to get her out of the home and mingling with like-minded souls, after which celebrate her new abilities or information on the birthday party. One household handled granny to a stand-up comedy class and staged a one-woman present with a fast-quipping 90-year-old star.

    1. 90th Birthday Party Concepts for Dad at Dwelling
    2. Enjoyable 4-Yr-Previous Lady Birthday Events Concepts
    3. What Is an ABC Party Theme?
    4. How to Assist Mother and father Celebrate 50 Years of Marriage
    5. Household Reunion Church Applications

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    Paul Burns/Mix Pictures/Getty Pictures

    Celebrating a 90th birthday party is a actually joyful event for a father. Residing virtually a century of life is an achievement and a landmark worthy of observe. Whereas each celebration doesn’t have to be a shock party, it is best to do all you may to make it a stress-free day for the birthday honoree. Do all you may to make sure the celebrant has to do nothing however present up and revel in his big day. If you’re 90 years previous, any bodily or psychological stress may be an disagreeable expertise.

    Begin your planning early for a 90th birthday celebration. An individual acquires a lot of mates over 90 years, and the honoree’s youngsters many might have to take day off work and make journey preparations to attend. Advise touring company of accommodations or make different lodging preparations for them should you can.

    Schedule your party at one of the best time of day for all company. The Particular Speeches web site means that it is best to contemplate older mates or relations who is not going to take pleasure in staying up late at evening. They’ll probably be extra snug touring to and from the party location within the daylight, particularly if they’re driving.

    Embellish the party location with images of the kids, and nice reminiscences for the birthday honoree. The My Party Planner web site explains that together with previous images and memorabilia, a {photograph} birthday cake or an inflatable 90th birthday Mylar are good methods to enhance the party location.

    Undertake a theme for the 90th birthday party to add some originality and aptitude to the occasion. The Themed Party Concepts web site suggests the 40s period or a household reunion as potential 90th birthday themes. Make the decorations, meals and even costume code all acceptable to actually seize the temper and theme of the occasion. Many company will take pleasure in sporting old school garments and consuming their favourite meals from one other time.

    Take the climate under consideration, as many aged company will likely be in attendance who will not be as resilient as some folks when it comes to warmth or rain. Present followers and cooling within the warmth, or shelter if you’re anticipating rain.

    Arrange leisure that aged company will take pleasure in at a 90th birthday party. The Themed Party Concepts web site suggests board video games similar to Uno, dominoes, Scrabble and checkers nearly as good types of 90th birthday party leisure.

    Create a memento visitor e-book for the birthday boy to bear in mind a big day. Ask the company to signal the e-book, and get in touch with them beforehand to carry any images they could have of the birthday honoree to embrace within the e-book. Have the kids hand it over as a birthday present to their father on the finish of the evening.

    invites may be casual or formal. Though invites have historically despatched by way of the mail, casual invites similar to emails and telephone invites have gotten extra acceptable.it is best to invite company three to 4 weeks upfront. In the event you select to invite your company by telephone, remind them once more in writing two weeks earlier than the gathering. Listed below are some Nice 50th Birthday Invitation Wording Concepts

    Planning for a grand birthday party may be overwhelming and change into fascinating to celebrate. As time passes and also you cross one other flawless yr with undertaking all of your desires, lastly its time to celebrate your big day with household, mates, and family members.

    What to Write on 90 th Birthday Invitation?

    • Inform those that, this wouldn’t be attainable with out the assistance of different
    • Point out that you’re actually wanting ahead to your birthday
    • Be sure that everybody comes that day
    • If there may be any elder invited, ask for his or her blessings
    • Don’t let anybody go earlier than lunch or dinner

    How do you Reply to 90 th Birthday Invitation?

    • Point out that you’re tremendous enthusiastic about their birthday
    • Congratulate him/her on completion of half a century
    • Allow them to know that you simply had been wanting ahead to it
    • Bathe them along with your blessings for a longer life

    When you host your party and change into the middle of attraction it turns into an essential process to invite your mates, so don’t maintain it for the final second. Simply having a grand theme and well-decorated venue received’t assist should you don’t have interesting invitation wordings describing the theme, venue and time.

    90th Birthday Invitation Wording Concepts

    • Let’s celebrate my 90 years! I’m giving a party on my 90th birthday. Come and celebrate with me my buddy
    • Time has handed so shortly that I got here a great distance to my 90! I’m giving a grand birthday party so that you all are invited right here at (venue) on (date)

    -Love to see you all right here at my 90th birthday, I’ve organized a small party. Come and be a part of us and have some drinks

    -I don’t consider I will likely be 90 subsequent Sunday. It’s like a milestone for me and I need to celebrate today with you all. Be a part of us on (date) at (venue)

    -Critically I’m going to contact 5 many years of my life tomorrow as I will likely be 90 by tomorrow, so I invite all of you to celebrate my 90 years with me

    -Will probably be nice to share some drinks and cheers on my 89th birthday with you. We’re planning quickly sufficient to host a party for you all. Come and share the blessing and drinks

    -I’ve lived half years of my total life. On (date) I flip 88! On this big day of my life, I really like to throw a party and celebrate with you all. Come and be a part of us

    -Your love and care have taken me a great distance. I will likely be 87 by the following day. I’d love to celebrate my birthday with you, my love. Come and be a part of me and make my day memorable

    -I don’t consider my eyes, we have now handed our 90 years collectively, being a buddy since childhood you’re at all times particular to me and I really like to celebrate my birthday with you pricey. Come and be a part of us

    -I by no means thought I’d be 85 someday as a result of it imply a lot to me although I flip 85! I invite all of you to my birthday party. Let’s rock and have some drink

    -Since my first cry until now you could have taught me how to change into a actual individual and a lot. As I will likely be 90 by the following day and I really like to celebrate my birthday with my god (dad and mother). Come and be a part of us

    -Life has by no means been a lot stunning with out you all, pricey mates. I will likely be 90 on (date) and I would love to give a party on (date) at (venue). Come and be a part of us and have some drinks

    -Let’s have some drinks and discuss that certainly gonna assist us bear in mind our previous days. I’m giving a party as I flip 90! Come and be a part of us and make a day gratifying

    Celebrate my 90th birthday, a evening camp party is on the way in which. We’ll have some drinks and wine and a few candy reminiscences. Come and be a part of us

    -I will likely be 90 on (date). Life has at all times given a purpose to reside. Let’s begin my life with a nice party. I’m organizing a birthday party for you all. Come and be a part of us

    -There has at all times been up and down in my life however no matter I’ve touched my 90 and I would love to give a party for this big day. Love to see you all on (date) at (venue)

    -I’d thank each one who has helped me in my up and down of my life and in the present day I contact my 90! so I’m giving a party for you all. Come and be a part of us on (date) at (venue)

    Usher in some luck and cheers and have some beers. I’m planning to throw a 90th birthday party at (venue) tomorrow. Come and be a part of us

    -I would love to get collectively on my 90th birthday. You’ve supported me after I was down and it’s like a thanksgiving party however extra like a birthday party. Love to see you all right here on (date) at (venue)

    -I like to share wine and beers with you all as I flip 90. I’m giving 90th birthday party and invite all of you at my residence by tomorrow

    -Be my particular visitor at my 90th birthday party as It will be particular for me as a result of I get older with a yr addition. Come and be a part of us

    -I’ve reached the massive 90 and my older days begin now so I like to give a party and meet you all. Come and be a part of us and make a day memorable

    -My mom used to say, age is simply a quantity so I really feel like to give a birthday party. Come and be a part of us and have some enjoyable

    -For me, years don’t matter so long as you’re completely satisfied and free inside so I would love to throw my 90th birthday party on(date) at (venue) as I flip 90. Come and be a part of us

    -On the one facet, I’m unhappy as a result of I get older however on others, I’m completely satisfied as a result of I’m going to face a new problem in my life so I’m giving a birthday party to you all. Come and be a part of us

    -I’ll be lighting 90 birthday candles by the following day and it’s going to be a big day for me as I contact many years. I invite all of you in my party

    -Let’s celebrate our 90 years of friendship together with my birthday as I flip 90. I invite all of you to my party and have some enjoyable, my pricey mates

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    You probably have the privilege of celebrating a beloved one’s 90th birthday, you need to make this celebration all that she or he deserves, however how do you go about planning for such a momentous event? That can assist you alongside the way in which, listed here are a few party concepts and suggestions to remember as you propose the party of a lifetime.

    Contain the Visitor of Honor In Planning

    Initially, contemplate together with the star senior in your party planning. In spite of everything, the massive day is all about them, so their happiness ought to be your inspiration.

    In case your coronary heart is about on a shock party, seek the advice of with a number of people who know her or him in addition to you do to be sure that they’ll take pleasure in each side of the party.

    Plan Forward

    A person as particular as your favourite senior is certain to have numerous mates, household and family members who need to take part on the festivities. For everybody’s comfort, it’s your decision to select a date at the very least two months upfront to give out-of-town company sufficient time to make journey preparations.

    Whether or not you’re planning a huge birthday bonanza or a easy and candy soiree, make certain to give your self loads of time to accomplish all the small print that a 90th birthday entails.

    Create a Price range

    From a becoming 90th birthday party theme to decor and presents, party planning ought to be enjoyable. Earlier than you start gathering the must-have objects, contemplate your funds.

    Whether or not the sky is the restrict or you could have a extra modest funds to work with, the proper party may be completed at any price ticket. When you resolve what to spend, the enjoyable can start.

    Contemplate a Theme Party

    When looking for party necessities, your first step is to choose a theme. Restricted solely by your creativeness, you may draw inspiration from the birthday individual’s pursuits, hobbies and persona to create a theme that’s uniquely theirs.

    From classic themes that humorously celebrate their age to whimsical varieties that spotlight their youthful coronary heart, you’ll find numerous concepts to assist make their party the discuss of the city.

    Select the Good Invites

    With a theme in thoughts, it’s time to select invites . Whether or not you place your DIY abilities to the check or buy a pre-made possibility, invites are a enjoyable manner to introduce company to the party’s theme.

    Together with the party’s important info, contemplate together with instructions and an insert with resort suggestions for out-of-town company.

    Embellish with Fashion

    Birthday party decorations can flip a mean day into an unforgettable reminiscence. Centerpieces, streamers, tablecloths and extra are simply a few of the objects you need to use to rework any area into a party zone.

    With such a milestone event, images are a priceless manner to enhance. Utilizing footage from years previous and current, the visitor of honor in addition to family and friends will love the stroll down reminiscence lane.

    Contemplate Providing Party Favors

    Whereas non-compulsory, party favors are a wonderful means for company to bear in mind the massive day. Whether or not it’s humorous, sentimental or a scrumptious deal with, ship them residence with one thing exceptional as a token of your appreciation for his or her presence.

    Reward Concepts

    Obtainable in all styles and sizes, the proper present permits you to categorical your love in a inventive manner. For the tender-hearted particular person, a personalised current with a picture is a wonderful means to present that you simply care.

    For the senior who loves a good chortle, a humorous shirt, mug or different merchandise is certain to cater to their humorousness.

    Serve an Spectacular Cake

    If you assume “party,” you inevitably assume “cake.” A 90th birthday celebration ought to be no exception. In reality, such a momentous event requires an equally spectacular cake . I

    f you’re expert within the kitchen, you may bake your personal dessert as a candy manner to honor your favourite senior. With numerous designs obtainable that vary from whimsical to humorous, inspiration received’t be onerous to discover.

    Meals Choices

    Relying on the time of day, you might have a group of hungry mouths to feed. Whatever the time, everybody appreciates a little finger meals. Nevertheless, in case your party takes place round lunch or dinner, it’s your decision to present a extra substantial choice. To chop prices, contemplate asking for volunteers to cook dinner, bake and supply snacks.

    Do You Need to Present Leisure?

    Whether or not huge or small, one of the best events have some form of leisure. In the event you’re internet hosting a giant occasion, it’s your decision to rent a band or DJ. For a smaller affair, one thing so simple as organized video games will maintain the occasion upbeat and energetic.

    Make a Souvenir for the Visitor of Honor

    In spite of everything is claimed and performed, the star of the present would love to carry residence a candy reminder of their huge day and everybody who cared sufficient to celebrate it. With this in thoughts, contemplate creating a scrapbook or video that they will treasure the remainder of their days.

    The birthday party as we knew it’s over. Right here’s how to have a birthday gathering.

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    Celebrating your birthday this yr isn’t egocentric. It’s beneficiant.

    Whether or not you’re turning 12, 42 or 92, inviting folks to come collectively in a distinctive, particular manner to celebrate your delivery is definitely a type of meaning-making for everybody else. Birthday celebrations, when designed effectively, are a possibility to categorical love, to mark life and to ask folks to do one thing adventurous. Your birthday is an excuse to elevate a day, not only for you however for everyone else. So let’s do it. Let’s have a birthday.

    Hello. Welcome to “Collectively Aside” — you may subscribe on Apple or Spotify. How will we make gatherings significant once we can’t be bodily collectively? Our host is Priya Parker , a skilled battle facilitator and the creator of “ The Artwork of Gathering: How We Meet and Why It Issues .” Right here’s her most essential recommendation about celebrating your birthday.

    You may emotionally develop even if you’re bodily caught in the identical place.

    We’re all experiencing this pandemic otherwise at totally different moments and with totally different quantities of trauma and lightweight. There aren’t many issues we are able to management for the time being, however there are some small actions which might be nonetheless inside our area. One in every of them is the way in which we spend our time, with whom, and for what goal.

    Problem the concept that once we are caught at residence we’re not altering. We’re altering from day to day. And birthdays may be a vessel to assist somebody keep in mind that. In the event you’re wanting to be extra of a reader, maybe use your birthday to invite folks to learn a e-book collectively aloud for 14 hours collectively. (Ridiculous, I do know.)

    In the event you’re training being extra susceptible and open in your friendships, invite six mates to a digital dinner, perhaps on Zoom, and share with every of them why you like them. In the event you’re attempting to be open to new experiences, invite your mates to be a part of a digital sound bathtub.

    Design your personal transition ritual.

    So, you’re having a birthday. Take into consideration this birthday as a bodily line you’re crossing. Think about you may take three issues with you but additionally you had been invited to relinquish three issues. What are the three qualities or beliefs or photos that you’d need to carry with you? What can be three issues that you’d be prepared to let go of?

    Ritual doesn’t want a group or a collective. However once we do a ritual in entrance of others, it may well carry extra weight, since you’re acknowledging that it’s taking place. Witnesses matter. And these members are a part of making that crossing occur by way of that witnessing — and into the long run, serving to make the change everlasting.

    Is that this an open home? Or a seated dinner party?

    Assume by way of what folks want to do to put together or carry. Ought to folks be immediate? Does the door shut at a sure second? Or can they arrive and go at totally different occasions. Talk upfront to your company so that they know what to count on.

    You may even have like six birthday events now and nobody will discover out.

    It’s by no means been simpler to have totally different phases to an occasion, with out it getting awkward or folks bumping into one another between occasions. Significantly for milestone birthdays, create a few layers to your gathering. Perhaps make an intimate part for an interior circle and maybe one other one which invitations the bigger neighborhood.

    If it’s a 50th birthday party, invite a bigger group of family and friends to be a part of a digital cocktail hour at 5 p.m., after which invite a smaller group to dine collectively on-line and share tales and toasts at 7 p.m.

    And should you’re internet hosting the party for another person, embrace your function.

    One of many powers of gathering is that it provides folks significant roles to play of their communities. In the event you’re internet hosting folks on Zoom or a telephone name or a group chat, welcome folks as they enter.

    Creatively use the mute button (which might additionally imply to permit for some joyful chaos!). Clarify to folks how the toasts will go, or the place to put their digital camera whereas studying their chapter aloud, or how lengthy they’ve to discover all of the objects within the scavenger hunt earlier than returning to their display.

    Pave the way in which for fulfillment: In the event you’re doing one thing a little totally different, get buy-in.

    Recruit early evangelists by texting two or three mates who could also be on the middle of this new circle forward of time. Clarify the thought and get them on board. Then you may ship out the formal invitation to the bigger group in order that these early evangelists reply enthusiastically to the e-mail when it is available in. That sends a highly effective sign to the remainder of the company.

    Future episodes of “Collectively Aside” with Priya Parker will tackle how to create significant human gatherings in an age of isolation, all alongside the way in which from child showers to funerals. You may pay attention proper right here or subscribe on Apple or Spotify.

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    What a blessing to celebrate a 90th birthday!

    When a buddy or relative reaches the massive 9 – 0, listed here are some party and present concepts for the big day:

    Decorations

    1)How to celebrate a 90th birthday party Lower out a 9 and a zero on a mild piece of cardboard. Discover varied images of occasions in the course of the birthday individual’s life, scan them, and print them in black and white so all of them have the identical look. Tape them collectively on the form of the numbers — and use it for a centerpiece. (These images have been purposely blurred for privateness causes.)

    It’s enjoyable for the individual being honored to assessment the images and reminisce and for his or her mates to see that individual at varied levels of life. And it’s positively a dialog starter!

    2) You can too discover all forms of centerpieces, balloons, plates and napkins with 90 on them at party shops (or on-line). Plan forward, although, as a result of the greenback retailer and Walmart don’t inventory them!

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    3) Relying on the individual’s humorousness, you’ll find some nice quotes on-line about being 90 years previous. In the event you discover some you assume everybody will get a kick out of, print them on items of thick cardstock, fold them in half, and place them across the party room for company to learn and chuckle about.

    • Does this hat make me look 90? (with a image of a 90-year previous sporting a baseball or different cap)
    • World’s Most Superior 90 Yr Previous
    • 90 Years Previous and No Jail Time
    • 90?! I Demand a Recount!
    • 1925 Basic
    • 90 – however solely 32 in Celsius
    • I could also be 90 however I’ve the stamina of an 80 yr previous!
    • It’s all enjoyable and video games til somebody turns 90!
    • (Draw Roman numerals for 90 (18 units of 5))

    Reward concepts:

    *This submit incorporates affiliate hyperlinks to Amazon.com, which signifies that should you click on on a product hyperlink and purchase a product, I’ll obtain some compensation. Ideas, Suggestions and Tales is a participant within the Amazon Companies LLC Associates Program. *

    1)
    5-year sentence-a-day diary. That is a optimistic, optimist present — and wouldn’t it’s enjoyable to learn what a 90-something writes every single day?

    2)
    Golf ball pickup. This gizmo hooks on the top of a putter and permits the person to observe his or her putt, then choose up the ball with out having to bend over.

    3)
    Amazon Echo digital family assistant, music participant, list-maker, and question-answerer. That is a tremendous system that may present hours of leisure for the complete household! The person doesn’t have to understand how to use a smartphone, laptop or the Web, but can get the identical info contained there by merely asking.

    4)
    T-shirt with the yr of the individual’s delivery or a personalized saying that’s shut to his or her coronary heart. An instance may be: ” goal=”_blank” rel=”noopener”>Made in 1925, All Authentic Components. (An extended-sleeved t-shirt is a good thought for folk who get chilly simply.)

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday partyBe certain to take a lot of images on the occasion and have a nice time!

    The birthday party as we knew it’s over. Right here’s how to have a birthday gathering.

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    How to celebrate a 90th birthday party

    Celebrating your birthday this yr isn’t egocentric. It’s beneficiant.

    Whether or not you’re turning 12, 42 or 92, inviting folks to come collectively in a distinctive, particular manner to celebrate your delivery is definitely a type of meaning-making for everybody else. Birthday celebrations, when designed effectively, are a possibility to categorical love, to mark life and to ask folks to do one thing adventurous. Your birthday is an excuse to elevate a day, not only for you however for everyone else. So let’s do it. Let’s have a birthday.

    Hello. Welcome to “Collectively Aside” — you may subscribe on Apple or Spotify. How will we make gatherings significant once we can’t be bodily collectively? Our host is Priya Parker , a skilled battle facilitator and the creator of “ The Artwork of Gathering: How We Meet and Why It Issues .” Right here’s her most essential recommendation about celebrating your birthday.

    You may emotionally develop even if you’re bodily caught in the identical place.

    We’re all experiencing this pandemic otherwise at totally different moments and with totally different quantities of trauma and lightweight. There aren’t many issues we are able to management for the time being, however there are some small actions which might be nonetheless inside our area. One in every of them is the way in which we spend our time, with whom, and for what goal.

    Problem the concept that once we are caught at residence we’re not altering. We’re altering from day to day. And birthdays may be a vessel to assist somebody keep in mind that. In the event you’re wanting to be extra of a reader, maybe use your birthday to invite folks to learn a e-book collectively aloud for 14 hours collectively. (Ridiculous, I do know.)

    In the event you’re training being extra susceptible and open in your friendships, invite six mates to a digital dinner, perhaps on Zoom, and share with every of them why you like them. In the event you’re attempting to be open to new experiences, invite your mates to be a part of a digital sound bathtub.

    Design your personal transition ritual.

    So, you’re having a birthday. Take into consideration this birthday as a bodily line you’re crossing. Think about you may take three issues with you but additionally you had been invited to relinquish three issues. What are the three qualities or beliefs or photos that you’d need to carry with you? What can be three issues that you’d be prepared to let go of?

    Ritual doesn’t want a group or a collective. However once we do a ritual in entrance of others, it may well carry extra weight, since you’re acknowledging that it’s taking place. Witnesses matter. And these members are a part of making that crossing occur by way of that witnessing — and into the long run, serving to make the change everlasting.

    Is that this an open home? Or a seated dinner party?

    Assume by way of what folks want to do to put together or carry. Ought to folks be immediate? Does the door shut at a sure second? Or can they arrive and go at totally different occasions. Talk upfront to your company so that they know what to count on.

    You may even have like six birthday events now and nobody will discover out.

    It’s by no means been simpler to have totally different phases to an occasion, with out it getting awkward or folks bumping into one another between occasions. Significantly for milestone birthdays, create a few layers to your gathering. Perhaps make an intimate part for an interior circle and maybe one other one which invitations the bigger neighborhood.

    If it’s a 50th birthday party, invite a bigger group of family and friends to be a part of a digital cocktail hour at 5 p.m., after which invite a smaller group to dine collectively on-line and share tales and toasts at 7 p.m.

    And should you’re internet hosting the party for another person, embrace your function.

    One of many powers of gathering is that it provides folks significant roles to play of their communities. In the event you’re internet hosting folks on Zoom or a telephone name or a group chat, welcome folks as they enter.

    Creatively use the mute button (which might additionally imply to permit for some joyful chaos!). Clarify to folks how the toasts will go, or the place to put their digital camera whereas studying their chapter aloud, or how lengthy they’ve to discover all of the objects within the scavenger hunt earlier than returning to their display.

    Pave the way in which for fulfillment: In the event you’re doing one thing a little totally different, get buy-in.

    Recruit early evangelists by texting two or three mates who could also be on the middle of this new circle forward of time. Clarify the thought and get them on board. Then you may ship out the formal invitation to the bigger group in order that these early evangelists reply enthusiastically to the e-mail when it is available in. That sends a highly effective sign to the remainder of the company.

    Future episodes of “Collectively Aside” with Priya Parker will tackle how to create significant human gatherings in an age of isolation, all alongside the way in which from child showers to funerals. You may pay attention proper right here or subscribe on Apple or Spotify.

    90th Birthday Party Invites
    Begin the party off proper with a invitation that actually highlights the visitor of honor! We predict a caricature Invitation is absolutely the good selection for such a tremendous milestone. We are able to create any scene you would like in your invitation.

    90th birthday decorations and party provides

    • We love to arrange a desk with images of the birthday boy or lady all through the years.
    • A photograph desk can also be a excellent spot for a personalised register board.
    • “On the Day You Had been Born”– Go to the closest library department with a newspaper archive. Copy some information articles from the “delivery day” should you can. You can too search on-line for main occasions that occurred the yr of the visitor of honor’s delivery, and print out a few “enjoyable details from the yr of your delivery” sheets.

    Embellish the room with enjoyable 90 theme birthday party provides. As at all times, we love balloons at a party! We suggest matching your paper items and making bouquets in odd numbers of balloons to put across the room. We begin with fives or sevens for a nice wanting bouquet. Balloons are cheap and fill a room with colour.

    • Scatter confetti across the middle of the desk.
    • Centerpieces may be so simple as framed images all through the years, balloon bouquets or flowers.

    Your actions could also be decided by the placement of the occasion. For instance, an occasion at a museum is incredible and permits folks to stroll round and revel in displays. You will need to supply some actions whatever the location. Listed below are some examples:

    A slideshow – One in every of our favourite 90th birthday party concepts is a look again on the visitor of honor all through the years. Embody footage in chronological order of the birthday boy or lady and make certain to add images of household and mates who’re in attendance.

    Make a toast – If a roast is not the proper match in your occasion, make certain one or two folks provides a quick speech in honor of the celebrant.

    Have a on line casino evening – Does the celebrant love a good on line casino? Rent a firm to are available and arrange a few blackjack tables and even a roulette wheel. Do not forget – you will want prizes for a on line casino evening!

    90th Birthday Party Favors
    Ship your company residence with a personalised party favor that celebrates the massive day. Listed below are a few concepts for 90th birthday party favors:

    • Customized Sweet Bar Wrappers with darkish or milk chocolate and a personalised message, together with customized wording on the elements!
    • Mint and Sweet Tins – add a message and even a picture to many designs, a very fashionable party favor.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    They might be traditional for Thanksgiving however they’re too scrumptious not to make yr spherical. Do not be intimidated by the title. Potatoes au gratin are literally very easy to grasp. You have bought this.

    Do I want a mandolin?

    No, however it can make you are life a lot simpler. If you do not have one, simply be prepared to follow your knife expertise, and make positive to use a veryyy sharp chef’s knife.

    What is the distinction between potatoes au gratin and scalloped potatoes?

    Nice query! Gratins have cheese; scalloped potatoes don’t. until they’re Loaded Scalloped Potatoes with cheddar and bacon. 😈

    Milk or cream?

    We like to use a mixture of each. Heavy cream provides an unbeatable richness. Plus it makes the sauce kinda velveety. However an all-cream sauce can be intense. So to steadiness it out, we add milk. (Entire milk, not skim, is most well-liked!)

    What sort of cheese ought to I exploit?

    That is fully up to you. Gruyère melts properly and has a incredible nutty taste. And a pleasant peppery Parmesan is traditional. We like to use each! However there aren’t actually guidelines. Fontina, mozzarella, or perhaps a sharp cheddar would all work, too.

    Why do I want to cowl with foil?

    The foil helps cook dinner the potatoes (they kinda steam and boil within the sauce) whereas the entire gratin is within the oven. We take the foil off over the last stretch of baking to get the highest cheese layer golden and crispy.

    What if my prime is not browning?

    Because the warmth within the oven is comparatively reasonable, your prime layer could also be cussed and never need to brown. When this occurs, we flip to the broiler. As soon as your potatoes are tremendous tender and the sauce is effervescent, crank the oven warmth and broil it for a pair minutes till the gratin is golden on prime.

    How do I stop watery potatoes?

    Baked potatoes will launch a number of moisture, inflicting your closing dish to be somewhat soupy. To assist stop which you can lay your sliced potatoes out on paper towels to assist take in some extra water. The final 15 or 20 minutes of baking you must also bake the dish uncovered. This may assist some moisture escape and make your cheese good and golden!

    Let your dish relaxation for a couple of minutes after baking. This may enable your potatoes to soak up extra of that cream sauce!

    Have you ever made this but? Tell us the way it went within the feedback under!

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    The Spruce / Ali Redmond

    Dietary Pointers (per serving)
    557 Energy
    41g Fats
    37g Carbs
    13g Protein

    ×

    Diet Info
    Servings: 6
    Quantity per serving
    Energy 557
    % Every day Worth*
    Whole Fats 41g 53%
    Saturated Fats 26g 129%
    Ldl cholesterol 128mg 43%
    Sodium 331mg 14%
    Whole Carbohydrate 37g 13%
    Dietary Fiber 4g 13%
    Whole Sugars 6g
    Protein 13g
    Vitamin C 15mg 76%
    Calcium 245mg 19%
    Iron 2mg 11%
    Potassium 975mg 21%
    *The % Every day Worth (DV) tells you the way a lot a nutrient in a meals serving contributes to a each day weight loss plan. 2,000 energy a day is used for common vitamin recommendation.

    Potato gratin is a kind of dishes that’s easy to make, however the outcomes are incredible and so rewarding. An ideal gratin has a crispy prime however is thick, wealthy, and creamy. The potatoes are gentle however nonetheless intact, and the entire dish has a decadent tacky taste.

    This recipe is loosely primarily based on Orlando Murrin’s recipe in “A Desk within the Tarn: Dwelling, Consuming, and Cooking in Rural France.” It is a traditional French recipe with thinly sliced potatoes and garlic-infused cream, together with gooey Gruyère and brie cheeses. One of the best potatoes for a gratin are floury sorts corresponding to King Edward or Maris Piper, that are extra extensively obtainable in locations such because the U.Okay., Eire, and Canada, however you should use any potato that is beneficial for mashing. Russet potatoes will work on this recipe.

    Some potato gratin recipes name for soaking potatoes prior to assembling the gratin, however that is not essential right here. As an alternative, the recipe comes collectively in a simple method, with the skinny slices simmering in milk and cream till it thickens a bit. Serve the gratin with beef corresponding to London broil or perhaps a merely roasted rooster for a traditional meal.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Au Gratin Potatoes are thinly sliced potatoes, lined in a creamy cheese sauce after which topped with extra cheese and baked within the oven till they’re gentle with a crispy, tacky crust! It’s the proper facet dish for a vacation meal or actually any meal for that matter!

    Rising up, I beloved it when my mother would repair tacky potatoes (aka-Au Gratin Potatoes!) We sometimes had them once we had a ham dinner, with buttery pull-apart rolls and roasted veggies! However we by no means had leftovers as a result of everybody beloved this tacky potato casserole with its crispy tacky crust!

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Au Gratin vs Scalloped Potatoes

    It’s possible you’ll really feel intimidated by the phrases, Au Gratin, however don’t be! In French, Au Gratin means “by grating” or “with a crust.” This potato recipe is au gratin as a result of we prime the thinly sliced potatoes with an additional layer of cheese earlier than baking, giving it a scrumptious tacky crust!

    Many individuals confuse au gratin potatoes with scalloped potatoes, and for awhile so did I! They each include thinly, spherical sliced potatoes, baked in a casserole dish. And each are extraordinarily yummy!

    The distinction is that scalloped potatoes are historically lower thicker and lined in a cream sauce, infused with garlic and recent herbs. And au gratin potatoes are thinner, lined in a cheese sauce after which topped with extra cheese or bread crumbs earlier than being baked.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    How to Make Au Gratin

    When making Au Gratin Potatoes, I like to use russet or yukon gold potatoes, as a result of they’re greater in starch and subsequently ready to soak up extra of the sauce and so they maintain their form properly!

    The secret’s to slice your potatoes skinny sufficient to absolutely cook dinner (nobody likes a crunch potato!) however not to assume that they disintegrate and grow to be mushy. I purpose to lower my potatoes so they’re ¼ inch thick.

    I want to use my mandoline slicer to lower my potatoes. The mandoline slicer is good as a result of your slices are extra constant and it’s quicker! However in the event you don’t have one, don’t fret as a result of you can too use your common knife and chopping board!

    And eventually, resolve what sort of cheese you need to use. Historically Au Gratin Potatoes use Gruyere cheese. It may be costly and exhausting to discover. If I can discover it, I like to combine it with cheddar. Nonetheless, more often than not I exploit a mix of cheddar and Colby jack!

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Storing + Ideas

    PREP: I like making these potatoes for Thanksgiving or Christmas and the perfect half is you possibly can prep them the day earlier than! Observe the instruction all the best way up to the purpose of topping your potatoes with the ultimate layer of shredded cheese! Then cowl and refrigerate for up to a day.

    When you find yourself prepared to bake, allow them to sit on the counter for 20 minutes prior to baking! Don’t neglect to prime with the ultimate layer of cheese!

    STORING: As soon as baked, your Au Gratin Potatoes will keep good in an hermetic container for 3-5 days in your fridge. It’s also possible to freeze them, simply allow them to thaw within the fridge the day earlier than you propose on consuming them!

    REHEAT: To reheat you possibly can nuke them actual fast within the microwave or cowl with foil and reheat within the oven at 350 levels for 20-30 minutes.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    As you possibly can see, there isn’t a want to be intimidated by Au Gratin Potatoes! They’re easy to make however bursting with taste! Give them a attempt to tell us what you assume. Now we have a sense you’ll love them.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    This simple potatoes au gratin recipe is the proper facet dish for any meal. One thing the cheese lovers will get pleasure from and an ideal dish to convey to the get together.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Potatoes and cheese. Who would not love a dish like this one? I make my recipe with uncooked potatoes so technically that is extra of a gratin dauphinoise. Nonetheless, it does have a pleasant tacky crust indicative of a gratin and a creamy base.

    This publish comprises some affiliate hyperlinks (which means in the event you make a purchase order after clicking a hyperlink, there is no extra value to you, however I’ll earn a really small fee. ) i.e. as an Amazon Affiliate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Click on right here to learn my full disclosure coverage.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Thinly sliced potatoes are a should particularly since they aren’t pre-cooked. You should purchase an inexpensive mandoline slicer for this. I feel it is definitely worth the small funding.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    My sauce is made up of a roux to begin with equal components of butter and flour cooked first. Entire milk is added to the roux to make a sauce related to my tuna noodle casserole dish.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Nonetheless, this one goes a step additional including grated sharp cheddar cheese and somewhat salt and pepper to create a scrumptious creamy cheese sauce.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Two layers of potatoes and the cheese sauce are unfold in a buttered casserole dish.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Extra cheese is added on prime.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    It comes out good and crusty on the edges and crispy on prime.

    Potatoes Au Gratin FAQs

    I like a starchy potato corresponding to a russet potato. Nonetheless, you may also like a waxy potato like a crimson potato as a result of it holds its form higher.

    Sure, we actually love sharp cheddar cheese however you might attempt Gruyere or Swiss. You possibly can even combine a number of collectively or add somewhat additional Parmesan, blue, or feta in to add much more taste.

    Sure, many individuals use heavy cream of their recipe. Nonetheless, I do not assume it’s essential and the roux makes the sauce good and creamy.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    This yummy potato casserole dish is a crusty, tacky, and creamy facet dish that may absolutely get devoured by everybody who tries it. Actually, you may simply need to make two as a result of it tastes simply nearly as good a day later.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    This simple potatoes au gratin recipe is the proper facet dish for any meal. One thing the cheese lovers will get pleasure from and an ideal dish to convey to the get together.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Potatoes and cheese. Who would not love a dish like this one? I make my recipe with uncooked potatoes so technically that is extra of a gratin dauphinoise. Nonetheless, it does have a pleasant tacky crust indicative of a gratin and a creamy base.

    This publish comprises some affiliate hyperlinks (which means in the event you make a purchase order after clicking a hyperlink, there is no extra value to you, however I’ll earn a really small fee. ) i.e. as an Amazon Affiliate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Click on right here to learn my full disclosure coverage.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Thinly sliced potatoes are a should particularly since they aren’t pre-cooked. You should purchase an inexpensive mandoline slicer for this. I feel it is definitely worth the small funding.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    My sauce is made up of a roux to begin with equal components of butter and flour cooked first. Entire milk is added to the roux to make a sauce related to my tuna noodle casserole dish.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Nonetheless, this one goes a step additional including grated sharp cheddar cheese and somewhat salt and pepper to create a scrumptious creamy cheese sauce.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Two layers of potatoes and the cheese sauce are unfold in a buttered casserole dish.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Extra cheese is added on prime.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    It comes out good and crusty on the edges and crispy on prime.

    Potatoes Au Gratin FAQs

    I like a starchy potato corresponding to a russet potato. Nonetheless, you may also like a waxy potato like a crimson potato as a result of it holds its form higher.

    Sure, we actually love sharp cheddar cheese however you might attempt Gruyere or Swiss. You possibly can even combine a number of collectively or add somewhat additional Parmesan, blue, or feta in to add much more taste.

    Sure, many individuals use heavy cream of their recipe. Nonetheless, I do not assume it’s essential and the roux makes the sauce good and creamy.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    This yummy potato casserole dish is a crusty, tacky, and creamy facet dish that may absolutely get devoured by everybody who tries it. Actually, you may simply need to make two as a result of it tastes simply nearly as good a day later.

    Prep Time: 10 minutes

    This publish might include affiliate hyperlinks. Please learn my disclosure coverage.

    The toughest half about making au gratin potatoes within the crockpot is patiently ready when you odor all that melting cheese and garlic.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    When you’ve ever baked scalloped potatoes the standard manner, you understand that they take a lengthy time. There’s at all times a threat of under-cooking the potatoes within the heart, and that may be irritating when your mission is an easy, comforting facet dish.

    It’s a lot simpler within the crock pot! Every part stays moist and the potatoes get crispy across the edges.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    I can’t imagine it’s taken me this lengthy to attempt it, particularly once I grew up consuming scalloped potatoes with polish sausage on a weekly foundation.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Au Gratin vs Scalloped

    To cheese or not to cheese? Each au gratin and scalloped potatoes are thinly sliced and layered with a roux-thickened white sauce constructed from butter, flour, and milk. Scalloped potatoes usually contain cream and have somewhat little bit of a milder taste profile with no cheese; whereas, au gratin potatoes include cheese.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Now that we bought that out of the best way…

    Which Cheese Is Greatest?

    When it comes to cheese and potatoes, you possibly can hardly go mistaken. I like to grate medium to tangy medium-firm cheeses, relying on how I’m serving the potatoes.

    Gruyere is a traditional selection and has a nutty, creamy, and wealthy profile. Sharp cheddar has a bit extra of a stretchy or string high quality and has a pleasant tanginess, which is bolder. I’d select cheddar if serving with bacon and inexperienced onion.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Which cheese you select is extra about what you hope to accomplish. I’d select gruyere for a conventional Thanksgiving facet dish as a result of it can work properly with stuffing and turkey. Cheddar or cheddar jack may make for a bolder facet dish with some crisped bacon and inexperienced onions.

    How Thick To Slice the Potatoes

    My mother used to make paper skinny sliced scalloped potatoes, however I made a decision to lower mine thicker. Use a mandolin in case you have one, purpose for 1/4-inch thick slices.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Making Au Gratin Potatoes within the Crock Pot

    1. It’s vital to season every layer of the potatoes with salt and pepper in order that the depth of taste is distributed all through.
    2. Pour the cheese sauce excessive and simply let the sauce work its manner down.
    3. Set timer to Four hours, excessive warmth.
    • How to make au gratin potatoes
    • How to make au gratin potatoes

    Technical Tip: In testing this recipe, I favored the feel after Three 1/2 hours, however I feel Four hours would make the consistency a bit extra scoop-able.

    Extra Sluggish Cooker Favorites

    • Ceaselessly Barbacoa – Mexican Shredded Beef
    • Crockpot Pork Inexperienced Chili
    • Cuban Ropa Vieja (Shredded Beef)
    • Inexperienced Chile Rooster Crockpot

    For this recipe, I exploit a 5-quart crock pot. In case your gradual cooker has a bigger or smaller capability, it’s possible you’ll discover that the potatoes cook dinner quicker or slower, respectively.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    This simple potatoes au gratin recipe is the proper facet dish for any meal. One thing the cheese lovers will get pleasure from and an ideal dish to convey to the get together.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Potatoes and cheese. Who would not love a dish like this one? I make my recipe with uncooked potatoes so technically that is extra of a gratin dauphinoise. Nonetheless, it does have a pleasant tacky crust indicative of a gratin and a creamy base.

    This publish comprises some affiliate hyperlinks (which means in the event you make a purchase order after clicking a hyperlink, there is no extra value to you, however I’ll earn a really small fee. ) i.e. as an Amazon Affiliate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Click on right here to learn my full disclosure coverage.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Thinly sliced potatoes are a should particularly since they aren’t pre-cooked. You should purchase an inexpensive mandoline slicer for this. I feel it is definitely worth the small funding.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    My sauce is made up of a roux to begin with equal components of butter and flour cooked first. Entire milk is added to the roux to make a sauce related to my tuna noodle casserole dish.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Nonetheless, this one goes a step additional including grated sharp cheddar cheese and somewhat salt and pepper to create a scrumptious creamy cheese sauce.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Two layers of potatoes and the cheese sauce are unfold in a buttered casserole dish.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Extra cheese is added on prime.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    It comes out good and crusty on the edges and crispy on prime.

    Potatoes Au Gratin FAQs

    I like a starchy potato corresponding to a russet potato. Nonetheless, you may also like a waxy potato like a crimson potato as a result of it holds its form higher.

    Sure, we actually love sharp cheddar cheese however you might attempt Gruyere or Swiss. You possibly can even combine a number of collectively or add somewhat additional Parmesan, blue, or feta in to add much more taste.

    Sure, many individuals use heavy cream of their recipe. Nonetheless, I do not assume it’s essential and the roux makes the sauce good and creamy.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    This yummy potato casserole dish is a crusty, tacky, and creamy facet dish that may absolutely get devoured by everybody who tries it. Actually, you may simply need to make two as a result of it tastes simply nearly as good a day later.

    By Rena | Printed on December 21, 2020

    House » Facet Dishes » Straightforward Potatoes Au Gratin

    This Potato au Gratin recipe is straightforward to make, creamy, and filled with taste. It makes for a tacky vacation potato facet dish recipe that would be the excellent addition to the dinner desk.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Make this home made au gratin potatoes all yr spherical, a potato facet dish that pairs so properly with all of your foremost programs particularly all of your sautéed and grilled protein of selection. Usually occasions referred to as scalloped potatoes, the flavour of this au gratin is top-notch with the addition of whole-grain mustard. It provides it that additional enhance within the taste division. The potatoes are ready in a creamy tacky sauce and baked to perfection. This tacky au gratin recipe will likely be your go-to vacation potato facet dish recipe yearly and you’ll need to make all of it yr spherical.

    Why you’ll love this potato facet dish recipe

    • Scrumptious and comforting: The flavour of this potato au gratin is so good, there received’t be any leftovers.
    • Straightforward to make: You possibly can partially put together a number of the steps forward and retailer within the fridge to bake the following day. The steps and easy and straightforward to observe.
    • Wholesome: Made with clear and wholesome components. Don’t like gruyere? it’s possible you’ll substitute for mild cheddar.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Components you will want to make this au gratin

    Kosher salt and freshly floor black pepper

    medium yellow onion

    complete grain mustard

    gluten free flour or cornstarch

    freshly grated nutmeg

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    How to make this au gratin potatoes

    • First, preheat the oven to 400F and spray a baking dish with cooking oil spray or olive oil.
    • Then, add sliced potatoes and season with salt and pepper. Drizzle 2 tbsp oil and toss properly to coat. Place within the preheated oven and bake for 15 minutes, or till potatoes start to soften and the sauce is prepared.
    • How to make au gratin potatoes
    • How to make au gratin potatoes
    • In the meantime, warmth a rimmed pan over medium warmth and drizzle with 1 tbsp oil. Sauté the onion and garlic for 2-Three minutes, or till it softens.
    • Stir within the mustard and flour. Slowly pour the milk and whisk till sauce is thickened and easy, 2-Three minutes. Season with salt, pepper, and nutmeg.
    • Take away the potatoes from the oven and pour over the sauce, stirring gently to largely cowl and coat.
    • Prime with shredded cheese. (Now you can cool and refrigerate the dish for make-ahead.)
    • Return to the oven and bake for 60 minutes, or till potatoes are tremendous tender, bubbly, and golden-brown on prime. (Cooking time might range relying on the scale of the thickness of your potato slices and your oven.)
    • Garnish with recent thyme earlier than serving.

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Ideas and substitutes

    Milk: we used almond milk, however it’s possible you’ll use every other milk of selection.

    Mustard: complete grain mustard was used however it’s possible you’ll use dijon mustard

    Cheese: When you don’t like gruyere or need to use one other cheese, think about using a mixture of sharp cheddar and parmesan, or gouda.

    Potatoes: think about using Yukon gold potatoes

    Flour: Any flour would work for this recipe. Be at liberty to use cornstarch too. We love to use Entire wheat as properly.

    Bake time: Don’t rush them, they want a very good one hour within the oven relying in your oven

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    Technically, you don’t have to peel the potatoes. You possibly can scrub them very clear and slice them with the peel. However, we want peeling the potatoes for the au gratin as you possibly can see in our recipe. All of it comes down to a private choice.

    Sure. You possibly can absolutely cook dinner the au gratin, retailer, and reheat later as a make forward choice to save time. We advocate not including all of the cheese so it’s possible you’ll add the remainder when its time to reheat within the oven. Additionally, contemplate cooking it half manner like we famous in our recipe to save time the day of.

    Sure. It’s possible you’ll clear and slice your potatoes the day earlier than. After getting the sliced potatoes, place in a container stuffed with chilly water and tightly shut it. Place within the fridge till you’re prepared for them.

    Place leftover potatoes au gratin in a tightly sealed container and retailer within the fridge for 3-Four days. It’s possible you’ll freeze for up to 2 months,

    How to make au gratin potatoes

    What goes properly with au gratin potatoes

    Listed below are some concepts of what you possibly can have with au gratin potatoes.

    Different facet dish recipes to take a look at

    • Center Jap Pink Lentil Soup
    • Honey Glazed Roasted Carrots
    • Baked Brie Recipe
    • Honey Mustard Potato Salad
    • Maple Roasted Butternut Squash

    How to make au gratin potatoes

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