How to calculate volume in litres

How to calculate volume in litres

To calculate volume in liters, measure the dimensions of the object in centimeters, calculate the volume in cubic centimeters, and convert the volume to liters. The project requires a metric ruler. A calculator reduces the time to complete the calculations and the chances of a math error.

  1. Measure the object

Place the zero mark of a metric ruler on one edge of the object, and read the measurement. The major divisions are each 1 centimeter apart, and the minor divisions are 0.1 centimeter apart. If using a millimeter ruler, labeled ‘mm’ before the first major division, the major divisions are labeled in increments of 10 centimeters. Convert the measurement to centimeters before proceeding.

Calculate volume in cubic centimeters

Use the measurements to determine volume. Use the appropriate formula for the shape of the object. For a rectangular prism, area is the product of the length, width and height. For a cylinder, multiply the square of the radius by pi by the height. Use a pocket calculator to save time when multiplying decimal numbers.

Convert cubic centimeters to liters

There are 1,000 cubic centimeters in a liter. Multiply the volume of the object in cubic centimeters by the conversion factor 1 liter/1000 cubic centimeters. Label the final answer with the unit liters.

Universal Online Converter

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Volume of a box in liters online calculator

With this calculator, you can calculate volume of a box in liters.

Type in your own numbers in the form to calculate volume of a box in liters and click calculate.

Volume of a box is found by multiplying the area of base of the box by its height.

Calculating the volume of a box is simple once you know the formula:

As a result, the program calculates the total volume of a box. Using the formula above you can find the volume of the box which gives it’s maximum capacity.

To calculate the volume of a box we need to know the size A, size B and size H.

Remember that the size of box must be in the same units – convert them if necessary. The resulting volume will be in those cubic units. So, for example if the height, wight and length are both in meters, then the volume will be in cubic meters.

A box is a three-dimensional solid object bounded by six square faces, facets or sides, with three meeting at each vertex.

Volume of a box is a quantitative characteristic of the space occupied by a body or substance.

With this calculator, you can calculate volume of a box. This is a simple program for calculating.

Quickly perform this simple mathematical operation with this online program. To do this, enter a value in the appropriate field and click the button.

Table of volume of a box

Below is a table for calculating volume of a box edge = 1 . 10.

Box Edge Volume of a box
A=1 B=1 H=1 1
A=2 B=2 H=2 8
A=3 B=3 H=3 27
A=4 B=4 H=4 64
A=5 B=5 H=5 125
A=6 B=6 H=6 216
A=7 B=7 H=7 343
A=8 B=8 H=8 512
A=9 B=9 H=9 729
A=10 B=10 H=10 1000

With this online calculator you can calculate volume of a box in liters.

Example of mathematical solutions

Example of mathematical solutions сalculate volume of a box in cubic metres, cubic decimeters or liters, cubic centimetres, cubic millimeters, cubic feet.

If Box Edge (A=2, B=2, H=2) Then Volume of a box = 8

If Edge = (A=2, B=2, H=2) mm Then Volume of a box = 8 mm 3 (cubic millimeters)

If Edge = (A=2, B=2, H=2) cm Then Volume of a box = 8 cm 3 (cubic centimeters)

If Edge = (A=2, B=2, H=2) dm Then Volume of a box = 8 dm 3 (cubic decimeters or liters)

If Edge = (A=2, B=2, H=2) m Then Volume of a box = 8 m 3 (cubic meters)

If Edge = (A=2, B=2, H=2) feet Then Volume of a box = 8 feet 3 (cubic feet)

Universal Online Converter

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  • Info SI
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Pipe volume in liters online calculator

With this online calculator, you can calculate volume of a pipe in liters.

Volume of a pipe is found by multiplying the area of base of the pipe by its height.

Calculating the volume of a pipe is simple once you know the formula.

Formulas volume of a pipe:

V = H * π * D 2 / 4

Radius and diameter ratio is D = 2 * R

V – volume
H – height
D – diameter
R – radius

π = 3.1415926535 (Pi)

As a result, the program calculates the total volume of a pipe. Using the formula above you can find the volume of the pipe which gives it’s maximum capacity.

To calculate the volume of a pipe we need to know the diameter of the circular cross-section of the pipe – this is the measurement from the outer-edge, to the outer-edge.

To calculate the volume of water in the pipe in liters, enter the inner diameter of the pipe.

To calculate the volume of a pipe we need also to know the length of a pipe.

Remember that the diameters and the height must be in the same units – convert them if necessary.

A pipe is a solid composed of two congruent circles in parallel planes and all the line segments parallel to the segment.

Volume of a pipe is a quantitative characteristic of the space occupied by a body or substance in the pipe.

Our cylinder volume calculator enables calculating the volume of that solid. Whether you want to figure how much water fits in the can, coffee in your favorite mug, or even what’s the volume of a drinking straw – you’re in the right place. The other option is calculating the volume of a cylindrical shell (hollow cylinder).

How to calculate volume of a cylinder?

Let’s start from the beginning – what is a cylinder? It’s a solid bounded by a cylindrical surface and two parallel planes. We can imagine it as a solid physical tin having lids on top and bottom. To calculate its volume, we need to know two parameters – the radius (or diameter) and height:

cylinder_volume = π * cylinder_radius² * cylinder_height

Cylinder volume calculator helps in finding the volume of right, hollow and oblique cylinder:

How to calculate volume in litres

Volume of a hollow cylinder

The hollow cylinder, also called the cylindrical shell, is a three-dimensional region bounded by two right circular cylinders having the same axis and two parallel annular bases perpendicular to the cylinders’ common axis. It’s easier to understand that definition imagining e.g. a drinking straw or a pipe – the hollow cylinder is this plastic, metal, or other material part. The formula behind the volume of a hollow cylinder is: cylinder_volume = π * (R² – r²) * cylinder_height

where R – external radius, and r – internal radius

To calculate the volume of a cylindrical shell, let’s take some real-life example, maybe. a roll of toilet paper, because why not? 🙂

  1. Enter the external radius of the cylinder. The standard is equal to approximately 5.5 cm.
  2. Determine the internal cylinder radius. It’s the internal radius of the cardboard part, around 2 cm.
  3. Find out what’s the height of the cylinder, for us it’s 9 cm.
  4. Tadaaam! The volume of a hollow cylinder is equal to 742.2 cm 3 .

Remember that the result is the volume of the paper and the cardboard. If you want to calculate how much plasticine you can put inside the cardboard roll, use the standard formula for the volume of a cylinder – the calculator will calculate it in the blink of an eye!

Volume of an oblique cylinder

The oblique cylinder is the one that ‘leans over’ – the sides are not perpendicular to the bases in contrast to a standard ‘right cylinder’. How to calculate the volume of an oblique cylinder? The formula is the same as for the straight one. Just remember that the height must be perpendicular to the bases.

Now when you know how to calculate a volume of a cylinder, maybe you want to determine the volumes of other 3D solids? Use this volume calculator! If you are curious how many teaspoons or cups fits into your container, use our volume converter. To calculate the volume of soil needed for flower pots of different shapes – also for the cylindrical one – use the potting soil calculator.

Where can you find cylinders in nature?

Cylinders are all around us, and we are not just talking about Pringles’ cans. Although things in nature are rarely perfect cylinders, they are: tree trunks & plant stems, some bones (and therefore bodies), and the flagella of microscopic organisms. These make up a large amount of the natural objects on Earth!

How do you draw a cylinder?

  1. Draw a slightly flattened circle. The more flattened it is, the closer you are to looking at the cylinder side on.
  2. Draw two equal, parallel lines from the far sides of your circle going down.
  3. Link the ends of the two lines with a semi-circular line that looks the same as the bottom half of your top circle.
  4. Add shadow and shading as appropriate.

How do you calculate the weight of a cylinder?

  1. Square the radius of the cylinder.
  2. Multiply the square radius by pi and the cylinder’s height.
  3. Multiply the volume by the density of the cylinder. The result is the cylinder’s weight.

How do you calculate the surface area to volume ratio of a cylinder?

  1. Find the volume of the cylinder using the formula πr²h.
  2. Find the surface area of the cylinder using the formula 2πrh + 2πr 2 .
  3. Make a ratio out of the two formulas, i.e. πr 2 h : 2πrh + 2πr 2 .
  4. Alternatively, simplify it to rh : 2(h+r).
  5. Divide both sides by one of the sides to get the ratio in its simplest form.

How do you find the height of a cylinder?

If you have the volume and radius of the cylinder:

  1. Make sure the volume and radius are in the same units (e.g. cm 3 and cm) and radius in is radians.
  2. Square the radius.
  3. Divide the volume by the radius squared and pi to get the height in the same units as the radius.

If you have the surface area and radius (r):

  1. Make sure the surface and radius are in the same units and radius in is radians.
  2. Subtract 2πr² from the surface area.
  3. Divide the result of step 1 by 2πr.
  4. The result is the height of the cylinder.

How do I find the radius of a cylinder?

If you have the volume and height of the cylinder:

  1. Make sure the volume and height are in the same units (e.g. cm 3 and cm) and radius in is radians.
  2. Divide the volume by pi and the height.
  3. Square root the result.

If you have the surface area and height (h):

  1. Substitute the height, h, and surface area into the equation, surface area = πr 2 h : 2πrh + 2πr 2 .
  2. Divide both sides by 2π.
  3. Subtract surface area/2π from both sides.
  4. Solve the resulting quadratic equation.
  5. The positive root is the radius.

How do you find the volume of a right trapezoidal cylinder?

A right trapezoidal cylinder, also known as a rectangular prism, can be solved as such:

Our cylinder volume calculator enables calculating the volume of that solid. Whether you want to figure how much water fits in the can, coffee in your favorite mug, or even what’s the volume of a drinking straw – you’re in the right place. The other option is calculating the volume of a cylindrical shell (hollow cylinder).

How to calculate volume of a cylinder?

Let’s start from the beginning – what is a cylinder? It’s a solid bounded by a cylindrical surface and two parallel planes. We can imagine it as a solid physical tin having lids on top and bottom. To calculate its volume, we need to know two parameters – the radius (or diameter) and height:

cylinder_volume = π * cylinder_radius² * cylinder_height

Cylinder volume calculator helps in finding the volume of right, hollow and oblique cylinder:

How to calculate volume in litres

Volume of a hollow cylinder

The hollow cylinder, also called the cylindrical shell, is a three-dimensional region bounded by two right circular cylinders having the same axis and two parallel annular bases perpendicular to the cylinders’ common axis. It’s easier to understand that definition imagining e.g. a drinking straw or a pipe – the hollow cylinder is this plastic, metal, or other material part. The formula behind the volume of a hollow cylinder is: cylinder_volume = π * (R² – r²) * cylinder_height

where R – external radius, and r – internal radius

To calculate the volume of a cylindrical shell, let’s take some real-life example, maybe. a roll of toilet paper, because why not? 🙂

  1. Enter the external radius of the cylinder. The standard is equal to approximately 5.5 cm.
  2. Determine the internal cylinder radius. It’s the internal radius of the cardboard part, around 2 cm.
  3. Find out what’s the height of the cylinder, for us it’s 9 cm.
  4. Tadaaam! The volume of a hollow cylinder is equal to 742.2 cm 3 .

Remember that the result is the volume of the paper and the cardboard. If you want to calculate how much plasticine you can put inside the cardboard roll, use the standard formula for the volume of a cylinder – the calculator will calculate it in the blink of an eye!

Volume of an oblique cylinder

The oblique cylinder is the one that ‘leans over’ – the sides are not perpendicular to the bases in contrast to a standard ‘right cylinder’. How to calculate the volume of an oblique cylinder? The formula is the same as for the straight one. Just remember that the height must be perpendicular to the bases.

Now when you know how to calculate a volume of a cylinder, maybe you want to determine the volumes of other 3D solids? Use this volume calculator! If you are curious how many teaspoons or cups fits into your container, use our volume converter. To calculate the volume of soil needed for flower pots of different shapes – also for the cylindrical one – use the potting soil calculator.

Where can you find cylinders in nature?

Cylinders are all around us, and we are not just talking about Pringles’ cans. Although things in nature are rarely perfect cylinders, they are: tree trunks & plant stems, some bones (and therefore bodies), and the flagella of microscopic organisms. These make up a large amount of the natural objects on Earth!

How do you draw a cylinder?

  1. Draw a slightly flattened circle. The more flattened it is, the closer you are to looking at the cylinder side on.
  2. Draw two equal, parallel lines from the far sides of your circle going down.
  3. Link the ends of the two lines with a semi-circular line that looks the same as the bottom half of your top circle.
  4. Add shadow and shading as appropriate.

How do you calculate the weight of a cylinder?

  1. Square the radius of the cylinder.
  2. Multiply the square radius by pi and the cylinder’s height.
  3. Multiply the volume by the density of the cylinder. The result is the cylinder’s weight.

How do you calculate the surface area to volume ratio of a cylinder?

  1. Find the volume of the cylinder using the formula πr²h.
  2. Find the surface area of the cylinder using the formula 2πrh + 2πr 2 .
  3. Make a ratio out of the two formulas, i.e. πr 2 h : 2πrh + 2πr 2 .
  4. Alternatively, simplify it to rh : 2(h+r).
  5. Divide both sides by one of the sides to get the ratio in its simplest form.

How do you find the height of a cylinder?

If you have the volume and radius of the cylinder:

  1. Make sure the volume and radius are in the same units (e.g. cm 3 and cm) and radius in is radians.
  2. Square the radius.
  3. Divide the volume by the radius squared and pi to get the height in the same units as the radius.

If you have the surface area and radius (r):

  1. Make sure the surface and radius are in the same units and radius in is radians.
  2. Subtract 2πr² from the surface area.
  3. Divide the result of step 1 by 2πr.
  4. The result is the height of the cylinder.

How do I find the radius of a cylinder?

If you have the volume and height of the cylinder:

  1. Make sure the volume and height are in the same units (e.g. cm 3 and cm) and radius in is radians.
  2. Divide the volume by pi and the height.
  3. Square root the result.

If you have the surface area and height (h):

  1. Substitute the height, h, and surface area into the equation, surface area = πr 2 h : 2πrh + 2πr 2 .
  2. Divide both sides by 2π.
  3. Subtract surface area/2π from both sides.
  4. Solve the resulting quadratic equation.
  5. The positive root is the radius.

How do you find the volume of a right trapezoidal cylinder?

A right trapezoidal cylinder, also known as a rectangular prism, can be solved as such:

Take a look at the various pond calculators below. Use the volume calculator to calculate the volume of a pond in litres or gallons. The liner calculator will work out the size of liner required based on the ponds dimensions. If you need to know how much water should to be pumped by a pump then use the pump calculator. The cost calculator will tell you the electrical cost of running your pond monthly or annually, you can also use this calculator for individual components or to compare the cost of running different components.

Pond Volume Calculator

Calculate the volume of a pond in litres or gallons. If the pond is not exactly recangular or circular use average dimensions.

Pond Liner Calculator

Calculate the size of liner required. Enter the maximum dimensions of the pond. Also enter the amount of overlap required per side of the liner if any.

Pond Pump Calculator

Calculate the minimum amount of water that the pump is required to pump in GPH (gallons per hour) and LPH (litres per hour).

Calculate the volume of water that the pump must be able to cycle every hour. However, static head and losses also need to be taken into consideration. If the pump is carrying the water to a height above the ponds surface to a waterfall for example, then it will encounter “static head”. Static head is the vertical distance the water is raised. The higher the water is carried the greater the static head. Other losses include friction in the hose, know as “friction head”. For every 10 feet of hose the water must travel through is approximately equivalent to 1 foot of static head. As the static head increases the flow rate of the pump will decrease. Therefore when choosing a pump it is important to make sure that the pump can deliver the required flow at the static head it will encounter. The specifications of a pump will normally display a chart representing the flow rate at different heights (static head).

Pond Cost Calculator

Calculate the monthly and yearly electrical cost of running your pond or an individual component.

Total Power Usage

The “Total Power Usage” is the total sum of power used by all the electrical devises. Make a list of all the devises that are utilised by the pond continuously and note their power rating. The power rating can normally be found on the product itself; there might be a label with electrical specifications on the product, the specifications may also be found on product packaging or manuals. Look for the power rating normally given in W (watts). However sometimes it be given in kW (kilowatts), in which case you should multiply it by 1000 to convert it to W (watts). Add the power rating of all the items together and enter the final sum in the Total Power Usage field.

The “Cost per kWh” is how much electricity costs you for every 1 kW (kilowatt) of energy you use. This is charged by your electricity provider and you can find the cost per kWh on a recent bill from your provider. Alternatively you should make an enquiry with your provider.

Volume of solid object is defined as three dimensional design of how much space it occupies and is defined numerically. Single dimensions and two dimensions shapes like straight line or square, circle, triangle have zero volume in three dimensional space.

Some basic units of volume are Cubic
Inches, Cubic Feet, Quarts, Cubic Yards, Cubic Meters, Gallons, Liters, Cubic Centimeters, Cubic Millimeter etc. SI
unit of volume is Cubic Meters.

The names of the traditional volume
units are the names of standard
containers.

Until the eighteenth century, it was very difficult to measure the capacity of a container accurately in cubic units, so the standard containers were defined by specifying the weight of a particular substance, such as wheat or beer, that they could carry. Thus the gallon, the basic English unit of volume, was originally the volume of eight pounds of wheat.

This custom led to a multiplicity of units, as different commodities were carried in containers of slightly different sizes.

Gallons are always divided into 4 quarts, which are further divided into 2 pints each. For larger volumes of dry commodities, there are 2 gallons in a peck and 4 pecks in a bushel. Larger volumes of liquids were carried in barrels, hogsheads, or other containers whose size in gallons tended to vary with the commodity, with wine units being different from beer and ale units or units for other liquids.

The situation was still confused during the American colonial period, so the Americans were actually simplifying things by selecting just two of the many possible gallons. These two were the gallons that had become most common in British commerce by around 1700. For dry commodities, the Americans were familiar with the Winchester bushel, defined by Parliament in 1696 to be the volume of a cylindrical container 18.5 inches in diameter and 8 inches deep. The corresponding gallon, 1/8 of this bushel, is usually called the corn gallon in England. This corn gallon holds 268.8 cubic inches.

Liquid Volume Calculator

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Liquid Volume Formula:

Liquid Volume Definition

Take the guesswork out of calculating liquid volume, and use our Liquid Volume Calculator. This calculator lets you input the needed information to quickly and accurately determine the volume of liquid a container can hold. Avoid overflows or half-filled containers by using our math calculator first to match the amount of liquid to the container.

What is liquid volume?

Liquids, by definition, take the shape of their container. If you know the dimensions of a container, you can calculate the amount of liquid it will hold, which is the volume. This calculator is designed to determine the volume of liquids rectangular containers can hold. If you have a cylindrical container like a soda can or an ice cream cone shape, you need another calculator to find the volume of those shapes.

Here are a few volume of shape calculators:

Who can use this calculator?

Anyone can use this calculator for determining volume. Some instances when this calculator becomes useful include:

  • Pet owners to find out how much water their fish tank holds
  • Homeowners to know the volume of their rectangular swimming pool
  • Cooks to find the capacity of box-shaped food storage containers
  • Any time you have a rectangular container that must be filled with liquid and need to know the volume in liters

Information Needed

When you need to determine the volume of liquid a container holds, you will need some information about the container. Use either a metric measuring tape or ruler to gather the required information. To use the calculator, input the following data:

  • Height in centimeters of the container
  • Width in centimeters of the container
  • Length in centimeters of the container

Getting and Using the Results

Hit the calculate button and you will get the volume of the container in liters. This information may be printed out, if needed. Should you require the results in Imperial units you will need another calculator to convert from the metric liters to Imperial quarts or fluid ounces. Do not input data in inches or meters into the calculator, the results will not be accurate.

How Results are Determined

Our calculator uses the standard formula to determine volume of a rectangular object. This formula is:

  • length x width x height = volume

This is only the volume in cubic centimeters, and does not indicate the amount of liquid. The second step our calculator uses is to divide the volume in cubic centimeters by 1000 to find the liquid volume in liters. You do not have to do anything except insert the required data. Both steps of the process are instantly carried out, and the final answer will be the number you need.

You do not have to be a math major or remember complex formulas to use this simple calculator. Anyone can find the liquid volume of a container just with a few numbers and the click of a mouse. Give this calculator a try and explore our other calculator offerings for any math problem you might encounter in daily life. Try them TODAY!

How to Calculate Liquid Volume

Let’s be honest – sometimes the best liquid volume calculator is the one that is easy to use and doesn’t require us to even know what the liquid volume formula is in the first place! But if you want to know the exact formula for calculating liquid volume then please check out the “Formula” box above.

Add a Free Liquid Volume Calculator Widget to Your Site!

You can get a free online liquid volume calculator for your website and you don’t even have to download the liquid volume calculator – you can just copy and paste! The liquid volume calculator exactly as you see it above is 100% free for you to use. If you want to customize the colors, size, and more to better fit your site, then pricing starts at just $29.99 for a one time purchase. Click the “Customize” button above to learn more!

How to buff floors

Hardwood floors have a long life, but after years (say 20 years) of rough use, even they start showing signs of aging. You will find abrasions, dullness, and discoloring as some of the most common symptoms that shriek out to you that the wood needs refinishing. Luckily, you can sand the usual ¾-inch-thick hardwood floor about six to eight times. So unless you have bought a house which has homed an aggressive refinisher, or live in a predominantly old house, you have good chances of breathing in life to your floors.

If you have at least 1/32 of an inch of wood on the top of the wooden floors, get professional floor sanding done without further delay.

Let’s see some of the things you need to be careful about when refinishing your flooring

Things to be mindful about before refinishing your floors

Dust control

The room will be ideally evacuated with no furniture in it, so you will not be able to use it for several days. In spite of that, you need to take extra care to avoid any scratches on the floors. You have to take all measures to ensure there is no dust. Even if the contractor tries his best preventive methods to avoid spilling into adjacent rooms, controlling dust is not entirely in his control. In case you have out any furniture from the room, protect it as you won’t want it to be covered with a film of dust.

Before starting with parquet floor sanding, buy rugs, but avoid the ones with rubberized bottoms for the entire room, and try to keep your pets away for a few days.
How to buff floors

Before hiring the contractor

It’s not possible for you to be an expert in hardwood flooring, but it is always beneficial to be an informed customer. This will help you to evaluate the contractors appropriately before, during, and after the completion of the task. So, start with developing an eye for properly installed and well-maintained floors. It will make it more convenient for you to spot the flaws and differentiate the floor, which is not done correctly.

Visit showrooms, speak to more than one contractor, check out their previous work, and then only hire the most suitable one. It is an expensive and lengthy job, so take your time in hiring the right contractor.

During the hiring process

Once you zero down on a list of contractors, ask them for quotations. Show them the area that you want to be refinished as that will help in giving you a more close-to exact quote. Also, ask about the types of hidden costs.

Have a thorough discussion with the contractor from whom you finally decide to take your service. Ask him about every minute detail such as who will do the window treatments or relocate the items of the rooms? How do they carry out these relocations? Any extra work might cost you more, so include everything in the contract.

Vacate the house during floor refinishing process

How to buff floors
There are many reasons why you should vacate the house during the process. Some of them being:

  • The contractor might shift most of the items from room to room, or he may want to remove everything from the house until the job is completed.
  • In spite of sealing the area, there will be loads of fine dust.
  • The odor from the material, polyurethane, and stains remains in the air for quite a few days.
  • While most of the floors can be used within one day of sealing, some others might take weeks for complete cure of the treatment.

However, in case you decide to stay back, know the following aspects before your work begins:

  • During the treatment, the specific room has to be vacated entirely.
  • Along with sanding, the contractor also repairs the damages, and he ensures that there is no dust left in the room, but he cannot remove it entirely.
  • The noise made by the refinishing equipment is disturbing.
  • You will have to bear with the strong odor of the stain and the polyure thane coating.
  • You have to be very careful.

Give wood floors like-new luster with the proper polish and technique.

How to buff floors

Think about the beating your wood floors endure on a daily basis: high heels, pet nails, children’s toys, and shifting furniture, to name a few! Tough as wood floors may be, their finish is still susceptible to scratches and scuffs. Refinishing—the process of sanding floors down entirely to apply a new surface finish—is costly and really only necessary every few decades. But polishing with a product specifically formulated for your floors is an easy, inexpensive way to regain shine, even out imperfections, and extend the life of your handsome hardwood. All it takes is a flat-head mop with a microfiber cleaning pad and commercial wood floor polish, which comes in low- or high-gloss sheens to achieve your desired look.

Whether or not you should polish your floors, however, depends on their finish. Those with a protective surface—a waterproof barrier such as urethane, for example—will benefit from polish, but floors with penetrating finishes like tung oil or unsealed wood require wax instead of polish. Using the wrong product can cause a host of problems, from making floors too slick to dulling the finish, and impair proper refinishing down the road. So it’s important to determine which kind of floor you have (our Step 1 in this guide on how to polish wood floors) before you dive in and cause damage.

STEP 1: Test the finish on your wood floors.

If you’re unsure what type of finish is on your floor, scrape off a tiny bit from an inconspicuous area with a sharp knife blade.

  • If the finish is smudged but no clear material is scraped up, your floor probably has a penetrating finish. Stop here, and do not polish these wood floors; these should only be waxed.
  • If you see a clear material, your flooring likely has a surface finish. It’s safe to polish these wood floors. Still, be sure to test out the polish in a small hidden or inconspicuous location on the wood before tackling the entire floor.

STEP 2: Clear and clean your wood floors of dust and dirt.

Empty the room, removing as much furniture as possible, then clean the floor thoroughly to remove dust and dirt. Sweep or vacuum, then mop with a commercial wood floor cleaner or solution of a quarter-cup of dish soap and a gallon of warm water to lift any lingering grime. Give the floors a final pass with a clean, water-dampened mop to remove any cleaner residue. Dry completely with a soft, clean towel.

How to buff floors

STEP 3: Polish wood floors to a shine.

Begin in a back corner of the room, plotting a path that will have you end up near an exit, pour a small S-shaped amount of wood floor polish onto the floor. Using a flat-surface mop, work the solution back and forth in the direction of the wood grain, smoothing out any air bubbles. Work in small areas (about three to five feet wide in either direction) to best control the amount of polish you’ve applied. While you must make sure to completely coat the floor, thin layers will dry more rapidly than thick ones, and you can always apply another coat if needed.

Note: Polish can stain drywall and baseboards, so avoid splashing on these areas.

STEP 4: Hold off restoring the room for at least a day.

Wait at least one hour before allowing light traffic through the room and a full day before moving your belongings back in and resuming normal use. To avoid scratching, take care not to drag or slide furniture; pick up each piece up and place them where they belong.

Tip: Attach felt furniture pads underneath heavy pieces for extra protection.

STEP 5: Follow a few precautions to keep wood floors looking great, and you can put off your next polishing job!

Now that your floors look like new, maintain them by placing rugs at entry doors to prevent dirt from being tracked inside. If your kitchen has wood flooring, also place a rug at the sink to catch stray drops of water.

Stick to a regular cleaning routine, vacuuming weekly and giving the floors a deep clean monthly. Skip any homemade cleaning solutions that include diluted vinegar or ammonia on wood floors—all they’ll do is dull a surface-finished floor. Instead, for a better all-natural approach, check out our homemade wood floor cleaner, which features castile soap.

These measures will go a way to make preserve your wood floor’s shine. You may still want to repeat the polishing process a few times annually, as needed, but don’t exceed four applications per year.

If your hardwood floors are dull and in need of rejuvenation, you should consider whether buffing or sanding is the right approach. Here’s how you can decide what you need to do.

How to buff floors

How to Remove Spilled Candle Wax from Hardwood Flooring

Techniques for removing candle wax from wood floors.

Photo by: Emily Fazio

Related To:

If your hardwood floors are in rough shape and need some revitalization, you may be wondering what the best method is to spruce them up. But “refinishing” your floor could involve one of several methods to get them back in the beautiful shape you want them to be in.

Buffing and sanding your floors are two main ways to rejuvenate them. These terms are not interchangeable. At a basic level, they’re ways of addressing wear and tear on different aspects of your floor.

When you sand your hardwood floors, you use coarse sanding equipment to remove all of the finish and stain from your floors as well as smooth out the wood underneath those layers of stain and sealer. This is an intensive process that strips everything from the floor by grinding it down to the natural wood underneath all that shine.

Once the protective layers of sealer have been removed, you continue to sand the hardwood to remove any scratches, nicks or other imperfections. Typically, you would do this with a drum floor sander, a large piece of equipment you can rent from home improvement stores. You must sand the floor completely several times over with progressively finer sandpaper in order to make sure the floor is as smooth as possible before refinishing it. Once you’re done sanding, you can stain the floor again. After the stain has dried, the final step is to finish it off with a lacquer, polyurethane wood finish or alternative oil or sealer.

Unlike sanding, which requires tackling the entire floor, you can buff only small areas of your floor if needed. For example, if you have a shallow nick or small scratch on your hardwood floor, you may be able to buff it out by hand without refinishing the entire floor.

Buffing mainly addresses damage and imperfections in the sealant layers protecting your hardwood floors. You may want to buff your floors instead of sanding them if the finish of the floor is looking dull and scratched. You can also buff floors made of other materials, like tile, to bring back their luster.

You can buff your floors either by hand or with stand-behind machinery you can rent from a home improvement store. Either way, it’s important to thoroughly clean your floor before getting started. Otherwise, dirt or dust could get stuck in the polish.

To buff out a small scratch in your floor polish by hand, rub brass wool over the damage until the scratch or ding has been leveled out and you can’t see it anymore. Then, re-polish the area by applying hardwood floor wax with a terrycloth towel and rubbing it into the area. Finish off by rubbing the area with a buffing pad to make it as shiny as the rest of your floor.

To buff your entire floor, rent a buffing machine from your local home improvement store. If you’ve previously polished the floor, remove the wax polish before getting started. Then clean the floor thoroughly and allow it to dry completely before you start the machine and begin buffing a new coat of polish into the floor.

How to buff floors

Related Articles

  • How to Fix Scratched Wood Floors
  • How to Polish Rusty Steel
  • How to Remove Scratches From Melamine
  • Does Vinegar Harm Hardwood Floors?
  • How to Protect a Floor From Casters

While hardwood floors are extremely durable and don’t wear in the same way as carpet, they do still exhibit signs of wear and tear over time. High-heel shoes, dog claws, the movement of furniture and appliances, and even small bits of grit and dirt can cause scratches in wood floors. Luckily, smaller scratches don’t require the entire floor to be completely refinished; you can work on repairing just the damaged area.

Repair minor scratches in the floor’s protective coating with floor cleaner and protective finish. Simply clean the scratch with a damp cloth dipped in hardwood floor cleaner. Rub the cleaner over the scratched area, then repeat with a clean cloth to rinse away the hardwood cleaner. Allow to dry and apply a protective finish, such as shellac.

Repair small scratches that have penetrated through the finish to the wood underneath with a piece of wire wool. Clean the scratched area with a hardwood cleaner, rinse and allow to dry. Rub the scratch with a piece of wire wool, moving in the same direction as the grain. Once the scratch has been buffed away, use the wire wool to gently blend the area around the scratch. Rub a wax stick over the scratch to fill and blend it, allow the wax to harden for 10 minutes. Buff with a soft cloth.

Repair deeper scratches with a color-matching wood putty. Deeper scratches cannot be buffed out, as buffing is the process of lowering the area surrounding the scratch to the level of the scratch. While this is unnoticeable with shallow scratches, it is the wrong way to repair deeper scratches. Apply a small amount of putty to the scratch using a plastic putty knife. Leave the filler to set for a couple of hours, then sand smooth with a fine-grade sandpaper, such as 150-grit. Wipe the area to remove dust then apply a coat of finish to the repaired area.

Share This Post

Hardwood Flooring Buffing is essentially a method which is utilized on a normal basis to provide your hardwood floor finishing the very best appearance possible. Essentially, what you’re doing is placing abrasive sandpaper on your floor, and then utilizing a buffing machine for the purpose of removing any dirt or scratches. However, there are a number of things which are important to keep in mind when attempting Hardwood Flooring Buffing on your own. This includes the utilization of the correct mixtures, as well as the proper refinishing methods should you choose to do the work yourself. As you’ll discover, many individuals are able to do this job themselves successfully, but in most instances a professional would be more than happy to do this for you.

|

Hardwood Flooring Buffing is essentially a method which is utilized on a normal basis to provide your hardwood floor finishing the very best appearance possible. Essentially, what you’re doing is placing abrasive sandpaper on your floor, and then utilizing a buffing machine for the purpose of removing any dirt or scratches. However, there are a number of things which are important to keep in mind when attempting Hardwood Flooring Buffing on your own. This includes the utilization of the correct mixtures, as well as the proper refinishing methods should you choose to do the work yourself. As you’ll discover, many individuals are able to do this job themselves successfully, but in most instances a professional would be more than happy to do this for you.

The primary reason why you would want to perform hardwood flooring buffing in-house is simply because you would obtain the most precise and controlled results and avoid a number of the pitfalls that are present when working with a professional. One such pitfall is the possibility of using sub-floor glue. Essentially, what happens is that you utilize this glue on the underside of your floorboards, and in the event that you should accidentally scratch the surface, this will cause the glue to be released, thus leaving your hardwood floors vulnerable to peeling. Should you wish to avoid such a problem, it is suggested that you work with an experienced floor refinisher who has expertise working on solid hardwood floors. By visiting our website, you can learn more about this service, as well as learn how you can go about obtaining the exact results that you desire.

In the event that you wish to buff your wooden floors yourself, one of the most important things that you need to have in order to properly perform the process is a hard-ware buffing tool. By utilizing this buffing tool, you will not risk scratching or damaging your floors, allowing you to do the work properly and efficiently. Although it is recommended that you use a buffing pad, it is strongly recommended that you also utilize a cleaning cloth as well. The reason for this is because a cloth will ensure that your wooden flooring remains clean and protected, allowing you to polish and wax your floors whenever necessary. Should you decide to utilize a cleaning cloth, it is recommended that you purchase a soft fabric, as this will provide a more thorough cleaning than a dry cloth.

When performing buffing of your wooden floor, one of the biggest mistakes that many homeowners make is to utilize coarse sandpaper when sanding. While this may seem like a good idea, it actually works against you. As we all know, there is no such thing as a “no scratch zone.” This simply means that you will find yourself consistently receiving scratches on your floors, regardless of what form they take. Therefore, if you would like to prevent your floors from receiving excessive scratches and damage, it is recommended that you perform the buffing procedure using medium-grade sandpaper.

If you have never buffed your hardwood floor before, it is recommended that you first practice sanding a section of your wooden floor until you achieve the degree of sanding that you desire. This can be done by simply placing a piece of paper in a section of your room so that you can see the result before actually performing the procedure. Although this may seem counterproductive, it will help you understand the proper way to buff your wooden floor once you begin the actual sanding process. Once you are comfortable with the results, you can then begin on the entire floor.

There are several different ways that you can buff your wooden floor, but the most effective method involves utilizing a buffing machine. The most common question that most homeowners have is whether or not it is necessary to purchase a buffing machine. Although you may not think of it as necessary, purchasing a buffing machine can provide you with years of use, significantly increase the value of your home, and ensure that you always get the highest quality results. By purchasing a buffing machine, you will be able to buff your wooden floors on a regular basis without having to worry about having to sand your floors or worry about damaging them in any way. This allows you to truly enjoy the many benefits of using a buffing machine over manually operating the device.

Another benefit of buffing your floors with a buffing machine is that you will get extremely accurate results. Although it may seem like you can still miss some spots and receive uneven results when sanding, the fact is that using the right type of sanding pad will allow you to ensure that all of the spots are evenly sanded. Even if you miss a spot or two, you will be able to recover these areas through the use of the repair kit that buffer machines come with. By using the wrong kind of sanding pad, you can potentially ruin your hardwood floors for good.

Hardwood Flooring can last for decades if you take the time to properly care for them. Although you may not need to worry about repairing any damage that you encounter, it can be a good idea to learn how to properly buff your wooden floorings on a regular basis. Sanding can be a great way to remove small scratches that may occur on your floors, but doing so manually can leave you with large scratches that will require real floor sanding. Although you might think that buying a buffing unit is an expensive addition to your home, it can actually help to save you money in the long run by preventing the need for real floor sanding.

Related Articles

Vinyl composite tiles (VCT) are a soft, resilient floor covering that is installed in many homes and businesses. In addition to washing and waxing the tiles, they should also be periodically buffed as well. Buffing in between stripping and waxing helps preserve the shine of the tiles, hide wear and tear and protect them from normal walking patterns. Buffing can be done in conjunction with stripping and waxing, but is frequently done on its own as part of a maintenance program.

Dry mop the VCT to remove any dust or debris from the floor. Remove any stuck-on material, such as gum, tar or stickers from the floor with a putty knife.

Mop the floor with a neutral PH floor cleaner, and allow it to dry.

Apply a liquid buffing or shine enhancer onto the floor. This can be poured on or sprayed on from a spray bottle. Begin at one end of the room, furthest from the door where you enter, and apply the buffing agent or shine enhancer to the center of the floor. Avoid the edges of the room for the first coat to avoid excessive buildup in areas that aren’t walked on frequently.

Place the buffing pad on the floor machine, and turn on the machine. Swing the machine in small arcs across the floor to distribute the buffing agent and shine the floor evenly. Walk backwards with the machine toward the door where you entered, applying more buffing agent with every new area of floor you cover.

Let the floor dry and repeat the application of buffing agent and floor machine. If this is your final coat, spread the buffing agent out to all corners of the floor. If you plan on adding one final coat after this one, stop the buffing agent 6- to 12-inches away from the edges of the room. Let the floor dry completely until it is no longer tacky to the touch before walking on it.

How to buff floors

Related Articles

  • How to Fix Scratched Wood Floors
  • How to Polish Rusty Steel
  • How to Remove Scratches From Melamine
  • Does Vinegar Harm Hardwood Floors?
  • How to Protect a Floor From Casters

While hardwood floors are extremely durable and don’t wear in the same way as carpet, they do still exhibit signs of wear and tear over time. High-heel shoes, dog claws, the movement of furniture and appliances, and even small bits of grit and dirt can cause scratches in wood floors. Luckily, smaller scratches don’t require the entire floor to be completely refinished; you can work on repairing just the damaged area.

Repair minor scratches in the floor’s protective coating with floor cleaner and protective finish. Simply clean the scratch with a damp cloth dipped in hardwood floor cleaner. Rub the cleaner over the scratched area, then repeat with a clean cloth to rinse away the hardwood cleaner. Allow to dry and apply a protective finish, such as shellac.

Repair small scratches that have penetrated through the finish to the wood underneath with a piece of wire wool. Clean the scratched area with a hardwood cleaner, rinse and allow to dry. Rub the scratch with a piece of wire wool, moving in the same direction as the grain. Once the scratch has been buffed away, use the wire wool to gently blend the area around the scratch. Rub a wax stick over the scratch to fill and blend it, allow the wax to harden for 10 minutes. Buff with a soft cloth.

Repair deeper scratches with a color-matching wood putty. Deeper scratches cannot be buffed out, as buffing is the process of lowering the area surrounding the scratch to the level of the scratch. While this is unnoticeable with shallow scratches, it is the wrong way to repair deeper scratches. Apply a small amount of putty to the scratch using a plastic putty knife. Leave the filler to set for a couple of hours, then sand smooth with a fine-grade sandpaper, such as 150-grit. Wipe the area to remove dust then apply a coat of finish to the repaired area.

Share This Post

Hardwood Flooring Buffing is essentially a method which is utilized on a normal basis to provide your hardwood floor finishing the very best appearance possible. Essentially, what you’re doing is placing abrasive sandpaper on your floor, and then utilizing a buffing machine for the purpose of removing any dirt or scratches. However, there are a number of things which are important to keep in mind when attempting Hardwood Flooring Buffing on your own. This includes the utilization of the correct mixtures, as well as the proper refinishing methods should you choose to do the work yourself. As you’ll discover, many individuals are able to do this job themselves successfully, but in most instances a professional would be more than happy to do this for you.

|

Hardwood Flooring Buffing is essentially a method which is utilized on a normal basis to provide your hardwood floor finishing the very best appearance possible. Essentially, what you’re doing is placing abrasive sandpaper on your floor, and then utilizing a buffing machine for the purpose of removing any dirt or scratches. However, there are a number of things which are important to keep in mind when attempting Hardwood Flooring Buffing on your own. This includes the utilization of the correct mixtures, as well as the proper refinishing methods should you choose to do the work yourself. As you’ll discover, many individuals are able to do this job themselves successfully, but in most instances a professional would be more than happy to do this for you.

The primary reason why you would want to perform hardwood flooring buffing in-house is simply because you would obtain the most precise and controlled results and avoid a number of the pitfalls that are present when working with a professional. One such pitfall is the possibility of using sub-floor glue. Essentially, what happens is that you utilize this glue on the underside of your floorboards, and in the event that you should accidentally scratch the surface, this will cause the glue to be released, thus leaving your hardwood floors vulnerable to peeling. Should you wish to avoid such a problem, it is suggested that you work with an experienced floor refinisher who has expertise working on solid hardwood floors. By visiting our website, you can learn more about this service, as well as learn how you can go about obtaining the exact results that you desire.

In the event that you wish to buff your wooden floors yourself, one of the most important things that you need to have in order to properly perform the process is a hard-ware buffing tool. By utilizing this buffing tool, you will not risk scratching or damaging your floors, allowing you to do the work properly and efficiently. Although it is recommended that you use a buffing pad, it is strongly recommended that you also utilize a cleaning cloth as well. The reason for this is because a cloth will ensure that your wooden flooring remains clean and protected, allowing you to polish and wax your floors whenever necessary. Should you decide to utilize a cleaning cloth, it is recommended that you purchase a soft fabric, as this will provide a more thorough cleaning than a dry cloth.

When performing buffing of your wooden floor, one of the biggest mistakes that many homeowners make is to utilize coarse sandpaper when sanding. While this may seem like a good idea, it actually works against you. As we all know, there is no such thing as a “no scratch zone.” This simply means that you will find yourself consistently receiving scratches on your floors, regardless of what form they take. Therefore, if you would like to prevent your floors from receiving excessive scratches and damage, it is recommended that you perform the buffing procedure using medium-grade sandpaper.

If you have never buffed your hardwood floor before, it is recommended that you first practice sanding a section of your wooden floor until you achieve the degree of sanding that you desire. This can be done by simply placing a piece of paper in a section of your room so that you can see the result before actually performing the procedure. Although this may seem counterproductive, it will help you understand the proper way to buff your wooden floor once you begin the actual sanding process. Once you are comfortable with the results, you can then begin on the entire floor.

There are several different ways that you can buff your wooden floor, but the most effective method involves utilizing a buffing machine. The most common question that most homeowners have is whether or not it is necessary to purchase a buffing machine. Although you may not think of it as necessary, purchasing a buffing machine can provide you with years of use, significantly increase the value of your home, and ensure that you always get the highest quality results. By purchasing a buffing machine, you will be able to buff your wooden floors on a regular basis without having to worry about having to sand your floors or worry about damaging them in any way. This allows you to truly enjoy the many benefits of using a buffing machine over manually operating the device.

Another benefit of buffing your floors with a buffing machine is that you will get extremely accurate results. Although it may seem like you can still miss some spots and receive uneven results when sanding, the fact is that using the right type of sanding pad will allow you to ensure that all of the spots are evenly sanded. Even if you miss a spot or two, you will be able to recover these areas through the use of the repair kit that buffer machines come with. By using the wrong kind of sanding pad, you can potentially ruin your hardwood floors for good.

Hardwood Flooring can last for decades if you take the time to properly care for them. Although you may not need to worry about repairing any damage that you encounter, it can be a good idea to learn how to properly buff your wooden floorings on a regular basis. Sanding can be a great way to remove small scratches that may occur on your floors, but doing so manually can leave you with large scratches that will require real floor sanding. Although you might think that buying a buffing unit is an expensive addition to your home, it can actually help to save you money in the long run by preventing the need for real floor sanding.

How to add new chickens to a flock


How do I Acclimate my Chickens to a New Coop?

What is the number one thing to do when introducing chickens to a new coop? Keep them in the new coop for about 3 days and/or up to 3 weeks. Give it at least 3 days before you introduce them to their run. Eventually they will start to venture in the new coop…

How to add new chickens to a flock

How to Acclimate Chicken to a New Coop!

Acclimate: Verb; Become accustomed to a new climate or to new conditions.

Many questions come to mind.

What is the number one thing to do when introducing chickens to a new coop?

Keep them in the new coop for about 3 days and/or up to 3 weeks. Give it at least 3 days before you introduce them to their run. Eventually they will start to venture in the new coop. Chickens, like many other pet-type animals, can remember the location of their food and water. Unlike cats and dogs, they won’t venture down the street.

Almost always, they will stay in range of their food and water. In order for them to easily stay in their coop for three days or as long as needed, you will want to have these items in the coop:

  1. A water dish.
  2. A food dish, preferably one they can’t stand on.
  3. Nesting boxes
  4. Roosting bars

Make sure they are warm, comfortable, and able for them to find food dish and water. It may take a couple days for them to really start roaming for them to adjust to their new surroundings. I’ll let you in on a little secret, chickens are not picky.

It’s especially important to hold off purchasing chickens until your new chicken coop has arrived: Plan a few days ahead if possible, allowing yourself plenty of time to get organized. It should take you around an hour and a half to build your Frame bow Chicken Coop, allow a little longer for our larger units with extension runs.

Prepare the inside of the chicken house by adding a sprinkling of shavings to the sliding floor and bed up the nesting boxes and don’t forget to close the pop-hole. Place feed and water inside the chicken house ready for the new arrivals. Barn reared hens may be unused to perching, don’t worry about this in the early days; the main thing is to get your hens settled in to their new chicken house after their journey in the travel box. Our chicken house perch arrangement is such that you also have a little floor area for placing a small feeder and drinker and room for the chickens to move around so they can stretch their legs. Remember hens need access to fresh clean drinking water at all times, you will be amazed how much they drink.

The new chickens will be a little stressed on arrival. Try and keep them as quiet as possible when lifting them out of the travel box. The best way to hold a chicken is to put your hand under its body with the chicken’s head facing you to avoid the chicken from messing on you. Hold the wings down with the other hand to prevent the chicken from flapping about. Bob the chickens quietly into their new chicken house, have a quick glance to ensure they have travelled well and have no major problems or knocks. Close the hen house door and leave them to settle in for around eighteen hours and best to plan the collection of your new chickens in the afternoon if possible so your new birds can be locked up at tea time and left overnight to settle and let out into the chicken run the following morning to familiarize themselves with their new coop.

When letting the chickens out the morning after, it’s always a good idea to prepare your feeder and drinker and place these in the chicken run, placing the feeder in the sheltered area of the run, underneath the chicken house in order to keep the chicken feed dry. Walk out of the run or close the run lid and then you can release your chickens using the pull cord on your Frame bow Chicken Coop. Stand back and wait quietly for your new brood to emerge and explore their new surroundings.

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How to add new chickens to a flock

Keeping a backyard chicken coop is a fantastic way to ensure your family always has delicious fresh eggs on hand. And if your household’s demand for eggs is on the rise for one reason or another—growing kids, more mouths to feed, or maybe even a new protein-rich diet—you may be considering adding more chickens to your coop. But it’s not quite as simple as picking up some baby chicks and leaving them to fend for themselves alongside your hens. Your new chicks must be introduced properly to avoid being bullied—or worse. Give your new chicks the best chance of successfully integrating into the flock with these useful tips.

How many chicks should I bring home?

It’s generally advisable to introduce at least three baby chicks at a time to the older hens. Chickens are flock animals, and tend to do better in groups with other birds of a similar age. If you bring home any less than three chicks and one of them doesn’t make it, you’ll be left with a lonely little chick, which can lead to a number of problems. Chickens are social creatures, and baby chicks do better in a flock when they help each other and grow up together.

When purchasing baby chicks, it’s recommended to match the newcomers to your current flock. Choosing a mix of breeds is more successful when you already have an assortment of breeds. However, if your flock is primarily one breed, you’ll want to stick with the same breed when purchasing new baby chicks so they’ll be more accepting of the newcomers.

How to add new chickens to a flock

The numbers matter as well. Add at least three baby chicks when you’re looking to grow your flock. There’s power in numbers; consider adding an equal amount of baby chicks to the current number of chickens. For instance, if you have five hens, you may want to add five baby chicks to balance the numbers equally and improve your chances for successfully integrating the newcomers into your flock.

Another important note: make sure you have adequate space in your coop for all new additions. It’s important to avoid crowding your birds—ensure every chicken in your flock has at least two square feet of inside living space away from the elements where they can (literally) spread their wings. You can learn more about how to raise chickens here.

WHEN CAN I INTRODUCE THE NEW CHICKS TO THE FLOCK?

Baby chicks must be raised on their own to an absolute minimum age of six weeks old before being introduced to the rest of your flock. If possible, wait until your pullets (young, non-laying hens) are 8-12 weeks old before making the introduction.

Chickens are extremely territorial, and will often injure or even kill newcomers if an introduction isn’t done properly. Keep in mind that every flock has its own personality when it comes to accommodating new members—even chickens that are gentle with human handlers may be ruthless when it comes to bullying newbies (after all, the phrase “pecking order” exists for a reason.) In some cases, the older hens will intimidate new baby chicks so badly that they’ll stop trying to eat and drink

How to add new chickens to a flock

HOW TO SAFELY INTRODUCE YOUR NEW CHICKS

The good news is that there are several steps you can take to make sure the introduction goes smoothly:

  1. Introduce three or more new chicks to the flock at a time—they’ll be able to support each other and will hopefully prevent the older chickens from beating up on any of them too much.
  2. A gradual introduction is a good idea—put your young pullets in a pet carrier or enclosure on the other side of the fence so the older chickens can get used to the sight and smell of them, which often makes the transition much easier for all.
  3. When it’s time to put the new pullets in the same coop as your older hens, consider a stealth after-dark operation. If you introduce the newbies after your older hens have bedded down for the night, their presence in the morning won’t come as such a shock.

You may also want to consider putting your older hens in a second enclosure for a few hours so the younger chickens can find the food and water without being chased off and intimidated. Doing this a couple of hours a day for a few days can make the transition easier when it’s time for them to all live together.

How to add new chickens to a flock

To give your newcomers some refuge, consider adding some escape routes for the still-developing pullets. An easy, economical solution is to place cardboard boxes in the coop, with cutouts small enough for a younger hen to escape, but too large for your older hens to fit through. Giving the newbies a place to get away from the bullying can help them stay healthy and confident until the older hens get acclimated to having them around.

Overall, keep an eye on things until all your chickens are used to living together. As your baby chicks grow and begin to lay eggs, they’ll become more integrated with the older hens. The flock will be happy again, and the egg production will show it.

Still have questions about the best way to add new chicks to your flock? Stop by your local IFA Country Store to gather some knowledge from our poultry and animal health experts—we’ve seen it all, and we’re happy to help!

Information for this article was provided by Sandie Shupe, Poultry, Rabbit & Animal Health Manager, Ogden IFA Country Store; Maureen Goodrich, Poultry, Rabbit, Pet & Tack Manager, Logan IFA Country Store; and Jill Singleton, Bagged Feed Category Manager, IFA.

Last Updated: May 6, 2021 References

This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. wikiHow’s Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards.

There are 11 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.

This article has been viewed 83,265 times.

Over time, you may need to replace chickens in your existing flock that you lost due to predators, disease, or old age. No matter what size flock you already have, adding new chickens takes a little bit of time so the birds can get used to one another. Start by keeping your new chickens separated from the flock and slowly introduce them over time. While it may take multiple tries for your chickens to accept the new birds, you can continue introducing birds to your flock as you need them!

How to add new chickens to a flock

How to add new chickens to a flock

How to add new chickens to a flock

Tip: Wash your hands when you go between the current flock and the new chickens so you don’t accidentally spread any diseases.

How to add new chickens to a flock

How to add new chickens to a flock

How to add new chickens to a flock

How to add new chickens to a flock

How to add new chickens to a flock

Tip: If your flock keeps attacking the new chickens for several minutes at a time, separate the birds from one another and try reintroducing them into the run the next day. It may take 3-4 attempts to make the birds comfortable with one another.

Last Updated: May 6, 2021 References

This article was co-authored by our trained team of editors and researchers who validated it for accuracy and comprehensiveness. wikiHow’s Content Management Team carefully monitors the work from our editorial staff to ensure that each article is backed by trusted research and meets our high quality standards.

There are 11 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.

This article has been viewed 83,265 times.

Over time, you may need to replace chickens in your existing flock that you lost due to predators, disease, or old age. No matter what size flock you already have, adding new chickens takes a little bit of time so the birds can get used to one another. Start by keeping your new chickens separated from the flock and slowly introduce them over time. While it may take multiple tries for your chickens to accept the new birds, you can continue introducing birds to your flock as you need them!

How to add new chickens to a flock

How to add new chickens to a flock

How to add new chickens to a flock

Tip: Wash your hands when you go between the current flock and the new chickens so you don’t accidentally spread any diseases.

How to add new chickens to a flock

How to add new chickens to a flock

How to add new chickens to a flock

How to add new chickens to a flock

How to add new chickens to a flock

Tip: If your flock keeps attacking the new chickens for several minutes at a time, separate the birds from one another and try reintroducing them into the run the next day. It may take 3-4 attempts to make the birds comfortable with one another.

Whether you are an existing keeper of many chickens or are just starting a chicken flock, you must need to know how to add new chickens to existing flock.

Learning about introducing new chickens to existing flock will help you to avoid introducing disease and parasites into the flock.

Introducing new chickens to your existing flock suddenly is not a good idea, and you can’t expect everything go peacefully after doing so.

It’s the nature of chickens to drive off an unknown chicken from the flock. It’s the general behavior of chickens and actually normal for an established flock to aggressively go after the interloper.

So you have to introduce the new chickens to an existing flock properly. And it is very important to know about how to add new chickens to existing flock. Not all the chickens are of same behavior and nature.

Each bird will have a different response to the newcomer. Some birds won’t tolerate an intruder, but some are actually easy going.

Some birds can become very aggressive towards the new birds. And the aggression can escalate to bloodshed if the new chickens are introduced into a confined area where there is no space to escape. A chicken might pin another one down and viciously peak at her head.

Table of Contents

How to Add New Chickens to Existing Flock

Chickens are very social birds and they form strong social groups and establish a pecking order within a few days of being introduced to each other. And the chickens actually love to stay in a group.

Generally an established chicken flock will not welcome other chickens outside their group and can be surprisingly vicious to the newcomers.

And introducing new chickens to an established flock will need patience and often takes a couple of weeks to settle.

Methods for introducing new chickens to an existing flock can vary according to your individual set up, so there is no single solution for maintaining a happy flock.

However, here we are describing more about how to add new chickens to existing flock.

Keep the New Chickens Separate For Several Weeks

You should keep the new chickens in a separate coop for several weeks, and watch them carefully for any signs of sickness. The new birds should not share the same ground or air as the old chickens.

You should wash your hands and clean the bottom of your boots after interacting with the new chickens. Doing so will help to avoid inadvertently transmitting illnesses.

Size of the New Chickens

Chickens can be real bullies (especially when they have smaller and weaker birds to pick on).

So the new birds should be similar in size and age, to help minimize bullying and fighting.

On the other hand, adding a large number of fit, young birds, can cause stress to a smaller number of more mature chickens.

Ensure Adequate Room for the New Chickens

Before introducing new chickens, ensure you have adequate room in the coop for accommodating the new birds.

This will help to reduce the chance of bad habits that come from over crowding. Cannibalism is one of the worst results of over crowding.

Also ensure some hiding space if the existing birds attack the new chickens.

Keeping in the Same Coop

You can keep the new chickens in the same coop, but in a separate pen (separated with net or fence).

Doing this will allow the older chickens to satisfy some of their curiosity without instant squabbling.

Keep the Old Chickens Busy by Providing Distractions

You can hang a distraction in the pen such as something shiny or nail a few ears of field corn in accessible places for keeping the old chickens busy while the new chickens explore.

Attention of the old chickens will be more focused on scratching and pecking at those distractions rather than at the new chickens on the flock.

Move the Chickens in a New Location

If possible, move both your new and old chickens to an entirely new and different location.

This throws your older girls off balance, as it is not their home, and so they are more likely to be less defensive, and harsh towards the newcomers.

After few days or week, things will start to sort themselves out, and all your chickens will accept the new additions. And finally peace will be restored within your flock once again.

Add New Birds at Night

You can keep the new chickens to the existing flock during the night, so that the flocks can wake up together.

Generally this will probably reduce the squabbling and the pecking of the new chickens.

Provide Plenty of Food and Water

You must have to ensure there are plenty of food and watering areas so that the old chickens can’t guard the new chickens for accessing food and water.

You should feed and water the new chickens properly before adding them to the existing flock.

Remove the Injured Chickens

You should remove the injured chickens from the flock. Remove the injured bird at the first sign of bright blood and treat the bird with an ‘anti-peck ointment’ or pine tar to discourage the pecking from going further.

Chickens will naturally peck at fresh blood and can kill an injured chicken very quickly.

Hope you have learned a lot about how to add new chickens to existing flock. By following these methods your birds will accept the new additions after a week or so. And finally peace and happiness will be restored again within your flock once again. Thank you!

How to add new chickens to a flock

Keeping a backyard chicken coop is a fantastic way to ensure your family always has delicious fresh eggs on hand. And if your household’s demand for eggs is on the rise for one reason or another—growing kids, more mouths to feed, or maybe even a new protein-rich diet—you may be considering adding more chickens to your coop. But it’s not quite as simple as picking up some baby chicks and leaving them to fend for themselves alongside your hens. Your new chicks must be introduced properly to avoid being bullied—or worse. Give your new chicks the best chance of successfully integrating into the flock with these useful tips.

How many chicks should I bring home?

It’s generally advisable to introduce at least three baby chicks at a time to the older hens. Chickens are flock animals, and tend to do better in groups with other birds of a similar age. If you bring home any less than three chicks and one of them doesn’t make it, you’ll be left with a lonely little chick, which can lead to a number of problems. Chickens are social creatures, and baby chicks do better in a flock when they help each other and grow up together.

When purchasing baby chicks, it’s recommended to match the newcomers to your current flock. Choosing a mix of breeds is more successful when you already have an assortment of breeds. However, if your flock is primarily one breed, you’ll want to stick with the same breed when purchasing new baby chicks so they’ll be more accepting of the newcomers.

How to add new chickens to a flock

The numbers matter as well. Add at least three baby chicks when you’re looking to grow your flock. There’s power in numbers; consider adding an equal amount of baby chicks to the current number of chickens. For instance, if you have five hens, you may want to add five baby chicks to balance the numbers equally and improve your chances for successfully integrating the newcomers into your flock.

Another important note: make sure you have adequate space in your coop for all new additions. It’s important to avoid crowding your birds—ensure every chicken in your flock has at least two square feet of inside living space away from the elements where they can (literally) spread their wings. You can learn more about how to raise chickens here.

WHEN CAN I INTRODUCE THE NEW CHICKS TO THE FLOCK?

Baby chicks must be raised on their own to an absolute minimum age of six weeks old before being introduced to the rest of your flock. If possible, wait until your pullets (young, non-laying hens) are 8-12 weeks old before making the introduction.

Chickens are extremely territorial, and will often injure or even kill newcomers if an introduction isn’t done properly. Keep in mind that every flock has its own personality when it comes to accommodating new members—even chickens that are gentle with human handlers may be ruthless when it comes to bullying newbies (after all, the phrase “pecking order” exists for a reason.) In some cases, the older hens will intimidate new baby chicks so badly that they’ll stop trying to eat and drink

How to add new chickens to a flock

HOW TO SAFELY INTRODUCE YOUR NEW CHICKS

The good news is that there are several steps you can take to make sure the introduction goes smoothly:

  1. Introduce three or more new chicks to the flock at a time—they’ll be able to support each other and will hopefully prevent the older chickens from beating up on any of them too much.
  2. A gradual introduction is a good idea—put your young pullets in a pet carrier or enclosure on the other side of the fence so the older chickens can get used to the sight and smell of them, which often makes the transition much easier for all.
  3. When it’s time to put the new pullets in the same coop as your older hens, consider a stealth after-dark operation. If you introduce the newbies after your older hens have bedded down for the night, their presence in the morning won’t come as such a shock.

You may also want to consider putting your older hens in a second enclosure for a few hours so the younger chickens can find the food and water without being chased off and intimidated. Doing this a couple of hours a day for a few days can make the transition easier when it’s time for them to all live together.

How to add new chickens to a flock

To give your newcomers some refuge, consider adding some escape routes for the still-developing pullets. An easy, economical solution is to place cardboard boxes in the coop, with cutouts small enough for a younger hen to escape, but too large for your older hens to fit through. Giving the newbies a place to get away from the bullying can help them stay healthy and confident until the older hens get acclimated to having them around.

Overall, keep an eye on things until all your chickens are used to living together. As your baby chicks grow and begin to lay eggs, they’ll become more integrated with the older hens. The flock will be happy again, and the egg production will show it.

Still have questions about the best way to add new chicks to your flock? Stop by your local IFA Country Store to gather some knowledge from our poultry and animal health experts—we’ve seen it all, and we’re happy to help!

Information for this article was provided by Sandie Shupe, Poultry, Rabbit & Animal Health Manager, Ogden IFA Country Store; Maureen Goodrich, Poultry, Rabbit, Pet & Tack Manager, Logan IFA Country Store; and Jill Singleton, Bagged Feed Category Manager, IFA.

When adding chicks I leave them in their brooder till they’re about 6-8 weeks old, or even older in cold weather if they still need the heat lamp. Once they can be off heat I move them into the coop in a separate cage. I call this the baby cage. Clever right? 😉

I put this cage in the corner of the coop so 2 sides are protected, in case the big chickens try to peck at them. The chicks can retreat to the far corner if they get scared. This helps them to feel safe while meeting their future flock mates.

After a week or so I let the chicks have protected ‘free range’ time while the big girls are out. I have a portable dog play pen that I put them in. This way they get to be outside and play in the grass while still being protected.

Supervise introduction time for new chickens

Once they’ve lived in the pen for about a week, I add supervised free range time. I let the chicks out with the flock for an hour or so a day. I sit right beside them the whole time to make sure everybody gets along. The pecking order can be brutal and left to their own devices, sometimes adult chickens will hurt the chicks. At this point the new chickens are still going back to their cage at night.

After a few days of supervised free range time I increase the time they are out of their cage each day with the flock. Of course with increased time, I can’t spend every moment supervising them.

I make sure to check on them frequently and watch for any squabbles. There will be squabbles!

As long as nobody is being harassed by multiple flock members, chased incessantly or hurt in any way I let them work it out. After all, it’s their pecking order and they need to figure out where everyone fits!

When free ranging always make sure that you have more then one set of food and water set out. Sometimes the chickens chase the newcomers away from the water or the feeder and you don’t want them to go hungry!

Sometimes tossing out treats for everyone can distract the whole flock if the older chickens start to get a little bossy. Use something you can scatter across a large area like scratch or BOSS so they all spread out and everyone gets some.

The rooster and new flock members

If you have a rooster you will have to keep an eye on him. He will probably try to breed any new hens/pullets immediately. If they’re still pretty small he might ignore them, but the bigger pullets will definitely draw his attention.

The rooster is generally at the top of the pecking order and this is him expressing his dominance and ‘ownership’ of the new hens. If you think he’s too big and is hurting the new flock members you’ll want to hold off on introducing them until they’re closer in size.

Once unsupervised free range time is going great, I let them out of their cage in the coop. It starts with me leaving the cage door open at night. Usually the chicks still go into their cage and sleep there but over the next few days they start checking out the roosting bars and finding other places to sleep.

Sometimes the chicks don’t start mixing in with the other chickens. If they still seem hesitant after several days I will put them on the roosting bars at night after everyone else is asleep. Chickens can be easily fooled by doing things at night, so when they wake up they’re more accepting. It’s weird, but it often works.

The new chicks are pretty much integrated into the existing flock by this point, but still keep an eye out for any bullying. If you do find that you have some chicken bullies use the doggie play pen for the bullies during the day so the rest of the flock can free range in peace.

I use binder clips to hook a piece of fabric or deer netting across the top so the bully can’t just jump out. Usually a time out resets their attitude.

Of course if you don’t free range you can still use this method in the chicken run. You’ll just have to watch them more closely because the chicks can’t get away from the bigger chickens if they get aggressive.

Providing hiding spaces for the little guys and distractions like a cabbage ball on a string can help things to go more smoothly when the chickens are contained.

When adding adult hens to your flock you’ll follow the exact same steps, except you’ll want to quarantine them away from the flock for at least two weeks first. You wouldn’t want them to spread lice or mites or any other problem to your flock.

It’s a little more tricky when Adding a Rooster to the Flock, but it’s just as feasible with some time and patience.

This is a slow process and does take awhile, but the time spent is worth it when the whole ‘new’ flock is getting along!

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How to add new chickens to a flock

Adding new chickens to your flock can be tricky, but it’s not impossible. Here are some practical helps to ease the transition and hopefully keep your new chickens from getting beat up (or worse).

First of all, it’s important to understand ‘chicken psychology’. If you understand how your birds tick, it will help you work with their natural inclinations instead of against them.

Pecking Order

The term ‘pecking order’ isn’t just a cliché’. It doesn’t take watching chickens for too long to see that there is a very distinct ‘animal hierarchy’ that is established in the flock. If you have new chicks this establishment will happen as a normal course of their growth and development.

The pecking order determines who is the top chicken, who is at the bottom and where all the other chickens fit in between. Once this order is determined, it rarely changes as the lower chickens are generally too scared to challenge a chicken higher than them.

This pecking order keeps the peace in the flock. It establishes who gets to eat first, who gets to sleep where, whose hens are whose (in the case of a rooster), etc.

How to add new chickens to a flock

Territory

The 2nd issue to understand about chickens is the idea that this is ‘their turf’. They’ve established a (fairly) peaceable kingdom and each member of the flock knows their place. Letting new chickens invade their space feels just like that–an invasion.

New Girl in the Flock

The best thing, of course, it to get all your chicks at one time and raise them together. But, there are times when adding new chickens to your flock is impossible to avoid. There are untimely deaths, old age, or a number of other factors that might make you consider buying a few new chickens.

If you decide to take the leap and add more chickens, keeping in mind the pecking order and the ownership issues your chickens have over their home will help you in understanding their behavior.

Work in Pairs

When adding new chickens to your flock, it’s much easier on all concerned if you are adding at LEAST 2 new chickens to the mix. And even better if the new chickens already know each other and are ‘friends’. This does two things: first, it keeps the new chicken from being completely isolated (she’ll have a friend), and second, there will be more than one chicken that is the brunt of the ‘bullying’ so it kind of spreads out the picking.

How to add new chickens to a flock

Pick on Someone Your Own Size!

Chickens LOVE to pick on the smaller, the weaker. They don’t play fair. So, if you’re planning on bringing new chickens into the flock, try to get them similar in either age or size, to help minimize the uneven fight.

For example, if you have 5 full-grown hens and decide you want to get 2 new baby chicks–stop now! Don’t throw those babies in with the other hens if you want to keep them alive.

A better way to do it would be to get MORE new chicks than old hens and OVERWHELM the new flock with the younger birds–but don’t add the younger ones until they’re big enough to stand a chance at a fight.

(An exception to this is when a mother hen raises babies herself. SHE is their defense. And just like ANY good mother, she’ll instinctively fight to the end for her children.)

How to add new chickens to a flock

Ease Them In

One of the best ways to go about adding new chickens to your flock is to do it slowly. If at all possible, place your new chickens NEAR your old chickens, but not WITH them. For example, when I introduced 2 new chicks to my flock, I placed them in an upside down crate inside the hen-house. My chickens could see and interact with the new girls, but they were blocked from being aggressive because they couldn’t quite get to them.

All the chickens could observe each other from a close, but guarded, distance. And it seemed, also, that the crate in the middle of the chicken coop caused more curiosity not the feeling that their turf was being invaded.

If possible, keep an arrangement like this for at least a couple of days, even a week.

How to add new chickens to a flock

Proper Introductions

In the meantime, stage some introduction ‘play date’ times for your flock. If you have a run, or yard, bring your old chickens out to meet the new ones, but stay nearby to break up any particularly brutal fighting (you don’t want to break it all up, as there is the re-establishing of the pecking order that will naturally occur, but you also don’t want a bloodied pulp or dead chicken on your hands.)

Do these meet and greet sessions a couple of times a day, after the first day (where they’ve already had time to get to know each other with a barrier of some sort between them), and every day that you have them separated from each other.How to add new chickens to a flock

Other Odds and Ends

People report many tricks to help ease the transition of adding new chickens. Here are some of the ideas they report:

1. Add the new chickens at night (in the dark) after your flock has gone to sleep. When they wake up in the morning they’ll be less aware of new chickens on the premises.

2. Place both the old and the new in an entirely different location. This throws the old chickens off balance (they’re not defending their own stomping grounds) and they are less defensive.

3. Take some old chickens out as you add new ones–this disrupts the pecking order. This is how I added some new chickens–I found out I had a rooster (even with sexed chicks you have a slight chance of getting a rooster instead of a hen), so I found a farmer who would take “Lizzy” and I swapped him with 2 new hens. This threw the pecking order off a bit and helped ease the new girls into the flock.

4. Treats and distractions. I’ve heard of someone who would hang a treat (like a head lettuce) in the chicken coop–just above the reach of the chickens–and that distraction helped introduce the new chickens easier. Others who have said that feeding the chickens treats at the same time as the introductions also helps some.

Prepare for Jockeying for Position

Even in the best handled situations, there will be some fighting. That’s just how it works. New chickens means a new pecking order needs to be established. And in the process, the top chickens will need to show themselves strong.

Pay attention to the process enough to make sure the chickens are not being hurt too badly. If a chicken is picked on enough that blood is drawn, remove the chicken from the flock before it gets pecked to death.

After a week or so the whole transition and positioning should work itself out and you will (hopefully) be back to a fairly peaceful, happy flock.

How to make cookie dough

  • Level: Easy
  • Total: 10 min
  • Active: 10 min
  • Yield: about 1 cup

Ingredients

1 cup all-purpose flour

1/4 teaspoon baking soda

1/4 teaspoon fine salt

1/2 cup packed light brown sugar

1/4 cup granulated sugar

4 tablespoons unsalted butter, at room temperature

2 tablespoons plain yogurt

1/2 teaspoon alcohol-free vanilla extract

1/3 cup semisweet mini chocolate chips

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Directions

  1. Microwave the flour in a small microwave-safe bowl for 1 minute. Remove and stir well. Microwave for an additional minute or until the temperature reaches 180 degrees F. Sift into a medium bowl, then whisk in the baking soda and salt (see Cook’s Note).
  2. Beat the brown sugar, granulated sugar, butter, yogurt and vanilla extract with an electric mixer on medium-high speed in a large bowl until well combined, about 2 minutes. Add the flour mixture and mix on low speed until well incorporated. (Turn off the beaters and use your hands to help combine if needed.) Fold in the chocolate chips with a rubber spatula or mix them in with your hands.
  3. Refrigerate in an airtight container for up to 5 days.

Cook’s Note

Microwaving the flour to 180 degrees F may reduce the risk of foodborne illness associated with eating it raw or undercooked. This eggless dough can also be baked. Roll tablespoons of the dough into balls. Space evenly out on a parchment-lined baking sheet and bake at 350 degrees F until the bottoms are golden brown, about 10 minutes.

No cookie jar (or cookies) required.

How to make cookie dough

FNK_ChocolateChipCookieDough_H

Food Network Kitchen’s Chocolate Chip Cookie Dough for KIDS/THANKSGIVING/CAMP CUTTHROAT, as seen on Food Network.

Photo by: Renee Comet ©2015, Television Food Network, G.P. All Rights Reserved

Renee Comet, 2015, Television Food Network, G.P. All Rights Reserved

Sometimes the best part of baking a batch of cookie is licking the bowl (and beaters), or just eating the raw batter by the spoonful. That soft, sugary and pleasantly gritty treat is what nostalgic food dreams are made of. And we have a list of fun ways to eat dough beyond just licking the spoon. Alas, reality comes knocking. Eating raw eggs — and now raw flour, too — can bring the risk of foodborne illness. But there’s still a way to enjoy cookie dough without the worry. Here’s how to do it:

You still want a bit of wetness and the binding power of egg for your dough. Try using a couple tablespoons of yogurt instead. It will help give you the perfect consistency without all the worry of eating raw eggs.

Heat-treat your flour first

After some major FDA recalls, it is advised not to eat raw flour. Here’s how you can make your flour safe for edible cookie dough:

Microwave the flour for your recipe in a small microwave-safe bowl for 1 minute. Remove and stir well. Microwave for an additional minute or until the temperature of the flour reaches 180 degrees F. Microwaving the flour to 180 degrees F may reduce the risk of foodborne illness associated with eating it raw or undercooked.

Also, use no-alcohol vanilla extract

Since the batter won’t be baked, find alcohol-free vanilla extract, especially if kiddos will be eating any.

Get ready to not bake

Gather all your equipment (and don’t turn on your oven). You’ll need:

  • A small bowl
  • A medium bowl
  • A large bowl
  • A fine sieve, for sifting
  • An electric mixer (hand or stand up, whichever you prefer)
  • A rubber spatula
  • An airtight storage container

Chocolate Chip Cookie Dough

Heat treat 1 cup of all-purpose flour. Sift into a medium bowl and then stir in 1/4 teaspoon baking soda and 1/4 teaspoon fine salt.

Beat 1/2 cup of packed light brown sugar, 1/4 cup granulated sugar, 4 tablespoons room temperature butter, 2 tablespoons plain yogurt and 1/2 teaspoon alcohol-free vanilla extract with an electric mixer on medium-high speed until well combined, about 2 minutes.

Add the flour mixture and beat on low until well incorporated. (Turn off the beaters and use your hands to help combine if needed.) Fold in a 1/3 cup semisweet mini chocolate chips with a rubber spatula or mix them in with your hands.

Makes about 1 cup of cookie batter. Refrigerate in an airtight container for up to 5 days.

Click here for the recipe and video.

Peanut Butter Cookie Dough

Heat treat 1 cup of all-purpose flour. Sift into a medium bowl and then stir in 1/4 teaspoon baking soda and 1/4 teaspoon fine salt.

Beat together 2/3 cup of chunky peanut butter, 1/3 cup granulated sugar, 1/4 cup packed light brown sugar, 4 tablespoons room temperature unsalted butter, 1 tablespoon plain yogurt and 1/2 teaspoon non-alcohol vanilla extract with an electric mixer on medium-high speed in a large bowl until well combined, about 2 minutes.

Add the flour mixture and mix on low speed until well incorporated. Turn off the beaters and use your hands to help combine if needed.

Makes about 1 1/2 cups of cookie batter. Refrigerate in an airtight container for up to 5 days.

Click here for the recipe.

Snickerdoodle Cookie Dough

Heat treat 1 cup of all-purpose flour. Sift into a medium bowl and then stir in 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon, 1/4 teaspoon baking soda and 1/4 teaspoon fine salt.

Beat together 1/3 cup packed light brown sugar, 1/3 cup granulated sugar, 6 tablespoons room temperature unsalted butter and 2 tablespoons plain yogurt with an electric mixer on medium-high speed in a large bowl until well combined, about 2 minutes.

Add the flour mixture and mix on low speed until well incorporated. Turn off the beaters and use your hands to help combine if needed. Refrigerate in an airtight container for up to 5 days.

Makes about 1 cup of cookie batter. Refrigerate in an airtight container for up to 5 days.

Click here for the recipe.

Double-duty dough

You don’t have to just eat these by the spoonful. Here are some clever (and delicious) ways cookie dough and make something extra special:

Cookie dough cookies are the dream cookie! Baked cookie on the outside and cookie dough in the center!

How to make cookie dough

I have this same dilemma every time I make cookie dough for cookies. I get to the point where I’m ready to bake the cookies and I just about can’t put the pan in the oven. I go back and forth with myself. I taste the raw dough and think, “These cookies are never going to be as good as this dough!” They rarely are. What is it about raw dough that just always tastes so much better than it’s baked version of itself?! (Cue the salmonella lecture in the comments.)

I was watching some baking videos the other day of baking goddess Christina Tosi of Momofuku Milkbar fame, and she made this cookie which she called “The Cookie Dough Cookie.”

The idea is so darn simple and absolutely genius. You take a large mound of cookie dough and bake it at a really high temperature for a short period of time. The high temp will create a crust around the cookie leaving the inside under-baked and doughy.

When these cookies cool if feels like you are eating a cookie that has been stuffed with cookie dough. I’m telling you, The Cookie Dough Cookie, it is perfection! I am obsessed. I decided to use her technique on my favorite easy chocolate chip cookie to create my own version of the Cookie Dough Cookie.

How to make cookie dough

Okay, I always feel like I have to be a buzzkill on these recipes and have the raw egg disclaimer. I feel it is my duty as a recipe writer to discuss the risk of raw eggs. If you are concerned about consuming raw or under-cooked egg, please look for pasteurized eggs in the store.

Brands like, Safest Choice, are easy to find in the grocery store. Pasteurized eggs have gone through a process of heating that kills bacteria to reduce the risk of food-borne illness. Here’s the thing, the risk of getting sick from eating raw egg is really tiny.

We are all overly paranoid, and you don’t even want to know how much raw egg I consume. BUT if you are concerned or have a weak immune system, then definitely seek out those pasteurized eggs if making recipes like this one. Or you might prefer a vegan cookie dough to avoid the eggs all together!

How to make cookie dough

I use a really big scoop when I make my cookies. It is about 2 oz so if you don’t have one you could also use a 1/4 cup measuring cup. You could also make the cookies smaller if you like, but they will likely cook faster so you may need to reduce the baking time.

I also think it is worth noting that these cookies will be really difficult, almost impossible to handle, when they come right out of the oven. I suggest letting them cool directly on the baking sheet for at least 20 minutes to let them solidify. You could also just get a fork out and eat one right off the cookie sheet if you have no self control. No judgement.

  • It’s possible to make premade cookie dough taste like it’s homemade by using a few simple tricks.
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The best thing about premade cookie dough is that if you’re craving freshly baked cookies, you can have one in 15 minutes or less. The only drawback with some store-bought cookie dough is that it’s missing a homemade taste.

Fortunately, you can make your premade cookie dough taste like it was made from scratch with these tips.

Brown sugar is a common ingredient in homemade cookie recipes, so it makes sense that adding a bit of it to a premade mix will make your dessert taste more authentic.

According to Fine Cooking, brown sugar can make cookies chewier and moister, which can help give premade dough a homemade twist.

Start by adding a few teaspoons of it and thoroughly incorporating it into your dough. You can also melt a little bit of butter, add brown sugar to it, and incorporate that into your dough if you want an extra tender cookie.

More vanilla extract can’t hurt.

Some premade cookie dough can have a processed, almost chemical-like aftertaste, but you can mask it by adding extra flavor extracts to your dough.

You can use a splash of vanilla extract or try other variations, like almond extract or mint extract, to change up the flavors of your cookies.

Add in extra mix-ins or toppings.

Add extra mix-ins or toppings like white chocolate chips, candies, pretzels, or nuts to break up the flavor profile of the dough.

Add instant espresso powder for a fun kick.

Epicurious suggests tossing a teaspoon of instant espresso powder into a pre-made batch of chocolate chip cookie dough to help mask the artificial aftertaste some premade doughs have.

You can even toss in a pinch of freshly ground coffee if you don’t have espresso powder.

Upgrade the dough, then refrigerate.

After enhancing your store-bought dough with add-ins or bonus ingredients, refrigerate it overnight to let those flavors really sink in.

“Chilling dough prior to baking lends itself to more tender, well-shaped, and slightly stronger flavored cookies,” Meredith Tomason, test kitchen manager for Nestle Toll House told Real Simple. “The flavor-enhancing ingredients such as vanilla, salt, spices, and sweeteners all become a bit more concentrated and heightened.”

Add in more of everything (minus the sugar).

A common complaint with store-bought dough is that it’s too sweet, so some Food52.com commenters suggest adding in a little bit extra of all the ingredients, minus the sweetener. Add the pre-made dough to a mixer and add a few shakes of flour, salt, baking soda, butter, etc.

You can find the ingredients listed on the dough’s packaging, or just reference any basic cookie recipe. You’re just topping off the dough to decrease the overall sugar content, you aren’t creating an entire second batch. This is a good option for when you have all the ingredients to make cookies, but not enough to make a full batch from scratch.

Add Maldon salt.

There’s already salt in the pre-made dough batter, but adding finishing salt or flaky Maldon salt to any baked good makes it taste that much better.

Epicurious says to sprinkle Maldon salt on your cookies before they go into the oven.

Decrease the cooking time.

One Reddit tipster said to take the cookies out of the oven two minutes before the recommended cooking time on the package — this will give the cookies a softer, chewier finish.

There’s a lot of ingredients you can mix into box cookie mixes.

Box mix cookie dough is just a box of the dry ingredients. You typically only add eggs and butter to a box mix recipe, but A Good Tired blog says you shouldn’t stop there. Add in milk, vanilla, oatmeal, and a little bit of coconut oil to increase the flavor profile of the box mix dough.

Add pudding to boxed mixes for a chewier cookie.

Delishably says to add pudding to your box-based cookie mix for chewier cookies.

How to make cookie dough

The Spruce / Kristina Vanni

Everyone loves cookie dough, and few can resist sneakily licking the beater when making homemade cookies. Unfortunately, most cookie doughs aren’t considered safe to eat raw thanks to raw egg and raw flour. This edible cookie dough recipe is specifically formulated for eating raw, with all of the same great flavors and textures of cookie dough without the risk.

Uncooked eggs are not the only possible culprit for foodborne illness when it comes to raw cookie dough—uncooked flour can also carry bacteria like E. coli. This recipe for edible cookie dough is prepared without eggs and uses heat-treated flour for the batter, making it perfectly safe to eat.

Simply toasting the flour before use in this recipe will not only kill any lingering bacteria, it will also add a delicious nutty flavor to the cookie dough from the toasting process. Since this recipe doesn’t require any cooking beyond toasting the flour, it’s a great baking project for kids. If you make cookies just to lick the bowl, then this is the perfect recipe for you.

It’s easy to customize the flavors in this recipe, which includes classic chocolate chip and birthday cake versions. Stash some edible cookie dough in the fridge or freezer to nibble on whenever the craving strikes.

How to make cookie dough

How to make cookie dough

How to make cookie dough

Ingredients

  • 1 cup all-purpose flour
  • 1/2 cup butter, softened
  • 1/3 cup firmly packed dark brown sugar
  • 1/4 cup granulated sugar
  • 2 tablespoons milk
  • 2 teaspoons vanilla extract

Tools

  • Cookie sheet

Instructions

Click To Mark Complete

Preheat oven to 350°F. Prepare a baking sheet with parchment paper.

Spread flour in an even layer on a prepared pan. Bake 8-10 minutes or until flour smells slightly nutty or toasted. Cool completely before use.

In a medium bowl, combine butter and sugars. Beat mixture with an electric mixer on medium speed 4-5 minutes, or until smooth and light in color.

Add milk, vanilla, and salt; mix well. Add cooled flour and continue to beat until flour is absorbed and dough forms, about 1 minute.

Fold in chocolate chips and sprinkles. Enjoy!

  • Always properly heat treat your flower to help prevent eating potentially harmful bacteria.
  • The edible cookie dough will stay fresh for 3-5 days if refrigerated and several weeks if frozen.
  • Though this is technically a dough, we don’t suggest baking it. If you’re craving something fresh out of the oven, stick with one of our delicious chocolate chip or sugar cookie recipes!

How To

How to make cookie dough

Beat the heat with these easy no-bake desserts. There’s no need to turn on your oven – keep it cool and easy by adding your own flair to store-bought treats.

The Perfect Cookie Base is one cookie dough recipe that you can use to make TONS of cookie recipes! Crisp, buttery edges with soft centers, this cookie dough is the perfect canvas to get creative with your add-ins. Chocolate chips, chopped candy, sprinkles, and nuts this foolproof cookie recipe is so adaptable!

How to make cookie dough

One Cookie Dough = Endless Possibilities!

I feel like I’m over here solving the world’s problems one cookie at a time. I have created the actual ONLY cookie dough recipe that you will ever need. Let me explain…

This cookie recipe will give you buttery, crisp edges with thick, soft centers. The texture is sturdy enough to stand up to pretty much anything you want to mix into the dough, while still being soft and tender. Basically it’s magic.

You can keep it simple and make these into chocolate chip cookies, or you can chop up your favorite candy bar and mix that right into the dough too! Or even keep it simple and roll them in cinnamon sugar for an easy twist on a snickerdoodle.

How to make cookie dough

How Do You Make Perfect Cookies?

The recipe for these cookies is pretty basic, with just a few tweaks to allow it to work as a base for lots of adaptations. The beauty of these cookies, like I said before, is they hold up to just about any type of mix-in, while still being soft and tender. I have found that sometimes cookies with lots of mix-ins can get a little dry and hard. This happens because you need a thicker dough to encompass what is added in, and an easy way to make a dough thicker is to add more flour. This can work in very small amounts, but too much flour will give you a dry, hard cookie.

The perfect amounts of flour, sugar, and cornstarch stabilize the dough, while still keeping it tender and gooey!

Why Do You Add Cornstarch?

Cornstarch is a secret ingredient that you see in some cookie recipes that helps add to the thickness of the dough without having to add too much flour. Ot stabilizes the dough and keeps it thick, while adding a soft, slightly melty texture.

You can definitely overdo it with cornstarch if you add too much and it will give your cookies a strange, chalky texture. So stick to the recipe and know that 1 tablespoon is all you need!

How to make cookie dough

What Can You Add Into This Cookie Dough?

Ok, this is the fun part! Now is the time to get creative! You can keep these simple, because this recipe makes a delicious chocolate chip cookie…BUT let’s push it to its limits. Here are a few ideas of yummy add-ins. Mix and match flavors to make your own unique cookie. AND this is a great way to get the kids involved in the baking too! Everyone will love their own custom flavor!

  • Chips: chocolate, white chocolate, butterscotch, peanut butter…or any combination of them all!
  • M&Ms are an easy add-in. And with all the fun flavors of M&Ms out now, the sky is the limit!
  • Peanut Butter Cups. Use regular sized cups and chop them up or minis. You could even swirl in 1/2 cup of peanut butter to the dough if you want!
  • Pretzels or potato chips. A salty/sweet combo would be delicious!
  • Candy Bars…really you could chop up just about any kind! Beware if you use a candy bar with a lot of caramel it will ooze out and could burn while baking, so I like to freeze caramel candies before adding to the dough, to help minimize this!
  • Sprinkles…because don’t sprinkles always make everything more fun?!
  • Crushed Cookies like Oreos, Circus Cookies, or Nutter Butters! Turn these into a Cookies and Cream dream with crushed Oreos and white chocolate chips!
  • Cereal. I mean why not? Add in Golden Grahams, milk chocolate and marshmallow bits for a s’mores cookie…or Fruity Pebbles and white chocolate chips for a creamy, fruity party cookie!

Can You Freeze The Perfect Cookie Base?

Yes! You can freeze the dough unbaked OR you can freeze the cookies after they’ve been baked!

To freeze the dough:

  1. Portion out the dough with a cookie scoop.
  2. Place all the dough onto a baking sheet.
  3. Freeze the portioned dough for 30 minutes.
  4. Remove the tray from the freezer and transfer the dough into a large zip-top bag to freeze for up to 30 days.
  5. Bake according to recipe instructions, but add 2 minutes to the bake time. No need to thaw!

To freeze baked cookies:

  1. Allow the cookies to cool completely.
  2. Place the cookies in a large zip-top bag in a single layer, or a large airtight container stacked, with parchment or wax paper in between the layers.
  3. Freeze for up to 30 days.
  4. Thaw at room temperature. Microwave each cookie for 10 seconds to get it warm and gooey.

How to make cookie dough

Enjoy and get creative!

Looking For More Cookie Recipes? Here Are A Few Of My Favorites:

  • Cinnamon Roll Cookies
  • Triple Chip Pudding Cookies
  • Chocolate Chip Walnut Cookies
  • Pressed Sugar Cookies

This recipe was originally published in 2013. The photos and recipe tips have been updated in 2020. The original recipe remains the same!

Learn tips and tricks for how to make fluffy, delicious sugar cookie dough by creaming together butter and sugar, then gradually adding other ingredients. Check out our other cookie technique videos for more baking help.

Released on 11/11/2008

[Narrator] Making cookie dough.

To make cookie dough,

start with your ingredients at room temperature.

Begin by placing your butter in the bottom of a bowl

and add the sugar

and begin combining the with an electric mixer

fitted with a whisk.

This process is called creaming.

Creaming is the most important step in cookie making

because it incorporates air into the mixture

and keeps the cookies from becoming tough.

In the beginning, you’ll see a noticeable texture change.

What you’re eventually looking for though

is that the mixture becomes very pale, yellow,

smooth and fluffy.

This can take about five minutes.

Add your vanilla.

And mix those ingredients well.

From time to time while you’re beating,

it’s important to turn off your mixer

and use a rubber spatula

to scrape down the sides of the bowl.

This incorporates any ingredients that on the sides

might not have mixed in properly.

Do this a couple of times during a batch of cookies.

and then gradually add the flour little by little,

but it’s important to work quickly

and not over mix the dough.

Over working the flour in a cookie dough

will cause the cookies to be tough

and you’ll end up with a dense and heavy dough.

So do take care not to over mix the dough.

When the mixture looks nice and even and homogenous,

gather the dough with your hands into a ball.

It should feel sticky, not wet and not too crumbly.

Gather it together in a ball

and take care again not to over work the dough.

Press it into a disk and then wrap it in plastic wrap.

How to advertise on instagram

How to advertise on instagram

How to Run Instagram Ads, Define Goals, Moderate Engagement, & Measure Success

  • Integrating Instagram Ads into your current advertising strategy
  • Setting clear campaign objectives focused on improving your business
  • Creating an optimized Instagram Ad with our step by step guide
  • Monitoring performance metrics and moderating engagement with your Ads
  • Insights and takeaways from exclusive experimentation
  • BONUS: Cheat sheet “The Perfect Instagram Ad”

  1. How to advertise on instagram
  2. How to advertise on instagram
  3. How to advertise on instagram
  4. How to advertise on instagram

Want to start advertising on Instagram? Look no further.

Instagram users have multiplied dramatically since the platform’s creation in 2010. Since then, numerous new features and evolutions have been introduced, in terms of design, search functions, filter choices and of course, advertising options.

As we know, Instagram is the leading platform for visual content, and visual messages are assimilated at a much faster rate than text, meaning that any kind of quality brand marketing has a natural advantage on this platform.

In addition to an Instagram marketing strategy, ads can be used to complement any kind of ongoing content posting schedule. As Instagram’s community of users has grown, the social platform has evolved to accommodate the ever expanding need for brand advertising.

Here are 7 easy ways to make your business popular on Instagram for free.

A dd the Right Hashtags

Hashtags are a simple and working way to promote on Instagram, the main thing is to choose the right phrases. Keywords planners will help with this. Enter a general query into the search bar on your topic and choose medium- and low-frequency phrases for hashtags. With high-frequency queries, it is difficult to reach the top and attract an audience. It is also essential not to put a dozen hashtags to one post, 2-3 are enough.

U se Geotags

Geotags should be placed where there is your potential target audience, not you. For example, you are a travel company that organizes trips to Hawaii. Then put the geotag “Hawaii” in the post.

A nswer Questions in Your Stories

Instagram users often ask questions in the Stories, and even more often they share something. Work with the most active users who might be interested in your product.

To do this, monitor what they’re posting and respond to stickers with questions. This way your profile will be more visible than with mass promotion techniques.

A sk Questions in Your Stories

Ask questions in Stories more often, place a “test” sticker with two choices of answers. You can ask your followers anything: “Skip a workout today for a trade show?”, “Would I look good with a short haircut?”, “Where should I spend the weekend?”

P ublish Provocative Posts

Try diluting your profile with a few provocative posts. Sure, some members will follow your profile just to have fun with the posts, not because they’re really interested in you. But you also have an interested audience waiting to use your products.

S tart a Challenge

Remember the Ice Bucket Challenge? Well, when everyone was pouring ice water and making donations. Famous people, bloggers, and company employees took part in it and challenged others.

This could be adapted for Instagram as follows: a team of employees does something extraordinary, like helping a local shelter as part of some kind of relief week, talk about it in stories and posts, encourage other companies with a close audience to support the action, and tag them.

Why is your challenge more likely to be answered? That’s how you can get an audience quickly and without cost, increase engagement, get media coverage, and possibly make money.

Any business must be on the Internet, and it doesn’t matter if it’s a grocery store near your house or a modern live casino online. But not all the companies have enough money for promotion.

S tart Live Streaming

Live broadcasts always attract users. Do not be afraid to share your thoughts or seem funny, be sincere, it will attract subscribers to you. Audiences willingly subscribe to accounts where they find interesting and useful content. Experiment, communicate with experts in related niches, and act as experts in other accounts. Live shows are an effective way to increase your visibility and attract new audiences.

Can you bend a pipe without a pipe bender your questions answered

Plastic tooling prevents abrasions, markings, and scratches on metal tubing

Can you bend a pipe without a pipe bender your questions answered

Some challenging bending applications can result in marring the tube’s surface. The tooling is metal, the tubing is metal, and in some cases abrasions or scratches are unavoidable. Getty Images

For many tube fabrication applications, making a successful bend is straightforward, especially when using one of the latest rotary draw benders. A full set of tooling—bend die, wiper die, clamp die, pressure die, and mandrel—surrounds and restricts the tube along the inner and outer surfaces, so that during the bending process, the metal flows where it is intended to flow. This, combined with a modern control system, can provide excellent results for simple to moderately difficult bends. It’s not foolproof, in that success also requires proper setup and lubrication, but in many cases, the result is a good bend, time after time, shift after shift, day after day.

When presented with a challenging bend, fabricators have a few options. Some rotary draw machines have a carriage boost feature, providing a pushing force to assist the drawing force. Beyond this, toolmakers usually have a strategy or two for handling difficult bends, for example by increasing the length of the clamp die or machining a series of serrations into the clamp die’s contact surface. A longer clamp die develops more friction; serrations bite into the tube’s surface. Both provide additional grip to prevent the tube from slipping during the bending process.

Regardless of the specifics, the goal is to produce a component that meets the customer’s requirements. For the most part, this means a component that has little distortion and a smooth surface. However, this isn’t ironclad. For a tube that will be hidden from view, the customer might tolerate quite a bit of ovality on a round tube, substantial flattening of a square or rectangular tube, slight to moderate wrinkling along the inside of the bend, or tooling marks. Most of these can be quantified as a percentage of deviation from an ideal bend, so it’s a matter of finding out what the customer really wants. Some are willing to pay quite a bit for a pristine bend, while others prefer a much less expensive bend with notable imperfections.

Once in a while a customer specifies a bend that doesn’t seem too difficult to produce, one made from a moderately soft material with just enough wall thickness to stretch along the outside of the bend without splitting, but not so much that it bunches up along the inside of the bend. Initially it looks like an easy bend, but then the customer reveals one last criteria: no marking. The application is aesthetic so the customer won’t tolerate any marring from the tooling at all.

If a test bend results in tooling marks, the fabricator has two options. One is to employ an extra step to polish the finished piece to remove all tooling marks. Certainly polishing can be carried out successfully, but it means additional handling and more work, so it’s not necessarily an inexpensive option.

A second option is to use no-mar tooling.

Materials and Construction for No-mar Tooling

Eliminating marring is a matter of eliminating steel tooling surfaces. This is done by making tooling entirely from a heavy-duty synthetic polymer or by making tooling inserts from these materials.

Both strategies depart from convention; bender tooling usually is made from a metal alloy only. Few other materials can withstand the bending forces and form the tube or pipe, and the ones that can usually aren’t very durable. However, two of these plastics have emerged as commonly used materials for this application: Derlin and Nylatron. While these materials have excellent compressive strength, they aren’t nearly as hard as tool steel, which is why they leave no marks. They also have some natural lubricity. Because of these two factors, no-mar tooling is rarely a direct replacement for standard tooling.

Because polymer tooling doesn’t develop as much friction as steel tooling, the part being formed usually needs a more generous bend radius and a design that supports a longer clamp die than components designed for metal tooling. A lubricant still is necessary, although usually in small quantities. A water-based lubricant is the best bet to prevent a chemical reaction between the lubricant and the tooling.

While all tooling has a finite service life, no-mar tooling has a shorter service life than conventional tooling. This is a critical consideration when quoting such a job because the tooling must be replaced more frequently. This frequency can be reduced by using polymer inserts attached to steel tooling bodies with mechanical fasteners, which often last longer than tooling made entirely from polymers.

Applications for No-mar Tooling

No-mar tooling is suitable for forming steel, stainless steel, aluminum, and copper, and the typical applications are as varied as the materials. Food and beverage applications are ideal for no-mar tooling. Pipe destined for food or beverage processing ideally is perfectly smooth. Any scratches, dents, or scrapes left on the tube or pipe’s surface can collect debris and become a breeding ground for bacteria.

Other common applications include coated or plated parts. A common misconception is that the coating or plating process fills in or covers up imperfections. Coating and plating layers are extremely thin, and often the goal is a highly reflective, glossy finish. This sort of surface accentuates, rather than obscures, surface blemishes, so a preventive measure is necessary.

These questions are in context of a DIY solar water heater I am planning (another separate question). The copper pipes in question, are supposed to carry around hot water using thermo-siphon mechanism.

Are there some specific reasons why people recommend bending long copper pipes, instead of cutting them into sections and joining them using U-joints, elbow-joints etc. ?

Also, can such joints be made reliable (as in leak-proof, while withstanding water pressure) without brazing them ?

3 Answers 3

Bending results in fewer high risk failure points.

A continuously bent pipe has 2 high risk failure points. Whereas a similar length of pipe made with a bunch of fittings, has 2 high risk failure points per fitting.

Bending a radius will provide less resistance within the pipe, so water will flow smoother. In a pressurized system, this means water flow is quieter.
Thanks @kavisiegel

Are there some specific reasons why people recommend bending long copper pipes, instead of cutting them into sections and joining them using U-joints, elbow-joints etc. ?

Pipe fittings add resistance to the flow of the fluid in the pipe. This is usually expressed in terms of an equivalent pipe length for the different fittings (eg, elbows, tees, etc). For example an elbow bend is approximately equivalent to an additional 300mm of straight pipe. The total equivalent legnth of pipe in a system can then be used to determine the size of pump required, as pipe of a given diameter will have a known pressure loss (due to friction) per unit length.

A 90 degree swept bend in a pipe will have lower resistance than an elbow fitting (albeit with a much larger radius). It will be a little higher resistance than the same length of straight pipe, but not significantly so when compared to the approximately 300mm of additional equivalent length the elbow would introduce.

I have purchased these copper heat-pipes; however, I am wondering how to bend them without kinking them or cutting them open due to pressure on weak points/bends.

Can you bend a pipe without a pipe bender your questions answered

These are flat copper heat pipes, so I can’t use a pipe bender; however, these are sold specifically to be bent, according to descriptions, so I was wondering if anyone here has any experience or tips for bending these flat copper heat pipes.

To be a little more specific, I want to make a 90 degree bend in the middle of the copper heat pipe, without making kinks (which degrade performance).

Furthermore, would wrapping copper foil around the heat pipes allow for greater thermal dissipation? Apparently some computer modders have seen success; however, I thought it would be appropriate to ask opinions here as I will try to wrap copper foil set in place by thermal paste to the heat pipes.

Can you bend a pipe without a pipe bender your questions answered

1 Answer 1

Copper is notoriouos for hardening and breaking under bending or hammering it, or working it any other way. To keep it soft and flexible, you have to anneal it often while working on it. It also bends easier and breaks less soon when you bend it while it’s hot. You can heat it with the torch, but you’re right about exploding it, getting it too hot may get the pressure too high, and the pipe may pop. Especially since it’s filled with some kind of chemical, that may be dangerous. So at least wear goggles and gloves, but rather a full face mask and clothes that cover your arms. Since the pipe is so small, and probably filled with little fluid and mostly gas, i think it will rather ‘pop’ than explode, but still it can be dangerous.

To bend it you can cut three disks from eg. aluminium or any metal. The middle one will have the radius of the inner radius of the pipe bending, the two outer disks will have that radius, plus the width of the pipe. They will keep it from twisting while you bend it. To minimise the risk of breaking the pipe, keep the radius of your bend as large as possible. Heat the pipe and start making a small bend of a few degrees, reheat it again and bend it a few degrees further, repeat until bent enough.

You’re right about your foil thing. Heat pipes are the most effective thing in transporting heat, not dissipating. They just relocate the heat from the source to somewhere else. You can’t really get rid of any heat with just heat pipes. That’s what you need a heatsink for. A heatsink is meant to dissipate heat. So it has to have a large surface, preferably close to the source. Heat pipes are used in laptops since it’s not possible to put the heatsink onto the processor. Thus, a heat pipe is used to transport the heat to the side of the laptop, where the heatsink is located. Thermal paste is used for a proper heat conduction between heatsink and heatpipe or source. Keep the paste layer as thin as possible.

Copper is the best material for conducting heat, but aluminium is often used since it’s cheaper. I’d rather buy a good heatsink than try and craft it yourself. It probably won’t be as effective. When searching for a heatsink, look for the right C/W rating. It basically means how hot it will get when dissipating a certain amount of heat.

5C/W means it will get 5C hotter for every Watt of power it has to dissipate. When you know the temperature you allow, and the power you have to dissipate, you know how much C/W you need for a heatsink. So lower is better. You can put a fan on the heatsink to make it dramatically more effective. C/W rating is mostly for still air.

I have a somewhat unusual wooden desk/table from perhaps the 1950’s or so, which has long U-shaped pipes for legs. These can be removed, which makes the table easy to store and move. (Here’s a picture of the desk)

The other day, I was thinking of buying a stand-up desk, when it occurred to me that I could save some money (and avoid accumulating excess furniture), if I could just obtain some longer metal legs for the small table I already have.

So, if i want to make this into a standing desk, I need 4 pieces of U-shaped pipe, 1″ in diameter, with 3″ of space between the parallel sides. The present legs are about 28.5 inches in length, and I’d want the new ones to be about 48″ tall or so (so, about 102″ before being bent in half?). (Here’s a pic of one table leg)

So, I wonder, is there a way to cheaply obtain such U-shaped pipes? I was thinking that maybe the local home center would have a bender that would easily do this; however they don’t seem to. Perhaps I could bend some pipe myself with a rented or (inexpensive) bought tool? Or else where could I go to have them bend me some pipe on the cheap? (I live in Central Illinois (Champaign), but regularly make it up to Chicago). Who knows, maybe there’s a U-shaped pipe outlet store somewhere?

Much obliged for any suggestions.

Best answer: Previously.
Although that may have been heavier pipe.

Do you know an electrician with a conduit bender?
posted by MtDewd at 1:26 PM on June 5, 2007

Look into EMT Benders. You can get the manual ones fairly cheap, but that’ll rely elbow grease. If you can’t find one at your local hardware store, check out an electric supply store. Electric wholesalers have these by the gross and may sell you one even without a wholesale licence. If not they’ll likely be able to direct you somewhere that will cary them or provide pipe bending services.

Ive never used one, but I’ve heard that the best way to bend pipe without kinking or creasing is to fill it with sand first. I’m fairly certain that an EMT bender will make this less of a problem though.
posted by lekvar at 1:39 PM on June 5, 2007

Best answer: I’d use a muffler shop. The better ones will have a machine that crimps the bend instead of crinkling it which is cheap and good enough for your application. The best shops will have a mandrel bender but it’ll cost you 20-40 per bend plus the pipe.

Specify a non galvanized tubing, painting galvanized is both a bitch and unlikely to last long term.
posted by Mitheral at 6:47 PM on June 5, 2007

Response by poster: Hmm. Sounds like a muffler shop should be the starting point on this. Electrical conduit benders aren’t well-suited for 180 degree bends, or good at making turns of narrow diameter. (I’ve seen them bending the stuff several times this semester—it seems to have been a conduit spring here at uiuc).

Straight pipes are a possibility, but would probably be visibly out of the parallel, especially since they’re they’re so long; wooden legs would require me to remove the pipe-holding apparatus that is there now (and thereby make it harder to switch the desk between sitting and standing heights).

So, a muffler shop it is! Or will be, if they’re willing and able to do this on the cheap. Thanks for all the advice.
posted by washburn at 11:22 PM on June 5, 2007

If you are interested in investing in your own pipe or tube bender for sale, you probably have a few practical questions. For instance, do you know what separates NC pipe and tube benders from CNC bending machines? Or whether you would be better off buying a manual or automatic pipe or tube bender for sale?

These are reasonable questions that should be satisfactorily answered before making your investment into one of these valuable machines. Fortunately, pipe and tube bending machine manufacturers like ourselves are here to help customers get the most for their money. Here are some common questions and answers that will be helpful in your endeavors.

What is an NC Tube Bending Machine?

An NC tube bending machine is another name for a semi-automatic pipe or tube bender. NC stands for numerical controlled. Basically, after placing the tubing inside the bending machine, the user will enter a degree of bend for each bend on the part. In addition, some NC bending machines come with advanced software that allows users to input multiple bend angles per part.

What is a CNC Bending Machine?

A CNC pipe or tube bending machine is also known as a 3-axis bending machine. CNC stands for computer numerical control. On CNC benders, there is a computerized model that comes equipped with many useful features. These might include everything from visual graphics simulation and remote data input to more support-related features.

Do I Need a Manual or Automatic Tube Bender For Sale?

The differences between manual benders versus semi-automatic and automatic bending machines revolve around cost, operating controls, and quality. Manual benders, though more affordable, are also more limited in the functionality and produce lower-quality bends.

Semi-automatic or NC bending machines provide users more functionality and are altogether more reliable for producing high-quality bends on parts that only require single bends. NC benders are also highly cost-effective.

CNC bending machines require the least amount of operator control and produce consistently high-quality bends for parts that require multiple bends. A CNC tube bender for sale will require the highest investment cost but will speed up production time and bend precision greatly.

Where Should I Buy a Pipe or Tube Bender For Sale?

The best source to buy a new or used tube bender for sale will be directly from bending machine manufacturers like ourselves. Hines Bending Systems has a diverse variety of pipe and tube benders for sale that is suitable for all bending and production requirements. We take pride in finding the perfect solution to make the most out of our clients’ investments. If you’d like to discuss finding the best bending machine for your own needs, contact our team for help today.

There is a small crack in this drain pipe, and it’s so thin there that I can bend it with my finger. The section that’s palpably weak is no more than an inch long. The crack is exactly where the drop of water is in the top picture (just left of the Y, on the bottom of the pipe).

Can you bend a pipe without a pipe bender your questions answered

Can you bend a pipe without a pipe bender your questions answered

This section is hidden behind a finished wall in the basement. It runs into an unfinished area soon after and is visible from there too. There’s about 30 feet of pipe in the unfinished area that is all fine on visual inspection and nowhere that I pushed on moves like the little bit where the crack is.

There is roughly 8 more feet behind the wall before it exits the basement to the street. I’m obviously not thrilled about taking out the entire wall to the room to replace pipe if it’s in good shape like the sections in the unfinished area. Is there a chance the section that’s leaking has seen increased wear because of the Y junction just before it? If so, it seems reasonable to repair it and leave the rest as is. Is that a good call or should I replace more than that?

What is a good way to patch this section given that I don’t have much space for access without ripping out studs in the wall in front of it? The piece of wood above the pipe is a support for the stud that drywall is attached to in the room.

Call for Availability

Description

This American-made machine set a new standard in 2002 as the first hydraulic tube bender to bend tube and pipe 180° in one shot. Now we have thousands of RDB-150s in the field—working as well today as they did the day they were made.

  • Runs on just 110 volts of power and will work at most fabrication sites in North America.
  • Rotary draw powered by low-pressure, industrial-grade hydraulic system.
  • 8” centerline radius maximum, depending on the outside diameter of the material.
  • Bends with a capacity of 2″ schedule 40 pipe and up to 2.5″ tubing with a wall thickness of .120″ mild steel.
  • Easy-to-read degree indicator to help you achieve correct bend degrees.
  • Quick-release counter die system for hassle-free loading and unloading.
  • Includes wheels on the base for smooth movement, helpful for storage in small shops.
  • Covered by a 1-year parts warranty and lifetime technical support.

Why choose the RDB-150 over similar machines?

  • Our original, much-imitated twin-cylinder design remains unequaled.
  • Small- to medium-sized fabrication shops will save time and money by investing in this hydraulic bender.
  • Accepts simple-to-add drop-on tooling from Baileigh—including custom sets on request—giving you thousands of possibilities.
  • Our limitless after-sale support means that free advice on projects and applications is always just a call away.

Please give us a call at 1-920-684-4990 to talk to a customer service representative or fill out our contact form.

I used some 1/2″ pipe (I got it at Lowe’s; I think it’s typically used for gas?) to build a simple frame for a heavy bag, essentially an inverted U (about 6.5′ high, 5′ wide), attached to wooden feet, which are weighted by sand bags. It was fine for a day, but I have two problems; The first is fairly simple – the vibration caused the fittings to separate. The second and more serious problem is the pipe is bending just slightly – enough that I expect it wont last more than a month or two. While I know now I should have used stronger materials, I don’t want to replace the entire thing. I’d like to know the absolute cheapest way to secure the fittings (Liquid weld?) and to reinforce the pipe itself. I was thinking I could probably fill it with something, but I don’t know what – Would cement work?

3 Answers 3

Find a pipe with a diameter that allows your existing pipe to fit inside. Then cut is just shorter than your horizontal pipe, and put it over the horizontal pipe.

The top bar will not bend as much, and the side bars will not bend as much. It may last a lot longer than you expect as-is, but this will reinforce it where it’s needed most.

This piping isn’t meant to be used structurally. Once you get a large enough diameter pipe, it’ll work, but the fittings will perpetually be a problem because you are applying significant sudden and repeated forces to the frame. You will eventually need to add set screws or something similar to the joints. Drilling a hole and using self-threading metal screws might be sufficient.

Once that’s done, though, 1/2″ just isn’t going to cut it. For the loads you are applying, 1″ might be enough, but you should consider going even larger for a 5 foot span of pipe. Keep in mind you’re not just supporting 70 pounds, but all the force you add to it when you practice, which can be several hundred pounds.

How to stop shoulder pains

How to stop shoulder pains

Shoulder pain, stiffness or weakness can make it difficult to carry out everyday tasks, like reaching for something on a high shelf, driving a car or brushing your hair. If you have pain that won’t go away, it’s time to see a doctor.

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There are a number of possible causes of shoulder pain, but the most common causes of shoulder pain are rotator cuff injuries, rotator cuff tears and osteoarthritis, says orthopaedic surgeon Mark Schickendantz, MD.

1. Rotator cuff injuries

The rotator cuff is a group of four muscles and their tendons that surround the shoulder joint, and connect the shoulder blade to the upper arm bone. Bursae, small sacs near the joint, provide lubricating fluid that decreases friction among the bones, tendons and ligaments.

Rotator cuff problems occur through overuse, and they include tendonitis, strains and partial and complete tears of the tendon.

Tendonitis is when the rotator cuff tendon becomes inflamed and irritated; bursitis is when the bursae swell. Tendonitis and bursitis cause pain in the front and side of the shoulder, and you might also feel some stiffness.

“These two conditions can occur with activities that involve using your arms overhead, like tennis, yoga or painting a room,” Dr. Schickendantz says. “Often the pain will be worse at rest and improve with activity.”

Treatment involves rest, applying ice, and taking nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), such as ibuprofen, which is sold under the brand names Advil and Motrin, or naproxen, which is sold under the brand name Aleve. After a few weeks, most people with tendonitis recover, Dr. Schickendantz says.

2. Rotator cuff tears

If you experience shoulder pain at night that makes it difficult to fall asleep or awakens you, you may have a tear in one or more of the rotator cuff tendons.

“Night pain is the hallmark of a rotator cuff injury,” Dr. Schickendantz says.

You also may have this type of injury if you feel pain when lifting your arm overhead and weakness in the shoulder when trying to lift anything above shoulder level.

A rotator cuff tendon can tear from a single event, like falling down on an outstretched arm. It also can happen from a motion that is repeated over time. For example, a plumber who frequently uses his or her arms overhead can develop a rotator cuff tear. The rotator cuff also can weaken with age.

Treatment is rest, avoiding aggravating activities, physical therapy, applying ice, and NSAIDs. Some people with more severe pain may be helped with a corticosteroid injection, which is a powerful anti-inflammatory medication.

“I usually reserve the use of corticosteroids for someone who has severe night pain and is not responding well to oral medications,” Dr. Schickendantz says.

Surgery to repair the rotator cuff tendon is an option if these measures don’t give relief.

3. Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis happens when cartilage, which is the cushioning material that covers the ends of your bones, deteriorates, which leads to pain and stiffness.

Osteoarthritis causes a deep ache in the back of the shoulder. As osteoarthritis worsens, stiffness in the shoulder develops. People with osteoarthritis typically lose the ability reach behind their back.

“Patients often say they are unable to scratch their back or thread a belt,” Dr. Schickendantz says.

Osteoarthritis symptoms develop over time. For some people, an old shoulder injury from sports or some other activity, may kick off the degenerative process that years later results in osteoarthritis. But many people have no specific cause — it’s just wear and tear over time.

Treatment for osteoarthritis of the shoulder is similar to treatment for a rotator cuff tear, involving physical therapy, NSAIDs and ice. If the condition is severe, you can undergo shoulder joint replacement surgery, which is similar to joint replacement for hips and knees.

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Head off the hurt with these strengthening and corrective drills.

How to stop shoulder pains

How to stop shoulder pains

Your Personal PT, Rachel Tavel, is a Doctor of Physical Therapy (DPT) and Certified Strength and Conditioning Specialist (CSCS), so she knows how to get your body back on track when it’s out of line. In this weekly series, she gives you tips on how to feel better, get stronger, and train smarter.

Whether you’re a swimmer, a thrower, a CrossFit junkie, or just a guy trying to get through the workday, shoulder pain can pop up. Exercise can definitely help, but doing the wrong set of reps might lead you down a path of even more pain rather than relief—so you’re going to want to be careful about your next move.

If you’re experiencing pain with overhead or cross-body movements, or simply when sleeping on your side or putting on a coat, you might be experiencing symptoms associated with shoulder impingement.

The shoulder joint is one of the more complex joints in the human body. When the mechanics are off, pain can be a result. Formed by the humerus, scapula, and clavicle, multiple muscles help move these bones in a rhythm to allow for pain-free functional use of the arm. Unfortunately due to poor posture and muscle weakness, sometimes this sequence of movement is off and one or more important structures can become inflamed.

By definition, shoulder impingement is when one of the rotator cuff tendons or the shoulder bursa become impinged or compressed within the joint, leading to inflammation and pain. Usually pain develops after repetitive overhead movements such as overhead presses, lat pulldowns, or even with movements like triceps dips, but it can also be felt with repeated loading of the joint in other ways. Pain may develop at the top of the shoulder and can radiate down the side and/or back of the shoulder as well.

If symptoms are not addressed, this can lead to fraying or damage to the supraspinatus muscle tendon, bursitis (inflammation of the busa), or more chronic pain.

Fight back by strengthening the appropriate muscles and working on body mechanics and form so that you prevent future pain and maintain the integrity of the rotator cuff musculature. As always, make sure to see a doctor or physical therapist early and often, especially if the pain persists.

Your Move:

Rotator cuff strengthening: Strengthen your rotator cuff with resisted external and internal rotation. Try 2 to 3 sets of 15 to start using either a resistance band against an anchor or lying on your side with a 2 to 5 pound dumbbell.

Strengthen scapular retractors with resisted rows. Your middle traps and rhomboids will help you keep your shoulders back and prevent them from rolling forward, positioning that can easily contribute to shoulder impingement pain with overhead movements.

Open up pecs with a pec stretch on the foam roller or in a doorway. If you spend a lot of time at a desk or on a computer or cell phone, you may have tight pecs. Because of their attachment points, the pecs can pull your shoulder blades forward and down, compressing the joint space that is needed for proper shoulder elevation. Make sure your pecs don’t get in your way by spending 30 to 60 seconds daily either stretching the pecs while lying on your back with arms out on a foam roller or using a doorway. To do this safely, place each forearm up against one side of the doorway. Gently lean forward through the doorway keeping the arms on one side to stretch out the chest, making sure to not extend yourself beyond the pecs. If you experience pain in your shoulder, return to the starting position. Hold for 30 seconds.

Prone scapular retraction with depression. One of the best exercises you can do to improve posture is to lie on your stomach, squeeze your shoulder blades back and slide the shoulder blades down towards your feet so that it feels like your fingers are reaching for your toes. Hold this position for 5 seconds before the next rep. Try 2 sets of 10 reps daily.

Shoulder protraction. The serratus anterior is an important muscle for healthy shoulder mobility and scapular stability. Try performing protraction in quadruped or a full plank. With hands on the ground and a neutral spine position, slowly push your palms into the floor allowing the shoulder blades to separate from each other. Hold 10 seconds before slowly coming out of that position into the retracted shoulder blade position. Repeat this 10 times with a 10 second hold if possible. Begin in quadruped and progress to a full plank position.

There’s nothing more frustrating for an athlete than sitting injured on the sidelines watching others compete. Although there’s no one foolproof way to stop shoulder pain from occurring, there are several tips that may help prevent it from starting or getting worse.

A rotator cuff injury is a common cause of pain in people who play sports with repetitive overhead shoulder motions, like tennis. See Rotator Cuff Injuries: Causes and Risk Factors

1. Rest. If you notice shoulder pain during certain activities, say while throwing a baseball or swimming, stop that activity for a period of time and find an alternative exercise, such as riding a stationary bike. Doing so can give your shoulder some time to rest and heal, while maintaining your cardiovascular fitness.

At the same time, don’t eliminate all shoulder movement. This is because you don’t want to develop a stiff shoulder from infrequent use. Consider doing some mild stretches to keep your arm moving.

2. Change your sleeping position. If you notice pain in your right shoulder, don’t sleep on your right side. Try sleeping on your left side or back instead. If sleeping on your back irritates your shoulder, try propping your arm up with a pillow.

3. Warm up. Exercising cold muscles is never a good idea. Before practicing your volleyball serve or baseball pitch, warm up your body with mild exercise. For example, start walking for a few minutes and gradually build up to a jog. Doing so raises your heart rate and body temperature and activates the synovial fluid (lubricant) in your joints. 1 In other words, a mild warm up gets your body ready for the intense workout that follows.

4. Build up your endurance. It’s a good idea to increase your endurance over time. If it’s been a few weeks or months since you’ve hit the tennis court, consider playing for a short period of time—maybe just 20 minutes to start—and build up to a longer period of playing time. Don’t fall into the trap of doing too much too soon, especially when your body is not used to it.

5. Increase your shoulder strength. Strengthening your shoulder muscles can help provide support and stabilization to your shoulder joint. This, in turn, may prevent painful injuries like a shoulder dislocation, which is when the ball of your shoulder comes out of its socket.

Speak to your doctor before starting a strengthening program. They can suggest exercises to perform or may recommend working with a physical therapist.

6. Cross-train. Some sports are particularly taxing on the shoulder due to repetitive, overhead movements. So you may want think about cross-training. If you’re a swimmer, for example, alternate some of your swimming workouts with a running or biking workout to reduce the stress on your shoulder, while still staying physically fit.

Alternatively, if you’re a painter or construction worker—two occupations commonly associated with repetitive, overhead movements—talk to your boss and ask if there are other non-repetitive tasks you can take on.

Above all, listen to your body and be proactive. You may need to make some adjustments to workout or daily routine to help prevent further damage down the road. It may also be worth getting your doctor’s input, even if you think you’ve got a minor injury. Catching injuries or discomfort early may help keep you in the game and prevent painful injuries down the road.

Last Updated: June 1, 2021 References Approved

This article was co-authored by Jarod Carter, DPT, CMT. Jarod Carter is a Physical Therapist, Consultant, and the Owner of Carter Physiotherapy, a manual physical therapy clinic in Austin, Texas focused on manual therapy as well as telehealth services to resolve pain and injuries. Dr. Carter has over 15 years of professional physical therapy experience. He received a DPT (Doctor of Physical Therapy) and an MTC (Manual Therapy Certification) from the University of St. Augustine for Health Sciences. Dr. Carter also holds a BS in Kinesiology from the University of Texas at Austin.

There are 14 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.

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An achy shoulder is pretty common and can be triggered by numerous issues, including muscle strain, ligament sprain, joint dislocation, dysfunction in the spine (neck or mid-back), or even heart disease. However, the most common cause of shoulder ache is mildly pulled muscles and/or ligaments, usually from over-use at work or overdoing it with exercise. [1] X Research source Most achy shoulders are self-limiting and resolve within a week — sometimes even quicker if you use helpful home remedies. For more severe shoulder injuries, professional help may be needed, including (in rare instances) surgery.

How to stop shoulder pains

These days, more people than ever are working from home, either temporarily due to social distancing (also called physical distancing), or permanently as a remote professional. If you’ve found yourself and your laptop at the kitchen table or at a makeshift desk, do what you can to make your workspace as supportive and comfortable as it can be. After all, you don’t want working from home to be a pain in the neck — or shoulders.

Position Yourself for Success

How you sit while working makes a difference. While your home may not be the best work environment long-term, do the best you can to safeguard your joints and muscles. It might be a good idea to check your home for props, such as stacks of books to raise your monitor and to get yourself and your equipment positioned the right way.

If you can, work from a firm chair positioned at a desk or table. A soft couch isn’t your friend for hours on end. Sit right, and don’t forget to get up and shake it out to avoid aches and pains.

Tip 1: Feet firmly on the ground

Keep your feet flat on the floor and slightly ahead of your knees, which are bent at a 90- to 120-degree angle. Use a lumbar support cushion or if one is not available, grab a small throw pillow to alleviate back pain.

Tip 2: Shoulders relaxed and natural

Shoulders are relaxed, upper arms fall normally at your sides, elbows are close to your body. Head is generally in line with your body — not thrust forward — and the middle of your computer monitor is at eye level.

Tip 3: “Arm” yourself for success

Hands and forearms are parallel to the floor. The ideal keyboard position is slightly below the height of your elbows and sloped slightly away from you. This position allows your upper body to relax and keeps circulation from being cut off in your lower arms and hands.

Tip 4: Neck-free when talking

Use earbuds, a headset or speakerphone so that you don’t have to tilt your head and hold the phone between your neck and shoulder.

Tip 5: Keep moving

Even with the best posture, you can get aches and pains from sitting in one position for too long.

Set a timer to remind yourself to get up once an hour to:

  • Stretch and walk around
  • Bend over and touch your toes
  • Do some jumping jacks
  • Run in place
  • Roll your shoulders slowly
  • Do arm circles to get your blood flowing

These activities won’t just help your body, they will also help your mind and concentration. If you use a lumbar support cushion, change its position on your chair. If you can, do some of your work, such as phone meetings, while standing or even walking.

Other Ways to Relieve Neck and Shoulder Pain

If you do develop neck and shoulder pain that you can’t manage from your home office:

  • Take a hot bath with magnesium sulfate
  • Alternate ice, then heat on the affected area
  • Have your family member give you a massage

Talk to Your Doctor if Having Ongoing Pain

If your pain is ongoing, consider talking to a physical therapist or orthopaedic surgeon, or schedule an appointment with your doctor. In some cases, telehealth may be an option. Many therapies are available to help you overcome neck and shoulder pain due to prolonged sitting or staying in one place for too long.

How to stop shoulder pains

If you’re a weightlifter, don’t ignore an aching shoulder. Follow our tips to prevent and treat these three common conditions.

Experiencing shoulder pain while weightlifting? This might be a sign you need to take a step back and re-examine your form. Here are some ways to prevent your slight twinge from turning into a serious injury.

WEIGHTLIFTER’S SHOULDER

Weightlifter’s shoulder, or distal clavicular osteolysis, affects the collarbone where it meets the shoulder blade at a point known as the acromion. This joint is very flexible, and therefore one of the least stable in the body. Stress over time can lead to micro fractures on the end of the collarbone.

If you have weightlifter’s shoulder, you may experience:

  • Dull aching
  • Tenderness or sharp pain when you press on the area
  • Swelling
  • Weakness or stiffness
  • Pain after exercising
  • Pain when you extend the arm across to the opposite side

Weightlifter’s shoulder can be avoided with good training practices. It is usually caused by overdoing shoulder extension exercises like bench presses, dips, or push-ups. When you work out, be sure not to use too much weight and give your muscles time to recover in between training sessions. Have a trainer check your form, and be careful not to push through when you’re experiencing pain. To build up your shoulder strength, try out the “Blackburn” exercise.

If you are suffering from weightlifter’s shoulder, the condition may respond to conservative treatment. Take a hiatus from lifting weights, ice the area, and take anti-inflammatory medications. Your doctor may suggest corticosteroid injections along with physical therapy. If surgery is needed, your doctor can perform a minimally invasive procedure using small incisions to remove about a centimeter of your collarbone, which will help eliminate pain and restore your range of motion.

SHOULDER IMPINGEMENT

Shoulder impingement affects the rotator cuff in the upper arm. Each time you raise your arm, you create less space between the tendons and the shoulder blade. Over time, the shoulder blade’s acromion may begin to irritate the rotator cuff or its bursa sac.

Motions that use the rotator cuff tendons increase the likelihood of impingement. This includes any sport with overhand motions or exercises that include lifting weights above the head. Many people don’t realize that the mild pain is a sign of impingement, and unfortunately don’t seek treatment until the pain has worsened.

You may have a shoulder impingement if you experience:

  • Swelling or tenderness
  • Pain whether you’re resting or exercising
  • Sharper pain when lifting or reaching
  • Weakness and loss of motion
  • Difficulty reaching behind your back

There are several ways that you can prevent this condition. If you’re just starting a training plan, add reps slowly and trade off between push and pull exercises to build both front and back muscles (i.e., for every pushup, do a row). Avoid overdoing exercises where the elbow is above the shoulder, like upright rows and shoulder presses, along with lateral raises and behind-the-neck pulldowns. For more stability, activate your lower trapezius muscles before pulldowns by bringing your shoulders down and together.

If you do experience shoulder impingement, we recommend temporarily replacing your weightlifting regimen with physical therapy. Your doctor may suggest cortisone injections as well. These conservative treatments are often sufficient, but if needed a doctor can perform surgery to remove or repair the damaged areas. This can prevent future injury to the tendons, especially if you have bone spurs.

ROTATOR CUFF TEAR


A rotator cuff tear affects the muscles and tendons that cover your upper arm bone, keep it in the ball-and-socket shoulder joint, and help you lift and rotate your arm. The stress of weightlifting can cause a tear as the tendon degenerates over time. Direct impact can cause damage as well — if you try to lift heavy weights with a jerking motion, you could tear the tendons.

You may have a torn rotator cuff if:

  • Your pain is worse when you raise your arm overhead
  • Pain makes it hard to sleep at night
  • You experience weakness and limited motion in your shoulder
  • You are unable to hold your arm at shoulder level without dropping it to your side

To prevent this injury, use lower resistance exercises with more repetitions to gradually strengthen the rotator cuff muscles. Balance these exercises with arm raises and external rotations to build up your deltoids — try the side-lying external rotation before your next workout. End your training session with cold compresses to reduce inflammation, and be sure to rest between gym days. Avoid sleeping on your sore side to help healing. The condition won’t go away on its own, but our expert orthopedists at Comprehensive Orthopaedics can diagnose your condition and get you started on the path to healing. Schedule an appointment with one of our orthopedic specialists today.

It is quite common for computer users to develop shoulder pain because they have to keep their neck and wrists in one posture for an extended time. Sticking to one posture can cause tension in the muscles and tendons. In most cases, there is nothing to support your shoulder, especially when you are using the mouse. This can cause muscle imbalance and damage that can lead to shoulder pain from computer use. The pain can sometimes be quite severe, especially when your incorrect posture leads to nerve entrapment. Let’s find how to diagnose the problem and what to do to fix it.

Diagnose Your Pain

There are four stabilizing muscles in the shoulder and an imbalance in these muscles can lead to shoulder pain. To diagnose your problem, you need to consider a number of things. For instance:

  • You have shoulder pain in the arm you use to operate your mouse. This is usually the case when you keep your elbow tucked into your wrist with your arm ahead of your shoulder, which leads to sustained tension in the arm, causing the muscles and tendons between your neck and wrist to tire. This puts serious pressure on your shoulder and causes pain. Correcting your posture, using physiotherapy, and opting for a vertical ergonomic mouse may help correct the problem.
  • You have pain in your shoulder but that is not in the same arm you use to handle the mouse. This could be the result of using a shoulder bag often. Wearing a shoulder bag or carrying a workbag often can cause the imbalance in your back and chest muscles, which in turn can cause shoulder pain. Consider using a backpack bag instead.

How to Relieve the Pain

You can try many exercises to relieve shoulder pain from computer use. Here are some recommendations:

1. Exercise Using a Band

  • Take a band and hold it with your palms facing upwards.
  • Grip it tightly and raise your arms right in front of you. Your arms should be extended in front of your body, preferably at shoulder height.
  • Now, slowly open your arms out while using your shoulders. Be sure to squeeze your shoulder blades together when stretching the band.
  • Feel the stretch in your shoulders and then slowly return to the starting position.

2. Band above Your Head

  • Take a band and hold it tightly with your palms facing downwards.
  • Slowly extend your arms in front of you and slowly raise them above your head. Keep your head up all the time.
  • While keeping your elbows straight, use your shoulder blades to bring your arms down. Ensure that the band touches the nape of your neck.
  • Return to the starting position and do 25 reps to get good results.

3. Self-Massage with a Tennis Ball

  • Stand in an upright position against a wall.
  • Put the massager ball in a sock and drop it over your affected shoulder. Adjust the height by changing the length of the sock.
  • Now, lean against the wall and exert pressure on any area that seems sore. Maintain the pressure until the tenderness goes away.
  • Now, move the ball and find another sore point. Repeat the same.
  • Continue with this massage technique for a few minutes to feel better.

4. The Anti-Computer Shoulder Stretch

  • Get on to the floor and lie on your side. Keep your arms in front of you and your knees at a 90-degree angle. Ensure that your knees and hips stay fixed throughout the movement.
  • While keeping your hand near the ground, gently use your arm to trace a big circle. It is better to keep your hand on the ground, but you may not be able to do it in the beginning due to tight muscles. Just keep doing the stretch and you will get better at it.
  • Now, slowly let your chest and head to roll open. Look at the ceiling while rotating your arm.
  • Feel the stretch for a few seconds and then return to the starting position. Repeat a few times and then switch side.

How to Prevent It

You may have gathered the fact that shoulder pain from computer use is common but it is preventable. You just need to pay attention to a few things to lower your risk of developing any pain in the shoulder. For instance:

  • Pay special attention to your posture when using a computer. You need to ensure that you select a chair with adjustable height. It should offer lumbar support.
  • Ensure that your computer screen is at arm’s length with top of the screen right in front of your eyes.
  • Ensure that your wrists stay aligned with your hand and forearm. There should be no angle between your wrist and hand, especially when using your mouse.
  • Keep your upper arm in the right position. It is better to keep it by your side with your inner elbow slightly touching your side. Keep your forearm in front of your side.
  • Consider using a pull-along office or laptop bag. It helps reduce the twisting action to protect your shoulder and upper back from getting injured.
  • Do not sit in one position for long. It is better to take short breaks at regular intervals and stretch your muscles and tendons to prevent injury and shoulder pain.

How to stop shoulder pains

Shoulder pain has several possible causes. If shoulder pain increases as you raise your arm, and the pain is worse than when it’s straight out at 90 degrees, your problem may be impingement.

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The shoulder is a complex structure. A ball at the top of the upper arm bone (humerus) fits into a socket in the shoulder blade (scapula) A group of muscles and tendons (rotator cuff) surrounds the joint.

Fluid-filled sacs, called bursae, function as cushions to reduce friction. These structures all work together to allow for great range of motion. But sometimes these tissues can get irritated.

What’s causing the pain?

“As you raise your arm up, the tendons or bursa can get pinched between the humerus and the collar bone (clavicle) on top of the scapula,” explains physical therapist Kelly Kinsey, PT.

If this happens continuously over time, you can develop impingement syndrome. And if it goes on for too long, the tendons can start to fray and potentially tear.

How stretching can provide relief

“With stretches, we can improve the mechanics of the shoulder so you’re no longer pinching the tissues,” Kinsey says. The problem is many people try to strengthen the shoulder before stretching.

“Some people come to see us after they’ve done a bunch of strengthening exercises, and they’ve just irritated it,” she says.

Posture also plays a role

Kinsey recommends starting by improving your posture. Sitting in a slouched position causes the shoulder blades to come forward, which can cause pinching. To counter this, sit up straight and tall and squeeze your shoulder blades back and together. This opens up the space under the clavicle to make room for the rotator cuff.

When you sleep on your side, don’t support your head by putting your arm under your pillow. Use a taller pillow instead.

The next step is stretching exercises to improve range of motion. A physical therapist can teach you mild-to-moderate stretches that stretch out the muscles to create more space.

When will I feel a difference?

While the shoulder heals, avoid repetitive overhead activities. With these measures, most people improve within three to four weeks. If you are no better or your symptoms are worse, it’s time to get a further evaluation.

This article originally appeared in Cleveland Clinic Arthritis Advisor.

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How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

If your Samsung tablet has got frozen and does not respond to your actions, you may want to find a fix to the issue and get the issue sorted out. There are several ways to do it as the post below explains.

Samsung Tips & Issue Fixes

  • Copy Samsung Videos to iPhone
  • Copy Samsung Messages to Computer
  • Copy Samsung Photos to Mac/PC
  • Copy Samsung Photos to Flash Drive
  • Move Samsung Music to SD Card
  • Backup Samsung to Computer
  • Move iPhone Photos to Samsung
  • Samsung Smart Switch Alternative
  • Download Music on Samsung
  • Unlock Samsung without Password
  • Fix Samsung Tablet Frozen
  • Fix Samsung Not Charging
  • Fix Samsung Black Screen
  • Fix Samsung Won’t Turn On
  • Common Samsung Phone Issues

While most of the tablets developed by Samsung are stable and usually never cause any issues, there are times when things go wrong and these tablets start to behave abnormally. If you are one of those users and your Samsung Galaxy tablet gets frozen for no apparent reason, the issue needs to be investigated and fixed before things get worse.

Fortunately, Samsung has got you covered and it provides you with several methods to help you fix the freezing issue you are currently facing with your tablet. Most of the methods are easy to apply and they get the job done for you.

If you are ready, the following is how you unfreeze your frozen Samsung tablet.

Common Ways to Fix Samsung Tablet Frozen Issues

The methods shown below are common ones and you do not require much equipment to apply these methods to your device. You may needВ to try multiple methods before you find the one that works for you.

Fix 1. Force Reboot the Tablet

When your tablet gets frozen, the first thing you may want to do is force reboot the tablet. What force rebooting your device does is it forcibly shuts down the operating system of your device. When this happens, it gives a brand new start to your device and ensures you do not face the frozen issue on your tablet.

How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

Forcibly reboot the Samsung tablet

To force reboot your Samsung tablet, press and hold down the PowerВ and Volume DownВ buttons together for about seven seconds. Your device will then start to reboot. If the device can’t be force restarted, you should just drain the device until it shuts off. Then you can charge the tablet and restart it from scratch.

Fix 2. Utilize the Device Maintenance Feature

If your Samsung tablet gets frozen only once in a while and works great for the rest of the time, you may use the Device Maintenance feature while the tablet works to fix the issue you face.

The Device Maintenance is a feature located in settings on your tablet. It allows you to optimize your device to ensure there are no errors on it. The following shows how you can access the feature on your tablet.

How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

Use Device Maintenance to resolve the issue

Launch the SettingsВ app on your tablet. When it opens, tap on the option that says Device maintenance. On the following screen, you will be able to optimize your tablet using the available options.

Fix 3. Backup Data to Your Computer

One of the possible reasons why your tablet gets frozen is you have too much content stored on your device. If you do admit you have stored a lot of files on your device and there is not much free memory space available, you may want to back up some of your data to your computer and then delete the data from your tablet.

How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

Use services like Samsung Cloud to back up tablet data

When it comes to backing up content on a Samsung device, you have several backup options to choose from. Either you can use Samsung Cloud from Settings > Cloud and accounts > Samsung CloudВ or you can use a dedicated app like AnyDroidВ to have your tablet data backed up to your computer with ease.

AnyDroid is made for Android devices management, you can easily back up your Android device. Just Download AnyDroid and keep your Android data safe from freezing up.

How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

Fix 4. Use Safe Mode on the Tablet

If you have recently installed any apps on your tablet, it could be these apps are causing your tablet to freeze up. If that is the case, you may want to reboot your device into safe mode and get rid of these apps from your device.

How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

Utilize safe mode to investigate and resolve the freeze issue

Rebooting a Samsung tablet into the safe mode is pretty easy. To do it, turn off your tablet, press and hold down the PowerВ button until you see the Samsung logo, let go of the Power button and press and hold down the Volume DownВ button and you should enter the safe mode on your device.

You may then get rid of any of the items that you think could be causing the frozen issue on your tablet.

Fix 5. Factory Reset the Tablet

If none of the above methods worked for you, your final resort should be to reset your tablet to the factory settings. Resetting the device will remove all the contents and settings and let you customize your device from scratch.

How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

Reset the tablet to factory settings

To do so, head to Settings > General management > Reset > Factory data reset > ResetВ and tap on Delete All to reset your device.

It should definitely fix the freeze issue for your device as it removes all the content from your device.

The Bottom Line

If you are sick of getting your Samsung tablet frozen up every now and then, you may want to use some of the methods shown above to fix the issue once and for all on your device.

Member of iMobie team as well as an Apple fan, love to help more users solve various types of iOS & Android related issues.

How to fix your device will depend on what is causing your device to freeze or become unresponsive. The most common reason for your tablet to freeze is an app loading or running incorrectly. Closing the app or restarting your tablet should fix the problem.

Find out what to do if you are having issues charging your tablet or turning it on.

If your device is frozen and unresponsive, restart the device.

Press and hold the Power button and the Volume down button simultaneously for more than 7 seconds until the device reboots.

How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

If this does not work, press and hold the Power button for up to two minutes to shut down the device. Once it has switched off, leave the tablet off for one minute. Then, press the Power button again to switch on.

If you are still unable to restart your tablet using buttons, wait until it runs out of battery then charge it for 30 minutes before turning it on again.

If your tablet is still unresponsive it may need to be repaired. Find out how to book a repair or take your table to a Samsung Service Centre.

If your device has become responsive, you should run a test using Samsung Members. This will check over your device to see if it is healthy and will suggest any improvements that can be made.

Restart your device

In the unlikely event that your device becomes unresponsive, you can attempt a force restart. This will turn your device off and back on without affecting any data stored on the device.

The provided information refers to the devices sold in Canada. Screens and settings available may vary depending on your Canadian wireless service provider and your software version.

Force restart

Do not attempt to remove the battery from your device. Doing so may damage the device and battery and could cause burning and injury.

Ensure your device is charged to a minimum of 5%. If your battery is below 5%, the device may not turn on after the restart. A device that is completely drained should be charged for a minimum of 15 minutes using the wall charger supplied with your device.

If your device is frozen and unresponsive, press and hold the Power key and the Volume Down key simultaneously for more than 7 seconds to restart it. This performs a simulated battery disconnect.

How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

If your device becomes unresponsive or frozen after a software update or a fall, you need to contact us directly to solve the issue. More information and more steps will be required as force restart might not be enough.

Samsung tablet is much cheaper for iPad. For most students, tablets as a learning tool have become an integral part of their lives. However, there is always something difficult to predict. Such as forgotten your password or changed by someone else. So, now that you are looking to remove screen lock from Galaxy Tab A, here are prominent details that you should have in mind before proceeding. There are four types of locks in Galaxy Tabs here’s explanation of each one.

Part 1: 5 Lock Types of Samsung Galaxy Tab A

There are 4 password types of Samsung Galaxy Tab A and here is explanation of every lock even though there’s high possibility you already know this:

1. Password

As the name suggests it’s a mixture of symbols, numbers, letters; you need to have at least four of them combined to create a password on Galaxy Tab A. Here’s how to set a password:

    Open Settings app and locate Lock Screen then tap on it to open.

How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

Now that you are inside tap on Screen lock type

How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

  • Choose Password as your lock type
  • Enter minimum of four letters, number or symbols combined and repeat again in next step.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

  • Tap on OK button and you are set to go.
  • 2. PIN

    PIN is another common passcode type which is used, almost all payment apps are protected with a PIN. You can choose multiple numbers to create a unique PIN for Unlocking your device. Overall steps are similar to above method here’s what’s different:

      On screen lock type choose PIN.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

  • Enter your PIN and repeat it
  • Press OK and you are all set.
  • 3. Pattern

    I guess it is the most popular and common passcode type used especially on Android based phones. Well it’s for sure that it is complex but believe me its less secure compared to other options. Pattern can be easily cracked and won’t provide much security to your device. All steps are similar except these to setup a pattern lock on your Galaxy Tab A:

      Choose Pattern on screen lock type

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

  • Setup a pattern and tap on Continue
  • Repeat the patter and tap on confirm to set it.
  • 4. Fingerprint

    It is most secured protection for your Galaxy Tab A of Samsung, fingerprints of yours are stored in device and cross matched every time you unlock. It is not only highly secured but very convenient method to unlock your phones and tabs. To setup fingerprint lock:

    • Choose Fingerprint on screen lock type window
    • Fingerprint setup usually asks to setup an alternative lock type, so set up an alternative first.
    • Now put your finger on scanner and follow on screen instructions to set it up.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    After successful setup a success message will display.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    5. Iris Scan and Intelligent Scan (Galaxy Tab S4)

    Like fingerprints every human has unique pattern of Iris that turned researchers to make an Iris lock which is highly secured. Now with the advancements of technology it is getting cheaper and Iris lock is available in smartphone and tablets. However, Iris lock functionality is available on Galaxy Tab S4. Here’s how to setup Iris scan on your Galaxy Tab S4:

    • On screen lock type tap on Iris lock (Like fingerprint an alternative passcode is required to setup Iris lock)
    • Now follow on screen instructions to easily setup Iris lock.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    Part 2: How to Remove Screen Lock on Galaxy Tab A

    PassFab has a lot of software solutions designed with iPhone and Android both and PassFab Android Unlocker is a useful tool for Android. If by any chance you’ve forgot the password of your device this tool can help you easily remove lock of your Tab A. Here’s how to do it:

    • Step 1: Download and install PassFab Android Unlocker on your computer and run it. Now plugin your Android device to your PC.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    Step 2: Once Galaxy Tab is detected a Window will popup asking to “Remove Screen Lock”, click on “Yes” button.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    Step 3: When your press Yes button process of unlocking your device starts wait till it shows a success message. Keep it in mind to not unplugging your phone from PC during process doing so might break your phone.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    Extra Tips: How to Turn Off Samsung Galaxy Tab A Screen Lock

    In this part, you should tell user how to turn off the above 6 types locks.

    • Step 1: Open Settings on your Samsung Galaxy Tab A.
    • Step 2: Find Lock Screen and Open it.
    • Step 3: Tap on Screen lock type.
    • Step 4: Now you’ll have to enter your password/PIN/Pattern. (whatever you’ve enabled on your phone)
    • Step 5: To disable or turn off Screen lock on Samsung Galaxy Tab A tap on None.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    That’s it and you are done disabling password/pattern/lock on phone

    Summary

    This article explains types of password available on Samsung Galaxy Tab A and how-to setup. The first method explains 5 types of screen locks available and how-to setup. Later in the article process of removing lock with PassFab Android Unlocker guides users to unlock their devices. At the last how users can turn off screen lock is explained.

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    If you are still under warranty, you need to contact your provider or the manufacturer to get them to fix or replace it. As doing many things on your own can void said warranty.

    That said, if the device is not under warranty, I would first try letting it drain completely. It shouldn’t take much if it is at 16%. Once it actually turns totally off, leave it that way for a good ten minutes. Then plug it in. Let it charge up to about 10-20%. Do not turn it on yet. First you are going to try starting it in “Safe Mode” to see if it works.

    To get into “Safe Mode” please do the following.

    1. First turn off the tablet.

    2. Next press and hold “Power” until you see the manufacturers logo on the screen, then release the power button.

    3. “Quickly” press “Volume Down” and hold it for few seconds until you see the message “Safe mode: ON” or something similar.

    4. If you wanted disable safe mode, simply repeat the steps above, and you should see “Safe Mode: Off” rather than On.

    If it starts for you completely in “Safe Mode” then there is something on the device that is causing your havoc. I would suggest removing anything newly added/installed and/or recently updated. Then restart the device out of “Safe Mode” and see if it will launch. If it does, you are good. If not, then you may wish to run through “Safe Mode” again to see if there is anything else still causing the issue. If after doing that (until all junk is removed) still causes you problems, then the next step would be to try a “Factory Reset”.

    This will not do a “Hard Reset” which is the one you were trying before, that wipes all your data off the device. Always save that option for a last resort. A “Factory Reset” doesn’t remove all your data, but will/can remove some. To do a “Factory Reset” make sure the device is turned on, then you should find a small pinhole on the device. It may be hidden by or in where cords, cards, sims, etc to into the device. Using something small, but not sharp (don’t want to damage it) depress the reset and that should allow it to restart.

    Samsung tablet is much cheaper for iPad. For most students, tablets as a learning tool have become an integral part of their lives. However, there is always something difficult to predict. Such as forgotten your password or changed by someone else. So, now that you are looking to remove screen lock from Galaxy Tab A, here are prominent details that you should have in mind before proceeding. There are four types of locks in Galaxy Tabs here’s explanation of each one.

    Part 1: 5 Lock Types of Samsung Galaxy Tab A

    There are 4 password types of Samsung Galaxy Tab A and here is explanation of every lock even though there’s high possibility you already know this:

    1. Password

    As the name suggests it’s a mixture of symbols, numbers, letters; you need to have at least four of them combined to create a password on Galaxy Tab A. Here’s how to set a password:

      Open Settings app and locate Lock Screen then tap on it to open.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    Now that you are inside tap on Screen lock type

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

  • Choose Password as your lock type
  • Enter minimum of four letters, number or symbols combined and repeat again in next step.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

  • Tap on OK button and you are set to go.
  • 2. PIN

    PIN is another common passcode type which is used, almost all payment apps are protected with a PIN. You can choose multiple numbers to create a unique PIN for Unlocking your device. Overall steps are similar to above method here’s what’s different:

      On screen lock type choose PIN.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

  • Enter your PIN and repeat it
  • Press OK and you are all set.
  • 3. Pattern

    I guess it is the most popular and common passcode type used especially on Android based phones. Well it’s for sure that it is complex but believe me its less secure compared to other options. Pattern can be easily cracked and won’t provide much security to your device. All steps are similar except these to setup a pattern lock on your Galaxy Tab A:

      Choose Pattern on screen lock type

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

  • Setup a pattern and tap on Continue
  • Repeat the patter and tap on confirm to set it.
  • 4. Fingerprint

    It is most secured protection for your Galaxy Tab A of Samsung, fingerprints of yours are stored in device and cross matched every time you unlock. It is not only highly secured but very convenient method to unlock your phones and tabs. To setup fingerprint lock:

    • Choose Fingerprint on screen lock type window
    • Fingerprint setup usually asks to setup an alternative lock type, so set up an alternative first.
    • Now put your finger on scanner and follow on screen instructions to set it up.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    After successful setup a success message will display.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    5. Iris Scan and Intelligent Scan (Galaxy Tab S4)

    Like fingerprints every human has unique pattern of Iris that turned researchers to make an Iris lock which is highly secured. Now with the advancements of technology it is getting cheaper and Iris lock is available in smartphone and tablets. However, Iris lock functionality is available on Galaxy Tab S4. Here’s how to setup Iris scan on your Galaxy Tab S4:

    • On screen lock type tap on Iris lock (Like fingerprint an alternative passcode is required to setup Iris lock)
    • Now follow on screen instructions to easily setup Iris lock.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    Part 2: How to Remove Screen Lock on Galaxy Tab A

    PassFab has a lot of software solutions designed with iPhone and Android both and PassFab Android Unlocker is a useful tool for Android. If by any chance you’ve forgot the password of your device this tool can help you easily remove lock of your Tab A. Here’s how to do it:

    • Step 1: Download and install PassFab Android Unlocker on your computer and run it. Now plugin your Android device to your PC.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    Step 2: Once Galaxy Tab is detected a Window will popup asking to “Remove Screen Lock”, click on “Yes” button.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    Step 3: When your press Yes button process of unlocking your device starts wait till it shows a success message. Keep it in mind to not unplugging your phone from PC during process doing so might break your phone.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    Extra Tips: How to Turn Off Samsung Galaxy Tab A Screen Lock

    In this part, you should tell user how to turn off the above 6 types locks.

    • Step 1: Open Settings on your Samsung Galaxy Tab A.
    • Step 2: Find Lock Screen and Open it.
    • Step 3: Tap on Screen lock type.
    • Step 4: Now you’ll have to enter your password/PIN/Pattern. (whatever you’ve enabled on your phone)
    • Step 5: To disable or turn off Screen lock on Samsung Galaxy Tab A tap on None.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    That’s it and you are done disabling password/pattern/lock on phone

    Summary

    This article explains types of password available on Samsung Galaxy Tab A and how-to setup. The first method explains 5 types of screen locks available and how-to setup. Later in the article process of removing lock with PassFab Android Unlocker guides users to unlock their devices. At the last how users can turn off screen lock is explained.

    Some of the hardest hours of our lives are those when our smartphones stop being smart. Sometimes they crash, other times they freeze like there is no tomorrow. This post will try to help you unfreeze Android smartphone and tablet that is acting like dead frozen. Be it a rogue app, or the tired device, one of these Android tips will hopefully help you out!How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    Recommended guide: How to Install Flash Player in Android 4.4 KitKat – Android Tips and Tricks

    – Force close any app: If an app is not working properly or freezes, and you don’t seem to be able to do anything then try this trick. This is for those times when no key or touch helps you close the app. Force close the troubling app from Settings menu. Go to Settings > open Apps sub menu and choose from the list the app that is being dead. Tap on the Force Close to shut down the app completely. How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    Recommended read: How to Install WhatsApp on a Tablet – Android Tips and Tricks

    You can also see all the running apps in the right side of the screen. Tap on Stop to have the easy way of force closing any app on Android.

    Restart your Android device: another simplest way to unfreeze Android smartphone – or any other OS, for that matter – is to simply restart the device. Press the Sleep / Power button for a few seconds and push it to Restart. However, this Android tip will only work for those times when your device is still responding to you.How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    Relevant Android tips: Fix “Root Access Possibly Lost” and “Root access missing” Error Messages on Android – How to

    Force Restart: In case your Android smartphone is complete frozen and not responding to you at all, the above restart method won’t work for you! To unfreeze Android smartphone that is dead froze, force restart it by holding the Sleep / Power key and the Volume Down key simultaneously until your device’s screen goes blank.

    This force restart key combo varies from device to device, so it is advised to check your device manual for the right combo. If your Android device has a removable battery, you can remove it and put it again and it will restart the device.

    Factory Reset: while we do hope one of the above methods work for you, in case you are still reading this post, you may need to go for this method. When everything else fails, factory restore almost always does the job. However, it does come with all the data loss and settings issues, etc. To factory reset your Android device, go to Settings > Backup and Reset and at the bottom of the screen you will find the Factory Data Reset option. This will reset and unfreeze Android smartphone and tablet.

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    Let us know if you have tried any other Android trick to unfreeze your Android smartphone or a tablet?

    How to unfreeze the samsung galaxy tab

    Unlocking Samsung Galaxy Tab S4 10.5 by code is the easiest and fastest way to make your device network free. It doesn’t interfere in your system or change it in any way so even after using our code, you don’t loose your warranty. In order to receive a network unlock code for your Samsung Galaxy Tab S4 10.5 you need to provide IMEI number (15 digits unique number). It can be found by dialing *#06# as a phone number, as well as by checking in the phone settings of your device.

    Samsung network unlock by code is the perfect option for all Samsung models.
    We provide all codes for your Samsung Galaxy Tab S4 10.5:
    NCK – Network unlock code to unlock simlock
    Unfreeze/MCK – code to reset phone freeze (too many wrong code entered)
    SPCK – service provider code to reset second level of lock.
    Depending on the information you have about your Galaxy Tab S4 10.5. You can use a service based on the country or continent from which it comes from. For your Samsung Galaxy Tab S4 10.5 you can use the following services: Europe, USA, Canada, South America, United Kingdom, Ireland and many more.

    All new Samsung Galaxy Tab S4 10.5 coming from T-Mobile USA or Metro Pcs USA with “Device Unlock App” can be unlocked by a Device Unlock App service.

    Unlocking Samsung Galaxy Tab S4 10.5

    For unlock Samsung Galaxy Tab S4 10.5 following options are available. If you don’t know which option use for unlock your phone, please contact us. We will help you choose the right product for your phone.

    What our customers say about unlocking

    Wow Thank you so much. I had an upcoming trip to Kenya that needed I unlock my tablet. The codes you sent worked wonderfully an dim now able to use my tablet abroad.

    Sharon – 2021-04-29 01:49:08

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    Unlocking instruction for Samsung Galaxy Tab S4 10.5 ?

    How to enter a network unlock code in a Samsung Galaxy Tab S4 10.5

    Entering the unlock code in a Samsung Galaxy Tab S4 10.5 is very simple.
    1. Start the Samsung Galaxy Tab S4 10.5 with an unaccepted simcard (unaccepted means different than the one in which the device works)
    2. Special unock window should appear
    – For message Sim network unlock pin you should enter the codes if the following order, Unfreeze confirm, NCK confirm (please try a couple of times if the Galaxy Tab S4 10.5 does not accept it for the first time)
    There is also a special RGCK (regional lock code) code sometimes provided. Please use the RGCK code the same way as the NCK code.
    – If Service provider pin appears enter the codes in this order
    Unfreeze confirm, SPCK confirm (try a couple of times)
    3. Samsung Galaxy Tab S4 10.5 is now network unlocked .

    * sometimes the unfreeze code is not provided by the network (check the description of chosen service)

    How to train a belgian malinois

    A Belgian Malinois, also known as Belgian Shepherd dog, traces its origin in Belgium. This breed belongs to one of the four types of Belgian sheepdogs.

    How much does a Belgian Malinois cost?

    On average, Belgian Malinois puppies can cost anywhere from $600 to $2,000 each. The cost, as with most puppies, will depend on the dog’s history, health, breeder, geographical location and the inclusions.

    At PuppyFind.com, an online pet classified website, had close to 200 listings at the time of this publishing, with prices ranging from $600 to $1,500 on average. Trained Belgian Malinois, however, could cost upwards of $2,500+

    According to most of the AKC listings we had found on the official AKC Marketplace, the prices for puppies younger than 12 weeks old were often listed for $1,000 to $1,500. Most of these reputable AKC breeders included a full health checkup, a hip guarantee, deworming, vaccinations and a microchip.

    What is going to be included in the adoption fee?

    Most reputable breeders should include registration papers, up-to-date vaccinations, a vet exam, health certificate and guarantee. An AKC registered dog should come with all of the appropriate AKC paperwork.

    What are the extra costs?

    Shipping, if adopting from a seller out of state, can cost $200 to $400 to ship via an airline or ground.

    Don’t forget to factor in all of the recurring costs such as vet visits, food, toys, accessories, grooming sessions and dog sitting services. A healthy dog can easily cost $50+ a month, whereas an unexpected vet bill could cost well into the thousands.

    The breed is fairly easy to train, but as with any puppy, you should highly consider professional training sessions to teach it the basics of sit, stay and lay down.

    While the coat doesn’t require much in terms of maintenance due to its harsh and coarse coat, it can still shed, requiring some brushing sessions. If you choose to do so, be sure to factor in dog grooming sessions if necessary to remove any excess dog hair to keep its coat in a healthy condition.

    Tips to know

    A male can grow 24 to 26 inches tall, while the female is slightly smaller at 22 to 24 inches.

    As for weight, the male is heavier, with a weight ranging anywhere from 63 to 74 pounds, while a female, again, is slightly smaller, weighing an average of 55 to 66 pounds.

    The Belgian Malinois has almond-shaped brown eyes, and its coat color is tan and mahogany, with a black muzzle, and black straight ears. There are some white markings on the tips of its toes and chest area. Its short and straight coat just needs regular brushing with a solid bristle brush, and the coat sheds twice each year.

    The average life span is 14 to 15 years old.

    They can do well in an apartment setting; however, they will still need sufficient exercise daily. A medium to a larger fenced yard is ideal, though.

    Its temperament, according to NextDayPets.com, is said to be energetic, watchful and very protective of its owners. If they are given the right training and attention, they are known to thrive quite well. They can do well with children and other pets as long as well trained and respectful.

    The breed was officially recognized by the AKC in 1959. As of 2017, the dog is said to be the 47th most popular dog breed, according to the AKC.

    Confused as to how to pronounce Belgian Malinois? This YouTube video shows you how to properly annunciate it.

    How can I save money?

    Being a relatively popular dog, you may have a great chance of finding one at a local adoption center or rescue group. Instead of spending thousands on a purebred, often sold by breeders who are looking to make a profit, consider helping a local organization and a dog that really needs your help. To find a reputable adoption group in your area for this particular breed, we recommend searching AdoptaPet.com. Even if you’re not able to find a purebred, you may be able to find a mix that closely resembles the breed. Popular mixes include a Belgian Malinois German Shepherd mix and a Lab mix.

    Advertising Disclosure: This content may include referral links. Please read our disclosure policy for more info.

    Last Updated: August 5, 2020 References Approved

    This article was co-authored by Jaimie Scott. Jaimie Scott has been training dog owners as the Owner of Jaimie Scott Dog Training in Sacramento, California for the past 15 years. Jaimie meets clients for 1-on-1 training, group classes (owners only, no dogs), as well as live video classes. Jaimie has published videos, blog articles, and eBooks to share tips for training and his personalized insight into dog behavior. With a focus on training the owners, Jaimie believes that dogs need to know who’s in control at any given time in order to feel secure and be happy. Jaimie holds a BS in Mathematics and Computer Science from Pacific University.

    There are 7 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.

    wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. In this case, 95% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status.

    This article has been viewed 192,186 times.

    A Belgian Malinois is a herding dog that has similar attributes to a German shepherd, including that it requires a lot of training and attention. If you want to train a Belgian Malinois, you should start the process at a young age. Early and thorough training can help you eliminate territorial or aggressive behavior, which can pop up in the breed if it is not well trained. With consistent, clear, and experienced training, a Malinois can be trained to do a variety of jobs, including herding and protection jobs. [1] X Trustworthy Source American Kennel Club The American Kennel Club (AKC) is a purebred dog pedigree registry in the United States. The AKC advocates for the responsible ownership of dogs and promotes purebred dog events, such as the Westminster Dog Show. Go to source

    How to train a belgian malinois

    Belgian Malinois is a medium-sized herding dog of Belgium. It is one of the four Belgian herdings dogs with loving, watchful, protective, and energetic temperament. It is a strong dog with a lean and muscular body that serves both as a herding dog and a guarding dog.

    Belgian Malinois is a very active dog breed that needs vigorous exercise for their physical exercise as well as mental stimulation. Here, in this article, you will learn about the training methods and strategies for Belgian Malinois.

    Where to Start Training Belgian Malinois?

    Belgian Malinois is a lively dog and since it is a herding dog, it needs a good amount of physical exercise regularly. When they are a puppy which is housetraining, do not take them far from the house. Train them in the house and the yard where they are comfortable. You can obedience train them in the house or in an open space where there is less crowded.

    As they grow and when it is time for socialization, slowly take them out on a leash and teach them to walk on the leash. Expose them to people and introduce them. After they are comfortable around other peoples and also master the basics, take them to park for agility.

    When to Start Training Belgian Malinois?

    Belgian Malinois is a very smart and intelligent dog breed. They are very quick at catching new commands and instructions even at a very early age. So, it is no harm to start giving them some minor housetraining from 6-8 weeks of their birth. Continue housetraining and obedience training them for 3 to 4 months and move to pre-agility. Involve them in small physical exercise like fetching, running, and bringing stuff.

    Advance training and agility should be started when they are 6 months old. They are enthusiastic and mischevious at this age, so obedience training should be continued, so they obey and respect you.

    How to Define Task for Belgian Malinois?

    Defining task for your Belgian Malinois can be done in various ways. Use vocal commands as well as hand gestures and body language to instruct them, what to do. For instance, if you want them to stop, use your hand along with the word ‘stop’. Likewise, you can invent other hand gestures to command them.

    Do not confuse your dog with many words for one task. Use a single word for certain tasks in the beginning and they will learn quickly in this way.

    Training Process

    If you are a novice dog owner, Belgian Malinois is not recommended as they need an experienced dog owner who knows their temperament.

    Leadership: Establishing leadership is very important from the very beginning. Be patient, consistent and firm with them, so they see you as their leader and respects you. If you fail to establish leadership on Belgian Malinois, they will become your leader.

    Socialization: Belgian Malinois should be socialized with a variety of people at a very young age so they grow up to be a friendly dog. Carefully introduce them with different people and canines by taking them to the park.

    Positive Reinforcement: Belgian Malinois should be trained only by using positive reinforcement. They tend to respond very well to treats and praises. So, as they complete a task, reward them with delicious treats and lots of vocal praise.

    Agility: Agility is very important for Belgian Malinois as they are a very active dog breed that requires regular physical exercise. As they master basic training enroll them in advance for their physical exercise and mental stimulation.

    Visit Doglime for more dog breeds training methods.

    Depending on the Malinois is the training method.

    Some Malinois are very intense and require a stronger approach.

    Other Malinois are rather balanced- and it doesn’t take much for them to grasp what you’re asking of them.

    Always keep this in mind…

    Not all Malinois are the same.

    There are typically three main training styles…(there’s a lot more but to make things simpler we’ll leave it at three.)

    The first method is the most widely known, the Positive Reinforcement method

    This works well with medium intensity Malinois.

    Usually, these Malinois are very in touch with their handler and don’t need much correction.

    With these, too much correction would actually backfire.

    However, with Malinois that are more intense, this training method perhaps wouldn’t be as effective.

    Image: Young girl working with her Belgian Malinois dog

    The second training style is the Alpha method.

    This method is a little more intense, which works rather well with more intense dogs.

    Sometimes higher intensity dogs don’t respond well to the Positive Reinforcement method because to them, you are of lesser status.

    So it doesn’t matter how much you beg them, they will not budge.

    In order to get a dog like this to realize that you’re the pack leader- you have to outrank him/her.

    This is usually accomplished by being a little more serious, more firm, and offering a stronger leadership.

    It’s all psychological…

    It’s not until they realize that you’re the alpha of the pack that they will back off and relax as they let you lead them.

    It doesn’t mean that you have to be abusive or domineering.

    It just means that you have to communicate clearly with your dog that you’re the pack leader.

    Simple things like feeding from your hand can help establish this.

    For this reason, this level of Malinois requires an experienced dog trainer because an inexperienced person might resort to harsh, coercive tactics that will only ruin the relationship.

    For the most part, this is what makes dog training both an art and a science.

    If it was just a science, then anyone with a book would be able to train…which we know is not the case.

    The third training style is the Scientific method.

    It’s called the Scientific method because like a scientist, we try to figure out the dog, its motivations and learning style… and then we tailor our approach until we accomplish the behavior we desire.

    This is the preferred method of training because it’s less dogmatic.

    If you’re considering purchasing a Belgian Malinois personal protection dog for your family, it’s essential that you know how to train your dog. These are amazing animals that need consistent training to become the best possible member of your family. Here’s everything you need to know to help your Belgian Malinois fit in.

    Start With the Basics

    As with any puppy, training needs to start at the very beginning. The earlier you begin training your pup, the better he will respond, and the faster your training becomes cemented. As commands transition from foreign to familiar, your pup will learn to obey you. They’ll start to look to you as the lead dog, and they will be far better prepared to continue training with you as they progress in age.

    How to train a belgian malinois

    Socialization

    Socializing your dog is vital and should start as early as possible. From four to fourteen weeks especially, expose your dog to as many places and people as you can. This will teach your dog that new, varied, and exciting places and people are part of regular life.

    When first introducing your puppy to high-traffic areas, you can carry them so they don’t feel overwhelmed and threatened. Help them get used to being around people in the comfort and safety of your presence. As they gain confidence, have them walk with you on a leash through the same places. This exposure helps them learn that not all strangers and unfamiliar people are dangerous.

    Socialization should also happen at home. Have a variety of friends and family members come over to visit. This will help your dog understand that it is normal for people he may not know to come to your home. When you have friends over, they’ll be used to the occurrence rather than feeling threatened.

    Create a Solid Bond

    Nothing takes the place of creating a bond with your dog. Engage in daily playtime with your puppy to build your relationship. Belgian Malinois are very loving and will thrive in an active environment where they get to spend time with you. Daily playtime should begin when you bring them home and continue throughout their lives. Mals need a minimum of 30 minutes of play every day as a puppy. When they’re older, they’ll require much more time to burn off energy.

    Teach Commands

    Obedience and following commands are the lifeblood for well-trained dogs. Begin when they’re young and start with basic commands you’ll use every day such as, “sit,” “lie,” “stay,” and “come.” As they get older, you can progress to more complex commands and tasks. Belgian Malinois are known for their keen intelligence and ability to learn nearly any command or job given to them. Commands, however, are where you should begin, along with potty training, to help your dog develop an even and responsive temperament.

    How to train a belgian malinois

    Use Rewards-Based Training

    Belgian Malinois family dogs respond to rewards-based training far better than anything else. The idea is to reward them every time they perform a command perfectly and act appropriately. Did they sit all the way down when you said, “sit”? Reward them with a treat or a pat on the back, and say, “Good girl!” For training to be effective, they need to follow through on commands perfectly. If someone comes to the door and you say “stay,” and they stay for a few seconds, then get up to follow you to the door, go back to where the dog was supposed to be, and repeat the command. When they stay the entire time and watch you greet your friend and return to the room where they’re at, then give them a special treat. Rewards help solidify the command and help your dog learn what you expect them to do.

    Discourage Bad Behavior

    If rewards-based training is misused, your dog will get the wrong message, and confusion will ensue. If your dog isn’t trained to obey completely, they will take half-hearted obedience and run with it. Just as much as you should encourage correct behavior, any bad behavior should be firmly and consistently discouraged.

    If you find that your pooch has begun to bark every time the doorbell rings, you’ll want to train your dog with a “leave it” command. If they tend to jump up on you, you’ll want to teach and reinforce “down.” Any action that you do not like or is inappropriate should be addressed and corrected every time it happens. Consistency and a loving but firm voice are the most significant factors when training a Malinois to behave and discourage bad behavior.

    Highly Trainable Dogs

    Thanks to the Belgian Malinois’s incredible intelligence, they can be trained to do nearly anything. It’s vital, however, to be consistent and dedicated to the training process if you want a dog that responds well to your commands. Are you ready to begin training your dog?

    How to train a belgian malinois

    About the Belgian Malinois

    Belgian Malinois are squarely built, proud, and alert herders standing 22 to 26 inches. Strong and well-muscled, but more elegant than bulky, there’s an honest, no-frills look about them, as befit dogs built to work hard for their feed. A breed hallmark is the proud carriage of the head. Coat colors range from a rich fawn to mahogany. The black ears and mask accentuate bright, questioning eyes the color of dark Belgian chocolate.

    Prefer to listen? Check out the Dog Works Radio podcast below and subscribe for free on Apple Podcasts

    If you have ever seen a Mal perform an obedience routine, you know firsthand what a smart and eager breed this is. Problems set in, though, when this people-oriented dog is underemployed and neglected. Exercise, and plenty of it, preferably side by side with their adored owner, is key to Mal happiness.

    History

    The Belgian Malinois (MAL-in-wah), first bred around the city of Malines in the northwestern region of Belgium, are one of four closely related breeds of Belgian herding dogs. In some countries, the Malinois is classified together with the Tervuren, Laekenois, and Belgian Shepherd (aka Groenendael) as a single breed collectively known as the Belgian Sheepdog. In America, the Malinois has been registered as a separate breed since 1959. He bears a passing resemblance to the German Shepherd Dog but has a different head, and is leggier and finer boned, than his better-known German counterpart.

    Mals have long been acknowledged as a peerless livestock herder in their native land. They were first bred by serious dog people who were primarily concerned with producing dogs of sterling working character and who spurned passing fads and fancies of pet owners. This emphasis on performance made the Mal the go-to dog for Belgian sheepherders and cattlemen.

    It was in 1911 that Mals were first brought to America. They flourished here until the outbreak of World War II put an end to the importation of European breeding stock. The breed languished in the postwar years until the early 1960s, when the Mal’s admirers began the process of replenishing its American population.

    Mals are still prized as herders of all kinds of stock, but their versatility and high work-drive have opened careers in many other occupations and activities. They are highly sought after as police and military K-9s. They have served with such distinction that the Fayetteville, North Carolina, memorial to military dogs features a life-size bronze of a Belgian Malinois.

    Quick Facts:

    • Temperament: Confident, Smart, Hardworking
    • AKC Breed Popularity: Ranks 43 of 196
    • Height: 24-26 inches (male), 22-24 inches (female)
    • Weight: 60-80 pounds (male), 40-60 pounds (female)
    • Life Expectancy: 14-16 years
    • Group: Herding Group

    Care and Training

    The Belgian Malinois should do well on a high-quality dog food, whether commercially manufactured or home-prepared with your veterinarian’s supervision and approval. Any diet should be appropriate to the dog’s age (puppy, adult, or senior). Some dogs are prone to getting overweight, so watch your dog’s calorie consumption and weight level. Treats can be an important aid in training but giving too many can cause obesity. Learn about which human foods are safe for dogs, and which are not. Check with your vet if you have any concerns about your dog’s weight or diet. Clean, fresh water should be available at all times.

    Highly intelligent, athletic, and muscular, and exceedingly devoted. The Malinois need to be actively engaged with his owner, both mentally and physically. This is not a dog who can be left in the backyard, and daily walks are not enough, either. Exercise, and plenty of it, preferably side by side with his owner, is paramount to the breed’s happiness. To deprive a Malinois of activity and human companionship is to deprive him of his very reasons for being. Malinois make great running, hiking, and biking companions, and they excel at agility, tracking, herding, obedience, and Schutzhund (protection) competitions.

    Like most herding breeds, Malinois have a high prey drive and are strongly interested in moving objects. This trait can lead to chasing children, vehicles, or other animals and so should be directed into acceptable activities through training. Early socialization and obedience training are musts.

    Table of Contents

    How To Get A Belgian Malinois?

    Are Belgian Malinois good apartment dogs? The Belgian Malinois is a very smart and obedient dog. The Belgian Malinois can live in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. Moderately active indoors, he will do best with at least an average-sized yard. He prefers cool climates, but readily adapts well to others.

    How do I know if my Malinois is pure? Your dog should have black on the ears and black above the eyes that look like eye brows other than that cant tell you. If you love him that’s all that counts. He’s way to short not a pure bread look up Belgiun malinois fawn color you will learn allot. He may be a mix of some kind.

    Can Belgian Malinois be left alone? The Belgian Malinois can be left alone for up to 2 hours. Don’t leave your Malinois for 4 hours or more. Separation anxiety could set in, and they’ll get aggressive as a result. If you live in an apartment or house with little room for your dog to move around, he will probably go to the backyard of your home.

    How To Get A Belgian Malinois – Related Questions

    At what age do Belgian Malinois calm down?

    Actually, they generally start to mellow out after 2, but constant training is a must.

    Do Belgian Malinois ever calm down?

    Yes, he can be relaxed and quiet, but he is no couch potato, content with a walk around the block. He can also be annoying, barking incessantly and wanting to play. He is from working lines, but was selected by the breeder as a pup to be a pet. He is too much dog to be an easy pet.

    How long does it take to train a Belgian Malinois?

    Adjust the length of training sessions as the dog ages. When your Malinois is a young puppy, training sessions should be at most 10 minutes long. As the dog grows up, you can gradually extend each training session to 30 minutes to 1 hour.

    How hard is it to train a Belgian Malinois?

    If we compare the Belgian Malinois with another breed…let’s say with Bull Dogs, Malinois will definitely be much easier to train. The thing with Malinois is that they have intrinsic motivation. A dog with little to no motivation is hard to train…they simply don’t want to ‘work’.

    Are Belgian Malinois easy to potty train?

    We have belgian malinois house training solutions, so housebreaking belgian malinois puppies will be fast and easy. Over 100,000 dogs have been successfully potty trained with our world-famous indoor dog potty, called the Potty Training Puppy Apartment, including belgian malinois.

    How much does a full grown Belgian Malinois weight?

    Malinois dog
    Dog breed
    Hypoallergenic:
    No
    Life expectancy:
    12 – 14 years
    Temperament:
    Active, Friendly, Alert, Watchful, Confident, Protective, Stubborn, Hard-working
    Colors:
    Black-tipped Fawn, Tan, Mahogany
    Height:
    Male: 24–26 inches (61–66 cm), Female: 22–24 inches (56–61 cm)
    Weight:
    Male: 64–75 lbs (29–34 kg), Female: 55–66 lbs (25–30 kg)
    View 15+ more

    Are Belgian Malinois difficult?

    The Belgian Malinois that I have met are very intelligent dogs who are relatively easy to train. That said,you need to keep in mind that this is an incredibly active, high-energy, *working* breed. If not, you can run into a lot of behavior issues with such breeds – especially this one.

    How cold is too cold for a Belgian Malinois?

    Taking your Belgian Malinois temperature can be tough though so you may not always know their temperature. The best way to take their temperature is with an ear thermometer that has been specially made for dogs. If the temperature falls near 105 degrees then your dog is in serious trouble and you need to act fast.

    How much does a purebred Belgian Malinois cost?

    How Much Does a Belgian Malinois Cost? In general, an adult Belgian Malinois will cost between $45,000 and $65,000. It may sound like a lot, but your dog has been trained to do far more than just fetch.

    Can Belgian Malinois live indoors?

    The Belgian Malinois is a very smart and obedient dog. The Belgian Malinois can live in an apartment if it is sufficiently exercised. Moderately active indoors, he will do best with at least an average-sized yard.

    Do high energy dogs calm down?

    When you’re done exercising your dog, it’s very important that she gets a cooling off period. After a workout, high drive dogs are often jazzed up and ready for more. They need a calm, focused task to settle down, or else they can get destructive.

    Are Malinois difficult to train?

    The Belgian Malinois that I have met are very intelligent dogs who are relatively easy to train. That said,you need to keep in mind that this is an incredibly active, high-energy, *working* breed. This breed is suitable to experienced dog people, I probably wouldn’t recommend starting with a Malinois as a first dog.

    Are Belgian Malinois stubborn?

    The Belgian Malinois is an extremely intelligent working-class dog. The Belgian Malinois personality is also dignified and protective. While that’s a great attribute to their character when it comes to protecting the family or household, it also means they can be stubborn.

    Are Belgian Malinois inside or outside dogs?

    Belgian Malinois are pretty hardy dogs which allows them to spend a good bit of time outside. They should probably be equally okay in both cold and hot weather as long as it’s not extreme. Emotionally though they need to be inside dogs.

    At what age does a Belgian Malinois calm down?

    Actually, they generally start to mellow out after 2, but constant training is a must.

    Are Belgian shepherds hyper?

    Exercise and Activity Levels This is an extremely high-energy breed, and those dogs not getting enough exercise are likely to become highly strung and hyperactive. At least one hour of vigorous walking or running should be provided every day.

    Do Belgian Malinois like to cuddle?

    He may have a strong working-dog background, but he craves companionship and family time above everything else. An alert and watchful companion to children, this dog really flourishes when given a steady dose of good-natured play, cuddling and conversation.

    There can be many reasons why your Malinois won’t listen or obey you. Usually, this has to do with “who’s in charge”. When a Belgian Malinois is first brought home it will warm up to one person in particular. It could be you, your spouse or one of your children. The Malinois will normally bond more strongly with that individual. The Malinois will pick either by its perceived authority or by its ability to get away with things. Meaning they will pick the person they believe has the strongest authority or the weakest authority. That person should be responsible for training the Malinois further as there is already a bond with it that the K9 chose.

    Malinois have “packing” instincts that are innate in every breed. It’s where dominance and authority are achieved. Malinois dogs will perceive who’s in charge on their own. This may not always be the adult. For example, a child commonly drops food while eating. A Malinois could perceive the child as the pack leader as it’s the one providing nourishment. The child could likely get the Malinois to follow commands as the Malinois has related to the child to getting food and thus its desire for the food would make it eager to obey. Children should not be in full command of a Malinois though, an adult should. Therefore, you have to establish your role as the pack leader to the K9.

    The Malinois will pick up on human habits. It will listen to the one who it deems has the most authority. This is often the male head of household. That leaves the possibility that the Malinois listens to that person but not his spouse. In cases like this, it’s best for the person with no authority to gain some by spending alone time bonding and training with the Malinois. Too many people in the house trying to hold authority over the Malinois can confuse the K9. Once the pack leader has been established it’s good that he not only teaches the Malinois- but others in the household the words, motions, and sounds he uses to get the Malinois to listen & obey. Edifying the person in charge of the Malinois’ behaviors will assist the K9 in learning that humans are superior in homes and not the K9.

    Bonding with the Belgian Malinois is essential to getting them to listen and obey you. Just as important, establishing authority and leading with proper training techniques can help gain attention and obedience. In families, it can be more difficult to do as there are more distractions in the environment. Each individual should spend alone time with the Malinois to establish their role over the K9. If the K9 is always walked by an adult then is walked by a child, it is more likely to test boundaries and misbehave with the child leading. Keeping things consistent with authority until truly established helps your Malinois dog to listen and obey better.

    How to break up when children are involved

    How to break up when children are involved

    If you and your partner find it hard to get along with each other and have decided to break up with each other and the kids are involved, then you have to be very careful. Breaking up with your partner is one thing but doing the same with kids involved is a totally different thing. In some cases, where things went out of control, couples broke up with each other and so with the kids while some realise their responsibility towards the children and reached a consensus regarding how they will work things out.

    Break up itself is one of the most difficult things but when kids are involved, it becomes harder for everyone. Having a child with someone creates your affiliation with the partner and no matter how worse things go; you will always find yourself attached to both of them. If you and your partner have decided to break up with each other, then you should also decide about your responsibilities towards the kid. Not to mention, who will take the custody of the child is the most important thing and should be settled in advance.

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    Instructions

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    Children can be very stressful with the news of break up; therefore you should plan with your partner how would you tell them about the news. In many cases, couples try to ignore the disagreements they have and live together for their children but if you are unable to do that, it is better that you part ways.

    You should decide with your partner in advance regarding the responsibilities of your kid. Do not forget to decide the timings of meetings and spending vacations with the kid.

    You must inform your child and explain to him that there will be no affect on your affiliation with him. He might ask several questions from both of you, do not stop him and let him ask anything he wants.

    You should come to an agreement with your spouse regarding the expenditures of your kid. Do not forget to plan about his schooling and involve him in sports.

    If necessary, you can take advice of a counsellor.

    Make your kids understand that it is not the worst thing in fact; it is for the betterment of all of you. Tell him that both of you might be seeing other people after a short time.

    Explain to your child that he can reach whenever he wants, you will always be there for him.

    Home » Parenting » How to Break up when Children are Involved

    How to break up when children are involved

    Breaking up can be a difficult time for both partners, and when kids are involved, it becomes even harder. As the couple deals with their own emotions and changes, so do the children, and keeping their emotions in perspective is vital during this critical time.

    How to break up when children are involved

    To begin with, encourage support and compassion on your child rather then letting loose your frustrations at this time. Explain the reason of the break up gently to them.

    Here are some ways to deal with your child when you are breaking up with your partner:

    • Explain the reason of the new change and separation with your partner. Have a deep conversation with them and listen to their views and questions. Be clear about your reasons and be gentle throughout the discussion. You and your partner could both explain the reason together to the kids. Be honest and clear on your decision and reason.

    • Ensure your child does not feel blamed for the break up. They should know it was not their fault for separating the partners. Both parents need to tell the children they are loved by them, and will continue to do so after the separation.How to break up when children are involved
    • When a child questions the break up, answer with honesty and sensitivity. Explain the answers to the questions and understand their fears to this new change.
    • Your child will go through various emotional reactions and you need to be prepared for it. They may feel angry, upset, and annoyed with the new setup. They may begin to wet the bed if they are young, and if they are older, they will have tantrums, anger breakouts, and anxiety as well. Stay calm throughout.
    • Always encourage them to speak about their emotions and question them on how they feel on the new life.
    • Take them out more and get them involved in new sports and school activities.
    • Let the child communicate with old family members and friends. This will make them feel like they have a stable network.
    • When you are ready for a new relationship, discuss it with your child first and see how they feel about it.

    We are not shackled to our past, our families do not carry the weight of sculpting everything we will become, but we are no doubt heavily shaped by the experiences we have as children of love, relationships and trust.

    I’d be the last to advocate staying together for the children, and if separating has become your final (and often sensible) answer, this is my advice for you.

    I was conceived as a “band-aid” baby, intended to cement a relationship that was falling apart. We all know that plasters never fix the cause of the real problem, and when they finally fall off — blackened and tatty — the wound is dirtier than ever before. A colicky baby certainly makes a stable relationship a challenge, let alone a rocky one.

    My memories of being a young child are punctuated by shouting and sadness. My parents seemed to live separate lives, bonded together only by anger. I never felt as if they were a team. My dad had his own bedroom, and would rarely come on holidays with us.

    The day my mother finally declared that it was enough, my Dad had to walk to the front door with six-year-old me sitting on his foot. As he dragged me along, attempting to pry my fingers from around his thigh, I imagine his heart breaking, along with mine. My poor mother was left with the broken pieces scattered around, like a broken mirror shards that are found buried in a carpet, years after it smashed.

    This moment, when my family broke apart irreplaceably, became a pivotable point in my future expectations of men and relationships. It doesn’t matter if they love me, they’ll leave because I’m not enough.

    My parents’ separation remained hostile for the next eight years; I grew up a daughter of two households. I always knew I had to create lies to placate each parent. No, of course dad didn’t take me to the pub again. No, of course mum didn’t leave me home alone to go food shopping. As a rather unsophisticated liar, I was often caught, leaving me again in the middle of two adults unable to manage their own sadnesses and anger for the sake of their child.

    Their animosity loomed so large for so long, that when my father dropped me home after visiting him, he had to watch me walk up the whole street, rather than walking me to the door. I remember the odd sense of pride I felt when finally both parents agreed he could stand at the bottom of the path instead. There was something so achingly sad about that walk up the street alone, in the no man’s land between both parents. My heart cried for the loss of my dad, but yet only felt truly safe once home again with my mum.

    I acknowledge that my parents did the best they could in those tough times. I forgive them for being unable to place my emotional needs above their own. They are human and fallible, just as I am now. However, so much of my childhood sorrow was unnecessary and I wouldn’t wish my experiences on anybody.

    Relationships between two adults do not have to last forever. Relationships between two adults who have children should. My parents stopped loving each other and that is OK. What is crucial is that the love for the child dictate the new boundaries that the adults need to establish. Having a child means being willing to put the child first, and when you divorce or separate from the parent of your children, you need to remember that your child deserves to be put first. The child adores you both, and hearing or seeing you bitterly snap back and forth sticks with them long after the rows stop. You may not think they hear, or understand your snide passive aggressive tones, but they usually do.

    I had no say in how my parents broke our family down; no chance to say it was too loud, too messy and too sore. No way to articulate that ripping the band-aid off in front of me was unfair, and no way of asking them to stop making me lie. So instead, I’m asking on behalf of your children. You can’t sugarcoat a family breakdown, but you can be honest and open without exposing them to the true rawness of your own broken hearts.

    Don’t stay together for the kids, but break up softly for them instead.

    Breaking up can be difficult to begin with, however, adding a child to the equation can make it that much more complicated.

    Many times couples wonder if they should stay in a “loveless” relationship in order to keep the child happy. The answer to this is no. Your child will be affected by the decisions that you make inside or outside of the relationship. Instead, being mature adults and handling the breakup as civil as possible is the best outcome for everyone involved. Here are some guidelines on how to do this.
    Evaluate the Relationship

    Be sure that you are not acting on rash emotions. Have you considered counseling? Are the problems you’re having long-term? Are you and your partner willing to change? After evaluating the situation you’re able to determine which the best path is for you. Do not make this decision alone as you did not make the decision on your own to begin the relationship in the first place.
    How to break up when children are involved

    Discuss the Spilt

    If you both decide it is in your best interests to move on then take the time to talk about the fact that you are breaking up. You want to discuss how it will affect your children, financial responsibility, personal property, visitation schedule, and much more. Whether you are married or not it will be important to discuss all the topics listed above. By talking it through you are able to stay on the same page and remain civil.

    How to break up when children are involved

    Talk to Your Children

    Unless your child is under the age of 2 they will likely see the changes happening. Therefore, you need to talk with them before going through with the split. As parents you want to explain that it is not their fault. Often times children feel that their behavior is the cause of breakups. Share your plans for visitation and even express that you still care for each other as parents. Make the conversation age appropriate for best results. Be prepared to answer questions and comfort them if they need it.

    How to break up when children are involved

    Integrity, self-love and remaining neutral

    Never ever talk badly about your ex around the kids or even while you’re still together! Their father (or mother) is part of them and even if you believe they were the one who did something wrong or is at fault, it’s important to remain neutral. Sometimes sharing your lessons or realizations can be helpful, although it’s important how you impart that information. Even if something terrible happened, i.e. you or the children were abused – be mindful how you discuss it. Choose to empower your children with powerful and precious life lessons, allowing you to be authentic and coming from a place of love. Talk about self-love and self-belief, healthy boundaries, perhaps discuss what’s a healthy relationship, what really matters.

    How to break up when children are involved

    After Breaking Up

    After you’ve done the process above and have broken up you will probably feel some form of emotion. Whether you feel sad, angry, hopeless, or clueless it is important to get it out so that you don’t carry it into your next relationship. You might consider consulting a coach or counselor who can help you in healing, learning and improving yourself. Most don’t like to admit it but broken relationships are likely caused by both parties, one way or another you’ve contributed. Finding out what’s going on inside of you and how to change it can work great.

    This process will not be easy, and depending on your child they could really be affected by the change. Always keep an open mind with your child, discuss any concerns they might have, and if necessary get them professional help as well. Sometimes children won’t just tell you they are hurt by the breakup, but will begin to act out and harbor feelings. Professional guidance might be needed to get them through. In the end, both parties remaining civil and having the common interest of loving and caring for the children will make breaking up much easier and the healing process much more achievable.

    How to break up when children are involved

    Reviews and recommendations are unbiased and products are independently selected. Postmedia may earn an affiliate commission from purchases made through links on this page.

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    I’ve reached the point in my thirties where at least half of my friends who are parents are no longer with their children’s biological parent. When we get together for brunch, it’s just as common for us to discuss custody agreements as it is to rehash the latest episode of RuPaul’s Drag Race.

    As the old song goes, “breaking up is hard to do,” and children add an extra layer of complexity to an already difficult situation. But for many Canadians, learning to co-parent is simply a fact of life. According to the most recent 2016 Canadian census, the percentage of children aged 0 to 14 living with one parent rose from 17.8% to 19.2% since 2001.

    How to handle a break up when there are kids involved Back to video

    But like many things in life, just because it’s common doesn’t mean it’s easy. If witnessing my friends struggles has taught me anything, it’s that developing a healthy co-parenting relationship is essential, but also challenging.

    “Communication is often a big challenge. If the marriage failed, chances are the communication was not good even when married. After a split, the communication between exes might be even more strained, making conversations about basic logistical issues difficult and stressful,” says Iona Monk, a registered clinical counsellor and owner of Vancouver Couples Counselling.

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    Whether you’re newly broken up, or have been co-parenting for a while, here are a few things that Monk suggests keeping in mind.

    1. Put a positive spin on parenting differences.

    Co-parents often struggle when it comes to their differing parenting styles, says Monk. Each parent may run their homes differently with different rules. “This may confuse children and make it difficult for their readjustments to the other parents’ home. Parents who are stricter may feel frustrated at their more lackadaisical ex-partners’s styles while easy going parents may rebel against their more rigid ex partners styles.”

    Monk says it’s important that you don’t trash your ex’s parenting. “Explaining the differences as “style differences” may be a kind and generous way of explaining the situation to the children,” she explains.

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    2. Make your children’s needs and feelings your priority.

    Breakups are complicated, but don’t allow your own unresolved feelings to spill into interactions with your kids. “This might present as a co parent asking their kids uncomfortable questions about the ex and his or her general whereabouts, criticizing their ex and unwittingly making their children pick sides and loyalties. It is important to keep your feelings about your ex and the failure about the relationship private,” says Monk.

    3. Be consistent.

    As Monk explains, consistency is important for children’s well being. If parents do not agree that consistency is important, it will be tough to maintain the same rules and expectations for the kids. “If your ex refuses to agree to consistency, seek the help of an unbiased third party (therapist, trusted friend, someone who has already gone through a divorce with children) and ask them to weigh in,” says Monk.

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    4. Find a healthy way to communicate.

    As Monk reminds us, communication is crucial when children are involved. “If email or text works better than phone calls, then do that. Use whatever tool works between the two of you to keep the lines of communication open,” says Monk. If you’re still struggling to communicate, seek counselling.

    5. Be a united front.

    “Keep in mind that the split of the family is not the worst thing that can happen to a child. What’s more important is that the co parents are friendly, work together and have the same goal- the happiness and safety of their children,” says Monk.

    However, you don’t have to be best friends with your ex in order to be good co-parents. You just need to work together as a team. As Monk says, “if kids feel that parents are united on this front, then they can emerge from the situation with a healthy understanding of relationships; that sometimes they may change form, but they never disappear.”

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  • BREAKING up is hard for everyone, especially if there are kids involved. But what if the kids you’ve brought up and loved for years aren’t yours?

    July 5, 2015 9:35am

    What happens when the kids you love aren’t yours, and then you go through a break up? Source:Supplied

    The wicked stepmothers have been used in fairytales for centuries — women who see the children in their marriage as an obstacle to the affection of their man. I grew up with a woman like this. She was a hateful, sadistic woman whose only redeeming feature was that I could choose to have nothing to do with her when I grew up.

    Then I became a stepmother. I was determined to be different. It’s a complex relationship and requires much more effort that raising biological children.

    These children don’t have to love you and the reality is, they probably won’t (at least for some time).

    I was in my late twenties with an instant family — one boy and one girl. Over the next seven years the relationship developed and blossomed, and I became the children’s primary carer. Their parents were busy and I gladly agreed to cut down on my work and take the position as stepmum.

    The children didn’t call me mum, but they did trust me to take care of their needs. I made them breakfast, packed their lunches, washed their clothes, took them to their sporting activities, got involved with the school, helped them with homework and argued over “screen time”. The house ran smoothly and the children were happy.

    Their father and I planned to add to the family with a baby of our own. We had some trouble conceiving but after a few tests were told we would have above average success with IVF.

    The day we got this news everything changed. My partner became distant and argumentative until he finally said it — “I don’t want to have a baby”. What would follow was a year of constant bickering.

    I couldn’t reconcile with the situation presented to me. After everything I had put into the family unit, I wasn’t going to have a choice about adding a baby to our family.

    Then it hit me, it’s not my family, I’m merely a guest in theirs. Without a child together, my partner could go back to taking care of the kids without any input from me. I had no rights to the children I was raising.

    Unlike the wicked stepmother stories, I loved these children and I deeply loved their father. I didn’t want to leave the house, but after a year or so of arguing I realised I couldn’t accept that I was never going to have a baby.

    Their father suggested we live separately and now we do. I don’t see the children often anymore. Thanks to the invasion of privacy that is social media, I sometimes see a big event in their lives posted somewhere.

    It never stops breaking my heart, how little I mean to them now. Don’t get me wrong …. I am genuinely glad they are happy and I wouldn’t want them to be sad about absence.

    For me however, I think it will always be sad. The grief of losing them was as big a part of my heartache in my separation from their father, as the grief of losing him was.

    In the 7 years I was in the relationship I made 14 birthday cakes for my step kids, each year more elaborate than the last. I bought every dress for the school dances for my girl and every pair of footy boots for my boy. I took the children away camping on school holidays often while both of their parents worked.

    I will miss being that person in their life. I loved making stupidly elaborate birthday cakes; I loved going shopping with them and watching them dress up for their events.

    And there will be many big events in their lives I will probably miss. Will they want me at their graduations? Will they call me when they get married? Will I know when they have their first child?

    The reality is they probably won’t. Their mum and dad will be there.

    Would I do it again? Definitely. Those years were precious, they meant a lot to me and I will treasure the memories.

    Empower yourself to be less vulnerable.

    As a parent coach, I often hear concerns similar to what Joan recently said to me: “My adult daughter Briana knows exactly what to say to make me feel guilty and then I give in to her unreasonable demands. I try to be kind and generous but she makes me feel like I am the worst, most unsupportive parent in the world!”

    Before I go further, let me say this: I realize that there are many toxic parents of adult children out there. If you are an adult child of truly toxic parents who traumatized you, I empathize. I also work with many adult children who have been mistreated and abused by parents. And as a parent myself, I’ve made my own share of mistakes and could have done some things better. At the same time, there are countless parents who try their best while falling far short of being perfect.

    So, if you happen to be a frustrated adult child, know and reclaim your value. Don’t compromise your worth by riding on a horse named Victim and repeatedly heading to the same rodeo. Don’t blame your parents for your own struggles without also taking a look in the mirror. Ask yourself how you can move toward your own valuable independence. Bottom line: Learn to feel good about knowing your own value as an adult even if your parent(s) did not do the best job of seeing it or expressing it.

    Returning now to the opening of this post: Joan’s description of her adult daughter, Briana, (names changed for privacy) is heart-wrenching. She feels vulnerable to her adult daughter’s manipulations. Many of my clients share similar stories with me. They feel sucked into the vortex of guilt-inducing messages such as:

    • If you really loved me, you wouldn’t question why I need this!
    • You make me feel like the black sheep of this family!
    • You’re selfish and never think about anyone but yourself!
    • You invalidate me all the time!
    • I thought I could count on you but obviously I can’t!
    • Fine, I’ll just end up homeless!

    As a parent, maybe you can identify with being on the receiving end of toxic, manipulative messages like these. And if you can, you may ask, “So, now what do I do?” I can tell you that Joan learned to respond to these types of manipulations from Briana in a much more emotionally healthier way.

    Now, what about you?

    If you are sick and tired of the manipulation, here’s a helpful word to empower you: Enough! As in, Enough is enough!

    When your adult child tries to engage you through shame with pressuring demands, when your adult child is emotionally abusive, or when your adult child fails to acknowledge your love and/or the positive things you have done, you have to draw the line and say, or at the very least, think, Enough:

    • Enough of being a punching bag for misplaced and displaced disappointments and frustrations.
    • Enough of beating yourself up for past mistakes you’ve made as a parent.
    • Enough of being what I call a SWAT team parent. Stop setting yourself up to be on call to automatically respond to and solve the next manufactured, drama-laden crisis.
    • Enough negatively comparing yourself to parents of adult children who do not have the same struggles as your own.

    The next time your adult child tries to manipulate you or is hurtful toward you, step back and do the following:

    1. Whether communicating in person, on the phone, or through text messages, within your mind, rise up and watch the toxic manipulations from above.
    2. Understand these manipulations for what they are and thank yourself for seeing them instead of getting sucked in and being a victim to them.
    3. Now, think “Enough!” and, if you feel it’s appropriate, then also say, “Enough.”
    4. Realize that now knowing when enough is enough empowers you to set those crucial boundaries with your adult child and no longer be a victim of manipulations.

    Did Greg Norman’s kids break up the Evert/Norman marriage?

    AOL News recently teased users with the promise of revealing a “surprising reason” behind the Chris Evert/Greg Norman separation. It linked to an article that asked, “Are stepkids responsible for couple’s split?” The piece suggested that the uber-sporty duo, married just 15 months, have called it quits because Norman’s adult children from his previous marriage didn’t like Evert, or the fact of her (Evert has three boys of her own and has said they “get along great” with Norman).

    We can’t know what happened in this case, of course. But based on statistics and the picture of stepfamily reality emerging from the most recent longitudinal studies, most researchers who know their stuff will tell you the supposed “surprising reason” behind their breakup is anything but.

    The celebs are arguably in far from ideal circumstances to create a happy remarriage with kids, having divorced their spouses of long-standing to be together, and then marrying relatively quickly. But the Evert/Norman separation is nevertheless in many ways a good lens through which to view some of the biggest challenges couples face in a repartnering with kids—and to explore misconceptions and uncomfortable truths about stepfamilies in general.

    1. The single greatest predictor that a marriage will fail is the presence of children from a previous marriage or relationship. It might surprise us. But the truth is that the divorce rate is 50% higher in remarriages with children than in those without.

    2. The kids in a remarriage with children often have tremendous power. Stepfamily researchers Kay Pasley and Marilyn Ihinger-Tallman have noted that, while kids have very little say in a parent’s decision to remarry and form a new family, they do have tremendous power to break it up. Longitudinal studies have amply documented what most stepparents have experienced first hand: many kids are hostile and rejecting to their parent’s new spouse, often for years, due to feeling loyalty conflicts. And because the kids are the links between two households, they can and often do create friction by making comparisons, passing along unkind messages, and even spying. Indeed, researchers including Dr. Francesca Adler-Bader of the National Stepfamily Resource Center tell us that preadolescent and adolescent children are the main initiators of conflict in a stepfamily. While we can’t hold young children responsible for this behavior, we must recognize that it can lead the couple—even a committed one—to become tremendously polarized over the parenting of the kids from the previous relationship.

    3. It doesn’t matter how old the kids are. It turns out that loyalty binds, sadness, and acting out post-divorce aren’t just kid stuff. British researcher Sarah Corrie found that adult stepchildren face the very same feelings that younger ones do. These include not liking to see the parent and stepparent be affectionate with one another, feeling in a loyalty bind (“If I like stepmom, I’m betraying mom”), feeling competitive with the stepparent, and feeling pressured to have a relationship with him or her. Adult stepchildren can be very unreconciled to a parent’s divorce, hostile to the idea of getting a stepparent, and resentful of the stepparent him or herself. As the kids get older, issues like estate planning and inheritance can come into play, adding an extra layer of anxiety and resentment.

    4. It’s hardest for stepmothers. The longitudinal studies of stepfamily life by psychologists James Bray and Mavis Hetherington and sociologist Constance Ahrons show that kids of all ages resent getting a stepmother more than getting a stepfather, and that they resent her for longer. In Hetherington’s study, less than 20% of adult stepchildren said they felt close to their stepmothers. And while more than half of adult stepkids told Ahrons they were happy about mom remarrying, less than 30% were happy that daddy had (I discuss the stepmother’s specific struggles at length in my book, Stepmonster). Finally, the longitudinal studies and interviews I did for my own book suggest that you don’t have to be a “homewrecker” to be resented: regardless of how the previous union ended, a stepmother is likely to be the lightning rod for his kids’ unhappiness and anger that their parents broke up.

    5. A couple that is truly a team can overcome seemingly insuperable difficulties, including kids who are unhappy about the partnership. The Norman/Evert union was likely built on a foundation of romanticized notions, not realistic expectations. Many couples in a remarriage—even those who haven’t divorced their previous spouses in order to be together—suffer from the same syndrome: believing that because they’re so in love, everyone will “blend” together effortlessly. The reality, stepfamily expert James Bray tells us, is that even those remarriages with children that succeed are usually highly conflictual and difficult in the first two years, as all the parties struggle to adjust to change and find their footing. A father who tells his kids of any age, “I love you. I also love your stepmom and she’s here to stay. You don’t have to love her or even like her, but you can’t treat her like a piece of furniture,” and means it, makes all the difference.

    We can’t know what happened between Evert, Norman, and their kids. But we do know that stepfamily life in general is rarely effortless, and that love and good intentions on a stepparent’s part are not enough. Conflict, particularly between his kids and his wife, and between him and his wife regarding his kids, is common. Only a doubles team committed to success and an airtight union will make it to the finals.