How to avoid pregnancy naturally

Husbands can prevent pregnancy too! Women may have a million options to prevent an unwanted pregnancy, but experts state that when it comes to a man it is much easier and safer to help for him to prevent himself from becoming a father when he isn’t ready.

According to experts, it is normally the woman who shows up at the clinic to opt for birth control pills, contraceptive medications and other alternatives.

How to avoid pregnancy naturally

When there are options for men to also prevent pregnancy why can’t couples make best use of it.
Today, Boldsky shares with you some of the five birth control options men have to lean on, if their spouse is not ready or not able to opt for birth control or other medications.

Studies show that three out of these five options can prevent pregnancy to a 85 percent. However, methods like withdrawal and outercouse which is foreplay are unlikely for men to control themselves when they are get in the mood.

Husbands should definitely take a look at these birth control options, and make use of them as they are harmless and inexpensive too.

How to avoid pregnancy naturally

The five five birth control options for the modern man:
When a man follows abstinence it is proved to be a 100 percent safe for the woman not to get pregnant. However, abstinence can affect the marriage and can cause drastic problems in the relationship.

How to avoid pregnancy naturally

It is said that to prevent pregnancy men should make it a point to opt for condoms. The condom is worn on the penis and it is made out of latex. Not only does it prevent pregnancy, it also helps to prevent sexual transmitted diseases.

How to avoid pregnancy naturally

Outercourse is one of the many ways husbands can prevent pregnancy. In simple words, outercourse is sex play or foreplay that keeps sperm out of the vagina to prevent pregnancy. This is an effective method for women too.

How to avoid pregnancy naturally

One of the most expensive ways for men to prevent pregnancy. Vasectomy is sterilization for men that prevents pregnancy. Though many men don’t opt for this method, it is effective and best if you never want to become a father.

How to avoid pregnancy naturally

Husbands can prevent pregnancy by practicing the withdrawal method. Withdrawal is also called coitus interruptus or the “pull out method”. It is something that most men follow during vaginal intercourse to prevent pregnancy. It in not 100 percent safe, but sure is easy and convenient.

How to avoid pregnancy naturally

Although contraceptives are the best option for many women to avoid unwanted pregnancies, there are some who, for health reasons or on principle, simply cannot take the hormones that they contain. But the desire to control their maternity leads them to seek out other alternatives. So, here at we give you all the options to naturally avoid pregnancy without the need for any contraceptive pills.

There are several reasons for not taking contraceptives, but most of the women who avoid them, avoid them because the hormones they contain can generate health problems such as intolerances, malaise, cyst formation, etc. Given this situation, many couples choose to use a condom as their only method, while other women also prefer natural alternatives to prevent pregnancy and here we explain what they are.

If you decide to opt for natural methods of contraception, it is important to understand how ovulation works within your body, and to understand the precise dates when you have your periods and how many days usually elapse between them. This way you can determine if you are more or less on time. These things should be carried out exactly, otherwise you run a huge risk of becoming pregnant against your wishes.

The rhythm method, also known as the Ogino-Knaus method, is an observation of the menstrual cycle to determine what your fertile or “risk days” are. In the beginning you should monitor your periods for at least six months, noting the date and time of each period and the time between one period and another.

With this data you do the following calculation: take away 18 days from the longest period of time and then 11 days from the shortest period of time between two periods. Imagine that the longest time between a period was 30 days and the shortest was 28 days. Your calculation would look like this:

If the day your period stops is day 1, between days 12 and 17 of your cycle you may be ovulating. You must take these dates as high risk and avoid sex during them.

The basal body temperature method is another alternative. Upon waking up, you must measure your body temperature daily and keep a track of it. After ovulating, your body temperature increases to make way for menstruation. The idea of this method is to keep a track for at least a few months, and then apply the Dohering rule, which we use to identify which was the earliest day in all of your cycles that your temperature increased and take away 7 days. The resulting number of days indicates the date when ovulation starts.

It is important to note that you must measure the temperature for at least 3 minutes. If you sleep less than four hours, you’re sick or stressed your temperature can vary.

How to avoid pregnancy naturally

The ovulation or Billings method is used to monitor the cervical mucus of women, which changes during the period of greatest fertility. This is when the mucus becomes viscous, heavy and takes a similar appearance of egg white. When the woman identifies this part of the cycle, she must abstain from sex.

During non-fertile days, cervical mucus goes virtually unnoticed as a woman has a dryer vagina or a flow that is rather sticky and dry.

To practice natural contraception it is necessary to take into account the following considerations:

  • The effectiveness of these natural methods is not guaranteed as in the case of hormonal contraceptives or condoms, so if your body reacts well to contraceptives and nothing prevents you from taking the hormones, the recommendation is that you take them and also use condoms to prevent STDs.
  • You must have a regular and stable menstrual cycle, otherwise you won’t be able to determine which your fertile days are.
  • You must understand perfectly the functioning of your body and the methods described above.
  • You must have the time and discipline to carry on with daily control of your body and monitoring its changes depending on the method you chooses.
  • You must understand that since our body reacts to psychological, climatic and physical changes, it is not always easy to predict our fertile days.
  • These methods have a lower efficacy compared to condoms and hormonal contraceptives.
  • The lack of condom use means you run the risk of contracting STDs.
  • You and your partner must be willing to take the risks involved when using such natural methods, specifically regarding their effectiveness.

Before performing any of the natural methods to prevent pregnancy, we recommend consulting your gynaecologist and clearing up all your doubts.

If you want to read similar articles to How to naturally avoid pregnancy, we recommend you visit our Sentimental relationships category.

In the recent decades, there has been a rising interest among couples to take a more “natural approach” to family planning. They are not relying on methods like birth control pills, contraceptive devices, and various other chemical methods that although are effective in the short term, yet are not free of side effects in the long term. Avoiding pregnancy through natural methods is gaining importance. Hence, many people ask the question, how to avoid pregnancy naturally?

The application of natural methods to abort the risk of unwanted pregnancy is being followed by around 4% of the married population. It is called Natural Family Planning. Using natural methods to avoid unwanted pregnancy means a couple knows when to avoid participating in sexual intercourse. They have a clear understanding of when the egg in the woman’s body is ready to be fertilized in the male sperm.

The answer to the question, how to avoid pregnancy naturally involves the male and the female to have a thorough knowledge of the ovulation mechanism of women. The days in which women can easily conceive usually occur right before the ovulation as well as around it. At this time, it is better to avoid sex as it will directly result in the woman becoming pregnant.

What Is Natural Family Planning

man and a woman talking, Credit: Canva

Natural Family Planning or NFP refers to planning your sexual intercourse in line with the fertile phase of women’s menstruation. You can use it to avoid pregnancy or achieve it. If you want to avoid pregnancy then you need to refrain from indulging in sex. It is done by identifying pre ovulatory signs. After identifying the signs you can decide that you need not engage in sex. When the woman reaches the infertile phase of her menstrual cycle, then she can indulge in sexual activity, as she will not be able to conceive during that time. This is exactly how to avoid pregnancy after sex naturally.

Keep in mind that Natural Family Planning achieves only when the couple has the knowledge of the reproductive mechanism or fertility awareness.

How to Avoid Pregnancy Naturally – Fertility Awareness Methods

When people are inclining towards natural methods, they frequently ask, is there a natural birth control? The fertility awareness methods are all natural birth control methods. You can use any one of them and gain an understanding of how to avoid pregnancy naturally.

The methods are:

  • Calendar method
  • Cervical mucus method
  • Symptothermal method
  • Ovulation indicator kits
  • Other natural emergency contraception methods

1. Calendar Method

a calendar, Credit: Canva

This method helps a woman to avoid getting pregnant by not indulging in sexual intercourse during her fertile phase. For this method, a woman needs to keep a record of her twelve prior menstrual cycles. She will then identify a shortest cycle and subtract 18 days from it. It will help her to determine the first day of her being the most fertile.

By subtracting 11 days from her longest cycle, she will find out the last fertile day. It will thus allow her to calculate the number of days during which she may perhaps ovulate. The calendar method is 80% effective. However, it needs a woman to experience a consistent menstrual cycle.

2. Cervical Mucus Method

a stretchy band, Credit: Canva

Cervical mucus is produced in women when estrogen levels become high. She generates high amounts of mucus that is watery before the ovary releases an egg. This mucus is quite stretchy. By identifying the differences in the quantity and texture of her mucus, she can determine her fertile days. If she indulges in intercourse in the days between her last period and the time at which she noticed a change in her mucus, she will not conceive. It is how to avoid pregnancy naturally using cervical mucus method.

3. Symptothermal Method

thermometer on a calendar, Credit: Canva

In this method, you need to take all the factors like calendar method, temperature of your body and cervical mucus inspection along with other symptoms like stomach cramps and breast tenderness. Woman may feel some discomfort in her lower part of the stomach during ovulation. Going by the results of all of these methods, a judgement is arrived at whether it is safe to indulge in sexual intercourse without protection to avoid unwanted pregnancy or not.

4. Ovulation Indicator Kits

pregnancy testing kit, Credit: Canva

Ovulation prediction kits can also help you determine how to avoid pregnancy naturally. Women should use it to find out the likelihood of her ovulating. The kit measures the levels of LH or Luteinizing hormone that is present in the urine. This hormone promotes the growth of ovarian eggs. LH increases in amount around one to two days before the woman begins to ovulate. It can be detected in the urine around twelve hours later. The kit changes colour and its intensity reflects the amount of this hormone.

A woman becomes most fertile around two days prior to her ovulation, the day when she begins to ovulate, and the day after. She can become pregnant if she indulges in sex within a day after the LH has increased. Thus, ovulation kits will help you determine when you are prone to becoming pregnant.

5. Other Natural Emergency Contraception Methods

plate of papaya, Credit: Canva

These methods include the kinds of food you can eat to avoid unwanted pregnancy. You might wonder, what should be eaten to avoid pregnancy ? Some of the most potent food items that will help you to know how to avoid pregnancy naturally are papaya or papaya, ginger, or adrak, apricot, dried figs or anjeer, juniper berries or kala jamun, and cinnamon or dalchini. These foods are believed to prevent pregnancy and induce periods in women. However, you should not completely eat only these foods and think that they will help you avoid pregnancy. You should have an understanding of your fertile and infertile phases during your menstrual cycle.

People also wonder, can salt and water prevent pregnancy? This method is totally unproven and reliance on it will not help you to eliminate the risk of unwanted pregnancy. It is not the answer to the question, how to avoid pregnancy naturally. Using such unconventional and unproven ways will only make you conceive unexpectedly and bear its brunt in the future.

How to avoid pregnancy naturally

Don’t know how to prevent pregnancy? Pregnancy can happen even when you and your partner use protection and as we all know, none of the contraceptive measures are 100 percent effective and they can fail. So, it is best to rely on natural remedies. Natural methods are cost-effective and pose no side effects if they are taken in the right way. So, here’s how to use them to avoid pregnancy.

Vitamin C

The goodness of vitamin C enriched fruits not only helps in detoxification of skin but also acts as an ideal and safe birth control method. Due to the high percentage of ascorbic acid, it prevents progestogen hormone to reach the ovules. Ideally, doctors recommend 1500 mg of vitamin C capsule to avoid pregnancy.


How to avoid pregnancy naturally

It is an effective remedy to counterfeit pregnancy naturally. Soak cinnamon in water overnight, then drink the water next morning. It helps in stimulating the uterus and therefore proves to be a bliss for miscarriage, abortion, and other vaginal issues.

Dried Figs

How to avoid pregnancy naturally

Daily eating 2-3 pieces of dried figs can avoid unwanted pregnancy. But don’t overeat it, as it can upset your stomach.

Neem, also known as anti-fertility herb, can stop the follicular growth. It can also hamper the reproductive functions in males by inhibiting spermatogenesis.

Jack-In-The-Pulpit-Root (Indian Turnip)

How to avoid pregnancy naturally

It can prevent pregnancy for up to a week after lovemaking. Mix a tsp of powdered jack-in-the-pulpit-root in a half glass of water. Drink this daily at least twice a day for a week.

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Consuming papaya right after making love can avoid unwanted pregnancy and it also reduces sperm count in males. Eat papaya twice a day for unbelievable results. You can also drink its juice.

So, don’t lose your cool if you get pregnant, and just follow these remedies. Stay tuned to HerZindagi for more such articles.

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The best way to avoid pregnancy naturally is to abstain from sex. But this may not be agreed by a lot of them for obvious reasons. Using How to avoid pregnancy naturallycontraceptives, condoms and pills also may not be possible due to culture and religious restraints. If a couple is not ready for parenthood, then it becomes increasingly important for them the woman’s reproduction cycle. That’s the best indicator of her ovulation period.

Firstly, a woman is advised to keep a record of her monthly cycle. Generally it’s after 28 days when her next period occurs. This cycle must be monitored for 4 to 6 months. This will give her an idea of her own menstrual cycle. 28 days is a generalized gap. It may not be applicable to every woman. Hence the maximum fertility time can be known and a pregnancy can be avoided. The peak fertility period is before the ovulation when the woman is most likely to get pregnant in case of unprotected sex.

In most cases it so happens that women are unaware of the fact the Moon affects their fertility level. During the full moons the fertility may reach its peak even when it’s not her time of ovulation. This occurrence is known as natal lunar fertile phase. This is vital information for avoiding unwanted pregnancies.

Another method of avoiding pregnancy is to keep a check on the cervical mucus. As the period ends the vagina feels dry. But as gradually the ovulation nears the vagina releases a white sticky and slippery fluid kind of thing known as mucous. This means that she is at the peak of her fertility and can be pregnant if there’s an intercourse. It’s best to abstain from sex during this period or she might use a condom which does not give 100% protection.

How To Avoid Pregnancy Naturally – Health (9) – Nairaland

holythug: zipping up works perfectly well

Are u sure ur sperm is potent

‘withdrawal method for years’.

A son to proove his potency and jst one shoot
*rolling eyeballs*

Omo see traffic here and no latsma

Me I love skin to skin wella, e dey sweet pass condom. E be like e get wetin my dick-tip dey touch wey dey gimmie touch

For belle matter, na calender method mek sense pass. D rest na risks n sins. And e no easy to zip up

holythug: zipping up works perfectly well

coolsegun2002: This method is the best. just that u won’t be able to have sex anytime u want. no condoms no pills. u have sex on any of 4 days b4 ur period cos the eggs would have expired in readiness for ur monthly period. u can also have sex on any of the 7days after mestration cos new sets of eggs are not yet released for ovulation

People who are shouting ‘abstinence’ have their reasons, don’t you think? Trust me, Condoms are not safe either..a woman who’s not really wet(or very tight) and in her ‘unsafe’ time can fall pregnant if the condom stretches and a ‘smear’, just a smear passes through(youl never know till its time for your next cycle). You don’t need a drop of sperm to get and unsafe woman pregos, I’ve also heard of Ladies getting Pregnant even without penetration..they guide those little swimmers into them when cleaning, douching or washing up after the act.

amosade30: I was discusin wt sm of ma guys abt au to avoid pregnancy naturally when having sex without a condom aside using drugs (postinor 1 or 2.

I learnt that sooner or later, drugs have their side effects especially too much intake).

One said salt and water (for the gal immediately the guy arrives), another said withdrawal method (for the guy). Another said Alabukun or lime (for the girl).

I really want to know which is the surest or safest besides drugs pls. from experience. I made front page. for d frst time. ds new year shws am goin higher. dancing skelewu wt azonto

greall1: Don’t forget there’s pre cum.
The fact is that it depend on a system
Some ladies are called ELEDE (pig) withdrawal system don’t work for them.

mazizi tonene:
Kind of a cream or gel. It could b used solely or with condoms I heard, but hey, Google is your friend, not to worry, I’ve helped u to ask them already.
Spermicide is a contraceptive substance that
destroys sperm, inserted vaginally prior to
intercourse to prevent pregnancy. As a
contraceptive, spermicide may be used alone.
However, the pregnancy rate experienced by
couples using only spermicide is higher than that of
couples using other methods. Usually, spermicides
are combined with contraceptive barrier methods
such as diaphragms, condoms, cervical caps, and
sponges. Combined methods are believed to result
in lower pregnancy rates than either method alone.

nekaa: what ever advice you get here, I am just here to tell you that


Yomieluv: Nothing like best method,any method can fail,Postinor 2 has really put me in deep sh1t before,thought it was effective,till. guess the rest.

The safest method is Abstinence. If you aren’t ready for the consequence,zip up.

The bolded is the best and only answer to OP’s question.

As regards the use of Postinor 1 or 2, I have kept on broadcasting, shouting, crying, telling my guys that it should NEVER be used as a pre-planned contraceptive. Postinor 2 is only to be used as an EMERGENCY such as in cases of rape or bursting of condoms, nothing more. Ayone who uses Postinor 2 for pre-planned contraceptive should be ready to face the consequences just like Yomieluv did before he learnt his lessons. lol

Zumarocket: postinor2 sure pass

So no work again, na to dey monitor calendar remain. na wa o

amosade30: I was discusin wt sm of ma guys abt au to avoid pregnancy naturally when having sex without a condom aside using drugs (postinor 1 or 2.

I learnt that sooner or later, drugs have their side effects especially too much intake).

One said salt and water (for the gal immediately the guy arrives), another said withdrawal method (for the guy). Another said Alabukun or lime (for the girl).

I really want to know which is the surest or safest besides drugs pls. from experience. I made front page. for d frst time. ds new year shws am goin higher. dancing skelewu wt azonto

Close your legs till marriage

holythug: zipping up works perfectly well

rattlesnake: ofada rice and kunu saki with fried eggs and maggi

amosade30: IUD. For bf/gf??

Natural Family Planning

What is Natural Family Planning? Natural Family Planning (NFP) is an umbrella term for certain methods used to achieve and avoid pregnancies. These methods are based on observation of the naturally occurring signs and symptoms of the fertile and infertile phases of a woman’s menstrual cycle. Couples using NFP to avoid pregnancy abstain from intercourse and genital contact during the fertile phase of the woman’s cycle. No drugs, devices, or surgical procedures are used to avoid pregnancy. NFP reflects the dignity of the human person within the context of marriage and family life, promotes openness to life, and recognizes the value of the child. By respecting the love-giving and life-giving natures of marriage, NFP can enrich the bond between husband and wife.

Is NFP Rhythm? NFP is not “Rhythm.” The Rhythm (or Calendar) method was developed in the 1930s. It was based on the theory that the time of next ovulation could be determined by calculating previous menstrual cycles. This method often proved inaccurate because of the unique nature of each woman’s menstrual cycle: some women have very irregular cycles and almost all women have a cycle of unusual length once in a while.

On the other hand, NFP methods are progressive. That is, they are based on progressive, day-to-day observations of the naturally occurring signs and symptoms of the fertile and infertile phases of the menstrual cycle. NFP methods take advantage of the changes associated with ovulation, treating each cycle as unique.

Couples using NFP to avoid pregnancy abstain from intercourse during the fertile phase of the woman’s cycle. Couples who wish to achieve a pregnancy can also take advantage of the fertile time of the cycle. Because it allows couples to adjust their behavior to the naturally occurring cycles of a woman’s body, NFP is not a contraceptive–i.e., it does nothing to work against conception.

Who can use NFP? Any married couple can use NFP! A woman need not have “regular” cycles. NFP education helps couples to fully understand their combined fertility, thereby helping them to either achieve or avoid a pregnancy. The key to the successful use of NFP is cooperation and communication between husband and wife–a shared commitment.

As a method of family planning, NFP

NFP is unique among methods of family planning because it enables its users to work with the body rather than against it. Fertility is viewed as a reality to live, not a problem to be solved.

What are the signs of fertility? A woman’s body provides three basic ways to identify the fertile and infertile times of her cycle. Recognizing the pattern of those physical signs forms the basis for all methods of NFP.

A primary sign of fertility is the mucus released from the women’s cervix. A woman learns to identify the normal, healthy, cervical mucus which indicates the days that intercourse is most likely to result in a pregnancy. The second sign is her basal body temperature. Due to hormonal activity, a woman’s waking temperature changes during the menstrual cycle. Lower temperatures indicate that ovulation has not yet occurred. Higher temperatures indicate a rise in progesterone which signals the end of the fertile time. The third sign is a change in the shape or texture of the cervix. Finally, secondary signs, such as minor abdominal pain or pressure at the time of ovulation can also be observed.

How does NFP work? NFP instruction helps a couple identify the most opportune time to achieve as well as avoid a pregnancy. Understanding that intercourse or genital contact during the fertile time can result in pregnancy, couples using the natural methods must be clear regarding their family planning intention–that is, do they wish to achieve or avoid a pregnancy?

If a couple wishes to achieve pregnancy, they have intercourse during the fertile time. If a couple wishes to avoid pregnancy, they abstain from intercourse and any genital contact during the fertile time. No artificial methods are used during the fertile time. These would interfere with a women’s observation of her fertility signs.

What are the benefits of using NFP? In NFP both spouses are taught to understand the nature of fertility and work with it, either to plan a pregnancy or to avoid a pregnancy. Couples who use NFP soon learn that they have a shared responsibility for family planning. Husbands are encouraged to “tune into” their wives’ cycles and both spouses are encouraged to speak openly and frankly about their sexual desires and their ideas on family size.

Other benefits include:

  • Low cost
  • No harmful side effects
  • Effectiveness for achieving, spacing, or limiting pregnancy
  • Can be used throughout the reproductive life cycle
  • Marriage enrichment and mutual understanding
  • Appreciation for the value of children
  • Fosters respect for and acceptance of the total person
  • Moral acceptability

How effective are the natural family planning methods for avoiding pregnancy? When couples understand the methods and are motivated to follow them, NFP is up to 99% successful in spacing or limiting births.

The effectiveness of NFP depends upon the spouses’ following the rules of the method according to their family planning intention (i.e., achieving or limiting pregnancy). Those who are strongly motivated to avoid pregnancy and follow the method-defined rules are very effective in meeting their goal.

Effectiveness of Natural Family Planning in Avoiding Pregnancy

(Number of pregnancies among 100 couples in one year)
  • Couples who carefully follow all the rules for avoiding pregnancy all the time: 1-3
  • Couples who do not follow all the rules for avoiding pregnancy: 2-15

Where can I learn how to use NFP? The best way to learn NFP is from a qualified instructor – that is, one who is certified from an NFP teacher training program. Although medical professionals are gradually learning more about NFP and becoming more supportive of patients who wish to use it, they are not often trained to teach NFP. Contact your local Catholic Office of Marriage and Family Life to find a certified NFP teacher.

A woman’s choice in birth control is an incredibly personal decision, with lots of factors to consider.

No one knows you or your body like you do. You don’t have to give away your decision about your body and your birth control of choice for what your doctor or your partner think you should use.

How to avoid pregnancy naturally

The Fertility Awareness Method is a natural form of birth control practiced by observing and recording our body’s fertility signs which can be used to prevent pregnancy naturally.

If this is your first time learning about an effective natural birth control option, this is exciting stuff!
You might be like; “Wait, what. Is this for real!? … How did I not know this!?”

The Science

Preventing pregnancy naturally exists with a method called the Sympto-Thermal Method of Fertility Awareness.

It’s the real deal and it’s 99.4 <675b55e8130b20edc83d7a7372c667e99085718bc85437794f846651e9dba022>effective (This is the same effectiveness as the pill!) Here’s the science behind it…

Conception can/will occur only during the “Fertile Window”

The relationship between menstruation and female fertility has been recognized for thousands of years; but surprising as it may seem, we have only achieved a thorough scientific understanding of the timing of ovulation and how it relates to conception and fertility in the past twenty years. Groundbreaking studies led by the NIH and published in the New England Journal of Medicine and elsewhere proved the existence of a “Fertile Window”: there are several days surrounding the time of ovulation during which it is possible to conceive. Achieving pregnancy outside of the Fertile Window has never been documented 1.

The Fertile Window can be detected in a highly accurate manner

The Fertile Window revolves around ovulation but is also dependent on dramatic hormonal changes that are necessary for ovulation to occur. Evidence of these events can be detected through a wide variety of methods, including basal body temperature measurements, cervical fluid assessment, and more formal tests of various body fluids, such as blood, urine, and saliva. While the accuracy and effectiveness of each method varies, there is essentially unanimous agreement among physicians, scientists, and other experts that using one (or more) of these methods, it is possible to detect the presence of the Fertile Window.

Refraining from unprotected intercourse during the Fertile Window will help women who don’t want to get pregnant prevent unintended pregnancy.

“Fertility Awareness” is the concept of using knowledge of the Fertile Window and its timing to prevent unintended pregnancy. The history of contraception based on Fertility Awareness is long and uneven; it has included many versions of the Rhythm or Calendar method, Temperature method, Billings/ovulation method, and many others. Studies aiming to clarify the effectiveness of the various methods have been inconsistent in their method and study populations, and not surprisingly, in their results 3. An objective analysis of the literature demonstrates the following:

a. When women are given the opportunity to follow the method correctly, it is a highly effective form of contraception, on par with some forms of medical/hormonal birth control ( –>