How to hang sheetrock

Putting in sheetrock partitions is just not a job that has to be accomplished by professionals, so it can save you cash by doing it your self. The one factor to bear in mind is that it’s going to be arduous to do by your self. As a result of the sheetrock is so heavy, you’re going to want a buddy or two. The mudding and taping side of putting in sheetrock is one thing else that may be executed with out skilled help, however on the similar time with follow it’s one thing that might be executed.

Step 1: Measure and Order the Materials

The very first thing you want to do to set up the sheetrock partitions is to order the fabric wanted. To try this you want to measure the realm of set up so as to order the suitable measurement supplies. As a result of the sheetrock materials is 4×8, you calculate the whole sq. ft of the ceiling and the partitions after which divide it by 32. Then you definitely order the supplies based mostly on the measurements.

Step 2: Put together the Home/Rooms

The following factor you want to do is to ensure that the realm is protected for set up. The easiest way to do that’s to have an inspector approves that the job could be executed safely. After {that a} vapor barrier needs to be used to put over the insulation or the skin partitions. The very best vapor barrier is normally sheets of plastic. You staple the sheets of plastic on the framing that covers the insulation.

Step 3: Put together Your self

As soon as the realm is protected, the subsequent necessary factor is to just remember to are protected. Make certain to use security goggles, masks and gloves.

Step 4: The Precise Set up

When putting in sheetrock, you start with the ceiling. You should be bear in mind to minimize the drywall panels down to the proper measurement so it will match. The sheets on the wall will assist maintain the sheets on the ceiling. The screws and nails have utilized in a means that creates a dimple and doesn’t break the paper. The way in which to make certain that the paper is just not damaged is to give each nail another hammer blow than you usually would. The screws and nails needs to be built-in each 8 to 12 inches. The screws needs to be nearer to 12 inches aside as a result of they’re stronger than the nails (the nails chances are you’ll be combine each six inches relying on measurement). The very best wager is to join the screws and nails to the sting of the sheetrock after which fill in the remainder afterward. After the ceiling is completed then the wall panels should be minimize and put in. To make the cutouts you could have to measure the cutouts on the drywall.

Final Up to date: Could 27, 2021 References Permitted

This text was co-authored by James Mansfield. James Mansfield is a Development and Design Specialist and the CEO of WestVillage Basic Contracting, a high-end and luxurious design/construct agency in New York Metropolis. James makes a speciality of condominium, rest room, and kitchen transforming in addition to tremendous cabinetry, lighting, paint, and wallpaper. James has developed a proprietary system of building known as the Luxurious Construct Technique that hinges on a talented crew, revered partnerships, and clear, clear communication. WestVillage GC has accomplished greater than 500 business and residential tasks in New York with designers corresponding to David Scott Interiors and Fox Nahem, Kelly Behun. WestVillage GC can be a most popular contractor for Associated buildings together with Hudson Yards.

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Putting in drywall, also called sheetrock, rock, or wallboard, is a crucial a part of constructing a home. Earlier than the widespread use of drywall, it will take lengthy quantities of time to construct a basis that will maintain paint or wallpaper. Now, you possibly can simply set up your personal drywall in hours, relying on how giant the room is.

Drywall Set up Ideas

The route of the drywall can imply the distinction between a lovely completed house and one with sagging ceilings and apparent wall seams.

Partitions: Vertical or Horizontal?

Is the job business or residential?

Business: Hang the drywall vertically. On business jobs, fireplace codes typically require seams to fall on the complete size of the framing, so the drywall should be hung vertically.

Residential: How excessive are the partitions? For partitions 9 ft excessive or shorter, hanging the drywall horizontally has a number of advantages.

  • Fewer seams – Horizontal hanging reduces the lineal footage of seams by about 25%. Protecting the footage of seams to a minimal will end in much less taping and a greater trying completed job.
  • Hides uneven studs – Hanging horizontally additionally permits the drywall to circulation over the framing in order that bowed studs create much less of an issue. If the drywall have been hung vertically and a seam positioned on a bowed out stud, the seam can be magnified due to the bump within the wall.
  • Simpler to end – A horizontal seam 48 inches or 54 inches off the ground is less complicated to end uniformly, particularly when put next to a vertical seam, which requires reaching up excessive and bending down low to end. Additionally, don’t overlook that drywall is out there in lengthy lengths so most partitions could be coated in a single size. CertainTeed Gypsum has drywall in lengths up to 16 ft and 54 inches broad to accommodate partitions which can be 9 ft excessive.

Ceilings: Perpendicular or Parallel?

Most frequently I select to hang the drywall on ceilings perpendicular to the joists. Sure, we’re all the time making an attempt to keep away from butted seams, however an occasional butt seam is healthier than a ridged seam working the size of the ceiling, or sagged drywall between joists. Hanging drywall perpendicular to the overhead framing members is a good suggestion for a number of causes:

  • Much less seen seams – A perpendicular orientation permits every sheet of drywall to float over the framing members, making uneven joists or trusses mix in. If the on heart spacing of the framing is off when the drywall is hung perpendicular, then the panel is just in the reduction of to the prior framing member, which might not be potential when hanging drywall parallel.
  • Structural energy – Drywall is often stronger when hung within the lengthy route than it’s within the quick route, which implies much less probability of sagging when connected perpendicular.

Exceptions to the Rule

How to hang sheetrock

If water-based textures are being utilized to the ceiling, then 1/2″ inside ceiling board or 1/2″ light-weight drywall, corresponding to CertainTeed® Easi-Lite™, is required.

I’m typically tempted to hang drywall parallel if that’s the shorter dimension of the ceiling, and in doing so would end in no butted seams on that ceiling. This may be executed so long as the next circumstances are met:

  • The kind of drywall getting used is accredited for that on heart spacing when hung parallel.
  • The ceiling joists are precisely spaced.
  • Heavy insulation won’t be put in later, since that would trigger the drywall to sag, and even fail.

Common half inch drywall ceilings could be hung perpendicular if joists are spaced 24 inches or much less aside (*all the time refer to native codes). If hung parallel, the utmost spacing is 16 inches on heart. These framing spacings are solely acceptable for half inch common board when no water-based textures are being utilized to the ceiling. If water-based textures are being utilized to the ceiling, then half inch inside ceiling board or half inch light-weight drywall, corresponding to CertainTeed® Easi-Lite™, is required. The light-weight drywall panels meet the identical efficiency requirements as inside ceiling boards as they’re extra resistant to sagging.

Don’t Neglect to Account for Insulation

An typically ignored issue is the insulation within the ceiling. At all times take into account the burden of the insulation: half inch common drywall can help 1.6 lbs. per sq. ft.; half inch light-weight wallboard and half inch inside ceiling board can help up to 2.2 lbs. per sq. ft. For reference, blown-in fiberglass insulation is roughly 0.Eight lbs. per sq. ft. for an R-49 insulation worth, whereas free fill cellulose is slightly over 2 lbs. per sq. ft. for an R-49 worth.

Have set up questions on these or any of our merchandise? Give us a name. We’re right here to assist.

Plus, on the lookout for extra drywall ideas from the professionals? Find out how to choose the suitable end for the suitable partitions.

Up to date: April 2021

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For a fundamental challenge in zip code 47474 with 500 sq. ft, the fee to Hang Sheetrock begins at $2.01 – $2.55 per sq. foot*. Precise prices will rely on job measurement, circumstances, and choices.

To estimate prices on your challenge:

1. Set Mission Zip Code Enter the Zip Code for the situation the place labor is employed and supplies bought.

2. Specify Mission Measurement and Choices Enter the variety of “sq. ft” required for the challenge.

3. Re-calculate Click on the “Replace” button.

NOTE: *Enter the whole of the completed floor space AND the realm of any openings enclosed by the completed space.

Unit Prices: How Execs Worth

Not like web sites which mix pricing from dissimilar jobs, Homewyse creates customized estimates from Unit Prices. The Unit Value methodology is predicated on job particular element and present prices. Contracting, commerce, design and upkeep companies depend on the Unit Value methodology for transparency, accuracy and truthful earnings.

Value to Hang Sheetrock – Notes and Basic Data

These estimates are for BASIC work carried out in serviceable circumstances by certified commerce professionals utilizing MID GRADE supplies. Work not talked about on this web page and/or work utilizing grasp craftsman, premium supplies and challenge supervision will end in HIGHER COSTS!

These estimates are NOT substitutes for written quotes from commerce professionals. Homewyse strongly recommends that you simply contact respected professionals for correct assessments of labor required and prices on your challenge – earlier than making any choices or commitments.

The fee estimate contains:

  • Prices for native materials / tools supply to and repair supplier transportation to and from the job website.
  • Prices to put together the worksite for Sheetrock Hanging, together with prices to shield present construction(s), finishes, supplies and elements.
  • Labor setup time, mobilization time and minimal hourly expenses which can be generally included for small Sheetrock Hanging jobs.

The fee estimate does NOT embrace:

  • Prices for eradicating, relocating, repairing, or modifying present framing, surfacing, HVAC, electrical, and plumbing methods – or bringing these methods into compliance with present constructing codes.
  • Prices for testing and remediation of hazardous supplies (asbestos, lead, and many others).
  • Basic contractor overhead and markup for organizing and supervising the Sheetrock Hanging. Add 13% to 22% to the whole price above if a normal contractor will supervise this challenge.
  • Gross sales tax on supplies and provides.
  • Allow or inspection charges (or portion thereof) required by your native constructing division on your total challenge.

References – Sheetrock Hanging

  • Product and Provides Information: Menards Drywall Merchandise and Provides Menards, Apr 2021, Web site
  • Product and Provides Information: Dwelling Depot Drywall Merchandise and Provides Dwelling Depot, Apr 2021, Web site
  • Product and Provides Information: Lowes Drywall Merchandise and Provides Lowes , Apr 2021, Web site
  • Product and Provides Information: Drywall Product and Provides Catalog Do It Greatest, Apr 2021, Web site
  • The Constructing Estimator’s Reference E book , Mar 2012,
  • Carpentry and Constructing Development, Pupil Textual content Glencoe/McGraw-Hill; sixth version, Jan 2003, Mark Feirer, John Feirer, ISBN 007822702X
  • Dwelling Enchancment 1-2-3: Knowledgeable Recommendation from The Dwelling Depot Homer, TLC, Apr 2021, Editorial Workers, ISBN 696213273

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Ability Stage

Begin to End


  • carpenter’s pencil
  • stud finder
  • utility knife
  • T-square
  • tape measure
  • drywall bit
  • keyhole noticed
  • energy drill


  • 1/4″ drywall
  • drywall screws
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Step 1

How to hang sheetrock

How to hang sheetrock



Take Measurements

With the present drywall nonetheless in place, measure and mark all of the studs. Subsequent, measure the present outlet holes and light-weight switches (Picture 1).

Switch these measurements to the drywall with a drywall T-square (Picture 2).

Drywall Hanging Ideas:

  • Measure, mark and minimize every drywall panel as you go as opposed to reducing the panels suddenly.
  • At all times hang your drywall sheets perpendicular to the framing.
  • House drywall screws 12-16″ aside to adjust to constructing codes.
  • Quarter-inch drywall is thinner than common drywall and requires further care to stop breakage.

Step 2

Lower the Holes

Lower the holes with a keyhole noticed, beginning the outlet on the nook of the mark with a small drill bit.

Professional Tip

Beginning a pilot gap with a small drill bit within the drywall helps with any wanted cuts.

Putting in drywall nook bead is a step that can require some fundamental carpentry expertise and expertise. It’s a easy course of however the truth that this set up is so easy signifies that many don’t undergo it the suitable means. The set up of a bead as the place to begin for drywall nook items is usually seen as the toughest a part of putting in your personal drywall. Nevertheless in the event you comply with the suitable steps then it needs to be a simple as could be and try to be in a position to set up your drywall very quickly in any respect.

Step 1: Collect The Instruments You’ll Want

The very first thing that you should have to do in studying how to set up drywall nook bead is to get the suitable instruments out. You’re going to want tin snips, a utility knife, screwdriver, nails, drywall trowel, rubber mallet and drill. These are the principle instruments that you’ll be utilizing when putting in your bead so just remember to have them gathered and prepared to go earlier than you start. The easiest way to discover out what instruments you will have is to ask the individual at your native house enchancment heart. They are going to be in a position to inform you precisely what you want to get began.

These are a number of the staple items that you’ll want to know when studying how to set up drywall. You want to just remember to have all the mandatory instruments and provides earlier than you start. It’s a good suggestion to buy a tape measure in order that it is possible for you to to correctly measure the realm that you’re going to set up the bead. It could take you just a few tries to grasp how to set up drywall nook bead however in the long run will probably be value the additional time. If you end your challenge, you’ll be glad that you simply took the time to find out how to set up drywall nook bead.

Step 2: Attaching The Nook Bead

One of the crucial necessary issues that an individual ought to know when studying how to set up drywall nook bead is that the nook a part of the bead should face into your wall (see this web page for directions on putting in spherical drywall corners). You can not put certainly one of these exterior nook beads on the other facet of your wall because it won’t maintain. Subsequent you should have to minimize the bead with the tin snips to simply the size that the bead wants to be. As soon as the size is minimize, you possibly can nail it onto the nook. The video beneath gives easy-to-follow visible directions.

Putting in drywall nook beads could be lots of enjoyable for anybody who has fundamental expertise. So long as you comply with the information above and the video beneath you shouldn’t have any issues finishing the duty. If you’re nonetheless uncertain of how to set up drywall nook bead, don’t really feel dangerous about asking another person to assist you out. There are a lot of individuals who will gladly assist you get the data that you simply want to get the set up executed proper.

Step 3: Mudding The Nook Bead

The very last thing that you should have to understand how to set up drywall nook bead is how to apply the joint compound. That could be a ability that takes time and follow to develop.

How to hang sheetrock

GeorgePeters / Getty Photographs

Not like different house transforming trades, corresponding to electrical work or plumbing which require precision and actual compliance with sure requirements, hanging drywall is a extra forgiving exercise, with no 100% proper means to do it. Hanging drywall turns into one thing of an artwork kind, and totally different professionals develop their very own strategies for doing the work rapidly and successfully. The following pointers, secrets and techniques, hints, and hacks could be very helpful to DIYers.

Listed below are six ideas from the professionals that can make your DIY work go sooner and produce higher outcomes.

Make Positive Framing Is Stage, Plumb, and Flat

If the airplane of a wall or ceiling is just not flat from stud to stud or ceiling joist to ceiling joist—or if particular person studs or joists are warped—the drywall panels will bow when they’re connected, main to a completed wall or ceiling with peculiar contours and even cracks. Earlier than hanging panels, use an extended straightedge and degree to confirm that the wall and ceiling members are flat, plumb, and degree. This will require planing down framing members that stretch out too far or shimming out others. However getting the wall and ceiling planes degree, plumb, and flat is important for an ideal drywall job.

Set up Drywall Panels Horizontally

Whereas execs usually set up drywall panels vertically in business settings, they usually set up them horizontally in residential building. Putting in panels horizontally means there might be fewer seams to end. In lots of rooms, utilizing 12-foot-long drywall panels means there might be no vertical seams in any respect—solely a single horizontal seam between every pair of panels. And from an engineering standpoint, horizontal set up of the drywall will increase the energy of the wall construction.

Mark the Place of Studs on the Ceiling and Ground

Earlier than starting set up, use gentle pencil marks to register the on-center positions of the wall studs on the ceiling and flooring. It will make it simpler to run rows of drywall screws down alongside the studs when securing them. Many execs snap a fast chalk line throughout the panels between the ceiling and flooring marks, then drive drywall screws each 16 inches down the stud. Be certain that to maintain the road faint, or wipe it off after finishing the work, to maintain it from bleeding by means of the paint job.

Lower Panels by Snapping

The trick to reducing drywall length-wise is to first rating one facet of the board with a utility knife, then go to the bottom and crack the panel along with your knee. For those who hit it in the suitable spot, it would simply separate proper alongside the scored line. With the panel folded alongside the scored line, use the utility knife to slice down alongside the fold from the other facet to full the minimize.

Use the Proper Screws—and Drive Them Appropriately

Execs take pains to use the suitable drywall screws—which implies screws with coarse threads slightly than tremendous threads. And ensure the size is right—for traditional 1/2-inch-thick drywall, use 1 1/4-inch-long screws. Coarse screws drive simpler and have higher holding energy than fine-thread screws.

Be certain that the screw heads don’t puncture by means of the paper face of the panels. The fluted head of the screws ought to sightly dimple the paper so they’re recessed beneath the face, but when the paper tears or the screw heads puncture by means of into the gypsum core, the screw loses its holding energy. If this occurs, drive a brand new screw adjoining to the failed one.

After driving all screws, run your hand or the pinnacle of the hammer over all surfaces the place screws are pushed. Even the smallest protrusion can damage the end, so in the event you discover bumps or protrusions, minimize away the paper and fill the dimple with drywall compound.

By the way in which, execs nearly by no means use drywall nails when hanging panels, preferring screws pushed in with an influence drywall gun. If you need to hang drywall like a professional, quit your drywall nails and find out how to use drywall screws.

Use the Instruments Most popular by Execs

In case you have lots of drywall to hang or should work alone, it may be particularly helpful to make use of the instruments that execs use. Most can be found for lease at large house enchancment facilities or instrument lease retailers.

How to hang sheetrock

One of many quickest methods to cowl previous, broken, or cracked plaster partitions is to hang drywall over them. Utilizing 1/4-inch sheets, you possibly can cowl previous imperfections with out including an excessive amount of further end work. However earlier than you determine to go purchase a stack of drywall, let’s take slightly nearer take a look at just a few of the circumstances the place this can be extra useful than making an attempt to restore the present partitions.

Drywall Over Broken Plaster

In case you have cracked plaster, you possibly can attempt to restore it. It’s potential for an unskilled house owner to restore the cracks, however to get a seamless look that mirrors the unique wall, you’ll in all probability want to discover a skilled who makes a speciality of floating plaster partitions. One of many causes that many individuals select to merely hang drywall over a broken plaster wall is as a result of these plaster professionals are costly, and they’re getting costlier as there are fewer and fewer of them. If you need to protect the integrity of an previous house and may afford the hourly charge, by all means have them redone—however in the event you simply desire a clear look that you are able to do your self, hanging new drywall could also be one of the best resolution.

Drywall Over Paneling

How to hang sheetrock

There are a number of methods to cope with paneling. 35 years in the past, wood paneling was a extremely popular product used to end inside residing areas. It was typically darkish and created a really heat residing area that was complimented by earthy coloured carpets and furnishings. That pattern—fortunately, some would say—has moved on. Nevertheless, in case you are caught with partitions coated in darkish paneling, there are just a few choices out there to catapult you into the 21st century. One is to merely paint the paneling. Ensure you prime it first as a result of the paint will not stick very effectively to the slick, laminated paneling floor. The second choice is to hang drywall proper excessive. When completed correctly, this will provide you with the clear clean look that gives a pallet for the intense areas that dominate right this moment’s adorning kinds. And in contrast to paint, the paneling might be completely hidden, with no grain or seams displaying by means of.

Drywall Over Broken Drywall

The final state of affairs which will require you to hang new drywall is when you could have tried to take away cussed wallpaper from present drywall. Did all of the face paper of the drywall come down with the wallpaper? Do you could have large brown spots which can be flaking? Whereas these could be skim coated and repaired, it is vitally troublesome to get them trying like new, so it is a nice state of affairs through which to take into account re-hanging the drywall.

Ideas to Bear in mind When Hanging Over Current Partitions

After getting made the choice to go forward and re-hang, there are only a few easy issues that you simply want to bear in mind earlier than you begin.

Electrical Fixtures

How to hang sheetrock

Your whole electrical retailers and light-weight change containers at the moment are going to be 1/4-inch too quick. They have been put in in order that they’d match flush with the unique wall, however now you’re making the wall 1/4-inch thicker. No want to panic. You should buy extensions for these containers at your native house enchancment retailer, and so they aren’t troublesome to set up.

Door Jambs and Windowsills

One other function of your own home that can want to be prolonged is the jambs of the doorways and home windows which can be on the wall you might be re-hanging. The identical precept applies as with {the electrical} containers. You should buy extensions within the molding part of your native house enchancment retailer and minimize them to the size you want when you get them house.

The largest problem, particularly if in case you have stained woodwork, might be getting the jamb extensions to match the unique jambs once you stain them. You may take into account eradicating a small piece of your woodwork and taking it to the shop with you so you may get an correct match.

Molding and Trim

How to hang sheetrock

The very last thing to bear in mind earlier than starting is that your baseboards, chair rails, and crown moldings may have to be eliminated and re-cut. If you’re cautious when eradicating them, there isn’t a cause why you possibly can’t re-use them. You simply want to understand that for each wall you re-hang, the perimeter of the room will get 1/4-inch smaller, and the trim items may have to be trimmed down accordingly earlier than you possibly can reattach them.


Hanging new drywall over present partitions may be very comparable to hanging drywall in a brand new building setting. Probably the most notable distinction is that you may’t see the studs to know the place to put your screws. For those who’re prepared to spend the cash, you possibly can resolve this drawback by shopping for a stud finder and marking the place it detects studs after you set up the drywall. If you cannot discover a respected stud finder or don’t desire to spend the cash, it’s also possible to fight this drawback by making small marks on the ceiling beforehand that designate the situation of the vertical studs. Do what you want to do so far as marking up the wall beneath since you’ll quickly be overlaying it up anyway. This course of is comparatively easy with partitions which can be paneled as a result of you possibly can really see the unique nail holes with the bare eye. Simply comply with the holes to the ceiling and make a mark. If you do not have paneling, you possibly can normally assume that there’s 16 inches between the studs, however it’s a good suggestion to discover a stud, measure it off in each instructions, after which take a look at to see the place the subsequent one is. It will prevent lots of headache after you could have began hanging your new items.

Go check out the room you need to redo. A fast evaluation ought to assist you determine in order for you to restore what you could have, or re-hang the room. Both means, begin making a plan. Initiatives like these can work wonders as you search to replace your residing area and enhance the worth and look of your private home.