How to throw a baseball

How to throw a baseballHere is a Baseball Pitching Velocity Chart from Youth to Professional. If you are curious about how hard you should be throwing based on your age group or how you compare when it comes to pitching velocity amongst your peers then here is a pitching velocity chart from youth to professional baseball.

This is just a range of low velocity to high velocity pitching based on a specific age. This should only be used to gain an idea of how hard you should be throwing. If you are not in these ranges or you are above or below these ranges it isn’t an issue. You are just falling outside the averages. If you are concerned about your pitching velocity based on your age then I would highly recommend you checkout the 3X Pitching Velocity Program or the 2X Velocity Program for position players.

In the chart below you will learn the ranges of pitching velocity for ages 8-22+. These are just ranges based on averages for all youth to professional pitchers. This chart could change at anytime based on the evolution of the pitcher in the game of baseball.

Baseball Pitching Velocity Chart from age 8-22+

Age Level Low Velocity High Velocity
8 Youth 36 42
9 Youth 37 50
10 Youth 41 55
11 Youth 43 59
12 Youth 47 61
13 Youth 55 66
14 High School 63 73
15 High School 65 74
16 High School 69 80
17 High School 71 85
18 College 75 92
19 College 79 93
20 College 82 94
21 College 84 95
22+ Professional 86 100

The chart below is based off of MLB data showing the average pitching velocities based off of age. 26 years old is the best age for top velocity through an MLB career. 30 years and up is when pitching velocity takes a sharp decline.

How to throw a baseball

Baseball Pitching Velocity Program

This program has helped tons of pitchers live the dream of throwing 90+mph and signing with a D1 University, getting drafted by a Major League Organization and making it back to Major League Baseball. Many scouts in all organizations of baseball have recommended this program to help young pitchers get to the 90+mph range to improve their value at the next level.

The reason the 3X Extreme Pitching Velocity Program works is because it is based off of science and it has been proven to develop the 90+mph fastball on thousands of pitchers. It isn’t rocket science or voodoo, it is the real deal! The program comes with a high level workload of drills, lifts and exercises scientifically programmed to enhance throwing speed on the mound while developing an efficient pitching delivery. The format of the 3X Pitching Velocity Program is similar to the same approach Olympic throwers have been using for decades to increase throwing velocity. This approach isn’t new to the sports world but it is new to baseball.

If you are serious about your career and are insanely driven to put yourself into an extremely small percentage of pitchers who are potential D1 prospects, top level draft picks or you just want to reach your potential on the mound then this program is the best chance you have to making your dreams come true.

Learn more about the 3X Extreme Pitching Velocity Program or get started TODAY adding 5-10+mph!

How to throw a baseball


Baseball is an exciting sport that requires a high skill level. When learning to play, the first most important step is learning to throw the ball. Throwing a baseball may seem so easy; it’s just throwing a ball, right? Wrong. Throwing a baseball requires a lot of mechanics, accuracy, strength and skill. In this article, we’ll be going through a bunch of steps that will help perfect your throw.

Perfect your Stance

The first, most important thing to work on when learning to throw is your stance. Your throwing stance explains how your body should be positioned before the throw, gripping the ball the right way and proper joint movement to make the perfect throw.

Before throwing a baseball, your body should be in a position ready for the throw. This means our feet should be shoulder-width apart, knees bent slightly, hips and shoulders should be lined up properly, and your body should remain relaxed.

The next thing to learn is how to hold or grip the ball. To properly grip the ball, your index and middle finger should be placed over one of the seam rows. Your thumb should be right underneath the ball, securing the grip with your ring and pinky curling behind the ball to support it. For a straight throw, you could place your index and middle fingers across all the seams; holding it this way improves the speed of the ball. Ensure that the ball is kept on your fingertips, not in your palm, for a faster release. The ball should also be held in your glove and positioned close to your chest for a quick throw.

Another important thing to learn to make a good throw is how to move your wrist, elbow and shoulder joints correctly. These joints are the primary joints used when throwing a ball, and all three joints have to move simultaneously. To loosen up any stiff joint and perfect your joint movement, you should keep doing windmill exercises. A good throw also depends on the position of your wrist before throwing; your wrist should be bent with your palm facing forward right before you throw.

Throwing the Ball

This is the part you are here for. The next thing to do after maintaining your stance and grip is to throw the ball.

  1. Ensure the ball is aimed at a target before throwing the ball. You can make use of your glove to point directly at the target. If you are to pitch to a partner, aim at the chest for an accurate throw.
  2. Turn your torso away from your target with the ball in your throwing hand.
  3. With the ball in your hand, pull your shoulder and elbow backward until the ball raised to line up with the target.
  4. As you are about to release the ball, take a step forward with the leg opposite your throwing hand. If you throw with your right hand, take a step forward or towards the target with your left foot and rotate your hip when you throw towards the target.
  5. Focus on the target as you throw and maintain eye contact. You have to pay attention to your target because your throw always follows your eyes. If you lose focus, you’ll miss your target.
  6. Your throwing hand should be directed downwards after you release the ball and should land on the hip opposite your throwing hand. This is called a follow through, and it increases the accuracy and power of the throw.

Do Shoulder Exercises

Shoulder exercises help loosen up your joint and reduce the chances of injury by maintaining healthy shoulders. You should note that these exercises don’t improve your mechanics; they only loosen your shoulders and reduce injuries to muscles like your rotator cuff muscles. Here is an exercise to help maintain healthy shoulders

Wall Angels

This is one of the easiest exercises to strengthen your shoulders and requires no equipment. All you need do is

  • Stand with your back against a wall; the wall should have no mirrors or pictures. Keep your feet about six feet apart away from the wall.
  • Raise your arms above your head with your elbows slightly bent.
  • Lower your body to about 90 degrees and keep your arms raised to form an arc, almost like you’re making snow angels.
  • Maintain this position while ensuring the dorsum of your hand, head, butt, shoulder blades, and elbows are against the wall.
  • Repeat this exercise about two to three times a week.


Throwing a baseball may seem easy at first, but as you learn, you’ll realise it needs specific mechanics involving full-body movements and loads of practice. You have to practice your grip, your follow-through and flicking your wrist to properly master your throw.

When kids are taught how to throw a baseball, the instructions given to them are basic and whittled down to a couple of steps to keep it simple. The emphasis is on perfecting your throwing technique without the aim of distance or speed. The first step is to create a solid foundation for throwing with accuracy that decreases the chances of injury.

Throwing comes naturally to everyone, and who knows about throwing stuff more than little kids, so you may assume that there’s not much to it. In fact, for someone who hasn’t played baseball, it may seem strange that you need to learn how to throw a baseball properly.

However, there is a right and wrong way to throw a baseball. A young player who throws the baseball in the wrong manner may find it difficult to be accurate with their throws and may even injure themselves when throwing.

Fielding and throwing play a huge role in baseball as you need to know how to throw the ball with accuracy from any part of the field. That’s the reason so many baseball coaches spend time teaching youth baseball players about the mechanics of throwing a baseball properly.

This is also done so that they pick up on the correct throwing technique in their formative years and once they have mastered the basics of throwing a baseball, which involve placement of the glove on follow-through, placement of elbow when throwing, and the grip, they can add more speed and accuracy to their throws and make it look effortless. So, let’s learn about the mechanics of throwing a baseball properly:

How to throw a baseball

The Right Way to Grip

There are numerous ways to grip a baseball, and each player develops a certain grip they feel comfortable with when throwing the ball. The grip is how you hold the baseball in your hand, and the grip you use makes a huge difference to your throwing technique. The four-seam grip is the best way to throw a ball, and it’s a grip where you tuck your thumb under the ball and grip it with two fingers across the seam.

When you place your two fingers on the seam, it is called the two-seam grip, which is recommended for pitching.

The best way to practice and master the four-seam grip is to play catch with someone with the emphasis on pulling the ball out of the glove with the fingers across the seams. That will take a lot of practice and time to perfect, but once you get it right, you’ll notice your throws have more accuracy and velocity with this grip.

All About Hand and Wrist Placement

Hand placement is also essential when it comes to throwing techniques, and when you pull the ball from the glove and bring it back to throw, your thumb should be facing towards the ground. When your hand is on the top of your throwing action, you should be able to see the back of the hand.

Proper hand placement is vital to the accuracy of your throws as they allow you to have complete control of the ball. Most young baseball players don’t throw appropriately because they don’t use their wrist when throwing the ball.

You should cock back your wrist when throwing as it gives you more flexibility and more excellent throwing distance range.

It’s a skill that all young players must be taught as it develops an essential part of their game, which is throwing from the outfield.

Using the Thigh as a Guide

We already discussed above that the thumb of the throwing hand must be facing down when the player pulls the ball out of the glove as it allows you to throw quickly and accurately. The best way to ensure that you get rid of the ball fast is to use your thigh as a guide to perfect your throwing technique.

When you pull the ball from the glove, you should turn your thumb towards your thigh and ensure that it stays in the right position. Most players develop a habit to rub their thumb across their upper thigh when throwing the ball, and it could be a hard habit to lose as a player. However, when you use your thigh as a guide for throwing the ball, you’ll perfect your throws more easily.

Perfecting the Path of the Arm

A significant part of the mechanics of throwing a baseball is based on maintaining a proper path the arm follows when throwing. In golf, the swing arc determines the accuracy and speed of each shot, and in baseball, the adequate swing circle determines efficiency and power.

So, if you’re making the right moves with your arm, you don’t need to force your throws to gain maximum velocity.

Glove Placement

Most young baseball players don’t know this, but you must have good glove placement habits to become an accurate and powerful thrower. You don’t want to get into the habit of throwing your glove hand behind your back when you’re pitching as you will knock yourself off balance, and your throw will lack any power or accuracy.

Therefore, young players should be taught about the proper way to place their gloves when they are throwing so they don’t make this mistake. This can be done by showing them how to bring their glove under their arm like a wing, so they have proper balance, and the momentum to deliver a powerful and accurate throw from a distance.

Completing the Circle

When young players are learning to throw a baseball accurately, they must be taught to follow through with the throw and complete the action after the ball has left their arm. Their throwing motion needs to complete the circle, which will give you extra velocity behind the throw.

Apart from completing the motion, young players should also be taught how to move their hips with their arms and throw their body weight into the throw. This needs to be done in one motion and will take time to learn, but with practice, young players can perfect the mechanics of throwing a baseball.

One of the keys to making an accurate throw in baseball is having your body aligned with your target. A good time to work on this is while playing catch. To start, face directly toward your partner with your toes pointed at them. Bend your knees, rotate your core and line your shoulders up with your target. Without moving your feet, rotate your core back toward the center and complete the throw. This will help to create the proper direction with your upper body.

The next progression is to turn 90 degrees, pointing your hips and shoulders in the direction of your throwing partner. You will rock back, putting your weight on your back leg and side. Next, shift your weight forward towards your partner and follow through with your arm and back side to make an accurate throw. By pre-positioning your body towards your target, you will get comfortable with the feel of moving in this direction.

The third component to creating proper direction is momentum. You want to stay athletic and linear with balance. You don’t want to be falling away in either direction while making the throw and following through. So, position your hips and shoulders to point at the target, rock back, and after making the throw, follow through with a few steps in the direction of the target. This will help to make sure you are staying in line with your target throughout the throwing process.

By using a good athletic posture with your body aligned toward your target, and maintaining momentum in that straight line, you are on your way to making consistently accurate throws.

Throwing a baseball seems like an easy task. Yet in the middle of a professional baseball game, we still see throws that are completely off target.

Throwing a baseball accurately and with maximum power is one of the most difficult parts of the game. Players that are looking to improve their throwing with increased velocity and accuracy, should revisit the fundamentals and work on drills.

It does not matter if you are a fielder, catcher, or pitcher, the basics are often forgotten and sometimes we let bad habits develop over time. If you are pitcher, learn the proper pitching mechanics. When we force ourselves to go back and visit the basics, we naturally build better throwing mechanics.

How To Throw a Baseball or Softball

Step 1: Get into position

Every good throw starts from the ground up. Throwing well does not involve only your arm, the entire body should be invited to the party.

The lower body is often neglected when it comes to throwing but it is actually where everything starts. Get your lower body into the proper position first before you even think about moving your arms.

Your feet should be firmly planted on the ground and squared up with your shoulders.

You should be in a good athletic position with the knees slightly bent and ready to move.

Your weight should be balanced between both of your legs and your shoulders should be relaxed. Make sure you are not hunched over or standing too tall.

Your shoulders and feet should be in line with your target. If your throwing position is too open or too closed your throws will likely be weak and inaccurate.

Step 2: Get a good grip

Cup the ball in your throwing hand. The four-seam fastball grip is a good grip for throwing because it allows for straighter backspin.

With the four-seam fastball grip, there should be two fingers across the baseball seams. The ball should be held with the fingers and preferably not resting in the palm of the hand.

A good grip on the ball could make all the difference when it comes to accuracy and velocity. The ball and your throwing hand should be in your glove and centered in the middle of the body at chest height.

Step 3: Work in tandem

The front and back side of your body will need to work together and at the same time for a picture-perfect throw.

Your front side will need to imitate what the back side is doing. When you bring your throwing hand backward, your front arm should be doing the same but on the opposite side. The front and back side of the body will be working opposite of each other.

Having both sides work together and at the same time is essential to developing good throwing mechanics. If one side is off, the other one will usually overcompensate and throwing the whole body off.

Focus on keeping your body and movements straight in line with your target while preparing to throw.

Step 4: Get ready to throw

To start the throwing motion, shift your weight to your back leg while bringing the front foot off the ground. This is a weight shift or a load balance.

Push off the ground with the back foot and stride forward. While the back foot is pushing off, step forward with your front leg and plant the front foot on the ground.

Make sure your stride is not too far or too short. Work on finding the sweet spot for your stride.

Step 5: As you stride forward, begin to break the hands

Begin pulling your throwing hand from the glove but keep the ball facing the ground for as long as possible.

Your glove hand should be moving in sync to what your throwing hand is doing. The glove should be pointed at your target, this creates the strongest throwing position.

Remember that the front and back of the body are working together at the same time. What one side does, the other does as well. Both sides of the body should break equal and opposite.

One bad habit that can develop over time is removing the throwing hand and immediately pointing the ball towards the target. Do not do this, pointing the ball towards the target too early creates a weak throwing position and should be avoided.

Step 6: Continue the arm rotation

The throwing arm and hand will eventually reach their limit and it will be time to take the ball from facing the ground to facing behind you.

Imagine you are throwing from the pitching mound; the ball should start the rotation facing the ground and then continue the rotation to face the centerfielder.

Completing the full rotation gains maximum torque in the body. While the throwing arm is behind you, your gloved hand should be in the same position on the opposite side with the elbow pointing towards the target.

Step 7: Begin the upper body rotation

Lead with the front elbow and begin bringing it back towards your body. The glove should follow the elbow and be pulled towards your chest. This starts the upper body rotation.

Keep this move as tight as possible, the tighter the move the faster you will fire. The upper body rotation will begin to generate torque and your lower body will naturally start to open towards your target. The throwing hand should naturally begin moving forward towards the target.

Step 8: Fire away

The last step is to throw the baseball.

Lead your throwing arm with the elbow and release the ball when it is slightly out in front. The elbow usually stays at a 90-degree angle.

Keep the fingers on top of the baseball. The hand should feel as though it is pulling down on the ball and not pushing it.

The wrist and fingers are often neglected when it comes to throwing. These little muscles should not be forgotten, as they can add additional velocity to your throws.

Step 9: Follow through

Create as much extension as possible when you are throwing the ball. This creates a whip effect with the baseball.

Finish the throw out completely and do not stop your body movements until the arm has slowed down as much as possible.

Finishing a throw too early can result in inaccurate throws and could potentially lead to injuries.

  • By Steven Ellis, former pro pitcher
  • Updated

How to throw a baseball

Learn about my workout programs for pitchers

Build functional strength the right way. Explore my pitching workouts and throwing programs for players who work hard and don’t make excuses.

Do you know how to throw a sinker?

In this article, you’ll learn everything you need to know about throwing a sinker that goes beyond “dirty” or “nasty” and usually involves embarrassing the batter.

But first, check out the sinking action on this fastball from pitcher Chris Heston:

How to throw a baseballImage source:

That’s such a great pitch, and he really gets some good movement on it.

I think we all have a soft spot for sinkers that move back onto the plate to catch a hitter looking, and Heston often has a few up his sleeve each night.

A sinker or a true sinking fastball is a heavy pitch.

In other words, it shouldn’t explode off the bat.

The main purpose of the sinker is to produce ground balls; the pitch should move slightly (a couple of inches) to result in a ground ball.

Sinker grip

So what’s the secret to a good sinker?

Let’s take a closer look at how to grip and throw the sinker.

How to throw a baseballImage source:

  1. Turn your hand outward, almost like a screwball. You will be throwing the inside half of the ball, resulting in side spin.
  2. The key is the arm action of the follow through. After throwing, force your pitching thumb to graze your lead leg. It’s erroneous to believe the follow through should go past the outer leg with the little finger past your thigh. This counterproductive action straightens the ball.
  3. Practice turning your pitching hand inward. Allow your thumb to pass your leg while your fingers remain on the outside to provide an excellent sink to the ball!

More images of sinker grips

My favorite GIFs of throwing a sinker ball

Put it all together, and it looks like this.

Here’s another terrific sinker from pitcher Chris Heston:

How to throw a baseballImage source:

And then check out this nasty sinker from pitcher Phil Hughes:

How to throw a baseballImage source:

If you ask me, I say it’s always satisfying to watch a pitch with solid ride and drop fall just out of reach of a flailing bat 🙂

Learn more about my workout programs for pitchers

How to throw a baseball

One of the big misconceptions in baseball is that playing the game keeps you in shape to pitch. I wish that was true. It’s not.

To get to the next level, preparation is everything. Big league pitchers spend far more time preparing to pitch than actually pitching.


The material in this site is intended to be of general informational use and is not intended to constitute medical advice, probable diagnosis or recommended treatments. We may receive compensation for some links to products and services on this website. Offers may be subject to change without notice.

Throwing the baseball ball fast and hard requires a combination of good skill and technique involving proper form and biomechanics.

Players of all ages and in all leagues are interested in how they can improve their throwing speeds .

Professional league players regularly clock in at 90 mph, with some of the beasts achieving over 100 mph!

There are a number of ways in which you can improve your throwing speed by focusing on technique and training. Some of these are:

How To Throw a Baseball – FAST! Video Explainers

Use Your Arm

It sounds simple but it often gets overlooked.

Using your arm effectively is key in executing a good pitch. Therefore you should work to improve your arm strength by training and working hard.

Y ou can do this by just practicing throwing in the field, using a pitching target, or playing long toss. Any type of activity that involves training your arm muscles will go a long way in building that arm strength.

Use Your Decelerators (Rotator Cuff Muscles)

While acceleratory muscles are important for initiating a throw, muscles involved in deceleration are equally as important.

It is critical to work on the antagonistic muscles because they are the brakes to your motion and will help direct and tune your speed.

Among the most important decelerators is the rotator cuff, which consists of 4 different muscles that make the throwing motion possible.

To help strengthen these muscles, it is advisable to perform rotator cuff exercises almost every day, or at least several times a week.

These can be done with no weights, or light weights like light dumbbells or soup cans.

When it comes to pitching, longevity and injury prevention should be at the top of your priorities. Pitching can be hard on the body, esspecially when deploying different types of pitches in your game.

How to throw a baseball

The ball is the item that signifies baseball more than anything else.

It is the first thing you think about when you want to play the game, so it would only be reasonable to improve your ability to use it.

Anyone could throw a baseball, but to throw it fast is rarer. Read on to find some quick and easy tips on how to throw a baseball faster.

What to Prepare

How to throw a baseball

1. Baseball

A few baseballs would be great if you are practicing. Having a single one is still possible, but owning spares would save you the time of picking the ball every time you throw it.

You can’t go wrong in picking a Rawlings or Wilson for pitching.

2. Helmet

If you have a partner that will help you throw back and forth, do not forget to wear a baseball helmet when throwing a fastball.

This equipment is essential since there is a high possibility that you could miss and the ball could hit somewhere else.

3. Baseball Glove

Should you need to catch a ball from the outfield while practicing, it is highly advisable to have a baseball glove at hand.

It protects your hand while you pitch a baseball faster.

Step by Step Guide

How to throw a baseball

Step 1: Warm Up.

Doing your warm-ups is just as important as pitching hard.

You have to go through this to avoid injury when pitching faster and to get your body in the right condition to handle strenuous arm movements.

    Try rotating your shoulders back and forth, then raise your arms to stretch them. This gesture will loosen your muscles and warm them up. Make sure to stop when you feel pain, whether you’re warming up or throwing balls.

Step 2: Practice easy and light throwing.

If you have a partner, try doing some light throwing.

    Listen to your body and align it to find the right stance Position your feet a shoulder-width apart Position your baseball at the sternum or chest level Throw the ball a few times

These tips will help you find the stance you are most comfortable using later when you are already trying to pitch faster.

Remember that throwing is all about finding the correct stance, timing, and muscle action.

Also, if your partner is great at pitching, you can ask them for pointers.

Step 3: Grip the baseball properly.

You might be tempted to hold it with all five fingers, but you only have to use your index finger, middle finger, and thumb.

Using more could only add unnecessary grip and slow down your throw.

When handling the ball, use your dominant hand as it will have more force and throw a ball quicker.

You should constantly practice your grip at the beginning of every throw until you find the best position to throw a fastball in baseball.

Step 4: Develop a solid body stance.

Although it seems like the arm is doing all the movement here, it is actually the whole body that you need to train and strengthen to throw a faster pitch.

You may wonder, what is the secret of throwing a baseball faster?

The ligaments stretch and give you the ability to throw a ball faster.

Your rear leg should push your body forwards, and your elbow should be as high as your shoulder. It’s also best to rotate the hips just before setting down the front foot.

Step 5: Consider distance.

Building your stamina and power to throw better can be done if you do it regularly.

    Start with throwing at a distance of 30 ft. and increase it gradually. After every ten throws, increase the distance progressively by 3-5 ft. Do this every day until you can throw faster pitches in succession.

These steps will also help you adjust the amount of force needed to increase pitching velocity, whether you’ll throw the ball to a nearby location or somewhere farther.

Additional Tips

1. Rest.

Make sure to listen to your body and rest when you feel beyond your limits. Rest if you feel that your body needs one.

Pushing yourself could do more harm than good, and causing an injury could set you back from your goals. Your body will thank you later.

2. Work out.

Do not limit yourself to building strength only on your arms; work on other muscles as well.

These include your legs, shoulders, and hips, and you can do exercises like pushups and Bulgarian split squats. It takes a full-body movement to throw faster and harder.

3. Consult a professional.

While learning to throw a ball harder seems easy, you cannot go wrong with consulting professionals.

You can ask your school coach for tips and corrections on how to pitch fast.

They can spot what you have been doing wrong at a single glance. If you really want to excel in baseball, get a good coach.

4. Do it every day.

It would help if you practice every day.

Doing exercises to throw could help immensely in the long run, as it will give your body the muscle memory to throw faster in baseball.

5. Eat well.

You can not expect your body to function at its best if you do not take care of it. Stop eating junk foods and soda if you’re consuming them regularly.

It’s recommended to gain more muscle mass, so eat more high-quality protein. Don’t forget to hydrate as well.


Everything stated above is just the basics on how to throw a baseball faster.

Doing basic movements properly and practicing every day to build strength will surely increase your pitching momentum.

There is no shortcut to this other than making gradual changes to your technique. Also, do not forget to handle your ball correctly and be healthy.

By: Joshua McCarron

Published: 08 July, 2011

How to throw a baseball

Learning how to throw the ball correctly is the most basic of baseball skills. Proper throwing technique can add distance and power to throws and help avoid injury as a child’s arm grows and develops. Teaching a child the proper grip and arm motion from the beginning will improve his ability and make the game even more enjoyable.

Instruct the player to place his index and middle finger across the horizontal seam of the ball. The thumb should be tucked underneath. Have him hold the ball out closer to the fingertips rather than in the palm to increase velocity.

Demonstrate how to cock your wrist back at the top of the throwing motion. Hold the forearm of your throwing arm with your nonthrowing hand to keep it stable and practice throwing using just the fingers and wrist.

Ask the child to point the lead shoulder of the nonthrowing arm at the target before delivering the throw, to keep the front foot perpendicular to the target and to push off the back foot to add power.

Instruct the player to create a circular motion with the arm when making a throw. Bring the hand down by the thigh and up around the shoulder in a circle for proper arm motion, states. Avoid bringing the hand up first as it goes back.

Set up a drill where two players go down to one knee, the same knee as their throwing arm, about 10 yards away from each other. Tell them to practice the correct, circular throwing motion for a specified amount of time. Monitor progress and have them move back five yards if they seem ready by the strength of their throws.

Younger players may need to use three fingers instead of two to grip the ball.

Have fielders throw the ball into their glove and practice grabbing the ball quickly with the proper grip.


If your kid is getting frustrated, keep your cool. Stay calm and repeat the instructions as many times as needed; maybe in clearer language.

The kid is never going to be Rookie of the Year. That shouldn’t mean they can’t throw heat.


How to throw a baseball

Whether you’re playing catch or looking to raise the next Willie Mays, teaching your kid to throw a ball with some real force behind it is a tricky endeavor. If at first they don’t succeed, you’re liable to spend a lot of time in the bushes or hiding your disappointment. The problem? Throwing a baseball feels so natural to people that have been doing it for decades that it’s hard to articulate what exactly to do other than “throw the ball.” This is where long-time Little League coach Jason Hill can help. Hill has been workshopping his approach for two decades.

For throwing a ball, specifically a baseball, Hill recommends using the “L-Method.” Essentially, you want to teach your kid to use their throwing hand as a catapult, making sure they position their hand down similar to the way a pitcher does, down and through as they’re coming through the ball. In the L-Method, you basically hold both hands right at the elbows in an L shape, Hill explains. “You’re trying to over-accentuate that shoulder rotation.”

First, make sure that a kid’s front shoulder is pointed toward their target. “Throw stationary without stepping,” he recommends. “Start with both arms up, and as you come through, you want to make sure that the child is tucking the elbow as they come through.” Then, release the baseball towards the target.

Adopting these motions, particularly when it comes to a kid using their whole body, is far more central to a proper throw than force alone. “A lot of younger kids try to throw the ball hard, but they’re not using their bodies; they’re using all arm. Throwing is your shoulders — obviously your arm, your elbow — but you’re also using your chest and your core as well when you throw.”

Following through with a throw can also mean the difference between a ball that goes sailing and one that falls flat. If they stop short with their throw, it loses a lot of the force that their body put into it. Keeping the ball low is also important to getting the most distance out of a throw. They should throw it as far as they can in a line, meaning the ball should never get more than 20-25 feet off the ground. If they practice that, they can aim higher over time.

Once a kid has these methods down, throwing farther and stronger is simply a matter of practicing consistently. Hill recommends starting short, trying to throw about 100-120 feet and getting used to how much strength they can possibly use. “That simple repeated drill, doing that every other day, is going to increase their arm strength,” Hill insists. “I guarantee you, you will see positive results in velocity and distance if you play long toss three times a week.” Stick to these fundamentals and continue to practice, and your kid is practically guaranteed to throw farther and farther and farther.

How to throw a baseball

Do you know who threw the fastest pitch in baseball history? It was Aroldis Chapman, who clocked in a fastball at 105.1 mph in 2010.

For many youngsters approaching the diamond to play baseball for the first time, learning how to throw a baseball can feel frustrating, if not impossible.

The natural arm mechanics of overhand throwing aren’t as intuitive as other sporting motions, like kicking a soccer ball or dribbling a basketball.

But there is hope. With just a few core fundamentals, you can be whizzing fastballs across the diamond in no time.

In this article, we will walk you through everything you need to know about how to throw a ball properly.

Basic Steps

Starting from center is one of the most important positions in the throwing motion. You need to be able to start from the same position over and over again to develop a consistent motion.

To do this, you want to funnel the ball into the center of the chest to a consistent starting position. Sometimes baseball players are fielding a ground ball, or perhaps someone has just thrown them the ball. In either case, bring the ball into the center of your chest to start.

The next step in throwing is to point the ankle toward the target. For a right-handed thrower, this will be the right ankle.

Conversely, lefty throwers will point their left foot. This creates a target for the body in motion to navigate toward during the throw.

Next, throwers should separate their two hands out of the glove. The throwing hand will move downward slightly during the windup. The glove arm will make a semi-circular motion toward the target.

Use the back foot to push off toward the target. This will generate the most power in the throw itself.

Hips First

The hips rotate before the shoulder. This is a critical sequence. Many young players want to move the shoulder first, but this creates an all-arm motion that can lead to stress and injury.

Instead, moving the hips creates maximum torque for the throw. Here is a great baseball drill for 8 year olds to reinforce these concepts.

The chest then moves forward, following the hips and the shoulders, and the arm will accelerate overhead. For outfielders, a vertical arm position is ideal. Infielders and catchers may need to throw at a side angle to create a faster whipping motion.

Afterward, the arm will follow through and move all the way down to the other hip. It should still feel loose and relaxed at the end of the throw because the body has done most of the work.

This prevents injuries like tendinitis from developing over time.

Learning How To Throw A Baseball

At the end of the day, learning how to throw a baseball doesn’t have to be as hard as it first seems. With a proper centering movement before the throw along with a hips-first movement, players can learn everything they need to know with just a little practice.

If you enjoyed this article about how to throw a ball the right way, check out our other articles on our blog!

How to throw a baseball is the first skill players learn. But it’s also where trouble starts. Surprisingly, what causes most game-time errors is not poor fielding—it’s poor throwing. (See Improve Throwing Velocity With These Five Exercises.)

Defenses are better at fielding the ball than throwing the ball. This is probably because throwing is considered such a fundamental skill that most coaches take it for granted, placing a greater emphasis on fielding and hitting. No one seems to pay attention about how to throw a baseball until a game is lost due to a throwing error.

To reduce throwing errors, coaches must do more than institute a throwing program with a series of drills. Accountability and accuracy must be made priorities.

Accountability. Players need to feel a sense of accountability whenever they make a throw in practice. This will remind them that every bad throw has consequences. For this to happen, players must make game-like throws in every situation in practice. Putting infielders on the clock during practice drills adds a sense of urgency. Demanding 100% in every situation dramatically increases players’ focus on their throws.

Accuracy. Consistency breeds accuracy. And the best way to promote consistency is by scheduling throwing drills in every practice. Coaches must commit to implementing them as often as they do hitting and fielding.

A baseball throwing program that demands accountability and accuracy is the biggest step a coach can take to reduce throwing errors. But any good program is made great with quality drills. Here are a few drills that would be excellent additions to your program.

Baseball Throwing Drills


  • Players start in a throwing position with their lead shoulder, hip and foot pointed toward the target.
  • On coach’s command, players break their hands (separate them) and hold for one or two seconds for self-evaluation, ensuring they’re in the proper throwing position.
  • On coach’s command, players throw to a specific point on the target, making sure to fully finish their throw.
  • On the return throw, players step with their glove-side foot to meet the ball, jumping into the “ready” position.

Alternative: Have a teammate hold his/her glove in different locations to concentrate on accuracy. Changing the location is a good way to stay sharp.


  • Same as ” Ready-Break-Throw,” except there is no pause.
  • Players must still emphasize meeting the ball and getting into a proper throwing position.
  • In a further stage, position players can simulate different aspects of their positions during the return throw; for example, middle infielders can work on their double play pivot, and corner infielders can work on their relay throw.

Quick Release

  • This is the next step in the progression. It is great for improving a fielder’s footwork and hands as well as accuracy.
  • Players make the transfer and return throw as quickly as possible while hitting the target.
  • Make this a competition between different sets of throwing teammates.

Stretch it Out

This allows players to stretch out their arms while improving their arm strength.

  • Players start at a normal throwing distance with a teammate.
  • After every five throws, players back up a set distance, still keeping their throws on a line.

Repeat the Sequence

Once the players long toss, repeat the progression in reverse order, finishing with “Ready-Break-Throw.”

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Baseball is a game of proper mechanics and fair practice. However, both are interrelated. It is essential to immediately fix if there are any mistakes in techniques in throwing a baseball. This is especially important when it comes to pitchers.

But don’t worry, it’s something which can be worked on! Mentioned below are some of the best tried and tested ways to fix bad baseball throwing mechanics and master pitching skills on the field. So keep reading.

For an accurate throw, a proper grip is a must. Once the hold has been done correctly, there are a few mechanisms that should be appropriately practiced for an efficient throw.

  • Keep the ball in the middle of your body around the height of your chest
  • The feet and shoulder should be in a straight line with the target
  • When throwing the ball, the elbow should be kept at about 90 degrees
  • Working in throwing the ball using the wrist and fingers. This gives more velocity to the throw. Sometimes, it’s also advised to use a wrist strap while pitching.

Swift baseball pitching is a lot about timing. If the pitcher’s timing is off, they lose control. This puts the coach in a difficult position of having to change the pitch.

It should be suggested that the pitcher slows down a bit to make sure that they do not break their hands before the descent. Sometimes during the game, the pitchers rush their delivery, creating an off-motion timing. Some pitchers go too slow, and they should be advised to be a little more aggressive in their pitching.

Table of Contents


How to throw a baseball


The error in getting out of the glove late can have a severely detrimental effect on the entire cycle of the throw. When the hand Break is delayed, the thrower is forced to catch up with the sequential throwing motion.


Just as the pitcher is beginning to come out of his original balance position and his front knee begins to lower down, his hand should start separating from the glove. This way, he will not at all be rushed and forced to get the arm into the proper position while delivering the ball.


The pitchers take a faulty arm path. After the ball exits the glove, it is seen that the ball is coming down and behind the pitcher. As a result, the pitcher now has to hurry up to bring his arm in the correct position for proper delivery. If he is not able to rush and a timing lapse occurs, then another mistake can happen next.


While bringing the ball out of the glove, the arm should always follow a “C” path or a “down, back, and up” path. This is because such a route brings the arm in the correct position to give an effective delivery.


Many times it happens that a pitcher makes a throw, and his hand is still pointing at the shirt stop while his chest is facing the catcher. This is essentially called lagging, a common mistake that causes shoulders and elbow injuries among young players.


As the thrower is turning his chest towards the target, his arm should be in sync with the movement of his torso. An error in the sync of the arm and torso movement causes lagging.


One of the common mistakes done by a pitcher is that his front side arm goes away from the body, creating a spinning effect. This causes the pitcher to drift off to the side instead of towards the catcher.

The error has two serious consequences-

  • The pitcher has a problem in locating his pitch because timing a spinning motion is quite tricky.
  • The pitcher loses his balance and is not ready for the fielding or to protect himself if the ball is hit towards him.


While delivering a ball to the catcher, all the momentum of the thrower should be driven forwards towards the catcher.


When the pitcher snaps his knee straight violently and rapidly while shifting weight- it is called ‘breaking the lead leg.’ This mistake stops the forward momentum and forces the arm to make up for the difference to gain the desired velocity. This error in pitching is also one of the causes of shoulder and elbow injuries.


While delivering a ball, the momentum of the pitcher shifts his weight from his back leg to the lead leg. While this shift in pressure occurs, the lead leg knee has to be bent athletically instead of snapping it fiercely and rapidly.

Fixing Bad Throws of Young Players

How to throw a baseball

Incorrect grip

The small size of hands in young players leads to incorrect grip.


Young players should be taught how to grip the ball by the use of three fingers, until the time they can grip the ball by using just two fingers and can keep two fingers and thumb near the middle of the ball.

Incorrect footwork

The whole throwing motion is put into jeopardy if the player fails to turn the backside throwing foot to a 90-degree angle.


A strip of paper or cardboard can be played at an angle of 90 degrees so that the players can practice easily by lining their feet correctly with the help of the cardboard.

Weak lead elbow

The young players mostly fail to lift their lead elbow up to their shoulder height.


The players should be asked to point their lead elbow directly towards the target.

Inappropriate arm swing

The most common issue is an incorrect arm swing, which is also the hardest of all the mistakes to fix. It occurs when the player’s thumb begins to go over the ball in the arm backswing. Inappropriate swing can also result in a fatal arm injury.


Players should take their time to have a complete look at the ball facing away from them, at least until the time they get used to keeping their thumb under the ball.

Stride direction offline

Most of the young players open up and step away from their target, which is incorrect.


The young player can be kept directional by drawing a line or keeping two objects to stand in between directly at the target.

Final Words

How to throw a baseball

To fix these baseball throwing mechanics and pitching mistakes of young baseball players, parents and coaches need to keep a close eye on the players.

It is crucial to provide prompt guidance along with corrected techniques; otherwise, they’ll not be able to rectify their bad pitching mechanics on time.

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How to throw a baseball

The pitcher can be one of the most important positions on a baseball team. Knowing how to throw these five pitches will make a pitcher more effective.

The four-seam fastball. A four-seam fastball involves the pitcher throwing the baseball as hard as possible with little regard for movement. It’s the easiest pitch to throw for a strike and the easiest pitch for a batter to hit if not thrown fast enough. The key ingredient to an effective fastball, other than speed, is location. A fastball thrown to the outside or inside portion of home plate is more difficult to hit than one thrown in the middle of the plate. In addition, a fastball located at the knees as opposed to the waist is harder to hit. Many hitters have difficulty catching up to a chest-high fastball, but if they do … watch out. A four-seam fastball utilizes four fingers, slightly spread across the seam of the baseball. A four-seam fastball, according to, is used when speed is of the utmost importance.

The two-seam fastball. A pitcher utilizes a two-seam fastball when she desires the ball to tail away from the hitter. It involves gripping the ball firmly — not tightly — with two fingers crossing the seams. When releasing the ball, the pitcher should turn the ball slightly. The two-seam fastball is best utilized by pitchers looking for control, but do not have the velocity necessary to throw a straight-flying four-seam fastball past the batter. A two-seam fastball is a good pitch for young pitchers to learn, because it utilizes movement without the elbow strain caused by throwing too many curve balls.

Curve ball. Although pitchers can dominate junior leagues with an overpowering fastball, any pitcher looking to turn his talent into a college or professional career must know how to throw a curve ball. Whereas the fastball is used to overpower hitters, a curve ball is used to trick them. To throw a curve ball, use the same grip as a four-seam fastball and rotate the wrist one-quarter turn on the release. Do not attempt to learn how to throw a curve ball without proper instruction. Doing so may cause severe arm damage.

Slider. The slider is a cross between a fastball and a curve ball. It uses the same grip as a two-seam fastball with the two fingers slightly off center to the right and the thumb tucked under the ball. Squeeze the ball with the thumb and middle finger as you throw with the ball, rolling slightly off the index finger. A slider moves less than a curve ball, but is easier to throw and harder for the batter to spot.

Change-up. When it appears the batter has “timed” your fastball, it’s time for a change-up. Use the same throwing motion as you would for a fastball. The basic difference between a change-up and a fastball involves the grip. To throw a change-up, grip the ball with three fingers. Hold the ball more loosely and deeper in the hand than a fastball.

Baseball is a fun, rewarding and incredible sport when played perfectly and with skill. However, the very foundation of the sport depends on the players throwing capabilities. Without the throwing skills, it becomes impossible for any player to enjoy baseball as a sport. For any baseball player to have the perfect throw, there are several things that you require to master. These techniques will not only help you learn how to throw a ball but also throw like a pro athlete. They will give you the strength, accuracy, and speed to make a killer throw.

How to throw a baseball

Keeping the ball on your chest

The first step of throwing a ball is ensuring that you have the ball in your throwing hand. The ball should be in the glove and positioned in an excellent manner. The correct ball position while using the glove is positioning it in the middle of the body, approximately at your chest height.

Line your target with the ball

Position your shoulders and feet in line with the target.

Work both your front and back side at the same time

Once you commence your throwing motion, the first thing that takes place is separating the ball from the glove. Therefore, if the positioning of the glove is towards your target then the direction you throw the ball with the throwing hand is the correct direction.

However, if you close off your body, then throwing the ball accurately towards your target becomes an impossibility. Ensure while throwing the ball that your front side and backside work opposite each other but at the same time.

When both sides work opposite each other and at the same time, then it stays in a strong position. This is possible since your backside compensates for the front side by doing the exact opposite. It helps you remain in a straight line ensuring the target is in a straight line.

Keep the ball facing on the ground when taking it out of the glove

Always ensure that your glove hand follows what your throwing hand does. The throwing hand should look like it is leading your glove hand towards the target. Having such a direction ensures that you have a strong throwing position. For a majority of people, their first instinct is to take the ball out from the glove and have it facing towards their throwing direction.

Remember that the glove hand always follows the direction of the throwing hand; therefore, your throwing position weakens. Ensure when you take the ball out of the glove that it faces the ground for as long as possible.

Let the ball face towards you

Once you position your throwing hand, keep it in the strongest throwing position. To help you position the ball properly, think about taking the ball from the direction it is facing to facing towards the centerfielder. This position will help create as much rotation for your body as possible.

Once you begin throwing, your glove hand continues outwards and it lifts upwards ensuring your glove hand goes where you throwing hand goes. A majority of people prefer to use their glove while others use their glove elbow to help them line the ball’s direction.

Let the glove face your chest when throwing the ball

Ensure that when you prepare to throw the ball, your front elbow is slightly back into your body. Also, remember to keep your glove at the front of your chest and ensure that it eventually meets up and touches your chest once you throw the ball.

Ensure you tighten every other part of your body, as this will help you fire the ball quite fast. The movement is quite similar to that of an ice skater. For them to spin faster while on the ice, they move their limbs closer to the body. Using this movement helps your body torque ensuring your legs begin to fire and it allows your hips to open towards the target.

Throw the baseball

The last part is throwing your hand and ensuring the ball comes out. Following the direction of your body, you can now throw the baseball directly towards your target. Ensure your elbow stays at 90 degrees. When throwing the ball, ensure that it gets as much extension for it to act like a whip effect. The further down the whip is the quicker the whip snaps.

Use your wrist and fingers to throw

Remember that your big muscles prepare the smaller muscles to help you fire the ball allowing it to hit your target. Ensure you work on your wrist and fingers as this ensures that there is a change in the velocity of your throws.

However, apart from the above techniques, there are other things you can do to ensure you know how to throw the ball. First, you can practice your motions. Practicing your motions entails practicing flipping your wrist. Practicing your follow throw and your aiming skills.

Second, ensure you work on your baseball grip techniques. The way you grip the ball contributes to having an excellent throw. Therefore, before even learning how to throw the ball, it essential to learn how to grip the ball properly. With much practice and determination, it is possible for any player to move from an amateur player to a pro athlete player with the best throwing techniques in baseball.

How to throw a baseball

Baseball is a sport that has a widespread and global following; the game of baseball has been around for a long time. The game has evolved over the years, making it get a wide following, and lovers of the game are found in all corners of the world.

The baseball game is close relative to softball; both are similar in the play style and the equipment used in playing them. Most people tend to mistake one game for the other because of the similarities between them; however, there are differences.

Baseball VS Softball

However, baseball and softball similarities are quite much compared to the differences between the two games. The similarities between these two games extend to the rules and regulations guarding the game; a typical example of the similarities in the rules governing both games is the system by which players pick their equipment in both games.

One of the major pieces of equipment used in playing both baseball and softball is the bat; however, to pick the size of bat used by a player, certain rules apply to it; most people think players walk off to a store and get a baseball bat; however, it is not so in professional baseball.

Baseball Bats

The governing body regulates the sizes of bats a player can use with different methods; one of the methods is the age group and league regulation; for players within a particular age group, the size of bat they can use is limited by the league.

However, as fascinating as it is to be discussing the equipment used in playing such a beautiful game, taking too much time to talk about the equipment used in playing this game will be out of context for this article as the title says how to throw a baseball and curveball.

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As said earlier, there is the equipment used in playing the baseball game; however, one cannot play baseball with only the equipment.

Although the equipment used in playing baseball is important however the techniques of the game cannot be neglected. Techniques and skills have to be applied to give the game a finesse that will be captivating and alluring to their audience.

Although these techniques were not all developed in a day, it takes years of practice and steady growth in playing baseball games to master and develop certain finesse in the game.

The equipment used and the techniques applied in playing the game all contributed to the game’s immense growth, as witnessed in the past century.

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Curveball in Baseball

As said earlier, techniques and equipment used in playing baseball games have contributed significantly to the game’s growth in the past century.

However, there are many techniques used when it comes to baseball, although we will be focused on one technique, the curveball in baseball. But before we settle for the main theme of the article, highlighting what techniques are in baseball for the sake of amateurs that are going to be reading this article.

One of the required techniques one must master in baseball is throwing another one to catch the ball. Throwing is a very important part of baseball that is designated to the pitcher, and it takes a lot of practice and dedication to master the throwing technique and all the tricks fully there is to this technique. One of the major throwing techniques in baseball is how to throw a curveball.

What Is a Curveball?

This is a query that always arises from amateurs in the game. Some baseball players still find it a bit tasking to give the proper explanation for this term in baseball. Reading this article will give you the proper knowledge required on this topic. Whether you are a player, amateur, or coach in baseball, you will find reading this article very useful.

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A curveball is a ball thrown so that it keeps the hitter off-balance; the curveball is thrown at a slower rate; the curved ball is regarded as a breaking pitch because it has far more movement than any other pitch. The curveball is a throwing technique that is very useful in deceiving hitters; when the curveball is perfectly executed,

A batter expecting a fastball will swing early and just over the top of the ball. The curveball is a great arsenal for a professional baseball player Because most hitters expect a fastball. When you pitch them a curveball, it throws them off balance as most hitters are not always prepared for a curveball.

The curveball is one of the most used pitches in baseball game history; the pitch has grown so popular that it has metamorphosed into an idiom that means to trick someone with something unexpected.

Origin of Curveball

This pitch style is almost as old as the baseball game itself; the curveball originated in the 1800s. When the curveball began gaining popularity, most people taught this technique cunny and dishonest; however, this unique pitching style could not be outlawed. The curveball persisted in baseball, and eventually, it became a full-fledge throwing technique used in baseball till today.)

Style of Throw

Most pitchers do have their style of throwing for the curveball; some pitchers throw the ball in such a way that it moves sideways while some pitchers throw in a way that the ball breaks straight downward; this particular curveball-throwing style is known as the 12 to 6 as the ball dips down mid-flight. The softball’s sole purpose is to deceive the hitter with the spin move away from the hitter’s arm side.)

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The curveball is a throwing technique that takes a lot of practice to master; it is also a great weapon in a pitcher’s arsenal; when put to good use, the curveball helps deceive spinning away from the arm side of the hitter.

As a baseball player, professional or amateur, the curveball is something you should master. It will be a great addition to your arsenal, especially on the part of pitchers.

Youth pitchers want to know how to throw a slider among their different pitches. Once a player reaches the teen-age years and begins shaving they are ready to begin learning the slider grip.

Before this age and physical maturity pitchers should throw exclusively four seam fastballs, two seam fastballs and a straight changeup pitch grips.

How to Pitch a Slider

How to throw a baseball

The slider is a cross between a fastball pitch and a curveball pitch. The speed of the slider is usually 3 to 6 MPH slower than a 2 seams or 4-seam fastball.

A pitcher will throw a slider about 6 MPH faster than their curveball pitch. That is why to throw a slider the speed is about in the middle of fastball grip and the curveball pitch grips.

Learning to Throw Different
Pitches in Baseball

How to throw a baseball

When learning how to throw a slider it is helpful to understand what movement the slider pitch is supposed to do. To understand how to throw pitches like the slider we should know what is going to break like.

The slider grip causes the ball to break late and move a little down and a little away from a righthanded pitcher vs. a righthanded hitter. The slider pitch will appear to look like a juicy fastball to the batter and at the last few feet break sharply down and away.

The pitch is significantly faster than the curveball and slightly slower than the fastball. The break is much less than curveball breaking pitches.

Since the break is less that a curveball pitch often times the pitch is easier to control than the curveball pitch grips. But the speed variation is so close to the four-seam fastball and the two-seam fastball that the hitters do not see much of change of speeds.

Slider Grip

How to throw a baseball

Grip pitches for the slider has the index and middle fingers together and the thumb underneath the ball. Throwing baseball pitches with the middle finger along side snuggly next to a seam along the horseshoe curve of the seams.

This gives the middle finger friction to grip the pitch and off sets the ball slightly which adds to the sharp late break of the slider pitch.

How to Throw the Slider in Baseball

How to throw a baseball

So if you know how to pitch a fastball then it is often pretty easy to pick u a good little slider. Just deliver the pitch like a fastball.

To throw a different pitch with the slider pitch grip your fingers slide to the side of the ball during the release. No need to add any wrist snap or elbow snap.

How to Throw a Cutter as a Cut Fastball

The slider pitch grip is a cutter pitch grip. The name of the slider pitch has interchanged with how to throw a cut fastball or throwing a cut fastball.

The pitching fingers slice through the outside of the baseball on release causing a hard late breaking ball.

The cutter, slider or cut fastball is normally thrown on the outside part of the plate with righty on righty. The pitch is thrown down and in to a lefty hitter vs. righty pitchers.

Very experienced crafty pitchers are able to pitch a ‘backdoor slider’ where a righty pitcher will start the pitch outside and have the ball break over the outside corner to a lefty hitter. This is mainly a pitching skill mastered by professional level ballplayers throwing the slider pitch though.

These are simple pitching tips for pitchers to learn how to throw a slider. The slider is often an easy pitch to learn command of and an effective weapon in a pitchers arsenal.

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Throwing is fundamental to a multitude of sports and activities. If kids can throw reasonably well, they can participate in everything from frisbee and football to baseball and bocce. As this funny KidSport video shows, knowing how to throw could even save someone’s life.

Like most skills, throwing is not something kids are simply “born good at.” They have to learn, and play that provides plenty of repetitions is the best teacher. At the outset, a little instruction in basic technique helps, too.

Basic mechanics of overhand throwing

There are different ways of throwing depending on whether you are throwing a baseball, a discus, a frisbee, a javelin, a basketball, or even a ball of yarn. You can throw gently or hard, and you can throw underhand, overhand, or sidearm. However, when most people think of throwing, the image that comes to mind is probably a basic overhand throw.

With that in mind, here are the basic elements of correct overhand throwing technique:

  1. Stand straight upright, ball in your throwing hand, facing your target.
  2. If you are throwing with your right hand, turn sideways 90 degrees to your right (reposition your feet so you are standing sideways to your target).
  3. If you are throwing with your left hand, turn sideways 90 degrees to your left (reposition your feet so you are standing sideways to your target).
  4. Make sure your feet are shoulder-width apart.
  5. Lift your non-throwing arm to “point” at your target and shift your weight to your back foot.
  6. Lift your throwing hand so the ball is near your ear (right ear if you are throwing with your right hand, left ear if you are throwing with your left hand).
  7. You are ready to throw.
  8. In one motion, shift your weight to your front foot, drop your pointing arm, and twist your torso as you bring your throwing arm over your shoulder to release the ball at your target.

How to teach kids the basics

It may not appear complicated, but throwing requires a tremendous amount of muscle coordination, especially step (8) above. Until about age five or six years, most kids’ bodies are simply not developmentally ready to sequence all the movements described above, so their throwing may look pretty awkward. If this is what you see with your child, don’t worry about it.

If you are trying to teach a toddler or preschooler to throw, the best approach is simply to play a lot of throwing games with them and refrain from offering instruction. This will allow them to explore the basics of throwing as they slowly develop their muscle coordination over time.

Around age six or seven years, you can realistically start to offer some basic throwing instruction to your child. Still, beyond offering some basic guidance, refrain from providing too much additional “correction” of technique. Most kids will naturally improve their throwing technique as they accumulate repetitions. The most important thing is to keep it fun – find fun games that involve a lot of throwing, and then simply play, play, and play.

Two games for practicing overhand throwing

To get young kids started with overhand throwing, you can set up a cardboard box on its side against a wall as a target. Make a few balls out of socks and challenge your child to practice throwing with you into the box from various distances. The beauty of sock balls is that you aren’t going to break any windows or hurt anyone with an errant throw.

If you think a little friendly competition will enhance your child’s interest, keep score – one point for every throw that goes in the box.

Feeling confident? Try progressing to baseball throwing and catching together with baseball gloves. Depending on the age of your child, you might want to use a sock ball or soft foam ball instead of an actual baseball. You don’t even need gloves if you are using a foam ball or a sock ball.

Congratulations! You have opened the door to a new world of physical activity for your child. From simply playing catch to pitching a fastball, the basic skill of throwing provides the starting point for countless fun games and activities.

How fast can an average person throw a baseball?

Without significant practice, your average person would be lucky to throw a baseball over 50 mph. For trained players, the average pitching velocity ranges between 40- 50 mph among young players around 9 or 10, between 55- 75 mph between 10 and 17, to an average of 80 mph for 18-year-olds and above.

Is it possible to throw a baseball 110 mph?

As popular as they’ve become, 100- mph fastballs are still pretty rare—rare enough that you’re not going to face off against them regularly at batting practice. Unless you’ve got a workaround.

Did Nolan Ryan throw 108 mph?

20, 1974. That pitch was measured when the ball was 10 feet in front of home plate, according to Rivard and Sports Illustrated, which means after a small calculations adjustment that Ryan’s fastball was closer to a 108 MPH pitch. And that may not even be his fastest fastball ever!

How fast should a 15 year old throw a baseball?

Pitching velocity by age in the U.S.

Age Average Velocity¹ Your Goal²
14 68 MPH 70 MPH
15 70 MPH 75 MPH
16 76 MPH 80 MPH
17 80 MPH 85 MPH

How fast should 13 year old pitch?

13 and 14 Year Olds A typical fastball from this age group is anywhere from 55 mph (on the low side) to 75 mph. A pitcher throwing 75 mph is well above average for this age, and their fastball is at a high school caliber. An average changeup for this age is somewhere around the 50-60 mph mark.

What is the fastest pitch thrown by a 12 year old?

TAINAN, Taiwan — Cuban 12 – year – old right-handed pitcher Alejandro Prieto recorded the fastest pitch of the WBSC U- 12 Baseball World Cup 2019, at 123 km/h (76.4 mph) in his win against Mexico today in the Super Round.

Has there ever been a 3 pitch inning?

One such rarity is the immaculate inning. You’ve probably heard of it — an immaculate inning is when a pitcher strikes out all three batters in an inning, on three pitches each. The immaculate inning used to be very rare — there were none from 1929-52.

What is the slowest pitch in MLB history?

The Dodgers catcher was hit with perhaps the slowest pitch you’ll see a major-leaguer throw: a 48 mph slider. Yeah, that one didn’t leave a mark. Oddly enough, the pitch came immediately after an 87 mph fastball – the only time Perez broke 80 mph in his appearance.

Why is it impossible to throw 110 mph?

But breaking 110 MPH is nearly impossible, due to the physical limitations of human bones, muscles, and ligaments. Unlike other sports where the performance bar is constantly being raised, pitching has most likely plateaued.

Has anyone ever hit a 600 foot home run?

Mickey Mantle hit many home runs during his career — 536 to be exact. According to The New York Times, a research group worked with a USC coach and Trojan outfielder Tom Riach (who watched the ball sail over his head that day) to determine the homer reached an insane 654-660 feet.

Who was the first pitcher to throw 100 mph?

An 85 mph fastball (if registered by a Speedgun at the plate) would be roughly 93 mph if measured by Statcast out of the pitcher’s hand. And that makes the 100 mph pitches Nolan Ryan threw in 1974 (as measured by Rockwell laser/radar instruments relatively close to the plate) even more remarkable today.

How fast did Roger Clemens throw?

Clemens was said to throw “two pitches: a 98- mph fastball and a hard breaking ball.

How fast do d1 pitchers throw?

The first thing a coach at this level will look for when evaluating a pitcher is fastball velocity. Prototypical Division I pitching recruits throw anywhere between 87 and 95 MPH on a consistent basis.

Should pitchers throw every day?

1. Throw every day. If you want to develop fastball arm strength, you have to throw the fastball! Plus, most young pitchers don’t have the arm strength needed to throw effective curveballs and consequently develop arm problems that hinder their fastballs!

How hard should I throw at 15?

Generally, 14 year old average cruising speed would be about 65 mph. Average freshman pitcher (14 to 15 year old) cruising speed would be about 70 mph. Average cruising speed for a good high school pitching prospect at 14 to 15 years old would be about 75 mph.

How to throw a baseball

Getty Images/Hero Images

As it is with all of pitching, whether you’re throwing a slider, a fastball or other typical pitch, keeping your intentions secret is a big part of the battle.

The first rule of thumb: Keep the ball hidden in your glove when you’re throwing, or you might tip off the batter (or a baserunner or base coach) what pitch you’re throwing.

What’s a Slider?

” data-caption=”Side view of a slider grip.” data-expand=”300″ data-tracking-container=”true” />

The slider is part fastball, part breaking ball. It’s more like a fastball because it’s more effective the faster it’s thrown. The slider breaks late, meaning close to the batter, which makes it one of the most effective pitches in baseball.

The Slider Grip

” data-caption=”Grip the outer third of the ball when throwing a slider.” data-expand=”300″ data-tracking-container=”true” />

The grip of slider is similar to a two-seam fastball, with the middle finger and index finger across the two widest seams.

The difference is that the fingers should be slightly off-center, toward the outside of the ball, like you’re just holding the outside third of the ball. Your thumb should be tucked under the ball, with the ring and pinkie finger off to the side.

Apply pressure to the ball with your thumb and middle finger.

I play highschool baseball and spend 100% of the time in outfield I can only throw 45 yards anything I can do to throw somewhere around 60 yards?

3 Answers 3

It is hard to say without knowing your age, body type/build, and seeing your mechanics. Considering you can only throw 45 yds (135 ft. I am going to use ft. from now on because everything in baseball is measured in ft.) I can guess with almost 95% certainty that your issues are mechanical. 135 ft is only 8 ft. farther than home to second. If you are using a max-effort, crow-hop throw and cannot throw it out of the infield over second base from home plate, I have to believe that you have very inefficient energy transfer in your throwing mechanics.

It is important to note that strength and build can factor in as well, but has its limitations. Assuming that you are a normal, healthy, high-school-aged athlete, though, I am going to say that strength is not the core of this issue. The other important thing to keep in mind is that a baseball only weighs 5 ounces. Therefore, strength has a rather low point of diminishing returns on velocity (hence why there are no MLB pitchers that look like body builders).

Key Takeaways:

Get video – Seeing yourself and being able to slow your mechanics down frame-by-frame is invaluable to identifying and visualizing where you are going wrong.

Evaluate your mechanics – get a coach (online or in-person) that knows what they’re doing. If your coach does not use video.. find a new coach. Losses in energy transfer happen in fractions of a second, I don’t care how long you’ve been coaching, you cannot see that with the naked eye – not to mention, there are literally hundreds of things to look for.

IMPROVE YOUR FLEXIBILITY – This so often gets ignored. Probably because doing yoga sounds lame, but I promise you, flexibility is incredibly important for velocity. The more torque you can create with hip/shoulder separation, and the more external rotation you can get out of your arm, the faster and further the ball is going to travel.

Play long-toss at least 2 days per week – This trains your muscles for max-effort throwing. Also, different muscle groups are engaged when throwing long-toss (most similar to an outfield throw) than pitching off of a mound or throwing at normal distances.

Continue to grow & get stronger – Like I said, strength does factor in here, and you will definitely improve velocity/distance as you get older, stronger, and grow into your body. That being said, it should not be your #1 point of emphasis, because until your mechanics are solid, you will always get more gains out of improving mechanics over improving strength.

by Avery Products

July 1, 2019

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Knock your kid’s next birthday out of the park with these awesome baseball birthday party ideas. Our team of pros has thought of everything including ticket invitations, customizable baseball shirts, Cracker Jack party favors, and more. Whether you’re looking for a complete party or some extra decorations, these baseball party ideas are sure to make the crowd go wild.

Baseball Birthday Party Invitations

Charge up your guests before the party starts with these clever baseball ticket invitations. These tickets work just like the real thing with actual tear-away stubs. Your guests can keep the stubs as a memento to remember what’s sure to be an unforgettable event.

VIP Name Badges

Once your guests arrive, immediately get them into a sporting mood with these individualized VIP passes. Each pass includes two customizable ticket stubs that can be redeemed for prizes like jerseys, baseball cards, or foam fingers.

Snacks and Refreshments

Water bottles are a fantastic gift that promotes hydration while keeping your baseball birthday party theme. Reusable bottles are also a smart way of avoiding leftover cups and cans at the end of the day.

Swing for the fences with these homemade cupcake toppers. All you need are round labels and skewers to instantly give your treats some rah-rah spirit. You can even take it up a notch by decorating each cupcake with a classic baseball snack like Cracker Jack®.

Baseball Party Favors

Although it’s your kid’s big day, birthday parties are also about your guests’ enjoyment as well. Try organizing some games and challenges to give out cool prizes. Personalize labels to add to prizes and favors to make one-of-a-kind gifts.

Make sure everybody’s on the same team with these adorable custom-printed baseball shirts. Design these shirts with your kid to add in images, nicknames, and a funny team name. We also have a helpful resource page for fabric transfers to guide you through the process.

Are you getting a piñata? If you are, then this is the perfect opportunity to hand out these plastic bats. However, you may need to get ready to intercept if your guests start to swing for the fences.

At the end of the day, make sure everybody walks away happy with one of these fantastic party favors. For our favors, we used a mix of baseball-shaped stress balls, Cracker Jack, and Big League Chew® bubble gum. These handcrafted bags of treats are exactly what you need to knock your party out of the park.

We hope all these tips, templates, and product ideas will help you throw an amazing baseball-themed party. Whether you print your labels and cards yourself, or you let Avery WePrint professionally print them for you, Avery has the perfect accessories for all your parties.

5 thoughts on “How To Throw a Perfect Baseball Birthday Party”

Hi what type of material is on the blue and red buckets?

Hi Melissa,
We recommend using one of our printable waterproof full-sheet labels if you plan to use it on a bucket to ice down drinks. If it’s just for a one-day event, you might try our durable removable film so you can remove it from the bucket when you’re done with no sticky residue. If you need any more help, please call our customer care center at (800) 942-8379.

Thank you so much!

Where can I find these templates? The links in this article aren’t working.

We are very sorry for all the broken links. We’ve made all the updates. Hope it works for you now. Thank you for letting us know!

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Custom Printing by Avery WePrint

Entire Body

When kids are taught to throw, often the instruction is watered down into just a couple of steps. The act of throwing a baseball is not that simple. Throwing requires the entire body to work together in order to throw the ball accurately and to put something on it. All positions on the field require the ability to throw the ball accurately. Good throwing mechanics will enable you to make plays. When you warm up with the team before practice or play catch in the back yard, make sure you work on your mechanics and strive to improve your accuracy.

How to throw a baseball

The best way to grip the ball is across the seams as pictured to the right. The fingers are placed over the top of the seams to provide a good grip on the ball. In the first picture you’ll notice that you can see 2 seams running horizontally. The back of the ball not visible will also have 2 seams running horizontally. By gripping the ball in this fashion, those 4 seams will help to keep the ball in the air longer and keep the ball traveling straighter (assuming the player can throw it with 12-6 rotation – see graphic belo).

It takes years of practice to be able to grip the ball across the 4 seams in this fashion when playing a position other than pitcher on the field. Players can work on this by throwing the ball into their glove and as they pull the ball out shift the ball to the correct grip. This takes practice and I wouldn’t worry about it for younger players.

Try to keep the ball out on the fingertips not back in your hand. The second picture on the right shows the ball out on the fingertips. Gripping the ball in the palm of your hand and not out on your fingers will cost you velocity and accuracy. Younger players may need to grip the ball with three fingers instead of two, but unless their hands are very small they should still try to grip the ball out on the fingers.


How to throw a baseball

Many young players don’t use their wrist much when throwing the ball. When the ball is brought back in the throwing motion, the wrist should be cocked back. This way the wrist can be used as part of the throwing motion.

Watch young players throw and you will see most will throw with a stiff wrist. It is very difficult to throw the ball accurately with a stiff throwing wrist. This is a skill that young players should work on from the start.

You can practice this skill by holding your throwing arm just above the wrist with your glove hand (see image to the left). Bend your throwing arm at the elbow with your forearm vertical. Keeping your arm in this position, practice throwing the ball with just your wrist and fingers. It may feel strange at first, but keep working on this skill. The wrist and fingers play a major role in the accuracy and strength of your throw.

You can find more throwing drills in the drills section.

Arm Motion

You can think of the motion your arm makes when throwing the ball as a circular motion. If you’re throwing a short distance, the circular motion will be smaller then when you are throwing farther, but it’s still a circular motion. The circular motion will aid your throw by providing more natural momentum than simply bringing your arm straight back and then forward. The circular motion should begin when you’re pulling the ball from your glove. If you are playing outfield you will almost always be making a longer throw, so when you remove the ball from your glove, your arm and hand should drop down and by your back knee. This will provide you with the longest circular motion possible. If you are making a shorter throw in the infield for example, you may take the ball out of your glove and move it back and down slightly. This will give you a circular motion appropriate for the distance.

How to throw a baseball

It’s important to have your hand on top of the ball as you pull it back and start your throwing motion.

How do you determine if you’re throwing with a circular motion or not? One of the best ways to check yourself is to freeze occasionally after you pull the ball out of your glove. If you are bring it up and back for anything other than a very short throw, you are not using a good circular motion in your throw.

If you have been throwing incorrectly for a long time, then it is going to feel different throwing with a good circular motion. That is to be expected. Practice throwing this way all the time and it will soon feel natural and you should see increased accuracy and velocity.

Front Shoulder

How to throw a baseball

When throwing you want your front shoulder to point in the direction of where you are throwing. So after fielding the ball you will be turning your body sideways and pointing your lead shoulder in the direction of the throw.

Lower Body

If you follow the logic of having your front shoulder facing the target then you might have guessed that you also want your lower body lined up in the same manner. Your back foot should be perpendicular to the target and your hips should be closed and also pointing in the direction of the target.

Once you have everything lined up, you’ll want to step toward the target with your lead foot, push off your back leg, and throw the ball using your entire body.

I use the following throwing drill as a great way to get players’ squared up. By stepping behind, the player naturally squares up to where they are throwing the ball. Even though this video is directed at pitchers, it’s valuable for all youth players.


In order to throw the ball so it won’t tail, you want to make sure you throw it across all four seems with ’12-6′ rotation. ’12-6′ rotation refers to a clock. If the ball rotates from 12, straight down to where 6 would be on the clock, this would be considered ’12-6′ rotation. The next two images show an example of 12-6 rotation.

How to throw a baseball&nbsp How to throw a baseball

Unless you throw the ball straight over your head, you won’t be able to get ’12-6′ rotation without moving your wrist. As the ball comes forward during your motion, you will want twist your wrist to keep your hand as vertical as possible. This is the key to having good ’12-6′ rotation on the ball.

Istructional Video on Infield Throwing from NAYS (National Alliance of Youth Sports)

How To Teach a Young Kid to Throw A Baseball

posted by Pro Sports Plans

It is important that young baseball players that are just starting learn the fundamentals of baseball. One of the most basic fundamentals in T Ball is throwing the ball. Teaching the proper throwing motion is key to teaching kids how to play baseball.

  • Players start by facing the target.
  • The foot of the glove hand should be closer to the target with the foot of the throwing hand back in the stance.
  • Reach back with the throwing-hand with elbow bent;hand up; and wrist straight.
  • Glove hand should be in front of the body (and move forward around the body as the ball is thrown).
  • Once in position to throw the ball, the glove-hand foot should take a step toward the target and the back foot should pivot.
  • Release the ball at the point the arm reaches extended point.
  • After release, the body should bend forward, with the throwing arm following through to the outside of the glove hand knee. The back foot should step forward as the throw is complete leaving players square to the target.
  • It is real important that the player sees the target, gets into proper throwing position, makes the throw toward the target while still keeping eyes on target, then continues with follow through.


Love that this explains where the arm, legs, and eyes should be during a throw.

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Righthander learning to throw lefthanded

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Training both sides is always good for health. unilateral rotational motions are not very healthy, so training both directions (for example switch hitting) is good for building a balanced body.

Learning to throw with the other hand is not a big problem (rafael nadal is a right hander that hits left) but it might be very hard when the kid is already in his teens. of course there is a switch pitcher in the yankee system but I bet he started with that very young.

might be worth a shot though, although I’m not sure if he can learn to throw the non dominant arm well enough to be used in games. might also depend on how coordinated the non dominant arm is. some guys are quite bilateral while others are only good with one side.


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If you‘re not exaggerating, my advice is to never let him throw with his injured arm again! Not 1 pitcher in 10,000 can “hit the glove consistently from 60’”, so if he can do it, he’s a definite prodigy. Of course if “hitting the glove” means getting within 2’, or consistently means twice in 10 throws, that’s a whole different kettle of fish.

When my son had his shoulder scoped at 19, just to fart around we’d play catch in the driveway with him throwing LH’ded. It took him about a month before he could throw every ball to where I could catch it in the air. It took him about 2 months before he could actually put a little zip on the ball, and throw it to a very general location like hi/low, in/out. I have no doubt at all that if he spent at least a year retraining himself, he could have easily continued his college career throwing LH’ded. So if your boy is literally 6 months ahead of him, I’m seriously suggesting that he seriously consider a total makeover.


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Wow. Learn something new every day.

How cool would that be for a catcher to be able to throw with both arms?

Throw RH with RH hitters at the plate, and then have them throw your other mitt from the dugout so you could throw LH when a LH hitter came to the plate . . .

That would be awesome . . . not to mention how it would play with the other team’s minds on the base path.


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If you‘re not exaggerating, my advice is to never let him throw with his injured arm again! Not 1 pitcher in 10,000 can “hit the glove consistently from 60’”, so if he can do it, he’s a definite prodigy. Of course if “hitting the glove” means getting within 2’, or consistently means twice in 10 throws, that’s a whole different kettle of fish.

When my son had his shoulder scoped at 19, just to fart around we’d play catch in the driveway with him throwing LH’ded. It took him about a month before he could throw every ball to where I could catch it in the air. It took him about 2 months before he could actually put a little zip on the ball, and throw it to a very general location like hi/low, in/out. I have no doubt at all that if he spent at least a year retraining himself, he could have easily continued his college career throwing LH’ded. So if your boy is literally 6 months ahead of him, I’m seriously suggesting that he seriously consider a total makeover.

Ok, I must admit you cracked me up over here No, not thinking prodigy — and yes, hitting the glove for him has meant something around a 1′ to 2′ variance, although at times, he can string together several good throws that are spot on, which helps his motivation. Early on in the learning, i did a lot of running after his bad throws, so now that i can basically stand in one spot, I appreciate his progress on an additional level!

It’s interesting though — he has always been the kind of kid that just seemed to know how to do things sports related, without having to think about it too much. With this however, I think he has been forced to slow down and try to understand the movements he is asking his body to make. Of course, as a supportive dad, I have enjoyed giving him someone to compete against by trying this myself. I have not progressed as fast as he has but with each passing day we both are becoming more aware of how it is important for ALL the body parts to work together. When they do, it is quite a thrill. (For me, during each session, I will “accidently” make a couple of throws where everything kind of falls into place — the ball has velocity and accuracy and the body motion seems effortless. THEN, on the next throw in an attempt to repeat it, everything falls apart). I hope, if nothing else, he gains understanding in why it is important to not let the arm, even if strong, carry more of the load than it should.

Did you ever see the YouTube video of the matchup of a college switch hitter against a switch pitcher? It was pretty funny, and several minutes went by as they switched back and forth, *trying to gain an advantage over each other until umpire consulted the rulebook

Introduction: How to Throw a Softball

Throwing is a key component in the game of softball. Although it may seem easy, many body parts are completing tasks simultaneously in order to have the throw hit the target. Every play in softball requires an accurate throw. Having a catch with a partner is a great way to practice and make your throw more accurate. This guide will provide steps for how to hold the ball, the position of your body and where to point the glove.

– A target (partner)

Step 1: Step 1- Putting on the Glove

In order to throw a softball, you first need to distinguish which hand you are going to throw the ball with. Your dominant hand is the hand you write with and therefore will throw the ball with. If your dominant hand is your right hand, place the glove on your left hand. If the dominant hand is your left hand, place the glove on your right hand.

Step 2: Step 2- Holding the Ball

Now, hold the ball in the hand you are throwing with. Turn the call so that the seams form a “C” in front of you. You will place your index, middle, and ring fingertips across the seams along the top of the “C”. Your thumb will be gripping the seams on the bottom of the ball for support. The pinkie is not needed to throw the ball so just leave your pinkie where you feel comfortable. Make sure the ball is being held just by your fingertips, not by the palm of your hand.

Step 3: Step 3- Body Stance

In order to throw the ball, you must be in a stance that is perpendicular to the target you are throwing at. To attain this stance, have your legs shoulder width apart. The instep of your back foot should be facing the target, and your front foot will be lined up with your back foot.

Step 4: Step 4- Pointing the Glove

Now as you stay in that stance, point the hand with the glove on it toward the target. This will allow for a more accurate throw.

Step 5: Step 5- Throwing the Ball

Bring the arm with the ball back by your head. Your palm should be facing away from you. Make sure your elbow makes a 90 degree angle with your upper arm and your forearm is perpendicular to the ground.

Step 6: Step 6- Throwing

Now it is time to actually throw the ball. Bring your arm with the ball forward (toward the target) with momentum. Release the ball when it passes by your head. When you release, make sure you also transfer your body weight to your front foot. After your weight is transferred, pull your glove into your body by bending your elbow and pulling it into your side, while tucking the glove into your chest.

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Baseball: Throwing

Making a good accurate throw is an important part of playing baseball. The best way to learn to throw is to practice. Go out and play catch with your friends or parents. The more you throw the better you will get.

Anytime you make a throw in baseball it is important to be set and balanced. Don’t try throwing off of one foot or while you are running, this will just result in a bad throw and the runner will not only be safe, but will likely get to advance another base.

Gripping the Ball

The ball should be gripped with two fingers and the thumb. Some young players with smaller hands may need to use three fingers. Try to hold the ball out on your fingertips and not back in the palm of your hand.

The Throwing Motion

The throwing motion is complex and the best way to learn it is to practice. Here are some of the steps to a good throw for a right handed thrower (reverse for left handed):

  • Get a good grip on the ball using two fingers and your thumb.
  • Stand sideways with your left shoulder pointed toward your target.
  • Plant your right foot solidly on the ground.
  • Step forward with your left foot, pushing off with your right foot.
  • Focus your eyes on your target.
  • Throw the ball overhand using your entire arm and your wrist.
  • Follow through with your arm always pointed toward the target.

Overhand Not Sidearm

Many young players tend to throw the ball sidearm. This takes away power, accuracy, and can strain the arm. When you practice work on throwing overhand.

Your Whole Body

Your entire body should be a part of your throw. Don’t just throw with your arm. Your shoulders, legs, torso, should all work together with your arm to throw the ball.

Aiming the Ball

One thing you should never do is “aim” the ball. You “throw” the ball. With enough practice throwing an accurate ball come naturally. Once you start trying to “aim” the ball you are sure to miss your target.

Where to Target the Ball

When you throw the ball you throw it directly at the other player’s glove or chest. You should throw through their glove. Don’t try to get the ball to land on their glove. You want to throw a straight line-drive ball right through their glove. If you are very close to the other player, then throw the ball underhand.

How the ThrowMAX works for overhand – Baseball
Examples of Poor Mechanics

Dropping the elbow Leading with the elbow Inside-out motion/wrapping Shot-put/pie throwing
This throw looks like a player “flicking” the ball with no power, speed or accuracy behind it. The elbow is far ahead of the rest of the arm which makes it look like a dragging motion – this puts severe strain on the elbow and shoulder. In this throw, the arm is usually wrapped around the head and on the forward motion it is brought around the side of the body. Commonly used by catchers, only the arm is used – this throw also puts alot of strain on the elbow, and shoulder.

How to throw a baseball
How many times have you had to tell your players:

Players learn by seeing hearing and feeling. If they cannot have all of those factors working for them it’s very difficult to understand what a coach is saying. It is even more difficult for them to develop muscle memory for that action. The ThrowMAX is the world’s only flexible arm brace made of extremely lightweight material that fits directly on a ballplayers arm. There are 2 Velcro straps to hold the brace on and 3 flexible polycarbonate bars that supply resistance which provides instant feedback as to the correct and incorrect motion of a player’s throwing motion. The brace has a player immediately recognize if they try to shortcut an overhand throw.

Notice in this close up that when the player tries to drop the elbow, the brace applies pressure – you can see the skin rising on top of the bicep, the inside of the forearm and tricep area.

How the ThrowMAX works:

  • Keeps arms at a proper 85-90-degree angle
  • Provides Instant feedback
  • Creates muscle memory

Wrapping around the back of the head (pitchers/outfielders), throwing behind the ear (catchers), and dropping the elbow below the shoulder (infielders), are all dangerous ways to throw meaning that injury is not far off. With the ThrowMAX, as soon as a players begins to drop their arm, they feel increasing pressure which tells the body to raise the arm up. Essentially the ThrowMAX alters the previous incorrect comfort zones of the throwing arm in order to take the stress off of the ligaments, elbow, growth plates, and shoulder. It helps promote a fluid and relaxed motion (as long as it is worn correctly – see Putting it on and Size Chart)

(not using the brace)
(using the ThrowMAX)
How to throw a baseball How to throw a baseball
Notice where this players arm is cocked. It’s wrapped around the back of the head which makes him balance awkwardly with the opposite arm. As a result he is on his heels leaning to his left.
Now look at how the arm is in the high-cock position with the body upright, head straight, and easily balanced. The opposite arm is in the correct location and the 90 degree perfect arm slot can now be used.
    Allows the appropriate rotation of the arm and shoulder
    The ball and socket are not hindered in any way, meaning the arm can still rotate back and forth in it’s natural motion but not working from the inside-out. Combine this with the fact that the ThrowMAX will not allow the arm to drop greatly prevents the possibility of tearing the rotator cuff – check out Throwing Clinic for further details.

    Develops body coordination and throwing speed
    Because the elbow is not allowed to drop, players can no longer “arm” the ball. When players “arm,” “push,” or “sling” instead of throwing, the ball often develops a natural tail or an unintentional slider. This slider comes from throwing with the fingers ending up on the side of the ball because the wrist and arm feel uncomfortable due to the arm slot. The ThrowMAX alters the arm slot to the correct location, thereby allowing the fingers to stay on top of the ball and acquire the appropriate backspin for the true fastball for straighter, longer throws.

    However, an extra bonus of the ThrowMAX is that if players want to learn to throw “junk,” the brace actually shows how to throw a curve, riser, sinker without damaging arms. This is because on all of these “junk” throws still must use some type of proper arm slot.

  • Additional benefits of using the ThrowMAX
    As with most things in sports, if one action is mastered it can be applied to other aspects of the game. For instance, once players learn to throw correctly they learn to recognize a throw based off of arm slot, or rotation of the ball. Using these skills, players can learn to hit with more consistency because they will begin to accurately recognize what’s being thrown. However more importantly for coaches, the ThrowMAX takes the pressure off the arm for throwing batting practice. Since the brace has the body go through the full-range of motions on every throw, coaches cannot arm the ball meaning they won’t get tired and drop the elbow leading to pain
  • See Throwing the Ball and Throwers Checklist to see detailed proper steps on how to throw a ball.