## How to use the poke radar

Registering the Poke Radar to the Y button will save a lot of time.

To use the PokéRadar, first simply use it in the field. Specifically, you must use it in tall grass without being in the skates or on the bike. Once used, several bushes of grass will shake: those mark places where Pokémon are likely to be. Go there and you will find a Pokémon. Battle it and then ya go.

Bushes will shake after the battle: go into one of them for another battle. If this Pokémon is the same species – that’s all that matters – as the one before, you’ve begun to “chain”, and thusly increase the chances of finding Shiny Pokémon. There is a peculiar mechanic about which bush to choose that we’ll explain momentarily.

Anyways, note that encountering Pokémon before getting to a shaking bush will break the chaining sequence, so look out! Similarly, finding an empty bush or encountering Pokémon of a different species breaks the chain, but those are down to pure chance.

Because of your desire for exactitude (and diagonal moving really being screwed up in regards to encounter rates), we strongly recommend the use of the D-Pad.

Now, that bush mechanic? As anyone ever using the PokéRadar knows, multiple bushes shake. So, question is, which to choose? As a rule of thumb, the farthest is best – that’s not exactly true, but it works well if you’re having trouble spotting the bushes shaking. From experimentation, the fourth “ring” of bushes works best.

“U” is you, and each color and number denote another “ring”.

Now, looking at the above diagram, you can see that the fourth ring is those four steps away from you if you go straight or straight-diagonally, and any tile on that square. While there is no hard evidence that really supports this part of the theory, it seems to work well enough, so it may be coincidence, or related to the next concept.

As well as aiming for the fourth ring of grass, you want to aim for the fastest-shaking grass possible – that takes rather keen observation in that you have to see every bush shake. In our experience, the furthest grass shakes fastest, so that’s another rule of thumb to try using if you’re having trouble with it.

And, finally, try to avoid two adjacent bits of shaking grass – generally, it ends up empty or an alternate species, breaking your chain.

So, in summation for this current “grass rings” theory: aim for the fourth grass ring and use the fastest-shaking ring of grass, but avoid adjacent groups of shaking grass. This has been pretty successful for us, which is why we mention it: in about an hour, with around a 35-Poké chain, we got ourselves a Shiny Pidgey.

The PokéRadar itself is battery-powered. To charge it, you need to walk (or bike or skate) a number of steps in the field to get it back up to 100% – 100 steps is all that’s needed. Good luck finding Shinies!

### Guide Information

• Publisher
Pokemon Company International
• Platforms
3DS
• Genre
RPG
• Guide Release
1 November 2013
• Last Updated
7 December 2020
• Guide Author
Daniel Chaviers

Become the ultimate Pokémon champion with our greatest Pokémon strategy guide yet. Inside we cover:

• Everything that’s new to Pokémon X & Y.
• 5 amazing tips to get your Pokémon collecting off to a blistering start.
• Every single route, trainer battle and hidden shortcuts are covered.
• What Pokémon can be found on what routes (both versions).
• How to beat every single gym leader without breaking a sweat.
• Where to find all those hidden items.
• The locations of every single legendary Pokémon!
• Where to find all of the amazing Mega Stones.
• Pokémon-Amie, Super Training, Battle Chateau etc all covered!
• Accompanied by over 240 super high-quality screenshots!
• Additional details on the elusive event Pokemon distributions.
• Encounter rates for finding wild Pokemon.
• Videos for all the Gym Leader and Elite Four battles, plus legendary and shiny Pokemon.
• Dozens of additional tips and reminders throughout the main walkthrough.
• How to solve crime with the Looker Bureau in the post-game.
• Full breakdown on how to breed the perfect Pokémon of your dreams!
• How to catch those insanely rare Shiny Pokémon!
• List of all the really helpful (and free) O-Powers.

Get a Gamer Guides Premium account:

• Custom Favorites
• Support the authors
• And many more special features coming soon.

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• How to Get the Poké Radar
• How to Use the Poké Radar
• What is Chaining?
• Don’t Break the Chain
• Chaining Tips

### How to Get the Poké Radar

You can get the Poké Radar after defeating the Elite Four and the Champion. Go to Lumiose City and go to 2F of Professor Sycamore’s lab. Talk to the scientist on the right and he will give you the Poké Radar.

### How to Use the Poké Radar

To use the Poké Radar, you first have to charge it up by walking 50 steps. Then you have to be standing in grass or flowers where wild pokémon can appear. When you use the radar, some patches of grass around you will shake. Those shaking patches have wild pokémon. Step into the shaking patch to encounter a wild pokémon.

### What is Chaining?

After you use the Poké Radar and defeat or capture a pokémon that you found in a shaking patch of grass or a bubbling spot on the water, the background music will be different, and grass around you will shake again. If you find the same type of pokémon in the next spot, the grass will shake again after you defeat or capture it. When you keep finding the same pokémon each time, it’s called chaining. During a chain, the background music will continue to be different from the usual background music.

The longer you chain, the more likely you are to encounter a shiny pokémon. The shiny probability reaches maximum after you have chained 40 times. If a shiny is in a patch of grass, the shiny patch will sparkle and make a different sound. In addition, the background music will be different if a shiny patch is available.

### Don’t Break the Chain

The following things will break the chain:

• Using your rollerskates or bicycle
• Encountering a different type of pokémon from the one that you started the chain with
• Encountering a wild pokémon that was not in a shaking patch of grass
• Leaving the area
• Saving and restarting from where you left off

Encountering a legendary bird does NOT break the chain.

### Chaining Tips

It’s easiest to chain in a large patch of grass or flowers. You might want to practice in the big flower patch of Pokémon Village. There are also a bunch of purple flowers in Route 5.

Buy a lot of Super Repels and use them while you are chaining. (Super Repels are more cost-effective than Max Repels.) This helps you avoid non-radar pokémon that would break your chain.

When you walk into a patch of grass, pay attention to how quickly/forcefully it was shaking. As you continue the chain, make sure that you always step into a patch of grass that is shaking the same way as the first one. The same type of shaking means that you are likely to encounter the same type of pokémon that you have been chaining with.

Ignore the patches of grass that shake very slowly and gently. These do not have any pokémon in them.

If there aren’t any good patches of grass, you can use the Poké Radar again without breaking the chain. Just walk around for fifty steps without encountering a wild pokémon, then use the Poké Radar while standing in the grass to make different shaking patches of grass appear.

After you have chained 40 times, you have maximized your probability of encountering a shiny, so instead of walking into the shaking patches of grass after you have chained 40 times, you should just use the Poké Radar over and over until a shiny patch appears. As mentioned above, a patch of grass with a shiny in it will glow, and the background music will be different from the usual Poké Radar music.

Read this Pokemon GO guide on the Team GO Rocket Radar. Including info on how to use, where to get, if it is in shop, if it is working, one time use and more!

### Used To Find Team GO Rocket Leaders

You can use the Rocket Radar to find the three leaders of Team GO Rocket. If you find them, you can battle them!

You won’t be able to choose the Team GO Rocket leader you’ll encounter. They are randomly found when you use your Rocket Radar.

### One Time Use Only

The Rocket Radar has a one time use and you cannot have more than one at a time. You’ll need to collect Mysterious Components again for you to have a fully built Rocket Radar in your item bag.

#### Can Have Multiple If Purchased In Shop

You can have multiple Rocket Radars if you purchase another one from the shop.

### Can Only Be Used By Level 8 Trainers

Only Trainers who are Level 8 and above are able to make use of the Rocket Radar feature. Make sure to be at this level before trying to gather Mysterious Components & making a Rocket Radar.
Source: Official Pokemon GO Site

## Where To Get Rocket Radar

### Collect 6 Mysterious Components From Grunts

Battling with Team GO Rocket grunts and defeating them will randomly make them drop Mysterious Components. Keep battling the grunts to collect all 6 that you need!

#### Random Drop In Battle

Though it seems that you’ll always get a Mysterious Component when you battle grunts, the drop rate is yet to be confirmed in the game.

#### Stops Dropping When You Have Rocket Radar

If you already have a Rocket Radar in your inventory, you won’t be able to get any more Mysterious Components from battling Team GO Rocket grunts. Use your Rocket Radar up first before trying to get more Mysterious Components.

### Purchase From In-Game Shop

Item Cost

The Rocket Radar can be purchased from the in-game shop for 200 PokeCoins. If you want to keep challenging Giovanni, make sure to purchase the Rocket Radar from the shop.

#### Create Once To Spawn In Shop

You’ll need to collect Mysterious Components and complete a Rocket Radar for it to spawn in the shop.

#### Sales Suspended In Some Accounts

It’s possible that the Rocket Radar has been pulled out from the in-game shop. Though it may appear in some players’ shops, the reselling of the item has not been announced by Niantic.

Trainers, we have temporarily removed the Rocket Radar from the Shop. We will share an update when it returns. Thank you for your patience.

## How To Use Rocket Radar

### Open Items & Select Rocket Radar

To use the Rocket Radar, you need to go into your Items and select it from your list. This is how you activate the Rocket Radar to find Team GO Rocket leaders.

### Open Search Screen On Top-Right Of Map

Once the Rocket Radar is active, go back to your map and open the search screen. Tap the radar icon to search if there are any leaders nearby.

#### Leaders Can’t Be Found At Night

Make sure to search for leaders only during the daytime as they don’t appear during nighttime.

### Leaders Appear Immediately After Activating

Team GO Rocket leaders will only appear once you’ve activated your Rocket Radar. Even if it is in your bag, you won’t find the leaders until you’ve turn on and used the Rocket Radar.

## What Is Super Rocket Radar?

### Used To Find Giovanni

The Super Rocket Radar is the item used to find and confront Giovanni, the leader of Team GO Rocket. To get the Super Rocket Radar, you need to complete the Special Research “Looming in the Shadows”.

#### Reveals Giovanni & Decoy Hideouts

When you use the Super Rocket Radar, it’ll reveal the location of Giovanni and his decoys. You may need to visit all hideouts to actually find the real Giovanni.

### Battle With Giovanni

When you find the real Giovanni, you’ll be able to battle him the same way you battle other Trainers or your Team Leaders. Defeating him may let you rescue Legendary Shadow Pokemon!

Home » Guides » Pokemon GO: How to Get Rocket Radar & Super Rocket Radar

Team GO Rocket grunts are usually nothing more than just a nuisance. There’s not much thought required to defeat them. Once you get to the Team Leaders and Giovanni, then you’ll be in for a tough time. But first, you need to learn how to get Rocket Radars and Super Rocket Radars in Pokemon GO.

## How to Get Rocket Radars & Super Rocket Radars in Pokemon GO

First off, we’ll focus on obtaining a regular version and what it does. Then, we’ll move on to the Super ones.

### How to Get a Rocket Radar

The easiest way you can get one is by purchasing it from the Shop for 200 Poke Coins. The other method has you collect six Mysterious Components by defeating GO Rocket Grunts.

Once you have six Mysterious Components, then you’ll be able to combine them into a Rocket Radar. Once you have the item, you won’t be able to obtain any more Mysterious Components until you use the Radar.

### How to Use One & What it Does

This item is used to find Team GO Rocket Leaders (Sierra, Cliff, or Arlo) hiding out in PokeStops or in hot air balloons nearby. When you tap the Rocket Radar button on the main screen (hexagon with the red R on it), it’ll scan the nearby area for Team Leaders.

If it finds one at a Pokestop, then a circle with a Red R will mark the Pokestops where Team Leaders are hiding. The Radar will also find any hidden hot air balloons. Tap on the balloon or go to the Pokestop and take on Cliff, Sierra, or Arlo.

Keep in mind that these items don’t last forever. Once you defeat one Leader, then you’ll need to obtain another Rocket Radar. Fortunately, you’ll still hold onto the item even if you lose.

### How to Get a Super Rocket Radar

Unlike the standard item, the Super version cannot be purchased from the Shop. The Super Radar is only obtainable via Special Research. After defeating all three Team Leaders, you’ll earn this item.

### How to Use One & What it Does

The Super version works in the same way. A button with the Super Rocket Radar on it will appear on the upper half of the right edge of the screen. Tap that to activate it. This time around it won’t show you the Team Leaders. Instead, you’ll be able to find Giovanni.

He’ll also be located in a PokeStop or a hot air balloon. Just be warned about going too far out of your way to go battle Giovanni. Sometimes it’ll just be a standard grunt acting as a decoy. You can still battle them and you won’t use up your Radar.

But once you defeat Giovanni, you’ll need to obtain another Super Radar in order to take him on again.

Now you should know all about how to get Rocket Radars and Super Rocket Radars in Pokemon GO.

Everything you need to know about summoning the Team Go Rocket Leaders.

Mysterious Components are a requirement in helping you face Rocket Leaders Arlo, Cliff and Sierra.

By getting these items, you can form a Rocket Radar – helping you track the locations of the Leaders down.

All this leads up to a battle against Giovanni himself.

## How to find Mysterious Components in Pokémon Go

If you want to battle a Team Go Rocket Leader, then you must first collect six Mysterious Components.

You can find Mysterious Components by defeating Team Go Rocket Grunts.

These battles will occur normally with the only difference being that, once the Grunt is defeated, you may be rewarded with a Mysterious Components.

Mysterious Components are guaranteed drops provided you don’t have a full roster on you.

The components you collect will appear in your bag, allowing you to easily keep track of how many you have.

Once you have six Mysterious Components, you’ll be able to combine them to create a Rocket Radar.

The Season of Discovery is here! Current events, include Season 8 of the Go Battle League, the addition of Raid Achievements. Meanwhile, the last major update saw a level cap increase – including the addition of XL Candy, boosts to some XP sources and the addition of Platinum Medals.

## How to use the Rocket Radar in Pokémon Go

To use the Rocket Radar, equip it from the items bag, then tap the icon in the upper right corner of the map screen. Using it will change the appearance of the overworld map in Pokémon Go.

This new version of the map will highlight the location of the Team Go Rocket Leaders, allowing you to track them down.

PokéStops that have been invaded by a Rocket Leader will have the red Team Rocket ‘R’ hovering above them.

When you approach an invaded PokéStop, the Rocket Leader inhabiting will appear on the map, just like a Grunt.

If you don’t fancy fighting that particular Rocket Leader – their location is randomised, but fixed for the day – you can walk to the next invaded PokéStop and see who you find.

When you find a Rocket Leader that you wish to battle, simply enter the PokéStop and confront them just like a Grunt.

Rocket Radars are reusable until a Rocket Leader has been defeated. From there, you can start collecting Mysterious Components again, so you can create another Rocket Radar.

If you need a hand facing each Leader, our Arlo, Cliff and Sierra page can help.

Good luck hunting down those evil Team Go Rocket leaders!

Sometimes we include links to online retail stores. If you click on one and make a purchase we may receive a small commission. Read our policy.

The hottest new app in the iPhone App Store is. another Pokémon app.

Poké Radar is a crowdsourced map of locations where ” Pokémon Go” players found certain Pokémon. It’s already number two in the App Store, just behind the official ” Pokémon Go” app.

Here’s how it works:

## Tapping a Pokémon tells you the username of the trainer who found it and when it was found.

If you go to the location and don’t find the Pokémon you’re looking for, you can “Vote Down.” That’ll tell the app that other users are less likely to find the Pokémon in question there.

This is the biggest problem with Poké Radar. Since it’s an unofficial, crowdsourced app and Pokémon appear at random, there’s no guarantee it’ll work.

## Looking for a particular Pokémon? Tap the “Filter” button at the top of the screen and select the one you want.

I haven’t found a Pikachu yet, so I decided to see where other players have found him.

## Unfortunately, Poké Radar isn’t that reliable.

While the app makes a good resource to see where people caught certain Pokémon, keep in mind ” Pokémon Go” generates creatures randomly. Just because someone found a Pikachu in one location doesn’t mean you’ll find one there too.

Our advice? ” Pokémon Go” takes geography into account when generating certain Pokémon, so search in parks, near water, or in the streets to find different types.

Pokemon Dream Radar (Pokemon AR Searcher in Japan) is a Nintendo 3DS App which allows players to catch Rare Pokemon using the Nintendo 3DS system, similar to the Pokemon Dream World. The App uses the Nintendo 3DS camera, motion control, and augmented-reality technology to catch Pokemon in your home!

The Pokemon Dream Radar App was released in 3DS eShop on 2012, October 7th to coincide with the North American release date. The price was 300 Yen in Japan, and \$2.99 in US.

The objective in Pokemon Dream Radar is to shoot Dream Clouds and capture Dream Orbs that pop out of them. To capture the Dream Orbs, shoot them with the beam used to shoot clouds. Use these orbs to purchase upgrades in the Development Lab.

Dream Clouds usually appear at a rate of one every five minutes, but they won’t form while recharging. Maximize the number of Dream Clouds with five Play Coins from the 3DS. That feature can only be used three times a day. To get Play Coins, walk around with the 3DS on. Only a max of ten Play Coins can be earned each day.

## Capturing Pokemon and Items

Every now and then, a Pokemon will appear out of a Dream Cloud instead of Dream Orbs. Only a bright light will appear, so you won’t know the Pokemon until you capture it. The bright light may even be a Pokemon that drops an item instead of being capture. To capture it, shoot it with the beam to stall it, then shoot it repeatedly until a meter fills up. If you’re not quick enough, it will run away. The captured item or Pokemon will fill one of twelve slots in the lab. Six slots are for Pokemon, and six slots are for items.

All Pokemon found in the Pokemon Dream Radar will have Rare / Dream World Abilities. What level they’re on depends on how much of Pokemon Black 2/White 2 you’ve completed when you transfer them, level 5 before the first gym, level 10 before the second, and so on up to level 40. Many Pokemon can be captured, including rare Legendary Pokemon.

## Past Legends

Once you beat Landorous and you have one of the Generation IV games in your game cartridge slot, you can obtain the main legendary of that game. They act like the other legendary battle areas as they each contain only one Pokemon. The legendary Pokemon can only be sent to one game and can only be received by a Black 2 or White 2 cartridge.

 Diamond Time Extension Capture Dialga 0 orbs Pearl Space Extension Capture Palkia 0 orbs Platinum Renegade Extension Capture Giratina 0 orbs Heart Gold Rainbow Extension Capture Ho-oh 0 orbs Soul Silver Diving Extension Capture Lugia 0 orbs

## Transferring Pokemon and Items

After catching Pokemon and collecting items, send them over to your Pokemon Black 2 and White 2 game. Select “Send Research Data” from the App, ,then use the Nintendo 3DS Link option inside the Unova Link menu at the Main Menu of Pokemon Black 2 or White 2.

## Research Lab

The Research Lab is the place where you shoot Dream Clouds. Use Dream Orbs to enter later devices. The Dream Orbs will be taken each time you use the Device.

Collect Dream Orbs to unlock the other extensions. 3000 Orbs (total) will be needed to get all extensions for the three Flying Legendary Pokemon.

Device Price Description
Basic Extension 0 A balanced searching device.
Retrieval Extension 100 This search extension makes it easier to find Pokemon.
Eureka Extension a 0 / 400 The alpha version of an extension for finding the mystery Pokemon (Tornadus). After capturing all three Legends, this will be used to research Torandous’s Traits. It will cost a few Dream Orbs to use.
Dowsing Extension 100 This search extension reacts to Pokemon that are holding something.
Eureka Extension β 0 / 600 The beta version of an extension for finding the mystery Pokemon (Thundurus). After capturing all three Legends, this will be used to research Thundurus’s Traits. It will cost a few Dream Orbs to use.
Eureka Extension γ 0 / 800 The gamma version of an extension for finding the mystery Pokemon (Landorus). After capturing all three Legends, this will be used to research Landorus’s Traits. It will cost a few Dream Orbs to use.

## Development Lab

Use Dream Orbs to purchase upgrades and inventions.

By Cian Maher 04 December 2019

A complete guide to Pokemon Sword and Shield Poke Jobs and how to make the most of them

Pokemon Sword and Shield Poke Jobs are a brand new aspect of Pokemon. Introduced in Generation 8, Poke Jobs allow you to level up your Pokemon in interesting and time-efficient ways. Here’s everything you need to know about Poke Jobs in Pokemon Sword and Shield, including what Poke Jobs are, how to send Pokemon on Poke Jobs, and why Poke Jobs are important in the first place.

## What are Pokemon Sword and Shield Poke Jobs?

Pokemon Sword and Shield Poke Jobs are special jobs you can send your Pokemon on. They’re indicative of a push towards the harmonious society seen in Detective Pikachu, where people and Pokemon work alongside one another.

There are a wide range of Poke Jobs to choose from in Sword and Shield. To access them, you’ll want to visit a Pokemon Centre and head over to the Rotom computer in the back-left corner. If you interact with this, you’ll see an option for “Check Poke Jobs,” which you’ll need to click to see what’s available. Everywhere from the Galar Police Station to Steelix Railcars, humans are looking for specific Pokemon to help them out of a pinch.

## Sending Pokemon on Poke Jobs

Although you can send any Pokemon on any job, it’s important to pay attention to the specific job requirements. If a Poke Job calls for an Electric-type, a Water-type won’t quite cut the mustard. If you want to get the maximum EXP reward, you’ll want to make sure you’re actually enlisting a Pokemon that fits the bill.

The amount of experience you gain is also tied to how long a job is going to take. Poke Jobs have a wide range of completion windows: some only take about an hour, whereas others can take an entire day. There’s no specific time attached to any Poke Job – instead, the postings are simply described as “short” or “long,” but there’s a specific amount of time attached to each description:

Just a little = 1 hour
Very short = 2 hours
Short = 3 hours
Long = 4 hours
Very Long = 8 hours
Half day = 12 hours
Whole day = 24 hours

Once you select the amount of time you want your Pokemon to work for, you can send them off to earn their livelihood and gain some EXP. Some jobs also allow you to send multiple Pokemon at once, which is obviously more efficient. The longer a Pokemon spends on a job, the more experience they’ll gain, and the higher the star rating on the job posting, the better the rewards that come in tandem with stat and experience boosts. It’s best to send off as many Pokemon as possible for as long as possible in order to maximize the amount of experience you’re gaining at any given time, so be sure to scope out jobs catering to the types you want to train and ship off a boatload of similarly-typed Pokemon to help out the ones you want to reach level 100.

## Why should I send my Pokemon on Poke Jobs?

Poke Jobs in Sword and Shield are a very solid way of levelling up your Pokemon quickly. If you focus on Poke Jobs with a high EXP ranking, you’ll be able to train your Pokemon to level 100 in no time. And although Poke Jobs can take as long as 24 hours, you can speed this up by changing the date and time on your Switch. Rinsing and repeating this will allow you to complete multiple jobs in a very short window of time.

## EV Training with Sword and Shield Poke Jobs

Poke Jobs can also be used for EV training, which means that you can use them to increase your Pokemon’s base stats. This is due to the fact that you can have your Pokemon attend seminars after earning your 4th Gym Badge. A speed seminar obviously increases the selected Pokemon’s base speed, whereas a Special Attack one will boost Special Attack, and so on. These seminars are completed just like regular Poke Jobs, but are even more important if you’re trying to build a team for competitive battling, where you’ll need to have your Pokemon’s stats maxed out.

Your Pokemon will gain 4 points in the selected stat per hour. This means that sending your Pokemon to a speed seminar will allow it to gain 96 speed points in a single day. You should try to send all of the Pokemon you want to use at the Battle Tower or in online battles to seminars before adding them to your team. If their stats are lacklustre, they’ll get steamrolled by more powerful Pokemon who actually had their stats increased, especially in competitive battles online.

## Earning rewards for Sword and Shield Poke Jobs

You can also gain valuable items as rewards from Poke Jobs, as well as money. So although your Pokemon are technically being trained by participating in Poke Jobs, you’re also earning a material gain by sending the correct types on specific jobs that complement them. Poke Jobs are essentially EV training, level farming, and money farming all rolled into one. Although they can take a long time, they are an excellent means of progressing in Sword and Shield, especially once you’ve beaten the game and have the opportunity to build a team for online battling.

## Sword and Shield Poke Jobs: other uses for Rotom computer

The Rotom computer, or Rotomi, is where you access current listings for Sword and Shield Poke Jobs, but it also has a range of other functions. You can customize your League Card here, which you can exchange with players you battle against or trade with. There are a lot of options available so you can design a card that suits your personal taste.

You can also participate in the Loto-ID, which is Sword and Shield’s version of the traditional Pokemon ID lottery. If the number that comes out matches one of your Pokemon’s ID numbers, you’ll win an amazing prize. The catch is you can only participate in the lottery once a day – but, if you keep catching Pokemon, hopefully you’ll win at some point.

That’s all there is to know about Poke Jobs in Sword and Shield. Check the current listings at any Rotom computer and make sure to send out as many Pokemon as possible – just remember to check the required type before sending the wrong Pokemon, lest you spend 24 hours waiting on less-than-stellar returns.

For all of your Pokemon needs, make sure you visit our complete Pokemon Sword and Shield walkthrough.

## How to keep your pc running fast and smooth

by Kirsty · October 19, 2017

One of the biggest pains of using a computer that’s a few years old is that it can become slow and sluggish, making it difficult to perform even everyday tasks without it seeming that the system has become overloaded by your requests. Thankfully there are some simple, easy and cheap ways to give life back to your computer and attain the speed you used to enjoy. Take a look below at our list of the 10 best ways to make your computer run faster so you never have to make do with a slow computer again.

Windows features easy to use built in defragmenting software that can automatically reconfigure your hard drives and make them more efficient. Modern machines do this frequently and automatically but if you have turned off the schedule setting or have an older version of Windows then you will want to run defragmentation regularly. Go to My Computer and right click your hard drive, click Properties then Tools and look for the option to defragment and optimise your drive.

## Uninstall Unused Programs

Uninstalling the programs you don’t use will instantly free up memory and disk space on your computer, making it run faster. Even on a new computer there are programs you won’t use already installed, and as your computer gets older they will clog up your system along with software you’ve downloaded yourself. In Windows, head to Control Panel > Programs > Uninstall a Program to rid yourself of unwanted software, or use PC Decrapifier if you’re not sure what to remove and what to keep.

## Delete Temporary Files

Temporary files collect on your computer through running everyday tasks and they can be stored in such large numbers that they can slo w your system down considerably. Getting rid of temporary files and internet history can allow your computer to run much faster. To delete the files search for ‘Disk clean up’ on the start menu, choose your drive then watch as Windows automatically deletes all your unneeded temporary files.

## Disable Unneeded Startup Programs

If unneeded programs are booting up in the background during startup then they can not only slow down your computer when it turns on, but throughout the time that you’re using it too as they continue to use memo ry even though you’re not using them.
Open Task Manager on a recent Windows version and navigate to the startup tab, or s earch for Run in the start menu then type in msconfig to bring up the startup options. From there you can disable any programs you don’t want to run as soon as your computer boots up.

## Buy An External Hard Drive

Storing photos, videos and documents on your computer doesn’t normally affect its speed, but if your hard disk reaches 85% or more of its memory capacity then you can find your system may be particularly sluggish. Investing in an external hard drive of 1TB or more will mean you have plenty of memory space to store your files without worrying. Plus, they’ll all be safe if anything happens to your computer.

## Clean Dust From Your Fans

Dust in your computer can block airflow, causing the fans to spin loudly and your system to slow down as it overheats. Both desktops and laptops can suffer from dust problems, and the only way to rectify it is to suck out the debris. Turn off your computer, disconnect any cables then wait for 30 minutes before removing the external case. Then use your hoover with a small attachment to suck out dust, fluff and debris from the fan and inside areas.

## Clean Up Your Sy stem With CCleaner

One of the best ways to make your computer run faster is to use system cleaning software such as the free CCleaner which optimises your computer, removes tracking cookies and temporary files, fixes errors and allows faster startup. Install the software using the link above then analyse your system and clean it up all using one handy program.

Restarting your computer will reset its memory and close any applications running in the background that can cause your system to temporarily run strangely or slowly. This is also important to remember if you tend to keep your computer on stand by or in hibernation as you can find that it run slower and slower the longer it is kept on. Regularly shutting down your system at night and restarting during the day if needed will help to keep it running quickly and smoothly.

## Empty The Recycle Bin

Unwanted files sit in your recycle bin using up memory on your computer as they can still be recovered until they’re permanently deleted. You can amass a large amount of these files without thinking about it so emptying your recycle bin will help to free up the space they are taking up. Right clicking on the recycle bin desktop icon or an empty space within the bin will give you the option to empty it, one of the easiest ways to make your computer run faster.

## Install Linux

If nothing else is working and your computer is still very slow, installing Linux is the best way to make the computer run faster. Linux can help you get more use out of your old Windows PC and some of the versions are specifically made for older computers as they have much less system requirements than Windows. Consider installing a free operating system such as Lubuntu which is a lightweight mix of Linux and Ubuntu, so that your computer can run faster and more energy efficiently.

## Introduction: How to Keep Your PC Running FAST and EFFICIENTLY

This instructable will guide you step by step on how to clean up your computer and keep it running fast without paying for one of those rediculous programs.

One of the biggest thing you can do for your computer to help keep it running fast is to check for the latest hardware and software updates. You can accomplish this by opening internet explorer and highlighting the tools button on the main ribbon at the top of the window and clicking on the windows update option.

## Step 2: User Accounts

One of the things that people don’t usually realize is that when you have alot of user accounts on your computer, it slows it way down. You can counter this by simply deleting some of the users. When you have deleted the users just make a folder for each person that uses the computer in the “My Documents” folder. When you want to keep something secret from the others on the computer, just make the file hidden, or put it in a folder maze. (explained in other instructable) When you have deleted the accounts you can also change the way that you log on and off of the computer by changing the settings so that you log on and off with the old method. (No Welcome Screen, just username and password) This can significantly reduce the amount of resources that you use. Also change your background to a plain color by choosing none in your desktop properties and choosing a base color. This will reduce startup time.

## Step 5: Check Disk and Defragment

For this step it is important that you do these when you are not planning on using your computer while it is working on this step. The best time i found is to start these tasks before i go to bed, work, or school even. Open “My Computer’, right-click on your main hard drive and click “Properties”. In this window click on the “Tools” tab. The first thing at the top of the window should be “Error Checking”. Click on the button that says “Check Now. “. When the next small window pops up make sure that both check boxes have a green check mark in them. Then click “Start”. It will tell you that it needs certain OS files and asks you if you would like to schedule the Disk Check on the next restart. Click “Yes”. Go through all of your hard drives and follow these steps. Then Restart your computer. But remember, if you do this at a time when you need to use your computer you will be screwed for at least 1.5 hours per hard drive, thats why it is best to do it before bed. When the computer restarts and you log on, there will be a prompt awaiting you from the system config we did earlier. Click on the check box that says “Don’t show this again” and click “Done” or “Ok”. After you do this go back through “My Computer” and open up the properties and tools for your hard drive. This time though, your going to click on “Defragment”. Click on that and when the new window pops up click “Analyze”. This will take a couple of minutes. After it is done it will say “You should (or Should not) defragment this hard drive” Regardless of what it says just click on the “Defragment” button. REMEMBER: Only do this when not planning on using the computer for a while. (Bed, work, school) Repeat this process for each hard drive.

## Step 6: Internet

One last step that is really dependant on each person and there computer is that you can delete your cookies and temporary internet files. Internet Explorer >> Tools >> Internet Properties >> delete cookies, and temporary internet files. You can also perform virus scans which may help your computer to run faster.

## Step 7: Use Your Computer!

Use your now faster and more responsive computer! Glad I could help.

## Be the First to Share

Did you make this project? Share it with us!

Whether you’re new to Windows or an old pro, it’s important to maintain your computer and its software. Some of it can be automated, but a little effort can help save plenty of frustration.

Windows 7 is a powerful, flexible operating system, but it also needs some regular attention to keep it running smoothly. It’s much easier now than it was years ago, but it’s still all too easy to neglect. Fortunately, quite a few processes can be automated, and the rest can be added to your weekly or monthly task list and taken care of fairly quickly. Here’s what you need to do:

• Protect your computer from viruses and attacks. Microsoft Security Essentials is free, automated, and incredibly easy to configure. If you do nothing else, make sure you have this running, and you may as well uninstall any antivirus or firewall programs that came with your machine while you’re at it. They may work fine, but Microsoft got it right this time.
• Remove unnecessary programs and files. While most computers these days aren’t struggling for hard-drive space (unless you’re an inveterate media hoarder), it’s still a good idea to clear off any unwanted or unused programs now and then, as well as temporary files and other detritus. I like CCleaner for zapping programs and searching for dead files, though Revo Uninstaller is also a champ. Be sure to look carefully at what they want to delete, though; losing some things, like browser sessions, can be irritating. CCleaner removes unnecessary programs and files.
• Scan and remove malware. Many more Web sites than you would think install cookies and programs on your computer to keep tabs on you or indulge in even more nefarious shenanigans. Spybot is a fantastic, open-source program that does a great job of finding them, clearing them out, and then (if you like) watching for them in the background. This is a must for heavy Web users.
• Back up important files. It’s telling that this still doesn’t go without saying, several decades into the PC revolution. The odds are good that you know someone personally who’s lost important data to hardware failure; now is as good a time as any for you to start insuring yourself against such a catastrophe . New options make it much simpler to automate the process, and if the worst should happen, at least you’re only out some money instead of important data or memories. Back up Windows files.
• Back up your system. This may not be as important to most people as backing up pictures, e-mail, and so on, but those of us who have tweaked Windows to our liking and play around with new programs quite a bit should invest a few minutes each week or so to set up a System Restore point . It’s easy to do and keeps you from having to reinstall Windows and painstakingly set it all up the way you like in the event of a major crash.
• Clean out your hardware. If you’ve never opened up your computer, you may be surprised by how grotty it gets inside the casing. Physical cleaning is a great way to improve your machine’s longevity –just pick up a can of compressed air or a vacuum cleaner designed for computers, turn off your machine, pop the case, and get to work. Laptops are trickier, as they are harder to open up as thoroughly as desktop machines, but it’s still a good idea to do what you can.

I should point out that there are a few old-school computer maintenance tools that just aren’t that important anymore. Defragging the hard drive used to be a vital element of Windows maintenance, but Windows 7 does it automatically in the background, and you shouldn’t have to do it with your main drives. (It may still be a good idea to check auxiliary drives now and then.) Similarly, registry cleaning used to be seen as essential, but these days, it’s recognized as unnecessary, improving performance by only a tiny fraction of a percent in most cases.

They say that an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure. This is especially true when it comes to computer maintenance. Here are five simple ways to keep your system running smoothly:

## 1. Use Antivirus Protection

To keep your computer safe, you need protection against malicious software. You should use both antivirus and anti-spyware programs. Make sure that both programs are kept up to date.

These anti-malware programs can help you avoid many of the headaches that plague computer users. Maintaining your subscriptions to these services is important, so be sure to make note of any renewal dates.

## 2. Back up Your Files

Frequently backing up your files is a good way to make sure that you don’t lose anything vital if your hard drive gets damaged.

Be sure to periodically back up important files to a flash drive or external hard drive. You can also use a cloud-based service to back up your files. There are several companies out there that provide in-house, off-site, and cloud-based options for data backup.

## 3. Defragment Your Hard Drive

Another task that must be done on a regular basis is defragmenting your hard drive. Defragmentation rearranges files that are saved on the hard drive so that they are stored in contiguous locations. This lowers the amount of time it takes to access your files.

Windows’s built-in Disk Defragmenter tool can help you with this. Before starting the defragmentation process, make sure to turn off any programs that are running in the background. The process will take much more time if you don’t shut down these programs first.

## 4. Perform a System Restore

If your system starts acting strangely, you can always restore the system from a point in time at which everything was running properly. Restoring the system lets you undo any negative changes that you may have made. A system restore will not affect personal files like your documents and photos.

Windows has a system in place for regularly creating restore points on your computer, but you can create a restore point manually if you want. To use the System Restore tool, just search for “System Restore” by using Windows’s search function.

## 5. Reformat Your Hard Drive

If your computer is still not working properly after a system restore, you may need to reformat the hard drive. This will remove everything from your computer. You will then need to reinstall Windows and all of the other programs that you are using.

Reformatting your hard drive erases everything that is stored there. This lets you remove any hidden problems. However, it will also delete all of your data, so be sure to back up your files beforehand.

It is definitely clean to preserve your pc jogging like new with the right regular renovation. Yes, your PC requires preservation, just like your vehicle. This article explains some of the things you may do to hold your pc walking speedy and smooth so that you will get higher overall performance from it.

No, you no longer purchase a computer every couple of years; until you want to have that type of money. However, many humans do not have the disposable earnings to update their computer every 3 years or quicker. If you are already experiencing laptop troubles, adore it freezing, crashing, or taking forever to load and shut down; it isn’t too past due to fix it and start getting the great performance.

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First of all, you will want to run a PC experiment on your computer at least once a month; this by myself will assist your pc run at its excellent viable velocity. It will even cast off any muddle that has constructed up over time for your pc. Once it’s miles easy, you’ll want to hold your desktop and tough disk smooth and clutter-free.

As you continue to take those steps, you will word that you may discover ways to maintain your pc running speedy and easy like new. You will also get lots greater execution online without having to paintings via all the litter. It does not take long to perform these steps to ensure that you get your computer’s very best overall performance.

One of the best and most inexpensive ways to talk to people today isn’t always on a mobile smartphone. A fashion in many groups uses their current Internet connections and uses VoIP services like Cisco and Vonage to make their commercial enterprise calls. Doing so will shop them huge dollars to eliminate their need for a leased line for smartphone communications. Cell phones are limited to the regions they cowl, and they generally fee more to function than Internet VoIP applications. To use your laptop to make smartphone calls, you may need a VoIP software program and a laptop headset to permit you to talk over the Internet for free; if you buy a provider along with Vonage, you could make the neighborhood long-distance calls without spending a dime. So, if deciding to move in this direction, right here are some tips while purchasing your new laptop headset.

When buying a pc headset, it isn’t sensible to move for the reasonably-priced, ten-dollar model offered via the well-known technology agencies. These may function nicely enough to suit you; however, after a while, you’ll be dissatisfied with their best. Most of the less expensive models are usually fairly uncomfortable and could handiest come up with lackluster performance. Paying a bit extra for a good excellent computer headset will dramatically boom the audio exceptional of each inbound and outbound voice call. Headsets had been famous for being used with pc video games for some years now; the recent fashion in Internet gaming has helped improve the market. Bluetooth pc headsets have also been growing in recognition during the last few years within the business world to increase mobility and productivity.

Computer headsets present the necessary interface to the laptop to permit enterprise users to make all of their contacts calls over the pc and utilize the Internet to make the decision free of charge. Headsets can also be used in an international commercial enterprise in places like call facilities to cut down on the historical past noise of having so many personnel on the smartphone at an identical time in a small location. This allows for greater personal communication as well. Gone are the times of allotting massive quantities of cash each month for mobile phone plans for every worker. Using the computer to make smartphone calls, the most effective items you want to with the aid of are the VoIP software and a reliable headset for the user to put on. This setup will prevent money in the end in comparison to today’s rate mobile wi-fi provider plans.

If you’re into laptop games for the Xbox, PlayStation, and Wii, the brand new craze is to play towards one another over the Internet. This lets customers from everywhere in the world play in opposition to every different digital space, the Internet. However, if you stay competitive in this international of excessive-tech gamers, you will want pc headset to connect to your Xbox or PlayStation. These headsets are usually wi-fi, the use of Bluetooth generation. Of direction, in case you are the traditional laptop gamer, your computer headset will be plugged into your final gaming PC, and you may be gambling something like Counter-Strike or World of Warcraft. If that is the case, you can want to go together with a USB interface in your laptop headset. This style can be wired without delay in your PC and could now not require you to update the batteries. This fashion tends to be extra comfortable and offers far high audio nice than some of the cheaper wi-fi fashions available.

Chris Hoffman is Editor-in-Chief of How-To Geek. He’s written about technology for over a decade and was a PCWorld columnist for two years. Chris has written for The New York Times, been interviewed as a technology expert on TV stations like Miami’s NBC 6, and had his work covered by news outlets like the BBC. Since 2011, Chris has written over 2,000 articles that have been read nearly one billion times—and that’s just here at How-To Geek. Read more.

The Performance Monitor is one of many useful tools buried deep in Windows. It can generate a System Diagnostics Report with information about problems and suggestions of how to fix them. If your computer isn’t performing well or is experiencing another problem, this quick report might be able to help.

Other useful diagnostics tools include the Reliability Monitor, which provides more detailed information about crashes and other issues, and Windows Memory Diagnostics, which will check your computer’s RAM for problems.

## How to Generate a Report

To generate a report, press Windows Key + R to open a Run dialog box.

Type (or copy and paste) the following command into the box and press Enter:

The Performance Monitor window will appear. Over the next 60 seconds, it’ll monitor your PC’s performance statistics so it can put together a report.

After it completes, you’ll see a very detailed report with a list of information and recommendations.

The top section offers a list of “warnings” with information about issues with your system and suggested fixes. On the Windows 7 system report below, we see a warning that the system isn’t running an antivirus product registered with the Security Center.

If you need more information about a problem, click the link to the right of “Symptom” to view more detailed technical information. Those technical details may be more helpful for performing a web search and finding information about your specific problem.

Further down, you’ll see a number of “Basic System Checks.” If everything went well, you’ll see a green “Passed” result for all of them. These system checks check everything from your Windows version, SMART status to see if your hard drives are failing, and the status of various system services and hardware devices.

If any category of checks failed, expand that section for more information.

Below that, you’ll see a “Resource Overview” in the Performance section. This will show you information about your system resource usage. If there’s unusually high CPU, network, disk, or memory usage that could potentially be reducing the performance of your PC, this section will inform you of it.

At the bottom of the window, you’ll just find several sections of technical information. You shouldn’t need to dig through this information, as any problems here will be shown at the top of the report. Click the “Symptom” link for a problem and you’ll be taken to the more detailed technical information about it near the bottom of the report.

## Access System Diagnostic Reports Later

If you’d like to save a report for later–perhaps you want to show or send it to someone–you can click the “File” menu and select “Save As” to save it as an HTML file on your computer or “Print” to print it as a document.

You can also access reports later, even if you didn’t save them at the time. To do so, open the Performance Monitor window. Press Windows Key + R, type the following command into the Run dialog, and press Enter:

Navigate to Performance > Reports > System > System Diagnostics. You’ll see an ordered list of every system diagnostics report you generated. The date and time the report was generated appear in each report, so you’ll know when they were captured.

This tool won’t help you solve every problem you experience, but it can provide some helpful information and give you some useful suggestions if your computer doesn’t seem to be running well.

In an ideal world, we would all be using a brand new NVIDIA GeForce 1080 Ti graphics card with an Intel X-Series processor.

But reality is that technology gets old fast, and almost every streamer can make things easier on their PC.

We collected some tips from StreamElements Discord support aces, we hope you’ll find them useful.

Use your Graphics Card for Encoding

It’s important to find out if any components are causing issues for you. For example, if you have such high CPU usage that your PC is slow then there is a setting in OBS called Hardware (NVENC), Hardware (VCE) or Hardware (QSV) within Settings > Output > Streaming.

When NVENC/VCE/QSV is selected this will use your graphics card to do your encoding instead of your CPU, effectively relieving some workload from the CPU and therefore making it less strained.

StreamElements takes everything possible and puts it all into one single browser source. Loading your overlay from a single source means that your CPU only has to load one source instead of several, which will reduce CPU usage by a lot.

Need help with connecting StreamElements overlay with OBS? Watch our video guide.

You can set your Video Bitrate in Settings > Output > Streaming.

If you lower the number in this field you should notice that it uses marginally less CPU usage, I do not recommend going any lower than 2000 Kilobites, this will cause pixelation in your stream quality.

There are a couple of hidden settings within Settings > Output > Streaming

You will need to click Enable Advanced Encoder Settings to access them, then you will see the hidden options available to you.

You can enforce your upload bitrate with the limit you set, this means that you will not upload past a certain amount above your desired bitrate. This will prevent your PC from having to encode more than you feel it’s capable of handling.

The Encoder Preset option sets is simply a case of the higher the selected option means the less CPU usage.

Potentially countering drop in quality from using NVENC/VCE/QSV

If you use NVENC/VCE/QSV you can counter the drop in quality if you raise the Video Bitrate.

Be mindful of the fact that people still need to download this data. Twitch doesn’t suggest going over 6000 as an absolute maximum Video Bitrate, they can shut down your stream if you surpass this.

It’s worth remembering that 3500 is a good average for bit rate, this is what I choose to use myself as many people still don’t have very high download speed.

Downscaling your resolution in Settings > Video is a good way to ensure you’re downscaling so many pixels. If you downscale your resolution down from say 1080p to 720p it means that your CPU only has to encode your stream at 720p, which is only half the pixels.

Obviously not everybody has a 1080p monitor but the process is relatively the same regardless of your monitor resolution.

Selecting a Downscale Filter

The option called Downscale Filter will decide how you choose to downscale your resolution if you choose to do this.

The top option is Bilinear and it is the best option for streaming on a less powerful computer. Since it’s the fastest it doesn’t spend as much resources doing the downscale.

The information in the brackets tells you that you may experience some instances of blur if scaling with this filter, although as somebody who downscales from 1080p to 720p myself with this very same downscale filter I notice no blur, so this may require some testing.

Selecting an FPS to stream at

The FPS you stream at is also a factor in how much resources you’re using, streamers often wonder what to use between 60 or 30 FPS, 30 FPS would be a safer bet than 60 FPS with a less powerful computer.

Selecting a lower FPS will use less CPU usage not having to capture 60 frames every second but instead half of that.

Of course if you capture half the frames then you will most likely notice that the stream is not as fluid, but at least it’s less work for your CPU and still considered reasonable for most viewers.

We hope you’ll find this list helpful! Our support staff are in StreamElements Discord 24/7 and can further help with more tips and tricks and would love to hear your suggestions as well.

Microsoft’s newest operating system is getting better all the time, and if you’ve already updated, you’re no doubt wondering how to get the best software experience you can. These tips should help you improve performance on your computer by cleaning the clutter you don’t really need. Here are four things you can do to streamline your Windows 10 experience:

Windows launches several programs at startup, so that they’re instantly available when you need them. The problem is it can actually slow down your computer. You can stop some of these apps from launching just by navigating through a few folders in the settings.

Visit the Startup tab of the Task Manager (Ctrl+Shift+Esc) or use Microsoft’s official (and free) Autoruns for Windows tool to see what’s launching alongside the OS. From there, you can disable anything you don’t want. If there’s a particular entry you’re not sure about, err on the side of caution and leave it be.

## 2. Ditch applications you don’t need

Unused applications don’t necessarily do your PC any direct harm, but they take up valuable hard disk space and room in the memory, and tend to mean Windows is working harder than it needs to. They can also cause unexpected bugs and incompatibility issues with other devices and apps.

Type “uninstall” in the taskbar search box then pick Change or remove a program to see all the applications currently stored on your machine. For any that have been gathering dust for a few months, click the relevant icon and select Uninstall, then follow the instructions on screen to complete the process.

## 3. Disable background apps

Microsoft is a big fan of its native universal apps, which might be why it allows them to run in the background even when you haven’t actually launched them. That means you can access their features more quickly, but it’s a waste of system resources if you don’t use these apps on a regular basis.

To modify software running in the background, go to Settings from the Start menu then click Privacy and Background apps. Turn off the toggle switches next to the apps you don’t want to have running all the time. Of course, you can still launch these programs manually if you need them.

## How to prevent infection after dental work

Once a tooth has been extracted, bacteria will still be alive in the mouth, even more so with those who have bad oral hygiene. Infections are very common following extractions. Depending on how bad the tooth was that the dentist removed, he may prescribe you some antibiotics to take that will greatly reduce your risk of getting an infection. In some cases though, even antibiotics can’t prevent an infection.

If you go to the dentist before the extraction experienced swelling of the face, swollen gums, pain in your teeth under light pressure, or bleeding around the extraction site, then you may already have an infection. If you indeed have an infection before you get the tooth treated, the dentist will prescribe you antibiotics to use following treatment. If you have a really bad abscess, you’ll need to use antibiotics to treat the infection before the dentist will remove the tooth.

In some cases, people develop an infection after the extraction, even though they may not have been infected beforehand. The reason for this, is bacteria. Following an extraction, bacteria will be more alive in the mouth than ever before. With the extraction site being exposed, the bacteria will be able to get into the site. This can lead to an infection due to the site being exposed and the fact that you are unable to use mouthwash or brush during the first 24 – 48 hours. Not being able to sterilize your mouth means that you are unable to kills the germs responsible for bacteria.

After extractions, the first sign of infection is renewed bleeding. This normally occurs around 48 hours after the extraction. Even though it normally isn’t severe, you should still call your dentist and make an appointment to be seen. Your dentist will be able to stop the bleeding and give you some antibiotics and other prescriptions that will fix the problem.

Some dentists prefer to give patients antibiotics before they will do any type of extraction. Although you may not have an abscess, most dentists prefer to get rid of the infection before they start doing their work. They do this because they know the local anesthesia won’t work all that good with infections, and it may take them a lot of work and a lot of medicine to numb the area that you have the infection in.

In the event that the tooth has to be removed and the dentist simply cannot wait a few days, it is possible to get you numbed. Although it will take quite a bit of medicine to numb the area, it can be done. Sometimes, dentists will choose to use an IV sedation or laughing gas, in the event that local numbing doesn’t help. An IV sedation will normally put you to sleep or knock you out, so that the dentist can remove the tooth that is causing you so much trouble.

Even though infections can cause a lot of pain and need to be dealt with immediately, you may not have to take antibiotics once the dentist has extracted the tooth. If your mouth is clean and you don’t have a lot of germs, you can normally heal the would by taking care of it. Rinsing your mouth out with salt water for the first few days will keep the extraction site clean. As long as you take care of the extraction site and do what your dentist tells you, you shouldn’t have any further problems with the extraction site or the infection.

When was the last time you visited your dentist or dental hygienist? If you’re one of the many people who avoids seeing a dentist unless you have a toothache, you may not realize your oral and dental health can have a significant impact on your overall health. In fact, an infection in your mouth can trigger sepsis, just as an infection in any other part of your body can.

Infections in your mouth can occur in a tooth through an undetected cavity or crack, or through cuts in your gums, cheek, or tongue. Infections can also develop after dental work, because bleeding may occur during the procedure, leaving an opening for bacteria to enter.

Sometimes incorrectly called blood poisoning, sepsis is the body’s often deadly response to infection, including dental infections. Worldwide, one-third of people who develop sepsis die. Many who do survive are left with life-changing effects, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), chronic pain and fatigue, organ dysfunction, and/or amputations.

World Oral Health Day is marked every year on March 20, organized by the World Dental Federation to help raise global awareness of oral health. According to the American Dental Association (ADA), one-third of Americans do not see a dentist regularly. This is for a variety of reasons, ranging from not understanding the importance of regular dental care to social issues such as having limited finances (having to choose between basic needs and dental care) or limited mobility, making it difficult to reach a dental office.

Regular oral care should start early though. The American Academy of Pediatric Dentists recommends that babies have their first check-up when their first tooth appears, and before their first birthday. This care should continue right through to the end of life, even for people who no longer have teeth. This is because dentists don’t just examine and repair teeth, they examine and diagnose problems in your entire mouth, such as oral cancer, blocked salivary glands, and any abnormalities that may appear.

It is true that dental care can be expensive, but preventative care with regular in-office cleaning and check-ups can not only prevent cavities, it can help detect problems in your mouth in the earlier stages, when they are usually easier – and less expensive – to treat. The U.S. Department of Health & Human Services has a webpage with resources to help people find low-cost dental care, if needed.

To learn more about oral health and sepsis, including the signs and symptoms of an infection in your mouth, visit Sepsis and Dental Health in the Sepsis and… section of the site. To find stories about people who have had sepsis following a dental infection, visit FacesOfSepsis.org. And if you have a story to share, please click on the Send Us Your Story link on the Faces of Sepsis page.

(Interesting fact: Dr. Carl Flatley, founder of Sepsis Alliance, is a retired endodontist!)

• How Have Endocarditis Prevention Guidelines Changed?
• Who Should Receive Antibiotics Before Having a Dental Treatment?
• What Dental Procedures Are Antibiotics Recommended For?
• Is There Anything Else I Can Do to Lower My Risk for Bacterial Endocarditis?
• What Are the Symptoms of Endocarditis?

Endocarditis is a rare, life-threatening inflammation of the lining of the heart muscle and its valves. It is caused by a bacterial infection. Although it can occur in anyone, it is much more common in people with certain heart conditions and in those who’ve had it before. If your risk is high, you can take steps to lower it.

## How Have Endocarditis Prevention Guidelines Changed?

In 2007, the American Heart Association Endocarditis Committee — together with other experts — issued guidelines to help prevent endocarditis. These replaced guidelines issued in 1997. After reviewing published studies, the committee found that only a small number of cases of infective endocarditis might be prevented by antibiotics for dental procedures. In patients with heart conditions associated with the highest risk of serious complications from endocarditis, it says that antibiotic treatment before dental procedures involving manipulation of the gums seems reasonable.

In very rare cases, bacteria in the mouth may trigger endocarditis in people at higher risk. Here’s what happens: Bacteria found in tooth plaque may multiply and cause gingivitis (gum disease). If not treated, this may become advanced. The gums become inflamed (red and swollen) and often bleed during tooth brushing, flossing, or certain dental procedures involving manipulation of the gums. When gums bleed, the bacteria can enter the bloodstream and can infect other parts of the body. In the case of endocarditis, this affects the inner lining of the heart and the surfaces of its valves. The bacteria stick to these surfaces and create growths or pockets of bacteria.

Because this is so rare, the new guidelines suggest antibiotics prior to dental procedures only for patients who are at highest risk for serious complications from endocarditis. In fact, in most cases, the risk of problems from antibiotics exceeds the benefits from preventive antibiotics. These attract blood products that may lead to clots.

## Who Should Receive Antibiotics Before Having a Dental Treatment?

To prevent endocarditis, patients with certain heart conditions receive a single dose of an antibiotic. You receive it about one hour prior to certain dental treatments.

The American Heart Association and American Dental Association now suggest that you receive antibiotics prior to dental treatment only if you have:

В

• A prosthetic (artificial) cardiac valve or prosthetic material used in valve repair
• Cardiac valve disease and have had a cardiac transplant
• Congenital (present at birth) heart disease. This includes only people with the following: В
• Unrepaired cyanotic congenital heart disease (including those with devices that relieve symptoms only)
• Completely repaired congenital heart defect with prosthetic material or device during the first six months after the procedure
• Repaired congenital heart disease with defects that remain at or near the site of a prosthetic patch or prosthetic device

## What Dental Procedures Are Antibiotics Recommended For?

The new guidelines suggest preventive treatment for all patients with cardiac conditions listed above, but not for all dental procedures.

The guidelines suggest treatment only:

• During dental procedures that involve manipulation of gingival tissue (around bone and teeth) or the periapical region of teeth (tip of the tooth root)
• When the inside lining of the mouth is perforated

The guidelines do not recommend antibiotics for these dental procedures or events:

• Routine anesthetic injections through noninfected tissue
• Dental X-rays
• Placement of removable prosthodontic or orthodontic appliances
• Placement of orthodontic brackets
• Shedding of baby teeth
• Bleeding from trauma to the lips or inside of the mouth

## Is There Anything Else I Can Do to Lower My Risk for Bacterial Endocarditis?

• Tell your dentist if your health has changed since your last visit. Be sure to let your dentist know if you’ve had heart or vascular surgery within the past six months. Also report if you have been diagnosed with other heart conditions.
• Make sure your dentist has a complete list of the names and dosages of your medications, both prescription and over-the-counter.
• Practice good oral hygiene. Brush your teeth at least twice a day; floss at least once daily; rinse with an antiseptic mouthwash at least once a day. Good oral and dental health is very important for patients at risk for endocarditis.

В

## What Are the Symptoms of Endocarditis?

Possible symptoms of endocarditis include:

В

• Unexplained fever
• Night chills
• Weakness, muscle pain, or joint pain
• Sluggishness (lethargy) or malaise (general ill feeling)

В

Keep in mind that receiving antibiotics greatly lowers the risk of endocarditis. However, it is not a guarantee. Also keep in mind that most cases of procedure-related endocarditis occur within two weeks of the procedure. So if you have any of these symptoms beyond this time, it is not very likely that you have endocarditis. It is always wise to check with your doctor or dentist if you have any concerns.

#### Sources

SOURCE:
Committee on Rheumatic Fever, Endocarditis, and Kawasaki Disease, Prevention of Infective Endocarditis: “Guidelines From the American Heart Association.”В

Infections can develop anywhere in your mouth – in the gums (periodontal), lips, palate, cheeks, and tongue, or within and below teeth (endodontic). Paying attention to dental health is important in preventing dental infections. A dental infection within or below a tooth can be caused by tooth decay or a broken tooth that causes the pulp to become infected. The pulp is the part of the tooth that contains blood vessels, connective tissue, and large nerves. When an infection occurs, bacteria can move out of the tooth to the bone or tissue below, forming a dental abscess. A dental infection can lead to sepsis.

Sometimes incorrectly called blood poisoning, sepsis is the body’s often deadly response to infection. Sepsis kills and disables millions and requires early suspicion and treatment for survival.

Sepsis and septic shock can result from an infection anywhere in the body, such as pneumonia, influenza, or urinary tract infections. Worldwide, one-third of people who develop sepsis die. Many who do survive are left with life-changing effects, such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), chronic pain fatigue, organ dysfunction (organs don’t work properly), and/or amputations.

Signs of an infection in the mouth include:

• Bitter taste in the mouth
• Fever
• Pain
• Sensitivity of the teeth to hot or cold
• Swelling of the gum
• Swollen glands of the neck
• Swelling in the jaw

As with all infections, an infection in your mouth should be treated as quickly as possible to reduce the risk of complications, including sepsis. Salt water mouth rinses while waiting to see your dentist may ease the pain or discomfort. You might also ask your dentist’s office what you could do before your appointment.

If your dentist feels you have an infection, you will probably be given a prescription for an antibiotic. It’s important that you take this antibiotic as directed until it is finished, even if the pain and swelling seem to have gone away. Feeling better does not necessarily mean that the infection has gone away.

Also, ask your dentist if the infection should be drained. If it is possible, draining can speed up the reduction of pain and swelling. Your dentist may refer you to an endodontist or periodontist if your case is more complicated.

### Preventing dental infections with good dental health

Preventing infections from occurring in your mouth will help you reduce your risk of developing sepsis. Regular twice-a-year visits are usually recommended for up-to-date x-rays, exams, and dental cleanings.

Good oral hygiene is the first basic step in promoting good dental health and preventing infections. These habits should be taught to children from early on to help them keep healthy mouths and teeth.

• Brush your teeth thoroughly at least twice a day.
• Floss your teeth at least once a day.
• Don’t over brush – brushing too hard or with too hard a brush can damage your teeth. Ask your dental hygienist for the best way for you to brush your teeth.
• Don’t use your teeth to open packaging, break string, etc. Your teeth are strong, but they are meant for chewing food, not hard objects, which can cause teeth to crack, chip, or break.
• Visit your dental office at least twice a year for a thorough cleaning and check up.
• If you have had dental work, watch for any signs of infection and contact your dentist if you experience any of the signs listed above.

### Infection after dental work

Dental work, from cleaning to root canals, may cause bleeding and an opening where bacteria can enter the body. While dentists, hygienists, and dental assistants work to keep everything as clean as possible as they do their work, sometimes infections do develop, just as sometimes they do after surgery on another part of the body.

The American Dental Association recommends that certain people receive prophylactic or preventative antibiotics before they have dental work done. These are people who have certain heart conditions that could make them more prone to developing a condition called infective endocarditis. As well, it may be recommended that some people with artificial joints (like a knee or hip) take prophylactic antibiotics before dental work. If you have an artificial joint, speak with your doctor before you need dental work to see if this is recommended for you.

Here are some of the most common dental procedures.

Tooth extractions

Dentists try to avoid pulling teeth (tooth extractions), but sometimes it is the only option. Endodontic (root canal) procedures are preferable to extraction when possible.

Some reasons for to have a tooth extracted are:

• Too much damage to the pulp (within the tooth) from infection or decay.
• Infection that has not been cured with antibiotics.
• Gum disease that results in loose teeth that can’t be stabilized.
• Crowded mouth, before orthodontics (braces).
• Teeth that cannot be restored with a dental crown or restoration.

Tooth fillings

Another part of good dental health is getting dental repairs as quickly as possible. Tooth fillings are done when a cavity or hole in the tooth needs to be fixed. After cleaning out debris and dirt, the dentist inserts the filling material, which will then protect the tooth.

If you have an infection or have had a root canal, the dentist may put in a temporary filling. A temporary filling protects the pulp from bacteria reaching it and usually helps relieve any pain that you may be feeling. Temporary fillings must be replaced with permanent fillings as they are not made to last.

Root canals

If your tooth is badly decayed or infected, your dentist may suggest that you have a root canal done before going to the more drastic step of extracting (pulling) the tooth.

When a root canal is done, the nerve and the pulp are removed from inside of the tooth. That inner space is then replaced with a sterile inert (chemically inactive) material.

If you suspect sepsis, call 9-1-1 or go to a hospital and tell your medical professional, “I AM CONCERNED ABOUT SEPSIS.”

The information here is also available as a Sepsis Information Guide, which is a downloadable format for easier printing.

Would you like to share your story about sepsis or read about others who have had sepsis? Please visit Faces of Sepsis, where you will find hundreds of stories from survivors and tributes to those who died from sepsis.

#### Droosie

##### Junior member

Hello – I’d really like an opinion about my current situation.

I am a sort of dental phobic in that I never had any problems until 6 years ago just after my son was born. I developed a really severe infection under one of my back teeth when my son was four weeks old. I went to a dentist who said the tooth needed to be extracted but who struggled to numb the area. It was all very traumatic but I realize the difficulty in anesthetizing the area was due to the infection.

Fast forward 6 or so years and I finally pluck up the courage to visit a dentist again. The dentist I saw was lovely and explained all my options for treatment – and I needed a lot of treatment as my teeth had really deteriorated. To be honest my goal is just to be able to smile without feeling self conscious.

Last Thursday I went and had three extractions – these were really just roots and three fillings including one root canal filling. My biggest fear was pain but once the local anesthetic was in it was all pain free.

However, since the work I have developed a big infection. As I had received so much work I expected there to be some residual discomfort and put all the pain I experienced down to that. On Sunday morning I woke up looking like a hamster and in severe pain. I contacted NHS Direct and one of their dental advisors referred me to an out of hours dental service who saw me. The dentist I saw there was very critical of my dentist for doing so much work in one go. He then went on to say that she should have given me antibiotic cover and he could not believe she hadn’t done so. . His opinion was that the infection was not coming from any of the extraction sites which were all upper jaw but from the root canal filling in my lower jaw.

Now – I am a health care professional too and although i am not a dental HCP I do recognize that there will always be differences in opinion with regard to any treatment. But – this has now left me worrying about things. My dentist took lots of X-Rays and one of the things she told me was there was a small infection under the tooth which needed the root canal filling. It also appeared that this was the tooth which caused the big infection after treatment. Yesterday the gum began to ooze blood and yukky stuff utterly, utterly disgusting and horrible but it showed me and my dentist that the infection was actually under the tooth next door to the root canal one.

I am now on Amoxycillin five hundred mgs tds and two fifty mg of Metronidazole tds – excuse words instead of numbers but number keys are not working .
I am much less hamster like now and in minimal pain which I assume means the infection is beginning to clear.

I suppose my questions are:

Was all this treatment too much in one go? I have been very phobic about going back so in many ways was glad my dentist got all the big stuff out of the way. I am going back for some private cosmetic work and also a private denture for the upper back teeth. I feel hugely relieved the other stuff is out of the way but am wondering if it was all too much in one sitting.

Should I have been given antibiotics? I am wondering what the consensus is on antibiotics following treatment now. I have often been given antibiotics following dental work in the past – usually following an extraction. My dentist didn’t suggest them at all after all this work and to be honest I just assumed that things had changed – that perhaps research had shown they were not necessary in most cases.

Thank you for reading. I am off sick but thanks to the antibiotics and especially the Metronidazole cannot indulge in any

I have to see my dentist again on Friday – she has said that if the tooth looks too complicated to treat she will extract it and add it to the denture. I really, really do not want her to do this though as I work with the public and am already self conscious about my teeth – sporting a huge great gap is NOT tempting.

Does dental implant infection really happen? How often does it occur for dental implant cases? It is a common occurrence? This article will talk about infections that happen because of dental implant procedures, important facts about this type of infection and how to treat it. After reading the article, you can read at www.dwdentistkellyville.com.au/dental-implant-pain about the risks of getting dental implants.

## What are dental implants used for?

Dental implants are used to fill in the gaps between teeth. Missing teeth can make people feel very self-conscious and may also give them confidence issues. Dental implants are a good solution for people who have self-esteem issues because of missing teeth. However, on top of the aesthetic appeal they provide, they also contribute to overall oral health. Since dental implants are put directly into the jawbone, they take the place of the missing tooth in all possible ways. They can provide the needed pressure that should be placed on the jawbone when a person bites to prevent bone loss (and further tooth loss in the long run).

## Dental implant failure

Although rare, cases of dental implant failure sometimes happens. The main cause of dental implant failure is dental implant infection, which is also known as peri-implantitis. If there is no dental implant infection present, the chances of having dental implant failure is low.

Most of the time, people who get dental implants will not get dental implant failure. if a person follows the instructions that the dental specialist gives, infection will most likely not happen. There are specific ways by which a person can make sure that their implants stay free from infection. As long as people follow these instructions to the letter, they will not have dental implant failure. One should also note that the sterilization of the clinic and dental instruments is also a factor of infection during a surgery.

Even if some infection does develop on the dental implants, if the person goes to see a dentist right away, there is a big chance that the implants may still be saved because of the quick intervention. However, in any case, if you feel any pain in your dental implants, or if the pain you feel does not subside after a few days or gets worse as time passes, talk to your dentist as this pain may be a sign of infection in your dental implants. Your dentist will be able to treat the infection, get rid of the pain you are experiencing and save your dental implants if you report the pain as soon as you notice it.

## Dental implant infection

Dental implant infection may happen if the area where the newly placed implant is not properly cleaned. Although a person should not brush their implant right away to reduce the risk of disturbing the initial healing process of the implant and to allow it so set on the jawbone, after the bone has healed, keeping your oral hygiene habits is a good way to keep bacterial infections at bay.

Since dental implants will be topped off with a dental crown, nobody will be the wiser that a person has had dental implants put in. The dental implants will take the place of missing teeth in all possible ways. When these implants fully heal and are fully incorporated into the jawbone, they can also be cleaned like any other regular teeth.

## How to reduce the risk of dental implant infection

There are specific ways by which people can avoid getting implant infections. Along with following the proper way to clean and take care of your dental implants after the initial surgery to place them into the jawbone, here is a list of things to remember to ensure that your dental implants stay clean and bacteria-free.

• Avoid smoking

It is a well-known fact that smoking is detrimental to overall health. However, when it comes to oral health, it can also play a role in causing dental implant failure and dental implant infection. If you are a smoker, it is wise to avoid smoking as the dental implant heals. If you are unable to stop smoking for that long, it is best to hold off at least for the first few days up to the first week following the surgery. This will allow the healing process to take place without risking an infection from the smoke.

• Switch to a soft diet

The type of diet and the food you can consume will usually be included in the after-surgery instructions your dentist will provide. Switching to a soft diet will ensure that you will not be eating anything that will put your new dental implant at risk for infection. Food that is hard will produce crumbs and small particles that may get stuck in the area of the new dental implant. These small particles may make it much harder for you to make sure that the area remains clean throughout the recovery period. A soft diet will be much better because the healing process will not be disrupted.

• Proper dental hygiene habits

As the dental implant heals, it is important to practice good oral hygiene habits to promote better and much faster healing. At first, it is recommended not to brush the area, but you can use a salt water rinse to ensure that all food particles and bacteria that may potentially cause infection will be cleared away from the implant area. When the dental implant will be healed, and the dental crown will be placed on top of the metal post to complete the overall look of the implant, you will be able to brush and floss as you would your regular teeth. Making sure that your dental implant always remains clean will give you peace of mind that you will reduce the risk of getting a failed implant and dental implant infections.

## Final thoughts

While the risk of developing an infection on your dental implant is fairly low, it is a good idea to follow the advice above on top of heeding the advice given by your dentist for after-surgery care.

If you have any questions about the instructions that your dentist will give you after the procedure, it is a good idea to talk to them about these questions before you go home. These instructions should be followed to ensure that your dental implants stay clean and infection-free. Also, always get the implant surgery at a trusted dental practitioner.

Keep in mind that dental implant infections are rare, but they do sometimes happen. It is much better to be safe rather than sorry when it comes to your dental implants. If you are able to get past the healing process without having a dental implant infection or implant failure, you will be able to benefit from your dental implants for years to come.

An infection after a tooth extraction is treated using antibiotics, according to WebMD. While a tooth is typically extracted to prevent the spread of infection from a dead tooth, in some people, especially those with weakened immune systems, an infection results after the extraction. Patients can lessen chances of infection by following all aftercare recommendations from a dentist or oral surgeon and by seeking treatment promptly when an infection occurs.

If infection is suspected, a dentist or oral surgeon evaluates the situation and provides a prescription for the appropriate antibiotic to fight the infection, according to WebMD. Some people with compromised immune systems must take antibiotics both before and after a tooth extraction to prevent infection.

Patients must avoid smoking and tobacco for several days after a tooth extraction to prevent loosening of the blood clot in the socket of the extracted tooth, according to WebMD. Smoking also lowers the body’s ability to fight infection, making it an important substance to avoid. The blood clot that forms in the socket of an extracted tooth is instrumental in providing a barrier to bacteria entering the gums and bloodstream. The sucking motion used during smoking loosens the blood clot and puts a patient at greater risk of infection.

Dental crowns are caps that are placed over a tooth in order to restore its shape, size, and strength. By getting a dental crown, you can improve the appearance of your smile and increase your confidence.

If you take good care of your teeth and crown, your crown will last anywhere from 10 to 20 years. While this is great, it’s important to understand that dental crowns, just like regular teeth, are prone to infections. Let’s take a closer look at how an infected dental crown occurs.

An infected dental crown means that the crowned tooth is infected and there is a great amount of pus that has already formed. When a dental crown is infected, the crowned tooth may extrude slightly out of its socket and its original position. This causes the infected tooth to rise higher than the teeth that surround it. If you experience an infection after getting a dental crown, you will likely notice a painful sensation every time you bite down.

If your dental crown is infected, you may also experience some swelling in the tissues that surround the impacted teeth. Since failing to treat the infection can cause it to spread and worsen, you should contact our dental office as soon as you notice you may have one.

It’s important to note that the infection may not occur immediately after your crown was put on. It may arise at a later time because you have not done a good job at caring for your teeth and crown.

Here at Wells Family Dental, we have helped many patients with infected dental crowns find relief from their pain and stop their infection from worsening. We offer same day emergency appointments and encourage you to call us at 919-266-5332 if you happen to experience an infection after you’ve had a dental crown installed.

## How to boost your energy level in the afternoon

Feeling lazy after lunchtime? Follow these tips for beating the afternoon energy slump.

Does this sound familiar? You’re going full steam ahead in the morning, plowing through work assignments or household tasks. You take a quick break for lunch — or maybe just grab something at your desk — and plan on getting right back to your routine. Instead, at about 2 p.m. you find your attention wandering and your focus flagging, and all you really want to do is take a nap. How can you get a quick energy boost to keep you going?

## What’s Causing the Afternoon Slump?

First, you should understand where that sudden crash probably came from. “There seems to be a natural rhythm or set clock in our bodies, so many people tend to feel a little sleepy around 2 or 3 in the afternoon,” says Lona Sandon, RD, MEd, a spokeswoman for the American Dietetic Association and an assistant professor of nutrition at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center. “There seems to be something natural about this lull. Some cultures have the siesta, and people find that they’re more productive and better able to concentrate if they take time off after lunch and come back later.”

WebMD’s sleep expert, Michael J. Breus, PhD, author of Beauty Sleep, explains that midday sleepiness is like a miniature version of the drowsiness you feel just before bedtime. “It has to do with a dip in your core body temperature,” Breus says. “Right before you go to sleep at night, your core temperature begins to drop, which is a signal to the brain to release melatonin. The exact same thing happens on a smaller scale between 2 and 4 in the afternoon. It’s a mini-signal to your brain to get sleepy.”

But don’t blame it all on your body’s internal clock — your body makes you sleepy, but your own eating habits may make you fatigued — for a double whammy leading to a massive energy crash. “Often, people don’t fuel their bodies well enough when they start the day,” Sandon tells WebMD.

If you’re feeling sluggish in the early afternoon, ask yourself these questions:

• Did I eat breakfast?
• What did I eat for breakfast? (A cup of coffee doesn’t count.)
• What did I eat for lunch? Was it from the vending machine?

Your answers may point to the problem. A cup of coffee on the run for breakfast and a candy bar from the vending machine for lunch may give you the quick jolt of sugar and caffeine you need to get started, but not the long-term fuel you need to keep going, Sandon says. “They will only help for a very short time, and it’s not enough to keep the body and brain functioning at their peak.”

## Foods for an Energy Boost

If you want to beat the midafternoon slump, start first thing in the morning with a good-quality breakfast. (We lecture our kids about it, but how often do we take our own advice?) Most women should be eating about 300 to 400 calories for breakfast, and most men, about 500, says Sandon. Instead of coffee and half a Danish, try these options:

• A bowl of cereal with skim milk and a glass of juice or piece of fresh fruit
• Two slices of toast with peanut butter and a banana
• An English muffin topped with a scrambled egg and a slice of low-fat cheese

“You need carbs to get your day going,” says Sandon. “The brain and muscles function best with carbohydrates to fuel them. And we know from other research that adding some protein to the carbs seems to boost concentration levels as well. You feel better, mentally and physically, when you’ve had a meal that combines carbs and protein.”

Sufficiently fueled by breakfast, you might feel like it’s OK to skip lunch or “just grab a salad” because you don’t have time or are trying to lose weight. “That’s a huge mistake people make at lunch — just having a salad with lettuce and a few vegetables,” says Sandon. “They don’t have protein with the salad, and then again they find themselves crashing in the midafternoon.”

So if you’re cruising through the salad bar at lunchtime, top the greens with some diced egg, beans or chickpeas, turkey breast, or cubed chicken to give yourself that protein fix. Or smear some peanut butter on your celery sticks.

And avoid lunches that are heavy in fat; they take longer to digest and sit in your stomach, feeling heavy longer. “That gives you a sense of low energy,” Sandon says. “The calories may be there to provide fuel, but the feeling of fullness leads you to feel sluggish.”

## More Energy-Boosting Tips

But what if it’s too late to prevent the energy slump? You chugged down a latte for breakfast, ate a skimpy salad for lunch, and now you’re drooping over your afternoon reports. What can you do for a quick energy boost? Resist the temptation to hit the vending machines for a Diet Coke and a Snickers. Instead, try Sandon’s three-part solution:

1. Get moving. Take a brisk walk, or better yet, find the staircase in your office building and do five or six flights to get your blood pumping and your body warmed up. In addition, taking your mind off what you’ve been focused on and getting a quick change of scenery (yes, even if it’s a stairwell instead of a computer screen) can help to re-energize you. If you don’t have a staircase handy, try doing some squats and lunges in your office, or keep a jump rope on the back of your door. “You want anything that gets you breathing a little quicker and moving the muscles,” Sandon says.
2. Get wet. Take a drink of water, that is (don’t pour it over yourself). “A big glass of cold water — bottled, tap, or fountain, it doesn’t matter — can really refresh you,” says Sandon. “Adding a slice of lemon or lime can also perk you up.”
3. Get fueled. “If you weren’t fortified well at breakfast and lunch, you need to take a moment and have a snack,” Sandon says. Good options include fresh fruit, trail mix with nuts, or whole-wheat crackers with string cheese. If you have to go to the vending machine, look for peanut butter crackers, a nice carb-protein combination.

Another option: shed some light on the subject. A study published in 2006 found that brief (about 20 minutes) exposure to a bright white light increased alertness and boosted the brain’s responses.” Melatonin can’t be produced in the presence of bright light,” Breus tells WebMD. “If you know you usually feel sleepy around 2:30 or 3 p.m., go out for a walk around 2:15.”

What about closing your door and taking a nap? It’s tempting. “Catnaps are great — unless you have insomnia. There’s evidence now showing that the last time you were asleep affects how long it takes you to fall asleep at night,” says Breus. But if you aren’t struggling to sleep at night, a quick catnap can help with that energy crash midafternoon. Just don’t sleep too long! The length of the nap will determine how good you feel. About 20 minutes works quite well, but much longer than that and you will wake up feeling terrible.”

#### Sources

SOURCES: Lona Sandon, RD, MEd, spokesperson, American Dietetic Association; assistant professor of nutrition, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center. Michael J. Breus, PhD, founder, Sound Sleep Solutions; author, Beauty Sleep. Vandewalle, G. Current Biology, Aug. 22, 2006; vol 16: pp 1616-1621.

Feeling that 3 p.m. brain drain? We’ve all been there and it sucks the productivity right out of your day. But instead of sitting at your desk trying to force yourself to focus, take a break, do something else. Sometimes all you need is a distraction to rejuvenate your brain and give you the energy boost you need to finish the day strong.

We asked members of the Young Entrepreneur Council to give us their tried-and-true tips for staying alert and productive in the sleepy post-lunch hours of the day.

## 1. Stand, or change your scenery.

At our headquarters, each desk is a convertible sit-stand desk. If I feel an afternoon slump coming on, I adjust my desk to standing and work on my feet—or I move to one of our open work areas. It provides mental and physical rejuvenation in the afternoon and helps keep me alert and focused.

## 2. Send a thank-you email.

The best way to combat a slump is by getting something done. Instead of tackling a tough issue that you’re likely to give up on midway through, send one sincere thank-you email to someone who has helped you on your journey. The exercise will re-energize you, reframe your thoughts toward gratitude, and give you the boost you need to tackle the tougher things on your afternoon to-do list.

## 3. Embrace it.

I find that I work well in the morning and at night. I used to beat myself up in the afternoon for being ineffective. Now I accept it. If I feel like going for a walk, I do. Reading sports news? Yup. If I have critical work and I just can’t do it, I know I’m in for a long night. But it’s better for me to be happy all day (resting in the afternoon and working later) than stressing.

## 4. Step back and reorganize.

The best way to beat the afternoon slump is to take a step back from work and reorganize. By going through everything I need to finish for the rest of the day, and determining my priorities for tomorrow, I am more focused on the bigger picture and can better address what needs to be done first.

## 5. Go on a brisk walk.

There’s nothing quite as invigorating as taking a brisk walk through a natural setting. If you have a park or natural trail nearby, take 10 or 15 minutes to walk quickly and with purpose. This energizes you so that you’re ready to hit your desk refreshed and ready to go.

## 6. Take a power nap.

It’s a physical thing that happens that notifies me when my body and brain have had enough. I tried power napping a few years ago and now it’s part of my daily routine. I nap from 20 minutes to an hour, maximum. It’s done an incredible job of boosting my afternoon energy levels. I can now squeeze out much more work during a time where my interest level previously died out.

I like to spend time with a good book or reading some interesting articles online. Just that mental redirection helps get past the brain drain from work and recharges me. It also stimulates new ideas I can use in my work.

## 8. Step away from the screen.

Eyestrain can make an afternoon work slump even harder to avoid. Do something that doesn’t involve a computer screen. Walk around your office or chat with an employee until you feel refreshed enough to get back to work.

## 9. Call a friend.

Sometimes, the best way to break out of an afternoon work slump is to step outside of the business world and connect with a family member or loved one. Don’t send them a text; call and spend 15 minutes catching up on lighthearted and fun topics of discussion. It can be very refreshing and just the jolt you need to get back to work.

## 10. Play a game.

It sounds silly, but it works to go a few rounds on some of my favorite video games. It relieves tension and distracts me from struggling with the same issues for hours. When I come back from an hour of getting lost in video games, it feels like when I start my day in terms of freshness and motivation to work.

## 11. Eat a smaller lunch and stay hydrated.

By eating smaller meals and staying hydrated, I can power through the afternoon slump effortlessly. I tend to opt for a smaller lunch by choosing something with more protein, healthy fats and less carbohydrates to avoid sleepiness. And the body needs water—multiple glasses per day. Staying hydrated will help increase your energy levels and assist you in combating fatigue.

###### Stitcher Podcasts

In this episode of the Feel Good Effect, we’re talking about how to beat the afternoon slump with 12 science-backed, ultra-simple ways to boost your energy all-day.

### How to Beat the Afternoon Slump: 12 Science-Backed Ways to Boost Your Energy All Day

About eight years ago, I was working 60-hours a week, was a new mama, and went to school full-time in the evenings, and let me tell you, I was exhausted.

The afternoon slump was next level and I was reaching for breakroom treats and pick-me-ups daily.

These 12 tactical ways to beat the afternoon slump are science-backed and applicable regardless if you are at a day job, out in the field, are a student, or still in quarantine, you can definitely take some of these and put them into practice right away.

This episode of the Feel Good Effect Podcast is sponsored by the Feel Good Effect book (yes, I sponsor my own podcast because that is how much I believe in this book).

The Feel Good Effect book comes out on September 1, 2020, and is available for pre-order now.

###### 1 | 4-R Framework (download the Essential Guide to Daily Wellness Routines )

I’m a huge fan of morning routines , but it’s also important to have these little wellness routines throughout the day so you can maintain focus and energy.

The 4-R framework breaks down these mini-routines into four parts of your day: (1) refresh in the morning, (2) revive in the mid-morning/day, (3) reset in the afternoon, and (4) rest in the evening.

With this framework, you’re putting investment into your energy earlier in the day to avoid the afternoon slump altogether, rather than putting a band-aid on it at 3 pm.

We want to make sure we are investing in our care, our energy, and our vitality.

###### 2 | 3-M Framework: Mind, Movement, & Meals

The 3-M Framework is a holistic way of looking at wellness, a coalescing of taking care of your mind, moving your body, and nourishing yourself for a well-lived, energy-filled life.

How are you incorporating mind, movement, and meals into your day?

Are you over-focusing on one at the cost of the others?

Invest small amounts of time for major payoffs.

You don’t need to spend more time to feel good and to reclaim your wellness, but it does need to be intentional and focused.

##### Tips for avoiding the afternoon slump
###### 3 | Morning routine

You do not have to spend hours on a morning routine.

I invest 5- to 10-minutes in the morning answering some journal questions, drinking water and coffee, a facial massage, really just to send a message to myself that “I am worthy of care” and set myself up for success.

###### 4 | Hydration

So much of what you feel like in an afternoon crash is related to dehydration.

It might be the least sexy tip out there, but it can make the biggest difference.

Start your day with water and drink it throughout the day (maybe drinking a big glass of water during each time of the 4-R routines).

###### 5 | Eating lunch

If you’re finding yourself snacking throughout the day, I would encourage you to shift your mindset around the importance of lunch.

Eating a nourishing lunch is a radical act of self-care, showing yourself that you’re worthy of nourishment.

It doesn’t have to be fancy, I usually freeze extra soups or stews in mason jars and pull them out for lunch.

Eating lunch helps stabilize your blood sugar, specifically by incorporating protein, fat, and fiber (for more, check out Kelly Leveque and Sarah Adler on the FGE)

Oftentimes, the only meal prep I do for the week is lunch, and it helps a lot (for more, check out the Simplified Reset Program ).

###### 6 | Caffeine connection

There’s actually a wide range of opinions when it comes to caffeine consumption.

I think it’s really just about paying attention to the caffeine connection, whether you’re drinking tea, coffee, soda, or another caffeinated beverage– just pay attention to it.

We all have different timelines for metabolizing caffeine, so it’s highly individual.

Pay attention to how it affects your body and try not to use it as a bandaid.

###### 7 | Energy audit

For a week, try to keep track on paper or on your phone when your energy level is naturally higher and when you naturally need a rest ( Kate Northrup is a great resource for this).

Once you have an understanding of your natural rhythm, block your time around it to maximize the times that you are energetic.

We are not programmed to be on high energy 24-7.

###### 8 | Schedule a break

There is research to support taking an afternoon nap, but it doesn’t work for everyone.

Instead, consider scheduling a mid-afternoon reset for 5-, 10-, or 20-minutes.

Don’t underestimate the power of movement when it comes to reviving yourself, your mood, your outlook, and your energy.

Exercise is not just a form of burning calories or building strength, it has everything to do with mental clarity, perspective, focus, joy, and energy.

It doesn’t have to be something that you need to even change into workout clothes for or get really sweaty.

It might be a walk, taking the stairs, a 10-minute yoga or pilates video (I love Robyn Long’s Balanced Life program, use my discount code to save \$20)

###### 9 | Music

Music has so many science-based, mood-lifting effects (for more on this, listen to Kelly McGonigal’s interview on the FGE )

Consider putting together an afternoon playlist that you can put on to reset, maybe of calming, spa music, or pump-you-up music.

If you’re not in the mood to dance, just listen and let it soothe your soul.

###### 10 | Sleep well

Your ability to get a good night’s sleep will fully affect whether you hit a midday slump.

The best place to start is with good sleep hygiene to make sure you sleep well.

###### 11 | Breathe in fresh air

Even if it’s stepping outside or opening a window, that fresh air will signal your brain to wake up.

12 | Intentional breathwork

1. Inhale for three counts.
2. Exhale for three counts.
3. Repeat.
4. Next level: extend the exhale for four counts.

That simple focus, mindfulness, will calm your nervous system and activate your parasympathetic nervous system (which is rest and digest) to help you deal with stress, build resilience, and ultimately have more energy.

(For more on breathwork, check out Ashley Neese on the FGE ).

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Eyelids drooping while you fight to stay awake?

Dreaming about that coffee/candy bar/energy drink to get you through the afternoon slump?

Look, I know dealing with low energy is an utter drag.

You can feel tired all the time… struggle with brain fog… Unable to concentrate and get important things done…

Even worse, most cures that people reach for—sugar and caffeine—do more harm than good. They give you a quick burst of energy, but then when the sugar and caffeine wears off, you crash.

So instead, try these five surprising things to boost your natural energy levels:

Okay, drinking water isn’t revolutionary or anything, but it’s power to energize you cannot be overstated. Even moderate dehydration can tank your energy levels.

Most people are terribly dehydrated, and don’t even know it.

So pay attention to your thirst and the color of your pee (you want to see very light yellow), and you’ll be well on your way to more energy.

Yoga is great at fighting fatigue because of its deep breathing, various stretches, and focus on the here and now.

Even stepping away from your desk for a couple of minutes and getting into a few poses is enough to get your blood moving and oxygen flowing.

We spend so much of our days staring at a screen, causing dry, strained eyeballs, headaches, and a zombie-like demeanor.

That’s why it’s a good idea to simply look away.

Next time you’re feeling fatigue in front of your computer, try staring at a spot 20 feet away, for 20 seconds, every 20 minutes.

When you come back to your screen, you’ll feel much more refreshed for the next 20 minute block.

Candy bars spike your insulin, dragging your energy right back down into the gutter once the sugar rush wears off.

So, I suggest grabbing some nuts instead. Almonds or peanuts are a great choice because they’re high in magnesium and folic acid—nutrients that are essential for energy and cell production.

Chronic, low-grade inflammation and fatigue go hand in hand. Inflammation damages healthy cells in the body, which in turn lowers energy production.

If you’re experiencing poor digestion, painful joints, or puffiness around the eyes…

There’s a good chance that inflammation is to blame for your sluggishness.

Luckily, the things you do to fight inflammation ALSO fight fatigue, so it’s a double-whammy:

• Eat anti-inflammatory foods such as olive oil, leafy greens, fatty fish, and berries.
• Supplements like fish oil, curcumin, and alpha lipoic acid are all great inflammation busters.
• Sleep – Your body heals and rejuvenates while you sleep so protect your bedtime at all costs.
• Lower stress – Deep breathing, exercising, and meditation are all great ways to lower inflammation and re-energize your body.

There you have it!

Five awesome (and natural!) ways to fight fatigue and reclaim your life. Give one of them a try today and let me know how it works out.

No coffee needed here! The afternoon slump is a real thing. After a long morning, it can be difficult to keep your body and mind moving at the pace you would like. But, instead of reaching for caffeine — which can make things worse in the long run — there are a few tricks you should always have up your sleeve.

Psychology Today reports that most people are at their most alert between 8 and 9 in the morning. So, if you have important, detail-oriented tasks on your to-do list, it may be best to avoid saving them for the afternoon. Furthermore, ingesting a high level of carbs without enough protein can spell disaster for your energy levels as well. Instead of using sugar to pick you up at lunchtime, plan out a balanced meal with proteins and whole foods like fruits and vegetables, the outlet suggests. These will keep you full without zapping you of your energy.

For a healthy snack or lunchtime meal, Goop suggests adding bone broth to your day. Loaded with protein and no caffeine, the liquid offers a savory way to ingest your nutrients. The outlet also recommends getting some movement in. Whether it’s a stretching session or a walk around the block, gentle exercise can give you the energy you need to tackle the rest of your day. Using a standing desk may provide these benefits also.

## Sometimes you just need more rest

Even with all the energizing techniques in the world at your disposal, it’s sometimes no match for deep rest. If you’re noticing yourself nodding off or if you’re just not feeling up too much, take a nap. Psychology Today suggests keeping your midday snooze sesh to a cool 20 minutes for optimal effects. This way, you won’t get overly tired, but you’ll feel refreshed enough to take on the second half of your day. Note that there often isn’t a substitute for quality rest at night, however.

On those days that you can’t squeeze a nap in, try to get some rest in other ways. Slow down, do some deep breathing, listen to relaxing music or meditate. Goop also recommends slow stretching to give your body a little rest. Just make sure to wind down early at night to support your system and help your body recover.

Lastly, reach for your essential oils — a little scent can go a long way. Diffuse lemon oil or another energizing option to uplift your office or home, the outlet suggests. Do some facial gua sha or use an ice roller to wake up your skin and refresh your body. Don’t underestimate the power of physical stimulation!

We’ve all felt the 2 p.m. slump slide in causing you to lose your focus on that important project you are working on. It seems to creep in without warning and can leave you zapped for the rest of the day. There are ways to combat this bout of tiredness while at the office so you can be more productive in the last hours of the day. Here are some ways you can boost your afternoon energy levels while at work.

Get Organized

When you feel your head start to nod, now is the time to take a break and refocus your thoughts. Try organizing your desk to take you mind off your reduced energy levels and allow your brain to shift gears for a second. This mundane task can help lift your spirits as you see a sense of accomplishment in your desk’s new appearance, making you feel energized in the process.

Got For a Walk

Combating your reduced energy levels with an afternoon walk. This will get the blood flowing and produce that much-needed dopamine to help you feel recharged. Even a 20-minute walk on your lunch hours is enough to help you recharge for the afternoon office hours and help you be more productive as well.

Have a Pick Me Up

If you just can’t seem to get your head right, indulge a little with a coffee break. A caffeine boost from your favorite roaster can help propel you through the last part of the work day. According to Jaryd Terkelsen the Co-Founder at Beforeyouspeak Coffee, “Coffee can give you that boost you need to get through the day. With the added Superfood ingredients it gives you the ability to increase your natural energy and focus, without the crash which is great for those who need to perform at work.”

Take a Cat Nap

Catching a few winks with a short nap at your desk. While it may be difficult to actually sleep at your desk, resting your eyes for a moment can help clear your mind and get yourself ready to focus on the task at hand again. If at all possible a short 10-minute nap can work to provide you enough energy to power through the second half of the work day. You’ll be amazed at how rested you feel.

Stretch It Out

Stretching in place at your desk in the afternoon can help circulate blood flow and allow your brain to focus more intently on your work project. Many stretches can be done while sitting, making it possible to be inconspicuous in your movements while in the office. By stretching your muscles, you will feel more limber after sitting all day and be able to get to 5 p.m. with ease.

Listen To Some Music

Get your juices flowing again by listening to some uplifting music?Rock out to your favorite jam to help reduce stress and give yourself energy picks me up. Music helps the body relax and unwind and can really motivate the listener. Choose a heart pumping beat and get ready for some toe tapping under your desk as you’ll suddenly be full of energy to zoom through your pile of work.

Turn Off the Devices

Allow yourself to take a break from the screen and divert your eyes to something else for a while. Bright screens from computers and digital devices can dash away energy levels, making eyes sore and tired. Give yourself a break every hour and focus on something off the screen to get your brain a break. You’ll feel more refreshed and be able to get to the end of the day without total exhaustion.

Get a Good Night’s Rest

When you have a fitful night’s rest the night before, it can affect your energy level throughout the day while you are at work. Planning for eight hours a night may seem impossible, but if you stick to a schedule, you’ll find your body will respond with friendlier days at work. Allow time to wind down into sleep by taking a warm bath and cutting caffeine in the evening. The better your night’s sleep is, the more energy you’ll have to make it to the end of the work day every day.

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Eyelids drooping while you fight to stay awake?

Dreaming about that coffee/candy bar/energy drink to get you through the afternoon slump?

Look, I know dealing with low energy is an utter drag.

You can feel tired all the time… struggle with brain fog… Unable to concentrate and get important things done…

Even worse, most cures that people reach for—sugar and caffeine—do more harm than good. They give you a quick burst of energy, but then when the sugar and caffeine wears off, you crash.

So instead, try these five surprising things to boost your natural energy levels:

Okay, drinking water isn’t revolutionary or anything, but it’s power to energize you cannot be overstated. Even moderate dehydration can tank your energy levels.

Most people are terribly dehydrated, and don’t even know it.

So pay attention to your thirst and the color of your pee (you want to see very light yellow), and you’ll be well on your way to more energy.

Yoga is great at fighting fatigue because of its deep breathing, various stretches, and focus on the here and now.

Even stepping away from your desk for a couple of minutes and getting into a few poses is enough to get your blood moving and oxygen flowing.

We spend so much of our days staring at a screen, causing dry, strained eyeballs, headaches, and a zombie-like demeanor.

That’s why it’s a good idea to simply look away.

Next time you’re feeling fatigue in front of your computer, try staring at a spot 20 feet away, for 20 seconds, every 20 minutes.

When you come back to your screen, you’ll feel much more refreshed for the next 20 minute block.

Candy bars spike your insulin, dragging your energy right back down into the gutter once the sugar rush wears off.

So, I suggest grabbing some nuts instead. Almonds or peanuts are a great choice because they’re high in magnesium and folic acid—nutrients that are essential for energy and cell production.

Chronic, low-grade inflammation and fatigue go hand in hand. Inflammation damages healthy cells in the body, which in turn lowers energy production.

If you’re experiencing poor digestion, painful joints, or puffiness around the eyes…

There’s a good chance that inflammation is to blame for your sluggishness.

Luckily, the things you do to fight inflammation ALSO fight fatigue, so it’s a double-whammy:

• Eat anti-inflammatory foods such as olive oil, leafy greens, fatty fish, and berries.
• Supplements like fish oil, curcumin, and alpha lipoic acid are all great inflammation busters.
• Sleep – Your body heals and rejuvenates while you sleep so protect your bedtime at all costs.
• Lower stress – Deep breathing, exercising, and meditation are all great ways to lower inflammation and re-energize your body.

There you have it!

Five awesome (and natural!) ways to fight fatigue and reclaim your life. Give one of them a try today and let me know how it works out.

No coffee needed here! The afternoon slump is a real thing. After a long morning, it can be difficult to keep your body and mind moving at the pace you would like. But, instead of reaching for caffeine — which can make things worse in the long run — there are a few tricks you should always have up your sleeve.

Psychology Today reports that most people are at their most alert between 8 and 9 in the morning. So, if you have important, detail-oriented tasks on your to-do list, it may be best to avoid saving them for the afternoon. Furthermore, ingesting a high level of carbs without enough protein can spell disaster for your energy levels as well. Instead of using sugar to pick you up at lunchtime, plan out a balanced meal with proteins and whole foods like fruits and vegetables, the outlet suggests. These will keep you full without zapping you of your energy.

For a healthy snack or lunchtime meal, Goop suggests adding bone broth to your day. Loaded with protein and no caffeine, the liquid offers a savory way to ingest your nutrients. The outlet also recommends getting some movement in. Whether it’s a stretching session or a walk around the block, gentle exercise can give you the energy you need to tackle the rest of your day. Using a standing desk may provide these benefits also.

## Sometimes you just need more rest

Even with all the energizing techniques in the world at your disposal, it’s sometimes no match for deep rest. If you’re noticing yourself nodding off or if you’re just not feeling up too much, take a nap. Psychology Today suggests keeping your midday snooze sesh to a cool 20 minutes for optimal effects. This way, you won’t get overly tired, but you’ll feel refreshed enough to take on the second half of your day. Note that there often isn’t a substitute for quality rest at night, however.

On those days that you can’t squeeze a nap in, try to get some rest in other ways. Slow down, do some deep breathing, listen to relaxing music or meditate. Goop also recommends slow stretching to give your body a little rest. Just make sure to wind down early at night to support your system and help your body recover.

Lastly, reach for your essential oils — a little scent can go a long way. Diffuse lemon oil or another energizing option to uplift your office or home, the outlet suggests. Do some facial gua sha or use an ice roller to wake up your skin and refresh your body. Don’t underestimate the power of physical stimulation!

## How to direct a kid play

Child directed play (CDP) is a special form of one-to-one play between you and your child in which your child directs and leads. CDP can be used with children who are between about 2 and 10 with slight adjustments for age or developmental level. Research shows that playing with your child in this way can:

• Build a sense of self-direction and self-confidence in your child
• Foster child language and social development
• Allow your child to receive focused attention from you without having to misbehave to get it

## How to do CDP

Look for a good time to join your child in play. Watch him or her. Get down on the floor together and within reason move where your child moves.

• Describe your child’s play, much like a radio sports announcer describes an exciting game. For example, you might say, “There goes the car over the bridge.” You don’t have to describe every detail, and will want to focus your attention on appropriate child behaviors.
• Imitate your child’s play activities. For example, if your child were building a tower with blocks, you might say, “Great idea. I’m going to build a tower too!”
• Repeat, with more detail, what your child has just said. For instance, if your child says, “There’s the bus,” you could say, “Yes, there goes the long, yellow bus up the hill.” This is a good way to help a young child learn more words without direct teaching. Do your best to repeat without turning what you say into a question.
• Give your child praise during play, identifying specific behaviors that you want to encourage. For example, you might say, “You’re really being careful with those blocks,” rather than, “Good job.” Try to comment on what your child does and how it’s done: “I see you’re stacking those blocks very carefully.”
• Allow your child to play with toys in any way that is not harmful. Keep in mind, there is no one right way to play with a toy.

One of the biggest challenges and disappointments of the current pandemic situation is the loss of live theatre production opportunities. Shows have been cancelled and postponed and we don’t have a clear idea of when they will be able to resume. Students miss their friends and “show families,” teachers miss their students, and everyone misses the opportunity to be creative and have fun performing. However, we theatre types are enterprising people, and we will not be stopped in the pursuit of performances! Virtual productions are popping up everywhere now, specifically designed to be performed online, and they are a wonderful way to keep your students together and keep their love of theatre alive. If you’re thinking about doing a virtual production, here are a few tips.

Show selection is always one of the first things you must consider, regardless of whether the performance will be online or in person. Will you choose an existing script, or create a new, original piece with your students? Will you do a vignette play, a series of monologues, or a standard script adapted for social distancing? Will your play be full-length or one-act? (For a first-time virtual production, it’s better to err on the shorter side.) Are you moving to an online version of your cut-short school production, or starting from scratch?

Many playwrights are adapting or creating new pieces to be performed online. Check out Theatrefolk’s collection of virtual plays here . Remember, when producing an existing script, you must always purchase the rights to perform the play, regardless of whether it’s a virtual production or not. If you’re creating your own original piece, you won’t need to budget money towards the script, but you will need to budget time to write and edit the material, on top of rehearsals.

Musicals are more challenging to produce virtually than plays, due to differences in technology quality and the high likelihood of video and audio lag. If you do decide to tackle a musical, you will need to record and edit the music together. You will need a guide vocal or click track to keep your students in unison, as well as lots of rehearsal time.

You’ll need to make some decisions regarding casting. Will you assign roles based on your knowledge of your students, or have them audition? Or will the group determine who should play what role together? If you choose to have auditions, you will need to decide whether to have students perform their auditions live using a video conferencing program, or have them record audition pieces and submit them to you. If you go the live route, you will also need to decide whether to have your students audition “in front of each other” during a group video conference, or sign up for a time slot and audition “one on one” with you.

Is this a class production, or an extracurricular activity? Will rehearsals occur during school hours, or on evenings and weekends? Will students be graded on their participation and performances, or is it just for fun? Either way, like an “in-person” production, cast members must commit to being available to attend virtual rehearsals, as well as film and submit lines, scenes, and any other material as needed, by their assigned due dates. They must have access to the required technology – while most tablets and phones have webcams built into them, some older computers do not – as well as a stable internet connection. Students may need to create their own costume or prop items. If necessary, have students and their families sign a contract that lays out all the commitments for the virtual production in advance.

###### 3. Get your tech in order.

Will you stream your production live, or will you film the scenes and edit them together? Streaming your production live is exciting and gives students a feeling of being in the moment for their performance. Filming and editing allows you to redo mistakes, as well as add special effects and music during the editing process. Editing videos together takes a lot of RAM on your computer, and you may need to enlist the help of a videographer or editor if you aren’t particularly tech-savvy.

Using headphones while rehearsing/performing can help to avoid echo, but if your students are using Bluetooth or AirPod earphones, ensure all other Bluetooth devices are turned off in the house to avoid sound mix-ups. Be aware that some audio will sound tinny no matter what you do. If students are performing live, remind them and their families that they can’t watch the live stream on a device in the same room that they are performing in!

Always do a technology test before starting the performance, especially if you are performing live.

Students will need to work with their teacher/director to consider how to frame their webcam (horizontal or “landscape” orientation is best, rather than vertical or “portrait,” unless specifically requested), where to position themselves within the frame, how to light the scene, and how to ensure they’ll be heard.

You’ll need to schedule full-cast rehearsals as well as small group/individual rehearsals. The full-cast rehearsals will be challenging, as students will want to socialize (just like at “in-person” rehearsals!), and it might be hard to keep everyone quiet. However, these rehearsals are important for creating camaraderie and a sense of community while physically separate.

If you choose to have students film their scenes/monologues themselves and submit the footage, be sure to give them clear submission deadlines, to ensure that you receive them on time and in the correct format. You don’t want to have to chase down missing scenes or re-film scenes that are pixelated or inaudible.

If you are adapting a production that was originally going to be performed in person, you may also need to schedule some time with your students to grieve for the production that was, and adjust to what the production will end up being. It’s not the same, and it won’t be the same. But it will still be a special experience.

Kerry Hishon is a director, actor, writer and stage combatant from London, Ontario, Canada. She blogs at www.kerryhishon.com .

Special thanks to Alyssa Elaine, Kris Garrett, Allison Green, Jess McGettrick, Brice Williams, Stephanie Wendell and Melanie Slabaugh Clay for submitting their real-life tips, experiences, and advice via social media.

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This article was co-authored by Kendall Payne. Kendall Payne is a Writer, Director, and Stand-up Comedian based in Brooklyn, New York. Kendall specializes in directing, writing, and producing comedic short films. Her films have screened at Indie Short Fest, Brooklyn Comedy Collective, Channel 101 NY, and 8 Ball TV. She has also written and directed content for the Netflix is a Joke social channels and has written marketing scripts for Between Two Ferns: The Movie, Astronomy Club, Wine Country, Bash Brothers, Stand Up Specials and more. Kendall runs an IRL internet comedy show at Caveat called Extremely Online, and a comedy show for @ssholes called Sugarp!ss at Easy Lover. She studied at the Upright Citizens Brigade Theatre and at New York University (NYU) Tisch in the TV Writing Certificate Program.

There are 14 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.

You’ve decided to make a movie, which can be a lot of fun! Keep in mind, though, that you will need to do a lot of things to get to a finished movie. You’ll need to create a story, find people to act in your movie, set up scenes, take footage, and edit your movie. Don’t worry, though, if you take it step-by-step and do it with people you like, it will definitely seem more like fun than work!

This article was co-authored by Kendall Payne. Kendall Payne is a Writer, Director, and Stand-up Comedian based in Brooklyn, New York. Kendall specializes in directing, writing, and producing comedic short films. Her films have screened at Indie Short Fest, Brooklyn Comedy Collective, Channel 101 NY, and 8 Ball TV. She has also written and directed content for the Netflix is a Joke social channels and has written marketing scripts for Between Two Ferns: The Movie, Astronomy Club, Wine Country, Bash Brothers, Stand Up Specials and more. Kendall runs an IRL internet comedy show at Caveat called Extremely Online, and a comedy show for @ssholes called Sugarp!ss at Easy Lover. She studied at the Upright Citizens Brigade Theatre and at New York University (NYU) Tisch in the TV Writing Certificate Program.

Becoming a film director is a dream job for many people. If you’re ready and willing to put in the time, have creative vision and an impressive ability to make something out of nothing, then becoming a film director might be the perfect job for you. Just keep in mind that film directing jobs are highly competitive and it may take years or even decades to accomplish your goal. However, if this is your dream, then you should go for it!

### Free Online Jigsaw Puzzles

When directing a play, the director’s main role is to fully manage the production by understanding how to delegate responsibility, inspire the actors and crew, make sound decisions and put together a compelling production that aligns with the script. The director must devote an inordinate amount of time and energy to ensuring that the cast knows their lines, the props are built and working, the rehearsals are running smoothly, the lights and audio are working and a number of other production tasks.

Read the play over and over again until you fully understand the plot, characters, dialogue, setting and overall theme of the play. This will help in realizing your vision for how you want this play to be executed.

Compose a scene sketch of how you envision the play. Take a notepad, plain white printing paper or even notecards and illustrate where you want certain characters on the stage. This will be handy to reference during rehearsals.

Encourage the actors to portray their characters in a way that does the play justice. Write down notes on each actor to aid in your critique. If the actors are not feeling comfortable or are clashing, have them try different improvisation exercises to get them focused and put the rhythm of the play back on track. Have actors practice their lines and give pointers on their style and delivery. Be upfront with your critique to avoid wasting time. Actors will also have questions about the backstory or biography of their character, so have pertinent points available for them.

Be assertive with and supportive of both the cast and the stage crew. Everyone looks at the director to guide and motivate them throughout the project. Be calm even in during challenging scenarios.

Make sure that the stage manager is scheduling regular rehearsals. Sit in different sections of the theater to ensure that you can hear the actors. Make sure the lighting is satisfactory and not too bright or too dark. Time the cues for each entrance and exit so that the play flows in a reasonable time. Overall, the director should ensure that each of the elements of production is running well.

Erica Dallas has been published in periodical such as “The Commercial Appeal,” “MidSouth Magazine” and “Black Enterprise Magazine.” She is a native Memphian and graduate of the University of Memphis with a Bachelor of Business Administration and a Master of Arts in sociology. Erica is currently pursuing a Master of Science in teaching.

June 17, 2014 | 3 min read | Steffani Cameron

Kids’ playhouses are where childhood memories are made. Thinking of creating your own kids playhouse? Take a look at these suggestions and follow the links to get free plans.

I’m 40 now, and I still remember our childhood playhouse with great fondness. There’s something almost right-of-passage about a kid having a playhouse. It’s like going down the rabbithole, you know? No grown-ups allowed!

One of my dearest friends finished his kids’ playhouse last year, sacrificing weekend after weekend to get the thing made, and I think he doesn’t regret a moment of it. It’s something his kids will enjoy for years yet.

If you’re thinking about giving your kids the ultimate gift, a playhouse, then here are some great free designs with full playhouse plans found online.

## No Shortage of Ideas for Kids’ Playhouse Plans

It’s a big world of free designs on the internet, and this is just the start of it! Scour the web for your upcoming projects and you’ll have no shortage of ideas. If you’re looking for supplies for your project we have a large selection of good hardwood, cheap laminate planks and LVT tile that are perfect for a stylish kids’ playhouse.

## Free Kids’ Playhouse Plans to Inspire You

### 1. Platform with Swings

If you’re looking for something that’s open and geared for younger play, this is a great plan. It includes two swings and is a large self-supporting platform designed to go around a tree. Without walls to hide the kids, this is a perfect place for a three-year-old to become a master climber and swinger!

### 2. Full-Meal Deal Playhouse

Complete with a slide and climbing wall, this is similar to the playhouse my friend’s kids now love. With something this attractive, you’ll never feel like the playhouse is a eyesore in the yard, and your kids will be proud of the beautiful space that’s all their own.

### 3. A Tiny Little Playhouse

Little people like little spaces, so as small as this playhouse is, it’s definitely going to be a hit with the little ‘uns in your life. Unbelievably, this crafty Ana White project uses just a single sheet of plywood, ensuring this comes in at a steal, unlike my friend’s \$1,800 playhouse!

### 4. A Princess Playhouse

There’s an unmistakably girly-feel to this design, but in the best way. If your daughter’s looking for a perfect spot to play and serve tea and do all those things, this is a pretty good little place for that. Another small-footprint design, it’s something that’ll fit in yards of all sizes.

This was the kind of space I liked as a kid — where you could see for, um, 60 feet or so, but hey! It seemed like the kind of outpost fort you’d have in the Wild West, and that was my kind of deal. Imagine there’s a wave of incoming attackers, or the ground is crawling with snakes — have no fear! The outpost is the perfect place to get a good look and form a plan of attack. To your posts!

### 5. The Pallet Playhouse

I’ve seen some pretty funny plans for pallet “playhouses” that look like the skidrow of playhouses, where you’d be as likely to find a streetkid living covered in cardboard for warmth. I’m all for upcycling, but it doesn’t need to look like you hauled it out of the trash. Case in point is this absolutely fantastic little playhouse that is comprised only of pallets broken down and used as reclaimed wood. You wouldn’t know it, would you? It’s beautiful!

### 6. The Play Fort

A cross between a fort and a playhouse, this is a great little project. I love the corrugated plastic that makes the roof into a giant window, keeping the inside nice and bright for playing. When you’re a bug-phobic little girl like I was, the dark corners can be frightening spaces! Not a problem here.

These days, it seems kids are having a hard time going eye-to-eye—and computers and smartphones may be partly to blame. Here are ways to get your kid to focus.

When your kid meets new people, does he look them in the eye and say hello? What about getting together with Grandma after some time apart: Does he shine his baby blues at her … or look awkwardly off to the side as they chat?

Eye contact is an important social skill that helps us signal our interest in people, that we’re listening and friendly, notes Princeton, NJ–based psychologist Eileen Kennedy-Moore, Ph.D. Even infants are more engaged if you make eye contact with them. If your child usually looks down or off in the distance while with others, he may be perceived as ill mannered—particularly by adults. Unfortunately, lack of eye contact in kids may be a growing phenomenon, and technology may be partly to blame.

Some studies indicate that excessive screen time (think smartphones and older children) may be robbing kids of the chance to develop nonverbal communication skills—the ability to communicate with others without words, and the aptitude for reading important facial emotions. However, Dr. Kennedy-Moore, who runs the “Raising Emotionally and Socially Healthy Kids” video course series at thegreatcourses.com, isn’t sure tech is completely to blame. “In past years, adults also gave kids a hard time insisting they bury their noses in books,” she reminds.

Whatever the reason for less eye contact, Dr. Kennedy-Moore suggests that “seeing eye-to-eye” and a little casual conversation is an important skill for kids to master. Here’s how you encourage your toddler or older child to improve his eye contact when talking to others:

Model bad behavior. Role-play with your child. Let him say hi to you, while you respond by looking off to the side and quietly muttering a greeting. Talk about how that felt to your child. Your kid will see pretty quickly that this approach doesn’t exude friendliness. Explain that this is how others feel when he doesn’t look at them, smile and say a few words.

Offer a script. Kids are often awkward meeting people—even someone they know—because they just don’t know what to say. Help them memorize a routine that includes four simple steps: Look the person in the eye, smile, say hi, and use the person’s name. Show your child how skipping any one of these steps just isn’t as friendly.

Try the eyebrows. If looking someone in the eye is too awkward, Dr. Kennedy-Moore suggests coaching your child to look the person between the eyebrows instead—right at the top of the nose. To the other person, this will appear to be perfect eye contact, but it’s a little easier for shy kids who are just learning how to connect with others.

Turn them into anthropologists. Challenge your child to watch schoolmates and friends for a day. When they see each other for the first time, or walk into a social group, how often do the other kids say hi and look at each other? “They’ll notice right away that other children do it a lot, and they may realize they should try to do the same,” says Dr. Kennedy-Moore.

Try another script with grandparents/adults. Since conversation with adults can be just as tough as the eye contact part, help your child prep ahead of time. Coach him to start by smiling and looking the person in the eyes (or between the eyebrows). Dr. Kennedy-Moore’s formula for talking is “great plus one fact.” Meaning: When Grandpa starts the conversation, it will usually be a question like “How is school going?” The child’s answer can be: “Great (start positive)! In Science, we’re learning about phases of the moon (one fact).” If the question is “How was your weekend?” try “Great! Our soccer team won our match.” And so on.

Be patient. Eye contact can be a very intimate thing, even for adults, reminds Dr. Kennedy-Moore. Hey, that’s why we face forward in an elevator of strangers instead of looking right at them. With a little coaching, though, your child can get comfortable with this key social skill in no time.

Nothing breaks a parent’s heart like seeing her child struggle to make friends. Sometimes, all our kids need is a little guidance to forge bonds and avoid ADHD-related social slip-ups. These 17 strategies will help.

Sometimes, children with attention deficit disorder need help figuring out how to make friends — and keep them. Parents can make a big difference — without stepping on toes — by helping a child with ADHD start a conversation or by “supervising from the window.”

Use these strategies to become your child’s friendship coach and guide his social development:

## How to Make Friends

Get to the root of the problem. Children with ADHD often have little sense of how they’re perceived by their peers, and will commit social blunders without realizing it. Help them by discussing what went wrong, why it happened, and what your child could (not should) do differently next time. Be as sensitive with your child as you would be with a close adult friend — too much negative feedback can hurt your child’s self-esteem.

On the flip side, when your child has a successful interaction, congratulate him.

Watch your child closely. Whenever he’s playing with other kids, make sure you can see and hear what’s going on. Be ready to intervene if he picks a fight, starts telling fibs, or does something dangerous in an effort to impress others.

Consider team sports. Joining an ADHD-friendly team or organized activity can help children with ADHD realize everything isn’t about them. The lessons learned in sports can overflow into their social lives, and you may see your child start to develop healthy friendships.

Don’t just dive in. Call the coach of the sports team before the first practice. Ask him questions to figure out whether or not your child — and his ADHD — would be welcome. If you decide to take the plunge, go with your child to meet the coach and/or some teammates before the first get-together. Remember, transitions are hard for kids with ADHD.

Beware of her competitive spirit. Children with ADHD can have some difficulty with competitive play — gloating when they win and raging when they lose. If your child has a hard time with these situations, encourage her to develop athletic skills that don’t require teamwork, like running, swimming, or martial arts.

Know they’ll find their way. Most socially isolated children will eventually learn to get a better handle on their behaviors and understand how friendships work. Once kids hit adolescence, they tend to act on the powerful urge to ‘fit in.’

There’s nothing wrong with having just a few friends. A child doesn’t need to be in the ‘in’ group or get invited to lots of parties to be happy. In fact, studies show that having even one close friend is all it takes for a child to develop social self-confidence.

Find a mentor. A child with ADHD may be more likely to take advice or instruction from a ‘big brother’ or ‘big sister’ than from you. Ask the big sibling of one of your child’s classmates if he will be an informal mentor to your child. Many schools understand the importance of mentors and have programs to connect kids.

Follow the love. If your child is a Minecraft fiend, look for other video-game fans to potentially be his friend. A shared interest will help your child feel confident and engaged.

Start out with one-on-one play. One-on-one play dates usually work best for children with ADHD. With threesomes, it’s easy for your child to feel left out — or ganged up on.

Seek out younger playmates. Children with ADHD tend to be more immature than their peers (and painfully aware of it). As your child is growing up, it’s often helpful if she develops friendships with children a year or two younger — this way, she won’t feel left behind.

Set a good example. Show your child how to act in social situations by making an effort to forge friendships with the parents of your child’s peers. Stay connected to the community through clubs or organizations as well.

Take teasing head on. Teasing, bullying and playful banter are an inevitable part of childhood, but kids with ADHD often don’t know how to respond. Parents should encourage their children to stand up to teasing, but to not overreact, which might escalate the problem.

Keep play dates short. For kids age 10 or under, three hours or less is probably best. Coach your child on how to behave beforehand, and talk about how things went after it’s over.

Let kids go — but not completely. Experts recommended that parents let teens sort out social situations on their own, but don’t back away completely. A recent study of seventh- through twelfth-graders suggests that teens who have close relationships with their parents — those who talk often, share activities, and are affectionate with each other — also tend to have good friendships.

Consider medication. If impulsive behavior — dominating play, interrupting, jumping from one thing to the next — keeps other kids away, medication is probably necessary. In fact, your child may need to be “covered” by ADHD medications even after the school day ends.

Make sure the dosage is right. Puberty, when all sorts of hormone changes kick in, is a good time to look at your child’s medication or dose. Often, what worked before puberty may no longer have the same effect.

## Introduction: Build Your Own Flagpole

Show support for your country and troops by building this easy flagpole.

All items can be bought at a major Home Improvement Store.

You will need the following items:

2 – 3/8″x10’6″ 18 Guage Top Rails for Chain Link Fencing.
(You can find these in the garden center)
1 – 1/4″ Braided Nylon Rope. (50ft)
2 – #16 Pipe Clamps
2 – 5/8″ Fast Eye Snaps
1 – 41/2″ Rope Cleat
1 – 1/2 ” Swivel Pulley
1 – Mini Solar Crackle Sphere

## Step 2: Attach Hardware

Attach Swivel Pulley to top Galvanized Pole using a pipe clamp. –
Tie Eye Snap to rope using easy knot. –
Take other end of rope and attach eye snap. –
Tie the rope ends together between the Eye Snaps making one continuous circle with the rope. –

Attach Rope Cleat to bottom Galvanized Pole using pipe clamp.

## Step 3: Mount Light to Top

Simply drop the Mini Solar Crackle Sphere stake into the top end of the pipe. This light is solar, turns on at night and changes colors. The best part about it is that it only costs \$4.00.

## Step 4: Raise Old Glory

Slide bottom pole into top pole.
Using post hole diggers, bury flag pole about 3 feet in the ground.
Raise your Flag. Tie rope off on rope cleat.
Pray for wind. Enjoy.

Build Cost – \$40.00

## 3 People Made This Project!

Did you make this project? Share it with us!

## Recommendations

### Make it Fly Challenge

Question 2 years ago on Step 4

How can you add a yardarm to this?

Question 3 years ago on Step 2

What size pole and how high

I built the flagpole with a few very minor mods for convenience and to accommodate local soil conditions. My flag has been flying proudly on it for about six months. I’d like to add a POW/MIA flag under the American flag. Do you think the pole could handle that?

Can you raise and lower the flag?

This was a great lead. I modified it to fit my situation.

I have an aluminum pole mast that hung at an angle. It was always getting tangled by the prevailing winds at our house. So the answer was a vertical flagpole. I have long wanted one.

I had a 5′ piece of 1 1/2″ PVC pipe (white), and it had an angle cut on one end. In my front yard there are brick planters. In a corner area I drove the PVC pipe down until it hit something hard. (Rock, bedrock, or . )

I only used one 10′ 6″ pipe, and my aluminum mast (about 5′) fit the swedged end of the rail pipe. (LUCKY ME!)

The solar light I chose fit fine, but I added a short piece of 3/4″ Sch 20 sprinkler PVC to the upright. And I used some Locktite brand Gel super glue to make sure the fixture head stayed on and was glued to the PVC as well. The solar light is a fantastic idea, and I can’t wait for dark to bring it on.

I followed the rope instructions, but hung my pulley from a closed up “S” hook at the top of the pole

Then the flag pole was set into the 1 1/2″ PVC driven into the ground.

Worked good, and no more tangled flag!

OH, and I used bronze harness snaps like this:

I got all my needs at my local Lowe’s, but harness snaps are available at feed stores as well. I just like these type of snaps and have one on my dogs leash, too.

My 4′ X 6′ sown American Made Flag flies beautifully now in the afternoon breeze.

Thanks for this DIY home grown flag pole. And Happy Memorial Day!

I fly my American flag 24/7 because our troops are out there 24/7.

Flagpoles are the standard for displaying our nation’s flag. You can buy a flagpole from a number of different manufacturers or you can build your own. Building a flagpole is easier than you might think. This method requires very little specialized labor.

Build the flagpole

1. Buy one 5 foot length each of 1”, 1 ¼”, and 1 ½” diameter galvanized pipe. You will also need one 1 ¼” x 1” galvanized reducing coupling, one 1 ½” x 1 ¼” reducing coupling, and one 1 ½” ips threaded flange. You can buy these materials at your local hardware store or plumbing company. As an alternative, you can purchase one 21’ length of 2” galvanized pipe but you will need to make the base proportionately larger.
2. Screw the couplings and lengths of pipe together and screw the threaded flange on the 1 ½” pipe end.
3. Obtain a square of ½” or ¾” mild steel plate and have it welded on the flange. Make certain the pole is centered on the steel plate.
4. Burn or drill a ½” hole in each corner of the steel plate.
5. Paint the steel plate with a good primer and at least one coat of galvanizing.
6. Buy the pulley and rope assembly, known as a single pulley truck and halyard, for the top of the flagpole and have it welded in place or buy the type that is bolted in place.
7. At this point, you can also install an ornament like an eagle on the top of the pulley truck.
8. You can also paint the flagpole with multiple coats of exterior paint at this point, if you wish. An oil based paint will serve you best.

Building your own flagpole is fun and easy

1. While you are waiting for the paint on the flagpole to dry, you can start on the base. Choose a location for your flagpole that is suitable and visible.
2. Dig a square hole at least 12“ deep and several inches larger all around than your steel base.
3. Build a square frame that projects above the ground at least 3 ½”.
4. Buy enough cement mix to fill the hole and add water to make a concrete base.
5. Pour the cement into the square form and trowel it off.
6. Cut a square of ¾” plywood that is larger than the steel base.
7. Clamp the plywood to the steel base and drill out the four corner holes.
8. Install 4 – 3/8” x 4” or ½” x 4” quick bolts or concrete anchors in the holes in the plywood, locking them in place with nuts and washers on each side of the plywood.
9. Press the bolts and plywood into the wet cement and level the plywood with a torpedo level.

Show your patriotism; fly our nation’s flag

1. After the cement hardens and cures, remove the plywood.
2. Leave the bottom nuts on each bolt the same distance from the surface of the cement.
3. Raise the flagpole and install it over the bolts.
4. Install washers and nuts.
5. Plumb the flagpole in all four directions.
6. Attach the flag.
7. Play reveille or our national anthem while you raise your new flag.

Tips

Check with your local community building and codes division for flagpole ordinances. You can plumb your new flagpole by adjusting the top and bottom nuts on all four bolts at the base.
Learn the rules for properly displaying our nation’s flag.

Making a flag pole might seem easy to accomplish but it actually requires some hard work and dedication. In this article, we have put together 10 DIY flag pole projects that you can make for outdoor use.

After going through this article, you will have learned how to professionally build and install a flagpole using different methods.

## 1. DIY Flag Pole

Buying a new and stylish flag pole might cost you more than \$500 and might not be as strong as the one that you could make with your own hands and choose the right, durable materials. This flag pole cost about \$130 to make, which is quite inexpensive, isn’t it?

To build this, you need galvanized pipe, PVC pipes, and pipe caps, concrete, rope, pulley, and a few other supplies. The creator started by cutting the PVC pipe first, to the required length. You need a splitter or a driving knife to make some of those cuts. The. The next step is to dig and level the ground for the pole, then mix your concrete and fill the hole where the pipe will be inserted into. The remaining work is quite technical and needs a close watch to get the right measurement for the pulley, bolts, and other items that will be introduced for the flag to be hung

## 2. DIY Fast Flag Pole

You can build this flag pole In 30 minutes or less. The making process is easy and quick to build. Here are a few supplies you need to begin with, you need one rope cleat, two small ratchet straps, one screw eyelet, and a nice location to hang your pole when it’s done. This project is easy and the galvanized pipe used can last a long period.

## 3. How To Build A Flag Pole

The creator has an old pulley from his shop, and he decided to use it, but he cut out the top to weld the other pulley system to the pole. If you have an old pulley like that you can as well use it and attach it to your pole. All the materials that were used in this guide were old unwanted pipes that were cleaned up and sprayed to look new and improved. Then, the next thing is to dig and prepare the ground for pouring concrete and mounting the pole.

## 4. How To Make A Flag Pole

Here’s a quick guide that will teach you how to build this with ease. This flag pole is not the regular tall flag pole that you might be thinking of, this is a small flag pole that might just be a few meters above your head. It is also movable and portable. You’ll be using a PVC pipe for the pole, Mark a halfway point in the PVC pipe and attach your cleat. You need a good cleat kit for this process. Then, drill holes on the body and attach the cleat, continue using the kit to complete the process.

## 5. DIY Flag Pole PVC

This is a super cheap flag pole that was made for just \$40, it’s easy to build and durable. The \$40 covers the materials excluding the flag. To make this flag pole you’ll need PVC pipe, PVC primer, nylon rope, level, step ladder, Quikrete fast-setting concrete, and much more. No serious digging is required.

## 6. How To Make A Garden Flag Pole

There are several ready-to-use solutions when you want to make a garden flag pole, you can decide to buy and install or build from scratch, but whichever method you want to adopt, will cost you some money. With this guide, you will learn how to build from scratch and install at the same time. You’ll need a steel or wooden pole, 2 pipe clamps, 1 swivel pulley, 1 rope cleat, a braided nylon rope, and a few others. With just 8 simple steps your garden flag will be ready for mounting.

## 7. DIY Flag Pole Installation

This time-lapse video tutorial is meant to show you how to install a flag pole although, the creator gave a detailed guide on how to build it from scratch, if it already has a flag pole at home and you have attached all the necessary pulley and rope, then you need this video tutorial to show you how it’s done.

## 8. How To Make A Collapsible Flag Pole

Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to build a collapsible flag pole. You need a PVC pole, PVC couplings, PVC cap slips, rotating flag mounting rings, and an everbilt portable clotheslines. All these materials cost about \$13. The first step begins with cutting the PVC pole, drilling holes, spray painting the PVC pipes, and adding a fastener to make it strong, and then mounting it on the ground. The pole can easily be collapsed and moved to another location, making this the ideal flag pole for anyone.

## 9. DIY Flag Pole Mount

This guide teaches you how to mount a flag pole. This means you must have gotten the necessary tools and materials for the project and need help mounting on the back of a pickup truck. Yeah, a truck this time around, not the ground. So, if you have a truck and you like to have your country’s flag flying at the back, this guide has got you covered. The materials you need to mount this will cost about \$15 and within 15 minutes you’ll be done.

## 10. How To Make A PVC Flag Pole

This is not your regular flag pole that stands erect. This guide offers a new design and concept that you will love if you try it out. You will be making the pole out of PVC pipes. You need PVC pipe elbow connectors, ‘T’ connectors, PVC coupling, 2-foot piece PVC pipe, spray paint poster board, PVC cement, and sand.

The pipes are easy to connect, so start with making the flag. You can print something or create any design you want by yourself. Once you’re done with the flag, you’ll attend to the PVC pipes, setting up the base with several PVC elbow connectors. The PVC cement will be used for the base construction to make it firm. The process is quick and easy.

Flagpoles are the standard for displaying our nation’s flag. You can buy a flagpole from a number of different manufacturers or you can build your own. Building a flagpole is easier than you might think. This method requires very little specialized labor.

Build the flagpole

1. Buy one 5 foot length each of 1”, 1 ¼”, and 1 ½” diameter galvanized pipe. You will also need one 1 ¼” x 1” galvanized reducing coupling, one 1 ½” x 1 ¼” reducing coupling, and one 1 ½” ips threaded flange. You can buy these materials at your local hardware store or plumbing company. As an alternative, you can purchase one 21’ length of 2” galvanized pipe but you will need to make the base proportionately larger.
2. Screw the couplings and lengths of pipe together and screw the threaded flange on the 1 ½” pipe end.
3. Obtain a square of ½” or ¾” mild steel plate and have it welded on the flange. Make certain the pole is centered on the steel plate.
4. Burn or drill a ½” hole in each corner of the steel plate.
5. Paint the steel plate with a good primer and at least one coat of galvanizing.
6. Buy the pulley and rope assembly, known as a single pulley truck and halyard, for the top of the flagpole and have it welded in place or buy the type that is bolted in place.
7. At this point, you can also install an ornament like an eagle on the top of the pulley truck.
8. You can also paint the flagpole with multiple coats of exterior paint at this point, if you wish. An oil based paint will serve you best.

Building your own flagpole is fun and easy

1. While you are waiting for the paint on the flagpole to dry, you can start on the base. Choose a location for your flagpole that is suitable and visible.
2. Dig a square hole at least 12“ deep and several inches larger all around than your steel base.
3. Build a square frame that projects above the ground at least 3 ½”.
4. Buy enough cement mix to fill the hole and add water to make a concrete base.
5. Pour the cement into the square form and trowel it off.
6. Cut a square of ¾” plywood that is larger than the steel base.
7. Clamp the plywood to the steel base and drill out the four corner holes.
8. Install 4 – 3/8” x 4” or ½” x 4” quick bolts or concrete anchors in the holes in the plywood, locking them in place with nuts and washers on each side of the plywood.
9. Press the bolts and plywood into the wet cement and level the plywood with a torpedo level.

Show your patriotism; fly our nation’s flag

1. After the cement hardens and cures, remove the plywood.
2. Leave the bottom nuts on each bolt the same distance from the surface of the cement.
3. Raise the flagpole and install it over the bolts.
4. Install washers and nuts.
5. Plumb the flagpole in all four directions.
6. Attach the flag.
7. Play reveille or our national anthem while you raise your new flag.

Tips

Check with your local community building and codes division for flagpole ordinances. You can plumb your new flagpole by adjusting the top and bottom nuts on all four bolts at the base.
Learn the rules for properly displaying our nation’s flag.

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Anyone out there done this? I think I’ve gotten the mechanics of the process down ok, but am still wondering about the wood to us. As I remember, Northern Spruce is usually used for the masts on sailboats, so that would work, except that 30 foot lengths of Spruce are not usually available to me at a price anyone that doesn’t own a sailboat could afford. I’ve laminated lots of wood over the years and would consider that approach. Popular is easily available, long grained and dense, but withstands weather poorly. I plan to lay down several coats of the best epoxie based paint that I can buy, but the strength and resistance of the wood underneith is of great import.

### Replies

Heres Norms pole.

I’ve watched a neighbour build a laminated mast; really neat. He built up clear cedar around a styrofoam core and then made it round in his driveway by suspending it at each end with a 6″ spike riding in a notch in a sawhorse and his daughter turned it slowly by hand while he used a belt-sander.

DW says he used a draw-knife to rough it round first – I must have missed that part.

The Unionville Woodwright

Edited 5/17/2003 6:22:16 PM ET by Phill Giles

Personally, I just selected the height I wanted, 40 feet, from the selection of 20- to 80-foot spruce trees and trimmed the branches off. The downside is I can’t pivot it down like the man-made ones for service.

I like the foam core idea. Especially on the top part. Leaving the bottom part solid would help the balancing about the pivot point. And I’d leave a few feet around that pivot point solid wood as well.

Take a good look at real flagpoles for dimensions and ratios. It is definitely possible to have one whose strength is fine but looks too stout or too skinny. (I learned that while disguising industrial dischrage stacks as flagpoles in California). A flagpole manfacturer’s website probably has top and bottom diameters for different heights all spelled out already.

IMHO, if you look for flagpole literature, you’ll get schlock – go to the library (or internet) and lookup ship-building: how to build spars, booms, and masts..

The Unionville Woodwright

A place in New England has been making them out of doug fir for years. No laminations, just solid stock. Planers and drawknives and sanding to get the stock round and tapered.

Another makes them out of solid cedar snags taken out of the woods.

A coat of epoxy, then three coats of marine white paint.

For a wood pole, a hinged base is a neccessity.

Anyhoows, here’s a page from Architechtural Graphic Standards. Some info on sizing the pole, entasis, size of flag to size of pole, etc. Couldn’t make the file too small due to the fine print.

You can purchase flagpole hardware to make your own flagpole and to replace worn parts or to give your existing flagpole a whole new look. We have quality parts available for you to choose from in a variety of price ranges.

How to Choose the Right Hardware for Your Flagpole

The hardware that you need will depend on the type of flagpole that you have. Internal halyard flagpoles have some different parts than external halyard poles do. External halyard poles are those that have the mechanisms for raising and lowering the flag on the outside of the pole, while internal halyard poles have the mechanisms on the inside. In addition, some of the hardware for different types of poles, such as fiberglass and aluminum, will also be different.

Before purchasing any hardware or decorations, be sure to click on the link for your type of flagpole to ensure that you are purchasing parts that will fit your needs.

## Decorative Attachments

Decorative attachments are mounted on the top of the flagpole.

Balls are available from 3 to 12 inches in a variety of spindle threading sizes. These balls are silver satin or gold anodized in color and are made of spun cast aluminum. Whichever you choose, the ball will give your flagpole a nice traditional look.

Eagles are designed to replace the traditional ball on top of your flagpole. These attachments feature an eagle taking off in flight from the top of a round ball and are a very decorative addition for your flagpole. Our eagles are made of cast aluminum and can be purchased in 12 or 24 inch sizes, and gold anodized or natural painted eagle colors.

## Hardware

The hardware listed below is common to both internal and external halyard flagpoles.

### Truck

The truck is the pulley device that is placed over the top of the pole that the halyard threads through. You will need to purchase the diameter that fits your particular flagpole.

### Halyards and Halyard Covers

Halyards are the ropes that are used to raise and lower the flag. The halyards that are used on flagpoles are generally made of either multi-braided nylon, nylon wire cored or stainless steel aircraft cable. As a general rule, the length of your halyard should be twice the height of your flagpole. For example, if your flagpole is 30 feet tall, you will need 60 feet of halyard.

### Snaps and Covers

Snaps are connected to the halyard and used to attach your flag. We carry nylon snaps, solid brass, rubber coated, nickel plated zinc and chrome plated swivel snaps as well as stainless steel spring clips in a variety of sizes to suit your needs.

Snap covers are designed to fit over the flag snap. The covers help reduce the noise made from metal snaps clanging against the flagpole when it is windy and help protect the pole’s finish. Our covers are available in gray or brown.

### Cleats

Cleats are metal devices that are attached to the flagpole and used to tie off the ends of the halyard. They are available in a variety of styles so that you can choose the type that will match your flagpole. Cleat covers with locks are also available to help protect against theft of your flag.

### Flash Collars

Flash collars rest around the bottom of the flagpole and cover your foundation sleeve. The inside diameter of the flash collar must match the diameter of the butt, or bottom, of your flagpole. These are used to help with water runoff and to give your flagpole a finished look.

### Foundation Sleeves

Foundation sleeves are made of galvanized steel or PVC. The sleeve is designed to be installed in the ground and used to hold the base of the flagpole. The size that you need will depend on the butt size of your pole.

We have all the hardware that you will need to make your own flagpole or replace parts on your existing flagpole. If we do not have the particular item that you are looking for, we will be happy to find it for you. Our experienced flagpole staff is standing by to help you with all of your flagpole needs.

The flagpole has taken on many forms, from a simple de-branched tree to ornate metal piping with elaborate scrollwork. You can make your own flagpole with materials available at your local home improvement center.

#### Step 1 – Measure the Bucket Height

Measure the bucket height with the tape measure. Mark the same height up from the bottom of the PVC pipe.

#### Step 2 – Wrap the Pipe

Wrap the bottom of the PVC pipe up to the mark with plastic wrap. Secure the plastic wrap with tape. Cover the wrap with petroleum jelly; make sure you cover the whole surface area of the plastic wrap. You must cover all the plastic so you can easily pull the pole out from the cement.

#### Step 3 – Mix the Cement

Follow the manufacturer’s directions to mix the concrete cement. Once you have thoroughly mixed it, fill the 5-gallon bucket with 2 inches of concrete. Let it sit for a short time, then place the plastic-wrapped end of the PVC pipe into the 2-inch layer of concrete. Use the level to make sure the pipe stands straight when you place it in the concrete.

#### Step 4 – Pour in More

While you hold the PVC pipe straight, get a helper to pour in more quick-drying concrete about halfway up. Do not fill the bucket completely with concrete because it will become too heavy for you to easily move. The concrete will dry quickly, so hold the pole straight until it can stand on its own. Make sure the pole is level before the concrete hardens too much to allow the pole to move.

#### Step 5 – Allow Drying Time

Let the concrete dry overnight to make sure it hardens properly. Remove the PVC pipe from the concrete. It will come out easily if you applied the petroleum jelly properly. You may decorate or paint the flagpole to give it a more personal look. Allow adequate drying time before you replace the pole in the cement.

#### Step 6 – Attach the Rope Cleat

You should position the rope cleat about halfway up the flagpole. Drill pilot holes before you attach the cleat with screws. Make sure the holes are set evenly so the cleat sits balanced.

#### Step 7 – Place Wood Insert

Place the wood insert inside the PVC pipe so it sits flush with the opening at the top. Attach the pulley to the wood insert using some heavy-duty eye screws.

#### Step 8 – Thread the Rope

Once you have attached the pulley firmly, thread the flag rope through it and attach the flag hooks. You are now ready to locate the flagpole in your yard and fly your flag proudly. You may need to use a hand truck to move your flagpole to your selected location.

#### Related Articles

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• How do I Remove a OneTouch Can Opener?

#### Things You Will Need

4 plastic washers

2 permanent plastic zip ties

2 unfurl sleeves

2 reusable plastic zip ties

Securing your flag to a flag pole seems simple, but you need to consider the likelihood that wind will cause your flag to get tangled around the pole. That’s why it is important to install a system that will prevent tangling. Installing an unfurl sleeve can keep your flag flapping high. The sleeves rotate your flag around the pole when the wind blows.

Slide a plastic washer onto the flagpole. Push it until it stops immediately below the top.

Place an unfurl sleeve onto your flagpole. Push it until it’s snug against your plastic washer.

Slide another plastic washer to the top until it’s snug against the unfurl sleeve.

Secure the second plastic washer into place with a permanent zip tie. Tighten the zip tie with pliers. Trim the excess zip tie with scissors.

Thread a reusable plastic zip tie into the flag’s grommet and then through your sleeve loop. Tighten the zip tie and cut off the excess. This will attach your flag’s top to the unfurl sleeve.

Pull down on the flag to find out where you need to install the second unfurl sleeve.

Repeat Steps 1 through 5, positioning the items to where the bottom of the flag will touch the pole. Secure the bottom of the flag to the unfurl sleeve with your second plastic zip tie. Cut the end of the zip tie to size.

Phillip Woolgar has been a reporter since 2008 in communities throughout western Canada. His work has appeared in Canadian national publications such as the “Globe and Mail” and the “Vancouver Sun.” In 2009, he received second-place recognition in the Alberta Weekly Newspaper Association’s Excellence in Arts and Culture writing category. Woolgar graduated from the Langara College Journalism Diploma program in 2008.

## How to form an llc in arkansas

#### Start an LLC in Arkansas with these Five Easy Steps

• Step 1. Name Your Arkansas LLC
• Step 2. Choose a Registered Agent
• Step 3. File the Articles of Organization
• Step 4. Create an Operating Agreement
• Step 5. Get an EIN

Or Simply use a professional service:

## Setting up an LLC in Arkansas Is Easy

To start an LLC in Arkansas, you will need to file your Articles of Organization with the Arkansas Secretary of State. You can apply online, by mail, or in person for \$50. The Articles of Organization is the legal document that officially creates your Arkansas limited liability company.

### STEP 1: Name Your Arkansas LLC

Choosing a company name is the first and most important step in setting up an LLC in Arkansas. Be sure to choose a name that complies with Arkansas LLC naming requirements and is easily searchable by potential clients.

• Your name must include the phrase “limited liability company” or one of its abbreviations (LLC or L.L.C.).
• Your name cannot include words that could confuse your LLC with a government agency (e.g., FBI, Treasury, State Department, etc.).
• Restricted words (e.g., Bank, Attorney, University) may require additional paperwork and a licensed individual, such as a doctor or lawyer, to be part of your LLC.
• Your name must be distinguishable from any other Arkansas limited liability company, corporation, or limited partnership.

2. Arkansas LLC Name Availability: Make sure the name you want isn’t already taken by doing an Arkansas LLC Search on the Secretary of State’s website.

3. URL Availability: We recommend that you check online to see if your business name is available as a web domain. Even if you don’t plan to create a business website today, you may want to buy the URL in order to prevent others from acquiring it.

#### Find a Domain Now

Not sure what to name your business? Check out our LLC Name Generator. Then, create a logo with our Free Logo Generator.

How to form an LLC in Arkansas ← you are here
This Quick Start Guide is a brief overview of how to form an LLC in Arkansas.

Detailed Lessons:

Arkansas LLC costs:
State filing fee: \$45 (one-time fee)
Annual fee: \$150 (every year)

Need help?
Hire a company to form your Arkansas LLC:
Northwest (\$39 + state fee) or LegalZoom (\$149 + state fee)

## Here is a quick overview on starting an LLC in Arkansas

An Arkansas Limited Liability Company (LLC) is a legal structure used to protect your personal assets (home, car, bank account) in the event your business is sued.

An LLC can be used to operate a business, or an LLC can be used to hold assets (such as real estate, vehicles, boats, or aircraft).

Forming an LLC in Arkansas can be done online or by mail.

First, search your Arkansas LLC name in the state database and select your LLC’s Registered Agent.

File your Arkansas Articles of Organization online (\$45) or by mail (\$50). Approval time is 2-3 days if you file online and 1-2 weeks if you file by mail.

After your Arkansas LLC is approved, complete your Operating Agreement and get an EIN Number (aka Federal Tax ID Number) from the IRS.

Then make sure to pay your Arkansas Annual Franchise Tax every year to keep your LLC in compliance.

We’ve created a free course that will walk you through forming your Arkansas LLC, step-by-step.

Created byВ FindLaw’s team of legal writers and editors | Last updated March 26, 2019

When you’re starting a business, one of the first steps that you’ll have to take is selecting a business structure for your company. If you’re considering forming an LLC, then you should familiarize yourself with the basic requirements. This article details how to form an LLC in Arkansas and provides a link to forms and links to relevant statutes.

## Forms for Arkansas LLC Formation

Creating an Arkansas LLC involves completing and filing formation documents. It’s easy to get started on your own by using FindLaw’s Arkansas LLC Formation Package.

## LLC Attributes

An “LLC” or “limited liability company” is a business structure that provides owners with the tax advantage of “flow-through” taxation found in partnerships while simultaneously protecting them from personal liability from the company’s debts and judgments (as with corporations).

## Explanation of How to Form an LLC in Arkansas

Because the requirements for forming an LLC vary slightly, you must familiarize yourself with the rules for your chosen state before you begin. See the chart below for an explanation of how to form an LLC in Arkansas.

Arkansas Code Title 4. Business and Commercial Law:

Name the LLC

Arkansas law requires that the LLC names must:

• Contain the terms “Limited Liability Company” or “Limited Liability Co.”; or
• The approved abbreviations “L.L.C.”; “LLC”, “L.C.”, “LC”, “LLC”, or “Ltd,” for “Limited” and “Co” for “Company.”
• Be different from the names of existing businesses that are already registered.

You can check the Arkansas Secretary of State Business Name Database for name conflicts.

You may pay a fee and reserve a name (for 120 days) by filing an application online or by postal mail.

Select a Registered Agent

Every Arkansas LLC must select a registered agent who agrees to accept legal documents if the company is sued. The agent may be:

File Articles of Organization

You must file the Articles of Organization with the Arkansas Secretary of State.

The filing (which includes fees) must include the following information:

• The LLC’s name and address;
• The registered office’s name and address;
• Whether the LLC is member-managed; and
• Whether the LLC’s duration is perpetual or for a specified period.
• Online;
• In-person; or
• Via regular mail.

If you don’t file online, the Secretary of State Business and Commercial Services Division website provides instructions for filing in-person or by mail.

Create an Operating Agreement

Arkansas doesn’t require them, but it’s advisable to create an operating agreement.

If your company sells goods and collects sales tax, or has employees, you will likely have to register with the Arkansas Department of Finance and Administration (DFA).

You may also have to obtain local and state business licenses, depending on the type of business and the location.

IRS Employer Identification Number

If your LLC has more than one member, then you must apply for an Employer Identification Number (EIN).

Foreign LLCs

All LLCs organized outside of the state must register with The Arkansas Secretary of State to do business in the state. All foreign LLCs must appoint a registered agent who’s physically located in Arkansas for process of service.

Note: State laws are always subject to change through the passage of new legislation, rulings in the higher courts (including federal decisions), ballot initiatives, and other means. While we strive to provide the most current information available, please consult an attorney or conduct your own legal research to verify the state law(s) you are researching.

## Annual State Tax Obligations

All Arkansas LLCs and foreign LLCs must pay a minimum \$150 tax to the Arkansas Secretary of State every year and file an annual franchise tax report. Both the payment and the franchise report must be completed each year by May 1 and late reports will result in penalties. You may file online or download the forms from the Secretary of State website.

## How to Form an LLC in Arkansas: Related Resources

• Filing LLC Taxes
• LLC Member Tax FAQs
• Starting a Limited Liability Company Checklist

## Questions About How to Form an LLC in Arkansas? Contact a Lawyer

If you’re preparing to form your Arkansas LLC, then you can likely get by on your own after getting the right forms. However, if you have specific formation questions or have a complex issue, then you should seek legal help. Contact an experienced Arkansas attorney today to learn more.

Forming your LLC in Arkansas can be easy. This guide will help you get off on the right foot.

by Rudri Bhatt Patel
updated July 09, 2021 · 5 min read

A limited liability company (LLC) offers liability protection and tax advantages, among other benefits for small businesses.

LLC formation in Arkansas is easy. Just follow these six steps, and you’ll be on your way.

## 1. Name Your Arkansas LLC

You’ll need to choose a name to include in your articles before you can register your LLC.

Names must comply with Arkansas naming requirements. The following are the most important requirements to keep in mind:

• Your business name must include the words Limited Liability Company, LLC, or L.L.C.
• Your name must be different from an existing business in the state. You can do a search on the Secretary of State’s website to determine if a particular business name is in use. For name availability in Arkansas, check this link.
• The business name cannot contain words used to name a government agency (i.e., State Department, CIA, FBI, Treasury, etc.)
• Certain restricted words (bank, lawyer, attorney, credit union, etc.) may require additional documentation and licensure paperwork.

See a complete listing of Arkansas naming rules.

• URL availability. Even if you don’t think you’ll need a webpage, you probably will. At the very least, you should reserve the option of having one in the future by buying your domain name now. Before finalizing your LLC name, it’s a good idea to check if the URL is available.
• Reserve your name. If you aren’t ready to register your LLC but are concerned your name might be taken by someone else, you can reserve it for a small fee. In Arkansas, names may be reserved for up to 120 days by paying the fee and submitting the proper form to the state authority.

## 2. Choose Your Registered Agent

Arkansas requires you to appoint a registered agent for your LLC.

A registered agent is the person or entity authorized to receive service of process and other official legal documents and notices on behalf of your LLC.

A registered agent can be a person (including yourself or an employee of your LLC) or an entity that offers a registered agent service. They must meet the following criteria:

• Entities (or companies) must provide registered agent services.
• The agent must have an address in Arkansas.
• The agent must be on-site and available to accept documents during regular business hours.

## 3. Prepare and File Articles of Organization

The Articles of Organization is a document that officially establishes your LLC by laying out basic information about it.

Prepare Articles of Organization and file them with the Arkansas Secretary of State to register your Arkansas LLC properly. Though it sounds like a big job, that simply means filling out a relatively simple online form and submitting it. You can also send it by mail.

To prepare your articles, you’ll usually need the following information:

• Management structure: Will managers or members manage the LLC?
• The person forming the LLC is required to sign the Articles.

Once you file your Articles, the secretary of state will review the filing. If the articles are approved, the LLC becomes a legal business entity.

## 4. Receive a Certificate From the State

The state will issue you a certificate that confirms the LLC formally exists after the LLC’s formation documents are filed and approved.

This certificate will allow the LLC to obtain an Employer Identification Number (EIN), business licenses, and business bank account.

## 5. Create an Operating Agreement

An operating agreement is a document that outlines the way your LLC will conduct business.

Arkansas doesn’t require an operating agreement is an essential component of your business. Having a readily accessible, written operating agreement is helpful for various reasons, including settling disputes that may arise over financial agreements and other potential litigation. Without an agreement in place, the courts make determinations based on state law, not necessarily what is in the best interest of the LLC and its members.

The operating agreement can include, but is not limited to, the following:

• LLC’s name and principal address
• Duration of the LLC
• Name and address of the registered agent
• Information about the Articles of Organization
• Members and their contribution
• The way profits and losses will be divided
• Procedure for admitting new members, as well as outgoing members
• Management of the LLC
• Indemnification and liability clauses

## 6. Get an Employer Identification Number

The nine-digit Employer Identification Number (EIN) is assigned by the Internal Revenue Service to identify your LLC for taxes. You can obtain your EIN by mail or online through the IRS.

The purpose of an EIN is to assist with the following:

• File and manage taxes at the state and federal level
• Open a business bank account.
• Hire employees.

## Next Steps

Registering your LLC gives you a legal foundation to conduct business. Plan to keep your LLC compliant and in active status on the state’s website.

All LLC’s must pay a minimum \$150 tax to the Arkansas Secretary of State each year. Annual franchise tax reports must also be filed with the Arkansas Secretary of State each year by May 1. The \$150 payment is due at the same time.

This might include making quarterly tax payments and/or filing an annual report. You also need to maintain a registered agent for your business.

A registered LLC also makes it possible for you to do the following:

• Obtain permits or licenses necessary to operate your business, including health department permits, zoning permits, home occupation permits, professional licenses, and more. Some states require a seller’s permit to conduct sales.
• Open a business bank account.
• Apply for a business credit card.

Are you looking to form a business entity in Arkansas for people who are licensed to provide professional services? If so, you may be interested in starting a professional limited liability company (PLLC).

The PLLC is a popular choice for licensed entrepreneurs looking to start businesses with fellow doctors, attorneys, accountants, engineers, or other professionals, thanks to its ability to reduce each professional’s personal liability while also providing a host of other benefits.

In this article, we’ll walk you through the steps required to form a professional LLC in Arkansas in compliance with state and federal laws. Let’s get started!

## What Is a Professional Limited Liability Company?

For the most part, professional limited liability companies are quite similar to standard LLCs, and they share many of the same benefits.

In general, an LLC is a business entity type that brings together some of the most popular attributes of casual entities, like sole proprietorships and general partnerships, with the formality of corporations. The resulting entity is one that is highly flexible and customizable, while also providing some great benefits to its owners.

The factor that differentiates a PLLC from a standard LLC is that the PLLC is strictly for licensed professionals to operate their businesses with other licensed professionals. In Arkansas, the types of professionals who form PLLCs include architects, attorneys, certified public accountants (CPA), dentists, doctors, and engineers.

The state of Arkansas isn’t particularly strict regarding PLLC membership, at least not to the level of some other states. In many states, there are guidelines dictating that all or at least half of a PLLC’s members must be licensed in the same profession, but Arkansas does not have this requirement.

Let’s discuss a couple of the attributes that make the PLLC such a popular option for these professionals.

### Limited Liability

A big benefit of a professional limited liability company is its ability to provide personal asset protection to its owners/members. Let’s say you operate a general partnership instead of a PLLC. If your business is sued, your creditors can pursue your personal assets to satisfy the lawsuit. This means your house, car, personal bank accounts, and personal possessions are all fair game.

However, for PLLC owners, this isn’t the case. Instead, creditors can only pursue the assets of your actual business. It’s important to note that this doesn’t defend your PLLC from malpractice suits. For example, if you are a member of a PLLC for doctors and you botch a surgery, the PLLC will not protect you from the patient filing a malpractice suit.

### Taxation

One of the main benefits of the PLLC is the fact that it gives its owners some options regarding how they want to be taxed. While a professional corporation also gives you choices regarding taxation, to an extent, the PLLC is much more flexible in this regard.

You can choose to have your PLLC taxed as a pass-through entity (similar to sole proprietorships or general partnerships), which means that your PLLC itself will not owe taxes. Instead, your profits and/or losses will “pass through” your PLLC to your owners, who will then pay taxes on that money on their own personal returns.

Another option is to be taxed like a C corporation or an S corporation. C corporation taxation is the most common form of taxation for corporations, but as this tax structure leaves its owners subject to double taxation (wherein the same money is taxed both at the corporate level and the individual level), it’s not a popular option for PLLCs.

The S corporation is a similar form of taxation to the pass-through method but avoids the self-employment taxes that come with partnership or sole proprietorship-style taxes. While this can save you some money because you won’t have to pay both the employer and employee portions of Medicare and Social Security, people who choose this form of taxation should be careful to ensure they’re still paying enough into Social Security to be able to draw from this entitlement when they retire.

## How to Form an Arkansas Professional Limited Liability Company

Each state has its own method for forming PLLCs, as there is no uniform nationwide formation process. In Arkansas, the formation process for a PLLC is nearly identical to the process for a standard LLC, but there are some crucial differences.

### Step 1 – Name Your PLLC

The first step is to choose a business name. Arkansas requires that the name of every PLLC registered in this state must contain the words “Professional Limited Liability Company” or “Professional Limited Company,” or the abbreviations “P.L.L.C.,” “P.L.C.,” “PLLC,” or “PLC,” and must not contain the name of a person who is not a member, except in the case of a deceased former member.

In addition to the legal requirements, there are also some practical applications to discuss. Generally speaking, your business name should indicate what your PLLC does. For instance, if you operate a PLLC for attorneys, you should probably have either the words “attorneys” or “lawyers,” or the phrase “law office” in your business name.

When you’ve come up with a name you like (we suggest making a list of 3-4 name ideas, in case your first choice is already taken), you should perform a name search on the Secretary of State website. If you’d like more information around LLC naming requirements, check out our guide.

IMPORTANT: To properly brand your business, you’ll want to acquire the domain name so nobody else can use it. Search for and find the perfect one through GoDaddy.

Arkansas Secretary of State—Business & Commercial Services
250 Victory Building
1401 West Capitol Avenue
Little Rock, AR 72201-1094

Statutory Authority: Small Business Entity Tax Pass Through Act of 1987 — Ark. Code Ann. § 4-32 (2012)

## Arkansas LLC General Filing Instructions

1. Confirm availability of company name and reserve if necessary.
2. Complete the “Articles of Organization for Domestic Limited Liability Company.”
3. Complete the “Franchise Tax Registration.”
4. Prepare a Letter of Transmittal.
5. Submit the completed documents, along with a photocopy of each and filing fees, to the Arkansas Secretary of State.

## Arkansas Articles of Organization

The following information is legally necessary and sufficient to form a limited liability company in Arkansas:

1. Company name
3. Registered agent name and address
4. Management statement
5. Date
6. Signature and printed name of each organizer

## Arkansas LLC Fee Schedule

Application for Reservation of Company Name: \$25.00 by mail, \$22.50 online
Articles of Organization: \$50.00 by mail, \$45.00 online
Certificate of Registration: \$300.00 by mail, \$270.00 online
Certified Copy: \$5.00
Articles of Dissolution: \$50.00

### Company Name

Your company name must end with a limited liability company designator. In Arkansas the specific limited liability company designators are: “Limited Liability Company” “Limited Company” “L.L.C.” “LLC” “L.C.” “LC”. “Limited” may be abbreviated as “Ltd.” and “Company” may be abbreviated as “Co.”

Conduct an entity name search on the Arkansas Secretary of State website to confirm the availability of your company name.

If the name you want is available you can reserve it for 120 days by filing an “Application for Reservation of Entity Name” and paying a name reservation fee of \$25.00. Note : Reserving your company name is optional.

### Registered Agent

The registered agent maintains a physical presence in the state to accept service of process, annual report notices, and other communications directed to the company and to forward the same to the company to which the service, notice, or communication is directed.

Arkansas requires that every business entity have and maintain a registered agent in the state. The registered agent may be either an Arkansas resident or active Arkansas business entity that has an Arkansas street address and consents to accept legal papers on your company’s behalf. Post office boxes and commercial personal mailboxes are not acceptable.

NOTE : Your company should not serve as its own registered agent. You can, however, personally serve as registered agent provided you are an Arkansas resident and have an Arkansas street address.

### Optional Provisions

The state provided forms ask for and specify what is legally sufficient and necessary to form an Arkansas limited liability company. Nevertheless, Arkansas permits you to add other provisions to your Articles of Organization as an attachment.

The most common optional provisions are the following:

☐ Management of a limited liability company by designated managers
☐ Appointment of managers by a designated member or group
☐ Indemnification of members
☐ Indemnification of managers
☐ Right to admit new members
☐ Right to continue upon dissolution of dissociation

### Post Formation and Ongoing Compliance

1. Draft and adopt an operating agreement.
2. Obtain a federal employer identification number by completing IRS Form SS-4.
3. If electing alternative tax entity filing status complete IRS Form 8832.
4. Open company bank account.
5. Create and maintain company records book.
6. Pay annual franchise tax.

### Registering as a Foreign Entity

1. Complete the “Application for Certificate of Registration of Limited Liability Company.”
2. Attach a certificate of existence, or document of similar import, duly authorized by the official having custody of its records in the state under whose laws it is filed.
3. Submit the completed documents, along with the filing fees, to the Arkansas Secretary of State.

### Dissolving an Arkansas LLC

1. Complete the “Articles of Dissolution.”
2. Complete the “Final Franchise Tax Report.”
3. Submit the completed documents, along with the filing fee and franchise tax payment, to the Arkansas Secretary Of State.

An Arkansas LLC operating agreement is a legal document that offers benefits to the member(s), most importantly, it separates and protects all of the members’ personal property. The document also offers tax advantages to the business and its contributing members.

Although Arkansas has no filing requirement for the document, the Secretary of State demands that companies file an annual franchise report, due by May 1st of each year following the initial formation. The cost shall be \$150.00 annually and, if paid online, there will be a \$5.00 online filing fee.

Operating Agreement Laws – § 4-32-405

Small Business Entity Tax Pass-Through Act – Title 4, Subtitle 3, Chapter 32

State Definition – § 4-32-102(11)

• Arkansas LLC Operating Agreements: By Type
• Forming an LLC in Arkansas
• (Video) How to Make an LLC Operating Agreement in Arkansas

Multi-Member LLC Operating Agreement – To be used by entities who will share a partnership (member management) with multiple contributing members. The document will list all members and provide in writing an outline of agreement between the members as to procedures and policies of the company’s daily operations.

Single-Member LLC Operating Agreement – The document would be used only by a single owner or sole proprietor of a business. The document would offer protections that are vital to a business that is run primarily by the owner of the business. The document outlines policies and procedures just as any business would and offers the same protections and tax advantages.

It is of the utmost importance that you check the availability of your business name before proceeding to file with the Arkansas Secretary of State. By performing a search of their Name Database, you can make certain that your desired operating name is indeed available for use and not currently registered by another business. Be sure that the name includes the words Limited Liability Company, or an accepted abbreviation (LLC, L.L.C.).

Step 1 – Articles of Organization/Certificate of Registration

Choose the type of LLC that you would like to create; Domestic or Foreign. The Arkansas Secretary of State allows both Foreign and Domestic applications to be submitted Online and by Adobe PDF format.

• Domestic – Articles of Organization
• Online – scroll down and select Articles of Organization for Domestic LLC – LL-01
• Foreign – Certificate of Registration
• Online – scroll down and select App. for Certificate of Registration of For. LLC – FL-01

Step 2 – Filing Fee

Applicants will be required to supply a filing fee upon submission of their registration documents. The fees for each LLC type are:

• Domestic
• Online – \$45
• *Foreign
• Online – \$270

*A Certificate of Good Standing or like document issued from the initial jurisdiction of formation is required for all foreign applications.

Those filing via Adobe PDF must attach to their filings a check made payable to the Arkansas Secretary of State. All articles must then be sent by mail to the below address.

Business and Commercial Services, 1401 W. Capital, Suite 250, Little Rock, AR 72201

Step 3 – Operating Agreement

An operating agreement is a document used to legally define the rights and responsibilities of the Managing Member(s). The agreement states clearly the financial structure of the business as well as the capital contributions invested by those involved. There is no legal obligation to draft this document though it is highly advisable as it may be of great use in the event of future legal disputes.

Step 4 – Employer Identification Number (EIN)

The Employer Identification Number (EIN) is what the IRS uses to identify businesses for tax purposes, much like a Social Security Number. It allows the LLC to perform financial transactions legally using the company name. Acquiring an EIN will be necessary to hire employees, register for bank accounts, apply for credit cards, and the like. It can be applied for directly on the IRS Website or by mail using PDF Form SS-4.

## What is a LLP?

A limited liability partnership (LLP) is a type of business arrangement that allows the individual partners to be free from the debts and liabilities of all of the other partners, as well as from certain debts and liabilities of the partnership. In an action brought against the partnership as a whole, no single partner is personally liable. In this way, it differs from a general partnership, in which all partners are liable for the partnership’s debts and obligations.

A limited liability partnership is similar to a general partnership in that all partners can actively participate in the management of the business, and losses and gains from the business are passed through to the partners according to their partnership agreement. Unlike a “limited partnership,” the LLP allows owning partners to have an vigorous role in management, while being shielded from personal liability.

#### Contents

1. What are the Requirements for a LLP?
2. What Paperwork Do I Need to Form a LLP?
3. What Benefits Does Arkansas Give to a LLP?
4. What Disadvantages Does Arkansas Give to a LLP?
5. Should I Hire a Business Lawyer?

### What are the Requirements for a LLP?

In Arkansas, the requirements to form a LLP are the following:

• File a Statement of Qualification: To form a Arkansas Limited Liability Partnership, you must file a Statement of Qualification, and pay a filing fee, with the Arkansas Secretary of State.
• Name of Your Limited Partnership: You must also name the LLP and be sure to check that the name of the LLP is not used and unique from other business entities of trademarks on Arkansas. The name of an Arkansas LLP has to include the words “registered limited liability partnership,” “limited liability partnership,” the abbreviation “L.L.P.” or the designation “RLLP” or “LLP,” in uppercase or lowercase letters.
• Statutory Agent: Every Arkansas LLP must have a statutory agent that will represent the LLP in any matter or will take legal papers on the behalf of the LLP. The statutory agent must be a resident of the state with a P
• Get EIN: Since a LLP is a separate entity than its partners; you would need to get a federal Employer Identification Number from IRS.
• Register with Department of Finance: Depending on the type of business that you have, you would need to register with Department of Revenue in Arkansas.
• Partnership Agreement: In Arkansas, a partnership agreement is not required when forming a LLP, but it is recommended. A partnership agreement would state what each partner can and cannot do when making business decisions.
• File Annual Report: In Arkansas, you are required to file an Annual Notice with the Secretary of State and pay a filing fee.

### What Paperwork Do I Need to Form a LLP?

To form an Arkansas Limited Liability Partnership, you must file a Statement of Qualification with the Corporate Division with the following information:

• Official Name of the LLP
• Address of office of LLP
• Address of the agents of LLP
• Name and Address of each partner of the LLP

### What Benefits Does Arkansas Give to a LLP?

There are several benefits of having a limited liability partnership in Arizona. These benefits are:

• Limited Liability:Limited partners are all protected in a LLP and every partner gets management control of the business.
• Tax Benefits: The profits and losses in a LLP flow through the business to the partners, all who are taxed on their personal income tax returns and get to share the profits and losses and are not held to double tax
• Flexibility: Limited liability partnerships offers business owners and partners flexibility in business ownership. Partners have the right and control to decide how they will individually contribute to business operation and management. They can also divide the business duties based on experience of each partner.

### What Disadvantages Does Arkansas Give to a LLP?

While Arkansas offers many advantages to LLP’s, there are also some disadvantages, such as:

• Death of a Partner: LLPs are automatically dissolved upon a death of a partner even if the other partners want it to continue.
• Partners Do Not Have to Agree: In an LLP, the partners do not need to consult with one another over certain business decisions. This is why a partnership agreement is recommended before the LLP is formed to state what each partner can and cannot do.
• No IPO: LLPs cannot get money from the public and they cannot go for an IPO.

### Should I Hire a Business Lawyer?

The selection of the right business entity is vital to the success and organization of an organization. Hiring local Arkansas business lawyer familiar with LLPs will help you to analyze the pros and cons of choosing a particular business entity. If you decide an LLP is right for you, a lawyer can help you draft your state’s required filing documents

## How to keep running during snow season

Seasonal businesses are unique in the fact that they are both easier and harder to run, depending on what angle you are looking at it. They are most common in areas that rely heavily on tourism – areas that have peak periods during the year during which more people visit and spend money.

If you have a seasonal business, then you probably already spend a good portion of the year contemplating what your best options are during the off-season. Are there ways to make some money on the side with your business even when it’s not peak season? Should you maybe focus on another job entirely during the off-season or focus on preparations for the coming peak periods?

If you still haven’t figured out what the best route is to take during the seasonal downtime, here are some options to consider.

## Prepare for High Season

What you do during the offseason depends a lot on how well your business performs in season. Do you make enough money during your peak season that you don’t have to worry about additional sources of income during the rest of the year? Can your seasonal business sustain you for a full calendar year financially?

If so, then you have the luxury of being able to focus yourself full-time on your part-time gig, which is a pretty awesome spot to be in. If that’s the case, you should be performing research during the offseason and carrying out maintenance that is going to enable your seasonal business to continue to thrive and grow once peak periods hit again.

Your goal should be to use this quiet period to make sure that your business is going to be running on all cylinders during the peak period. Use the time to spruce up your establishment. Get a fresh coat of paint on the walls, make some adjustments to the interior design, brainstorm ideas for possible innovations that you can potentially add to your offer in the coming high season.

You can also take the time to analyze what your competitors are doing and how your market is changing. Keeping in contact with your seasonal staff is also a good idea; that is, if you have the luxury of having seasonal employees that return to you every year. If that is the case and you have some room in your budget for it, offer training sessions and even organize team building activities to keep the team positive and ready to perform at a high level in the coming peak season.

Whatever you do, the goal is to make sure that your seasonal business is going to be better in every way this year than it was at the end of your last peak period.

If you want to find a way to keep your business open even during the slow season, start thinking about a way to adapt your business. Be careful though. It’s important to maintain your original identity so that you aren’t confusing people. If you’re a restaurant during the summer and a retail store in the winter, that’s probably not going to work.

But if you’re selling ice cream during the summer, try selling something similar during the winter without leaving your niche. For example, you can sell some different types of sweets during the winter. People will then identify your business as a place where they can satisfy their sweet tooth at any time of the year.

Certainly, there isn’t one solution that you can implement on every type of business. You’re going to have to do some research and some trial and error is definitely going to be involved. What is important, however, is that you try to stay within your original niche as much as possible. The worst thing you can do is confuse your customers.

And if your new offer works well during the offseason, you can then try to find a way to expand your peak season offer in a way that is going to be able to incorporate and merge both offers seamlessly. It’s hard work, no doubt, but definitely worth it if successfully implemented.

## Work Reduced Hours

As mentioned previously, many businesses do not have the option to close down completely during the offseason. Working reduced hours is a good compromise. And if you are able to combine this with the above mentioned strategy of adapting your offer, that’s even better.

To use the same example as above, you can add other sweets to the offer of your ice cream parlor during the winter. But if your location is a tourist hotspot that is only busy during the summer, the fact of the matter is that there is not going to be an equal amount of customers entering your establishment no matter what you’re selling. A good compromise in this case would be to both diversify your offer and work reduced hours.

That way, you are still seeing some revenue and you are decreasing the costs of running your operation to coincide with the reduced number of customers available to you during the offseason.

The best way to decide on your reduced work hours is to take a look at other local businesses and see when their peak hours are during the offseason. You’re better doing that than experimenting all season long in an effort to find an optimal set of work hours. Once again, it’s important to avoid confusing people. Pick optimal reduced work hours based on your initial observations and stick to them. It’s all about being reliable.

## Focus on Marketing Strategies

This option ties in with the first one about preparing for the coming high season. But really, you can focus on marketing strategies even if you haven’t closed down for the offseason. Even if you’re working during the offseason, you still have more time to focus on developing your business plan and improving your offer and the way you do business.

Brainstorm new strategies and start working on ways to get more people into your door once the peak season arrives. Start getting the word out about your business before the peak season. Try to get a step ahead of your competition while you have the time to think about these types of things.

As anyone with a seasonal business knows, the peak season is always hectic and doesn’t give you enough time to plot new promotions and ways to advance your business. Take this valuable offseason free time to take care of these marketing strategies while you can.

## Conclusion

The great thing about all of these suggestions is that they can be mixed and matched according to the profile of your business and what best suits your needs. There are many different factors that go into achieving success for a seasonal business and all of them depend on your niche.

If there’s one thing you should learn from this article is that your offseason should not be wasted. Sure, everyone needs time to relax and take a break from their business. This is especially true for seasonal businesses. They are like running sprints – the race is not as long, but it’s much more intense than running a long, slower race.

Take some time off to reflect on a successful season, but remember to work on improving your business in the offseason so that this success can continue.

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With some proactive preparation, you can continue to enjoy the RVing lifestyle even in the cold and snow.

By Gary Bunzer

Take, for instance, a properly filled 100-pound propane container. At 70 degrees Fahrenheit, the propane will vaporize at a rate of 120 cubic feet per hour (a lot!). This equates to about 300,000 Btu per hour. But at 0 degrees Fahrenheit, the vaporization rate is reduced to only 113,740 Btu per hour for the same amount of propane in the tank. If that 100-pound container was only 10 percent full and the temperature was 0 degrees Fahrenheit, the rate of vaporization is further reduced and will be able to deliver only 25,750 Btu hours, approximately. So, the colder the temperature and the emptier the tank is, fewer Btu hours will be available.

The size and design of the propane container also can contribute to its ability to vaporize the liquid propane. A longer tank with a smaller diameter is actually better at accommodating the rate of vaporization in colder climates than a fat, shorter tank. This is due to the greater number of square inches of tank surface in contact with the propane as compared with a same-sized tank that is shorter but larger in diameter.

Take the time to “do the math” regarding the four propane-burning appliances in the RV to determine the actual Btu demand. Charts are available that enable you to estimate, based on your demand, how many Btus per hour will be delivered to the appliances at varying temperatures. You may have to become judicious in your use of the appliances in extremely cold weather.

The one appliance that you definitely will need during cold-weather travel is the furnace, and you will need it to be operating most of the time. So, be cognizant of the amount of propane left in the container. Compute your Btu demand and know how much fuel the furnace consumes each day.

Great expanses of wintry vistas await the less intimidated and more adventurous among us. Who knows? A winter RVing vacation or two may get you closer to becoming another satisfied full-time RVer. Enjoy and remember, RVing is more than a hobby; it’s a lifestyle!

It’s not always easy, but it can be done with some simple adjustments.

Does this sound like you? During the summer, you’re a workout fiend, perhaps swimming, running, hiking under the warm sun, keeping that body healthy and in ship — or beach — shape. Or maybe you’re a little less vigilant, but you still like to hit the gym every other day.

Then, it happens: daylight-saving time ends, and you find it hard to get out of bed and by nightfall, you’re more interested in curling up with a book than running.

The winter months can be brutal for some people’s fitness routines, says Bradley Cardinal, PhD, an exercise physiologist at Oregon State University. He once prepared a case study of a man in his mid 30s who lives in the northern U.S. Each year, the man was active from July through November, but then found his activity level would drop off for the rest of the year. While Cardinal cautions against reading too much from the study of one person, he believes that most people’s activity levels fluctuate, largely because of environmental factors. “It’s a lot easier to get out and exercise when the weather is warm,” he says.

## Working Through Colder Weather

If you’re an outdoor exerciser who has slacked off in the past when the temperature dropped, you may not have been giving yourself enough time to acclimate. “When people who live in Washington, D.C., go on vacation to Florida in the winter, it’s harder for them to exercise because they’re not used to the heat,” says Richard Cotton, PhD, an exercise physiologist and spokesman for the American Council on Exercise. “And the reverse is true, too. It takes time to get used to different temperatures, no matter if you’re going from hot to cold or vice versa.”

To acclimate, of course, you’ll have to keep working out through the cold — a bit of a Catch-22. It will be easier to make yourself go outside, though, says Cotton, if you warm up inside first. “Take five to 10 minutes and do some low level aerobic exercise like jogging in place or doing jumping jacks,” he advises. “That way, when you step outside, you’ll already be warm.” Dressing properly can also help. Wear layers so that you can peel them off as your body temperature increases.

## Think of Gym Alternatives

Some people are dedicated gym-goers, and they shouldn’t be affected much by the weather. However, the lingering darkness in the morning and the early evenings can sap even the hardiest gym-lover’s motivation to hit the health club.

If that’s your problem, you may need a contingency plan. Cardinal himself has exercise equipment at home — a stair climber, stationary bike, and exercise videos that he rotates through — to use when it’s hard to get outdoors or to the gym. If you do exercise at home, though, do whatever you can to make it entertaining, says Cotton. You might, for instance, place a TV in front of a home treadmill so you don’t get too bored.

This is the time, too, to call on your friends. Even if you usually exercise alone, you may need someone to help keep you motivated. Many studies have shown that social support helps keep people active, says James F. Sallis, PhD, a professor of psychology at San Diego State University who studies exercise motivation. Reconfiguring your schedule is another possible solution. If cold and darkness discourages you from morning exercise, try to take a brisk walk or an exercise class during your lunch hour.

## And if You Backslide .

Sometimes there is no getting around the environmental barriers that hinder exercise, and you may have to settle for less. “If you’re going to slip, try to at least do aerobic exercise three times a week,” says Cotton. “If you think about exercising on one of the weekdays, say, Wednesday, then on both days over the weekend, that’s really not too hard.”

And studies show that decreasing the number of days you exercise doesn’t hurt if you maintain the same intensity and time. For instance, in the early 1980s, researchers at the University of Illinois at Chicago had 12 exercisers run and cycle for 40 minutes a day, six days a week, at a moderately high intensity. After 10 weeks, their regimens were reduced to either two or four days, though they maintained the same pace and total duration. When tested 15 weeks later, all of the exercisers maintained the same aerobic capacity as when they were exercising six days.

#### Continued

If you weight train, you may be able to cut back with little repercussion, too. In a study published in the December 1992 issue of Spine, researchers at the University of Florida in Gainesville showed that people who had been lifting weights one to three times a week and cut back to once every two or even four weeks (without changing the amount of exercise per session), showed no significant decrease in strength for at least 12 weeks.

So, backsliding doesn’t have to spell the end of hard-earned exercise accomplishments. And remember to call on a friend, perhaps make a promise to each other to at least work out together twice a week. Making a commitment that affects another person’s health as well as your own may make you more likely to get off the couch, and get with the program.

Posted by Mark McCourt on 15th Jan 2018

Everyone enjoys saving money, but it can be difficult when it comes to winter heating. Heating costs are a large part of the expenses for a homeowner to combat our freezing winters in North America. So what can you do?

There are many ways to keep toasty warm while keeping your heating bill at a reasonable level. Here are nine tips for staying warm while saving some cash

1. Efficient Heating: The most efficient form of heating is low wattage convection heating. This is the reason the Envi heater was invented. To take the place of or to supplement the high energy furnace that almost all North American homes use. The furnace, while outputting copious amounts of heat is not designed to be efficient. What we mean by this is that one furnace is used to heat an entire home or place of business. Every room, every nook and cranny is heated. But often we do not need all this space warmed, just the areas that we use. Central furnace heating is especially inefficient when we try to warm a cold room at the end of the ducting run by raising the thermostat. The best way to combat this problem is to use an efficient room heater in these areas that needs to be warmed. This can keep you toasty while the rest of the house is not using up excess heat, and by extension, money. Envi wall mounted heaters are an excellent solution and were designed specifically to solve the problems mentioned above.
2. Lower Thermostat at Night: Many people leave the thermostat up while sleeping, but this is not needed. If you only turn down the heat by ten degrees or so, you can save up to 10% on your annual heating bills (U.S. Department of Energy). And when you turn down your central thermostat, make sure you install efficient room heaters such as the Envi wall mounted heater to supplement the room where you are sleeping or working.
3. The Sun : It is an excellent source of temperature control no matter what season it is. Make sure to open up any curtains in windows facing the south during the day to take advantage of this free heat. However, don’t forget to close those same curtains after the sun sets to ensure that heat stays within your home.
4. Furnace Maintenance: Nobody likes to change the furnace filters and many people put off doing so. Don’t be one of the people who does this. Yes, it will cost you money to buy a new filter, but your heating system will work better. You will also end up saving money in the long run without all that dust and debris clogging up the works of your furnace. Many of our customers have reported that once they start to “spot heat” their house using heat where and when they need it, their furnace does not come any where near as often as before.
5. Ceiling Fans: Many people do not know this secret, but fans can help with heating in the winter. In the summer, running a ceiling fan in a counter-clockwise direction helps push hot air up. However, in winter, running it clockwise can help keep heat in the room. Make sure that you turn any ceiling fans on a low setting to help push the air down toward you.
6. Don’t Dry Out the Air: Did you know that moist air holds heat better? It is true. In winter you may find that the air begins to feel very dry. One way to take advantage of this is by running a humidifier in rooms where the furnace is running. You will feel much more comfortable, even if your thermostat is set at a lower temperature than usual. Another option is to use houseplants to increase the humidity of your dwelling. Another way and something a lot of our customers don’t realize is that by using their Envi wall mounted heaters the air in their home will not dry out as much compared to traditional furnaces or other space heaters. The reason is due to the low wattage and much lower heating element surface temperatures. It is the very hot surfaces of the central furnace coils and space heater elements that dry out the air. The same is true for wood burning stoves and fireplaces that have very high temperatures. Consider using the Envi heater to not only retain moisture but also to help with your families health. By not drying out the air during the winter, the Envi winter helps respiratory problems, dry skin and “dry eye syndrome”.

Using these tips, or even just a few of them, will give you some relief when it’s time to pay your heating bills plus you and your family members will feel much more comfortable in your home and not be fighting over the thermostat – a win-win for everyone. Stay warm this winter!

By this point, as we enter the middle of May, most drivers who use soft-compound winter tires have likely switched them out for a set of all-season rubber, or even some higher-performance summer-only tires.

However, what happens if you keep those winter tires on your car and run them in warm temperatures?

Jason Fenske of Engineering Explained is here with the answer, backed by hard data as always. Long story short: it’s not a good idea.

Winter tires are made of a much softer compound and are designed with multiple sipings (or thin slits) in the tread blocks. This all gives tire better traction in all sorts of variable winter conditions and provides grip in cold temperatures.

When faced with dry, warm pavement, it’s a different story. After three brake tests, Jason’s set of Bridgestone Blizzaks showed considerable wear and loss of grip, fading from a 0-60 mph stopping distance of 127.72 feet in the first test to 134.9 feet in the third.

Then Jason did the exact same test with a set of Yokohoma Geolander G95 all-season tires. Stopping distances remained consistent at 123.72 feet in the first test and 126.76 feet in the third. The tests were performed with identical variables, including new tires and a 63-degree Fahrenheit temperature.

So, why won’t the softer compound hold grip in warm weather? Jason says it’s because the soft compound is literally tearing away from the tire and being destroyed as the brakes are applied. Thus, they lose their shape and don’t slow the vehicle down appropriately.

The all-season tires are firmer and hold their shape better. The movement in the winter tires’ tread blocks also make for more movement in the tire and don’t provide better grip.

There you have it. With this new knowledge, make sure to install all-season tires before your set of winter rubber takes a beating this spring and summer. (And don’t skimp out on high-quality tires in general.)

December 6, 2017

• gutter cleaning
• gutter protection
• ice damming
• weather damage
• winter

With winter fast approaching, and the thought of icicles on the mind, many homeowners are just beginning to think about their gutters. The biggest question the gutter experts here at LeafFilter are regularly asked is, “How do I keep gutters flowing through the winter?” This is an important question, as proper water diversion can prevent several devastating home disasters, such as foundation and roof damage, mold and mildew growth, pest infestation, and more.

Clogged gutters, ice dams, and damaged gutters, among other issues, can all impact your gutter system’s ability to properly divert water. Here are just a few of the ways you can keep gutters flowing through the winter:

## 1. Clean the gutters

Clogged gutters are the number one culprit of ice dams and improper water diversion. In the winter, when gutters are already clogged, any amount of snow can cause big problems. One freeze and thaw cycle can lead to extremely heavy ice dams in the gutter system. This impacts water diversion in many ways. First, the sheer weight of ice dams in gutters can cause them to detach from the home, warp, or otherwise become damaged. These situations all impact the flow of water through the gutters, and cause a snowball effect of home damages.

Another way ice dams impact the flow of water is in the amount of space they take up in the gutter system. With layers of debris and ice packed into the trough, limited space remains for water to run through the system. Downspouts may also become blocked, causing any water that can actually enter the gutter to back up and overflow.

This winter, remember, clogged gutters lead to ice dams, which spell major trouble for you as the homeowner. Be proactive by having the gutters cleaned before the first good freeze of the winter. This will ensure that your gutters will be able to handle any sort of precipitation.

## 2. Realign the gutter system

A misaligned gutter system can also spell trouble in the realm of water diversion. Gutters with a steep slope can cause a mini avalanche of snow from the gutters, whereas gutters with no slope at all won’t be able to divert any precipitation. Improper diversion can cause water to pool at the base of your home, impacting your foundation, landscaping, concrete driveway, and more.

If you notice your gutters seem to be misaligned, be warned. There isn’t a one-size-fits-all approach to realigning gutters. Specific calculations must be made to determine how your gutters should slope base off of your individual home’s roof pitch, number of downspouts, and more. A professional gutter repair company can ensure your gutters are properly aligned without any uncertainty.

## 3. Install LeafFilter Gutter Protection

You’ll reap multiple benefits by having LeafFilter Gutter Protection installed on your gutter system. Perhaps the top benefit of installing LeafFilter is the complete elimination of clogged gutters. You’ll never have to worry about clogged gutters leading to ice dams again.

Another benefit of installing LeafFilter is the complimentary services that come with installation. LeafFilter gutter professionals will clean, seal, and realign your gutters as a courtesy to ensure your entire system is performing to the best of its ability prior to the product installation.

And finally, LeafFilter is backed by a lifetime, transferable warranty. That means that this winter, and every season to come, you won’t have to worry whether your gutters will flow properly.

Before winter hits full force, call the pros at LeafFilter to get your gutter system in tip top shape. By performing a few preventative tasks, you’ll ensure that water will flow freely through the system this winter and beyond. Fill out the form on our website to get your free, no obligation quote today.

Some athletes embrace winter’s chill as a welcome change from exercising in summer’s heat. But others complain about hating cold weather.

If that’s your stance, remember that exercising with proper nutrition (and layers of dry clothing) offers the opportunity to chase away the chills.

After all, an aerobic workout can increase your metabolism by seven to 10 times above the resting level.

This means that if you were to exercise hard for an hour and dissipate no heat, you could raise your body temperature from 98.6 to 140 degrees F. (You’d cook yourself in the process!)

In the summer, your body sweats heavily to dissipate this heat. But in the winter, the warmth helps you survive in a cold environment. Runners can enjoy a tropical environment in their running suit within minutes of starting exercise.

Because food provides the fuel needed to generate this heat, the right sports diet is particularly important for skiers, skaters, runners and other athletes who are exposed to extreme cold.

For safety’s sake, winter athletes should always carry with them some source of fuel in case of an unexpected slip on the ice or other incident that leaves them static in a frigid environment.

Winter campers, for example, commonly keep a supply of dried fruit, chocolate or cookies near by for fuel if they wake up cold in the middle of the night. You want to have an emergency energy bar tucked in your pocket, just in case.

## Why Am I Hungrier in the Winter?

A drop in body temperature stimulates the appetite and you experience hunger. Hence, if you become chilled during winter exercise (or when swimming at any time of ye ar, for that matter), you’ll likely find yourself searching for food.

Eating “stokes the furnace,” generates heat, and helps warm your body.

Food’s overall warming effect is known as thermogenesis (that is, “heat making”). Thirty to 60 minutes after you eat, your body generates about 10 percent more heat than when you have an empty stomach.

This increased metabolism stems primarily from energy released during digestion. Hence, eating not only provides fuel but also increases heat production (warmth).

## Do I Burn More Calories When I’m Cold?

Cold weather itself does not increase calorie needs. You don’t burn extra calories unless your body temperature drops and you start to shiver. (And remember: The weather can actually be tropical inside your exercise outfit.)

Your body does use a considerable amount of energy to warm and humidify the air you breathe when you exercise in the cold.

For example, if you were to burn 600 calories while cross-country skiing for an hour in 0-degree F weather, you may use about 23 percent of those calories to warm the inspired air.

In summer, you would have dissipated this heat via sweat. In winter, you sweat less.

If you are wearing a lot of winter gear, you will burn a few more calories to carry the extra weight of layers of clothes, or skis, boots, heavy parka, snow shoes, etc. The Army allows 10 percent more calories for the heavily clad troops who exercise in the cold.

But the weight of extra clothing on, let’s say, winter runners, is generally minimal.

## Why Do I Shiver When I’m Cold?

Shivering is involuntary muscle tensing that generates heat and offers a warming effect. When you first become slightly chilled (such as when watching a football game outdoors), you’ll find yourself doing an isometric type of muscle tensing that can increase your metabolic rate two to four times.

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Winter storms and cold temperatures can be dangerous. Stay safe and healthy by planning ahead. Prepare your home and vehicles. Prepare for power outages and outdoor activity. Check on older adults.

Although winter comes as no surprise, many of us may not be ready for its arrival. If you are prepared for the hazards of winter, you are more likely to stay safe and healthy when temperatures start to fall.

Staying inside is no guarantee of safety. Take these steps to keep your home safe and warm during the winter months.

• Install weather stripping, insulation, and storm windows.
• Insulate water lines that run along exterior walls.
• Clean out gutters and repair roof leaks.
• Have your heating system serviced professionally to make sure that it is clean, working properly, and ventilated to the outside.
• Inspect and clean fireplaces and chimneys.
• Have a safe alternate heating source and alternate fuels available.
• If you do not have a working smoke detector, install one. Test batteries monthly and replace them twice a year.
• Prevent carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning emergencies.
• Install a CO detector to alert you of the presence of the deadly, odorless, colorless gas. Check or change the battery when you change your clocks in the fall and spring.
• Learn the symptoms of CO poisoning: headache, dizziness, weakness, upset stomach, vomiting, chest pain, and confusion.

• Service the radiator and maintain antifreeze level.
• Check your tires’ tread or, if necessary, replace tires with all-weather or snow tires.
• Keep the gas tank full to avoid ice in the tank and fuel lines.
• Use a wintertime formula in your windshield washer.
• Prepare a winter emergency kit to keep in your car in case you become stranded. The kit should include:
• Cell phone, portable charger, and extra batteries;
• Items to stay warm, such as extra hats, coats, mittens, blankets, or sleeping bags;
• Food and water;
• Booster cables, flares, tire pump, and a bag of sand or cat litter (for traction);
• Compass and maps;
• Flashlight, battery-powered radio, and extra batteries;
• First-aid kit; and
• Plastic bags (for sanitation).

### Prepare for Emergencies

Be prepared for weather-related emergencies, including power outages.

• Stock food that needs no cooking or refrigeration and water stored in clean containers.
• Ensure that your cell phone is fully charged.
• When planning travel, be aware of current and forecast weather conditions.
• Keep an up-to-date emergency kit, including:
• Battery-operated devices, such as a flashlight, a National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Weather Radio, and lamps;
• Extra batteries;
• First-aid kit and extra medicine;
• Baby items; and
• Cat litter or sand for icy walkways.
• Protect your family from carbon monoxide (CO).
• Keep grills, camp stoves, and generators out of the house, basement and garage.
• Locate generators at least 20 feet from the house.
• Leave your home immediately if the CO detector sounds, and call 911.

Wear appropriate outdoor clothing: layers of light, warm clothing; windproof coat, mittens; hats; scarves; and waterproof boots.

### Take Precautions Outdoors

Outdoor activities can expose you to several safety hazards, but you can take these steps to prepare for them:

• Wear appropriate outdoor clothing: wear a tightly woven, preferably wind-resistant coat or jacket; inner layers of light, warm clothing; mittens; hats; scarves; and waterproof boots.
• Sprinkle cat litter or sand on icy patches.
• Learn safety precautions to follow when outdoors.
• Work slowly when doing outside chores.
• Take a buddy and an emergency kit when you are participating in outdoor recreation.
• Carry a cell phone.

### Do This When You Plan to Travel

When planning travel, be aware of current and forecast weather conditions.

• Avoid traveling when the National Weather Service has issued advisories.
• If you must travel, inform a friend or relative of your proposed route and expected time of arrival.
• Follow these safety rules if you become stranded in your vehicle.
• Make your vehicle visible to rescuers. Tie a brightly colored cloth to the antenna, raise the hood (if it is not snowing), and turn on the inside overhead lights (when your engine is running).
• Move anything you need from the trunk into the passenger area. Stay with your vehicle unless safety is no more than 100 yards away.
• Keep your body warm. Wrap your entire body, including your head, in extra clothing, blankets, or newspapers. Huddle with other people if you can.
• Stay awake and stay moving. You will be less vulnerable to cold-related health problems. As you sit, keep moving your arms and legs to improve circulation and stay warmer.
• Run the motor (and heater) for about 10 minutes per hour, opening one window slightly to let in air. Make sure that snow is not blocking the exhaust pipe—this will reduce the risk of carbon monoxide (CO) poisoning.

Be ready to check on family and neighbors who are especially at risk from cold weather hazards: young children, older adults, and the chronically ill.

If you have pets, bring them inside. If you cannot bring them inside, provide adequate, warm shelter and unfrozen water to drink.

No one can stop the onset of winter. However, if you follow these suggestions, you will be ready for it when it comes.

Be sure to visit CDC’s Winter Weather webpage for more winter weather safety tips.

## How to collect vintage cookbooks

The reasons for collecting old cookbooks vary and many of them have nothing to do with food. According to the “Price Guide to Cookbooks and Recipe Leaflets” by Linda J. Dickinson (now out of print but available through online booksellers), the decoration or subject matter often has more to do with the collectible nature of these items than the recipes these books contain.

## Genre and Subject Matter

“I found that paper books and leaflets with attractive covers were a very big part of the market. St. Nicholas Flour leaflets with Santa on the cover were in demand by antiquers who decorate at the holidays with old ornaments and such,” Dickinson said.

Those interested in “celebrity memorabilia snatched up Kate Smith and Yul Brynner” illustrations, Dickinson added. Folks looking for soft drink advertising seek 7-Up recipe flyers and the like. Those who favor art deco themes will also be interested in books or leaflets that have this type of distinctive artwork in the design. In other words, crossover collecting is big in this area.

## Rarity

As with collecting any other type of book, first editions and limited editions of cookbooks can also be worth more than subsequent printings. And, as you might expect, autographed cookbooks associated with famous individuals can also be worth more than unsigned copies.

## Condition and Value

By and large, to be considered top-notch, cookbooks and recipe leaflets need to be in very nice ​condition. This means they should have no loose or soiled pages and clean covers.

Unfortunately, well-loved favorites that received a lot of use in the kitchen did not hold up so well, and they may have less than stellar pages in addition to worn covers and broken binding. For average, everyday books and leaflets, it’s wise not to pay top prices unless the condition is excellent. There are, however, exceptions to the condition rule in this area of collecting.

Some titles that have historic significance or those that are extremely old and rare will be valuable regardless of the condition. This includes handwritten recipe books or “receipts” as they were referred to long ago from the Civil War era, for example. These can be quite valuable even if they are soiled or discolored as long as the pages are still legible and not torn.

A copy of “The Federation Cook Book: A Collection of Tested Recipes Contributed by the Colored Women of the State of California,” which interests collectors of Black Americana as well as cookbook collectors, is another example. These can be in marginally good condition, but due to their rarity and subject matter, worth quite a good sum. If you want the book more for its content than as a collector’s item, reprints are available in the \$11 to \$25 range.

Some titles, like “The White House Cookbook,” that originated in the late 1800s are not that difficult to find, but they are not always in good condition. Find an early one that was not used much, and it can be worth \$200 or more. This book was also reprinted decades later, and those versions can be found much more reasonably priced.

## Cookbook and Recipe Leaflet Sample Values

What are people paying for these vintage books that resided in most every kitchen of yesteryear? Here are some sample values:

We get many requests at Cookbook Village from collectors asking about the value of one of their cookbooks or entire collection. There is no fast or simple way to derive the values of collectible cookbooks, but we are happy to share the methods we use to help you evaluate your own collection.

### Don’t Be Fooled by Inflation

Let us explain. You have an antique book that appears very rare. You look it up on Amazon, eBay or Abebooks. You see just one or two copies available. Wow, the prices are noted as \$250. Great … you think to yourself you must have a winner. Wrong. You need to do your homework. Some book dealers list a book at an incredibly high price and others follow. A book’s value is the market value — not the listing price, but the sales price. You need to ensure you understand what your book has sold for in the past. Do eBay searches for Completed Listings. If you can’t find past sales, check for the average listing prices on a book comparison site (discussed in the next section).

### What If Your Book Isn’t Listed Online?

If you are lucky enough to have a truly rare cookbook, you may not find it on any of the book sites noted above. We have been fortunate to carry several such cookbooks in our store over the years and believe us, these don’t come along often. Many sellers list their items as rare when indeed with some searching, you’ll see that the book is more readily available then what’s been indicated. A scarce or rare cookbook is generally in the antique category and even then, you may run into it elsewhere. If you see nothing like your own book, you may wish to take it to a professional book appraiser. Many antiquarian booksellers offer appraisal services. We should add that Cookbook Village does not offer an appraisal service.

Though we specialize in vintage and collectible cookbooks, we are not appraisers and don’t have the operational capacity to appraise books that come our way. We instead offer information on specific collectible cookbooks through our blog articles. Check the Cookbook Collectibility Reviews section of our Cookbook Collecting blog to see if we have information on your book listed.

Effective April, 2015, we are no longer able to answer questions below on the value of a cookbook or collection.

And many people underestimate the value that these old, collectible cookbooks have, for example Betty Crocker Cookbooks and Better Homes & Gardens Cookbooks, and have never even thought about selling them. There are many other old, valuable cookbooks of course. But for the purpose of this article we’ll start with these two well known cookbook publishers’ cookbooks. They’ll be easier to research.

Do you have any old Better Homes and Gardens Cook Books? How about Betty Crocker Cook Books from the 1950s, 1960s, or popular editions from 1959, 1961 or older? Pie or plaid covers? Betty Crocker New Picture Cookbook or Betty Crocker Boys and Girls Cook Books or any others?

Maybe you do have some of these cookbooks now. Maybe you have some at mom’s or grandma’s house or even better at great-grandma’s house. Perhaps you’ve seen them at garage sales. A lot of old cookbooks can be valuable — worth a lot of money. Even those of lesser value may sell for ten times the original price.

Whether you have cook books with binders, hardcovers, plaid covers, or pie covers, you need to do a little research. You’ll need to know the title, year of publication, edition (usually printed inside the book in front) and condition, before you can come up with the TRUE value.

You can start by gathering as much of these facts as possible. If any of your old books have been signed by the author or in some cases the illustrator, that’ll bring up the price significantly. Then, first of all, go to Google and type in the exact title – for example, ‘Betty Crocker Cookbook’ and the year published, and see what comes up. Then try using the same phrase with cook book as two words. If you have a plaid or pie cover or other distinct cover, then try again adding ‘plaid cover’ or ‘pie cover’. Do it again and type in the edition if known. You may find some others for sale or that have already sold. Then try again with your variations and add the words – excellent condition, fine condition or good condition.

Next go to eBay and go to the search feature and then ‘completed listings’. Search by the category ‘cookbooks’ and the title of your cookbook and look for similar titles and editions. Only look at those that have sold, to get a feel for the price range. In terms of pricing, ignore the cookbooks that are still for sale. Many factors go into why they didn’t sell. Finding sold copies in these cookbook listings will give you a general idea of the range they’ve sold in. The binding, year and condition are just some of the variable factors. You can do the same with your Better Homes & Gardens Cookbooks. Then try some of the other old, rare, vintage or antique cookbooks that you’ve collected.

The deciding factor for price in every case will be the condition of the cookbook. Condition is everything. Handle your cookbooks carefully. Collectors and buyers expect cookbooks to have an occasional spot on them. If they’re fragile, handle them with white cotton gloves. Never put them in airtight bags or containers, because the moisture content in the pages will cause them to mildew. You can bag them but leave them open. In any case protect them.

So you need to decide on the condition of your cookbooks, find the price range of cookbooks that have sold on completed listings and then decide how to price your book. Be very wary of putting any old, rare, vintage or antique cookbooks on eBay for 99 cents or without a reserve price. You don’t want someone walking off with your precious book for just pennies. The sold cookbooks on eBay completed listings have a distinct advantage. You know what people are actually paying for cookbooks and current price ranges.

As for books that list the value of cookbooks, I have them all. But I find them worthless because the values do not reflect what people actually pay for cookbooks or the current prices, whether it is Betty Crocker Cookbooks, Better Home & Gardens Cookbooks or any others. And the cookbook value books go rapidly out of date as time passes since publication.

Besides eBay there are a lot of other ways to sell your cookbooks on the Internet or outside of the Internet. There is too much to go into in this short article. There are many other trade secrets. One easy way — there is a free cookbook listing service online, for old, rare, vintage or antique cookbooks where you can list your cookbooks for sale, yes free of charge. Collectors and buyers come to the site. You can continue to sell them using other methods and not wait for a buyer to make contact from the site. You can always have your listing removed from the site if it sells or you sell it another way.

You can buy and sell old cookbooks easily once you become familiar with one cookbook and you’ll probably be able to find more of them at garage sales. With this basic knowledge of how to sell cookbooks, you’ve just become a mini-expert on selling cookbooks. So go to your cookbook shelves now and see what you already have and start from there. Once you’re an expert on Betty Crocker Cookbooks and Better Homes and Gardens Cookbooks you can start researching other old, rare, classic, vintage, antique and collectible cookbooks.

Vintage cookbooks are kitchen eye-candy. They set high upon the shelves, in their colorful jackets, challenging modern gals to attain the skills acquired by the cooks that came before them.

Oh, what beautiful cookbooks!

With all the recipes available online, why would anyone want a REAL cookbook? It is convenient to get recipes online, but all too frequently I forget to save them. Then I can’t find the exact recipe I used before. Also, you might think cookbooks contain old-fashioned recipes, but really, when it comes to cooking, there’s nothing new under the sun, only faster ways of doing things.

Around once a year, I buy a cookbook (or a recipe magazine) and make almost all the recipes inside. I make them one by one, and skip the ones that are unappealing to my family.

My favorite recipe magazines are Woman’s World and Taste of Home. Last September we worked our way through the Taste of Home fall dessert issue. My kids didn’t like all the pies, but they loved the sweet breads and cookies. I like Taste of Home because they have recipe contests, then publish the winning recipes with the winners’ pictures and a short bio. Fall is a great time for experimenting and breathing life into the kitchen with some new ideas!

Winter is also perfect for making comforting, hot meals. Several years ago I found the Gooseberry Patch Christmas Cookbook at a thrift store. I love their brand! The illustrations and font are so homey and gorgeous! The Spiced Pecans recipe is easy, and everyone loves it. The two women that created Gooseberry patch were next-door neighbors in 1984, looking for a way to stay home with their kids. You can read their story and sign up for their email with this link: https://www.gooseberrypatch.com/

My 2004 Gooseberry Patch Christmas Cookbook

The two “Oldie but Goodie” cookbooks in the collection are The Pillsbury Family Cook Book (1970), and Betty Crocker’s Cookbook (1978). They are stained and tattered, yet beloved. The pan pizza and quiche Lorraine recipes from these books have been among my go-to recipes over the years.

These cookbooks are “oldies but goodies.”

The most unique cookbooks in our little house are the kinds that churches and businesses sell. One is a Beaufort cookbook from 1980 containing my favorite shrimp dip recipe. Unfortunately, I used salad shrimp for this recipe the last time I made it, and the terrible smell of those shrimp are burned in my memory! Two of the local cookbooks are from grandparents’ churches, and one is from my hairdresser’s salon.

Cookbooks from churches and local businesses are the most unique.

Most vintage cookbooks cost under \$3 in any local thrift store. The older Gooseberry Patch cookbooks can be purchased on eBay for around \$4. Joy of Cooking (1943), by Irma S. Rombauer, sells for under \$10 online.

I would love to own Mastering the Art of French Cooking, by Julia Child- especially after watching the movie Julie and Julia. A blogger named Julie (true story) attempts to make every recipe in Julia Child’s cookbook in a one-year period. I never knew how awesome and competitive Julia Child was until I saw that movie, or that she married late in life and adored her husband. You can read about her romance with her husband in her book titled, My Life in France. Her cookbook, Mastering the art of french Cooking, is a whopping 726 pages. Volume One was published in 1961, and Volume Two was published in 1970. The version I would like (pictured) costs at least \$50 in today’s market.

One of my books about Julia Child

Do you have a favorite cookbook? I’d love to hear from you!

Recipes from “Dainty Desserts for Dainty People: Knox Gelatine,” by Charles K. Knox Co., published c. 1915. Courtesy of the University of California Libraries. (Photo: Cookbooks and Home Economics / Internet Archives)

Not sure what to make for dinner tonight? Aspiring chefs or weary home cooks can find inspiration in recipes of the American past. Over 10,000 historic cookbooks are now available in the Cookbooks and Home Economics collection of the Internet Archive. From early European recipe collections which walk the line of food and medicine to 20th-century promotional recipes by Gelatin brands, these historic cookbooks have a recipe for any time, place, or occasion.

Chefs and historians can learn a lot about the tastes and expectations of past consumers through recipe collections. Gender and family roles throughout history become particularly clear while perusing historic cookbooks. In a cookbook dedicated to bachelors, one can find a recipe for Queen Victoria’s Toasted Cheese. While easy to prepare, it is not an ordinary grilled cheese. The jokingly toned instructions advise mixing grated cheese with ale and champagne for a hot dip that a bachelor in 1906 could prepare. Another yummy dish—Maple Custard—can be found in a cookbook devoted to new brides. This book contains ample advertisements for products such as condensed milk and sodas. New brides were clearly expected to do the shopping and cooking in the World War I era, when the book was published.

Mostly American in origin, the cookbook collection nonetheless presents a picture of a national cuisine which has been directly impacted by immigration. For example, the first American cookbook—American Cookery, published in 1796—contained many English recipes familiar to colonists who had recently separated from the British Empire. However, readily available American ingredients such as cornmeal and a simpler style of preparation appear in some distinctly “American” entries. Throughout the cookbook collection, influences of diverse global cultures can be seen in recipes. So, too, can prejudice and racism. These historic cookbooks are important documents for tracing the inclusion and exclusion of marginalized peoples from “American” identities.

If you would like to explore the Cookbooks and Home Economics collection, check out the Internet Archive.

## Over 10,000 scans of historic cookbooks are available for free on the Internet Archive.

“The country housewife and lady’s director, in the management of a house, and the delights and profits of a farm…,” by Richard Bradley, published 1732, London. Courtesy of the Boston Public Library. (Photo: Cookbooks and Home Economics / Internet Archives)

## From early colonial recipes to 20th century brand promotion, you can explore the history of gender, consumption, and class through this extensive collection of historic cookbooks.

“The oyster; where, how and when to find, breed, cook and eat it..”, by Eustace Murray, published 1861. Courtesy of the Boston Public Library. (Photo: Cookbooks and Home Economics / Internet Archives)

## Among the strange recipes, you may discover some gems, such as Queen Victoria’s Toasted Cheese or Maple Custard.

“A Bachelors Cupboard; containing crumbs culled from the cupboards of the great unwedded,” by A. Lyman Phillips, published 1906. Courtesy of the New York Public Library. (Photo: Cookbooks and Home Economics / Internet Archives)

## Whether you are looking for your next challenging dish to attempt or you want to learn about the history of American cuisine, these cookbooks have a recipe for everyone.

“The Bride’s Cook Book,” by Edgar William Briggs, published circa 1918. Courtesy of the University of California Libraries. (Photo: Cookbooks and Home Economics / Internet Archives)

An ‘Antiques Roadshow’ appraiser reveals which early American cookbooks and old appliance recipe pamphlets are your best investments.

Before you throw your old cookbooks away, it might be worth getting them appraised.

Antiques Roadshow’s latest season, which premiered this past Monday, will make a stop in one of America’s most beloved food cities: New Orleans. While shooting in the well-known southern travel destination and former Louisiana capital’s convention center last summer, Antiques Roadshow appraiser and Brattle Book Shop owner Ken Gloss revealed to Forbes that our old family cookbooks are worth more than we realize.

Gloss calls the world of cookbooks “a vast field” where items are growing in value. But you should know that not everything you’ve been keeping on your kitchen counters and bookshelves is going to fetch you a pretty penny. Collectors aren’t really after what you’re probably using regularly, like cookbooks from high profile chefs Ina Garten and Anthony Bourdain, or celebrity chefs Chrissy Teigen and Gwyneth Paltrow. Instead, your hidden investments will come from specialty cookbooks you’ve tucked away in your basement or attic.

According to Gloss, some of the earliest American cookbooks (dating back to the 1790s) are selling in the \$1,000 range, while books from as far back as the 1400s and 1500s go for thousands of dollars. Some other pricey collectibles are glossy cookbooks about cake decorating from the 1920s, first editions signed by cooking legends like Julia Childs and Fannie Farmer, and even some hard to find recipe pamphlets once included with newly purchased appliances. Gloss states that although seemingly mundane, their high price tag is due to how these items serve as historical documents—about places, people, cultures, and, of course, the food of the time.

“[Cookbooks] offer a view into society at the time,” Gloss told Forbes. “What were the foods people were eating? What was available? How were they preparing them?”

So what happens if you’ve found a cookbook, but it has some wear or tear? Fear not. While butter stains might depreciate the value of a first edition from Charles Dickens or Virginia Woolf, when it comes to cookbooks, collectors know these books were often used, so stains increase the aesthetic appeal while also serving as a way to confirm their authenticity.

## For a blast from the culinary past, the Internet Archive catalogued 10,000+ cookbooks, including over 200 vintage books on everyday Italian cooking.

With comfort food on the mind and practical family recipes in demand, the hunt for vintage Italian cookbooks can be an intriguing way to make cooking more fun. New cookbooks stir our appetites, but older cookbooks on everyday Italian cooking offer a different kind of food for thought.

So, what regional Italian recipes were trendy in the 1990s? What flour was recommended for baking taralli in Boston’s North End? What pantry items did Italian cooks swear by a few generations ago?

There’s no need to go anywhere to find answers to these questions. Thanks to the Internet Archive, a non-profit that started archiving itself after the birth of the World Wide Web, over 10,000 cookbooks from UCLA, the Prelinger Library and UC Berkeley are available for browsing. And the best part of all, they can be viewed for free.

Searching for “Italian” returns 200+ Italian cookbooks, from Renaissance manuscripts resembling royal treatises to sepia-toned covers of America’s first Italian-cooking TV personalities, like the Romagnoli family and Chef Biba Caggiano.

But the 1990’s celebrity chef classics are the most fun. Finally, no more table of contents starting with “soups.” Instead, we get catchy sections and cute family recipes, like “30-minute pastas,” with a daring puttanesca recipe from young Rachael Ray’s “30-Minute Meals.” Another treasure, Chef Rocco DiSpirito’s earliest award-winning cookbook, “Flavor,” and the Italian American cookbook he wrote with his mother Nicolina.

Moving past the memoir by Marcella Hazan, the variety of books on Italian cooking continues to expand. One translated book divulges the secrets of papal cuisine (with Pope John Paul’s favorite wine), while another promotes Gambino leader Joseph Iannuzzi’s “mafia” recipes.

But if this recipe collection doesn’t wet the appetite, there’s always La Cucina Italiana!

## 01/25/2011

### Collecting Vintage Cookbooks

Vintage cookbook collecting has been gaining in popularity in recent years, and a lot of people start with the cookbooks their mothers or grandmothers used. When you’re ready to broaden your collection, the many cookbook subgenres provide cooks and collectors with a wide variety of themes to choose from. General or basic cookery books were often among the first gifts a new bride received. Examples include the Joy of Cooking, Betty Crocker’s Picture Cookbook and Meta Given’s Encyclopedia of Modern Cooking . In addition to recipes for all courses and food groups, they often contained instructions for beginner cooks, reference tables and household advice.

Specialized cookbooks might focus on a specific ingredient (poultry) a particular class of food (vegetables), or a particular cooking method (baking). Ethnic and regional cookbooks offer recipes themed around a particular country (France), region within a country (American South) or ethnic style of cooking (Jewish). Some collectors are particularly keen on fundraising cookbooks, so called because they were often assembled from recipes contributed by church or community members and then sold to raise money for an institution.

One particularly interesting area of collecting focuses on food and product advertising cookbooks. These ranged from small folded recipe leaflets that were tucked into product packages to illustrated magazines or small hard cover books available for a fee. Some endorsed a particular product (canned milk or baking powder) while others were offered by non-food companies, such as department stores or insurance agencies, as customer appreciation “giveaways.” In the late 1800s and early 1900s, when large printed cookbooks were scarce or simply too costly for the average household, many housewives relied on these little advertising cookbooks to guide them in the preparation of family meals, while also instructing them in the rules of table setting and service.

No matter what you’re craving, chances are there’s a cookbook to satisfy your appetite! Stop by The Cookbook Maven to see our current selection.

## How to make a diary interesting

Have you ever considered how cool it would be to look back on a journal of your life from the past?

What were you worried about back then?

What did you want in life?

Wondering how to make your diary interesting?

Well, it’s time to stop writing the normal boring to-dos and actually write down how you feel about life, so you can look back on it later.

Getting in the habit of writing your life down every single day can make a huge difference.

The Getting Things Done planner will help you with this, as it has plenty of room to write your to-dos, and space for self-care exercises, tracking your spendings, meal prep, and more. (Use code GET20 to get 20% off, limited time only)

You don’t have to be the most creative person in the world to be able to write a journal, but writing down your thoughts and experiences each day can encourage your creative juices to flow.

It is said the best technique is to ‘write without thinking’, letting ideas and thoughts you didn’t even know you had come out onto the page. You could find yourself writing page after page without even realizing.

Plus it’s your journal, so it doesn’t need to make perfect sense to anyone but you.

With the Getting Things Done planner you can write about your day on the left-hand-side and fill in your personal notes, meals and exercises on the right-hand side.

This builds up a big picture of who you are right now, and in the future when you come to read it you can even see how much you were spending, what kind of food you ate and what you cared most about.

#### 3. Quiz yourself

Write five different questions down at the start of every day.

What are you looking forward to in the next few weeks?

Anything you can think of that will give you pause to think about who you are and what’s important to you is worth going in your planner.

You can start the day with broad questions like “What did I overcome today?” or “How did I deal with negativity today?” and then answer them at the end of the day, which encourages you to check in with your planner twice.

#### 4. Memories of the day

Write a small list of your best memories of the day.

Something that you’d usually forget, a compliment you received, a piece of work you did particularly well, in life we always forget about the little things – here’s your perfect chance to write down all those little memories and when you look back on them, realize how many good things happen every single day.

#### 5. Get arty with it

Have a look at some inspiration to make your daily pages stand out a little bit more, Journal Sanctuary on Instagram will make you want to be more creative with your daily planner and cut and paste different things to create a different theme for each day.

You can use tape, stickers, drawings, and pictures from magazines to create a spread. You can even use different colors for different seasons.

For something like this, it’s better to keep your planner for the weekends.

Grab a notebook for your daily to-dos. Use a special planner to create a book filled with memories that you’ll always want to look back on.

#### 6. An inspiration page

The things you’ve watched and loved, the news articles that have caught your eye, the outfits you wear every day.

It all seems so trivial in the moment, but in five or ten years, looking back on these memories will make you smile.

It builds up a picture of who you are and where you are right now in life. And thinking even further into the future, imagine how nice it will be when you’re older to look back on your youth.

Do you keep a life journal or write creatively in your planner? Share some inspiration with me in the comments below…

I got a diary for my birthday and I was super excited because ever since I started reading your books, I’ve wanted to keep my own diary. But then…it turned out I’m REALLY bad at it! Like, it’s just SO BORING. I keep thinking if someone ever stole my diary, the only reason it would be embarrassing is because I don’t have an exciting life! And since my life is so boring, I hardly write anything! Before I give up, though, do you have any tips?

Desperate Diary Dilemma

Hi Desperate Diary Dilemma,

Do I have any diary tips. You have come to the right place, my friend. I’m the world’s ULTIMATE EXPERTin diary writing! Okay, maybe not, but I’ve been doing it for a loooong time, so I DO know what I’m talking about. 😀

First of all, writing in your diary should be FUN! Or if not fun, it should feel good. It should be a way to check in with your feelings, express when you’re mad or sad, or toremember funny or happy things that happen. If it’s a chore, then STEP AWAY FROM THE DIARY.

People think their diary has to be fabulously exciting, but that’s just not realistic. Because our lives are not action movies. (LOL! Can you imagine if like Harry Potter kept a diary? Dear Diary, Today Voldemort tried to kill me AGAIN! What is WITH that guy ? ! )

Your diary doesn’t have to be a list of what you did each day, unless you want it to be. Try something out of the ordinary that’s simple and fun, like each day drawing a face emoji that represents how you’re feeling.

Maybe that’s ALL you write for that day. Or if you feel like explaining why you chose that emoji face, you totally can!

You could also answer these questions every day or whenever:

Also, remember that a diary isn’t only for writing! You can draw, even if you don’t feel like you’re a great artist. Try drawing a stick figure cartoon answering one of the questions I mentioned above. Hey, I do it like ALL the time! J !!

The most important thing is to remember that it’s supposed to be fun, and it’s just for you. No one else is going to read it. If you skip days, who cares? If it’s boring sometimes? Who cares? If you take a break from it for a while, that’s TOTALLY fine. When you come back, try something new. Find a journal prompt online (there are lots of them—questions to get you started) and use that to get rolling again.

I hope that helps! I love my diary SOOOO much. I bet if you try these tips, you’ll love yours too! And if not, you know what? That’s okay. You’ll find some other way to express yourself!

Do you keep a diary? How do you keep it fun and exciting? Tell us in the comments!

Do you want to make a diary from cratch? Feeling creative? Well, let’ begin! Take the neceary material (which you can find around the houe) and get tarted. You will alo need a pencil, a the baic t

## Content

• Step
• Tips
• Warning
• Things You Will Need

Do you want to make a diary from scratch? Feeling creative? Well, let’s begin!

Take the necessary materials (which you can find around the house) and get started. You will also need a pencil, as the basic structure of the diary. Read the “Tips” section before starting your diary.

Take white glue or liquid glue. Apply a generous amount of glue to the pressed side of the sheet that will become the segment of the diary. Don’t worry if the glue spreads to the bottom of the sheet. The important thing is that you put a lot of glue on the knuckles so that the sheets will not come off. The worst part is: you have to press this sheet until the glue dries so it doesn’t get off track.

Take the cardboard paper and using white glue / liquid glue, attach each piece of cardboard to the first and last sheet of the diary. Your diary will now last longer. This strip of cardboard pasted to the first and last sheets will form the “cover” of the book.

Free the imagination!Start decorating your diary cover! Cut out old magazine pages and glue the cuttings to the cover of your diary! Make a picture on the cover, write your name or put cute and funny stickers on it! It’s all up to you!

Start writing in a diary. Put the date at the top of the page and start sharing your feelings. Draw, paste, unleash the imagination! Most importantly: Have fun!

### Method 1 of 1: Alternative Methods

Stack and trim 20-25 sheets of paper.

Join the pages with the staples on the left (4-7 staples).

Decorate the cover as desired. Write down phrases, draw pictures, etc. Do the same on the back cover, but use less writing. Use markers, crayons, stickers, or colored pencils.

Open a diary. You will see the first page of the book. Draw a circle in the center of the page using a crayon. Give the color “outside” the circle.

• In the circle, write “This diary belongs to:” then write your name at the bottom.

On each corner of the next page, draw small scribbles (for example: rose, butterfly, or pumpkin).

Glue one side of the tape over the staple on the front cover. Glue the other side covering the staple on the back cover.

Write and draw whatever you want in it using a pencil and have fun!

The one place where you could spill all the tea.

If you kept a diary as a kid, it was probably full of secrets and thoughts you didnвЂ™t want anyone else to see. Maybe you had color-coded gel pens to represent your mood and aesthetic, or doodled your crushвЂ™s name in all the corners. Picking up this habit again today may feel a bit silly, especially if youвЂ™re not sure what to write in a diary as an adult. While you may not be dishing on the gossip you overheard during third period, you’re never too old to put your thoughts in a diary or notebook of your own.

Doing so can even relax you or help alleviate anxiety you may be having. Journaling can also help you remember every little detail of those days you never want to forget. It all depends on what purpose you want your diary to serve. Since there are tons of things to write in a diary, like your favorite quotes, dreams, and travel destinations, your first step is deciding on what you want to keep. You could even make it a super secret diary full of tea you need to spill, and for that you need to know what to write in your secret diary.

To get you started, head to a cozy cafe or get comfy on your couch, grab a pen (preferably of the gel variety), and jot down any of these 15 things you can write in your diary.

Having a list of your travel goals in your diary will help motivate you to scratch each one off. One look at a travel influencerвЂ™s Instagram has you adding new locations on the regular, so itвЂ™s time to do something about it. If youвЂ™re fully vaccinated, you need to get your passport stamped with your ideal vaxication destination ASAP.

## Details About The Person You’ve Been Crushing On

Hey, who says you can’t write about your crush as an adult? It’s interesting to look back on, especially if you end up with this person in the future. (Oh, and it’s totally OK to draw pink hearts around their name like back in the day.)

## Aspirations And Hopes You Have For The Future

Your dreams don’t have to only stay between you and your pillow. Writing them down gets you one step closer to devising a plan to get to where you want to be. Getting them together is the first part.

## A List Of Things You’re Grateful For

Being thankful allows you to stay humble, and can even improve your brain health. вЂњGratitude works through neuroplasticity in creating new neural pathways that increases focus through the prefrontal cortex and lowers stress and fear by activating the ’emotional thermostat’ called the amygdala,” Margaret Stockley, RN ACWPE CWC RYT, founder of the Professional Organization for Wellness Certification, previously told Elite Daily.

By increasing the activity levels in these key parts of the brain, Stockley explains, gratitude helps to improve your heart health, get along better with your SO, and just improve your overall well-being.

Bad days happen to the best of us. Instead of letting them fester and ruin the rest of your days, write it down and leave it alone. Getting out your frustrations on the page is way better than taking it out on someone else. If you want, you can even go as far as burying this page so that it truly stays in the past.

Online diary is the great way to express yourself and share your thoughts with twin souls. Besides, by keeping a personal online journal you train writing skills a lot. Learn what are the best online services to run a diary and express your thoughts and ideas.

## Livejournal.com

Livejournal.com is a widely known online community for writing amateurs. Every journal seems to be like a private apartment of the owner: personalized style, custom background, feed, layouts, buttons. It’s like you create your own little website targeted at writing your thoughts. Besides, Livejournal gives you a profile page where you are free to set all the necessary information about you and your online diary.

Here you can write public entries, entries for only friends and personal ones. Add photos, music and videos to your posts to make them more interesting. Don’t forget to mark your articles with tags for a simple search in future.

There are a lot of communities in LJ where all the members can write and interact with each other. If you can’t find the community you like, create your own one and meet cool new people with the same interests and ideas.

Actually, this diary website is free, but some layouts and domen names are available for a definite yearly payment.

## Penzu.com

Penzu.com resembles a real notebook and so it is very stylish and modern. Here you can keep a private diary and no one will have an access to your entries or, at the same time, you can share your thoughts with friends via email. If you like sharing your thoughts 24/7, download Penzu app on your Android phone or iPhone for a more comfortable writing.

The site offers the Pentagon like security. Not only it can hide your posts from other people’s eyes, but it can encrypt them. So, if you are mad about privacy, Penzu is what you need.

Penzu offers a lot of design themes to choose from. Thus, you’ll easily customize your online journal and make it look unique.

One of the coolest thing of this site is that you can import here the entries from your old diaries. However, they should be in an XML file, RSS feed, or from Livejournal to work correctly.

All your notes are easily printable and you are welcome to keep them as a real diary as well. Alternatively, you may save your entries in PDF, TXT, RSS, or ATOM XML format on your PC.

## Diary.com

Diary.com is one more widely recognized website for personal online entries. It provides you with a lot of occasional diaries to explore. When you enter the site, you may see recent or most popular post of other users. Don’t miss them to learn something new. The interface of the source is much more of a newspaper than of a feed line.

It’s really great as a public diary for sharing thoughts with others. On the other hand, you’ll get a personal journal for writing secret thoughts in.

So if you have different types of notes (personal and public), register on this website.

## Tumblr

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Tumblr is an extremely popular micro-blogging platform. It’s mostly used for short entries, pic and video sharing. Just make sure that your videos in the right web format, e.g. you will need to convert MKV to MP4. Thus, this platform is for those who want to share cool news, GIF pictures, music and so on. Of course, you are free to make your blog private or available only for your friends.

As for the customization, Tumblr lets you choose a theme you like and make simple changes like font style or color, or background.

Like Twitter, Tumblr is based on hashtags. Add most popular hashtags to your entries to collect more re-posts and likes.

## Journalate

Journalate is a simple online diary where you can keep your thoughts. It’s most suitable for those who want to have a personal online journal with private entries. Like Penzu, it offers high security level. Thus, you may be sure no one will see your posts.

The platform has a plain design, yet it looks good on all mobile devices. So, you can easily add entries from your iPhone, iPad or other portable device.

There are two types of account: a free and a premium one. The latter will give you an option to import your posts from Instagram, Twitter, or Facebook.

## Monkkee

Monkkee is one more platform where you can write down your ideas and keep them safely from other people’s eyes. The service is free with a convenient text editor and all the necessary options for post writing. It lets you add images to your posts and mark them with hashtags.

If you wish, you can export your entries to your PC or portable device.

## Fitday.com

Fitday.com will become your best diary pall if your life is based a lot on healthy way. When you spend a lot of time exercising or follow various diets, you can write everything in this online journal. Set your goals if you want and organize your priorities. Check the success and training methods of other users to get additional information.

Both free and premium account types are available.

All in all, keeping your notes & memories written, you may not be afraid to lose them one day. In case you want to save your DVDs collection from disc scratches and other troubles, try our DVD Ripper software to turn years-old DVD movies into lightweight digital copies.

A diary is where you keep personal musings about your life, the people in it and the things you care about. Your diary is a safe place where you can be honest and candid about your thoughts, feelings and opinions. Diaries are for the eyes of their owners and no one else. Your diary is for you and by you. Reflect, create, dream. Do whatever you want with your words.

## What is a dairy entry?

A diary entry is a section of writing that has been organized by date. The entries within your diary are how you organize the thoughts, feelings and opinions you are pouring into it. They break up your diary into smaller pieces. Think of them like chapters of a book. They can be as short or as long as you want.

## 8 Tips for Writing a Diary Entry

Since diary entries are like chapters in a book, you first have to decide what your book is going to be about. Brainstorm ideas for your diary, like whether you want it to be just about you or about a specific topic. Once you have a theme, then you can begin!

Since your diary will be kept over a long period of time, each of your entries should be dated based on when you write them. Penzu’s free diary software does this for you.

### 2. Pick a topic

Like chapters in a book, you want your diary entry to have some sort of theme or direction. Is it about what you did today? Is it about an upcoming event? An event that already happened? Try and stay focused when writing.

### 3. Write naturally

Don’t feel like your entries need to impress anywhere. They are just for you, so relax and go for it.

### 4. Be truthful

The worst person to lie to is yourself, so when writing your entry try and be as honest as you can.

### 5. Be friendly

When you’re writing, try and write as if you’re writing to a friend. How would you tell a story to your best friend? That is how you should be writing about it in your digital diary.

### 6. Keep writing

If you feel like you’re at a loss for words, just keep writing through it. Feel free to record your train of thought. Think about why you have hit a wall. What is getting in the way? Think about what you’re writing about and how that could be effecting your entry – and write about that thought process!

Once you have finished your entry, re-read your entry and maybe list some things you hope to focus on in your next entry. Reflect on what you have just wrote. Maybe some new things will come to mind that you can jot down before you put your diary down.

### 8. Make it a habit

The more frequently you write entries in your diary, the more you will enjoy doing it and the more you will learn from them. Set a certain time during the day that you want to write in your diary and try to keep to that schedule. The more you practice writing diary entries, the better you will become at it.

Now that you have read these tips, create your online diary with Penzu and start adding entries! Practice makes perfect, so start practicing your writing today!

### There’s no time like the present – start your free online journal today!

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### Ideas for Diaries

Whatever your reasons for keeping a diary, you will surely appreciate the ease and convenience of an electronic diary.

An academic diary can take some the stress and hassle out of your life by making sure you manage your responsibilities for school better.

A health diary is not just a list of medical readings and calorie counts. It is a way to record feelings, goals, activities, surrounding events, and results for any particular area of health.

There are so many moving parts involved in your big day that it’s easy to lose sleep. The good news? There is a way to organize your wedding.

If you like putting your thoughts, plans and experiences on paper, a diary or journal will probably be your best choice. A diary is essentially your ‘storybook’ that carries all of your life events and ideas, so why not personalize it to represent who you are?

There are various ways to decorate a diary, but you don’t need a ton of accessories to do so. Here are a few different ways to decorate your diary pages, and all you need are some colored pens and highlighters. Check out https://bit.ly/stabiloBTSM to stock up on STABILO point 88 fineliners, Pen 68 fibre-tip pens and swing cool highlighters!

## 1. Pattern

Most diaries come with blank, lined, grid or dotted pages that look boring, so you can start by creating patterns! Before you write on a new page, use highlighters that come in lighter or pastel shades to draw larger abstract patterns. The swing cool highlighters with 1mm & 4mm line widths are perfect to color in large areas and create thinner lines.

To accentuate the pattern with more details, go for a Pen 68 fibre-tip pen so you can create lines and dots with thinner strokes. The more colors you use, the better! Use your favorite colors so your diary represents your personality. Try STABILO swing cool pastel highlighters and Pen 68 fibre-tip pens in fluorescent and pastel shades from https://bit.ly/stabiloBTSM!

## 2. Mini illustrations

Next, decorate your diary pages with some mini illustrations! Creating illustrations will not only set the theme for your page, it also helps you visualize your experiences, ideas, events, places or things you are writing about. They don’t have to look super intricate or complex, simply let your creativity lead the way.

For these mini illustrations, use a pen with a fine tip like our point 88 fineliners to outline and draw the details. To color in the spaces of the illustrations, try using our Pen 68 fibre-tip pens that have a slightly thicker tip but still allow plenty of control.

## 3. Colored doodles

Simple colored doodles can also make your diary pages look a lot more interesting! While recapping the day, week or month on your diary, you can doodle about your favorite things or most memorable events, which will also help you create a lasting impression and remind you of those memories when you look back at them one day.

Sketch your doodles with a pencil first, then outline with a black pen before you color the doodles to bring them to life. Use the point 88 fineliners and Pen 68 fibre-tip to do the trick! You can find them in all sorts of colors from https://bit.ly/stabiloBTSM.

## 4. Colored and patterned titles

With all your writing mostly in black or blue, making the titles of each page stand out with colors and patterns will set the character of your diary. Instead of writing the titles with your regular handwriting, try writing them with different font styles that will leave white space within the letters.

We all remember hiding that little locked book under our mattress or in our sock drawer as a preteen, but now we are older and this is a new age. The 2021 diary should be different than that one you had in your youth. It is an older journal or diary for your own use. Even though your diary may never been seen by anyone there are still some tips and tricks to keeping a diary, especially an online one.

Writing a diary is easy. There a no hard rules you have to follow, and you simple write whatever comes to your mind as you write. But, over the years we have experienced what kind of diaries that engages it’s owners, and makes them a helpful and interesting asset in their lives. Here we will try go give a short guide on what topics a diary entry might contain. That said, remember THERE ARE NO RULES.

If you are somebody who keeps a written diary about your recent life and the changes that have occurred, then you may be acutely aware of just how difficult it can be at times to actually make a quality diary post. It can take a considerable amount of time, and you don’t want to write a load of nonsense that you aren’t even sure fits the purposes of a diary!

A diary is purely your thoughts and feelings on any subject that takes your fancy. Remember, though, that in time you will be looking back on these writings and you may want to share them with others, so making sure they make sense and can actually be read by others is very important!

Taking that little bit of extra time to really record your thoughts and to dissect your thoughts properly can make a significant difference to the outcome of your writing. If you are struggling to come up with quality, unique insights that actually relate to how you feel and see the world, then try out these tips below.

### 1. Be Honest

When you are writing a diary entry, give the full story of your opinions, thoughts and fears. Really open up and let your feelings pour onto the page – holding back helps nobody.

### 2. Be Detailed

Think of it like a book – is it better when the description goes on and on and on? Or is it better when you are left to your own imagination? Picking the most insignificant details and adding them in is very important as you don’t want to leave any stone unturned when trying to turn your diary from the ramblings of an angry individual to the structures theories and arguments of a modern member of society, do you?

### 3. Spell Check

If you are writing this then you need to go through for entries to find poor grammar, punctuation and spelling. Even the most diligent of minds will mess up every now and then, so look out for any little errors that crop up as you are writing each and every entry no matter how small or irrelevant.

### 4. Dates

Its a good idea to always include the date when you wrote the entry. Note: this is not the same as the date for the event or experience your are writing about. If you write about something that happened some days ago, you can either back-date the entire entry, or include the date inside the text itself.

### 5. Giving your entry a title

Its easier to scan through your notes later, if you include a short and descriptive subject for your daily entries. If not, It will just look like a “pile of notes”, hard to navigate in.

### 6. Write short entries

Most people start out by writing long diary entries, even many pages, containing thousands of characters. Our experiences is that the most successive diaries are made up of short notes. It’s not even required to write in it every day. Once or twice a week, is enough for some people. The avg. length of a diary entry is 450 characters long.:

“My family have been on a visit. They have been staying over for 2 nights, and we made a super delicious dinner today. Yesterday we barbecued. Last week I was in Florida for a 3 day holliday (from 5th to 7th). The whole class went, and we participated in a photo study course. I learned a lot. Now its time to sleep. Good night! Note: My family have been on a visit. They have been staying over for 2 nights, and “the bear” went crazy!”

That was 429 chars, close to an average diary entry. Another example: Many write about the training and fitness activity like this:

“5 pushups, run 10 min, walk 10 min, 3×15 sit-ups.”

That’s all! It doesn’t need to be more complicated than that 🙂

### 7. Don’t worry if you can’t add to it every day

You are not committed to write in your diary every day only because you have a diary. Add to it whenever you feel, skip a day, skip a week, it does not matter. Whats important is that you do add to it from time to time. But the more often, the more fun afterwards.

## Some final diary tips

1. Any habit will be difficult to start and maintain if it’s hard to do. You have to start it and keep up with it. You have to find a way to write that works for you, that is your style. You should use what works for you. If you like where you’re writing then you will enjoy it more and be more motivated to write in your diary.
2. When you’re writing in your journal, it’s important to just write whatever you feel like, without worrying about who might be reading. Simply writing 100% honestly about your feelings or your ideas can help you work through them. This diary is for you. It is to help you remember. It is for you to share if you want to. It is yours and you should be able to write as you see fit.
3. Keeping a daily journal is, obviously, one of those habits that requires daily effort. Starting and keeping a daily habit can be very difficult, especially these days when so much in our lives is chaotic and unstructured. Try to schedule a time each day to sit down and write. It takes time to develop a habit so stick with it.
4. If you have missed a few days in your journal, don’t worry – and certainly don’t give up! Just fill in the gaps as best you can as soon as you can. Even a short diary entry is better than nothing, and the longer a day stays empty, the harder it is to remember what happened. If you don’t have time to go into great detail, even making a simple bullet pointed list can help recall what happened when you have the time to elaborate on the day.
5. While writing in a diary can be good for your mental health today, the greater value comes after you’ve been writing for a while and you can look back on what you’ve written earlier. Journal entries are like a letter to your future self, and reading back on your past is a great way to get perspective on your life. Writing in your diary can help you recall when momentous occasions happened. You might not realize how important they were until later on. By writing about these events in your diary, you can recall it in great detail whenever you want to remember it.

Your online diary can be about anything from a workout log or diet diary to a travel diary from your trip abroad. It is yours and the world is your canvas!