How to write objectives in a research proposal

How to write objectives in a research proposal

The research goal of a research proposal or scientific article defines the route or content material of a research investigation. With out the research objectives, the proposal or research paper is in disarray. It’s like a fisherman using on a boat with none objective and with no vacation spot in sight. Subsequently, in the beginning of any research enterprise, the researcher should be clear about what she or he intends to do or obtain in conducting a examine.

How do you outline the objectives of a examine? What are the makes use of of the research goal? How would a researcher write this important a part of the research? This text goals to present solutions to these questions.

Desk of Contents

Definition of a Research Goal

A research goal describes, in a few phrases, the results of the research venture after its implementation. It solutions the query, “What does the researcher need or hope to obtain on the finish of the research venture.” The research goal supplies route to the efficiency of the examine.

What are the Makes use of of the Research Goal?

The makes use of of the research goal are enumerated under:

  1. serves because the researcher’s information in figuring out the suitable research design,
  2. identifies the variables of the examine, and
  3. specifies the info assortment process and the corresponding evaluation for the info generated.

The research design serves because the “blueprint” for the research investigation. The College of Southern California describes the several types of research design extensively. It particulars the info to be gathered, knowledge assortment process, knowledge measurement, and statistical checks to use in the evaluation.

The variables of the examine embody these components that the researcher needs to consider in the examine. These variables slim down the research to a number of manageable elements to see variations or correlations between them.

Specifying the info assortment process ensures knowledge accuracy and integrity. Thus, the chance of error is minimized. Generalizations or conclusions based mostly on legitimate arguments based on dependable knowledge strengthens research findings on specific points and issues.

How is the Research Goal Written?

A research goal should be achievable, i.e., it should be framed preserving in thoughts the out there time, infrastructure required for research, and different assets. Earlier than forming a research goal, you must examine all of the developments in your space of research and discover gaps in data that want to be addressed. Readings will allow you to provide you with appropriate objectives on your research venture.

5 Examples of Research Objectives

The next examples of research objectives based mostly on a number of revealed research on numerous matters display how the research objectives are written:

  1. This examine goals to discover out if there may be a distinction in quiz scores between college students uncovered to direct instruction and flipped lecture rooms (Webb and Doman, 2016).
  2. This examine seeks to study the extent, vary, and technique of coral reef rehabilitation tasks in 5 shallow reef areas adjoining to fashionable vacationer locations in the Philippines (Yeemin et al., 2006).
  3. This examine goals to examine species richness of mammal communities in 5 protected areas over the previous 20 years (Evans et al., 2006).
  4. This examine goals to make clear the demographic, epidemiological, scientific, and radiological options of 2019-nCoV sufferers with different causes of pneumonia (Zhao et al., 2020).
  5. This research goals to assess species extinction dangers for pattern areas that cowl some 20% of the Earth’s terrestrial floor.

Lastly, writing the research objectives requires fixed observe, expertise, and data concerning the subject investigated. Clearly written objectives save time, cash, and energy.

After getting a clear concept of your research objectives, now you can develop your conceptual framework which is a essential ingredient of your research paper because it guides the circulation of your research. The conceptual framework will allow you to develop your methodology and statistical checks.

I wrote a detailed, step-by-step information on how to develop a conceptual framework with illustration in my publish titled “Conceptual Framework: A Step by Step Information on How to Make One.“


Evans, Ok. L., Rodrigues, A. S., Chown, S. L., & Gaston, Ok. J. (2006). Protected areas and regional avian species richness in South Africa. Biology letters, 2(2), 184-188.

Thomas, C. D., Cameron, A., Inexperienced, R. E., Bakkenes, M., Beaumont, L. J., Collingham, Y. C., … & Hughes, L. (2004). Extinction danger from local weather change. Nature, 427(6970), 145-148.

Webb, M., & Doman, E. (2016). Does the Flipped Classroom Lead to Elevated Positive aspects on Studying Outcomes in ESL/EFL Contexts?. CATESOL Journal, 28(1), 39-67.

Yeemin, T., Sutthacheep, M., & Pettongma, R. (2006). Coral reef restoration tasks in Thailand. Ocean & Coastal Administration, 49(9-10), 562-575.

Zhao, D., Yao, F., Wang, L., Zheng, L., Gao, Y., Ye, J., Guo, F., Zhao, H. & Gao, R. (2020). A comparative examine on the scientific options of COVID-19 pneumonia to different pneumonias, Scientific Infectious Illnesses, ciaa247,

© 2020 March 23 P. A. Regoniel
Up to date 17 November 2020

How to write objectives in a research proposal

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How lengthy does it take the particular person studying your thesis to perceive what you’re doing and the way you’re doing it? If the reply is something apart from ’in the opening paragraphs of the thesis’ then maintain studying.

If you happen to inform them as early as doable what you’re doing and the way you’re doing it – and accomplish that in clear and easy phrases – no matter you write after will make far more sense. If you happen to go away them guessing for ten pages, every thing they learn in these ten pages has no coherence. You’ll know the place it’s all main, however they received’t.

Except you inform them.

If you happen to inform the reader what you’re doing as early as doable in clear and easy phrases, no matter you write after will make far more sense.

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What are goals & objectives?

If you happen to construct a home with out foundations, it’s fairly apparent what is going to occur. It’ll collapse. Your thesis is similar; fail to construct the foundations and your thesis simply received’t work .

Your goals and objectives are these foundations. That’s why we’ve put them proper on the high of our PhD Writing Template (if you happen to haven’t already downloaded it, be part of the hundreds who’ve by clicking right here ).

If you happen to write your goals and objectives clearly then you definitely’ll make your reader’s life simpler.

A whole lot of college students fail to clearly articulate their goals and objectives as a result of they aren’t certain themselves what they really are.

Image this: if there’s one factor that each PhD pupil hates it’s being requested by a stranger what their research is on.

How to write objectives in a research proposal

Your PhD thesis.
All on one web page.

Use our free PhD construction template to shortly visualise each ingredient of your thesis.

Research goals

Your research goals are the reply to the query, ‘What are you doing?’

1. You want to clearly describe what your intentions are and what you hope to obtain. These are your goals.

2. Your goals could also be to take a look at idea in a new empirical setting, derive new idea solely, assemble a new data-set, replicate an present examine, query present orthodoxy, and so forth. No matter they’re, clearly articulate them and accomplish that early. Undoubtedly embody them in your introduction and, if you happen to’re sensible, you’ll write them in your summary.

3. Be very express. Within the opening paragraphs, say, in easy phrases, ‘the intention of this thesis is to…’

4. Consider your goals then as a assertion of intent. They’re a promise to the reader that you’re going to do one thing. You employ the subsequent 2 hundred pages or so to observe via on that promise. If you happen to don’t make the promise, the reader received’t perceive your follow-through. Easy as that.

As a result of they function the place to begin of the examine, there wants to be a circulation out of your goals via your objectives (extra on this under) to your research questions and contribution after which into the examine itself. You probably have accomplished your research and located that you just answered a completely different query (not that unusual), be sure that your authentic goals are nonetheless legitimate. In the event that they aren’t, refine them.

If you happen to battle to clarify in easy phrases what your research is about and why it issues, you might want to refine your goals and objectives to make them extra concise.

When writing up your goals, there are a variety of issues to bear in thoughts.

1. Keep away from itemizing too many. Your PhD isn’t so long as you suppose it’s and also you received’t have time or room for greater than round two or three.

2. Once you write them up, be very particular. Don’t go away issues so imprecise that the reader is left not sure or unclear on what you intention to obtain.

3. Make certain there may be a logical circulation between every of your goals. They need to make sense collectively and will every be separate elements which, when added collectively, are larger than the sum of their elements.

Research objectives

Your goals reply the query, ‘What are you doing?’ The objectives are the reply to the query, ‘How are you doing it?’

Research objectives refer to the objectives or steps that you’ll take to obtain your goals.

Once you write them, be sure that they’re SMART.

  1. Specific: discuss in a exact and clear means about what you’re going to do.
  2. Measurable: how will you understand when you’ve gotten achieved your intention?
  3. Achievable: just be sure you aren’t overly formidable.
  4. Realistic: recognise the time and useful resource constraints that include doing a PhD and don’t try to do an excessive amount of.
  5. Time constrained: decide when every goal wants to be accomplished.

You want to be as express as doable right here. Go away the reader in little question about what you’ll do to obtain your goals. Step-by-step. Go away no ambiguity. On the similar time, watch out not to repeat your strategies chapter right here. Simply trace at your strategies by presenting the headlines. You’ll have loads of house in your strategies dialogue to flesh out the element.

Elsewhere in the thesis you’ll essentially have to discuss in a complicated language and juggle complicated concepts. Right here you don’t. You’ll be able to write in clear, plain sentences.

Although research objectives are not more than two or three traces the significance has far-reaching implications. Subsequently, composing such a small however the best research proposal objectives turns into a tiresome job for the scholars. These are simply discovered on this webpage which is able to on doubt make your research paper constructed inside a few instances and certain to be chosen by your supervisors.

Doing such a research goal is tough however not that a lot. All you’ve gotten to do is to learn the next article. Discover extra attention-grabbing critiques and suggestions to construct your self a wonderful goal paper on your ongoing research dissertation. Make certain to avail of this chance for constructing your good paper.

How to compose the objectives of the research proposal?

First Step:

Write down the research drawback that you just want to handle in your goal paper of the research proposal. This implies figuring out what services or products you need to consider on a precedence foundation. Specify the stakeholders in the selections to be made out of the research. Determine particular data administration needs from the examine. Take into account what the research report will comprise and seem like. You will get the perfect assets by visiting the online contents of this web page made with the collective knowledge of the research works of our organizations.

Second Step:

Determine main matters to cowl in the research examine. Write down the primary three most essential questions to be answered. Take into account finding out model consciousness, shopping for conduct, and use of the product. You can too discover it on the associated web page hyperlink to allow you to construct the specified research proposal that you just want to construct in the brief span of time. Associated hyperlinks can be found for serving to you with the issues and figuring out the problem on your goal research proposal.

Third Step:

Write clear, concise research objectives on your paper in order that its simply understood and drown a wholesome speculation from it. Research objectives might be written in three sentences. These might be simply be positioned from our webpage that you’ll refer on your dissertation research paper The primary should describe the interview motion for the examine. The second outlines the data required. The third summarizes how administration will use the research. By following these straightforward easy steps you’ll absolutely have the opportunity to full your dissertation on time and for extra assist also can see the opposite associated pages on this webpage.

How to write objectives in a research proposal

“FREE copy of an accepted Dissertation” to mannequin your work upon and ensure you’re going in the best route.

Imaginative and prescient and Actuality

How to write objectives in a research proposal

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The objectives and objectives part of your grant proposal could make or break your request for funding.

This part of your proposal describes what your group hopes to accomplish along with your venture. It additionally spells out the particular outcomes or outcomes you propose to obtain.

You will have to persuade your funder, similar to a basis or authorities company, that your objectives embody a worthy imaginative and prescient and which you can realistically obtain your objectives.

What Is a Objective?

A purpose is a broad assertion of what you would like to accomplish.

  • huge and broad, even visionary
  • normal intentions
  • intangible
  • summary
  • exhausting to measure  

A purpose is basically concerning the final influence or consequence that you just hope to result in.

Hyperlink the objectives of your grant proposal again to your want assertion.

To extra successfully “hook” grant reviewers, use visionary phrases in your objectives. Attempt phrases similar to lower, ship, develop, set up, enhance, improve, produce, and supply.

What Are Objectives? And How Do You Make Them SMART?

A purpose is simply pretty much as good because the objectives that go together with it.

The target represents a step towards engaging in a purpose.

An goal is:

  • slim
  • exact
  • tangible
  • concrete
  • measurable

Beverly A. Browning, in her Grant Writing for Dummies, suggests utilizing the S.M.A.R.T. technique of writing your objectives. Make them Particular, Measurable, Attainable, Reasonable, and Time-bound.  

Browning additionally suggests two different varieties of objectives to think about. They’re “course of objectives” and “influence objectives.” The primary, course of goal, describes a process or exercise with a particular begin and finish. The second kind, the influence goal, describes the long run influence your venture could have ought to or not it’s funded. One can use all three varieties of objectives inside a proposal to accomplish specific objectives.  

In accordance to Mim Carlson and Tori O’Neal-McElrath, in Profitable Grants, you must maintain the next in thoughts when making ready your objectives:  

  • State your objectives in quantifiable phrases.
  • State your objectives as outcomes, not course of.
  • Objectives ought to specify the results of an exercise.
  • Objectives ought to establish the target market or group that you just plan to serve.
  • Objectives want to be lifelike and one thing you’ll be able to accomplish inside the grant interval.

Right here is an instance of a purpose and its matching goal:

Objective: Lower the diploma of malnutrition amongst younger youngsters in the southwest area of Baltimore. (word the imaginative and prescient of this is what you hope to accomplish)

Goal: By the tip of yr one, present 125 moms in the southwest space of Baltimore with a 2-hour coaching program that may present well being and vitamin data. (discover how this SMART goal is restricted, measurable, attainable, lifelike and time-bound).

Analysis Methodology: Instructors will monitor the variety of moms who obtain the coaching, once they acquired it, and the place.

Extra Ideas for Writing Good Targets and Objectives

Carlson and O’Neal-McElrath, in Profitable Grants, recommend you retain the next in thoughts as you write your objectives and objectives on your grant:  

  • Tie your objectives and objectives straight to your want assertion.
  • Embrace all related teams and people in your goal inhabitants.
  • At all times permit loads of time to accomplish the objectives.
  • Don’t confuse your consequence objectives for strategies.
  • Determine how you’ll measure the change projected in every goal. If there isn’t a means to measure an goal, it wants to be altered or dropped.
  • Remember to price range for the analysis (measurement) of your objectives.

Unsure what number of objectives you must have for every purpose? Goal for a minimal of three for every purpose, however don’t fret if you happen to want far more.   Your venture could have many steps concerned in reaching a specific purpose.

Simply maintain in thoughts that every goal should be measurable to be included. The standard of that measurement will impress your grant reviewers greater than the sheer variety of objectives.

Analysis of Targets and Objectives Should be Applicable and Satisfactory

Analysis of objectives and objectives can take many varieties. For example, you could possibly merely depend individuals who acquired your service or use surveys or focus teams that ask individuals to report actions or emotions after having acquired the service.

Take into consideration whether or not you want quantitative or qualitative data. The primary counts issues. The second explores experiences and emotions.   You could want each varieties of data, relying in your goal.

Most funders require that proposal writers embody an analysis plan, spelling out how the outcomes of every goal can be measured. Not together with an efficient analysis plan may end up in the proposal’s rejection.  

Take loads of time to write your objectives and objectives. Their high quality may make the distinction in convincing your funder to present cash on your venture or turning down your request.

Simply observe these 6 golden guidelines

There are a variety of research tips which can be evergreen—they don’t change and are important for the success of any research examine. This publish is as essential right this moment because it was when written a number of years in the past by our former Sr. Research Analyst, Kevin Lyons. Kevin could have moved on, however we stand by this terrific steering.

—Donna Van De Water, September 17, 2020

A vital element of a profitable research engagement is a set of clearly outlined and significant objectives. Having well-defined objectives narrows and focuses the research and ensures that the findings are related to decision-makers.

The research objectives drive all points of the methodology, together with instrument design, knowledge assortment, evaluation, and in the end the suggestions.

Six essential tips that ought to be noticed when growing research objectives are:
1. They need to be offered briefly and concisely
2. They need to be offered in logical sequence
3. They need to be lifelike (e.g., achieved inside the anticipated timeframe, achieved inside the out there assets)
4. They need to be phrased in operational phrases (i.e., in a means that brings the group nearer to its enterprise objectives)
5. They need to use motion verbs which can be particular sufficient to be evaluated or measured (e.g., assess, decide, examine, confirm, calculate, describe).
6. They need to be static as soon as the examine work begins (i.e., objectives shouldn’t be transferring targets)

Creating good objectives may also help organizations understand their enterprise objectives. For instance, a nonprofit group medical middle wanted to inform a communications marketing campaign that may, in the tip, broaden their donor base and improve the consistency and greenback worth of donations from present donors. With these objectives in thoughts, the presentation under explores three potential research objectives by demonstrating the next:

  • What the research should obtain
  • Instance of a weak goal, and why’s it’s weak
  • Instance of a stronger goal

How to write objectives in a research proposal

How to write objectives in a research proposal

How to write objectives in a research proposal

Investing time in growing clear, articulated, and powerful research objectives is a vital step in a profitable research engagement. Having these bullets to information the method is invaluable and can possible save time over the course of the engagement. There is no such thing as a higher means to be certain that the best questions are being requested and answered.

Dissertation & thesis writing secrets and techniques, suggestions and guides

When you’ve gotten selected a dissertation subject and you might be prepared to get approval out of your teacher and the group that may evaluation your work, you have to to write a proposal. There are lots of options that ought to be included in the proposal, however you solely have a lot room to embody these options. The objectives and objectives part of the proposal are a very powerful half as a result of this part will assist the committee resolve if you happen to ought to proceed on the trail you’ve gotten chosen.


The proposal wants to embody a objectives part that reveals the committee what you might be hoping to understand via the researching and writing you’ll do. This part of paper contains long run objectives, virtually like a decision, however you have to to present the way you anticipate to get to the outcomes. You don’t embody your objectives in a bulleted record and you shouldn’t have greater than three objectives. Nevertheless, your objectives can have subheadings with smaller objectives that you really want to accomplish to get to the final word purpose. You want to be particular and exact as you clarify what you need to show and the way you’re going to get it completed. In case your committee members have too many questions, your proposal can be returned and you’ll have to start once more.


The objectives part is much more detailed that the objectives. Objectives might be damaged down into each day accomplishments with the concept these accomplishments will ultimately allow you to attain your purpose. The objectives ought to be broad and open, however the objectives ought to embody the small steps you’ll take every day. The objectives can be concrete actions. Whereas the objectives usually are not bulleted or numbered, the target are, normally as a result of they want to happen in steps. Many individuals will create timelines to assist them handle the variety of objectives they want to meet in order to discover success on their dissertations.

Solutions for Success

It is necessary that the objectives and objectives work collectively seamlessly. They want to be associated, because the objectives ultimately lead to the 2 or three objectives. The strategies ought to be comprehensible and doable, so that you all the time really feel like you might be getting nearer to the purpose. The objectives will talk about concepts about how your research can be accomplished and what sources you’ll use. The objectives may even embody the who, what, when, the place, and the way of the research you can be doing. Your objectives must also embody plans for the instances that the objectives don’t lead you nearer to the purpose, too.

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Thesis writing guides

  • Good and unhealthy research papers on the market
  • Do Not purchase thesis samples
  • Why PhD thesis is time-consuming
  • Artwork coursework writing help
  • Information on a historical past thesis
  • Ensure not to copy from PhD thesis samples
  • Bettering PhD writing expertise
  • PhD dissertation writing secrets and techniques
  • Composing a good dissertation
  • Dissertation literature evaluation
  • Getting a use of disertation databases
  • Shopping for a plagiarism free dissertation
  • Dissertation enhancing course of
  • Tough drafts may also help you write a good dissertation
  • PhD dissertaion is not a drawback
  • Dissertation draft
  • 5 Steps to a profitable Grasp’s thesis
  • Dissertation writing suggestions
  • Creating a wonderful dissertation
  • Ideas for nteresting thesis
  • Overview and refine dissertation format
  • Creating a PhD Thesis Construction
  • Formulating a dissertation proposal
  • Residence

The above dissertation and thesis writing manuals, guides, samples and suggestions have been ready by our crew of writers and editors. You need to use them freed from cost.


There may be a lot of knowledge on the market on how to write a research goal. Nevertheless, discovering dependable data whereas attempting to accomplish every thing else on one’s plate can devour a lot of time. That means, for many who are new to writing NSF proposals, determining how to assemble a high-quality research goal can shortly develop into a daunting process.

Under I present some data to both assist those that would love a fast refresher on or who’re new to writing research objectives for NSF proposals. Data in Figures 1, 2, and 3 had been taken from the facility level slides of a March 2009, NSF CAREER workshop at George Mason College.

What was supplied in this workshop 9 years in the past nonetheless seems to be essentially the most concise overview on NSF research objectives to date. I’ve reorganized and barely modified the data in the figures that got here from these 2009 slides to guarantee relevancy for present NSF PI/CoPI research goal expectations. If there may be something main that I’ve missed, please let me know. If you need to see this on SlideShare please click on right here.

Writing the Research Goal

Writing the research goal is in some ways thought-about to be the toughest a part of the proposal. Actually, one of many quickest methods to have your proposal dismissed by a reviewer is to present a poorly written research goal.

Having a well-stated goal permits and leads the reader or reviewer to inherently perceive the strategy that may or ought to most likely be taken to accomplish the required intention/s. It additionally helps the author to decide the easiest way to manage, set up, and display lots of the mental advantage points of their proposal.

When writing a research goal there are specific phrases that indicate to the reader or reviewer that one just isn’t doing research. Above all, be sure that to keep away from these phrases when writing your goal, Determine 1. In some instances there are exceptions to this rule. If supplied, one ought to all the time examine the associated NSF solicitation.

How to write objectives in a research proposal

There are additionally different greatest practices that ought to be thought-about when writing your research goal, Determine 1. For instance, greatest practices recommend that one ought to present the research goal early in the proposal and it ought to be saved below twenty-five (25) phrases. Having greater than 25 phrases for traditional PI/CoPI NSF proposals will exponentially lower the standard of the research goal (i.e., restrict readability and readability of the target).

Following these greatest practices will assist one to keep away from writing research objectives incorrectly similar to these supplied in Determine 2. These research objectives are incorrect for a number of causes. For instance, the primary three objectives supplied in Determine 2 use the phrases, “Design or Develop”. The fourth research goal showcases the proverbial “State-Of-The-Union” handle format.

How to write objectives in a research proposal

Lastly, in Determine 3, I present methods or buildings of how a research goal might be written that conveys to the reader or NSF reviewer that there’s a excessive probability that one has submitted a research proposal.

How to write objectives in a research proposal


I’ve supplied a fast abstract of what it takes to write a high quality research goal. As with something there are all the time extra specifics that may very well be supplied however I hope that this brief synopsis of how to write a research goal factors you in the best route. If there are any questions or feedback, please e-mail me at [email protected] I want you all the perfect in your NSF proposal submissions!

Written by:

Dr. Michael Thompson aka “The Broader Impacts Man”

Michael was the Founding Director of the Broader Impacts in Research (BIR) group, Senior Employees of the Workplace of the Vice President for Research (OVPR), and Affiliate Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry on the College of Oklahoma (OU). Dr Thompson is a member of Social Worth Worldwide (SVI) and Social/Societal Worth United States (SV-US) which employs and embodies Social/Societal Return on Funding (SROI) strategies and observe. Dr. Thompson can be a member of the Nationwide Alliance for Broader Impacts (NABI). He served on the Nationwide Alliance for Broader Impacts (NABI) Working Group, which developed the Broader Impacts Guiding Rules and Questions for Nationwide Science Basis Proposals.

Research Proposal is a very powerful a part of your software process whereas making use of for any native or worldwide scholarships under are some tips to stroll college students via the method to write efficient and spectacular Research Proposal.

Why write a Research Proposal?

Your research proposal is a guideline for the reader about your research query and introduction to the issue. Furthermore, your proposal will stroll the reader via about present approaches to obtain the target in addition to it’s going to differentiate your work from the present one. Your research proposal ought to be 4-7 pages lengthy containing 2000 to 3500 phrases. Research Proposal discloses your stage of experience in the talked about discipline as a author of research proposal requires data of the specified discipline. Though you might be simply offering your research curiosity you’ll be able to rationalize you’re declaring methodology and necessities on your research. Whereas writing your research proposal you must maintain in thoughts that it’s simply a start line and your route of research may change as your research evolve. You’ll be able to all the time strategy us for assist in serving to you write your research proposal.

Advantages of writing a Research Proposal

  • Research Proposal will allow you to to brainstorm and be interested in your research purpose.
  • This may allow you to present talent units and your questions in a complete means.
  • It additionally helps to clearly state your objectives for the research.
  • Assist to make clear steps to perform research, reply the query by reviewing the literature and offering a solution to the questions in thoughts.
  • This step of your research helps you to neat your writing and research expertise.
  • This additionally helps to establish numerous strategies and approaches for analyzing knowledge and deducing outcomes from it

Key components of the Research Research

What would you like to obtain?

Clearly state your research query, objectives and technique you’re going to undertake to obtain your purpose.

Why would you like to do it?

Present your motivation behind your curiosity in the subject by offering proof from the literature.

How are you going to do it?

Present your research design by preserving in thoughts that what you might be proposing is essential to society and is doable.