How to prevent alcohol poisoning

How to prevent alcohol poisoning

Alcohol poisoning occurs when a person consumes a toxic amount of alcohol, usually within a short period of time. Binge drinking is a common cause of alcohol poisoning. According to the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, binge drinking is a drinking pattern that results in raising the person’s blood alcohol concentration (BAC) to .08 grams percent, or higher. This typically occurs when a man consumes 5 or more alcoholic drinks in about 2 hours; and when a woman consumes 4 or more drinks in about 2 hours.

Alcohol Poisoning Symptoms and Signs

The person who has consumed a toxic (poisonous) amount of alcohol may become unresponsive, extremely confused, and disoriented. He or she may be breathing shallowly, and have pale or bluish-tinged skin. The person may pass out (go unconscious), and can slip into a coma.

The person cannot be roused, and may be unresponsive to your voice, pinching of the skin, or to shaking. Their skin may be clammy, cold, blotchy, pale or bluish. He or she may experience stupor, mental confusion of coma. Their breathing will be slow, with only 8 or fewer breaths per minute. The person may also experience lapses in their breathing, with 10 seconds or more between each breath. He or she may have convulsions, seizures or rigid spasms of the body. The person may vomit while unconscious or asleep, and not awaken.

15 Ways to Prevent Alcohol Poisoning

Alcohol poisoning is life-threatening, and its prevention can mean saving another person’s life. As with any life-threatening situation, it is always best to prevent it from happening in the first place. It is also wise to know what to do to help another when faced with a life-threatening situation. With that in mind, the following are ways to prevent alcohol poisoning:

Learn the Facts

Learn the facts about alcohol poisoning, and its signs and symptoms.

Share your Knowledge

Share what you have learned with others.

Be Temperate

Do not drink alcohol to excess.

Encourage Others to be Temperate

Encourage friends, family and peers not to drink alcohol to excess.

Do Not Binge Drink

Do not drink numerous drinks in a short period of time, raising your BAC to dangerously high levels.

Discourage Others from Binge Drinking

Discourage and prevent others from endangering their lives by binge drinking.

Know the Signs and Symptoms of Alcohol Poisoning

Commit them to memory, and recognize them when you see them in another.

Ensure Others Know the Signs and Symptoms of Alcohol Poisoning

Get others to commit them to memory so they, too, will recognize them in another.

Know What Actions to Take

When you observe a person exhibiting any of the signs or symptoms of alcohol poisoning or overdose, call 911, and apply First Aid.

Stay with the Person

Do not leave them alone for any reason.

Learn First Aid

Take a class in First Aid, and learn the basics of what to do to help someone with alcohol poisoning.

Encourage Others to Learn First Aid

Encourage friends, family and peers to learn basic First Aid, and what to do to help someone with alcohol poisoning.

Learn CPR

CPR, (Cardiopulmonary resuscitation) is a lifesaving technique. It is used when a person’s breathing or heartbeat has stopped, such as can happen with alcohol poisoning. Check online for classes in your area.

Learn the Bacchus Maneuver

You use the Bacchus Maneuver to position a passed-out person so they will not choke on their own vomit. It is simple to learn, and important to know. Check online for instructions and graphics on how to do it.

Be Prepared to Administer CPR

If someone is suffering from alcohol poisoning, be prepared to administer CPR.

While you are waiting for emergency medical personnel to arrive, do everything you know or have been wise enough to learn to keep the person warm, conscious, and safe from choking and aspiration (breathing vomit into the lungs).

Preventing alcohol poisoning in the first place is by far the safest and wisest action to take. Be well-informed, and well-prepared.

How to prevent alcohol poisoning

It seems like every few months, we see another heartbreaking news story about alcohol poisoning. According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), every year more than 4,300 underage youth die after excessive drinking.

It’s prom, senior party and graduation season, and soon teens will be heading off to college. Learning about alcohol poisoning symptoms and how to intervene can help prevent more of these tragic deaths.

What is Alcohol Poisoning?

When you swallow alcohol, it gets absorbed into your blood and distributed throughout the entire body rapidly. Alcohol acts as a mood-altering substance, a central nervous system depressant and an irritant to the stomach. When people consume large amounts of alcohol in a short period of time, they increase the risk of an overdose, also known as alcohol poisoning.

Alcohol poisoning symptoms may include:

  • Slowed reaction time
  • Mental confusion
  • Unsteady balance and poor coordination
  • Sleepiness
  • Unconsciousness, also known as “passing out”
  • Slowed or irregular breathing
  • Lowered body temperature
  • Vomiting
  • Choking
  • Seizures, coma and death

Even small amounts of alcohol can lead to poor judgment and reckless behavior, putting you at a greater risk of crime or assault.

Possible Alcohol Poisoning?

Not sure if you need medical help? Call the Blue Ridge Poison Center 24/7 for free and confidential advice: 1.800.222.1222.

Helping a Drunk Person

Plenty of home remedies promise to sober up an intoxicated person, such as:

  • Cold showers
  • Caffeine
  • Exercise
  • A big meal
  • Drinking lots of water
  • Making the intoxicated person vomit

In fact, these “remedies” will not sober a person up faster, and some of them may cause even more harm.

Instead, follow these tips to keep your friends safe:

  • Do your best to stop them from consuming any more alcohol.
  • Help them get them safely home. Do not let them drive.
  • If they go to sleep, place them on their side, not their back, which will help keep their airway open if they start vomiting.

Dangerously Drunk: When to Call 911

Never leave an intoxicated person alone to “sleep it off.” A person’s blood alcohol content may continue to rise after they’ve stopped drinking, and leading to possible choking, coma, respiratory arrest, and death. The Gordie Center for Substance Abuse and Prevention at UVA lists these four signs (PUBS) that a person’s life may be in jeopardy:

  • Puking while passed out
  • Unresponsive to stimulation (pinch or shaking)
  • Breathing (slow, shallow or no breathing)
  • Skin (blue, cold or clammy)

If you see any one of the “PUBS” signs, call 911 right away. Don’t worry that a victim may become angry or embarrassed or that someone may get into trouble. You could save a life.

Medical Amnesty

Virginia is one of 35 states which have some form of a “good samaritan” or medical amnesty law. These laws protect victims and witnesses who act in good faith to seek medical assistance when they believe an overdose to drugs or alcohol is occurring.

Alcohol Abuse Prevention: Learn More

Additionally, some schools have adopted their own versions of a medical amnesty policy, promising to remove or lessen the disciplinary action against any student who seeks help — or needs help — with an alcohol or drug overdose. By law, hospitals must protect the privacy of all patients and are not allowed to report back to a school about any student’s visit to the emergency room or any other healthcare service.

“If there’s a concern about one of their friends being openly drunk and not responsive, they should call EMS,” says Chris Holstege, MD, co-medical director of UVA’s Blue Ridge Poison Center and executive director of UVA Student Health. “No one will know except for them. There’s a misconception that the hospital is going to tell somebody, but that’s not true.”

UVA Police Department chief Michael Gibson adds, “ When someone calls 911 because of a concern for their health or someone else’s, getting the person the medical care that they need will always be our top priority.”

Preventing Alcohol Poisoning

Make smart, responsible and legal drinking decisions:

  • Alternate alcoholic beverages with non‐alcoholic beverages.
  • Eat before and while consuming alcohol to slow its absorption into your body.
  • Know what you’re drinking, and don’t accept drinks from strangers. Some mixed drinks have more than one serving of alcohol in them.
  • Use designated drivers who stay sober.

Rapid drinking behavior such as chugging, doing shots or using a beer bong is extremely dangerous.

Teens and Drinking: What Can Parents Do?

Studies show that parents do have real influence over their children’s drinking decisions. The Partnership for Drug‐free Kids has a wealth of information for parents on their website, including tips for talking to your teen, signs and symptoms of alcohol abuse and resources for help if you suspect your teen has a problem.

How to prevent alcohol poisoning

The poisoning of alcohol occurs whenever an individual consume a high volume of alcohol within a short duration. One of the common cause of alcohol poisoning is binge drinking. According to the report given by the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism, binge drinking is a kind of drinking pattern which results in raising the alcohol concentration in the person’s blood to about 0.08 gram percent. This usually occur whenever a man consume 5 or more alcoholic drinks within a duration of 2 hours and when a woman consumes 4 or more drinks within a duration of 2 hours.

Alcohol Poisoning Symptoms and Signs

An individual that has consumes a toxic amount of alcohol may become unresponsive, extremely confused, and disoriented. The person may be breathing shallowly, and having bluish-tinged or pale skin. The person can likewise become unconscious and slip into a coma.

The person cannot be roused, and may not be able to respond to voice, shaking or pinching of the skin. He or she may experience the metal confusion of coma. Such individual will breath slowly with only a few breath within a minute, it is also possible for such individual to experience lapses which can be up to 10 seconds between the breath. He or she may likewise have seizures, convulsions or rigid spasms of the body. Such individual may also vomit during the sleep and would not wake up during the process. Learn more about the symptoms of alcohol poisoning.

Prevent ing Alcohol Poisoning

The poisoning of alcohol is life threating, and the prevention would ensure a life is saved. Just like any life threatening situation, the best thing is to prevent its occurrence in the first place. It is also crucial to know the appropriate thing to do to help another whenever they are faced with a life threatening situation. Having that in mind, alcohol poisoning can be prevented with these approaches:

Pace and Space – Ensure you sip your drink rather than chugging. Ensure you alternate with non-alcoholic beverages and don’t have more than one drink per hour. This is because the average duration it takes most people to eliminate the alcohol in 2 standard drinks is 3 hours.

Eat before and while drinking – The rate of absorption of alcohol into the body system is much slower when there is food (proteins containing food) within your stomach. This would reduce the rate of absorption and thus prevent alcohol poisoning.

Avoid mixing alcohol with other drugs – Some over-the-counter and prescription drugs such as antihistamines, sedatives can enhance alcoholic effect. Caffeine and stimulants (i.e. Energy Drinks) can also make you feel less impaired.

Use caution when sick or tired – Whenever you are sleeping deprived or ill, alcohol leaves the body slowly.

Avoid “mega” drinks – Long Island Ice Tea, Margaritas, AMF or Kamikazes contains five or more alcohol than other standard drink.

Set your limit before you start – So as to set your limits, think about the activities you have the following day such as tests, early morning classes, athletics competition. This is because alcohol poisoning can affect the way you think as well as reduce your performance.

Avoid drinking games – Drinking games usually promote the rapid ingestion of alcohol and may result to “black outs” or severe intoxication. Additionally, during games there is no likelihood that you will stop at your own personal limit you set before going to the party.

About a half-dozen young people die every year in the U.S. of alcohol poisoning, according to the federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). These tragic deaths are completely preventable. You can help prevent alcohol poisoning.

Following the alcohol poisoning death of Samantha Spady, her parents established the SAM Spady Foundation. It’s to educate people to the dangers of high risk drinking and the signs and symptoms of alcohol poisoning. It alerts people they should never to leave an intoxicated person alone. In addition, people should call 911 if a person ever has any of these symptoms. That is, if the person is

  • unconscious or semiconscious
  • breathing fewer than ten tomes per minute or is breathing irregularly
  • cold, clammy, pale or has bluish skin
  • cannot be awakened by pinching, prodding or shouting, or
  • vomiting without waking up.

Sensible Drinking

Any intoxication always carries a degree of risk. People who choose to drink should always do so in moderation. The following tips are helpful in drinking sensibly:

  • Remember. The amount of pure alcohol in standard drinks is virtually identical. It’s six-tenths of one ounce. When it comes to alcohol, a drink is a drink is a drink. And they are all the same to a breathalyzer.
  • Know your limit. If you’re unsure, experiment at home with a responsible person. Most people find that they can consume one drink per hour without any ill effects.
  • Eat food while you drink. Food helps slow the absorption of alcohol into your body. Sip your drink. Enjoy savoring its flavors and aromas.

No Drinking Games

  • Don’t engage in “chugging” contests or other drinking games.
  • Accept a drink only when it fits with your drink spacing schedule. If someone tries to force a drink on you, ask for a non-alcohol beverage instead. If that doesn’t work, “lose” your drink by setting it down somewhere and later leave it.
  • Alternate. Having a non-alcoholic drink between alcoholic ones helps you control your blood alcohol content (BAC). So does spacing your alcoholic drinks.

Learn more about standard drinks and why they’’re important.


If you’re serving as host, always be responsible:

  • Create a setting conducive to easy, comfortable socializing. Soft music, low levels of noise, and comfortable seating. This encourages conversation and social interaction rather than heavy drinking.
  • Serve food before beginning to serve drinks. This de-emphasizes the importance of alcohol and also sends the message that intoxication is not desirable.
  • Have a responsible person serve as bartender. If you ask a friend or relative, make sure that person is not a drink pusher.How to prevent alcohol poisoning
  • Don’t have an “open bar.” A responsible person should supervise consumption to ensure that no one drinks too much. You have both a moral and a legal responsibility to make sure that none of your guests drink too much.
  • Pace the drinks. Serve drinks at regular reasonable intervals. A drink-an-hour schedule is a good guide.
  • Push snacks. Make sure that people are eating.
  • Be sure to offer a diversity of attractive non-alcoholic drinks. (For numerous non-alcohol drink recipes, visit Non-Alcoholic Drinks).
  • Respect anyone’s choice not to drink. Remember that about one-third of American adults choose not to drink. A guest’s reason for not drinking is the business of the guest only. Be careful not to put anyone on the defense for not drinking.
  • End your gathering properly. Decide when you want the party to end and stop serving drinks well before that time. Then begin serving coffee along with substantial snacks. This provides essential non-drinking time before your guests leave.

If our friends use poor judgment we need to step in to prevent them from drinking too much. We really can help prevent alcohol poisoning!

Pace and Space – Sip your drink instead of chugging. Alternate with non-alcoholic beverages and have no more than 1 drink per hour. On average it take almost 3 hours for most people to eliminate the alcohol in 2 standard drinks.

Eat before and while drinking – Alcohol is absorbed into the bloodstream more slowly when there is food (especially protein) in your stomach.

Avoid mixing alcohol with other drugs – Some prescription and over-the-counter drugs (i.e. antihistamines, sedatives) can increase the effects of alcohol. Caffeine and stimulants (i.e. Energy Drinks) can trick you into feeling less impaired.

Use caution when sick or tired – When you’re sleep deprived or ill, alcohol leaves the body more slowly.

Avoid “mega” drinks – Long Island Ice Tea, AMF, Margaritas or Kamikazes contain five or more times alcohol then a standard drink.

Set your limit before you start – To set your limit, think about tomorrow’s activities, such as early morning classes, tests, althletic competition – extreme alcohol consumption can effect your ability to think critically and slow your performance.

Use a designated driver – This is not the least drunk person in your group. Agree on your designated driver before you leave.

Avoid drinking games – These promote rapid ingestion of alcohol and may lead to severe intoxication and “black outs.” Also while playing drinking games it is not likely you will stop at your personal limit you set before you left for the party.

Safer Drinking Guidelines

Zero drinks is the only safe choice for people in certain situations – for example – consuming alcohol under the age of 21 years is illegal and can lead to legal consequences, driving, pregnant or taking certain perscription or over-the-counter medications.

No more than 1 drink per hour. On average it takes most people nearly 3 hours to eliminate the alcohol of 2 standard drinks.

Remember, everyone’s BAC rises at different rates, however, everyone sobers up at approximately the same rate. A cold shower, coffee, food, exercise or medicine will not sober a person up faster. Time is the ONLY thing that can sober a person up.

So making deliberate decisions about alcohol, whether you choose to drink or not, is key to reducing your risk.

Yes, you should have fun in college, but having fun isn’t limited to getting wasted every night. Ways that you can have fun without alcohol or drugs include: throwing sober parties, where you get together with friends, watch movies, dance, talk, or even engage in fun and creative activities, such as making movies.

How can you prevent alcohol poisoning?

How do you prevent alcohol poisoning?

  1. Avoid drinking games: Games can put pressure on participants to binge drink.
  2. Stay hydrated: Drink water after every alcoholic beverage.
  3. Don’t mix alcohol and medicine: Never drink alcohol while taking prescription medications.
  4. Eat first: Don’t drink on an empty stomach.

What are ways you think the university could encourage students to consume alcohol responsibly?

12 Ways to Drink Responsibly in College

  • Sip on water. Or chug it. …
  • Power up your phone. …
  • Beware of binge drinking — faster isn’t always better. …
  • Be aware. …
  • Know your limits — and don’t exceed them. …
  • Don’t mix and sip. …
  • Stick with your squad. …
  • Have an exit plan.

How often do college students die from alcohol poisoning?

A recent survey of deaths at 157 four-year colleges, conducted by researchers at the University of Virginia, found 1.49 deaths per 100,000 students from alcohol-related nontraffic injuries; by contrast, the suicide rate was 6.17.)

Do college students drink a lot?

Roughly 80 percent of college students – four out of every five – consume alcohol to some degree. It’s estimated that 50 percent of those students engage in binge drinking, which involves consuming too much alcohol in too little time. Many young adults admit to drinking alcohol even before they enter college.

What alcohol do college students drink?

OneClass has revealed that college students overwhelmingly prefer spirits to hard seltzer, beer or wine. Speaking of wine, just 10 percent of those surveyed claimed it as their favored drink. Not surprisingly, the top wine brands aren’t pricey: Barefoot and Black Star Farms top the list.

What can you do for alcohol poisoning at home?

Emergency Action for Alcohol Poisoning

  1. Call 911 right away.
  2. Don’t leave the person alone.
  3. Try to keep them awake and sitting upright.
  4. Have them sip water if they’re awake.
  5. Cover them with a warm blanket.
  6. If they’re passed out, get them onto their side to keep them from choking on vomit.

How do you help a drunk teenager?

Here’s how to deal with a drunk child or teenager, and get it right.

  1. Stay Calm. Bruce Ayres / Getty Images. …
  2. Find Out How Much Your Child Had to Drink. …
  3. Get Medical Help If Necessary. …
  4. Call the Police If Violence Erupts. …
  5. Rehydrate. …
  6. Keep Your Child Awake. …
  7. Put Your Child in the Recovery Position.

Can you speed up the process of alcohol metabolism?

Nothing will speed up the rate of detoxification, but the effective metabolism of alcohol can be limited by medications and liver damage.

How do you drink responsible?

Ways to drink responsibly can include:

  1. Only drinking on a full stomach.
  2. Having a glass of water in between drinks.
  3. Avoiding shots or drinks with high alcohol content.
  4. Avoiding drinking games.
  5. Having a sober driver available.
  6. Drinking only in appropriate settings.

About the author

Hello everyone. My name is Lilith. In this blog I will tell you about the student portal, what it is, how it is useful and how to use it. The idea for the project was invented a year ago, when I was a student.
And I wanted every student to be able to find useful information on their specialty. Join and learn a lot of useful information.

Before you go any further, it needs to be stated emphatically that you should never try to treat alcohol poisoning at home without first consulting a medical professional. However, what many of us consider to be alcohol poisoning is, in reality, just having had too much to drink. Clinical alcohol poisoning means that your blood alcohol levels are high enough to cause serious damage to vital organs which has the potential to cause irrevocable injury up to and including death. Consequently, you must first ascertain that these toxic levels have not been reached, which means getting that individual to an emergency facility immediately. The following information should prove to be helpful in taking the necessary steps to determine if you are looking at a real medical emergency or a simple matter of having had a few too many.

Signs to Look for in Alcohol Poisoning

Medical experts tell you that the first thing to look for is the inability to rouse the inebriated person from a drunken stupor. If you cannot bring the person to some semblance of wakefulness then call for emergency assistance immediately. Don’t assume that it is best to let them ‘sleep it off.’ That could be the worst judgment call of all time! The next thing to do is try to figure out if that person also ingested any drugs, both legal and illegal. Statistics prove that most cases of suspected alcohol poisoning and/or drug overdose is because the person took some form of pharmaceutical or chemical substance within a short time of or during the process of drinking alcohol. Again, if you cannot bring your friend, acquaintance or loved one to a level of consciousness to answer your questions as to exactly what they have taken or drunk, it’s time for medical intervention.

Medical Treatment for Alcohol Poisoning

At the hospital, the first thing they will probably do is ‘pump’ the person’s stomach. The medical name for this procedure is called gastric irrigation or gastric lavage. This entails placing a tube down the patient’s nose or mouth and feeding it down to the stomach. Small amounts of a saline solution will be fed into the stomach and then suctioned out. This process is repeated as many times as necessary until the liquid brought up is clear. Once the doctor is assured that the stomach has been evacuated of any alcoholic or chemical contents, he or she will then determine if any further treatments need to be administered. Alcohol poisoning is nothing to play with and alcohol poisoning treatment at home should never be attempted. However, most often it is possible to treat extreme intoxication at home if it has not reached toxic levels in the system.

“Suspected Alcohol Poisoning” Treatment at Home

If you find that your friend or relative is able to stay somewhat conscious then the first thing to do when considering alcohol poisoning treatment at home is to stay with them at all times to observe. Even if they need to dash to the bathroom to ‘puke their guts out,’ stay with them at all costs. Actually, vomiting is nature’s way of clearing the offending substances, in this case alcohol, from the body. Your job will be to make sure they don’t drown in their own vomit or hit their head on the sink or toilet in the process. Losing consciousness in the act of vomiting is extremely dangerous because the person could land on his or her back and literally suffocate in vomit. Also, hydrating the individual with water is a good thing. Both vomiting and the amount of alcohol in the person’s system will dehydrate them rapidly which can bring about a whole new set of problems. To sum it up, home treatment includes staying with them at all times even when vomiting, keeping them awake or at least upright and making sure they stay hydrated with fluids (non alcoholic!)

Alcohol Poisoning Treatment at Home to Avoid

First of all, coffee is never a solution. There is an old joke that says the only thing coffee does for a drunk is make him a wide awake drunk. Although that in and of itself isn’t a bad thing because you want to keep him or her awake, the bad thing is that coffee can also exacerbate dehydration. Caffeine and alcohol don’t mix well at the best of times. The second thing to avoid when treating borderline alcohol poisoning at home is letting the drunk ‘sleep it off.’ You have no way to monitor their level of coherence when they are asleep and if you leave them, even for a moment, they could vomit and drown in it. And, the final home remedy that some lunatic came up with is to give them a shot of something alcoholic to ease the tremors. That’s just perfect logic to an idiot! It’s like saying treat a burn by sticking your hand back in the fire.

The important thing to consider here is that you really can’t give alcohol poisoning treatment at home. You can, however, assist a person who has simply had a bit too much to drink. There may be a fine line between ‘too much to drink’ and ‘alcohol poisoning’ so being aware of the signs and symptoms can be a literal lifesaver. If you even suspect that alcohol levels are at a toxic level, don’t attempt home remedies. Get emergency help immediately as your first line of attack. If it is determined that the person’s alcohol levels are not high enough to warrant medical intervention, follow the steps outlined above and all should be well – for you at least! Your drunken friend might take a while to recover.

How to prevent alcohol poisoning

The perfect drinking scenario is to feel that happy buzz, but to avoid the gut-wrenching, nausea-inducing blackout drunk that can turn a good night into the worst night of your life. In extreme scenarios, drinking too much can lead to alcohol poisoning, hospitalization, and even death, as one 21-year-old binge-drinker nearly experienced herself.That being said, you may be curious to learn how to drink and enjoy yourself, without getting too drunk. A new video out of the Brit Lab examines this question, focusing particularly on how visual information about alcohol can impact the way we drink. For example, in 2015, researchers published a study in which they stated that the shape of your beer glass can affect how quickly you drink alcohol. They found that people who drank from curved beer or wine glasses consumed more alcohol than people who drank from straight glasses — likely because it’s tougher to gage how much booze is in a curved glass. And people who drank from glasses that were marked — showing the number of ounces in your glass — tend to drink less.So the first step in your night of enjoyment is to choose to drink from a straight glass if possible, or to be aware of the amount of ounces or pints you’re consuming. There are plenty of other tips to drink smart, like drinking your liquor neat or on the rocks as opposed to mixing it with sugary beverages. This will reduce the stomach-upsetting results of mixing sugar with alcohol, which can be especially dehydrating. Drink water in between each drink, and be sure to eat plenty of food before beginning the night, as drinking on an empty stomach can be especially damaging for the body — allowing alcohol to travel much faster to your organs. And perhaps the most effective tip is to avoid mixing different alcohol. If you’re drinking beer and whiskey for the night, don’t add wine or tequila into the mix, and maybe stick to lighter beers like lagers or pilsners.There are plenty of reasons to learn how to drink right, and the most important ones — aside from avoiding embarrassing behavior — are health-related. Young adults who binge-drink are setting themselves up for a higher risk of chronic disorders later on, like alcoholism/substance abuse and high blood pressure. In a recent study, researchers found that drinking excessively led to pre-hypertension in twentysomethings. So find the methods that work best for you, and enjoy that buzz without its damaging consequences. Youtube

The perfect drinking scenario is to feel that happy buzz, but to avoid the gut-wrenching, nausea-inducing blackout drunk that can turn a good night into the worst night of your life. In extreme scenarios, drinking too much can lead to alcohol poisoning, hospitalization, and even death, as one 21-year-old binge-drinker nearly experienced herself.

That being said, you may be curious to learn how to drink and enjoy yourself, without getting too drunk. A new video out of the Brit Lab examines this question, focusing particularly on how visual information about alcohol can impact the way we drink. For example, in 2015, researchers published a study in which they stated that the shape of your beer glass can affect how quickly you drink alcohol. They found that people who drank from curved beer or wine glasses consumed more alcohol than people who drank from straight glasses — likely because it’s tougher to gage how much booze is in a curved glass. And people who drink from glasses that are marked, depicting the number of ounces, tend to drink less.

So the first step in your night of enjoyment is to choose to drink from a straight glass if possible, or to be aware of the amount of ounces or pints you’re consuming. There are plenty of other tips to drink smart, like drinking your liquor neat or on the rocks as opposed to mixing it with sugary beverages. This will reduce the stomach-upsetting results of mixing sugar with alcohol, which can be especially dehydrating. Drink water in between each drink, and be sure to eat plenty of food before beginning the night, as drinking on an empty stomach can be especially damaging for the body — allowing alcohol to travel much faster to your organs. And perhaps the most effective tip is to avoid mixing different alcohol. If you’re drinking beer and whiskey for the night, don’t add wine or tequila into the mix, and maybe stick to lighter beers like lagers or pilsners.

There are plenty of reasons to learn how to drink right, and the most important ones — aside from avoiding embarrassing behavior — are health-related. Young adults who binge-drink are setting themselves up for a higher risk of chronic disorders later on, like alcoholism/substance abuse and high blood pressure. In a recent study, researchers found that drinking excessively led to pre-hypertension in twentysomethings. So find the methods that work best for you, and enjoy that buzz without its damaging consequences.

How to introduce new pets

As the saying goes, “You never get a second chance to make a first impression.” Introducing a new pet to your current one can be a bit nerve-racking, but if you follow these simple steps, your furry friends’ nerves are sure to be put at ease.

Dog & Dog Introduction

First and foremost, it’s important to take the introduction process slowly. Have your dogs meet in a neutral place and leave them on the leash so you can keep some distance between them. However, allow them a little freedom to maneuver. The idea is to acquaint the dogs with each other while avoiding any hostility or discomfort between the two.

Before going inside your house, it’s helpful to have the dogs spend some time in your yard. To start, keep them on their leashes until you notice more relaxed and positive movements from both dogs. Once they seem to be more at ease, drop the leashes so they can interact freely.

Bring both dogs into the house at the same time. Make sure you have created an environment where each has their own space and belongings: food and water bowls, beds and toys.

We recommend supervising play and not leaving dogs alone in the house until you’re sure they are comfortable with one another. Be patient and in due time, animals and humans alike will feel happy and content in your loving home.

Cat & Dog Introduction

To the surprise of many, it is possible for dogs and cats to get along – and in some cases, even become the best of friends! It all comes down to the steps you take to introduce the two. In this case, it’s important to ensure that your cat has an area and belongings to call their own, including a litter box, scratching area, toys, food and water.

Keep your current pet in a room while the new pet roams the house to get familiar with their surroundings. After this, set up short, controlled meetings with your dog on a loose leash and do not allow inappropriate behavior (barking, growling, hissing) from either pet. (However, do not punish, because each animal will then associate the other pet with punishment.) Bring each pet’s favorite treat and toys to this meeting and end the interaction before either pet gets aggressive or angry. Permit the cat to roam as he or she pleases and reward the dog for listening and being calm. Repeat these sessions until the animals appear to be getting along well. Then you can allow them to roam freely throughout the house. It is recommended to continue to separate the cat and dog whenever you are not present to monitor them.

By using a gentle, thoughtful introduction process, you can create an everlasting friendship between all your furry family members.

You’ve decided to welcome another dog into your fur family — hooray! With many people staying at home, it’s a great time to introduce a new pet to the household.

Although dogs are social animals that tend to love the company of other dogs, there are times when introducing a new dog into the family can be tricky. First impressions are very important, especially if your resident dog is used to being the only dog vying for your attention. Here are a few ways to help your current dog accept your new pup.

How to Prepare for Introducing a New Dog

Prior to bringing your new dog or puppy home, place anything your resident dog might guard in one area. This may include food bowls, bones, beds and toys. Make sure the new dog has a separate area for all of their items. Even if your pet has never been possessive in the past, it’s best to be cautious and avoid putting the dogs in a position to fight over toys or food.

Avoiding clutter is also important; congested areas may trigger aggression between dogs if they feel forced on each other. You may even try using a tall baby gate to keep the dogs’ spaces separated until they’ve had time to get used to each other.

What to Do During the Initial Meeting

For your dogs’ first meeting, secure help from a family member or friend so someone can pay attention to each dog. The meeting should be in a neutral environment like a park. It’s best to avoid introducing the dogs in the house — or even in the yard — where the resident dog may become territorial. Open areas are ideal, as there are a lot of interesting sights and sounds to keep the dogs distracted.

Follow this step-by-step guide for the first meeting:

  1. Head to the meeting spot with the dogs separately.
  2. Try bringing the dogs together and let them greet each other. Human escorts must keep the leashes slack so the dogs don’t feel as if they’re being held back.
  3. Expect the dogs to sniff, circle, play, urinate or simply ignore each other. Let them do what they want to establish a relationship — with as little mediation from the owner as possible.
  4. If the animals try to fight, it’s time to intervene. But don’t pull the dogs away by the leash. Instead, wave a CESAR® Meaty Bites treat over or in front of the dogs’ noses to lure them away from each other.
  5. Keep the initial interaction brief. After the dogs meet, try going for a short walk together.

If the walk together goes well, your dogs may be ready to meet on home turf.

Advice for Bringing Your New Dog Home

After a successful first introduction, your new dog and resident dog can try meeting at home. To do so, start at a neutral location. Walk home with the dogs together and act as though nothing has changed. If you have a yard, let the dogs hang out there for a while as you supervise. When they’re ready, let them in the house.

If your dogs have gotten along well at the park and in the yard, allow the resident dog to be off the leash first. Let the new dog or puppy explore the house on the leash, and if the resident dog demonstrates friendly manners, remove the new pet’s leash as well. If the resident dog displays any aggression or territoriality, it’s best to keep them separated while they adjust.

What to Do during the First Few Weeks

Try to keep your routine as normal as possible. When it’s mealtime, feed the resident dog just like usual. Feed your new dog in a different room, so there’s no stress over food. Keep up your regular walking and playtime schedule, making sure both dogs get plenty of love and attention.

Keep the dogs’ interactions closely supervised for the first two weeks, until both dogs are fully accustomed to each other. Avoid leaving the dogs alone together until you’re sure they’re comfortable with each other. Reinforce positive behavior with lots of treats and pets — CESAR® SOFTIES™ treats are a great training tool!

Watch closely for situations that could lead to conflict, such as fighting over toys or becoming overly excited. Be on the lookout for signs either dog is anxious or uncomfortable, such as growling, snapping, showing teeth, back-hunching, long stares and raised fur. If your dog displays these signs, be ready to distract or separate the dogs to avoid conflict and continue monitoring their interactions. Over time, your dogs should learn to tolerate each other, or even become best buddies. If you still run into issues, a professional dog trainer or animal behaviorist may be able to help.

It’s always exciting to welcome a new pet into your family. Following these steps can help ease the transition for your new pup and resident dog.

Getting a new pet may be very exciting for most pet owners. It is always a joy to have a new furball of happiness. However, your other pet may not share the same excitement as yours. Therefore you must know how to introduce your new pet to your resident pets. For some fur parents, the introduction is easy, but for others, it may take some time before they consider the new pet as a member of their pack. Here are some tips on how to introduce your pets to each other:

Pay attention to their body language

Animals communicate through their body language. As a pet owner, you should know what they mean through their gestures. If you see any sign of aggression, you must pull the pets apart and divert their attention to something that interests them. Knowing your pet’s body language is necessary so that your pets are not exposed to high levels of stress, which may be detrimental to their health.

The bond with a dog is as lasting as the ties of this earth will ever be.

Reinforce good behaviors

If they are relaxed while mingling with each other, give them rewards. Give them treats every time they elicit comfortable behavior around each other. This will keep them behaving in good ways. Animals respond more to positive reinforcements, and this will also allow you to communicate clearly with your pets. Giving them rewards will most likely make your pets repeat good behaviors.

Introduce your new pet in a neutral territory

Animals are territorial by nature. They are wired to protect their territory and their pack. Introducing a new pet in your home may pose a threat to your resident dog. Look for a neutral place instead. It could be a dog park, on the streets, or at the beach! A neutral territorial place of introduction does not force either of the pets to be over-protective. This may result in good behavior for both of the pets since neutral territory makes pets generally more submissive and more relaxed.

How to introduce new pets

Introduce your new pet on neutral territory.

Introduce your pets slowly at their own pace

One thing you should always remember as a fur parent is never to push companionship. Even people do not want to have a forced friendship. Animals — just like humans — , take their time in making friends. Let them stare at each other or allow them to have their personal spaces at home. Just let them be. In the long run, they will get used to each other’s company and, who knows, might even become inseparable!

Monitor your pets progress closely

A s their fur parent, it is your responsibility to monitor their behavior at home. Carefully observe how they behave when they are around each other. Take some notes on how they treat their toys and food. It is expected that they would be very possessive with their belongings at first. Check on how they progress when they are close together, keep rewarding them with treats for good behavior until you are entirely sure that they are 100% confident and safe together.

Animals do speak, but only to those who know how to listen.

Owning a pet is like raising a child. It takes all your effort, money, time, and dedication in making them feel loved and secure. Introducing a new pet means an additional member of the family. The introduction process varies from one pet to another. It may take hours or days and, for some, even months for your pets to fully feel secure with one another. Regardless, it takes patience and optimism in helping your newly-adopted pet to become a full-fledged member of the family!

How to introduce new pets

Dogs are social animals and most enjoy the company of others. Just like humans, some dogs have more outgoing personalities, and others are more reserved. Whether you just brought home a new puppy and are introducing him to an existing dog or you are walking at a park with your dog, a proper introduction is very important.

Introducing a New Puppy to Your Dog

You finally picked out your new puppy and are ready to pick him up and bring him home. Everyone is excited for the new addition, but will Fido at home feel the same way?

It is important to understand that puppies are still developing their communication skills. This means that they don’t understand the rules set in place by adult dogs.

When they first enter their new home, puppies have a lot of rules to learn, both from you and the existing dog. Puppies immediately start looking for someone to play with and when they can’t find another puppy, the adult dog is the next best thing. Your dog may or may not appreciate this! As long as an adult dogs’ behavior is appropriate when correcting a puppy, it’s okay if they growl or grumble at the new addition. This is the way older dogs communicate that the puppy has crossed the line, and it is acceptable as long as the adult dog does not make inappropriate contact and injure the puppy.

Do not reprimand the adult dog for growling at the puppy. This is how dogs let others know that they are unhappy about something. Growling can let the puppy know that it is time to take a step back from the situation and that is a good lesson for your puppy to learn.

To make sure interactions stay appropriate and the elder dog is not overwhelmed, supervise all interactions between the dogs. If you notice that the elder dog is becoming agitated by the puppy, it is time to separate or redirect the puppy to another task before things get out of hand. When you are not able to directly supervise the puppy, he should be placed behind a gate, in an exercise pen or in a crate.

You should give the elder dog a break from the puppy several times during the day; this can be carried out by crating either dog. Periods of separation during the day can take the pressure off the elder dog and give both dogs much needed breaks.

When you are supervising interactions, reward both dogs for behaving appropriately. Make sure your puppy is getting enough exercise, both mental and physical, so all his attention is not focused on the older dog. A great activity is taking both dogs on a walk. Eventually, with an introduction that has not been rushed, the puppy will develop the communication skills he needs to succeed, and your dogs will be great friends.

How to introduce new pets

Introducing Your Dog to a Strange Dog:

It is almost guaranteed that when you and your canine buddy are out on a walk, you will come into contact with another dog.

Always ask the other owner if an interaction with their dog is okay. Some dogs may be timid or reactive, and interactions with them may not be ideal for either dog. If a meeting has been approved by both you and the other owner, you can proceed to let the dogs meet. Some dogs may act differently on a leash than they do when off-leash. This can be due to feeling trapped and that they cannot get away if an altercation occurs.

Once they come in contact, normal dog behavior will likely occur, and the dogs will sniff each other in greeting. Signs that the meeting is going well include relaxed facial expressions, play bows, tails wagging fast, and wiggling their hind ends.

Signs that the meeting is too much for either dog may include yawning, turning their heads away from the other dog, tense jaws, tails held low, shaking, and the hair standing up along their backs. These behaviors indicate the dog is nervous about the meeting, and it is best to separate the dogs and continue on your walk before the situation has a chance to escalate.

Don’t let your dog meet every dog they see on a walk; switch it up and ask for periods of focus on you when passing another dog. This helps prevent Rover from lunging at every dog he passes, including those dogs that are uncomfortable with other dogs.

Dog-to-dog interactions are an important part of dog ownership. When performed correctly, they can be enjoyable for everyone. Remember to always take meetings slow, and if any dog appears to be nervous or anxious about the situation, increasing the distance is best. With well-trained greetings, your dog will happily anticipate the fun that they can have with other four-legged friends.

There are very few things that could break the bond between an owner and their pet, but add another animal into the mix is one of them. The choice to bring a new pet into the household could disrupt the established harmony in your household and between you and your beloved pet. While it can take weeks to months for cats and dogs to get used to new animals, Dr. Victoria Cussen, director of research with the ASPCA Anti-Cruelty Behavior Team, says that there are some things you can do to facilitate a smooth introduction.

Introducing a New Cat to Your Cat

You may think cats are sure to be hostile when meeting another cat, but they can actually learn to like other cats in their home. "First impressions are very important, so it is best not to just throw two cats in a room together," Cussen says. "If they start off by growling, hissing, or swatting at each other, it will be that much more difficult for the cats to learn to like each other." Separate them, allowing the new cat to occupy a spare bedroom or the bathroom with its own litter box, bedding, toys, plus food and water bowls. "Once the new cat is comfortable, the owner can start to introduce the cats to each other in a passive manner. This means the cats should be able to hear and smell each other, but not see or touch each other," Cussen explains, a process that includes conditioning the cats to associate mealtime with the other cat by feeding them on either side of a closed door and switching the cats' rooms so they can smell each other's scent and belongings.

If the cats have remained calm, you can start to introduce them visually at a distance. "Baby gates can be used in place of a closed door so the cats can see each other but cannot get to each other," Cussen suggests. "Play with or give yummy treats to each cat while on either side of the baby gate. When the cats seem relaxed after these exercises, you can allow them to be near each other without a barrier. Start off with short sessions and gradually increase the amount of time they are together."

Introducing a New Dog to Your Dog

It's best to introduce dogs in a neutral environment, where they can be allowed to get comfortable and interact naturally. "As the dogs approach each other, it's important to closely monitor their body language for signs of stress or discomfort. If you can't tell the difference between dogs getting to know each other and dogs who don't like each other, have someone there who does, like a certified dog trainer," said Cussen.

If neither dog appears to be fearful or threatening, walk them around the residence before bringing them inside. Once transitioned indoors, be sure to pick up toys, chews, food bowls, and your current dog's favorite items to prevent rivalry. Introduce such items gradually over time with each dog getting their own. For the first few weeks, give them toys or chews only when they are separated in their crates or other confined areas. While time apart can help the dogs get to know each other, be sure to provide exercise, play, and mental stimulation to both of your dogs. "This helps to keep stress levels down (just like in people) and relaxed dogs are more likely to get along in the home. Going for walks or to the park together can also help them get to know each other in a fun environment," Cussen says.

Introducing a New Dog to Your Cat

The first step to adding a dog to your household is to establish the age and energy level of your cat. "A young, rambunctious cat that runs around the house will elicit chase behavior from many dogs. In that case, you may want to consider a very mellow dog, or a puppy that can learn to 'respect' the cat from a young age rather than a herding-type dog," said Cussen, adding that while it isn't impossible for any two animals to get along, critical and realistic thinking can held avoid stress for the animals and yourself.

Bring the dog to the cat's territory but pay attention to your cat's body language for signs of stress. Having the animals on opposite sides of a pet gate is always an option when tensions haven't let up. "Don't let the dog fixate on the cat: engage your dog with fun training or play while the cat is around. This will help your dog learn that you are the source of fun, not the cat," Cussen added.

Introducing a New Cat to Your Dog

While feeding time tips can apply as when introducing a cat to a cat, there are some differences when introducing a cat to a dog in comparison to the reverse. Has your dog interacted with cats before, and how did it go? Consider your dog's energy level. Maybe he's a low-energy senior dog that may prefer a calmer adult cat but if you opt for a high-energy cat, provide other outlets for her to focus her energy other than the dog, which may stress him out. You can also try obedience refreshers with your dog in preparation of a new cat. "Two exercises that are important for him to do well when asked are a recall (coming when called) and a 'leave it' exercise," Cussen says. "These skills will help you control your dog if he gets overexcited around your cat."

For the first few weeks, keep your dog on-leash when in the living room. Give him a treat when you ask your dog to come to you or leave your cat alone and he responds. "It's up to you to protect your new kitten and set up introductions carefully so that she feels safe and has a pleasant experience getting acquainted with your dog. Dogs who have never lived with cats are more likely to treat cats like other dogs and try to play with them-keep in mind that a dog can kill a cat very easily, even in play. Similarly, cats who have never lived with dogs will likely view them as predators and may become defensively aggressive. If your dog is gentle and friendly, he may be a good candidate for successfully living with a cat," Cussen assured.

If All Else Fails?

Despite all of the ways to create a harmonious household for all, there's a chance that pets will merely learn to live with each other. "Not all animals will become best friends," says Cussen. If you need extra assistance, you can contact a behavior expert, such as a Certified Applied Animal Behaviorist (CAAB or ACAAB) or a board-certified veterinary behaviorist (Dip ACVB), that can better understand the needs of each animal but also understand the process can't be forced. "Some animals simply cannot live together peacefully," Cussen offers as a gentle reminder. "Chronic stress and tension aren't healthy for people or pets, so it may be more humane to keep them permanently separated in the house or find another home for one of them."

Before adding a new dog to your household, the first thing to consider is whether you really want another dog just for the sake of having another dog. Although sometimes a new dog may work out to be a great companion to the dog you already have, there is really no way to know in advance if that will be the case. Dogs with separation anxiety frequently remain distressed even if there are other dogs in the house with them, and if the dogs turn out to be incompatible the new dog will introduce new problems.

Once you’ve decided to get another dog, you’ll want to make the introduction with a minimum of stress. Here are some suggestions.

How to introduce new pets

Give some thought to choosing a new dog who can be compatible with your present dog. In our experience, conflict is least likely to occur between a male dog and a female dog. Male with male is the next best combination, female with female is the combination most likely to result in conflict. When you choose a new dog, consider your present dog’s needs. For example, try not to bring a very active young dog into a home with an older dog who already has health problems such as osteoarthritis. If you do get a puppy or young dog, be prepared to “protect” the older dog from her. You will have to spend plenty of time with the new dog and offer distractions to keep her from harassing the older dog.

How to introduce new pets

Babies are cute—but they’re stressful to have around. That goes for humans and animals, so when you’re preparing to bring a new baby home, you’re going to need to be mindful of how the change might impact your furry friends.

Before You Bring Your Baby Home

If you have pets at home and are expecting to welcome a baby into your home, there’s some prep work to do before the birth—and the sooner you take care of these things, the easier life will be when the due date approaches.

Pet Healthcare to Keep Your Baby Safe

When you find out you’re pregnant, take your pets to the vet to be dewormed, receive up-to-date vaccinations, and get stool sample tests for parasites. Cats should also be tested for toxoplasmosis. Many pets carry parasites and diseases that seem harmless to them but can be serious dangers to pregnant women and infants.

And shortly before you plan to introduce your pet to your baby, trim your pet’s nails to avoid any potential scratching.

Train Pets Before Meeting a Baby

Long before your baby enters the world, you should start training your pets to ensure they’ll have good behavior around your newborn. Behavioral problems like jumping, growling, barking, or biting should all be addressed.

Usually, behavioral issues arise out of fear, anxiety, and discomfort. And they can always improve, no matter how old your dog is. But, it may take time if the problems are serious.

Avoid Last-Minute Changes

Bringing home a baby can be a shock to your pets, but even something as simple as rearranging the furniture can cause them unease. To ensure a smooth transition, unpack new furniture and make changes as early as possible to give pets more time to adjust to the changes.

This is also a good time to designate off-limit spaces that are only for your baby. That might be the entire nursery or just your baby’s crib. Train cats with a spray bottle and dogs with boundary training methods.

Play Pretend

This one will seem weird to you (and anyone who witnesses it) but coddling a toy doll around the house is a great strategy to prepare your pets for your behavioral changes. When you pretend to feed or put down a fake baby, your pets can adjust to how your attention will shift away from them after your real baby comes home. You can also play sounds of babies cooing or crying (if you can bear it).

Introducing Your New Baby to Your Pets

Doing all this prep work will help ensure a smooth meeting between your pets and your new child, but there’s still more you can do to keep everyone happy.

Say Hello First

Before you bring your baby into the house, greet your pet without your baby present. They will feel reassured seeing you and smelling you. And, if they’re prone to excitement when you return, this will give them time to calm down.

Meet on Neutral Ground

Then, when you bring your baby to meet your pet (or your pet to meet your baby), make sure the environment is neutral territory. For some families, that might be an area in the house or yard. Others may want to meet at the end of their driveway or on the sidewalk.

Maintain Parental Supervision

When they meet, both your pet and your baby should be secured (one by a lease or pet carrier, and the other in someone’s arms). When supervising this meeting, remain calm, reassure your pet, and avoid exciting them with energetic movements or voices.

Even after the first meeting, you should never leave your pets alone with your children, especially when they’re infants. You might think that your pet would never hurt your baby, but accidental suffocation can become a problem when animals cozy up to babies without supervision.

Reassure Your Pet with Quality Time Afterwards

After you introduce your pets and your baby, you might feel exhausted (you probably felt exhausted even before they met), but it’s important to give your pet some one-on-one quality time afterward.

After meeting a new baby, pets can experience anxiety and even jealousy. If you ignore or yell at your pet shortly after introducing them, they’ll associate their negative emotions with your baby. Instead, give them a positive experience to remember.

With a pet at home, it’s important to make sure that you don’t stop giving them attention after you come home with your baby. Resentful pets might overgroom, excessively lick, and have not-so-accidental accidents in the house.

I have an aquarium with some species (guppy, black tetras, neons) that have all grown up. Now I need to introduce new fishes, from the same species, but they are much smaller.

How can I prevent attacks, so that older fish don’t bite their tails?

In most cases, just properly acclimating and then releasing them is fine, this is assuming you don’t have a quarantine tank setup in which you would first quarantine until you are certain they are disease and parasite free and then acclimate them to the display tank.

It is possible for some aggressions to occur and this greatly depends on the fish species. Often times, fish must learn where they fit in the hierarchy and unfortunately this can involve aggression. Small fish like the ones you’re speaking about might chase and nip initially, but it is usually temporary and the new fish will join the existing ones in as little as a few minutes but some may take a few days or weeks to be comfortable.

With that being said, there are some situations where fish should be incrementally introduced to avoid that aggression because the aggressor will end up stressing or actually killing the new addition. This is typically done by isolating the new fish or dividing the tank with a clear partition so the different fish can grow accustomed to each other before they are physically introduced. Maroon or clarki clownfish in marine tanks are one example that can greatly benefit from this. Certain cichlids in freshwater tanks are another that can benefit from initial isolation to reduce aggression.

Also, in most cases, introducing very small fish to larger ones of the same species is a bad idea if the additions are small enough to be eaten. Fish rarely differentiate between a conspecific and a meal, so if they can eat what you add to the tank, they might just do that. Bottom line here is don’t add juvenile or very small fish to a tank containing fish large enough to eat the new ones. They don’t care if you’re adding their cousin, they just see small fish as a meal.

In the case of this fish you’re referring to, all of this should be completely unnecessary and if you are comfortable introducing them without quarantine, I would follow your normal acclimation procedures and release them with the existing fish in the tank. Dimming the lights can help the fish adjust and reduces the activity of the fish in the tank which can reduce chasing and nipping. The next recommendation is debatable because I routinely see advice for the opposite, but I have much better luck in almost every situation, feeding soon after adding new fish. This reduces stress on the fish that were just added and can immediately make the new fish feel more at home. Less stress = less opportunity for illness.

How to yell like tarzan

When The Legend of Tarzan opens in theaters this Friday, its differences from the many previous screen adaptations of Edgar Rice Burroughs’s novel series will be immediately clear. Alexander Skarsgård’s jungle king isn’t the campy vine-swinger of yesteryear, and that difference is no more obvious than in the updated version of the character’s primal yell. Gone is the high-pitched yodel that has become a hallmark of Tarzan, and in its place is a ferocious howl that combines Skarsgård’s voice with an opera singer’s, along with some guttural animal noises.

Listen to the classic Tarzan yodel:

That we know the underlying elements of the new Tarzan yell marks another change from years past. The origin of the iconic Tarzan yell, first heard in 1932’s Tarzan the Ape Man, has been the subject of much debate over the past 84 years, as it permeated pop culture, popping up in Return of the Jedi and Van Halen’s “Everybody Wants Some,” among other far-out places, along with dozens of Tarzan movies and TV shows. And yet no one could say for sure how the yell originated or who was responsible for it.

Burroughs, who created the feral loincloth model in 1912, could claim little responsibly for the yell. His descriptions were opaque, describing it vaguely as the “victory cry of the bull ape.” The first actor to put it on tape — Frank Merrill in 1921’s The Adventures of Tarzan — produced a hoarse bark that sounded more basset hound than king of the jungle.

Watch the new Legend of Tarzan trailer:

Then in 1932, former Olympic swimmer Johnny Weissmuller came along in Tarzan the Ape Man and produced the battle cry we now know so well. At least, that’s how he explained it. The actor said when he read Tarzan books as a kid, he always imagined the yell sounding like a yodel, perhaps because he regularly belted out undulating falsettos of his own at German picnics in Chicago.

The studio told another story, concocted, according to Burroughs’s biographer John Taliaferro, after it realized the majesty of Weissmuller’s song. As MGM tells it, sound engineers created the battle cry by blending the actor’s voice with a “hyena’s howl played backward, a camel’s bleat, the pluck of a violin, and a soprano’s high C.” Other versions of the claim replace the hyena’s howl with a dog’s growl. All of them “fibs,” Taliaferro writes.

But Tom Held, a former MGM sound engineer, stood by this version of events. Weismuller’s yodel alone left something missing, he said, so the studio mixed in that cacophony of notes and played them at varying speeds, all in the attempt to give the shout “a more jungle-piercing, elephant-spooking, and blood-curdling effect.”

Other stories emerged over time, many of them breathlessly cataloged by ERB Zine, a website devoted to Tarzan’s creator. The opera singer Lloyd Thomas Leech said his yodel was recorded for the yell. Journalist Bill Moyers claimed it was “a recording of three men, one a baritone, one a tenor, and one a hog caller from Arkansas — all yelling at the top of their lungs.” Even Weissmuller’s story was known to shift from time to time. Though he most often insisted he was the yell’s originator, in 1939, he told the Hollywood Parade that it came from “three men with iron lungs.” Regardless of how it was created, there’s little dispute that Weissmuller eventually mastered the yell himself and often unleashed it at parties and premieres up until his death in 1984.

By that time, the Tarzan yell had cemented itself as a pop culture staple. Any movie that had a character swing on a vine had to include the yell. It became something of a stock sound effect, bellowed by Chewbacca in Return of the Jedi and James Bond in Octopussy. Neither use, it should be noted, is very well regarded. The yell is a disorienting reminder of the real world — should we be led to believe that Chewie was a fan of the Tarzan movies? — and a cornball joke better left to movies like Pee Wee’s Big Adventure.

Listen to Chewie’s Tarzan yell:

Or perhaps to a comedian like Carol Burnett, who’s second only to Weissmuller when it comes this particular ululation. (You can hear a compilation of her yells at the end of this video.) Of course, she modeled hers after his. As Burnett would explain to Larry King, she and her cousin went to a lot of movies as kids. When they got home they would role play. Burnett’s beautiful cousin got to be Jane, while she was Tarzan. “So I taught myself to do it,” she said.

When The Carol Burnett Show debuted in 1967, she borrowed an idea from former TV variety-show host Garry Moore and took questions from the audience. Inevitably, she’d get asked to perform her Tarzan yell, which became as much a trademark part of her persona as the famous ear tug. (She was once able to use it as official identification.) But unlike that sentimental gesture for her grandmother, there was something subversive about Burnett’s yodel. It was a way for her to thumb her nose at the conventions of femininity that she neither fit into nor embraced. She was Tarzan, not Jane, and she wasn’t afraid to yell about it.

More than eight decades after Weissmuller’s first Tarzan yell, there was never much chance of it fitting into the updated tale of the ape man that’s hitting theaters this week. The yodel is too famous. It’s now a reference to Tarzan the movie character, not the battle cry of an untamed man beast. That — at least according to the new movie — sounds something like this:

Distinctive, ululating yell of the character Tarzan as portrayed by actor Johnny Weissmuller in the films based on the character created by Edgar Rice Burroughs starting with Tarzan the Ape Man . Wikipedia

How to yell like tarzan

1946 action film based on the Tarzan character created by Edgar Rice Burroughs and portrayed by Johnny Weissmuller. Directed by Kurt Neumann, film sees Tarzan encounter a tribe of leopard-worshippers. Wikipedia

How to yell like tarzan

1936 Tarzan film based on the character created by Edgar Rice Burroughs. The third in the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Tarzan series to feature Johnny Weissmuller as the "King of the Apes". Wikipedia

Tarzan, a fictional character created by Edgar Rice Burroughs, first appeared in the 1912 novel Tarzan of the Apes, and then in twenty-four sequels by Burroughs and numerous more by other authors. The character proved immensely popular and quickly made the jump to other media, first and most notably to comics and film. Wikipedia

How to yell like tarzan

1934 American pre-Code action adventure film based on the Tarzan character created by Edgar Rice Burroughs. The second in the Tarzan film series and starred Johnny Weissmuller and Maureen O'Sullivan. Wikipedia

How to yell like tarzan

1948 adventure film based on the Tarzan character created by Edgar Rice Burroughs. The last of twelve Tarzan films to star Johnny Weissmuller in the title role. Wikipedia

How to yell like tarzan

1939 Tarzan film based on the character created by Edgar Rice Burroughs. The fourth in the MGM Tarzan series to feature Johnny Weissmuller as the "King of the Apes" and the fourth of six films in which he stars with Maureen O'Sullivan as Jane; following this pairing was Tarzan's Secret Treasure and Tarzan's New York Adventure (1942). Wikipedia

How to yell like tarzan

You know what’s not fair at all? The fact that Tarzan doesn’t get anywhere near the hype and glamour that other heroes get. Could the Hulk swing from tree to tree on a vine? Could Superman control whole animal populations with his mind? Would Batman look good in nothing but a leather loin cloth? No, no, and no! So, here’s a game in honor of the hero who is the real king of the jungle.

Bring 2- 4 kids up front to the stage with you. Making sure the audience can hear you, ask the participants if they are familiar with Tarzan. They will probably say yes, but take a second to describe him anyway. Tell them what he looked like, what he wore, what he did, describe his powers, and then, mention the fact that he had a patented Tarzan yell. DON’T DO IT; just say that he had one. Ask them if they know how it went, but don’t let them practice it at all.

Next, explain that you will give each of them one shot to give their best Tarzan yell in front of the crowd. They only get one chance to yell the Tarzan yell, and then the crowd will pick the winner.

Put the mic in front of the first student’s face and let him/her belt it out. Then give the others a turn, one at a time. Before letting the crowd pick the winner, you may want to play the actual sound effect over the PA system. Make sure to have a “swinging” good prize for the winner.

How to yell like tarzan

The Tarzan Yell by Johnny Weissmuller.



First appearence



  • First Recorded: 1932
  • Artist: History and Origin

Weissmuller’s jungle call, notated.

Although the RKO Picture version of the Tarzan yell was putatively that of Weissmuller, different stories exist as to how the Tarzan yell was created. Many speculate that a man named Lloyd Thomas Leech was the original voice behind the Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer Tarzan yell. He was an opera singer from the 1940s into the ’60s, winning the Chicagoland Music Festival on August 17, 1946, and going on to sing throughout the U.S., touring with several opera companies. There are recordings of his recollections of creating the Tarzan yell, a story supported by his children and grandchildren. According to the newspaper columnist L. M. Boyd (circa 1970), “Blended in with that voice are the growl of a dog, a trill sung by a soprano, a note played on a violin’s G string and the howl of a hyena recorded backward.” According to Bill Moyers, it was created by combining the recordings of three men: one baritone, one tenor, and one hog caller from Arkansas. Another widely published notion concerns the use of an Austrian yodel played backwards at abnormally fast speed. But Weissmuller claimed that the yell was actually his own voice. His version is supported by his son and by his Tarzan co-star, Maureen O’Sullivan.


This sound effect is often used for comic effect in later, unrelated movies, particularly when a character is swinging on vines or doing other “Tarzanesque” things. The sound clip used in the Weissmuller films has also been exclusively used for animated series appearances of Tarzan, and in the Tarzan television series (1966–1968), which starred Ron Ely, rather than having the actor providing Tarzan’s voice for the series attempt to imitate the trademark yell. A comical version of this yell was performed by Ray Stevens in his 1969 novelty hit “Gitarzan”. It was even used in the 1981 film Tarzan, the Ape Man. The yell is heard at Carolina Hurricanes home games. Comedian Carol Burnett would do the yell on request during a question and answer weekly session on her comedy sketch series. In the 1999 Disney animated film Tarzan based on the title character’s franchise, the character himself lets out an updated version of his jungle call at various moments. A version of the yell even appeared in Star Wars: Episode VI – Return of the Jedi as Chewbacca swings on a vine towards an Imperial AT-ST walker on the forest moon of Endor. The yell is also heard in the third prequel Star Wars: Episode III – Revenge of the Sith in the battle of Kashyyyk scene of the Wookiee warriors swinging on the a vine onto an attacking tank droid. It was also used in the James Bond film Octopussy in 1983.


The sound itself is a registered trademark and service mark, owned by Edgar Rice Burroughs, Inc.

  1. a semi-long sound in the chest register,
  2. a short sound up an interval of one octave plus a fifth from the preceding sound,
  3. a short sound down a Major 3rd from the preceding sound,
  4. a short sound up a Major 3rd from the preceding sound,
  5. a long sound down one octave plus a Major 3rd from the preceding sound,
  6. a short sound up one octave from the preceding sound,
  7. a short sound up a Major 3rd from the preceding sound,
  8. a short sound down a Major 3rd from the preceding sound,
  9. a short sound up a Major 3rd from the preceding sound,
  10. a long sound down an octave plus a fifth from the preceding sound.

The sound itself is a registered trademark and service mark, owned by Edgar Rice Burroughs, Inc. Recognition of the trademark’s registration within the European Union is uncertain. In late 2007, the Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (OHIM) determined that attempts by ERB, Inc. to maintain such trademark must fail legally, reasoning that “[w]hat has been filed as a graphic representation is from the outset not capable of serving as a graphic representation of the applied-for sound . The examiner was therefore correct to refuse the attribution of a filing date.” Regardless, the trademark registration was updated in 2010 (to include slot machines) and 2014 (to include online use).

Other Tarzan Yells

The first ever version of the yell can be found in the part-sound serial Tarzan the Tiger (1929). This version is described as a “Nee-Yah!” noise.

In the 1932 Tarzan radio serial with James Pierce the yell sounds like “Taaar-maan-ganiii”. In the ape language mentioned in the Tarzan novels “Tarmangani” means “White Ape”.

A very similar cry was used for Burroughs’ own Tarzan film, The New Adventures of Tarzan (1935), shot concurrently with the MGM Weissmuller movies in Central America with Herman Brix as a cultured Tarzan. The yell can best be described as a “Mmmmm-ann-gann-niii” sound that gradually rises ever higher in pitch.

In the 1935 Mickey Mouse cartoon, Mickey’s Garden, a beetle (voiced by Pinto Colvig) lets out a Tarzan yell and chases after Mickey Mouse and Pluto two times. It is later reused in the 1941 Disney animated feature Dumbo and the 1941 Goofy cartoon The Art of Self Defense.

Elmo Lincoln recreated his victory cry in a 1952 episode of You Asked for It.

Donkey Kong has also been known to use the Tarzan yell (although it sounds like “Ooo-wa-ooo-aaooaaooaa-ooo!”). His Tarzan yell is first heard in Donkey Kong: Jungle Beat and later was used in DK Jungle Climber, Donkey Kong Country Returns and later in Donkey Kong Country: Tropical Freeze.

Tarzan’s yell is used as a melodic refrain in the Baltimora single “Tarzan Boy”. This refrain plays in place of an ordinary Tarzan yell when Haru climbs and struggles to keep his balance on the top of a palm tree in Beverly Hills Ninja. The refrain was also used in a 1993 jungle-themed advert for Listerine’s Cool Mint mouthwash.

In the 1999 animated film, the Tarzan yell is dubbed by Brian Blessed, who voiced the villain Clayton. This was done after Tony Goldwyn, who voiced the title character, blew his vocals.

Jane (as portrayed by Maureen O’Sullivan ) used a variation of the Tarzan Yell.

Carol Burnett has been associated with the Tarzan yell ever since doing it on her TV show, The Carol Burnett Show, which started in 1967 and ran for 11 years. This link from the Larry King show describes how she came to do it.

For nearly 100 years, Tarzan of the Apes has entertained and captivated men in print, radio, and film. To men who feel locked in an iron cage of corporate and suburban life, Tarzan represents the possibility of harnessing their primal side and escaping into the wild to revitalize their man spirit. In fact, the character’s creator, Edgar Rice Burroughs, created the Tarzan character as an act of liberation from his disappointing and boring life. In an interview, Burroughs acknowledged this motivation:

“We wish to escape not alone the narrow confines of city streets for the freedom of the wilderness, but the restrictions of man-made laws, and the inhibitions that society has placed upon us. We like to picture ourselves as roaming free, the lords of ourselves and of our would; in other words, we would each like to be Tarzan. At least I would; I admit it.”

Tarzan represents the idealized “noble savage.” The son of British nobility, he is adopted and raised by a tribe of apes when his parents are marooned and die on the coast of West Africa. Tarzan later meets an American woman, Jane, whom he takes as his wife, and the two attempt to make a normal life for themselves in England. But the chafing constraints and galling hypocrisies of civilized society drive Tarzan back to the jungle. Virtuous, heroic, and athletic, only the wilderness offered the freedom and adventure that felt like home.

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When Burroughs introduced Tarzan in a pulp magazine in 1912, he created one of the first superheroes in America. Tarzan developed special talents and abilities that allowed him to survive and thrive in the jungle. He could climb trees and swing from branches in the jungle just as quickly and deftly as the apes who raised him. Unlike his monkey “family,” Tarzan was a skilled swimmer which turned him into an amphibious killer. He’d dive from staggering heights and swim great distances. In addition to his physical gifts, Tarzan developed several mental talents. He could learn new languages in days and could even speak with animals.

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Boys and men at the turn of the 20th century wanted to emulate Tarzan the Ape Man. Tarzan’s physical prowess has inspired men for nearly 100 years to get in shape and harness their inner wild man. Today, we’re giving a short primer on developing four of Tarzan’s key skills: swimming, diving, climbing, and swinging. While you may never need to swing from a vine to save your lady or climb a tree to save your own life, it’s good to know you could if you had to!

How to Swim Like Tarzan

In Tarzan movies, a frequent scene is that of the Ape Man diving into a river and swimming briskly to fight an alligator that’s circling Jane. Tarzan engages in an underwater battle with the giant reptile and defeats it by snapping its neck or stabbing it with a knife. But to get to the alligator before it eats his lady, Tarzan has to swim fast.

In the movies, Tarzan always uses the front crawl stroke (what we often call the freestyle). And with good reason. The front crawl (aka the forward, American or Australian crawl) is the fastest and most efficient of all the swim strokes. Swimming is such an essential Tarzan skill that the movie producers back in the 1930s brought in Johnny Weissmuller, a five-time Olympic gold medalist in swimming, to play the role of Tarzan.

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The technique for the Tarzan front crawl is pretty basic. Float face down in the water with both arms stretched out in front of you. This is the starting position. Flutter your legs alternately in short, up and down thrashes. The arms move in alternating sweeping strokes. The arm movement can be broken down into three parts: pull, push, and recovery.

Lower your hand into the water so that your thumb enters first. This is called “catching the water” and prepares you for the pull. The pull movement follows a semicircle pattern under the water. It ends at the front of the chest, as seen here:

The push begins when your hand reaches about where your ribcage is. You’ll feel your palm pushing the water behind you, instead of pulling it towards you. The push ends with your arm at the side of your body.

The recovery begins after the push. Bring your hand out of the water, bend your elbow, and circle your forearm outward until it points ahead. The arm glides out straight ahead to full reach in front.

While performing the front crawl keep your face in the water.

Breathing is done by twisting the head to one side, so that your face rises above the water surface. After taking in air, the face is submerged again and the swimmer exhales out his nose underwater. How often you breath depends on your personal preference. Some swimmers take in a breath every other arm stroke, while others will take in a breath every third arm stroke.

How to Dive Like Tarzan

Tarzan is constantly diving into rivers to save one of his monkey friends or his perennial damsel in distress, Jane. In Tarzan’s New York Adventure, he takes a death defying dive from the Brooklyn Bridge in order to escape the police, so he can save a jungle boy who was taken by the circus.

Diving headfirst into water allowed Tarzan to get to where he was going quickly. Plus it just looks cool to do a swan dive from a tree limb.

So seldom do things come on the radio that I think I genuinely have something to say about that today’s item on the Tarzan call on PRI’s “The World” interested me. The piece is here.

In the interest of putting my money where my mouth is, I’ve made an attempt at notating it:

Took about 5 minutes (which includes the time I had to spend figuring out how to make a fermata in Finale). I’m not super confident about the exact pitches of the yodeled bit, but with a little more time I’m sure I (or someone with bigger ears) could get closer to it. The point is, it’s not rocket science.

Oh, by the way, to the Burroughs Estate: if you’re still pursuing legal options, and are looking for someone to do some expert witnessing for you, I’m sure we can work out suitable terms….

Carol Burnett spoke out recently to reveal how her iconic “Tarzan” yell once saved her from getting mugged.

During her years hosting the legendary variety show “The Carol Burnett Show,” Carol Burnett became known for her “Tarzan” yell. What many fans don’t know, however, is that her yell once saved her from being mugged.

Burnett’s Iconic ‘Tarzan’ Yell

In an interview with Larry King, Burnett explained that she first started doing the “Tarzan” yell when she was around 9 years old, after she watched the Tarzan movies with her cousin. She made sure to clarify to King that it’s not actually a yell at all, but rather a “Tarzan” yodel.

‘Tarzan’ Yodel Saves Burnett From Being Mugged

In a 2014 interview on the “Today” show, Burnett revealed how this “Tarzan” yodel once saved her from being mugged.

“I was very young and I was walking down the street,” Burnett remembered. “It was late at night.”

At the time, the iconic comedian had been out getting a newspaper, and she found herself being approached from behind by a man.

“This guy came up behind me, like a mugger or something.”

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Burnett added that the man grabbed her by the shoulder and said, “OK, OK, miss.”

While most people would be terrified in this moment, Burnett was just fuming with rage.

“And I was so mad, I turned around,” she recounted. In the heat of the moment, Burnett did her famous “Tarzan” yell, right in the wannabe mugger’s face!

Sure enough, her strategy worked, and the suspected mugger was so thrown off by what she was doing that he bolted.

“That sucker ran!” Burnett said with a laugh. She went on to tell viewers that . “In case you’re ever” in that situation, “this could work.”

“He said, ‘I can’t deal with a crazy woman,’” host Kathie Lee Gifford joked.

“Exactly,” Burnett said in agreement. “It worked!”

Keep that in mind if you ever find yourself being mugged!

Burnett’s Difficult Family Situation

Recently, Carol Burnett obtained temporary legal guardianship of her 14-year-old grandson as her daughter Erin continues to battle drug addiction.

“Due to addiction issues and other circumstances that my daughter, Erin, has been struggling with impacting her immediate family dynamic, my husband and I have petitioned the court to be appointed legal guardian of my 14-year-old grandson,” Burnett, 87, told Fox News when petitioning for custody.

“Guardianship will be for oversight purposes concerning his health, education and welfare and not intended to deny him nor the parents proper visitation with one another,” Burnett added. “We look forward to recovery being the next stepping stone toward normalization and ask for privacy at this time to allow that process to occur.”

We will continue to keep Burnett and her family in our thoughts and prayers during this difficult time.

We are yelling like Tarzan because we have been in business for sixteen years! Click here to see how excited we really are. We’ve survived numerous recessions, Hurricane Katrina and the relocation it forced, a difficult divorce, and even the effects of the last space shuttle disaster. (While operating in New Orleans, we used to wash the tankers of a major supplier of liquid hydrogen and liquid oxygen used in the space shuttle program.)

We feel so grateful and blessed to have made it through all of this adversity and could not have done so without a commitment to hard work, excellence, perseverance, delivering great value, and great customer service. We thank God, our present, past, and future customers, our suppliers, and of course family and friends who have helped us achieve this accomplishment.

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How to tip a cab driver

Ever wonder if you’re tipping your taxi driver the right way? For those of us who ride in taxi cabs regularly, we’ve developed a checklist of sorts in order to make the whole endeavor a bit easier. Was the ride smooth? Did the driver get you to your destination on time? Were they friendly? All of these things factor into how much you decide to tip your taxi driver. But what if you’re an infrequent user of taxis? Do you tip the same amount that you would a waiter in a restaurant? More? Less? Below are our 7 tips for tipping our taxi cab driver to help alleviate the anxiety, avoid embarrassment, and ensure that you’re properly rewarding excellent taxi cab service in the future.

1. Give them a tip (when they deserve it)

First thing’s first, if you got a great taxi ride, then yes you absolutely should tip. Many riders aren’t sure if it’s appropriate to even tip a taxi driver, and we assure you that yes it’s definitely appropriate (when the driver does a good job), and your driver will be very grateful.

2. Tip at least 10% or not at all

If you decide you got good taxi service and want to leave a tip, make sure to leave 10% or more. Anything less, and you might as well not leave a tip at all. More importantly, if your fare is less than $10 and you want to leave a tip, leave a full dollar. It’s more insulting to get a 50 cent tip, and it’s more hassle, too.

3. Tip more if they helped you unload your luggage

If your taxi cab driver is extra helpful and offers to help you load and unload your luggage at the airport, provides friendly conversation, or offers a pleasurable experience overall, it’s best practice to reward them for going the extra mile. Consider tipping 20% or more for these sorts of rides.

4. Don’t ask for changeHow to tip a cab driver

When you’re tipping, it’s easiest for both parties if you just round your tip to the nearest dollar. Don’t tip $11.53 (especially if you’re paying in cash). Tip $12 and call it a day. You don’t want to be fumbling around looking for spare change, and to be honest, most taxi drivers don’t even carry change on hand if you ask them to break your dollar. Save yourself some face and just round to the nearest whole dollar.

5. Know what size tip to give to reflect ride quality

As with other areas of tipping culture, it’s important as a customer to know how to gauge ride quality and to tip accordingly. If you tip a high percentage for a poor ride, you’re just rewarding the driver and encouraging a low bar for future rides. We recommend tipping 10% for an okay taxi ride. Bump it up to 15% for a standard-grade taxi ride. Tip 20% or higher if your taxi driver provided assistance with luggage, offered friendly conversation, got you to your destination in a timely manner, etc. What if your taxi ride was just awful? Don’t tip. This tells the driver that they were providing service that was below satisfactory, and encourages them to improve.

6. Pay attention to the route

Did your driver take the quickest possible route to get you where you’re going? Did they pay attention to traffic and take steps to avoid heavily crowded areas? If it seemed like your driver went a roundabout way or wasn’t adapting the route based on rush hour traffic, this can be a reason to give a lower tip. A good taxi driver will have extensive knowledge of the surrounding area and should also be able to suggest different attractions nearby if you’re a visitor. If your driver is inattentive to your needs and doesn’t seem to have a good understanding of your area, then take this into consideration when deciding how much to tip.

7. Tip Uber and Lyft drivers, too

As Uber and Lyft are pretty commonplace these days, it’s important to remember to tip these drivers as well. Often times, if you can tip in cash for these drivers, it’s better. The apps don’t always provide a space for you to leave a tip, but you should follow the same tipping etiquette that you would for a traditional taxi driver.

How to tip a cab driver

New York City’s iconic yellow taxi cabs are literally everywhere in busy Manhattan. Though they can be costly to ride, taxis are usually the most convenient method of traveling throughout Midtown. Arm yourself with basic knowledge and tips regarding New York City taxi customs so you are prepared for your ride around the city that never sleeps.

Licensed Cabs

Hail only a taxi that’s licensed by the New York City Taxi & Limousine Commission. This ensures the taxi driver and car meet the city’s safety and security regulations. Look for a label with a company name, taxi license number and telephone contact information. Qualified vehicles also display a purple NYC Taxi & Limousine Commission decal on both of its rear passenger windows, and the driver’s taxi license on the back of the driver’s seat.

Payment Methods

You may pay by cash or via credit or debit card. There are no required minimums or extra fees for using a card-based form of payment; if a driver demands extra for such use, file a complaint by dialing “311” on your phone and reporting the taxi driver’s license number. If you use a credit or debit card and your total taxi fare is $25.00 or more, you must sign a receipt.

Taxi Fares

As of February 2010, New York City’s taxi rates start at $2.50, plus $0.40 for every 1/5 mile or 60 seconds of stopping. Depending on traffic, a ride between major attractions in Midtown will cost you $5 to $8. Riding from Midtown to the southern tip of Manhattan Island for attractions like the Statue of Liberty typically run $7 to $10.

Save money by not catching a taxi between the hours of 8:00 p.m. and 6:00 a.m., when taxis add a $0.50 surcharge to trips. Taxis also charge an extra $1 on rides between 4:00 p.m. and 8:00 p.m. on Mondays through Fridays.


It is customary to tip your taxi driver between 10 to 15 percent, depending on the quality of service. If your taxi driver helped you with your baggage, add $1 in tips for every luggage piece with which he assisted you.

Exiting the Cab

New York City’s streets are notoriously busy. Always step out of the taxi cab through the passenger side of the car that’s facing the curb, even if this means you must slide across the backseat.

Speak Up

All New York City taxi cab drivers are separated from their customers by a glass partition. The noise of the city can often drown out your voice. Speak loudly if you need to make a request.

Backseat Technology

Many New York City taxis have entertainment consoles on the back of the driver’s seat. These are touch-sensitive screens that display the latest news and show your location on a map. Use your time in the cab to catch up on what’s happening in Manhattan or to plot your travel after you arrive at your destination.

  • "Frommer's New York City 2010"; Brian Silverman, et al.; 2009
  • "Lonely Planet: New York City"; Ginger Otis, et al.; 2008

Joshua Duvauchelle is a certified personal trainer and health journalist, relationships expert and gardening specialist. His articles and advice have appeared in dozens of magazines, including exercise workouts in Shape, relationship guides for Alive and lifestyle tips for Lifehacker. In his spare time, he enjoys yoga and urban patio gardening.

How to tip a cab driver

Tipping customs for cab drivers vary from country to country and even from city to city. Fifteen to 20 percent of your fare is a good rule of thumb, but you can tip more or less depending on your experience. Check with the locals when you arrive at your destination to determine what you should consider when tipping your cab driver.

Area Knowledge

A good cab driver will have a strong, thorough knowledge of the area in which he works. He should not have to ask for directions if you provide a street address. If he does ask, he should do so no more than once. If you ask for advice on where to go in his city, the driver should be able to suggest a few popular attractions without much effort. He should also be aware of alternate routes in case of a traffic jam or accident that obscures the road.

Speed of Service

Cab drivers cannot help traffic jams, but they can choose the most efficient route and take steps to decrease driving time. Feel free to tip low if your cab driver dawdles or takes an unnecessarily circuitous route. Reward your driver with a few extra dollars if he makes record time or manages to avoid an accident or traffic problem. Time is money — when a cab driver reduces your time in the cab, he’s also reducing your total fare. Make up the difference when you tip.


All cab drivers should offer to help with baggage; if yours doesn’t, don’t feel obligated to tip above and beyond the norm. Utilize your driver’s local status to get more out of your trip, such as asking him to indicate points of interest throughout the trip. Don’t punish your driver if he’s too busy driving to play tour guide, however. Tip more if he gives you insider advice, such as where to go for extra-cheap drinks or the best time to see a particularly popular place.


Cab drivers deal with dozens of strangers every day and many have become inured to the whole process. If your cab driver is friendly, helpful and doesn’t mind chatting, reward him with a better tip. If he talks on a cell phone throughout the trip, is verbally abrasive to other drivers, drives recklessly or cuts you short when you ask questions, don’t tip more than 15 or 20 percent. Don’t hesitate to get out before your destination and refuse to pay either fare or tip if you feel the driver’s behavior or driving warrants it.

  • CNN Monday: How Much to Tip
  • Vegas Hipster: Las Vegas Travel Guide

Kate Bradley began writing professionally in 2007. She holds a Bachelor of Arts in international studies and a minor in German from Berry College in Rome, Ga; TEFL/TESOL certification from ITC International in Prague; and a Master of Arts in integrated global communication from Kennesaw State University in Kennesaw, Ga.

How to tip a cab driver

A friendly and proficient taxi driver can greatly enhance your ride, just as grumpy cabbie with questionable driving skills can make the drive a nightmare. In either case, the tip you give upon reaching your destination is a way to show the driver what you thought of his service. In general, the tip should be a percentage of the cost of your trip, with a few extra bucks added for helping you with your luggage, if applicable.

How Much to Tip

The Emily Post Institute, a nationally recognized etiquette organization, recommends tipping your taxi driver between 15 and 20 percent of the total trip fare. As you approach your destination, check the cab’s meter and make a quick calculation in your head or with the calculator app on your smartphone. If you’ve traveled with luggage and your driver has helped you, it’s proper etiquette to tip more. The general rule is $2 for the first bag and $1 per subsequent bag.

Influencing Factors

Although your tip should typically be between 15 and 20 percent, a variety of factors can influence exactly how much you give. Give on the upper end of this range, or even above 20 percent, if the driver gave exemplary service — for example, if he drove quickly but safely, offered friendly banter or provided some details about a city you’re visiting. You don’t have to leave a tip if the driver is unfriendly or drives in an unsafe manner. Additionally, take down the cab company’s phone number and the driver’s number and report him.

How to Tip

It’s a smart idea to always carry some cash when you plan to travel by taxi. Cash is a simple, straightforward method of tipping. Many taxi companies allow you to add a tip to your debit or credit card bill, just as you might at a restaurant. Occasionally, however, you’ll encounter an unscrupulous driver who insists that you pay by cash. To cover your bases, call the cab company before your trip and ensure you can pay and tip with your card.

Traveling Abroad

Taking a taxi while traveling abroad requires a slightly different approach. The tipping expectations in each part of the world vary greatly; in some countries, 10 percent is appropriate, while in others, $1 is acceptable. In many European nations, such as Spain and Greece, you can simply round up your fare to the nearest dollar. To avoid being exploited financially, check with the cab company about how much a trip to your destination will cost. Many airports also sell tourist guides that explain tipping customs in the country.

How to tip a cab driver

Whom do you have to tip when you travel and how much?

Traveling is supposed to be relaxing, but many feel their chest tighten when they encounter multiple tipping opportunities: cab drivers, bellhops, doormen.

Do you tip them all?

Do you tip them all the same amount?

How do you know?

To help Americans better understand appropriate gratuities, Angie’s List, a consumer website for rating service professionals, surveyed members and service professionals to get their take on tipping protocols in the United States. The tippee’s unsurprising consensus: When in doubt, tip big!

Hotel Tipping

  • Bellhop: $1 to $2 per bag
  • Car valets: $1 to $3. You can tip when you drop off the car if you like, but definitely tip at pickup.
  • Room service: 10 percent is acceptable, 15 percent to 20 percent for a large or difficult order.
  • Housekeeping: $2 to $3 per night; $5 if you have more than three people in a room/suite. Leave the money in an envelope with "Thank You" on it, so they know the money is for them.
  • Concierge: Nothing. But if you have something brought to your room, such as a sewing kit or extra toothbrush, a $2 to $3 tip is appropriate.
  • Cabana attendant: 15 percent to 20 percent of your total bill
  • Tanning attendant: $5 to $10 per lotion application
  • Doorman: $1 for help with each bag, $1 for hailing a cab

Transportation Tipping

  • Cab driver: 15 percent to 20 percent tip of the fare. (Find out ahead of time if your cabbie accepts a credit card. If he or she doesn’t, make sure you have enough cash for both fare and tip.)
  • Airport Red Cap/Baggage personnel: $1 to $2 per bag
  • Wheelchair attendants: This really depends on the level of service. If the attendant is transporting the passenger from the check-in to the gate, $5 to $10 is the standard, especially if the attendant assists in helping the passenger from a car. If the attendant is also wrangling bags and with the passenger for a longer period of time, a $10 to $20 tip is appropriate, depending on the number of bags.
  • Airport transportation attendants: If the driver helps you with your bags, offer $1 per bag.

Restaurant Tipping

  • Servers: 15 percent to 20 percent of your total bill after tax. Most servers make less than $3 an hour, so tips are really their salary.
  • Bartenders: $1 per drink. If you’re waiting for a table, it’s also polite to close your tab at the bar and then start fresh with your server for your meal.
  • If you order food at the bar: Same as if you were seated — 15 percent to 20 percent.
  • If you use a discount coupon for your meal: Tip your server on what the bill would have been before the discount. A little extra for discounted "happy hour" drinks is also appreciated.
  • Host/hostess/busboy: Nothing. Generally, they receive a cut of the waiters’ tips each night.
  • Coat check: $1 per coat. Pay when you retrieve your belongings.
  • Bathroom attendant: Nothing, unless your attendant gives you a safety pin for that broken strap or a piece of gum for your garlic breath. Then, tip generously.

Personal Care Tipping

Salons and spas can be among the most confusing places to determine who to tip. A good rule of thumb is to tip each person based on the cost of the individual service, not your total bill.

For most people, the question “Do I need to tip?” is a familiar one. In the United States, tipping is customary for good service, and in many cases it’s considered a basic courtesy. Because tipping practices and amounts are not mandated by law or by most private businesses, the particulars around this custom can be confusing. Aside from the typical tipping locations like bars and restaurants and hotels, salons, spas, coffee shops and even dry cleaners often now present tip jars, which can flummox even the most seasoned consumer.

Generally speaking, the rule of thumb at restaurants and salons is 15 percent to 20 percent; bartenders receive $1 per drink; and a pedicurist can receive anywhere between 10 percent and 20 percent. An area that regularly confuses people is taxi tipping. Generally speaking, the rule for taxi or car service tipping is 10 percent to 12 percent, with an extra dollar or two if you receive assistance with your luggage.

Why tip?

No, tipping is not mandatory (although some establishments do include a service charge as part of the overall bill), but it is common practice, particularly in the United States. One reason is that many workers ‒ particularly in the restaurant industry ‒ rely on tips as a large part of their income. Other reasons to tip are to compliment a service employee for going above and beyond the basic duties of their job, for performing an exceptional service or for being especially personable. Some people use tipping as a way of being remembered in the hope of receiving exceptional treatment in the future.

What about Las Vegas?

Tipping in Las Vegas is a little different from tipping in other areas of the U.S. Most employees in Las Vegas, as in other tourist cities like Miami, work for tips and a low hourly rate. While prices for services may seem low, factoring in a tip for all services that require personal interaction with an employee is the standard practice. There are several reasons why. For one thing, the pace is faster in Las Vegas, and cab drivers work very hard to ensure that you safely get where you’re going on time in a busy city. Generally speaking, with fares up to $15, a $3 dollar tip is sufficient. For rides with a fare that falls between $15 and $33 dollars, a $5 tip is appropriate. For rides that cost more than $33, a tip of 20 percent to 30 percent is considered appropriate. Generally, if you are going to the airport, the practice is to give a higher tip, particularly if the driver has assisted you with your luggage or gotten you to the terminal during an especially busy time of day.

New York City

New York City is another busy city where service professionals thrive on tips. Bartenders, servers, hotel concierges and housekeeping all rely on tips from patrons to build their income. Cabdrivers are among the most famously tip-dependent employees in the city, particularly since ride-share apps have changed the climate for workers like these. Whether you’ve hailed a yellow cab or are using a ride-share app, all drivers appreciate tips, particularly in cash, although new technology enables you to swipe for your rides and add the gratuity to your card. An appropriate tip for cabbies is between 10 percent and 20 percent in the City of New York, but rides to the airport should absolutely receive a 20 percent gratuity, if not more. Rush hour in the city is particularly challenging, so if your driver takes a circuitous route in an effort to give you a more timely arrival, you’ll want to tip on the higher side.

New York City Taxi Fares and Tipping A cab ride to or from John F. Kennedy International Airport and anywhere in Manhattan is a flat rate, plus any toll fare. If your driver was courteous and drove safely, you should tip between 15 and 20 percent.

How much do you tip a car service driver?

In most companies that have customer service, the tip is based on 20% of the total price you pay for; others give 10% depending on whether or not the service was to their liking.

How much do you tip a limo driver for 8 hours?

Remember, a tip of 20% should apply to the total amount of limousine rental. While it may seem generous to tip a limo driver $20, a stretch limo could cost more than $100 per hour.

Can Uber drivers tell if you tip?

Uber drivers do not see their tip amounts until after they have rated you. In fact, Uber drivers have to rate their passengers before they can even accept another fare. In the Uber driver app the driver must swipe to complete the ride and at that point they are immediately taken to a ratings screen.

Can I request a woman Uber driver?

You are not able to request specifically for a female driver with Uber and Lyft. With local taxis and limo companies, you may be able to request one. If you want to stick with rideshare companies, there are specific companies that only employ female drivers, check out the following: Safr.

Can I request the same Uber driver?

The Uber app cannot match you with a specific driver. When you request a ride, your app sends your request to nearby drivers to pick you up at your pickup location.

Can I have someone ride with me as an Uber driver?

The short answer is no. You can’t ride with someone else while you drive for Uber and Lyft, and doing so can get you deactivated from both platforms. However, you can drive with a companion if you’re driving for UberEATS, other delivery services like Postmates and DoorDash, and some other on-demand jobs.

Can Uber drivers talk on the phone?

Are Uber drivers allowed to talk on the phone? Uber does not say that you can or can’t talk on the phone while driving. It says to follow state laws regarding phone use.

How to tip a cab driver

The subject of tipping in America is a minefield of dos and don’ts, of etiquette or protocol, what hard and fast rules and blurry lines. Most people know that 15 percent is the generally accepted amount to tip in restaurants, but when it comes to paying for a cab, many people aren’t even aware of the need to tip, let alone how much.

So how much should you tip a cab driver? Do you need to tip at all? And how to new ridesharing services like Uber and Lyft come into the equation? Here is a guide for all of your tipping questions.

Tipping Cab Drivers

First of all, do you need to tip a cab driver at all? The answer for almost any situation is yes. Of course, as with any tipping situation, you have the choice to forgo a tip. But, as with any tipping situation, it is a generally accepted social norm to tip your driver, and unless they did an absolutely abysmal job or were rude to you, you should probably do so.

Now that you know that you need to leave a tip, how much do you tip? Again, there is no hard and fast rule for this, but the general rule of thumb seems to be around 20 percent. If in doubt, round up. Of course, there are certain things that will affect the exact amount that you decide to tip. Some factors to consider might be:

  • Chosen route–a driver cannot control traffic, but the rare dishonest driver might take an unnecessarily long and winding route to the destination.
  • Whether they help you with your bags and such.
  • General demeanor, how friendly they are to you. If a driver is rude, you do not need to tip at all.
  • You may also want to consider how the driver acted towards other people on the road, whether they swore, talked on the phone, or were generally offensive.

Tipping Uber Drivers

With new ridesharing apps, such as Uber and Lyft, there is less pressure to tip drivers, and both services have told riders that tipping is not necessary. However, there are means within the app that allow riders to tip their drivers, so if your driver does a good, efficient job, a tip might be worth your while–especially since riders get ratings too!

For more tips and advice, check us out on Facebook or take one of our courses for defensive driving Texas.

How to make hunch punch

Mix all the ingredients on a 5 gallon spout cooler, serve over ice and enjoy!

The word punch probably makes you think of a fun and fruity drink, usually red in color, which is served up to larger crowds at parties and functions. So, that must be what Hunch Punch is, right?

Well, sort of. Hunch Punch is a punch, but it certainly isn�t for the kiddies. It�s a tasty concoction of juices, alcohol, and usually Kool-Aid that is definitely for an adults-only good time.

Hunch Punch is usually known by the more well known name Jungle Juice, while in some areas you may even hear it called Purple Jesus. Another name variation for Hunch Punch is Blog. However, it has nothing to do with online journals. The name is used for the drink when it is served to visitors at various science fiction conventions.

Hunch Punch is definitely a favorite found on college campuses across the country. It may take a lot of time and ingredients to make it, but it is definitely worth the time, effort, and money because it not only serves a lot of people, but tastes pretty darned good.

The blend is usually created by mixing massive amounts of alcohol with smaller amounts of fruit juiced and, in some instances, various fruit chunks. While brown alcohols can make the drink rather hard to drink, and beer can make it just plain disgusting, neutral and fruit-based alcohol make it a drink that no one can resist. Add what you like and invite others to do the same to make your Hunch Punch something that everyone will love.

Thinking what to serve your guests for the party next weekend? Hunch Punch, a fruity-alcoholic drink is definitely the one that you can bank on, and will be surely loved by everyone. Tastessence makes your task easy, and brings you some different recipes to make Hunch Punch. Well, you can thank us later!

Thinking what to serve your guests for the party next weekend? Hunch Punch, a fruity-alcoholic drink is definitely the one that you can bank on, and will be surely loved by everyone. Tastessence makes your task easy, and brings you some different recipes to make Hunch Punch. Well, you can thank us later!

  • You may not want to use beer or other hard drinks like whiskey because they have a assertive flavor, and you may find them a bit overwhelming.
  • You can dilute the drink by adding more ice, or maybe more fruit juices.
  • And most importantly, drink in moderation! We’re sure you wouldn’t want to pass out at your friend’s place and miss all the fun!

Hunch Punch is a yummy mixture of alcohol, fruit juices, and a Kool-Aid or Everclear grain alcohol. It is a popular drink among college students, and makes an ultimate drink for parties. It is also popularly known as Jungle Juice, Purple Jesus, Blog, Spodie, Purple Death, and many more.

Call it whatever you want to! A fruit-based alcoholic drink is hard to resist. If you don’t want to get dead drunk, then Hunch Punch is definitely the best option for you. It usually contains two main ingredient―grain-based alcohol and fruit juice. There are a number of ways and variations that you can put into making Hunch Punch. Creating your own unique versions are always invited.

Check out some really interesting versions and ways to make the drink that will get your party rolling!

Step-by-Step Instructions to Make Hunch Punch

Basic Hunch Punch

You will need…

  • Large cooler
  • Everclear grain alcohol, 750 ml
  • Fruit punch, 1 gallon
  • Fruit juice, 2 large cans
  • Vodka, 1 quarter
  • Ginger ale, 1 pint
  • Lemon-lime soda, 4 oz.
  • Lemon slices or cherries, to garnish
  • Ice, as required


  • Pour a bottle of Everclear grain alcohol into a large cooler.
  • Add 1 gallon of fruit punch into the cooler. You can use readymade fruit punch or a mix of your favorite fruit juices.
  • Stir the punch thoroughly with a long spoon.
  • Add ice as required, and your basic Hunch Punch is ready!
  • Serve chilled.

For a more alcoholic version, follow the steps below.


  • Pour fruit punch into a large cooler. Increase the quantity depending upon the number of people.
  • Mix in two types of fruit juices of your choice.
  • Add lemon-lime soda and ginger ale and stir well.
  • Empty a bottle of Everclear and vodka into the mix. For every 3 gallons of hunch punch, you will require 750 ml bottle of Everclear.
  • Stir the punch well with a long spoon.
  • Garnish with slices of lemon and cherries, and serve with ice.

Tip: If you don’t want your punch to get diluted because of ice, then refrigerate the ingredients properly before preparing.

Hunch Punch with Kool-Aid

You will need…

  • Vodka or Rum, 1 quarter
  • Everclear grain alcohol, 1 quarter
  • Hawaiian Punch, 2 quarters
  • Sprite, 1 quarter
  • Ginger ale, 1 quarter
  • Kool-Aid, 0.5 quarter
  • Mixed fruit juices, 1.5 quarter
  • Seasonal fruits, your choice
  • Ice, as required


  • Cut the seasonal fruits (Cherries, apples, pineapple, strawberries, kiwi, lime) and put aside.
  • Pour the Hawaiian punch, Sprite, Ginger Ale, and Kool-Aid into a large bowl, and mix well.
  • Add the fruits juices and stir thoroughly.
  • Add Everclear and vodka or rum.
  • Add the seasonal fruits and stir properly.
  • Serve over ice.

Tip: Instead of other fruit juices you can also use 4 oz. of lime and lemon juice each.

Jungle Juice

Jungle Juice is the most popular punch in parties. It is a good option if you are planning on throwing a party for a large group. You can add as many fruits as you like, or keep it simple if you want to.

You will need…

  • Everclear grain alcohol, 750 ml
  • Vodka, 750 ml
  • Hawaiian Punch, 2 quarters
  • Peach Schnapps, 750 ml
  • Watermelon Schnapps, 750 ml
  • Cranberry juice, 2 bottles
  • Orange juice, 2 bottles
  • Lemonade, 1 bottle
  • Oranges, 2
  • Pineapple, 1 Strawberries, 1 lb
  • Kiwi, 4
  • Watermelon, 1 small
  • Lemon-lime soda, 2 bottles
  • Ice, as required


  • Pour vodka, Everclear grain alcohol, peach and watermelon schnapps into a large cooler.
  • Add two 32 oz. bottles of cranberry juice and orange juice each, and one 32 oz. bottle of lemonade and stir thoroughly with a long spoon.
  • Cut strawberries into half and add them to the mix.
  • Peel and cut oranges, pineapple, watermelon, kiwi, and add them to the mixture.
  • Keep it overnight so that the fruits soak up the solution.
  • Your Jungle Juice is ready!
  • Serve it over ice and with lemon-lime soda.

Tip: You can add fruits of your choice to prepare a unique punch, and also different wines if you are fond of wines.

Hunch Punch is definitely worth the time and effort you would invest in preparing it. This is not a drink that would disappoint anyone. Experimentation is always welcome. After all, that’s how you learn and grow, isn’t it? Try the different types and combinations of juices, soda, or alcohol for varied versions. You never know, you might just invent another amazing drink!

How to make hunch punch

With spring in full swing, it feels like the days of beach parties, summer get-togethers and lazy afternoons sippin’ by the pool are just around the corner. Check out our amazing hunch punch moonshine recipe to find your favorite summer drink!

Now that you have got all the summer vibes, it is time to find the perfect cocktail for all of your adventures. Since 2020 was such a drag, why not take summer 2021 to the next level with a drink that is fruity, sweet and has a kick of moonshine?

Hunch Punch moonshine is a grown-up version of the classic fruit punch everyone enjoyed as a kid with the grown up twist of moonshine. Think of it as a delicious fruity cocktail perfect for every summer occasion.

Flavored Moonshines are a Great Cocktail Option

One of the ways to make this summer drink even sweeter is to experiment with flavored moonshines. The classic flavors of hunch punch moonshine are orange, lemon, lime, pineapple and cherry. The good news is that you can infuse your moonshine with all of these flavors to give this classic recipe a unique flavor.

Check out these recipes for some inspiration:

Which Flavored Moonshine Should I Choose?

How to make hunch punch

The best rule of thumb for choosing your flavored moonshine for any recipe is to decide which flavor you want to emphasize most and go with that. Of course, you can always stick with the classic shine, but it’s definitely more fun to try out different things!

How to Make Moonshine

How to make hunch punch

Of course, most people do not have moonshine in their kitchen cupboard (unless you are a ‘shiner of course). Making moonshine may seem like an overly complicated process. However, making moonshine can be as complicated or as simple as you want.

While some serious ‘shiners may prefer to spend years perfecting their blended white whiskey, others are not as ambitious. For those who are happy to do things a little simpler, sugar shine is often the best option.

Sugar shine is made from sugar, water and yeast. One gallon cost about $5 to make and it is the perfect option to use for flavored shine. The reason that we recommend sugar shine for flavoring is because it does not produce the best tasting or quality shine. However, you won’t taste it once it is flavored.

The Right Equipment for the Job

Making sugar shine can be run in any still. However, this simple recipe often does best in our air still. The reason for this is because this recipe does not require fractioning and therefore the air still is the perfect option. Just toss the heads and you are ready to go.

How to make hunch punch

The Mist 1 Gallon Air Still is our easiest to use still. Its plug and play design means that this still works at the press of a button. It is about the size of an electric kettle and just as easy to use. The Mist does not require any external water or pumps to cool down its contents thanks to its built-in internal fan.

How to make hunch punch

With spring in full swing, it feels like the days of beach parties, summer get-togethers and lazy afternoons sippin’ by the pool are just around the corner.

Now that you have got all the summer vibes, it is time to find the perfect cocktail for all of your adventures. Since 2020 was such a drag, why not take summer 2021 to the next level with a drink that is fruity, sweet and has a kick of moonshine?

Hunch Punch moonshine is a grown-up version of the classic fruit punch everyone enjoyed as a kid with the grown up twist of moonshine. Think of it as a delicious fruity cocktail perfect for every summer occasion.

One of the ways to make this summer drink even sweeter is to experiment with flavored moonshines. The classic flavors of hunch punch moonshine are orange, lemon, lime, pineapple and cherry. The good news is that you can infuse your moonshine with all of these flavors to give this classic recipe a unique flavor.

Check out these recipes for some inspiration:

Which Flavored Moonshine Should I Choose?

How to make hunch punch

The best rule of thumb for choosing your flavored moonshine for any recipe is to decide which flavor you want to emphasize most and go with that. Of course, you can always stick with the classic shine, but it’s definitely more fun to try out different things!

How to Make Moonshine

How to make hunch punch

Of course, most people do not have moonshine in their kitchen cupboard (unless you are a ‘shiner of course). Making moonshine may seem like an overly complicated process. However, making moonshine can be as complicated or as simple as you want.

While some serious ‘shiners may prefer to spend years perfecting their blended white whiskey, others are not as ambitious. For those who are happy to do things a little simpler, sugar shine is often the best option.

Sugar shine is made from sugar, water and yeast. One gallon cost about $5 to make and it is the perfect option to use for flavored shine. The reason that we recommend sugar shine for flavoring is because it does not produce the best tasting or quality shine. However, you won’t taste it once it is flavored.

The Right Equipment for the Job

Making sugar shine can be run in any still. However, this simple recipe often does best in our air still. The reason for this is because this recipe does not require fractioning and therefore the air still is the perfect option. Just toss the heads and you are ready to go.

The Mist 1 Gallon Air Still is our easiest to use still. Its plug and play design means that this still works at the press of a button. It is about the size of an electric kettle and just as easy to use. The Mist does not require any external water or pumps to cool down its contents thanks to its built-in internal fan.

How to make hunch punch

Disclosure: This site is sponsored by ads and affiliate programs. We may earn money from the companies mentioned in this post. As an Amazon, Tripster and CJ Affiliate we may earn from qualifying purchases.

For this installment of moonshine mixin’s, we’re going to rework the classic Tequila Sunrise — Tennessee style.

Ole Smoky®’s Hunch Punch Lightnin’ moonshine is a smooth yet tart flavor that blends oranges, pineapples and cherries — and it certainly packs a punch.

Normally, I loosely base these mixin’s off of Ole Smoky®’s official recipes, but I went a little more rogue with this one. And thus, you may be thinking that using ‘moonshine’ and ‘sunrise’ together in the recipe title may seem like an oxymoron. However, I promise that the end result works.

Best of all, it’s another easy-to-make recipe, and you don’t need many ingredients to make it.

So with that out of the way, let’s get to the recipe!

Hunch Punch Moonshine Sunrise Recipe:

  • 3 parts orange juice
  • 2 parts Hunch Punch Lightnin’
  • Lemon juice and lime juice to taste
  • Garnish with oranges or cherries as desired

This drink is is fruity and sweet, and I think it will go perfectly with your next weekend brunch celebration. (Or weekday. I’m not here to judge).

Alternatively, if you have a jar of Hunch Punch and want to try out an official recipe, you can try the Hunch Punch Cooler, which uses lemonade and cranberry, or the Cherry Limeade, which uses lime juice, Grenadine and lemon-lime soda. Cheers!

Have you tried any of the mixing up any moonshine recipes? Let us know in the comments!

Tart or sweet, cold or hot, punch is an ideal solution for serving up a big batch of party drinks. No need to take individual orders. Just make up a batch before the gathering and serve, allowing you time to enjoy your company. Here’s how to make punch that will keep guests coming back for more.

Whether you've got a backyard barbecue, birthday, or holiday gathering, preparing punch is an easy way to ensure everyone's cups stay full. By knowing the right ratio of fruit juice, water, and carbonated beverage, as well as other tasty add-ins, you can mix and match to create a variety of punch recipes. To get you started, we've got a delicious base recipe that will work with all sorts of flavors. By using our easy formula, you'll know how to make fruit punch, rum punch, sherbet punch, and more. If you want to add an ice ring for a classic presentation, we'll show you how to make one of those, too.

How to Make Punch

This basic recipe will allow for 1 gallon of punch, which is enough for sixteen 8-ounce servings.

Step 1: Make the Punch Base and Chill

In a large pitcher or bowl combine 4 cups water and one 12-oz. can frozen juice concentrate from the options below. Add 1 cup sugar; stir until dissolved. Cover with a lid or plastic wrap; chill at least 4 hours. Here are some juice concentrate options you could choose from to mix with the water and sugar:

  • Cranberry juice
  • Lemonade
  • Limeade
  • Orange juice
  • Pineapple juice

Step 2: Choose a Juice

Just before serving, pour the chilled juice mixture into a large punch bowl. Stir in 2½ cups of a juice blend from the following options:

  • Cranberry-apple juice
  • Pineapple-orange-banana juice blend
  • Pink grapefruit juice
  • Pomegranate juice
  • Raspberry juice blend
  • Strawberry juice blend

Step 3: Choose a Carbonated Beverage

Slowly stir in one 2-liter bottle carbonated beverage from the following options:

  • Cream soda
  • Ginger ale
  • Lemon-lime carbonated beverage
  • Orange carbonated beverage
  • Strawberry carbonated beverage

Step 4: Choose Optional Stir-Ins

If desired, add an ice ring (more on that below) and 1 cup stir-ins from the following options. If you want to learn how to make alcoholic punch (like a rum punch recipe) or you just want to dress up your punch with some spare fruit slices or fresh herbs, this is the time to stir in your extras. Use one or more of these stir-in options:

  • Citrus fruit slices
  • Kiwifruit slices
  • Rum, vodka, gin, bourbon, or tequila
  • Sherbet or sorbet
  • Sliced fresh strawberries
  • Fresh raspberries

Make-Ahead Punch Tip: Prepare punch through Step 2, except do not add the carbonated beverage or, if using, ice ring and stir-ins. Cover and chill up to 24 hours. Add carbonated beverage, ice ring, and stir-ins just before serving.

How to Make an Ice Ring

If you want to learn how to make punch for a party, consider adding an ice ring. Not only are they attractive, but they can also keep your beverage cold for an hour or more. You can use a 10-inch tube pan ($15, Bed Bath & Beyond) or a fluted cake pan for your mold. Silicone pans also work well. Make sure the ice ring will fit into your punch bowl. To make sure the ice ring does not dilute the punch as it melts, use extra punch instead of water.

  • Add a little drama: You can make an ice ring using just the punch, but they're even more attractive when they're made with fruit like orange, lemon and/or lime slices; cherries; sliced strawberries; raspberries; or blackberries. You can also use edible flowers or mint leaves. Arrange these into the pan.
  • Layer fruits in the pan: Fill the mold with about 1 inch punch or water; freeze until solid. This will hold the add-ins in place and keep them from floating. Once frozen, fill the mold with another inch of punch or water; freeze until solid. Continue until the mold is as full as you want it to be. To release from the pan, let the ring sit at room temperature about 20 minutes or place the mold in hot water for about 1 minute.

Garnishes for Punch

Be sure you have a ladle at the ready for serving punch. Just like a cocktail, punch is even more fun and special for your guests when you have garnishes available on the buffet table. Here are some fun ideas to get your creative juices flowing:

  • Orange, lemon, and/or lime slices
  • Fruit kabob made of pineapple slices, citrus fruit wedges, maraschino cherries, and/or strawberries
  • Melon balls and/or small watermelon slices threaded onto a skewer made by putting a strawberry or cherry in the center and filling trays with white grape juice
  • Paper umbrellas

There's more to punch than chilled versions. During the holidays and in the colder months, there's no better greeting than serving the family a toasty warm drink. Go for a non-carbonated punch such as hot cider or hot buttered rum. And with hot drinks, there's an added bonus of wonderful aromas wafting throughout your house. The trick is to keep the beverage hot. Smart hostesses have discovered the slow cooker works great for this (plus you don't have to keep a watchful eye on slow cooker punches).

How to make hunch punch

The best Halloween punch recipes come in funky colors, are filled with delicious flavors, and add to the spookiness of the party. From spiked brews filled with rum to eerie garnishes that hide inside nonalcoholic punches, you'll have a ton of fun mixing up any of these recipes.

It’s true that you can take any punch recipe and add all sorts of unusual and wacky things to give it a Halloween touch. Yet, there are a number of recipes designed just for the holiday and they’re sure to thrill your guests.

Halloween Harvest Punch

The Spruce / Teena Agnel

A fruity rum punch, the Halloween harvest recipe is absolutely delicious. Melon liqueur and white cranberry juice are the stars of this punch. They pair wonderfully with unfiltered apple juice, fresh-squeezed lemon juice, and two types of rum. Be sure to add lots of fruit garnishes to finish it off in spooktacular fashion!

Bloody Rum Punch

How to make hunch punch

​The Spruce / Teena Agnel

How about a bowl of sangria for Halloween? The bloody rum punch is a perfect choice and it’s very easy to make. It’s filled with rum and red wine with just a hint of fruit. You’ll definitely appreciate that this recipe uses half the ingredients of a typical sangria without sacrificing the taste.

The ruby-red drink is the perfect foundation for all your spooky additions. Place the punch bowl in a bed of dry ice to create a fog, cut the fruits in odd shapes to give it the look of a witch’s brew, or float plastic spiders inside.

Sherbet Punch

How to make hunch punch

When you need a booze-free recipe for the party, few are as easy and delicious as this sherbet punch. It has a great green color and, when ginger ale meets the lime sherbet, it also creates a fun, oozing foam. It’s the perfect recipe for kids parties. Plus, with simple additions like dripping “blood” from grenadine, you can really add to its eeriness.

Devil's Punch

How to make hunch punch

You will have to increase the devil’s punch to fit your party because it’s written for a single drink. The mix is a devilish one and it’s hard to resist when you have a house full of tequila fans. You might even think of it as an amplified margarita with a limoncello twist.

This punch is also very strong, so it's best to ramp up the orange juice or add soda to knock back its strength. This will make sure your vampires don't turn into ghosts by night's end.

Zombie Punch

How to make hunch punch

The Picture Pantry / Craig Holmes / Getty Images

Ah, the zombie punch! It’s been made so many times and in so many ways that no one can really agree on the “correct” recipe.

This one has long been a favorite for Halloween parties and there’s a big-batch variation filled with orange, pineapple, and passion fruit that is a guaranteed hit. Be warned, though, it has a lot of rum—two full bottles—so some of your guests may become zombies if they drink too much!

Halloween Sangria

How to make hunch punch

The Spruce Eats / Julia Hartbeck

You want a spiked punch, but not one that’s going to knock everyone down, right? Give this simplified Halloween sangria a try. The only alcohol is red wine, so it’s significantly lighter than other options.

Garnish ideas abound with this recipe, too. Have fun adding gummy worms and bugs, spooky candy, or fruit eyeballs. Whatever you can hide inside is sure to add to the fright factor.

Floating Brain Punch

How to make hunch punch

This recipe has a super fun idea that you can add to any punch bowl. You’ll use a brain mold to freeze ice that floats around in the bowl while keeping your punch nice and cold.

The punch itself is quite simple and because it's alcohol-free, it can work for any party. It even comes with a scary effect from a little lime gelatin that is sure to make the kids squirm.

Salted Caramel Apple Punch

How to make hunch punch

A perfect punch for any fall party, the salted caramel apple punch is great for Halloween, too. Using a full gallon of apple cider, the flavor is enhanced with orange and lemon juices and it becomes a sparkling delight with ginger ale.

To bring in a sweet touch, you’ll add salted caramel syrup. This gives it a taste reminiscent of caramel apples, though you can take it a step further and rim the serving glasses with caramel ice cream topping and sea salt. has been serving drinks enthusiasts and industry professionals since 2009. Our writers are some of the most respected in the industry, and our recipes are contributed by bartenders who form a veritable "Who's Who" of the cocktail world.

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There’s nothing like a good punch. The classic drink is one of the earliest known cocktails, with written references dating to at least the 17th century. Traditionally featuring a spirit, citrus, spice, sugar and water, punch offers the creative drinker a wide berth for experimentation. But if you need some inspiration, you can’t go wrong with rum and fruit juice, which are as perfect a pairing as you’ll find in the cocktail-verse.

This single-serving Rum Punch begins with two types of rum, a smart and easy way to add depth and complexity to a cocktail. From there, pineapple and grenadine lend sweetness, orange juice brightens everything and a touch of lime cuts through the tropical sweetness.

About that grenadine: Most store-bought versions are bright red, overly sweet and laced with artificial ingredients. Leave those on the shelf where they belong and make your own. It takes just a few minutes to produce homemade grenadine with pomegranate juice, pomegranate molasses and sugar. It’s worth the effort, as DIY grenadine adds a tart richness to cocktails that can’t be matched with the pre-bottled stuff.

Entertaining a crowd? Simply scale up the measurements to fit your punch bowl, or multiply by how many people you want to serve. Drop a large ice block into the bowl to keep your refreshment cold, garnish with a few slices of fresh fruit and you’ll have a Rum Punch that keeps on giving.

Easy Jungle Juice Recipe is the best punch drink for a party crowd. The ingredients include alcohol like rum and vodka and then a mix of fresh fruit and juice. You can easily make this cocktail on a budget. Serve it for the SuperBowl, holidays, college parties, and more!

How to make hunch punch

This post contains affiliate links. Please read my full disclosure here. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases.

What is the best jungle juice recipe? A good recipe includes a mix of vodka, rum, and fruit juices. The fruit juices are key because they will help mask the taste of the liquor. Very simple!

How to make hunch punch

What is Jungle Juice?

It’s a great punch to serve for a special occasion, party, or event because you can easily make 2 gallons or even 5 gallons of punch for a group, and most people will love the punch!

I have always had the juice at parties or gatherings. The great thing about it is, you can’t taste the alcohol. This can be dangerous, if you consume too much, so always drink responsibly.

The punch is a combination of fruit juices, vodka, rum, and fresh fruit.

How to make hunch punch

Why is it Called Jungle Juice?

The name is linked to the South West Pacific and World War II. American soldiers used available materials in the jungle for fermentation and flavoring for their concoctions. You can read more about Why It Is Called Jungle Juice here.

How to make hunch punch

Jungle Juice Ingredients

  • Vodka
  • Rum
  • Lemonade
  • Fruit punch
  • Cranberry Juice
  • Orange Juice
  • Club Soda
  • Fresh Strawberries
  • Fresh Oranges

How Much Alcohol is in Jungle Juice

Alcohol accounts for 20% of the punch.

How to Make the Drink on a Budget (Cheap)

If you are looking for a cheap way to make the punch, stick to low-cost vodka and rum. Jungle juice is great for college parties and events, so if you need to save on cash stick to something like Smirnoff or Tito’s Vodka.

I love Tito’s because it’s affordable and is quality vodka. Bacardi rum is also a great budget-friendly rum option. If Everclear is your thing you can use that, too.

How to make hunch punch How to make hunch punch

How to Make Jungle Juice Not Too Strong

If you are looking for a punch that isn’t strong you can always add more juice. You can also use less alcohol.

How to make hunch punch

How Long Do You Let Jungle Juice Sit

I prefer to make a punch this size the night before, especially if you want the fruit to soak in the alcohol. Storing it in the fridge overnight will allow that to happen.

One of the best parts of serving punch with fresh fruit is eating the liquor-soaked fruit from the punch. They can serve as mini-shots!

How to make a new file in windows

In Canvas Teacher, you can add a new file or folder to your Course Files.

The images in this lesson are shown for a phone display, but unless otherwise noted, tablet displays mirror the same steps.

Open Course

How to make a new file in windows

Tap the name of the course you’d like to view.

Open Files

How to make a new file in windows

Tap the Files link.

View Files

How to make a new file in windows

View your course files. To add a file or folder, tap the Add button.

Add File

How to make a new file in windows

To add a new file, tap the Add File link.

Select File Location

How to make a new file in windows

Select the location of your file. You can record audio [1], take a new photo from your camera [2], upload a file [3], or find a file in your library [4]

Note: To learn more about media uploads, view the Canvas Media Comparison PDF.

How to make a new file in windows

Do your files and documents need better organization? If you group related files into distinct folders on your laptop or desktop, it’ll always be easy to find what you need. You can also change the icon size to make it more visually pleasing. Here are a few ways to quickly create a new folder in Windows 10, and after you master this, learn how to password protect a folder in Windows 10.

Method #1: Create a new folder with a keyboard shortcut

The fastest way to create a new folder in Windows is with the CTRL+Shift+N shortcut.

1. Navigate to the location where you want to create the folder. You can create a new folder at any location on your hard drive or within another folder (creating a subfolder) in File Explorer. You can also create a new folder on your desktop with this method.

2. Hold down the Ctrl, Shift, and N keys at the same time. Windows will immediately create the new folder with the not-very-imaginative suggested folder name of “New folder.”

3. Enter your desired folder name. It takes just seconds to create a new folder this way, but be sure to immediately begin typing your folder name when the folder first appears, because if you click on the folder or click away from File Explorer, the folder name will be “New folder” and you’ll have to rename it.

Method #2: Create a new folder by right-clicking

If you don’t remember the keyboard shortcut (or you just prefer using the mouse):

1. Navigate to the location where you want to create the folder.

2. Right-click on a blank space in the folder location. Take care with this: If you right-click on an existing item in the folder, you’ll get the wrong menu.

3. Select New then Folder from the contextual menu. Windows will create the new folder at your current location.

4. Enter your desired folder name to replace “New folder” and hit Enter.

You can create folders on the Desktop using this method too. Right-click on a blank space on the Desktop, then go to New > Folder.

Method #3: Create a new folder from the ribbon menu

Another simple way to create a new folder is to use the New folder button in the File Explorer menu.

Just navigate to the place you want the folder and click or tap “New folder” in the Home tab.

These three methods are the simplest and quickest ways to create a new folder, so you can get right to organizing your files.

Navigate to where you want to create your file.

Create A File Using CMD (Empty, Text, Batch).

Creating files with the current date.

Creating a dummy file with a specific size.

Create Files From Different Directories.

Create multiple files at once – Using CMD.

What We’ll Learn:

This guide is all about creating new files from the windows command line.

  • We’ll start by learning, how to navigate to the location in which we want to create our file or folder from the command prompt.
  • How to use the Echo command along with a redirector to create all sorts of files.
  • How to embed the current date into the name of your new file.
  • How to create dummy files with a specific size using FSutil.
  • And finally, we’ll learn how to use a for loop to create multiple files at once with a single command.

Lets get started!

Navigate to where you want to create your file:

Before we begin learning how to create files we must first learn how to change the location of our command line into to the location in which we want to create our new file.

For this example, let’s assume that we want to create our file in our desktop directory.

Open a command prompt without administrator privileges

By default, the command prompt is located at a folder within your users directory that’s named after your computers username (C:\Users\MyPC)

How to make a new file in windows

Use the “Dir” command to view every file and folder in the current directory.

The name of every file and folder as well some information about each of them will immediately appear.

How to make a new file in windows

Navigate to the directory of your choice using the “CD” command.

“CD” stands for “Change Directory”. Remember to surround the name of the directory you want to navigate into within quotes.

Your current working directory will immediately change.

And that’s it! You should now have navigated into the directory of your choice.

In case you made a mistake you can navigate to the previous directory by typing Cd followed by two dots.

The double dots represent the parent directory.

Now that we are located in the correct directory lets create our file.

Create A File Using CMD (Empty, Text, Batch).

Lets start with learning how to create files from our command line. To do so we will need to use the “Echo” command along with a redirector.

What exactly is echo and a redirector I hear you ask?

This might start to sound complicated, but don’t worry its actually pretty simple.

  • Echo is primarily used to print variables or strings to the command line, similar to “print” or “Console.WriteLine” in other programming languages.
  • Redirectors are special symbols that can be used complete many functions such as combine two commands or redirect the output of one command into input for another.

Do you see where I am going with this?

We can use the echo command to print a string and redirect its output into a new file by using a redirector, specifically the greater than redirector (>).

Lets see what that would look like:

Text Files:

Lets start by creating a new text file.

To do so all we have to do is type the echo command followed by the text we want our new file to have, the grater than redirector, and the name of your new file within quotes along with the .txt extension.

You should see a new file in your current directory. Pretty simple right?

To view the contents of a file we just created directly from the command line we can use the “Type” command. Simply enter type followed by the name of the file we just created.

The contents of the file will immediately be shown in the command prompt.

Apart from creating a new file we can add or append text to an existing text file. To do so we need to use the greater than symbol twice. Here is what that would look like:

Our file will now contain the following text:

Empty Text Files

In many cases you might want to crate a completely empty text file. The syntax for this command is very similar to our previous command however this time we need to add a dot directly after the echo command.

An empty file will immediately appear in your current directory.

In case you are wondering, the dot tells the echo command to not output anything.

Batch Files

While creating text files is nice, in may case you will want to create batch files. Doing so is very simple, all we have to do is replace the extension of the name of our new file from .txt to .bat.

Here is what that would look like:

And a new batch file will immediately be created in your current directory.

Literally Any type of File:

In a similar way by using the extension of our choice we can create literally any type of file.

How to make a new file in windows

In Windows 11, you can use the universal method to create a new file or a new folder on your computer. But the ribbon menu in Windows 11 is changed, and there is a new feature that allows you to create a new folder or file. In this MiniTool post, we will show you how to create a new file/folder in Windows 11.

If you have joined the Windows Insider Program and in the Dev Channel, and your computer meets the basic Windows 11 system requirements, you can upgrade your system to Windows 11 Insider preview build. After that, you can enjoy the new features and improvements.

How to make a new file in windows

Microsoft has officially announced Windows 11 in the What’s next for Windows event. In this post, we will show you what’s new in Windows 11.

In Windows 11, you can see that there is a new right-click menu for desktop and File Explorer. The following image shows you two examples. The left one is the right-click menu of the desktop. The right one is the right-click menu in File Explorer.

How to make a new file in windows

Yes, you can right-click the desktop or in File Explorer and go to New to create a new file or folder in Windows 11. But, in File Explorer, you can also use a new method to do such a job. Here are two guides on how to create a file/folder in Windows 11.

How to Create a New File in Windows 11 File Explorer?

Here, we want to create a new Word file.

Use the New Button in the Ribbon Menu

  1. Open the folder you want to create a file in.
  2. Click the arrow down icon in the New folder
  3. Go to New > Microsoft Word.
  4. Name the file and click other space to complete the creation process.

How to make a new file in windows

Use the Universal Method

  1. Open the folder you want to create a new file in.
  2. Right-click the empty space in the folder and then go to New > Microsoft Word.
  3. Name the file and click other space to create a new Word file.

How to make a new file in windows

How to Create a New Folder in Windows 11 File Explorer?

Use the New Button in the Ribbon Menu

  1. Open the folder you want to create a new folder in.
  2. Click the New folder button from the top ribbon menu.
  3. A new folder will appear and you can name it according to your requirements.

How to make a new file in windows

Use the Universal Method

  1. Open the folder you want to create a new folder in.
  2. Right-click the empty space and go to New > Folder.
  3. Name the folder and click other space to create a new folder in Windows 11 File Explorer.

How to make a new file in windows

Tip: Recover Your Lost and Deleted Files/Folders in Windows 11

If you delete your important files or folders by mistake and need to get them back, you can use MiniTool Power Data Recovery. This is a free file recovery tool. You can use it to recover all kinds of files from data storage drives.

After downloading and installing this software on your computer, you can open it and select the drive you want to recover data from to scan. After scanning, you can find your needed files from the scan result and select them to recover.

How to make a new file in windows

Bottom Line

Now, you know how to create a new file/folder in Windows 11 File Explorer using the New folder button or using the universal method. You can just select a preferred way to do the job. Windows 11 is a new Windows operating system. If you encounter other issues when running it, you can let us know in the comments.

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Position: Columnist

Stella has been working in MiniTool Software as an English Editor for more than 4 years. Her articles mainly cover the fields of data recovery including storage media data recovery and phone data recovery, YouTube videos download, partition management, and video conversions.

You can create new folders many different ways, but the two easiest ways are by using the Save As dialog box or File Explorer. This article explains how to do both.

In this article:

Create a new folder when saving your document by using the Save As dialog box

With your document open, click File > Save As.

Under Save As, select where you want to create your new folder. You might need to click Browse or Computer, and navigate to the location for your new folder.

In the Save As dialog box that opens, click New Folder.

Type the name of your new folder, and press Enter.

How to make a new file in windows

Note: You can’t use slashes, colons, semicolons, dashes, or periods in your folder name.

Click Save. Your document is saved to the new folder.

Create a new folder before you save your document by using File Explorer

Open File Explorer using one of the following methods:

Press the Windows logo key + E.

Find it from the Start menu (Windows 7 or Windows 10).

Click the folder icon in the taskbar.

For Windows 8 or Windows 8.1, swipe in from the right edge of the screen, and tap Search. If you’re using a mouse, point to the upper-right corner of the screen, move the mouse pointer down, and click Search. Type File Explorer in the search box, and then tap or click File Explorer.

Navigate to where you want to create the new folder, and click New Folder.

Type the name of your folder, and press Enter.

To save a document to the new folder, open the document, and click File > Save As, and then browse to the new folder, and click Save.

The Windows 10 Registry file contains critical information related to how the operating system functions. Here's how you can create and edit the Windows 10 Registry file.

  • The Windows Registry file contains all passwords and settings for a device using the Windows 10 operating system.
  • You can make edits to this file to customize your operating system to suit your preferences.
  • You should take a backup of the Windows Registry file before making any changes; otherwise, you risk losing all your settings.
  • This article is for Windows 10 users learning how to create a regedit.exe file for editing or settings backup.

Windows Registry is one of the key components of the Windows operating system. This hierarchical database contains windows settings, application settings, device driver info and user passwords. When an application is installed, some part of the software is stored in the registry file, also known as regedit.exe.

Before making any changes to the registry file, it is important to back up the entire registry database. This way, if anything goes wrong you will be able to import original settings from this file. Keep reading for step-by-step instructions on how to create, edit and save the Windows 10 Registry file. [Read related article: Laptop Buying Guide for Small Business]

How to back up your registry database

Before making changes to your Windows 10 operating system (OS), you should make a backup to preserve your settings and ensure you can restore them in the event something goes wrong while editing. Here's how to back up your registry database:

    To access the Registry Editor in Windows 10, type "regedit" in the Cortana search bar.

How to create a new registry file

A registry file is a simple text file that is renamed to .reg extension. When the file is properly configured, you can simply click on it and make changes to your Windows Registry. To create a new registry file, follow these steps:

  1. Open Notepad and type in the following syntax:

Alternatively, you can create a REG file with the following syntax:

Tip: To manually start the service, change the data value to 00000003. To disable it, change the data value to 00000004.

How to edit the registry

With the Registry Editor, you can make changes to your current registry file. Here is an example that allows you to change the homepage of your browser (this is especially useful in case malware has hijacked your browser's homepage):

  1. Open the Registry Editor by typing "Regedit" in the Cortana search bar and agreeing to the UAC dialog box (or use the Windows key + R key method).
  2. Click the + sign next to HKEY_CURRENT_USER, then select Software, then Microsoft, then Internet Explorer.
  3. Right-click on Main and choose Export, then save the file to your computer.
  4. Right-click on the file, choose "Open With" and select Notepad.

When you open the file, it will look like this:

To change the homepage to a specific website, such as Microsoft, follow these steps:

  1. Go to HKEY_CURRENT_USER –> Software –> Microsoft –> Internet Explorer –> Main.
  2. Check for the Start Page option on the right-side pane, then double-click on "Start Page."
  3. Under "Value Data," type the name of the website ( and click "OK."

Did you know? If you make a mistake while making this change, you can simply double-click the exported file to reset the changes you made.

How to delete a specific registry entry

When you uninstall a program, there are chances that some registry settings are not deleted. To completely uninstall the program, you will need to delete the program's entry from the registry. To do so, follow these steps:

  1. Open the Registry Editor and click the + sign beside the HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE.
  2. Click "Software," and identify the program that needs to be deleted.
  3. Right-click on the correct entry, and select "Delete."
  4. Click the + sign beside HKEY_CURRENT_USER, go to "Software," identify the program that needs to be deleted, right-click on the entry, and select "Delete."

Stella Morrison contributed to the writing and research in this article.

You can create a text file on your computer with a text editor. An example of a text editor is Notepad, which is included with Microsoft Windows.

When we refer to a "text file" we are talking about a plain text file without any text formatting (e.g., bold), images, different fonts, font sizes, etc. If you need to create a more rich document with any of these features see: How to create a document.

The below recommendations are for programs included with an operating system. You can also download and install a more powerful and free text editor such as Notepad++ to create, view, and edit text files.

Open and use Notepad

The easiest way to create a text file in Windows is to open up the Notepad software program on your computer. The Notepad is a text editor included with Microsoft Windows.

A text file is considered a plaintext file and Notepad is only capable of creating and editing plaintext files. Notepad saves any text file with a .txt file extension, which means no special formatting or fonts can be used.

The Windows Notepad program can be opened using either of the methods below.

  1. Click Start.
  2. In the Run or Search box, type Notepad and press Enter .
  1. Click Start.
  2. Open All Programs, Accessories, then click the Notepad shortcut.

Save the file as a text file

You can also create a text file using any other word processing software program, like Microsoft Word or WordPad. When saving the file, change the file name or file type to Plain Text to save it as a text file. In many of these programs, you also have the option to save the file as a Rich Text Format.

How to make a new file in windows

After the file is created and saved, it can also be edited using Notepad or another word processing software program.

Create a new text file from the desktop

Another way to create a text file is to right-click an empty area on the desktop, and in the pop-up menu, select New, and then select Text Document.

Creating a text file this way opens your default text editor with a blank text file on your desktop. You can change the name of the file to anything you want. You can edit the file in the Notepad program or any other word processing software program, like Microsoft Word.

These same steps can be used in any other location on your computer, for example, another folder.

Create a text file from the Windows command line

While in the Windows command line, you also can create a new text file in the current directory. With earlier versions of Windows, a new file of any type, including text files, could be created using the edit command line command. Later versions of Windows removed the ability to use the edit command for this purpose. Instead, you can use the echo command at the Windows command line to create an empty text file in the current directory. An example of using this shown below.

In the example above, you are using the echo command to create a file named "myfile.txt" in the current directory. Note that there are no spaces between echo, the period, the greater-than sign (>), and the file name.

Another option for creating a text file from the command line is with the start command, as shown in the example below.

In this example, you are using the start command to open Notepad with the file "myfile.txt". Assuming this file does not exist, it would be created and saved in your current directory. If the file did exist, you would be editing that file.

Create a text file from within a Linux shell

Several commands can create a text file in a Linux shell. One easy-to-use text editor is pico. You can use it like this:

After entering the command above, the editor opens and allows you to create a text file. When done, press Ctrl + X to exit the file. When prompted to save the file, if you want to keep the file, press "Y" for yes.

The .txt file extension is not required in Linux. It is a file extension most commonly found and used with Windows. If you do not need the file to open in Windows, you can have no file extension or rename it to whatever you want.

Want to make a ZIP file on Windows 10? Here are the easiest ways to do it.

Do you want to create a ZIP archive on your Windows PC? There are various reasons you would want to do this. Maybe you want to combine multiple files into a single archive? Or maybe you want to reduce the size of your files by compressing them in a ZIP archive?

Regardless of the reason, there are built-in and third-party options to create a ZIP file on Windows. Here are six ways you can create a ZIP file on Windows 10.

1. Make a ZIP File Using the Windows Context Menu

One of the easiest ways to create a ZIP file on your Windows PC is to use the context menu. This menu has an option that lets you add your selected files into a ZIP archive (you can add and remove items from the Windows context menu).

You don’t need to install any extensions or apps to use this feature. This feature works out of the box and is available in many Windows versions.

You can use this option to add a single file, multiple files, and even folders to a new ZIP archive. Here’s how you use it:

  1. Open the folder where the files you want to add to a ZIP are located.
  2. Select single files by single-clicking on them or CTRL + A to select all files.
  3. Right-click on any one file and choose Send to followed by Compressed (zipped) folder.
  4. Windows will create a new ZIP archive with your selected files in it.

This new ZIP archive is placed in the same folder as your original files.

2. Use a File Explorer Option to Make ZIP Files on Windows

Another built-in way to make a ZIP file on Windows is to use the File Explorer ribbon option. This works pretty much the same way as the context menu option, and you can use this to add both files as well as folders to a new ZIP archive.

Here’s how you find and use this option:

  1. Open a File Explorer window and access the folder where your files are located.
  2. Select the files you want to add to a ZIP archive.
  3. Click the tab that says Share, which is at the top of your File Explorer window.
  4. You’ll see an option saying Zip under the Send section. Click this option.
  5. Windows will go ahead and create a ZIP archive for you. There won’t be any prompts or confirmations.

3. Use the Windows Command Prompt to Make ZIP Files

If you prefer to use the Command Prompt over anything else, there’s a command you can use in this utility to make ZIP files. However, keep in mind this command only works in Windows 10 or later.

Windows 10 comes with a command called tar that helps to create or extract archives on your PC. You can use this command to add your existing files to a ZIP archive, and here we show how you do that:

  1. Open a Command Prompt window on your PC.
  2. Use the cd command to go to the folder where your files are located.
  3. Enter the following command in the Command Prompt window and hit Enter. Replace with the name you want to give your ZIP file, and myfile.txt with the file you want to add to the ZIP.
  4. The Command Prompt will create and save the ZIP archive in your current working directory.

4. Use a Third-Party App to Create a ZIP File on Windows

Windows lets you make ZIP archives without any apps, but the features are pretty limited. If you want more options, like the ability to choose a compression level and split your archive into multiple parts, you need to go for a third-party archive app.

7-Zip (free) is a third-party archiving tool, and you can use this app to create as well as extract many types of archives on your computer. This tool offers options like splitting your archives, adding password protection to them, and so on.

Here's how you use 7-Zip to create a ZIP file:

  1. Install the 7-Zip app on your PC.
  2. Open the app, and your files will appear. This is the app's very own file manager.
  3. Using this file manager, access the folder where your files are located.
  4. Select the files you want to add to your ZIP archive.
  5. Click Add in the top toolbar.
  6. Specify the output folder, archive format, compression level, and optionally a password for your ZIP archive. Then, click OK at the bottom.
  7. 7-Zip will create and save the archive in your selected folder.

5. Add Files to an Existing ZIP File on Windows

Forgot to add some files while creating a ZIP archive? No worries, you can add files to an existing archive without any hassle. You don’t even need an extra program. Here’s how you alter an existing ZIP to add new files to it:

  1. Open the folder where your ZIP archive is located.
  2. Open a new File Explorer window and navigate to the folder where the files you want to add to the archive are located.
  3. Drag your files over to the ZIP archive.
  4. Your files are now added to your ZIP archive.

6. Unzip ZIP Files on Windows

On Windows, you can use File Explorer as well as Command Prompt to extract your ZIP archives.

Here we show how you use them to open your archives.

Extract ZIP Archives With File Explorer

  1. Locate the ZIP archive you want to extract in a File Explorer window.
  2. To extract a single file, double-click the archive and drag the file you want to extract to a folder in the Explorer.
  3. To extract all files, right-click the ZIP archive and select Extract All.

Extract ZIP Archives With the Command Prompt

  1. Open a Command Prompt window and cd to the directory where your ZIP archive is located.
  2. Type the following command replacing with the actual name of your archive, and hit Enter.
  3. The Command Prompt will decompress your archive in your current working directory.

Zipping Files Together on Windows

As a Windows user, you don’t need to make much effort to make ZIP archives on your PC. Simply select the files you want to include in your archive, click an option, and your ZIP archive is ready.

Even when you don’t need to compress files, ZIP archives are still handy. We’ll show you how to make them on macOS.

How to make a new file in windows

Mahesh is a tech writer at MakeUseOf. He’s been writing tech how-to guides for about 8 years now and has covered many topics. He loves to teach people how they can get the most out of their devices.

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How to grow a wax worm farm

Exercise extreme caution when you open the jar or you may find yourself with a housewide infestation.

For additional escape prevention, a piece of muslin or cheesecloth can be placed beneath the screen prior to taping it down.

Wax worm colonies thrive at room temperature or slightly warmer conditions.

To make a simple worm food, mix 7 cups of dry dog food with 1 cup of water. Wait 5 minutes for the food to soften slightly, then add 1 to 2 cups of honey to the mix. Let stand for 24 hours before using.

Wax worms are a popular source of protein, fat and calcium for amphibian and reptile pets. They are also a common choice of live bait for fishermen. The worms can be raised easily in your home and will provide a source of worms to meet your needs all year long. To raise wax worms, simply follow the steps in the guidelines below.

Find a small set of starter worms from the local pet store or bait shop. Begin with 24 to 36 worms. If you know anyone who keeps bees, check with them as well. Wax worm larvae wreak havoc on established hives and beekeepers are more than happy to get rid of them.

Set up a holding container. Wash a 3-to-5 gallon bucket, can or jar and allow it to air dry. Make sure you choose a container made from glass, metal or hard plastic as the wax worms are able to gnaw their way through softer materials such as wood or pliable plastic. Cover the opening of the container with mesh screening, 20-gauge or smaller.

Prepare the worm food. Combine one box of Gerber mixed-grain baby cereal with 1/3 cup honey and 1/3 cup glycerin. Stir the ingredients together until the cereal is moist. Add water if necessary, 1 tbsp. at a time. Sprinkle approximately 1/2 of this mixture on the bottom of the big container you’ve chosen. Store the extra in the refrigerator in a sealed container.

Add the wax worms and a few sheets of slightly wadded-up waxed paper. Cover the opening of the jar and secure the screen by connecting it to the jar with duct tape.

Observe the colony. Every 4 to 5 weeks, add more food. In addition to the cereal/honey mixture, wax worms eat leafy greens and slices of apples or oranges. If your colony is successful, the worms will begin to spin cocoons. Moths will break out of their cocoons in approximately 2 weeks.

Remove the sheets of waxed paper when the adult moths die and place them individually into newly prepared jars. The waxed paper will contain the eggs, which hatch into new worms.

How to grow a wax worm farm

The night crawler, known scientifically as Lumbricus terrestris, is a species of earthworm that is the preferred bait of many freshwater fishermen. To keep a handy supply of bait at your fingertips, you can raise night crawlers in a worm bed in your home or backyard. If you prove to be an effective worm farmer and live near a popular fishing spot, you could even start selling the wriggling creatures in large quantities for profit.

Items you will need

Opaque plastic storage bin

Step 1

Wash the bin with unscented soap and water. Rinse the bin well.

Step 2

Drill multiple holes between 1/16 inch and 1/8 inch in diameter near the top of the bin.

Step 3

Add moist bedding to the bin until it is half full. Bedding options include finely shredded matte paper, peat moss and coconut fiber. Moisten paper bedding by spritzing it generously with water; moisten moss or coconut fiber by submerging it completely in water and wringing it out well.

Step 4

Add 1,000 night crawlers, or 1/2 to 1 pound of worms, per square foot of the bed’s surface area, regardless of the bin’s depth. Turn on a light near the bin while the worms are settling in. Because worms dislike light, this will encourage them to burrow into their new home.

Step 5

Sprinkle food over the bedding. Arrange small sections of food in various areas over the surface of the bed. Use either commercial chicken mash purchased at a pet store or food waste from your own kitchen, such as potato skins or coffee grounds. Do not add acidic foods or anything that contains dairy products. Add finely crushed egg shells to aid in the worms’ digestion.

Step 6

Replenish food only after the worms have consumed most or all of the food from the previous feeding. Adjust feeding times, ingredients and quantities as you learn more about your worms’ preferred diets.

Step 7

Spritz the bed with water regularly to maintain a consistent, moderate degree of moisture.

Step 8

Store the worm bed away from direct sunlight and exposure to extreme temperatures.

Waxworms (Galleria mellonella)are the caterpillar larvae of wax moths and are tan with black feet and small brown or black heads. They are considered a pest by beekeepers as they are a parasite in bee colonies in the wild. They have a very high fat content making them a perfect food source for many reptiles, amphibians, and some pet birds. Waxworms are also very easy to take care of and can survive for a long time at lower temperatures.

Quick Facts

● Waxworms (moths) live in and around beehives and get their name from their ability to ingest beeswax combs.

● In captivity, they can live a long time without food when kept at cool temps.

● Waxworms are high in fat content and make a good feeder insect for malnourished pets.

● In this state of their life cycle, they no longer consume food and live off the fat supplies in their bodies.


Our live waxworms are shipped in cups that contain a bedding to ensure they remain healthy prior to feeding.


Waxworms should be kept at a constant cool temperature (55-60°); this will keep them dormant and ensure that they last several weeks. Most refrigerators are too cold to store them in, but the refrigerator door or a wine cooler is a little warmer and will usually work fine. It is extremely important to store them at low humidity. If bedding feels moist, remove lids from their containers to allow them to dry out.

Waxworms do not need to be fed. As a daily task, remove any dead worms (they will appear black) and remove the cocoons of any that are spinning.

Offering to Pet

Waxworms are high in fat content and should be offered as a snack a few times a week. They are also excellent feeders for malnourished pets.

Safe Disposal

To dispose of live waxworms responsibly, place in an escape-proof bag or container, freeze for at least 24 hours, and then dispose of in the garbage can. Never release live feeders into the wild as they can be harmful to the native environment!

How to successfully raise earthworms as a home-based business.


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Tuesday, October 26, 2010

“How do I make my worms grow bigger?”

This is a question we get quite often. Recently, one of our customers, Judith, emailed that her vermicomposting European Nightcrawlers weren’t getting any bigger. She not only uses the worms for vermicomposting kitchen waste, but she also uses the worms for fishing. She’s had these worms for over a year now. Even though she’s not into worm farming as a business, the answer to her vermicomposting problem is same.

There are several reasons that worms stay small and don’t grow into bait size. Below is a summary of these reasons with remedies.

1. The worms are too crowded.

In order for worms to reach maximum size, they need plenty of room. This is particularly true for young worms. In Judith’s case, her worms have been breeding and laying egg capsules all along. These egg capsules have hatched and her vermicomposting bin is most likely getting over-crowded.

My advice to her was to split the bed into two. Since she’s not interested in have more than one vermicomposting bin or in going into the worm farming business, she should give them away. The worms must be divided and the population reduced in the existing bed for her worms to grow.

2. The bedding is “too old” and/or compacted.

If she hasn’t changed out the bedding recently, her vermicomposting bin bedding has undoubtedly been converted almost entirely to worm castings. An over concentration of worm castings is unhealthy for the worms and eventually kills them.
The good news is these worm castings are an excellent source of fertilizer for gardens and flowers. She can take her worms out of the bedding, transfer them into fresh bedding and broadcast the castings onto her plants. If the worm castings aren’t needed right away, they store very well and will keep until needed.

3. There’s not enough food to go around.

The more worms in a bed, the more food is required. When worms are growing, they need an “all-you-can-eat” food supply. In Judith’s case, she wants worms to grow to bait size. An option she could consider is to pull out the mature worms, put them into a separate bed and feed them a rich worm feed such as FRM’s Worm and Cricket Food (you can find it at some feed and seed farm stores.

This option is one you will be using in your worm farm business if you are going to serve the fish bait business. Feeding your worms in this way is tricky and can lead to problems (such as “protein poisoning”) if not done correctly. There are complete instructions on fattening bait worms in my upcoming “Worm Farm Manual”.

In a nutshell, feed rich, grain based worm feed only in the amount that the worms can consume in a 24 hour period. The trick is to give them all they need without overfeeding.

4. Worm Farming Secret: Increase the microbe content of the bedding and added food.

One of the surest ways to not only grow big worms, but also keep your worms healthy, is to spray you worm bedding and added food with a weak mixture of VermaPlex® (a liquid soil inoculant fertilizer made from worm castings) and water (80 parts water to 1 part VermaPlex®).

Worms digest food by “following behind” microbes. The microbes basically predigest the food, thereby facilitating the worms’ digestion. Worms absolutely must have a healthy amount of microbes in order to process food.

The good news is, microbes show up automatically in food waste. By adding the VermaPlex® spray, you are speeding up this process and guaranteeing the worms have plenty of help with their digestion process. Read about the application of VermaPlex® to your worm beds here “Worm Farming Tips #2”.

In summary, provide amply room, food and microbes for your worms to grow big and fat. Please post any questions or problems you may have about growing bigger, better worms.

Worm Growing Resources :

Worm Farm Manual: A Step By Step Guide To Raising Earthworms. An easy to follow guide on feeding, growing, harvesting, and making a profit worm farming. Download or Hard Copy

Other worm farming resources:
VermaPlex® : As a worm bed enhancer.
European Nightcrawlers: By far the best fishing bait worm. Excellent composting worm, too.

We have the best Wax Worms, bar none. We’ll stand behind them 100%

Our wax worms are plump and disease free.

Place wax worms in the door of our refrigerator, or a cool basement if you plan to keep them for a while. The shelf of the refrigerator is too cold, which is why we say to keep them in the door which is usually a little warmer.

If you keep your wax worms at room temp they will pupate and then become moths. Some reptiles love the moths, so you may want to try that. To breed your wax worms just place moths in a container with some Worm Man Wax Worm Bedding, and place some crumbled pieces of wax paper in the bedding. The moths will lay eggs on the wax paper, and in a couple days you will have baby wax worms. Add more bedding as needed and your wax worms will get nice and plump. The warmer you keep them the more active they will become, and the faster they will grow.

Wax worms go through four stages: egg, larvae, pupa, and adult. At 85 degrees it will take the worm 5 to 6 weeks to go from larva to adult.


Keeping and breeding wax worms

1.Best way to start raising wax worms is to buy some. You can get them here.
2.Prepare an escape proof container for them ie 3 to 5 gallon tank with screened lid
(tape it on later).
3.You will also need a substrate- get some bran and honey- mix it together dry. If you can get some bees wax grate it into the mixture. Crumble the mixture into the tank. You can also buy the bedding above.
The mix may still be a little sticky.
4.Put the wax worms in the container with the bedding.
5.Add a few crumpled balls of wax paper as well.
6.Keep the wax worms at room temp. eventually the waxworms will begin to spin
cocoons. They will remain in their cocoons for approx two weeks- then moths will
7.The moths will mate and live for about a week or so- they will lay their eggs in the wax
8.A couple of weeks after the moths have died you will see lots of tiny worms. They
grow fast if they are kept at room temp- so once they are half grown you may want to
store them in the fridge in a container with small air holes and some of the honey and
bran mix. If you leave them at room temp the cycle will begin again. 🙂
9.You must secure the top. The worms hatch small and will escape.

Exercise extreme caution when you open the jar or you may find yourself with a housewide infestation.

For additional escape prevention, a piece of muslin or cheesecloth can be placed beneath the screen prior to taping it down.

Wax worm colonies thrive at room temperature or slightly warmer conditions.

To make a simple worm food, mix 7 cups of dry dog food with 1 cup of water. Wait 5 minutes for the food to soften slightly, then add 1 to 2 cups of honey to the mix. Let stand for 24 hours before using.

Wax worms are a popular source of protein, fat and calcium for amphibian and reptile pets. They are also a common choice of live bait for fishermen. The worms can be raised easily in your home and will provide a source of worms to meet your needs all year long. To raise wax worms, simply follow the steps in the guidelines below.

Find a small set of starter worms from the local pet store or bait shop. Begin with 24 to 36 worms. If you know anyone who keeps bees, check with them as well. Wax worm larvae wreak havoc on established hives and beekeepers are more than happy to get rid of them.

Set up a holding container. Wash a 3-to-5 gallon bucket, can or jar and allow it to air dry. Make sure you choose a container made from glass, metal or hard plastic as the wax worms are able to gnaw their way through softer materials such as wood or pliable plastic. Cover the opening of the container with mesh screening, 20-gauge or smaller.

Prepare the worm food. Combine one box of Gerber mixed-grain baby cereal with 1/3 cup honey and 1/3 cup glycerin. Stir the ingredients together until the cereal is moist. Add water if necessary, 1 tbsp. at a time. Sprinkle approximately 1/2 of this mixture on the bottom of the big container you’ve chosen. Store the extra in the refrigerator in a sealed container.

Add the wax worms and a few sheets of slightly wadded-up waxed paper. Cover the opening of the jar and secure the screen by connecting it to the jar with duct tape.

Observe the colony. Every 4 to 5 weeks, add more food. In addition to the cereal/honey mixture, wax worms eat leafy greens and slices of apples or oranges. If your colony is successful, the worms will begin to spin cocoons. Moths will break out of their cocoons in approximately 2 weeks.

Remove the sheets of waxed paper when the adult moths die and place them individually into newly prepared jars. The waxed paper will contain the eggs, which hatch into new worms.

How to successfully raise earthworms as a home-based business.


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Wednesday, September 11, 2013

Is Worm Farming Profitable?

Worm Farming Questions

We receive many worm farming questions in emails and phone calls. Here’s a common one I’d liked to share with you in our Q&A post today:

Q: “Can I really make money worm farming? Is worm farming a profitable business?”

A: The short answer is “You bet!” But, of course, with me, there’s also a long answer.

Growing Worms For Profit

Successful Business Basics

Starting a business, any business, and making that business flourish requires that a few basics fulfilled. Check off this list tailored to worm farming from the beginning, and you are well on your way to success:

    Answer this question: Is there a market for your worms? As with any other product, you should have a supply of customers in your area that are interested in purchasing your worms and worm castings/vermin-compost. The market for your worms consists of fishermen, vermicomposters, bait shops, reptile/fish/rabbit/etc. owners, and gardeners.

If you live in an urban area, you’ll most likely require an online presence and ship your worms to customers. The trend recently, however, has shown even apartment dwellers and city-folks are becoming interested in vermicomposting (which you can do in a small tub in the laundry room) and container gardening.

Profitable Worm Farming Resources:

Get off to a good start with your worm farming business. Find other how-to’s and troubleshooting tips in my Worm Farm Manual: A Step-By-Step Guide To Raising Earthworms.

Other Worm Resources:

European Nightcrawlers: One tough fishing worm. You could be the exclusive source in your area. Excellent composting worm, too.

How to grow a wax worm farm

Though potentially more difficult to care for than some worms, many fisherman still enjoy using the Canadian nightcrawler. With sizes that reach up to 14 inches, the worm can easily be attached to fish hooks and used as bait for many varieties of fish. Despite their more finicky living conditions, Canadian nightcrawlers can still be fairly easy to care for with practice.

Obtain a container that will fit in your refrigerator, such as a small plastic bucket or tub. Fill the bottom of the container with gravel and sand for drainage. Then fill the container with potting soil or other bedding, such as peat moss or decaying plant matter. Bedding should be at least 6- to 8-inches deep.

Put a fish tank thermometer in the container, then store the container in your fridge. Keep the temperature in the bucket at 60 degrees Fahrenheit. Make sure to keep temperature below 65 degrees.

Purchase Canadian nightcrawlers and pour them into your refrigerated container at home. The worms can be found at bait shops or even at Walmart. You may store up to 1 lb. of nightcrawlers for every square foot of bedding in your container.

Feed your nightcrawlers by sprinkling food over the top of the dirt. Canadian nightcrawlers eat greens such as leaf and grass clippings, as well as other organic material, including fruit and vegetable peelings or coffee and tea grounds. Do not worry about overfeeding the nightcrawlers.

Check your nightcrawlers every two to three days. Remove any old or rotting food. Moisten bedding by sprinkling bottled water over the top. Keep bedding damp but not too watery.

Aerate the nightcrawlers’ bedding by flipping or turning the dirt every two to four weeks. Ten percent of the bedding should be removed and replaced with new bedding every four to six months.

How to sleep with a ruptured disc

This article was medically reviewed by Luba Lee, FNP-BC, MS. Luba Lee, FNP-BC is a board certified Family Nurse Practitioner (FNP) and educator in Tennessee with over a decade of clinical experience. Luba has certifications in Pediatric Advanced Life Support (PALS), Emergency Medicine, Advanced Cardiac Life Support (ACLS), Team Building, and Critical Care Nursing. She received her Master of Science in Nursing (MSN) from the University of Tennessee in 2006.

There are 14 references cited in this article, which can be found at the bottom of the page.

wikiHow marks an article as reader-approved once it receives enough positive feedback. In this case, 88% of readers who voted found the article helpful, earning it our reader-approved status.

This article has been viewed 193,538 times.

Experts agree that a ruptured or herniated disc may cause pain, numbness, and weakness in part of your body, including back pain. A herniated disc occurs when one of the spongy discs that cushion your spine becomes damaged, causing it to bulge or bust open. [1] X Research source Unfortunately, pain from a herniated disc may make it hard for you to sleep. Research suggests that finding a comfortable position may help reduce your pain. [2] X Trustworthy Source American Academy of Family Physicians Organization devoted to improving the health of patients, families, and communities Go to source Additionally, your doctor may be able to recommend pain medication to help manage your symptoms so you can get the rest you need.

How to sleep with a ruptured disc

If you’ve been diagnosed with a herniated disc, your first question to your orthopedic specialist will likely be, “How can I reduce the pain?” Things you once took for granted like sitting at a desk and getting a good night’s sleep now seem more challenging or entirely out of reach.

A herniated disc is a common orthopedic injury, but it can be very disruptive to living a full and active life. It occurs when one of the gel-filled discs that acts as a shock absorber between the vertebrae in the spine ruptures or slips out of place. The damaged disc then irritates the nearby nerves, causing uncomfortable and painful symptoms.

Fortunately, herniated discs often respond well to physical therapy and pain medication and rarely require surgery. As part of your recovery, your physical therapist will show you the best ways to sit and sleep in order to reduce the pain.

How to Sit and Sleep With a Herniated Disc

A herniated disc can happen anywhere along the spine, from the neck to the lower back, and is usually the result of aging or something as simple as a forceful sneeze, lifting a heavy object, or sleeping in an awkward position. If the herniated disc doesn’t touch a nerve, you won’t experience any symptoms. But if it does, you’ll likely feel pain radiating along the buttocks, legs, and feet. Tingling, numbness, and a feeling of weakness can also accompany a herniated disc.

When you sit or lie down to sleep, the pain can be intense. However, properly aligning your spine can ease the pressure on your back and significantly reduce your discomfort. Your orthopedist and physical therapist will model the best sitting and sleeping positions, but here are some general tips to make sitting and sleeping less painful.

Sitting. Sitting for long periods of time isn’t ideal for people with a herniated disc. A standing desk is a great option, but if you must sit, rest your spine firmly against the chair back, sit up straight, and don’t slouch (which strains the spinal ligaments and aggravates a herniated disc). Your knees should be level with your hips, or slightly above the hips if you’re seated at a desk. The chair should be at a height that allows you to keep your feet flat on the floor.

To provide extra support, wedge a rolled-up towel or small pillow between the chair and the arch of your lower back. This also works when you’re in your car. If you do have to sit for a long period of time, be sure to take frequent breaks to stretch your muscles.

Sleeping. It’s hard to get a good night’s rest when your back is aching. But you can sleep comfortably if you know the right positions. Sleeping on your stomach is not a great option because it shifts the natural curve of the spine out of alignment and puts pressure on your back and neck. If you must sleep on your stomach, put a pillow under your hips and knees to maintain the proper curvature of the spine and relieve the pressure on the herniated disc.

Better alternatives are sleeping on your side or back. Side-sleepers can place a pillow between the knees to relieve any stress in the hips, or elevate their legs on a pillow. You can also slip a rolled-up towel between your waist and the mattress as you sleep on your side. And always lie on the side where you don’t feel any pain.

The optimal sleeping position for a herniated disc is on your back. Lying on your back keeps your spine in a neutral position so you have less chance of pinching the nerve. For added comfort, nestle a small pillow or rolled-up towel under your knees and lower back. A wedge-shaped pillow that raises your legs and ankles may also lighten the pressure on the herniated disc.

Get Relief from Back Pain

If you’re suffering from an aching back, the specialists at New York Bone & Joint can diagnose and treat your pain, whether it’s due to a herniated disc or another orthopedic condition. Once you’ve identified the source of your pain, our doctors and physical therapists will help minimize your discomfort with proper treatment. Contact us at New York Bone & Joint today to set up a consultation.

How to sleep with a ruptured disc

Having a herniated disc can cause slight disruptions in your sleeping patterns. The best way to manage those symptoms is to change up how you sleep to relieve any pain.

Here at OrthoBethesda, we provide you with the solutions you need to have a comfortable slumber, even with a herniated disc.

Best Sleeping Positions for Herniated Discs

Some resting body positions are better than others when you’re contending with a herniated disc. Try these suggestions to find the posture that provides you with the most relaxation.

1. Side Sleeping With a Pillow Between Your Knees

You can adjust your pillow and your knees in a couple of ways to bring relief. Gently move to your right or left side, and place a pillow between your legs. You can also roll on your back and put a soft cushion underneath your knees. Either choice works to help keep the curve of your spine in a natural position.

2. Stomach Sleepers

While stomach sleeping is generally less than optimal for back pain sufferers, there are ways to make it work if you find that lying on your stomach is more comfortable for you. Place a pillow beneath you and move it until it supports your abdomen. Depending on how you feel, you may not need to add a cushion for your head.

3. Fetal Position

The fetal position opens up the vertebrae on your back and allows you to fall asleep more easily. Do this by lying on either side, curling your body and tucking your knees closer to your chest.

4. Reclining Your Back

Try resting on your bed as you would in a reclining chair. Maintaining this posture creates an angle between your trunk and your legs.

Herniated disc pain is often worse at night, but with the right knowledge, you can choose sleeping positions that soothe your symptoms.

Why Your Pillow and Mattress Matters

Many people wonder if sleeping on the floor is good for a herniated disc. Luckily, thanks to today’s treatment options, this extreme is unnecessary. There are many other selections for comfy mattresses and pillows that can minimize herniated disc pain:

  • Wedge cushions: This shape is perfect when you need to lie in a reclining posture.
  • Adjustable mattresses: Some beds have remotes that let you move portions of the mattress up and down. This tool can be helpful if you have a specific point on your body that needs attention.
  • Body pillows: If you’re a stomach sleeper, hugging a body pillow against you as you rest on your side can replicate having pressure on your front without causing back pain.
  • Firm mattresses: Proper spine a lignment is crucial as you heal, and having a medium-firm mattress gives you a sturdy surface to help promote good sleep positions.

Having a herniated disc doesn’t mean sleeping on the floor. Talk with the team at OrthoBethesda to create a sleep plan that gives you relief.

Treat Your Herniated Disc Pain With Help From OrthoBethesda

If you’re wondering how to sleep with a herniated disc in your neck or further down your back, OrthoBethesda can help. We treat you like family by giving you the attention and care you deserve. Reach out today to schedule an appointment with our orthopedic professionals!

Herniated disc patients often have so many questions in mind. How to sleep with a herniated disc? What is the best-herniated disc sleeping position? What should you not do with a herniated disc?

Sleeping is a major concern of people with a herniated disc. We all know the importance of sleep in our daily lives. However, people with a herniated spine need to be extra cautious when it comes to sleeping and anything that puts stress on the back.

So we understand that finding the right position to sleep in a herniated disc is challenging. But don’t worry we’ve got your back!

From the best bed and the best mattress for herniated discs to the cervical pillows, we’ll discuss everything in detail.

How to Sleep With a Herniated Disc

So how to sleep with a herniated disc?

Note: Before we proceed, make pillows your ultimate best friends. Why? Well, you will find that out in a while.

Besides, whatever position you choose, make sure your position remains the same when you wake up. If at any hour during the night you find yourself in a different sleeping position, come back to the original chosen position.

Different Ways to Sleep With A Herniated Disc

Following are the different ways to sleep with a herniated disc and the things you can use for assistance.

  • An adjustable bed is the best option to sleep in for herniated disc patients. It helps you keep your back slightly elevated, relieving the pressure from your back.
  • A reclining chair is indeed the best option to sleep with a herniated disc. It is great for lower back herniation and provides you with massaging and extra care for back pain.

Even though the reclining chair is the best choice for people with a herniated disc, it can get uncomfortable at times because after all, it’s still a chair.

  • A herniated disc heating pad has pain-relieving properties. Plus, these infra-red heating pads provide maximum circulation in the affected area helping you heal sooner.
  • Moreover, a cervical pillow for a herniated disc in the neck is the ultimate solution to all your cervical herniation-related problems. The pillow makes the sleeping experience with herniation less painful and gives you a solid good night’s sleep.
  • The best mattress for a herniated disc is the one that is neither too firm nor too soft either.
  • If you are thinking about sleeping on the floor with a herniated disc, know that you can’t do it without wearing a brace and the extra support of a mattress and pillows.

Plus, sleeping on the floor is only possible in the acute phase of a herniated disc. Once the pain starts aggravating, you might want to switch to other options of sleeping described above.

Now that we know what we want for sleeping, let’s discuss the best sleeping positions for a herniated disc.

Best Sleeping Positions for Herniated Disc

So, herniated disc sleeping position varies from person to person. This means the sleeping position that you find comfortable, might not be the same for another patient.

Note: Always choose your comfort!

Following are the three best sleeping positions for a herniated disc.

Fetal Position

How to sleep with a ruptured disc

Fetal Sleeping Position

As the name suggests, it’s like the position of a fetus or baby inside the womb of the mother.

First, lie down on the bed and then curl your back with elbows almost touching the knees.

Flexion itself is good for the herniated spine. This is because flexion relieves the pressure from compressed vertebrae helping in soothing pain and other associated symptoms.

Sleeping On the Back

How to sleep with a ruptured disc

Sleeping On the Back

Though sounds contradicting but sleeping on the back is very helpful in decompressing the herniated spine.

However, remember to use the best pillows for herniated discs and place them under the knees. This will slightly flex the lower back relieving the herniated disc symptoms.

Note: If you sleep without any supporting pillows, it might worsen your spinal condition.

First, lie down with a straight back. Then slightly flex your knees to place a pillow underneath.

This position equally distributes the weight throughout the body rather than putting the whole weight on the spine.

Sleeping On the Side

How to sleep with a ruptured disc

Sleeping On the Side

Sleeping on the side is one of the best positions to sleep with a herniated disc. Again, don’t forget the pillows!

After lying down, curve the back and move towards the site you feel comfortable in. Then place the pillow between both knees. You can choose more than one pillow if that’s what your condition requires.

Remember, your comfort is your priority!

This position helps you to align the spine well with the rest of the body, keeping the hips, pelvis, and spine in order.

So, that’s all you need to know about how to sleep with a herniated disc. Now let’s highlight what not to do with a herniated disc.

What should you not do with a herniated disc?

Now that you know how to sleep with a herniated disc, you should also be aware of how not to sleep with herniated disc and other things to avoid.

One of the worst positions to sleep with a herniated disc is sleeping on the stomach. This is because sleeping on the stomach puts pressure on the spine rather than relieving it.

Following are a few other things to avoid with a herniated disc;

  • Heavy lifting
  • Running, jogging, and hiking
  • Hyper extending the back
  • Playing contact sports

A herniated disc can get worse if left untreated. It’s always good to exercise, walk, and know-how to sleep with a herniated disc.

These are the herniated disc natural cures. If even after home therapy for back pain there is no improvement, consult a senior doctor.

The thoracic disc is uncommon than the cervical and lumbar disc. However, the sleeping positions remain the same for thoracic herniated discs as well, that is, positions that slightly flex your back and de-stress the compressed spine.


If you properly follow these herniated disc sleeping positions, you will feel much better in the morning. However, consult your doctor first before you opt for any of these positions.

Hopefully, we were successful in clearing all your concerns about how to sleep with a herniated disc. If you are still feeling pain or feel like the pain is getting worse, we recommend you see a doctor before wasting time.

Next Video:
How to Take Care of a Herniated Disc….5

To sleep with a herniated disc, you should sleep on the floor with a little bit of padding. Give your spine a lot of support while you’re sleeping with help from a chiropractor in this free video on spinal disc herniation and sciatica.

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Hi, I’m Doctor Ray Wisniewski, America’s health care answer man. We’re here to talk about how to sleep with a herniated disc. And one of the big keys to this is if you do have a herniated disc, you need to have a lot of support. In fact, if it’s an acute case of a herniated disc, you’d be best off to sleep on the floor with a, just put a comforter down on the floor. Give yourself a little bit of padding. Lay it on your back, with pillows underneath your knees, so that your spine is well supported and there’s no pressure on that disc. Now, another way that you can lay would be on your side with your knees pulled up and a pillow between your knees. Now, it’s interesting that if you have a, particularly if you have an acute herniated disc, you can sleep with the brace on. Not only can you sleep with the brace on, it would be recommended on the initial stages, to allow this to heal properly. Also, if you’re on your side, you want to put pillows behind your back to prevent you from twisting. Twisting is the worst enemy here. So, when you’re sleeping, if you toss and you turn, you need to find a way that you are not going to twist. And if you do twist, you’re going to have to wear that brace. But the best thing is to support yourself, make sure you do not twist. If you’re on your side, it has to be completely on your side, so you’re not, where the hips are one direction and you’re twisted over in the other direction. That would not be advisable. Also, when you wake up in the morning, again, everything must move in one motion. You do not want to twist. So, if you’re on your back, to get to your side, to get up, you’re going to twist, you’re going to bring your whole body in one motion, moving the lower spine and the upper spine, the shoulders, at the exact same time. Then pull your knees toward your chest, then you’re going to come straight up. And as long as you’re coming straight up sideways, you’re going to be okay. You do not want to twist to get up. Once you’re up, you’re going to establish yourself, wait a while, because the disc is the most hydrated after sleeping. So, you can have the most pressure as soon as you wake up. So, you’re going to do this slowly, allow that to set, and then you’re going to stand up. And that’s the proper way to sleep with a herniated disc.

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How to sleep with a ruptured disc

Sleeping with a herniated disc can be a real challenge for many patients, due to both physical and emotional reasons. Disc pain can be a severe symptom to deal with and might prevent a person from finding a comfortable position in which to get some much needed rest.

The psychological effects of worry, fear and anxiety which typically accompany a herniated disc diagnosis certainly do not help, either.

This article will help patients to discover what is preventing them from sleeping once they have been diagnosed with a herniated intervertebral disc. We will examine anatomical and psychoemotional contributory factors which might interfere with restful sleep.

Difficulty Sleeping with a Herniated Disc

When a trauma-induced disc injury is fresh, the pain might be substantial and constant. Trying to sleep, eat or move at all might bring on acute pain or even muscular spasms. This is a difficult time for every patient who is stricken with such considerable agony. However, sleep is a crucial part of the healing process and it is vital to find some sleep position which is at least somewhat comfortable in order to facilitate a cure.

Remember, even the worst disc pain symptoms typically resolve in 2 to 8 weeks and many patients will feel much better even faster. Do not forget that most herniations are not caused by trauma, but instead by idiopathic reasons or by normal spinal aging. These herniations are rarely painful now, or ever, and may be coincidental to any symptoms which exist.

How to sleep with a ruptured disc

Mindbody Influence on Sleep Quality

As noted above, many chronic disc pain conditions have actually been misdiagnosed. Yes, there is a herniated disc in the spine, but no, it does not cause pain. It might have possibly been symptomatic at one time, but has since healed. It may also never have caused any suffering whatsoever. Regardless, the problem is that the mind believes there is still an injury and perpetuates the pain through the psychosomatic process.

Psychological herniated disc pain is the real reason why millions of patients never recover. The physical reasons for the pain have long since healed, but the psychological reasons continue to create the symptom imperative for years to come. In other patients, there may be actual structural issues which do enact pain. However, these do not specifically keep them awake. Instead, it is the emotional overlay of worry and fear which prevent sleep at night. It is crucial to know that every chronic pain syndrome has a considerable emotional component, even if the pain is purely anatomically-enacted.

Sound Sleeping with a Herniated Disc

Whenever I see a pain syndrome which is illogically linked to a particular activity, I virtually always think of the possibility of a psychosomatic causation or contribution. Sleep is the body’s rest time and is always thought to be the most physically relaxing period of the day. However, sleep is also notoriously affected by the inner workings of the subconscious mind, since that lesser known entity takes control of the conscious mind during the rest process.

How to sleep with a ruptured disc

Nightmares, insomnia and even physical pain are typical results of subconscious repression and all psychosomatic syndromes can be exacerbated during sleep time. If the mind is restless, the body will get no rest.

Luckily, there is a treatment for symptoms which commence when sleeping with a herniated disc and this cure is easy to enact and free. The alternative medical techniques inherent to knowledge therapy are very effective at uncovering the root causes of night time pain and many other mindbody pain conditions. The best part of all: Not only will you be able to sleep soundly at night, but the pain will still be gone when you awake in the morning, fully rested and ready for a new day.

For patients with verified structural nerve compression or chemical irritation issues sourcing their pain, speak to your physical therapist about what you can do to sleep better. There are usually methods which can help you to find comfort in bed without exacerbating your positionally-motivated pain.

Just be very wary about using any type of continuing pain management drugs or sleep aids, since these can be very harmful to your health and wellbeing and can also cause physical and psychological dependency issues which might prevent a normal, unassisted sleep ever again.

How to sleep with a ruptured disc

If you have a herniated disc, you may want to try sleeping on your side curled in a fetal position:

  1. Lay on your back and then roll over gently onto your side.
  2. Tuck your knees toward your chest and gently curl your torso toward your knees.
  3. Remember to switch sides from time to time to prevent any imbalances.

Which exercise is best for L4-L5 disc bulge?

Gentle exercises, stretches, and activities can all help relieve the pain of a herniated disk….Gentle activities that can help with a herniated disk include:

  • yoga.
  • swimming.
  • walking.
  • cycling.

Is there a cure for herniated disc L4-L5?

Herniated Disc. Cure Herniated Disc Pain. A herniated disc L4-L5 is one of the most common lower back pain diagnoses in existence. L4/L5 is an area of universal degeneration and is the second most prevalent location for a herniation to occur in the human spinal column.

Can a herniated disc cause L5 nerve impingement?

A herniated disc at lumbar segment 4 and 5 (L4-L5) usually causes L5 nerve impingement. In addition to sciatica pain, this type of herniated disc can lead to weakness when raising the big toe and possibly in the ankle, also known as foot drop. Numbness and pain can also be felt on top of the foot. See L4-L5 Treatment

Can a herniated L4 / L5 cause spinal stenosis?

In a herniated L4/L5, the disc has bulged or ruptured and is most commonly blamed for enacting symptoms through the process of foraminal stenosis, which is also called a pinched nerve. However, it is also possible that a herniated disc at this level can be blamed for causing spinal stenosis pain by impinging on…

How to tell if you have a L4-L5 slipped disc?

3 Telltale Signs of a L4-L5 Slipped Disc 1 Lower back pain. 2 Leg Pain and or Weakness. 3 Tingling and Numbness.

When do I need surgery for a herniated disk?

Surgery for a herniated disk would be considered if there is nerve damage, if pain and other symptoms are so severe that they interfere with daily activities, or if non-surgical treatment is not effective. Surgery often can resolve herniated disk symptoms more quickly than other treatments.

What are the symptoms of L4 and L5 nerve damage?

  • 5.
  • and compression by a disc can interfere with this function or send false signals.
  • Weakness. Your brain sends impulses through nerves to tell your muscles to contract.
  • Warnings.

Is your herniated disc causing Your Migraines?

A herniated disc headache is one of the many symptoms often blamed on disc herniations in the cervical spine. While it is possible to experience headaches in conjunction with a cervical bulging disc, it is unlikely . Headaches are the most well known mindbody pain condition and the most prevalent types, tension and migraine headaches, seem to be virtually universally sourced by regional ischemia.

What is L5 of the spine?

The term “L5” describes the area, or level, in which a specific spinal nerve exits the spinal column and runs through the body. The L5 segment is in the lower spine, and the spinal nerve associated with it runs down the back of the legs to provide sensory and motor signals to the legs.

A lumbar herniated disc may cause pain that is described as sharp, burning, or radiating from the lower back, through the buttock, and down the leg (sciatica). Pain relief will look different for everyone and may take trial and error to see benefit.

See how a herniated disc can cause pain, numbness, tingling, or weakness to radiate along the path of the nerve down the leg. Watch: Lumbar Herniated Disc Video

Here are 5 little-known tips to help relieve pain and get you on your way to feeling better:

1. Heat and cold therapy can help relieve muscle tension and pain.

Applying heat and/or cold therapy to the lower back can alleviate muscle tension that is commonly present with a lumbar herniated disc. Heat helps loosen the muscle tightness that causes spasms, increases blood flow, and improves elasticity of connective tissue. 1 Cold decreases the local tissue temperature which produces an analgesic and anti-inflammatory effect, thus reducing pain. 2

    Apply heat to your back in the morning or prior to stretching/exercise to decrease muscle tension.

Try several options and see what works best for you. The type of heat and how you use it is often a matter of personal preference.

2. Moderate physical activity releases endorphins.

While it may seem counterintuitive, staying active can provide pain relief if you have a lumbar herniated disc. When you exercise the body releases endorphins, which can naturally improve your mood 3 and reduce the perception of pain.

Most people with lumbar herniated discs are able to tolerate low-impact activities such as:

  • Walking outside or on a treadmill
  • Using an elliptical trainer
  • Cycling on a recumbent bicycle

If your pain is more severe, you may want to try a water-based activity, such as hydrotherapy. Water-based activities are often recommended because the buoyancy of water counteracts gravity and decreases the load bearing placed on your spinal discs. Your health care provider may suggest a dedicated water physical therapy program or swimming.

3. Certain sleep positions help relieve herniated disc pain.

Pain from a lumbar herniated disc can worsen during the night. You may find comfort sleeping in a position that relieves pressure from the spine. A couple good options include:

  1. Use a pillow under your knees to help relieve tension in the lower back. 4
  2. Lie on your side with a pillow between your knees to keep your spine straight and hips balanced. 4

Your preferred sleeping position and pillow placements will likely be determined by the location of your herniated disc. Try a few different pillow and positions to see what works best for you.

4. The McKenzie Method can help shift sciatica pain.

The McKenzie Method is one type of physical therapy that involves a specific approach to exercise. For lumbar herniated disc pain, the goal is to shift pain away from your leg (sciatica) and centralize it more in your lower back. 5

  • Your specific symptoms typically determine which McKenzie Method exercises a physical therapist will suggest.
  • After your symptoms have moved out of your leg, the approach usually shifts to longer-term rehabilitation to strengthen your back and other key muscle groups.

Even after the lumbar herniated disc pain has subsided, a back strengthening and stretching program should be continued to reduce the risk of lumbar pain returning.

5. Myofascial release and/or massage may help reduce pain.

While myofascial pain may not be the original source of lumbar pain, it may be a secondary source of pain originating from a lumbar herniated disc as well as other structures. 2 This can be worsened by poor posture and inactivity. Myofascial release is a form of manual therapy that has been shown to improve low back pain. While postural training and myofascial release can be initiated in physical therapy, there are methods that can be done at home in the meantime.

  • Use a lacrosse ball or massage cane to put pressure on tender/trigger points in the lumbar area.
  • Once a tender/trigger point is identified, maintain constant pressure for 1 to 2 minutes to allow for release of the muscle.
  • Repeat these steps for multiple trigger points in the lumbar area.
  • This technique may initially worsen pain as pressure is being placed onto inflamed muscles. It is highly recommended to use cold therapy (ice) after myofascial release to reduce pain.

While the pain from most lumbar herniated discs typically resolve in 6 weeks, you will want to manage it in the meantime and take control of your pain management. These tips may not work for everyone, and it may take time before finding what works best to help relieve your lumbar herniated disc pain.

How to realign your neck

How to realign your neck

We’re so used to our necks being too far forward that we all consider this the new normal–leaning over a desk, working on a computer, eating, or sleeping on our backs with a pillow. We’ve become creatures of industrial, occupational and technological misalignment. We don’t realize we could be just one click, chomp or snore away from more enjoyable and injury-free running.


Optimum neck alignment occurs when the cervical spine is 3 to 5 degrees extended. A good self-test to see how you “stack up” is to line up against a wall with your heels, pelvis, shoulders and the back of your head against the surface. Does this position feel comfortable? Take several steps away from the wall. In a few moments you may shift back into your old alignment. Now check your profile in the mirror to see if you’re in the “head too far forward” club.

What’s wrong with this if we all seem to be in this together? Anatomically the neck is at the end of the line for postural adjustment. When the neck moves too far forward, your pelvis rotates forward as well. This counterbalancing to keep us upright prevents us from landing with our foot strike directly under our center of gravity. This postural dysfunction adversely affects our form and creates a greater possibility of injury. Use this reset below even if you don’t currently experience a “pain in the neck.”


This reset may be performed seated or standing. Glide your head backward like it’s on a rail. Place your hands at your chin. Tilt your head back using the muscles in the back of your neck. Very gently assist with your hands at the end of your natural range of motion. Don’t hold. Return to start position. If you feel compression or discomfort at the base of the neck, modify your range of motion. Repeat eight to 10 times. Exhale as you tilt your head backward. Inhale as you return your head to start position. Incorporate this simple and effective reset anytime you find yourself with your neck too far forward.

This weekend’s challenge is called the Neck Vertebrae Aligner, an exercise to maintain and even recover the curve of your cervical (neck) vertebrae.

The cervical curve is crucial to preventing and reversing Forward Head Posture (FHP) and kyphosis (Dowager’s Hump). Yet it’s easy to overlook it, since there’s so much focus on preventing abnormal spinal curvature and flattening the back.

Besides giving you a youthful appearance, maintaining the cervical curve also helps to achieve correct breathing plus it prevents neck injuries and potential neck aches caused by misaligned cervical vertebrae.

The Neck Vertebrae Aligner does all of the above, in one easy move.

When I tried this exercise, it felt a bit awkward at first, but then I could actually feel it aligning the vertebrae in my neck. It really feels good, and I make sure to do it almost every day, especially after long hours of working on my computer.

Now let’s take a look at why this simple exercise is so effective.


Your neck is flexible, which makes for maximum shock absorption, support, and range of motion. When muscles become tense and tight, however, it makes the neck rigid and more prone to injury.

A slight cervical lordosis – or curvature – is desirable in the neck because it contributes to proper weight distribution of the head, vertebral alignment, and correct posture.

How to realign your neck

Cervical lordosis can be compromised by kyphosis and FHP, both of which put pressure in the wrong areas of the vertebrae and cause muscles to contract and strain. When your head is poked forward, it requires much more muscle strength to hold the head up.

This starts a vicious cycle – FHP and kyphosis both undermine the healthy curvature of the neck vertebrae, and the less curve you have, the worse your FHP becomes. It’s been scientifically recognized for some time that the muscles stay in a tightened state, causing pain and decreased circulation. 1 If blood cannot flow freely through the neck muscles, then the bones and muscles in the neck will be starved of key bone-building nutrients.

There’s another problem associated with FHP and loss of cervical curve: compromised breathing. Being able to draw a deep, alkalizing breath requires proper alignment and “opening” of the ribcage and chest cavity, and that’s impossible if you are hunched over or your head is poked forward.

The Neck Vertebrae Aligner restores the healthy curve in your neck, preserving a youthful stance and preventing detrimental wear and tear on cervical vertebrae.


You will need a roll of paper towels to do this exercise. (Stay with me – it makes sense once you see how it works!)

  1. Begin by facing a wall and standing close to it (about 6 to 8 inches away).
  2. Tilt you head back and place and hold with both hands the roll of paper towels on the bridge of your nose so it covers your eyes.
  3. Lean forward against the wall so the paper towel, your chest and chin are touching the wall.
  4. Drop your arms to the sides and make sure you chin is still touching the wall.
  5. Now slowly nod your head just enough for your chin to come away from the wall and back.
  6. Hold for 10 seconds (or as long as you comfortably can).
  7. Repeat 3 or 4 times. You can practice this exercise daily, multiple times.

Achieving Excellent Bone Health Involves More Than Preventing Fractures And Building Bone

Achieving correct posture is also very important in preventing and reversing osteoporosis. It’s just as essential as proper nutrition, because good posture means your spine is aligned – and if your spine is aligned, then your body will function properly and you’ll be able to build bone more efficiently.

This is crucial, because putting pressure on bone stimulates bone growth at the site of pressure (as per Wolff’s Law). Misaligned bones (and especially vertebrae) put pressure in all the wrong places, giving rise to bone spurs and other painful conditions.

The Densercise™ Epidensity Training System covers all aspects of bone-building beyond just bone density – hence the prefix “epi,” meaning “beyond.” When you practice the moves in Densercise™ three times a week for only 15 minutes, you’re correcting posture, increasing bone density, toning your muscles, and getting all the additional benefits of regular exercise.

And when you get Densercise™, you’ll also receive the Densercise™ Eating Guide, packed with healthy eating tips to give your bones the vitamins and nutrients they need to support maximum growth. You’ll discover the best foods to eat before and after you Densercise to get the results you want.

“Forward head posture” goes by a lot of names, most of them unflattering.

“Nerd neck.” “Wearsie neck.” “Text neck.” “Scholar’s neck.” (Okay, that last one wasn’t so bad.)

Still, no one wants the side effects that come with this common postural deformity, which afflicts between 66% and 90% of the population.

It’s defined as a posture where your neck slants anteriorly (forward), positioning the head an inch or more in front of the atlas (first neck vertebra).

This doesn’t look good. It also shifts your center of gravity forward, disproportionate to the weight of the head. By a malign trick of geometry, every inch your eight-pound head protrudes in front increases the load on your neck and shoulders by ten pounds!

How to realign your neck

How to Tell if you Have Forward Head Posture

Stand with your back to the wall, shoulder blades and heels touching the wall, feet shoulder-width apart. Try to achieve a neutral back position. It can help to squeeze your shoulder blades together and then release them a few times.

Is the back of your skull also touching the wall? If not, you have some degree of “nerd neck.”

What Causes Forward Head Posture?

Many bad habits of contemporary living can cause “nerd neck.”

The key culprit is long periods of time looking down.

Forward head posture can be caused by:

  • Too much time looking at your cell phone.
  • Too much time at the computer.
  • Too much time driving.
  • Carrying a heavy backpack.
  • Sleeping with your head too elevated—for example, too many pillows, or with your head propped against the armrest of a sofa.

Other causal factors include:

  • Past neck injuries.
  • Weak neck muscles.
  • Improper breathing.
  • Practicing sports that favor one side of your body (baseball, golf, hockey, tennis, etc.)
  • Professions involving repetitive movements (computer programmer, massage therapist, hairstylist, painter, writer, etc.)

Side Effects of Forward Head Posture

“Nerd neck” results in tight upper back muscles and weak front-of-neck muscles. This kind of imbalance leads to all sorts of unpleasant neural, musculoskeletal, and cardiovascular side effects.

The muscles, joints, and nerves in the neck and back fall under undue pressure, resulting in upper back pain, shoulder pain, and neck pain. The rounding of the shoulders also places an extra burden on the lower back, increasing the risk of herniated discs.

These effects culminate in “tension neck syndrome,” which causes pain often indistinguishable from a tension headache. Think you suffer from “tension headaches?” The culprit may actually be your “nerd neck” posture.

Your changed center of balance also makes you more susceptible to falls and the ensuing injuries.

Other short-term side effects of forward head posture include:

  • Kyphosis (Excessive rounded shoulders)
  • Muscle spasms
  • Chronic fatigue
  • Restricted breathing
  • Temporal mandibular joint (TMJ) pain
  • Insomnia
  • Sleep apnea
  • Numbness and tingling of the arms and hands

Long-term side effects of “nerd neck” include:

  • Reduced shoulder mobility
  • Osteoporosis (and related fractures)
  • Cervical spine arthritis
  • Bulging Discs

How to Fix Nerd Neck

Over time, forward head posture can be corrected through four lifestyle changes:

1. Use One Firm Pillow

Choose a sleeping pillow that supports the natural curve of your neck. If your pillow is either too high or too low, it could cause your head to lie in an overtaxed position … all night long, every night. The resulting muscle imbalance can be hard to correct.

Instead, choose one firm pillow that supports your head with your neck at neutral position.

2. Make your Work Station Ergonomic

While many of us sit at desks looking at computers all day, most of us can make some simple, posture-friendly adjustments.

Choose a chair-desk combo that promotes good posture by allowing you to sit with your feet firmly planted on the ground, elbows at a 90-degree angle when you rest your arms on the desk.

Position your computer screen 18-24 inches from your head (about an arm’s length), with the top of the monitor at eye level so you don’t constantly look down to see your screen content.

3. Adjust your Backpack

Choose a backpack proportional to your body. If you aren’t a huge person, don’t choose a huge backpack.

Take some time to remove unneeded items so you aren’t carrying unnecessary weight. Try to position any necessary heavy items near the center of your back to reduce excess strain on the shoulders. Also, avoid carrying your backpack with one strap to avoid excessive stress on one side of your neck.

4. Start a “Nerd Neck” Exercise Routine

The right exercises can improve your posture and correct forward head posture overtime. Perform several of the following exercises 2-3 times a day, 3-4 sets of each exercise:

  • Tilt your head forward gently, touch your chin to your chest, hold for five seconds, then release.
  • Rotate your head to the left until you feel a mild stretch. Hold for five seconds, then repeat to the right.
  • Push your head forward until you feel the stretch through your throat. Hold for five seconds, then release.
  • Gently tilt your head to the side, attempting to touch your ear to your shoulder, until you feel a mild stretch. Hold for five seconds, release, then repeat on the other side.
  • Pinch and massage the muscles between your ears and your collarbone for about a minute.
  • Seated or standing with feet shoulder-width apart, squeeze your shoulder blades together. Hold for five seconds, then release. Try for 10-15 reps.

Can Chiropractors Help Treat Nerd Neck?

When it comes to spine alignment or posture problems chiropractic services can be incredibly effective. By continuously adjusting specific joints in the spine and neck chiropractors can help to restore posture and normal motion.

Combining our tips for fixing nerd neck with routine chiropractic sessions will greatly benefit your journey to better health and well-being.

Your neck bones (vertebrae), if positioned properly should form a specific degree of forward curve. The curve should not be too much or too little … just the right amount. The correct neck curvature is very important to the health of the neck bones, the health of the neck’s intervertebral disks (protective cartilage between the bones), as well as keeping your neck mobile and pain free. Your head weighs about as much as a bowling ball and if you neck curvature is incorrect the weight of your head will make the curvature worse over time.

What causes a change in the neck curvature?

Simply, both major and minor traumas to the body causes changes in the neck curvature. Physical stresses like car accidents, slips, falls, and sports injuries can change the alignment of the neck bones. Furthermore, benign traumas, such as sitting with poor posture and poor sleeping habits—like sleeping on your stomach or too many pillows under your neck, can negatively affect the neck bones’ alignment. In addition, degenerative disc disease, congenital issues, spine surgery, tumors, and infections can all cause misalignment of the spinal bones of the neck.

So, what should you do to promote proper neck curvature?

Have a chiropractor check you for neck bone misalignment.

Keep your head directly above your shoulders.

Limit your electronic usage, such as taking time away from your phone, laptop, or notebook.

Perform Bruegger’s Maneuver (also known as Bruegger’s Exercise). That is, sit at the edge of a chair with your legs hip-width apart. Turn your feet out at a 45-degree angle. Your arms should hang loosely at your side with your palms facing forward. Sit up straight while making sure to avoid putting a large curve in your low back. Bring your head back so your ears are directly over your shoulders. Take 5-10 deep breaths in and out. Repeat as needed. This can be repeated throughout the day every hour or so. Another version of this exercise uses a resistance band.

Perform neck stretches. Move the neck in all ranges of motion (one direction or one motion at a time) forward, backward, side-to-side, and rotate to each side) making sure to feel the stretch and holding each position for 15 seconds.

Use a cervical roll. The neck is supposed to have a natural C-shaped curve, but the curve can become flattened or even reversed. A simple way to help get the curve back is the use of a cervical roll. You can purchase one or make your own by taking a hand towel and rolling it up length-wise. Once the towel is rolled you can put a rubber band or duct tape around it to keep it rolled tight. Use the cervical roll by lying on your back on a flat surface, then placing the roll at the base of your neck, so your neck naturally curves around it. The roll doesn’t go under your headyour head should not be propped up. If your head is propped up, you need to move the roll lower down your spine. The roll should be used daily for 20-30 minutes.

Get adjusted. Chiropractic adjustments will help restore normal joint function and can reduce/eliminate muscular tension while helping restore proper neck bone alignment.

If you have any questions about this blog post, chiropractic, back pain, neck pain, or headaches, I can be reached at my Ann Arbor chiropractic office at [email protected]

Having an out of alignment neck is a common issue, especially if your job demands you to sit at a computer all day. A misaligned neck can cause pain and discomfort. Fortunately, it is possible to realign your neck using neck stretches and lifestyle changes.

Using Neck Stretches

1. Warm-up your neck. Warm-up your neck muscles before stretching, which will help prevent muscle pain and tightness. To start, gently stretch your neck by rolling your head to each side. Begin with leaning your head toward the right. Now gently lower your head and around until your head leans to the left. Repeat the exercise, gently rolling your head from one side to another.

2. Try a front neck stretch. Move your head to the front and back. This is an effective way to realign your neck. Sit in a straight chair looking forward and bend your chin down to your chest and hold for 15 seconds. Now lift your head back to the starting position. Repeat for about ten times.

3. Do a side neck stretch. Known as cervical lateral flexion stretch. Turn your head from one side to another to help with your neck alignment. Begin with positioning your head straight with your chin. Then turn your head to the right side and hold for 15 seconds. Relax and return to your starting position.

4. Use your arm to stretch your neck. Stand with your back straight. Turn your head to the right and your face toward the ceiling. Look forward and bend your head to the right. Now, using your right arm, gently press your head toward your right shoulder. Hold for 20-25 seconds.

5. Squeeze your shoulder blades together. Relax your shoulders and keep your arms at your side. Now squeeze your shoulder blades together and hold for around 5 seconds. Release and repeat the stretch for ten repetitions.

If you have any questions regarding these exercises, consult the medical team at Family Diagnostic Clinic. To book an appointment, call us at 281-351-6800 .

How to realign your neck

Many of us suffer from spine health issues and therefore know how important it is to talk about them. Usually, spine pain and damage happen due to unbalanced posture, slouching, and even standing. It undoubtedly is a big concern, and therefore we have come up with tricks and tips on how to align the spine naturally. Keep reading to learn simple hacks and keep your spine aligned and strong.


As per the WHO health guideline, a healthy adult must sleep for at least 8 hours a day. Those 8 hours too can do blunder to your spine health. So ensure that you take care of your spine health even while in bed. The best way to do that is:

  • Note that if you sleep on your sides, take a flat pillow and place it between your legs. This trick helps you keep your spine aligned and straight. Try to sleep on your back or side than your stomach.
  • Use a flat pillow and put it under your head. This ensures that your upper back, especially your neck has enough support.
  • If you have spine health issues and usually face pain, go for a medicated cushion or pillow.
  • People nowadays invest money in buying foam spring mattresses without considering how back it affects their spine health. Therefore, select a firm one or look for memory foam or latex while looking for a mattress.


Did you know that even driving and daily commutes can too deteriorate your spine health? Scientific researches show that a driving commutation for an hour can trigger multiple lower spine problems. However, the best way to avoid that is by:

  • Move the seat up until you are able to press the foot pedals with your knees still bend.
  • Sit in the middle of the seat and lean back slightly to provide support to your back.
  • Avoid reclining your seat far. Stick to the 5-degree recline mark to avoid worsening spine health.
  • Align your hips with the knees by raising the seat. If it doesn’t work, consider putting a cushion under your posterior.
  • Level the top of the headrest with the top of your head for overall support to your spine.


Doctors usually recommend patients go for a walk when they report spine health issues. The primary reason behind the same is when we walk our body, particularly our spine straightens up completely. However, correct posture while walking is mandatory. Otherwise, you will deteriorate your spine health, therefore:

  1. While walking, envisage that the top of your head and your hips are attached to a string and walk accordingly.
  2. Watch your steps. If you have spine health issues, avoid taking long strides as it can be painful.
  3. The primary reason why walking leads to spine pain is that you use your phone. So, put your phone away, look straight ahead, and posture your chin parallel to the ground.


Wasn’t sitting supposed to be relaxing? It undoubtedly is, but it can still put pressure on your disc and hamper your spine health. Therefore, while sitting, keep in mind these points:

  1. Being a couch potato or seated in an ergonomic office chair can hurt your spine. Therefore stand up and walk once every 45 minutes. Stretch your arms, legs, and bend backward to stretch the spine.
  2. Avoid slouching or leaning forward. Keep your spine straight and aligned against your chair.


Lifting heavy weights is the most common cause of spine pain, and it is essential to take necessary precautions to have stabilized spine health.

  1. While lifting weights, avoid using your back; instead, use legs muscles.
  2. Never bend on your waist; try bending at your knees.
  3. If you carry a heavy shoulder bag, alternatively shift sides; otherwise, it can affect your spine health.
  4. If you lift a heavy object, keep it as close to your chest as possible.
  5. While carrying heavy backpacks, roll and shrug the shoulders regularly and take rests.

All of these methods are derived after hours of discussion and therefore work ideally for everyone. However, these are just precautionary measures; they can’t cure spine injuries or spine health extremities. If you have any chronic spine health issues, our team of proficient chiropractors can help you with spinal problems. Realign spine offers one of the best spinal care programs, including surgical procedures, chiropractic care, and interventional treatment. For more information, visit us at Realign spine.

How to realign your neck

This is a gentle but very effective technique for neck pain and restricted neck mobility from a misaligned atlas vertebra. It’s also helpful if you’re feeling overwhelmed with too much to ‘do’ or you just can’t get on and complete things.

The technique is taught in more detail in the Spine Alignment & Body Intelligence workshop, but here is a simple version you can try yourself.

The atlas, or 1st cervical vertebrae, has a natural movement which can become restricted or unbalanced. When it is functioning optimally, it moves in an horizontal infinity pattern, gently reverberating this rhythmic movement throughout your spine. In Shin Tai philosophy, there is a correspondence be tween stress in the atlas and your energy being projected into the future/having a fear of the future which can also manifest as overwhelm or anxiety.

Lay on your back and lightly touch each side of your atlas, directly under the mastoid process. Enjoy the side to side sway of its subtle motion, noticing restriction or asymmetrical movement. Encourage more symmetry and freedom of movement with your intention – don’t apply more pressure! Pay attention to sensations in your body. Feel for a softening of any rigid sensation in the atlas, and/or for the shape and movement to become more clear. Do this for 5-10 minutes.

After treating yourself, notice changes in your feelings, mental state, and physical condition throughout the next day or two.

I often use this technique when I’m lying in bed unable to sleep, thinking of everything I have to do! Give it a try and let me know how you get on!

How to realign your neck

Before trying to correct your spinal alignment on your own, check with your doctor to make sure you don't have a more serious, underlying problem. Some spinal imbalances won't need a chiropractor. If you don't have any serious medical issues, stretching, strengthening and relaxation techniques can help you improve your posture and your spinal alignment. The website Spine-Health emphasizes exercise as the most important factor contributing to spinal health. Incorporate exercise into your daily routine in order to increase strength and offset muscle imbalances that could contribute to incorrect spine alignment.

Video of the Day

Step 1

Identify things in your daily lifestyle that you may do to hinder proper spinal alignment. For instance, if you spend long hours slouching in an office chair, you regularly wear shoes without support or you sleep on your stomach, you may need to make changes in those areas of your life to improve spine alignment.

Step 2

Rest your back while at work. According to Spine-Health, you place more pressure on your back while sitting than while standing. Make sure you sit up straight, with your legs uncrossed and at 90-degree angles in order to decrease unnecessary pressure. If you find yourself crossing your legs regularly, this could throw your spine out of alignment.

Step 3

Use a stability ball as an office chair for short periods of time during the day. According to the American Council on Exercise, sitting or performing exercises on a stability ball will help strengthen your core muscles of the abs, hips and back, which contribute to improved posture. You don't have to ditch your comfy office chair, just use a stability ball for 20 minutes at the beginning of the day, then again for 20 minutes after lunch.

Step 4

Walk around and stretch regularly. Movement enhances the blood flow to the spine and encourages mobility and range of motion, making proper spinal alignment easier to maintain.

Step 5

Exercise daily, including both low-impact cardio and weight training to your workout. Improving strength, particularly in your back and abs, can help you improve your posture and align the spine.

Step 6

Add yoga to your exercise routine. Yoga takes you through a series of exercises that stretch and strengthen both the front and back of your body, helping even out muscle imbalances. Spine-Health notes that yoga can improve posture and spine alignment.

Step 7

Sleep in a way that supports your spine. Your spine should have the opportunity to rest, relax and readjust itself as you sleep; if you wake up stiff, you may want to address potential problems. If you sleep on your side, consider placing a thin pillow behind your knees. If you sleep on your back, place a pillow under your knees and a towel beneath your neck. Avoid sleeping on your stomach if you can.

How to manage office supplies and maintain inventory

Examples of Inventory and Supplies in a sentence

Fuel Inventory and Supplies We state fuel inventory and supplies at average cost.

The Central Inventory and Supplies Manager is responsible for all aspects of Shipping/Receiving in the Central Garage.

Except as otherwise expressly permitted herein, between the date of this Agreement and the Closing Date, Seller shall not, without the prior written consent of Precept, make any modification to any material Assumed Agreement, or allow the quality of the Brands or levels of raw materials, bulk wine, supplies or other materials included in the Inventory and Supplies to vary materially from the levels customarily maintained.

The Seller has good and marketable title to the Equipment, Fixed Assets, Plasma Inventory and Supplies Inventory.

Promptly following the Effective Date, to the extent the Program Inventory and Supplies still exists and to the extent it is able to under the terms of the Stiefel Agreement, Licensor shall (or shall cause Stiefel to) assign, transfer and deliver the Program Inventory and Supplies to Dermira, and shall cause Stiefel to take such additional steps and execute such additional documents as Dermira may reasonably request in order to effect such assignment, transfer and delivery.

NOTE 6: Inventory and Supplies 20082007Rough diamond inventory$17,097$17,648Merchandise inventory254,101228,157Supplies inventory51,03027,931Total inventory and supplies$322,228$273,736NOTE 7: Deferred Mineral Property Costs 20082007AccumulatedNetAccumulatedNetCostamortizationbook valueCostamortizationbook valueDiavik Mine$271,316$91,326$179,990$265,217$77,159$188,058The Company holds a 40% ownership interest in the Diavik group of mineral claims, which contains commercially mineable diamond reserves.

The regulations incorporate established legal doctrines, such as business purpose, substance over form and clear reflection of income, 136 in combination with an analysis of the purposes of subchapter K.

Precept and Seller shall conduct a physical count of the Inventory and Supplies as of the Closing Date (“Physical Count”) and an assessment of the quality of the Inventory (“Quality Assessment”) no later than seven (7) days after the Closing Date (“Final Inventory/Supplies Date”).

Product portfolio in Egypt Similarly, the product matrix was not completed hence no information shall be provided on the level of services on: Climate data sets; Climate diagnostics & monitoring products; Monthly and seasonal Long−term predictions; Climate projections; and Climate related hazards & secondary events.

The usable Inventory and Supplies shall be valued at its invoiced price to Seller.

Part of maintaining an efficient office is ensuring that everyone has access to the tools they need. While it can be difficult to decide which tools an office can most benefit from, one resource that the entire office uses is office supplies. But when everyone needs access to the same supply room, how do you prevent it from being abused?

Managing Office Supplies

Office supplies are easy to use and easier to run out of. Paper, pens, inks, toners, staples, tape, paper clips, and more are all important, but can become a hassle if they aren’t monitored. Also, your employees may take too many office supplies at once, which can lead to over-ordering and overspending.

Workplace flexibility can increase these issues. How should you regulate supply use when some employees work remotely for some or all of the week?

Looking for better ways to manage your office supplies? See our strategies below:

Limit access to supplies

Start by improving the organization system you already have. How do you currently keep track of supplies? Open supply rooms, while great in theory, are often poor in practice because they don’t limit which or how many supplies employees can take.

There are three ways to limit access. First, you can appoint someone to be the gatekeeper. This person is in charge of the supply room; if employees need office supplies, then they must go through the gatekeeper to get them. This is the most effective method for maintaining inventory, but it may be inefficient for offices that don’t have someone who can absorb a gatekeeper’s responsibilities.

Second, you can limit access to a select group of employees. By installing a keypad or putting a lock on the supply room door, you can still control the flow of office supplies. The group of employees you select should be the only individuals who know the keypad code or who have a copy of the supply room key. They can then distribute office supplies to employees as is necessary.

Finally, you can create a log for employees to use and keep it in an open supply room. Employees should write down which supplies they take, how many they take, and when they take them every time they leave the supply room. While this may be the easiest of the three options, it is also the least effective because it relies on the honor system. Employees may forget to fill it out, which can cause confusion and bring the office back to square one. Choose the option that is best for your office based on how often you use office supplies and whether or not your office is already experiencing a misuse of supplies.

Download the Checklist for New Offices

Organize what you already have

Once you have decided how to limit access to office supplies, it’s time to organize your supply room. Make it easy for employees to find the supplies they need by grouping similar items together (for example, put paper clips and thumbtacks on the same shelf). Place the most frequently used items on shelves at eye level and place less popular items higher up. If something isn’t being used, toss it and make a note not to order more in the future.

Keep the supply room as neat as possible. Encourage employees to put extra supplies back where they found them. If you have a larger supply room, you may want to post a list that explains where different supplies can be found. Organizing your supply room this way will also make maintaining an inventory much easier.

Use it up first, then buy more

Prevent over-ordering by encouraging employees to use up what the office already has before they break into new supplies. After a certain amount of time, paper will turn yellow, inks and toners will dry out, and pens will stop working, so use up what’s already available first. This also prevents the office from wasting money by throwing out supplies that were never opened but grew too old to use. You’ll reduce waste and the office’s carbon footprint — and you may even help out the planet a little, too.

Strategize when to reorder supplies

Many office supply companies offer a discount when companies order in bulk. To get the most out of your company’s dollars, you want to order the most supplies your office will need right when you run out of them. The ultimate goal is to avoid an excessive order (see tip above), but to place one that is large enough to merit a bulk discount.

Keep track of which supplies your office uses the most and how long it takes to receive a shipment of those supplies. You should combine these numbers to find a time when the office will be low on supplies but not so low that it will run out before the next shipment arrives. It’s a careful science, but one that will pay off in the long run.

Consider setting up an automated reorder process with some or all of your supply companies. This way, you will always receive a shipment in time and you won’t forget to place an order in the future.

Keep an inventory log

Keeping an inventory log is the best way to ensure that you always know how many supplies the office has. If you are unsure where to start, try downloading a free office supply inventory template from one of the many available online. This one is great to start with, and you can adjust it to fit your office’s needs.

But an inventory log only works if it is regularly updated. Be sure to periodically perform inventory checks so you can revise your log and remain aware of which supplies may be running low. A good rule of thumb is to always have enough office supplies on hand to keep your workplace running for one week.

These tips can help you get the most out of your supply room and prevent dreaded office supply shortages. Manage your office supplies now to prevent headaches later

How to manage office supplies and maintain inventory

Supply chain inventory management is a system of tracking the life cycle of a product, from the manufacturer receiving raw materials to a customer buying the end product, with a view toward improving the efficiency of that process. The goal of supply chain inventory management is to better anticipate when raw materials need to be ordered, better manage when products are produced and deliver products just when needed to the end seller. Supply chain inventory management is a process of managing the following business activities: sales, manufacturing, warehousing and shipping.

Designing a supply chain inventory management system begins with reviewing the ordering habits of end sellers of a given product, which is the manufacturer’s sales process. As patterns emerge from sales of a product, the manufacturer is better able to manage the purchase of raw materials and better schedule employee and equipment needs. Supply chain inventory management offers the possibility for the manufacturer to pay for raw materials at the time they are needed and avoid tying up funds in materials that will sit in a warehouse awaiting processing. It creates the same opportunity to reduce idle hours of workers and equipment.

Another goal and benefit of good supply chain management is reducing warehousing costs. A completed product must be stored by a manufacturer in anticipation of shipping to the end seller, and this process has two costs. Warehousing itself requires space and handling plus there is a cost associated with a product that has been completed but not sold. By anticipating end seller demand, supply chain inventory management can help a manufacturer reduce warehousing costs by completing the product nearer the time it is needed.

Shipping or transportation costs can similarly be affected by supply chain inventory management. In transportation of a product, typically the more timeliness that is required the higher the cost of shipping. By anticipating demand for a product, the manufacturer is better able to schedule shipping and to combine shipments effectively for end sellers in the same area. Both of these activities can reduce the cost of transportation.

Supply chain inventory management uses existing data available to a manufacturer to streamline the process of making, selling and transporting goods. The process, however, is not limited to manufacturers. Distributors of a product who acquire it from a producer and sell it to an end seller can similarly benefit by anticipating demand and using that knowledge to reduce costs. End sellers can use customer demand statistics to accomplish the same thing in their process of buying and inventorying goods to be sold.

Whether you work in an office or manage one, there’s no doubt that office supplies are an essential component you can not do without. From paper and ink to pens and tape, office supplies are the basic tools used by the entire office. The thing is, not keeping track of how these supplies are spent can wreak havoc on the work progress. This is why it’s important to manage office supplies efficiently and make sure you don’t run out of them. Below, five tips on office supply management and ways to maintain an inventory.

Make an inventory log first

First things first, in order to manage your office supplies effectively, you need to know what you’re working with. This is why the first step should involve taking a look at the supplies you already have on hand. Start by recording the existing supplies in the supply room.

The data entry process may take a while, so you might want to use a tablet or a laptop. You can rely on a word processing table or a spreadsheet to keep inventory records. This will also make it easier for you to track the rate at which you’re spending the current office supplies.

Assign someone to handle office supply inventory management

Keeping track of everything from how much supplies you have on hand to its total value to where it goes once it’s out of the supply area can get pretty overwhelming. Chances are, you might end up wasting time trying to track everything. That is, if you try to do it all on your own.

Having someone to manage office supply inventory can be a life-saver in these situations. That’s why many businesses choose to rely on an office supplies company to equip and manage their office supplies. A team of trained experts can help you identify the best inventory method that works for your needs and budget. Plus, by outsourcing this time-consuming task, you can manage to improve reliability and quality of the office workflow.

Make sure your office supplies are well-organized

Effective inventory management also calls for effective organization of all office supplies. For starters, a properly organized supply room should allow for easy access to the supplies by the employees. One way to achieve this is to stock the shelves with items according to how frequently they’re used. The least-used items should appear on the highest shelves while frequently-used ones should appear at the eye-level. This will make them easy to reach and easy to replace so they won’t run out.

Depending on the amount of office supplies you’re working with, you might also want to use some other organizational methods. For instance, you could arrange the items alphabetically or group them based on departmental needs. You may also want to add baskets and containers to keep everything organized, and maybe even label all the shelves. This will make the office supply room so much easier to navigate. Just make sure to keep it as clean and neat as possible.

Know when is the right time to reorder

Your office supplies will need to be replaced eventually, and you need to know the right time to reorder. Keep an eye on how much of a particular item you spend in a week or a month. Whether we’re talking about pens or paper, you need to know exactly how often they need to be replaced.

When deciding when’s the best time to place an order, you should also keep in mind some other factors. These include how much time it takes for a company to deliver office supplies as well as any potential delays. To simplify this process, take advantage of the automated reordering option. That way, you won’t have to worry about forgetting certain items, thus making sure everything’s there when you need it.

When possible, buy in bulk to save on office supply costs

Speaking of the ordering procedure, you can also leverage this opportunity to ensure discount savings. Purchasing large quantities of particular office supplies can reduce costs significantly, so make sure you’re taking advantage of this option as well. Also, keep your eyes peeled for any rewards programs offered by your supplier.

Just make sure to use everything up first before you break into new supplies. This will help prevent you from over-ordering office supplies so you won’t be wasting any money. On the plus side, you’ll also manage to reduce waste by using up the items instead of waiting for them to get too old to use.

Wrapping up

Office supplies are a valuable resource used by the entire office, but they can also be quite expensive. As such, they ought to be managed properly, and the best way to do it is to maintain an inventory. Not only will this ensure you have all the supplies you need, but it’ll also prevent our business from coming to a halt.

How to manage office supplies and maintain inventory

Office supplies are essentially those items which though essential to the running of an enterprise are not the items on high priority without which an organization might stop functioning. Yes, things will slow down and sometimes drastically but not to an extent that organizations start to hit the rock-bottom of profits. That said, office supplies are things which help in the smooth and trouble-free running of any enterprise and sometimes the very reason organizations do poorly while incurring sizable sums in its upkeep and maintenance.

According to office supply dealers, the following steps can be taken to manage office supplies and maintain an optimum inventory at all times:

Invest in a decent office supply software

Where the usage of office supplies is substantial, both in terms of money and quantities, and it justifies the cost and appointment of a separate department, go for a decent office supply software which charts the use of office supplies. Big corporates typically consume large quantities of office supplies and are perennially understocked when it comes to fast-moving items. This, and expiry issues, are some things which ONLY a decent office supply software can highlight right at the opportune time so that things are ordered in time and stock-outs avoided early.

Study the consumption of office supplies item-wise

If for instance, an office orders 100 items for its office supplies, it can never be the case that all of them get used at the same pace and at the same time. Some things may be used very, very fast, and some, super, super slow. The rest would invariably fall in a band between extremes. That said, office supplies too are affected by expiry date, warranties and quality issues. For this reason, before coming to a conclusion on what kind of solution would best help, understand the underlying issues first, and then make a decision. At least this is the way Office Supply Dealer Software is bought in most instances!

Organize and prioritize your office supplies after getting details from above studies

With the study of office supplies consumption patterns in place, take decisions on procurement-related issues. For the super-fast consumed goods, look at options, dealers and producers who give the same or better products at lower costs and better payment terms. For slow-moving items, find dealers who can supply it just in time instead of keeping it in store for long periods of time. Office supply dealer software in the right hands can help consumers do such calculations very fast and efficiently.

Use a well-researched strategy in procurements!

Office supplies are essentials which do not directly affect the profitability of an organization. Never-the-less, they occupy important resources such as money and space. Where both are in short-supply, look at the option of stocking just what is necessary and ordering from a known and reliable office supply dealer who also uses any known office-supply dealer software!

Limit accesses

Office supplies invariably find usage in homes and other offices making pilfering a viable activity. Whether or not one uses good software for office product suppliers and supplies, the fact does not change that pilferage and wastage can result in inadvertent losses to the organization. To reduce this, one should use a strict system of watch over accesses to office supplies including demarcating spaces, registers, entries and direct responsibilities to keep things in check. Another way to go about it is to monetize the worth of every item being used. By doing so, one can keep track of monthly consumptions as also inexplicable spikes in consumption.

Reduce wastage which happens with haphazard usage or ordering

One of the best uses of and software for office product suppliers and supplies is that it reduces haphazard usage and ordering. With all the details of products being used, origin of supplies and rates being kept in one place, every department down to every individual can be held responsible for their usage as also that of the department. In addition, doing so reduces wastes in the systems and unplanned procurements.

Use the services of office supply dealers who use good office supply dealer software which helps map consumption

Asking for help, helps, more so when the person being requested is himself/ herself a specialist in the field. Office supply dealers are experts in their field, and the bigger ones have a hold on even producers and makers of products. One service they can provide their client is to map out usage patterns besides streamlining the procurement process, and event payment terms.

How to manage office supplies and maintain inventory

Office supplies like pens, pencils, toner, paper and more, get expensive over time. For a new business, it’s important to control your spending on these sundry items, otherwise it’s profits down the drain when you don’t. Whether it’s minor or major, the costs quickly add up and break the budget.

Here are some tips on managing your office supply inventory to avoid it becoming a problem.

How to manage office supplies and maintain inventory

Create a Request System

While there is likely going to be a dedicated stock room (or at least a cabinet) for office supplies, not everyone should have access to it. Open access leads to wastefulness when staff think they’re not accountable for what they take and use. Instead, put these under lock and key to avoid staff members wandering in and taking what they want.

Create a request system where a form must be submitted to the office manager to request what’s needed. This avoids supplies disappearing, makes staff think twice before getting supplies because their name is on the request, and it creates a permanent register of the requests too.

Should there later be a problem with costly office supplies, individual staff members can be spoken to in order to better understand why they’re burning through them so fast.

Keep Everything Organized

When ordering too many supplies, everything can start to get jumbled. Then it’s more difficult to do a stock take at a later time. It’s also harder to find what you’re looking for when completing an order to delivery to a member of staff too.

Group similar items together to make them easier to find. Therefore, items like different types of paper should be located nearby . This makes it faster to fulfill an order for a notepad and some loose paper because it’s all near to each other.

Plan When to Reorder Supplies

When you track what remains of the office supplies and set a convenient reorder level for each item, then you can trigger when to place a new order.

To determine the correct reorder levels, bear in mind how often certain items are used to see how fast they’ll run out. A limited existing supply might be fine for several months at a stretch, whereas other items gets used up much sooner. Consider if securing the item is harder if it’s unusual, with delays for sourcing times, and factor in delivery time too. Don’t wait until the stock is too low to place an order to keep the item in stock, because staff will complain when they cannot immediately get the supplies they need.

Managing Inventory

Managing inventory can be done using software or through a spreadsheet. Using inventory software is more helpful for taking stock inventory, managing supplies and setting triggers for individual stock items. This can create alerts through the desktop software and often with SMS messages as well to alert the office manager that an item needs ordering.

A spreadsheet such as Google Sheets could also be used to list stock items, their current level and what number is the trigger point. Set up a column in the spreadsheet that highlights when one of the stock items is below the recommended level. It’s not as efficient or convenient, but for smaller companies that neither use many supplies nor want the expense of the software, it’s a workable solution.

Managing inventory isn’t too difficult, but it does take time to get it right. When following sensible procedures and tracking it well, running out of certain stock items is completely avoidable. While you won’t get much praise for doing so, it certainly avoids receiving any complaints.

How to manage office supplies and maintain inventory

Office inventory is one of those subjects that may not be top of mind for companies until management notices how it affects their bottom line. The term “office inventory” refers to the supplies an organization needs to run its operations. Office inventory can include everything from pens, pencils, file folders, notepads and printer paper to cleaning supplies, breakroom snacks and even cables and power cords for your IT needs. It may surprise you to learn that these kinds of items can have a significant and negative influence on a company’s profits .

Maintain inventory

Take, for example, the snacks in a corporate breakroom. To show your employees how much you value them, you might give your office manager carte blanche to pick up their favorite snacks at the nearest big-box retail store where you hold membership. Over time, those snack attacks may become more frequent and reach the point at which you’re blowing through hundreds of dollars a month. Here’s another example: One of your departments has requested additional keyboards and power cords, so you place an order for them. However, little did you know that you have brand-new keyboards and power cords sitting idle in another department that could have been used to fill this request. Or maybe some of the new keyboards and power cords you ordered a few months ago have gone missing, forcing you to place another order.

All of these examples point to mismanagement of office supply inventory , and they reflect a greater problem of a lack of a good inventory tracking system . When these incidents begin to become more frequent, the monetary waste adds up. Companies have less money on hand to allocate for other priorities. Chronic waste, if left unchecked, can lead to the demise of a company. Without accountability, supplies may simply fly out the door or otherwise fall through the cracks.

Establish accountability

Sadly, companies can’t discount possible employee theft of supplies, either. The Association of Certified Fraud Examiners reported that theft of “non-cash” property increased from 10.6 percent of corporate theft losses in 2002 to 21 percent in 2018. In a March 2019 piece for The Atlantic (“Workplace Theft Is on the Rise”) which cited the above statistic, writer Rene Chun theorized that “the changing nature of the workplace may also bear some blame” for the rise in employee theft.

Even back in early 2019, full-time employees were spending an average of 3.3 hours per day working from home, which he attributes to the uptick in missing items. Employees may have been rationalizing their theft as appropriate because they were taking work home. Now, as some employees either return to the office or transition into hybrid working arrangements post-pandemic, it’s not unreasonable to expect theft to become even more commonplace.

Organize and centralize data

The financial aspect is just one part of the picture; the impact of poor office inventory management on your employees’ time and productivity cannot be overemphasized. The average employee spends 90 minutes a day looking for things – on the phone, combing through file drawers or roaming through electronic files. An office inventory management system gives them a single, centralized location for looking up what they have and where it’s located, so they can make informed decisions based on real-time conditions.

For any company that doesn’t have an office inventory management system and policies in place, a manual spreadsheet certainly is a move in the right direction, but it’s a flawed and limited one. Excel spreadsheets inevitably won’t be kept up to date and are subject to human error, and some employees may not have access to them.

Consider a digital solution

An office inventory platform may be used to track and manage more than just your key supplies. You can also use it to manage your fixed assets – for example, office furniture and equipment , IT assets , company vehicles and more. Your equipment likely will require preventive maintenance to keep it in proper working order and avoid expensive repairs. Asset Panda’s powerful tracking tool helps companies stay on top of preventive maintenance by enabling them to set up custom reminders and create work orders. They can also use the tool to remind them of important software updates.

Your office inventory management platform should be part of a broader system of established policies for your organization. Maintaining written policies for office inventory management, including employee expectations, is important. Those policies can outline, for example, who is given access to your office inventory, the appropriate levels at which items will be reordered. This inventory list template provides a starting point for compiling your inventory data. You can upload documents like this into Asset Panda, as well.

The best online tool for office inventory management

Asset Panda is a formal office inventory management system that provides unlimited user access, so companies can add as many stakeholders as they’d like, close the communication loop, eliminate guesswork and increase accountability. Office managers have 24/7 visibility into real-time inventory levels and can determine where waste may be occurring. They can also set up custom reminders, based on thresholds, that alert them when stock is low or items need to be replenished or repaired.

How to manage office supplies and maintain inventory

Proactively manage office supply inventory to ensure everyone on your team has the supplies they need to succeed. In this post, we’ll cover everything you need to tackle office supply inventory management, including supply closet organization, inventory supply lists, and free supply request templates. Never run out of envelopes again!

Scroll below for more on the following topics:

  • Supply Closet Setup and Organization
  • Supplies Around the Office
  • Office Supply Inventory Lists
  • 3 Ways to Manage Office Supply Requests (with templates)
  • Building Trust in the Office

Supply Closet Setup and Organization

A Spot for Each Supply

Ensure each supply has a storage location. Without a designated spot for each supply, your closet will get out of your control. It’s a lot of work—we hear ya!—but in the end, an organized supply closet will save you time and money.

Use small boxes, bins, and containers to hold each supply. These will add visual appeal to your supply closet while keeping your supplies organized and secure. This is especially helpful for smaller supplies that can get lost or roll off of a shelf if not stored in a container.

Organize Based on Supply Type

Ensure each supply has its own location organized by the type of supply and the frequency of its use—store all of the writing utensils in the same area, keep all of the paper in the same area, etc. Store the most frequently used items in the most accessible areas, if possible, closer to the entrance of your supply closet/room.

Label Where Supplies Go

Once you have a designated spot for each of your supplies, you need to label them. Don’t skip this step even if you think it’s obvious where the supplies are stored. Each person in the office might have a different interpretation of where a tool should go, and as new hires join your team, labels will ensure they understand your organizational system from day one.

Schedule Supply Closet Cleaning

We said it! Supply closets need cleaning. Don’t wait until your supply closet or room is unwieldy. Regularly scheduled cleanings or organization days will ensure your office supply management is functional and up to date all year round.

How to manage office supplies and maintain inventory

Supplies Around the Office

While an office supply closet will keep the majority of your inventory, there are some cases when you need a designated area for supplies throughout the office. Take care when choosing what supplies are stored outside of your inventory area as they will be more challenging to manage and can cause clutter. Only keep office supplies around the office in cases that will make your team more efficient.

📑 Keep paper near the printer or fax machine. You can save your team time and effort by storing paper by any machine that requires frequent paper refills.

🖊 Keep extra dry erase markers near dry erase boards. If a dry erase marker runs out of juice or rolls underneath a table during a meeting or presentation, you don’t want to pause for a trip to the supply cupboard. Always have a sufficient supply of markers available wherever you have whiteboards. Keep them in a designated cup or container for optimal organization. Bonus points if you can match the container to your company branding or office aesthetic!

Which supplies should have a designated location in your office outside of the supply closet? Determine which supplies get used by your team most frequently and which supplies need to be on hand at all times. A simple container for these essential tools will help your team be more efficient.

Office Supply Inventory Lists

To properly manage your office supplies, you need to have an inventory list. We recommend using an online spreadsheet for ease of use and so that the document can be effortlessly shared with other team members. A Google Sheets spreadsheet saves automatically and you can designate editing permissions. They are incredibly customizable so you can design your inventory list to meet the specific needs of your business.

If spreadsheets aren’t your thing, you can easily create an inventory list in a Google Document. Whichever you choose, we recommend using an online document for your inventory so there’s no chance of losing an unsaved file, and to aid in a simple transition whenever new admins are hired.