How to avoid adult acne

How to avoid adult acne

Advertisements that promote acne-busting products often focus just on women. But a lot of men are just as frustrated by persistent acne breakouts. In fact, men have longer and more severe incidents of acne. 1 And despite the fact that acne could be caused by anything from wrong cosmetics and pollution to allergies and genetics, a proper skincare routine plays a major role in preventing acne breakouts. So if you are noticing an increase in acne episodes, incorporate these skin-friendly habits.

1. Stay Clean

Maintain cleanliness by washing your face regularly, at least twice a day, with a soap, cleanser, or at least just water. This is even more important if you spend most of the day outdoors. When exposed to the air, dirt, dust, and oil build up on your skin, clogging the pores and creating a favorable atmosphere for acne-causing bacteria.

You could also cleanse your face using tomato juice, lemon juice, cucumber juice, chamomile tea, or rose water.

Carry wet wipes so that you can give your face a quick cleanup on the go. At workplaces, wash your face with water when you take a break. Preferably use a mild soap that suits your skin type but does not have too many chemical additives. Alternatively, you can make a natural cleanser. 2

Apple Cider Vinegar Cleanser

Ingredients

  • 1 tbsp apple cider vinegar
  • 3 tbsp water

Directions

  • Mix the ingredients in a clean bowl.
  • Dab a ball of cotton in it and apply it on your face with upward movements.

2. Exfoliate Regularly

Exfoliate your facial skin at least 2–3 times a week to keep your it clean. When you scrub your face clean, you remove the dead skin cells and boost new cell growth.

You could also use coffee grounds, oatmeal, brown sugar, sea salt, and ground almonds for exfoliation.

Exfoliation also unclogs pores and keeps your face acne-free. Besides this, it also helps rid the skin of acne marks. Remember to not scrub your skin too harshly. Use a gentle, exfoliating scrub or make your own at home. 3

Baking Soda Exfoliant

Ingredients

  • 1/2 tsp baking soda
  • 1/2 tsp lemon juice
  • 1 tbsp honey

Directions

  • Mix all the ingredients in a clean bowl.
  • Apply the resulting mixture with clean fingers on your face in a circular motion.
  • Retain for 2 minutes, rinse, and pat dry using a cotton towel.

If you’d like to mix things up and try something new every week, here are a few other exfoliating recipes that you can try.

3. Treat Oily Skin

Some men tend to have an extremely oily skin, which increases acne breakouts and makes it hard to manage. 4 This is due to an increased sebum production.

Try a clay or orange peel mask every week to reduce oiliness and tighten pores.

To avoid acne, take steps to reduce the oiliness in your skin. Use a face wash that makes your skin dry or a face mask to reduce the sebum production. Here’s a DIY homemade face mask that not only treats oily skin but also targets blackheads and removes dirt.

Oats And Yogurt Face Mask

Ingredients

  • 1 tbsp steel-cut oats
  • 3 tbsp fresh yogurt

Direction

  • Blend the ingredients using a blender.
  • Apply the resulting mixture on your face and leave it on for at least 15 minutes.
  • Rinse with lukewarm water and pat dry.
  • Apply at least twice a week.

4. Use Sunscreen

While sun exposure is good for your health, in excess, UV rays can make your acne darker in color and more stubborn to get rid of. In addition to this, sun exposure might trigger acne-like conditions like rosacea and pityrosporum folliculitis (bumps caused due to a yeast infection). So, if you intend to spend a lot of hours out in the sun, use a sunscreen. Apply every 4 hours for maximum benefit. 5

5. Shave Carefully

Be sure to avoid cuts when you shave your beard or mush. Such cuts result in a wound, tend to inflame the skin, and cause irritation. These can lead to further acne growth. In order to do this, you could either get professional help or use an electric shaver. Here are a few tips that you should keep in mind:

  • Try to trim your beard with a scissor or trimmer as much as possible before shaving. This gives you a clearer look at your skin.
  • Moisturize and hydrate your skin enough before shaving.
  • Use the right shaving products, ones that don’t cause any further allergies.
  • Shave the acne-ridden areas slowly.
  • Avoid using an aftershave. Instead, try aloe vera gel.

6. Wash Your Hair

What’s washing your hair got anything to do with acne? Well, no matter how long or short your hair is, if left unclean, the dirt, oil, and dandruff can be passed on to your face and neck as you sweat, leading to acne. 6 If you’ve noticed more acne along your hairline, this is probably why. Here’s what you need to do.

  • Shampoo your hair at least on consecutive days. Use a mild shampoo to avoid hair fall.
  • Do not use hot water on your hair to avoid hair fall and dandruff issues.
  • Use a dry shampoo, natural astringents like black tea, or apple cider vinegar to wash your hair if it’s really greasy.
  • If you notice increased dandruff, resolve the issue first to prevent any resulting skin issues.

7. Leave The Acne Alone

Yes, it definitely is tempting to pop a pimple or simply touch it often. While your skin might lose its unsightly look at that moment, you’ll get a scar that will last much longer. Also, since it’s highly unlikely that you wash your hands each time before touching your face, the bacteria from your hands pass on to your face and cause further breakouts. When you pop a pimple, there’s also a chance of spreading the bacteria to other parts of your face. 7

Your facial skin is a lot more sensitive than the skin on the rest of your body. It only makes sense to take a little extra care in dealing with your facial skin, which is out in the open most of the time. After all, who wouldn’t want a blemish-free, acne-free face? Try out these tips and let us know how they worked out for you, or if you have any more ideas to contribute.

How to avoid adult acne

Ugh. You’re a grown woman—maybe even battling fine lines—and now. a pimple? Seriously? Adult acne is increasingly common, but some easy steps can be taken to nip these spots in the bud before they show up on your face.

Eat the right food.

How to avoid adult acne

And the bad news? A small study presented at the February 2011 meeting of the Academy of Dermatology found a correlation between the amount of chocolate that participants consumed (only men were studied, so as to minimize the role of hormonal influence) and the number of acne lesions they developed. (Get A Free Trial of Prevention + 12 Free Gifts.)

Keep your stress in check as much as possible.
Stress increases the inflammation that leads to adult acne breakouts, says Gil Yosipovitch, MD, a clinical professor of dermatology at Wake Forest University. If you do have a stress-related breakout, smooth your skin with a lotion containing skin-sloughing salicylic acid or bacteria-busting benzoyl peroxide, plus a noncomedogenic moisturizer so skin won’t get too dry. (Try this 5-minute technique that lowers your stress 55%.)

Use the right foundation.
To nix slick spots, try an oil-free, long-lasting liquid (it stays matte longer) or a cream-to-powder formula; both contain silica, a powderlike ingredient that sops up shine. (Check out these foundations that take years off your look.) If you’re pimple-prone, use a base with acne-fighting salicylic acid. Since oil and acne form mostly in your T-zone, use a foundation brush to apply; its tapered tip helps target hard-to-reach nooks. Pro picks: Maybelline Fit Me Shine-Free Foundation ($9, maybelline.com) or Almay Clear Complexion Blemish Healing Makeup ($8, ulta.com).

Don’t sleep with your makeup on.

How to avoid adult acne

Use a facial wash with salicylic acid.
“It gets into the pores and dislodges debris,” says Diane Berson, MD, an assistant professor of dermatology at the Weill Medical College of Cornell University and board member of the American Acne and Rosacea Society. Avoid gel cleansers (they can contain alcohol) and granulated scrubs, which strip the skin of oil, making it overcompensate and produce more.

Use the power duo.
If salicylic acid doesn’t work, try something that combines a retinoid with benzoyl peroxide. When researchers combined adapalene, a retinoid that reduces inflammation, with benzoyl peroxide, which kills the bacteria that cause acne, study participants’ acne improved on average by more than 50% in 12 weeks—about 15% better than with either ingredient alone. “This combination therapy targets three out of four causes of acne,” says Diane Thiboutot, MD, professor of dermatology at Penn State’s Milton S. Hershey Medical Center.

Acne isn’t just for teens. Many people have it as adults.

Temi Zeitenberg got acne in college, just as most people her age were outgrowing it. Because of her acne, “there were times I would not leave the house,” says Zeitenberg, an attorney in Boca Raton, Fla.

It doesn’t have to be that way. There are steps you can take to turn your skin around at any age.

What Causes Adult Acne?

There are many reasons you can break out as an adult. Stress or changes in your hormone levels, like menopause or switching or stopping birth control pills, are two possibilities.

Some medications, including lithium, antiseizure drugs, and corticosteroids, can cause acne.

Your dermatologist can help you figure out why your acne is happening. In some cases, it may be related to another condition.

Daily Skin Care

“It’s very important to cleanse your skin every day,” says dermatologist Doris Day, MD, of Lenox Hill Hospital in New York City. Follow these steps:

  1. Wash your face no more than twice a day.
  2. Use cool or warm water and a gentle cleanser.
  3. Use your hands, a baby washcloth (it’s gentler than a regular one), or a cleansing brush for 30 seconds.
  4. Pat (don’t rub) your skin dry.

The types of products you can use to curb your acne include:

Cleansers. Cleansers wash away dirt, grime, makeup, and pollution, Day says. A good cleanser will also let other skin products reach your skin and work better. Choose gentle cleaners that won’t strip your skin, says Jonette Keri, MD, PhD, associate professor of dermatology at the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine.

Over-the-Counter Creams and Lotions. Retinoid creams or lotions can help clear your skin and also lessen wrinkles. Products made with sulfur can be good for the occasional spot treatment. Benzoyl peroxide is another acne fighter. Use benzoyl peroxide products only occasionally, because they can dry out your skin, Day says. You could also try a milder benzoyl peroxide product.

Cosmetics. Some cosmetics include salicylic acid, which fights acne. In general, look for skin care products that say on the label that they are noncomedogenic (which means they don’t clog pores) or non-acnegenic (they don’t cause breakouts).

Prescription Medications. Medications that affect hormones, like birth control pills, can help control acne. You might also discuss antibiotic pills and prescription retinoids with your dermatologist. There are also antibiotics that are effective. Doctors may prescribe Aldactone (spironolactone), which was first made to treat high blood pressure, to treat acne. “That works miracles but it can take three months to kick in,” Day says. Isotretinoin is another prescription drug for acne, but you can’t take it if you’re pregnant or planning to get pregnant.

High-tech solutions. Light therapy, or PDT, uses lasers to treat acne. Some people say it hurts. Vacuum therapy also works with lights. Both of these options can be expensive.

Don’t pop pimples. Your dermatologist can likely treat the problem in their office.

After years of struggling with different treatments, Zeitenberg now has her acne under control. She takes Aldactone twice a day as well as birth control pills. She cleans her face both morning and night, and uses retinoid or benzoyl peroxide wash as needed.

“I don’t even know how to put it in words,” she says of the changes to her skin. “I can leave the house without makeup.”

Sources

American Academy of Dermatology: “Acne,” “Adult Acne: A Fact of Life for Many Women,” “Adult Acne: Effective Treatment Available.”

Doris Day, MD, dermatologist, Lenox Hill Hospital, New York.В

Jonette Keri, MD, PhD, associate professor of dermatology, University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine

Articles On Acne

  • What Is Acne?
  • Symptoms
  • Treatments
  • Prevention
  • Acne During Pregnancy
  • FAQ

1. Keep your face clean. Whether or not you have acne, it’s important to wash your face twice daily to remove impurities, dead skin cells, and extra oil from your skin’s surface. Washing more often than twice daily is not necessarily better; it may do more harm than good. Use warm, not hot, water and a mild facial cleanser. Using a harsh soap (like deodorant body soap) can hurt already inflamed skin and cause more irritation.

Avoid scrubbing your skin harshly with a washcloth, an exfoliating glove, or loofah (a coarse-textured sponge). Gently wash it with a very soft cloth or your hands. Always rinse well, and then dry your face with a clean towel. (Toss the towel in the laundry hamper, as dirty towels spread bacteria.) Also, use the washcloth only once.

2. Moisturize. Many acne products contain ingredients that dry the skin, so always use a moisturizer that minimizes dryness and skin peeling. Look for “noncomedogenic” on the label, which means it should not cause acne. There are moisturizers made for oily, dry, or combination skin.

3. Try an over-the-counter acne product. These acne products don’t need a prescription. Most of them have ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, glycolic acid, or lactic acid, which curb bacteria and dry your skin. They may cause drying or peeling so start with a small amount at first. Then you can adjust how much you use and how often. Another option is a new OTC topical retinoid gel (Differin 0.1% gel). It works to actually keep the acne from forming. Use these products with caution if you have sensitive skin.

4. Use makeup sparingly. During a breakout, avoid wearing foundation, powder, or blush. If you do wear makeup, wash it off at the end of the day. If possible, choose oil-free cosmetics without added dyes and chemicals. Choose makeup that is labeled as “noncomedogenic,” meaning it should not cause acne. Read the ingredients list on the product label before buying.

5. Watch what you put on your hair. Avoid using fragrances, oils, pomades, or gels on your hair. If they get on your face, they can block your skin’s pores and irritate your skin. Use a gentle shampoo and conditioner. Oily hair can add to the oil on your face, so wash your hair often, especially if you’re breaking out. Got long hair? Keep it pulled away from your face.

6. Keep your hands off your face. Avoid touching your face or propping your cheek or chin on your hands. Not only can you spread bacteria, you can also irritate the already inflamed facial skin. Never pick or pop pimples with your fingers, as it can lead to infection and scarring.

7. Stay out of the sun. The sun’s ultraviolet rays can increase inflammation and redness, and can cause post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (dark discoloration). Some acne medications may make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. Limit your time in the sun, especially between the hours of 10 a.m. and 4 p.m., and wear protective clothing, such as a long-sleeved shirt, pants, and a broad-brimmed hat. Whether you have pimples or not, always apply a broad-spectrum sunscreen with 6% zinc oxide or higher andВ SPF 30 or higher at least 20 minutes before sun exposure. Look for “noncomedogenic” on the sunscreen label to make new pimples less likely. Read the ingredients on the product label to know what you’re putting on your skin.

8. Feed your skin. Most experts agree that certain foods, like chocolate, don’t cause pimples. Still, it makes sense to avoid greasy food and junk food and add more fresh fruits, vegetables and whole grains to your diet. Dairy products and foods high in processed sugar may trigger acne. Avoid these.

9. Exercise daily. Regular exercise is good for your whole body, including your skin. When you exercise, avoid wearing clothing or using exercise equipment that rubs your skin and may cause irritation. Shower or bathe right after exercise.

10. Chill! Some studies link stress with the severity of pimples or acne. Ask yourself what’s making you feel stressed. Then look for solutions.

When in doubt, check with a dermatologist to see if you need more treatment to prevent or stop acne.

Sources

Stathakis. V. Australasian Journal of Dermatology, 1997.

Nguyen, Q. American Family Physician, 1994.

Chiu, A. Archives of Dermatology, 2003.

How to avoid adult acne

Published:

As an aesthetician and skincare expert, this is one of the questions I’m asked most often: “How do I care for my skin when I have both both wrinkles and breakouts? I’m way past my teenage years and I’m still getting acne. Help!

When people get out of their teens and into their mid-20s, most breakouts will start to subside. However, as hormones fluctuate, starting in your early 30s and well into your 40s and 50s, it’s not uncommon to get all types of breakouts, but particularly cystic blemishes (those hard, sore bumps under the skin that linger for weeks). When an adult starts to experience this, their first thought is to change up their products and start using ones specifically made for acne prone skin.

The problem with this strategy is that these products are formulated to dry up oil and excessive breakouts, but for an adult who may only be getting one or two breakouts at a time, these products will leave their entire face dried out and irritated. Yes, they can dry up the individual breakouts but they are simply too harsh and can cause damage in the non-broken out areas. This certainly isn’t favorable for preventing lines, wrinkles, and other aging concerns. On the flip side, if someone is using products for anti-aging (often formulated for dry skin) and then starts to experience breakouts, most of these anti-aging products won’t do anything to clear and prevent blemishes.

So, what’s an adult with breakouts to do? Here are five of my expert tips to help clear up your adult breakouts.

1. Use a gentle product with salicylic acid.

Assuming you have only one or two occasional adult breakouts, my recommendation is to stick with your normal routine but introduce an anti-bacterial serum with the ingredient salicylic acid to use underneath moisturizer a few nights per week. The benefit of using salicylic acid is that it gets into the pore lining and helps to destroy acne-causing bacteria to prevent breakouts, yet it’s also effective for fading down discoloration (brown spots) from hormones, sun and age and well as exfoliating the skin to keep it looking smooth. Exfoliation and keeping the skin even-toned are definitely requirements of aging skin, so a product like this will address it all. Salicylic acid is truly one of my favorite ingredients to use to fight breakouts while still addressing the needs of aging skin. Be sure to look for formulas that are alcohol-free and do not dry out the skin. I recommend my clients use BHA Clarifying Serum . This is a non-drying, alcohol-free serum that uses just the right amount of salicylic acid, as well as skin-smoothing glycolic and lactic acids to keep the skin clear while revealing a newly-refined smoothness. By including this in your routine a few nights each week, you’re addressing breakouts, but you don’t run the risk of over-drying your skin. You should still always use a moisturizer over the serum, however, at times of peak breakouts, you may want to switch to a lighter moisturizer at night.

2. Take chelated zinc.

I recommend for my clients to take chelated zinc found at a health food store. Taking one of these daily may help act as a natural anti-biotic to potentially prevent new breakouts.

3. Get to know the different types of breakouts and learn how to treat them.

Not all breakouts are equal and each require special care when they appear. If the breakouts you tend to experience are cystic (hard, sore and painful bumps underneath the skin that rarely come to a head), apply an Anti Cyst Treatment to reduce inflammation quickly. Regular blemish products are designed to dry out the surface of the skin, which leaves you with flakiness on the surface and still with a bump underneath. A spot treatment like this can truly address stubborn cysts and help you avoid the other alternative for treating them, which is to get a cortisone injection from a dermatologist.

If the breakouts you get are ones that come to the surface as a whitehead, then the best course of action is to leave it alone until the infection is visible. Waiting until it comes to the surface will allow you to effectively control the the blemish without as much damage to the skin. Once the whitehead is truly visible, you can gently squeeze out the infection with your fingers wrapped in tissue and then apply a drying spot treatment like Night Time Spot Lotion. This will work its way into the pore lining to eradicate any infection that is leftover. If you apply a spot treatment before the whitehead has surfaced, it will simply dry out the skin, keeping the infection trapped under the dead cells longer.

Left with a dark or red scar? Fade it quickly with Post Breakout Fading Gel.

4. Drink hot lemon water in the morning.

Before you eat or drink anything else, a hot cup of water with just enough lemon juice added so you can taste it may help clear out bacteria in your small intestine—an area that can grow excess bacteria linked to acne.

5. Schedule a deep pore cleansing facial or chemical peel.

Aestheticians and other skincare professionals have access to all sorts of peels and procedures that can be truly effective for clearing out the pores to prevent blemishes, as well as destroying acne-causing bacteria. For adult acne, I often use a 25% salicylic acid peel, along with Bio Brasion (the next generation of micro-dermabrasion) and this combination can really get blemishes under control while still offering anti-aging benefits for smoothing lines and wrinkles.

Consult with a skincare professional (try searching Charlotte’s Book of experts for someone in your area) to make a plan for the best treatments to balance the needs of your skin. I certainly understand what it means to break out in your adult years, as my skin does the same, but by occasionally adding in a few blemish-fighting products, you can give your skin the balance it needs to be clearer, healthier and more beautiful.

Experts, Concerns and Treatments Mentioned In This Feature:

Experts—
Renée Rouleau, Celebrity Aesthetician, Charlotte’s Book Expert

The adult can prove to be very unpleasant, and they sometimes also lead to very uncomfortable conditions.

However, these canes are easy to treat if you follow the right tips. By learning some of the essential information, you can avoid adult acne to a great extent.

Adult Acne – Why It Occurs And How To Get Rid Of It?

You need to know that acne is a skin condition in which the skin becomes inflammatory. You need to know that all the kinds of adult ace are caused by clogged pores and inflammation.

Sometimes the acne is due to hormones and heredity also. Well, if you follow the below-mentioned tips, then you can surely get rid of adult acne.

Drink a lot of water

The very first thing that you can do to avoid adult acne by drinking a lot of water throughout the day. You might not be aware that your skin gets damaged and becomes acne-prone when it is dry.

So, you need to keep your skin hydrated, and drinking plenty of water is the best option for it. When you are properly hydrated, then your skin also becomes apparent, and it reduces the breakouts of acne that you are experiencing in your adulthood.

Avoid stress as much as you can

You need to know that stress is one of the biggest causes of breakouts. You should try to take less stress and avoid stress as much as possible in order to prevent acne.

It is advised to you that you should look for ways for de-stressing and for keeping your stress at the lowest level. Meditation and deep breathing are some of the effective practices for destressing, and you can also take a walk to freshen up your mind.

You need to know that stress can make your body for producing a higher level of cortisol which is led to acne. So, you should try to limit your stress.

Use gentle cleansers

If you are an adult and suffering from acne, then you should make use of the gentle cleanser in order to wash your face and avoid acne.

You should select the cleanser which is made up for your acne-prone skins. These are the kind of cleansers that helps in removing the dead skin of the face also.

The fact is that excess build-up of dead skin is also one of the reasons for acne. So, using gentle cleansers can prove to be the best option for you. It is recommended that you for washing up your face at night before you go to sleep and in the morning.

Have a healthy diet

Your diet plays a significant role in acne buildup. It is essential for you to keep your diet healthy and clean. You might not be aware of the fact the things which you are intaking in your body matters as equally as the things which are applying to your skin.

If you are not taking a healthy diet, then it will lead to the ace breakout, and the exterior products cannot help in treating that acne.

So, you should have a balanced diet which contains all the essential things that are required in the body.

Don’t touch your face too much

People who have adult acne then they should avoid touching their face more often throughout the day. You need to know that there are a lot of bacteria in your fingers because you touch a lot of things from the fingers.

When you touch your face through the fingers, then the bacteria get on your face, a this can lead to acne. So, if you have to touch your face, then you should wash your hands first. In this way, you can prevent acne breakout to a great extent.

Cut down sugar

Excess consumption of sugar can also become a reason for skin acne breakout. Sugar is not suitable for our health, and you should try to take it in a limited amount only, or you should cut it down completely.

Instead of drinking sugary drinks and soda, which have a high content of sugar in them, you should try to drink coconut water or fruit juices which are a healthy alternative.

Till now you might have got enough idea about the ways by which you can avoid adult acne. So, follow them and get rid of the unpleasant acne forever.

How to avoid adult acne

You might be surprised to know that even adults in the age range of 50 and above can suffer from acne. Studies show that it is usually women more than men battling adult acne in this age group. Like in case of acne at other ages, the acne in adults aged 50 and over has different causative factors.

Causes or acne in adults aged 50 and above

Exogenous factors– These include stress levels, certain cosmetics and trauma from manipulation.

  1. Stress– Chronic stress leads to increased adrenal androgens resulting in over-activation of sebaceous glands. The stress also contributes to increased cortisol levels and subsequent induction of comedones or pimples.
  2. Medicines and drugs– Many classes of drugs are known to contribute to adult acne in ages 50 and above. In pre-menopausal women, the use of birth control pills, injected or implanted intrauterine devices (IUDs) etc are known to cause increased acne flare-ups. In peri-menopausal women taking testosterone injections for increasing their libido, the chances of developing acne tend to go higher. Women and men suffering from bipolar disorders are often treated with Lithium which is known to increase adult acne. Many chemotherapy drugs are also known to trigger pustular acne which can be treated using oral antibiotics.
  3. Trauma– Traumatic acne is called acne excoriee. Compulsive manipulation of skin is known to give rise to acne scarring and lesions. It is usually seen in women having obsessive compulsive disorder or other mental illness. Many women undergoing excessive facial treatments are also known to suffer from such exacerbated acne.
  4. Cosmetics– Greasy sunscreens and moisturizers can also contribute to adult acne.

Endogenous factors: These include heredity, hormonal imbalances etc.

  1. Genes– Nearly 50% patients with adult onset acne reported at least one close relative having mature acne. Thus, heredity plays an important role in acne in the age 50 and above.
  2. Inflammation and bacterial colonization– Several other factors such as abnormal keratization, bacterial colonization and inflammation also trigger acne in adults aged 50 and over. Some studies also postulated that increased adult acne on mature skin could be a result of increased carriage of antibacterial resistant bacteria as well as changes in response to P.acne, the bacterial agent that causes acne.
  3. Hormonal influences– Starting or stopping birth control medicines, menopause and ovarian cysts etc can all lead to hormonal imbalances which in turn affect sebum production on the skin. This is the main cause of acne in adults aged 50 and above.

What can one do to treat and prevent adult acne in women aged 50 and above?

There are many simple things one can do to prevent and treat adult acne caused by endogenous factors:

  1. Wash your skin with dermatologist approved and non-comedogenic cleansers. Follow the cleansing-moisturizing routine twice a day. Avoid sleeping with the makeup on.
  2. Use only cosmetics labeled as non-acnegenic and non-comedogenic. Avoid heavy or pore clogging anti-aging creams or even certain hair products.
  3. For hormonal factors causing the acne, talk to your dermatologist who can prescribe the right oral and topical acne medicine for you.

Vitamin A: The miraculous product for aging skin

Vitamin A derivatives (including Retinol or tretinoin) are being hailed as the miraculous anti aging treatments for mature skin. These can not just be used for preventing fine lines and wrinkles but also for preventing and healing adult acne. Isotretinoin, another derivative of Vitamin A, is sold under the brand name of Accutane and is being prescribed extensively for preventing acne in women aged 50 and above. Accutane must however be used very cautiously, since it has been linked with birth defects in younger women who used it in their first trimester of pregnancy. Gels and emollient creams with lower concentrations can however be safely used to prevent and heal acne scars and blemishes in aging skin.

These are the main causes, treatment and prevention of acne in adults aged 50 and above.

Think breakouts have no age? Think again. Here, the best acne face wash products for adults and other pro-approved ways to keep pimples from popping up.

Despite what Katy Perry seems to believe, being a teenager tends to be more of a nightmare than a so-called “dream.” The aggressive (and awkward) games of dodgeball in P.E., the pop-quizzes in honor chemistry. the list goes on. Thankfully, you can leave most of these cringe-worthy items in the past. Unfortunately, however, acne isn’t one of them.

About half of women in their twenties experience breakouts (and one-third in their 30s), according to research from Rutgers Robert Wood Johnson Medical School. But instead of popping up in the oily T-zone area, as it did in high school, adult acne, which is caused by monthly surges in the hormones estrogen and progesterone, often appears as pink pimples on the lower part of the face in a V shape from the chin up the sides of your jaw. (See: What Is Cystic Acne?)

“If you’re prone to hormonal breakouts, avoid spot-treating,” says Diane Berson, M.D., a dermatologist in New York City. Instead, wash your face with the best acne face wash for adults, a salicylic acid cleanser, followed by a salicylic acid toner in oilier areas. (BTW, here’s why salicylic acid is such a miracle ingredient for your skin.) Finally, treat those same zones with a gel that has benzoyl peroxide, like Clean & Clear Persa-Gel10 Acne Medication (Buy It, $5, target.com).

Now that you have your basic plan of attack—and the best acne face wash for adults—to prevent acne before it pops up, keep these other pro tips in mind for healthier, brighter, and clearer skin.

How to Prevent Adult Acne

Two acne fighters are better than one.

Salicylic acid and benzoyl peroxide have been recommended separately by derms for decades. But when used in tandem, these two OTC ingredients are just as effective as benzoyl peroxide plus the prescription antibiotic clindamycin, according to a study from Harvard Medical School. “Salicylic acid unclogs pores so that benzoyl peroxide, which treats the breakouts, can penetrate better,” says Dr. Berson. A good combo: Neutrogena Rapid Clear Stubborn Daily Acne Facial Cleanser (Buy It, $8, target.com) and La Roche-Posay Effaclar Duo Dual Action Acne Treatment (Buy It, $30, target.com).

Wash your face every night, even if you don’t wear makeup.

Your skin collects pore-clogging oil during the day, and pollution might trigger breakouts as well. Keep oil-free face wipes, such as Clearasil Rapid Rescue Deep Treatment Pads (Buy It, $6, target.com), on your night table for times you’re just too exhausted to wash before bed.

Clean your phone on the reg.

A 2017 study found that 93 percent of health-care workers’ phones and 58 percent of the general population’s phones contained germs, some of which are known to cause infections. And bacteria plus friction can make you break out. When your phone rubs against your jawline, it can irritate pores, creating inflammation, a cause of acne. Clean your phone with a disinfecting wipe a few times a week. (Here’s a complete step-by-step guide to clean your phone.) “Better yet, use an adapter or earpiece if you plan on chatting for a while,” suggests Francesca Fusco, M.D., a dermatologist in New York City.

Consider what hair products you’re using.

Acne along the hairline can pop up when heavy ingredients settle into the skin on your forehead. “Hair products are created to coat strands, so on your face they can clog pores and cause nasty breakouts,” says Ranella Hirsch, M.D., a dermatologist in Boston. Always rinse your face with the best acne face wash for adults mentioned above after washing out conditioner, and if you are breakout prone, apply a thin barrier of skin moisturizer along your forehead before styling your tresses.

Try to keep a steady weight.

Your family medical history can have a huge impact on your chances of being plagued with adult acne, but it’s not the only contributing factor, says Dr. Fusco. Losing or gaining weight can throw off your levels of hormones, like cortisol and androgen, triggering pimples. “When one hormone increases or decreases, other hormone levels will also change, leading to increased oil production,” she explains. (ICYMI, glycerin might be the secret to defeating dry skin.)