How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

As we understand more about the impact that obesity and emaciation have on equine health, it is imperative that we strive to keep our horses at an optimum body condition.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

By Fernanda Camargo, DVM, PhD; Laurie Lawrence, PhD; and Bob Coleman, MS, PhD, PAS, of the University of Kentucky Department of Animal and Food Sciences

As we understand more about the impact that obesity and emaciation have on animal health, it is imperative that we strive to keep our horses at an optimum body condition. Since 1983, a procedure developed by Don Henneke, PhD, has served to provide a standard body condition scoring system that can be used across breeds and by all horse people. The system assigns a numerical score—1 through 9—based on the amount of fat that has accumulated in the important areas used to assess horses’ body condition.

The Body Condition Scoring System

The Henneke system assesses accumulated fat both visually and by palpation in each of six areas: ribs, behind the shoulder, withers, loin, tailhead, and neck. A numerical value is assigned based on the fat accumulated in all six areas (Table 1).

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

The first place to look when assessing a horse’s body condition score (BCS) is the ribcage. If ribs are easily seen, the horse will have a score over the ribcage below a 5. If you cannot see the ribs, then the score should be a 5 or above. During winter and spring it might be difficult to see ribs because of the horse’s coat, so it is always important to run your fingers across the ribcage to assign the correct score.

A very thin horse will have prominent ribs—easily seen and felt—with no fat padding. As the horse gains weight and body condition, a little padding can be felt around the ribs. By score 5, the ribs will no longer be visible, but can be easily felt. Once the body condition score is above 7, the ribs become more difficult to feel.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings


A BCS of 5 means the shoulder blends smoothly with the body. At increasing condition scores, fat is deposited behind the shoulder and becomes bulging. This observation is especially true in the region behind the elbow. The shoulder’s bony structures will become more visible as the scores drop below 5.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings


If a horse is very thin, no fat will be deposited between the top of the shoulder blade and the spinal vertebrae, making the two structures easily discernible. As the horse’s condition score increases, fat fills in between the top of the shoulder blade and spinal vertebrae; so, at a condition score of 5, the withers will appear rounded. As horses approach the high end of the condition scoring scale, the withers will be bulging with fat.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

The loin is the area of the back just behind where the saddle sits. At a condition score of 5, the loin area will be relatively level—the spine is not sticking up, nor is there a dent or crease along the spine. At condition scores below 5, the spine starts to become prominent; this is sometimes called a “negative crease.” A very thin horse will have an obvious ridge down the back where the vertebrae of the spine become obvious. As the condition score increases above a 5, fat begins to build up on either side of the spine and a visible crease starts to appear.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings


In a very thin horse, the tailhead is prominent and easily discernible. Once the horse starts gaining weight, fat fills in around the tailhead. As the condition score exceeds 7, the fat will feel soft and begin to bulge.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

In a very thin horse, you might be able to see the neck’s bony structures. As the horse gains condition, fat will be deposited on the top of the neck. At a condition score of 5, the neck blends smoothly into the body. Body condition scores of 8 and 9 are characterized by a neck that is thick all around with fat evident at the crest.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

Overall Score

After each area is assessed and assigned a score (not all horses will get the same score at each location) you can average all the scores to get to a final overall score. For example, a horse might score 6 on some areas and 7 on others. For research purposes, the overall score can have decimal numbers, but for practical purposes, most people would record a value of 6+ or 7-.

Putting the System to Work

Horses can perform almost every activity at a BCS of 5. Many athletic horses are kept at a BCS of 5, sometimes 6, depending on their discipline. Some equine athletes, such as endurance horses, will have condition scores between 4 and 5.

However, keeping broodmares at condition scores below 5 could reduce their reproductive efficiency. In addition, horses with condition scores below 5 could lack the fat stores necessary to withstand a cold winter or other stressful situation.

On the other hand, horses that have condition scores above 6 could be less exercise tolerant than their trimmer counterparts, and very fat horses could put extra stress on bones, joints and hooves.

Horse owners should regularly condition score their horses to determine whether a change in body condition would be desirable.

The body condition of horses based on the degree of fat cover is a good indicator of a horse’s general health. The body condition score (BCS) allows one to access if the horse is too thin, too fat, or about right. Horses are scored on a scale from 1 (poor) to 9 (extremely fat) in six areas where they deposit fat – neck, withers, spinous processes (part of back vertebrae that project upwards) and transverse processes (portion of vertebrae that projects outward), tail head, ribs, and behind the shoulder. The subjective assessment is based on visual and physical (palpation) of the specified body regions including the hooks (tuber coxae and hip joints) and pins (tuber ischia and lower pelvic bones). Comparisons of relative adiposity can be made within or between horses. Categorization of body condition as underweight (BCS ≤ 3, 1–9-point scale), moderate (BCS 4–6), overweight (BCS ≥ 7) or obese (BCS ≥ 8) can be used as an aid in the management of body condition for optimal health and performance

Advantages of the body condition score are

  • Integration of all body areas
  • Easy to perform
  • Allows for classification of horses into underweight, overweight, or obese categories
  • Cutoff values available to imply risk for disease

Disadvantages of the body condition score are

  • The method only assesses subcutaneous fat
  • Bias between evaluators may influence results
  • The score can be influenced by coat length, gut fill, muscle mass, pregnancy, etc.
  • The score may not be comparable between different breeds or body types

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

Description of Individual Body Condition Scores

Horse is extremely emaciated. Spinous processes, ribs, tail head, hooks, and pins project prominently. Bone structure of withers, shoulders, and neck easily noticeable. No fatty tissue can be felt.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

Emaciated. Slight fat covering over base of the spinous processes, transverse processes of lumbar (loin area) vertebrae feel rounded. Spinous processes, ribs, tail head, hooks, and pins are prominent. Withers, shoulders, and neck structures are faintly discernible.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

Fat is built up about halfway on spinous processes, transverse processes cannot be felt. Slight fat cover over ribs. Spinous processes and ribs are easily discernible. Tail head is prominent, but individual vertebrae cannot be visually identified. Hook bones appear rounded, but are easily discernible. Pin bones are not distinguishable. Withers, shoulders and neck are accentuated.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

Negative crease along back (spinous processes of vertebrae protrude slightly above surrounding tissue). Faint outline of ribs is discernible. Fat can be felt around the tail head; however, the tail head may or may not be visible depending on the breed. Hook bones are not discernible. Withers, shoulders and neck are not obviously thin.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

Back is level. Ribs cannot be visually distinguished, but can be easily felt. Fat around tail head begins to feel spongy. Withers appear rounded over spinous processes. Shoulders and neck blend smoothly into body.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

May have slight crease down back. Fat over ribs feels spongy. Fat around tail head feels soft. Fat begins to be deposited along the sides of the withers, behind shoulders and along neck.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

May have crease down back. Individual ribs can be felt, but with noticeable filling of fat between ribs. Fat around tail head is soft. Fat is deposited along withers, behind shoulders and along neck.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

Crease down back. Difficult to feel ribs. Fat around tail head is very soft. Area along withers is filled with fat. Area behind shoulder is filled with fat and flush with rest of the body. Noticeable thickening of neck. Fat is deposited along inner thighs.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

Obvious crease down back. Patchy fat appears over ribs. Bulging fat around tail head, along withers, behind shoulders and along neck. Fat along inner thighs may rub together. Flank is filled with fat and flush with rest of the body.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

The recommendation is for horses to be maintained between a 4 to 6 BCS. Breeding mares should range between 6 to 7 and stallions have the best success with scores between 5 to 6. Performance horses typically have a BCS of 4 to 5. Henneke et al (1983) developed the BCS system.

Rehabilitating emaciated horses to nutritional health is a challenge–there’s a fine line between not getting results and risking the horse’s health by introducing too much, too soon.

Rehabilitating emaciated horses to nutritional health is a challenge–there’s a fine line between not getting results and risking the horse’s health by introducing too much, too soon. Maria Luke, DVM, discussed one system used to facilitate weight gain in these horses at the 2008 Convention of the American Association of Equine Practitioners, held Dec. 6-10 in San Diego, Calif.

Luke focused on horses with body condition scores (BCS) between 1.0 and 2.5. Using the Henneke Body Condition Scoring scale, a horse with a BCS of 1 is emaciated, while acceptable ranges are from 4 to 6, with 5 being ideal.

Feed offered to horses in the study (which were housed at the State of Georgia’s equine impound facility) was not weighed, but it rather was quantified with the system commonly used by horse owners–flakes and scoops. All horses resided in groups arranged by age and temperament. They had the shelter of barns, trees, and/or sheds, and wore blankets temporarily in cold conditions. Additional feed was provided when overnight temperatures dropped below freezing.

Dr. Maria Luke explains her approach to rehabilitating emaciated horses.
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To begin the rehabilitation process, caretakers gave the horses oral electrolytes and probiotics on Day 1. During the initial three days, they fed

Being able to follow trends in your horse’s body weight is important in tracking his overall health. One method is to estimate his actual weight by using a commercially available weight tape or by calculating his body weight from the heart girth and length formula (click here to have us do the calculation for you!) However, it is just as important to regularly assess your horse’s body condition score, or his amount of fat cover.

An excellent tool for making this assessment is the Henneke Horse Body Condition Scoring System, because it provides a standard scale for you, your veterinarian, your equine nutritionist, and other health care professionals to use and compare. The scale ranges from a 1, which is the thinnest, to a 9, which is the fattest—a score of 5 is ideal for most breeds and disciplines.

There are six areas on the horse’s body where the degree of fat in relation to muscle is assessed. These are the neck, the area behind the shoulder, the withers, the ribs, the loin, and the tailhead. When evaluating the level of fat in each of these locations it is important to feel its thickness with your hands as well as to visualize it, because looks can be deceiving! Using the descriptive chart below, assign a numerical value to each area then average them to come up with your horse’s Henneke body condition score.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

1 – Poor
Animal extremely emaciated. Spinous processes, ribs, tailhead, and tuber coxae and ischia projecting prominently. Bone structure of withers, shoulders and neck easily noticeable. No fatty tissue can be felt.

2 – Very thin
Animal emaciated. Slight fat covering over base of spinous processes, transverse processes of lumbar spinous processes feel rounded. Spinous processes, ribs, tailhead, tuber coxae and ischii prominent. Withers, shoulders and neck structures faintly discernible.

3 – Thin
Fat buildup about halfway on spinous processes, transverse processes cannot be felt. Slight fat coverover ribs. Spinous processes and ribs easily discernible. Tailhead prominent, but individual spinous processes cannot be visually identified. Tuber coxae appear rounded, but easily discernible. Tuber ischii not distinguishable. Withers, shoulders and neck accentuated.

4 – Moderately thin
Negative crease along back. Faint outline of ribs discernible. Tailhead prominence depends on conformation, fat can be felt around it. Tuber coxae not discernible. Withers, shoulders and neck not obviously thin.

5 – Moderate
Back level. Ribs cannot be visually distinguished but can be easily felt. Fat around tailhead beginning to feel spongy. Withers appear rounded over spinous processes. Shoulders and neck blend smoothly into body.

6 – Moderately fleshy
May have slight crease down back. Fat over ribs feels spongy. Fat around tailhead feels soft. Fat beginning to be deposited along the side of the withers, behind the shoulders, and along the sides of the neck.

7 – Fleshy
May have crease down back. Individual ribs can be felt, but noticeable filling between ribs with fat. Fat around tailhead is soft. Fat deposited along withers, behind shoulders and along the neck.

8 – Fat
Crease down back. Difficult to feel ribs. Fat around tailhead very soft. Area along withers filled with fat. Area behind shoulder filled with fat. Noticeable thickening of neck. Fat deposited along inner thighs.

9 – Extremely fat
Obvious crease down back. Patchy fat appearing over ribs. Bulging fat around tailhead, along withers, behind shoulders and along neck. Fat along inner thighs may rub together. Flank filled with fat.

Henneke DR, Potter GD, Kreider JL, Yeates BF. Relationship between condition score, physical measurements and body fat percentage in mares. Equine Vet J. 1983 Oct;15(4):371-2.

Improve your ability to horse body condition score by evaluating as many different horses as possible, assessing the six areas in the same order each time so that you develop a system. You’ll find that in some disciplines, like racing, and some life stages, like pregnancy, a higher or lower score than the moderate 5 might be preferred. Also, some extremes in conformation (such as very high withers or a swayback) can make evaluating the degree of fat cover over a certain area challenging. In these cases, you may have to throw out one or two of the six scores before averaging the rest to come up with a single numerical value. And because some horses didn’t read the book, it’s okay to record an in-between value like 4.5 or 6.5 using half points.

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Regularly monitoring your horse or pony’s weight and body condition is very important. It should be encouraged to become an integral part of the stable management routine. Weight taping and body condition scoring can go hand in hand and will enable horse-owners to notice any small changes as they occur throughout the year. This means that owners/carers can pick up quickly on any small changes that occur throughout the year, meaning that feeding regimes and calorie intakes can be adapted if required. Working closely with clients and motivating is key to success. Misclassification of body condition score by owners is most commonly due to them underestimating their horse’s body condition score, with owners of fat horses most likely to score their horses incorrectly and it has been found that only 50% of owner estimates for fat horses agreed with the body condition score [1]. Underestimating body condition score leads to increasing calorie intake, compromising health and performance .

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  • Get unlimited access to books, proceedings and journals.
  • Get access to a global catalogue of meetings, on-site and online courses, webinars and educational videos.
  • Bookmark your favorite articles in My Library for future reading.
  • Save future meetings and courses in My Calendar and My e-Learning.
  • Ask authors questions and read what others have to say.

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Affiliation of the authors at the time of publication

Saracen Horse Feeds, The Forstal, Beddow Way, Aylesford, Kent ME20 7BT, UK.

Preparing a yearling for sale is an important event in the stud calendar for both Thoroughbreds and Standardbreds and involves a carefully tailored balance between correct nutrition, conditioning, growth and fitness. Properly prepared yearlings will be fit, sound and well grown, with shiny coats and little body fat. When preparing a yearling for sale it is important to understand the nutrient requirements of the horse and the critical balance between feed intake and exercise as they impact on condition and soundness.

Forage should always be the first consideration in any horse’s diet, and some amount of pasture along with a high quality/high energy hay is important for yearlings. Higher energy hays such as lucerne and clover blends will contribute to energy requirements and work to decrease the amount of starch in the yearling’s diet. Also, using a high quality, early cut hay minimises the appearance of gut-fill that is often associated with a mature hay of high lignin content. Including additional fibre sources through chaff, ensiled forages and super fibres such as beet pulp and soy hulls is often highly beneficial for reducing the amount of hard feed or grain the horse requires, which can in turn reduce symptoms of starch overload including diarrhea, colic, laminitis and behaviour problems.

Yearlings do best on a 14-17% protein ration balanced for macro and micro-minerals, and fat and water soluble vitamins. Feeding rates of hard feeds for yearlings are extremely variable depending on choice of feed, growth history, skeletal size, individual metabolism, actual age and quantity and quality of forage. It is essential that all yearlings are fed as individuals, paying careful attention to body weight, weekly weight gain and body condition score and adjust feed intake appropriately. Selecting a muesli style textured hard feed is often beneficial as the high palatability encourages consistent intake of feed through somewhat stressful times of increased workload, travel to sales complexes and new surroundings.

To avoid hindgut disturbances and digestive conditions in yearlings it is also important to consider feeds that contain grains that have been processed to enhance digestion. Heat processed feeds such as pelleted or feeds containing steam flaked grains ensure most of the digestion takes place in the small intestine thus reducing the risk of unprocessed starch entering the hindgut and causing acidosis. NRM Assett or NRM Prepare are great options of well balanced textured feeds containing steam flaked grains that are ideal for sales preparation.

While there is an over-whelming array of supplements that claim to enhance coat quality and condition, including a fat source is always one of the best ways to achieve that sale ring shine. Suitable fat sources include vegetable oils, sunflower seeds, or a stabilised rice bran such as KER Equi-Jewel. Equi-Jewel is a high fat low starch conditioning supplement that is highly beneficial for improving topline and coat quality.

For more information and diet advice on preparing a yearling for sale, contact a reputable equine nutrition advisor.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

This blog is for those who might have heard some erroneous information through “old horse tales” or lines of misinformation about what body condition, top lines and big bellies mean in horses.

I often say, “You don’t know what you DON’T know.” Well, we want to help you

One of the biggest errors we encounter relating to the weight of a horses are equines with big bellies. They are often mistaken as being fat. Too often. This happens from horse owners who are experienced and those who are novices all of the time.

Folks will actually say, “My horse is so fat,” and yet when we see the horse, we see a horse that is actually somewhat thin. You gauge a horse’s weight from the neck, rib coverage and top line (croup and spine). You do not measure weight based on the belly size. They aren’t especially related.

Bellies on horses may be large for many reasons, and unless the above mentioned areas match, the belly size has little to do with healthy weight. Bellies may be large due to poor quality hay (doesn’t digest well), poor teeth condition (thus good hay isn’t ground properly and doesn’t digest well), heavy parasite load, being used as a broodmare or being an aged horse. A belly is almost the last place you look to gauge healthy weight.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

If you notice the ribs showing, the spine being visible at all or/and the croup pointing (top of the rump) and the horse has a massive belly, this horse is still too thin.

This is a young horse above. This foal likely has a heavy parasite load and may not be getting enough food quality forage. The distended belly is not a sign of health.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

This photo may show a bred mare who has been neglected, but we often will see horses with bellies like this that are not bred but have been used as a brood mare often through their lives, and folks will see the belly and honestly believe that has something to do with a healthy weight. This mare is very thin. If wormed, if teeth were done, the belly may go down some, but brood mares may keep an out of shape figure for the long term. That doesn’t mean you cannot get the topline to fill in, and until it does, the horse is underweight.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

This is a horse that is getting close to a good weight but still carries that disproportionate belly. It sometimes starts to look more reasonable as the topline totally fills in, though. In the case above, the croup is still pointy and the spine a bit too prominent. The ribs can faintly be seen, but with continued good dental care and good forage and parasite protocol, this horse is close to being where he needs to be.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

This horse has gotten almost there where he should be, as well, but he does still need a bit more. His spine and croup have mostly covered over. The belly still looks a bit too large for the rest of him, and the ribs are too obvious. So as with the horse before him, though this condition isn’t ideal, with the right care, he would soon be in tip top shape.

Sometimes you will hear folks talk about Narrow horses and athletic horses as a way to explain thinness, but we need to understand that skinny isn’t athletic. Narrow doesn’t mean to thin, either.

The horses below are examples of conditions on other equines I’ve seen described as Narrow or athletic. These horses do not have the large bellies, but they are not skin and bones, either. When you look at them, both have necks which look to even an untrained eye to be too small for their heads, and you notice the rumps are too pointy. All ribs can be seen. Horses that look like these may not have dental issues or parasite issues, but they are simply aren’t getting quit enough hay of good quality or enough pasture. They may need a bump up in their grain. This body condition is a quick fix once an owner realizes there is a problem. A True Athletic example can be found here at this link.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings
How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

Lack of topline strength doesn’t mean the horse looks thin. We will hear things like, “the topline looks thin because he needs more muscle.” But, while the topline will look weak or slightly dipped because of lack of muscle, sometimes people use this as an uneducated reason for a horse actually being too thin. A horse with a topline lacking muscle should look out of shape, maybe even flabby, but the horse should not score lower on the body chart simply because of an out of shape topline.

Horses need quality protein to build muscle, and muscle accounts for a large amount of a horse’s weight, though, so make sure your horse’s nutritional needs are met with a forage or feed that gives the horse quality protein levels. You can safely add protein by adding alfalfa hay or pellets soaked to feedings. You can use various protein supplements, as well.

This collage from The Natural Horse Magazine shows a horse at a good weight but with a need for topline condition and the progress made with training and exercise.

How to do condition scoring for horse yearlings

Or for a dramatic difference but no weight change, see this image collage from The Horse Gym

Toplines relate to fitness not the weight of your horse most of the time. Your horse can fill in with fat, have a weak topline and be an acceptable weight. If you see spine and croup, you have a weight issue. That doesn’t mean you don’t need a stronger topline, but that isn’t why you see spine, ribs, etc.

If this blog helped you, it means it has helped a horse, so please take a moment and share, as our goal is more horses helped through extending education.

(Most Photos are from blogs concerning bellies, toplines and so forth. They aren’t HOP horses. The featured image shows an aged mare in foal rehabbing after rescue. She is too thin in this photo)

When the decision is made to wean a foal, it is important that the foal is eating sufficient solid food to support its genetic growth rate.

Some individuals will slow down their growth rate at 6 to 12 months, while others continue to grow rapidly. It is important to feed the horse’s physiological growth rate, not necessarily its chronological age. Many yearlings grow as fast as weanlings, and must be fed a diet to support such a growth rate in a sound manner.

A common belief is that high protein diets can cause developmental orthopedic disease (D.O.D.). This is not true!! Current research suggests that diets excessively high in calories, especially from non-structural carbohydrates (NSC), can contribute to D.O.D., particularly if the balance of calories to the other critical nutrients in the diet is not correct.

An approach we call “ground-up” nutrition, starts by meeting the growing horse’s non-calorie nutrient requirements – amino acids, minerals and vitamins – then adding a calorie source as needed to maintain desired body condition. This can be accomplished by feeding a ration balancer designed for the forage being fed at recommended levels. Then, if more calories are needed for body condition, we can add a fat supplement or complimentary low NSC product. This approach might be slightly more expensive in cost per day, but can save many times the cost in veterinary bills and lost sales value due to D.O.D.

The requirements for crude protein, lysine, calcium and phosphorous increase faster than the energy requirement. There is evidence that copper levels 3-4 times higher and zinc levels 2-3 times higher than the current Nutrient Requirements of Horses (NRC, 2007) recommendations may help alleviate the incidence of D.O.D in many situations, especially programs with faster-growing horses. We believe that low copper and zinc levels are a major contributor to D.O.D. and must be addressed from the 1st trimester of pregnancy until the resultant foal has ceased growing.

The concentrate (grain) component of the diet should be carefully chosen to complement the forage (hay and pasture) source, with particular attention given to the calcium to phosphorus ratio in the total diet. The ideal calcium to phosphorous ratio in the total diet of growing horses is between 1:1 and 2:1. Growing horses consuming forage sources composed of 50% or greater alfalfa or other legumes should be fed a concentrate specifically designed to balance the nutrient profile of legumes.

Young, growing horses require a specially designed diet to meet their unique needs. With many poorly designed feeds, horses may have to be fed more to meet the requirements of non-calorie nutrients, thereby developing excess body condition, which can aggravate D.O.D. Try to keep young, growing horses in moderate flesh, with a body score of 5-6, and monitor body weight with a scale or weight tape every 2-4 weeks, so adjustments can be made as growth rate increases or decreases.

A. Make sure the total diet (forage and concentrate combined) is balanced for the weanling and yearling. See Tribute Essential K and Growth for use with grass hay. See Alfa Essentials and Alfa Growth for hay greater than 50% legumes.

B. Most likely nutrients to be imbalanced or deficient:

  1. Essential amino acids (starting with lysine).
  2. Calcium to Phosphorous ratio (especially if using legumes).
  3. Copper and Zinc levels.

C. Monitor growth rate and keep young horses in moderate body condition (body score 5-6).

D. Consult a qualified EQUINE nutritionist to help balance diets and adjust to problem situations.

How to wear sequins as an older woman

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If there’s one fashion statement that’s taking over, it’s sequins. These shiny, ornamental sew-ons, create a shimmery look and today’s fashionistas just can’t get enough.

Sequins are trashy and flashy, and they may not be easy for everyone to wear. Here are some tips that will help you pull them off.

What Can Sequins Be Worn On?

Sequins can be worn on just about any item of clothing from pants to tops to dresses and skirts. They are the perfect design elements for shoes handbags, jewelry and other accessories. This makes it easy for you incorporate them to add a touch of glam to your outfit or go completely over the top.

Introducing Sequins into Your Wardrobe

If you aren’t used to sequins, you can take baby steps until you are ready to fully embrace them. For example, you may wear a top with small sequin designs or a purse with sequin elements.

Then you can try wearing one fully sequin piece such as a skirt or shirt before going full on sequins.

Can Sequins Be Worn During the Day?

Sequins have a dressy look, and you may wonder if they are daytime appropriate. The answer is yes, as long as you give them a certain vibe.

To give sequins a casual look, pair them with casual items. For example, you can wear a sequin skirt with a t-shirt or sneakers, or you can wear a sequin top with a pair of jeans.

The color of your sequins can also make a difference. For example, silver sequins will always look super dressy, while black and copper sequins have more of a toned-down look.

How Should I Wear Sequins to Formal Events?

When it comes to formal events, there really is no wrong way to wear sequins. You can do a full-on sequin gown, you can match a sequin top with a ballgown skirt, and you can bring them out with heels.

If the event is semi-formal, the daytime looks listed above make the perfect transition.

Match Sequins with Sequins

Sequins are being shown more often on the runway and designers are matching sequins with sequins for a full-on effect. If you want to try your hand at the style, here are some helpful tips.

Find Complementary Colors: It goes without saying that you will want your sequined pieces to match, but when it comes to sequins, there are extra considerations. For example, blue and red match perfectly on most occasions but if you match a bright red sequined piece with a bright blue sequined piece, you may be going overboard. It’s best to pair light and bright colors with darker tones or play it safe and stick to neutrals.

Pair One Overly Sequined Piece with a Less Sequined Piece: If you are looking for something to wear with an item that’s all over sequins, go with something that tones it down a bit. For instance, you can match a fully sequined top with a pair of pants that has a few sequined accents.

Layer Sequins: Layering is big this year and layering sequined pieces is even bigger. Think of layering a sequined jacket over a sequined dress or shirt. You can also put a sequined shirt under a fully sequined or somewhat sequined sweater.

How to Care for Sequined Items

If you have ever worn sequined items, you will notice that they shed easily. While you can’t prevent this from happening, there are steps you can take to keep shedding minimal.

Never put sequined pieces in the washer or dryer. Hand wash them, spot treat them or take them to a dry cleaner instead.

Sequins should never be ironed. If you plan be wearing a lot of sequined items, you may want to invest in a steamer.

Never store sequined clothing in a drawer or stuff them into a tight space. They should be hung or placed in a storage area where they have plenty of room to breathe.

Sequins are the ultimate in glam. Now that you know how to wear them, will you be daring to integrate them into your seasonal wardrobe?

By: The Art Institutes Filed under: Fashion

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With so many different dress codes out there, it can be difficult to know what to wear, even when the type of dress requested is stated on the invitation.

Laura Hunt, an image, fashion, and beauty consultant at Freeway Fashion, says you should always ask what to wear if you’re invited to an event with an unfamiliar dress code.

“ Depending on how well you know the person who sent the invitation, you can place a call to them directly,” Hunt says. “If not, there is usually a contact person listed on the invite, including a contact number. If you are not comfortable placing a phone call, you can send an email. ”

Hunt and Tannya Bernadette, a wardrobe stylist and 2009 Fashion Marketing graduate from The Art Institute of Seattle, decode what to wear for the following dress codes.

Women : Wear a pencil skirt or dress pants, paired with a silk or button-down top and high heels.

Men: Opt for dressy trousers, paired with a collared shirt and loafers.

When to wear it: office parties, happy hours, business luncheons.

Women: Avoid wearing denim, tennis shoes, and cotton tees. Instead, opt for silk pants, dress pants, or a skirt. Pair with a patent leather flat, or one with nice embellishments such as a bow, buckle, or a print.

Men: Wear trousers and a dress shirt with a leather loafer, oxfords, or a slip-on shoe. Pair with a blazer or sport coat. Avoid showing up with wrinkles or clothes one size too big, too small, or in a non-coordinating color. A tie is optional.

When to wear it: church, dinner, or an invite received via phone or e-mail.


Women: Choose an open-necked or polo shirt. You can also opt for dresses and skirts with minimal accessories.

Men: Wear an open-necked or polo shirt, paired with khakis. Accessorize with leather shoes and a belt.

When to wear it : cruise lines, the country club, friend’s home for dinner, nice restaurant.

Women: Put on a skirt, khakis, or dress pants paired with long sleeve or three-quarter sleeve tops. A casual dress and flats are options as well.

Men: Wear a button-down or a polo shirt, paired with khakis, or dress pants. If you so desire, layer with a v-neck sweater, a blazer, or a sport coat. A tie is optional.

When to wear it: company party, daily work attire, business lunch meetings.

Women: Wear a shorter dress with some frill. The classic little black dress makes for great cocktail attire, and is the easiest to show your personality by accessorizing to suit your mood.

Men: Wear a dark suit, coat, and tie. Opting for dark jeans paired with a jacket and tie is also acceptable at some cocktail events, depending on how casual the atmosphere is.

When to wear it: adult birthday parties, evening social events.

Women: Wear a dress that would be appropriate for brunch or afternoon tea. It should fall to, or slightly above, the knee, and not be too sparkly or low-cut. Incorporate a jacket or shawl to cover the arms.

Men: Opt for a dark suit, paired with a French-cuffed, crisp white shirt. You can go with or without a tie. Opting for a vest instead of a tie adds to the informality of the look.

When to wear it: daytime engagement parties, business breakfasts, afternoon tea.

Women: A floor-length ball gown is a must. Accessorize with opera length gloves, glamorous jewels, and up-do hairstyles.

Men: Wear a short or waist length black tailcoat (tails should reach the back of your knees,) white bow tie, starched white shirt, and a cummerbund (optional). Sport high-quality black pants.

When to wear it: charity fundraisers, government ceremonies, weddings, the opera.

Women: Gussy up in a floor-length ball gown. A very dressy cocktail dress may be acceptable depending on the venue of the event.

Men: Wear a dark suit or a tuxedo without tails. Pair with a white shirt and a tie, or a bow tie with or without a vest and a cummerbund.

When to wear it: charity fundraisers, political dinner parties, weddings.


Women: Dress up in a long gown, cocktail dress, or snazzy separates. Accessorize with the latest trends, such as feathers, sequins, sheer fabrics, and capes. Show off your personality with every detail.

Men: Incorporate trendy prints in with your tie and a dressy shirt. Mix fabrics such as a silk blazer and a dress shirt to create a formal, yet interesting, look.

When to wear it: galas, silent auctions, weddings, and formal dinners that have a fun atmosphere.


Women: Wear a long gown with white gloves and minimal jewelry.

Men: Wear a white dinner jacket, in a worsted wool, gabardine, linen, or cotton fabric material. Pair this with a white dress shirt, bow tie, a cummerbund, and nice black leather shoes.

When to wear it: formal events that are held outdoors, such as a cruise line or country club dinners, weddings, and galas.


Women: Look glamorous in a long gown, cocktail dress, or luxurious separates. Accessorize with items such as long gloves, clutches, and jewelry to top off the whole look.

Men: If you own a tuxedo, put it on. If not, wear a suit in a dark color such as charcoal or black, paired with a white dress shirt, and a solid colored tie. Make sure patterns are kept to a minimum and shoes are shined. Accessorize your look with a pocket square and cuff links.

When to wear it: elegant events such as galas, silent auctions, weddings, formal dinners.

Author: Laura Jerpi

Dress codes not only apply to events, but they can also apply to your place of employment or profession.

Our world has changed dramatically in the last year and the way we dress has changed with it. More and more women are working from home which means their wardrobe needs have changed. You may need to dress professionally from the waist up for Zoom or Skype calls but you still want to be comfy and can include leggings. How to wear leggings after fifty has been an extremely popular post so I’m updating it with some new ideas and fresh resources to find great leggings.

Leggings are hugely popular and one of the easiest garments to get wrong. We’ve been reaching for leggings since they became streetwear in the 70 and ’80s. They now have style details and shapes that resemble pants, so they don’t all look like workout gear.

Are they still in style? You bet. Can you wear them and still look polished? Absolutely! Can any woman wear leggings? Yes!

Here are some ideas and tips to keep in mind to get the look you want. Let’s start with the most important feature of leggings…the fabric.


This is critical because leggings are not the same as footless tights! I’ve seen too many women traversing the airport wearing footless tights as leggings which shows the world way too much. The fabric of leggings needs to be thick, 100% opaque (not see-through), and very stretchy. They should closer to stretch pants than tights. Here are some great fabrics for leggings:

  • heavyweight ponte knit
  • faux suede
  • denim also called Jeggings
  • velvet
  • faux leather…no these are not just for young women and yes, they are comfy! I bought these last year at Soft Surroundings last year and love them!

On the subject of faux leather leggings, they’re no different than other spandex leggings and they do breathe and the best fit doesn’t feel or look like a sausage casing.

How to wear sequins as an older woman

All of these fabrics need a high spandex or Lycra content so they spring back in the knees and seat, Fabrics with a four-way stretch fit the best and have the best recovery. Darker colors are more slimming and dressy. Patterns are tricky so choose the smallest ones in subtle colors.

Faux Suede leggings have long been a favorite of mine. They give a softer look than faux leather and feel more relaxed. Here are some great options.

Related – How To Wear Leather Leggings over 50

Leggings are meant to be snug but if they feel like a sausage casing, go up one size. You won’t sacrifice the style and they will be more comfortable. Choose high-rise leggings with a wide, no-roll waistband. There’s nothing worse than sitting down and feeling your waistband roll down under your tummy.

How to wear sequins as an older woman

Tops To Wear Over Leggings

It doesn’t matter how shapely and fit you are, leggings require a top that covers your crotch and backside. Full stop here ladies. This is critical. Even the heaviest weight leggings look best worn with a top that’s long enough to cover your lady parts.

Leggings look great worn with:

  • tunic sweaters
  • long line blazers
  • tunic-length shirts
  • thigh-length blouses

Choose tunics with some shaping through the torso. You don’t want tight, but too boxy is just as unflattering. You’re going for length, not width and bulk. Side slits in tunics and blouses are great for elongating your legs and helping to balance the proportion. Try a knee-length cardigan worn open over a fingertip length blouse. Unbutton lower buttons of longer jackets to show some leg. Beware of extra bulky sweaters which can make your legs look like stick figures and your torso look huge by comparison. Proportion is key here.

Related – Playing With Proportion

How to wear sequins as an older woman

Footwear To Wear With Leggings

So what do you wear on your feet? Knee or riding boots are a classic combination. Choose boots in a color similar to the leggings to create a long lean line. Ballet flats are another classic look, think Audrey Hepburn. Low heeled pumps or sandals look great with leggings but beware of the stiletto which is hard to get right and can easily lean toward trashy. Booties are perfect with leggings.

How to wear sequins as an older woman

There’s a lot of ink these days in the blogosphere about how older women should be able to “wear whatever the f— they want.” Well, of course, I applaud the sentiment and the theory. But in practice, for me at least, there are some things in my closet that have outlived their usefulness. I have thereby made the conscious decision to be a bit more moderate in my dress than I was in my 40s. That doesn’t mean I intend to go gently into that good night. On the contrary, I intend to continue to annoy people by being more visible every year. But I also refuse to go as a paler version of my younger self.

So — out go the above-the-knee miniskirts. I will wear a shorter tunic but only with tights or leggings or skinny pants. Out with the crop tops (does anyone NEED to see my scars?) and four-inch platforms. Yes, I know platforms are back, but the spectacle of me toppling over and breaking an osteoporotic hip isn’t worth a few more inches of height, in spite of the fact I’m shrinking as I write this. There are plenty of wedge-soled shoes and slightly platformed sandals and sneakers that give me a little height but that share a closer relationship with the ground. And speaking of relating to the ground, as gravity has contributed to the spread of my metatarsals I’ll be damned if I’m going to cram my pre-bunioned toes into pointy shoes. I’d rather build an entire outfit around a pair of very comfortable and expensive flats than sacrifice a fancier outfit for a constant grimace.

I’ve also let go of a lot of the cute hair ornaments I wore when my hair was longer, straighter and sexier because, face it, my hair isn’t ever going to look like that again. And my face doesn’t want it to. I need all the uplift I can get. (Refer to previously-mentioned shrinkage.) So the curly, pert cut that looks like the perm my mother foisted on me when I was a kid is as close a nod as I will give to “trying” to look youthful. Frankly I have no choice; my straight hair caught my reflection in the mirror one day and sprung up into coils. It’s just who I am now.

The one thing I am having trouble letting go of are the handbags: my first Coach backpack — the most expensive purchase I made when I sold my duplex; a Carlos Falchi studded satchel that weighs four pounds empty (I refuse to schlep that much weight on one shoulder any longer); the elegant basket woven Cole Hahn tote with braided handles that my sis gave me for my 50th birthday; the dark green quilted suede bag with the chain strap that I bought at I. Magnin’s going-out-of-business sale; a silk tropical printed tote with bamboo handles from my first trip to Cabo San Lucas. I haven’t been using any of these in great rotation, but you may have to pry them from my cold, dead hands.

I’ve also revisited my jewelry drawer, which over the years has been crammed with impulse-bought costume jewelry like my brass and multi-colored skinny Indian bangles, boho dangly earrings, statement pins — not Madeline Albright-like statements, but little tin ones with messages like “Are We Having Fun Yet?” and toe rings. (I never was much of a bohemian; the toe rings always hurt my adjacent toes.)

There are a few classic sentimental pieces in there like the pearl necklace my aunt Ethel gave me, antique pins from England from my dear friend’s British mum, a silver gecko pin I bought in an antique store in the Czech Republic shortly after the fall of the Soviet Union. I’m earmarking them as inheritances for my nieces and their daughters, who will no doubt reject them as being bourgeois and who likely think the Soviet Union is actually kind of cool.

But as far as my new jewelry goes, I’m thinking “minimalism.” And this minimalism comes with a price. I’m following the advice of one of my readers who said, “Whenever it’s time for me to get rid of something that’s worn out or dated I replace it with something similar but of better quality.” So for me, now, quality is king. I recently bought a gorgeous necklace at the DeYoung museum in San Francisco — linked gold little square paillettes that shine and sparkle and elevate everything I wear it with. I also have a pair of gold Tiffany starfish earrings that I kept saving for some “special” day, which I am now wearing to the supermarket. And my gemstone rings are every day adornments, originally purchased because an astrologer told me they’d bring me luck. I guess they have. I’m lucky to be alive, to see what doesn’t work, and savvy enough to keep what does. And I may ask to be buried in these items. I don’t want some ungrateful heir rejecting them as bourgeois.

It’s no secret that fall is a beloved season for weddings. And since 2021 is unofficially known as the year of the wedding boom, there’s a good chance your weekends will be filled with nuptials for your friends and family. With cooler temperatures, picturesque views and low travel rates, fall is a great season for couples to say “I do.” So, if you’ll be attending autumn nuptials, you’ll want to start shopping for fall wedding guest dresses as soon as possible. Since the weather can be unpredictable, determining what to wear as a guest to a fall wedding isn’t always easy. Fall wedding guest dresses are typically characterized by rich jewel tones, long sleeves, heavier fabrics and prints that echo the changing of seasons. However, this doesn’t mean you’re restricted to predictable choices that make you run the risk of sharing the same outfit with another guest or being uncomfortable (think: overheating in a long sleeve velvet gown at an outdoor wedding).

To help you pick an outfit for every wedding on your radar, we’ve rounded up the very best fall wedding guest dresses to wear in 2021. But before you choose your fall wedding attire, look at the invitation to get an idea of the dress code. This is the most important factor to take into consideration when choosing your look. You’ll dress differently for an outdoor wedding in a barn than you would at an urban hotel, so read up on the couple’s requested attire to plan your wedding outfit accordingly.

In this article:

What to Wear to a Fall Wedding

If you’re wondering exactly what to wear to a fall wedding, let the experts help you decide. “Once the fall season hits, we say goodbye to summer brights and start the transition into warm but cheerful color tones,” says Blaire Walsh, Style Director of Rent the Runway. “This season gives guests the chance to play with assorted necklines, unique sleeve cuts and heavier fabrics.”

In addition to the requested dress code listed on the couple’s invitation, clues like the venue and the time of the event can offer additional fashion insight. “Location is a huge factor in deciding what to wear,” explains SuitShop co-founder Jeanne Foley. “Look into where the ceremony and reception will be taking place, because that’s the best indicator of determining the level of formality you can plan for.” While you might opt for a casual sundress with a denim jacket for an afternoon barn wedding, for example, an evening soirée at an upscale restaurant would require a more formal look, like a sleek jumpsuit or an embellished midi.

Two resounding trends to come from the pandemic include open-air settings and alternative venues, both of which give guests more flexibility when it comes to choosing an outfit that’s brimming with personality. “As more couples move away from traditional wedding venues, guests can explore prints that feel a bit louder and more modern, including bold floral and animal prints,” explains a representative for sustainable fashion brand Reformation.

Fall wedding guest attire is most notably associated with jewel tones and rich fabrics like silk and textured floral print, and this won’t change any time soon. “This season, expect to see plenty of moody floral prints and deep jewel tones like fuchsia, emerald, mustard, burgundy and plum,” says Kristen Schnars, Director of Merchandising for Lulus. “Saturated pop colors like magenta, hot pink and shades of red are trending this year too.”

When shopping for trendy fall wedding guest dresses, Schnars recommends looking for designs that feature satin silk fabric, floral burnouts and jacquard textures. One-shoulder dresses, asymmetrical ruffled hems and soft draped skirts will dominate this year—but if you’re looking for a reliable silhouette you can re-wear for multiple events, she urges that you can never go wrong with a classic wrap dress.

When shopping for fall wedding guest dresses, it’s important to be mindful of your budget. Whether you’re looking to save some cash or wanting to splurge instead on statement accessories, there are plenty of places to get affordable fall wedding guest outfits. Shop at budget-friendly retailers like Lulus, Nordstrom, ASOS and Abercrombie & Fitch, or rent your outfit from a service like Rent the Runway if you have a particularly busy wedding season. “For anyone looking to bring their fashion A-game without breaking the bank, renting is the perfect solution,” Walsh says. “You get to wear something new to every event without feeling guilty for one-time wears.”

Now that you know exactly what to wear to a fall wedding, it’s time to shop. To help you narrow down the best fall wedding guest dresses, we’ve rounded up 70 options for every style and budget. Below, find the best formal gowns, trendy midis and comfortable jumpsuits that are appropriate for any fall wedding.

Affordable Fall Wedding Guest Dresses

If you get invited to a lot of weddings (or you’re simply a bargain shopper), your budget may be small. Not to worry—there are plenty of affordable fall wedding guest dresses under $150. From jewel-toned minis to boho maxis, shop our favorites here.

Lulus Moriah Satin Wrap Maxi Dress

Mark our words: This gown is about to become your newest fall obsession. “When in doubt, wear a classic wrap dress for a fall wedding,” Schnars recommends. We’re particularly obsessed with this cold-shoulder satin number, which has a pretty ruffled neckline and a flattering tie-waist.

Abercrombie & Fitch Tie-Strap Smocked Midi Dress

This trendy floral print dress is, without a doubt, one of our favorite fall wedding guest dresses for 2021—and not just because it’s part of our exclusive “Best Dressed Guest” collection with Abercrombie & Fitch. This flirty frock is completely on-trend with allover smocked fabric, tie straps and a square neckline, and the ruffled skirt serves as the perfect finishing touch.

ELLIATT Platinum Dress

Florals for fall? We’re completely on board. This floral-print midi dress will turn heads thanks to its moody color palette and rich texture. And with a high leg slit, this fall wedding guest dress is one of our favorite 2021 finds.

UGUEST Long Sleeve V-Neck Dress

If you find yourself needing a fall wedding guest dress fast, we’re here for you. At under $25, this cute fall frock comes in a variety of colors and prints from red floral to navy polka dot. And thanks to Amazon Prime delivery, this outfit will be on your doorstep in two days.

Glamorous Bloom Midi Wrap Dress

If you’re expecting, dress your bump in style with this budget-friendly long sleeve midi floral dress. Bonus: This gown is designed fit your growing bump through all stages of pregnancy, including postpartum, which means you can keep this in your closet long after your baby arrives.

BB Dakota by Steve Madden Darcy Floral Midi Dress

Romantic tones of muted pink and green adorn this ruffled floral print midi, which is a fitting choice for an outdoor bohemian fall wedding.

Last night, Susan and I stopped by Suze's awesome shopping event at Housing Works Thrift Shop to do a little retail damage in the name of charity. I zeroed in on a hot pink sequin jacket and immediately asked Miss Cernek, my official nixer of bad purchases, "Is this wrong or right?"

Her answer was typically wise: "It's genius. But it totally depends on what you wear it with." I bought it (hey, you can't beat $30 for a holiday party outfit–and the money goes to a good cause), and when I got it home, I sifted through my closet to suss out what would make this outfit a Do and what would make it a Don't (with beat up jeans: yes! With a silver skirt: not so much). And you, my dears, are the beneficiaries of my lesson in wearing sequins this season.

WESTWOOD, CA – NOVEMBER 16: Actress Anna Kendrick arrives at "The Twilight Saga: New Moon" premiere held at the Mann Village Theatre on November 16, 2009 in Westwood, California. (Photo by John Shearer/WireImage)

DON'T: Impersonate a disco ball. It should go without saying, but sequins make a major statement and need to be used carefully. If you're going to bite the bullet and go for a dress covered in bling, from top to bottom, opt for one that a.) Doesn't have an overly trendy silhouette, like this one-shouldered super-mini b.) Sticks with one color (black, gold, and silver are all classically gorgeous) or a small color family that's definitely complimentary c.) Fits you perfectly. People are definitely going to be looking at you when you're covered in sparkles, and you don't want their first though to be, "Couldn't she find a few more inches of fabric?"

DON'T: Get carried away with the glam factor. The easiest way to look like a 9-year-old Texas beauty queen is to wear your hair in a heavily-shellacked 'do, pile on the sparkly eyeshadow, and accessorize with a metallic clutch and shoes. There is nothing subtle about body glitter, girls. Resist the urge to bedazzle with abandon!

DO: Create contrast. A lot of you were totally loving Sarah Jessica Parker's outfit from our January cover, and it's easy to see why. Pairing something uber-glam, like a sequined jacket, with something totally casual, like distressed jeans, is a totally modern way to do sparkle. Ditto this crisp white blouse with a chic sequined skirt–didn't see that one coming, did you?

DO: Remember that less can be more. Sure, you want to shine this holiday season, but don't forget that there are plenty of subtle ways to do it. Your old LBD will look sassy and brand new with the addition of a pair of sequined tights, a sparkling clutch, or the perfect ruby red slippers. Shop for a few great sequined accessories with a small price but a big impact now:


Tell me, dolls. how do you wear your sequins? Do you favor a tough-meets-femme look, like SJP wore on our cover? Or are you all about getting girly with your bling? Have you bought anything sequined to wear this holiday season yet? What will you wear it with? Discuss!

When we think of sequins, the first thing that comes to mind is usually New Year’s Eve—a holiday when people venture out in their most shimmery separates to celebrate the coming year amid even shinier decorations. Sometimes, this can verge on overkill, but as we’ve shown before, there’s a way to wear sequins that won’t render you a cliché.

What we don’t think about when we think of sequins is their history—as in, where on Earth did these shiny little guys sprinkled throughout our wardrobes come from? Was Michael Jackson—a major arbiter of the style—responsible? Or, perhaps, a ’70s/’80s-era designer? Not even close, actually!

We dug around for the answer, and what we found was entirely unexpected: Sequins can be traced all the way back to the one and only King Tut, who was alive from 1341 to 1323 B.C. According to Smithsonian magazine, when Tut’s tomb was discovered in 1922, his garments were covered in “gold sequin-like disks.” Historians believe they were meant to ensure his financial stability in the afterlife.

Evidently, the monetary association held up, as the word sequin is derived from the Arabic sikka, which stands for “coin.” Sewing these discs—usually made of gold or other precious metals—onto clothing worked as a status symbol, and in some cases, they doubled as actual coins for trading. In Egypt, India, and Peru, they were also considered capable of warding off evil spirits.

Eventually, they become purely decorative, popping up on the intricate garments of Victorian women and men and experiencing a resurgence in the 1920s after the discovery of King Tut’s tomb. Funnily enough, since sequins were made of gelatin at the time, it was not uncommon to have your sequins melt if your body grew too hot or you got caught in the rain. Let’s pause to imagine all the NYE outfits that would go to waste if that were the case today.

Luckily, it’s not. A man named Herbert Lieberman worked with Eastman Kodak (yep, of that Kodak) to develop acetate sequins inspired by the acetate film the company had been using. Still quite flimsy, they were eventually coated in Mylar and then dumped entirely for the vinyl plastic renditions we’re used to today (although it should be noted we’re partial to the edible version).

So sequins may occasionally get a bad rap, but next time someone shames you for going all out, feel free to come at them with a little King Tut defense. If that’s not great fodder for holiday party conversation, we’re not sure what is.

Scroll down to check out some of our favorite sequined street style looks…

T he pursuit of individual and personal style becomes so much more important as you get older. When I look at my clothes at home, I don’t think my style has changed very much since my early 30s. That was when I settled on something. And if I could be 38 again, I don’t think I would dress any differently than I do now, at 50.

That said, some elements of the way I dress have been constant since I was a teenager, when I became obsessed with a Bruce Weber Vogue shoot based on Edward Weston and his women. I remember taking the magazine into Exeter to get my hair cut like the picture, then buying a fisherman’s jumper in a sailing shop. I bought a grey pencil skirt, dug out my school shoes and ankle socks, got my dad’s overcoat and got the look. I still dress like those pictures in a way.

There’s an abiding perception that the high street doesn’t serve older women very well, but in my view it’s better than it has ever been. The choice is huge – whether that’s Topshop, Uniqlo or Cos. It’s not one stop that gives you everything you want, more that everybody offers something very different.

Topshop Boutique S/S 2016. Photograph: Topshop

Everyone also used to assume that the high street wasn’t very good quality, but that has really changed. It makes a big difference for a grown-up woman buying fashion. You’re looking for something that has a little bit of longevity – not just in terms of style but also physically lasting a little bit longer.

The key is to be true to yourself and confident about what you like. It’s not necessarily about what’s in fashion, it’s what you love for you and your style. I have never been comfortable in structured clothes, for example, and I accept that. I’m lazy in a way. I can’t wear high heels because I can’t walk fast enough in them. I like to feel I can move around and get everything done. I’m also not somebody who scrutinises every detail or seam, looking at the construction. I like clothes that give you the effect of what you want.

Jane Birkin in 1985. Photograph: Sipa/Rex/Shutterstock

Topshop’s Boutique label is a true reflection of what I love now. It’s where I would go for classics: a gorgeous khaki shirt, a camel coat. I think if you want to buy a camel coat, you should always be able to get one, regardless of season or trends. The same with a V-neck jumper and a white cotton shirt. It’s that simple approach to fashion that allows you to dress it up as much as you want, or dress it down. It still leaves a lot of it up to you.

If you start with a very classic approach to your clothes, you can add anything flamboyant to that. If you start the other way round, it’s much harder to tone it down afterwards. Start with the boring bit, then add to make it feel more relevant to what is going on in fashion.

When I was a 25-year-old fashion assistant, I used to look at a 40-year-old fashion editor and think they were ready for retirement, so serious in their Chanel suits and pearls and Manolo Blahniks. But women are loving fashion at all ages now, it’s cross-generational. Think of how jeans have become the norm. My mum wore jeans into her 70s but her mother would never have worn them. Now you can wear leopard print when you’re 60 but it doesn’t mean you look like Bet Lynch – unless you want to. And if you want to wear sequins, you can wear sequins.

Topshop Boutique S/S 2016. Photograph: Topshop

I love seeing women like Jane Birkin who were so influential when they were young in what they wear, and they still are. Of course, there are compromises. You do have to be prepared for that thing that fashion does – when you fall in love with something and it feels absolutely perfect but they change it. It’s a bit like how you can’t get a Levi’s 501 to fit like an old Levi’s 501 because they’ve adapted the design. And you do have to age into your style, like Kate Moss has – retaining your style personality but moving it on so it becomes more relevant to the age you are.

I think, in the end, fashion is always about those little things that you discover. Margaret Howell did a really beautiful blue scarf for the Barbara Hepworth exhibition and I bought one because I loved it, but I had never really worn a scarf before. I was tying it round my neck thinking, “Oh, it feels really different, really grown up, to put a scarf on.” I quite liked that.

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How to find a good guard dog

Labrador Retrievers are well-known to be friendly and fun-loving dogs. This might be the reason why some dog lovers worry about leaving their Labradors alone at home.

What if there was an intruder? Will your Labrador be happier to welcome someone, or will your dog stand its ground?

Learn more about how Labrador retrievers fare as guard dogs.

It’s important that you know what kind of dog you are getting and what their strengths are. This is also to protect your dog from facing any harm in the future.

Read more below to find out what makes or doesn’t make a Labrador an effective guard dog.

Table of Contents

Does Temperament Have Anything to Do with a Labrador Retriever’s Guarding Capabilities?

As dog-parent, you need to understand that every dog has his own temperament. There will be good Labrador retriever guard dogs, and there will be those that won’t.

One thing to note though is that Labradors also have specific temperaments. These temperaments are unique only to their breed. You also need to watch out for these if you are considering a Labrador as a guard dog.

If trained in a proper way, a Labrador can be an effective guard dog. But plenty of Labradors will be too friendly with children and, on the downside, strangers. These dogs are extroverts and may not be the best option to guard one’s home.

What you want is a Labrador that is friendly to children, but at the same time can control himself to be a good guard dog. It might be too much to ask, but it’s not impossible to find.

When your Labrador doesn’t have the ideal qualities of a guard dog, don’t lose hope. There are still ways that can help mold your pet into a responsible furry companion..

How Can Your Labrador Retriever Be a Great Guard Dog?

How to find a good guard dog

One of the most popular qualities of a Labrador retriever is their loyalty. They will make sure that they do everything that you please. This is why they’re amazing at fetch, easy to feed, and will stay still when you tell them to.

You can take this loyalty and make it into an advantage. Loyal Labrador retrievers are also protective of their home. Compared to other breeds, there’s loyalty and protectiveness engraved into the Labrador’s attitude. These can be effective forces to drive your pet to act as a guard dog.

Cultivating the Loyalty and Protective Behavior of the Labrador Retriever

Loyalty is part of breeding Labradors. This is why this breed is always part of the law enforcement. When your dog can look at you as the leader, he will follow what you’ll teach him.

Labradors also have the instincts of working dogs and guide dogs in their breed. When trained as puppies, they can even help assist their senior owners later on.

Once you can work into your dog’s loyalty, you can turn it into effective guarding techniques. Labradors will not be timid about protecting their owners. They will show strength and resilience.

Your Labrador can be aggressive to strangers when trained. The good part about this is this breed will never show aggression towards its family.

Labradors will always be:

  • Gentle to its family and children
  • Bark as much as they can
  • Oversensitive if not familiar with the surroundings
  • Alert of the smallest things around him
  • Protective over his owners
  • Understanding with what his owners want him to do

Note that they can stop barking at command if trained early on.

What If Your Labrador Retriever Is Not Keen on Guarding Duties?

Let’s say you have a Labrador that is too friendly with everyone. No matter how loyal they are, there will be Labradors that succumb to being extroverts.

This is why there are owners that can’t turn their Labradors into guard dogs. A huge factor comes from the attitude of the dog itself. If your pet can’t help but be friendly, you have to work around the situation to correct it.

if you can’t make your Labrador a guard dog, he might be better as a watchdog.

The next question would be, what’s the difference?

A Labrador Guard Dog vs. a Labrador Watchdog

Labrador guard dogs are those that have undergone training. These are dogs that have instincts to guard against strangers or other animals. They watch out for unwanted and unexpected visitors in their territory.

How to find a good guard dog

Guard dogs:

  • Protect their homes
  • Are trained to be aggressive
  • Can attack or restrain in command
  • Do more things than barking
  • Will bite and attack without hesitation
  • Undergo training to protect specific locations or even livestock
  • Can go on patrol at night and sound an alarm when there are intruders
  • Bark when seeing strangers, but at the same time attack them until the owner shows up
  • Taunt intruders by growling and even charging

A Labrador watchdog is more like a guardian. They can guard against theft, loss, waste, and practices that are undesirable. Watchdogs are more of lookouts, and they observe a lot in their surroundings.


  • Will keep an eye out and start barking when strangers approach
  • Can alert you when they see trouble nearby
  • Do not attack or go near the intruder
  • Will not deal with the problem themselves but will only alert you
  • Call their owners to take care of the situation
  • Do not need any special training
  • Will observe and bark out of instinct

So are Labrador retrievers good guard dogs? Yes and no could be the answer. Whether you want to train your dog as a guard dog is up to you. If you are already happy with having them as watchdogs, then that would be easier for you and your doggo.

How to find a good guard dog

We are counting down our top picks on the top 10 worst guard dog breeds.

Table of Contents

1. Labrador Retriever

How to find a good guard dog

Labrador Retriever labs are one of the friendliest dog breeds, you will ever meet. They’re also highly intelligent and love to please. It’s hard to find a Labrador Retriever that does not like every person she meets happy go lucky she would gladly show you where her owner keeps his best stuff.

2. Golden Retriever

How to find a good guard dog

Golden retriever social and friendly they are a friend to everyone they meet the golden is just a friendly dog while he loves his owner, he’s the type that would go home with anybody, energetic pooches, they are best suited for the active outdoorsy family, all these dogs love to assist in hunting and other outdoor activities, they cannot assist in guarding your home.

3. Irish Wolfhound

How to find a good guard dog

Irish Wolfhound known as the Greyhounds of Ireland. These dogs are strong and fast, very friendly, Irish Wolfhounds get along with everything and everyone well someone may not want to risk a meeting with these large pooches, they’re actually affectionate to even strangers to top off that glowing description, these canines are intelligent and easy to train as well.

4. Saint Bernard

How to find a good guard dog

This is not just a really huge dog, the breed drools and tends to shed a whole lot safer learn to love children are friendly and even very patient with kids during play, because of the breeds loud bark and enormous size, they would most likely put up most house breakers. However, if a burglar did come into your house, a standard Saint Bernard dog would rather play with them than attack.

5. Bloodhound

How to find a good guard dog

One of the best hunting dogs on the planet, the bloodhound boasts having an extremely sensitive nose. In fact, the best in the canine world, they have a wonderfully kind nature’s and are quite happy to greet everyone they meet, whether they know that person or not, they’re just to kind of be good guard dogs.

6. Basset Hound

How to find a good guard dog

The Basset Hound is such a laid back character, they may not be the smartest canine on the planet but they are the most loyal, they absolutely loved the great outdoors, and are very fond of picking up a scent that they can follow. The basset hound is such a late add on with everybody and other pets too. However they also get on with intruders and strangers, so not the best choice for a guard dog.


How to find a good guard dog

This is a large dog that has a very sweet temperament, they love children, and tend to bond firmly with their families. They don’t like to be left alone and are known to be one of the gentle giants that although may require regular exercise can perfectly be contented to just lie around your house all day long, because of their extremely laid back personality Newfoundland’s are the least effective guard dogs.

8. Pug

Pug the charming and beguiling pug is known to be a good temper, laid back character. You’re very clever little dogs, hence they are excellent when it comes to obedience because of pugs mission in life is the please be like to lead a quiet, relaxed life, and they adore, all human contact, which could include giving a warm welcome to win intruder.

9. English Bulldog

How to find a good guard dog

English Bulldog used to have a reputation for being aggressive, but this trait has been bred out of them over recent years, these days this lovely loving breed has a super temperament, which is very similar to that of a pug English Bulldogs love everyone children, other pets, and people they don’t actually know.

10. Siberian Husky

How to find a good guard dog

Siberian Huskies do not make good guard dogs. They’re not a guardian breed as they lack natural aggression, and they are notoriously difficult to train. They love people, and are more concerned with who will play with them, not who shouldn’t be there. Huskies are not aggressive possessive or suspicious dogs. This makes them great dogs for a family, but not so great as guard dogs.

Wanting to own a Standard Schnauzer puppy and need to know whether a Standard Schnauzer can be a good watch dog or if Standard Schnauzer Dogs are protective of their owners?

According to pet trainers, Standard Schnauzer Dogs score out of 5 in the scale of breeds that are considered the best watch dogs.

    This dog is not recommended to be a watchdog.

Training a Standard Schnauzer To Be a Watch Dog

Lots of people get a pet dog because they want extra security around their households. A guard dog, or a dog that will really stop an intruder, generally takes unique breeding and training, but there are many dogs that are outstanding watch dogs.

A watch dog simply notifies their owner to someone approaching their property. Even when your pet dog isn’t a police canine, most barking dogs will discourage an intruder even if they aren’t large. Most guard dogs also make excellent watch dogs, but not all watch dogs make great guard dogs.

Top 5 Best Guard Dogs

1. Doberman Pinscher – The Doberman Pinscher is German breed originally used for protecting, police and military work. They are big, strong dogs that will alarm their owners to suspicious activity and can make excellent guard dogs as well.

2. Cairn Terrier – Although little, the Cairn Terrier is intense. They are strong-willed, feisty little terriers that are very watchful of their surroundings and will alert their owners to any novel activity in no time. Because of this, they make excellent watch dogs.

3. Rottweiler – The Rottweiler is a huge German guard dog breed that is greatly loyal to its family but wary of strangers. However, they are not a great choice for amateur canine owners.

4. German Shepherd – They are great guard dogs that will alert their owners of any strangers just a little too close to their homes.

5. Akita – They will quickly notify their owners to any unusual activity. They are strong dogs that are not well-suited for the inexperienced owner, but are almost unparalleled in their loyalty to their owners.

Wanting to get a Staffordshire Bull Terrier puppy and wondering whether a Staffordshire Bull Terrier can be a good guard dog or if Staffordshire Bull Terrier Dogs are protective of their owners?

According to dog trainers, Staffordshire Bull Terrier Dogs score out of 5 in the scale of breeds that are considered the best guard dogs.

    This dog is not recommended to be a watchdog.

Training a Staffordshire Bull Terrier To Be a Watch Dog

Many people get a canine because they want additional security around their residences. A guard dog, or a dog that will really stop an intruder, usually takes special breeding and training, but there are many dogs that are excellent watch dogs.

A watch dog merely alerts their owner to somebody coming close to their house. Even if your dog isn’t a police canine, most barking dogs will deter an intruder even if they aren’t large. Most guard dogs also make wonderful watch dogs, but not all watch dogs make good guard dogs.

Top 5 Best Guard Dogs

1. Doberman Pinscher – The Doberman Pinscher is German breed initially used for guarding, police and military work. They are large, strong dogs that will notify their owners to doubtful activity and can make excellent guard dogs as well.

2. Cairn Terrier – Although small, the Cairn Terrier is mighty. They are strong-willed, feisty little terriers that are quite watchful of their environments and will alarm their owners to any novel activity in no time. Because of this, they make exceptional watch dogs.

3. Rottweiler – The Rottweiler is a large German guard dog breed that is deeply loyal to its family but wary of strangers. However, they are not a good choice for inexperienced dog owners.

4. German Shepherd – They are impressive guard dogs that will notify their owners of any strangers just a little too close to their homes.

5. Akita – They will quickly alert their owners to any uncommon activity. They are powerful dogs that are not well-suited for the rookie owner, but are almost unparalleled in their loyalty to their owners.

How to choose a fierce name for your fearless protector

How to find a good guard dog

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The Spruce / Ellen Lindner

If you plan to train your new dog or puppy to someday stand guard over your house, property or business, choosing an impressive name is of paramount importance. Although there’s nothing wrong with the old standby classic dog names like Charlie, King, Max and Rex, an imposing guard dog deserves a tough name that speaks to his position as a watchful and discerning protector. If you’re looking for some inspirational guard dog names, you’ve come to the right place.

Top Guard Dog Names

These traditional, powerful guard dog names are top of the class:

  • Blitz
  • Brutus
  • Crusher
  • Fang
  • Gunner
  • Magnum
  • Major
  • Remington
  • Saber
  • Sniper
  • Spike
  • Tank
  • Trigger
  • Wolf

How to find a good guard dog

Tips for Choosing Guard Dog Names

When hunting down the perfect guard dog names for your future guard dog, you can go one of two routes. First, you can search only for guard dog names that sound strong, serious and powerful. Luckily, plenty of tough-sounding names are perfect for guard dogs. Another options is to do a complete 180 and consider ironic guard dog names. Choosing names that sound cutesy or weak can lend a bit of humor to your guard dog’s name.

If you want to try the second route, consider your individual dog when trying to find an unexpected guard dog name and go extreme. A strong and powerful Rottweiler named Tiny or an intimidating Doberman Pinscher named Fifi can be perfectly ironic. (Fun fact: The terrifying, giant three-headed dog used as a guard in the book and film Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone did not have a ferocious name. He was named Fluffy.)

On the other hand, nothing could suit a guard dog more perfectly than the more traditional guard dog names. When coming up with a list of name options, consider strong-sounding names, serious names or names that make you think of powerful warriors.

Landing on the right guard dog name will be a combination of the name itself and how the name suits your dog. Make sure you choose a name that’s easy and enjoyable for you to say—after all, you will be uttering this name for many years to come!

When choosing guard dog names, the options are nearly limitless. To get you started, we’ve compiled a list of 67 inspired guard dog names. Whether or not you find your new guard dog’s name on the lists below, these fearsome names are sure to get your creative juices flowing. First, let’s take a look at some of the top guard dog names from all categories.

How to find a good guard dog

Tough-Sounding Guard Dog Names

Whether strong, intimidating or downright frightening, classic tough-sounding guard dog names are probably the most popular for canine sentries. Here are some popular guard dog name choices that sound fierce and powerful:

  • Banshee
  • Beast
  • Bruiser
  • Bruno
  • Brutus
  • Butch
  • Crusher
  • Devil
  • Diablo
  • Diesel
  • Dragon
  • Fang
  • Fury
  • Hannibal
  • Mammoth
  • Spike
  • Talon
  • Thor
  • Tiger
  • Titan
  • Viper
  • Wolf
  • Zeus

Military-Inspired Guard Dog Names

Nothing says strength, power and overall toughness like guard dog names inspired by the military. Check out some of our favorite military-themed monikers:

  • Admiral
  • Ammo
  • Blitz
  • Bomber
  • Captain
  • General
  • Gunner
  • Kevlar
  • Magnum
  • Major
  • Nitro
  • Ranger
  • Remington
  • Saber
  • Sarge
  • Sergeant
  • Sniper
  • Solider
  • Striker
  • Tank
  • Trigger
  • Uzi

Guard Dog Names Based on Mythology

Whether borrowed from Greek, Roman or Norse mythology, the names of many powerful gods, goddesses, and mythological places and events can be perfect for your strong and noble guard dog.

  • Ares
  • Cerberus
  • Chaos
  • Erebus
  • Fenrir
  • Hercules
  • Hydra
  • Kratos
  • Loki
  • Magnus
  • Odin
  • Sirius
  • Thor
  • Titan
  • Zeus

Unexpected Guard Dog Names

What could be a more clever choice than a perfectly ironic “softie” type name for a big and tough guard dog? Here are just a few ideas to get you started:

How to find a good guard dog

You don’t need a security system when you have an Akita. This fiercely loyal canine is brave, sharp and attentive. The Akita was bred to be a guard dog, and their skepticism of other people and dogs stem from their deep devotion to their humans.

There’s perhaps no better example of an Akita’s unwavering devotion to their owner than that of Hachiko, a Japanese Akita. Dubbed the “most loyal dog in the world,” Hachiko would greet his owner at the train station every day after work. Then one day, his owner did not show up; he had died suddenly of a brain hemorrhage. For nearly a decade, Hachiko continued to wait at the train station for his owner’s return. Unfortunately, that day never came, but Hachiko’s loyalty has become immortalized in stories, films and even a statue erected in his honor.

So, when it comes to love and protection — nothing beats Akita. Here are eight ways in which Akitas are better protectors than your Slomin’s Shield.

1. They investigate every little sound.

How to find a good guard dog

“I heard you up there! Don’t even think about coming down, squirrel.”

2. They check every nook and cranny for intruders.

How to find a good guard dog

“All right, folks. It doesn’t look like there are any creatures or unwelcome guests under this structure. It is now safe to go inside the residence.”

3. Want to come down the driveway? You have to answer some questions about your visit first.

How to find a good guard dog

“And what is the purpose of your visit? I am not interested in you treats, Sir, just your answer.”

4. They keep a keen eye on all of the kids.

How to find a good guard dog

“Where do you guys think you’re going?”

5. They protect your private info by making sure no one’s hacking into your computer.

How to find a good guard dog

“You should really clear your cookies more often.”

6. If something smells awry… they already know about it.

How to find a good guard dog

“Hmm, that’s not my scent! What mongrel came upon my property!”

7. You have to know the secret password to get past an Akita.

How to find a good guard dog

8. One thing is for sure, you never have to worry about your safety when this pup’s around — they always have your back!

How to find a good guard dog

“Don’t worry, buddy. When you have me around, you’ve got nothing to worry about!”

How to find a good guard dog

Here are several options of guard dog names for you to choose from, which resemble the true nature of your puppy. Be it a Dobermann, Rottweiler or German Shepherd, you will find the best name for your watchdog right here.

We’ve examined different languages, cultures, shows, artists and more to come up with a unique list of names that will fulfill all of your wishes, and therefore, meet your expectations. Perhaps, even surpass them!

List of Guard Dog Names

Here are several options of guard dog names for you to choose from:

Guard Names for Male Puppies

If you got a brave male guard puppy, then this is exactly what you are looking for. They are strong, powerful and showcase tons of confidence, exactly the kind of message you want to transmit with your soon-to-be guardian that will protect your home.

For example, you can opt for the name Anax, who was a fiery Greek tribal king. If you want to convey such a powerful message with your dog (why wouldn’t you?), then this is exactly what you need. On top of that, it sounds very cool and original.

If you’re fond of mythology, you will love our next suggestion: Ares. You can name it after the ruthless and almighty Greek god of war. Enough said about its importance and outstanding power, and therefore, a worthy name for your pup.

Besnick is another fantastic name for your dog. It’s the Albanian word for loyal, which is one of the most important traits of all guardian dog breeds. Moreover, it’s not a name you get to hear every day, therefore, it will make your puppy stand out from the rest.

On the same page, we have Damon, which is Greek for loyal. Again, a beautiful and meaningful name for any dog whose mission is to watch and guard your home.

For the big, brave and strong guard dog, you can opt for Beast. Self-explanatory. It’s enough to make people think twice about messing up with your four-legged friend. It’d be an outstanding name for a Great Dane or Rottweiler, for example.

A similar name, but cuter, would be Bones. It still conveys a strong message, but for some reason, it sounds sweeter, so to speak. So, if you to tone down the impression a little bit, then here you have a fabulous option.

If you have a bossy and imposing dog, then what a better name than Boss? It will automatically impose authority and let everyone know the attitude and power of your friend. Without any doubt, one of the best-sounding and most powerful watch dog names from this list.

Guard Names for Female Puppies

Because the girls also do an exceptional job at protecting your home, here you have some spot-on suggestions for naming your little four-legged cutie.

You can name it Daenerys, as the brave and strong character from Game of Thrones. It will make even more sense if you’re a fan!

If you prefer to take inspiration from mythology, then you only have to explore the Greek pantheon a little bit to find out one of the most powerful and beautiful guard dog names in this list: Athena. The Greek goddess of war and wisdom.

Following the previous idea, you can also opt for Hera, a mighty goddess from Greek mythology. It sounds very well and the message it conveys is overwhelming, exactly what you want to achieve at the hour of naming your guard dog.

You could also name it Perandor, which is a strong and beautiful Greek word for Imperator. A guard dog is some kind of a ruler in its own sense, and therefore, it makes a lot of sense to name it that way.

How to find a good guard dogOur top list of guard dog names for your new watchdog!

Some Extra Watchdog Names

Our list offers you over 75 names that will fit the bill because all of our guard dog names are the product of intensive research, which brings you options that truly identify the most important traits of your pet.

For example, you have Rebel, El Cid, Elektra, Bruiser, and Ammo. All of which are strong, beautiful, unique and meaningful names, and more importantly, they communicate strongly what your dogs are good at, guarding and protecting!

All you have to do is to explore all of our guard dog names and play around with the options. We’ve got more categories, too. As simple as that. Because you will definitively find exactly what you are looking for, guaranteed!

Great Pyrenees – everyone loves them when they’re puppies. They’re big white balls of fluff that grow up into large, protective, smart, independent dogs. Some people call them “willful” or “stubborn,” and others even say that they’re dumb because they don’t immediately follow commands the way some other dogs do. But these habits are what makes the Great Pyrenees an excellent guard dog for the right owner. Curious about what makes a Great Pyrenees well-suited for protection? Are you wondering if a Great Pyrenees is right for you? Keep reading to see if you like the traits this gentle giant has to offer!

The Root of the Behavior

The Great Pyrenees was bred to be a flock-guarding dog, working independently of its owner to protect livestock from predators. This meant that they had to be independent, wary, large, powerful, brave, and above all, dedicated to the care of their flock. While most Great Pyrenees now live in family homes, this bred behavior hasn’t gone away – they’re not necessarily the easiest dog to live with, though they can be excellent companions, especially if they’re socialized at a young age. Once the Pyrenees has accepted you and your family as its “flock,” you’ll find them to be quite gentle and placid, and you can often find Great Pyrenees with a patient temperament towards children. However, it’s important to remember that your Pyrenees was bred to be an independent, strong-willed protector. The Great Pyrenees will bark often, especially if he detects something he believes to be a threat and will often be active in the evenings – because that’s when they needed to be most alert to protect their flock.

You may also find that your Great Pyrenees does not respond as swiftly to your commands and may take time to consider them (almost like a person). For this reason, we don’t recommend you off-leash your Great Pyrenees – they may not listen when you tell them to come back! The Great Pyrenees also need a moderate amount of space, and you’ll want to make sure that you have a fenced-in yard so that they don’t try to expand their territory. They’ll patrol the borders of the yard the way they would patrol the edges of your flock, and their instinct is to roam widely, so keeping them contained is important. But if you think you can handle the idiosyncrasies of a Great Pyrenees, you’ll find that they make incredibly loyal, gentle, intelligent pets that are ready to guard you with their life. Though they’re slow to attack, preferring to scare things off with their intimidating size and loud bark, you can rely on your Pyrenees to protect you and your family if the need arises.

Encouraging the Behavior

The best way to “encourage” your Great Pyrenees’ natural guard behavior is to do your homework when selecting a breeder. Just like any dog, Pyrenees have vastly different attitudes; some can be very aggressive from the outset, while others may be more gentle and inclined towards lethargy. Finding a breeder who offers you the right type of temperament for your dog is a great first step. You’ll likely also want to find an obedience trainer who can help you handle your Pyr’s independent streak, as it can be harder than normal to get them to learn and obey standard commands. A good trainer will help you work with your pet, finding the best positive motivators to encourage your Great Pyrenees to listen to you and follow your instructions.

We also highly recommend introducing your Great Pyrenees to a number of people when they are small. Because their instinct is to guard, some Pyrenees will greet strangers with suspicion, and may even bark or snap at an unexpected human in their presence. However, they will generally get along fine with someone if you’ve taken the time to properly introduce them, and Great Pyrenees also generally accept other household pets with little to no problem. They may even incorporate your other pets into their flock, guarding and protecting them as well!

Other Solutions and Considerations

Your Great Pyrenees loves to guard and patrol, and they’re incredibly loyal to their flock. That means you need to be loyal to them as well. If you choose a Great Pyrenees as your guard dog, you need to show him affection and love, as well as provide it with plenty of playtime, toys, and time outside. A bored Great Pyrenees is a destructive Great Pyrenees, and the last thing you want is to come home and find your furniture torn to shreds because your dog didn’t know what to do with themselves! Great Pyrenees are not going to be as cuddly or outwardly affectionate as some other breeds of dog; they’re often seen as being a bit “aloof.” But they love you, and they are incredibly attentive to your mood. Keep that in mind and you’ll be delighted with your furry family guardian.


If you think you can handle the unique temperament of a Great Pyrenees, then they are a wonderful guard dog for any family. They love children and are protective and caring of every human (and animal!) they adopt into their “flock.” So if you’d like a big, beautiful dog that was once recognized as the royal dog of France to guard your home, the Great Pyrenees is a perfect choice for you.

How to save stories on snapchat

How to save stories on snapchat

Do you remember the times when stories didn't even exist on Snapchat? All we had were those quick 10-second videos. Now the app has become so complex, we even have Snapmap to play with! But with all the complexities, it has become increasingly unclear and confusing exactly how long our content will stay live, who can see what and — most importantly — if other people can save your Snapchat story.

Right now, Snapchat has made it impossible for other people to save your Snapchat story without you knowing. While there are ways around it, most often you will know who is looking at your funny videos!

Ways To Save Other People's Snapchat Stories

While there is no official way to save someone else's Snapchat story, there are certain ways to get around it. If they're just photos, you can easily screenshot them by pressing the home button and lock button (at the same time) on your iPhone. Of course, this will let the other person know that you screenshot their story, but if its your bestie, who cares!

If you wanted to secretly save your friends story, you can use "screen recording" apps for your phone, like dr.fone. This app won't tell your friends that you're recording their stories, so get your stalker on!

Have more Snapchat questions? Let us know in the comments and we'll do our best to answer all your questions, or visit the Snapchat Help Center.

How to save stories on snapchat

I find Snapchat more exciting than many other social networking apps. Features like Face Swap and Memories impress me a lot. Whenever I’m on limited bandwidth, I make sure to enable Travel Mode to save mobile data with Snapchat on my iPhone or iPad.

When Travel Mode is enabled, the auto-loading of contents like Snaps, Stories and Discovery items is stopped. You need to tap such contents to load them manually. Though your user-experience is slightly affected, it’s worth giving a try especially when you wish to reduce cellular consumption of your iOS device.

Well, there is a solution for this problem too.

How to Save Mobile Data with Snapchat on iPhone and iPad

Recently, Snapchat has introduced a new feature on its app – Travel Mode. This helps users to save mobile data while using Snapchat. Apart from Travel Mode, Snapchat has also introduced some emoji improvements.

Before you toggle Travel Mode on, please ensure that you have got the latest version of Snapchat on your iPhone or iPad.

After downloading the latest version of Snapchat, you are ready to save your mobile data on iPhone and iPad.

How to Turn on Travel Mode of Snapchat to Save Mobile Data on iPhone

Step #1. Launch Snapchat on your iPhone.

Step #2. Tap on the profile icon seen at the top.

Step #3. Now tap on Settings icon on top-right.

How to save stories on snapchat

Step #4. Tap on Manage under ADDITIONAL SERVICES section.

How to save stories on snapchat

Step #5. Toggle Travel Mode ON.

How to save stories on snapchat

How Travel Mode functions?

In a regular mode, your Snapchat app automatically loads some content like Snaps, Stories and Discovery items; this surely consumes your data. Travel Mode stops auto-loading of all these contents and thus, cuts on data usage on your iPhone. So once you turn Travel Mode on, you will need to tap such content manually.

If you don’t spend much on your mobile data, Snapchat Travel Mode feature is cut out for you.

Improved Battery Life

Another cool feature of Snapchat is that you can save battery life on your iPhone as the use of Snapchat might consume the phone battery. So, here is how you can save battery on iPhone while using Snapchat.

How to Enable Power Save Mode to Improve Battery Life while Using Snapchat on iPhone

Follow the first four steps as mentioned to turn on Travel Mode. Once you are on Manage screen, toggle Power Save Mode ON.

This will save battery consumption on your iPhone while you are using Snapchat.

How to save stories on snapchat

What’s New in Emoji?

Earlier, users had to do with multiple emoji in a single string of text. Now, in the latest version, users can add number of emoji to their Snaps and place them individually. You can avail placeable emojis, i.e. Sticker Picker, by tapping the post-it note button on the top-right corner of screen, but only after taking a photo or video.


Apart from emoji improvements, battery saving mode and travel mode, Snapchat’s latest version has something more to offer. If you are a newbie at Snapchat, you can see who has watched your story with the help of eye button, a feature which was available earlier.

Moreover, you can also export your profile GIF as an actual video; earlier, it was just your photo of the first frame.

Note: Check out Power Save Mode that allows you to prevent Snapchat from draining more battery of your device. If you are concerned about the battery consumption of this app, make sure to enable it.

Wrapping up

If you want to have more control over the cellular data usage on your iOS device, I would recommend you to pick out one of these best data tracker apps. They can be immensely helpful in letting you keep a tab on the data consumption.

If you find any app eating more data on your device, there are three smart ways through which you can control it.

First: Allow the app to access your cellular data only when you use it. (Settings → Cellular)

Second: Update the app to the latest version. Outdated version of any app is not just more problematic but also less secure. Hence, make sure to update apps from time to time. (App Store → Updates)

Third: Delete the app and reinstall it.

Clearing history and cache can also help in not just reducing data consumption but also preventing the app from draining the battery of your device. (How to clear Snapchat history on iPhone).

You wouldn’t want to miss out on:

How to save stories on snapchat

iGeeksBlog has affiliate and sponsored partnerships. We may earn commissions on purchases made using our links. However, this doesn’t affect the recommendations our writers make. You can read more about our review and editorial process here.

How to save stories on snapchat

If you own an iPhone, then you won’t find any other option better than iOS Screen Recorder. It is a part of the Dr.Fone toolkit and is compatible with a wide range of iOS devices (iOS 7.1 to iOS 13). It will make it easier for you to record every screen activity on your phone. Not just as a Snap story saver, it can also be used to mirror your iOS device to a bigger screen wirelessly.

You can easily use it to record gameplay and tutorials without any trouble. It runs on a Windows system and provides a hassle-free to record Snapchat stories. Simply connect your device to the system and run the application to start recording your screen’s activity. Later, you can just save your recordings or edit them as per your needs.

iOS Screen Recorder

Record Snapchat stories without jailbreak or computer required.

  • Mirror your device to your computer or projector wirelessly.
  • Record mobile games, videos, Facetime and more.
  • Offer both Windows version and iOS app version.
  • Support iPhone,iPad and iPod touch that runs on iOS 7.1 to iOS 13.
  • Offer both Windows and iOS programs (the iOS program is unavailable for iOS 11-13).

How to save Snapchat stories with iOS Screen Recorder app?

Step 1. Download and install the iOS Screen Recorder app on your iPhone or iPad directly.

Step 2. To install iOS Screen Recorder, it will ask you to trust the distribution. Tap on Settings > Device Management > tap on the developer and then tap on Trust.

Step 3. Then open iOS Screen Recorder on your home screen. Here we can customize the recording settings before we start.

How to save stories on snapchat

Step 4. Tap on Next, and it will start to recording everything on your iPhone. After iOS Screen Recorder minimizes its window, open Snapchat and plays the story you want to record.

How to save stories on snapchat

  • It doesn’t compromise the authenticity of your account
  • Can also be used to mirror your screen to play games or make tutorials
  • Compatible with almost every major iOS device
  • Free trial available
  • Easy to use and extremely secure
  • Need to trust the developer during installation.

How to save stories on snapchat

2. SnapBox

SnapBox is one of the oldest apps out there that can be used to screenshot Snapchat story with a single tap. It provides an easy to use interface from where you can save any snap or story by simply pressing the download icon. Though, before using the app, you need to sign out of Snapchat, as it is not authorized by it. With SnapBox, you won’t be taking a recording of other’s stories but would be saving them directly to your device.

  • Freely available and easy to use
  • Save stories directly to your device
  • Compatible with both iOS and Android
  • Ads-free
  • No root access required
  • Can save stories without opening
  • It is not authorized by Snapchat inc. and your account can be deleted after using it
  • It hasn’t been updated for a long time and still has a few bugs

How to save stories on snapchat

3. SnapSave

SnapSave is another popular Snapchat story saver that is available for both, iOS and Android devices. It works similarly as SnapBox and allows its users to save snaps and stories with just one tap. Though the app is not officially available on App Store and Google Play, and you need to download it from a third-party location. Additionally, you need to log out of Snapchat before using this one. Earlier it was freely available, but now you need to pay $5 to access it. Also, there is only a web-version for Android users.

  • Works for both, Android and iOS devices
  • Not freely available
  • Not authentic and might tamper your Snapchat account

How to save stories on snapchat

4. SnapCrack

SnapCrack is comparatively a new Snap story saver that will make your smartphone experience a whole lot convenient. If you don’t wish to connect your phone to the system to take a screenshot Snapchat story, then this is the best alternative. You can easily install it from its website on your phone (compatible with iOS and Android) and use it the same way you use Snapchat. It has a free as well as a pro version that comes with a few added features. To save a story, just tap on the “save” icon and access it whenever you want.

  • Available for both, iOS and Android devices
  • Upload pictures from the gallery and make doodles
  • Zoom snaps and stills
  • Freely available
  • It is not affiliated with Snapchat inc. and might get your account blocked

How to save stories on snapchat

5. MirrorGo

If you are looking for a secure Snapchat story saver, then MirrorGo Android Recorder is a perfect solution for you. Developed by Dr.Fone, it is ideally used to mirror your phone to a bigger screen. It can also be used to make gameplays, recordings, and more. Though, one can also use the application to screenshot Snapchat story and picture of their friends. It is compatible with almost every Android smartphone out there and runs on a Windows system.

You can simply connect your Android smartphone to your system using a USB cable or wirelessly. It can also be used to gain complete access to your smartphone, as it would let you reply to your messages or check notifications from a bigger screen. Start recording your screen activity and save Snapchat stories without violating any conditions with MirrorGo.

One of the most popular Snapchat features is Snapchat Story, where users can post their Snaps which last for 24 hours. People usually post pictures of food, pets, or pictures from their night outs, and the temporary nature of Snapchat Stories is a big part of the Snapchat experience. However, many Snaps are worth saving.

How to save stories on snapchat

This article will show you how you can easily set your Snapchat app to automatically save your Snapchat Stories.

Automatically Saving Snapchat Stories on Your Smartphone

It goes without saying that you can save all of your Snapchat Stories manually. You can download them through the app itself or just take a regular screenshot after you have posted them.

But this can be easy to forget, and it’s far more convenient if your Stories are downloaded automatically as soon as you post them. Luckily, Snapchat has included a feature that enables all users to do this.

Here is how you can use your Snapchat app to automatically save your Stories:

  1. Open your Snapchat app
    How to save stories on snapchat
  2. Select your profile icon at the top left corner of the screen
    How to save stories on snapchat
  3. Tap on the Gear icon
    How to save stories on snapchat
  4. Select Memories from the displayed option menu – located below Notifications
    How to save stories on snapchat
  5. Tap on Auto-Save My Story Snaps option
    How to save stories on snapchat
  6. Select Auto-Save to Memories
    How to save stories on snapchat

If you want to save your Snapchat Stories to your smartphone, your job is not over yet – you also need to tap on the “Save Button” option, located under the SAVE DESTINATIONS tab.

How to save stories on snapchat

From there, select where you want your Snapchat Stories to be automatically stored. You can select Memories, Camera Roll, or both.

How to save stories on snapchat

Snapchat Memories is a feature that allows users to save their pictures and videos for later. This basically works like Instagram’s Story Archive feature, meaning that you will be able to view your previous Snaps whenever you want from the app. You can also send those Snaps or download them later from Memories.

It is best to select Memories & Camera Roll as it will keep your Snaps both in the app and on your phone, and you can view or send them whenever you like. But if you want to save your Story Snaps only on your smartphone, select Camera Roll Only. Obviously, this will take up space on your device.

Deleting Snaps from Your Snapchat Story

Saving Snapchat Stories is useful for many reasons but sometimes you want to delete some of them instead. Whether you have posted the wrong photo or you’ve changed your mind once your Story has been uploaded, you need to know how to delete it.

The following steps will show you how you can easily take your Story Snap down:

  1. Open your Snapchat app
    How to save stories on snapchat
  2. Tap on your profile icon at the top left corner of the camera screen – this will open the Stories page
    How to save stories on snapchat
  3. Find the Snap that you want to delete from your Snapchat Story and tap on it
    How to save stories on snapchat
  4. Swipe up then tap on the trash can icon – located in the lower-left corner of the screen
    How to save stories on snapchat
  5. Tap on Delete from the popup window
    How to save stories on snapchat

If you want to save your Snap before deleting it, all that you need to do is tap on the Save option. This option is located next to the trash can icon.

To completely delete a Snap from your Memories, here is what you should do:

  1. Open Snapchat
    How to save stories on snapchat
  2. Swipe up on the camera screen – this will open the Memories page
    How to save stories on snapchat
  3. Locate the Story that you want to delete and long press to select.
    How to save stories on snapchat
  4. Select the trash can icon that will pop-up at the bottom of the screen
    How to save stories on snapchat
  5. Tap on Delete from the popup window
    How to save stories on snapchat

After you have completed the last step, your Snap will completely be deleted from your Snapchat Memories.

What you need to know as a Snapchat user is that you cannot delete a Snap once you have sent it. As of February 2017, you can’t delete sent Snaps even if you delete your Snapchat account. With that in mind, be careful with who you send your Snaps to and what you choose to post.

Enjoy Snapping

Snapchat becomes much more fun to use if you know how to use all the features it offers.

Since Snapchat always keeps including something new with their new updates, make sure that you are always up to date with their software. You don’t miss new interesting features.

There are almost hundreds of photo and video sharing apps available for Android. However, Snapchat seems to be the best one out of all those. Snapchat is a platform mainly used to share photos, videos, text, and drawings. The app is known for its unique photo and video filters that transform your snaps in literally no-time.

If you have been using Snapchat for a while, you might know about the ‘Snapchat Story’ feature. The snaps on Snapchat get deleted right after you view them, but the stories disappear after 24 hours. The story could be anything; it could be a GIF, image, or video. Everything shared as a story will be shown for only 24 hours on a user account.

Let’s admit, while using Snapchat, we often came across a fantastic story that we want to save. However, the actual problem is that Snapchat doesn’t allow you to save other’s stories, images, or anything that’s being shared. In that case, you need to rely on several third-party apps to save a Snapchat story.

List of 10 Best Apps Save Snapchat Stories On Android

So, if you are interested to know how to save someone else’s Snapchat story, you need to use some third-party apps. This article will share the few best apps that would help you save someone else’s Snapchat story. Let’s check out.

Using Snapchat Story Saver App

Several apps had been made for Android to save a Snapchat story. There are plenty of third-party options available for Android. However, the problem with Snapchat Story Saver apps is that most of them are not available on the Google Play Store. You need to download them from third-party app stores. Here are some of the best Snapchat Story Saver apps you can use.

1. Snapbox

How to save stories on snapchat

Well, Snapbox is one of the best Android apps that can be used to save someone else’s Snapchat Story. However, the app has been removed from the Google Play Store due to some definite reason. The app asks you to enter your Snapchat Login credentials before saving any particular story. Once done, it loads all stories that are visible from your account. You can directly save the Snapchat Stories on your phone with just a single tap.

2. SnapSaver

How to save stories on snapchat

SnapSaver is another best Android application that can help you download Snapchat Stories on Android. It’s a screen recorder app that works only with the Snapchat app. Once installed, you need to tap on the SnapSaver video recorder icon. Once done, open Snapchat and view the story you want to download. SnapSaver will automatically grab the story and will download it on your device. However, the app is not available on the Google Play Store due to security reasons.

3. SnapCrack

How to save stories on snapchat

SnapCrack is pretty much similar to the Snapbox application that had been listed above. Just like Snapbox, SnapCrack requires your Snapchat credentials to fetch essential data. Once you log in with an account, it lists all recent stories and snaps shared by your contacts. To save any particular story, tap on it and select the download button. However, since it requires your Snapchat Credentials, the app doesn’t look safe.

Note: Snapchat Story Saver applications might lead to a temporary or permanent account ban. Also, the security risks were high. We don’t promote the use of these apps to harm or misuse the functionality of Snapchat by any means. So, make sure to use them at your own risk.

Using Screen Recording Applications

Well, the best way to save a Snapchat video is to use a screen recorder app. Although a screen recorder is not an ideal solution, it gets the job done. Most of the Android device comes with a built-in screen recorder application. You can use the native screen recorder to record the Snapchat story.

You can also use third-party screen recorder apps to save a Snapchat video. Below, we have shared some of the best screen recorder applications for Android.

1. XRecorder

How to save stories on snapchat

Xrecorder is one of the best and leading screen recorders available on the Google Play Store. You can easily capture smooth and clear screen video screenshots with a recorder. Once installed, it adds a floating window on your Android’s screen, providing access to the screen recorder. The application is entirely free to use, and it doesn’t have any watermark.

2. AZ Screen Recorder

How to save stories on snapchat

Well, AZ Screen Recorder is by far the best screen recording application available for Android. The site is known for its high-quality screen recording feature that never fails to capture smooth & clear screen videos. It also supports 60FPS screen recording and both internal/external sounds. You can use this application to record Snapchat stories shared by others.

3. Mobizen Screen Recorder

How to save stories on snapchat

If you are looking for an easy-to-use and fast screen recorder app for your Android device, then Mobizen Screen Recorder might be the best pick for you. Guess what? Mobizen Screen Recorder is 100% free, and it doesn’t even put any watermark on recorded videos. Apart from screen recording, the app also offers few editing features like trimming, cutting, or merging multiple clips, adding background music, etc.

So, these are some of the best apps that could help you save Snapchat stories. I hope this article helped you! Please share it with your friends also. If you know of any other such apps, let us know in the comment box below.

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How to save stories on snapchat

If you use Snapchat, you know that the only way to save a snap/story is to screenshot it. However, the catch is the app notifies the user whose story you grab a screenshot of!

This can be a problem if you don’t want the other person to know that you’re saving their photos. Don’t worry, we’ve got something to help you out. Here are three ways to learn how to screenshot on Snapchat without them knowing on iPhone.

1. Turn on Airplane Mode on iPhone

The easiest way to screenshot Snapchat on the iPhone is simply launching the app, wait for the snap to load, and then enable Airplane mode. Now, you can open the snap-in Airplane mode and take a screenshot. However, this doesn’t always work-sometimes it leaves a notification on their Chat list without sending them a notification. Here’s how you can do it.

Launch Snapchat on your iOS device and swipe over to the page with Snaps and Stories. They may take a couple of seconds to load.

How to save stories on snapchat

Now, swipe up from the bottom of the screen (or down from the top corner if you’re using an iPhone X or later) to reveal the Control Centre and tap on the Airplane mode button, which is denoted by an airplane.

How to save stories on snapchat

Go back to Snapchat and view the snap/story. It should load the image and now you can take a screenshot. Since there is no data or Wi-Fi connection, Snapchat will not be able to notify the other person that you’ve taken a screenshot.

However, once you disable Airplane mode, it might notify the person. To circumvent this:

  1. Close the story and tap on your profile picture.
  2. Tap on the Settings icon from the top right.
  3. Scroll down and tap on Clear CacheClear AllClear.
  4. After this, you can turn off Airplane mode.

How to save stories on snapchat

3. Use QuickTime on Mac

Connect your phone to your Mac and open QuickTime Player. Next, click on FileNew Movie Recording. Click on the small arrow next to the record button.

For camera and microphone input, select your iPhone. You should see your phone screen on your Mac. Finally, begin screen recording your iPhone on your Mac and start viewing the snaps.

If you need more help, follow this step-by-step article that shows you the above instructions in detail.

If you don’t want to make video recordings of the snaps, and would rather have screenshots instead, follow the initial steps, and instead of screen recording, press Command + Shift + 4 on your Mac. Next, press the Space Bar and take a screenshot of the QuickTime window.

4. Use another phone to record

If you have a spare phone lying around, then you can use it to record the snap or take a picture of it. Simply start viewing the Snapchat story or snap on your iOS device and then use the other phone’s camera to take a picture. For videos, you can use the other device to record.

Video: Take screenshots on Snapchat without them knowing

That’s it!

Snapchat doesn’t officially allow you to take screenshots without notifying the sender. If you want to take screenshots secretly on Snapchat, you’ll have to use the methods described above. We would suggest that you use the screen recorder feature on Mac or the Airplane mode method. The screenshots will be available in the Photos app on your iOS device and can be viewed whenever you like.

Other interesting Snapchat articles…

How to save stories on snapchat

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Snapchat is a quite popular image/video-based social media app similar to Instagram. Technically, Instagram incorporated a lot of features inspired by Snapchat – so it indeed is a good application.

However, with a lot of snaps from a number of friends – there might be a need to re-watch a snap. But, if it’s gone – you cannot see them again. Maybe it was a funny thing that you missed or an important one from your loved ones. Whatever be the case, you need the ability to save the snaps to your device.

So, in this article, we shall explore ways and techniques to save Snapchat videos on your device or storage.

How to Save Snapchat Videos or Snaps of Your Own Updates?

What if you need to store or record your own snap updates? How can you save?

Well, it is not a big deal. Here’s what you have to do:

  1. Just as you would record and share a snap, proceed to record it. Once, you are done recording, you will get the option to share it.
  2. Do note, you don’t have to share this now – so look for the download button on the bottom-left side of the screen (as shown in the image above). It will be a down-arrow sign.
  3. Now, just tap on it to save the Snapchat video. You can choose to save it only in the memories or both in your memories (and your local storage) You’re done, that’s it!

It wasn’t too hard, right? Just three steps to saving your own Snapchat videos.

However, now comes the tricky part -where to find the videos you just saved?

How to Find Your Saved Snaps?

How to save stories on snapchat

When you save the snap you were sending – it gets stored on your device (and on your account).

Don’t worry, you do not have to make a mess in the file manager to find the saved video. You can access it directly on the Snapchat app itself.

You just need to go to the memories section to find them. While recording a video or on the main screen, you will find an icon with “two cards“.

That is the icon you are looking for to access your memories. The saved snaps will appear there which you can access any number of times (unlike a snap from a friend).

So, now moving on to the toughest question – how to save Snapchat videos that someone else sent you?

Let’s take a look if we have a solution.

How to Save Snapchat Videos From Your Friends?

Just like you would expect privacy – your friends would not want their snaps to be saved by someone else or exploited.

Hence, Snapchat does not give any official feature to be able to save others snaps on your phone.

But, that does not mean you can’t do that. There are a few workarounds – however, you will have to take note of some important things:

  • If you try to take a screenshot of a snap, your friends will be notified about it.
  • Just because officially there’s no option to save someone else’s snap – you should not do it, unless it’s something for casual fun (and not exploiting the workaround in a bad way).

If you consider the things I mentioned now, you can now try the potential solutions to save Snapchat videos to your smartphone.

Avoid 3rd Party Applications for Saving Snapchat Videos

Before we suggest the potential solutions, we should warn you to avoid applications that claim to give you the ability to save Snapchat videos.

Those applications are usually redundant that does nothing. Or, in some cases, they just want to collect your data.

So, we recommend better workarounds here:

Methods to Save Snapchat Videos to Your Phone

There are two possible ways in which you can get the job done on iOS and Android. Here they are:

Use In-built Screen Recording to Save Snaps on iPhone

If you are an iOS user and have an iPhone/iPad with you, it is quite easy to record the screen to save a snap.

Do note that we assume that you haven’t opened the snap yet (or it hasn’t expired).

How to save stories on snapchat

If that is the case, you can simply swipe up on your iPhone to observe the recording button as shown in the image above. Once, you see it, you just need to tap on it to start recording.

And, then after it starts recording, feel free to launch the Snapchat app and open the story/snap you want to save.

After you are done, stop the recording to save the video on your iPhone.

So, this is a workaround for iOS devices to have a copy of the snaps. You can further utilize a video editor on your PC or mobile to make changes (or crop the video to contain the snap).

Use Screen Recorder Apps on Android to Record Snaps

How to save stories on snapchat

Unfortunately, Android does not offer a native screen recording feature. So, you will have to utilize the screen recording applications available on the Play Store.

Fret not, we won’t leave you hanging to explore the apps yourself, we already have a recommendation for you – AZ Screen Record.

AZ Screen Record application is an incredibly useful application and trustworthy tool that has been existing on the Play Store for years now.

It does include in-app advertisements that might be annoying to some. So, if you want to regularly use the app, you should consider making an in-app purchase to get rid of the advertisements.

It should be fairly easy to start using the app to recording your screen.

Simply launch the recorder and start recording it. You may tweak the settings as per your requirements – but that is not really necessary.

Use Another Smartphone to Record Snaps

This is definitely not a convenient option. However, if nothing works out for you, just grab another device and use the camera app to record the snap while playing it on your primary device.

You can go for this – if it’s something really urgent and you want proof of the story and snap.

Otherwise, you should be just fine with the screen recording solutions that I mentioned above.


Snapchat videos play an important role in the social media app. If it is your story, you can save it before sharing it. But, if you have already shared it – you may not be able to save it unless you have it in your stories.

For saving a Snapchat video of another user, you have no legit way to do that. So, if it is really required, you can utilize a screen recorder app on Android or the default screen recording tool on iOS to make a video of the Snapchat app to have a copy of the snap.

We will make sure to update the article if there’s a significant change in the Snapchat app (or if there’s a new solution). If you have a suggestion or need help recording a video on Snapchat, let us know in the comments down below.

How to save stories on snapchat

Earlier this month, Snapchat finally released a new, fast and much-improved version of its app for Android. The updated Snapchat for Android has been fully rewritten and is now at par with the iOS version. Although, some of the design elements in the iOS and Android versions of Snapchat are still different. And if you switched over to Instagram in the meantime then you will find a major change in Snapchat’s new user interface. In the new version of the app, the settings to save your stories have been completely revamped. So let’s now find out how to save a story on Snapchat new update.

NOTE: This guide is explicitly about saving your own Snap story and not someone else story. Also, make sure to save Snapchat stories posted by you within 24 hours of posting, or else they will disappear. This way you will have a backup of your story that you can re-post on other platforms like WhatsApp.

Before saving a story, set a save destination. You can also enable the auto-save option so that all your stories are saved automatically.

How to automatically save stories on Snapchat

  1. Open Snapchat and tap your story or profile icon at the top left.
  2. Tap the gear icon at the top right to open settings.
  3. Scroll down and open “Memories” under the features tab.
  4. Now open “My Story Posts” and select Memories.

How to save stories on snapchat

How to save stories on snapchat

How to save stories on snapchat

How to save stories on snapchat

How to save stories on snapchat

Alternate Way – On the profile page, tap the 3 dots shown next to “My Story” under Stories. Then turn on the toggle for “Auto-Save to Memories”.

How to save stories on snapchat

Doing so will automatically save all your snaps and stories into Memories.

How to save Snapchat stories to Memories and Camera roll

It’s recommended to save your stories and snaps to the camera roll. This will allow you to access them anytime directly from the phone’s gallery. To do so, open Snapchat settings > Memories > Save Button > and select “Memories & Camera Roll”.

How to save stories on snapchat

How to save stories on snapchat

How to Save Stories on Snapchat new update

There are multiple ways to save a Snapchat story and we will list all of them below. You can choose the one that suits you best.

Method #1 (Editor’s Choice)

  1. Inside Snapchat, tap the circular profile icon at the top left.
  2. Tap 3 dots displayed next to My Story under Stories.
  3. Select “Save Story”.
  4. Hit yes to proceed.

How to save stories on snapchat

How to save stories on snapchat

How to save stories on snapchat

How to save stories on snapchat

Note: This method will save your entire story to your memories and camera roll as well (if opted).

Method #2

If you wish to selectively save snaps from your Snapchat story then follow this method.

  1. Go to your profile.
  2. Tap “View All Snaps” under My Story.
  3. All the snaps will be shown.
  4. Long-press on a particular snap and select “Save”.
  5. The desired snap will be saved.

How to save stories on snapchat

How to save stories on snapchat

How to save stories on snapchat

You can swipe the snaps horizontally to scroll through them or add a new snap.

Method #3

If you’re inside a particular snap or story then you can save it easily. To do so, long-press on the screen or tap the 3 dots at the top right of the snap and hit “Save”. You will see a “Saving Snap..” and eventually a “Saved” notification at the top.

How to save stories on snapchat

Method #4

While you have a snap opened up, simply swipe up from the bottom to see who viewed your Snap. Then tap the download icon at the bottom left to save that snap.

How to save stories on snapchat

Save a story before or without posting on Snapchat

If you want to save a draft of your story to share it sometime later (or somewhere else) then you can save it without posting. For this, create a story as you like it to be and tap “Save” at the lower-left corner.

See Memories and Manually save a snap to camera roll

To see your Snapchat memories, swipe up while you are on the app’s main screen. You can see all your snaps here. Additionally, you can manually save a snap to the gallery in case Snapchat fails to do so automatically.

How to save stories on snapchat

For this, long-press a snap inside Memories, select “Export Snap” and tap “Camera Roll”. The saved stories are located in the Snapchat folder inside the phone’s gallery.

How to give a rectal exam

This article was co-authored by Gary Hoffman, MD. Dr. Gary Hoffman is a board certified Colorectal Surgeon and the Clinical Chief of the Division of Colon and Rectal Surgery at Cedars Sinai Medical Center. With over 35 years of experience, Dr. Hoffman has helped to advance laparoscopic and robotic surgery for the treatment of colon and rectal cancer. Dr. Hoffman holds a BS from the University of California, Irvine, and a Doctor of Medicine (MD) from Vanderbilt University. He completed his surgical internship at Los Angeles County-USC Medical Center and his surgical residency at Louisiana State University-Charity Hospital of New Orleans Medical Center. Dr. Hoffman is an Attending Surgeon in the Division of General Surgery and Colon and Rectal Surgery at Cedars Sinai Medical Center. He is also an Associate Clinical Professor of Surgery at The David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles. Dr. Hoffman is a member of The American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons, The Southern California Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons, The American College of Surgeons, and The American Medical Association.

This article has been viewed 82,276 times.

A rectal exam is a screening test for both genders that helps to detect abnormalities in the rectum, anus, and prostate gland (men only), such as cancer, infections and various injuries. [1] X Research source These exams should be done fairly regularly (yearly or so) as part of your health physical. Trained medical professionals are the only people who should give rectal exams since untrained individuals can injure the delicate rectal/anal tissues while probing.

How to give a rectal exam

Physicians may have to examine the rectum and anus for a range of reasons. Officially called a digital rectal examination (DRE), this test can give a cursory indication of whether certain medical problems might need a closer look with a light and camera. The exam involves the insertion of a gloved index finger into the rectum for about a minute, during which the patient can be in one of several positions. A rectal examination helps to inspect the tissue and identify any potential growths or areas of inflammation.

A rectal examination can be performed in a few positions. For a woman, it may be performed in conjunction with a broader gynecological exam, with the patient lying on her back and her legs spread and attached to stirrups. Otherwise, a doctor may just ask a patient to lean over the side of the examining table. Another common position is with the patient lying on his side and pulling his top leg to the chest.

A range of symptoms could lead a doctor to perform a rectal examination — or none at all. During a prostate gland, uterus or ovarian cancer screening, the rectum offers the best angle for doctors to identify growths and other abnormalities. When patients complain of symptoms like excessive pain, digestive disorders, or rectal bleeding, however, doctors may perform a quick digital test to feel whether the source of the problem lies with hemorrhoids or polyps in the rectum near the anus. Often, this examination will involve tissue palpation and a check for tumors on major organs.

If the cause of pain or bleeding is not identified during a rectal examination, doctors may use more exacting equipment to identify the culprit. A sigmoidoscopy may be performed to inspect the lower part of the large intestine, or rectum, with a lighted camera and remove most growths that are found. Colonoscopies can be used to inspect and clear the entire large intestine, or colon. Once removed, any suspect tumors, polyps or other growths are routinely screened for malignancy.

These latter two tests require advance preparation, primarily a one- to three-day liquid diet to clear a path for the equipment and best reveal abnormal tissue. A rectal examination, however, requires no advance preparation. The American Society of Clinical Oncology recommends that patients tell doctors about any inflammation ahead of time, so he or she can best avoid tender areas. Nevertheless, some discomfort is to be expected.

Assessing the Benefits and Limitations of the Procedure

Monique Rainford, MD, is board-certified in obstetrics-gynecology, and currently serves as an Assistant Clinical Professor at Yale Medicine. She is the former chief of obstetrics-gynecology at Yale Health.

A rectovaginal examination is a manual physical examination of the rectum and the vagina, It is not a standard part of a medical or gynecological evaluation, but you might need it if there is a concern about issues such as rectal involvement of endometriosis, a rectovaginal fistula (an abnormal connection between the rectum and vagina), or rectal or vaginal cancer.

A pelvic exam is typically recommended for females for the purpose of evaluating symptoms such as irregular bleeding or discharge, and for screening for malignancy (cancer). Components of a pelvic exam can include a speculum exam, bimanual exam, and rectovaginal exam.

How to give a rectal exam

Purpose of a Rectovaginal Exam

A rectovaginal exam can allow your healthcare provider to examine and identify abnormalities in your pelvic area, including the cervix, uterus, ovaries, fallopian tubes, anus, and rectum.

The recto-vaginal exam is not a particularly accurate screening exam and is usually reserved for people who either have rectal or pelvic pain or are experiencing symptoms related to the genitourinary tract (such as pain, urinary urgency, or abnormal bleeding).

Other reasons for the exam can include:

  • Identifying scarring or a mass that could indicate cancer or another disease
  • Obtaining a fecal blood sample (blood in the stool)
  • Diagnosing a tilted pelvis

Although a pelvic exam is considered important for identifying and treating cancer, sexually transmitted infections (STIs), and other genitourinary tract disorders, a rectovaginal exam offers uncertain benefits.

According to a 2016 review of studies in the Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners, a rectovaginal exam has a low sensitivity in detecting uterosacral nodules, rectal compression, cervical involvement of endometrial cancer, and colorectal cancer. This means it misses many of these problems.

How a Rectovaginal Exam Is Performed

Normally, there is no special preparation needed before having a rectovaginal exam. As with any pelvic exam, you should not engage in sexual intercourse (including anal sex) for 24 hours prior to your appointment. In some cases, your healthcare provider may want you to take a laxative and will advise you about this beforehand.

A rectovaginal exam typically lasts for less than a minute, but it may last longer if your medical professional finds something concerning. It can be a little uncomfortable, but should not produce any real pain. Deep breathing and relaxing your pelvic muscles can help. If you feel any pain, let your healthcare provider know.

There are no risks involved with the procedure.

To do your rectovaginal exam, your practitioner will:

  • Insert a gloved, lubricated finger into your vagina
  • Insert another finger from the same hand into your rectum
  • Palpate (examine by feeling) your abdomen with the other hand

During this procedure, your healthcare provider will evaluate the tissues in your rectum and vagina, the tone and alignment of your pelvic organs, including the ovaries and fallopian tubes, and the ligaments that hold the uterus in place.

When a Rectovaginal Exam Is Indicated

Your healthcare provider might consider doing a rectovaginal exam if you have pain, discomfort, or pressure that seems like it is coming from the anal or rectal area. They might also do this exam if they detect a possible growth or abnormality in or near your rectum while they are doing other parts of your pelvic exam.

In general, a rectovaginal exam is considered when symptoms or other examination findings raise the possibility of a problem involving both the rectum and the vagina. You and your medical professional will discuss this part of the exam and why it is being done.

Even if you have a rectovaginal exam, there is a high chance that your symptoms are not caused by a serious problem and that your symptoms can be effectively treated.

Other Female Rectal Exams

Besides a rectovaginal exam, there are other types of rectal exams, typically for evaluation of gastrointestinal problems.

  • Stool sample: Generally, one of the most common reasons for a rectal exam is testing for blood in the stool. This could be a concern if you have obvious blood streaks in the toilet, blood on the toilet paper, black tarry stools, unexplained weight loss, vomiting blood, or diarrhea. : Additionally, you might have a rectal exam if you have experienced stool incontinence or if you are unable to control your stool. In this case, your healthcare provider would do a rectal exam to check your anal sphincter tone, which can affect your control over your stool.

Pelvic Exam Recommendations

The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists (ACOG) guidelines include the following recommendations:

  • The decision to have a pelvic exam should involve shared decision making between the patient and practitioner.
  • A pelvic exam is recommended for people who have symptoms of an STI or other pelvic conditions.
  • For people who do not have symptoms of illness, a pelvic exam is necessary before placement of an intrauterine device (IUD) but is not necessary before prescription of other forms of birth control.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

When is a rectovaginal exam indicated?

You may need to have a rectovaginal exam if you have an abnormal appearance, sensation, or control of your rectal and vaginal areas.

What is a healthcare provider checking for during a rectovaginal exam?

During this exam, your healthcare provider is checking for tenderness, structural irregularities, discharge, blood, and altered muscle tone.

Do I have to let my gynecologist perform a rectovaginal examination?

You do not have to agree to any exam you don't want. Discuss alternate approaches that might help in diagnosing your problem.

Does a recotovaginal exam hurt?

It shouldn't hurt, but it can be uncomfortable or even painful if you have a medical problem affecting your rectum or vagina.

A Word From Verywell

Gynecological examinations are often needed for screening or to evaluate symptoms. These physical examination techniques can help your healthcare provider decide about the next steps in your diagnostic evaluation or treatment plan.

If you have any questions or if you are hesitant about any part of your exam, be sure to talk about it either with your practitioner or with someone else on your medical team until you feel that your concerns and questions have been addressed to your satisfaction.

A digital rectal exam is performed in order to diagnose any problems with organs and structures in the pelvis and lower belly. In men, digital rectal exam is done to check the prostate glands where as in women it is done to check the uterus and the ovaries. Most of us would want to take this test by ourselves as it could be quite embarrassing for you as well as the other person to conduct the test. However, undergoing a rectal exam by yourself might not be recommended for everyone as most of the times one would not know how to go about the whole procedure. However, you can do this at home by keeping a few things in mind.


The digital rectal exam is done to find out any lesions that are present in the rectum and the prostate gland to detect prostate cancer, to find out any hemorrhoids or unusual growth in the rectum or to check for rectal bleeding. In women, this test is done to detect problems in their reproductive organs, vaginal bleeding or any pain in the pelvic region.


There are no special preparations required before the test


You can do this at home by using your finger to locate the prostate glands located at the base of your rectum. You can feel it with your fingertip and is said to be the size of a walnut. Once you feel the prostate gland, try to feel its round shape and borders. However, if you feel it is very hard it indicates there is a problem. Also, if you feel it is big enough, it probably has enlarged as a result of a swelling. Once you know you have reached the outside of the borders, try to touch the tissues in between as much as possible, while the texture overall is pretty firm. You can also do this self examination with your partner as most people would feel comfortable with each other. You can do it while taking a shower where you can use soap as a lubricant but a better option would be to use a latex glove. You must know that this test is not an alternative to the exam conducted by the physician but should be carried out in between your annual exams. If at any time you feel unsure about how to go about it or feel there is something unusual, consult your doctor immediately.

This article was co-authored by Robert Dhir, MD. Dr. Robert Dhir is a board certified Urologist, Urological Surgeon, and the Founder of HTX Urology in Houston, Texas. With over 10 years of experience, Dr. Dhir’s expertise includes minimally-invasive treatments for enlarged prostate (UroLift), kidney stone disease, surgical management of urological cancers, and men’s health (erectile dysfunction, low testosterone, and infertility). His practice has been named a Center of Excellence for the UroLift procedure, and is a pioneer in non-surgical procedures for ED using his patented Wave Therapy. He earned his undergraduate and medical degrees from Georgetown University and was awarded honors in pre-medical studies, urology, orthopedics, and ophthalmology. Dr. Dhir served as chief resident during his urological surgical residency at University of Texas at Houston / MD Anderson Cancer Center in addition to completing his internship in general surgery. Dr. Dhir was voted Top Doctor in Urology for 2018 to 2019, one of the top three Best Rated Urologists in 2019 & 2020 for Houston Texas, and Texas Monthly has named him to the 2019 & 2020 Texas Super Doctors Rising Stars list.

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This article has been viewed 1,031,881 times.

A digital rectal exam (DRE) is one of the primary methods a doctor uses to check your prostate. It involves the doctor briefly inserting a finger into your rectum to feel for potential abnormalities. The abnormalities may include symptoms associated with prostate cancer, benign prostate hyperplasia (an enlarged prostate), and prostatitis (an inflamed prostate usually from infection). [1] X Research source Bickley, Lynn S. Techniques of Examination. Chapter 15 The anus, rectum and prostate. Bates Pocket Guide to Physical Examination and History Taking. sixth edition. P 262-264. © 2009 Wolters Kluwer Health- Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. Medical professionals do not recommend trying to perform a self exam due to the training required to reach accurate conclusions based on the exam. However, if you wish to administer your own exam, you should be familiar with the techniques used by an examining physician.

A rectal examination is sometimes needed to investigate:

Men sometimes need a rectal examination to check for problems with the prostate.

What is the prostate?

The prostate is a small gland that only men have. It:

  • produces fluid that mixes with sperm to create semen
  • often gets larger with age
  • may cause problems with how easily you pee and how often you need to go

Before having a rectal examination

Your doctor or nurse should explain what's going to happen and why you need a rectal examination.

They'll know that some people can feel embarrassed, but it's a common procedure.

Let the doctor or nurse know if:

  • you'd prefer a man or woman to perform the examination
  • you'd like someone else in the room – it could be a friend, family member or another doctor or nurse
  • you have severe pain in your bottom – they may be able to use local anaesthetic to numb the area

What happens during a rectal examination

First, you'll be asked to undress from the waist down. If you're wearing a loose skirt, you can usually just remove your underwear.

Let the doctor or nurse know if you'd like to get changed behind a curtain or be alone in the room.

The doctor or nurse will:

  1. Ask you to lie down on your left side, with your knees lifted up towards your chest. This is the easiest position to examine your rectum.
  2. Put on some gloves and look at the outside of your bottom for any problems.
  3. Put some lubricating gel on 1 finger and gently slide it into your rectum. This should not be painful, but may be a little bit uncomfortable.
  4. Sometimes ask you to squeeze around their finger so they can assess how well the muscles are working.

If you're a man, the doctor or nurse may press on your prostate. This can make you feel the urge to pee, but it should not hurt.

Once you're dressed, they'll discuss the results of the examination with you.

Page last reviewed: 23 December 2020
Next review due: 23 December 2023

A digital rectal exam (DRE) is a test that examines a person’s lower rectum, pelvis, and lower belly. This test can help your doctor check for cancer and other health problems, including:

An abnormal mass in the anus or rectum

Uterine cancer or ovarian cancer in women, along with a vaginal examination

When would I need a DRE?

A doctor may do a DRE as part of a routine medical examination. Or you may need a DRE if you have symptoms such as:

Rectal bleeding or blood in the stool

A change in bowel habits

Discharge or bleeding from the urethra, the tube that carries urine out of the body

A change in how your urine flows

About the rectum

The rectum is a part of your digestive system. The digestive system processes the food your body does not use. The colon is the biggest part of your large intestine. It empties into the rectum, where waste collects as bowel movements. The rectum empties into the anus, where bowel movements leave the body.

The drawing below shows the different parts of the colon and rectum.

How to give a rectal exam

What kind of doctor will I see for a DRE?

A primary care doctor or a gynecologist usually does a DRE. A gynecologist is a doctor who specializes in the health of women’s reproductive system. Other types of doctors, including gastroenterologists, surgeons, and oncologists may do DREs. A gastroenterologist is a doctor who specializes in the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. An oncologist is a doctor who treats cancer.

How do I get ready for a DRE?

You do not need to do anything special to prepare for a DRE. But there are a few things to keep in mind.

Tell your health care team if you have hemorrhoids or anal fissures. The DRE may make them worse.

If you are concerned about the cost of your DRE, find out from your insurance provider what costs they will cover beforehand. Ask how much of the cost you will have to pay out of pocket.

You will be asked to sign a consent form before your DRE. The form will state that you understand the benefits and risks of the DRE and agree to have the test. Your doctor or nurse will explain the test before you sign the form, and you can ask questions.

What happens during a DRE?

The DRE will take place in a private exam room at your doctor’s office. The test only takes a few minutes. You will need to take off any clothes below your waist. You will be given a gown to wear or a cloth to wrap around your body.

For men. The doctor will ask you to stand and bend forward at the waist or they will ask you to lie on your side on an exam table with knees pulled up to your chest. As they start the DRE, the doctor may ask you to relax and take a deep breath. Then they will gently insert a lubricated, gloved finger into your rectum. The doctor will feel the size of your prostate gland. They will also feel for bumps, soft or hard spots, or other abnormal areas. The doctor will also examine the wall of your lower colon and rectum.

For women. The doctor will usually ask you to lie on your back on an exam table. Your feet will be in raised stirrups. The doctor may ask you to relax and take a deep breath as they start the DRE. Then they will gently insert a lubricated, gloved finger into your rectum. The goal is to feel your reproductive organs and the bowel. The doctor may also feel for problems in your internal organs. They do this by pressing on your lower abdomen or pelvic area with their other hand.

A DRE usually does not hurt, but you may be uncomfortable. You may also feel the need to urinate. If a man’s prostate is enlarged, there may be some discomfort or mild pain during the exam.

What happens after a DRE?

After your DRE, you can go back to your normal activities right away. You may bleed slightly from the rectum afterward. This is more likely to happen if you have hemorrhoids or anal fissures.

Tell your health care team if you have a large amount of rectal bleeding.

Questions to ask your health care team

Before having a DRE, you may want to ask these questions:

Why do you recommend that I have a DRE?

What happens during the DRE?

Who will do the DRE?

How long will the DRE take?

Can a DRE find cancer?

When and how will I get my test results?

Who will explain them to me?

Will I need more tests, such as a colonoscopy or a barium enema, if the DRE suggests cancer?

Is a prostate self exam something you can do safely and easily? Is it a valid way of knowing if you have a prostate problem?

The answer despite what you read elsewhere is complicated. You can do it if you use the right technique but you just do not have enough experience to know if you have a condition or not.

I will give you a great example!

When my prostate first blocked and I went to my doctor, she did a digital rectal exam after she drained me with a catheter.

Over 800 ml came out, about 80% of a quart. I asked the doctor what she thought was happening. She said it was most likely a bladder infection.

I asked her if it could be the prostate, as my Dad had had a condition of BPH (Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia) or an enlarged prostate condition.

She decided to do a digital rectal exam and said the prostate was enlarged a bit but nothing abnormal for a 55 year old. She started me on antibiotics for the supposed bladder infection, tied the catheter (still in me) to my leg, attached a fluid bag and said to call her on Monday. I did and she had set up an appointment for me with a top urologist in town a few days later.

I was instructed to stop at a pharmacy to buy a new catheter before the appointment. I bought the catheter and went to the urologist’s. He proceeded to remove the catheter (that was painful after 5 days inside me), put in a camera catheter to look around (that was even more painful), pulled it out (ouch!), and then opened the package of the catheter that I had bought with his sterile gloves touching the outer wrapper and without cleaning his hands or catheter from possible contaminates proceeded to put the new catheter in me!

By now I was feeling awful and hurt from the pain so much! Next came the news. He said I had BPH. I said, “What is that?” He explained it stood for extreme Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia, also known as Benign Prostatic Hypertrophy, or simply an enlarged prostate.

I said, “How could that be? My doctor said it was most likely an infection, and my prostate was only normally enlarged.” He said it was definitely enlarged and then did a digital rectal exam of the prostate and again said it is most definitely enlarged. I guess doing that all day made him more expert on the nuances of prostate sizes.

My GP just did not have enough experience to diagnose an enlarged prostate. To my doctor, my prostate did not feel abnormal for a man of my age; however, the urologist did the same test and knew immediately that I had an enlarged prostate.

Family doctors or GPs can easily misdiagnose an enlarged prostate because they are not a specialist who does this prostate check countless times.

So seeing an urologist may be a good idea for a digital rectal exam because urologists have an expertise and skill your general practitioner lacks.

How to give a rectal exam

How to give a rectal exam

Doing A Prostate Self Exam:

With the above warning in mind, then how can you do a prostate self exam and know if you have a problem or not? The answer is not very likely.

You could insert your finger as described in my page on self prostate massage, and you may get some idea but nothing definitive. It should be soft not hard, painless to the gentle touch, and feel smooth not lumpy. Make sure you use gloves and lubrication to make insertion easier. Be gentle!

Getting a DRE or digital rectal exam by a trained urologist will give you the information you want. Just be very hesitant if he wants then to do a biopsy as there are many risks to this procedure that he may downplay including the path to invasive action if he finds the slightest sign of cancer. Go to Prostate Biopsy Procedure to read more.

Got a Question or Comment about your Prostate Health?

This is the place to post them because I get them immediately.

I like to share them and the answers I provide so others can benefit too.

Your email is kept completely confidential. If you want to be notified when the question is answered, please make sure to add your email address. I don’t collect or store these emails after they are used to send you your answer, and they are not posted with your question.

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How to use a monocular

Stargazing has become a very trendy hobby, with more people looking to the night sky in awe. Thanks to modern technology, we can see the stars more clearly than ever before. Astronomers have several options for telescopes, all ranging in budgets, features, and quality. This is wonderful because, of course, this means that there is a telescope for every eager stargazer. Astronomers can also enjoy telescopes that are more portable than they even could have imagined. They can even invest in a monocular telescope that can fit in their pockets.

What is a Monocular Telescope?

It is an optical tool that can magnify incredibly distant objects. A monocular telescope has several benefits, including its small size and compatibility. In fact, a monocular telescope is so portable that you can keep it on your person all the time, and that way, you will always be ready to enjoy the stellar scenery around you.

How Do You Use a Monocular Telescope?

Monocular telescopes are much simpler to use than most other types of telescopes. You can enjoy this convenient device that makes stargazing a phenomenal experience by following these steps.

Prefocus your Monocular Telescope

It is a good idea to focus your monocular telescope before you begin viewing stars. You can do this indoors by holding it up to your eye and adjusting it to your preferred setting. Since these telescopes are tiny, you adjust them with one hand while holding them with the other. Whenever you are dealing with your monocular telescope, it is best to view with your dominant eye.

In addition, if you are visually impaired in any way, use your strongest eye for viewing. If you are using your right eye for viewing, use your right hand for holding the monocular telescope, and the same goes for the left side. If you wear glasses, you should wear them when you look through your monocular telescope. The best is to hold your monocular telescope so that it touches your glasses ever so lightly.

Steady your monocular

Now that you have raised your monocular to your eye, you can grip the barrel that is found near the ocular lens. It is best to keep the lens as close to your eye but not touching it. To maintain the best focus, you should close your other eye. Then steady your monocular telescope by keeping your forefinger at rest against your eyebrow.

It is advised that your elbow should be kept close to your body. This will help you keep a still and steady arm. If you struggle to keep your monocular telescope still, you can try holding your wrist with your other hand. This extra support might help you achieve that steady hold that you are hoping for.

If this still doesn’t achieve the effect you are hoping for, you can try to lay on your stomach. Again, keeping your elbows grounded will offer a steady anchor for your monocular telescope. It is best never to touch the lenses while using your monocular telescope.

Adjusting your focus

Although most monocular users prefer to pre-focus, you might need to adjust your focus once you are outside viewing the night sky. Unfortunately, not all monocular telescopes adjust the same way. However, most models can be adjusted by using one finger to rotate a dial on the monocular telescope. Keep looking through your monocular telescope while you adjust your focus. If the image becomes more unclear, you should be rotating your dial in the opposite direction.

Stay still as you take it all in

These small telescopes are outstanding at showing you remarkable views of the night sky. Remember to breathe gently and stay still while you enjoy the scene in front of your eyes.

How to use a monocular

How Can I Protect my Monocular Telescope?

Now that you have a great and convenient way to enjoy the sky above you and all the wonder that it holds, you might be nervous about your monocular telescope being scratched or damaged. The good news is that you don’t need to be nervous about it if you follow our tips for keeping your monocular telescope safe from harm. Here are a few things you can do to keep your monocular telescope good as new.

Straps can be helpful

If your monocular telescope was sold with a strap, it is best to keep it around your neck or wrist while you are using it. In the unfortunate event of the monocular telescope slipping from your fingers, a strap can save your telescope from breakage. This is especially advised if you are viewing stars from rocky areas or water that can easily damage your telescope if it falls.

Avoid getting your monocular telescope wet

If you are going to use your monocular telescope and it looks like it might rain, it is best to take a ziplock bag with you on your expedition. This way, if it starts raining while you are still outside, you can keep your monocular telescope safe and dry.

Place the cap on the lens

If your monocular telescope was sold with a lens cap, you should place the cap on the lens whenever you are not using the monocular telescope. Therefore it is best to always take the lens cap with you when you go outside to enjoy the night sky. The cap not only keeps the lens safe if your monocular telescope falls, but it also keeps water, debris, and dust from harming your lens.

Keep your monocular telescope clean

Blurred vision in your monocular telescope isn’t always because it is out of focus. Instead, sometimes it is an indicator that it is time for a clean. Eyeglass wipes are perfect for cleaning your monocular telescope’s lens. If you notice any dust or specks of dirt on your lens, it is best to blow them off of the lens because they can lead to scratches on your lens if you try to wipe them off.


The days of having to carry bulky and heavy telescopes around for your stargazing experiences are over, thanks to incredible monocular telescopes. By taking good care of your monocular telescope, you’ll always be able to enjoy a stellar view of the night sky.

How to swim the breaststroke

Improving your efficiency can help you swim breaststroke faster

This article originally appeared in the January-February 2020 issue of SWIMMER.

A coach much wiser than I once said, “It’s only after you have exhausted every effort to reduce drag do you ever begin to think about going fast.”

This idea is especially relevant in breaststroke, because of its inherent up-and-down nature and all stroke mechanics happening below the surface except the breath (and, for some, part of the recovery). All aspects of forward-producing motions must be weighed against the possibility for drag.

Here’s how to build an efficient breaststroke that will have you swimming faster.

The Stroke

Your stroke starts with your hands initiating an out-sweep from the streamlined position just below the surface (see photo). A deep out-sweep makes for a deeper catch, pull, and recovery that has your hands finishing farther away from the surface and leaving your body exposed to more frontal drag for a longer period of time.

How to swim the breaststroke

Your out-sweep should draw your hands past the width of your shoulders. At this stage, you should start your catch, bringing your hands back while keeping your elbows near the surface. This will resemble early vertical forearm in freestyle. As your catch is anchored, your goal is to have your palm and forearm on the same plane and your fingers pointed toward to bottom of the pool, with perhaps a personal preference of slightly inward.

Once you begin to move from the catch phase to the pull, or power, phase, you’ll feel the muscles of your upper arms, shoulders, chest, and back engage. Allow your hands to lead the in-sweep, keeping your elbows stationary at the surface until your hands pass inside of them. This helps to keep your elbows and arms from getting caught too far behind your shoulders, which slows the arm recovery.

As your hands in-sweep toward your chin and chest, the engaged larger muscle groups provide the necessary thrust to continue the accelerated hand speed through the power phase of the stroke and into the recovery. What some swimmers lack is a sense of urgency to get back to a streamlined position. Be aggressive to the glide!

Another tendency for some swimmers is to try to accelerate too much during the out-sweep. This usually leads to a deceleration during the in-sweep and often results in a stroke pause under the chin. If this happens to you, your stroke cycle is beginning and ending in your most drag-producing position for a longer period of time.

The Kick

No stroke sees more evolutionary changes than breaststroke. And to this day, no one way seems to work for everyone. But times continue to drop.

Part of the reason is as stroke tempos have increased, the necessity for a narrower and faster kick to match the hand speed is required to maintain your stroke timing. The concept varies with race distances (faster turnover for a 50 breaststroke, slower for a 200), and you’ll find the proper combination that works best for each of your races.

As your hands anchor in the catch position, slide your hips forward. This plays a major role in reducing drag, because it softens and rounds the angles of your upper legs to oncoming water, allowing water to run down your torso and legs easier.

How to swim the breaststroke

If your hips didn’t slide forward, your knees would have to move on a more lateral plane, creating a much harder edge that would lead to more surface area of your thigh meeting water and creating drag. Your lower legs and feet should “hide” behind your thighs, so they aren’t exposed to as much drag-reducing forces.

Your feet and ankles are turned outward to grab as much water as possible with the instep of your feet, and you should draw your feet as close to your butt as your flexibility allows.

With your feet cocked for the kick, your upper body should be in what I call a “narrow arrow” (see photo). This allows you to have the most propulsive part of your kick engaged when your body is creating the least amount of drag.

This explosive thrust of your kick should be more backward (pushing you forward, your goal), not outward. Finish each kick by bringing your feet together, so your feet are in a streamlined position. This is when you should start another stroke cycle.

Head Position

Your body will always follow your head. Fight the urge to have every stroke begin with a lift of your head, because this taking of an early breath creates timing issues later in your stroke cycle. If you can see your hands move from the “I” position to the “Y” position, your head is in the wrong posture. At this juncture, your eyes should still be looking down at the bottom of the pool.

You should begin exhaling during the out-sweep phase of your stroke and continue as your forearms move from the catch phase and start the power phase. The increased hand speed combined with the sliding forward of your hips to set up your kick creates a rocking motion that allows your head to ride this wave above the surface and grab a breath, with your head always moving more forward than up and down. Once you take a breath, snap your head back into alignment with your arms as your hands shoot forward and back into a streamlined position.

Stroke Timing

Mastering the synchronicity of the pull, kick, breath, and glide is what separates really good breaststrokes from the rest of the field. Here are some key points to keep in mind to help with your stroke timing.

Is it time to change the way you learn how to swim breaststroke?  Frustrated with pulling and kicking and feeling like you’re getting nowhere fast?  Or maybe you are actually getting somewhere, but are exhausted in the process.  

Look no further.  I have taken breaststroke technique and broken it down into its separate parts to make it clear to see what each part of your body should be doing.  

How to swim the breaststroke

Poor breaststroke swimming technique will get you nowhere

Breaststroke technique in 2 minutes.

12 Steps to Better Breaststroke Technique

1 .  The stroke begins with the body in a stretched out, horizontal position with the face in the water.  

2 .  The upper body lifts as the arms pull and the head lifts to breathe.

How to swim the breaststroke

3 .  Breaststroke leg kick takes place under the water and begins with the legs in an extended position with feet together.

4 .  The knees bend to bring the heels towards the butt and the feet flex into an outward turned position at the same time.

How to swim the breaststroke

FREE EBOOK:  all of the technique tips here can be found in my ‘Breaststroke Technique‘ book, along with a couple of bonus drills to help you perfect some essential parts of the stroke.

How to swim the breaststroke

5 .  With the feet now turned outwards, they accelerate in a curved pathway, with the soles of the feet exposed to the water to provide propulsion.

6 .  The feet then snap together and the legs finish together to form a streamlined shape.

How to swim the breaststroke

7 .  The arms begin extended out front with palms facing downwards.

8 .  The arms then pull in a circular movement, outwards and downwards, followed by a movement inwards and forwards.

9 .  The hands finish together with arms fully extended and elbows tucked in to maintain a streamlined shape.

How to swim the breaststroke

10 .  Breathing inwards takes place every time the arms pull back to allow the body to lift and the head to rise.

11 .  Breathing outwards occurs as the legs kick back and the arms extend forwards – think ‘blow your hands forwards’.

How to swim the breaststroke

12 .  The coordination of the stroke can be broken down into a repeated pattern of ‘pull, breathe, kick, glide’. 

How To Swim Breaststroke With A Simple Guidebook

If you are serious about improving your breaststroke swimming technique, then grab a copy of my book ‘ How To Swim Breaststroke’ .

This unbelievably popular book contains simple drills and pro coaching points to really fine-tune your technique.   

How to swim the breaststroke

As the most popular recreational swimming style today, the breaststroke kick is one stroke every swimmer should master. Breaststroke allows you to keep your head out of the water for the majority of your time swimming, and gives you the freedom to swim at slower speeds. This makes breaststroke an ideal swimming method for many people.

If you want to improve your breaststroke kick, check out our guide below. We’ll explain the history of the breaststroke, steps to mastering the breaststroke, and even give you some breaststroke drills to really improve your stroke. Whether you’re an adult who likes to swim for exercise or a young person just getting started in competitive swimming, now you can learn how to do the breaststroke like an expert swimmer!

History of the Breaststroke

Experts believe the breaststroke may be the oldest of all swimming styles, dating back to the Stone Age. Cavemen in southwest Egypt drew pictures of themselves swimming in a style that appears to be the breaststroke. These early humans may have been inspired by the swimming style of frogs, since the stroke imitates the leg kick of the amphibian.

For whatever reason, the breaststroke has stood the test of time. Professor Nicolas Wynman included steps to learning the breaststroke in the first swimming book, written in 1538. Though the book was mainly written to reduce drowning, it still contained accurate instructions teaching people the stroke similar to how it is done today.

When competitive swimming began in Europe in the 1800s, most swimmers used the breaststroke. Then, the breaststroke was featured in the 1904 Summer Olympics in St. Louis, Missouri. The stroke has continued to be used in competitive swimming since then, but it is known as the slowest stroke because it creates the most resistance in comparison to other common swimming strokes .

Some modifications have been made to the modern breaststroke, but it still remains a common stroke for both recreational and competitive swimming.

Steps to the Breaststroke Kick

The breaststroke kick includes three basic motions. In short, you’ll need to kick your legs behind you, glide forward, and then pull yourself forward using your arms. We’ll give a more detailed explanation for each step below.

  1. Lay face-down in the pool. This is what is known as the core position. Extend your arms in front of you and legs behind you. Keep palms down and hands together, with the space between your thumb and index finger forming a V-shape.
  2. Push off the wall. You’ll get the momentum you need to continue this stroke across the length of the pool. Let your body glide a few paces, then you’ll begin the breaststroke kick.
  3. Begin the breaststroke kick. From the core position, rotate your ankles outward. Then bring your heels close to your butt and simultaneously bend your ankles toward your shins.
  4. Extend your legs. From this crunched position, you’ll push your legs outward, extending your knees past the width of your shoulders. Keep ankles angled up and keep your legs straight back. Push ankles downward at the end of the kick.
  5. Add arm movement. Sweep your arms forward without bending at the elbow. Keep palms outward and push your hands out and down. Reach a “Y” position with your body, then bring your hands back toward your mouth. Continue this movement while you kick.

Breaststroke Drills

Once you’ve mastered the kick-off, frog leg extension, and “Y” arm movement, you’re ready to further improve your breaststroke. Here are some breaststroke drills to enhance your technique:

  1. One-Arm Only: Swim breaststroke using only one arm. Keep your other arm in an extended position in front of your head.
  2. Clenched Fists: Swim breaststroke with your fists clenched during the duration of the stroke.
  3. Two Leg Kicks: Swim breaststroke as usual, but kick your legs twice for every one arm stroke. Make the second stroke when your body is fully extended, then start the arm stroke.
  4. Head Above Water: Swim breaststroke with your head above the water the whole time. (This will require you to perform a faster arm stroke.)
  5. Vary Your Breathing: Swim breaststroke as usual, but alter your breathing by taking a breath once after you turn your head to the right, once after you turn to the left, and then once without breathing. Repeat the cycle.

Master Your Skills

Are you ready to master advanced swimming techniques? If so, you’ll want a great instructor to guide you. Contact Swim Jim today to get started improving your swimming skills.

To ensure you are squeezing the most out of your time in the pool here are a few advanced tips for improving your breaststroke technique.

In the water

  • To improve your breaststroke technique your body position should be with your head facing forward in line with your body.
  • Keep your shoulders, hips and legs as horizontal as possible but slope your body slightly to allow the leg kick to stay beneath the water.
  • The leg kick uses your core and abdomen muscles more than freestyle so it’s important to not to let your hips drop in the water. Your legs should be behind you rather than below you.
  • Try to keep your neck and shoulders as relaxed as possible to aid the arm action and reduce strain. Look downwards as you glide to avoid straining your neck.

Arm action

  • From the glide position the hands should be pitched down and out.
  • Keep your elbows high as you skull your hands out and round.
  • Your hands should then sweep back in to the body as though they were to meet at the upper chest.
  • Try not to sweep your arms too wide – remember much of the propulsion comes from the legs – not the arms.
  • Your hands can recover under or over the water but your elbows should remain below the surface.
  • Your arms can then stretch forward with your hands close together to restart the arm action.


  • In contrast to front crawl, the majority of propulsion comes from the leg kick.
  • Your knees should be just a little over hip-width apart, facing down, slightly out behind the hip line.
  • Turn your feet out as they sweep out and backwards in a circular action. Keep your feet flexed rather than loose.
  • The legs finish together, long and in a streamlined position with the feet in-toed.
  • The legs are recovered to bring the heels towards the seat with the soles of the feet facing outwards. Concentrate on bringing your feet to your bum rather than your knees to your chest.


  • Good timing of the arm action and leg kick are imperative to make the most out of your breaststroke.
  • Try to time your arm action and leg kick so there is always something propelling you through the water.
  • The arms will be propulsive while the legs recover and the legs propulsive while the hands recover.

More Breaststroke Technique Videos and Tips

For more tips and videos about improving your front crawl technique, head to our Swim England Members site.

Breaststroke is a traditional stroke popular with people who like to swim for fitness. It is the slowest stroke, but that does not mean it cannot be swum powerfully and at speed. Follow along in this how-to animation to learn the basics of doing the breaststroke.

Step 1:
The most important thing about breaststroke is to keep your body level at the surface. Your shoulders need to be in line and your hips also need to be flat in the water. Now move your feet and legs together like a frog – this is usually the most troublesome area of breaststroke. It is the only stroke which uses these movements and can be difficult to get both legs to do the same thing at the same time. Here are a few tips to help synchronise your legs:

1) Bend your knees and lift your feet up to your bottom

2) Turn your feet out so that you can push back with the bottom of your foot

3) Move your feet out and in again to meet each other

4) Straighten your legs with your knees touching

5) You can try this sitting on the side of the pool with your legs dangling in the water

Alternatively, you can do it in the water holding on to the rail with your legs stretched behind you.

Step 2:
Take long stretches between each stroke with your arms. A really good tip is to make sure you can always see your hands. This will help to get the arm action right. Start by stretching your arms out in front of you, just under the surface of the water. Then press both hands out and round to draw a full circle, making sure your hands stay in front of your shoulders. Your hands should finish by stretching forwards again. Your arms and legs should stay in the water all of the time, making no splash at all.

Step 3:
Breathe in as you finish the circle, lifting your face out of the water. Put your face back into the water as you stretch your arms forward to begin the circle again.

Step 4:
Put the stroke together. Pull with your arms and breathe in. Kick your legs. Stretch out with your body le

Swim the basic breaststroke

Click through to watch this video on

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How to swim the breaststroke

Last week I talked a lot about the importance of switching up your strokes to help keep your body in muscular balance. Swimming more than just freestyle will help prevent overuse injuries, correct your posture (or at least avoid “swimmer’s posture”), and help tone more muscles in your body. While I mentioned backstroke was the second easiest stroke to learn, that doesn’t necessarily mean it’s the most commonly performed. If you look in any recreational swimming pool, most of the participants are likely to be swimming either freestyle or breaststroke. That brings us to learning our next swimming stroke – the breaststroke.

Breaststroke Swimming

Breaststroke is a very rhythmic stroke. It can be very relaxing or very challenging, depending on the pace in which you swim. It can help increase your lung capacity and function since it requires longer breath holding than the other strokes (especially off of the turns). This week, I am going to breakdown breaststroke into its more basic components. Timing is very important if you want to achieve an efficient stroke, so try and focus on the technique before you try and add any speed.

Swimming Technique

While breaststroke may be one of the most commonly performed strokes, that doesn’t necessarily mean it’s the easiest to master. Breaststroke has a lot to do with timing. If you kick too early, you won’t be able to glide in the water as smoothly. If you pull back your arms too slowly or late, you’ll lose a lot of your forward momentum. Not to worry, however, as with anything new in life, practice makes perfect. If it’s easier, think of breaststroke as two separate parts:


  1. Outward sweep
  2. Inward sweep
  3. Recovery
  4. Glide


  1. Bend
  2. Open
  3. Snap
  4. Glide

While watching the video below, try and notice the pattern of the movement. His legs seem to be kicking like a frog, and his arms almost make an outline of the top part of a question mark. Phillip Toriello, whose videos I posted in the previous two blogs, explains breaststroke:

Some Additional Tips/Tricks:

  • When working on timing, “Pull and Breathe, Kick then Glide.”
  • It’s important to remember to keep your foot flexed.

To focus more on the kick of breaststroke, check out the video below.

Muscles Used

You may have noticed, swimming tends to use a ton of muscles in your body. That’s one of the reasons it’s great for exercise. Swimming provides a full-body workout that increases your lung capacity and helps to tone muscles. Some of the muscles used in breaststroke include your latissimus dorsi (back muscles), pectoralis major (chest muscles), biceps and triceps (arm muscles), brachialis, brachioradialis, and deltoids (shoulder muscles). Some of the muscles used in your legs during breaststroke include glutes (butt muscle), quads (thigh muscles), and your gastroc and soleus (calf muscles). You use a lot to these muscles in day-to-day actions like walking, going up the stairs, and pulling things towards you. Check out the video below to see the muscles highlighted while in action.

As with all of the swimming strokes, your core is constantly engaged. Referencing the same picture I chose last week, you can see the muscles primarily used in breaststroke highlighted in yellow below.

How to swim the breaststroke

How to swim the breaststroke

Written by Mckinzie Halkola, Fitness Intern at Elite Sports Club – Brookfield

How to swim the breaststroke Jessica Mitchell Nuffield Health Swim Manager

The basics of learning to swim can be applied to every stroke that you learn. These simple principles focus on:


Each of these stages can’t be performed effectively without first perfecting the previous stage. I’m going to tell you how to get each of these stages right with the breaststroke.

Your body position should be as flat and horizontal in the water as possible with your shoulders and hips all inline.

In the breaststroke you will be on your front and your head will be tilted slightly back to allow you to breathe, so your legs will drop more than in frontcrawl or backstroke, but try to maintain as flat a position as possible to keep yourself streamline.

Start with your legs straight and then pull them up towards your bum, bringing the heels together. Your legs should now be bent. Next, flex your feet backwards and push out in a circular motion , then snap your legs back together so that they’re straight again. Your feet will be pointing at full extension. As you pull your arms round, your feet should be lifted up to your bum. As you kick out, extend your arms.

Your arms will provide most of the propulsion in your stroke, so it’s important to get it right.

How to swim the breaststroke

The arm action for breaststroke uses both arms at the same time. You’ll begin with your arms fully extended, palms down in the water. As you scoop your arms outwards, keep your elbows high, which will help you to maintain a paddle formation. Once your hands reach your hips bring them back in pulling your elbows tight to your body and push through the water with your finger tips, returning to the starting position.


Now that you have got the stroke developed you can move on to the breathing. This tends to be the part of the stroke where most people struggle.

How to swim the breaststroke

For breaststroke you should try to take your breath by lifting you head up and looking forward as you’re pulling your arms back. You only need to raise your head up to the point your chin is out of the water, too low and you will not be able to take the breath, too high and the resistance against your body will slow your stroke.

Put your head back down as your arms are fully extended in front of you and exhale.

Never attempt a swimming stroke for the first time on your own. Expert instruction is available at all Nuffield Health swimming pools.

Simon Griffiths reflects on long distance breaststroke, one of open water swimming’s longest but now largely forgotten traditions, after he received a letter from from a reader who had recently completed a race using the stroke.

Sometime between Christmas and New Year, I received a wonderful email from Claire Dummer, one of our readers, saying how much she loved Outdoor Swimmer and especially learning about other people’s swimming stories. She explained she was relatively new to open water swimming and told me her own swimming story.

Claire’s first exposure to open water swimming was in 2016 when she did Swim Serpentine, which she swam breaststroke, in 56 minutes. She did no training before hand and thought no more about open water swimming until January 2019, when she took on a 28-day alcohol-free challenge with OYNB (One Year No Beer). As part of that, she was encouraged to set herself a physical challenge. As a Water Babies teacher, she already spent her days in the water but until then hadn’t taken advantage of that to swim herself. She decided to set herself another open water swimming challenge, signed up to swim a mile at the Outdoor Swimmer Henley Swim Festival, and determined that this time she would do it properly.

She says: “When I first started training in February, I swam a mile but was in agony in my arms due to my technique yet I persevered. My mindset was changing with the OYNB programme and I could feel the mind getting stronger, so the body had to follow. I trained hard between February and July and did my Henley swim, despite my poor breaststroke technique, in 42 minutes. I saw the finish line and cried coming up to it and past it. I loved the fresh water taste in my mouth and not chlorine.”

Claire completed the Outdoor Swimmer Henley Swim Festival swim in 42 minutes using breaststroke

Delighted by her achievement, she then signed up to have another go at Swim Serpentine, to see if she could beat her previous time. Recognising her swimming technique could be improved, she sought instruction from Stuart Hacker at Swim Cube.

“I was now swimming up to 4km per week, had lost 1.5 stone (9.5kg) and, due to giving up alcohol, had found a love of swimming,” she says. “There was no way I could drink alcohol again as it would stop my swimming.”

Her efforts paid off and, still swimming breaststroke, Claire was 10 minutes faster at Swim Serpentine in 2019 than in 2016.

“After I completed the Serpentine, Stuart said that I was capable of more so I’ve signed up to Coniston in 2020. The plan after that is to swim Ullswater and then Windermere and I’m thinking about the Chanel when I turn 50 in 4 years!”

The other thing is, Claire plans to do all of this on breaststroke. She’s tried front crawl but is simply not a fan. She wondered if other people do long distance swims on breaststroke (I assured her they do) and why we didn’t publish more articles about breaststroke swimming! I hastily dug out the few we had from our archives and sent them to Claire but the criticism was fair; we don’t publish many. We should address that. Breaststroke has a long tradition in open water swimming and the British Long Distance Swimming Association still gives separate prizes for breaststroke swimmers. You also get better views.

Claire signed off her email with: “Thanks for reading because this is what your magazine inspires people like me to do: change their lives and get out there and feel alive.”

But it’s not Outdoor Swimmer that inspires people, it’s the stories from people like Claire that we are privileged to publish. So, please join me in wishing Claire all the best for her swimming journey and keep sending us your swimming stories so that we can share them and inspire even more people.

How to deal with a pawn shop

When you’re in a fix and need money urgently, a pawn shop can be your savior.

You can get a quick loan or make a great sale without the hassle of banks and other such institutions. Pawn shops also offer a great deal of flexibility when it comes to pricing items. Whether you’re selling or buying from pawn shops, there’s always room for negotiation. Here are some tips that would help you get the best price.

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Pawn or Sell an Item

Tips For Selling

If you intend to sell or pawn an item, you need to make sure that you get the best possible deal. Pawn brokers want to make profit and you need to keep that in mind. They won’t hesitate to low-ball and offer just a portion of the true value of the item to increase their profit margin.

You should be aware of the value of your item. This is absolutely essential and helps you avoid a bad deal. For example, if you want to sell jewelry, research the latest gold or silver prices and get the piece appraised by a jeweler. This will give you the information you need to avoid scammers.

You need to maintain an upper hand during negotiations so let them make the first offer and negotiate from there.

You shouldn’t tell them how much you purchased the item for or how much you think its worth. That would only compromise your position and take away some of your leverage.

Tips for Buying

When you’re buying from pawn shops, you should be careful and take every step you can to protect your interests. Pawn shops will offer great bargains but there’s always a chance that you won’t get the best quality product.

Be informed about the item you want to buy- For example, if you want to purchase a guitar, make sure you know how to identify a good one. You should also test it in the store to gauge the sound quality before you purchase.

Don’t hesitate to haggle-When you’re buying from pawn shops, you don’t have to deal with fixed retail prices. You have considerable flexibility, so bargain to your heart’s content to get the best deal possible. No pawn broker would expect you to accept their first offer.

Examine the quality-No matter what you buy, examine it thoroughly before you pay them money. While good quality pawn shops won’t house damaged or malfunctioning items, you need to cover your own interests.

Things to purchase- The best items to purchase at a pawn shop are tools, bikes, DVDs, and video games. That’s because you can easily verify the quality of these items. You shouldn’t purchase personal electronics, jewelry, or watches from a pawn shop unless you know what to look for and how to assess their worth.

A few weeks ago, I wrote an article for Mint explaining why pawn loans aren’t a terribly good alternative to bank loans. I received a surprising number of emails asking how best to deal with the pawn guys in order to get as much as you can from them when selling an item or borrowing money against it. First and foremost, selling stuff to pawn dealers isn’t a smart way to get maximum dollar but, if you insist, these tips will help to even the playing field.

Don’t tell them where you got it

Nothing drives me crazier than watching the various pawn shop shows and seeing some bozo brag how he “found it at a garage sale.” What exactly are you telling them when you make such claims? You’re telling them that it has no sentimental value to you. This means you’re more likely to accept an amount that yields a small profit, since you clearly don’t have much emotional skin in the game. It’s none of their business where you got it… so leave it at that.

Don’t tell them how much you paid for it

When you buy something at a store do you ever ask, “How much did you pay for this?” When you borrow money from a bank do you ever ask, “What is your cost of funds?” Of course you don’t. The minute they tell you their costs, you know roughly how much they’re making off the sale at the sticker price. This is why websites like Edmunds are so helpful to car buyers. They tell us how much the dealer paid for a car before we start talking about how much we’re willing to pay them for the same car. It’s none of their business how much you paid for it.

Don’t tell them you know how much it’s worth

When you’re dealing with a pawn shop you have to keep one thing in mind: They’re there to make a profit and you don’t make a profit unless you sell something for more than you acquired it for. It’s THEIR job to determine your item’s value. If you know your gold coin is worth $1,000, then you’re one step ahead of them because they’re still trying to figure out the value. If they really want to buy your item, then let them expend the energy to have it appraised.

Find out how much its worth on your own

If you walk into a pawn shop and try to sell an item without knowing its value, then you’re asking to be ripped off. Much of what we own has no market value. However, things like jewelry, watches, cars, antiques and art are easily appraised for a fairly reasonable price. Don’t walk into a pawn shop trusting that their “appraiser” is going to give you a fair valuation. They likely work for the shop, which means they’re going to low-ball the item so their employer can acquire the item for much less than the true market value.

Let them make the first offer

There’s one indisputable fact in negotiations: He who makes the first offer loses. It’s not a secret that everything is for sale and it’s no secret that we have an amount in our mind that we’ll take for almost anything we own. Whether it’s a proper amount or not, sharing that amount first will almost always lead to a better deal… for the other guy. If you know you want $1,000 for your gold coin, then let the pawn dealer make the first offer. If he offers substantially less than $1,000, you’ll know you’re not even in the ballpark. If you tell him you want $1,000 for the coin, you’re likely to get an offer around $500 because most pawn dealers will try and acquire the item for about half of its real value.

Be prepared to walk

If you think you’re getting taken, walk out the door. Pawn shops are not going to offer you retail price or even wholesale price. They’re going to offer you as little as they possibly can to acquire your item, or what I call “pawn shop value.” This will be less than 50% of what they think they can sell it for. That means you’re paying a middleman to liquidate your item. You’d likely do better selling your item on eBay or at an auction.

If you’re planning on going to your local pawn shop to buy something, you’ve likely tried several tactics to get a better deal. But do you really know how to obtain the best deal at a pawn shop? To do this, you may have to negotiate. Keep in mind, some pawn shops don’t negotiate.

In this article you’ll quickly learn some basic negotiating tips to get quality merchandise at better prices at a pawn shop. Then we will see how you can apply these tips when buying from a pawn shop.

Get the items you want at the price you need!

If you’re looking to buy a vintage guitar, electronics, or jewelry – you should really consider buying something at your local pawn shop. You can find popular items in good condition at a pawn shop and save money too. From Apple devices to Zumba videos, pawn shops have all sorts of things for any price range.

I know that pawn shops traditionally have had bad raps. Partly due to how they’re portrayed on movies and TV. Today, pawn shops are beginning to compete with regular jewelry stores and other outlets that sell electronics, musical instruments, and tools, out of necessity. An so, more pawn shops are focusing on selling their items for good prices, providing clean and safe environments for their customers, and high customer service standards.

You can get great deals at a pawn shop for both jewelry and general merchandise.

Pawn shops acquire most of their merchandise when people don’t repay their pawn loans. When this happens, pawn shops are left with merchandise at wholesale cost that they have to resell to recuperate the money lent for pawn loans and other business expenses.

By now you’ve likely searched what you are interested in purchasing online. Keep in mind pawn shops want to sell the item competitively compared to prices found online.

The art of negotiating with a pawn shop when buying something starts by realizing you aren’t negotiating if someone hasn’t said ‘no.’ Start by politely offering the amount of money you want to pay for what you have found. If that doesn’t work, follow this guide.

Item’s value

When it comes to buying jewelry, a pawn shop could save you lots of money. Consider this..

Pawn shops acquire most of the jewelry through pawn transactions. What that means for you, is jewelry at wholesale prices, sometimes 2 or 3 times less expensive than traditional jewelry stores. And let’s face it, precious metal, like the gold and platinum your jewelry is made of, is never new or old; it’s reworked, cleaned, and polished; it’s been around for a ginormous amount of time. And the same goes for diamonds.

1. Research what traditional jewelry stores are selling their merchandise for so you can shoot for a similar item and have a price (you don’t want to pay) to start with.

Once you know what you would pay at a jewelry store, you can expect to pay about 50% less at a pawn shop. So if the engagement ring you want is $5,000 at jewelry store, you can get the same piece with the same quality specifications for $2,500 at a pawn shop. Some pawn shops even have in-house jewelers that can make custom pieces at wholesale prices.

2. Ask the right questions!

Ask for the price of the piece. Then ask to see if there are any special offers or discounts on jewelry merchandise and take your time. Listen to what the pawn broker has to offer.

Start negotiating with the price the pawn broker gives you. You should aim for 30-50% less than the amount quoted at a traditional jewelry store. And if you’re buying an engagement ring or Rolex for example, the bigger price tag means bigger savings for you.

Electronics, musical instruments, and tools work a little different. The key difference being that most of these items depreciate quickly. There’s a new version of these items almost every year, and that causes things to drop in value fast. And if there is an exception on the list, it’s musical instruments when they are high end or collectible. But the math still works the same.

Pawn shops pay anywhere from 30-60% of an item’s used value during pawn. What that means for you, is that pawn shops are left with merchandise they have to sell and make a profit on. For example, if someone was lent $150 for a Playstation 4 Pro and they don’t pay it back, the pawn shop will be left with a PS4 Pro at a cost of $150 plus 10% for operating expenses, like paying employees and keeping the lights on.

If the PS4 Pro sells used for, let’s say, $229, the pawn shop is left with about a profit margin of 50 bucks. Remember the #1 goal of the pawn shop is to recuperate the amount lent on the item originally to someone else.

You can expect to pay somewhere between 20% and 30% less for newer merchandise, and roughly 50% less than new prices.

Ask for the price of the merchandise first. Then ask to see if there are any special offers or discounts on general merchandise and take your time. Listen to what the pawn broker has to offer. And if you research the item’s used value yourself, show the pawnbroker because they generally want to sell their items for a competitive price to that of other used retailers online.

Close the deal

To close the deal, be observant of the pawn broker’s emotional state. You can influence this by being polite, understanding, and don’t forget to smile. Negotiations generally go better when it doesn’t feel like a battle. It should feel more like a compromise.

Also remember to relax before you negotiate. If you’re anxious you can’t think straight and you will likely be influenced by your emotions. Reduce anxiety by being prepared.


Negotiating with a pawn shop can be fun. With a little knowledge and a relaxed demeanor, you could walk away with the items you want and the price you need.

I hope this guide helps to get you a better deal at a pawn shop and please share our posts with your friends and family to help this site grow.

Put simply—customers pledge property as collateral, and in return, pawnbrokers lend them money. When customers pay back the loan, their merchandise is returned to them. Pawn loans are made on everything from jewelry to electronics. If the customer elects not to redeem his or her collateral, there is no credit consequence to the borrower and the items are sold at a value price to retail consumers.

Pawnbrokers are governed by all of the major federal laws that apply to other entities designated as financial institutions, including:

• USA Patriot Act

• Bank Secrecy Act and IRS regulations requiring reporting of certain cash transactions

• Trading with the Enemy Act and related Executive Orders and regulations

• Privacy provisions of the Gramm-Leach-Bliley Financial Services Modernization Act

Pawn stores offer collateral loans for surprisingly low interest rates. They specialize in short-term small loans.

Pawn stores can offer this type of deal because the customer offers personally owned property as collateral, which significantly reduces the risk for the lender. When the customer pays the loan back, the property is returned. In the U.S., over 80% of all collateral property is re-claimed.

Pawnbrokers also lend larger amounts of money for more flexible periods of time at lower cost. If you take a secured short-term loan from a pawnbroker, you will only pay interest on the actual period for which you use the loan.

Secured short-term loans from pawnbrokers are highly regulated, and all the terms of business are clearly stated in a government-regulated contract.

So, if you are looking for a secured short-term loan and don’t qualify for a loan from your bank or credit union, check out what the Pawn industry has to offer!

How does a pawn work?

A pawn is another term for a collateral loan. Pawnbrokers lend money on items of value ranging from gold and diamond jewelry, musical instruments, televisions, electronics, tools, household items, firearms, and more. Some pawn shops may specialize in certain items. Loans are based on the value of the collateral. When a customer pays back the loan, their merchandise is returned to them. A customer may also choose to surrender his or her collateral as payment in full. Pawn shops may offer extensions/renewals (where permitted by state law).

Why would someone go to a pawnbroker to get a loan?

Pawnbrokers offer the consumer a quick, convenient and confidential way to borrow money. A short-term cash need can be met with no credit check or legal consequences if the loan is not repaid. Pawnbroking imposes a discipline on the borrower that other lenders do not. Pawn loans do not cause people to overextend credit or go into bankruptcy.

How much should I expect for a loan on my item?

Loan amounts vary according to the value of the item. There is no minimum dollar amount allowed on a pawn transaction but the maximum amount may be set by state pawn laws. Your loan amount will be determined according to other factors as well such as demand and condition of the item. Not all pawn stores are the same and price will vary.

How do you determine the value of the item?

Pawn shops base the value of the item on current appraised value, its current condition and the ability to sell the item. Pawnbrokers use research tools that they have at their disposal to determine an item’s value and get you the most money for the item. The appraisal process varies depending on the type of item—for example, jewelry is evaluated differently than a DVD player. All items that pawn shops buy or pawn are tested to ensure that they work properly.

How can I be sure the merchandise I purchase at a pawn store isn’t stolen?

Less than 1/10 of one percent of all pawned merchandise is identified as stolen goods. That’s because customers must provide positive identification and a complete description of the merchandise. This information is then regularly transmitted to law enforcement, which dramatically decreases the likelihood that a thief would bring stolen merchandise to a pawn store.

Are pawnshops regulated?

Yes, Pawnbrokers are governed by all of the major federal laws that apply to entities designed as financial institutions. The federal laws that regulate the pawn industry are Patriot Act, Truth in Lending Act, Equal Credit Opportunity Act, as well as Data Privacy and Safeguard of consumer information as part of the Federal Trade Commission (FTC) Rules. Pawn shops that deal in firearms are regulated by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF). Pawn shops may also be Federal Firearms License holders. States have regulated the pawn industry for decades, and most pawnbrokers are licensed and regulated by local authorities as well.

Do pawn customers enjoy the same protections under federal law that customers of other financial institutions enjoy?

No. Pawn transactions are the only type of consumer credit that requires reporting to local law enforcement agencies. In many states this reporting is required daily, and must include extremely sensitive personal information about the consumer (i.e. ethnicity, gender, address). Much of this information qualifies as “non-public personal information” under federal privacy law and is entitled to protection as such.

Do most pawn customers lose their merchandise?

On average, about 80 percent of all pawn loans are repaid. Repeat customers make up a majority of the business, similar to any other lending or retail establishment. Pawnbrokers establish relationships with their customers because they often borrow against the same items repeatedly. Pawnbrokers offer non-recourse loans, looking only to the item being pledged to recover their investment if the borrower chooses not to repay the loan.

Are pawns rates excessive?

No. To provide their service, all lenders must charge rates commensurate with the size and duration of the loan, collateral, risk and recourse. Pawn transactions are small-dollar, short-term loans with no hidden charges.

Haggling is part of the pawn shop experience, but the seller always has a leg up on you because they know exactly how much they paid for an item. However, according to Redditt user beefjerkybandit, at least one pawn shop chain, Pawn America, has an easy to decipher code that they put on every item.

Since pawn shops often don't keep a detailed log of every item they've purchased and the price they paid for it, they'll often use a simple ten letter code. Beefjerkybandit explains:

If you're ever looking to buy something from a Pawn America store you can tell how long the item has been out and how much the pawn shop has into the item by reading the tag. The date is always printed on the tag. You get a better deal on items that have been on the floor longer. They use a code so an employee can decide how much they can take off if the customer asks. So it goes like this, MARY LOUISE=M-1, A-2, R-3, Y-4 and so on till you get to E-0. So the code will read, YLEE or $45.00. Happy bargain shopping!

Essentially, each letter equals a number ranging from one through ten. Reddit user MatthewT1 created a a simple script to quickly translate the Pawn America code. A quick Google search also revealed a post in the Garage Journal forums showing how to decipher a code at a shop by working your way up from 0 (the easiest to figure out). The poster also mentions a few other common codes (Mary Louis is in there), including Moneytalks, Blackhorse, and Volkswagen.

Not all pawn shops use these codes, but a number of them do. If nothing else it'll be a good test of your cryptography skills.

Like I said, I’m familiar with precious metals, but if you aren’t, I have homework for you: Try some on. Go to a reputable jeweler in your neighborhood, and play; feel the weight of a 14K ring in the palm of your hands, get familiar with the colors of different carats, try on diamonds! Hard work, right? Ask about the prices for the pieces you’re drawn to—remember, there is a huge markup, but it’s good to have a sense of retail value.

Before going to the pawn shop, Google. Reviews are a great way to get a sense of a company’s reputation. Also, Google the market price for gold per gram, and keep that in the back of your mind for when you go in.


Here’s something that you can’t do with a mainstream jeweler: bargain. It’s actually perfectly acceptable to rally prices back and forth with a pawn dealer. Paying cash is a great way to shave off some dollars. So is…


. Trading. The great thing about gold and precious stones is that they hold their value. Finally get rid of that necklace your ex gave you, and put it towards what you actually want. I saved a couple hundred on my new diamond signet by doing just that!

Trust Your Gut

Before I forget, valuable fine jewelry should always—I mean always—come with papers from a gemologist. These papers show you the materials, weights, and appraised value of the item you’re about to purchase. If your pawnshop doesn’t have these available, I would move on to another.

At the end of the day, you have to feel comfortable making the purchase. If the dealer is trying to pressure you, get out—there are many amazing pawnshops that would happily take your money.

How to deal with a pawn shop

Being able to ‘haggle’ a little on the price of an item is one of the many perks of shopping at a pawn shop. Everyone loves to get a good deal and we want everyone to be able to! So… In the spirit of ‘haggling’, here are 3 tips that will help you get the best price when buying an item from a pawn shop!

Tip #1: Make a reasonable offer.

One of the worst things you can do when bargaining for a better deal is to start with an unreasonably low offer. Take in consideration that the pawn shop purchased this item in an attempt to make a profit. Throwing out a low ball offer could ruin the process from the get-go. Of course you want to start out lower than what you would actually pay for the item, but your offer should be high enough to be taken seriously!

Tip #2: Bring Cash!

Cash is king! This is true almost everywhere you shop, and pawn shops are no exception to this rule.

Do we take debit and credit cards? Of course we do! We’re certainly not against it either and will gladly accept it as a form of payment. However, when bargaining for a better deal, you stand a MUCH better chance of closing when you have cash in hand!

When you use a debit or credit card to pay for your merchandise, the store you are shopping at is charged a certain percentage for each and every swipe. This is one reason why bargaining with cash can help you land a better deal. If you pay with cash, the pawn shop won’t have to pay the fee, and instead can pass the savings along to you, the customer!

One more thing. When you start the bargaining process, and you’ve named your price, take your cash out and lay it on the table! People have an emotional attachment to cash. When the seller sees the money laying on the table, it’s almost too good to resist!

Editorial Note: The content of this article is based on the author’s opinions and recommendations alone. It may not have been previewed, commissioned or otherwise endorsed by any of our network partners.

Pawn shop loans give you access to quick cash in exchange for jewelry, electronics or other valuable items in your possession. However, this can be a risky solution for your short-term financial needs due to high fees and the risk of losing your collateral.

Here’s what you need to know to make the best decisions for your finances.

How pawn shop loans work

Every state has its own set of laws and regulations regarding pawn shops, but the process of securing a pawn shop loan is usually the same. You will bring in your property and leave it behind as collateral in return for cash. There is no credit check, application or income verification required. Proof of purchase or some other indication that you own the item may be needed.

Pawn brokers won’t give you the full value of your item. In many cases, you will receive a percentage of the item’s value, but that depends on the pawn shop owner and if they believe the item could be sold for a decent price. So, if you need $500 to help you pay for car repairs, the item you bring in might need to be worth between $833 and $2,000 if the pawn shop pays you between 25% to 60% of the item’s value.

What are the best items to pawn?

Electronics (current or in-demand)



Musical instruments

Camera equipment (especially digital)

Once you take out a pawn shop loan, you will have 30 days to a few months, depending on your state, to repay the loan. You’ll be given a ticket to present when you retrieve your property after repaying your loan.

Borrower beware: If you don’t repay your loan, the pawn shop will resell your item, which is reportedly the case with about 15% of borrowers who take out a pawn loan. However, if you fail to repay the loan, it won’t be reported to the credit bureaus and legal action won’t be taken against you.

4 reasons why you should avoid pawn shop loans

1. Pawn shop loans have high costs

Interest isn’t charged on pawn shops loans, but you’ll see a few fees tacked on. Although there is no interest, these fees can equal a loan with an annual percentage rate (APR) of 200%, making them an expensive loan option depending on the amount you borrow.

2. You could lose your property

If, for any reason, you fail to repay your loan, you will lose the item you used to secure the loan. If there is a chance that you’ll struggle to repay the loan, a pawn shop loan likely won’t be a good idea.

3. Many pawn shop loans are small dollar

The average amount of a pawn shop loan is $150, according to the National Pawnbrokers Association. Your pawn shop loan can be for a higher dollar amount if you bring in a more valuable item. Depending on the amount of cash needed, though a pawn shop loan might not offer enough funds to cover your needs. Instead, you might opt for a small personal loan.

4. You can get caught in a costly cycle

Let’s say you decide to pawn an iPad for a couple of weeks. You might have paid $900 for it, but maybe you can only get a loan for $300 and you pay a fee of $45. You come back in a few weeks and pay off the $345 debt, but if another loan is needed soon after, you’ll enter a cycle where you continue to pay fees for an item you already own.

When it may make sense to take out a pawn shop loan

When dealing with small financial emergencies that don’t require a high-dollar amount, a pawn shop loan could work — if you’re comfortable with the high fees and short repayment period.

For example, you need to cover an expense no more than $200 but don’t have the cash in your bank account. If you have a clear plan of repayment and even a backup option, then there is little risk that you will fall behind on payments and lose your item. In this case, a pawn shop loan is a safe option.

5 alternatives to a pawn shop loan

If you need fast access to cash, the following options can be more affordable:

  • No application or documentation required
  • Access to local, domestic and international buyers
  • Buyers may try to negotiate a lower price for the item
  • You will lose ownership of the item
  • Credit building
  • May earn rewards on purchases
  • High interest rates
  • Potential Annual fee
  • Fast funding
  • Access to cash on a rolling basis
  • Advance maximum applies
  • Short repayment term
  • Flexible borrowing amounts
  • Long repayment terms to choose from
  • Interest charged on loan
  • Origination fee may be charged
  • Fast, timely assistance
  • Repayment not required depending on type of assistance
  • Limited availability of funds
  • Strict eligibility requirements

Sell an item

Rather than pawning an item, you might be better off selling it. Consider which items might be worth selling. It will take longer, but you could get a better price. Using local resources, like online Classifieds, Craigslist and Facebook groups could also help you move product quickly.

Credit card

A credit card can help you cover expenses until your next payday if it has a high enough limit. And if you pay off your balance in full by the due date, you can avoid interest charges, which tend to be high on credit cards. Fair to say, however, that the APR on a credit card will be comparatively much lower than the fees charged on a pawn shop loan.

Payday advance app

With payday advance apps, you can access your pay the same day you work. Earnin, for example, allows you to cash out up to $500 per pay period, with a daily cash out limit of $100 applying. Before you cash out, it verifies your direct deposit and pay schedule, and on your next payday, your account will be automatically debited for the amount you were advanced. Earnin does not charge users any fees, but depending on the app, users may be assessed a small fee.

Personal loan

Banks, credit unions and online lenders offer secured and unsecured personal loans in varying amounts. This option does come with additional fees and interest that must be paid in addition to the principal loan amount; however, a personal loan could be a better option because borrowers will have access to low interest rates and be given more time to repay the loan.

Community resources

Check to see if your community has emergency resources designed to help. A local nonprofit or religious group might be able to connect you with low-cost loans, or help paying bills. You might even see if family members can help.

How to file probate in florida

If you’re looking for information about probate in Florida, you’ve come to the right place. Read on for a detailed overview of probate in Florida, and to find out if you qualify for Florida’s simplified probate procedure.

Do you need probate in Florida?

Probate is a legal process that involves distributing a person’s assets and covering their debts and taxes after they die. Assets held or titled solely in the decedent’s name will generally go through the probate process before being distributed to the heirs or beneficiaries.

Examples of probate assets include:

  • Single name bank or investment accounts
  • Assets owned jointly as tenants in common (as opposed to joint tenancy)
  • Art and collectibles
  • A house in a single name
  • An automobile in a single name
  • Safety deposit box contents

Not all assets go through probate. Assets that automatically transfer to another person without a court order will avoid probate.

Generally, joint accounts and accounts or assets with beneficiary designations (e.g. life insurance and retirement accounts) will avoid probate. A properly funded revocable trust will also avoid probate.

Simplified probate procedures in Florida

Florida allows for a simplified probate procedure known as Summary Administration. You do not need an attorney for Summary Administration. To qualify for Summary Administration:

  • The value of the estate must be equal to or less than $75,000, or
  • The decedent must have been dead for more than 2 years. (Fla. Stat. 735.201).

Florida also has an exception for personal property. Certain personal property, valued up to $20,000 as well as two vehicles, can be transferred without probate administration (Fla. Stat. 735.301) and (Fla. Stat. 735.402).

If you have probate assets, and the assets do not qualify for the simplified procedures based on the descriptions listed above, then you will be required to go through the full probate process. In Florida, if the personal representative is the only beneficiary or heir, no attorney is needed, but if there is more than one heir or beneficiary an attorney is required. (Fla. Prob. R. 5.030).

Who is in charge of the estate?

If there is a will, a personal representative is named in the will to manage the probate estate. If the named personal representative is unable or unwilling to serve, then the next personal representative named in the will (called the successor personal representative) may serve. Note that sometimes the word “executor” is used instead of “personal representative”.

If no one named in the will can serve as a personal representative, then the beneficiaries of the will must appoint a personal representative. The beneficiaries must either agree unanimously or reach a majority vote. If not, the probate court decides.

Similarly, if there is no will, the heirs at law must decide and agree on who will administer the estate. The “heirs at law” are usually the surviving spouse, or if there is no surviving spouse, then the children of the deceased, with certain exceptions for blended families. The heirs at law must either agree unanimously or reach a majority vote.

To demonstrate that someone is in charge of the probate estate, the court issues Letters Testamentary (if there is a will) or Letters of Administration (if there is no will) to the personal representative. The personal representative shows the Letters as proof of their power to act on behalf of the probate estate.

Notice to creditors

Under Florida law, the personal representative “shall promptly publish a notice to creditors” and publication “shall be once a week for 2 consecutive weeks, in a newspaper published in the county where the estate is administered or, if there is no newspaper published in the county, in a newspaper of general circulation in that county.” Fla. Stat. 733.2121. General creditors have “3 months after the time of the first publication [in the newspaper] of the notice” to submit a claim or they are barred from collecting.

For certain creditors, the publication in the newspaper is not enough notice. For them, they are entitled to be served with a copy of the notice. Those creditors have “30 days after the date of service on the creditor” to submit a claim for payment, or they are barred from collecting. Fla. Stat. 733.702.

What do I need to get started on the probate process?

Before you file probate, there are a few things you need to get in order:

  • A death certificate
  • The will (if there is one)
  • The names and addresses of the heirs or beneficiaries

The first step is generally to give notice to all the beneficiaries or heirs. If you are the one who either intends to manage the probate estate or you are named in the will to manage the probate estate (and you accept the position), it is your job to give notice and gather the signatures.

How long does probate in Florida take?

In Florida, most probates can be done in eight months to a year. Any litigation or fighting could extend the timeline considerably.

How much does probate cost in Florida?

Here’s an overview of the approximate costs of Florida probate:

  • Court costs for filing fees will total approximately $345 to $450.
  • Attorney fees vary. Hourly fees for attorneys can range from $150 to $300 per hour. For simple probate, where it does not look like fighting and litigation will occur, it’s probably reasonable to estimate attorney fees at a minimum of $2500. These fees are greatly reduced when you use EZ-probate and do probate on your own without an attorney, or when you use an attorney in our network. You can get started for free with our EZ-Probate Intake Form.
  • A fee will sometimes need to be paid to the person managing the probate, which is usually a percentage of the probate estate, for example, 2%. (The fee is often waived.)
  • If an asset in question has an uncertain value and needs to be appraised (such as cars or antiques), you will want to be prepared to pay an appraisal fee.
  • Depending on the state that the property is in, you may need to pay an estate tax. Florida does not have a state estate tax. Furthermore, the federal estate tax only applies to multi-million-dollar or billion-dollar type estates and affects less than 1% of the country.

Want to get a head start on the probate process?

The first step towards getting probate opened is completing our online Intake Form. If you have already started it, you can always go back and finish it.

When it comes to understanding the Florida probate process, things can get a little complicated if you don’t have any experience with probate court or understanding “legal speak”. That’s why today, we’re taking a close look at the process of probate in Florida step by step.

The Florida Probate Process Step-By-Step

How to file probate in florida

The Florida Probate Process: Filing the Petition for Probate

To begin the probate process, a petition for probate must be filed with the clerk of the Florida circuit court in the county where the testator (writer of the will) lived and the will must be admitted to probate.

The Florida Probate Process: Recognizing the Executor of the Estate

The personal representative of the estate as established in the will is then recognized by the court. If a will is not present or an executor of the estate is not established, you may petition the court to be assigned as the executor of the estate. If the court appoints you as the executor of the estate, you will be issued Letters of Administration by the court. These letters of administration give you the authority to settle the estate.

The Florida Probate Process: Notice of Probate

As the executor of the estate, you must then provide notice of probate to all interested parties. This includes notifying beneficiaries and heirs of probate. The executor must also publish a notice to creditors which notifies creditors of the probate of the estate. This notice to creditors must specify the date by which creditors must submit their claims.

The Florida Probate Process: Paying Debts, Taxes, and Final Expenses

The next step for the executor is to ensure that the final expenses of the deceased are paid for out of the estate, that any required taxes are paid, and that any outstanding debts are paid from the estate. There is a specific order in which outstanding debts and creditors must be paid with some claims taking precedence over others so that if there is not enough of the estate to cover all debts, those that take priority will be paid first.

The Florida Probate Process: Transfer of the Remaining Assets

Once debts, taxes, and final expenses have been taken care of, the executor of the estate must petition the court for permission to transfer the remaining assets of the estate to the beneficiaries as indicated in the will. If there was not a will present, the assets must be distributed as directed by Florida state law dictates. The estate is then concluded.

The Florida Probate Process Isn’t Quite That Simple, Though…

Although the steps listed above seem quite easy to understand and follow, there is a lot of red tape involved in the probate process and it’s important that you dot all of your I’s and cross all of your t’s in order for the probate process to go smoothly.

The best way to make sure that your administration of an estate is done correctly is to consult a probate attorney. Here at Weidner Law, we specialize in probate law in the St Petersburg, Florida area and we have assisted more than a few Florida residents with the probate process. With a probate attorney on your side, you will make sure that you don’t miss important deadlines or skip necessary steps in the probate process that could hold up the probate process or cause complications.

Common Mistakes Made During the Probate Process

Some of the most common mistakes that are made and steps that are forgotten when a probate attorney is not hired to assist with probate include:

  • Waiting too long to start the probate process
  • Not maintaining an open line of communication with heirs and beneficiaries of an estate
  • Not keeping an accurate inventory of estate assets
  • Failing to educate yourself on the probate process so that you know what to expect from the process
  • Procrastinating on any part of the probate process
  • Failing to file a 706 Federal Estate Tax Return
  • Failure to secure assets of the estate
  • Failing to identify property that is exempt from probate
  • Failing to make the proper notifications to creditors
  • Failure to keep proper accounting of expenses incurred during the probate process
  • Failing to get the “ok” from the court to distribute assets among heirs and beneficiaries of an estate
  • Waiting too long to market real estate
  • Failing to conclude the estate
  • Paying creditors and claims against the estate improperly or in the wrong order
  • Filing a will that is not the most recent version of the will
  • Failing to claim or properly utilize the available family allowance

Need Help with the Florida Probate Process?

If you need help with the Florida probate process attorney Matt Weidner can help! To find out how just call Weidner Law today at 727-954-8752 to make an appointment for your consultation.

There are a number of forms that can relate to a probate action. Florida Courts Help does not provide any forms related to the Probate process.

If you have any questions about which form you need, please contact a lawyer.

For more information regarding Probate forms, please see the Florida Probate Code (Chapters 731 through 735 of the Florida Statutes), and the links provided below.

The Court Process

Probate is a court-supervised process for identifying and gathering the assets of a deceased person (decedent), paying the decedent’s debts, and distributing the decedent’s assets to his or her beneficiaries.

The Florida Probate Code is found in Chapters 731 through 735 of the Florida Statutes, and the rules governing Florida probate proceedings are found in the Florida Probate Rules, Part I and Part II (Rules 5.010-5.530).

There are two types of probate administration under Florida law: formal administration and summary administration.

There is also a non-court supervised administration proceeding called “Disposition of Personal Property Without Administration.”

  • This type of administration only applies in limited circumstances.
  • Probate administration only applies to probate assets.
  • Probate assets are those assets that the decedent owned in his or her sole name at death, or that were owned by the decedent and one or more co-owners and lacked a provision for automatic succession of ownership at death.

Probate assets include, but are not limited to, the following:

  • A bank account or investment account in the sole name of a decedent.
  • A life insurance policy, annuity contract, or individual retirement account payable to the decedent’s estate.
  • Real estate titled in the sole name of the decedent, or in the name of the decedent and another person as tenants in common, is a probate asset (unless it is homestead property).

Probate is necessary to pass ownership of the decedent’s probate assets to the decedent’s beneficiaries, if the decedent did not have a will.

Probate is also necessary to complete the decedent’s financial affairs after his or her death. Administration of the decedent’s estate ensures that the decedent’s creditors are paid if certain procedures are correctly followed.

You may be wondering what the next steps should look like after you have lost a close friend. Everything that belonged to them must be transferred to their heirs according to their will. You must follow Florida’s estate laws if you do not leave one.

Probate is a legal process that allows the courts to oversee the administration of the estate. Although probate is the same in all states, each state will have statutes and timelines that determine how the process should proceed. These laws are essential to know and follow.

Florida Probate Laws

Florida law requires probate in most cases of death. The only exceptions to this rule are when the estate is in a living trust or all assets can be transferred to a named beneficiary. The estate must be probated if the deceased was the sole or co-owner of the assets, and there are no legal provisions that allow for the transfer to other owners in the event of their death.

How can you avoid probate in Florida?

You can avoid probate in Florida by avoiding the taking of an estate. This can be done by creating a living trust that includes all assets. The trust beneficiary receives all assets after the death of the person. You can also name a beneficiary so that you have access to as many assets as possible. You can list life insurance policies or retirement accounts with a beneficiary who will receive the assets.

Can an Executor of an Estate in Florida receive compensation?

Florida law allows an executor to receive compensation. However, the statutes of Florida also give guidelines as to how much they should be paid. Although executors are not expected to give their time, they must keep accurate records of the work performed and the time spent.

What is the Average Florida Executor’s Salary?

Florida Statutes Chapter 733.6171 defines the fees for attorneys based on estate size. The fee for the first $40,000 is $1500. They receive $2250 for every $40,000-$70,000 they spend. The fee ranges from $70,000 to $100,000 and is $3000. The fee for $100,000 to $1,000,000 is $3000 plus 3.5% of the estate value above $100,000. For every $2 million more, the fee is $3000 plus 2.5% over $1 million. The fee for estates between $3 and $5million is $3000 plus 2 percent for each $3 million. The fee ranges from $5 to $10,000,000 and is paid at $3000 plus 1.5 percent for each $5 million. Estates with a value of $10 million or more would be charged $3000 and 1 percent for each additional $10 million.

This fee schedule covers everyday work performed by an attorney. The attorney may charge more if the will is contested.

What is the average time it takes to get probate in Florida?

Probate isn’t a quick process. The length of the process can vary depending on the estate size, the time it takes to locate all assets, and any disputes. The general rule of thumb for probate in Florida is that it takes between six months to one year. However, be aware that it can take longer.

Are All Estates Required to Go through Probate in Florida

Most estates in Florida must be probated unless they are not in a living trust, have a payable transfer upon death attached, or have a named beneficiary. There are two types of Florida probate. These are formal administration and summative administration. There is a third option, Disposition of Personal Property without Administrative Administration. However, it only exists in certain situations. This can only be used if no real property is involved and the assets are not subject to creditors or less than final expenses. Summary administration can be used when assets are less than $75,000, and the death occurred more than two years ago.

Is a Florida Will required to be Probate?

According to Florida law, anyone who has a will must file the document with the county court. It doesn’t matter if the estate needs to go through probate. The court must validate the will.

Florida Estate Planning

Florida is no different from any other state in the way that you would set up an estate. You should be aware of deadlines and any other requirements specific to Florida.

  • First, the person must file the will in the circuit court of the county in which they lived before their death. According to Florida Probate Rule 5.30, in many cases, an attorney is required.
  • The court will appoint or approve an executor to administer the estate and issue Letters of Administration. Notification must be given to beneficiaries and heirs about the probate proceedings.
  • The executor must make a list of all assets and determine the value. They will also need to file taxes and pay any outstanding debts.
  • To prove the executor’s activities with the estate, the court must receive a final accounting.
  • The executor distributes assets and asks for probate to be closed.

What is the maximum time you can file probate after death in Florida?

The court must file the will within ten days after the death. To determine the distribution of assets, probate will be required.

Probate Court Florida

Florida has its probate code. It is located in Florida Statutes chapters 731-735. Part Part 2 of the Florida Probate Rules and I contain the rules for probate proceedings. Although the process of probating is the same in all states, you must be aware of Florida’s specific guidelines and deadlines.

Florida Probate Code

Florida has its probate code. It is located in Florida Statutes chapters 731-735. The Florida Probate Rules Part I and II contain the rules for probate proceedings. Although the process of probating is the same in all states, you must be aware of the specific guidelines and deadlines for Florida.

About Us

At Stress-Free Probate, we provide comprehensive support to loved ones throughout the probate process. Our service provides as much assistance as you need, from providing ready-to-sign documents to providing hand-holding along the way. You will only pay for what you need, significantly reducing your costs and facilitating faster access to your money.

Neither Stress-Free Probate nor its representatives provide legal advice. We assist you in filling out publicly available forms and provide you with publicly available information. Please consult a licensed attorney if you feel you need legal advice.

When a loved one passes away, it can be challenging to understand how our complicated legal system works, which is why many individuals come to us with a common question: What is the probate process in Florida?

It’s a difficult time for everyone involved, but understanding the probate process can help you and your loved ones move forward. And luckily, it’s less complicated than you’d think.

A probate is a process used in court to handle a loved one’s estate after death. State laws vary, and it’s important to understand the differing timelines and statutes that come into effect when this happens. In Florida, a probate is almost always required when someone passes away. For that reason, knowing the ins and outs of the probate process in Florida is paramount in correctly handling the wills and estates. This includes understanding how to avoid probate in Florida, along with the particular steps one must take to ensure a satisfactory result.

Who Can File Probate in Florida?

When it comes to understanding probate rules and processes, it’s important to know who can file probate in Florida. An executor, or personal representative, is most often the person tasked with handling the duties toward transferring property from the decedent’s estate to the heirs. These duties can include:

  • Gathering and valuing your loved one’s assets, and filing an inventory for them
  • Opening the estate through the court
  • Paying debts owed by your loved one, and filing their final tax return
  • Handling estate taxes, closing accounts, and closing the estate
  • Distributing remaining property according to the will’s provisions to beneficiaries

Executors should meet with an attorney to facilitate these duties, and eventually file a petition with the probate court to begin the legal ramifications. The attorney will go over any wills and death certificates, and identify any of the debts one may owe postmortem. A key thing to remember is that while a probate attorney is there to guide you, it’s important to have an idea of these things before meeting with them to avoid confusion.

The Legal Probate Process in Florida

Assets left by the decedent are usually distributed through the provisions of their will. They can pay the cost of the probate proceedings, if provided. In cases of intestacy, Florida has specific rules regarding where these assets go, and in most cases it goes to the decedent’s spouse if applicable. But if a personal representative is named, it becomes their responsibility in handling these assets. These assets can be anything from:

  • A bank account or investment account in the sole name of the decedent
  • A life insurance policy or individual retirement account payable to the decedent’s estate
  • Real estate titled in the sole name of the decedent or jointly in the name of a decedent and a tenant in common

How to Avoid Probate in Florida

The easiest way to avoid Probate in Florida is if the decedent provided a trust in their will. This can include an inter-vivos trust, or a testamentary trust, and is given to a person or institution named as the trustee who is responsible for administering this document.

The difference between a trust administration and probate is that a trust administration is not a court-supervised process. As a result, probate is not necessarily required if the decedent had a properly drafted and revised trust. In this case, a trustee takes on the roles of an executor, and must take similar precautions to administer the trust correctly.

Walser & Herman, Elder Law and Probate Attorneys

Founded in 1983, our Florida probate law firm has been providing trust and estate legal services in Palm Beach County for over 30 years. Our goal is to properly guide you through the legal processes regarding probate and trust administrations, and to ensure that all parties involved are given proper care throughout the process. Whether it’s creating wills and trusts, estate planning, or handling the probate process, we are here to ease the pressure of the legal proceedings that follow a difficult loss.

If you have questions about Florida probate law, or if you require an attorney, our team at Walser & Herman Law Firms are here to help in whatever way we can. Please don’t hesitate to contact us for any concerns or inquiries. We pride ourselves on providing timely responses to any and all inquiries, backed by a dedicated, professional, and compassionate staff here to help you and your needs.

Simple Probate has created a simple online process, Encouraging, Inspiring, and EMPOWERING YOU to probate yourself! It’s simple, fast, and the best way to save money!

Answer A Short Questionnaire!

How to file probate in florida

How to file probate in florida

No Will No Problem

Probate without a will starting at $595

Simple Probate has created a simple online process, Encouraging, Inspiring, and EMPOWERING YOU to probate yourself!

It’s Simple, Fast, and the best way to save money!

Answer A Short Questionnaire!

How It Works

How to file probate in florida


Securely register your account and signup for our service. Once you’ve completed the next three setups you’ll have a complete set of your Ready-To-File Court Documents, along with instructions on how to file. Don’t worry about errors – you can go back and make all the changes even after filed the petition.

Answer Some Questions

Provide the required information so the ready-to-file court documents can be created. We understand this is a difficult time for you, just answer all the questions the best you can. Lastly, you will need the original last will and testament, if there is one, the death certificate, and the paid in full funeral bill.

Create Your Documents

Once you’ve answered all the questions, all the necessary ready-to-file probate court documents can be created. Once created, we will review the petition to make sure everything is filled out correctly. If required, we will contact you and let you know what adjustments or corrections are needed and review it with you until it’s correct and complete.

Send the Petition to a Probate Court

Final Step

Send the Petition to the Probate Court

The last steps are to sign and send the final copy of the Petition to the Probate Court.

Don’t forget to include the Original Last Will & Testament, Death Certificate, and the Paid in Full Funeral Bill.

Take advantage of other Simple-Probate services to assist YOU

Simple-Probate is a service-centered group based out of Central Florida. We provide only the best professionals to assist you with other services involved with probate.

How to file probate in florida

Real Estate Sales

Just a few tasks needed to sell a home, home preparation, cleaning, renovating, marketing, listing, and auction services.

Getting a house ready to sell is not as easy task. A lot of the times, homes have items inside that need to be cleaned, sorted, and removed. Maybe the house needs major repairs like a new roof, kitchen, bathroom, and a fresh coat of paint inside and out.

Homebuyers today want granite, new floors, and a move-in ready house. If the condition of the house is not up to today’s standards, this can make listing, marketing, and selling the home incredibly stressful and challenging. Selling a home is a lot to handle on your own. Simple-Probate helps make it simple.

Over the past decade, we have put together a team of top-performing, fantastic and hard-working real estate agents that can sell homes in any condition! The real estate part of the process should go as smoothly as possible for you; we highly recommend using the team of top-performing and incredible agents, we have put together to get you the most $$$$ for your inherited property.

How to file probate in florida

Need Cash Now

Get the money you need now

Are you’re strapped for cash, behind on bills, or need a new car? Simple-Probate will give you the money you need for life’s unexpected or expected situations and emergencies. More importantly, Simple-Probate will provide you the cash quickly. At Simple-Probate, we understand that unforeseen circumstances may arise when least expected. These unexpected situations can put a significant strain on your available cash.

Don’t stress about money, instead, get the cash you need NOW!! Every Simple-Probate customer situation is unique. To determine how much and how fast you can get your cash, we ENCOURAGE and EMPOWER YOU to start the probate process TODAY.

How to file probate in florida


We will negotiate with difficult heirs on your behalf at no cost. We are good at it and have helped many families come back together. The death of a loved one can be a rough time for your family and friends. Everyone will be full of emotions in which decision making will be difficult. Some people may want to keep the property as it reminds them of the loved one, but others may not want the responsibility of keeping up with the maintenance and the cost of it. We’ll act as the unbiased third party and keep the cool so that everybody can come to an agreement that works for everyone.

Simple answer: No, not all Estates have to go through probate in Florida. However, the real question is whether all assets have to go through probate in Florida. And, the answer is no.

Unfortunately, answering this question requires an analysis of each estate. Below you will find some of the steps that I go through in order to determine whether or not the client needs an estate to be probated.

To really get at the root of this question you have to look at how things get done with the estate’s assets. For example, when your mother or father passes away, how do you get access to the funds in the bank account? How do you get title to their house? Generally speaking, there are only three ways to transfer assets in Florida.

Joint Ownership with Right of Survivorship

Now let’s talk about the first way to transfer assets in Florida – Joint ownership with right of survivorship (“JOWRS”). JOWRS is a concept or a legal construct that allows multiple people to own an item, real estate, bank accounts, vehicles etc.… Depending on the relationship of the parties and the language on the title, the asset may pass or transfer to the joint owner immediately upon death without the need for a probate.

How to file probate in florida

To determine whether this applies, you have to look at the actual title to the asset. For example in the instance of the piece of real estate you need to look at the deed (quitclaim deed, warranty deed, life estate deed). For a non-married joint ownership, you must have language contained in the deed that says, or something substantially similar to, “joint ownership with right of survivorship.” If you see this language, then likely no probate is needed for this property.

When property is bought by a married couple, the analysis gets easier. Florida law provides a presumption of “with right of survivorship” when the properties acquired by a husband and wife jointly (and they have remained married). This is actually referred to as tenants by the entireties, but don’t get caught up in the legal mumbo-jumbo. So, when you’re looking at the deed and the Grantee is “John and Jane Smith, husband and wife,” probate is likely unnecessary.

Therefore, if the only remaining assets was this piece of real estate where JOWRS is present, no probate would be necessary at all, and this is an an example of when not all states have to go through probate.

Beneficiary Designations and Agreements

Now let’s talk about the second way to transfer assets in Florida. The second main way to transfer assets in Florida is by agreement.

Agreements come in different types and forms. For example, beneficiary designations on bank accounts are essentially agreements with your financial institution that says: “upon my death, cut a check to “X.”

How to file probate in florida

Other common examples are life insurance policies and annuities. Both of these are simply agreements with financial institutions for them to make a payment upon your death. When you have this type of agreement in place, your Bank will dispose of that account to the intended beneficiary immediately upon your death. You do not need to seek the authority or the permission of anybody else to gain access to those funds. Therefore, no court approval or probate is needed to distribute those assets in the bank account to the intended beneficiary.

So, if the decedent only had a bank account in which their beneficiaries were designated, more than likely no probate is needed for that estate.


Now let’s talk about the third way to transfer assets in Florida. If you do not have joint ownership or an agreement, then unfortunately you are going to have to seek authority to transfer those assets.

The only entity that has the power to authorize you to transfer someone else’s assets is a judge. The court process of determining who is the rightful heir, determining who the creditors are, and determining how these assets need to be distributed is probate. There are many steps to a probate, including but to limited to: addressing creditors, selling real estate, distributing assets, and liquidating assets. However the heart of the probate is seeking authorization to handle a decedent’s assets and personal property.

Let’s go through an example. If ta person has a bank account, and if there are no beneficiary designated nor is there an agreement between the decedent and the financial institution, then when that person passes away, the financial institution does not know how to distribute the money in that account.

Think of it from the financial institution’s perspective. The financial institution has an account with $10,000 of the decedent’s money in it, but they don’t know who rightfully gets that money. What if they give it to the wrong person? Is the Bank liable to the rightful heir?

Therefore, in many cases such as this, you’ll hear the bank for the financial institution say we need “an order from the court” or “letters of administration/testamentary”. Essentially, the bank is saying go to court and get a permission for us to distribute at the decedent’s assets.

How to file probate in florida


I hope this article has answered your questions. If not feel free to contact us, and we will be happy to discuss the matter and provide a free initial consultation. There are a few different types of probates, but really they boil down to two main types: a summary administration or a formal administration. I will talk about both of these types of probate in future posts but for now just understand that unless there is joint ownership with rights of survivorship or an agreement governing in asset, then more than likely a probate will be necessary.

As the personal representative (also known as the executor) of an estate, it is common to need to file probate for the deceased’s estate. Depending on the extent of the estate and other factors, the process varies slightly. However, no matter the size of the estate, probate can be time consuming. This is why hiring a probate attorney may be the right option for many. Before you decide whether or not you wish to hire an attorney to assist you with the probate process, here is a brief summary to help you understand how to file probate in Florida.

Notify Clerk of Courts in the County

The clerk of courts needs an original will and a certified death certificate to begin the probate process. Typically, the executor or personal representative handles this. If one was not appointed in the will, a spouse can handle the duties or the heirs can nominate someone willing. An estate without a will requires additional paperwork and steps.

Determine the Estate’s Value

This step may benefit from the assistance of a probate attorney. Not everything the deceased owns counts as part of the estate value. For example, the primary residence is exempt from the estate value but other homes would not be (whether in Florida or not). Also excluded from estate value is jointly held property. Those items pass to the survivor in full. Have a conversation with your probate attorney to discuss the factors at play in your matters of the estate.

Research the Estate’s Debts

As the personal representative, you will need to diligently research all debts held by the deceased. However, it is your duty to inform the creditors of the death and provide them a date by which they must file a claim against the assets. You will need to pay all debts and any federal taxes due before distribution.

Prepare for Distribution of Assets

Although some personal possessions may be identified in the will, other items may not be. Finding a fair and equitable way to distribute them may be challenging at times.

The assistance of a probate attorney can be invaluable throughout the entire process. They will be able to guide you through the paperwork. When the judge handling the case has questions, your probate attorney can also help you provide a response in a timely manner. If there is controversy among estate benefactors, a probate attorney can offer legal advice without emotional or personal involvement.

If you have been appointed as executor of an estate and need an experienced probate attorney, call Wagstaff Law Office. Our team is ready to help you. Call us today at (727) 584-8182 for your confidential consultation.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

Thanks for your interest in becoming a cleaner and/or redrawer!

Q: What is a cleaner?
A: A cleaner is someone who takes the raw manga scan and makes it look presentable (and ready for the typesetter to put text on). This involves straightening, cropping, leveling, text removal, redrawing, and dust removal. It sometimes involves denoising as well.

Q: How do I become a cleaner?
A: You must pass the cleaner test . Please download the following file and complete the test inside. PLEASE SAVE AS PSD as well as PNG. Then, please email it to [email protected] Good luck!
Cleaner Test: Download

Q: What is a redrawer?
A: A redrawer is someone who only redraws. They remove Japanese text that the cleaner has difficulty removing (i.e. because the text is on top of the picture). They also help to merge double page spreads by lining up the pages and redrawing the space in between.

Note: Some have mentioned that knowing how to use the Photoshop Line Tool is very helpful in redrawing while some others use Photoshop Pen Tool. Some also like to use a graphics tablet to redraw. Some people are able to redraw well without either of these.

Q: How do I become a redrawer?
A: You must pass the redrawer t est . Please download the following file and complete the test inside. Then, please email it to [email protected] Good luck!
Redrawer Test: Download

Q: What exactly is the difference between a cleaner and a redrawer?
A: Cleaners at Fallen Syndicate can typically redraw at least fairly well. Redrawers, however, are people who specialize in redrawing; they do not clean the pages, and they only remove text the cleaners cannot remove.

Q: Do I need Photoshop?
A: Yes.

Q: I finished reading the test instructions. But how do I know what is good or bad cleaning?
A: One way to see what we’re looking for in good cleaners is to check out some of the recent manga that we have scanlated.
You can find them on our online reader (on MangaDex). 🙂

A good variety of good “before and after” examples can be found here.

Another way is to read tutorials. Here are some that may help.

“Modern” and pretty awesome Tutorial:
Sense Scans – Magazine Cleaning Tutorial

Ancient but basic Tutorial (may be a good place for beginners to start):
Ruinevil Cleaning Guide

Q: I finished reading everything above, including the instructions files. I checked out the tutorials. But I still don’t understand something! What now?
A: Please ask additional questions here so that more experienced staff members can help you.

I have photographed some pages of a book for reading. This is much faster than scanning and you don’t have to carry the heavy books. However, the photographed books are not as nice: curved, skewed, and shadowed, as opposed to the much flatter, cleaner scanned books. Especially when you’re trying to print them out.

Google’s used some specific technique of converting books to e-books with a camera and a laser overlay.

But is there any home user software that can flatten a curled photographed book photograph?

Or maybe there is some technique which you can use in Photoshop?

What is the best way to achieve that?

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

3 Answers 3

Some softwares which I’ve found so far:

Unpaper [cmd-line tool, Cross-Platform]

Post-processing tool for scanned sheets of paper, especially for book pages that have been scanned from previously created photocopies. The main purpose is to make scanned book pages better readable on screen after conversion to PDF. Additionally, unpaper might be useful to enhance the quality of scanned pages before performing optical character recognition (OCR). unpaper tries to clean scanned images by removing dark edges that appeared through scanning or copying on areas outside the actual page content (e.g. dark areas between the left-hand-side and the right-hand-side of a double- sided book-page scan).

OSX installation via Homebrew: brew install unpaper

Interactive post-processing tool for scanned pages. It performs operations such as page splitting, deskewing, adding/removing borders, and others.

OSX installation via Homebrew: brew install scantailor

A utility to help with Book scanning using cameras as a scanner. It will automate things such as cropping, rotating, fixing keystoning, fixing the DPI, and outputing it to tiff files that can be changed into PDF’s or ebooks.

An image postprocessor for the DIY Book Scanner described on and DIY Book Scanner. Gets images ready for OCR or for PDF. Written in Java based on a partial port of the Leptonica image processing library.

Here are the manual steps to achieve that in Photoshop (based in CS6 on OS X):

Open the image (Ctrl-O).

Increase contract by selecting in menu Image -> Auto Tone (Shift-CMD-L).

Optional: Choose Filter -> Lens Correction. (Shift-CMD-R) and straighten the image by using Straighten Tool (A). Basically draw a straight horizontal line in the middle of the page.

Still in Lens Correction, in Custom tab you may want to remove Geometric Distortion by increasing value for Remove Distortion.

In case you’ve dark corners, change the contract by increasing amount of Vignette and decreasing Midpoint value (in the same Custom tab). Doesn’t need to be perfect, just keep all text within the visible area.

Using Polygonal or just normal Lasso Tool (L) draw a contour around the paper edges, then enter Free Transform mode and choose Warp mode (contextual menu) in order to flatten and straighten the page and its edges.

In Filter -> Liquify. (Shift-CMD-X) use either Forward Warp (X), Pucker (S), or Bloat (B) tools to flatten the page further more (increase/decrease a brush size by [ and ] when needed).

Optional: When the page has any black edges, resize (CMD-R) or crop it using Crop Tool (C).

Using Dodge and Burn tools (O) lighten and darken the specific areas to decrease background noise and increase a black and white contrast. Use lower exposure level to be able to touch multiple times and fairly large brush size (increase/decrease by [ and ] ).

Then repeat Auto Tone (Shift-CMD-L) to re-adjust the contract.

Optional: If the page suppose to be black & white (no colour pictures), in Image menu change Mode into Grayscale. Also consider to repeat Dodge and Burn action again as in the grayscale mode the background noise can be removed much more efficiently.

Soooo I've been quite interested in scanlation and has big respect to scanlators. I prefer manga more than anime adaptation so I'm curious how to scanlate. I know it's tough work but I'm willing to learn. Too much free time in my hands and looking for something to be part with. TIA ヽ(●゚´Д`゚●)ノ゚

I think step 1 would be to get your hands on a copy of photoshop since you'll need that for everything and possibly download adobe reader if you plan to be the translator. Step 2 is figuring out whether you want to start your own group or if you want to be part of another group.

If you want to start your own group, you can find raws online or you can buy physical books and make your own. You can warm the spine of your book with an iron until the glue softens, and then you can carefully peel the pages out. Then you go ahead and scan those pages in and clean them.

If you know how to translate, the easiest thing I've found is to turn the raw pages into a PDF file and then use the comment feature in Adobe Reader to write the translations on top of the word bubbles like so. If you don't know how to translate then you can try your hand at recruiting on different manga forums and see who responds. The easiest way to share projects with group members is through Box or Dropbox.

Once you've got the translation, you can go ahead and typeset. Then come back a day later to proofread and fix any typos.

If you want to join another group, you can search the manga forums and see what kinds of positions are available. Some will groups will ask you to do a quick test to assess your skill level, and some are really nice and will show you the ropes if you don't know anything.

In this photo scanning guide, you’re going to learn how to.

  • Make your image colours look natural and less dull and flat
  • Get rid of dust scratches without taking away detail
  • Make blurry photos look sharper and more defined

But if you’re not sure what the actual problems are when scanning photos, then how are you suppose to fix them?

So here’s the 3 problems and how to fix them.

Problem 1: Your Photo Scans Are Going To Look Unnatural

Take out a photo. Look closely. Do you see a shine or gloss coming off the surface? Even old photos made out of thicker paper have some light coming off the surface.

Why am I talking about the surface of your photo?

Well, your scanner is ALSO going to scan the light coming off the surface of your photos. And you’ll get images like this.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

It doesn’t matter if your photo is 100 years old. Or if your photo is 1 year old. The light coming off the surface of your photos is going to blunt, flatten, and dull the colours of your scan.

Click the link below to fix this.

Problem 2: Dust, Scratches, Cracks, Folds In Photos

If you’re family is like mine, then your mom probably stuffed all the photos in a box and hid it in a closet. All to save space.

But now the photos are bent. Or scratched because they’ve been moved around so much.

In this section, I’m going to show you to do this.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

Click here for a step-by-step guide.

Problem 3: Photos Don’t Look Sharp Or Well Defined

Another problem is sometimes photo scans look blurry or out of focus. Have a look.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

This can be because the photo was taken out of focus. And sometimes it’s because the actual paper of the photo will dull the details.

To fix the sharpness of a photo, click here.

3 Action Steps On How To Fix Your Photo Scans Using Photoshop

Here’s those full tutorials again.

Which of these scanning troubles do you want to overcome?

  • What’s the best resolution / DPI to scan your slides, negatives, and photos — so you don’t lose details
  • Best method to digitize slides, negatives, photos using your regular flatbed or film scanner
  • How to clean your negatives, slides, and photos before you scan them — so you don’t scratch them
  • What side should you scan a slide or negative — so they’re not backwards or facing the wrong way
  • How to setup your scanner to get higher quality digital images — 24bit JPEG? 48bit TIFF?
  • How to fix your digital images using Digital ICE, GIMP, or Photoshop and make them look new
  • How to improve your scan workflow so you can double your productivity and finish your project twice as fast
  • Understand the technical stuff of a digital image so you can make sideshow videos, reprints, and more!

Hey, my name is Konrad. I’ve been scanning professionally since 2005. I’ve helped multi-billion dollar companies, pro sports teams, pro photographers, artists, museums, book publishers, etc. I’ve scanned over 930,000 slides, negatives, photos.

The reason I’m telling you this is because no matter what challenge or frustration you’re having, I know exactly what you’re going through. So, to help you RIGHT NOW, I’ve put together a super simple scanning guide to get you started.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

Your free ebook is up for grabs. Just click the button below and start downloading.

Over on Instagram, I was recently asked how I “got the paper to come out so white in this photo”. The lady thought that I had posted a picture that I had taken of my sketchbook. I explained to her that I was actaully doing some photoshop magic I had learned via Skillshare.

But the conversation got me to thinking about how this is one teeny tiny part of Photoshop that I’ve learned in the last three months that has helped me tremendously in how I and others see my work. I’d love to be able to share this one “trick” of Photoshop to help you.

2. Open the scan in Photoshop.

3. Duplicate the background layer.

4. Name the bottom layer “just in case” and then turn it off, i.e. click the eye icon so it’s not visible.
Name the top layer “working” and make sure this layer is selected during the next steps.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

5. Select the magic wand tool.
Check that the tolerance is set to 20.

6. Click a portion of the image that is paper. This should cause the paper around your illustration to be selected.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

Press the delete button.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

7. Create a new layer.

8. With the new layer selected, click the “new layer button”.
When given an option, select “solid color”.
When asked to choose the color, select “#000000”.
Click “ok”.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

9. Pull this layer below your illustration. This will cause the “galaxy spots” to appear .

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

10. Select the illustration layer and then use the eraser tool to erase the spots and any other non-illustration part of the scan.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

11. Turn off the black fill layer.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

12. Use the marquee tool to select the image.

13. Copy and paste the selection to a new file.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

14. Do a happy dance. Share on social media / in the mail / at your favorite retail store as your heart desires.

The manual redrawing I showed you in the previous section is great for small lines, but when you have longer lines, it becomes a total hassle. In this section I’ll show you how to easily create perfectly curved lines for your redrawing pleasure.

First, download the original image here (1.1mb) if you’d like to try this yourself (all redrawing here was done on this larger image). I’ll be showing you how to do the following:

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop
It’s a little time-consuming, but incredibly easy

just use the pen tool to create the curved lines, and then fill in whatever goes between the lines. First, create a new layer above the image layer. This is where the line will end up. Next, select the Pen Tool from the tools pallete (down & left from the type tool). On the new layer, click at one end of the line you want to draw, move to the other end, and click and hold. While you’re holding onto the second point, move the mouse up and down to change the curvature of the line you just drew.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop
Next, click the brush tool, and set it to the width and color you’d like the line to be. In this case, I set it to black, 2px. Select the path tool again, and right click on the image. Choose “Stroke Path” > “Brush”. Your path will then be a nice black line. In this case, I actually stroked it twice, which darkens it up a bit. When you’re satisfied with your line, right click again, and choose “Delete Path”.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop
For this part of the image, you’d need to do this twice more: a white line for the edge of the coat, and a black line for the coat’s inner shadow. The method is the same, just change the colors in the brush to change the color of the line. Also, you can use the same layer or a different layer for the new lines, it’s your preference.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop
Finally, go back to the image layer (or a layer under the lines), and fill in the area between the lines. Repeat over and over to redraw the coat, pants, string, and shadows in the image, then clone to fill in the texture to get the result I showed earlier. It might take you a few hours, but with this method, it’s possible to do even extensive redrawing like this.

You’re done with the typesetting section, so either jump to the Practice section for some practice, or head on over to SFXs for a few more lessons.

I have a hi-res scan of some paper, where you can see the grain. However, the scanner has made some parts of the page darker than others—for example, it is a lot darker near the page edges. This can be seen when repeating a section of the image (shown below)

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

How can I even out the colour differences in the page, but retain the existing grain?

My current attempt was to get the average of the page, and then blend this colour via colour burn to the page texture. Gaussian blurring this would give a map of the lighter and darker areas in the page. Inverting that and applying with soft blend to the original page would get close to removing the irregularities.

However, the method described is definitely not the correct way to get an overall map of the light and dark areas, and did not perform as well as hoped. It must be as exact as possible, as I want to be able to move parts of the page around without having a sudden break in the gradients on the page (again, shown in the image).

Any help here would be hugely appreciated!

Edit: I’m not looking to regenerate a paper grain, no matter how close it is, a generated paper grain won’t have the right look-and-feel. I need to use the existing grain of the paper.


To get the paper grain,

  1. Duplicate the original layer
  2. Select -> Color Range , click on some black in the page and drag the slider up until you can see you’re selecting all the ink
  3. Select -> Modify -> Expand selection by a few pixels or so
  4. Edit -> Fill and use content aware

To find the shadows,

  1. Duplicate the paper grain layer
  2. Filters -> Blur -> Average
  3. Image -> Apply Image , select the paper grain layer, and use the subtract operation using an offset of 128 and a scale of 1

This will now give you a layer that is mostly mid-grey with darker and lighter areas corresponding to shadows and other blemishes in the picture. Ensure the grey image is both darker and lighter by going into the levels tool and checking that the brightness curve appears on both sides of the midpoint. If it does not, the next stages will not work.

Applying this image in a similar manner as before but to the original scan will change the paper to the average paper colour determined in step 2. However, this will also remove the grain, so to avoid this,

  1. Filters -> Blur -> Gaussian Blur and adjust the settings such that the grain disappears but the shadows are still visible

Finally, to apply this back to the original image and remove the shadows, hide all layers but the original scan, go to Image -> Apply Image , select the shadow layer, and use subtract with an offset of 128 and a scale of 1. Depending on the order of subtractions, this will either remove the shadows, or double them. If it is doubling them, select the invert option in the Apply Image window. Click okay, and it should remove the shadows.

As a last clean-up, you may to reimport the original scan, select just the ink (via select color range), and copy and paste-in-place the ink over the top of the adjusted scan. This is because it is theoretically possible that the edges of the ink will get affected by the transformation described above.

I have some old documents that have been scanned, and I want to convert them to black and white. Content should be always black, and background white:

I use Photoshop.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

6 Answers 6

If you have control over the scanning, or can get them rescanned, increase the contrast setting in the scan and set the black point at the darkest bit of text you can find. That would make the steps below easier. If not, read on.

Here’s part of a fairly typical old document scan:

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

The details will be different depending on the document (this has somewhat higher contrast than your sample, for example) but the broad outline will be the same.

  • Convert to grayscale using a Black and White adjustment layer. Use the Targeted Adjustment Tool (“Scrubby”) in the adjustment layer panel to lighten the background (scrub to the right) and darken the text (scrub to the left) as much as you can.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

Notice that the yellows slider is far to the right, lightening the yellowish background. I was able to darken the text only a little.

  • Use a Levels adjustment layer to increase the contrast.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

This gets you 95% of the way there. A scanned document typically has a histogram with a large lump toward the right (the paper) and a smaller lump toward the left (text). You’ll have to experiment with your documents to find the right settings.

From this point, you can duplicate the image, flatten the duplicate, and use your regular Photoshop retouching tools to clean up the remainder.

You mention Photoshop, but in case you are interested there’s also a GIMP plugin that does advanced grayscale cleaning and processing:

  • Removes speckles
  • Fills white pores on black ink
  • Removes specific user defined shapes
  • Has damaged lineart regeneration
  • Topological decomposition

It’s called Nuvola Tools, and it’s mainly focused on scanned art, but you might want to give it a try.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

  1. Open a file.
  2. Convert your document to grayscale: Image → Mode → Grayscale.
  3. Select the background color: Select → By Color, click with mouse pointer on the color of the background.
  4. Invert the selected color: Select → Invert.
  5. Copy the selection: Edit → Copy.
  6. Create a new file: File → New.
  7. In the dialog of a new file, in field: Advanced Options choose: Fill with: White, hit Ok.
  8. Click anywhere in the window of the new opened document, just to choose it.
  9. Paste the content of a clipboard: Edit → Paste.
  10. Add a new layer to enhance the black text: Layer → New from Visible, in the layer’s palette, in field: Mode: choose Multiply.
  11. Combine two layers: Layer → Merge Down.
  12. Save the result as a JPEG file: File → Export As, choose jpeg and set the quality at least 60.

How to clean a scanned manga page in photoshop

I tried various mentioned methods incl. free FineThreshold plugin. This plugin produces good results quickly provided that the document is homogenously lighted and the paper itself is also of homogenous quality. However this was not my case. I experienced that the upper side of every document was more light than the bottom. Consequently, every method and its partial setting worked well only for the part of every page and not for the rest of it.

Eventually I found the effect “Dynamic Thresholding” which is part of Zoner Photo Studio v15. Its eval version is free for some period, I guess. It seems to offset the b/w threshold according to the neighbourhood lightness. Its application is one-step process only. For me the parameters “Large, value +14” worked very well. Beside “Editor” Zoner contains also the “Manager” interface in which you can process the batch over all selected images. In the end I was able to print the result on the very old 300 dpi laser printer with excellent contrast.

Now, the only remaining task for which I am looking is automatic CROP of every image in an inteligent manner to cut-out the unnecessary margins. Any hints are welcome because manual cropping is boring as well as time consuming.