How to write your congressional representative

Letters and faxes are an extremely effective way of communicating with your elected officials. Many legislators believe that a letter represents not only the position of the writer but also many other constituents who did not take the time to write.

These tips will help increase the effectiveness of your letter:

Keep it brief: Letters should never be longer than one page, and should be limited to one issue. Legislative aides read many letters on many issues in a day, so your letter should be as concise as possible.

State Who You Are and What You Want Up Front: In the first paragraph, tell your legislators that you are a constituent and identify the issue about which you are writing. If your letters pertains to a specific piece of legislation, it helps to identify it by its bill number (e.g. H.R. ____ or S. _____).

Hit your three most important points: Choose the three strongest points that will be most effective in persuading legislators to support your position and flesh them out.

Personalize your letter: Tell your elected official why this legislation matters in his community or state. If you have one, include a personal story that shows how this issue affects you and your family. A constituent’s personal stories can be the very persuasive as your legislator shapes his or her position.

Personalize your relationship: Have you ever voted for this elected official? Have you ever contributed time or money to his or her campaign? Are you familiar with her through any business or personal relationship? If so, tell your elected official or his staff person. The closer your legislator feels to you, the more powerful your argument is likely to be.

You are the Expert: Remember that your legislator’s job is to represent you. You should be courteous and to the point, but don’t be afraid to take a firm position. Remember that often your elected official may know no more about a given issue than you do.

Not sure of your congressional district or who your member is? This service will assist you by matching your ZIP code to your congressional district, with links to your member’s website and contact page.

Please review the frequently asked questions if you have problems using this service.

There is no central listing of member office public e-mail addresses. Each member of Congress establishes their office’s policy related to the processing and management of e-mail. Generally, if a member has a public e-mail address, it can be found on the member’s website. The office may list a public e-mail address or provide a form directly on the member’s website. The U.S. House of Representatives does not provide a listing of public e-mail addresses for the elected Representatives.

The Find Your Representative service matches the ZIP code information you provide with a list of congressional districts. If you receive an error due to a missing ZIP code or incorrect member information, please use the Contact Webmaster form to report the problem. Select the appropriate error category (Report an error in the Find Your Representative service.) and provide as much information as possible to assist us in researching the problem. Please be sure to include: Your Street Address, City, State and ZIP code, the member or congressional district information you are trying to reach and the member or congressional district the service is reporting that you feel is in error.

No. The webmaster will not forward messages to congressional offices. If you are having problems contacting your representative, you can report the problem using the Contact Webmaster form, write or call your elected representative, or visit the member’s website for alternate contact information.

If you know who your representative is but you are unable to contact them using their contact form, the Clerk of the House maintains addresses and phone numbers of all House members and Committees, or you may call (202) 224-3121 for the U.S. House switchboard operator. In addition, you may choose to visit your member’s website directly for further information.

There are several correct forms of address for a member of Congress including “The Honorable” and “Representative”.

How to write your congressional representative

Handwritten letters always receive more attention than preprinted materials. So if you are writing about a general inquiry or topic, taking the extra time to send a physical letter may be worth it.

That said, consider the urgency of the matter. If you are writing concerning a pending vote, email is your best option as security screenings may delay receipt of a physical letter by up to three weeks.

What happens to emails and letters once they arrive? A legislative correspondent reads the messages and verifies if the sender is a constituent. Messages are then routed or tallied:

  • Important or compelling correspondence is given to a legislative assistant.
  • Unique and moving messages are shared with the member of Congress.
  • A summary of emails and letters received is given at an issue briefing before a vote.

9 Essential Tips for Writing Your Congressperson

Write letters only about the issues of greatest importance to you. That way you don’t dilute your influence or your message. Each letter should be:

State your subject clearly in the email subject line or first sentence of the letter. Stick to just one issue in the letter.

Identify yourself as a constituent. State your views, support them with your expert knowledge and, when appropriate, cite the bill number of relevant legislation (e.g., H.R. 1234 or S.3456).

Ask for the policymaker’s point of view and how he or she plans to vote on relevant legislation. Expect an answer to a letter, though it may be a form response. Replies to email vary by office; not all reply.

Rely on the facts, but personalize the issue. Explain how the issue affects your life. Avoid personal attacks, threats of political influence or demands.

Be positive about your issue and offer recommendations about how you want the member to address concerns.

Always explain the hometown relevance of the issue. Use “I” statements and cite specific times and examples.

Offer to provide additional information if needed, and provide your contact information.

Remember to thank members for their attention. Follow the issue and thank them later if they vote your way.

Keep your letter to one page, or your email to 500 words or less.

Sample Letters

How to write your congressional representative

View a sample email (PDF, 239KB) to a legislator.

How to write your congressional representative

View two sample letters (PDF, 246KB) o a legislator.

Take the Next Step

Find out who to contact and stay informed.

Use the Senate’s locator to find your two senators.

Use the House’s locator.

Contact APA before your visit for additional guidance.

About APA Advocacy

APA represents the largest and most visible national presence advocating for psychology at the federal level.

APA advocacy efforts are guided by the Advocacy Coordinating Committee, which evaluates and prioritizes advocacy goals for the discipline of psychology and the professions of psychologists in scientific, educational, public interest, health service practice and applied practice settings.

How can you contact your congressional representative?

If you know who your representative is but you are unable to contact them using their contact form, the Clerk of the House maintains addresses and phone numbers of all House members and Committees, or you may call (202) 224-3121 for the U.S. House switchboard operator.

How do I write a letter to a government representative?

Below are some simple tips that you can use to write more effective letters:

  1. Use Proper Salutation. The salutation should be “Dear Representative Smith” or Dear Senator Smith” or “Dear Assemblyman Smith” depending on the office held.
  2. Avoid Righteous Indignation.
  3. Focus on Key Points.
  4. In Closing.

What is the freedom to petition the government?

The Freedom to Petition the government for redress of grievances is one of your Five Freedoms protected under the First Amendment. It is the freedom to encourage or disapprove government action through nonviolent, legal means.

Who can write to Congressman?

Our general “rule of thumb” is anyone who has a mailing address in the United States can write to Congress. The reason we say this is because, if you have a U.S. mailing address you live in that Congressional district and state; you live, work, pay taxes, send your children to school, in that district.

How do I write a representative?

9 Essential Tips for Writing Your Congressperson

  1. Direct. State your subject clearly in the email subject line or first sentence of the letter.
  2. Informative. Identify yourself as a constituent.
  3. Inquiring.
  4. Factual & Courteous.
  5. Constructive.
  6. Specific.
  7. Helpful.
  8. Appreciative.

How do you end a letter to a representative?

Restate your request at the end of the letter, for example urging them to support or oppose the bill. Thank the legislator for his or her support and offer to address any questions that he or she might have. Be sure to include your contact information, and sign the letter.

Why is freedom to petition the government important?

The right to petition grants people not only the freedom to stand up and speak out against injustices they feel are occurring, but also grants the power to help change those injustices.

Why should you write your Congressman?

Letters and faxes are an extremely effective way of communicating with your elected officials. Many legislators believe that a letter represents not only the position of the writer but also many other constituents who did not take the time to write.

How do I write my congressman about military issues?

When you contact your Congressional office, they usually ask you to sign a privacy release form that gives them permission to contact the military on your behalf. They also often ask you to summarize in writing the nature of the problem you are having and the help you are seeking.

Should I write to my senator or representative?

It’s usually best to send letters to the representative from your local congressional district or the senators from your state.

How do you write a letter to a congressional representative?

How do you format a letter to a senator?

Paragraph 1 – Introduce the writer and state the purpose of the letter. Paragraph 2 – State the position supported. Use supporting examples and facts. Paragraph 3 – Describe any action requested.

How to write your congressional representative

When calling your senator or representative’s Washington, D.C., office, you’ll speak with a member of their staff. Don’t expect to speak personally with your senator or representative.

Congressional staff work long hours—10 to 12 days are not uncommon—and have many demands and pressures on their time. Take the time before you call to craft a concise and compelling message.

4 Essential Tips for Calling Your Member of Congress

Making a phone call to your representatives to request action on specific legislation is a great idea. Here’s how to do it.

Know the issue you wish to discuss, your goal or the action you want the legislator to take. Before calling, have your message written in front of you and review it carefully so you know exactly what you want to say. Include a few compelling facts to convince them to take action. APA can help you develop talking points.

Identify Yourself & Ask for a Legislative Assistant

Identify yourself as a constituent. Briefly state your your title and position, if relevant. Ask to speak with the legislative assistant responsible for the issue.

State Your Purpose

Keep the message simple and concise. A good model to follow is: State the issue, support with facts and then state your goal, such as asking the legislator’s support for a bill.

Avoid emotional arguments, personal attacks, threats of political influence or demands. Thank the staffer for taking your call and let him or her know how you will follow up.

Sample Phone Call

This example focuses on the Employment Non-Discrimination Act (EDNA).

Identify yourself and explain your relationship with the senator or representative:

“Hi, my name is NAME, and I am calling as a constituent and psychologist/graduate student from ORGANIZATION OR INSTITUTION.”

Explain why you are calling:

“It is very important to me that you pass the Employment Non-Discrimination Act.”

Establish why your issue is necessary and the perspective you offer as a psychologist or graduate student:

“As psychological professionals, we work to improve the health and well-being of all Americans every day. Data indicate that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) people suffer disproportionately from harassment and prejudice in the workplace. Federal workplace protections for LGBT people would serve to reduce discrimination, improve self-esteem, and heighten work productivity and satisfaction.”

Ask your member of Congress to take action:

“I urge the SENATOR/REPRESENTATIVE to vote YES to pass ENDA.”

Thank the staffer:

“Thanks for your time and attention today.”

Take the Next Step

Find out who to contact and stay informed.

Use the Senate’s locator to find your two senators.

Use the House’s locator.

Contact APA before your visit for additional guidance.

About APA Advocacy

APA represents the largest and most visible national presence advocating for psychology at the federal level.

APA advocacy efforts are guided by the Advocacy Coordinating Committee, which evaluates and prioritizes advocacy goals for the discipline of psychology and the professions of psychologists in scientific, educational, public interest, health service practice and applied practice settings.

One great way to advocate for a Citizen Cabinet is to write your Representative an email or personal letter. Personal letters tend to be superior to emails or form-letters because of the time invested in writing them, so Congressional offices take them more seriously. If you feel moved to write, here are some general guidelines:

  1. Keep it simple: Around three paragraphs and no more than one page is ideal.
  2. Make sure you’re sending it to the right person [click here to find the address of your representative], and make sure you include your own mailing address, otherwise it is unlikely to be read at all.
  3. For extra impact, call ahead and ask for the name of the staffer handling government reform issues, and send your letter straight to their attention.
  4. Be courteous. Don’t allow your frustration with Congress to get the better of you. A respectful tone is always more effective and persuasive.
  5. In the first paragraph, introduce yourself including any honors, accomplishments, or personal details, and say why you are writing, including the bill number and official name of any pending legislation (check in on the website for the most current legislative alerts and updates).
  6. In the second paragraph, state your reasons why you think your representatives should support a Citizen Cabinet.
  7. Close by thanking them for their time and stating your appreciation should they support a Citizen Cabinet.
Sample Letter to Congress

Senator/The Honorable [Full name] United States Senate/U.S. House of Representatives
[Building Name and Room Number] (Look up on-line or call your representative)
Washington, DC 20510(Senate)/20515(House)

Dear [Senator/Representative] [Last Name]:

My name is [Name], and I want to ask you to support a bold new way to give the American people a greater voice in government. It is called the Citizen Cabinet and I would like to know if this is something you will support.

Our democracy is in real trouble today, between all the special-interests, the partisan gridlock that’s tying up Congress, and the feeling many of us share that our system is broken. We need to be looking at better ways to let the people’s voice come through loud and clear, which right now isn’t happening.

A national Citizen Cabinet would give the American people a greater voice and help resolve some of the more contentious issues Congress is wrestling with today. It would also give you a more clear and accurate picture of what all of us think on key issues, not just the few of us who come to town hall meetings or have time to write. The idea of giving the people information, letting them hear the best arguments from all sides, and then make their recommendations to Congress would really help. It would raise the level of the debate, lead to more common-sense solutions and help Congress come together for the common good.

Here is a link to a website that describes this proposal in detail:

I hope you will support this common-sense idea, which I think will help us fix what’s wrong in our democracy and get back to our founding principle that government ought to be guided by the will of the people more than anything else.


[NOTE: You must include your home address or your letter is unlikely to be read]

If you have a problem involving a federal agency, including one of the branches of the military, you may request assistance from your United States senator or Congressional representative. If you are on active duty in any of the armed services, you have the same right to communicate with your elected representative as any other American citizen without fear of punishment or retaliation.

Military Whistleblower Protection Act

Your right to communicate with members of Congress is protected by the Military Whistleblower Protection Act found in Title 10 U.S. Code section 1034. The act protects service members who file congressional complaints from demotion, discharge or other negative actions. An exception is for unlawful communications, including threats or bribes. However, a decision by the Court of Appeals of the Armed Forces – United States vs. Gorgas – allows military judges to consider statements of guilt made to congressional representatives to be considered in criminal sentencing proceedings.

Appropriate Issues for Congressional Representatives

Congressional representatives cannot help you with issues related to state agencies or private individuals, nor can they provide legal advice or represent you in court proceedings. Their function is to inquire about issues related to any federal agency, including a branch of the military, and to assist in resolving the issue, if possible. Appropriate issues for congressional complaints include fraud, mismanagement, discrimination, sexual harassment or violation of military regulations, among others.

Which Representative Can Help

As a rule, members of Congress can only assist with complaints from their own constituents. In general, you should contact the representative of the district where you vote, even if you vote by absentee ballot. The location of your current duty station does not matter when it comes to determining which representative to contact. For example, if the incident occurred at your duty station in Texas but you vote and pay income taxes in Ohio, you should contact your representative in Ohio.

Format of the Complaint

A congressional complaint is basically a business letter in which you clearly describe the issue and ask for specific information and assistance. Some offices ask you to submit the letter by email or online, while others prefer you to mail a paper copy to them. Always include your full name, Social Security number, branch of service, duty station and permanent address in your letter.

Privacy Act Statement

You must download a Privacy Act statement from the representative’s website, sign it and submit it by U.S. mail before the representative’s office can make inquiries on your behalf. Even if you submitted the congressional complaint online or by email, mail a paper copy along with the Privacy Act statement and any other documents that might be helpful to the representative. Locate the appropriate mailing address on the representative’s website, which may be found by accessing the websites of the United States Senate or the United States House of Representatives.

What to Expect

A member of the representative’s staff, called a caseworker, attaches a cover letter from the representative to your letter and forwards it to the appropriate military command. The command forwards this packet to an action officer for response within five days. The caseworker will also mail a copy of the response to you for comment. If necessary, the caseworker may request further information from the military, but the representative cannot direct the military to take any particular action.

Find out who your elected officials are and how to contact them.


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Democracy thrives when people’s voices are heard. The easier it is for you to contact Congress, the better. It’s that simple.

Failure to effectively reach members of Congress has disastrous consequences. Studies show that politicians fundamentally misconceive their constituents’ views, making it harder for them to represent us in the lawmaking process.

That’s why we built a new tool to put you in touch with your members of Congress—with as few clicks as possible.

Simple and easy to use

We make it possible for you to email your two senators and representative through a single website. You submit one message—not three different messages on three different forms on three different websites.

Some key features:

  • All your senators and representatives on one website.
  • Say whatever you want. Many activism platforms want you to send a pre-written message about a specific topic. We let you tell Congress exactly what’s on your mind.
  • Free software. All our code is licensed under the AGPL, which means people can create new versions with different features and continue to improve on our original idea.

We don’t tell people what to say

This project is hosted by the, but it’s a neutral tool. We don’t control or influence the messages that are sent through We’re committed to free speech, and we support the free speech rights of our users.

Sometimes we may oppose what people choose to tell their legislators. Even in those cases, we won’t censor what individuals choose to say. We think society benefits from a plurality of voices speaking on a broad range of topics, and as a free speech organization this is a value we hold dear, even if we disagree with the message.

While we have tried to make the best tool we can, please understand that may have bugs or other technical issues, and is offered without any warranty; without even the implied warranty of merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose. See the license for more details.

Why we’re doing this.

First, we want contacting your elected officials to be easy. Then more people will do it. And that’s good for democracy.

We also want to show off the functionality of the tools has been creating over the last several years. We are working from the contact-congress dataset originally created by the Participatory Politics Foundation and later adopted by and improved upon by the Sunlight Foundation, EFF, and several collaborating organizations. Together, we’ve been working on a large-scale project to improve how Internet users contact elected officials and other decision makers. lets you test out one of these tools—emailing members of Congress—but we’re also creating simple ways to send Tweets to members of Congress, call Congress, sign petitions, and submit official comments to government agencies. If you’re an advocacy organization that likes how this works, check out our Github page and contact [email protected] to discuss whether these free software, user-focused tools are a good solution for your advocacy needs.

Who is behind this project was built by three amazing programmers who want to make the world a better place—Sina Khanifar, Leah Jones, and Randy Lubin, as part of a project for the Electronic Frontier Foundation. It’s maintained by

The backend system that delivers these messages to Congress was written by EFF employee William Budington. The contact-congress dataset that was completed with help from over 100 EFF volunteer web developers, (and in particular these five individuals). The dataset is now maintained by EFF, the Sunlight Foundation, and Action Network.

Jump in, change the world.

Want to help with this and future technology projects? If you’re a web developer who might want to occasionally volunteer, send an email to [email protected] and also sign up with Taskforce, a volunteer group that works with EFF on many projects to make the Internet more awesome and free.

How to host a masquerade party

How to host a masquerade party

Masked in mystery and draped in decadence, a masquerade ball is nothing short of magical. Once held only for the upper classes, masquerade balls date back to Venice, Italy in the 15th century at the beginning of the Renaissance movement where art, beauty and the imagination reigned. Masquerade balls became increasingly popular in Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries, offering a place where rich and poor could mingle in ways their strict societal etiquette forbid.

In February, you can travel to Rio de Janeiro, Brazil for the world’s largest and most famous masquerade party (called Carnaval), to Venice where it all began, or you could visit the American equivalent in New Orleans for Mardi Gras. Don’t want to travel? Throw your own unforgettable event. Here’s how:

1. By Invitation Only: This may be the era of technology and inbox invitations via Facebook and Evite, but take the time and the effort to mail elegant invitations to your guests at least six weeks prior to the big event.

How to host a masquerade party

2. It’s All in the Decor: Decorations really set the mood.You can’t go wrong with candles in all shapes and sizes and elegant candelabras in golds and browns. Or forget the candles (safety first, right) and dangle twinkling lights around the house and in swoops from the ceiling. Next, choose your color scheme: peacock or royal blue with canary yellow or gold, black, gold and red; purple and green, black and white or black, white and silver. Use drapes of silk or velvet to cover up modern household items. Fill glass vases with feathers and beads. Hang masks on walls or create centerpieces with them. Sprinkle glitter and sequins on tables and countertops.

3. Dress to Impress: Get everyone into the spirit by making costumes (or at least masks) mandatory. Give away a prize for the best costume of the night.

How to host a masquerade party

4. Feast on This: Don’t lose the magic by offering pizza, pretzels and potato chips. Let your guest feast on delicious little finger foods. Ideas include stuffed mushrooms, crab puffs, baked artichoke squares with sun dried tomato pesto, avocado wrapped in prosciutto, gourmet cheeses cut into diamond shapes served with water crackers, spiced walnuts, caviar with toast points, or skewers of cherry tomatoes with fresh basil and fresh mozzarella drizzled with balsamic reduction. For dessert, consider a chocolate fountain and serve cubes of cake and strawberries on the side. Or whip up a dark or white chocolate mousse and serve chilled.

5. The Music of the Night: If you have the means, hire a string quartet for the evening. Or, stream classical music through Pandora or create a playlist on your iPod to include such songs as Vivaldi’s Four Seasons or anything by Mozart and Beethoven.

6. Enhance the Revelry: Masquerade balls automatically create an air of mystery and secrecy, so consider playing a murder mystery game where guests role play and have to figure out who the killer is. Other ideas include engaging in a rousing game of charades or clearing a space for a ballroom floor where everyone can learn the waltz. You could also tell everyone ahead of time to try to remain anonymous so guests will be guessing who is who until the big reveal at midnight where everyone must unmask themselves.

Where to Buy


DIY Masks: Instructions and templates abound online for how to make your own mask. Supplies include scissors, card stock (or a plain white mask), glue, feathers, sequins, paint and a dowel (for your handle). Another idea is to paint a mask onto your face using airbrush paint or make-up. YouTube has great examples on this.

Get Creative: Do a spin on the classic masquerade ball and opt for a different theme such as all black and white, angels and demons, fairy tales or superheroes and villains.

From the moment your disguised guests arrive on the red carpet through to dancing until the early hours a masquerade party has a special ambience.

Here are our top tips on how to create a stylish masquerade soiree.

How to host a masquerade party

How to host a masquerade party

How to host a masquerade party

How to host a masquerade party

First Impressions. In the era of e-invitations taking the time to send an elegant invitation shows care and consideration and a printed invitation also gives a nod to the historic hey-day of masquerade balls. Try to individually invite guests to make them feel special. In terms of design think black background with a gothic script in gold and you’re going in the right direction. If you’ve got the budget you can create some amazing finishes with laser cutting – imagine a black invitation with a cut lace pattern and wrapped in a gold ribbon.

Ballroom Bliss. When you think of the setting for a masquerade party the ideal venue features a grand ballroom or dancefloor, high ceilings and stunning architecture and there are lots of venues in London that deliver on this brief. However you can easily set the scene in smaller venues and create an intimate boudoir setting with imaginative styling.

Sequined Memories. A masquerade party is one theme we suggest you go all out. Silk or velvet room drapes can transform any venue and set the mood. Candles, candles and more candles of all shapes and sizes are essential. Large bespoke themed props create drama and we love projecting mask images on walls and ceilings. Table centres can include glass vases filled with feathers and beads or gold candelabra whilst sequins scattered on tables will create some sparkle. Colour schemes to consider are royal blue and gold, black, gold and red, purple and green or black, white and silver. If you can’t imagine an event without flowers think cascades of deep crimson red roses and petals.

Dress to Impress. The mask is the focus so make the wearing of one mandatory and encourage your guests to dress up in Black-Tie and costumes – though just be careful where you place your candles as when guests sashay across the dancefloor you don’t want anyone to come close to any flames; definitely the wrong sort of smoking hot! You can encourage dressing up by offering prizes for the best dressed.

Gluttony. Food is an integral part of a masquerade party. People eat with their eyes first and this theme suits opulent feasting so consider creating a display table that groans with food. Italian food works well to compliment Venetian Carnival celebrations. With candlelit lighting and guests wearing masks you need to make sure food is easy to eat – elegant to serve and to eat is the way to go. Try dark coloured rum cocktails, gorgeous finger foods, chocolate fountains with cubes of chocolate cake & strawberries and chilled chocolate mousse.

Waltzing The Night Away. Sadly in this day and age most of us don’t have the skills to waltz across a dancefloor. You can however create the sense of an aristocratic ball by hiring a string quartet for the evening or to set the scene upon arrival, whilst switching to more upbeat music later in the evening.

Revelry and Debauchery . To ensure the evening is one of divine decadence chose entertainment throughout the evening that will keep guests enthralled and entertained. Make sure your musicians are suitably dressed in costume whilst other options include masked showgirls, ice sculptures, Venetian stilt walkers, magicians, casino tables and themed photobooths. Finish the evening with a grand reveal where everyone has to remove their masks on the stroke of midnight.

How to host a masquerade party

We all enjoy partying, don’t we? But the fun is doubled when it’s a masquerade PARTY! You don’t know who’s hiding behind that mask and thus it only adds to the thrill. But the thrill is on a whole another level when you are the one hosting it! It’s a roller coaster of emotions. The excitement coupled with anxiety just makes one’s nerves go whoo whoo! We spend hours planning and analyzing stuff but just at the last moment, always forget something important! So as to help your sorry self to organize a blast of a masquerade party, I’m writing this one for YOU! Read more to find out “how to host a masquerade party!”

People dress in lavish and sometimes funny costumes in a masquerade party and leave their worries out of the door. Once you enter, it’s only the night of endless dancing and obviously for some of you, FLIRTING! Everyone enjoys a party but the host is always on alert so nothing gets out of hand. Thus, to make sure our host enjoys himself at his masquerade party, keep reading!

Thus, to make sure you don’t forget anything while throwing a masquerade party and obviously enjoy yourself; I’ll be listing the most important dos and don’ts. Make sure you keep reading to find more. Otherwise, it’ll be one like that of my friend Tina! What a flop.

From wonderful costumes to some funny masks, we enjoy every second of a Masquerade party. From handling your drunk friend’s sorry ass to avoiding some cheesy clowns, we have to make sure everything turns out well. To make sure that your hosted Masquerade is the talk of the town, know certain things. Scroll to find out!

How To Throw A Masquerade Party:

How to host a masquerade party

source: Unsplash

Throwing a masquerade party is pretty easy than it may actually seem. You just have to have a clear mindset on what you want. There are many ways to make your masquerade party seem interesting as well as funny at the same time. However, a person must know how to begin. Let’s see if you know the process!

  1. Have a Clear Mindset:

Before jumping to any conclusions, the first and foremost thing a person should do is clear his/her mind. Having clarity of what you want is a blessing while planning to hold any event. It provides you a clear understanding and also helps you to move further in a smooth manner.

  1. Decide on a Theme:

Deciding on a theme is the next step one must follow. Have you decided on how you want your party to look? No? Then close your eyes and imagine what it looks like! Whether you want a beach masquerade party, a Halloween-style masquerade, pool masquerade, or some special theme. There can be multiple themes ranging from a welcoming party, coming of the age, birthday, and even a wedding masquerade! Decide on a theme and decorate accordingly!

  1. Costume:

What does your ideal masquerade look like apart from the obvious masks? Do you have a certain color or a design in your mind? Is it filled with ball gowns? If you’re throwing a masquerade party for your friend who simply loves the medieval setting. Then such a party will obviously involve- “BALLGOWNS!”. Anything is acceptable if you know who you’re hosting a masquerade for! Make it a theme party and let your inhibitions be loose.

  1. Dance and Music:

Now call that favorite DJ! If not, play the top music and let yourself groove. Dancing is the next most important part of any masquerade after obviously, masks and costumes! Don’t be a spoilsport and search well for what all is topping the charts weeks before. And if your friends are always attached to Instagram knowing all the famous reel trends and steps as well! Then twerk it OUT!

  1. Invitees:

So everything is decided and all, but who is actually coming to the PARTY! Don’t tell me you were planning to hit them with a call a day before and invite them. Wow seriously? Such a loser! Invite them in a traditional way and hand them those beautifully decorated cards. You can go crazy while hosting. Why? Because you are the HOST! However, this doesn’t mean you’re going to publicly broadcast your masquerade. Oh, wait! Maybe you can. As I said, GO CRAZY!

  1. Drinks and Food:

Now that all your friends have entered those gates, had their fun but now, they’ve lost all that vigor! Seriously, replenish those lazy butts! Give them booze and let them groove. The real party animal only comes out when a few shots are in! Let them eat and get their energy back to go crazy all over again!

  1. Games:

Now that the booze is in, it’s time to let those well-kept secrets out! Play those games! I would really recommend playing truth or dare in such a setup! See if they find you behind that mask. Oh, man! If your invitees forget you while playing the games, you have the wrong invitation list!

Food Ideas For A Masquerade Party:

How to host a masquerade party

source: Unsplash

Now as mentioned earlier, food is a must to replenish those lazy asses! But my lord! Were you planning to serve sandwiches the whole night? Wow! Good thing you jumped into this article. Otherwise what a disaster would it be? Be lavish and serve them to their heart’s content! But don’t make it out to be an easter!

  1. Serve multiple snacks with rich flavors: try to be as creative as you can be and serve multiple snacks with drinks. Make your guests occupied and don’t let their bellies go soft! It can be anything. Starting from slices of cheese to well hot chili potatoes to stuffed garlic bread! You can do anything! If you want olives, add olives. But do keep in mind that your drinks go well with your appetizers!
  2. Mealtime: don’t go extra heavy on the main course! It’s a party and not your usual lunch at grandma’s. Go light but full of flavors! Go wild and order that full-size lobster too!
  3. Deserts: Now go all out! After booze, a sweet pie always does the job! What job do you say? Obviously luring your date! But on a serious note, if it’s an all-girls masquerade then you know what a sweet tooth they have. Even if it’s all girls or not! Variety is above anything. Give them cream puffs and even macarons. It’s your party, do whatever you want!


You can go all out while hosting a masquerade party and there’s no one stopping you. However, if you want it to be a success, then it’s a whole different case altogether. You need to plan well and execute it so that you don’t forget anything. Starting from theme to the food, try to plan beforehand so you’re not completely clueless on the day of the masquerade!

How to Throw a Masquerade Party

Masquerade parties are fun occasions, which give you the opportunity to dress up in something completely different to what you would normally wear. Masquerade parties can range from formal and grand masquerade balls to small masquerade parties. Many people like the idea of wearing masquerade masks, and dressing up, but they aren’t sure how to host a masquerade party. Whether you want to host a masquerade party for Halloween or just for a birthday party, there are a few things you need to do.

The Occasion

The first step to throwing a great masquerade party is deciding what type of party you want to host. There are many different types of masquerade parties that you can host. You can host a full-on masquerade ball in a big formal venue or you could host a formal, but small masquerade party at home or in a small venue. Alternatively, you could host a casual party at home or you could even hold a dinner party with a masquerade theme. It is really up to you what type of party you host. Once you know what type of masquerade party you want to host, it becomes much easier to choose a venue and plan the rest of the party.

Choose an Appropriate Venue

Once you know what type of masquerade party you want to host, you can then decide on an appropriate venue to hold the event. If you are hosting a formal masquerade ball, then you will need to host the party at a ballroom or a dance hall. If you are hosting a formal masquerade party, you can either hold the party at home or at a formal venue. If it’s a casual party or a dinner party you can host this at your own home.

Decide on a Dress Code

The dress code you choose for your masquerade party will really depend on what type of masquerade party you decided to host. Obviously masquerade masks are an essential part of the dress code for any masquerade party. Also, formal wear is usually the dress code for masquerade parties. For women, vintage style, formal dresses or corsets and skirts are often worn. For men, three-piece suits are usually worn. If you are hosting a more casual masquerade party, then women may want to wear simple yet, formal dresses, rather than a full-on ball gown, and men may want to wear a two-piece suit, rather than a three-piece suit. Once you have a decided on a dress code, write this down so that you can put it on your invitations. This will provide the guests with an idea about what to wear.

Create a Guest List

Once you have decided on what type of masquerade party you want to host, chosen a venue and decided on a dress code, you then need to create a guest list. Consider the size of the venue you are hosting your party in, and then create a guest list.

Give People At Least A Month’s Notice for the Party

People like to attend masquerade parties, but many people have work and family commitments. This means that you need to tell them about the party in advance, so that they have enough time to fit the party into their schedule. Try to send out invitations at least a month before the party. You can then send them a reminder two weeks before the masquerade party.

According to historians, the Renaissance era is said to have begun during the late 14th century in Italy right after the period of the Middle Ages. When I think about the history and culture of Italy, I think about art. It’s in everything that they do, from architecture to paintings to music and especially celebrations. It is most apparent in the artistry and craftsmanship in Venetian masks which is the inspiration for this Renaissance party theme. During that time period, masks were used for theatrical plays and most commonly associated with Carnival. However, you don’t have to wait for Mardi Gras season to throw a masquerade party; especially when it’s Renaissance fair season! Host your own medieval masquerade with these easy tips.

How to host a masquerade party


Invite your guests to attend in their best Renaissance costume (here) along with a Venetian mask (here) for their disguise. For the food, I would recommend a cocktail party with an Italian flare! You can serve Italian wines like moscato, pinot grigio, sangiovese, and chianti. Appetizers are a quick and easy way to feed your guests. You can serve things like an antipasto platter, bruschetta, caprese salad, and meatballs. Create an ambiance with classical music to transport your guests to the Renaissance period. Carnival is known for the extreme costuming so you can also include a costume contest and have a little fun with the theme. Lastly, enjoy the evening and have fun.

How to host a masquerade party

It’s an enduring tale steeped in uber-dramatic design, longing and love, tragedy and terror – and it’s the PERFECT party theme for Halloween or any time you’re feeling a little bit Goth.

It’s Phantom of the Opera , and once you discover how cool this idea can be for your Halloween party, you’ll wonder why you didn’t get your hands on it sooner.

Here we offer your spookiest (and most darkly romantic) tips on how to plan memorable Phantom of the Opera masquerade ball, from the dark invitations to that gorgeous ballgown. Enjoy!

Invoking The Phantom: Your Party Invitations

How to host a masquerade partyCredit:

Set the mood for your guests by sending out invitations that reflect the theme of the party and the mood you want – for instance, very formal; casual dress but high drama; or whatever your choice is for the evening.

Most masqued balls involve the women being masqued too; if so, add this to your invitations.

One memorable invitation idea is to print your invites on heavy card stock and then cut each invitation into the shape of the infamous Phantom mask. Clip two holes in each mask and run a thin elastic through to act as a band, making your invitation a wearable memory.

How to host a masquerade partyCredit: Pinterest, Audra Harmon

Another phantom-themed invitation idea is to print your invite on sheet music paper. Available at most music stores, you can purchase sheet music paper and age it to look old by staining it with tea, crumpling it and burning the edges – after you print your invitation details, of course! Roll each invitation up and seal it with a few drops of crimson red wax.

On your invitations, remember to include the date, time, location, whether or not food and refreshments will be served, and your expectations of how guests should dress. If you want to host a formal masquerade balll, indicate so on the invitation – ladies wear masks too! If you want to create a more casual event, let your guests know so they don’t show up in ball gowns and tuxedos. It’s all up to you!

Creating The Opera – Your Decorations

How to host a masquerade partyCredit: Paste Magazine

Create a Gothic and operatic feel with simple but stunning decorations. Start with dim lighting and an emphasis on candle light. From there, try this list of decorating suggestions to set the mood at your Phantom of The Opera Ball:

  • Rent or make dark red velvet curtains. Use these to line the walls of your party area and drape your staircase. When draping fabric, always be careful of candle placement.
  • Purchase fake or real red roses. Separate the roses and use them to decorate the room. For sit-down dinners, don each guest’s plate with a single red rose.
  • Play the soudtrack from the musical in the background as well as any favorite opera pieces. For dark and scary classical music, try Carl Orff’s Carmina Burana, Bach’s Toccata and Fugue, Mozart’s Requiem, or Mussorgsky’s Night on Bald Mountain/Pictures at an Exhibition. Any of these are sure to get your guests’ hearts pumping.
  • Hang fake cobwebs from the ceiling and around the edges of the table, giving the entire room a haunted and gothic look.
  • Use a sporadic fog machine to create a spooky and haunting ambiance throughout the evening. These are easily rented from most party and event supply vendors.
  • Hang a framed print of the poster for the popular musical, either over the mantel or in a prominent place that’s visible when guests first arrive.

Activities for a Phantom of the Opera Evening

If it fits within your budget, hire an opera singer to perform at the party – including selections from the Phantom of the Opera score and pieces of their choosing. For a less expensive performer alternative, try advertising at the local music school for advanced students who would be interested in performing at an event.

Your guests will most likely be dressed up, so provide a space for dancing and a line-up of music for later in the night. You can begin the evening with operatic and classical selections, but as the night wears on you and your guests may want some selections that are a little more contemporary and danceable.

What To Wear to a Phantom of the Opera Masquerade Ball

The primary criteria is a mask. A number of online retailers sell masks that range from elaborate and feathered to simple and basic, including ones based on the classic Phantom of the Opera mask . The general rule for most masquerade events is that guests must wear their masks until midnight.

How to host a masquerade partyCredit: Enigma Wigs

For dress, the host should indicate how formal or casual the event will be. Typically men will wear dark suits or tuxedos and women will wear opera-style ball gowns.

In true opera form, women can also opt for an elaborate updo hair style. Grab a realistic hair piece or extensions for ultra-glam and dance the night away in romance…for a night you’ll never forget.

If it fits within your budget, hire an opera singer to perform at the party – including selections from the Phantom of the Opera score and pieces of their choosing. For a less expensive performer alternative, try advertising at the local music school for advanced students who would be interested in performing at an event.

This is awesome advice! I need advice like this becuz
when 1 is an 11 year old classical music lover, and lives POTO, I like 2 throw masquerades

Oh my lord! I need this. U see, my birthday is near, & I am going to throw a maquerade!

I am 12 turning 13 saw the Phantom of the Opera and read the book. i feel inlove with it. For my birthday I wanted it Phantom of the Opera themed.. This really helped a lot. And for another idea (if your guests are more my aged) you could create masks. thats what we are doing.

Oh my goodness! This is like the perfect way to set up a Phantom of the Opera Masquerade Ball party! I like the idea of how you would make the invitations look like the phantom’s mask! That’s really creative!! I will definitely use that when I have my birthday party!! For my 15th birthday, I want to make my birthday party “Phantom” themed too, just like Francesca. These guidelines really help a lot and I could probably manage to get my birthday party looking like this in no time! Thank you so much! 🙂 Have a “phantastic” day.

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You know about the masked part of the whole masquerade ball concept. The rest can be as casual or extravagant as time and budget allows. Some folks forgo the costumes entirely in favor of elaborate masks. This is most common when people are wearing evening attire, though (not jammies). Masquerade parties and balls are becoming popular options for birthday parties, anniversaries, proms and sweet 16 parties. Take a look at these popular themes. They’re old and new classics:

Color Themes — Black and white balls are among the most popular color themed events. They can be dress down or dress up affairs, which gives them the advantage of being easy to dress for — and decorate for, too. Coming up with costume ideas can also be pretty easy: Think "Phantom of the Opera" meets "Black Swan." Look to Truman Capote’s infamous Black and White ball for inspiration, too. If a classic black and white masked ball doesn’t appeal to you, try a red masquerade ball around the holidays, a sweet 16 pretty in pink ball or an all green ball for St. Patrick’s Day.

Venetian Ball — When most people think of masked balls, they probably flash on the opulent period balls depicted in movies. Wearing velvet and brocade and flirting behind bejeweled and feathered masks looks like sultry fun. If you have a respectable budget to work with, this is certainly doable. There are specialty shops that sell period costumes that will turn the average stock analyst into a serviceable courtier. Stick a powdered wig on his head, and he’s good to go. Costumes are available in an impressive range of styles and sizes.

Mardi Gras (or Carnival) — If you like the idea of an all-inclusive event with loads of character, Mardi Gras balls are great fun. Decorate with the traditional colors of green, purple and gold, and be sure to encourage guests to wear beads and add extra glitz to their masks. Play cool jazz in the background and serve up some appropriate menu items like King Cake and shrimp creole.

Vampire Variation — The undead sure do get around. You can pay homage to your favorite crypt dwellers with a ball designed to celebrate your fanged friends. Whether you go Goth or play it for laughs, this one is a modern take on the masquerade idea. It’s a winner around Halloween — or when the latest Twilight venture looms on the entertainment horizon.

Pick a Theme — You can mount a masked ball around just about any theme from "Alice in Wonderland" to "Star Wars Revisited." It all depends on how enthusiastic your guests are for the concept. If you’re Civil War reenactment club needs a party idea.

As COVID-19 remains at the forefront of our thoughts, the idea of throwing a party is possible with some social distancing Halloween ideas. But as we adapt and normalize the new reality of wearing masks and sanitizing the heck out of everything, hosting a social distancing Halloween party may actually be a thing we can do.

By following the right precautions and keeping up to date with recommendations from organizations like WHO and CDC, you can still gather together for an eerie evening or afternoon of festivities this year with these social distancing Halloween party ideas.


Here are 10 social distancing Halloween party ideas to inspire you to throw an awesome (and safe!) gathering in 2021.

Masquerade Party

Photo by Grachikova Larisa/

Go with a masquerade party theme for Halloween 2021 so your guests can have fun while wearing a mask! Just make sure the invites clearly state what kind of masks are acceptable. Instead of the typical upper face-covering masks that come to mind when you think of a masquerade ball, go for full-face, Venetian carnival-style masks instead. Just be sure to keep a box of medical face masks handy—in case your guests get tired of wearing theirs at any point during the party.

Open House Halloween Party

Photo by Melkor3D/

Want a low-key, low-maintenance Halloween hangout without it becoming a full-on Halloween party? Invite your friends and family to drop by for an hour or so at some point during the day. Make sure everyone wears a mask and costume, and only stays long enough for a quick catch-up and a photo or two!

Masked Costume Contest

Photo by patronestaff /

Here is the perfect social distancing Halloween party idea during COVID. Challenge your guests to come up with a costume that requires a mask to be worn. Make rules like “DIY costumes” or “handcrafted masks only” to get people to tap into their creative side. Luckily, Halloween and masks go hand in hand, but if you’re in need of some inspiration, check out our lists of fun and creative Halloween costumes with masks for kids, couples and scary options, too!

Have an Outdoor Halloween Party

Photo by sun ok /

An easy way to host a social distancing Halloween party is to host it outside! Whether you choose to make it a scary Halloween party with spooky decorations or a light-hearted, pumpkin patch vibe—the more open space and fresh air, the better.

Bonus: we've put together this complete guide to how to host an outdoor Halloween party.

Throw a Virtual Halloween Party

Photo by TierneyMJ/

It’s probably safe to say that most of us have participated in a virtual party by now. If your community hasn’t had the go-ahead to hang out IRL for Halloween 2021, meet up digitally instead! You can still get creative and spooky with costumes, decorations, and even Halloween entertainment. Hire a virtual fortune teller for a unique Halloween party idea during COVID this fall. Don’t forget to make yourself a Halloween cocktail to sip while you’re on the call!

Host a Haunted House

Photo by Viacheslav Nikolaenko /

Turn your home into a haunted house that your friends and family won’t forget! Designate a large enough window of time for your quests to drop by so you can avoid overcrowding. Don’t hesitate with getting extra scary for this project—people expect to be spooked at a haunted house! You could even hire a professional costumed character to help up the ante a bit. Hand out party favors like individually wrapped snacks or canned beverages at the end of the haunted tour for a little socializing after the spooky haunted house experience!

Halloween Bingo Night

Photo by Pretty Providence

Turn your Halloween Party into a spooky, Halloween themed Bingo night this year! Find some printable Halloween Bingo cards online, or even make your own! Set up designated seating and game materials for each of your party guests. Make sure to hand out bundles of wrapped Halloween treats or candy corn that people can use as Bingo markers. Don’t forget to pick up some fun prizes for your guests to win too—these can be things like baked goods, Halloween candies, or fun Halloween-themed face masks!

Trunk or Treat Party

Photo by Shane Degeus/

As a fun alternative to trick or treating or hosting a Halloween party at home, organize a trunk or treat party instead! Invite your family and friends with children to gather in a parking lot with decorated car trunks full of candy and Halloween treats. Let the kids hop from car to car to collect candy and admire the spooky decor.

Backyard Halloween Movie Night

Photo by Fer Gregory/

If you’ve got the space, turn your backyard into a mini-movie theatre this Halloween! Set up a projector and choose a spooky Halloween movie to watch. For this social distancing Halloween party idea, you can organize seating with an assortment of lawn and dining chairs, or get people to bring their own blankets and lounge on the lawn! If it’s normally chilly where you live by October 31st, make sure to have extra warm blankets or portable heaters handy. Give out individually wrapped movie treats like popcorn or candy so your guests can snack safely during the screening!

Pumpkin Carving Contest

Photo by Yuganov Konstantin/

Set up your guests with their own carving station and host a pumpkin carving contest this Halloween! Carving pumpkins is an easy activity to do while staying the recommended 6 feet apart as long as everyone has their own utensils. Provide bowls for seeds, paper towels, and lay newspaper down for easy cleanup. Once everyone’s finished, take a vote on whose jack o’lantern is the most creative, and award them a prize!

About Brittany Barber
Brittany Barber, lover of books, dogs, and romance, graduated from Bishop’s University with a Communications and Theatre degree. After spending some time working abroad in the theatre world, she is now a freelance writer covering a range of lifestyle topics including event planning for The Bash, WeddingWire, 2life and Fluttr, and shopping for BuzzFeed and Narcity.

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

Who doesn’t love the refreshing sweetness of a milkshake?

On a hot summer day, there’s nothing quite as lovely as an ice cold milkshake made with the sweetest of ingredients. It’s definitely a summer staple for many of us, and often as soon as summer starts, milkshake season has begun.

We all have our favorite flavors of milkshake, from chocolate to strawberry to vanilla and more, and there are plenty of ways to make a milkshake at home.

Why go and pay a lot of money for a milkshake when you can make it home for much less? I’m big on controlling ingredients and being able to make food my way, so I always encourage people to learn how to make their favorite foods at home.

I think if the milkshake is one of your favorite beverages, you should definitely learn how to make a homemade version.

Now, if you have tried to make milkshake before at home, you probably used a few scoops of ice cream. That’s the easiest and simplest way to make it, but there are methods for how to make a milkshake without ice cream.

You might be wondering how a milkshake can taste like it should without any ice cream being used at all. That’s one of those essential ingredients that make up the milkshake.

I want to show you how to make a milkshake without ice cream and a blender that taste amazing. If the taste is right, what does it matter which ingredients are used?

Not all of us keep ice cream on hand pensum would prefer to make the milkshake without any ice cream, to help control some of the preservatives, additives, and other unhealthy ingredients.

So, I will show you how to make a chocolate milkshake without ice cream, or whatever kind of milkshake you would like.

How to Make a Thick Milkshake without Ice Cream

There are lots of different kinds of milkshakes you can make at home using no ice cream at all, but I want to share with you the most basic recipe first. You can use this as a base to make other milkshakes from, adding flavor as you like to make the milkshake taste just how you want it. I want to start by sharing with you a quick and easy recipe for how to make a vanilla milkshake without ice cream.


  • 12 ice cubes
  • ¾ cup of sugar
  • 2 cups of milk
  • 1 dash of vanilla extract


Now, you could mix all this together in a blender to combine it quickly and easily. This is the fastest way to mix your ingredients and make your milkshake without any ice cream.

However, you can whisk it all together if you want, or use a hand mixer. Either of these ways worked just fine. The blender will help to break down the ice and make it smaller to ensure your drink is colder, but you don’t have to use a blender make this.

There are a number of ways how to make a milkshake without a blender and ice cream. You don’t need to use either of these common components that are used in homemade milkshakes.

If you don’t have ice cream and you don’t have a blender, you can still make some delicious milkshakes.

So, hand whisking or using an electric mixer works great, but you can also use crushed ice to get that very cold milkshake sensation.

If you bought ice in a bag, or your ice machine or ice maker does not have a crushed ice option, you can easily crush your own ice. Just put the ice into a plastic bag or into a kitchen towel and cover it completely and then use any heavy, blunt object to smash the ice.

You can use a hammer, if you like, but you can also use a can of food or a rolling pin or anything else that is heavy enough to mash up the ice. Then, just open your ice into your container where you’re going to make the milkshake.

How to Make Flavored Milkshakes without Ice Cream

I want to share with you a few different flavoring ideas you can use to make a variety of milkshakes, like how to make a banana milkshake without ice cream. We are working from our base recipe here that I just gave you up above.

If I want to make a banana milkshake or strawberry milkshake or something else with fruits in it, I will generally use frozen fruit. It’s already cold, so it works well for my milkshake. Of course, the best way to mix frozen fruit into your milkshake is to use a blender.

Once again, you can do this without using a blender, though. You may want to let the frozen fruit thaw first or you can use fresh fruit. It’s up to you.

If you wanted to know how to make peanut butter milkshake without ice cream, you can simply mix the peanut butter in there with your base milkshake recipe. A blender works great for this, but you can use an electric mixer or do it with a whisk.

If you are mixing something thick and creamy like peanut butter into your milkshake, you’re going to need to be mixing vigorously. It will help to have a large bowl that gives you enough room for full wrist movement as you mix.

You may have some trouble dealing with frozen fruit, if you are learning how to make a strawberry milkshake without ice cream and not using a blender. Not everybody has a blender.

They can be expensive and can take up a lot of room in your kitchen, and I know that for some people, counter space is very precious.

So, how do you mix frozen strawberries or other frozen fruit into your milkshake if you’re not using a blender? You can use the same method as before and utilize an electric mixer or hand whisk it. Or you could cover your frozen strawberries with a towel and smash them down with something hard and heavy.

This isn’t the ideal way to make frozen strawberries or other frozen fruit small enough to mix into your milkshake, but it works in a pinch.

It’s probably best, however, to let your frozen fruit thaw a little bit before trying to mix it into a milkshake you’re making without a blender.

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

One of my favorite parts of being a parent is getting the chance to start our own family traditions – most of which revolve around food.

Take our movie nights, for example. Many Friday nights we like to kick back and relax together after a busy week. We are a movie loving family who are also huge Disney nerds which means most of our movie nights feature animated favorites, both new and old alike.

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

We can’t have a family movie night without snacks. Snacks are important. And, now that summer is just about here (guys, it was 96 degrees here last weekend – I wish I were joking) we are moving into summer-themed refreshments.

Back when the kids were really little, we made impromptu milkshakes for our movie night, and well, that’s all it took.

Now every time we watch a movie they ask if we’re having milkshakes. This is not a family tradition that took a lot to get started. Who doesn’t love a milkshake?

While they always ask for milkshakes, when it’s the middle of January, I steer them toward a more winter appropriate refreshment like hot chocolate.

But now that June is here – it’s all about ice cream and milkshakes! In fact, did you know that June is National Dairy Month and the month when the most ice cream is produced? Being a life-long Ohioan, I am proud to tell you that Ohio is the ice cream capital of the Unite States! Can you believe it?

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

If you’ve seen how my family can put down some sundaes, you may believe it after all.

With years of milkshake making experience under my belt, I have figured out the perfect ratio of milk to ice cream to add ins for the ultimate milkshake. Creamy, drinkable, not too thick, not too thin – just perfect!

Milkshake Basics for One Large or Two Small Milkshakes:

  • 4 oz milk (I like to use whole but you can use low fat if you wish)
  • 6 scoops ice cream
  • 1/2 cup chunky add-ins
  • 2 tablespoons sauce-y add ins (caramel, butterscotch, marshmallow, chocolate – if using)
  • If you want a slightly thicker milkshake, add a touch more ice cream, if you want it thinner, add a bit more milk.
  • Do not add ice or you will regret it. It waters down the milkshake in both texture and flavor. Neither of which you want.

This is one of my favorite combinations: The Turtle Milkshake. This features classic, creamy vanilla ice cream, cold milk, pecans, chocolate chips, and a few tablespoons of creamy caramel sauce. You can use homemade or your favorite store-bought.

My kids LOVE this turtle milkshake – especially when you top it with all the extras and make it look super fancy.

They like feeling fancy. Who doesn’t?

As I mentioned, June is National Dairy Month! It’s a time to celebrate America’s dairy farmers, who provide us with healthy dairy foods.

Meet Ohio and West Virginia dairy farming families at Having grandparents who grew up on farms, I have a special place in my heart for all of the amazing, hardworking dairy farmers.

Did you know that in Ohio and West Virginia, dairy farm families raise more than 274,000 dairy cows on about 2,500 dairy farms? In an average year, Ohio and West Virginia dairy cows produce approximately 5.6 billion pounds, or about 656 million gallons, of milk. That is a serious amount of milk!

Our household accounts for just about half of that….kidding! Well, sort of.

Dairy Nutrition Fun Facts:

  • One serving of milk, cheese or yogurt provides a powerful package of 9 essential nutrients.
  • Milk is the single greatest source of 3 of the 4 nutrients the Dietary Guidelines identified as lacking in the American diet: Calcium, vitamin D and potassium.
  • Experts recommend 3 servings of low fat or fat-free dairy foods every day, yet most of us need to add 1 daily serving of nutrient-rich dairy to help meet recommendations.

Ice Cream Trivia:

  • June is National Dairy Month and the month when most ice-cream is produced.
  • It takes about 12 pounds of milk to make one pound of ice cream. ! Their milk has higher percentages of protein and butterfat.
  • About 9% of all the milk produced by U.S. dairy farmers is used to produce ice cream.
  • One cone of ice cream can be finished off in 50 licks. Say what?
  • 90% of American households eat ice cream.
  • The average American eats about 20 quarts of ice cream a year!

For more fun dairy facts and recipes, follow the American Dairy Association Mideast on Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and Pinterest.

How To Make A Milkshake Without Ice Cream And Milk. 10 ice cubes), 2 cups of milk, 3/4 cup granulated sugar or 2 tablespoons honey, and a dash of vanilla extract in a blender. A good ratio is about 3 fl oz of liquid for every 6 oz of ice cream to m.

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

Source :

A milkshake without ice cream is basically deconstructed ice cream. A milkshake without ice cream is clearly deconstructed ice cream.

Table of Contents

100 Ice Cream Milkshakes Ice Cream Smoothie Food

A splash of milk (or mylk) best vegan milkshake recipe peanut butter banana shake. Aside from giving the shake its flavor, they also serve as a substitute for ice.

14 killer milkshakes that will rock your world cakes. 10 ice cubes), 2 cups of milk, 3/4 cup granulated sugar or 2 tablespoons honey, and a dash of vanilla extract in a blender.

Caramel milkshake baking mischief in 2020 vanilla bean. A good ratio is about 3 fl oz of liquid for every 6 oz of ice cream to m.

Chocolate milkshake with ice cream recipe chocolate. A milkshake without ice cream is basically deconstructed ice cream.

Got milk how to make a milkshake without ice cream. A milkshake without ice cream is clearly deconstructed ice cream.

Got milk how to make a milkshake without ice cream with. A splash of milk (or mylk) best vegan milkshake recipe peanut butter banana shake.

Homemade strawberry milkshake recipe recipe milkshake. Aside from giving the shake its flavor, they also serve as a substitute for ice.

How to make a milkshake without ice cream recettes blog. Checkout strawberry milkshake recipe video on youtube.

How to make the absolute best milkshake at home recipe. Combine 2 handfuls of ice cubes (approx.

How to make a milkshake without ice cream milkshake. Fresh, flavorful and (mostly) healthy recipes made for real, actual, everyday life.

How to make a peanut butter milkshake without ice cream. How to make a banana milkshake without ice cream.

How to make the perfect milkshake easy vanilla milkshake. How to make a milkshake (with a blender) 1.

Howtomakemilkshakewithouticecream milkshake without ice. How to make strawbe
rry milkshake with ice cream.

Do you wonder how to make milkshake without ice cream? If so, read this blog post which is basically a guide to making easy, delicious milkshakes at home without using ice cream.

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

When you are trying to eat healthy for weight loss or changing your diet to low sugar and low fat for a healthier lifestyle, and if you love drinks like milkshakes, you might want to learn tips to reduce the amount of fat and sugar in your favorite milkshake recipes.

Luckily, we have so many tips & ways to make milkshakes that do not need ice cream in preparation.

Milkshakes without ice creams

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

Milkshakes are often made with ice creams to make them creamy, delicious drinks.

It is possible to make delicious, creamy milkshakes without ice creams as well.

I have a lot of easy to make, delicious milkshake recipes that do not use ice cream as an ingredient!

In fact, most of the times I make milkshakes without ice creams.

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

This is because, milkshake recipes that do not need ice creams have their own advantages.

That includes comparatively low calories, comparatively less sugar and overall they are comparatively more healthy (though milkshakes are not very healthy in general).

In this post, let us see which all ingredients will help you make creamy milkshakes without using ice creams.

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

To make a delicious, simple, easy and creamy vanilla milkshake without ice cream, we can use chilled whole milk, heavy whipping cream, vanilla and sugar (or another natural sweetener like pure fresh maple syrup or honey).

To make a delicious creamy strawberry milkshake, we can use fresh or frozen strawberries, milk and sugar or any other sweetener.

Fresh or frozen fruits will work for milkshakes, because they both help make milkshakes more thick and creamier.

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

Using frozen fruits make the milkshakes even more thick, creamy and frosty in texture.

If you prefer a very creamy, frosty texture for milkshakes without using ice creams, you can use frozen fruits like frozen banana slices, frozen strawberries, blueberries, peach slices, mango slices etc.

However, personally I like using fresh fruits since I do not really want very frosty texture for the milkshakes.

The best fruits to add thickness to make creamy milkshakes include bananas, mangoes, peaches, strawberries, blueberries, raspberries, pineapple etc.

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

When you make creamy milkshakes without ice creams, it is a good idea to use chilled whole milk and heavy cream.

You may even use frozen milk (milk frozen in ice cube trays) if you can freeze the milk in advance.

Heavy cream is not really necessary if you are using fruits or nuts or nut butters, since they naturally add more creaminess even without using any cream.

Whole milk also helps to add more fat making the milkshakes more creamy, naturally.

If you are trying to reduce the calories, you may use low fat milk and skip the heavy cream too and use fruits instead to make the milkshake creamy without adding more fat.

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

Nuts like walnuts, cashews, almonds, pistachios etc are great options to make creamy milkshakes without ice creams, and to make them more protein rich as well.

Instead of using nuts directly, you can use nut butters like peanut butter, almond butter, cashew butter etc as well.

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

So here you can see the milkshake recipes I have made over time that do not uses ice cream in it.

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

Who doesn’t like a chocolate milkshake? This classic drink is loved by many, of all ages. The only reason we avoid drinking it is probably that the amount of calories it contains. Thanks to the fatty and creamy ingredients, such as ice cream. But what if we told you that you can make it less fatty? Yes! Ditch the ice cream and you’ll get a healthier chocolate milkshake. Before we share the details of how to make chocolate milkshake without ice cream, you need to know the basic principle: using the right kind of blender.

Excluding ice cream in the making of chocolate milkshake means we’re taking away the richest, creamiest ingredient out of the system. To compensate for that, you need to use the right kind of blender to create a similar creamy and rich texture ice cream provides. If you haven’t had the best high-quality blender, do take a look at some of the top reviews on the best blenders for milkshakes and smoothies here.

How to Make Chocolate Milkshake Without Ice Cream

The key to keep the right consistency is to replace ice cream with something as creamy and rich. But even so, without the proper blender, you’ll end up with a flat chocolate drink. It can either be too thick or too runny, depending on which substitute of ice cream you choose to use. Let’s take a look at your options!

Frozen Banana

Banana is enriched with a lot of good stuff. Yet, it’s so tasty! And if you add it to your milkshake mixture, it will make it as creamy as you would ice cream. First of all, you need a fresh banana with just the right level of ripeness (not too ripe). Freeze it overnight, the day before you plan on making a milkshake.

If you like the taste of bananas and you want a thick milkshake, use one medium banana for one serving. So if you plan on making more than one, you need to freeze more than one banana. Once it’s ready, peel your banana and cut them into smaller sizes. Perform this step right before you blend the milkshake, to avoid it melting away on your cutting board.


Another healthy fruit alternative is avocado. Unlike bananas, you’re not supposed to freeze avocado as it will turn black. This also ruins its taste. So, instead of freezing it, just use it fresh. How to compensate for the icy texture? Add a couple of ice cubes to the mix. Keep in mind that not all blenders are made to crush ice cubes. Make sure your blender can take a beating before putting ice cubes into the mix.

Greek Yogurt (plain)

This dairy product is way healthier than ice cream. Store it cold in the fridge before you use it. Please note that yogurt has a hint of sourness and this will change the overall taste of your classic chocolate milkshake. So, if you don’t want any sourness in your milkshake, skip this option. But if you don’t mind it, this is the best alternative you got in how to make chocolate milkshake without ice cream.

Egg Yolks

Yes, you read that right. You can add raw egg yolks. This may sound weird and you may not like it. But if you’re a fan of eggnog, this alternative is worth to try. Before you jump on the yolk train, there are some steps you need to know, unless you’re familiar with making eggnog. Here are the steps you need to follow to make a chocolate milkshake with egg yolks:

  1. Use fresh, high-quality chicken eggs;
  2. Separate the yolks from the egg white carefully. Don’t break the yolks;
  3. Put the yolks in a mixing bowl;
  4. Add a little bit of sugar. Use the ratio of 1 teaspoon of sugar for every 2 egg yolks;
  5. Whisk the yolks using a mixer on a low setting. Or whisk it manually (though this will take longer). Keep whisking until the mixture reaches a fluffy, creamy texture and its color turns beige; and
  6. Add this yolk mix bit by bit into the rest of your chocolate milkshake mix while blending it on the lowest setting.

Just like eggnog, this chocolate milkshake will have a strong hint of egg. If that’s something you cannot deal with, skip this alternative. It is important to use the best quality eggs you can find. Eating bad raw eggs is never a good idea. Also, do keep in mind that it’s best to drink this type of milkshake on the same day you make it.


To vegans, cashew is known as one of the popular ingredients in making vegan cheese. If you prep them properly, cashews can give you a rich, creamy texture like dairy products! First, you need to soak the cashews overnight. You can use water for general purposes, or you can use milk if you plan on using them for milkshake only. Once they are soaked, drain them and blend them until smooth. Again, you need a proper blender to crush through cashews. And there you have it! That smooth, silky blended cashew mix is your alternative to any dairy product, including ice cream for a milkshake.

To make a proper milkshake, you need a bunch of cashews – at least a cup – even for just one serving. So, this alternative may be the healthiest and tastiest, but definitely not the cheapest.


With so many alternatives in how to make chocolate milkshake without ice cream, you can get as creative as you want. Sure the texture and taste may not be the same. But these alternatives allow you to enjoy this classic rich beverage without the guilt of galloping tons of unhealthy calories. Instead of having it just once a week at a diner, you can have it every other afternoon with your friends and family!

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

Making a milkshake is pretty easy, but making a perfect milkshake is all about balance. No matter what flavor you like, the right ratio of ice cream to milk is key and knowing a few simple tricks will help take your dessert from good to great. Once you have the base of your shake perfected, you can add any flavoring ingredients your heart desires.

The Right Amount of Milk

One of the common mistakes people make with homemade milkshakes is using too much milk. You really just want a splash or a couple of ounces at the most. More than that will make the milkshake too runny. Using too little milk can make it harder to drink at first, but it will become easier as the ice cream melts. Some people prefer these kinds of ultra-thick shakes.

You should never add ice to a milkshake. The last thing you want to do is dilute the rich creaminess of the milk and ice cream combo with frozen water. Save the ice for smoothies.

The Best Ice Cream

In most cases, stick with vanilla ice cream to avoid a milkshake that’s too sweet. Even if you’re making a chocolate, strawberry, or some other flavor of shake, vanilla ice cream is like the blank canvas that allows you to get the flavor just right. Add flavor with chocolate syrup, fruit, or fun ingredients like cookie crumbles.

Warm Up Your Ice Cream

It may seem counter-intuitive, but using ice cream that's too cold can actually have negative effects on your shake. What you really want is ice cream that's around 20 degrees Fahrenheit.

The ice cream should be fairly soft, about the consistency of soft-serve. If it's too hard, you'll have to add too much milk to thin it out, and that will throw off the ice cream-to-milk ratio.

Your freezer probably keeps ice cream at about zero degrees Fahrenheit, so let it sit out at room temperature for a few minutes to soften up. Not too long—you don’t want it to melt. While you can use an instant-read thermometer to gauge the exact temperature if you wish, once you can scoop it with ease, you’re good to go.

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

Not everyone has a container of ice cream in their freezer. The next time you or your kids crave a milkshake, but you have no ice cream, no worries, I’ve got a few milkshake recipes that are even more delicious that those with ice cream.

When it comes to milkshakes, the ingredient list can be totally unpredictable. From a 3-ingredient milkshake to an amazingly unique milkshake with heavy cream, raw cacao powder, and fresh berries, you will certainly find something for yourself or your little ones. Check out some ideas on how to make a chocolate milkshake without ice cream below:

1 Super easy yet tasty milkshake

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

2 Super creamy milkshake

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

3 Chocolate milkshake

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

Blend milk, heavy cream (optional), banana, sugar (optional) and a raw cacao powder until smooth. This milkshake helps to boost energy and fight chocolate cravings. Add 5-6 ice cubes to your drink and you will get a refreshing summer cocktail to enjoy by the pool. If you do not have cacao, try adding coffee to your milkshake.

4 Banana milkshake

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

Ripe bananas are perfect for smoothies and milkshakes without heavy cream and ice cream. They give the consistency typical of milkshakes with ice creams and make your milkshake incredibly healthy. Combine two ripe bananas or one big one, a cup of milk, maple syrup, honey or sugar and blend until smooth. Ice cubes are optional.

When you use healthy ingredients, milkshakes without ice creams become healthy drinks that you can enjoy anytime you crave something sweet. Most store-bought ice creams are loaded with added sugars and chemical additives that can affect your health, not to mention your waistline. Even light ice creams contain more sugar than regular ice creams.

Apart from health benefits, making milkshakes without ice creams can help you save money. If you have children and are short on cash, get creative. Experiment with what you already have in your fridge and pantry to create new milkshakes for your little ones. Be sure to share your most creative ideas with us.

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

What are the critical ingredients for making a milkshake? Milk and ice cream, of course. And really that’s all you need, right? Well, sure, if you’re going for the most basic milkshake ever made, that will do. But what’s to be done if you have a hankering for the ultimate frozen dessert yet you don’t have any ice cream on hand? You make a milkshake without ice cream, naturally. That’s no so hard to do, actually, especially if you’re following this deliciously quick and easy recipe from chef and recipe developer Susan Olayinka of The Flexible Fridge.

If you cook often, there’s a good chance you will have all of the ingredients needed for an ice-cream-free milkshake on hand already. If not, there’s nothing fancy on the ingredient list here, meaning you only need one easy trip to the grocery store. Rather it’s just a repurposing of common items in the sweetest of ways. And once you have all of the said ingredients measured out, the entire production process will take you about 10 seconds of blending. You can also put your own tasty little twists on this recipe — that’s where things get really exciting.

You can stick with classic toppings like Olayinka’s suggestions of whipped cream and vanilla powder. You can also drizzle on some chocolate sauce and add some cherries, or you can get a bit wild, adding in crumbled candy cane bits, coconut shreds, sprinkles, and more. Here’s how to get it all started.

Gather your milkshake ingredients

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

While this recipe may be just a bit more involved than the mere two ingredients you need for the most basic, classic milkshake recipe, this really is a simple treat to prepare. All you need to make three generous servings of these ice cream-free milkshakes are two cups of whole milk, a cup of heavy cream, three teaspoons of vanilla extract, a cup of powdered sugar (also frequently known as icing sugar or confectioner’s sugar, depending on where you are), and three cups of ice cubes. And that’s all you need for what Olayinka calls “an easy vanilla milkshake.”

The optional ingredients to strongly consider picking up are some canned whipped cream and about ⅛ of a teaspoon of vanilla powder. You can also make your own whipped cream at home, using heavy whipping cream or even canned coconut milk. Any other sweetness you want to add is welcome too, from various sauces (think chocolate or caramel, for starters), or colorful additions like sprinkles.

A brief history of the milkshake

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

As the story goes, the word “milkshake” first appeared in print back in the year 1885 (via South Florida Reporter). But back then, the recipe included eggs and whiskey, a far cry from the sort of milkshakes you’ve probably enjoyed recently. Within a couple of decades, more kid- and family-friendly versions of milkshakes were cropping up around America without the liquor and with more sweet syrups and cream.

But it was not until 1922 when a Walgreen’s soda jerk named Ivar Coulson would come up with a sweet, cold treat that’s much more like what you think of as a modern milkshake. Coulson reportedly added malted milk powder in with other sweet ingredients and, soon after, a sensation was born. By the 1930s, milkshakes (also often called malts in this era) were popular across the United States and were getting their due around the globe, too. The rest is history.

Add everything to the blender

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

Once you have all your ingredients measured out for your mise en place, there is precious little work left to do here. First, simply add everything into the blender. Frankly, the order in which you add the ingredients doesn’t even matter much, though to play it safe, you can first add the ice, then the cream, sugar, milk, and finally the vanilla extract.

This order will help ensure the ice cubes are fully pulverized and the sugar fully integrated. That said, as long as you have a decently high-powered blender, there’s really no way to get this recipe wrong!

Blend it all together, then serve the milkshakes

How to make a milkshake without ice cream

Here at last is where we get to the only truly challenging part of this recipe: the blending. Once all the ingredients are in the blender, you need to run it on high speed for about 10 seconds. Yeah, just kidding, there is no challenging part — except for maybe keeping yourself restricted to eating just one serving.

Now you can go ahead and pour (or scoop and push out of the blender as needed) those servings right out into three glasses. Top the shakes with whipped cream, vanilla powder, cocoa or cacao powder, drizzles of this or that, or whatever sounds great. If you can find it, vanilla powder is especially well suited for sprinkling atop a shake for a really pleasing visual impact. Enjoy!

How to save voicemails from iphone

Your iPhone organizes voicemails automatically, making them a snap to browse and play. To retrieve and listen to voicemail messages, touch the Phone icon on the home screen, then tap the Voicemail symbol at the bottom of the screen. Press the “Play” button next to any message to hear it.

Setting Up iPhone Visual Voicemail

When you get a new iPhone, it’s a good idea to set up voicemail options as soon as you can, so it will be ready to retrieve voice messages. On the iPhone, touch the “Phone” icon, then tap the “Voicemail” symbol. Tap the box that says “Set Up Now.” Enter a voicemail password code, tap “Done,” then enter it again to verify the code and tap “Done” again. Select “Custom” to record a personal greeting, and tap “Done” to save the greeting.

Browsing Voicemail Messages

When callers leave voicemails, the iPhone automatically organizes them in the order they were received, with recent ones sorting to the top of the list, and older ones moving to the bottom. The iPhone shows the caller name, the date and the length of the message. Caller name information comes automatically from your Contacts app. To browse through iPhone visual voicemail, swipe up and down to scroll through the list. Swipe left on any message to see a “Delete” button.

Voicemail Playback Controls

Tap any call voicemail message to bring up the playback controls. Tap the “Play” button to play a message. Slide the small moving dot back and forth to skip part of the message or hear it again. Tap the “Pause” button to pause playback at any time. Tap “Speaker” to hear the voicemail through the phone’s speaker. Tap “Delete” to remove the voicemail. Tap “Call Back” to automatically dial the caller’s number.

Managing iPhone Visual Voicemail

Voicemail stays in your iPhone indefinitely until you remove the messages, provided your wireless provider account has enough storage space. You can delete old voicemails by tapping “Edit,” tapping the check mark next to the messages you want to remove, and then tap “Done.” Note that though the messages you delete are gone from the main list, they are still in your account, letting you recover a message deleted by mistake. Though this is handy, deleted voicemails tie up space in your account, which might lead to your mailbox becoming full and accepting no new messages. To permanently wipe voicemails from your iPhone, scroll all the way to the bottom of the list, where you’ll find an entry marked “Deleted Messages.” Tap it to see the list of deleted messages. Tap “Clear all” to remove them, then verify the action. This frees up space for new voicemails.

Retrieve Messages Without Visual Voicemail

Some iPhone users are more comfortable getting their voicemail without the extra bells and whistles. In this case, use the iPhone like any phone: tap the “Phone” icon, dial your own phone number and follow the instructions from your wireless service provider for accessing your voicemail. For example, you might press the pound key (“#”) when your recorded greeting plays, then navigate the voicemail system with the number keys. Your service provider might also have a “speed dial” type shortcut, such as dialing “*86” instead of the whole phone number.

Want to manage your iPhone contents without iTunes? You may be interested in iTransfer.

I have an Verizon iPhone XS Max. I’ve got voice mail messages from my beloved friend and was wondering if there is any way to back up these voicemails on my computer so I can save them forever.

There are many reasons why someone needs to back up the voicemails on iPhone: perhaps you don’t want to take a chance on losing visual voicemails, or even just for some legal purposes. Whatever your reasons are, you can save the voicemails messages either to the iPhone or the computer (Mac & PC), thereby preserving the important voice messages.

There are two different methods we suggest as the convenient ways for backing up iPhone voicemails. If you are using iOS 9 or later, and your smartphone carrier supports Visual Voicemail, you can easily save the voice mails on iPhone using the stock Share feature. Otherwise, using a third-party program to transfer voicemails to computer seamlessly to store them locally.

Note: If you aren’t sure if the carrier supports Visual Voicemails on the iPhone, contact your carrier or check carrier’s support page from Apple.

Save and Share Voicemails using iPhone

Make sure your iPhone is running iOS 9 or higher version. It’s easy to set up Visual Voicemail on iPhone, and you are given the options to save each piece of voice mail as a note or voice memo, or share it with Messages, Mail as well as AirDrop to a Mac machine. Here’s how.

  • Open the Phone app on iPhone, and tap Voicemail tab at the bottom right of the screen.
  • Choose a voicemail you’d like to save and tap Share icon – the one resembles a box with an arrow pointing out of it.
  • In the pop-up Share menu, select where you want the voicemail saved to. You can choose Add to Notes or Voice Memos icon to save voicemail message. Or choose Messages or Mail icon to attach it to text messages or an email to access it on computer. Or store it to any storage services you’ve installed on iPhone like iCloud, Dropbox and OneDrive.

In addition to this, you’re also allowed to transfer voicemail audio from iPhone to Mac computer via Apple AirDrop feature.

  • On the top of the Share menu, tap your connected Mac and send it over the air.
  • The voicemail would be saved as M4A format. You can playback it in iTunes and other media players that support *.m4a files.

How to save voicemails from iphone

Transfer and Save Voicemails using 3rd Party Tool

If you can’t use Voicemails on iPhone, don’t worry, you can always back up voicemail messages the third-party way: using the iOS Data Backup & Restore tool to transfer iPhone voicemails to Mac or Windows PC.

Download Link for iPhone Voicemail Backup Utility:

The application is an efficient tool that allows both beginners and experienced users to conveniently back up all facets on iPhone device — voicemails, contacts, text messages, photos, videos, call history, WhatsApp & attachment, reminders, voice memos, etc. — and quickly transfer files to computer with a few simple clicks.

There’s also Restore toolkit covered, by which to handle the restoration of the backed up iPhone data. This is especially useful when data disaster strikes. The operation is not difficult as well.

How-to Guide: Saving Voicemails from iPhone to Computer

Note: This tutorial is for Windows. The same concepts will also apply for Mac platform.

Step 1: Configure the tool and choose "iOS Data Backup & Restore"

Launch the software and head over to "More Tool" option on the lower left of the window, click on it.

How to save voicemails from iphone

On the next screen that opens, press "iOS Data Backup & Restore" tab.

How to save voicemails from iphone

Step 2: Connect iPhone to computer

Next, connect iPhone device with a Lightning cable, and then click iOS Data Backup button.

How to save voicemails from iphone

When device is connected, choose either the option of Standard backup or Encrypted backup, and click Start button to proceed.

How to save voicemails from iphone

Step 3: Start backing up voicemails on iPhone to computer

Now, you will see all types of files that can be backed up on the window, shown as the screenshot below.

Make sure to choose Voicemail option or anything you want backed up.

How to save voicemails from iphone

Finally hit the Next button within the interface to back up voicemails from iPhone to PC or Mac—this will take some time. That’s it.

How to save voicemails from iphone

Tip: If you’ve deleted an important voicemail on iPhone before back it up, there’s always another way available to recover iPhone voicemail without any hassle.

The Bottom Line – Back Up Voicemail Now

Having visual voicemails backed up on the iPhone is an easy process, one that will avoid running the risk of loss. If you don’t back up, it’s not easy to recover the voicemail when it’s accidentally gone. So time is the essence, back up iPhone voicemails now.

Just switched from old iPhone to new iPhone 8/X and wondered how to transfer voicemail to new iPhone? This post is what you need. It shows you detailed steps to transfer voicemail from old iPhone to new iPhone 8/X.

New iPhone is always great, but after getting one, you have to carefully think about how to transfer data from iPhone to iPhone. That’s why people say that routinely upgrade iPhone is troublesome.

Since we have talked about how to transfer data like contacts, messages, photos from iPhone to iPhone, here in this post, we will only show you how to transfer voicemail from old iPhone to new iPhone 8/X. Do keep reading and get the easiest way to transfer voicemail to new iPhone. Please note that the methods below also works to transfer voicemail to earlier iPhone, like iPhone 7/6/6s/SE.

How to Transfer Voicemail to New iPhone

Normally, you can transfer voicemail from old iPhone to new iPhone by creating an iTunes/iCloud backup and then restoring the new iPhone with the backup. The problem is after restoring, the data on new iPhone will be erased, causing tragic data loss. Under this circumstance, you will need the help of AnyTrans.

AnyTrans is developed by iMobie team and it has won many admirations as an iOS data manager. AnyTrans is the best tool you can get to transfer voicemails to new iPhone because:

1. AnyTrans can help you transfer voicemail from old iPhone to new iPhone directly, saving you from the endless complicated process.

2. AnyTrans just transfers voicemail to new iPhone. No data on new iPhone or the old iPhone will be erased.

3. AnyTrans always transfers data at a blazing fast speed. Within 3 minutes, 1.7 GB of data can be transferred from iPhone to iPhone.

4. AnyTrans is safe and secure. AnyTrans is developed by an Apple certificated developer and while transferring voicemails to new iPhone, you have our guarantee that accidents like data loss or information leakage would never occur.

Now, why not download AnyTrans and follow us to transfer voicemail from old iPhone to new iPhone 8/X.

* 100% Clean & Safe

Step 1 Launch AnyTrans on your computer. (PC/Mac will both do) Plug in old iPhone and the new iPhone. Click the name of your old iPhone to make sure AnyTrans shows the contents of your old iPhone.

How to save voicemails from iphone

How to Transfer Voicemail to New iPhone 8/X – Step 1

Step 2 Tap on Merge Device.

How to save voicemails from iphone

How to Transfer Voicemail to New iPhone 8/X – Step 2

Step 3 Confirm transferring direction and then click the “>” button to continue.

How to save voicemails from iphone

How to Transfer Voicemail to New iPhone 8/X – Step 3

Step 4 Check the box of Voice Mail and then uncheck other boxes, tap on “>” button. AnyTrans would start to transfer voicemails on your old iPhone to new iPhone.

How to save voicemails from iphone

How to Transfer Voicemail to New iPhone 8/X – Step 4

The Bottom Line

As you can see, it is just so easy to transfer voicemails to new iPhone with AnyTrans. If you have any questions about this post or AnyTrans, please do leave comments below. Besides, AnyTrans also supports backing up data from iPhone to computer, transferring data from computer to iPhone. Why not download it now and have a 5-day free trial?


Member of iMobie team, an Apple fan as well as an anime lover. Like to share solutions on iOS and Android related problems.

If you are an iPhone lover, you must have seen the voicemail feature. Most people who rely on this feature are able to schedule appointments and contact their clients. Therefore, this feature is quite helpful when it’s activated. However, sometimes you may want to disable the voicemail on your iPhone for instance when traveling to a foreign country.

In other cases, for those using the iOS 15 the voicemail feature can sometimes be a problematic. Most of the users say that the voicemail screen sometimes can jam up hence making it hard to move to the next voicemail. This has prompted the need to disable voicemail on iPhone. If you are experiencing any of the above problems and want to disable voicemail, this part is for you.

In this article, therefore, you can follow the simple steps on how to disable voicemail on iPhone whenever you want to travel and any relevant information that will help you handle your voicemail system effectively without any extra charges. If by any chance you are unable to disable the iPhone voicemail feature, please contact the customer support of your service provider to help you through.

How to Disable Voicemail iPhone Feature

If you are tired of the extra charges due to voicemail, here is a simple procedure listed to help you disable the voicemail on iPhone:

  1. Start by tapping on the phone icon found at your iPhone’s home screen. Next, enter the numbers *#62# then call the number so that you are able to determine your voice mailbox number. Note the number down on a piece of paper or memorize it if you are good with numbers.
  2. Go to the setting section on your iPhone. As soon as the menu opens, tap on the phone icon and then go to the call forwarding section. At this point, type the voice mailbox number on the space that will be provided and then you can now exit after saving the settings.
  3. Now, you can go to the keypad on your phone and then type the number #404 and then call so that you are able to turn off voicemail on iPhone. Afterward, you can try to call your voicemail box just to confirm if you have new messages.
  4. You also have the option of enabling divert call on your iPhone in case you wish. When you have disabled the voicemail, you can dial #61# hence your phone will have a ‘no answer’ response if anyone is trying to reach you. You also have the option of dialing 67 for user busy response.
  5. If you wish to reactivate the voice mailbox feature, you can dial 004# and call.

How to save voicemails from iphone

How to Turn off Voicemail Password on iPhone

When the inbox of the voicemail messages is set up, the available passwords are turned on by default. This feature is set in place to protect all the voicemail messages from other parties. In most cases, the carriers will not recommend that you turn off the passwords but most of the times if you keep on forgetting the passwords it is best that you turn it off.

The procedure below will help you to turn off the passwords and then turn it on later.

Step 1: Start by calling the system of the voicemail. From the keyboard of your iPhone, press then hold on key number one. You may also consider pressing then holding on the voicemail key too.

Step 2: Enter the password of your voicemail. In case you are prompted, you should enter the password of your inbox voicemail. If you have forgotten the password you may have to reset it first before proceeding.

Step 3: Proceed to the main menu by skipping the part where you have to listen to messages. This will require you to press the * button. From there, you should choose the administrative options.

Step 4: Select the password options. Tap on the key that says turn off the password then proceed by following the given prompts. These prompts always differ depending on the carrier, therefore, it is necessary that you are keen enough to avoid mistakes.

How to save voicemails from iphone

How to Disable Voicemail Transcription on iPhone

Most times the transcription is based on Canadian English and U.S English hence you can only change the language. Go to the settings then change Siri language to any other language that doesn’t sound like English. The end result will show that the transcription is unavailable.

How to save voicemails from iphone

Ask Your Carrier for Help

If you are not able to follow the above procedure, you can dial *611 to contact iPhone providers for help or you can contact your service’s toll number.

  • T-Mobile: 1-877-453-1304
  • Verizon: 1-800-922-0204
  • AT&T: 1-800-331-0500
  • Sprint: 888-211-4727

In conclusion, with the above descriptions, hope you now have the chance to control your voice mailbox effectively. Use the above steps in case you want to turn off/disable your voicemail. If unfortunately you lose some data while doing this, you may need a professional iOS data recovery tool. Feel free to leave comments below.

Do you want to save voicemails on your iPhone as a note or voice memo? Do you want to share voicemails on your iPhone via Messages, Mail or AirDrop? Do you want to save voicemails from iPhone to computer for free? If one of these is exactly what you want, you will learn how to successfully save a voicemail on iPhone as you wish from the methods below. Now, choose one of the three methods provided to save voicemails on iPhone according to your needs.

How to save a voicemail on iPhone

Part 1: How to save a voicemail on iPhone forever as a note or voice memo

How to save a voicemail longer than 7 days on your iPhone? One of the correct answers to the question is to save the voicemail as a note or voice memo on your iPhone. Here are the simple steps to do it.

Step 1: Go to Phone > Voicemail on your iPhone.

Step 2: Click the voicemail you want to save.

Step 3: Tap on the Share button in the upper-right corner of your iPhone screen.

Step 4: Choose Notes or Voice Memos to save the voicemail on your iPhone as a note or voice memo. (If you need, you can transfer notes from iPhone to computer to make a backup.)

Part 2: How to save a voicemail on iPhone via Apps

You can save a voicemail on your iPhone by sharing it via Apps like Messages, Mail or sending it to another device via AirDrop.

Step 1: Open Phone App on your iPhone and switch to Voicemail.

Step 2: Choose the voicemail you’d like to save and click the Share button.

Step 3: You can choose Messages to share the voicemail via a message, select Mail to send the voicemail to your computer, or click AirDrop to send the voicemail to another AirDrop-supported device nearby.

Part 3: How to save voicemails from iPhone to computer for free

If you want to save a voicemail/voicemails on your iPhone forever, you can use EaseUS MobiMover Free, the FREEWARE for iOS data transfer and file management, to save voicemails from iPhone to Mac or PC for free.

What can MobiMover transfer or manage for you:

Photos: Camera Roll, Photo Library, Photo Stream, Photo Videos

Videos: Movies, TV shows, Music Videos

Audios: Music, Ringtones, Voice Memos, Audiobooks, Playlists

Others: Contacts, Notes, Messages, Voice Mails, Books, and Safari Bookmarks

As a free tool for iOS data transfer, MobiMover helps to transfer files from iPhone/iPad (in iOS 8 or later) to computer, copy items from computer to iPhone/iPad and sync data from one iOS device to another. Without any cost or limitation, you can save voicemails from iPhone to computer, transfer photos from iPhone to iPhone or put music to iPhone easily and safely using MobiMover.

Now, click the button below to safely download and install EaseUS MobiMover Free on your Mac or PC, then follow the steps to learn how to save voicemails from iPhone to computer.

Step 1. Connect your iPhone to your computer with a USB cable, tap “Trust” on your iPhone screen to continue. Run EaseUS MobiMover and click “Phone to PC” > “Next” on the screen.

How to save voicemails from iphone

Step 2. Choose “Voice Mails” to export to your computer. You can set the storage path as you need. Other supported file types are audio, pictures, videos, books, contacts, notes, and messages.

How to save voicemails from iphone

Step 3. Now, click the “Transfer” button to start the process. You can use MoviMover to export your iPhone data as backups for data safe.

How to save voicemails from iphone

In addition to the data transfer features, MobiMover is also equipped with file management functions, which also make MobiMover a free iPhone content manager for you. No matter you want to delet/edit the existing files on your iPhone or add new items to your device, MobiMover can always come to help. Don’t hesitate to have a nice try.



4.5 out of 5 stars, based on 10 votes

EaseUS MobiMover allows you to easily transfer all data from your iPhone to your PC. The app is available for both Windows and Macs so irrespective of which platform you use, you are covered.

EaseUs MobiMover solves this problem as it allows you to transfer data from an iPhone to a Mac, Mac to an iPhone, or from one iPhone to another iPhone fast.

EaseUS MobiMover is a program that allows you to share files between your iOS device and your PC in an easy manner. This is very useful, since both operative systems are not compatible.

EaseUS MobiMover for Mac and PC is a powerful tool for transferring data from your Apple mobile device to your computer, managing the variety of files that you create, and moving those huge videos quickly.

We all miss a lot of important calls sometime. But if you are an iPhone user, there is an easy option to send voicemail to your friend when you can’t reach them through a phone call, and you can also save all the voicemails you receive if you need. In this article we have described 4 easiest ways that will help you learn how to save voice messages on iPhone X/8/8 Plus/7/6s/6/5s/5. One thing you need to make sure that you are using iOS 9 or later versions to keep the visual voicemail option turned on.

Way 1: How to Save Voicemails on iPhone as a Note or Voice Memo

You can easily save voicemail on iPhone as a Note or Voice Memo. Here is how to do it.

1. First you need to go to “Phone” and then choose “Voicemail”.

2. Tap on the voicemail message that you want to save and then tap on the save sign.

3. Now select “Notes or Voice Memos” to save your voicemail.

How to save voicemails from iphone

Way 2: How to Share Voicemail on iPhone via Messages, Mail or Airdrop

If you don’t know how to save voice messages on iPhone, this part is solely perfect for you. You can easily share voicemail on iPhone via Messages, Mail or Airdrop. Here is how you can do it:

1. First you need to go to “Phone” and then choose “Voicemail”.

2. Tap on the voicemail message that you want to save and then tap on the save sign.

3. Now select Messages, Mail or Airdrop.

4. Finally you can just type in your text and send your message with the Voicemail attached on it. You can also send the voicemail to an AirDrop contact by just tapping on it.

How to save voicemails from iphone

Way 3: How to save Voicemail from iPhone to iCloud Drive

You can just save voicemail from iPhone to iCloud Drive and also download the voicemail to your computer from iCloud whenever you want. Follow the guideline to learn how to save voicemail from iPhone to iCloud drive:

1. First open voicemail by tapping on the call button and choose “Voicemail”.

How to save voicemails from iphone

2. Just the same way tap on the voicemail you want to save and tap on the save button.

How to save voicemails from iphone

3. Now you will see a list of different ways to save your voicemail. Just tap on the “Add to iCloud Drive” button to save your voicemail in iCloud.

How to save voicemails from iphone

Way 4: How to Save Voicemails from iPhone to Computer with iCareFone

If you want to save iPhone voicemail to computer then Tenorshare iCareFone is the best way to do it. This is a one of a kind software that can help you selectively save your data (voicemails, music, photos, videos, contacts and SMS) in no time. This is the best manages for your iOS device and you will start believing it when you start using it. Here is how to save iPhone voicemail to computer with iCareFone.

1. First you need to download and install iCareFone in your PC and connect you iPhone to your PC by using a good quality USB cable.

2. Launch iCareFone and from the main interface, go to “Backup and Restore” tab.

How to save voicemails from iphone

3. Now from the next interface you will see a lot of file types that are selected by default. You need to choose “Voicemail” only from here and deselect everything else. Next, click on the “Backup” button to back up the files in your PC and disconnect your device after completion.

How to save voicemails from iphone

These are the easiest ways to save voicemail on iPhone. Trust me, iCareFone can save your time and provide you an error free operation when you desperately want to save iPhone voicemail to computer.

Luckly! There are several ways to keep voicemails on iPhone. That is, keep voicemail as Note or Voice Memo, and even keep voicemail on iPhone to computer! While saving your iPhone as voice memo lets you trim your audio in the voice memo app before you can share with others, saving voicemail on computer is the better way to store it for further use.This article takes you through how you can save your voicemail on iPhone as a note or voice memo, and save voicemail on computer. Let’s explore them together!

  • Part 1: How to Keep Voicemail as a Note or Voice Memo
  • Part 2: How to Save iPhone Voicemail to Computer (Recommended, and Safe Way)
  • Part 3: How to Share Your Voicemail Using Messages, Mail or AirDrop

Part 1: How to Keep Voicemail as a Note or Voice Memo

When you save your iPhone voicemail as a note or voice memo, it allows you to play it again anytime you want. You can save your voicemail as a note or voice memo in the following way.

Step 1: First open your Phone app on your iPhone.

Step 2: Thereafter, click on Voicemail tab at the bottom right side of your iPhone.

Step 3: Select the voicemail message that you want to save then tap on the Share icon, which has a square shape with an arrow pointing out of it.

Step 4: From the top row of the share menu, select Notes and or Voice Memos options. You may decide to save your voicemail as a new note or add it to an existing note.

Step 5: From there choose the recipient and send.

How to save voicemails from iphone

Part 2: How to Save iPhone Voicemail to Computer

Other than saving your iPhone voicemails as notes and voice memos, you can also save them to the computer using dr.fone iPhone Voicemail Extractor. It is the best useful software that can help you to save iPhone voicemail to computer. It allows you to extract voicemail from your iPhone and later save them on your computer.

How to save voicemails from iphone

dr.fone – Data Recovery (iOS)

Key Features of dr.fone – Data Recovery (iOS)

  • Selectively save Voicemail on iPhone to computer in MP3 or WAV format for further use.
  • You can not only save or export data from iPhone, but also extract voicemail from iTunes and iCloud backup .
  • Apart from Voicemail, you can use it to export messages, contacts, photos, WhatsApp messages, notes and more from iPhone to computer.
  • It supports any of iOS (iOS 12 supported) device, including iPhone XS/XR/X/8 (Plus)/7 (Plus)/SE/6s (Plus)/6(Plus)/5S/5C/5, iPad and iPod touch.

Simple steps to recover data via dr.fone

Step 1. Run dr.fone on your computer and connect your iPhone. Use a USB cable to fix your iPhone to the computer. After the program detects your iPhone, click on “Data Recovery” option.

How to save voicemails from iphone

Step 2. Select the data files. To save voicemail, please make sure you have picked up the “Voicemail” option. Next Click on “Start Scan” button to search your iPhone for files to recover. The scanning will begin immediately.

How to save voicemails from iphone

Step 3. After scanning is over, you will the software displays the existing and deleted voicemails on your iPhone. Please pick the ones that you want to save on computer, and hit “Export to Mac” to save voicemail on iPhone to computer.

How to save voicemails from iphone

Part 3: How to Share Your Voicemail Using Messages, Mail or AirDrop

Where you want to share your voicemail to another user you can easily send it with messages or email as below. You can send it with AirDrop too. Below are the steps on how to share your voicemail using messages, mail or Airdrop.

Step 1: To enable sharing first thing to do is open the Phone app on your iPhone.

Step 2: Thereafter hit on the Voicemail tab at the bottom side.

Step 3: Next, you choose the voicemail message that you would want to save and share or send to others. Click on the Share icon, which looks like a small box with an arrow pointing upwards.

Step 4: From the Share menu select Messages, Mail or Airdrop.

Step 5: Thereafter write an optional message then click on Send button to allow sharing the message with the attached voicemail using Messages or Mail.

How to save voicemails from iphone

As a general rule, iPhone voicemails last forever.

They won’t expire, so you will find that voicemails you don’t intentionally or accidentally delete remain in the Voicemail tab of the Phone app indefinitely.

But they’re not prisoners there– you can save voicemails and send them via email, save them to Dropbox, or even AirDrop voicemails to a Mac computer or another iOS device.

Here’s how to save your iPhone voicemails.

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How to save voicemails from an iPhone

1. Open the Phone app and tap the Voicemail tab.

2. Tap the voicemail you want to save. It should pop open, revealing a transcription and playback controls.

3. Tap the Share button to the right of the caller’s name or phone number.

4. In the pop-up, choose how you want to save or share the voicemail. Your choices include but are not limited to:

  • AirDrop. If there is an AirDrop-compatible device like a Mac or another iOS device nearby, you can AirDrop it there. On the other device, the recipient should choose where to save the file, such as a Dropbox folder or as a file on the device.
  • Notes. This saves the audio file as an attachment to a note in the Notes app. You can write a message in the note when you save it.
  • Mail. If you choose this option, the voicemail file is added as an attachment to an email message, which you can send to any recipient.
  • Message. You can send the voicemail as an audio file in an iMessage or MMS.
  • Voice Memos. You can save the voicemail as an audio file in the Voice Memos app.

There may be other options, depending upon what apps you have installed on your iPhone, such as Dropbox, OneDrive, Google Drive, and even Slack.

No matter where you save your voicemail, it uses the M4A file format, which is Apple’s default audio format on the iPhone. All major audio players should recognize this file format and have no trouble playing it.

If you have come across a voicemail that you believe is worth preserving, you can find below the steps to Save Voicemail Messages on iPhone.

How to save voicemails from iphone

Save Voicemail Messages On iPhone

In general, most Voicemail received on our mobile devices comprises of everyday messages to call back, pick up a delivery, pick up books on hold at a library and similar regular messages.

However, at certain times you may find the need to save a particular Voicemail Message for your own records or to Share it with someone else.

Such occasions may range from sad ones like a Last message from a friend or relative to happy ones like receiving a job offer or a funny call from your 2-year old son or daughter.

Whatever may be the reason, it is easy to save and share Voicemail Messages on iPhone.

Save Voicemail Message on iPhone as Voice Memo or Note

The easiest way to Save Voicemail Message on iPhone is to save it as a Voice Memo or a Note.

Open the Phone App and tap on Voicemail tab in bottom menu.

On the next screen, select the Voicemail Message that you would like to save and tap on the Share icon .

From the Share Menu that appears, select Notes or Voice Memos .

How to save voicemails from iphone

On the next screen, tap on the Save option to save the Voicemail Message.

Share Voicemail Message Using Messages or Mail App

Open the Phone App and tap on Voicemail .

On the next screen, select Voicemail Message that you would like to share and tap on the Share icon .

In the Share Menu, select Messages or the Mail app to share this voicemail.

How to save voicemails from iphone

On the next screen, you can write your own message and send the Voicemail attachment with your message.

How to replace shut off valves

In order conserve water in your household, it is important for you to know where to locate the faucet shut off valve. As time goes by, your faucet shut off valve may experience some leaking. It is important that you are aware of this so that you can make the necessary repairs or replacements. Below are the materials that you need along with the instructions on how to replace a faucet shut off valve.

Step 1-Turn off the Main Water Valve

Shut down the main water valve connected to your house. It is located in between the meter of your water and the house itself. Turn off the breaker to the water heater found the circuit breaker panel.

Step 2-Get Rid of Excess Water

It is necessary to get rid of excess water. Depending on where you are installing the new valve, get rid of any excess water draining the sink or flushing the toilet.

Step 3-Disconnect Water Supply Line

Disconnect the water supply of either your faucet or toilet from the water shut off valve. Locate the nut found at the end of the water supply line, turn it counterclockwise with the help of a wrench, and detach it.

Step 4-Examine the Water Pipe

To disconnect the pipe from the compression nut, simply turn the compression nut in a clockwise motion and detach from the pipe. Remove the plastic compression ring as well as the compression nut from the pipe.

Step 5-Cut House Pipe

If the shut off valve is fused to the house pipe, use a hacksaw to cut the house pipe very close to the shut off valve. Make a straight cut, or use a file to even out the edges.

Step 6-Wrap Threads

Wrap the new valve with the threads using plumber’s tape. Using an emery cloth, make sure to clean the outside end of your house pipe. Put the compression nut on the pipe. Be sure that threads of the compression nut are pointing opposite the wall or floor.

Step 7-Place Compression Ring over House Pipe

Place the compression ring on the end part of the pipe. The ring should face away from the wall or floor.

Step 8-Connect Valve and House Pipe

Connect the end part of the valve inside the end of the pipe. The handle of the valve should point in the opposite direction of the wall or floor. Thread the nut on the valve in a counterclockwise motion until it is tightened. Using a wrench, make an additional ¾ turn of the compression nut.

Step 9-Connect Water Supply Line

Connect the water supply line to the valve. Tightened the supply line with the valve using the wrench.

Step 10-Turn On Water

Turn on your house’s main water supply by turning the valve in a clockwise direction. Examine the connections well for any leaks. If there is no signs of a water leak, turn the water heater back on.

How to replace shut off valves

Whether you are dealing with water or gas lines, replacing threaded shut-off valves in your home is typically easy. This knowledge could prove extremely important if you ever experience a plumbing problem such as a leaking faucet or an overflowing toilet. The key is to take your time and make sure you have the right equipment.

Planning Ahead

Set a plan in place before diving into the project. While replacing shut-off valves should only take about an hour, it will take longer if you’re not organized. If you’re fixing a supply valve under the sink, for instance, you’ll probably need either channel-lock pliers or a crescent wrench. For bigger valves, you may need one wrench to hold the pipe and another one to move the valve. Don’t forget to put down a bucket — this job will likely get messy.

It will also be important to start work earlier in the day, well before your local hardware store closes. You won’t want to risk starting the job and then having to delay the finish because a certain part is missing. That could mean going the entire night without water.

Having the right equipment will greatly reduce damage risks. If you don’t have the right type of washer, for instance, then a small leak could become a major problem. Also, your replacement valve needs to have the same thread, and be the same size and type of the old one. Either bring the old one with you or take a picture of it to find the exact match.

Turn Off Nearby Valves

After gathering the right tools, the first thing to do is to turn off the valve located closer to your main water supply than the one you’re replacing. This may mean turning off the main shut-off valve near the meter, the house shut-off valve, or the water heater valve. If you’re working with a gas line, there should be another valve close by.

How to replace shut off valves

Drain the Water

Next, drain water out of the line. This is particularly important when working on the lower floor of a two-story house or in the basement. Wait a few minutes to make sure all of the water has cleared.

Take Off the Old Valve

Start removing the valve with a wrench. Be careful the pipe doesn’t twist, that can lead to a great deal of damage. Watch it closely, and if any twisting occurs, hold the pipe with another wrench to keep it in place.

How to replace shut off valves

Installing the Valve

There is a chance you may need to use some pipe joint compound before installing the new valve. For example, if you’re working with a flexible gas line, you’ll need to apply a bit of compound to the fitting that flares out. That part should be located just above the threads. There are several types of compounds, however, so talk to an employee at the hardware store to make sure you’re getting the right one for your material and application.

To put on the new valve, simply tighten it with a wrench until it feels snug and in the right location.

The Final Test

Once the valve is replaced, make sure it is in the “off” position. If you’re working with a water line, go back to any faucets you turned on to drain water and put them in the “off” position as well so that there aren’t any problems when turning water back on.

Be sure to check for leaks once the water or gas is turned on. For a water line, wipe the valve dry with a towel and then turn on the appliance or faucet for a couple of minutes. If you don’t see any drops of water, you don’t have a leak. For a gas line, put some soapy water on all nearby fittings and be on the lookout for bubbles. If you see them, tighten the valve and recheck.

Once you feel comfortable with this type of job, replacing shut-off valves in the future will be a breeze.

How to replace shut off valves

Author Bio: Amanda Hill is the content manager at PVC Fittings Online, a leading supplier of PVC Supplies and accessories for commercial contractors. Amanda is known as the “Queen of PVC” due to the wide range or PVC topics she writes on.

If you’re dealing with a leak or a malfunctioning appliance, the main water shut off valve can save you a lot of trouble and heartache. When you turn the valve off, it completely stops the flow of water throughout your home so you can make any necessary repairs before things get out of control. Over time, this valve can rust or may even break and will need to be replaced. If you’re looking to replace yours, read on to learn more about the replacement process, cost, and more.

Cost Calculator
Cost Comparison

Install a water shut off valve : national average cost

cost to install a water shut off valve
National Avg. Materials Cost per valve $34.77
National Avg. Cost (labor and materials) for 1 valve $190.92
National Cost Range (labor and materials) for 1 valve $173.71 – $208.13

Replace main water shut off valve cost

If you attempt to replace your main water shut off valve yourself, it should only cost you around $40 for the replacement part. However, this type of job may be best to leave for the professionals. If you decide to hire a plumber, the average cost is approximately $236. The main portion of the cost includes the labor involved. You’ll need to know what valve style you currently have if you attempt to replace this part yourself. There are two main styles used in most homes: a right-angle stop valve if your main water pipe goes through a wall, and a straight-stop valve if the water enters through the floor. Find out what kind of plumbing you have, too. It may be plastic, copper, or galvanized which makes a difference when finding the appropriate valve.

The replacement process

To replace a main water shut off valve, only a few basic tools are required. First, the new valve will need to be purchased and ready to install. Other tools needed include an adjustable wrench, flame-resistant protective gloves, locking pliers, and a soldering torch (when applicable).

1. Connection type

Identify the connection type of your main water shut off valve. Make sure it matches the size of the pipe and the incoming tube connection.

2. Prep

Before replacing a main water shut off valve, the water will need to be turned off. If you have a gas water heater, make sure you turn the knob to the pilot position to be safe. Turn off the circuit breaker if you have an electric water heater, then open a faucet on the lowest level of your home and another one on the upper level. This will help to drain the pipes before you remove the old valve. Disconnect the supply tube from the shut off valve.

3. Removing old valve

Using pliers, loosen the nut and unscrew the valve stem. Screw the valve off and pull it from the water pipe to remove it completely. You may need to melt the old solder to be able to twist and pull the valve off copper or metaltubing.

4. Preparing for the new valve

You will need to add a new plate and install a new compression nut onto the tubing before installing the new mainwater shut off valve. The escutcheon (plate) should come with the new valve to match.

5. Installation

There are two main ways to install the new valve: compression or push-fit. Each requires a different installation method, so be sure you understand how to install your new valve correctly from here or consult a plumber to ensure proper installation.

Considerations before replacing main water shut off valve

There are a few important things to keep in mind before you decide to replace a main water shut off valve. First, make sure you know what type of plumbing you have as well as what type of valve you’ll need. If you are not familiar or comfortable with soldering, you may need the assistance of a plumber to help complete the job. Always check for leaks after you install your new valve just to be sure everything fits tightly. Bring a bucket with you when replacing the valve to catch any remaining water that comes out of the pipe once the old valve is removed. Weigh the cost of replacing the valve yourself versus hiring a plumber to determine which option is right for you.

Labor cost

The cost to install a new water main shut off valve is mostly related to labor, since the materials should run less than $40. Besides material, you can pay between $175 and $250 for a plumber to complete the job. Depending on what type of plumbing and valve you have/need, the cost will vary. If soldering is required or it takes longer than expected to remove the old valve, prepare to pay more for labor. Most plumbers will charge by the hour for labor, so if it’s a simple job, it should cost less than $300.

DIY vs hire a pro

You can attempt to replace your mainwater shut off valve on your own. If you have a basic knowledge of how plumbing works, this is a fairly simple job. However, older pipe or copper piping needs extra attention and care, which means it may take longer. A professional plumber can identify the correct type of replacement valve and will ensure that the new one is installed correctly. They may also offer a warranty on materials and labor, so it could be worth the extra cost if you’re concerned about leaks in the future.

Pros and cons of replace water shut off valve

Here are a few pros and cons regarding replacing your main water shut off valve:

A new valve should last for years and it’s something you shouldn’t need to replace again well into the future.

If you’re doing things DIY, the total cost is inexpensive, running at about $50 or less.

Replacing your valve will help you feel confident about how to address leaks in the future.

It’s not a good idea to replace the valve yourself if you don’t have a good understanding of plumbing, which means you should prepare to pay around $300 for the job.

Any mistakes made when replacing the valve can cause damage, leaks, and other serious problems.

Using a soldering torch can be dangerous, which means this job is best left to the professionals in most cases.

How to replace shut off valves

We all have seen these generic valves under our bathroom sinks in North America. Problem is when we go to change faucets we often find the valves don’t close properly and drip annoyingly making the replacement job annoying as you have to put towels and bowls underneath the drip. It also makes you rush unecessarily or we are forced to turn off all the water in the house.

In many houses these valves are soldered on. If you cut them off you are left with only a nub of copper pipe. Unless you are planning to rip out your drywall to expose the plumbing this really only leaves you with a couple options..One is to replace with valves with solder type or one of the newer quick connect connections.

For my application I had four old shutoff valves to replace in a bathroom. Not being a professional plumber i was not keen to work with a blowtorch so close to my wall. I had worked with the SharkBite products before on copper pipe and i was happy to find a 1/2″X3/8″ Compression shutoff valve (part number 23036-0000) with quarter turn ball valve action (better than those leak prone screw shut off valves) that looked like it would do the trick. (Please note, do your home work about what plumbing parts are best for your application, I am not endorsing this product more than to say it’s what worked for me.)

As I mentioned above, cutting the old shutoff valve off with a hacksaw would not leave me much length of copper to work with. I have done some copper pipe soldering before so I decided to give it a go.

Materials you may need before you start:

  • blowtorch and flux
  • pipe wrench
  • eye protection
  • aluminum foil
  • sand paper
  • pipe cleaner
  • pipe cutter
  • chrome pipe flange trim kits (i uses MOEN Part number M6485 )
  • protection (a towel or plywood) under the pipe for flooring or cabinet shelf.
  • spray bottle of water

Turn off the water suppy in your house and run a faucet somewhere to remove any pressure from all your water pipes.

I started by ripping off the existing chrome flanges with a pair of pliers to expose as much of the copper pipe between the old valve and the wall. I was uncertain how much of the torch flame would get close to the wall so I took some aluminum foil, doubled it up, ripped a portion, slid it around the pipe and put it where the flange was (see pic below).

I painted on some flux where the solder join was on the old valve. I’m not sure this is necessary – i saw a plumber do that on an online video so i went for it). I sparked the blowtorch up, put it on a medium low flame and started to apply heat moving the flame in a rythmic motion keeping a close eye of where the flame was touching. This part always scares the shit out of me. I always have visions of heat travelling down the copper and bursting into flames inside the walls.

How to replace shut off valves

Anyways, as risky as it felt I patiently waited for the solder to start reacting to the heat. I assume a couple nerve wracking minutes passed. When the soldered bubbled I grabbed a large pipe wrench, grasped the valve and applied a twisting motion. When the valve turned I rocked it back and forth towards me keeping the flame on the area. The valve slid off. I removed the flame and put down the torch. Grabbed the bottle of spray water and spritzed both the valve still in the wrench and the pipe in the wall. The goal is to cool things down quickly.

I noticed that some of the solder had formed as a drip at the bottom of the pipe. I heated up the solder and took and old screw driver and scraped off the liquid solder. I’m sure there is a better way to do that clean up but it worked for me.

How to replace shut off valves

How to replace shut off valvesHow to replace shut off valves

With the Sharkbite products the most importants step besides cleaning is to make sure the end of the pipe is as cleanly cut as possible. Dont use a hacksaw. Instead use a copper pipe cutter with a wheel cutting disc – The work great and give a super clean cut. My pipe was in good shape but to be sure i trimmed off the end with the pipe cutter but was careful not to take off too much pipe. I used the sandpaper to remove any rough edges from where i cut the pipe

How to replace shut off valvesHow to replace shut off valves

I installed the new chrome pipe flange and made sure i had enough exposed pipe. 2 cm seems to be enough for my situation. I think the Sharkbite instructions call for 1 close enough for me. When you look at the Sharkbite website they have an PDF download that talks about how the mechanism grabs the copper pipe, it includes instructions on how to remove any Sharkbite connector.

If you look close at the connector end of the Sharkbite you will see a small tube support liner, you need to make sure this is cleanly inserted into the pipe as you slide the valve onto the copper pipe.

How to replace shut off valvesHow to replace shut off valves

Firmly press and slightly twist the Sharkbite valve onto the copper pipe until there is no movement. You wont feel and clicking or obvious sensation that you have a solid connection. But if you grab the valve and try to pull on it there should be definite solid unyeilding resistance, If that valve slips off when you pull on it you will have a real problem on your hands.

Make sure the valve is closed (45 degrees turn to right) and go turn on your water supply. Check for leaks.

(One note: this vavle does not lock into place, you will be able to freely spin the valve a full 360 degrees without any problems. You may not be used to this. In my installation i found there was enough firm reistance in the mechanism so it’s not like teh valve is “flopping about” so i does stay in place unless you deliberable turn it. )

Replacing an old washing machine shut-off valve can be a bit messy, but if you have the time and the patience, you can save some money on professional fees. To replace the water shut-off valve in your washing machine, here is what you need to do:

Step 1 – Unplug the Washing Machine Power Cord

Unplug your washing machine from the power source to avoid accidents.

Step 2 – Turn off the Water Supply to the Laundry Room

Unless you want to deal with a water fountain when you open the water shut off valve, shut down the water supply to the laundry room before you start tinkering with your washer.

Step 3 – Shut off the Locate the Shut-off Valve

Most washing machines have shut-off valves located at the back. To find the shut-off valve of your washer, push the washer away from the wall and look for the water spout coming from the wall. The shut off valve is located directly behind the spout.

Step 4 – Remove the Water Hoses from the Water Valve

With a pair of pliers, carefully remove the water hoses from the water valve, then place one end of the water supply hose inside the bucket. Drain the residual water out from the hose into the bucket.

Step 5 – Open the Control Panel of the Washing Machine

To gain access to the water shut off valve of your washing machine, open the front control panel of the machine and then reach into the cabinet hole. With a screwdriver, remove the screws that are holding the water shut-off valve in place. Once the valve is loose, slowly lift the valve from its place. Take care not to disturb the wiring underneath it.

Step 6 – Disconnect the Wires from the Valve

Before you attempt to remove any of the wires attached to the water shut off valve, label the wires to make it easier to reattach them to the new water shut off valve later on. After labeling the wires, use the needle nose pliers to carefully disconnect the wires attached to the water shut off valve.

Step 7 – Remove the Water Shut-off Valve

To remove the old water shut-off valve of your washing machine, rotate the valve in its place and then pull it through the rear panel of the washer.

Step 8 – Install the New Valve

Wrap plumbers’ tape around the threads of the new valve to prevent water leaks, and then insert the new valve into opening located at the rear of the washing machine’s control panel. Once the valve is inside the washing machine, attach the wires into the new water shut off valve, then put the valve in its place. Use the retaining screws to secure the valve.

Step 9 – Reconnect Your Washer to the Water Supply

After replacing the shut off valve, replace the water hose at the back of your washer and then reconnect the water hose to the water supply.

In most cases, if you need to fix something around the toilet, you will have to cut off the main water supply. However, if the shutoff valve is not working, things get a bit difficult. Whatever else you need to fix will have to be postponed until you fix the shutoff valve itself. Luckily for you, we have prepared some quick and easy solutions to fix a broken shutoff valve.

How to replace shut off valves

Fixing a Shutoff Valve

If your shutoff valve is not working, there are three things you should check.

1. Stuck Valve

A stuck valve is one of the most common issues. In that case, spray it with a lubricant such as WD-40 and let it rest for a couple of minutes. Then, try again to check if it’s working. In general, it’s best practice to spray the valve periodically to prevent it from getting stuck and ensure that it’s always working properly.

2. Valve Partially Closing

In some cases, the valve may be partially rotated, preventing you from shutting it off completely. At this point, you will most likely need to buy a new valve.

3. Valve Leaking

You might notice that the valve is leaking even after you shut it off, which means you have a faulty seal. In that case, tighten the fitting around the valve to see if that fixes the problem. If the issue persists, take the valve apart and replace the seal. In the worst-case scenario, you will need to buy a new valve and replace the old one.

Water Supply Line – Turning Off

How to replace shut off valves

If you need to turn off the water supply to your toilet immediately and have no time to fix the shutoff valve, don’t worry – you can do it manually. Doing this will also allow you to inspect the problem more easily.

Here are four steps to turning off the water supply to your toilet.

1. Locate Shutoff Valve

If you look at the pipe at the rear of the toilet, you will find a small valve. This valve usually looks like a small ball positioned directly on the pipe. However, if you have an old toilet, it might happen that you don’t have a toilet shutoff valve. In that case, you will need to turn off the water supply to your house, which we will explain later in the article.

2. Rotate Valve Clockwise

Rotate the valve clockwise until it stops. It shouldn’t be hard, so make sure not to force it or it might break. You might also need to apply a bit of a lubricant to make things easier.

3. Ensure Water is Off

Now it’s time to see if the water is really off. To do this, simply flush the toilet. If the water is off, it won’t refill itself and the tank will remain empty. However, if your toilet is clogged, you will need to lift the float lever in the tank. Then, press down the lever. If the water line is off, the tank will stay empty.

Take a look at our guide about flushing a toilet with water off.

4. Turn Water Back On

After you solved the issue that needed to be solved, it’s time to turn the water supply on. To do that, rotate the valve counterclockwise as long as it rotates. Wait a minute, and flush the toilet. If your toilet flushes and refills properly, the water supply is on again.

Main Shutoff Valve – Turning Off

In some cases, you might need to turn off the main water supply to your house before you start fixing anything around the toilet.

  • Locate the valve, which is usually in the basement or outside around the home.
  • Turn it clockwise as far as it can go. Be prepared that turning off the main water supply will turn off all the water lines in your home.
  • Turn it back on by rotating it counterclockwise. Rotate the valve until it stops – avoid over-tightening the valve.

Fixing a Leaking Valve

Fixing a valve that is leaking is actually pretty simple. The only tools that are required for this operation are a screwdriver and slip-joint pliers. By fixing the problem yourself, you will save a decent amount of cash compared to hiring a plumber.

To start, locate the packing nut on the valve. Tighten it by a ⅛ turn clockwise and it should form a seal that will prevent water from going out. You might also need to wrap a cloth on the jaws to prevent damaging the nut. Although it won’t cause serious damage, it can scratch the finish which doesn’t look nice. Also, don’t press too hard to prevent damaging the waterline. Note that in most homes, the valves might not be touched for years, which can cause stains and make them difficult to turn on and off.

An excellent way to check if a valve leaking is by using toilet paper. Since your hands may be wet, simply take a piece of toilet paper and use it to touch around the valve. If the paper comes away dry, you’ve done an excellent job in stopping the leak.

Valve Still Leaking After Replacing Damaged Parts

If you notice that the leaking continues, use groove joint pliers and tighten the nut. If that doesn’t solve the issue, you might need to replace the nut. However, before you replace it, make sure to switch off the primary supply line to your home. Then, disassemble the valve without removing it by removing only the handle and the packing nut. After that, remove the valve stem too. After disassembly, wipe the washers with a piece of cloth until they are completely clean. Make sure not to use plastic tape on stem threads. Finally, assemble the valve and turn on the main supply line to your house. If it’s still leaking, replace the entire valve.

Frequently Asked Questions

What if the Valve is Turned Off But the Toilet Still Refills?

If that happens, it means that your shutoff valve is not performing well. Turn off the main water supply line and pull the float lever in the tank. It will stop the tank from refilling. However, this approach is just a temporary solution, and you should fix the valve as soon as possible.

What Do I Do if I Turn off the Water Supply to the Toilet but Still Hear a Trickling Sound?

The trickling sound shows that you have a problem with either the flush or fill valve. In that case, you need to either fix or replace them.

In what Direction Do I Rotate the Valve to Shut It Off?

The valve needs to be rotated clockwise, which will tighten it and prevent the water from reaching the toilet.

How Long Does a Shutoff Valve Last?

Most homes nowadays have compression valves that don’t last too long. On average, a compression valve fails will only last about ten years.

Final Thoughts

Although a damaged shutoff valve can be a major problem, it will be easy to fix if you follow these instructions. And worst case, if nothing works, buying a new valve is a relatively affordable solution.

I just noticed that this valve is corroded and slowly leaking (arrows point to the leaks):

How to replace shut off valves How to replace shut off valves

I started looking online for information and found this page, which discusses different types of valve, but I can’t really tell whether this is a compression shutoff valve (install with wrenches) or a copper sweat shutoff valve (solder into place). Which is it, and is this a repair that I can make myself, or should I bring in a professional?

How to replace shut off valves

3 Answers 3

That’s a soldered valve, with a drain cap (typical for things that you might drain for the winter after shutting them off, though not always employed that way.)

Replacement is not the only solution, and may not be the best option.

The packing nut leak (right side) might be as simple as using a pair of wrenches to slightly tighten the nut on the handle stem. The wrench close to the valve body is just holding still so you don’t twist the pipes while tightening the nut closer to the handle. In more extreme cases you might need to repack it (shut off water, remove handle and nut, replace packing material.)

The drain cap (left side drip) may either need to be tightened slightly, or else shut off the valve, remove the cap, with a bucket to catch the water that drains out (if the valve was installed in the correct direction, you don’t have to shut off the main supply) and replace the gasket in the cap, or get a new cap with gasket.

How to replace shut off valves

It is absoloutely possible to DIY plumbing in most cases, but it pays to take some time to fully understand the situation before you start.

The first thing I would do is evaluate the broader situation.

  • What does that valve feed?
  • where is it fed from?
  • Is there another shutoff valve upstream?
  • Does the upstream shutoff valve work?
  • Does the upstream shutoff valve require special tools to operate?
  • what else does the upstream shutoff valve shut off? if push came to shove can you live without it for a few days?

Unfortunately your existing valve is soldered in, which makes replacing it non-trivial. So I would probably start by investigating the repair options Ecnerwal has mentioned. However, before I started I would want to have a plan in place for what I would do If things go wrong and I had to switch strategies from repair to replace.

My replacement strategy would probably involve cutting the valve out and fitting a new valve with compression fittings. Unfortunately cutting the valve out will probably leave a gap too long to fit a new one, so it would probably be necessary to cut out a longer length of pipe and then fit a new section of pipe and a coupler.

Looking at your other posts it looks like you are in the USA, while I am in the UK. So the exact products available may differ. Depending on how much play is in the pipes it may be difficult to fit a regular coupler. In the UK you get special “repair couplers” that are longer than a normal coupler and only have a depth stop at one end, so you can slide them onto one pipe and then back onto the other one. I’m not sure if similar products are available in the USA.

Not familiar with that kind of shut off valve. Is it possible to buy new shut off valves just like it and take out the guts and swap new for old?

Also, as far as actual removal goes; if you pull it toward you, will it come, some? Or is it tight against the wall no matter what you do? Is there a chrome trim ring between the valve and the wall and is it the not very thick typical type, if so?

These valves were used in my kitchen and all three of my bathrooms, twin sinks in the master bath, so ten of these cheapo things. These seem to be very popular with builders & plumbing contractors who tout the 10 year warranty, I think its because they can just push them onto the copper stub, connect to the fixture and call it good. A little more money and effort during construction for good old compression valves would have suited me. Well I can say from experience that I really don’t care for these plastic stop valves. Everytime I looked at one crosswise, it starts leaking and not a single one actually stopped flow to allow replacing a faucet, so as I upgraded each faucet, these were the first to go.

Shut off the house water supply and diconnect the hose from the faucet. You can then just unscew them counterclockwise to remove them, hose and all since they were crimped onto the valve. But because the copper gets cut by this action and there is a corroded ring left were the seal was, I’ve ended up up using a stubby tube cutter right below were the seal was to have a clean stub of copper to put a compression valve on.
You only lose about an inch of copper, so unless they really short changed you on the stub, this is the way to go.
If you don’t like compression fittings, you could sweat on a male thread adapter and use a threaded valve instead.

Here is another dig at these Accor’s, the only place in my house these weren’t installed, for whatever reason, was at each toillet, these are standard chrome angle valves. Granted my house is almost 2x older than the 10 year warranty of the Accor’s, but all three of the original cheapo chrome angle valves still work perfectly, same age, same water supply that rendered every single Accor in my house useless for shut-off. I even broke a couple of the cheap little knobs trying to “snap” them out to the closed position. Nuff said!

How to deal with friends with different political views

How to deal with friends with different political views

Headlines about presidential candidates fill our feeds. Emails about voter registration swarm our inboxes. Political opinions dominate our conversations. Arguments flood our Facebooks and, more importantly, our relationships.

It’s election season. And whether we like it or not, politics are on our mind. Now, there are some people who do enjoy election season—they thrive in conversations with people on both sides of the political aisle. But then there’s the majority: Those who would rather not talk politics… at least when it comes to talking to family, friends, or others with differing political opinions. However, sometimes it’s inevitable. A friend on Facebook shares an article that concerns (or enrages) you; a family member brings up the election at dinner; a coworker asks your opinion after reading something you tweeted. The possibilities are endless, but we all find ourselves in situations of the like, especially during election season.

So, how do we talk about differing political opinions without fighting? Is it even possible to have a productive conversation when friends have different political views? It’s a complicated dance but it can be done. Start by following these guidelines:

1. Consider time and place.

There is a time and place for everything. It might not be the time and place for a conversation about politics if:

  • You’re at work
  • You’ve landed on an already-heated Facebook thread
  • You’re already feeling angry or upset
  • You’ve never gotten along with the individual

However, if someone says something in person or online that you feel compelled to comment on, you can always ask them to have a conversation with you at a later date. For example, if your friend shares a controversial article on Facebook that you’d like to discuss with them, send them a message. Ask if they’d be willing to talk. Try: “Hey! I hope you’ve been well. I just saw the article that you shared. Maybe we could grab lunch and chat about it one day, if you’re interested!” This message isn’t confrontational—instead, it sets the scene for a calm, productive conversation.

2. Don’t set out to prove your friend wrong.

A conversation is an exchange of ideas. If your primary mission is to prove the other person wrong, you shouldn’t be having this conversation in the first place. Not to mention that changing someone’s mind is a huge feat (especially when it comes to political ideals). Think about it: How likely are you to change your stance on any given political issue? How likely are you to take the opposing party’s side? Probably not very likely. Research shows that people would prefer to deny new information if it challenges long-held beliefs and their worldview. So, don’t expect to prove your friend or family member wrong. They probably won’t buy into it. However, this doesn’t mean that you can’t listen to and learn from each other (even if it’s just how to communicate with someone who has different political views).

3. Stop thinking about what you’ll say next.

When friends have different political views, they have to listen to one another. Most of us are guilty of preparing our next spiel instead of listening to the person we’re engaging with. This happens all of the time, not just when we talk politics. Try to correct this bad habit; listen to what the individual in front of you is saying. This goes back to us feeling uncomfortable in the face of new information when it threatens what we know to be true about the world. In addition to withholding any expectations of changing your friend’s opinions, challenge yourself to push through any discomfort you might feel to hear your friend out.

4. Check your body language and tone.

What are you communicating? Not just with your words, but your body language, your tone, your gestures. Your words won’t come across as calm or friendly if you are…

  • Shouting at the individual
  • Pacing the room
  • Scoffing or laughing
  • Throwing your hands up in frustration
  • Using emojis in a sarcastic or demeaning way
  • Literally pulling your hair out

Stay relaxed. Keep the conversation friendly and respectful, both in how you talk to the individual and how you communicate with your tone, your hands, your facial expressions, (and even the emojis that you use). Fortunately, if you work to stay calm during your conversation, your body should follow suit and you shouldn’t have to think too far into it.

5. Practice calming techniques.

If you feel upset or overwhelmed at any point, take a step back to calm down. If you’re having this conversation online, walk away from your phone or computer for a minute to breathe. Inhale through your nose for four seconds; hold for four; and then exhale for four more. Repeat these steps until you feel relaxed. Only continue with the conversation when you feel like you can continue communicating calmly and respectfully. If you’re having this conversation in person, you can practice this same breathing technique. Or, if you need to physically remove yourself from the conversation (for the moment or for good), don’t be afraid to say so. Just let your friend or family member know that you’d rather not continue. Odds are, they’d rather change the topic too, if it’s going poorly.

6. Know where to expend your efforts.

Finally, be smart about where you expend your efforts and what to devote your energy to. For example, if the person that you’re engaging with can’t keep their cool, isn’t communicating respectfully, or isn’t interested at all in what you have to say, this conversation is probably a waste of your time. But don’t feel so defeated. Redirect this energy and take action. Try:

  • Reminding your friends to register to vote
  • Donating to a cause that you really care about
  • Signing a petition on
  • Writing a letter to your state senators
  • Talking politics with someone who will reciprocate respect

There’s a reason why politics are NSFW (not suited for work). Talking about politics often means arguing about politics. However, it is possible to have a calm, respectful conversation when friends and family members have different political views. Follow the guidelines above and give it your best go!

Things are heating up. The drama is real, and so are the tensions. In fact, I don’t think I can recall observing this level of vitriol, insanity and hatred in a presidential election in my 14 years of voting adulthood.

It’s as entertaining as it is scary. Sometimes I have to remind myself: Holy shit, this is all really happening.

The truth is, the 2016 run for the presidency is more of a circus than I ever anticipated it could be. I knew it wouldn’t be pretty, but damn. And the opinions of the people — the regular, terrified, everyday citizens of this nation — seem to be on track towards a social media world war like we’ve never seen. There are countless Instagram pages dedicated to the support of the candidates, Facebook groups, Twitter trolls, all with the mission of making their voice heard while tearing down anyone else who tries to battle their favored candidate.

I have to admit, though, it has been quite refreshing to see how active this upcoming election has made the Millennial crew. I’m really glad there has been a politically fueled fire lit under the asses of these movers and shakers because these are the issues that matter. And as we all know, we the Millennial people have the ability to change the world.

I have friends on my side of the political fence. I also have friends on the other side of this fence. Hell, even my husband and I have opposing political views at this point. But one thing is for sure: I am NOT about to let all of this political anarchy ruin my relationships. I’m a business owner, and I would NEVER let my views affect my success at any cost.

At the end of the day, whatever is going to happen, is going to happen. I have made my presidential desires clear, I’ll keep my fingers crossed that my dreams come to fruition and, in the meantime, I plan on sitting back, not engaging in personal political conversations and continuing to mind my own damn business.

Unless you personally have hit the campaign trail in favor of a certain candidate, you may want to play the next few months on the safe side of things, ensuring to not damage friendships, file for divorce and/or back yourself into a corner of opinions and anger. Because nothing drives tensions and unhappy feelings more than a person you care about not being able to see and accept your point.

Simple example, I will never agree with my husband’s love of country music, but you don’t see me posting about why the sound of country music makes me want to drive sharp objects into my skull, do you?

I am not a political expert. I am not even that radically political. You don’t have to listen to me. But you can’t say I didn’t warn you.

These are my three ways to not lose friends during this election season:

1. Keep politics off your social feeds.

Facebook, Instagram, Twitter, LinkedIn, and for God’s sake, any dating app you are signed up for — unless you feel like telling the world you just voted and feel so damn patriotic because of that, there is no need for you to share your political views with your friends and family. Whether others make it clear to you or not, they could be extremely offended if you, say, endorse a candidate publically who has personally offended a Facebook friend of yours with a racial slur or extreme declaration of nonsense. Politics and social media do not mix. Don’t do it.

2. Keep politics away from the dinner table.

Because nothing ruins a nice night out with friends faster than a heated conversation turned table-flipping argument faster than a comment like, “How could you actually LIKE that candidate?!” If you dare to swim these waters, I can guarantee you’ll never be dining with these people again. Politics is never a tasty side dish.

3. Think before you speak.

This is a tough one, even for me. I am full of thoughts — lots of thoughts at all times, wherever I go and whatever I’m doing. It’s taken me a long time and a lot of arguments to learn that my opinions about your choices, regardless of what they’re about, belong in my head and my head only, unless otherwise specified. Trust me, I’d love to tell you why voting for a certain candidate will drive our country straight into the ground, but I don’t, because you don’t care what I think. And what I think will not change the outcome, but I do think it could cost us our friendship.

So for now, I’ll keep my mouth shut, hope you choose to do the same and ride the wave of insanity for the next few months quietly. See you at the polls.

How to deal with friends with different political views

I was taught not to discuss politics with friends. The lesson — passed down from my grandmother to my mom to me — was a product of a time in which it was considered impolite to talk about divisive subjects. But in this election year, it seems like politics is the only thing anyone can talk about. Sorry, Grandma.

This has often been described as the most important election of our lifetimes, with a global pandemic, racial unrest, and the soul of our nation hanging in the balance. The political climate feels personal, and debates between opposing sides have been tense.

Like others, I’m guilty of living in a bit of a virtual echo chamber. I received a liberal arts degree from a diverse college and have lived in New York City for most of my adult life, so the majority of my friends identify as liberal-leaning. My social media feeds are predominantly populated with posts from people who share the same ideological beliefs, which is partially why I was surprised to learn that one of my closest friends will be voting for a different presidential candidate.

Don’t get me wrong: I consider myself to be open-minded and genuinely enjoy discussing how people arrive at their beliefs. And perhaps my assumption that most people in my social circle would be voting like me was arrogant. But this admission felt like a bombshell. In our conversation, my friend was emphatic about her candidate — Donald Trump — being the better choice. Her tone was aggressive, like she had been waiting for airtime and now couldn’t get the angry words out fast enough. I was caught off guard.

Hoping to avoid conflict, I backed down, offering something about respecting her views. But I left the conversation feeling confused. This was a friend I cared about; throughout our years of friendship we had established a mutual trust and often exchanged candid advice. So why had I frozen when met with her impassioned opinion? It was clear that, for all my open-mindedness, I had no idea how to navigate the conversation in an honest way.

Scott Meinke, professor of political science at Bucknell University shares some useful starting points: “I think it can be helpful to keep in mind that people have a lot of different reasons for voting the way they do. The thing that you despise about a candidate might have little to do with the reasons a friend supports that candidate. It’s hard to do, but for the sake of relationships, it helps to remember that voting for a candidate does not mean a friend holds all of that candidate’s values or traits.”

Maeve, 26, from New York, who asked to use a pseudonym to protect her privacy, was deeply affected when she recently learned that one of her closest friends was a so-called “shy” Trump supporter. “It was a heart-sinking feeling because I’ve known her since we were both five. I felt like, do I even know her?”

The revelation left her unsure how to proceed. “I don’t want to be confrontational but I also want to hear what her rationale is in voting for him,” Maeve said. “It’s baffling to me and I don’t understand it. I can’t process it.”

Robb Willer, professor of sociology at Stanford University and director of the school’s Polarization and Social Change Lab, emphasizes that having these conversations is important. “We should run toward the fire. These everyday interactions are opportunities for persuasion, or at least the amelioration of partisan anger,” he says.

Cynthia, 29, from New York, who also asked to use a pseudonym for this story, has experienced feelings of discomfort on the opposite side. “It’s really hard. I don’t have experience talking to my liberal friends who are voting for Biden. I’m not going to be like, ‘I’m voting for Trump,’ so I have to lie.”

In lieu of lying or avoiding the topic altogether, how can we talk to a friend with different political views?

“It is helpful to approach these conversations with the goal of really listening and trying to understand the other person before speaking,” offers Willer. “This helps people feel respected and heard, while also giving you the information about them you need to make a persuasive appeal. But you don’t need to — and shouldn’t — forget your own views. Express them, just take the time to listen carefully before you do.”

Meinke adds, “I think why is a word to use in these conversations. If you ask genuine why questions about your friend’s views and vote, you’ll understand them better.”

MJ, 29, from New Orleans, who asked to go by her first name only, has several friends who will be voting for President Trump. “It’s weird to know they’re doing this and not feel disconnected from them on every other front,” she admits.

In communicating with conservatives, Willer says it can be helpful to “explain how your favored positions and candidates fit with conservative values and identities, like patriotism, liberty, protecting families, tradition, and religion.”

Peter, 29, from Minneapolis, is voting differently from some of his friends — and even his girlfriend. He asked to go by a pseudonym because of his profession, but he says voting differently doesn’t bother him. “People are complex and that complexity makes life worth living. How boring would The Avengers be if it were composed of Iron Man and then a dozen other worse versions of Iron Man? The Avengers are fun to watch because every member brings a cool superpower to the table. So it is with life.”

Indeed, while it can be comforting to only associate with people who share your political views, it can also be limiting. I was stunned when Trump won the presidential race in 2016; clearly, I was missing a big chunk of the picture. So were many other Democrats, members of the media, and politicians, who failed to truly fathom the degree of discontent, racism and political division in this country. So how can we apply the knowledge and empathy we’ve learned over the past four years to the friends around us?

How to deal with friends with different political viewsWritten by Writer’s Corps member Colleen Gonzalez

In the current political climate, it seems almost impossible for anyone to cross party lines. And if our elected officials can’t bring themselves to be open-minded to opposing views, what hope is there for the rest of us? Navigating a relationship with a partner who has different political views than you do isn’t easy. But it can be done. One shining example is Mary Matalin and James Carville , both are high-profile political consultants. Despite their opposing political views, she’s a libertarian and he’s a democrat, they have been happily married for over 25 years.

Their secret? They don’t discuss politics at home.

But, unfortunately, that doesn’t work for every couple. So if you’ve met someone great, who makes you happy in every way except when they open their mouth about taxes and immigration policy, what do you do? Don’t worry, there’s hope. I make up one half of a politically different couple myself. And I can confirm that if you and your partner are willing to make your relationship work, there is no reason why blue and red can’t come together to make a beautiful purple.

Be Curious

How to deal with friends with different political views

I will admit that when I started dating my current partner, I had assumptions about his politics that made me unsure whether it would work out between us. However, I figured it would be unfair to not give him a chance to explain his beliefs. So I asked him questions, and he was more than happy to answer them.

It turned out to be what really sold me on him. He was not condescending in his explanations of his point of view and he didn’t make me feel stupid for not knowing what he was talking about. He was glad that I wanted to know more and encouraged me to keep asking questions. That is how you learn and no one should belittle or make you feel ashamed for doing it. Any partner, or potential partner, should be willing to help you find the explanations you are looking for, and not put you down for not knowing in the first place.


How to deal with friends with different political views

It’s easy to tell yourself you are open-minded. But when your partner has an entirely different viewpoint you may find yourself wanting to defend your beliefs instead of listening to theirs. It’s important to resist that impulse. If you’re taking the time to sit down and discuss a certain topic, both of you need to be really present in the conversation. Distractions should be kept to a minimum as you discuss. For example, keeping your phone in another room is a good idea. If your phone is nearby, you are more than likely to ignore what your partner is saying and inadvertently telling them that it isn’t important.

How to deal with friends with different political views

So how do you and your partner actively listen to each other? One way to do this is by reiterating the point you just heard them make by saying “This is what I heard you say, am I correct?”. This allows your partner to confirm this or correct themselves if it didn’t come across in the way they hoped it would. In return, your partner should offer you the same courtesy. The whole point of a discussion is to see how someone arrived at their opinion; Arguing over why their opinion is wrong is not.

Monitor Your Reaction

How to deal with friends with different political views

When you are debating a topic that you know both you and your partner are passionate about, there are ways to ensure that the discussion will not get heated. Before jumping in, take some time to organize your thoughts. By allowing yourself to take a breath you lessen the risk of saying something angry and disrespectful. If there is a point when voices are being raised or volatility is starting to take over, that’s your cue to take a timeout and return to the discussion when you are both level-headed enough to continue. Even a simple “Hey, this is important and I want to talk about it, but I’m feeling pretty angry right now. Maybe we can talk tomorrow?” can make a huge difference.

During the first big argument my boyfriend and I had over politics, tensions ran high and I could feel myself becoming angry and defensive. I was no longer listening to what he was saying. We sat in silence for an hour, uncertain about how to resolve the tension between us. In the end, we realized that it didn’t seem like we were going to find common ground with each other. And that is okay. It is normal for couples to have an argument, but when it involves disrespectful language or misplaced anger it is time to stop.


How to deal with friends with different political views

There is nothing wrong with questioning your beliefs. Although, to be honest, it can be terrifying when it happens.

We allow ourselves to open to new ideas when we question what we originally thought we knew. Though, keep in mind, your partner should never force their beliefs on you. A supportive partner would not try to influence your opinions. Instead, they would tell you this is how they see an issue and that how you process that information is up to you.

Not every couple with opposing political views can end up like Mary Matalin and James Carville. For some, politics can turn out to be a deal-breaker, and that is fine. However, if you find yourself pursuing a relationship with someone who is politically different than you, communication is going to be more important than ever. Don’t be afraid to talk to each other about your opinions and ask questions if you want to know more. The key is to always be respectful of each other’s thoughts and feelings. After all, love has no political affiliations.

In high school, I had a friend who happened to be Hindu. I was a staunch right-wing Christian at the time. We started a tradition of writing each other letters during school talking about what we believed, why we believed it and what it meant to us. Neither of us were preaching to the other; it was just an exploration of our belief systems with someone whose faith was completely different. I learned so much from her about peace and morality and why we try to lead good lives. And I also learned how to simply accept that not everyone will be a whatever-version-of-Christian I am. Not all of my friends, past present or future, will believe the same exact way I do.

Unfortunately, not everyone can operate as harmoniously as my friend did with me. I’ve failed many times when trying to wobble on the line between “my faith is the only way to go and you’re going to hell” and “oh, your faith is so interesting, let me convert!” I’ve been condescending, arrogant and just plain rude at times to people who I actually value and desire to treat with respect. For every successful inter-faith exchange I’ve had, I’ve probably created at least three messes in my wake.

There are even differences in belief between myself and my other Christian friends. I’ve got friends who share the same religious label as I do that completely condemn things I am passionate about, such as gay marriage. I’ve got friends who are Christians and are pro-life, Republican and subscribe to traditional gender roles. I’ve also got friends father on the left side of the spectrum than I am. These are all people who I love dearly, and who have been amazing friends to me throughout my life.

Obviously we want to have friends who are different than us. I mean, I don’t want to hang out with fifty clones of me because I would go insane from all the corny jokes all the mes would tell. Our friends have different interests than us, and they introduce us to new ways of thinking, great books, and also the wonders of Studio Ghibli (okay, maybe that’s just MY friends). But I think we like this idea in theory–but not in practice–when it comes to faith and religious beliefs.

Part of what makes us devout followers of religion is our strong belief that this is right. We look at our faith and say, this makes sense to me. This right here is how I want to lead my life. It cuts deeper than most other areas. So when we’re confronted with a different idea of faith, it can be hard to reconcile that that person believes this is right too. I don’t know why we always want to win, but we do. Sometimes it can feel like if we let them believe that their way is right, ours can’t be right, and so unless we condemn their whole religious belief system ours will have been invalidated.

That’s really sad. But I think it happens more often that we’d like to admit. I know I’ve felt that way at times. In order to peacefully coexist with our friends who believe just as strongly as we do, but believe in different things, I think we need to go back to the root of what our religions have in common.

Some of us share the same god, but we just follow it differently. Some of us read from the same religious texts, but we just interpret it differently. At the root of our religions, we all want to love and be loved and to lead a good, moral life. There are so many more things we can trace between our faith systems, so many more commonalities and similarities. Love and goodness are two great places to start.

We can also show our friends how we value them in our lives by remembering to respect them. Resist the urge to put them down at all because they find their rightness somewhere different than yours. We can mentally do this all the time without saying it out loud to them; but if we think a certain way about a person, that will always show through in our actions toward them. If we believe in our heart that a good friend is wrong about something, we can always engage with them about it in a respectful manner. But realize that after a time, nothing we say is going to change their minds–and that is totally okay.

It comes down to respect. Respecting that they have their own unique personhood, and they have all the rights that come with it. That includes the right to make up their own minds about what they believe and why. Loving our friends despite our differences of belief can be hard. I’ve always found that loving when it’s difficult is the best love of all.

How to deal with friends with different political views

Some couples embrace political differences, some don’t care, and others still consider having similar views non-negotiable. Given that we each have our own influences, history of experiences, psychological makeup, and subjective lens through which we view the world, some differences are bound to exist or arise. One person’s convictions may be another’s contentions. With an especially heated election season upon us, how do couples with strongly divided political views avoid being torn apart?

One way, according to Dailey and Palomares (2004), is through what they describe as “strategic topic avoidance”—essentially an effort by one or both partners to avoid certain topics that could lead to irreconcilable differences. Some choose not to discuss sensitive issues such as politics for the sake of avoiding the potential fallout, thus possibly preserving the relationship. This strategy may also serve to maintain privacy and one’s sense of autonomy, essential ingredients for a healthy partnership.

At a 2003 meeting of the International Communication Association in San Diego, California, one presenter described political discussions as a type of “civic engagement” that had the potential to not only contribute to political tolerance on a broader level, but to strengthen interpersonal bonds. The extent to which two partners are able to respectfully debate sensitive issues such as politics may depend on the strength of the overall communication, a fundamental indicator of relationship success.

Find a Therapist for Relationships

Love Across Party Lines

A woman I worked with in therapy—I’ll call her Susan—was recently divorced and just getting back into the dating world. She was contacted online by a man who, at first glance, seemed to be a fairly compatible match on almost every level. When it came to politics, however, they couldn’t have been more different: she was a self-described “bleeding-heart liberal,” while he was a staunch conservative. Before agreeing to meet, both emphasized their commitments to their respective values and agreed to respectfully disagree—establishing an unspoken strategy of topic avoidance.

They went on to date for two years before they came to the realization that, in their case, love was not enough. “I believe that your political ideologies are a direct reflection of your core values,” Susan told me. “To have a good relationship, your values must be in line.”

The moment your relationship takes a turn toward disrespect, criticizing, or belittling, whether triggered by politics or other differences, it may be time to seek help.

So how did they make it work for as long as it did? “Humor. Definitely humor,” said Susan, who also cited other strong parts of the relationship and a variety of common interests. “I must admit that sometimes I saw it as a challenge—like maybe if I can change his mind, I can change others’.” Of course, trying to change a partner often doesn’t turn out well. It certainly didn’t in Susan’s case.

Of course, having polar opposite political views doesn’t necessarily mean your relationship is doomed. Witness Democratic commentator James Carville and his wife Mary Matalin, a Republican consultant. When asked in an ABC News interview, “How the heck did you two get together?” Matalin simply responded, “Love is blind, love is deaf.”

Most of us can relate to this sentiment, but how have Matalin and Carville managed to sustain a happy marriage over two decades, two children, and two successful and opposing political careers? According to Matalin, by not talking politics at home. They have a lot of other things in common and, as is apparent to anyone paying attention, a love and respect for one another that surpasses all else.

3 Important Questions to Consider

If you’ve come to an impasse in your relationship due to political differences, the following are some helpful questions to ask yourself when assessing its staying power.

1. Do you respect and accept your partner unconditionally?

According to renowned couples therapist John Gottman, the antidotes to contempt within any relationship are fondness and admiration, both of which can be maintained and strengthened by expressing appreciation and respect. One of the of the most popular and contemporary approaches to couples counseling, the Gottman Method emphasizes the importance of “nurturing gratitude by comparing the partner favorably with real or imagined others, rather than trashing the partner by magnifying negative qualities and nurturing resentment by comparing unfavorably with real or imagined others.” The moment your relationship takes a turn toward disrespect, criticizing, or belittling, whether triggered by politics or other differences, it may be time to seek help.

2. Do you fight “well”?

The Gottman Method focuses on nine essential ingredients needed to make a relationship work, including the ability to manage conflict. When stark political differences exist, this could be the make-or-break factor. “As someone who has done a lot of work with couples … this is the moment when pressing the point about how ‘right’ you are is only going to damage the relationship. Both sides feel hurt, unappreciated, and treated unfairly,” said Amanda Clayman, a financial therapist in New York City. Her advice with election day fast approaching? “Let’s all practice active listening through November.”

3. Can you picture your life without your partner?

This one, I believe, is a no-brainer. If you find someone who adds happiness to your life, makes your world a better place and you a better person, whom you respect and love and cannot imagine living without, political differences may be trivial. Discussing any differences in the presence of an objective couples counselor can help you put things in perspective, nurture your relationship’s best qualities, and even recognize some differences of opinion as healthy.

I've (31f) been dating my boyfriend (30m) for almost 2 months, things have been delightful overall.

I've slowly started to find out over our conversations that he supports Trump, not a hardcore supporter – but believes overall Trumps character/moral as a person doesn't define him as a good president or not, and won't truly affect me or my future children . also commented that he believes a World War would be beneficial for the US economy. I'm a pretty optimistic person, and the thought of creating a war as a good thing gets me upset.

I've never been a very political person, but any input on dating/communicating and different political opinions would be appreciated! I really care for this man, but doubt there would be much of a future with some of these differences.

Honestly, whether you should stay or go, really depends on how much you care about that person. Why I say this, is because my maternal grandparents never agreed politically. He was more "republican" and she was more "democratic". So, they had one rule during their 50+ year marriage. never discuss politics and focus on more important matter, such as taking care of their family and making enough to survive. They both lived a long and happy life together and were very much in love, despite having "opposing political views".

this is excellent, "old school" way of getting along.

but would it even work in todays world? highly doubt it. "you do you!"

Thank you for this input! I suppose you’re right in ways, but I guess what I’m getting at is if he doesn’t see how messed up trumps moral values are and how disrespectful he is towards woman, it’s hard to distinguish that from my personal views and stance on a value of a human regardless of race or sex or religion. Never would I have thought politics would be a make or break it till I remember an ex say “Obama should be drug behind a truck” people these days are cruel

Saying world war would be a good thing a pretty retarded thing to say. He obviously lacks humanity and cares more about monetary things.

as harsh as it would be, a world war NOT happening in north america? have you forgotten the military industrial complex? America would benefit greatly, however, war is no joke. way too much lost and I think this time it'd be different then it was in the 50s- too much poverty and middle class dying makes me think america in general wouldn't benefit as much.

really its a what if scenario, but america shot up so high in 50s and 60s while everyone else was recovering from termoil.

dating and politics are like oil and water.

I'm pretty liberal and politically, I'm more apathetic than anything. However, even I would draw the line at that comment, only those naive to the horrors of war or the truly psycopathic will believe war is beneficial for anyone. The economic boom that followed both World Wars was paid for in the blood of tens of millions of souls, many of whose names will be forgotten to the sands of time forever.

If you want to see what kind of person he is or whether he truly believes his political views, get him to watch Saving Private Ryan and see how he reacts.

I would personally distance myself from a person of such naivete or poorly empathetic world view.

Thank you for your input, I tried explaining that too about war aftermath – he thinks politics are stupid, but the older I get I realize how stupid it is to ignore what’s happening – even if it’s not affecting me personally – I can’t imagine raising kids with someone like that so seems like I know what to do already just needed some random opinions to help me

If you plan on having children one day, this man could be playing a huge part in forming their social and political identity. I dont want anyone who thinks Trump's behavior or anyone like him is acceptable for the office he is holding. I also dont want to be with someone who thinks global war is a good thing (war is expensive, it does not help the economy never mind the destruction of lives, the environment, and culture relics) and doesn't know how to think beyond a 10th grader's political understanding of the world.

People certainly do it. My stepmother wont discuss politics at all and my dad is a huge conservative to the point of lunacy but I know from having to deal with him that's not a relationship I want with anyone else. Especially not my best friend and life partner.

Ultimately it's your choice but I couldn't live with someone that was that morally bankrupt and ignorant.

Just two weeks into Donald Trump’s presidency, news hit of the first divorce triggered by the election results (or at least, the first to go viral).

In an interview with Reuters, Californian Gayle McCormick, 73, said she and her husband of 22 years decided to split up after he mentioned that he planned to vote for Trump.

Though her husband ended up writing in former House of Representatives Speaker Newt Gingrich at the ballot box instead, the damage was already done.

“It really came down to the fact I needed to not be in a position where I had to argue my point of view 24/7,” she said. “I didn’t want to spend the rest of my life doing that.”

Though an extreme example, the story highlights how hard it is to love and maintain a civil relationship when you’re at odds politically. Like the McCormicks, 30 percent of married households contain a mismatched partisan pair, according to data site FiveThirtyEight.

If those couples weren’t getting into arguments before the election, chances are they are now, with each day bringing fresh executive orders, cabinet confirmations and emotionally charged POTUS tweets. It’s all too easy to get upset if your spouse is your political opposite.

How do you avoid the McCormicks’ fate if you have different political views? Below, couples who’ve been in mixed political marriages for years share their advice.

Rule #1: Don’t look at your partner as a surrogate for his or her party’s candidate.

Kerry Maguire, a left-leaning dentist who serves as the director of the children’s outreach program at the Forsyth Institute in Cambridge, Massachusetts, has been married to her husband Thomas Stossel, a right-leaning hematologist and professor of medicine at Harvard Medical School, for over 20 years.

In that time, she’s tried to not confuse Republican leaders’ views with those of her spouse.

“Tom has nothing in common with Donald Trump except they both belong to the Republican party,” she told The Huffington Post. “Still, I have occasionally ― and unfairly ― dumped my frustrations over Trump in Tom’s lap. Not surprisingly, that can evoke a defensive response in him, which I sometimes interpret as Tom being in agreement with Trump.”

Highly charged events like the Women’s March in January have definitely triggered some emotions in the couple. When arguments get too heated and Maguire is responsible, she takes full ownership for stirring things up.

“His response to the Women’s March was, ‘Didn’t these people vote?’ And I wanted to tear my hair out and start talking about parallel universes,” she told us. “Then I realized that I was the one who set us up for the fight.”

Rule #2: Keep things in perspective.

Stossell, meanwhile, recognizes that President Trump’s actions offend his wife far more than they offend him. Like any supportive spouse, he takes it in stride and actively listens when his wife is unnerved by the latest executive order or Kellyanne Conway’s most recent claim of “fake news.”

“Kerry complains about him from time to time and that’s OK with me,” he told HuffPost. “The 20 plus years I’ve been married to her have been the best of my life and there’s no way political disagreements could compromise my affection for her.”

Rule #3: Remind yourself that winning isn’t everything.

They may have appeared in a pre-election video titled “Donald Trump Is Ruining My Marriage,” but New York magazine columnist Mandy Stadtmiller and her Trump-supporting husband, comedian Pat Dixon, are still very much married.

That’s partly because both realized that winning an argument about Trump means very little compared to their growth as a couple.

“If we disagree on a political issue, America’s future is not going to be determined by who wins a single argument we are having in our tiny Chelsea apartment,” Stadtmiller said. “It might determine our future, though.”

She added: “Challenge, disagreement and adversity can make a good couple grow stronger, more emphatic and more sensitive if you never lose your respect for each other in the process of spirited debate.”

Rule #4: Don’t bring politics to bed.

Alicia Chandler, a left-leaning attorney who lives in the greater Detroit, Michigan area, has endured four presidential elections with her conservative, Trump-supporting husband. In that time, they’ve learned to avoid placing campaign signs in their yard (”We do not need to let the whole neighborhood in on our dysfunction,” she joked in a blog prior to the 2017 election) and to avoid talking about politics or unsettling world news before bed.

“You have to give each other safe spaces ― and I’m not simply suggesting that term because the mere mention of it infuriates my husband and most other conservatives,” she said.

To protect her marriage, Chandler tries to avoid looking at social media while in bed.

“When I do, I have the bad habit of getting into a heated conversation about whatever the political crisis of the day, which is horrible because my brain has already shut down for the day,” she said. “Basically, I am more likely to lose any argument on an intellectual level and it ends the the day on a negative note.”

Talking about news of the day with your spouse is important, but Chandler stressed the importance of designating times of days where the conversation is politics-free.

Rule #5: Recognize the core beliefs you do share.

Micah Leydorf is a former congressional staffer and a conservative married to a liberal. When the divide between her and her husband seems great, she reminds herself that they ultimately share a common belief system.

“We may not agree on many important national policies, but we agree that loving people and loving each other are more important,” she told HuffPost. “We don’t argue when we discuss politics because we are united in our focus on living out our common belief in a loving God. You have to focus more on living out your core beliefs every day instead of just talking about them.”

Rule #6: Value the experience of listening to the other side.

In these hyper-partisan days, most of us consume a media diet that feeds into our preconceived beliefs and biases. Being married to your political opposite forces you to consider the other side’s opinions and hear their latest talking points, said Julia Arnold, a Minnesota-based blogger who’s been married to a conservative for nine years. Yes, she said, sometimes that means she’s forced to watch Fox News.

“The truth is, you may or may not believe that the media is biased, but either way I still find value in spending time with a variety of news outlets,” she said. “The way I see it, it’s helpful, not harmful, to watch and read a variety of media.”

Arnold added that being being married to your political opposite compels you to look at your beliefs and sometimes, even question them.

“Our relationship has made me more open-minded and less judgmental,” she said. “I hope my husband feels the same way. My marriage has made me look at things through more than one lens and I feel lucky for that opportunity.”

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How to treat speech impediments with music therapy

The relationship between music and memory is remarkable.

Consider this: Ever notice how you can sing a jingle—word for word—for a laundry detergent commercial you haven’t heard in decades, yet facts, dates or formulas you put hours into memorizing in high school were dropped like a bad habit the minute you completed the test?

How is it that we immediately recognize a song after hearing just a single refrain and can instantly rattle off television show theme songs from our childhood at a moment’s notice?

Even better, ever notice how a piece of music can instantly transform you to another time in your life? Music not only has a habit of staying with us, locked in our memories long after we stopped thinking about it, but it also has the unique ability to evoke memories the minute we hear it.

While the science behind music, memory, and language isn’t conclusive, researchers know that it’s likely a combination of patterns (humans think in terms of patterns), repetition (chances are, we heard those songs we remember so well many, many times), and connections (our brains can better store and retrieve information when it has an association to a memory).

Music Therapy May be the Solution to Stroke Patients Struggling to Recover Their Voice

Aphasia—a communication disorder resulting in a loss or disruption of language or the ability to find the right words—is usually a result of stroke, although people with traumatic brain injuries, progressive neurological disorders, or even brain tumors can experience it.

We know that rehabilitative medicine is important for patients with aphasia, reducing the damage to the patient’s brain and helping the brain recover. One of the more exciting therapies is music therapy—more formally referred to as melodic intonation therapy (MIT) or neurologic music therapy (NMT). It was conceived when rehabilitative practitioners like speech-language pathologists discovered that even when their patients with aphasia couldn’t speak a sentence… they were able to sing it.

Music therapy first involves the singing of simple phrases to familiar music. Frequent repetition of these phrases helps patients turn their sing-song speech into normal speech over time. What’s even more exciting is that most patients maintain the improvements they gained through music therapy, which shows that the brain is capable of repair.

Not All Music Therapy Providers Are the Same

SLPs are uniquely qualified to provide music therapy to patients.

The Certification Board of Music Therapists (CBMT) grants the MT-BC credential to those who have completed a bachelor’s degree or higher in music therapy from an American Music Therapy Association (AMTA) approved college or university… in addition to completing 1,200 hours of clinical training, including a supervised internship… and passing the national board certification examination … However, only SLPs are qualified to assess speech and language disorders in children and adults, including those with aphasia.

SLPs may collaborate with music therapists , but still retain authority in co-treatment as the patient’s primary therapist.

Many SLP programs, both undergraduate and graduate, offer music therapy courses, either as part of the curriculum or as electives. ASHA often offers continuing education seminars and courses in music therapy, and several providers offer online CEU courses in music therapy.

Since its release in October, Adele’s single “Hello” has been massively successful and while the world took to the Internet to make self-deprecating jokes about the tune’s emotional effect, what were laughs for some might actually be an important healing tool for others. While individuals can easily feel the emotional sway music can carry, according to therapists, that power can be used to treat everything from depression to speech impediments.

Jennifer Buchanan is a Canadian music therapist and the author of “Tune In: A Music Therapy Approach to Life.” Her patients range from a two-month-old with visual impairments to a 106-year-old with Alzheimer’s disease. Since listening to music can activate many parts of the brain, it can serve many different functions, she said. For psychological rehabilitation, for example, Buchanan believes that “intentional music listening” is key. This involves sitting in a quiet place and doing nothing but listening to the music.

“The research is suggesting that we are looking at about 10 minutes to 20, 25 minutes of intentional music listening can put you right into that headspace,” Buchanan, told

With her patients, Buchanan suggests creating different playlist for different moods and mood goals. To do so, they search through their music and categorize songs depending on the mood or emotion they elicit. From there, patients are asked to listen to the different playlists in increments, from their current mental state to where they would like to be.

Dr. Gail Gross, a family, child and human behavior expert, agreed that music’s effect on mood can be used for positive change. She noted that research shows listening to relaxing music can have the same effect on our well-being that meditation does.

“Music can change the way you breathe, so it can help your brain calm down,” she told, adding that patients have to be selective about the music they to listen to, to ensure that it yields the desired outcome. Like many forms of medicine and therapy, there is no blueprint for a cure. This form of therapy is highly specific to each individual, Gross said.

Since its depends so much on each individual’s emotional response to music, what works for some might have the complete opposite effect for others. Panayotis Mavromatis, an associate professor of music theory at New York University, said this may be because there are some overarching generalities in music’s construction that can alter our mood, but different cultures and lifestyles interpret music in their own ways.

“Major scales and chords have traditionally been associated with happy feelings in recent western music, and likewise minor scales and chords have been ascribed a sad or dark affect,” Mavromatis told

“Scientists conjecture there may be a genetic component to our degree and quality of response to music. Clearly there are no universal patterns, but music therapists can still experiment to find out what works or not with a given individual” he said.

Listening to music can be helpful, but producing music, whether it be singing or playing an instruments, has its benefits as well. For example, “The King’s Speech” tells the true story of King George VI’s and his struggle with being the head of the British monarchy and an embarrassing stutter. His therapist instructs him to sing his words instead of speaking them and to King George’s surprise, it works. But how?

Singing words is effective is because speech is stored in a different part of the brain than music’s lyrics and rhythm, said Dr. William Barr, an associate professor of neurology and psychiatry at NYU Langone Medical Center.

“People who have lost the ability to speak can’t retrieve words or maintain a rhythm in their speech,” he told

But many of these people can still sing. The reason, Barr said, is that the words and rhythm of music are tied together and stored in a person’s memory, which makes them easy to recall.

Again, the success varies on the patient and the extent of their condition. For some, music therapy is a great tool, for others, it offers only a moderate reprieve.

Many patients who had been unable to speak are able to sing words and even express their feelings, but only in a musical rhythm.

Whether it’s being used as a healing tool, or just as catharsis from an emotional event, turn on Adele and sing (or cry) your heart out. It’ll do your mind good.

How to treat speech impediments with music therapy

As the number of cases of children being identified with communication disorders increases, so does the need for cost effective treatment. Therefore, many therapists are looking to collaboration and co-treatment as a way to meet this need. This is evidenced by a recent survey of 695 music therapists, as 44.6% said they collaborate with SLPs (Register, 2002).

What is music therapy?

According to the American Music Therapy Association:

“Music therapy is an evidence-based, allied health profession that uses music interventions to accomplish individualized goals. Through musical responses, the board-certified therapist assesses emotional well-being, physical health, social functioning, communication abilities, and cognitive skills. Specifically regarding communication, music therapists are trained to adapt elements of music (e.g. tempo, rhythm, melody, harmony, and texture) to promote effective expressive and receptive communication skills.

Why utilize inter-, trans-, or multi-disciplinary collaboration between music therapy and speech therapy?

  • It benefits the client’s overall well-being
  • It is cost effective
  • Language and music are structurally similar in many ways

5 similarities between music and language*:

  1. Music and Language are universal and specific to humans
  2. Both have pitch, timbre, rhythm, and durational features
  3. Spontaneous speech and spontaneous singing typically develop within infants at approximately the same time.
  4. Music and language have auditory, vocal, and visual uses (both use written systems) and are built on structure and rules.
  5. Distinct forms of music and language exist and vary across cultures

*This is a non-exhaustive list

When You Collaborate with the Other Therapist:


  • Communicate with one another on how to best address the needs of the client and what music interventions can be used to enhance and support communication areas the SLP is addressing with the client. Instrument play, singing, and movement to music can be created to address goals such as language acquisition, social-communication skills, language concepts, oral motor skills, breath control, and using targeted phonemes/blends. Research had found that music techniques promoted increased breath and muscle control (Peters 2000, Cohen, 1994), stimulated vocalization (Staum, 1989), developed receptive and expressive language skills (Miller, 1982), and improved articulation skills (Zoller, 1991).
  • Co-Treat!
  • Collaborate on goal development (find a time that will work for both of you – even if it’s just for 10-15 minutes a week!). If meeting in person does not seem to work, try other technologies, such as email correspondence, using Skype, or an instant messaging program. This may work better for both of your schedules.
  • Understand your limits (do not overstep your professional training bounds)
  • Have a clear understanding of the other profession’s scope of practice. MTs should look at the ASHA scope of practice and SLPs need to be aware of the CBMT scope of practice. By doing this, the professionals can avoid conflict, confusion, and misunderstandings.
  • Understand each profession’s strengths and areas of training
  • Be flexible!
  • Share information with one another: therapy news articles, ideas, pamphlets, research papers, etc.
  • Communicate, Communicate, Communicate!

Don’t (A.K.A, Possible Barriers to MT and SLP Collaboration):

  • Forget that everyone is busy. Utilize your collaboration time well – be prepared, organized, and make efficient use of the other therapist’s rare free moment.
  • Get too easily frustrated. You, or the other therapist, may lack knowledge about the other profession. If this is the case, do your homework and read up on the other field!
  • Assume that everyone thinks like you. There may be different professional perspectives and perceptions between the MT and SLP that may weaken collaborative efforts
  • Be offended if some professionals are uncomfortable with the idea of collaboration. Some are of the opinion that collaboration leads to a blurring of roles in shared treatment
  • Allow yourself to get sucked into professional competition or territorialism

Why Not?:

Let’s make this happen! MTs and SLPs can benefit from shared knowledge, shared responsibilities, and team support (Abramson & Rosenthal, 1995, Andrews, 1990, Register, 2002, Vachon, 1987).

Be proactive – collaboration can improve the quality of life of your patient!

“Successful collaboration is most effective when those involved share a belief system about the overall care and treatment of the patient” (Hobson, 2006)

American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA). (n.d.). Standards and implementation procedures for the certificate of clinical competence. Retrieved October 15, 2002, from certification/handbooks/slp/slp_standards.htm.

Cohen, N. S. (1994). Speech and song: Implications for therapy. Music Therapy Perspectives, 12(1), 8-14.

Miller, S. (1982). Music therapy for handicapped children: Speech impaired. Project Monograph Series. Washington, DC: National Association for Music Therapy.

Peters, J. S. (2000). Music therapy for individuals who have communication disorders or impairments. In Music therapy: An introduction (2 nd ed., pp.170-188). Springfield, IL: Charles C. Thomas Publisher.

Register, D. (2002). Collaboration and consultation: A survey of board certified music therapists. Journal of Music Therapy, 39(4), 305-321.

Rychener-Hobson, M. (2006). The Collaboration of Music Therapy and Speech-Language Pathology in the Treatment of Neurogenic Communication Disorders: Part II — Collaborative Strategies and Scope of Practice. Music Therapy Perspectives, 24(2), 66-72.

Zoller, M. (1991). Use of music activities in speech-language therapy. Language, Speech, and Hearing Services in Schools, 22.

Speech/language clinicians have reported the onset of stuttering during the course of treating a youngster’s language or speech sound impairments. Clinicians who face this dilemma must make decisions about therapy with little information to guide their decision-making.

At the University of Maine, we are examining individual cases of children with communication impairments and stuttering to identify the important factors in treating these children, and to develop innovative ways of therapy. Presented here is one of our case studies identifying three phases of therapy and concluding with our thoughts on what aspects of this youngster’s development were significant to the therapy and recovery processes.

At 3 years, 6 months, Max exhibited moderate expressive/receptive language delays, and mild phonological impairment. Stuttering was not a concern. He began therapy working on improving language skills and increasing his use of speech sounds.

Three months into this treatment phase, Max began stuttering, and intervention shifted to working on language while indirectly modeling easy speech, and discontinuing direct work on phonology. After four months, Max demonstrated progress on the language and phonology goals; however the stuttering continued to increase, with Max showing signs of avoidance.

At this point, we discontinued direct work on speech sounds and language, and began direct fluency therapy, with the following goals: (1) reproduction of slow and easy speech, (2) identification of stuttered speech in conversation, and (3) provision of parental support and resources.

After two months, Max demonstrated no stuttering behavior and his parents reported positive changes in their communicative interactions with Max. The final phase of treatment worked on phonology and language, while maintaining fluency. Adequate progress was made in language and phonology, and Max maintained his level of fluency in the classroom, individual sessions, and at home.

Several aspects of this course of intervention are significant. Max demonstrated linguistic impairments in conjunction with what appeared to be significant reluctance to take communicative risks. Possibly, the focus on specific language skills placed an overload on his system, resulting in stuttering. In terms of generalizing the observations of the present study, it is important to note the treatment’s individualized nature. While the initial treatment involved phonology and language, its nature changed markedly following the onset of stuttering, and the second phase of treatment involved facilitating a supportive and fluency-enhancing communicative atmosphere. This required involvement on the part of Max’s parents in the form of participating in the treatment sessions, altering their own patterns of speech, language, and communication, and allowing the therapy to take place in their home. In phase three, we took care to use Max’s foundation of fluency skills, reinforce his success with speech, and ease back into addressing the remaining phonology and language concerns. The main considerations in addressing these concerns included being sensitive to Max’s communication style, providing ample opportunity for success, and using the support of his classroom.

In conclusion, this case study illustrates that individual considerations will determine the ways in which sequential and/or concurrent treatment models are put into effect for any single child. These considerations may include the child’s communicative and language learning styles, the involvement of family members, language acquisition factors, and service delivery methods. A final thought on the case presented here is that treatment of concomitant stuttering and language/articulation disorder can be successful, when careful review and planning occur.

If you are the parent of a child who is receiving speech and language therapy focusing on making sounds, words, or sentences accurately and your child begins to stutter, you may want to consider the following:

It is not unusual for a youngster to experience some stuttering while attempting to learn new words, sentences, or speech sounds; your slow and easy modeling of the target sounds, words, or sentences will provide positive opportunities for your child.

Try paying attention to your youngster’s “communicative style”, providing support and encouragement for his or her communication. Let your child know talking can be fun! You should find guidance and support from speech-language pathologists and helpful materials from the Stuttering Foundation of America.

Bernstein Ratner, N. (1995). Treating the child who stutters with concomitant language or phonological impairment. Language, Speech, Hearing Services in Schools, 26, 180-186.

Nippold, M. (1990). Concomitant speech and language disorders in stuttering children: A critique of the literature. Journal of Speech and Hearing Disorders, 55, 51-60.

Stuttering Foundation of America. (2000). If Your Child Stutters: A Guide for Parents. 5th Edition. Memphis, TN: Stuttering Foundation of America.

Interested in learning more? Please contact Nancy E. Hall, Dept. of Comm. Sci. and Dis., University of Maine, 5724 Dunn Hall, Orono, ME 04469, (207) 581-2404.

Hi. I was there before, but I got to point when I understand speech therapy is actually the best (and probably only) way to treat speech impediment.
My native language is Polish and it's my target for therapy. I have unvoiced speech, rhotacism and lisp (so I say (all in english) "lupik" instead of "rubik" or "nikhtcole" instead of "nightcore" and so).
I'm on therapy two or three month's, learned how to say (in polish) w, z, rz/ż, and I can say mostly d, with bit of luck b, and the hardest is g (I think I can say it but it's really rare to get it successfull in normal speech). R is my dream but.
I have malocclusion (undershot and it's big enough) and I have dental fear, also actually don't have money.
I am interested how far I can get with therapy.
It's possible to fix all unvoiced letter's to perfect state? Can I learn how to say 'r'? How far I can go with treating lisp?
I want to get motivation, but with truth. If I can't fix it I will try to take time with something else.
Thank's for advance, it does really matter for me.

If you don't know how polish letter's are pronouced in english, use google translator voice synthesizer.

I (and no other SLP) could honestly make a good judgment about your prognosis in speech therapy without doing an actual evaluation and examination with you. The speech therapist you've been seeing for those 2-3 months is the person to ask these questions. Just tell them that you want them to be completely honest about their assessment of your prognosis, what they think the factors that would contribute to your ultimate success or failure are, etc. Unless they're a really unethical person, they're not going to lie and say you'll get it eventually just to keep you in speech therapy. They probably have a good sense of what is and is not realistic for you. Depending on how old you are and the nature of your malocclusion and other oral structures, it's conceivable that there may be sounds that just never sound exactly the way you want them to. But 2-3 months of speech therapy really is a very short amount of time. Do you practice a lot outside of your actual therapy sessions? By far the biggest things you can do to fix your errors– and from what you say, you've seen improvement in those 2-3 months, so something's working– are to listen to your speech therapist and to PRACTICE EVERY DAY. Like, 20-30 minutes, twice a day, of sitting down and really focusing on your speech. Is your SLP giving you homework/recommendations for how to practice? If they're not, ask them about it.

How to treat speech impediments with music therapy

Speech impediments, while usually seen in young children during their developmental stages, can also be seen in young adults, according to the International Disability Center. Correcting a speech impediment can be difficult and often requires assistance from a licensed speech and language therapist. However, you can also perform exercises at home to help with your speech treatments. Speak to your medical doctor for more information on exercises and how they can help treat your condition.

Helping a Lisp

One common speech impediment seen in children and young adults is a lisp, specifically when reciting the letter “s”. To help correct your lisp, begin an exercise by first holding a mirror in front of your face so you can observe the movement of your tongue during the exercise. Next, clench your teeth together with your tongue slightly touching the back of your teeth. In order to create the “s” sound, push air between your teeth and across your tongue. Practice this sound numerous times a day while watching your mouth in a mirror in order to later replicate this tongue movement. You can also use your cheek muscles to pull the sides of your mouth back to further compensate for this sound.

Producing the Letter “R”

If you have difficulty with correctly pronouncing the letter “r”, possibly by making a sound like the letter “w” instead, you can perform the following exercise at home to help. While starting with a mirror in front of your face, clench your teeth together and literally make a growling sound. Force air through your throat and teeth to make this “r” sound. After a few attempts, try making the same sound with your mouth without clenching your teeth. Continue to practice this method until you are able to produce the correct pronunciation in full sentences.

Producing the Letter “T”

Another common sound that is incorrectly pronounced by those with a speech impediment is the letter “t”. In order to practice this sound correctly, begin again by clenching your teeth together while looking at yourself in a mirror. Next, use your tongue to flick the top row of teeth while simultaneously pushing a small breath of air through your mouth. This motion will help you make the “t” sound. If you are having difficulty creating this sound, try placing a straw in your mouth and hold it in place with your tongue. This will place your tongue in the correct position.

Persons with aphasia can sometimes retain the ability to sing, and several studies have shown the effectiveness of using music to improve speech and language output. The purposes of this article were to discuss the theoretical principles and observed speech-language outcomes of a co-delivered integrative music and language therapy (CIMaLT) methodology for adults with chronic aphasia in a college-based clinic, to describe the interprofessional clinical education model used at the clinic, and to present a case example of CIMaLT implementation.


CIMaLT is an effective and feasible methodology to implement interprofessional education and practice in a college-based clinic. Additionally, it results in meaningful change in speech and language for some clients with aphasia and apraxia. Additional research is needed to further explore its outcomes for students and persons with aphasia and other neurogenic communication impairments at various stages of recovery.

Plain Language Summary

Persons with aphasia can sometimes retain the ability to sing, which can help improve speech and language function. Music and speech-language pathology students from our college-based clinic work together to provide treatment for persons with aphasia. This results in improvements in both student learning and client speech and language. This article describes the theory approach, and client and student outcomes of this treatment.

How to treat speech impediments with music therapy


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Mar 13, 2020 In all of my years of being a speech pathologist, I have found that if a child has difficulty producing the /t/ sound, they will most likely have issues producing the /d/ sound.

That is because both of these sounds are produced in the same location. The only difference is voicing – /t/ is voiceless and /d/ is voiced. If your child can produce a /t/ sound and not the /d/ sound you simply teach them to “turn on their voice” for the /d/ sound. Or if it is the other way around you teach them to “turn off their voice” by whispering the sound for the /t/.

Can Your Child Lift Their Tongue Tip?

The first thing you have to look at is if your child can lift the front part of his tongue (the tip) to reach the top of his mouth. If born with a tongue tie, this will be impossible for your child to complete.

Tongue tie surgery is a very simple and common procedure that will remove the small piece of skin that is connecting the tongue to the floor of the mouth. Once this procedure occurs, the child can lift his tongue to reach the correct placement.

Most children, however, are just confused as to where their tongue goes. This is why most children replace the /t/ and /d/ sound with the /k/ and /g/ sounds, which are created in the back of the throat.

Teach Your Child Where to Place the Tongue for /t/ and /d/

If lifting up the tongue tip is no problem, then it’s simply a placement issue. Show your child where their tongue should be positioned for each sound. This can be done with a mirror – it’s the most fun and effective because you can practice making silly faces.

How to treat speech impediments with music therapy

Use a mirror and make silly faces.

Another way to get your child to reach that part of their mouth is to try stimulating the gums behind the front teeth (the alveolar ridge), and the tongue tip with a small toothbrush, then tell the child to place the tongue tip behind his front teeth. Once the tongue is in place, have him try to imitate a /t/ or /d/ sound all by itself. This should produce the sounds.

Teach Your Child How to Raise the Tongue for /t/ and /d/

If raising the tongue is difficult, I like to use an incentive to get the child motivated to try. I will stick things like marshmallow or peanut butter right behind their teeth. Then, I ask the child to taste the food. Obviously, in order to taste it, then they need to lift their tongue. This can be done as a game, as well.

Blind fold your child before introducing the food. They have to guess what you have on the roof of their mouth. Once the tongue tip is in place, have them try to say the /t/ or /d/ sounds. You might say, “Make the sound of a clock, t-t-t-t-t-t.” Out of all of the therapy tips and tricks I give, this is one of the most successful articulation tips I can give parents.

Tongue Strengthening Exercises

If you are currently working with a speech pathologist, they will perform an oral motor examination prior to starting therapy. This is where they will look at all of the structures in and around the mouth area. If anything is weak, they will give exercises to do at home in order to strengthen that particular area.

One way to work on strengthening the tongue muscle is to have the child hold a cheerio, or smartie on the alveolar ridge with his/her tongue tip. Play a game where they hold it up while you count to 10 then they can eat it. This typically works well with children who are 4 years of age and older. You can do it with smaller children – just make sure you don’t use anything that they can choke on.

Moving Into Syllables

Once your child can produce the /t/ or /d/ sound in isolation, it’s time for you to introduce syllables. For this, have your child add vowels to the end of the sounds. For example, “to, tea, ta, ti, ate, it, aught.” You can have the sound in the beginning or end of the syllable and switch it up between /t/ and /d/.

Moving Into Words

Your child has mastered syllables and is ready to produce the sounds in words. Below are 6 links from Mommy Speech Therapy to use when working on the /d/ and /t/ sounds. Download the picture cards of words beginning with the /t/ and /d/ sounds, ending with the /t/ and /d/ sounds or with /t/ or /d/ occuring in the middle and work on them at home. I suggest making a game out of the cards – like, Bingo or Tic-Tac-Toe.

How To Play Articulation Bingo?

  1. Use the button below to download our Articulation Bingo Board
  2. Print out the board and give it to your child or cut out the pictures and put them into a bag
  3. Let your child pick a word from the board / bag
  4. Find the word in Speech Blubs App and practice it, play with fun filters and watch educational videos
  5. Your child is a winner when he practices three pictures in a row (across, down, or horizontally) or the entire board

` How to treat speech impediments with music therapy

Each year, almost 800,000 people in the United States suffer from a stroke. Strokes can lead to:

  • Muscle weakness
  • Paralysis
  • Cognitive issues
  • Decreased emotional control
  • Death

Another common effect stroke patients experience is speech impairment. There are many forms of speech impairment stroke patients can suffer from, grouped under the general term aphasia.

While some stroke patients will regain some normal speech patterns post-stroke, there are online speech therapy exercises for stroke patients that can help during recovery. We are going to go over 5 of the best speech therapy exercises that you can do at home, according to our specialized stroke-recovery speech therapist team. If you or a loved one are experiencing communication challenges due to a stroke, it’s important to get the help you need.

Click here to schedule a free introductory call with Great Speech. This way, you will know you are addressing speech problems after a stroke and regaining lost skills in the most effective way possible.

Stroke and Aphasia

Not all stroke patients will experience aphasia, but it’s estimated that as many as 40% of stroke survivors have some form of aphasia.

What Is a Stroke?

A stroke occurs when blood cannot access an area of the brain. This could be because of a blood clot (called an Ischemic stroke) or because of a broken blood vessel (a Hemorrhagic stroke).

What Is Aphasia?

If the stroke happens in an area of the brain that controls speech or communication, this can cause aphasia. Aphasia is defined as a language and/or speech impairment. This can affect speech, writing, reading, and general communication.

Types of Aphasia in Stroke Patients

Different forms of aphasia mean that the patient has different difficulties concerning speech and language.

Broca’s aphasia refers to difficulty getting out the right words or sentences longer than 4 words. Formation of words can be difficult, and the speech probably sounds slurred or garbled.

Wernicke’s aphasia patients can get the words out, but they have a hard time discerning the meaning of words. They’ll often say words in sentences that are irrelevant or that don’t make sense.

There are many other aphasia classifications. The general idea with aphasia is that patients have difficulty forming words, saying words properly, and forming complete and grammatical sentences.

If your loved one isn’t making continual progress, or if they don’t feel comfortable practicing independently, it’s important to seek the support of a licensed speech pathologist.

Speech pathologists are trained professionals who can help your loved one communicate with confidence. The first step to connecting to one of our specialized virtual speech therapists is to book a free introductory phone call by clicking here.

Speech therapy can help with speech improvement after a stroke. These are 5 home exercises for stroke patients that can help.

1. Breathing Exercises

A common symptom of aphasia and speech impairment in stroke patients is trouble regulating breathing while speaking. This can cause people to take breaths in the middle of sentences, which makes it difficult to speak at length as well as be understood by listeners.

Doing breathing exercises can help you regulate your breathing while speaking much easier. Practice planning out the breaths you’ll take while speaking. Repeat sentences and breaths to yourself to master when taking a breath is appropriate.

This will help you learn to plan breathing pauses as you relearn how to construct sentences and breathe properly during speech.

2. Tongue Strengthening Exercises

The formation of words is another common symptom of speech impairment in stroke survivors.

Tongue stretches and exercises will strengthen the muscle and make it easier for stroke patients to make the proper sounds to form words. It also helps to strengthen the neural pathways and the “muscle memory” of speech that patients can lose after having a stroke.

One such exercise is sticking the tongue in and out. Simply push out the tongue and leave it out for a few seconds. Pull the tongue back in. Repeat this process multiple times per day.

The tongue can also be strengthened side to side. The patient can also practice touching their tongue to specific areas of the mouth when instructed to better their ability to control the tongue during speech.

3. Practicing Speech Sounds

Making the right sounds and the right words are difficult for aphasia patients. Focused practice on specific sounds and words can be great home exercises for stroke patients.

For example, have the patient practice repeating similar sounds: “Ah, ay, at, al, ack… etc.” Practice saying this set many times in a row before moving to another set. This will exercise the mouth and tongue to practice forming sounds and words.

You should focus on both clarity of the sound (making them as clear and understandable as possible) as well as on the strength (make it loud to strengthen the throat and be understandable).

You can also practice repeating specific words to get the sounds and movements correct. As you improve, you can increase the difficulty of the words you repeat.

4. Naming Pictures

While the physical formation of the words is difficult for some patients, other patients struggle with forming the word that they’re thinking of. In order to strengthen the connection between words and things, you can quiz yourself by looking at pictures and practice saying the word the picture depicts.

This will help you connect images with words in your mind while also helping improve your speech of forming those words. Try repeating the word multiple times to really master the pronunciation and how to form the word with your mouth and tongue muscles.

5. Sentence Practice

Singular word formation isn’t always an issue with stroke patients. But many patients struggle with forming complete and correct sentences.

While you are practicing saying certain words and sounds, you should also try and construct sentences. The can be sentences that you read (if you have maintained reading comprehension post-stroke).

You could also combine this practice with the “naming pictures” exercise. Try and construct a sentence based off of pictures you’re using to practice word formation. The more you practice with sentence formation, the more you’ll be able to link speech to communication post-stroke.

These 5 Speech Therapy Exercises Can Help Stroke Patients

Speech and communication don’t start and stop with saying words. It involves understanding what words to say, how to say them, when to breathe, and how to form full sentences.

Stroke patients can greatly benefit from speech therapy exercises. These can help them relearn how to make sounds, form words, and breathe properly during speech.

Speech challenges can be really frustrating, especially when they don’t seem to be improving over time. The best way to make a noticeable, lasting speech recovery is to work with a licensed speech pathologist. Click here to schedule a complimentary call to start your program with a specialized speech therapist on our team today.

How to make a unicorn costume

Hello everyone! Becca Plymale here from Simple Life Pattern Company with a fun DIY Unicorn Costume tutorial. My kids are at ages where they’re anticipating the holidays in advance, and we’ve been talking about what they want to be for Halloween for months! One of my favorite things about Halloween is the creativity that comes from making costumes. My kids both chose very simple costumes using things we already had at home but when my best friend’s daughter said she wanted to be a unicorn I jumped at the chance to make her a costume. So grab your supplies and lets get started!

How to make a unicorn costume

Materials to Make a DIY Unicorn Costume

  • 1 yard gold fabric
  • Heat N Bond Interfacing
  • Heat N Bond Fusible Fleece
  • 1/2″ Elastic
  • Coordinating Creme Brûlée Aurifil Thread
  • Download your Unicorn Costume Pattern Here
  • Fiberfill
  • Hot Glue Gun
  • Headband

Cutting the pattern pieces:

  • Gold Fabric
    • Ears: Cut 4, mirrored
    • Horn: Cut 1
    • Wings: Cut 2 on the Fold
    • Ears: Cut 2, mirrored
    • Horn: Cut 1
    • Wings: Cut 2 on the Fold
    • Wings: Cut 1 on the Fold
    • Cut 2 16″ elastic pieces

    Note: All seam allowances are 3/8″ unless otherwise noted.

    Prepare the Pattern

    Step One: Using your preferred heat source, attach the fusible fleece to all four ear pieces.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Step Two: Place two ear pieces together, right sides together. Using a 1/4″ seam allowance, stitch around the ear leaving the bottom open. Clip the corners and trim the seam allowance to 1/8″. Repeat this step with the other ear.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Step Three: Fold the two layers in the opposite direction so that the side seam ends are now touching. Stitch along the bottom edge, leaving a small opening. Repeat this step with the other ear.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Step Four: Turn the ear right side out and press. Topstitch all the way around the edge of the ear closing the opening. Repeat this step with the other ear.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Step Five: Fold the horn in half and pin. Using a 1/4″ seam allowance, sew the opened from bottom to top. Clip the corner and trim seam allowance to 1/8″. Turn the horn right side out.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Step Six: Stuff the horn with fiberfill. Hand stitch the bottom of the horn up.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Step Seven: Wrap a small piece of trim, ribbon, or thread around the horn in a spiral, pulling firmly but not too tight. Secure the trim to the bottom edge.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Step Eight: Attach the horn and ears to the headband using a hot glue gun.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Step Nine: Place the wing pieces together, right sides together. Stitch all the way around the wings leaving a 2-3″ opening at the bottom. Clip the corners and trim the seam allowance to 1/8″. Turn the wings right side out and press. Topstitch 1/8″ away from the edge all the way around the wings to close the opening.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Step Ten: Sew a line from the edge of the wings to the center creating a feathered look. Continue this for each point on the wing. Repeat this step for the other side of the wing.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Step Thirteen: Overlap the elastic by 1/2″ creating a loop. Sew a few zig-zag stitches to secure.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Step Fourteen: Place the elastic loop on the inside of the wings and pin. Sew a few zig zag stitches to attach.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    How to make a unicorn costume

    I made the SLPco Harmony dress to go with these fun wings and now she’s ready for all the trick or treating fun. Thats it! How easy was that! This is such a fun and easy sew, I hope you give it a try!

    How to make a unicorn costume

    How to make a unicorn costumeHappy Sewing!!

    How to make a unicorn costume

    If I have to critique the unicorn costume I made for baby Allie, I’d say that her horn is too big for her little head. Other than that, what she’s wearing is comfy and whimsical, and thankfully, she does not have the ability to criticize the way she’s been dressed. And unicorns? They are on trend.

    What you need to make a baby unicorn costume

    A pair of white pajamas or plain white outfit was my blank canvas.

    As an aside, I received this (below) graphic in a promo email from DoodlePants, so if you like the hoodie with built-in unicorn ears, order from Amazon.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    I’m not really into having an emblem of what one is dressing up as on the chest of the costume. It reminds me of store-bought costumes from the 80s. A kid would wear a plastic Garfield mask and then a plastic oversized smock with a picture of Garfield on the torso. WHY?

    Ok, back to the DIY unicorn, here are all the pieces of the unicorn costume building up from the white bodysuit.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Sources: white pjs |  gold sticky foam | mini boa | rainbow babylegs

    First the horn, as this is the only tricky part of the costume. I purchased gold sticky-back foam and cut an 8×10 sheet of it into a quarter circle.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    I quickly realized that if I peeled the sticky back off of it and folded it into a cone, the entire inside of the cone would be sticky and attract any hair that Allie has on her head, so I placed a sheet of scrap paper inside, cutting it so that only the strip that I needed to adhere to the other side of the horn would be exposed.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    I punched holes in two sides, near the bottom edge, and then used a pipe cleaner to attach the horn to a headband, which I then wrapped with a length of a mini-feather boa.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    I’m sure there are any number of other ways you could do this, including ordering this unicorn horn for a cat or this tail and horn set for a kid.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    For Allie’s simple unicorn tail, IÂ safety pinned another length of glittery boa.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    And that’s it! She even looks pretty happy with her glittery magical self.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    [All photos by Heather & Whitney, the rookie moms, all rights reserved]

    My little girl LOVES unicorns! I knew I had to make her a DIY Unicorn Costume for Halloween this year. And she absolutely loves it!

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Handmade Unicorn Costume

    This was actually a really easy costume to put together. And I love that its warm and comfortable. That can be hard sometimes when it comes to handmade Halloween costumes!

    I wanted her unicorn costume to be cute, girly, whimsical, and colorful. She loves pink and purple, so she went nuts over the mane and tail!

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Yes, I bribed her with licorice during this photo shoot. As you can see, candy always makes my subjects a lot happier on and off film! haha!

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Ok, I LOVE this picture! She kept looking up at her horn and grabbing at it. She’d go all crossed eyed to take a peek at it. It was hilarious!

    I made the mane and tail super thick and chunky and it totally made the costume awesome! It made a nice contrast to the gold on the horn.

    DIY Unicorn Costume Tutorial

    • white hoodie
    • white leggings
    • hot glue gun
    • light pink yarn
    • hot pink yarn
    • purple yarn
    • white felt
    • light pink felt
    • pink felt
    • purple felt
    • gold tape
    • scissors
    • packing paper

    How to make a unicorn costume

    1. To make the unicorn horn, take 3-4 sheets of packing paper, fold into quarters and roll into a narrow cone shape.
    2. Wrap white felt around the paper and glue in place. Trim off excess felt with scissors.
    3. Cut the horn so that it measures about 8.5″ long.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    4. Starting at the top, wrap gold tape around the horn. I secured the tape with a little hot glue at the beginning and end.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    5. Cut 2 white ovals and 2 slightly smaller pink ovals for the ears. Glue the pink and white layers together and then pinch one pointy end together and glue in the pinch to create a 3D ear.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    6. Hot the ears and the unicorn horn to the top of the white hoodie.

    7. Make 5 small felt flowers and hot glue around the horn.

    8. Use the light pink, hot pink, and purple yarn to create a mane and tail. Hot glue in place.

    9. Cut a large pink oval measuring about 8″ for the belly and hot glue in place.

    UPDATED: 10. For the main, I wrapped the 3 colors of yarn around my hand 10 times to create loops of yarn. I tied a small piece of yarn around one side of the loop to hold in place and cut the other side. Then I attached the yarn tassel to the seam of the hood where the yarn bundle is held in place with the small piece of yarn tied around the bundle. I repeated this until I had a nice full main all the way down the hood.

    11. For the tail, I wrapped the 3 colors of yarn around my arm until it I felt it would make a nice, thick tail. Then like the main, I tied a small piece of yarn around one side of the loop to hold the strands in place. Then I cut the other side of the loop, similar to what you do when making a yarn pom pom. Then I hot glue the tail to the back center of the white leggings.

    Then let your little have some fun pretending to be a unicorn! If your kids are like mine, we never put Halloween costumes away. They are worn and played in year round!

    How to make a unicorn costume

    One of my favoritest Halloween costumes I’ve made! If you have a little girl, you need to make her this easy DIY Unicorn costume! She’ll love it!

    How to make a unicorn costume

    More Handmade Halloween Costumes You’ll Love!

    How to make a unicorn costume

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Veggie Tales Halloween Costumes || Bob and Larry are just so lovable!

    Whether you’re into spooky sights, playful pumpkins or giggling ghouls, the Michaels .com Halloween project page has tons of ideas for DIY Halloween costumes and décor.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Still haven’t decided what you’re going to be? Check out the other 49 DIY costumes from the Michaels Makers and you might just find the perfect one for you, your kiddos or your beloved pet this Halloween– they’re to die for!

    For Halloween my daughter asked to be a pink and rainbow unicorn Pegasus. I’m always willing to make them a costume. I was very excited to make such a unique Halloween costume, and I want to teach you how to make a rainbow unicorn costume with this sewing tutorial.

    There are affiliate links in this post.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    I love how kids can be so creative with their Halloween costumes. I was really excited to make such a unique costume, but I knew it would be important to make her vision happen. Last year she wore a fabulous mermaid costume and loved it!

    How to make a unicorn costume

    When she told me what she wanted to be, we first went to my fabric stash to see what I had. I’m determined to sew through my fabric stash, and I had this fabric waiting to make something for my girls. I didn’t have any other pink fabric so, luckily, my daughter was happy with this heart fabric.

    She does look a little bit like a Dalmatian heart spotted unicorn, but I kind of like the bold look. It just makes it hard to see what she is at first glance.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    The pink fabric is a French terry (learn how to sew French Terry fabric) and the mane and tail are all fleece. It’s a warm costume because we often have a cold Halloween day. She can even layer clothing underneath if she needs to.​​​​​​​

    Do you like making costumes? Try some of these ideas:

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Her favorite part is the horn and the wings. It makes the whole costume come alive. She always wants to crawl around on her hands and knees when she’s wearing it!

    I love unicorns just like my daughers! I even made them a unicorn ornament for the Christmas tree so we can enjoy unicorns during the holidays!

    How to make a unicorn costume

    I had a lot of fun picking out the colors for the rainbow hair. My daughter was at school so I got to choose the colors I wanted which means they coordinate better than if she chose them.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    How to Make a Rainbow Unicorn Costume

    How to make a unicorn costume


    • Hoodie pattern with a three piece hood – I used the BIMAA sweater sewing pattern*
    • Matching leggings or legging pattern – I made leggings but purchasing would be easier
    • Pink jersey* or pink French terry*
    • 1/4 yard polar fleece in six different colors – add 1/4 yard to the color that will become the wings and horn *

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Watch the video below and then read the tutorial below for extra details.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    2. Cut our four rectangles of each color of fleece measuring 4 inches wide by 7 inches tall. Cut 1 inch hair slits into each piece but leave it connected on one side.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    How to make a unicorn costume

    3. Layer two pieces of each color around the curve of the hood overlapping each color about halfway with another color. You should never have more than four layers of fleece at a time.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    4. Pin the center hood piece over the fleece mane and sew it together. Then sew the center hood piece to the other side.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    5. Finish the hood as recommended by the pattern. Then add the ears and the unicorn horn. Sew the hood onto the sweatshirt.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    6. Cut long rectangles for the tail measuring 4 inches wide by 18 inches tall.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    7. Cut 1 inch hair into the tail pieces but leave it connected on one side.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    8. Layer three colors onto three other colors and overlap them by half.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    9. Pin the tail onto the sweatshirt hem and sew. My pattern has a waistband so I sewed the tail into the waistband, but you can also just sew it onto the hem.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    10. Finish the sweatshirt. Add the Pegasus wings to the back of the sweatshirt.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    If you make a rainbow unicorn costume, I’d love to see! Please share it on social media with the hashtag #heatherhandmade and tag me!

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Halloween is becoming more and more popular in our country every year, so many people spend a year collecting ideas for their favorite costumes to realize them in the future. But mothers of children who go to kindergarten are often puzzled by the problem of creating a costume. Halloween is not needed here either. On New Year’s Eve, February 23rd, March 8th, Mother’s Day, Children’s Day, it is necessary to invent new images for the child. Today we will replenish the image box and tell you how to make a unicorn costume for a girl.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    A gentle image for a daughter

    The most difficult thing in making a unicorn costume is to figure out what to make a horn out of. But this problem is easy to solve. Children’s shops sell rims, to which both ears and horns are attached at once. If you haven’t found such a thing, don’t be upset, just buy cat ears. Horns are easy to make by yourself. To do this, you will need cardboard and double-sided adhesive tape. Wrap up the cone and glue it together. This will not take more than 5 minutes. Such a horn is better sewn to the rim, so that it does not fall off at the most inopportune moment. Her daughter’s hair should be twisted so that it falls on her back with curls. This way, you can mask the plastic bezel. The unicorn suit, the photo of which you can see above, assumes a gentle tutu skirt and a light elegant top. Tights are also better to choose white, but it is desirable to put on your feet not shoes, but soft boots.

    Colorful suit

    Creating this image will take some work. There’s only one tutu here, though it’s also here. The unicorn costume will include not only the ears and horn, which are an integral part of the fairytale horse, but we will also make a mane. So let’s start with it. We will make the mane from corrugated paper, stretched on the wire. We cut the colored paper into pieces. It is desirable that the mane consisted not of 3 colors, but of 6-7. In this case it will be easy to avoid repetitions.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Thread the paper onto the wire, and to prevent it from rolling down, tie a knot at the end, which we decorate with a thread tassel. Such a mane will be easily attached to the head with hairpins. We also attach ears and horns to the head. White legions and turtleneck will serve as the basis of the costume, but a tutu skirt will bring a note of playfulness. If you do not have such a skirt, it is easy to make it with your own hands. To do this, the tulip clippings need to be collected on an elastic band.
    The unicorn suit is ready. The image turns out to be bright and fabulous.

    Evil Unicorn

    If you’re going to Halloween but don’t know what to wear, be original. The unicorn costume can be made not only in a lousy marshmallow color, but also to make it original. Here we again need to sew the tutu and make a horn from cardboard. We find a white top and paint it with gouache, that is, we put blots on it. Take the old thing, keep in mind that the paint from the fabric will not go away completely, even if you put the top soak in bleach. Complement the image with yellow or any other colored shoes and white stockings. They can also be replaced with tights in the mesh, which should be slightly upgraded and a couple of holes added.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    It remains to apply makeup. Everything is easy here. You can buy transferable tattoos with bloody stains, as an option – draw the blood yourself. To make it look natural, you need to use at least three shades of red, and add a little bit of black. Draw a line on your face, chest and hands. You will get an original unicorn costume. On Halloween it is possible to go in it safely.

    Positive unicorn

    Let’s tell you how to create a funny image of a fairytale character. The unicorn costume is easy to make with your own hands. We will need a jacket with a hood. It is desirable to find one to which the ears are immediately sewn. If your wardrobe does not have such clothes, the ears and horn will have to be worn separately along with the bezel. How to make a mane out of paper, we have already told. The principle is the same, but this time we will make a tail out of paper. The way it is made does not differ from the mane. Mount the tail to a pink tutu, which can be changed to any other colored skirt.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    We put on white leggings, and on them we make original brushes which make of threads. Cut a bundle of threads of the same color and tie it at one end into a knot. We do the same 8-9 times with other coils, then sew our tassels to the trousers. On the same principle we make a “gun” on the chest. The final touch – a colored pompoms, they are sewn to the tie jackets. Complement the image of a colored wig.

    Yes! It is that time of year again.. time for you (?) and the kids to get dressed up!! I love how in the US Halloween Fancy Dress is NOT just about the spooky and the gory (here in the UK Halloween is exclusively, witches, ghosts, monsters and scary stuff), but that you get to dress up as anything you want! A bit like our Fasching in Germany come February time. It is a time of year to have fun and get dressed up as your favourite thing or character. We love making our own costumes and fancy dress. Making your own costume DIY for us is about the anticipation of the great event, it is about having a costume that is a bit different and original and it is about having something that is just right for us! We love No Sew Halloween Costumes!!

    How to make a unicorn costume

    A few years back, we had a fun Unicorn Party – and I wish I had come up with our Unicorn Costume idea then.. well.. it isn’t QUITE a costume, but more a headdress AND make up tutorial (depending on the age group). Then simply wear flowing white with this and you are sorted. We LOVE fancy dress where you can dress normally (and nicely), but have a wow factor detail…

    How to make a unicorn costume

    So today’s DIY unicorn costume idea comes in two parts – there is how to make a unicorn horn (made from paper bags, how cool) and then there is a fantastic “dead” unicorn make up tutorial for those who want to take it a step further for Halloween. This is a collabration between Red Ted Art and Advise My Style – a fantastic Make Up Artist on YouTube who is totally down to earth and all about keeping make up natural and real!

    This DIY Unicorn Balloon Costume makes a magical, playful and cute handmade costume for kids!

    Can you believe that Halloween is literally right around the corner? It’s a time of the year that I truly do think about and plan for, always.

    To say that I’m a fan of fun kids’ costumes that are handmade is an understatement…and this year, I’m excited to say that I’ve discovered my love for DIY balloon costumes too, like this DIY Unicorn Balloon Costume.

    First off, they make fun, inexpensive costumes to make and secondly, they’re totally unique and different.

    You can save some serious time, money and stress by creating your very own DIY balloon Halloween costume.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    How to make a unicorn costume

    How to make a unicorn costume

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Do I have to be a balloon expert to make this DIY Halloween costume?

    Not at all. In fact, I actually learned how to make this costume from Ballon and Paper. Jamie is a seasoned balloon expert and here to share all her tips with you. She broke it down for me in a way that made it not too hard to do.

    You can actually make this costume following her simple tips and advice in a very short amount of time.

    However if you need extra help and don’t want to source all the materials yourself, Balloon and Paper has just come out with DIY Balloon Costume Kits!

    How long will the balloons stay inflated?

    That’s probably the million-dollar question for this costume. BUT, there is a way to be prepared even if you don’t have the answer. Balloons will inflate and deflate depending on the weather so there isn’t anything that you can do about that.

    But you can be prepared and ready for any balloons that might pop or fly away by carrying around a bag with some simple repair supplies in it.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    How to make a unicorn costume

    How to make a unicorn costume

    What if the balloons pop while trick or treating?

    We can’t promise that won’t happen because we can’t control the unknown! However, if you’ve ever made Halloween costumes, you’ll know they can never be 100% fool proof.

    The best thing is to be prepared! Pack up a hand pump, some extra balloons, and some glue dots or clear packing tape, and you’re easily prepared without stressing out over anything. If a balloon pops then you know that within a few short minutes, you can repair the costume and resume the trick-or-treating.

    (My other mom tip for you is to talk to your child beforehand about the possibility that a balloon may fall off or pop. That way they’ll be prepared as well and you can easily spring into action and get it fixed without causing them to be overly stressed.)

    Everyone loves cute unicorns, right? So this costume is certain to be a hit. Get ready for your child to be stopped every few seconds to pose for pictures or to even answer all the questions of all the other kids.

    This Halloween, your child is going to make a statement! Luckily, with just a few supplies and elbow grease, you can complete this DIY Unicorn Balloon Halloween costume without putting in a ton of effort.

    Right now unicorns are all the rage…from food to decor, people are loving these colorful, mythical creatures…and my daughter is no different. My four year old wanted to be a unicorn for Halloween, so she and I spent the weekend working on this fun DIY Unicorn Costume together! Yes, you can buy costumes in stores, but that takes the fun out of making something with your kids and making it unique and personal…something they will remember forever. My daughter had SO MUCH FUN working with me to make this costume and it really wasn’t hard at all to make…so let’s take a look at this DIY Unicorn Costume for girls.

    How to make a unicorn costume


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    Tulle (in three colors–I used pink, purple, and white sparkle)

    Felt in white, pink and purple

    How to Make a DIY Unicorn Costume for Girls:

    First off, let me RAVE about FolkArt Fabric Creations Paint and how much I love it. Fabric Creations paint is paint made specifically for projects like this and they have different variations like Fantasy Glitter, Plush, and Soft Fabric Ink. For this post I used the Cotton Candy Plush Paint and the Fabric Creations Fantasy Glitter in Starlight Silver and Unicorn (fitting, right?!).

    Fabric Creations is a super soft fabric ink that is the perfect formulation for stamping, stenciling and brushing on fabric. It’s all m achine washable, w ater-based, and n on-toxic. Fantasy Glitter from Fabric Creations will add shiny, dazzling detail to your all your favorite fashions! The multi-faceted glitter fabric paint shines brightly on both light and dark fabrics and dries to a soft touch. It is m achine-washable after curing and heat-setting.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    So first, you’re going to start by washing and drying your new hoodie . I then took a piece of paper and folded it in half and then half again and I cut a quarter oval out to create the “belly” of the unicorn. I used the paper to trace the “belly” onto the sweatshirt and then I used the Fabric Creations Plush paint in Cotton Candy to paint it on.

    If you can’t already tell by the name “PLUSH”, the paint, when activated with heat, plushes up to create a cool raised effect! Perfect for a unicorn belly! Let it dry 24 hours, then cover with a light cloth or towel and use the steam on your iron to activate the paint to plush.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    After you paint the belly, next is the fun part where you can get your kids involved. My daughter and I used the Fabric Creations Fantasy Glitter in Unicorn to paint the sweatshirt and coat it in glitter! We used both the Unicorn and Starlight Silver to cover the sweatshirt on all sides.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    How to make a unicorn costume

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Once the paint is dry, after 24 hours, use your iron to set the paint and keep everything in place. Then you start decorating the hood of your unicorn costume.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    We made three larger felt flowers for the crown of the hood in pink, white, and purple. You basically cut a circle out and then create a spiral pattern. Then you take the outer most edge of the spiral and start wrapping it into a flower. Then place some hot glue at the base of the flower to hold it all together. We made 3 large and 4 small flowers for the hood.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Next up, how to make a unicorn horn! I used a tupperware dish to trace a circle onto some sparkly white felt, then I cut the circle out and cut it half way to the middle. The next step is to start twisting your felt into a cone shape and then hot gluing it in place. I then used thin gold ribbon to cover the seams of the felt and create a pretty little unicorn horn.

    Ok, so we have the unicorn belly done, then the unicorn horn done…so now we work on the unicorn mane!!

    How to make a unicorn costume

    Using some sparkly tulle (all the sparkles, baby!), I cut out three 48″ strips of tulle and folded each in half and then knotted them at the top. Once I had 9 striped all tied together, then I knotted the whole thing together and braided it down the back. At the bottom, take a small strip of felt to tie off the braid and make it look like a pretty and finished.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    How to make a unicorn costume

    The final step is to assemble your unicorn! I started by gluing down the FRONT of the unicorn horn. Then I tucked the knot of my braid under the horn and glued the rest down. Finally, I glued the flower crown around it, added some cute felt ears to the sides, and VOILA.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    How to make a unicorn costume

    For the whole costume, I bought my daughter a pair of white leggings and a Target Dollar Spot tutu. Target also had the PERFECT Unicorn Shoes that I could not pass up for her outfit.

    How to make a unicorn costume

    How to make a unicorn costume

    How to make a unicorn costume

    For her makeup, we kept it simple with another Target Dollar Spot find with the face jewels. Then I used some “All That Glitters” Lip Gloss for her lips and “All That Glitters” Eye Shadow. My Target had a whole section of glittery makeup to choose from. We also used Unicorn Snot to glitter-ify her face!

How to calculate an fha loan payment

Reader question: “There is no way I can come up with ten or twenty percent for a down payment on a house, so I am leaning toward the FHA program. My question is, how much FHA loan can I borrow in 2014? Is it based on my income, the price of the house, or what? How do lenders decide how much I can borrow?”

There are three limiting factors you need to know about. They are the loan-to-value ratio, the HUD-authorized loan limit for your county, and the debt-to-income ratio. Put these three things together, and you’ll have a pretty good idea how much of an FHA loan you can borrow in 2014. Let’s start with some definitions of these three items.

  • Loan-to-Value (LTV): When using the FHA program, home buyers are limited to borrowing 96.5% of the sale price or appraised value, whichever is less. This means you must come up with a down payment of at least 3.5%, the remaining amount. According to HUD Handbook 4155.1, “For purchase transactions, the maximum LTV is 96.5% (the reciprocal of the 3.5% required investment).”
  • Loan Limits: The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) establishes loan limits for each county in the United States. You can borrow as much as your local FHA loan limit, but no more than that. In most parts of the country, the limit is currently set at $625,500. Borrowers can exceed this amount in a handful of areas with higher building costs, such as Alaska, Hawaii and Guam.
  • Debt-to-Income: When you apply for an FHA loan, the lender will measure your debt-to-income ratio, or DTI. This is simply a numerical comparison between the amount of money you earn each month, and the amount you pay toward your various debts. Current HUD guidelines state that your total debts (including the estimated monthly mortgage payments) should “not exceed 43% of the gross effective income.” But there are exceptions to this rule.

So there is a maximum loan amount for your county. The amount you can actually borrow, with an FHA loan, will depend on your current debt-to-income situation. Last but not least, there is a minimum investment on your part, in the form of a down payment. Borrowers must put down at least 3.5%, which may come in the form of a gift.

How much of an FHA loan you can borrow will depend on these three factors, above all else.

You Borrow from a Lender, Not the FHA

Just to be clear, you are not actually borrowing money from the Federal Housing Administration, or FHA. That agency does not act as a bank or lender. They merely insure the home loans made by “regular” lenders in the private sector.

For instance, you approach ABC Mortgage Company to apply for an FHA loan. They approve you and give you a certain amount toward the purchase or your home. The Federal Housing Administration (part of HUD) insures the lender for some or all of the amount they’ve loaned to you. If you default on your loan down the road, the lender will be reimbursed for losses by the FHA’s insurance fund.

It’s a common misconception that home buyers can borrow directly from the FHA (i.e., the federal government). But that is not the case.

Borrowing Rules in 2014: Multiply LTV by Sales Price or Appraised Value

The aforementioned HUD handbook explains how much you can borrow with a government-insured home loan in 2014, based on the LTV. HUD guidelines state that “the maximum mortgage amount that FHA will insure on a purchase is calculated by multiplying the appropriate loan-to-value (LTV) factor by the lesser of the property’s sales price … or appraised value.”

How much is the house worth, based on the appraisal? How much have you agreed to pay? Take the lesser of those two numbers and multiply it by 96.5% (.965), and you’ve determined how much you can borrow based on the LTV amount.

For example, if the home I want to buy appraises for $300,000, I can multiply that number by .965 to determine the maximum amount FHA is willing to insure. In this case, it comes out to $289,500. That means I must make a minimum investment (down payment) for the difference of $10,500. I am putting down 3.5% of the appraised value.

Of course, you have to start with the county-specific loan limits mentioned earlier. If you’re set on using an FHA loan to buy a house, there’s no reason to shop outside of the maximum approved price range for your area. You can find your local limit on the HUD website.

Disclaimer: This article answers the question, How much FHA loan can I borrow in 2014? The information above is based on current guidelines and criteria established by the Department of Housing and Urban Development. Due to the ongoing evolution of the FHA program, portions of this article may become less accurate over time. For the most current and accurate information about this program, refer to the official HUD website or speak to a HUD-approved housing counselor or mortgage lender.

How to calculate an fha loan payment

Many or all of the products featured here are from our partners who compensate us. This may influence which products we write about and where and how the product appears on a page. However, this does not influence our evaluations. Our opinions are our own. Here is a list of our partners and here's how we make money.

Mortgage insurance protects lenders from losing money if you default on the loan. Most lenders require private mortgage insurance (PMI) for conventional loans when the home buyer makes a down payment of less than 20%. The same goes for refinancers with less than 20% equity.

All FHA loans have mortgage insurance, regardless of down payment amount.

How much does FHA mortgage insurance cost?

A Federal Housing Administration-backed loan requires an upfront premium, or fee, of 1.75% of the loan amount. You can:

Include that premium in your FHA closing costs , if you have the cash.

Or you can roll it into your loan amount, which increases your monthly payments slightly because you're borrowing more.

In addition to the upfront premium, you’ll pay a monthly premium that is added to your mortgage payments. This fee varies from 0.45% to 1.05% of the loan amount, per year, depending on:

The loan amount.

The term (the number of years the loan is financed for).

FHA insurance vs. PMI costs

Which costs less per month, FHA mortgage insurance or private mortgage insurance ? The answer depends on your credit score.

FHA monthly mortgage insurance payments are lower for borrowers with credit scores under 720, according to the Urban Institute. But monthly payments for PMI are slightly less for borrowers with credit scores of 720 to 739, and significantly less for borrowers with credit scores of 740 and higher. You can estimate the cost by using a PMI calculator .

Removing mortgage insurance

The insurance requirement is a key difference between FHA and conventional loans . With a conventional loan, private mortgage insurance may be canceled after you have gained sufficient equity (usually 20%). It’s canceled automatically after your equity reaches 78% of the purchase price.

FHA mortgage insurance can't be canceled if you make a down payment of less than 10%; you get rid of FHA mortgage insurance payments by refinancing the mortgage into a non-FHA loan. When you put 10% or more down on an FHA loan, you pay mortgage insurance premiums for 11 years rather than the life of the loan.

Best Lenders for FHA Loans in October 2021

FHA Mortgage Calculator

FHA vs. Conventional Loans

How to calculate an fha loan payment

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How to calculate an fha loan payment

What is an FHA loan rate? We discussed this question in our last blog post-that the FHA and HUD do not set or regulate interest rates on FHA mortgages, the ability of the borrower to buy discount points in order to lower the FHA loan rate up front, and how a borrower’s FICO scores can affect the kind of mortgage rates offered by the lender.

But there is still an important issue to cover-the difference between how fixed rate FHA mortgages work and how FHA adjustable rate mortgage loans (ARM loans) work. What are the primary differences between an FHA fixed-rate loan and an FHA ARM loan?

FHA Fixed Rate Mortgage Loans

FHA fixed rate mortgages feature one interest rate, negotiated up front between the borrower and lender. Once the loan has closed and the paperwork is signed, your FHA loan rate will remain exactly as it is over the lifetime of the mortgage. The only way to change the interest rate on your home loan with a fixed-rate FHA mortgage is to refinance into a lower rate. Many borrowers take advantage of the FHA Streamline Refinance Loan option to do this.

FHA Streamline Refinance loans are for existing FHA mortgages only, and require a benefit to the borrower. One of those benefits can be a lower interest rate or refinancing out of an FHA ARM loan into an FHA fixed rate mortgage. Talk to your participating lender to learn how you can refinance into a lower FHA mortgage rate using the FHA Streamline program.

FHA Adjustable Rate Mortgages (ARMs)

FHA Adjustable Rate Mortgages or ARM loans are much different than their fixed rate loan counterparts. With an FHA ARM, you will be offered an introductory or “teaser” rate that will expire on a set date. Once that introductory FHA loan rate has expired, there are rules that limit how much the interest rate may increase or decrease each time, when it may do so, and by how much over the lifetime of the entire loan.

At the time of this writing, FHA loan rules in HUD 4000.1 indicate that the maximum FHA loan rate change or adjustment over the lifetime of the entire loan is six percentage points depending on the type of ARM loan you get.

The “type” of ARM loan depends on how long the introductory rate lasts–one year, three years, five years, etc. The longest introductory rate period possible (at the time of this writing) according to the FHA loan handbook is 10 years.

Generally, depending on the kind of ARM loan you have, the adjustments will be one or two points on an annual basis. The first interest rate adjustment may happen as soon as 12 months after loan closing, but as long as 120 months for the longest version of the FHA ARM loan.

You’ll need to discuss the length of the ARM loan with your lender to see what is appropriate based on your financial needs and goals.

Many or all of the products featured here are from our partners who compensate us. This may influence which products we write about and where and how the product appears on a page. However, this does not influence our evaluations. Our opinions are our own. Here is a list of our partners and here's how we make money.

Mortgages insured by the Federal Housing Administration require a smaller down payment, have lower closing costs and may allow for a lower income and credit score. Estimate your monthly FHA loan payment with our FHA loan calculator.

What is an FHA loan calculator?

The NerdWallet FHA mortgage calculator is a tool that you can use to estimate both the monthly payment you'll make and the total cost of financing your home with an FHA loan .

To get started, fill in:

The price you want to pay for a home.

Your down payment.

Your interest rate.

Next, choose whether you're interested in a 15- or 30-year loan.

The FHA loan calculator will generate an estimated monthly payment based on your inputs. Then, you can dive down into as much detail as you like.

Select "Monthly" to see the costs you'll pay toward your FHA loan each month. Choose "Total" for a breakdown of how much you'll pay over the life of the loan, as well as the upfront costs. This includes FHA mortgage insurance — how much you’ll pay at closing, what the monthly premium will be and how long you’ll pay it.

Armed with a rough idea of what you can afford based on how much your monthly payment will be, you’ll be ready to shop FHA lenders to find a competitive mortgage rate.

How can an FHA loan calculator help me?

NerdWallet’s FHA loan calculator answers that big question: “ How much house can I afford? ” With this calculator, you can run the numbers on various “what-if” scenarios. For example, you could consider:

How long will I stay in this home? Whether it's a starter home or your forever home may help determine whether you should choose a 30-year fixed rate FHA loan. A longer term will lower your monthly payment, but you’ll pay a lot more interest over that long term. A 15-year fixed-rate FHA mortgage will slash the total interest, but your monthly payment will be higher.

Is an adjustable-rate mortgage a better option for me? An adjustable-rate mortgage can be a good loan solution for home buyers who only plan to stay in a home for a few years. For example, a 5/1 FHA ARM will give you a lower initial interest rate that’s fixed for five years, then changes annually after that.

Am I trying to buy too much house? The FHA mortgage calculator helps you gut-check your home-buying budget. Because it’s considering your all-in monthly payment costs, including FHA mortgage insurance premiums, you’ll have more confidence that you’re looking for the right house at the right price for your income.

How large of a down payment should I make? This is an important question, particularly for FHA loans. While your FHA down payment can be as low as 3.5%, making a down payment of 10% or more means your mortgage insurance premiums will end after 11 years. Put down less than 10%, and you’ll be stuck with those premiums for the life of the FHA loan. You'd have to refinance into a conventional mortgage to cancel the insurance.

What costs are built into a monthly FHA mortgage payment?

NerdWallet’s FHA loan calculator considers the following costs when estimating your monthly FHA loan payments:

Principal. This is the amount you owe on the loan; what you borrowed minus your down payment. For example, if you buy a $250,000 home and put down 10% ($25,000), the principal would be $225,000.

Interest. This is the cost of borrowing the money from a lender, expressed as an annual percentage.

Property taxes. Annual taxes assessed by a government authority on your home and land are often collected as a part of your payment and paid through an escrow account.

FHA mortgage insurance. This is a cost built into FHA loans. You’ll make an upfront premium payment at closing, while ongoing premiums are factored into your monthly payment.

Homeowners association (HOA) fee. If you're buying a house, townhome or condo that is governed by a homeowners organization, you may have to pay monthly or annual dues that cover upkeep and improvements to shared amenities.

How can I lower my FHA mortgage payment?

If the numbers in your FHA loan payment calculation seem a bit high, there are ways to lower them:

Extend the loan's term. If you don't plan to move, you can extend the number of years you’ll pay, say from 15 to 30 years. Yes, you’ll pay more interest over that longer timeframe, but your monthly payment will be significantly lower.

Buy less house. A smaller loan means smaller payments. Maybe you can do with a "good enough" home to start and make improvements over the coming years.

Avoid paying mortgage insurance premiums for any longer than necessary. FHA loan requirements mandate mortgage insurance premiums, but to avoid paying them for the life of the loan, consider making a down payment of at least 10%. With a down payment of 10% or more, your mortgage insurance premiums will end after 11 years

Get a better interest rate. Shop at least three FHA lenders to get the best shot at a lower interest rate. And mix up the competition: consider lenders that are local, national and online-only.

Can my FHA monthly payment go up?

Yes. Here are a few instances when your monthly payment can go up, even after you’ve closed the loan and moved in:

If you have an adjustable-rate mortgage, your interest rate can rise after your initial fixed-interest rate term ends.

Escrow items built into your monthly payment, such as property taxes or homeowners insurance premiums, are likely to go up over time. While you can't do much about property taxes — aside from moving to a different area — you can always shop around for a new homeowners insurance policy.

If you run behind on making a monthly payment, you can expect a late payment fee.

For some interested in homebuying, an FHA loan is the only path to homeownership. FHA home loans have many advantages – but FHA loans come at a cost. Use MoneyGeek’s FHA Mortgage Insurance Calculator to learn how much you will be paying to the FHA for the privilege of borrowing a loan under the FHA program.

Lock in your rate today. We recommend the following lenders:

MoneyGeek’s ratings are determined by our editorial team. The scoring formulas take into account multiple data points for each financial product and service.

Minimum credit score on top loans; other loan types or factors may selectively influence minimum credit score standards.

MoneyGeek’s ratings are determined by our editorial team. The scoring formulas take into account multiple data points for each financial product and service.

Minimum credit score on top loans; other loan types or factors may selectively influence minimum credit score standards.

Conventional 620
FHA 580
VA 620
USDA 620

MoneyGeek’s ratings are determined by our editorial team. The scoring formulas take into account multiple data points for each financial product and service.

Minimum credit score on top loans; other loan types or factors may selectively influence minimum credit score standards.

Conventional 620
FHA 580
VA 620
USDA 620

How to Use the MoneyGeek FHA Mortgage Insurance Premium Calculator

All new FHA borrowers pay a premium into an insurance fund that reimburses lenders when a borrower goes into foreclosure. The insurance fund and promise of repayment backed by the U.S. government gives lenders the confidence to lend money to people who might not qualify for a conventional loan. There are two FHA mortgage insurance premiums new borrowers must pay. The first is a one-time, upfront premium. This is call the “Upfront Mortgage Insurance Premium” (UFMIP). The second is the ongoing, annual fee that’s calculated every year. As your loan balance falls, the annual premium is recalculated and decreases.

The calculator above shows you how much your UFMIP will be, and how much you can expect to pay during the first year of your loan. As mentioned, expect your annual amount due to decrease with each passing year.

Input What To Input
Home value Enter the purchase price for your home. Because our calculator estimates your UFMIP and MIP, you can enter a round number here.
Loan Length (Years) Most FHA loans are 30 years in length. However, your loan may vary, so enter the correct loan term here.
Down Payment Enter how much you expect to give the lender as a down payment. The minimum for an FHA loan is 3.5%, and that is the typical amount FHA borrowers spend at closing.
Payments per year Most loans are set up to be paid 12 times per year, due on the first of the month. However, the number of payments per year can vary.
Interest Rate Enter the offered rate, and not the APR rate. APR is meant to show the effective cost of the loan, and does not apply to this calculator.
Output What the Output Means
Upfront Costs The mount you will be expected to pay in upfront insurance costs. In some deals, you can ask the seller to pay for your closing costs, but this varies by market and deal. This can be rolled into your loan balance.
Total Monthly Payment A sum of your principal, interest, and mortgage insurance cost.
Monthly Mortgage Insurance Costs How much of your mortgage payment goes to your mortgage insurance.

How Much Does FHA Mortgage Insurance Cost?

FHA mortgage insurance involves two components: an upfront mortgage insurance premium (UFMIP) and an annual mortgage insurance premium (MIP).

The upfront premium is paid when the borrower gets the loan. The borrower doesn’t pay the fee immediately or in cash. Instead, the premium is added to the borrower’s loan amount. The current FHA upfront premium is 1.75 percent of the loan amount.

Here’s an example of how UFMIP is added to the loan:

The down payment percentage is based on the loan amount without the UFMIP, so a minimum 3.5 percent down payment would still be $7,000, not $7,122.50.

FHA’s Current Mortgage Insurance Premium

Down payment
or equity
MIP (percentage of loan amount) Monthly charge on $100,000 loan
Less than $625,500 Less than 5 percent 0.85 $71
Less than $625,500 More than 5 percent 0.80 $67
More than $625,500 Less than 5 percent 1.05 $88
More than $625,500 More than 5 percent 1 $83

FHA’s Annual Mortgage Insurance Premium (MIP)

The annual premium is divided by 12, and that amount is added to the borrower’s monthly mortgage payment. This system means the borrower doesn’t have to pay the full amount all at once every year.

An individual borrower’s MIP can vary from less than $60 to several hundred dollars per month, depending on the borrower’s loan amount, loan term and down payment percentage. The borrower’s credit score doesn’t affect his or her MIP for FHA loans.

The monthly MIP calculation is complicated, so you should consult a mortgage professional for an FHA loan quote based on your situation.

FHA’s Mortgage Insurance Premium Through the Years

The FHA has changed its MIP multiple times in recent years. Each time the FHA raised its MIP, FHA loans became more expensive for borrowers. Each increase also meant some prospective borrowers weren’t able to qualify for or afford the higher monthly mortgage payments due to the MIP.

How to calculate an fha loan payment

In January 2015, the FHA reversed course and cut its MIP to 0.85 percent for new 30-year, fixed-rate loans with less than 5 percent down. The FHA projected that this decrease would save new FHA borrowers $900 per year, or $75 per month, on average. The actual savings for individual borrowers depends on the type of property they own or purchase, their loan term, loan amount and down payment percentage.

Changes in FHA’s MIP apply only to new loans. Borrowers who’ve closed their loans don’t need to worry that their MIP will get more expensive later.

FHA Mortgage Calculator Excel with PMI and taxes is a tool to calculate your FHA mortgage payment.FHA home loan calculator has options to calculate property tax, home insurance, payment frequency (monthly and bi-weekly), monthly HOA fees and extra payments. The fha amortization calculator will show a summary of the mortgage and a break down of each monthly payment.

FHA Loan Calculator with PMI and Taxes

The FHA Loan Calculator with PMI and taxes is easy to use with break downs of every payment showing in the mortgage amortization schedule with monthly and biweekly payment options. The FHA amortization calculator also offers extra payment options that shows you how much faster you can payoff the mortgage if you are making regular extra payments. The extra payment can be an one time payment, yearly, quarterly or every payment (monthly or biweekly).

The FHA mortgage calculator with taxes and insurance includes options for up front and annual MIP. For conventional loan there is an insurance called the Private Mortgage Insurance or PMI when your down payment is less than 20%. For FHA mortgage, there is something similar to PMI called the One time Up Front MIP and Annual MIP. The one time up front MIP is currently 1.75% of your base mortgage amount, and your final mortgage amount is equal to the base mortgage amount plus the one time up front MIP. The rules on how to calculate Annual MIP is based on on the based loan amount and loan-to-value or LTV ratio. The calculation changes over the years and is very complex. To keep the FHA loan mortgage calculator easier to use and understand, the calculator will simply asks you for a annual MIP and the cost will show up on every payment in the mortgage amortization schedule. Currently, the annual MIP rate is 0.85% for 30 year mortgage and 0.45% for 15 year mortgage. The calculator should really be called FHA mortgage payment calculator with MIP and taxes instead of PMI.

Divide the loan amount by 100 and you will get the annual MIP amount. The FHA requires you to pay MIP in monthly installments, therefore, you can divide the annual amount by 12 to get the monthly payment for MIP: $679,650 / 100 = $6,796.50; $6,796.50 / 12 = $566.375.

How much income do you need for a $350 000 mortgage?

How much income do I need for a 350k mortgage? A $350k mortgage with a 4.5% interest rate over 30 years and a $10k down-payment will require an annual income of $86,331 to qualify for the loan.

What is the FHA MIP rate for 2020?

Most FHA borrowers pay an upfront mortgage insurance premium (MIP) fee equal to 1.75% of the mortgage amount.

How much is PMI on a $100 000 mortgage?

How much does PMI cost? The average range for PMI premium rates is 0.58 percent to 1.86 percent of the original amount of your loan, according to the Urban Institute. Freddie Mac estimates most borrowers will pay $30 to $70 per month in PMI premiums for every $100,000 borrowed.

What is the current FHA interest rate?

Today’s FHA loan rates

Product Interest Rate APR
30-Year FHA Rate 2.790% 3.670%
30-Year Fixed Rate 3.050% 3.270%
20-Year Fixed Rate 2.880% 3.080%
15-Year Fixed Rate 2.350% 2.640%

Is PMI based on credit score?

Credit score is used to determine PMI eligibility, price Insurers, like mortgage lenders, look at your credit score when determining your PMI eligibility and cost.

Does PMI ever go away on FHA loans?

By law, lenders must cancel conventional PMI when you reach 78% loan-to-value. Many home buyers opt for a conventional loan because PMI drops while FHA MIP does not go away on its own — unless you put down 10% or more.

Do you have to pay closing costs with an FHA loan?

Closing costs can never be included as part of your minimum FHA loan down payment. Closing costs do NOT count towards the minimum 3.5% down payment and are considered separate from the down payment.

Does PMI go away?

The provider must automatically terminate PMI when your mortgage balance reaches 78 percent of the original purchase price, provided you are in good standing and haven’t missed any scheduled mortgage payments. The lender or servicer also must stop the PMI at the halfway point of your amortization schedule.

Are all FHA loans the same interest rate?

FHA loans are backed by the government, so you might think the interest rates are regulated. But FHA mortgage rates vary by lender — they’re not set by the Federal Housing Administration. That means you’ll have to do a little work to get the best interest rate on an FHA mortgage.

Debt-to-Income (DTI) ratios are a primary factor in determining the amount of mortgage for which you can be approved.

How to calculate an fha loan payment

How to calculate an fha loan payment

Debt-to-Income (DTI) ratios are a primary factor in determining the amount of mortgage for which you can be approved. Understanding your DTI makes you a more prepared homebuyer.

What does DTI mean?

When you apply for a mortgage or begin your research into buying a home, you’ll come across the acronym DTI. DTI is one of those terms that people in the mortgage industry use casually and frequently with the assumption everyone knows what it means. However, if you’ve never purchased a home or applied for a mortgage, you likely have no idea what DTI is.

D is for Debt

The debt you currently have and make payments on directly impacts how much income you have remaining to make your mortgage payment. In addition to making your debt payments on time, lenders are conscious of the amount of debt you have. While the total amount of credit card debt, auto loans, and other money you’ve borrowed is reflected in your credit score, your DTI only considers the amount of your monthly payments.

The D in debt is the total of your monthly debt payments, including the housing payment for which you are applying.

What debts are included in DTI?

Generally, any money you’ve borrowed that needs to be repaid, whether it is being repaid or is in deferment. The most common items included in your DTI include:

  • Credit Cards
    The minimum payment required on your credit cards, including store cards and other revolving accounts.
  • Auto Loans
    Your car payments, including lease payments.
  • Boats, Motorcycles, and other installment loans
    Money you’ve borrowed to make purchases that you repay over time is included in your DTI.
  • Student Loans
    Even if your payments are deferred, FHA requires the payments be included in your DTI calculation.
  • Federal Debt
    If you are making payments to a federal agency, the payments must be documented and included as debt.
  • Alimony, Child Support, and Maintenance
    Child support and maintenance are included in the monthly debt portion of your DTI. If Alimony can be subtracted from income in lieu of being included as a payment.
  • Loans in Deferment or Forbearance
    The documented payment of loans in a non-payment status must be included.
  • Student Loans
    Whether or not your student loans are being repaid or are deferred, the monthly payment will count in your DTI.

While this list is not exhaustive, most FHA homebuyers will have many of these items included in their DTI. If you have obligations not listed that you feel might be considered in your DTI, an FHA approved lender can assess your situation and provide clarification.

In addition to debts listed above, your new house payment is included in the DTI calculation. This includes your principal and interest, FHA MIP, property taxes, homeowners insurance, and HOA dues. FHA payments include all of these items except HOA dues.

What’s not included in FHA DTI?

The FHA handbook lists the following items it does not consider debt for DTI purposes:

  • Medical collection
  • Federal, state, and local taxes (if not delinquent and no payments required)
  • Automatic savings deductions
  • Retirement contributions
  • Loans secured by depository accounts
  • Utilities
  • Child care
  • Union dues
  • Open accounts with $0 balances
  • Insurance, other than property insurance

I is for Income

Monthly debt divided by monthly gross income results in your debt-to-income ratio. Your gross income is before taxes and deductions for items like health insurance and 401(k) contributions.

Gross income is typically your annual salary plus bonuses. If you are paid hourly, it’s your hourly rate multiplied by the number of hours you work weekly times 52 weeks and divided by 12 months. For self-employed borrowers, gross income can become complicated. Your lender will analyze your tax returns and credit report to determine your DTI.

Once your debt payments, new mortgage payment, and monthly gross income is calculated, you can calculate your DTI by dividing the sum of your debt payments and new housing payment by your gross monthly income.


Understanding your debt-to-income ratio is one step in becoming an educated homebuyer. Having a handle on your monthly payments and calculating your FHA loan payment will allow you to determine how much home you can afford with an FHA loan.

How to contact the irs

Tax season can be an intimidating and overwhelming time when you’re not a tax expert, but the IRS stands by to guide you through it. The agency makes itself accessible in multiple ways if you have questions about completing your tax return, if you want to check your tax refund status, or if you need help for another tax-related purpose.

Staff members are normally on hand to help you with any questions or problems that might arise, so you can get your return completed and filed with as little hassle as possible. However, the IRS has indicated that it's not yet working at full capacity with all staff, due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

1. Connect With the IRS Online

One of the best ways to get the information you need is directly from the IRS website at You can download virtually any form or publication there.

You’ll find a tremendous amount of information right at your fingertips, including answers to frequently asked questions, tax law changes, and even planning calculators. It’s not a substitute for talking directly with a tax expert, but the site can point you in the right direction when you need answers to basic tax questions.

As for that tax refund you’re expecting, there’s a special tool available to track its status. Just go to “Where’s My Refund?” and click on “Check My Refund Status.”


The IRS strongly advises using electronic options for help.

2. Contact the IRS by Phone

The next best option is the telephone if you need to get in touch with the IRS but don’t have a computer handy. The IRS provides a few toll-free numbers to assist you, depending on your circumstance:

  • 800-829-1040 for individuals who have questions about anything related to personal taxes, available from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. local time
  • 800-829-4933 for businesses with tax-related questions, available from 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. local time
  • 877-829-5500 for non-profit tax questions, available from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. local time
  • 866-699-4083 for estate and gift tax questions, available from 8 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. Eastern time
  • 866-699-4096 for excise tax questions, available from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. Eastern time
  • 800-919-9835 for taxpayers who contact the IRS concerning the Economic Impact Payment (stimulus checks)
  • 800-829-4059 for taxpayers who are hearing impaired, no time restrictions


The IRS has indicated that live phone assistance continues to be limited due to the coronavirus pandemic. You can expect long wait times to get through to staff. You might use the time to see whether you can find the answer online.

You can also contact the Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) for tax questions that you’re unable to resolve. Its website provides a searchable tool to help you find an office in your state, along with contact information. All in-person locations remain closed as of May 2021, but you can reach out by phone at 877-777-4778.

Wait times can be significant, especially in the tax-season months of February, March, and April. You might want to try calling during the early-morning hours.

3. Correspond With the IRS by Mail

The IRS advises against it on its website, but you can still mail your paper tax forms and payments if you have no other option. And you can send traditional correspondence via snail mail—a stamped and mailed letter—if you don’t mind waiting a while for a response.

The most effective way to get in touch with IRS personnel by mail is to contact the director for your local IRS district or your local Taxpayer Assistance Center. You should allow at least 30 days for a response. Many responses can take 45 days or longer.

Remember that mailing your tax return can delay the processing of your refund. Expect to wait several weeks for your refund to be issued by paper check. It is more likely to take three weeks or less if you e-file and choose to receive your refund by direct deposit.

4. Visit Your Local IRS Office

The IRS maintains a network of local offices known as Taxpayer Assistance Centers (TACs), where you can go to ask questions and get service. You can visit the IRS website to search for a Taxpayer Assistance Center office near you.

The IRS began reopening TACs in June 2020, but you can only visit with an appointment. Call 844-545-5640 to find out whether your nearest TAC is open and to reserve a time slot.

You can use the IRS website listing to determine the hours and policies of your preferred center. Multilingual service is available in every office.

Be prepared for a wait if you're headed to a local IRS office during peak tax season. It might be to your advantage to check every online avenue available to find the information and assistance you need first.

5. Submit IRS Forms by Fax

The IRS put an end to the faxing and mailing of tax transcripts in June 2019. Receiving forms and instructions by fax isn't the best way to transmit sensitive information, but you can still fax some documentation.

Fax to the number listed on your CP06 audit notice if you have to transmit required supporting documentation during an audit of your tax return.

Get in Touch If You Can't Pay

Reach out to the IRS immediately if you owe a tax bill and are not able to pay it in full. You should file your return promptly by the filing deadline and pay as much as you can. Then, the IRS might help you work out an installment agreement to pay the balance.

You can easily apply online. This quick communication can help minimize penalties and interest on what you owe.

WASHINGTON — The Internal Revenue Service issued a consumer alert today providing taxpayers with additional tips to protect themselves from telephone scam artists calling and pretending to be with the IRS.

These callers may demand money or may say you have a refund due and try to trick you into sharing private information. These con artists can sound convincing when they call. They may know a lot about you, and they usually alter the caller ID to make it look like the IRS is calling. They use fake names and bogus IRS identification badge numbers. If you don’t answer, they often leave an “urgent” callback request.

“These telephone scams are being seen in every part of the country, and we urge people not to be deceived by these threatening phone calls,” IRS Commissioner John Koskinen said. “We have formal processes in place for people with tax issues. The IRS respects taxpayer rights, and these angry, shake-down calls are not how we do business.”

The IRS reminds people that they can know pretty easily when a supposed IRS caller is a fake. Here are five things the scammers often do but the IRS will not do. Any one of these five things is a tell-tale sign of a scam. The IRS will never:

  1. Call to demand immediate payment, nor will we call about taxes owed without first having mailed you a bill..
  2. Demand that you pay taxes without giving you the opportunity to question or appeal the amount they say you owe.
  3. Require you to use a specific payment method for your taxes, such as a prepaid debit card.
  4. Ask for credit or debit card numbers over the phone.
  5. Threaten to bring in local police or other law-enforcement groups to have you arrested for not paying.

If you get a phone call from someone claiming to be from the IRS and asking for money, here’s what you should do:

  • If you know you owe taxes or think you might owe, call the IRS at 1.800.829.1040. The IRS workers can help you with a payment issue.
  • If you know you don’t owe taxes or have no reason to believe that you do, report the incident to the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA) at 1.800.366.4484 or at
  • You can file a complaint using the FTC Complaint Assistant; choose “Other” and then “Impostor Scams.” If the complaint involves someone impersonating the IRS, include the words “IRS Telephone Scam” in the notes. [See update at top of page.]

Remember, too, the IRS does not use unsolicited email, text messages or any social media to discuss your personal tax issue. For more information on reporting tax scams, go to and type “scam” in the search box.

Additional information about tax scams are available on IRS social media sites, including YouTube and Tumblr where people can search “scam” to find all the scam-related posts.

When the IRS needs to contact a taxpayer, the first contact is normally by letter delivered by the U.S. Postal Service. The IRS doesn’t normally initiate contact with taxpayers by email, nor does it send text messages or contact through social media channels.

Depending on the situation, IRS employees may first call or visit with a taxpayer. In some instances, advance notice is provided in writing via a letter or notice, but not always.

IRS Phone Calls

IRS revenue officers work directly with taxpayers to educate them about their options to resolve delinquencies and to collect delinquent taxes and tax returns, while protecting taxpayers’ rights.

IRS revenue agents or tax compliance officers may call a taxpayer or tax professional after mailing a notice to confirm an appointment or to discuss items for a scheduled audit.

Private debt collectors can call taxpayers for the collection of certain outstanding inactive tax liabilities but only after the taxpayer and their representative has received written notice. Private debt collectors for the IRS must respect taxpayers’ rights and abide by the consumer protection provisions of the Fair Debt Collection Practices Act.

IRS Visits

IRS revenue officers routinely make unannounced visits to a taxpayer’s home or place of business to discuss taxes owed, delinquent tax returns or a business falling behind on payroll tax deposits. IRS revenue officers will request payment of taxes owed by the taxpayer; however, payment will never be requested to a source other than the US Treasury.

IRS revenue agents usually visit taxpayers or tax professionals to conduct the audit after either mailing a notice and/or agreeing on the day and time. IRS revenue agents will sometimes make unannounced visits to a taxpayer’s home or place of business to discuss a tax matter.

IRS criminal investigators are federal law enforcement agents who may visit a taxpayer’s home or place of business unannounced while conducting an investigation. They will not demand any sort of payment.

Ask For Credentials

IRS representatives can always provide two forms of official credentials: a pocket commission and a Personal Identity Verification Credential (PIV). Pocket commissions describe the specific authority and responsibilities of the authorized holder. The PIV is a government-wide standard for secure and reliable forms of identification for federal employees and contractors. Criminal investigators also have a badge and law enforcement credentials.

Please remember that there are some wonderful people working at the IRS. They have families and souls, just like the rest of us. They pay taxes and have to follow the same laws that we do.

With that being said, here are the steps you need to take to reach a real person on the phone at the IRS.

When to call

The IRS is available from 7 a.m. – 7 p.m. Monday thru Friday. The best time to call is early in the morning.

Make sure you’re prepared

Before you call, make sure you have all of the information that you need.

  • Social Security cards and birth dates for those who were on the return you are calling about.
  • An Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) letter if you don’t have a Social Security number (SSN)
  • Filing status – Single, Head of Household, Married Filing Joint or Married Filing Separate
  • Your prior-year tax return. We may need to verify your identity before answering certain questions
  • A copy of the tax return you’re calling about
  • Any letters or notices the IRS sent you

How do you speak to a live person at the IRS?

  1. The IRS telephone number is 1-800-829-1040.
  2. The first question the automated system will ask you is to choose your language.
  3. Once you’ve set your language, do NOT choose Option 1 (regarding refund info). Choose option 2 for “Personal Income Tax” instead.
  4. Next, press 1 for “form, tax history, or payment”.
  5. Next, press 3 “for all other questions.”
  6. Next, press 2 “for all other questions.”
  7. When the system asks you to enter your SSN or EIN to access your account information, do NOT enter anything.
  8. After it asks twice, you will be prompted with another menu.
  9. Press 2 for personal or individual tax questions.
  10. Finally, press 4 for all other inquiries. The system should then transfer you to an agent.

Did this post save you a ton of time and heartache? Consider buying me a cup of coffee. Thanks so much!

Need help? Try contacting your local IRS office.

If you can’t reach a real person over the phone, you can contact your local IRS office. The Taxpayer Assistance Center operates by appointment only, where you can get help directly from an agent.

The IRS also provides a great service called the Taxpayer Advocate. Click here to find a Taxpayer Advocate in your area.

Call the IRS phone number and speak to an IRS live person

Each year, it is estimated that the IRS customer service receives over 95 million telephone calls on its toll-free lines. Although answers to taxpayers’ questions can be found on the IRS online services (, they are unwilling or unable to use these resources and believe if they know how to talk to someone at the IRS will get them more accurate answers. It’s important to note that IRS customer service representatives are available Monday through Friday, 7 a.m. to 7 p.m. local time, unless otherwise noted.

In the fiscal year 2018, only four out of ten taxpayers trying to reach an IRS live person succeeded. To make the most out of your time when you need to call the IRS phone number , please follow our guided instructions.

Before you call the IRS phone number, make sure you have all the information that you need.

  • Social Security numbers and date of birth for those who were on the tax return you are calling about.
  • Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) letter if you don’t have a Social Security Number (SSN)
  • Filing status – Single, Head of Household, Married Filing Joint or Married Filing Separate . The agent may need to verify your identity before answering certain questions
  • A copy of the tax return you’re calling about
  • Any letters or notices you received

IRS phone number for individuals

The IRS phone number dedicated for individuals to call the IRS is 1-800-829-1040, and the representatives are available from 7 a.m. – 7 p.m. Monday thru Friday.

The best time to call IRS customer service is early in the morning.

How do you speak to a live person at the IRS?

Trying to get IRS customer service and speak to a live person can be a frustrating process. Fortunately, we can get you to talk to a live person in less amount of wait time possible by applying the 10 steps below:

Step 1 – When you call the IRS, the first question the automated system will ask you is to choose your language.

Step 2 – Once you’ve set your language, do NOT choose Option 1 (regarding refund info).

Step 3 – Choose option 2 for “Personal Income Tax” instead.

Step 4 – Next, press 1 for “form, tax history, or payment”.

Step 5 – Next, press 3 “for all other questions.”

Step 6 – Next, press 2 “for all other questions.”

Step 7 – When the system asks you to enter your SSN or EIN to access your account information, do NOT enter anything.

Step 8 – After it asks twice, you will be prompted with another menu.

Step 9 – Press 2 for personal or individual tax questions.

Step 10 – Finally, press 4 for all other inquiries. The system should then transfer you to an IRS live person.

How to contact the irs

Federal IRS phone number

Before you call the IRS customer service, identify your needs to make the process easy. Special federal IRS phone numbers that can get you to speak to an IRS live person faster.

For tax assistance for the deaf and hard of hearing, call 1-800-829-4059

Individuals : 1 (800) 829-1040
Monday – Friday: 7am – 7pm Local time

Businesses: 1 (800) 829-4333
Monday – Friday: 7am – 7pm Local time

Victims of Identity Theft: 1 (800) 908-4490
Monday – Friday: 7am – 7pm Local time

Taxpayer Advocate Service: 1 (877) 777-4778
Monday – Friday: 7am – 7pm Local time

Exempt Organizations, Retirement Plan Administrators, Government Entities: 1 (877) 829-5500
Monday – Friday: 8am – 5pm Local time

International Services: 1 (267) 941-1000
Monday – Friday: 6am – 11pm Eastern time

How to contact the irs

Get help at your local IRS office

If you still can’t reach a live person by trying the federal IRS phone number related to your needs, it’s time to think about other alternatives; one of them is to contact you local IRS office. The Taxpayer Assistance Center at your local IRS office operates by appointment only, make yours by calling the appointment number for that office. Appointment times vary by tax issues and office locations.

Most of the time, when you receive a notice letter and need to call to talk to someone at the IRS, all the information you need is located on the top right-hand corner of the notice that you received. It is of the utmost importance to carefully read the notice as it contains the IRS contact number of the agent in charge of your case. Cannot find that information, don’t hesitate to contact H&S Accounting & Tax Services for assistance . The IRS also provides another tax assistance service called the Taxpayer Advocate Service. Find a Local Taxpayer Advocate in your area.

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How to contact the irs

When questions about tax returns come up, many people turn to IRS customer support. However, how to talk to a live person at the IRS, is usually easier said than done!

Callers to the IRS customer support phone line are met with a litany of options that are difficult to navigate. When all you want is to speak to a live person who can assist you, especially with a small issue, this can prove to be quite frustrating.

With many Americans struggling with issues regarding their stimulus payments, the IRS is receiving more calls than ever. To address this, the IRS plans to gradually add 3,500 agents to handle the influx of phone calls. While this may seem to be helpful for those with general IRS inquiries, with all the focus on handling stimulus payments, other areas of IRS service are understaffed. Alternatively, we offer CPA coaching calls at a rate of $39 for fifteen-minute consultations if you have a question that can be answered by a CPA.

While it is difficult to reach a live person at the IRS, it is not impossible. Don’t waste your time trying to figure it out on your own – we have the inside track to getting through the calling system and getting to a live IRS person as quickly as possible. Follow the steps below to avoid much of the frustration and put yourself in the best position to speak to a live person as soon as possible.

Best Time to Call IRS Customer Support

IRS customer support, which can be reached at 1-800-829-0922, is available Monday through Friday from 7AM to 7PM.

According to the IRS website, wait times average fifteen minutes in the months preceding the filing deadline (January through April), and average twenty-seven minutes in the months following the filing deadline (May through December). Based on our experience the best times in general are afternoons and Thursdays & Fridays.

Before You Call – Have Documents Prepared Ahead of Time

Many people make the unfortunate mistake of calling the IRS without preparing relevant information ahead of time. This can prove to be costly if you don’t have the information handy and will need to make the call all over again.

The IRS website recommends you have the following information prepared prior to calling:

  • Social security numbers and birth dates for any relevant individuals
  • For individuals without social security numbers, have their Individual Taxpayer Identification Numbers (ITIN) on hand
  • Your filing status (i.e. single, head of household, married filing joint, or married filing separate)
  • The tax return from the prior year
  • The current tax return that is the basis of your call
  • Any letters or correspondences from the IRS

The Actual Steps to Speak to a Live IRS Person

When you call the IRS, there is no simple option to talk to a live person at the IRS. Each selection leads to more choices – rarely leading to a live person. Follow the following steps to get a live IRS person as soon as possible:

  1. Call the IRS customer support number at 1-800-829-0922 -or- 800-829-1040
  2. Choose your language (1 for English)
  3. Dial 2 – “For answers about your personal income tax…”
  4. Dial 1 – “For questions about a form you have already submitted…”
  5. Dial 3 – “For all other questions…”
  6. Dial 2 – “For all other questions…”
  7. When prompted for either your social security number or employer identification number, do not input anything
  8. After two requests, another menu will come up. Dial 2 – “For personal or individual tax questions…”
  9. Dial 4 – “For all other inquiries…”

Following these insider steps will get you straight through the calling system and in the queue for a live IRS person. It can be frustrating to get through to a live person at IRS customer support, but with the right planning, you can eliminate some of the frustration and be on your way to getting the information you need.

How to contact the irs

Still Need Help?

If the IRS representative could not help you, there are other options to talk to a live person at the IRS at your disposal.

You may benefit from calling a different IRS number that is more specific to your inquiry. NerdWallet compiled a list of IRS phone numbers along with their areas of focus. If the main IRS line was not helpful, try the number on the list that most closely reflects your issue.

In addition, the Taxpayer Advocate Service functions as an independent entity within the IRS, with the sole purpose of representing individuals in solving problems that require additional expertise. In addition to detailed information in a large online database, you can reach out to your local branch of the TAS by clicking on the teal “Contact Us” box in the top right corner of the page. You’ll be prompted to select your state, which will provide you with the address and phone number of the TAS offices in your state.

If support over the phone has not yielded any results, you may prefer to make an in-person appointment at your local IRS office. Your first step is to find your local IRS office using the Taxpayer Assistance Locator tool. Once you have located the office closest to you, call 844-545-5640 to schedule an appointment. Although not required, it is recommended that you use the COVID-19 Screening Tool prior to entering an IRS facility.

Let Taxhub help

Contacting any government agency can be frustrating! Taxhub enables you to consult online with a CPA throughout the year to keep you on track. We even offer CPA calls at a rate of $39 for fifteen-minute consultations with a CPA if you have a quick question or two. Visit our homepage to find out more about how Taxhub can help you alleviate the need to contact a live person at the IRS.

Yes, it is possible to get help from an actual person—if you know how.

Not all questions can be answered by a computer— especially when it comes to your taxes. But when you call the IRS, it can seem impossible to get an real human to take your call.

These circumstances have worsened over the past year , as the pandemic further depleted the notoriously understaffed agency, which is also dealing with a glut of inquiries in the wake of an unusually complicated tax year and amid potential confusion over changes to the child tax credit that will see payments distributed monthly . Even so, sometimes you just need to talk to a person. Here’s how you can reach someone quickly.

How long will you have to wait to talk to someone at the IRS?

The IRS received more than 100 million calls last year, but only 1 in 4 callers ultimately got through to an IRS employee, according to a recent National Taxpayer Advocate report . Most callers either get frustrated with the long waits or fed up with the complicated phone tree that only leads from one automated message to another, so they simply hang up.

If you do stick it out, the IRS says that you can expect an average wait of 27 minutes when calling calling between May and December, with the longest waits typically on Mondays and Tuesdays. However, many on social media are claiming calls are still taking up to 2-3 hours, if not longer. In 2017, a large enQ, Inc. study found that the best times of day to call were before 9 a.m. on the East Coast and after 5 p.m. on the West Coast.

What to do before you call the IRS

The IRS recommends checking its online resources before calling. It has a list of common issues that might have the answer to your question about your tax return, payments, or identity theft concerns.

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How to reach an actual person at the IRS

Someone doesn’t just pick up on the second ring when you call the IRS. You have to go through a menu to get routed to find an agent for your issue, if one is available.

The IRS telephone number is 1-800-829-1040, and they are available from 7 a.m. – 7 p.m. local time, Monday thru Friday. Accountant Amy Northard offers this cheat-sheet for navigating the IRS phone menu on her blog:

The first question the automated system will ask you is to choose your language.

Once you’ve set your language, don’t choose Option 1 (regarding refund info).

Press 2 for “For answers about you personal income taxes. ” instead.

Next, press 1 for “For questions about form you have already submitted. ”

Next, press 3 “for all other questions.”

Next, press 2 “for all other questions.”

When the system asks you to enter your SSN or EIN to access your account information, don’t enter anything.

After it asks twice, you will be prompted with another menu.

Next, press 2 for “personal or individual tax related questions”

Finally, press 4 for all other inquiries. The system should then transfer you to an agent.

(Lifehacker has tried this a few times, both in the early morning and late afternoon, and we were able to reach an agent in approximately 30 minutes on average).

Make sure you’re prepared before you call the IRS with questions

Before you call, make sure you’ve gathered everything you might need while taking with the agent. The IRS recommends having the following items ready:

  • Social Security numbers (SSN) and birth dates
  • Individual Taxpayer Identification Number (ITIN) for taxpayers without a Social Security number
  • Filing status – single, head of household, married filing joint, or married filing separate
  • Prior-year tax return
  • Tax return you’re calling about
  • Any correspondence the IRS sent to you

What to do if you can’t get ahold of anyone at the IRS

If you live near a local IRS office that’s re opened post-the height of the pandemic, you may want to skip the main phone line and call it directly. They probably can’t answer your questions by phone, but your Taxpayer Assistance Center (see the state-by-state directory here ) can schedule a face-to-face appointment (with social distancing, of course) so you can get help from an agent.

If you’re still having a hard time getting help from a real live person, try contacting the Taxpayer Advocate Service . It’s an independent office within the IRS that exists to help people with their ongoing tax issues.

This story was originally published in 2020 and updated on Feb. 9, 2021 with new information. It was updated again on June 10, 2021 with additional context and to align with current Lifehacker style.


Just as an update, I was able to speak to someone from the IRS a couple of weeks ago, and was told by the (very helpful and patient) man who I spoke to that his office had just started to reopen and he was amongst the first who was back. ( I was calling because the “Where’s my refund?” tool kept saying they had no information about my return after more than six weeks and my company had previously reported a data breach that had led to some employees having other file false returns in their name.) A couple of key pointers:

-Many of the numbers I tried had no option to get through to anyone. Ultimately I was successful with the “suspected fraud” number. Hold time was maybe 30-40 minutes.

-You will need to have your last couple of years or returns in front of you – they will ask detailed questions about data points from the returns to validate you are who you say you are.

-The “Where’s my refund” tool is BROKEN. They basically took it offline because nothing was accurate.

-If you sent your return by mail any time after early March it’s likely it is sitting in a room with thousands if not millions of other returns , with no IRS employees able to go in and even mark them as received since they are not considered essential workers.

-Keep an eye on the state where you sent your return and see if they have reopened. If so they likely will have started on their backlog and hopefully in a few weeks they will get to your return.

In my case I had no return on file. M y mailed return was sent in early April so it is likely sitting in that room along with many others. M y state return was processed and the refund sent weeks ago fyi, It was a big relief to know that no one else had filed a refund in my name though! Hope this is helpful.

By now you probably have become frustrated at the lack of service you have found at the IRS in trying to talk to a live person at the IRS. I may seem impossible to talk to a human being at the IRS but if you follow these instructions very carefully, you will be able to talk to real person at the IRS. Many people have followed these steps. If you are serious about talking to a person at the IRS, do not skip any of these steps. It is possible to talk to a live person at IRS but only if you follow each step carefully.

It is extremely important to remind you that if you want to talk to a person at the IRS, you will need to have your social security number before you call the IRS. If you dont have your social security number, the person you talk to at the IRS, will not be able to help you with your case.

I.R.S Service

Step 1. The first thing you will need to talk to a real person at the IRS is their phone number. Make sure you get pen and paper to write this number down. You will need it when you start to dial. So the number is: One – Eight Zero Zero – Eight Two Nine – One Zero Four Zero – When you first call this number, you will get a recording.

Don’t worry, its normal. The recording will ask you questions, the best way to get what you want from the IRS is to follow the prompts. However, if you have followed the prompts and none of the options lead you to talk to a person at the IRS, then follow the next procedure on step number 2.

Waiting On-hold

Step 2. OK, if you got this far, then step 1 did not work for you. On the second step, we are going to teach you how to over ride the recording so you can talk to a human being at the IRS. Dial the same eight hundred number to the IRS you wrote down from step 1. Remember I asked you write it down on a piece of paper. So if you have not done so, write it down on a piece of paper. Call the IRS number again, but this time, we are going to follow these steps.

When you first hear the recording, press number two for English. (note, the IRS may have changed their prompts, If #2 is not for English, press whatever number the recording says its for English) – After you have pressed two for English, the recording will ask you to press 1 for business or two for personal taxes. Also there may be an option to press 3 to check the status of your refund. In this case, you need to press two for personal taxes, after you have pressed two, when the recording starts for personal taxes, you need to press the # button on your dial pad on your phone, you need to press its continually 10 times.

After you have pressed # for 10 times, you will get a recording to hold while you are connected to an IRS representative. This works the best. However, because the IRS is constantly updating their equipment, its possible that this step may not work for the state you are calling from. If this step did not work for you, lets continue to step 3. On step three, we are going to get more specific. One way or another, we are going to help you talk to a live person at the IRS. So be patient, We know its hard and frustrated, but the goal is to get you to talk to a liver person at the IRS, so don’t give up now. Go one to step 3.

Try Again!

Step 3. Sorry that step 2 did not work for you. Usually it works for some people, but depending where are you calling from, it may not work or the feature may have been disabled. On step 3 is another trick to get you to talk to a real person at the IRS by following this procedure. OK, but now you should have written down the 800 number we provided on step 1. So call the IRS number again, but this time, press these prompts when you hear the I.R.S recording. hit one, then just wait until the recording gives you options, then press two, then keep pressing zero until you hear the recording say something about the call may be monitored.

The recording will send you to the next available IRS agent to talk to. After you talk to the agent, you can leave us your comments in the comments section below. This step has been proven to work as of 2016. However, if for some reason none of the steps described here on how to talk to a live person at the IRS works, we will continue to find new ways. Also, there are other persons like yourself who are desperate to talk to a live person at the IRS, they have found different procedures on how to talk to an agent at the IRS, so read the comments sections for more help.